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V" LXIH- — X°- 20,628. n,,,w, tt , w rt'fii.,o-.«,. NEW- YORK. SATURDAY, MAY ft. 1903.-SIXTEEN PAGES.-^nM'JiV^w PRICE THREE CENTS.
rAYNE RELIEVES MACHEN
BIG POSTAL SENSATION.
free Delivery Superintendent Get's
Indefinite Leave of Absence.
tBT T^irr.iarH to THE TRiEr.vrO ■
Washington. May B.— The biggest sensation,
giid what is generally regarded as the most Im
tant and far reaching development. in the
postoSce scandal occurred to-day, when the
postmaster General relieved A. W. Machen from
gcty as general superintendent of the division
c! free delivery and gave him an indefinite leave
of absence, pending the conclusion of the cur
rent investigation. This action was taken at
♦he request of Fourth Assistant Postmaster Gen
eral Bristow, who. in a letter to the Postmaster
General, intimates that the absence of Mr.
jlachen will contribute to an expeditious and
•••tiefactory conclusion of the investigation.
This recommendation and the favorable and
prompt action of the Postmaster General are
regarded as peculiarly significant, In view of the
fact that only recently Mr. Payne said to a
number of newspaper correspondents: "Mr.
Brirtow's reputation is at stake In the thor
oughness of this Investigation."
PoFtmsrtcr General Payne has for the same
reason, at the request of Mr. Bristow. trans
ferred the entire division of free delivery to the
bureau of the Fourth Assistant, and Inspector
M. C. Fosnes, who, it will be remembered, earned
a most enviable reputation for «his excellent
work in straightening out the Cuban postal ser
vice after the maladministration of Rathbone,
has •»n assigned as acting superintendent,
Mr. Bristow"s letter to the Postmaster General
Is as follows:
It: order to complete the deoartmental investi
gation now in progress in -i more expeditious
snd satisfactory manner, I beg to request that
the Division of Free Delivery be temporarily
aw-ned to the bureau of the Fourth Assistant
Postmaster General, and that I be authorized
to assign a postofflce inspector as the acting
general superintendent of said division during
the continuance of this investigation.
The Postmaster General acted immediately on
Mr. Bristow's recommendation, and addressed
the following letter to Superintendent Machen:
I am in receipt of a request from General
F.riFtow. Fourth Assistant Postmaster General,
that the division of free delivery be tempo
jarily assigned to his bureau, and that he be
authorized to assign a post office inspector as the
* diner general superintendent of division during
the continuance of the investigation now in
progress. In conformity with this request I
have issued the following order, to take effect
*it the commencement of business on the ytn
Th» Division of Free Delivery, heretofore under
the penpal supervision of the First Assistant Post
master General, is hereby transferred and assigned
to the Fourth Assistant Postmaster General, and
The regulations of the department are amended in
You are hereby granted leave of absence until
th«> investigation is concluded, and will turn
over the Division of Free Delivery to the con
trol of M. C. Fosnes. postoffice inspector, who
baa been designated as the acting general super
intendent of the free delivery system.
This afternoon Postmaster General Payne re
ceived from Mr. Machen the following reply:
I am in receipt of your letter of this date ad
vising me of your order, to take effect on the
f»th insU transferring the Division of Free De
■ Btoj from the supervision of the First As-
Flstant Postmaster General to that of the
Fourth Assistant Postmaster General. I also
note that I have been granted leave of absence
until the investigation now in progress is con
i luded. and that during my absence M. C.
Fosnes. postoSce inspector, will be acting gen
oral superintendent of the free delivery service.
In conformity with your instructions. I will turn
the division over to Mr. Fosnes to-morrow
morning. In. this connection I desire to state
what I have said to you heretofore, that I
court the fullest investigation of my official
conduct, and stand ready at any time to aid in
th? investigation now in progress, as I am con
scious of having done no wrong.
.MR. PAYNE TELLS THE NEWS.
Late this afternoon before a large number of
.-spa per men Postmaster General Payne an
nounced his decisfon, and read the correspond
ence. Be said his conclusion to relieve Mr.
Machen was reached yesterday after office
hours. Mr. Bristow, he said, had come to his
rfSce and they had a conference, at which Mr.
