Newspaper Page Text
"And How They Did Their Work in
To til* Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: The editorial in The Tribune of June 19
m -The Future of War Correspondents" i a in
teresting at this time to all Journalists as well
" the gene.ral pubUc. but Is especially bo to the
surviving correspondents of the civil War
though ?**»"? from the pen of a writer more"
familiar with Th present condition, than with
those "' the ■■■* warlike periods, such as pre
vailed in our Civil War. the Franco-Italian-
Austrian War. the Prussian-Austrian conflict
and the Franco-German War of IS7O--71 Con
ffittan* differed in some measure In all these
conflicts, ar.d all difrerei from tho M prevalent
is the Jarar.ese-Russian struggle now going on
The differences affecting the Journalists were
brought about from period to period, chiefly by
the telegraph In Its several developments of land
fees, cable.* and wireless communications In
concluding that the correspondent in the Far
Ea*t will be restricted as now to the end of the
war. the editorial writer Is doubtless correct. It
if natural that both nations should apply great
restrictions to the correspondents of foreign
*■■■•■■ 111. and there appears to be none
others, or It any rate few representatives of
either Japanese or Russian Journals m the field
Such restrictions were enforced In our Civil
War not only on correspondents of foreign
papers, but for a year or more on those of the
few American papers which maintained their
numerous correspondents in the several fields of
action. "Bull Run- Russell, of "The London
Times." as we facetiously called him. found
Bam restraints so harassing that he aban
doned the field shortly after the first battle of
Bull Run. Henry Villard was early Informed
by General Don Carlos Buell that If he or his
associate correspondents of "The Herald" pub
lished the plan of campaign against "Nashville,
which he had submitted to General McCleilan
and which General Grant subsequently carried
out both would be treated as spies. Sub
ieaoently General Sherman, learning that Vil
lard was endeavoring to get through the line*
■rowefily to establish a "Herald" bureau in the
South, gave him a gentle hint that IT caught In
the act he would be shot or hanged, whereupon
Villard left Sherman's department and pro
claimed, through "The Cincinnati Commercial."
that Sherman was Insane. After the first vic
tory of the Union troops at Mill Springs. Ky..
General George H. Thomas Bent for "The Her
ald" correspondent, who was about to leave
Somerset. Ky.. then Thomas's headquarters, for
Louisville to join Buell's forces at Munfordville,
ar.d warned him not to publish that his
(Thomas's) division. Instead of pursuing Zolll
coffer's beaten army, was marching as rapidly as
possible to Join the rest of Buell'a army, from
■Met) it had been detached to strike, at Mill
Springs, and told him that a violation of the. or
der would be regarded "very seriously." I was
the correspondent and know this to be fact.
During the Biege of Corinth. Miss.. General
Halieck ordered all the newspaper correspond
ents out of his camp and department. About
forty of — I happened to be there— went in a
body to Halleck's headquarters to remonstrate.
Whitelaw Reid. "Agate" of "The Cincinnati Ga
zette." who had written the first published full
report of the battle of Shiloh or Plttsburg Land
ing, was selected as spokesman, and made an
ecJiir^ss on the claims of the people to know
through their home Journals something about
what their soldiers were doing at the front,
which, according to one of Haileck's staff, made
a considerable impression on his dull, stolid and
stupid Intellect; but he Insisted that all should
ft\ "north of the Ohio River." But po did Ha!
ite k go a short time after, when Grant was hap-
Vtty restoi^d to command. General Sherman
£14 actually exile Thomas W. Knox. a "Herald"
corret^or.der.t, from his lines, but President
Lincofc rescinded, the order. In 1811 Sherman
rescinded an order of his Immediate superior.
General Grar.t. giving a pass and transportation
in all ; art? of the Department of the Missis
sippi. But General Grar.t issued another to the
came correspondent good in all the armies of the
United States. I vas the correspondent, and
There was also a rigid censorship maintained
Curing tho Civ:! War, no dl«r.atch being ; mil
ted to !>e sent without inspection at headquar
ters a::ii additional supervision at the receiv
ing station. I have still an original dispatch In
which a fir.gle word which escaped the censor
with the army wae erased as contraband by the
receiving censor. ] do not know why I saved it;
It --- unimportant; I have thrown away rr.any
more Important documents of the Civil War
period. But I notice in The Tribune of June 22
a dispatch from "Japanese Headquarters In the
Field, via Seoul. June 20," In which the news
paper forrespon dents complain, among other
things, lof the censorship ..... . . at Seoul
and at Nagasaki, which the headquarters oen
eor had already approved." ■•■-•."« Issue of
The Tribune a telegraphic report from Hector
Fuller, of "The Indianapolis News." who had
teen U. Port Arthur, but had been deported,
chows that the Russians are quite as careful
In their ceneorship of the dispatches of "those
crazy American" correspondents.
