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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 10, 1903, Image 1

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VOL"V 0L " LXIII----N 0 20.K29.
JJEWS OF TWO CAPITALS.
AFFAIRS IX LOXDOX.
yeu British Monroe Doctrine — Kb
uterg at Their Best.
m»TIT' IS T*« N»w-Tortc Tribune tar Francfa Cab:*.)
(CeTTlrfct ; 1MB : By Th« Trtbnn* Asaoclatlcn.)
London. May — The German Emperor is al
lowed a- free hand In managing the diplomacy
cf the Fatherland. King Edward ie beginning
to exert equal influence In directing public opin
ion here in foreign affairs, If not controlling
diplomatic policies. He has created good feel
]ag between Franc* and England. This Implies
flexibility and tolerance in all matters in which
XU:*sia. is deeply interested. The King has set
&n tr fashion in British diplomacy, which "The
Tirres." "The National Review." "The Epec
u tcr" and "The Daily Mail" have been striving
for a re period to introduce, namely, good
natar^ in dealing with Russia and France, and
7*>sis»rce to German devices for embroiling
■ jr^jsj-.l with either power. This new style Is
saeaientarily popular, but may be regarded more,
critically if the Russian interests in Manchuria
or the Balkan region arc greatly strengthened
hr the British spirit of accommodation.
The German comments on Lord Lansdowne'a
Persian Gulf policy are all on the same key,
Fisce Ik Berlin Foreign Office plays on the
■■■a as on a piano keyboard. The German
censors affect to believe that Lord Lansdowne
ha? ■ami a wanton affront to Russia, but
that is sheer nonsense, even if "The Spectator"
chares the view and is overcome by nervous
excitability. The British Government has grati
fied Russia by bringing about the abandonment
of the Bagdad railway scheme. The plain intl
rr.zt:cn that England intended to control th*
Persian Gulf and not allow the establishment
of a hostile base on her flank line of com
munication with India and Australia does not
excite resentment either at St. Petersburg or
Paris, as long as the German railway syndicate
js kept out of Mesopotamia.
The proclamation of the new British Monroe
Doctrine for the defence of India is a mo
mentous event, but the Persian Gulf is a long
vß v from Manchuria, where the Russians are
alternately reported as making preparations for
war and'reoccupyinc places which have never
b~n evacuated. Tho Anglo-Japanese alliance
will not operate unlers France is drawn In In
.rapport of Russia, but there is slight proba
bility of aggressive action in Manchuria when
the 'Balkan situation is clouded with uncer
tainty.
Kk nir.e of th- ten Bulgarian leaders selected
fc the cvnamite work to Salonica are either
d-^u or captured, the Turkish officials ought to
V^ c ?UT ed. bat they ere not The panic pro
duced :,v the a. of explosives is likely to en
courage'the bands to organise a fresh series of
outages in the hope of instigating a massacre.
Thp most remarkcble feature »t .he dynamite
cp^aign is the support which it --vesfrnm
t£ educated Bulgarians in Macedonia. Some
S those shot down with bombs in their hands
were schoolmaster*. All the leaders of the
r^utlonary bands belong to the educated
cv« and the movement conducted by methods
TlmZV£&£^J^
h8 - the sur.TK.rt of B MV opinion in the prlnci-
SJS Turkish misrule must be flagrant when
.... „ the Balkan peninsula show.
tZJZ ---
„ -her, I. — - ' s analysed. The
redevelopment of Russian power in the Far
Kast.
Mali
Sr si
l^it.rm^s in proclaiming • hands off
Z 'pe-ian Gulf, and Mr. Chamberlain *ith
X,rai. in explaining the Transvaal
the revival of procpern> in
fortible optimism the revival of prosperity in
„,1 Mr. Wyndham also rose to his
; staiurTas " statesman by a tactful, eio
<^r.t speech at the second reading of the Irish
££ Magnitude of the financial oP-ation^n
rolved in the government policies in South A.