Bristow presented his letter requesting to be
rut in full control of the office as a necessary
Ftep to expedite the investigation. He declined
to say whether the. changes made would be per
manent, saying that depended on the results of
The radical step* takf-n by the Postmaster
■ are regarded as most significant. With
in* division of free delivery under his imme
r. a" supen-ision, Mr. Bristow will be able to
• •onduct a searching investigation, and Mr.
For**, v ho is regarded by both Mr. Payne and
stow aF one of the most expert investi
cator? in the service, wiil have free scope to
I-robe th«> alleged scandals to the bottom. "What
I discovered to warrant the assignment
M expert detective in the service to
r of acting superintendent of free dcliv
; =traaster General refused to divulge.
'hat would form a part of Mr. Bristow s
v Mek, It 16 promised, will be made pub-
:-empt was made this afternoon by some
newspaper correspondents to elicit from
Postmaster General Payne a statement to the
■-■ • rhat advantage had been taken of the
-- of Firct Assistant Postmaster General
who left the city last night for a brief
f-;;rsg expedition, to make the change noted,
- Payne denied that such was the case.
Mhen asked If there wae any significance in
atter, Mr. Payne merely laughed.
"HEN LONG UKDEE FIEZ
He Says He Is Beady to Meet Any Charges
Washington. May £.— Mr. Machcn had a confer
ee with the Postmaster General to-day, and in;
mediateJy after their talk, as had been arranged.
Mr. J-avne *cnt the letter relieving him from duty,
Mr. Payne was not Inclined to talk to-night, but
rrprrwrt confidence that he could rebut allega
tions made against him.
"I have M fear of not being able to meet any
and all of the charges that have been under in
vestigation for the last seven weeks." he said. "I
talu tho action of the department to be a step
toward expediting and closing up the Investiga
tion A 9 promptly as possible and designed to give
Mr Eristow an opportunity of getting a thorough
iuslght Into the free delivery service."
Mr. Machen has been under fire ever elnce th»
Investigation began. Charges of various kinds
hay* l>een preferred against the administration of
the free delivery service. Including allegations of
*-o2iu«oa with letter box manufacturers in furnish
ing boxe* to SSSBBSi patron*, particularly on
rural mail route?: giving advance- Information re-
EanSing the • ■;ioii of routes and the appoint
ments of carriers!, etc. There ha* also been ■ con
flict between Mr. Machen and First Assistant Post
master General Wynne ever »irice the latter af
fair,^ the office Mr. Wynne charges Mi. Macben
« »■ tinned on »e«-ond ■»■«<*•
THE WAT THE INDIAN TRAVELLED
I« in striking contrast to the sumptuous service of
ih* Pennsylvania Railroad between New York and
WMBBIDENT BOOSEVKLT AMONG THE COWBOYS AFTER A MEAL COWBOYS AXD GIRLS AFTER THE PRESIDENTIAL TRAIX.
IN THE GRUB TENT, HUGO, COL. (Photograph taken from the moving train .
NEW. PAVEMENT A DUMP.
Subway Contractors Obstruct Part
of Ehn-st. Just Made Passable.
The condition of Elm-et., between Prince and
Great Jones ets., indicates that the Rapid Tran
sit Commission Is entirely forgetful of its pro
gramme to compel the subway contractors to
clear up encumbered streets. There are several
blocks in Elm-st., between Prince and Great
Jones ets., where the new block paving is all
Instead of the street being made ready to use.
the subway contractors have dumped tons of old
cast iron water mains anl other materials on
the new pavement. Not only this, but the side
walks are greatly obstructed in places where
the paving in the street is all in place. Elm
and Marion sts.. between Prince and Great
Jones sts.. are in parts thickly inhabited by poor
In other parts large business houses are com
pelled to do their trucking at a great disadvan
tage because the streets are littered with broken
water mains taken from under Elm-st. three
years ago. The Rapid Transit Commission au
thorized Chief Engineer Parsons to take up the
subject of obstructed streets, where the blame
rested with the subway contractors, and to s»ve
the contractors no rest until they made the
etreete fit for travel.
Elm and Marion sts., between the points men
tioned, are a glaring instance of how the order
of the Rapid Transit Commission has been over
looked, and of how the interests of the people
are sacrifice! to the convenience of contractors
who find it cheaper to leave broken mains, tim
bers and the like in a public street than to
cert them away.
Borough President Cantor says that the city
officials are not to blame for the broken up
condition of the streets at this time.