But In the days of # ill and '65 the telegraph
was little used, except by The Associated Press,
end very brief dispatches were permitted re
garding even the most Important event.*, My
two dispatches about the two day*' battle at
Chickamauga. to The Associated Press would
r.ot £:i half a column of the papers of to-day.
The mails and the express companies were used
ordinarily; but after each great battle the cor
respondents were accustomed to start promptly
Jor their home offices, writing' as they travelled.
This course was adopted primarily to avoid a
rule of th* New-York Associated Press papers
that any special dispatch from any other points
than Albany and Washington or any specials
descriptive of any other e\-ents than a prizefight
cr public execution should be the common prop
erty of all the seven papers then constituting
The At* so', la ted Pre?s. Imagine such a rule now
But this rule prevailed until the PruisSan-Au*
trian War, when James Gordon Bennett, the
first, refuse*! to comply with It unless the ex
>nwi of collecting the news, as well as trans
mitting 1: by cable, was also divided among the
Whit an M V JL«irßr«t.
A r:-o«ilnent physician of Rome. Georgia. went
through a food experience which he makes pub
"It was my own experience that first led m«
to advocate Grape-Nut* food and I also know
from hav!r.g- prescribed It to convalescent* and
other weak patient! that the rood Is a wonder
ful rebuilder and restorer of nerve and brain
llssu»< as well as muscle. It improves the diges
tion and eick patients always grain Just as I
£ld in strength and weight very rapidly.
"I was in such a low etate that I had to give
tip my work entirely and so to the mountains of
thl« State, but two months there did not Im
prove me; In fact I was not yulte as well as
*"hen I left home. My food absolutely refused to
sustain me, and it became plain that I must
change, then I begun to use Grape-Nuts food
end in two weeks I could walk a mile without
th« least fatlgu»- and in five week* returned to
«ny home and practice, taking up hard work
•gain. Sine* that time I have felt as well and
strong as I *ver did. In my life.
"As a phylelclan who seeks to help all suf
ferers I consider it a duty to make th«.« racta
public." Name given by Postum Co.. Battle
Trial JO days on Grape-Nuts when the r«*u-
Ur food does not seem to sustain the body will
'There's a reason."
Look to each pkg. for the famous little book.
•The Road to WellrUle."
seven newspaper*. The absurd rule did not pre
vai! during the Franco-German War of IS7O-T1;
and each of the New-York papers of prominence
maintained with each of the belligerent armies
as full (If not fuller) staffs as those now repre-
Renting them in the East. So prompt was the
service from the German Army that The Trib
une was enabled In editorially summing up
the situation at Sedan to announce with confi
dence that the next day wool ! probably bring
news of the surrender of the French Army and
Emperor. It came early the next morning; an
extra was printed In the afternoon in both Eng
lish and German, and the next day a Sunday
paper, the first ever Issued by The Tribune, was
The Tribune editorial suggests that "In old
times" the war correspondent "might accom
pany headquarters, learn the plans of cam
paign, write about them as fully as he pleased,
and send the matter to his paper without
harm." He might, it is true, but for several
good reasons he never did. At least I never
heard of any such breach of confluence by any
■far correspondent In the Civil War. He would
not dare do It. If willing, for he was subject to
trial by court martial, for nil in camp lived
under martial law. A "Herald" reporter with
Sherman's army on the Atlanta campaign
thoughtlessly published that during the siege
of Chattanooga a Union signal officer had
learned the secret signal code of the Confed
erates, and that we had been reading their
signals for several months prior to the date of
his letter. General Sherman ordered his arrest
and trial by court martial, but Genera] George
H. Thomas interceded in his behalf; though
Sherman expelled him from his department.
Th* "forecasting the movements of the armies."
as The Tribune says, may be done now by the
correspondents at neutral points in the Far
East, but "in the old times" all that sort of rot
was written by the editors who stayed at home
and "conjectured" interminably "on what might
probably happen" if what was "said by intelli
gent contrabands" or "Southern Union refugees"
who had come into camp was true. The "Chi
nese Junkmen at Che-Foo and the "intelligent
contraband" of our war are much alike and
about equally trustworthy.
