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IMMIGRANT CHILDREN ON THE ROOI- PLAYGROUND AT ELLIS ISLAND.
GAINS AT EIJJS ISLAND.
Place for Immigrant Children to
Play to Their Hearts' Content.
ImOM THE taißuw BCnRAC.I
Washington, Aur. Uli. — There Is, perhaps, no
(•ranch of the government service where greater
improvements have been effected In the admin
tr-.ition of President Roosevelt than In the im
migration service, although so quiet have been
he methods pursued and so unostentatious the
direction of the service that comparatively few
, ■ rsona are aware of the Improvements accotn
To ■peak 'f Ellis Islar.d is almost to include
the wh<>!,- Immigration service, bo far as the
ending "f immigrants la coDcerned, for at that
point dose to T.i per cent ol the newcomers to
•ho United States arc Inspected and pass mus
:it. Last year, out of a Total of <►!»; .
grants adn Ittcd to thla country, 631.885 lai :• !
at Klils Island. Without to tir<
•letalla regarding the tnpn ircments !:: *.!■:• ad
ministration of this Important function if the
government, it may be sail that never before
wr« the laws so const i r tlously and lh< roughly
enforced and yet never before was U.^ comfort
if the Immigrants bo carefully considered or
•h'-ir w. lfare so effectively provided for.
It was little more than two years ago that
Krank P. Bargent was appointed Comm
;<-n.T-aj of In. n Igration, and ot.ly a few months
before that Commissioner Williams was placed
n full charge <>f the Kills Island station. In
the intrrlm the entire appearance of the Island
vm changed, and many Inexpei stye, but not tho
f^n effective, devices have h« ••!» Installed, all of
Ahlch niakf f-.r the comfort and the health of
.■^«- future- citizens of ih<« United States.
When Commissioner Williams t>">k charge of
<he Htaiiun Kills Island presented a most un
attractive appearance. There wore ample an<J
■xcellent buildings. It la true, but utility only
lad been considered, and orderliness and at
ra<tlveness. now bo noticeable, were consplcu
>un only by their absence. Mr. Williams, with the
hearty encouragement arid co-operation <>f the
Commissioner General, has worked wonderful
hmiges. and to-day the ext> rictr of the station
'.n in attractive as a well kept country place,
while thf> Interior la characterised by a cleanli
ness and neatness formerly believed Impossible
■ f attainment.
To Commissioner Genera] Sargent belongs tho
credit of one of the lat< st and most attractive
'eatures Introduced on the Island— the children's
playground. Thousands of children are dom
iciled at Ellis Island for weeks, sometimes for
months at a time. Arriving after a week or
more of confinement In the fetid atmosphere of
th« rage, they are usually pale and listless,
and when, as often occurs, their parents are
■anessarily detained for pome time in the station
hospital, their lot Is not a happy one., or. rather,
it formerly was not. Moved by pity for these
little ones, Commissioner Sargent Fought a
remedy for their condition. The grounds did not
furnish an appropriate place for a playground.
but diligent examination revealed an Ideal
place on the large. flat roof of the main building.
There, by the erection of awnings and the rais
ing of the parapet, the children could play to
their hearts' content. There they could enjoy
the sea. breezes of New- York Harbor, precisely
the sort of tonic needed after their passage.
There they could run and romp and laugh and
ihoot without disturbing any one or doing In
jury to themselves or their surroundings. Com
missioner Sargent's suggestion was Joyfully re
ceived by Commissioner Williams, and the re
sult is an amply equipped play place, where the
future young Americans recover from the ef
fects of their voyage and learn their first les
sons In liberty.
One of the long needed Improvements recently
provided for by Congress at Commissioner Par
gi'rit'H earnest solicitation Is the new ferryboat,
which went Into commission on July 1, taking
the place of the old Carlisle, _and Mr. Sargent
hopes before long to get a new "boarding boat"
to take the place of the Chamberlain, now In
use, A new dining room has been recently
added at the station. It Is constructed on the
most approved plans, with tiled floors and every
appurtenance which can conduce to conven-
NEW-YORK TRIBUNE ILLUSTRATED SUPPLEMENT.
lence and cle inlln»?;«», and In many Instances
mir.'ir Improvements have been Installed, all
making for hygienic conditions.
ON AND OFF- AND ON AGAIN.