••I have been writing letters to the Rapid
Transit Commission from month to month,"
said Mr. Cantor, "but little attention is paid to
them The commission is responsible for all
this annoyance. I cannot for the life of me
see why they don't exercise control over the
contractors and keep them within bounds. There
is no necessity for dumping things on the side
walks and depriving the people of their use
nor is there any excuse for the way in which
they leave rubbish and timber and everything
else Heaped up on the roadways They Been,
to have forgotten that the people have any
rights. I shall send another protest to the
Mayor and beg him to try again to move the
S ? tmrat people to action. The strikers
no valid excuse for the .slackness of the com
mission. The contractors are using the streets
Si! ! dumping ground in scores f of instances
where there is no necessity for it
ITS SONG REJECTED.
City History Club Hints at Substitu
tion of Another.
Considerable feeling is being expressed among
certain members of the City History Club at
the rejection by the Board of Superintendents
of Miss Ida Primoff's "Song of New-York."
which the club hoped would be sung at the
public school exercises in celebration of the
city's 230 th anniversary, this month, and the
substitution of "Right Is Might," by John
For the last six years the club, under the
direction of Mrs. Robert Abbe, has taught city
history and enlisted the services of several
teachers of the public schools, among them Dr.
Frank B. Kelly and Miss Mary J. Plerson, in
giving instruction after school hours.
"No special literary merit," said Mrs. Abbe
yesterday, "is claimed for the song, which is
by a twelve-year-old Russian girl, except that
it has the local color and atmosphere especially
adapted to the occasion. The song substituted
by Dr. Maxwell, however, which I have read,
is all about a 'city wall,' with no reference to
New-York. The city wall, indeed, might be the
Great Wall of China, for all the song declares.
I am not antagonistic, but feel bitterly disap
pointed at the rejection of the 'Song of New-
York ■ the singing of which was the only man
ner in which the Board of Education could have
shown on celebration day Its appreciation of
th« club's efforts. If they wanted to sing Mr.
Itooneys song, why could they not sing ours
as well? For Che hoard to have rejected it as
,i did, savors to M as little less than dis
An official of the board of superintendents
declared that the rejected song had been passed
on purely according to its merits.
-The City History Club," said he. "should
have the full credit for the inception of the
idea of ■ song specially written for the occasion.
The club has also wrought delightful work for
the children of the city. With •-■< short space
at our disposal, however, before a song for the
occasion must have been discovered, accepted,
printed, distributed and rehearsed, there was
not time for a general canvass. The 'Song of
™eV-York ? m submitted, was not considered
r,ifnVther suited to the occasion in view, and
a Long afterward submitted by Mr. Roopey was
"Tonrjeromri^neyl'tne author of the =
SeavTr st' HaK a dozen examples of his verse
a r< » included in Edmund Clarence Strtman*.
Century Limited.' -Advt.
VOTE TO STAY OUT SIX MONTHS.
SUBWAY EXCAVATORS REFUSE ARBITRATION —
NEGROES MAY TAKE THEIR PLACES MONDAY.
Deadlock May Cause Eight Thousand Bricklayers to Quit— Police Ride
on Coal Carts— Two Men Shot
LEAVING ALL TO C. F. V.
Definite Action Expected by Con
tractors at To-morrotc's Meeting.
The Rockmen and Excavators' Union, to
which many of the Italians who have been em
ployed in subway work belong, held a meeting
last evening in Harlem and voted to prolong the
strike indefinitely if the demand for increased
wages is not granted. The strikers declared
that they would stay out for six months if
The subway contractors will njt w.iit much
longer for laborers. If the four thousand Ital
lians who are on strike do not ret..Ti to w<rk
in the subwey on Monday. ->ther laborers tvIII
be employed in their places It is probable that
a few thousand negroes wMI be brought t- -In
city from ths South to take tVi? S»a<?M "t me
Italians. The contractors believe that the po
lice will protect the negroes ar-d prevent the
strikers from interfering with tho subway work.
"I do not think we can do anything in til af
ter the Central Federated Union hold? -ts meet
ing on Sunday," John B. McDonild said yes
terday to a Tribune reporter. "At cur con
ference a few days ago there wad an agreement
that the two committees should undertake ar
bitration, and that pending arbitration the men
should go back to work. It ferns thr.t the men
are unwilling to go back before there is agree
ment to their demands. We shall have to waft
for a report from the J-.-legates tn the Central
Federated Union on the situation. There can
be no report until the org-i-.n/uion has !• .o its
meeting on Sunday.*"
"Will the contractors ; moort labors- Iron
the South if the Italian laborers cor.f Hie on
strike?" was askerl.