The suggestion in the editorial that "the war
correspondent might easily become a practical
spy** recalls an experience of my own in the
Civil War (It was In 15t*t3). Frederick Hudson,
who was then the managing editor of tho
'•Herald." In his "History of Journalism" al
ludes to it, and it is worth reading in full at
thiß late date aa an Introduction to additional
details. He says (pages 453-4, Harper & Bros.*
With the breaking out of the war a Southern
bureau or department was established In the
ofrce of "The Herald." It was the duty of the
chief of this bureau to collect and file away all
Information, of whatever character, that came
from the South. Of the Instructions issued to
correfcponder.is, the principal one was to obtain
rebel newspaper*. Neither trouble nor ex;..
were to be spared tn their acquisition. Contra
bands and deserters, abandoned can-.ps and vil
lages were searched for them. Many were ob
tained. End are DOW In the oftlce library of that
Journal. The chief of this bureau compiled
from these papers lists or rosters of the mili
tary forces of the secessionists. Occasionally
these, In an incomplete form, would be pub
lished, but finally a very full roster of the
whole rebel army ma Us appearance In "The
lit-rald." When a copy of the paper, with tins
wonderful array of names and figures, reach el
Richmond it created a veritable commotion in
the war office of that capital. Several of the
clerks, accused cf furnishing the information,
were placed under arrest. On the evening of
its appearance in New-York one cf the attaches
of "The Herald" role in a Fourth-aye. car
with Mr. George M. Snow, of The Tribune, a* a
"If anything ere wanting," said Enow to the
aforesaid attache, "to show the Intimacy be
fween the rebels In Richmond and of the oftioe
of 'The Herald* in New-Tort, the list of the
rebel army as published this morning is the
"What tfo you mean?" asked "The Hen ' I
"What do I mean? That roster of th<» rebel
army could only have been obtained from the
rebel war office. That Is quite enough. I should
think." replied Bnow. with a touch of profes
sion.'! 1 Jealousy.
"Why, •now, you don't mean to say th*t 'The
Herald* obtalne'd that list direct from the War
Department In Richmond? That information
■was wholly made up from advertisements and
local news parapraphs of the Southern news
papers which were run through our lines."
"Nonsense." said Snow. "Dr.n't you suppose
that The Tribune and 'The Time?* could have
done the sn-r.e thine?"
"Let us know." said The Tribune of the 9th
of June, 1S»12. "from what source and through
■what channels 'The Herald' has twice procured
for publication the alleged muster rolls of the
rebel armies. Let us ccc by what means 'The
Herald' has been repeatedly supplied with rebel
It is frsir to suppose that "Th<> Herald" d!d
not tell The Tribune how these papers were
In iM4~'<B i I >.■'. charge of this bureau of
•which Mr. Hudson speak?, hut I v.-cs In the
field with Roseerans's army at the time I com
plied and published rosters of Brake's and Lee's
armies. Their publication doubtless excited
New-York editors considerably, but the most
fitted Journalist over •he publication tras
Henry Watterson. then Editor of "The Chatta
nooga Rebel." now Editor of "The Louisville
Courier-Journal." He publish* editorials de
nouncing the Yankee spies In the Confederate
War Department, and demanded that they be
detected, trijd nd hanged. And my old friend
■\Yatterson never knew. nor do I believe he
knows to this day. that he v.as the culprit if
there was any offender at all! Watte
"Chattanooga Rebel" was the smallest in size,
but the most enterprising in spirit, of all th*
rebel papers which came with tobacco and such
through the lines In exchange for coffee and
quinine. The Union commanders winked at such
exchanges; Grant when before Petersburg ls
eued rations to non-belligerents caught between
his and Lee's lines, and President Lincoln him
self did not hesitate to let quinine go through
to the Confederate sick, men and women alike
I noticed early after the occupation of Mur
freesboro. Term.. In January, 1883, that Watter
pon's paper was publishing many letters from
foldiers in Lee's and Bragg's armies, ench with
a date on. a formula apparently fixed by the
editor. Not only was the place and date of
writing named, but the regiment, brigade, di
vision and corps to which the writer was at
tached, were always added. Many advertise
ments of lost articles, such a? hordes, baggage.
etc.. also gave the name of the loser and hia
address by regiment, brigade, division and corps.
From these I compiled, with infinite labor and
pain*. ■ roster of, first. Bragg's army, and then
finding "The Rebel*' m useful and the labor of
compilation so fascinating, I made another of
L»e'« army. The work could not have been done
without Watterson's "Rebel" at hand. I hope
he will "forget it," as the boys liana say, or
forgive me for making him out an in.noc°nt
"practical spy" at this late day.
Those rosters, by the way. played an Im
portant part in th* battle of Chickan
General Rosecrans had the roster of Bragg's
army as the one in his front printed for distri
bution to all his officers. His provost marshal.