£a££ Ireland staggers the old fashioned
TnriM ... are reassured by the confident
J£ "\£ mlniters and the businesslike pres
:r.io: of 3- i-— ™™*™£
• S S ° °r7om "h. Ban
borrowed from .he Bank
lo provide for the deposits of _ ap
, the mor.-y — *- ha, been^ em
Urilv unsettled by the immense £*&?£
Sent S funds. The government **K*Jb£
rows at 3 per cent, is popular in Street.
-v.,, when there is no immediate prospect that
nobey will t« cheaper. There are serious .*■
;iv'in C s within and outside the house respecting
£ .mplovment of British credit on an unpre
£*S£ scale both in Ireland and Africa at the
d»e cf the war. which cost i230,^000. John
Morley bluntly described the Land bill as mm
c the am of £1- W ' • order to .secure
„:-,,f ien dl n ß £lOO.OU<'.OU«,. andGib
mm Bowles contemptuously dismissed it as
crazy franc, but the overwhelming majority
»us secur-d after Mr. Healy had solemnly de
<-l.r*d th*t every shilling was safe, and Mr.
VWbani had heralded the pacific close of the
twenty v-ars' feud and professed faith in th
moral £nse of the Irish people. Never were
vsr fttuincial responsibilities undertaken with
* lighter heart. Ministerial opportunism «
umph? and the money lenders are kept busy.
The f.tful displays of insubordination among
the government followers are diminishing. Mr.
Chaplta*. outbreak against the repeal of the
pram registration duty •- not serious politics.
«v«i if -The Times" finds it difficult to reconcile
itself to the subsidence of indirect taxation.
Andrew Carnegie has been so overwhelmed
with honor*, and hosp:tality that he sighs for
the retirement of Skibo. His presidential ad
dress at th* Iron and Steel Institute on profit
sharing. «»s*-cialiy as illustrated in his own
business at Pittsburg. and the success of the
Steel Trust baa made a deep impression, and
la discussed by "The Times" and all the other
important journals as a notable contribution to
tb* discussion of the two great problems how
to secure harmonious relations of the various
departments m€ a great manufacturing busi
ness, and how to get the best work out of those
Continued on fonrth pas'*. p
SEABOARD AIR LINE RAILWAY. _
Doubl* daily trains. PcSUMt. R. »r »5 l c^
Str^t 12:55 noon and 12:10 nisht. Through car^
i^Uentful route to Savannch Jack*onUU^^i Q
.T.inpa; also to Atlanta and the Southwest. "•"«•
Ufc Broadway.—
— . Fair.
Fair, with ■mithraix winds, to-morrow.
NEW-YORK'S GREAT TASK.
Mr. Root Says It Is to Teach Immi
grants Civilization and Citizenship.
Elihu Root, Secretary of War, was the gruest
of honor and the principal speaker at the din
ner given by the Lotos Club last night. Presi
dent Lawrence of the club. Judge Gray, of the
Court of Appeals; Senator Depew, William B.
Hornblower and District Attorney Jerome were
other speakers.
Mr. Root's speech took the form of reminis
cences of early New-York, with a reference
to her present proud position, in the "front
rank in the march of civilization." despite her
weak condition resulting- from "surgical opera
tions for appendicitis." v hereby "'her liver and
kidneys were torn out in order to provide rapid
transit for the future generations ."'
About three hundred guests were present. The
clubrooms were decorated with gTeat bunches of
pink roses and branches of apple and dogwood,
in full flower.
At the rifcfct of President Lawrence was Sec
retary Hoot, and on his left Senator Platt. Sen
ator Depew sat between Secretary Root and Ad
miral Rodger?. Beeide Senator Platt «a «x-
Governor John W. Griggs of New-Jersey, and
next to him District Attorney Jerome. Facing
them wen Joseph C. Hendrix. Simeon Ford,
Justice Hatch, of the Appellate Division; Ches
ter S. Lord, Judge Gray, of the Court of Ap
peals. Justice Morgan J. O'Brien, of the Su
preme Court; General Francis Vinton Greene
and William B. Hornblower. Timothy L. Wood
ruff arrived late.
