Newspaper Page Text
Kures and Reflections of a
Special Correspondeni .
Mitrovitza, April 27.
There Is a fascination about wandering over a
t'xirfjerins volcano all day and resting In itr
crater riy night. It is even more entrancing
vhen all the world is watching for an upheaval
momentarily, snd when you have in the venture
the company of or.c whose death would bring
considerable notoriety. The v. ry footfall of a
'creij^er at this time inspires a renewed erup
tisn of Mitrovitza, but when he strolls about
■with a small army of roughshod Cossacks and
Savasses. and with Turks who in their hearts
•would welcome any harm that rniirht befall hir.:.
•t Js tempting Providence! One must not. how
erer. be called a coward, Bar these Albanians,
who «re the tinder of this infi;immaH«» r sriri;i.
hem more furiously when a foreigner shows
f*gr and dodges about. I have t^^n link my
fortunes with those of the Russian Dooanl dur
lr.c my ftay here, for we are birds of a feather
— *he onlr foreigners In a region wher«» danger
makes companions. There is a Turkish hun in
tbe town, a] had I stopped there the Kaima
lajai would immediately have cordoned the
house with troope and put a pair to watch over
rry deer. T^e guards are alieg-ed to be for your
protection, but. suspicious as Turks are. they
watch you more closely than your potential as-
Fasslns. I accepted at once the invitation of M.
VashkofT to be his *rue« at the consulate dur
tna; my stay.
I do not know that making the consulate the
crater is using Just the proper figure. It is the
centre of the disturbance, but it is, too. the
psfest place in the volcano. The consulate is
situated within a stone's throw of the spot
where the batteries stood in the recent fight
with the Albanians, just between the barracks
and a carr.r af Turkish troops, and about the
house is continually a heavy guard of troops
p-cked from the rr.fr. known to be the least
IkaßtteaL A tremendous Russian flag hangs
from the aeoaasl story down aefere the front of
the house all the day. tantalizing the Mussul
mans, but reminding them that that much hated
frsrelgts power is lodged there. Within the house
Ptar.fis seotlnel at the main entrance a Coßsack.
Tsith his basbee hat. blue dress, with large white
•spots on it and brown sleeves and legglns.
Then there are Kavasses on duty, and two
trusty dragomans, one of whom is a Christian
Alr-aniar. He is a renegade, according to his
people, for they ere united. Catholics and Mus
mlmans. against all outsiders.
This is his story: The man's oooatn was mur
dered by ac of the Albanians of the town. K.
Mashkoff- insisted that the assassin should be
captured p.nd tried The Turks protested that
they could net run the man down. Ten days
efter the murder the dragcrnan passed the guilty
man on the street. The murderer did not see
him. for he was in the consulate's covered rig.
He faaapei out after the carriage had passe.d
the man. and. running up behind him. pinioned
Mi arrriS. Both men cried for help. No re-
FT'^Tise came to the employe of the Russian con-
Fulate. but an Cher Albanian came up and
levelled his gun at the dragoman, who cleverly
turned his man about sc that the ball would
pierce him first. The gun was not fired. Sev
eral times this play was repeated, till the free
Albanian rushed up with the butt of his gun
raised. There -aa no help forthcoming for the
dragoman, co he shouted in the ear of the man
f-hom he was holding: "Stop that man a min
a«el Tour life for miner* The two men con
sulted -. moment and agreed that on the drago
man's life being spared he should request >1.
Mashkoff to hold up the prosecution of the
other. M. ilashkoff agreed, for the sake of pro
viding for the future safety of his dragoman,
er.d the authorities 01* their own accord did
rinthirg to bring the murderer to justice.
The Turks ha-.-e added considerably to the
•-ierr« of reforms. One of their . intentions is
to establish law courts throughout Old Servia
and Albania. They are working' at an impossi
ble tasS. They cannot conduct law courts with
Albanians all armed. Both parties in action
voiild go into court with all theirwiapons. and
th» result would be., no matter which way the
verdict went, the death of the judge. The dis
arming of the Albanians is the indispensable
condition of the establishment of reforms in
Kuropean Turkey, and there is hardly a chance
that such a thing can be accomplished. The
Turks are mobilizing an army of about thirty
thousand men at Verosovich for the declared
purpose of occupying Albania, capturing and
exiling the ringleaders cf resistance to the re
forms, sad OBBtrflsaae; the others. How the Sul
tan is going to n.anage with his bodyguard
during this campaign against their people I
have no notion, but the success of the plan is
m unlikely that It Is the opinion here that the
Turks have no Idea of such a move, and are
mobniztog near the Servian aid Bulgarian
frontier for another purpose. The trade in arms
ere atnaaaßßi with the Albanians Is a source
of considerable profit to the Austrians and Ital
ians, a.r.l a custom house servfte and a frontier
ruard stronger and less subject to influence
by bakshish Obbb the Turks have ever had
•would te required in order to close those two
nonrees of supply. The Albanians have one fac
tory in their land. It is pitched like an illicit
cistillery. In an impregnable mountain fastness.