"A great public work like the subway must
not be delayed much longer." Mr. McDonald
replied. "The people of the city are not willing
to have the work delayed. The condition of the
labor market does not warrant the contractors
in permitting long delay. There are plenty of
laborers to be had at the good wages paid by
the contractors. The arrangements for the set
tlement of the strike are largely in the hands of
the Central Federated Union, but if the strikers
■will not permit the union to arbitrate we shall
have to go into the labor market for more men.
The sub-contractors will have to get the men.
It will be for them to decide about that."
At last night's meeting" of the officers and
representatives of the Rockmen and Excavators'
Union, held at the Free Society Hall. No?. DOS
and 310 Bast One-hundred-and-thirteenth-st.. it
was decided by unanimous vote to prolong the
strike for six months or longer, if necessary, to
obtain the demands.
President Paccelli suggested a six months*
holdout 10 learn what the delegates thought of
such a long strike. It was the sense of every
delegate and officer that six months would not
be too long for the men to hold out. These
comprised between fifty and sixty men. one-half
being presidents and secretaries of the various
branches. These officials form what is called
the Second Board, which has full power to act
on all measures for the strikers \
One of the officers declared that a number of
wealthy Italians who are heartily in league with
the men have assured the officers that they
will, if necessary, sell their furniture to con
tribute to the support of the strikers.
There will be several meetings to-day, the
first at 7a. m.. and the second at 4p. m. and a
third at S p. m. Each of these meeting will be
held in the hall at No. 2.229 First-aye.
Herman Robinson, organizer for the Central
Federated Union, said yesterday that it was
not true that the Italian laborers in the subway
had refused to deal with the contractors through
the federation. V : ',V'i
"They rely on the Central Federated Union.
he said, "but they are not willing to go back to
work pending arbitration. They want their
Grievances settled before they go back to work
What the position of the Central Federated
Of th- Italians cannot be determined until the
of the Italians cannot be determined until the
mpetlnir of the federation on bunaaj.
" Thomas E Crlmmins. a large contractor yes
terdaTtxpTessed the opinion that the striKe of
he LborereTiS Trackmen was not near its end.
Me said that the Italians did not seem to be
willing to try to adjust their differences, with
Their employes kit intended to stick out for
3iroi,r,re^er,. t x- v."u ."^ mm s i^:. d ,;; 5
Coßtlnnrd on •lxtee»t» »■*••
AT ODDS OVER FOREMEX.
Employers Insist They Shall Xot Be
Forced Into Unions.
The tyranny of strikes in the building trades
under which New-York is suffering at present is
likely to be complicated by a deadlock in the
negotiations between the Mason Builders' As
sociation and the bricklayers' unions. For about
twenty years the wagres and conditions for the
bricklayers have been settled every year by an
arbitration committee composed of members of
the Mason Builder?' Association and the brick
This year a deadlock has arisen over a de
mand of the bricklayers that the foremen must
belong to the union. The Mason Builders' As
sociation is firm in refusing this demand. Its
members say that if the foremen voluntarily
join the union they have no objection, but they
•will not sign an agreement providing that the
foremen must join the union. On the other
hand, the representatives of the bricklayers, who
have withdrawn a demand for an Increase of
wages from 65 to 7f> cents an hour. : have de
cided to stand by their demand that all the
foremen must belong to the union. A meeting
will be held next week of the joint arbitration
beard, and if they cannot agree on this point
the first general strike of bricklayers that has
taken place in twenty years may occur.
The Lumber Dealers' Association and the
Building Material Dealers' Association contin
ued their meetings yesterday at No. IS Broad
way. It was learned that the lockout in the
lumber yards was decided on at the litter end
of April, and the shutdown was to be com
plete, except in the following cases: Lumber
for export, including dunnage, grain ceiling
and for cattle racks; parking box lumber, for
delivery to packing box manufacturers; box
lumber for crating and packing purposes, ex
cepting to carpenters and builders; picture
backing; all lumber sold and delivered to de
partments of the city of New-York, ytate of
New-York or to the Uninted States Govern
ment; all lumber delivered to and to be used in
the construction of the subway, with the guar
antee of the sub-contractor making the pur
chase that it will not be used for any other
Many coal wagon drivers were on strike yes
terday, which further complicated the situation.