President Lawrence, in introducing L'_c- -tary
Root, termed him a "wise and prudent adviser,
trained to deal with emergencies; a man capa
ble of reorganizing anything, from a military
establishment to a whole planetary system.
In response. Secretary Root told of his pleas
ure at seeing old friends and familiar places in
"dear old New-York." He continued:
To those who believe the hope of the world lies
in the great processes of liberty, the lifting up of
ail classes to their particular part in the govern
ment of the entire population, leaving no class be
low this city is the great agency and workshop
of civilization. Those who don't believe It need
hard experience for their education. .™,, i»
Between 1850 and 1*» more than 17.000.000 people
came across the water to this gateway of extern
civilization. Here the men of. the Old world re
ceived and taught their first lessons in citizen
ship to stand erect in independent manhood. The
r«uits were not lovely and agreeable; they were.
-Shir harsh and disagreeable, but these
J^Tre necessary lessons for men who are to be self
'"gereS'o^Throid' World were taught liberty
~3»i £ zrzpsvZ: "ares
masse? the laws ['of independence and liberty, con-
York°d2£ tne^ugh work of making over
tmMmmmis
alorlg the pathway of civilization.
Secretary Root referred feelingly to the "elo
quent, pure English" of the President's speeches
in various parts of the country. _
Judge John C. Gray said that his court would
probably be unanimous in saying that Secretary
Root was -without superior as an advocate,
the best of citizens and a general good fellow.
Simeon Ford told of his direful experiences in
war-(National Guard, to escape jury duty)
andl William B. Hornblower, in speaking for
?he bar said that, while he didn't favor at ; .11
r Tfter Tiling of wartime experiences with
Sttnton with who;,, he contrasted Secretary
Senator Depew spoke of the Spanish war.
■"SffSSaTSSi after six years. It is simply
marvellous that the mistakes and the blunders
TthT Incompetence were so insigni^-ant.
Plane '"vas centred upon Secretary Alger. and
mmmm
S XSSA iSi
th He prated Secretary Root most highly, say
under the advice of EHnu K> ' T - ",„,. Bupreme
Oed by Con*re«. and approved b> in. "P
Court of the United St«t«s. General Greene
guest of honor.
GARDINER G. HOWLAND DEAD
General Manager of 'The New-York Her
ald" Succumbs to Angina Pectons.
37 Eaet ?****'*?*?"£ KOwW who ... in
from angina jx-rt.iri^ " ' ( ; mlwr o f an old New
hls fixty-nirith year. ;' {? Mary Gra.fu.ri Dv-
York family- He married l*s 1597 "Four children
lany. of Baltimore. who ***£ Vi 4 rdlner O. Ht-w
ra^^r^Srr^m^Wnd^Jr.. and Mrs. Percy
R. Pyne. . many yars a member of
tl.f tK.ard of th^W.ion^
alao a ill*' "^""f.h'l Metropolltu.n and Racqnet
XEW-YORK. SUNDAY. MAY 10, 100.^.-FORTY-SIX PAGES.
LOTOS CLUB DIXXER IX IIOXOR OF SECRETARY ROOT.
Seated on tho sofa tre Secretary Boot. Senator P latt and V. B. I^wrence. On Mr. Lawrence's right Is Senator Depew.
DYNAMITERS THREATEN SHIPS.
IXFERXAL MACHIXE, LAID TO MAFIA, FOUND OX
CUXARD PIER AXD SUBMERGED JUST IX TIME.
Warning Sent to Police Declares Italian Society Will Drive M British
Vessels from the Port with Explosives.