Colonel Truesdell. had supervision of the print-
Ing and distribution of the roster and became
familiar with It. On the morning of the first
day's fight (September 19. ISG3) P.ose<-rans'B
quarters were at Crawfish Springs. Ga., and
about 10 o'clock I rode up to the provost mar
shal's tent. He was examining a lot of prison
ers captured the night before (.most of them
willing deserters), and naturally I went Into the
tent. It was only to be «r«tted with an oath
and a loud declaration •-•- Tmesdcil '.hat my
roster of Bragg'? an:.» »■• « fread. He said
he had a dozen prisoners *■*« iclor?»<3 to regi
ments and brigade* not mentioned In the roster
as published officially to the army. I asiej
him to let me see the list of his prisoners, i
read It over, and. taking out of my pocket a
copy of my roster of Lee's army, I saw at a
glance that the prisoners were part of Long-
NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY. JTNE 2fi. 1004.
Important Price Reductions '*
Have Been Made Prior to Our SEMI-ANNUAL INVENTORY.
Coats, Wraps, Costumes,
Waists and Tailor Made Suits
In Many Cases at Half Price.
Fancy Black Satin Foulards
£() r per yard,
l/C * Value $1.25
Imported French Silk Petticoats
Spring Shades, Elaborately Trimmed,
Less Than Half Original Prices.
WHITE SHIRT WAISTS, of Persian lawn, tucked or lace
and embroidery trimmed.
Dimity, Colored Madras and Cheviot Waists.
Fancy Hand Embroidered Waists.
LAWN WAISTS t.OO, 1.50, 2.00
FANCY MADRAS WAISTS ("King" make) 2.75
Fine lace trimmed Table Cloths, Tea Cloths and hemstitched Satin
Damask Sets, many of which are marked at half price.
street's corps of Lee's army. I (showed this to
Truesdell, and then ran out of the tent to where
General Rosecrans and staff were assembled.
already mounted. I told him briefly that Long
street had reinforced Bragg and how I knew
the fact. General GarfieM, Rosecrans's chief of
staff. Flipped off his hor?e and ran Into Trues
dell's ter.t. He returned In a few minute? 4Cid
told Rosecrans that it was true— that certainly
two divisions of Lon^stre'-t's corps were on his
right front, and that Longstreet'3 advance
brigade, from which the prisoners had been
captured or had deserted, had lacked the
night before at Lee &. Gordon's Mill, only rive
miles distant. A few minutes later a mounted
orderly of Brag was brought In a prisoner, and
a letter from Brags to Longatreet, ordering him
to attack Kosecrans's right, was found on his
person. Then there was scampering to the left
to Join Thomas. I think I I<hl the procession.
At any rate. I c ' first to Thomas, five miles
away at Kelly's house, already fighting Bragg"*
right.' I told him of the discovery made by the
capture of Krai's orderly. Thomas was a re
served, silent man, but I saw him frown, clench
his teeth, and I shouldn't be surprised If he ejac
ulated under his breath "Damn."
I wonder -what has become of all the surviv
ing war correspondents of 1861-* BO. I can recall
the names of on'.y nine. They are:
1 Whitelaw Reid, of "The Cincinnati Ga
zette." now Editor-in-chief of The Tribune.
2. Edmund C. tman, of "The World." now
editing a history of the New-York Stock Ita
3. 'George Alfred Townsend. of "The World."
now farming In Maryland.
4. Joseph Howard. jr., of "The Times." now
correspondent of "The Boston Globe."
5. George F. Williams, of "The Times." now
0. George W. Smalley. of The Tribune, now
of "The London Times."
7 Henry Wutterson. of "The Chattanooga
Rebel/* now Editor of "The Louisville Courier-
S. Cndw.illaflT. of "The Herald. 1 now retired
And. lastly, myself. t
Most of thes» live in or near New- York, Why
cannot a reunion be arranged? I should be glad
to h^ar of any other survivors with such a
meeting In view. p Q SHANK S. '
WILLIAM F G. BHANKB.
No. 347 Ninth-st.. Brooklyn.
APPEAL FOR MORE PRESSURE.
Sir: Hoarding the proposal to call a special *»*-
Fkin of the Iwrls'.ature. upon the water question, we
rar.not see wh.it .■•••.- result to the pub
lic from such action. It doesn't require a special
.«(?«>sion to plve us* hack the pressure that has been
reduce.! In the last few weeks, while the reser
voirs are overflowing". it Is up to the administra
tion to deal summarily with this attempt to cre
ate a water scare In a time of plenty, because the
••get rich quick" politicians are anxious for a speedy
completion of the Ramapo grab.
