V OL LXHI— TO - 20.633. ™ r . w«* u^f l^*.. lo . BOrMW . YORK, THURSDAY. MAY 14. 1903 -SIXTEEN PAGES.-^^a^
BIG PURE FOOD VICTORY.
A DRASTIC LAW PASSED.
Importation of Injurious Foods
Drugs and Liquors Prohibited.
The Tribune's Washington Bureau has made
the important discovery that a paragraph of ti>e
Agricultural Appropriation bill passed at the last
fession of Consrress gives the Secretary of the
Treasury, co-oporating with the Secretary of
A Ticulturc power to prohibit the Importation
into the United States of all deleterious foods,
liquors and drags. The law ?oes into effect on
July l. and plans are being matured to enforce
it ftrirtlv. The law also gives the President a
moan? of retaliating on any country which dis
criminates aralnst American products.
JUST BROUGHT TO LIGHT.
Important Legislation Hidden in the
Agricultural Appropriation Bill.
Washington. May 13 (Special).— All foods.
liquors and drugs imported into the United
States after next month are to be subject to
eharp scrutiny under a statute enacted at the
last session of Congress, which has altogether
escaped general attention, although it Is of the
highest importance and of the most drastio
character. New- York importers especially, as
t e'.l as numerous domestic producers through
out the country, will be amazed to learn that
radical legislation along the lines of the federal
Pare Food Mil. which itself failed or approval,
was accomplished in the last hours of Congress.
This legislation not only provides for the pro
hibition of all imports dangerous to health, but
gives to the Executive a means of prompt re
taliation on any country discriminating against
American products and of preventing foreigners
froiri dumping on American markets deleterious
products which they cannot sell at home.
(Ms disclosure was made yesterday in the
discussion of pure foods and pure drugs before
the American Therapeutic Society, now in ses
sion in this city, by Dr. W. H. Wiley, chief of
the Bureau of Chemistry of the Department of
Agriculture, who further revealed that com
prihrnslve plans had been matured for enforc
ing the new etatute, which goes into effect on
July 1, and which gives the Secretary of the
Treasury, co-operating with the Secretary of
Agriculture, absolute Jurisdiction over imports
into the rnited States of drugs, liquors and
Hereafter any of these products from abroad
offered for consumption in this country which
are found to be adulterated, impure, falsely
labelled, or which do not comply with the laws
Of the country where they were manufactured
or from which they were imported, may be kept
out of the United States. Dr. Wiley frankly de
clared that this had been one of the greatest vic
tories ever gained by the pure food advocates,
although the proposed national Inspection and
control bill had failed of passage, and he ad
mitted that the new law had been purposely
buried In a section of an appropriation bill so as
not to attract the attention of those who might
otherwise have compassed its defeat.
THE TERMS OF THE LAW.
The provision, which in its terms bears out
this admission; appears in the Agricultural Ap
propriation bill, signed by the President on
March 3. and Is as follows:
To investigate the adulteration of foods, drugs
r.nd liquors when deemed by the Secretary of
Agriculture advisable; and the Secretary of
Agriculture, whenever he has reason to believe
that articles are being imported from foreign
countries which by reason of such adulteration
nrP dangerous to the health of the people of the
United States, or which are forbidden to be sold
or restricted in sale in the countries hi which
they are made or from v.-hich they are exported
or which shall be falsely labelled in any respect
In regard to the place of manufacture of the
contents of the package, shall make a request
«pon the Secretary of the Treasury for samples
from original packages of s>uch articles for in
spection nd analysis; and the Secretary of the
Treasure If hereby authorized to open such
original" packages and deliver specimens to the
Secretary of Agriculture for the purpose men
tioned, giving notice to the owner or consignee
of such articles, who may be present and have
the right to Introduce testimony: and the Secre
tary- of the Treasury shall refuse delivery to the
consignee of any such poods which the Secre
tary of Agriculture reports to him have been in
spected and analyzed and found to be dangerous
to health, or which re forbidden to be sold or
in sale in the countries in which they
are made or from which they are exported or
which shall be falsely labelled in any respect in
regard to the place of manufacture or the con
tents of the package.