They demand higher wages and recognition of
the union. On the East Side there w»r? non
union coal wagon drivers on whose carts, be
sides the drivers, policemen sat. in order to
prevent my attack by members of the union.
A. J. Robinson, of the A. J. Robinson Com
pany, which have contracted for many larg«
buildings in the city, said yesterday:
"It is true that the shutdown in the yards
has stopped work on hundreds of buildings.
"We are simply watching and waiting. We have
decided to take no action, and will giv*> the
unions whose demands have ied to the shutdown
a chance of coming to their senses. The men
who have been thrown idle are the principal
losers. They will n»ver get back the money
they are losing now."
Among the" buildings that have been tied up
through the failure to get structural iron and
other materials are the Belmont Hotel. Forty
second-st. and Park-aye. ; the new hotel at
Forty-second-st. and Broadway; the Metropoli
tan Life Insurance Company's annex, at Twen
ty-third-st. and Fourth-aye.. and many large
A representative of the Thompson-Starrett
Company said yesterday that they were able to
get. along at the Kuhn-Loeb Building, and that
they had enough material on hand to finish the
building, but that they had a number of build
ings uptown on which work was completely at
a standstill. Other builders who were seen said
that they were inclined to wait and give the
unions a chance of realizing the mistake they
How many men will be affected by the strikes
and shutdown will not be known for a few day*.
If the entire movement extends to Brooklyn it
may affect 150.000 people. A well known con
tractor said yesterday that a movement like this
was like throwing a Ktone into a pond. The
circles spread out and out in the water until no
one could tell how far they would reach. He
considered it was the worst labor situation that
New-York had ever known.
At the meeting of the United Board of Build
ing Trades yesterday the first victory for the
Amalgamated carpenters was scored in the or
dering back of the men on the apartment build
ings in Seventy-fourth-st., between Columbus
ave. and Central Park West, which are being
erected by the wife of Bishop Potter.
410 MILES TO BUFFALO
via Lackatranna Railroad: shortest rout*: new
Pullman cars; far* IS. Ticket*. 429 and 1.183 Broad
way.—Adrt. >i . - . ' ■ •
LOS ANGELES VISITED.
THE PRESIDENTS DAY.
'Amid Orange Groves and Flowers
of Southern California.
Los Angeles. CaL, May President Roose
velt rested last night in the beautiful city of
Riverside, it the picturesque Glenwood Hotel,
and to-day he was greeted by the people of
Los Angeles. When Riverside was reached a
warm welcome awaited him. The city had been
beautifully decorated and brilliantly Illuminated
with thousands of colored electric lights. The
President spoke from a stand, the rough ex
terior of which had been concealed by flowers.
Thousands of people applauded his appearance
and listened to a brief speech devoted chiefly
to the wonders and benefits of irrigation.
The train left Riverside at an early hour this
morning, thousands of people turning out to
lid the President goodby. On the way over the
Santa Fe a stop of half an hour was made at
Claromont, where the President spoke to the
students of Pomona College, the president of
which. John D. Gates. Is an oldtime friend of
Mr. Roosevelt. The President was introduced
by Mr. Gates, and spoke as follows:
Mr President- Men and Women: Even in a dis
tinctly college and school gathering. I know you
will not grudge my saying my first words of greet
ing to those whom, before all others, we honor for
what they, did.- to those because of whom we have
a country, a President -or aflv" method of moving
forward along the-path.of greatness the men of
the Grand Army. I always envy you men or the
Grand Army, because you do not have to preach:
you practised. All we have (tot to do > is to try to
come up to the standard in peace which you set
alike in war and in pea'-e.
it i« a vorv good combination to have the red
with the white and the blue. You can see over
There that Harvard, which is my colle *c baa the
red. and then come? the blue and white of yours.
It did me good to get into a circle of higher educa
tion and. listening to you. I thou at once of
football. My friends and fellow citizen? it la such
a pleasure to be in this college town to-day.