but it manufactures guns, and guns of no mean
The Sultan's peace commission of holy men
has at this writing failed to conciliate th Al
baaiaa& They cannot be reconciled to the idea
oT having eea attacked, and of many of their
member having been slain by the Sultan's men.
wfcea he has kept them armed for generations
f'.r the purpose of intimidating the giaour, and
or maintaining a strong and cheap barrier be
tween ris dominions a^d those of the unbeliev
ers in tbe west. The Sultan has chosen for his
bodyguard iheir brothers for their lawlessness
snd" their fidelity to the Prophet and hisTepre
•^rtative on earth. Evsn bakshish in abun
fl»j*e« for their chiefs will not reconcile them.
By the time this letter is printed the commis
isfon will probably have returned, and the army
TH.vr at Verosovich. the Turks say. will march
on Prirrend as soon as diplomatic efforts have
b«a vbausted. Th* officers say that it will
r*. *n «>a*y matter to go through the Albanians.
So it will be Ir open fight, for they are not
orzar.iz*d to give battle in the regular way.
Tfc»y will adopt the tactics of the Bulgarian
bcTiiis and without doubt, if they tight at all.
The examples of
■ now being shown by
The Gorham Co.
mark a very distinct
revival of this species
of art embroidery that
was so much admired
in Colonial Times.
S!v*»tfl» «d Golems. Broad
xvay and Nineteenth Street. ~\-H
M«deo La»r. New York
will make a far more stubborn resistance. Each
clan, under Its own trusted leader, if It retire*
to the mountains, will play havoc among the
Sultan's men. It is absurd to talk of a settle
ment of the country in three months. The in
troduction of reforms only disturbs the sedi
ment of racial hatred whi.-h from time to time
has bubbled and Is alwavp simmering. It is
now in so explosive ■ state of ferment a* to
throw off all the reforms that are put in.
I am row writing: particularly of the districts
in which thf» MomimM ar« Albanians. The
Turkish Empire will not exist in Europe, I vent
ure to say. wh*n the Albanians are lowered to
the level of thf ••swine" they have dominated so
long. The Albanßßha have resources of charac
ter capable of wonderful development. They
are physically a superb race. Large and well
built. but slender, with every feature finely
chiselled, they are pure Caucasians in type,
their ruddy hue being the stain of the sun.
You can pick out at a glance an Albanian of
ficer in the Turkish Army. He cannot be dis
tinguished from a European. There is a better
comparison: The Albanians In appearance are
like Americans of the Gibson type — strongly
marked contrast to the Turk.
On their natural dress, however, you have to
scrutinize them closely in order to find points
of similarity to any other people. I am speak
ing of the men. The women wear full black
cloaks, apparently puffed out with air to hide
their figures, and a white muslin veil and head
covering in the place of the dark head draperies
of the Turkish women. They are only women!
If you ask an Albanian how many children he
has he will shake his head regretfully and reply.
"Two children and four girls." The Turk's fez
is an ISty thing, but the Albanian's is gorgeous.
It is of the same color as the Turk's, but there
is no air space in it- It fits tight over his skull.
Instead of the thin black tassel, one of long.
full blue silk falls to -the shoulders and trails to
the front gracefully. This is the dress fez. For
everyday wear the Albanian uses a white cap
without the app^-Ddiipf:. The trousers, usually
white, lit tight to the ankle, where they flare
out over the shoe. Down each side of them
and over the ba.ck is a broad band of rich black
Eilk cording. In front from the waist is worked
in a rich red, edged with black, a design which
tapers off down each leg to the knee. A brill
iantly colored sash, padded underneath with
others of less gorgeous hue — altogether, some
ten or twelve yards of material, which it takes
ten mi"."" ; to wind around one forms the
dividing band between trousers and a low-cut
shirt, and serves as holster for pistol and knife.
A short, richly worked jacket, without sleeves,
reaches down to the top of the sash, but misses
meeting across the chest by six inches. There
are variations of this coEtume, but It is mate
rially the same all over Albania.