GIVES MEANS OF RETALIATION.
' •A.fter July I." Dr. Wiley declared, "you will
hardly be able to buy in this country any frank
furters Imported from Germany. Germany ob
jects to the borax in our meats, and we will
object to the borax la her sausages, for we have
found that they all contain borax. Then, too.
the French wines that come Into the United
States will receive their dues. There Is probably
not a wine sold in this country under the label
aT 'pure French wine' that Is not a mixture or
Mend of French and Italian and other light
wines. We Intend to make these people tell on
the label the truth about what is in the bottle. '
Dr Wiley said further that the Bureau of
Chemistry of the Department of Agriculture
had already obtained the data on which to pro
ceed when the new law becomes operative, and
•hat no time would be lost in putting it Into
fore* A chemist and several assistants were
added to his bureau by Congress last year, and
these new officials are already analyzing
«a mpl«»s of imported drugs and other products
which have been obtained from the customs of
■WnHe the new provision will effectually pre
vert what Dr. Wiley Indicated was the present
practice of foreign manufacturers of putting off
on The United States food and drink which the
laws of their own countries would not perm t
to be ■aM therein, he also indicated lncidental
lv that it might be used effectually a* a weapon
of retaliation against the products of any coun
try making hair splitting discriminations against
American goods. , •!,»_.
The Imports of drvgs, foods and drinkelnto
th« United States amount to fHWWO.«"J a
month. In round numbers. A little over half
of this amount is represented by drugs, the re
mainder being divided among wines, beers, pro
visions vegetables and fish. When the law be
comes generally known It will doubtse«s cause
consternation abroad and among importers m
the United States. Dr. Wiley called attention
to the fact that It would cost the government
Uttl* Is put the law into operation, as tn-re
were few ports of entry for the foreign proo
ucts affected, the principal one being N»w- -Tort
As a further preparation to enforcing th*- new
law. Dr. Wil^y said, the Department of Agri
culture already hal its special agents gathering
data as to the methods of manufacturers in
Europe, and ib~y hid ao««lred comprehensive
evidence or. which to proceed.
DR. SCHLAMP FOUND GUILTY.
Berlin Ma> 13.-Dr. Schlamp. the wine grower.
of nsßßtSta. who has been on trial at Mayence
charged with wholesale adulteration of his prod
ucts *as In «st stntoneed to pay a fine of J3TS. or
to undergo 300 days' imprisonment.
ALONG THE HISTORIC HUDSON RIVSR
r-n tfa- tracks of the NVw York Central. Tou can
£3oj -th*- boeutic* of tho American Rhlti« U you
travel by the Central Rate : rents per m'le.-Adxt.
SCENES 'ALONG THE RAPID TRANSIT TUNNEL, WHICH POLICE ARE GUARDING AGAINST STRIKERS.
SECOND COACH SMASH.
WOMAN AND GROOM HURT.
Car Hits Rear of Vehicle Driven by
James G. Marshall.
Following closely on the accident to the coach
driven by George G. Haven, jr.. on Monday.
: came another yesterday to a coach and four
j owned and driven by James G. Marshall, of the
i Produce Exchange, who lives at No. 280 West
End-aye. Two persons -were injured— Mrs. Lee
Wood, of Pittsburg, and Mr. Marshall's coach
The party were on the way to Van Cortlandt
Park. Besides Mr. Marshall, who drove, and
Mrs. Wood, who is staying with friends at No. 5
East Seventy-thlrd-st.. H. Lawrence Smith, a
renl estate dealer, with offices at No. 117 East
Twenty-third-st.-. Mrs. Marshall. Mrs. Theodore
Hostetter and two grooms were on the coach.
The route had been up the West Side to One
hundred-and-eighty-first-Bt. Here a turn to
th« east was made, to reach Washington
Bridge. - > -
i When Amsterdam-aye was reached a south
bound car was approaching rapidly. It was so
clearly within Mr. Marshall's right to go ahead
that he loosened his hold on the reins and
started to cross the track.