In all sections of the city that portion of the
public that lives <ve the second Boon ha« been
for weeks deprived of water. Chief Engineer Hill
has frankly told us that pressure was reduced to
arouse taxpayers to demand the acquisition of
r.ew water possessions. Our public has become
rather accustomed to the abuse of publlo office ( it
the benefit of profitable political schemes. But we
think the authorities show I^eat Imprudence in
trifiir.K with a matter so vital to life and health
as the city's water supply. The disastrous re
sults of maintaining this fictitious scarcity In the
summer weather. when the multitude* of the poor,
confined to hot quarters In the city, are the chief
sufferers, must i.a plain to every one. Must the
poor go ur. washed and be made readier victims of
dls-.vibo because the authorities wish to compel us
to the belief that we must instantly buy what the
water f.ikirs. with tha help of foul legislation.
"wV ;i«'kThe'helii of' your paper In our efforts to
.r.list th.- sympathy of the Mayor and to convince
him or the' necessity of put tin c an er.«! to this
SnoositJon We write In behalf of numerous clients
and i*titi"'n<»rs to the Mayor, who have only sought
his aid after exhau-tins: all means of app^nl M
tlie water department without avail. W.■ f<-"l that
a vlt-ii Dubltc neceralty. such is thiß is, cannot
faJl !■> have the unanimous sur-P'Tt of the press,
nn.l tint The Tribune, with its record for inde
pendence. will ho an e«pe-ially power r.,l exp«>nent
ht our. eau<«e. ,__, '''■■ '"■'■ ' I AY.
NVw-Tork City. June a 1904.
AUTOMATIC SPRINKLERS FOR BOATS.
Sir: rtf-fr-rrinif to the >;-:■•■-?] Slocum disaster
nrd the measure that may be taken to prevent
rerTirrenres of such calamities In the future. I
wish t<, call your attention to the automatic
sprinkler system norv so generally used In fac
tories, and l3ttcrly In large stores and a variety of
buildings. a.» beir«K applicable to passenger steam
boats of this class. It may be such devices are
already so employed, but I have not noticed them.
The sprinkler system consists of a network of
pipes distributed through a building, with auto
matic fprirk'.ers regularly placed about ten feet
apart each way. the whol*> system belnp connected
with a nultar>!<» water supply. The sprinkler Is
opened by tho fusins of solder at 150 deKre^s Fahr
enheit, or hlch-T temperature If desired. There
are many makes of sprinklers and modiacatlons of
pipirs and water supply arrangements, etc.. but
In r.ny case the sprinklers are always ready, and
apply the water at once Just where needed.
As to the efficiency of these devices, I note In
"En'-ycJope^a Americana" (Scientific American
Club. Xew-York), In an article on "Fire Protection."
the lowing statistics with reference to sprinkler
Out of 3.**5 fires of record In sprlnklered risks, but
five sprinklers or less were opened In 6.8 per cent
of the whole number of fires. eight sprinklers or
lees In 76.1 lier cent, twenty sprinklers or leas in Si
per cent, fifty shrink I?rI ?r cr 'jl«-_J»? ,- Sj^r cat.
. . . Also sprinklers hare failed to control but 4
per cent of tha fires on record.
Would It not b« a good thing to agitate the adop
tion of sprinkler system* aboard steamboata?
Poughkeopsie. K. T . June 13, 1304.
LIFE PRESERVER SCHOOL DRILLS.
T-> the E.litor of Th« Tribune.
Sir: In view of the fact that so many of those
who perished In the General Slocum disaster were,
school children. I wish to .-■-■• th« Board of
Education that they carefully • rider th* matter
of Instituting drills, or, nt least. Instruction. In th<9
matter of putting on and properly adjusting life
preservers. Every one recognizes Om wisdom of
having fire drills In the public schools. It seems to
me necessary also that the children should b»
taught how to put on and fasten life preservers.
Hundreds of thousands of our people are on boats
every day In waters adjacent to N"w-Tc->rl<. and It
Is doubtful If one In five hundred vroald know how
to use a life preserver In a time of peril. Such In
struction In th» schools would not require much
t.me or r.e-t ?s!:ate much. If any, additional expen?e>,
and It mlpht result 1" paving many lives. The mat
ter ti worthy of consideration, to snv the least.
No. I.CSI L'nlon-ave.. June :i. ri. T. WILLIS.
PEADV FOR ALDERMEX.
Many Notices Sent of Port Chester
Hearing of Tuesday.