The cut of the hair is the tribal badge or sign
of individuality among Albanians. Followers of
one chief will keep their heads closely shaven,
except in one circular space about an inch
across, which is never cut. This single tuft
curls down underneath the fez like an Indian's
Ecalplock. Others will shave the top of the
head where the cap rests, and there is tense
In the arrangement, for they never remove their
fezes, and the heat is thereby equalized over the
head. There are a dozen other cuts, all of which
6poil the intellectual physiognomy of the Al
banian from a European point of view; but
when his hair Is allowed tc grow naturally and
he dresses according to civilized ideas, he Is
unrivalled in appearance. It ie sad to think
that Mussulman fanaticism is co deeply In
grained in these people! It Is not a racial ln
her'.tance; it Is an Infection from the Turk.
These are the people whom you meet every
where. They walk proudly, while the Servian
goes about the streets of Mitrovitza with bowed
head in humiliation. In Uskub I ventured to
walk cut without a bodyguard one day Into the
Albanian quarter. From a sidewalk on which
there was barely room enough for two to pass
I was suddenly shoved roughly off by two Al
banian soldiers, who would not give way to a
giaour! An officer just behind probably saved
my life, or at least my dignity, by jumping in at
the moment and taking the men to task. The
British consul heard of The affair Immediately,
for the dragomen of the foreign consuls are as
energetic here as are the Turkish spies, and he
cautioned me always to give way and to step
down from a sidewalk even if a beggar with a
fez confronted me. TVith an escort the danger is
reduced, and you are not subjected to insult.
You walk in the middle of the street, because
your guard spreads out on each side of you. In
Mitrovitza the soldier who first sees M Mash
koff or any European step out of the consulate
paaaes the word along to a guardhouse about
two hundred feet away, and without request
ten or twelve men drop in behind the foreigner.
This escort does not have occasion to clear the
way, for no Albanian would allow himself to be
where a foreigner is likely to pass, for he cannot
brook the insult of being put out of the way.
The Turkish commanding officers say that the
discipline among their men is perfect, and that
they will have no trouble in Inducing them to
fight the Albanians, if necessary, for the occu
pation of their country- The Turkish army
astounds a European. The discipline of It is
unequalled by any other military force in the
world. When an order comes. "Right about
face!" a third of the line is likely to turn to the
left, but as for obedience without "the reason
why." there is nothing to compare with it. Since
the" world has fixed Its eyes on the Turkish sol
dier the officers have seen fit to forbid outrages.
In what civilized army could a custom which
had been followed for centuries be cut short so
suddenly" In similar circumstances It may be
doubted whether the army of any Christian
power in the world would have acted as well.
The Turkish troops are working now against
what "has been taught them as religion, and It Is
ha'rdlv in the power of human beings to change
th*!r Btnres. even if the representative of Allah
so ~wm« i» The Albanians have more brain
than the Turks. They understand the situation,
and cry alnud to the Sultan: "We don't want to
flrtt you! Give us ammunition and we will
keVp back your enemies:" Every soldier obeyed
the order to fire at ML Stcherbina's murderer.
v^arlv three thousand cartridges were fired at
nim in the five minutes he was free after com
miTtlrg the deed. T*e bill from the pi-tol of
JhTcoaeack was the only one that struck the
man Perhaps the Turkish troops will all
Hke that and en they be blamed^ They are
n* at fault, for they believe they are right.
But clv Son marches, and from Europe the
Turk must go!
M. Mashkoff hi here only as acting consul
until th- appointment of some one to fill the
Tie left vacant by M Stcherbina's death.
Htnas been «m4nctte« a vigorous campaign
4«^t the Bulgarian bands through reporting
m« alleged to have been committed by
otrO cni^ alleged he
'4 out of Macedonia he will share the fate
he say., they ** ye cannot *,„ the
at h meals and talk, of affairs
,k- no anxiety, but he says openly
with *Pr*re»U> "« *^/lye/ lye m any
that he doe. not expect
night when he ■ W^ crftßt of
tZ \L thaf /ummnd the town there I.
tb. many J*ggg2| Abmu the town proper
f * r °Z: tr^n'o 'military r:tim and there is
,»rd within, and the street patrol*.
NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. V\EI>^EBDAY, MAY 13. 198 a
A Mediocre Academy — Art
— Wagner in. Ejcceteis.
London. April 29
Mr. Sargent, who has been dominating the
Academy during recent years, has not left his
colleagues to shift for themselves this season.