Lawrence Rooney was the motorman and
Henry Weiss the conductor of the car. Accord-
Ing to bystanders Rooney was pending his car.
an open one, along at a high rate of speed. By
the rules of the company, it is said, he should
have stopped at the northwest corner of One
' hundred-and-eighty-nrst-st. and Amsterdam
ave ; there Is a whitewash mark across the
cartrack? at that point
The leaders haa nearly reached the tracks,
when it became apparent that Rooney could not
bring his car to a stop in time to avoid a col
lision. It was also too late for Mr Marshall to
turn his leaders or to pull his wheelers up short.
There was nothing to do but go on. Rooney
realized this, and after turning off the power
and jamming his brake down hard he. raised his
hands wildly over his head and shouted:
'Go ahead: go ahead!"
Mr. Marshall, applying the lash to his horses
and urgine: them on with voice, dii hip best
to get the coach across the track before the
car reached it. The leaders, wheelers and the
fore part of the coach were over and there re
mained only about three feet of the rear part on
the tracks, v. hen the impact came, with a crash
as the car hit the coach, a grinding as the
wheels of th- tatter were forced arnund, and a
bumf ins; and tearing of the fender of the car
as it doubled under th^ oiom.
The coach rocked on its wheels. The women
were screaming with fright. Mrs. Wood, who
was seated just behind Mr. Marshall, was
thrown from her seat. As she was falling, her
outstretched hands caught the rail of the coach.
To this she clung with might and main, sup
porting herself for several minutes. Then her
grasp relaxed, and she fell to the street, bump
ing against a wheel. bo that she was thrown
face downward. She sustained a bad cut over
the left e>o. besides innumerable bruises.
At the rear of the coach, where the principal
force of the collision was felt. John Witterton.
Mr. Marshall"* coachman, was sitting with a
groom. The groom managed to hold on. but
Witterton lost his balance and fell into the
fender of the car. His Injuries consisted of two
bad scalp wounds, bruises and shock.
The other persons on the coach were not dis
lodged from their seat*.
The leaders had got beyond control, and were
rearing and plunging about wildly. This in
volved another danger, for if the animals had
run away there M a chance that they would
have crossed Amsterdam-aye. into the open
park that lines the eastern side, and which leads
down 190 feet or more In a series of terraces to
the Speedway. Patrolmen John F. Gray and
Thomas Barry, of the West One-hundred-and
nfty-second-st. station, who were close at hand,
seized the frightened animals.
~s£ SLEssi swag
J.iXnt tor iilne taH«n ll " re by Mr - ««™ h ? u
h".*Tf »t,o SS driven the coach back to .he
Riding clubs and the Lambs.
„ . a «?r.rin~ Hou!"» Poland Spring. Me. Open
Poland Sprint £?u? v Rock!an(J. Breakwater. Me
OpTn June Jfl" R^kln* oflire. 3 Park Place. N. Y.
IT'S on FIFTH AVENUE.
— i. , c i. in H «sv«tem*s« uptown ticket office is
The Rock l^fiPJifX Aye J and 35th St.-only a
on the corn *'I ''LSibfltd™ Most convenient
block from th Prmupa. n i Colorado and Caii
tZ&TiS X& k &*3- S^are.- Advt.
POLICE GUARDING SUBWAY AT CITY HALL PARK.
GOVERNOR MURPHY HURT
Thrown from His Horse at Newark
— No Bones Broken.
Governor Franklin Murphy of Kew-Jersey
wmm thrown from his horse yesterday. He is at
his home, in Broad-st.. Newark, bruised and
shaken up and confined to his bed. The acci
dent occurred in Elizabeth-aye.. Newark, just
below the almshnuse. The Governor started out
as usual to take a ride before breakfast. In
Elizabeth-aye.. wishing to increase the speed
of his horse, he touched the animal lightly with
his spur. The horse unexpectedly reared. The
Governor, though taken by surprise, kept his
Beat, but In descending the bone's hoof struck
a stone and the animal fell.
