Newspaper Page Text
his arrows into the gall of the Hydra
so that any wounds made by them
\vbuld be incurable.
On another part of this same frieze the
artist has depicted the contest of Herc
ules with the Mares of Diomedes, another
of his famous "labors." These mares
were terrible, meat-eating animals be
longing to Diomedes, a legendary King
of Thrace. It was the delight of this
monarch to cast all strangers before his
mares, wnich fed on human flesh. His
royal master of Mycena? commanded
Hercules to bind these mares and bring
them to him. It was no easy struggle;
but the hero succeeded after slaying
Diomedes himself and giving him to his
own mares as food The artist has
shown Hercules at work while the bodies
of the victims hang ready for the blood
Athens had its treasury at Delphi,
and this was one of the finest
structures in the whole city. It was adorned
with massive groups of statuary. One of
the subjects was the contest of Hercules
with the Hind of Ceryneia. The task of
capturing this Hind of the golden horns and
brazen hoofs was one of the most difficult labors
set for the hero by his royal master. It would not
do to slay it with his arrows, for Eurystheus
wished it brought alive to Mycena\ So Hercules
pursued the Hind for an entire year over hill and
dale, protected as it was by Artemis. But
finally he succeeded in capturing it on the
banks ■•' the Ladon River, and took it
back to his master iw triumph. The remains
of the sculpture show Hercules at the
moment he had succeeded and was holding the
Theseus, one of the greatest of the legendary
heroes, was the national hero of the lonians
and the son of the Athenian King V- ■■ us His
exploits are depicted on the Treasury of Athens
According '■ ■ the legend,
v. hen a youth of sixteen,
Theseus began his heroic
career by freeing tin- Athen
ians from the shameful
tribute which they had to
pay to Minos, Km^ of
Crete. The son of Minos
had been treacherously
slain by the Athenians and
Mcgara-ans. Minos marched
upon Athens, vanquished
its armies, and compelled
it to send every ninth year
seven youths and seven
maidens to be devoured by
the Minotaur, a monster
half man and hall bull
kept in a labyrinth beneath
his palace in Crete Ex
cavations made at Crete
within the last few years
have brought to light the palace of Minos, and
even a labyrinth which may have been the
supposed habitat of this monster. Twice had
the vessels sailed amid the mourning of the
populace of Athens, when Theseus resolved to
end the bloody custom and volunteered to be
one of the victims. He was especially favored
by Aphrodite, and when he landed m Crete the
goddess caused Ariadne, the daughter of Minos, to
fall desperately in love with him.
Ariadne aided the hero in <■■<•• possible way, and
even provided him with the thin i I by which he was
to guide himself out «>; the labyrinth. Theseus was
successful mi flaying thi Minotaui and took Ariadne
away with him — but ci serted h.i on the Isle of
Naxos. The return of tin ships from Crete, however,
proved the death of Theseus' father, tor when he saw
the ships returning with black sails instead of the
white sails which were to signal success, he threw
himself into the sea, and the sea was thereafter known
as the /Ez 'an.
Theseus succeeded to the throne of Athens; but he
continued nevertheless to perform heroi deeds. He
captured the Hull of Marathon, and sacrificed it at
Athens to Apollo; he fought against t!> ■• Centaurs
with his friend Pirithous, Prince of Lapitha-; with
this same hero he went r»n an expedition lo Lace
da iiion and carried off Helen the sist rof the I»i ■ uri
At the request of Pirithous, he went with him to
Hades to carry off Persephone, but the <> 1 ol th<
under world, in a rage, caused them Loth •■• : • bound
to a rock by chains. Theseus was rescued by Hercules,
but meantime the Dioscuri had taken tlu-ir sister
Helen from Aphidna', where she had been imprisoned.
It was then that Theseus joined Hercules in the expe
dition against t h<- Amazons which was to bring so much
woe to Theseus and his family The sculptors ol ttu-
Athenian treasury depleted thi^ important event, and
SUNDAY MAGAZINE, for OCTOBER 2. 190 4
HDs£PlLOinn§ of HErS^CUODS
The Urnaaiii Hydra
Fragmrnls Preserved for Their A rtiotic Quality
Dut Not Yet Itlentified
a sinking fragment has been found of Theseus coi I
ing with an Amazon The Amazons, a fabulous race ol
female warn. «rs, permitted few men to live am
Trained from their earliest years in all feats >>i irons,
they were noi satisfied merely to defend their own lain!
against invaders, but went on mure than one plundering
By Harvey Peahe
Thoufh seemingly light-hearted and car* fi
I m weighted with a load of anguished woe
Prom peroxided curls to satin tor.
The management has used me traitorously
Instead oi billing me as I should be
In letters eighteen inches high of so,
They've rut me down to typr that doesn't show,
And featured lit. the prima donna— see?
It wouldn't be so bad it" she could sing,
Or. like me, by her acting thrill and stir;
Hut vocally she is all yells and vu..