He Is more merciful than has been his habit,
for, while he is represented by six works, he is
quieter and more academic, and has no portrait'
group?, and H is possible to look at other pict
ures in the. same galleries. His portrait of
Lady Evelyn Cavendish does not overpower the
portrait of Mrs. Ansell by Mr. J. J. Shannon,
which hangs close by. separated from it by
Mr. J. W. "Waterhousa's thoroughly academic
"Echo and Narcissus." One portrait is as vital
as the other, and each is painted with definite
purpose and perfection of technique. Mr. Sar
gent's subject is taken at three-quarters length.
the black gown coming out of a gray back
ground, and the high light touching the chains
of pearls and jewelry In the lace and the me
tallic ornaments of the antique table upon which
the hand rests. Mr. Shannon'? Mrs. Ansell.
with auburn hair and a blue gown, is an ad
mirable foil for the dark haired Lady Evelyn
Cavendish. Mr. Sargent's portrait of Mrs. Jo
seph Chamberlain has more of his bold brush
work, but it is not one of his swagger pictures.
This, too, is a three-quarters length, the cos
tume light blue with blends of gray and white,
the face illuminated with a smile, the pose one
of quiet dignity, and the hand toying grace
fully with a fan. The portrait has charm rather
than Dower, and it does not overshadow rival
works in the same gallery, notably Mr. Shan
non's strongly modelled and admirably painted
portrait of Mrs. Henri Riviera in a black lace
gown, with face and neck exquisitely shaped
In light out of a dark background, with dull
tones of red. Mr. Sargent's pair of portraits in
the fourth gallery— Mrs. Philip Agnew and Mrs.
Julius Wernher— searching character
studies, pulsating with vitality and brilliant
In color schemes, but the brushwork indicates
improvisation that is almost too rapid. He has
portraits of the Earl of Cromer and Mr. G.
McCorquodale in the eighth gallery, but neither
is as strong as his fine portrait of Lord Rlbbes
dale in last year's Academy. "While the Sar
gents are les«» ambitious and certainly less
overpowering than in previous years, the Shan
nons are more varied and resourceful. Mr.
Shannon's portrait of Lord Vernon, one of the
coronation pages, is a charming work, and his
portrait of Miss Beale has the strength and
dignity of serene old age. His portrait of Miss
Dulcie Laurence-Smith, with a dog. is the best
example of child painting in the Academy, and
his portrait of Mrs. Lazarus and daughter is a
brilliant work in drawing and color scheme.
While this ta not a Sargent Academy. it is
an average exhibition, with most of the veterans
a little below Their usual level. Mr. Watts has
a single picture. "A Parasite." with a vigorous,
luxuriant green creeper coiling about a huge
trunk and strangling its life— one of the trage
dies of the forest under a blue sky. depicted
with stern realism. Sir Edward Poynter's
"Cave of the Storm Nymphs" is one of his
carefully elaborated academic piece", with re
fined drawing of the nude and a general sen?"
of classic dignity. Sir L. Alma-Tadema has a
single work of exceptional delicacy, "Silver Fa
vorites." with a group of three maidens in pink,
purple and green draper!-*, looking at tiny fish
in a marble basin. The blue sea is in the back
ground, and the beauty of marble textures and
tones is indicated with unerring skill. Mr.
Abbey's "Pot-pourri" is an interior, with roses
in baskets, on sheets spread on the floor and
heaped upon a table, and four women charm
ingly grouped. It is fresh work on unconven
tional licee, and has charm of color, if not per
fection of draughtsmanship. Mr. Orchardson's
■Ingle work represents Mrs. Siddons in the
studio of Sir Joshua Reynolds, with arms out
stretched in theatrical gesture, while a group
of spectators, painted with no lack of vivacity,
enjoys this Impromptu bit of stage business.
Mr. Eoughton rises above his usual level In his
picture of Imogen .n boy's clothes, halting, with
sword drawn, before the cave of Belarius— a
striking work, painted with delicate grace and
vigor withal. There is a charming Bouguereau,
"Printemps," in the largest gallery; Mr. Dicksee
has one of his overcolored academic duets: Mr.
Waterhouse has a pink Psyche peering into a
golden box; Mr. E. J. Gregory has a vivacious
"Rediviva," with a mischievous girl masquerad
ing m her great-grandmother's wedding dress;
Mr. Marcus Stone ha? a sentimental girl in
white, lookins: out over the sea for her lover's
ship; Mr. Henry S. Tuke shows how well he can
flraw m a realistic group entitled "The Stow
away." and Mr. Crofts attempts the impossible
In reproducing the stateliness and solemnity of
Queen Victoria's funeral.