In speaking of the activities of a college life
and the necessity for physical training, the
There is not much need of educating the body if
The man that is the ideal K«x>d citizen is the man
lho.Tr txh* event of trial in th ; - event j.f _ from
hi- i-oiintrv can respond to that rail a? >ou r«
nation \nd I trust that this coUege^ all ■ n ' le S^ s
to the workl^ rtoca of wisdom and knowledge. And
c erv ?s»** should strtw to devel«P among the
American State, the things of th€ bo-K and
things of "he soul equally cared for. 1 grsH and
thank you. pASADENA .
From Claremont the train ran through the
picturesque San Gabriel Valley to Pasadena,
where a stop of two hours was made. As he
stepped from the train, the President was greet
ed by Congressman James McLachlan and
Mayor Vedder. Passing through a file of two
hundred Grand Army of the Republic veterans,
the party entered carriages, and. with mounted
policemen and officers of the Americus Club as
a guard of honor, went to the high school
building. As the President passed the Elks'
building Congressman McLachlan presented to
him a gold key. a facsimile of one which opens
the Elks* lodge room. Reaching the school.
Mayor Vedder briefly introduced Congressman
McLachlan. who presented the President to an
Immense crowd, saying:
Here Is a man whose sympathies are as broad
as this great republic, and his daily life an
open book that is an inspiration to us all to a
more ennobling citizenship.
Twenty -five hundred school children occupied
the space directly In front of the President,
each child carrying a light pole, with the na
tional colors waving from the top and palms
and wreaths and flowers from the centre.
Pasadena, famous for its beautiful homes, has
been elaborately decorated. All the business
and private houses on the route over which the
President was driven displayed American flags
and bunting. On the way to the Wilson High
School the President passed under a floral arch
way which extended for two blocks. The front
of the archway was a solid mass of flowers
from base to top. with festoons of roses draped
across from curb to curb. Baskets of flowers on
poles, twined with smilax. extended from the
windows of the high school buildings, and solid
banks of roses covered the walls from base to
After the address at the high school the
President and his party tc ok a drive through
the city. The route was over the famous orange
grove avenue. A brief fetop was made at the
home of Mrs. Garneld. the widow of President
J. A. Garneld. with whom the President talked
pleasantly for a few moments. Continuing the
drive, the party proceeded to Raymond Hill.
from' which the President gained a splendid
view of the fertile San Gabriel Valley.
Promptly at 1230 the party boarded a train
Continued on ninth pace.
ITS ON THE CORNER
of 33th St and Filth Aye.- th» Rock I.land Sys
tem's, new uptown ticket office. Ticket, to all
points west of . Chicago and dt. Louis.— Atrvt.
REOCCL'PY NEW-f HWANG.
UUSSIAXS BUILD FORTS.
Reply to China and the Protects of
Peking, May B.— The Russians, it is announced,
have rsocoupied New-Chwang with a large force,
bringing several large funs, and have arranged
to have large quantities of provisions delivered
there. A large force has been ordered to re
occupy Tien-Chwang-Tai. and garrisons hay»
been put in the fort at the mouth of the Llao
River. The Russians are report to b« con
structing forts on the hills near Liao-Yung.
commanding the road between th^re and th»
Tr.lu River. They now have fourteen thousand:
troops between the mouth of the Llao River and
Port Arthur. They have established a. con
sulate at Mukden.
The news of Russian activity comes from »
most trustworthy source at Xew-Chwang.
The coup has caused profound surprise here.
as recent developments had led to the expecta
tion that Russia would compromise her de
mands, since they had been revealed to th*
powers. The latest manoeuvre is interpreted as
being Intended as a reply to China's refusal to
grant Russia's demands, to the protests of th«»
powers, and as a declaration that she Is ready to> :
fight for possession of Manchuria. It Is con- 1
sidered significant that" the Russian Army re- ;
occupied certain strategical posts at about th*»<
time naval reinforcements w«»r« reaching the*
Gulf of Pe-Chi-Li. The temporary withdrawal
cf the Russian troops from New-Cnwang is be
lieved to have been a feint to avert suspicion
from the contemplated policy until th* Russian
squadron was -within useful distance. It ha»
been reported recently that Russia. was ac
cumulating great stores of provisions and war
materials. It is impossible to confirm these re*
ports, but It is known that the Russian milt
tary authorities have been buying many horses.