In a plain pine box about the size of a small
trunk an ingenious iniernal machine containing
one hundred pounds of dynamite was found on
the pier of the Cunard Line yesterday afternoon,
less than an hour before the steamer Umbria
sailed for Liverpool. According to Superin
tendent George E. Murray of the department of
combustibles the prompt discovery and the im
mediate immersion of the box in the water at
the end of the pier by the detectives who found
it was all that prevented the explosion of the
dynamite and the destruction of the pier, with
thf» many persons who had gathered to sail or
bid friends and relatives goodby. The black
powder fuse leading to the detonating medium
was found to be scorched, showing that it had
been ignited. A second's delay in the extinction
of the fuse would have meant the explosion of
the whole charge. The discovery of the machine
was due to the following letter, addressed "Com
missioner Greene, Police Department, City,"
which was received at Police Headquarters at
12:15 p. m.:
Dear Sir: The Mafia greets you and wishes you
well. At the Cunard dock is a box containing
one hundred pounds of dynamite. Inside also is
a machine that, properly set, can explode the stun"
any time within thirty-six hours.
The society has declared war against Knßlar.d
snd has ordered the destruction of every steamer
flying the British flag that sails out of Xew-York
harbor.
The undersigned received orders to begin opera
tions by sinking the Oceanic, but so many women
and children took passage on that, boat that the
society's plans were changed at the last moment.
The machine in the box the brst made, and a
crude affair, is inclosed simply to show how easy
it is to sink a steamer and to convince those in
terested that the society is not making idle
threats.
The box with iron handles is among trunks for
steamer Umbrla. „ „ ,
The society ha? undertaken to ele»r New-xorlc
Harbor of British ships, and it win succeed. The
reason for this movement the society does not wisn
to disclose; suffice it to say that the society, in
order to protect Itself, must carry tho war into
the enemy's country and it goes without saying
that it proposes to wage it ns fiercely a< it knows
how. . ,
This is the society's first and last warring, ami
those who propose to patronize British steamers
must take their chances in the future.
The society asks anri gives no Quarter, so— Lay
on. lav on. Macduff. ami damnM be he th..t
hold— enough: FIETRO DE MABTTNX.
P. S— The battery is not attached. Tho fw*
without caps and lighters not set. eonseqaentlj
there is no danger in handling box.
The letter, as was the address on the envelope,
was written with a lead pencil. As can be seen,
it was couched in English beyond the command
of the average Italian. The penmanship was
that of an American accustomed to write rap
idly and able to express himself clearly on paper
without difficulty.
The letter, which bore a special delivery
stamp, and, according to the postmark, had been
mailed at the General Postofflce at 11 a. m.
yesterday, was received at Police Headquarters
at 12:15 p. m. The steamer was to sail at 2
p. m. There was no time to be lost, and, al
though the project seemed on paper too diaboli
cal to be true, preparations were made immedi
ately for investigating what the contents of the
letter divulged. Detectives Moody and Leeson.
who are detailed to the piers when steamers are
arriving or departing, were called up on the
telephone and ordered to look for the box. De
tective Sergeant Farley was sent out by the De
tective Bureau. The Department of Combus
tibles was called up and informed of the con
ten* of the letter. Captain Watson, superin
tendent of the Cunard pier, was also informed.
He went to Mr. Floyd, the acting agent of the
line who hastened aboard the Umbria and told
Captain Dutton. The captain lent the chief offi
cer to the pier, and gave orders that the steamer
should not sail until the box had been found.^
The detectives. Captain Watson and Mr.
Floyd immediately began a search for the bo*.