The Governor was thrown into the roadway
and the horse rolled on the Governor's right leg.
Two men passing by went to his assistance. The
horse did not attempt to run away. Mr. Murphy
said he was not able to ride home. lie asked
one of the men to l^ad the horse to his stable
The Governor was helped to a trolley car by the
other man and went home. No bones are
HE MADE WILL. THEN SHE MARRIED
Bridegroom Said Bride Was "Wilful": She
The marriage of Mrs Annie Mary K. Zahm.
thirty-two years old. End Thomas Wood Stein,
forty-two years old. of Harrison, by Justice Mur
phy, on Tuesday, in Jersey City, might not have*
occurred if Stein had Dot Jusl '...fore the cere
mony made a will bequeathing to his wife sev
eral pi»ce? of unimproved real estate in Flush
Mrs. Zahm said to the justice: "T love Mr.
Stein. Viut I cannot marry him unless h*» makes
bis wilt. Life s too uncertain."
Stein '"marked that a "wilful woman must
have her way." but said he would make the will.
Mrs. Zahm declared she was not "wilful, but
NEW REMEDY FOR CONSUMPTION.
Remarkable Results Said to Have Been Ob
tained from Sanosin.
Berlin. May IS.— The announcement made to
day by the Berlin Medical Society of a new rem
edy for consumption, called sanosin, has at
tracted much attention. Dr. Danelius. of Som
merfetd, read a paper on the subject before the
society. He showed that a number of patients,
mostly women, had been cured of consumption,
and said they were treated without interference
with their work. The use of sanosin, it is said,
prevents couching, fever and night perspira
tions, and results in the patient gaining weight.
It is also alleged that even In severe cases of
consumption the progress of the disease has
been arrested. The remedy was discovered by
Dr Robert Schneider. In medical circles much
importance is attached to this discovery.
PAIMA SUSPENDS TAXES
! Duties Imposed by Puerto Principe Council
• Havana. May 13.— President Palma has sus
pended the entire list of taxes enacted by the
; Provincial Council of Puerto Principe. These
! Include taxes on property, annuities, timber cut
ting, meat, and a percentage on the salaries of
! all public officials. The President gave as a rea
! son for this action that each of these taxes was
| either unjust or illegal.
President Palma also suspended the tax of 10
cents levied by the provincial authorities of
Santa Clara on every pair of Imported shoes, on
the ground that the taxation of Imports Is a
function of the general government.
The suspension of the Havana provincial tax
'■ on patent medicines has almost expired, and the
i druggists of Havana are preparing to renew the
I fight for the rescinding of the tax.
A BRITISH-JAPANESE THREAT?
; Report that a Joint Note Couched in Strong
Terms was Sent to Russia.
Victoria. B. C. May 13.— Mall advices from
i the Orient state that when it was learned that
; Russia was endeavoring to secure a secret treaty
' with China, insuring Russian dominance In
! Manchuria, the British and Japanese ministers
j addressed a joint note to Prince Ching, to the
effect that further delay by Russia in evacuat
ing Manchuria would cause the two countries
! tn take measures to expedite the evacuation.
! The joint note of the two ministers further
j stated that their governments would not ap
prove or any agreement regarding the admin s
i ration of Manchuria, prejudicial to their mi
ter-- _ ,
THE SLEEPLESS AGENT.
MUST CONTROL PACIFIC.
SO THE PRESIDENT SAYS.
And the Way to Do It Peacefully Is
Not To Be Afraid of War.
Pan Francisco, May 13.— President Roosevelt
made the most important speech he has deliv
ered since he left St. Lcuis at the Mechanics'
Pavilion here to-night. His subject. "Expan
sion nnd Trade Development and Protection of
the Country's Newly Acquired Possessions in
the Pacific." together with the advocacy of a
greater navy, made his speech of particular
interest to Callfornians. and he aroused his
auditors to a high pitch of enthusiasm.