If then* la not a lars* representation of citizens
of Th* Bronx and neighboring towns in Wmt
chester County at the meeting of the Board of
Aidermen on next Tuesday, •when there Is to be
a fui^'-lr h'art-sr on the Now-Tork and Port Cheater
Railway application to go over and under certain
•struts In The ronz.il •will not be because extraor
dinary efforts }.?.:■" nnt b««n m.vi* to brlnir them
out. The North Side Board a' Trade, tho Journey
men Stone Cutters Association. the Mount Vernon
City Council and other bodies have sent nut thou
sands of postal cards calling attention to the
meeting »nd urging th« Importance of a full rep
The Council of th« city of Mount V«raon will
ser.d a delegation of three members, armed with
resolutions passed at a recent meeting aslc'.r. ■;
that the Hoard of Aldermen reject the application
of th* New-York. Westcherter and Boston Rail
road, and Will demand that It first ret a certlficato
from the Railroad Commission and show by a
decision of the Court of Appeal! that It has a lejral
existence. The resolutions ask further that the
requests of the New-York find Port Chaste* Rail
road N>> granted, and protest that any other action
would lnjur« the Interests of Mount Vernon and Its
The North Eld<* Board of Trade asks that An
members and others Interested "communicate with
the alderman of their district at once, calllns his
attention to the bad effect upon The Bronx Borough
resulting from this delay, and requesting him to
demand prompt action aa a public necessity." Th<?
board points out that the aldermen, as the dlre.t
representatives of the people, should grant th's
public demand. Th-» cards which th« oricantefv
tlon has sent out assert that If the Port ChesTT
ordinance Is passed now It will give employment
by the time cold weather sets In to thousands of
men. and irreatly Increase the taxable- value ■>?
Bronx property, as well as ctDM th« spending of
millions of dollars In the borough.
Several thousand poJtala sent out by th« Jour
neymen Stonf Outers' Association. a'.cn.'.i by Its
officers and by James P. Holland, chairman of
th« railroad committee* el the Central Federated
Union, say In part:
A . a resident of the Borouitt of The Bronx you
,,. .... . • .... ■; It* transit facilities. Irs rrowth
nnd prosperity depend upon thWr levelopment
Blnc«t May 5. I?<>3. thf Hoaril of Aldermen has
failed to art ur<"-n an applfi-ntlon of the N.-w-Y^rk
and Port Chester Railroad for a r-r-rmit to build
and or>ern.t« it-* railroad In our territory, and upon
behalf of onr.uil*ed labor you ar- requestad to ursre
tli» al<Wm^n rpprt-sfntinK- The Brmx stronelv and
urtro-ntly to ad\-oont'* lmm*»dlat« action on this ap
plication. An alderman Is a public servant and
should heed public demand
"The North Side News." through a circular let
ter, i« seeking to enlist the services of the boat
ness men of '!■•■ North BM« The letter points out
that every branch of trnde and Industry In the
borough suffers enormous lops fry th» persistent
•lorn! of adequate transit facilities. It snys that
while an unprecedented ■ dins boom, is li prog
ress '■>. the M Ttaania half of the borough, the
portion Mist of th* Bronx River la In a Rtato of
RtapTmtion. Th«- whole hlame for this condition is
placed on the lack of transportation facilities.
RELATIVE PREVALENCE OF DISEASES.
There are certain diseases which receive th« un
remitting attention of physicians, not only those
who attend the sick, but those working exclusively
In chemical and microscopical laboratories. The
index to the seventy-ninth volume of "The New-
Tork Medical Journal and The Philadelphia Metr
ical Journal. Consolidated." Just issued, contains 113
references to tuberculosis, or consumption. in Its
various forms. 63 Items on cancer. 32 on Bright a
disease, the same number on typhoid fever. 23 on
appendicitis and — on pneumonia. Radium Is dis
cussed seventeen times. There are only nine refer
ences to smallpox, vaccination havlnjj annihilated
that scourffe wherever general enlightenment pre
vails. » '
DO YOC pi>*e OCT? '
Several Restaurants that offer tempting dinner* ar<
to-day advertised ainons the "Little Ads. of the
B. Altaian & (To.
NINETEENTH STREET AND SIXTH AVENUE.
B. Altman & Co. desire to call attention to the many
Garments and articles represented in their various
departments, which are particularly desirable dur
ing the Summer season, for Travellers,
Tourists, etc A partial list includes :
WOMEN'S SUITS, COATS and WAISTS of L»«j and Pan
gee; Coat Suits of light-weight ma:- •..> .N. N j3j 3 m^
Separate Skirts (or Gotftng. acnong. Mouocaia wear, etc
Bathing Softs, ShawV Motor Hoods, Steamer Rap
and Cusiaocs, Hammock*, Canopies, etc
FOOTWEAR for Women, Mam and Odldira. b do* tp
pfopnate ftviea for Drets And Oabng weax. iociacaivg * <i>.
ddedly Low-Cot Hal Shoe for Women. tMo «a catir^f
dsw Ouang SoadaL
MF..VS FURNISHINGS. — NegSgco S&% BsAi* Stft\
TovreEa* Bad* Roc«, N«cicww«. Gio*cv Lemtism PrAl.