While my pure voice well, it"- tin- strangest thing
That managers and public should prefer
A roaring cyclone to ,i gentk breeze!
What wretched, ill-bred things s.>mr people do'
A Johnny asked me out to din* lasi night.
And after I had glibly said: "All right."
I found he'd asked the prima donna too,
Shi looked as it she'd something mean in view
An*l ■• 1 was prepared tor any slight.
At last -.In- said to me; "It's proper, <|uiu- —
We have an aged chaperon hk.- you?"
Though looking for an insult, I sat dazed
At her tin ;peakabk audacity.
Why. that old cat is forty, it a day!
Whik I a.a only Well, you'd be amazed
III I you her Httk grandsons could !>ut see —
lhi-y come around with my son's girls to play.
The Mitirs ol I.M«. *;»«.. i«r>
expedition against other people. They
were supposed to live in Cappadocia, on
the river Thermodon. their capital }*tnp
Themiscyra. in Scythia. Thy are report.
Ed to have gone as tar as to invade Attica,
thus bringing Theseus down upon them
The greatest artists vied ' i.hone an-*
other in creating the most perfect statue
of an Amazon, and Phidias, :'■ Iwletus,
Phradmon and Cresilas mad; a wager
as to who would succeed !■
Polycletus won the prize, ar I although
this beautiful bronze statue v .. placed in
the temple of the Ephesian Artemis it
unfortunately has not conic down to us.
In the expedition undertaken >. the two
heroes success perched upon their ban
ners, and Theseus received a-; :.:> reward
their Queen Antiope, or Hippolyte.
Another story has it that this Queen
was so smitten by the prowess >f Theseus
that she accompanied him willingly tc
Athens, where she was marri-i to him
and became the mother of the iH-fated Hip] olytus
The great beauty of this son led his stepmother,
Tha-dra. a later wife of Theseus, to fall in t< i > c with
him, and he lied, Ph;edra accusing him falsely tc
his father. Theseus prayed Poseidon to puni h his -
unworthy sc>n. and this god. who had promised tv
grant any request Theseus might make, sent a wild
bull out of the sea while Hippolytus was driving
along the sea-shore in his chariot. The horses ct '
Hippolytus were frightened, threw him from his
chariot and dragged him until dead. A latei
story was that the Amazons attacked Athens
to free their Queen, but she refused t«> return with
them and died righting by her husband's side.
A WEE BIRD'S RESCUE '
By Anna El. Marshall
GREAT excitement hail Wen caused by the
y J discovery of a young bird lying helpless on
the veranda, and it was an interested, kind
hearted group that s*l«o<I
watching the little thing.
Everyone knew th.i: -ince
early spring there had been
a nest in the eaves • f the
porch, else why this con- a
tinned flying in and out.
this twittering an! ■ h.it
tering oi those ■ i • par
rows? Nothing c- •■:*..! be
seen of the nest. ' r the
foliage of the wistaria grew
thick along the t> p : the
ering ami gasping. It
seemed all mouth, and had
It was ugly t.« I >■ k it.'yt":
its helplessness .-.•. ised ir.
US a deep sense : pit)
We wondered how i: casts
there, and if the parent birds knew what had ha; pened. '
If they dtd, why were they not making mot fuss? %
Even as we wondered, our two sparrow :• n '.s :!ew
into tha wistaria with worms in their mw We
could hear the chirping of young birds. SI rtlv out I
dashed the old ones. Thov had missed thei; irdling.
They Rev* uoout apprwuUy in great distn They
seemed to understand that they must sea: h for it
near the ground. This they were doing whei tiding
us they tlew away.
We got a ladder. The one mounting i: : . :d that*
by pushing aside tfe wistaria he could look : rougha
hole in the eaves and see the nest, far back i • oen th^
ceiling and the roof of t u e porch \\\ han ! . him the
unfortunate one. His longest reach came I sh >rtol
the nest ; but he laid the bird as rear it a> : ibl?, f- x
ii 1 irking that it was a silly petlormance; : >a:.^ h
"We are not dealing with cats. If it was a kii ten there
would be no trouble; but how can birds movie then
young * It will just lie there and die from old. c
might just as well have left it on the pore!-.
Nevertheless, being much interested he took tba
ladder to the end of the porch, where through another
hole he might watch for further developments.
We all kept quiet and by and by the parent !>irJs».
came home and found their lost one. T. happiness
seemed great. Soon they seemed to grow unsiovis .md
the watcher declared that they must be foftaing some
plan to get their birdie into the nest.
He was right. The old birds once more flew away,
returning after a time carrying with them a l: •> : >i ed
maple leaf. This they laid beside the wee: bird, and
with their bills turned him over and over until he v.i^
lying snugly on it. Then, again grasping the leai v.\
their bills, they lifted the little fellow t^ the nest, and
gently rolled him in.
"Bravo?" cried the watcher, amid the noisy re
joicings of that *1 -a» little bird home.