It was a mighty gathering that listened to the
President. The doors of the pavilion were
thrown open to the publi-- st an early hour,
and thousands of citizens thronged the build
ing long before the time tor the arrival of the
Presidents party. ML H. De Young, president
of the Citizens' reception committee, opened the
meeting, and Mayor Pchmitz formally intro
duced Mr. Roosevelt to the people of San Fran
cisco. It was some minutes before the cheering
subsided, and the President was able to make
himself heard. He said:
Before I saw the Pacific Slope I was an expan
sionist, and after having seen It I fail to under
stand how any man confident of his country s
greatness and glad that his country should chal
lenge with proud confidence our mighty future
can be anything but an expansionist. In the
century that is opening, the commerce and the
progress of the Pacific will be factors of in
calculable moment in the history of the world.
Now in our day, the greatest of all the oceans,
of ail the seas, and the last to be used on a
large scale by civilized man, bids fair to become
in its turn the first in point of importance. Our
mighty republic has stretched across the Pa
cific, and now in California. Oregon and .ash
ing-ton, in Alaska and Hawaii and .Philip
pines holds an extent of coast line which makes
it of necessity a power of the first class on the
The extension in the area of our domain has
been immense; the extension in the area of our
influence even greater. America's geographical
position on the Pacific is such as to Insure our
peaceful domination of its waters in the future,
if only we grasp with sufficient resolution the
advantages of this position. We are taking long
strides in this direction witness the cables we
are laying and the great steamship lines we are
starting— steamship lines, some of whose vessels
are larger than any freight carriers the world
has yet seen. t '-"Zil'l
We have taken the first steps toward digging
an isthmian canal, to be under our own control—
a canal which will make our Atlantic and Pa
cific last lines, to all intents and purposes,
continuous, and will add immensely alike to
our commercial and our military and naval
strength. The inevitable march of events gave
us the control of the Philippines at a time bo
opportune that it may without irreverence be
held providential. Unless we show ourselves
weak unless we show ourselves degenerate sons
of the sires from who?e loins we sprang, we must
go on with the work that we have begun.
THE WAY TO PRESERVE PEACE.
I earnestly hope that this work will always be
peaceful in character. We infinitely desire peace,
and the surest way to obtain it is to show that
we are not afraid of war. We should deal in
a spirit of fairness and justice with all weaker
nations: we should show to the strongest that
we are able to maintain our rights. Such show
ing cannot be made by bluster, for bluster mere
ly invites contempt. Let us speak courteously,
deal fairly, and keep ourselves armed and
ready. If we do these things we can count on
the peace that comes only to the just man
armed, to the Just man who neither fears nor
inflicts wrong. We must keep on building and
maintaining a thoroughly efficient navy, with
plenty of the best and most formidable ships.
With an ample supply of officers and of men.
and with these officers and men trained In the
most thorough way to the best possible perform
ance of their duty. Only thus can we assure our
position in the world at large, and in particular
our position here on the Pacific.
WITH THE EXPANDING NATIONS.
It behooves all men of lofty soul, who are
proud to belong to a mighty nation, to see to
It that we fit ourselves to take and keep a
great position in the world, .'or our proper place
Is with the expanding nations and the nations
that dare to be great, that accept with con
fidence a place of leadership in the world.
Ml our people should take this position, but
especially you of California, for much of our
expansion "must go through the Golden Gate,
and th» States of the Pacific Slope must in
evitably be those which would be most benefited
by and take the lead in the growth of American
influence along the coasts and islands of that
mighty ocean where East and West finally be
come countrymen. I believe In you with all my
My countrymen. I believe In you with all mj
heart, and I am proud that It has been granted
me to be a citizen in a nation of such glorious
opportunities and with the wisdom, the hardi
hood and the courage to rise to the levels of its
PRESIDENT'S BUSY DAY.
Breaks Ground for the McKinley
Monument — Reviews Troops.