UNDERWEAR md HOSIERY of LUe Tk«i Ctaaw •
Btiscg^aa tad SZL
FABRIC GLOVES m fufl fine*. inciucSns tlwo of Sk. M2rao
Saede Lale. and Nice Aio G«ore» for
Dsring, Motocsg. etc
LEATHER GOODS.— Lmcfeeea Cues far AntaooMa aad
Tonrmg use, Stat Cases «nd Baga, Cany-ASs, Kit Bags.
Dripfitmg CajCT, Men's Hat Boxes, Extemioa Smt Goes,
Qsotdaine and Wn& Bagi, TrareEag Clocio. Bode amd
Mcdicme Gstes. Shaw! mtA Rag Strap*.
PARASOLS foe Coadung aad PraaawJe, «!» San ÜbAteSu
STATIONERY.- Tablets. Cafciarti of Note Paper and
Envelopes, Fountain Pen*. S3itr Pencils, etc Blank Boob
for Trip* Abroad and places visited ; CAbafe «ad Poker
TOILET ARTICLES.— do&. BaA. MXtey acd Hair Brashes.
Mandruka Spongea. 'Atonazen, Hand \&ron, Maaxnra
ArL.!:;, Colognes, Ex!»<!b, Toilet Waters, etc
NOTICE. This establishment will be closed at 5 P. M
Saturdays, at 12 Noon.
Ninrtrnttft £tmt and J^ixtlj Ararat?. £ra gnrk.
XATIOXAL GUARD XEJVS.
New drill regulations will be Issued to the Na
tional Guard at the beginning of the next toll sea
sun. They are now being revised by th» War De
partment, and - 111 be ready for tssut* In a few
weeks. While th* main features of the old drill
regulations bare been retained, there are .'. num
ber of Important changes made. and the work has
been much simplified.
The camp season at Fe*kski:i will clot* with th»
tour of the Tlst Regiment and i! Battery, which be
gins next Saturday and <>:■. la July 9. Th» Tlat Regi
men; will co by train, assemblies at its armory «■
Saturday at 8:15 a. m. The M Battcrv will march
ti> Peekakill, and will ■tart early next Saturday
mornlr.s from its armory In The Bronx.
A rifle tram, to take part In the a:-.:; matches
at Creadmoor, Is being formed in the 22d Regi
ment, under the direction of Captain Haubold. as
sisted by Lieutenant Mac Donald. On the team ar»
Lieutenant Moses. Corporal Wendell. Major Lll-
IJendahJ, Alajor Hotchktn and Lieutenant Myler.
The latter has a'.rtady ma.de 25 points out of a *po3
s'M" ZZ. at .•" yards. a number of members of
< ompany C. in command of Captain Mahon. and
assisted by K:rst Serjeant Hear:;, have been en
p: IK fd in gathering data tor a topographical map
of tn^ district, north of Central Bridge. Comoaay
'■ will establish a summer camp at Bayside. Long
Island, beginning next Saturday.
Quartermaster Richards of 0 I Hit Resriment '•
busy making requisitions for shelter tents, bed
sack*, olive drab uniforms, etc.. for equipping th«
r-'Kim.-rf for the joint army and National Guari
mannpuvr»-s In Virginia next September.
An election held by Company II of tha 14th
Regiment for captain, ha* resulted in trouble.
The candidates were First Lieutenant F. a. John
son of the company and Lieutenant Frederick C
Tanner, on the staff of Colonel Kline, formerly In
the. 12th Regiment. Th* ballot was fourteen votes
for Johnson and three for Tnnner, with, one blank
vote. The election was then declared void. The
supporters of Johnson say that tha votes were
thrown out In the interest of Tanner, and declare
that nbout forty of their men were not permitted
to vote, on the ground that they had not paid th«"ir
dues. Members of Company C will visit Sea Cliff,
Long Island, on July 2 to remain over until July 4.'
Major B. H. Mitchell, of th« Mill Regiment, has
Pled a formal protest with General James McLeor.
Second Brigade, against the election of Major
John H. Foote as lieutenant colonel, charsinar
that there was illejral voting- and that Colonel
Kline used undue influence to secure votes for
Major Foote. Colonel Kl'.n* denies the allegation
The complaint la to be examined by the judce ad
It has been decided by the War Department that
officers of th.> National Guard on duty at the
State Camp can recetre only the pay of an officer
of the sr.iile correspomllp.K to that of the position
to which th*>>- bare ..rr. asslsn«d.
A costly plant for searchlight projections is to
be provided for the 13th Regiment armory, ami
from its tower* serials can be exchanged in the
night with posts in the harbor.
PLANS FOR ROCKAWAY PARK.