It was soon found, for it had come to the pier
under peculiar circumstances. It was exactly
as described in the letter, and was found at the
foot of the gangway, among the other pieces of
baggage. It was a plain, white pine box. newly
made, and was unmarked. In size it was about
40 by 20 by 20 inches. The top. which was
made of two pieces, was hinged and fastened
with a staple, hasp and padlock. The hard
ware was neatly japanned, ; nd mm evidently
n6v. passengers were not apprised of the pres-
The HWOm were not apprised of the pres
ence of the infernal machine, everything was
done quietly. As soon as it was founu it was
carried to? the end of the pier. Inside the box.
by listening carefully, one could hear the tick
ing of a Piece of clockwork. A rope was fast
ened about it and it was lowered In the water.
When Superintendent Murray arrived with two
assistants he found the men carefully keeping
the box submerged.
• In the mean-time, the box having been dls
covered. Captain Dutton reversed his order re
garding the sailing of the steamer, «Ca she
started on time, the passengers being unaware
of the plot to annihilate them. As soon as the
steamer sailed a detail of police who had ar
rived by this time, cleared the pier of every one
except the detectives and the men from the
Department of Combustibles. The box was then
raised from the water in a gingerly manner and
closely examined. Inside was a board to -which
was attached at one end. a set c? clockwork
similar to that of an eisht day clock. To the
perimeter of a large wheel connected with the
clockwork was attached an upright metal post.
This post was intended to engage the end of a
lever. At the other end of the board was
fastened an electric cigar lighter of the kind s«>
often seen in cigar stores. A spring 'attached
to one end was so arranged that the lighter
would perform its function when the l»ver
actuated by the clockwork released It. At the
lighting point was affixed a black powder fuse.
This fuse and the wires working the llghtet led
beneath the board, the former to another loop
of fuse, the ends of which entered the com
partments on either end of the box. The latter
ran to a pair of dry cells. In th« compartments
were found one hundred pounds of dynamite —
enough to read forty-five tons of soli.l rock, de
stroy the pier or tear out the bottom of the
I'mbria or any other steame-. The dynamite
was in bars wrapped in light brown paper, on
which were words suggesting that It had hee n
made by the Climax Powder Company, which
has an office in the Park Row Building. The
dynamite was divided equally between the two
compartments, there being one hundred half
pound sticks in each.
To the astonishment of Superintendent Mur
ray it was found that the end of the fuse was
scorched and burned down for about a quarter
of an inch, suggesting that the clockwork had
released the lever Just before the steamer sailed.
He expressed the opinion later that had the box
not been put in the water at the precise mo
ment it was done an explosion would have <M •
rurred. The fuse, he said, was so short that it
would have required hardly more than a second
for it to reach the detonating medium, whi<h
was supposed to have been gunpowder and gun
cotton packed around the dynamite. Superin
tendent Murray declined to say exactly what the
detonating medium was, but assured the news
paper men that it surely would have proved its
efficiency. He declared the machine to be the
most perfect one he had ever seen.
The box was placed on a patrol wagon from
the Charles-st. station. Patrolman John Cava
nagh drove the wagon, and Roundsman Robert
Quiim and Patrolman Frank Gallagher sat at the
back. Patrolmen and detectives were sent ahead
to clear the street, and the wagon was driven,
with the horses walking very slowly, to the
station. When that was reached the box was
carefully emptied In the wagon and the box
taken into the station. The contents were taken
to Fire Headquarters.
Investigation showed that the box was ;
ought to the pier on Friday about 3 p. m.. in
a wagon painted dark green and resembling a
pedler's wagon. Two Italians were on the
wagon. They delivered the box to "Torn" Pryor.
the baggage master. He noticed that there was
no name. on the ox, or ship to which it was to
go, or address. He inquired, and ont-n of the
men said it would be ail right, that it was to go ,
with the Umbria's baggage, and would be called
for. They said they came from Thlrty-nmth-st. i
Pryor. later, it was" said, became suspicious
of the box. and informed Superintendent Wat
son. Yesterday morning he became more sus
picious?, and a watch was kept for any one get- j
tins the box. Superintendent Watson said:
"I cannot accpunt for such an infernal ma- !
chine being placed on this dock. I was told
about the box, and was suspicious about it.