San Francisco. May 13.-President Roosevelt
•rose early to-day, and at 0 o'clock left the
Continued on nccond >»«*•
The New York Central's 3>-hour train takes pas
«^«rionW for Chicago. To *« be« accommoda-
Uom it !• w«M to apply In ■■!■■§■ km*
A POLICEMAN ORDERING STRIKERS AS"D
OTHERS TO MOVE ON AT ELM AND
EXPECT TO GET ROSSEAU.
NO CLEW AS TO MOTIVE.
Dynamiter Was Apparently from
the West, and an Electrician.
In spite of the mass of information the police
hare accumulated in the dynamite case, and
the fact that the actual capture of G. Rosseau.
the man who sent the Infernal machine. seems
orly a question of tin*, the crux of the case—
the motive for sending: an infernal machine
v.hich could not explode, and was almost as
harmless as a box of merchandise— not been
disclosed. The only theory that seems to fit is
the oft repeated one. lunacy. This, though, Is
contradicted by the man's bearing at the board
ing house, where, although self-contained, he
appeared keen and Intelligent.
The latest and clearest description of Rossean.
given last night by Robert C. Rivers, a boarder
at the Currie house, is that he was a man
about forty-five years old. five feet seven or
eight inches tall, weighing perhaps ISO pounds.
He had. Mr. Rivers said, very dark hair, slightly
grriy, which he wore closely cropped, a ehort
sandy mustache, and small blue-gray eyes,
which looked smaller because of a perpetual
frown. He wore a gray suit, rather rough and
ready, and hi* bearing seemed to Indicate that
h* was a foreman over laborers.
Other persons living in the nous* say that
. niiWll frequently talked about electricity to a
young electrician who lives ;her-. paying that
he had worked for electrical concerns In Mex
ico, and was at present employed by some Edi
son company. Mr. Rivers had not heard any
such conversation, he said.
MAT HAVE SAILED FOR EUROPE
Because two time table? of steamship lines
were found in his room, the police think that
possibly he may have sailed for Europe, but
they are Mil communicative ns to thetr worK.
From boarders in the house, however,
was learned practically everything about Ros
seau from the time he first went there.
The Identity of G. Rosseau. the temporary
boardT at the Currie house, and the dynamiter
was established by Mrs. Ourrie. who discovered
in his room two buttons like the pictures sh
had seen of the one which formed part of the
infernal machine. She consulted Henry De Bel
monte. one of her boarders, with the result that
he went to Police Headquarter? asr Monday
noon find gave Ciai tun OfIMM all the
facts about Rosseau.
This man Rosseau. who. whi'.e be seemed to
have DO regular work, had plenty of money,
went to the Currie house first on Monday. April
27. He ate regularly with the often, but was
taciturn. From what little he did say it ap
peared that he was familiar with Canadian and
Western cities, particularly Chicago. He car
ried his money in sp^ci-. Hip trunk, a rather
cheap tin covered affair, came to the house the
neit day. In It were a few shirts and collar*,
underwear and an overcoat, which he left in his
room when he went away.
On Tuf sday a week ago Rosseau went away.
ostensibly to Washington, on business. He paid
for his room a week in advnnc- H* returned
on Thursday morning. After breakfast he went
out. driving up to the house at 2 p. m. in a
light runabout, from which h» carefully took
two heavy packages, wrapped in brown ma
nila paper. These, presumably containing the
dynamite, he took to his room.
At intervals since his appearance at the
house, the boarders had heard sawing and ham
mering In his room, to such an extent that he
was dubbed "the carpenter." Them were more
of these -ounds on Thursday afternoon. On Fri
day he told Mrs=. Currie. the landlady, that he
had a box in his room that he wißhed to send
away. Then he paid his visit to the express
man, as told yesterday. On Friday evening he
had dinner at the boarding house, and :ifter
breakfast on Saturday morning was seen writ
ing a letter Abcut the middle of the forenoon
he went out. since which time he has not been
"N-OBLIE PAS DE TOUT CASE.