There are few surprises In this long tier of
galleries. Veterans and newcomers are alike in
conventional trammels, and no painter seems to
be Inspired by creative impulses In the first
gallery there Ip a lovely bit of drawing and
color in Mr. J M. Swan's "Iris," with yellow
and white draperies flung against the blue sea.
and th birds hovering about the graceful
girlish figure treading wjth light feet among
flowers. Mr. Napier Henry's stirring sea
drama, "Youth " and Mr Watson Nicol's com
monplace portrait of the German Emperor,
painted for the United Service Club, are in the
next gallery. Mr. Charles W Furse's portrait
of Lord Charles B<=r<»sford is full of vitality, and
does justice to one of the few salt water heroes
of the British navy. Mr. Macbeth's "In the
Smugglers' Mist" Is a pietur?sque work, with
a well drawn girl in red and blue peering anx
iously seaward among the cliffs Mr. Vai
Prinsep's combination of dull red? in "Vene
tian Women After Their Day's Work" lacks
beauty, and Mr. Stanhoi ■••> Forbes i* less brill
iant than is his habit in the dull, low toned
outdoor scene entitled "Nomads." Mr. Adrian
Stokes has a grim autumn scene in the moun
tains, with a touch of individuality, and Mr.
La Than&ue and Mr. Edward Stott. who are
not makinsr as rapid progress as their admirers
hay*- hoped for. have characteristic bracken
an-1 gleaning pictures. The Hon. John Collier
has a strong work in "The Prodigal's Daughter"
and Mr. Alfred East divides with Mr. Alfred
Parsons and Sir E. Waterlow the honors in
landscape painting, his "Morning in a Berk-
Bhire Meadow" and "The Turn of the Road"
being delightfully soft in color and subtle in
the effects of light. When all these exceptions
are made, the truth remains that it is an ab
normally dull Academy, with few works in oils
which will be remembered when the season Is
ended. The sculpture rooms are more inter
esting than for many years, but the other gal
isries are filled with mediocre academic art.
The Dutch ■ollectio.i at the Guildhall ought
not to be miss-ru by American visitors in Lon
don this season It fills three galleries and
Includes many great examples of the Dutch
masters, old and new. The largest work. "The
Beginning of the Storm." was not seen at either
of the Rembrandt shows in Amsterdam and
London five years ago, and probably with good
reason, for well informed critics are convinced j
that the great master did not paint it. and that
It was the work of Philip de Koningh. The
owner. Lady Wantage, has a masterpiece of
landscape art. whatever may be the balance of
evidence on the controversial point of author
ship R*mbrandfs spirit and method are in
this broad vh-v of a flat country, pierced by a
sluggh* rrver. with « break in the heavy
clouds, and a fitful play of light for a wind
mill, a few thatched roofs and a distant bridge.
Ne*r it If a great portrait of undisputed genu-
Irenes*. Only Franz Hals rould have painted
PUBLISHED TO-DAY THE FIRST OF THE
II LITTLE NOVELS BY FAVORITE AUTHORS
Mr. Owen Wister's Philosophy 4
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Mr. F, MARION CRAWFORD'S Man Overboard!
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Mrs. Pendleton's Four-in-Hand Mr. Keegan's Elopement
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*■»«£*«* THE MACMILLAN CO. *%£?*s<££?•
the masterly portrait of Admiral De , Ruyter.
from Lord Spencer's gallery. "The Dismissal of
Hagar." from Lori Denbigh's collection, has
been Ihe cause of controversy among critics,
but It seems safe to assume that Rembrandt
alone could have arranged the color scheme
and worked out the problem of light. There
are several other Rembrandts— a charming por
trait of the painter's son Titus at thirteen, and
another of a youth of twenty-seven, from the
Duke of Westminster's collection. There are
also Hobbemas. Rulsdaels, Brouwers. Cuyps,
Gerard Dows and Jan Steens, and a remarka
ble Veermeer. "The Cook Asleep," admirable in
color, tone ard drawing and perfect In the
management of light and shade.
There are 133 modern Dut-h pictures, mainly
l*nt from English private galleries. Jozef Is
raels is represented by twenty-eight studies of
peasant life in Holland, in which the pathos of
poverty is portrayed with intensity of feeling,
and sometimes with dee? solemnity. The three
Marls brothers have a large collection of over
fifty works. James Maris'a austere pictures of
Dutch towns, riverbeds and windmills are so
similar in tone and spirit as to be monotonous,
and consequently Matthew Maris's landscapes,
marires, interiors and fantasies have the su
perior charm of variety. The technical skill
of each of these painters is marvellous, and
they have an unrivalled talent for drawing mel
ancholy out of the sombre windmills, the gray
skies, the bare trees and the murky towns of
Holland. There are many Mauves. but only two
>le«=dags-a stormy sunset and a threatening
ckv-and there is a single Breitner-a glimpse
of Amsterdam with shipping. There are several
church interiors by Bosboom, and Neuhuys.