About forty-five minutes before the ship sailed j
I notified Police Headquarters.
The two men who drove the «un were '
described by Mr. Pryor as follows: One was
about twenty-eight years old. weighing 170
pounds, with smooth face and wearing a bicycle
cap. The other was taller, about thirty-seven j
years old, weighing about 17." pounds, and wore
a dark cutaway coat and waistcoat, light j
trousers "and a Fedora hat. Both men were
dark, with dark complexions and hair. .
Superintendent Watson said that the box
would not have been put aboard the Umbria :
unless claimed by some one who wan intending .
to sail on the vessel. It was at the gangway j
• on i: !• !i'-l on i.iii-ii iiage.
CLEVELAND VAGUE.
Say 8 He Is A'of Desirous of A nother
Xomination.
Athens. Ga., May 9. — In reply to a letter from
B. F. Holder, jr.. Editor of "The Athena Ban
ner," which contained the result of a poll of
the business men of Athens, showing a strong
sentiment for the nomination of Mr. Cleveland,
and this question: "Are you now considering
or would you consider making the race for th«
Presidency next year on the Democratic ticket?"*
ex-President Cleveland writes as follows:
Princeton, N. J., May G, 1908.
B. F. Holder, jr.
Dear Sir: I thank you for your letter of the
4th inst.. and for the editorial clipping: from
your paper which accompanied it. I cannot fail
to be gratified by the kindly expressions which
frequently come to me in these days from all
parts of our country, and I desire to thanlt you
for your loyal support in the past and for your
exceedingly friendly expressions at this time. In
answer to the question with which you con«
elude your letter. I can say no more than to as
sure you that at no time since the close of my
last administration have I been desirous of car
rying the Democratic banner for the fourth time
in a Presidential contest. Tours very truly.
GROVER CLEVELAND.
DEAD IN TRAIX WRECK.
Head-on Collision on Mohawk and
M alone Kills Four.
Syracuse, May 0— A dispatch to -"The Post-
Standard' 1 from Malone says:
"A terrible head-on collision occurred at Nel
son Lake, on the Mohawk and Malone Railroad,
at 3 o'iork this afternoon. Two passenger
train?, travelling at a high rate of speed.
crashed into pnch other, and four persons are
r^portM 'lead and several inji:-
The scene of the wreck is aboat fifty miles
from T'lioa. on th-= main line between t'tica and
Montreal. The trains in collision were No. f&\
southbound, and No. <>"i. northbound.
"The fiinaf:t*»r occurred on a curve, and the
locomotives and mail cars were badly wrecked.
The m:>il ' ompartments are reported to be in
apUctera and the bags are buried in the debris.
,\ representative of the railway mail service
who was op board one of the trains has taken
charge of the mail, and will attempt to dig it
from th*> wiecln
"The two trmtaa are scheduled to meet at Ful
ton Chain, a few miles from Nelson Lake. It is
said that the engineer of one of the trains ran
pact his orders, an.i caused the frightful disas
ter. Kevins. the engineer of one of the trains.
vas killed in the crash. Jiimes R. Jones., a mail
cleric, of Mdione. is said to have had both legs
broken. He was on the train bound for Utica.
John Best, another mail clerk, whose home is at
H-rkimer. whs frightfully injured, and will be
taken to Malone. Juhn T. Glynn, a newsboy, of
one of the trains, was killed. Frank Faulkes. a
conductor, of Utica. and Yorden, a fireman, are
also dead.
••Several of the passengers are reported in
jured, but so far as ascertained none of them
were killed or fatally injured."
RUX OX BUFFALO BAXK.
But Panic Is Averted by a Proffered
Deposit of $1,000,000.