As evidence of the earnest Intention to create a
great seasttlf park, the twenty-five EMM Side civic
organizations which are pressing the demand are
preparing i lans for the entertainment of the thou
sands who. it is confidently believed, would rush
to •:•■ sandy, ocean swept pleasure ground. It la
proposed to provide swings, merry-go-rounds and
other amusements there. I: 13 proposed to put up
a great bathing- reservation on the plan of Revere
and Nantask*»t beaches, near Boston.
"Such ■ park." MM Mornay "Williams, president
of the New-York Juvenile Asylum, yesterday,
"'would greatly conduce to the health and comfort
of the children of the tenement*. and with Its cool
and invigorating sea breezes In summer would save
the lives of many little ones who now die In th- x
heated term for lack of fresh air." W'lllaxa
Sherer. president of the New- York Clearing Hous
said yesterday that it would be a grand thing if
the city would take possession of the. great ocean
Kite advocated and turn It Into a pax*.
A LL the standard styles and new ideas*
■** combined with oar own cxcluslrc
designs. The most comprehensive display
of Fine Furniture to be seen in any on*
Our lines specially adapted for
Summer include all the light
woods and light finishes. Brass
Bedsteads in unequalled assort
ment. Spacious Settees, Sofas.
Arm Chairs and Rockers in Flem
ish. Mission, English Quartered
Oak and Weathered Oak.
Prices the lowest at which high
grade Furniture can be sold.
R. J. HORNER & CO.,
Furniture Makers and Importers,
61, 63. 65 West 23d Street
RIQGELY'S FINiNCiAL FORECASTS.
W« «rp«et i nai ierabla market activity around aad at
month ax-. ? during ::-.• Deinocratlo Convention. P-r»on»
Interested In »eourttla« will do wall by Mbacribtnc M«
for tny DAILT LETTER. *3 per monS <isii »-* na^
p.ipgely. a> -.r.np st.. ?c. t.
NO INDICTMENT AGAINST F-GAN.
Grand Jury Fiuda None in Hotjitd
Rumors have been current in Jersey City that
the antagonism to the hospital could bars been
averted tf Frederick Longr. tie architect. had
consented to al!ow J1.3C0 to te deducted from
his fees t.> pay an expert named I v Mayor Pagan,
who. It Is said, la employed as a man of all work
tn the Johns Hopkins Hospital. Baltimore, and
If th<» hospital trustees had later accepted th»
si:sgest!on of Colonel 3. D. Dickinson, the Reptib.
Hear, tearler. that they drop Jl.otx) into the box for
the campaign fund. Neither contribution was mad*.
Mayor I'agan riuarreileil with Hospital Trustees
Pheian. Vv'aison and Vos«I. and requested thetr
ro.si«natlor.s. uiml when tney in^i. he Ignored
th« boani. The la?t legislature passed an act creat
ir.g tht» Board of Health, and this board now claims
Una right to buiM the hospital.
The Hudson County Gtrand Jury incitilred Into
these allegations, and yesterday had a conference
with Suprerre <'r»urt Justice Dixon. to ascertain
if th^ *>vidtnce was sofflcienl t.» warrant indict
ments. The justice r»:iU th«> rvM»ncp, and told
th<»rn that a cvrrupt bbUw must be shown, and
that, ao far as he coold s«?e. th:» w;i--< not sus
tained by th<^ stattmentn tnada in th* allesratlons
against Mayor Pagan, Concerning the other com
plaint th»» court held that it U legitimate to solicit
contributions for a cnmni'lsn ••md.
This «»n«!s th<» invpstigatlon. as the grand Jury,
having r.o other business, was d! »harge.i with tl»
thanks of the court.
NEW-YORK BUILDING DEDICATED.
St. Louis. J.me 2S.— Th<? New-York State Building
at th* fair was dedicated to-day. The ceremony
was preceded by a parade and band concert. Th»
propramiß*' consisted of an Invocation by th* Rev.
Carrol X Davis. Uean of Christ Church Cathedral,
this tv and an utUlreas of vieloome by President
Frnncta; a response by Vice- President TVilllam
B«rri. nf the New-York commission •.<•.-.•
butMlns? tt t > Ooverr.or • '.■>U. and r.-i address c' ac
cpptarce frora the Governor. Followir-s the Got*
ernor's addr«??s. there was a church orztm recital
by S. Henry Grover.
TO-DAY IS THE DAY.
ON rr?nlar inertias of the manr Unto biwfn-^i
*— — that hart, barcntns to •»•» in their re«p«etlT«
lines take* place to-4ar. Voa wUI Bad them -im^T*
th« "Kittle Ad». of Urn Peopl*." .