After reading the accounts of the box in the
Sunday papers. Mrs. Currie connected these
fact* with the man's continued absence, and
on Monday, determined to wait no longer, she
entered his room, which with De Belmonte she
searched. They found mar.)- newspapers from
cities in the West and Canada, shavings, pieces
of the mechanism of a clock and parts of a
powder fuse thrust away In a closet, besides the
two buttons. This information was conveyed
to the police, and when detectives made a fur
ther search, some clothing and a little camera.
besides a paper on which was written "N'oblle
pas de tout case." were found In his trunk.
Nothing, however, served to disclose a motive
for his act. or furnished any trace of his present
* Commissioner Greene refused to tell yesterday
what line the police were following, but said
that they were working with much hope of
success Detectives Weller and Grabe were sta
tioned at the Currie house all day, on the
chance that Roseau might come back". There
was s. report that they had under surveillance
a boarder with- whom Rosse-au had been rather
friendly, but they would not discuss this.
— — *
UNABLE TO GET RELIEF STEAMER.
St John's. N. F.. May 13.— The agents here of
the German Government, who have been attempting
to hire or purchase a sealing steamer to proceed
to the Antarctic regions to relieve the German ex
ploring expedition which left Kiel In August. 1301.
on board the steamer Gauss, have been unable to
secure a vessel for the price offered, and will now
try to obtain a steamer for their purpose In Nor
_'. The agents are much chagrined over their
failure and fear it will prevent the prcpored relief
espeaition from reaching the Antarctic "In the pres
Poland Spring House. Poland Spring. Me. Open
Ju-.e Ist- BanWt. Rockland. Breakwater Me.
O^n June !Oth. Booking office. I Far* Place, N. Y.
price thkel: cents.
SUBWAY WORK RHMMED.
mUKEMS DO NOT YIELD.
Teamsters Agree to Arbitration —
Defalcation in Union Humored.
The four thousand Italians whs were •»■
ployed In the subway as laborers, and went on
strike for $2 a day of eight hour* on May '• did
not return to work ysterday. They held meet
ings and declared that th-y would remain out
six months or ■ year. If necessary. They are
members of th* Rockmen's and Excavators
unions. About ten thousand other Italians who
were employed by contractors on other worlc
and went on strike on May I are merrb-rs ef
the same unions.
Nearly one thousand Italians, who ere not
members of th ■• unions, negroes and -hmen
were employed yesterday to tak- l -° »•»*•■ of
the strikers in the subway. It H believed That
cany mure vi: seek to flru! employment in
the subway to-day and on following days. John
B. McDonald. th» subway contractor, s.old la
"I have heard that the laborers «' meetings
of their unions Hal morning have voted not
to return to work. In taking this action they
reject the proposition for arbitration as In
dorsed by the Central Federated Union. The
question of arbitration, therefore, ceases to be
an Issue. Conferences are at an end. Work has
been resumed on the Rapid Transit road to
day, and It will only be a few days before th«»
places of every man who is on strike win he
filled by men willing to work under the condi
tions that prevailed before the strike."
Policemen were on duty in lar^e numbers
along the line of the subway yesterday, la an
ticipation that the strikers would attempt to
Intimidate new men -who -were hired for subway;
work, but there was no trouble. The strikers
remained away from the subway, holding rteet
lngs and listening to haranguea It is rot ex
pected that the Italians on strike will risk be- ;
ing clubbed by the police, as they are sure to-"b«
if they try to maka trouble near the subway.
MEETINGS OF THE STRIKERS.
The Italian strikers held two meetings in the,
hall at No. 2^29 Flrst-ave^. one early in th«
morning and one late In the afternoon, and
two meetings were held at different hours in
the morning at No. 265 EUaaheth-st. President-
Pacelll was at all the meetings, and advised the
men to return to work pending arbitration..
His proposition caused stormy debates. in which
the most rabid of the. strikers declared that th*
only way to get what they wanted was to keep.
up the strike
All the subway strikers were opposed t*>-«n»
proposition made by Mr. Pacelil. That was
that the men should return to work until June
4. on the promise of arbitration, and pay R«>
cents a day of their wages for the support of
the families of the ten thousand other strikers
who would stay out and block other -work.