General Frederick D Grant, who I
been assigned to the < ommand of the Depart-
IMMIGRANT BL 1 1. DISC
Children's playground Is o:
meat of the Bast, is noted for Che equanimity
of bis temj er.
General Grant believes In self-command. Con
cerning hasty tempers, he paid one day:
""The plea of the quick tempered Is that If
they are soon angered they are soon pleased
again. There Is an answer to this plea, though.
STEAM SHOVEL THAT DOES THE WORK OP TWELVE HUNDRED MEN.
It is excavating the site f or the now station of the TenmrylvanU RaJlroad on Manhattan Island, and Mr. Devery almost wens he watches it
The former valet of a friend of mine hits a good
answer to it.
•'This Valet, an excellent servant, worked for
my friend two months. Then he Bald that he
was going to leave.
" 'Why are you going, James T mj friend said
IS ON ELLIS ISLAND.
d the t. p of the left wins
"'Well, sir. to be frank.' J : ..• sicredi
■you are u.o quick tempered.'
r -i, pooh, James, 1 said my friend. 'What
if I am a lit quick tempered? My ang. r is no
■■■ <>:t r on than it i« off.'
"'True, sir.' said James, respectfully; "but it
Is no sooner oft' than it Is on again.' "
MAKES DEVERY M()VU\\
Steam Shovel Does the Work of Scxh
end Hundred Men.
If It will take six great steam shovels and e|£ht
thousand men twenty-two months to excavata
the Bite of the proposed Pennsylvania Railroad
terminal In this ctty, how many men would ba
required to perform the gigantic task in the
same length of time were no steam shovels used]
That looks, on the face of things, like a pure
ly mathematical problem, but the stir it haa
occasioned In the ranks of the Manhattan De
mocracy Indicates that It is also a considerably
political problem. The trouble all came about
because John J. Murphy, president of the New-
York Contracting and Trucking Company, which
has the big central >, is a brother of Charles P.
Murphy, the leader of Tammany IlalL Among
those aware of this circumstance Is William S^
Devery. ex-Chief of Police, whose heart is nearly
beaten to a puip throbbing for the interests oi
"Would any man or any concern with the best
Interests of the workingman at heart employ
steam shovels on a Job like that, and take the
bread and butter from the mouths of poor labor
ers?" asks very.
Nor Is Devery alone in the position he takes.
Other Democratic politicians entertain similar
and fully as strong views on the subject, and
lose no chance to demonstrate to the laboring
man that if Tammany Hall were really their
friend, the big shovels would be sent away and
only manual labor be used in the work.
But the contractors in charge of the Pennsyl
vania terminal job are wasting no sympathy
over the laboring man. They are working the
two big steam shovels they have on hand to the
full capacity and anxiously awaiting the arrival
of four more, for they realize that to fulfil the
letter of the contract within the fixed time limit
of twenty-two months there must be some hust
The enormity of the task of excavating for
the new railroad station can hardly be appre
ciated by the mind not accustomed to dealing
with engineering problems. Thoso persons with
good Imaginations who can picture to themselves
a huge block of e.irth standing sixteen hundred
feet high, four hundred feet wide and fifty-five
fe-t thick have a fairly good idea of the way
the soil t>*in;j taken out of the new depot site
would look if reared on one end.
There Is absolutely nothing In this city to
serve a3 a comparison with sjich a 'Vlab'* of
earth. Th Flatiroc Building; a convenient
standard of measureou nt nowadays, dwarfs Into
Insignificance beside it. There retd be no dis
pute over the towers on the Park How Building
when comparing it with this big piece of ground.
Allowing the total height of that structure to
be 382 feet from the ground to the top of the
tower?, and accepting the building as the high
est In the city, four such buildings might be
piled one above the other and they would still
fall seventy-two feet short of the height of th*
pile of earth.
The contract la said to be the largest of Its
kind ever undertaken In this country. "Work
etas I --run under It on July 11. It Includes pro
vision, not only for the removal of 1,500.000
cubic yards of earth and 700.000 cubic yards of
rock, but also for the construction of 50.000
yards of concrete walL
The contractors laugh over the arguments ad
vanced against the use of the big steam shovels.
Without them they would be several years at
the job. they say. It Is estimated by them that
one shovel does the work of twelve hundred mea