Witsen. Bisschof and other Dutch painters are
represented fairly well. There is ample evi
dence in the Guildhall loan collection that Dutch
art is highly appreciated in England, as it is
also in France and America. The director o
the Guildhall Gallery. Mr. A. G. Temple, has
known where to find the best examples in pri
vate collections, and has arranged them with
skill and judgment.
The management at Covent Garden deserves
th* thanks of music lovers in London for en
abling them to enjoy the greatest works of
Wagner without a journey to Bayreuth and
without the social chatter of ordinary opera
under the patronage of the smart sets The
first cycle of "Der Ring dcs Nibelungen' has
opened with a performance of "Das Rheingold
which has never been equalled In England.
The orchestration was faultlessly rendered by
Dr Richter's band, with the best of his own
men in Manchester reinforced from London and
Germany, and the audience was spellbound
from the first deep notes of primeval disturb
ance under the waters to the serene music ac
companying the passage of the gods over the
rainbow bridge to Valhalla. Herr Bertram's
impersonation of Wotan was majestic: Herr
Van Dyck repeated with undiminished dramatic
power his presentation of the Insidious Loge:
Herr Krasa was the moat sinister Alberich
imaginable, and Herr Lieban was perfect as
Mime: Fraulein Fremstad. as Frlcka. and Frau
iein Zlmmermann. as Frela. sang and acted with
sound judgment, and Mme. Klrkby-Lunn was im
pressive as Erda. The scenery was new through
out and has never been surpassed at Covent
Garden. The illuminated steam curtains were
weird and beautiful. The transformation of Al
berich was concealed by rising mists, and the
.erpent was the least ridiculous of the long se
ries of similar creations in Wagnerian opera:
and the rainbow bridge n. a glorious spectacle.
No pains had been spared to render these
cycles as impressive as the best performances
at Bavreuth. and the old opera house resounded
with expressions of delight and rounds of long
continued applause when the curtain fell Muste
lovers are hoping, not without reason hat the
public support of the three cycles will be o
generous that the production of the serfea will
become an animal event In London.
NEW STEAMER SINKS.
■\- v \i..v m The new s:p°i ■team
ttTsootland 'or the Canadian Lake and Ocean N**.
In Scotland for the Canadian Lake and Ocean Navi
gation company, was caught to-day by heavy cross
currents between canal sections at Farran s Point
and forced out of her course, causing her lo strike
an obstruction. Some of her plates were ruptured
and she sank before reaching the canal locks. _ The
*teamer was turned over at Montreal by the build
er?£ Captain David Kiah. of Ogdensburg. who was
bringing her up the St. Lawrence for delivery to
the owrers at Toronto. She ha a fall cargo of
foreign merchandise for lake port'
HURT IN CLASS RUSH AT CORNELL.
Ithaca. N. T.. May 12.-Tne Cornell freshman din
ner-held at the Lyceum Theaire to-night was pre
ceded by a parade, ir. which the sophomores
marched seventy-five freshman captives, painted in
fantastic colors, to the Lyceum, wnere they feasted
in peace. There was no violence.
An attempt on the part of the freshmen. In a
bedv to enter the theatre earlier in tne day re
sulted in a rush between the freshmen and the
sophomores, who had surrounded the house. E. F.
Vox a freshman, and W. B, Smith were injured
but not seriously, whil* aalf a dozen others received
slight bruis«s. -_-/ ■ .
BISHOP CODMAN ON CHURCH'S NAME.
Portland. Me.. May li-BUhop Robert Codman
©resided at the elg.uy-fourth annual diocesan con
veirion of the Protestant Episcopal Church in
Main- which opened at St. Lukes Church to-day.
Bishop Codman in his address said in part:
a. t« the change In the t:tie of our church or
-£*»uon «t Is well to remember tbat it Is not pro
§osed to change the "ame of the church. We be-
Kfrtftthe Catholic church. No vote on our part
can change thatname. unless, which God forbid:
we beak off from the Apostolic Succession: but the
Utle to our temporary organization now known aa
thi, Protestant Episcopal Church is an entirely
h Jil. Matter Please mark the distinction be
t^een the^ivine historic Institution, the Catholic
Church on one band, end the temporary human
orsantzattoi,. ™b* Protestant Episcopal Church, oa
th» nrh»r ,
ADIRONDACKS ABLAZE AGAIN.
Saratoga. N T.. May IZ-The dry "••therta
caused a renewal of the forest fires In ma.nr place*
In th« iower Adirondack*. -
ODELL TO SAFE tSjWOjWO.
Governor Will Cut Appropriations
Made by Legislature.