So stormy was the opposition to that proposi
tion that President Pacelll offered to resign.
Th" subway men said they would not go back
to work until all the other excavators ami rock
men went back to work, as they were not will-
Ing to he assessed to pay men remaining on
strike. They would rather stay out themselves,
To newspaper men at the meetings th» strike
leaders said they would make trouble for any
men who were hired to fill their places in th»
subway. They declared that they were forced
to strike because they could not support their
families' on th? wages they had been receiving.
When a^ked. however, how they were to support
their families if they kept up the strike tor six
months, they said all th- Italians! ha I saved
money and could stand a ions strike. "When
asked how they have been able to save money
when they did not get wages enough to support
their families, they shrugged their shoulders
and went into executive- session.
There was a rumor that a defalcation had been
found in the treasury of the Italians* union:
that $30,000 In all had been contributed to th»
funds of the union, and that of this amount only*
52.000 could be found. This was not confirmed.
HAS AX.I* THE MEN ICEEDErx.
Michael J. Degnoa. of the I>ejmon-McLeaT«
Contracting Company, which has the* subway
sections including the City Hall Park. Park:
Row, Elm- st. and Forty-second-3t» said yester
day that his company had made arrangement*
for all the men necessary to continue th* worif
to completion, and would not bring In anr
negroes from Maryland and Virginia, as re
ported. The company had 225 Irishmen and]
negroes at work In Forty-second -St.
William Bradley, who has the subway section
from Slxtleth-st. to One-hundred-and-ti'lrd-st.,
said he had about three hundred men at work na
"I am employing all 'he men that come along."
he added, "whether old or new. Quite a numbs*
of those who have gone to work were striken." 1
James PilJJngton. who has the section from
One-hundred and-twenty-fiftfc-st. to One-hun
dred-ard-thirty-thlrd-sC had a score of negroes,
who did not go out on strike, still working, and
many Italians returned, some o| them new mesa
and some men who went out when the striks)
The section between One-hundred-an.i-thirty
fifth-ft. anJ Gerard-ave. was entirely Idle. John)
r. Rogers has this section, which lies in an Ital
ian district, nearly all the houses along the lins>
of the subway there being occupied by Italians.
•We have no one working." said Mr. Rogers.
"So far as I am concerned, the situation is jus%
the same as it was on May L I hope to «c» th«
strike amicably settled and th» men ar work
again as soon as possible."
The teamsters who had be*n employed in th«j
subway work and struck for higher wares on
May 1 returned to work yesterday, with th«
understanding that there woul£ be arbitration
of their demands through the Central Federatsd:
Lat» In the afternoon a confereace between
a committee of the Central Federated Union
and a committee representing the subway con
tractors was held in Mr. McDonald's office, and
It resulted In an agreement which was signed
by both committees. The teamsters are to re
ceive $'2'S> a day of ten hours.
Italian strikers attempted •> interfere yes
terday with new men emx>loyed !n laying *phalt
pavement at Forty-third-it and Second-av«-.
The interference nearly created a fight, but
the police reserves from the East Ftfty-first-st.
station chased the Italians away. Two Italian
walking delegates who started the trouble -were
arrested, taken to the Yorkv.i! • court and held
In $300 ball each to keep the peace for on®
month. , • "*.-'^s§
James E. March said last evening that he be
lieved the majority of the subway strikers
wanted to return to work, but were beUi back
through fear of a few hundred turbulent union
leaders. He predicted that most of the strikers
would bo back to work before the end of th*
week. If they did not. he said, th-ir place*
would be filled by Italians who are new arrivals
Poland Spring House. PoUrul - .rir.it Me. Qffsa>
June Ist. 3axoo~t. rtorkiand. Breakwater. 3*%*
Op-n June »th. Booking ©See. 3 Tark Plac*. N. T.
-Advt. . c
SOLID VESTIBULE THROUGH TRAIN*
to Chicago. St. Louln. Cincinnati and Cleveland.
via Pennsylvania Railroad. Lea*, at «•'"•»■'
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