Buffalo, May 9. — There was a run on the
Fidelity Trust Company to-day. It was caused
by a rumor of a defalcation which has been
afloat about two weeks. Owing to the known
stability of the company, the presidents of other
banks in the city, without any solicitation on
the part of the Fidelity company, volunteered
the announcement that they stood ready to de
posit fl.OOQlOW) in the Fidelity Bank at on.-
Although the usually large number of with
drawals on Saturdays wai increased to-duy. the
line had dwindled, when the bank closed its
doors, to not more than a store of pataaH who
desired to draw their mon»-y In C*MB*«9*ac* *f
This President Forrnan. who had intended keep-
Ing the. doors open until evening, decided to
close at the usual hour
a statement Issued by th* trustees pronounced
the rumor absolutely false, and added:
Tho company never was stronger than it is tf>
day To provide against any demands that may he
made we have W.COO.OOQ of cash a\*ailable. and can
readily have KttXMJQOO more the moment its use be
comes necessary. The public can rest satisfied that
there is a* occasion for any anxiety whatever
tou-hinir th«» company or its absolute solvency. It
is e~aroln~ its dividends of 12 per cent per annum,
and carrying about as much more in surplus.
BOILER EXPLOSION KILLS TWO
Indianapolis. May »-— One of the boilers m th«
Indianapolis Hominy Mills explodid this afternoon,
killing one man and injuring seven others. Of the
injured, who were hurried to the hospitals, one will
die The dead man in Charles Bower*, a fireman,
whose body was literally cooked by steam, and
Ernest Shelton, another flrrman, will die. Of the
nine men B the roeni at the time of th* explosion,
only one ««cap*-d without injury. The tall smoke
stack connected with the boiler* fell a moment
after the explosion, and its crash could be heard
almost as far aa the noise of tho original explosion.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
SECRETARY HAY WAITING
ACCEPTS RUSSIA'S WORD.
But Any Evasion of Promise* Will
Be Promptly and Firmly Met.
[BT tet.bob.apk to TZTZ T«nirjr». ]
Washington. May o.— The State Department
is perplexed over the conflicting report* from
Peking regarding the Russian attitude toward
China, but it is an exaggeration to »ay that
the department Is agitated to the verge of can
ing on Russia at thin tin-.- for further explicit
assurances than those given ten days ago. Th*
avowed purpose :s manifest**] here by th* offi
cials charged with safeguarding American
treaty rights in Chin* to meet promptly and
firmly any evasion of th- promises repeatedly
given that these rights would be ncrupuloualy
respected, and so far. It i* declared, all pledges
affecting th* United States have b-?n kept. '
The suggestion is advanced, in view of th»
alarming: and contradictory reports of the last
few days, that perhaps th*" Chinese have been
unnecessarily alarmed and confused by the rep
resentations from various nations, and that
there are in Peking many ingenious mischief
makers as well as skilful prevaricators dili
gently at work.
In the absence of Indisputable information to
the contrary, the State Department will not znak»
what could be construed as a further reflec
tion on Russian sincerity by asking blunt ques
tions at St. Petersburg, but may b* expected
to await positive developments menacing Ameri
can interests in any of China's province*. la
i the mean time, the idea of participatlna: In
simultaneous or identic notes or departing from
the traditional policy of avoiding alliance* has
not been considered, nor Is it thought that
there is, at this Juncture, a remote contingency
which would be likely to draw this govern
ment into a co-operation In fore* in Asiatic
complications.
RELIEF. IX WASHINGTOXj
Retirement of Russian Troops- Con*
firmed by Mr. Conger*
GBjr The Anaortatag Preea.)