Albany. May V 2 (Special).— Governor Odell
held a conference to-day with Lieutenant Gov
ernor Higgins. Speaker Nixon. Senator Malby
and Senator Raines on the appropriation acts
passed by the legislature. The appropriations
made in the bills amount, it is said, to about
$26,000,000. Speaker Nixon said after the
forenoA: "The appropriations will be cut to m~?t
the revenues of the State." The reduc-ion in
the appropriations which the Governor ejfj
make, it is said, will amount to feVMtflM
The Governor is 1n a position to be more
lenient in dealing with the appropriation acts
than he was v h^n the legislature adjourned, for
no one then knew what would be th» total re
ceipts of th^ State under th<* amended Liquor
Tax law. Some held that the lacraaaw of 90
per cent in the cost of a liquor tax certificate
would so largely diminish the number ->f sa
loons that the State revenue from the liquor tax
would be less than when the cost of th» eartM
cate was less. This anticipation ha? r>r>' bwn
realized, for the State's income promises tr> he
about $4,700,000 more from the liquor tp.r
This $4.T00/»00 having been collected 'his
fiscal yea- wili become part of th<» State sur
plus at the beginning of the next fiscal year.
There was a surplus already existing of about
$2,700,000. , ..- . .
Controller Miller is exceedingly gratified b>
th» favorable condition of the State"? nnancia!
affairs. "In my opinion." he said to-day, there
will be no direct State tax imposed next year,
and therefore no dirert State -ax eßsrhßj Gov
ernor Odell's second term '
STILL FIGHTING FRANCHISE TAX.
Brooklyn Eapid Transit Wants Eeargu
ment — Some Companies Pay.
Vbany Slav 12 OpeciaU.— after the other th«
lawyers of the great colorations that contested
the constitutionality of the Special Franchise Tax
Act. are giving notice to Attorney General Cunneen
of their intention on May IS to make a mot'on be
fore the Court of Appeals, which recently by a
unanimous vote declared the law to be constitu
tional, for permission to arsue a*aia their cas«
Such a notice was received on Saturday b- tft»
Attorney General from the Consolidated Gas Com
pany Tbe Attorney General received a similar
notification to-day from the Brooklyn Clr» Raßread
Company, which was leased year* •«*> by tbe
Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company.
Sheehan & Collin. hi their brief In support -'
their motion, express the opinion that the Court
of Appeals overlooked certain facts set forth re
the flndings of the late ex-Judge Robert Earl, who
ac*ed a«« a referee In the Special Franchise Tax
eaasa, and also that ac to the Federal eanattta
tional question the point actually decided In the
Second and Third aye. cases "BsaßM to BBWS b*-n
overlooked" by the court.
Some of the corporations ar- befrinnlnar to aajr
the taxes ur ±?r the Special Franchise Tax Act.
The Schenecta.ly Railway haa just sent to County
Treasurer Howe, of this county, a check in pay
ment of ths full amount or iha taxes assessed
against It under the Franchise Tax Act for the
last three years. Several corporations, notably
the Westerf Union Telegraph Company and the
American Telegraph Company. have alr-ady paid
the last assessment against them.
STATE LOSES: LOAN COMPANY WINS
Evidence Must Back Up Bank Superintend
Albany. May 12 (Special).— Court of Appeal*
decided to-day In the action brought by the At
torney General for a judgment against the Man
hattan Real Estate and Loan Company, si New-
York, for the annulment of Its charter, that ths
complaint was defective, in that It omitted to state
any tangible fact upon which an action micbt b*
based for the annulment of the charter.
Judge O'Brl*»n. who -»ror* th^ opinion of the
A Judgment dissolving a corporation and dl»
tributing it- assets must be based upon tangible
facts, such as In law are sufficient to Justify the
court In granting a Judgment of dissolution. The
report of the Superintend- r.t (of the Bankln? De
partment) as already remarked, may be sufficient
to put the Attorney General In motion, but be
f or he can procure a Judgment annulling a cor
porate charter the facts which Justify that remedy
must be alleged and i.roven. If the opinion of th<»
Superintendent or of the Attorney General de
rived from an examination of th« affairs or the
corporation could be heid sufficient to sustain the
action, then there would b- no n*»o»str|ty of re
ferring the matter to the -..art at ail.
EX-CHIEF CBOKZE LOSES AGAIN
Court of Appeals Denies Mandamus Against
Albany. May l:— The Court of Appeals to-day de
nied the application of ex-Chief Edward F. Croker
of the New- Fire Department for a man-lamu«
compelling his reinstatement by Fire Commissioner
"turgis. by whom be was Indefinitely suspended.