All the Information Indicates that Russia Is pre
paring to Increase, and not decrease, her forces*
The foreign ministers yesterday discussed in
formation to the effect that the Russians had.
taken a large tract of land across the river from
New-Chwang and commanding the terminus of
the Shan-Hal-Kwan Railroad. It was said)
that Russia informed the Chinese officials that
the tract was needed for a drill ground. The*,
selection of the Bite seemed remarkable, be
cause all the troops were then quartered on ths>
opposite aide of the river, several miles distant,
where plenty of land "was available.
The Chinese officials describe the Empress*
Dowager as being greatly distressed and a*
fearing that the Russian aggression will exclt*
anti-foreign demonstrations, resulting in re
taliation on the part of the foreigners and th©
introduction of more foreign troops. Nowhen
has a suggestion been heard that China will
offer armed resistance to Russia.
Prince Ching. the Grand Secretary, yesterday
secured five days' leave of absence. This is *
favorite stratagem of Chinese officials who art*
desirous of avoiding unpleasant situations.
It is said here that Russian influence Is belnjr
exerted to conciliate Amer.can opinion, and*,
that appeals are being made to the traditional
friendship of the two nations with the argument
that Russian development of Manchuria, wtll
open a great field for American commerce,
while the opposition of the United States to
Russia plans might provoke retaliation against
London. Hay S. — The Russian proceedings at
New-Chwang are attributed her*, to China's re
fusal to comply with the demands recently sub
mitted by Russia. The Chinese Ambassador
here Is quoted as saying that, he has not re
ceived official confirmation of the report of Rus
sia's action, but that If the facts are as re
ported it means that Russia will eventually
occupy the whole province. Though China \m
not prepared for war. she will probably, he said,
resent any attempt to do this.
The announcement that the Russians ha 1 <m
"reocoupieti" New-Chwang must not be under
stood as implying that they ever fully evacuate!
the place. The news is taken here to mean that
the town has been reoccupied by the force, tha
withdrawal of which was announced in April,
■when the Russians said that all the troops ex
cept the men necessary for the police guard had
JOINT ACfIOX PLANNED.
United States, Great Britain and
Japan May Protest.
•By Th* Asst»-iated ITesa.)
'Washington. May S.— Having received official
c nflrmation of the reoccupation of New-Chwang
by Russian troops, the State Department, ther*.
Is reason to believe, is preparing 1 , subject to the
approval of President Roosevelt, to take vigor
ous measures. The department's patience Is ex
hausted, it is said, and it is now contemplating
more radical action th-in any which has hereto
fore marked the negotiations on the sulject of
Manchuria. Joint .ion by the United States.
Great Britain and Japan 13 the stey contem
plated. Secretary Hay is in communication
with President Roosevelt In California, and tssl
Secretary'!* course will depend on Ike Presi
dent's decision. If he does not regard the pro
gramme with favor, the State Department may
fall back on its former method of making in
dividual representations to Russia, and ask
another explanation of that government's course*
in Manchuria. The preceding negotiations havo
been hampered by the inability of th. Unite*
States to act Jointly with other nation?, but it is
now believed that some plan of co-operation;
with Great Britain and Japan may bo devised,
which, while not committing this country to any
entangling alliance in violation of its traditions.
will convince Russia that the three nations ar»
united in their determination to insist on tho
evacuation of Manchuria, and the preservation
of the open door.
If this course Is finally adopted. the Russian*
answer Is already forecasted by the officials
here. Under the representation to the powers)
the troops were to have been withdrawn from
N'ew-Chwang one month ago to-day. It Is
understood that ■ portion of the Russian fores,
was withdrawn from the barracks in the rity t»
tents outside. It is presumed from the Peking
advices that these troop« have now -turned to>
the city. It is pointed out. however, that Rus
sia employed a saving clause in the promise to
withdraw from Manchuria, the language ooMoJ
"Provided, however, that the action of other
powers shall not stand in the way." Russia,
It is understood, now holds that this proviso
was violated by Japan when she mobilized her
fleet and showed signs of military preparations
which were construed as a menace to Russia.
Accompanying the news of the reoccupatlon
of New-Chwans a warning was received from
American agents In China that th* Russian at
titude is Injuring the chances of th»» treaty
which Mr. Conger and Consul General Goodnow
have been negotiating, involving the opening to.
American trade of the ports of Taku-Shan and
Moukden. in Manchuria. The latest advices are
that the treaty is already practically lest, ow in-
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