"Washington, May 9.— The State I>epartm*iH^
has received from Minister Conger confirmation j
of The Associated Press dispatch from Peking
that the Russians re-entered New-Chwang and ;
then retired. The receipt of this news late irv^
the day brought relief to a strained situation.
and it was decided by the department that th*r» !
was no longer occasion for action, even dipio-.
matlcally. at this stage. Count Cassini. In th«*
course of his talk with Secretary Hay to-day*
ea-nestly impressed on th<» Secretary his con
viction that the Russian Government had lived!
up to Its agreements, and in view of these rep
resentations Secretary May did not hesitate t->
dissipate the impression •which might hay- ex
isted that there remained any need for diplo
matic action relative tr. Manchuria by th»
United States. Great Britain and Japan. Th<»
situation, consequently, lapses back t o wher*
it was after the original Russian disclaimer
w\ich followed the demands on China two weeks
ago, and for the present the attitude of th*
United States Government will b* simply on*
of observance. Count Cassini said to-day:
When the whole truth is known it will b*
found that Russia has not violated a single
pledge made to any nation, nor does she inten.i
to do so. Moreover, whatever steps h.ive been
taken in Manchuria are only in self-defence.
Th« count called at the State r^partment
about noon to talk over the Manchunar. situa
tion with Secretary Hay.
Mr. Takahira, the Japanese Minister, had a
long Interview tvith Secretary Hay at the Scat*
Department to-day. He manifested deep con
cern over the Manchurian situation, hut de
clared that the legation was without official
advices, in the absence of which he did not car**
to discuss the matter. There Is an intimation
that Japan is disappointed at the character of
the support she has received from other powers
up to this time in her efforts to stop Russia *
alleged aggression. On leaving the State De
partment the minister took occasion tr> singla>
out the following statements printed this morn
ing:
"It is pointed out that Russia employ |
saving clause in the promise to withdraw from
Manchuria, the language being, 'Provided, how
ever, that the action of other powers sh
stand in the way,' " and the further statement
that "Russia, 1: is understood, now contends that
this proviso was violated by Japan when sh*
mobilized her fleet and otherwise showel sign*
of military preparation, which was construed a*
a menace to Russia. ' Commenting upon th*
latter statement, he said: "Such a cortention.
if made, is unwarranted."
Mr. Takahira added that there has b-en noth
ing in the movement of the Japanese Navy
whicn could be construed as a menace tr Rus«
sia. "The movements of Japan's warships." said]
the minister, "are simply incidental to our
spring naval manoeuvres, and are as devoid of
political significance as were your naval ma*
noeuvres in the Caribbean last winter."
WITHDRAWS FROM FORTS*
Russia Says Troops Are Retiring
Southward to Depart by Sea.
Peking, May 9. — The official at Xew-Chwana
who sent yesterday's news of Russia's reoccupa
tion of New-Chwang and military operation*
elsewhere in Manchuria telegraphs to-day that
the occupation of the forts at the mouth of tha
Liao River was temporary, the troops now hav
ing been withdrawn from there. Officials hera
are mystified. Their subordinates at New-
Chwang have not reported the reoccupation of
that place; hence, there is a disposition to ques
tion the correctness of the information, though
the author of yesterday's story is generally een-»
sidered to i* « of the ablest and best in
formed foreigners in China.
St. Peters May !>.— The Foreign OnV*
here strongly deprecates th* excitement con
cerning Manchuria. It believes that mischief
maker- are responsible for the reports from
there, and says thut the arrival of troops at
Xen-Chwang was due to .he retirement o£
troops from Moukden Province southward, in
stead of northward. The troops depart by ma.
The other alleged warlike preparation of It Ma
sia are ridiculed.
WILL CONTINUE 'OPEN DOOR" POLICY.
Russia So Assures the French Ambassador
at St. Petersburg.
Paris. May 9.— Commenting on the Manchuria
situation, the officials here .-»> that the French
Ambassador at St. Petersburg has had an in
terview with Foreign Minister Lamsdorf. which
brought out a repetition of th* statement that
Russia had given positive assurances to th»
United States that there would be no interrup
tion of th* "open door" policy in Manchuria,
and al3O the assertion that the mlasioa of Gas-
WHY NOT SEE NIAGARA FALLS?
Tou can do so with no extra expense if you travel
by th« New York Central uoe«.— Adrt.

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