The appeal from the adverse decision of the lower
courts is dismissed without costs.
This decision really has no effect on *x-Chl«f
Croker's c&se. as he was «smisse« from the Fire
Department on charges after he had begun the
proceedings aa whicn the Court cf Appeals haa
passed Croker was indefinitely suspended by Fire
Commissioner Sttirgls last Au u«t. pending the
charges of which he was later found guilty. H»
utarted proceedlnga m the Supreme Court to com
pel tte Fire Commissioner to continue him on active
duty, but waa defeated In tb« Supreme Court and
thfl Anoellate Division. From the decision of the
latter tench he appealed to the Court of Appeal*.
In the mean time Croker wa. dismissed from of
fice an? n^w proceeding* to overthrow the final
judknt?nt of Commissioner Sturgis wer. »as«m
They are still pending. - V, ■: : ;.-.
AEMY AND NAVY ORDEBS
Washington. May IZ-The follows army and
navy orders have been Issued:
Bncmdler G«o«r»! THEODORE J. WIMT 10 command P»
partment of Vlsajra*.
A board to «m«i« of Major WILLIAM P. EVANS. 20th
l£UZr- CaPtalna HUGH J. GALLAGHER, comml*
t.^aM RUSSELL C. LAN-GDOX. 3d larantry. _^
"pointed to me.l »-. Coiumbu* u> t«»t «r=sy lUid cart.
S*vxa U«at*naat PRATT. Ut lafanur. tw>Mt*mA txmm
<"'ompmr t ■»••
Cottage or Home.
4th Floor— Special.
Blue. Green & Pink with White.
Size 3x* ft.. 3.00 were 4.50
Full Line of
Japan and China
4 told. 4# ft. high— 3.00
4 fold. 5 ft. high — 4.00
4 told. -V, ft. high— 5.00
Large assortment at
A. A. Van tine & Co.,
Broadway & ißth St.
Smarter Turnouts were never seen
than those exhibited in the Brooklyn
Horse Show last week.
Did we get the Bine Ribbon
Well, our Livery Departmer*
wasn't oflicially decorated, bnt som«»
of the smartest outfits among the
Ribbon Winners came from our
Best cloths, b*»t making. correct
That's why oar L:very Depsrt
mrnt is 3 winner. For all kinds of
Livery — outdoor or indoor.
Salesman will wait m ym at th#
house if ron prefer.
Smith, Gray & Co.
Broadway at 31st st.
Brooklyn; Broadway at Bedford Aye.
Fulton St. at F.atbosh Aye.
FUIC »<• > ! \K>
Mrth<xl< up-to-date. Comprwed Air I »•*.
Work d»n«> »r«mi»tl» »i"l when promised.
Wilt send resrnentatiTa no r»'.Df«'
r.t ,„«, jy- qmo 7TH tyc
T>"Thnr> JL 0 I H I fcf
ii32-3*tti. ls=o NEAR 28th ST.
T. M. STEWART.
»adwav's r «ii-a«. D,.^.
sn*% ■■ I «V, I £T I.
W^ 111 W •»•—» • Cm..-
I 1119 ••». *•• T
Flint's Fine Furniture
Great Reduction* In White E.iamsled Iron
Beds, brass trimmeJ.
45 West 23d Street.
a-,— -,i ueatsaaat JAMES B. MQXLET. FUJtjgSM
*»ct». t» honorably dlschar
a' boa o coasUt of Majors FREDtRI' TT. SIBLET.
lIS Ca^lry- JOHN M. CARSON. Jr.- <ia»rt«nna*t«r.
and Captai? 'CHARLES C CLARK. st!>- lafaatrr. J»
appointed to ine«t baaruw on edgtoal in«s»r «c
to •xamlae records b»arto« on ori«ta*l «*tabil«!ia>«t
of military at Colusaba* Barracks Un?roT«ss«aea.
i^^ustst CaasMasv T. H BAIUCT 4«t*ea«d Bur*«a
Steani Eartc*»rtns; to nary yard. •» - : -«. Btttar
out Si Brooklyn.
Li«nt«nant T P. lIAOTtUDEK. d*taca»4 t-winl tw*rt;
to th» Te»a» a* fla« ll#ttt*naiM.
Ensleo C. SHACKFORD. to the IJllaot*
Ea«t«a W V. TOMB, to Use MonoafaliaJ*-
Aa»iatant 3uts*oc J. R. DTKES. «Lppoi»t»d.
LWat«n»nt Colonel O. RICHAKP^' awmtatM ■— Istsi'.
paj— -»"■ oaaj-ut* aorpa.