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HOOK MOUNTAIN POINT-NO-POINT, OR ROCKLAND POINT, ON THE HUDSON RIVER, NEAR NYACK. ITS BEAUTY IS THREATENED BY STON'I
CRUSH INO CONTRACTORS.
LIFE ON SAGHALIKS
When- Russian Political Prisoners
and Criminals Arc Banished.
Seventeen cents a day is said to be the cost
of Maxim Gorky, the Russian novelist, to the
Russian government for food. Gorky was re
cently arrested and immured in a solitary cell
liy the government for his complicity in the
outbreak of the people. He is luxuriously
fed in comparison with the Russian political
prisoners and criminals on the island of Sa
ghalien. The allo-wance for these is seven and
one-half cents for the same period.
Saghalien is an attenuated island lying off the
eastern coast of Siberia, in the Sea of Okhotsk.
llussia has used it as a penal colony since 18<K).
Among the people of Russia it is called the Isle
r f the Lost It is well named by them. No
person who is sent to this island ever returns.
The government apparently desires to add to
this impression of hopelessness by preventing,
s far as possible, any description of the life
!.\ d there from reaching the people. It would
have an atmosphere of gloom hang over the
Island. It would have exile to this forsaken
spot mean the crossing of a yawning gulf into
a world from which no word can return. There
a false passport is not worth the trouble of
Writing it. Passport or no passport, it makes
A few foreigners have been able to spend a
thort time on the island In recent years. It
fas usually been difHcult to secure pictures of
the life there.
unlj- those who are sentenced to penal ser
►■»••• for life because of some great crime, per
sonal or political, are sent to Saghalien. The
prisons are not great stone dungeons, such as
those to which the American is accustomed.
Tiny resemble barracks, or great wooden ware
houses. The stockades around the portion de
voted to the incarceration of the most violent
of the criminals if constructed around an or
chard would only add to the fun of stealing
tli«' apples for an American boy. Leaving the
prison, however, is like jumping from the fry-
Ing pan into the fire, so the temptation to do
jo is not great. The main prison is divided
Into three parts. One is for the privileged
convicts. The workshops and cells for the
best behaved prisoners are here. The good con
duct prisoners, who are permitted to go outside
in the day to labor, occupy the middle part.
The northern quadrangle is surrounded by a
strong stockade and overlooked by a watch
tower. There are kept the most desperate
criminals, who wear "irons" weighing fourteen
pounds. All the prisoners are kept there through
the first year of their incarceration.
As capital punishment is not a part of Rus-
Bia's criminal code, many of the prisoners are
murderers who have been sent there to remain
for life. All the servants of the officers are
A visitor to the place says: "It Is uncomforta
ble to know that the surly faced woman who
enters your room in the morning with a light
breakfast is a murderess. It does not add to
your comfort to learn, when part of your beard
Jias been removed, that the barber is also a
murderer. You are glad to have a revolver
under your pillow when you go to bed. You
readily obey the Injunction not to leave the
house after the 6 o'clock curfew has been rung."
Women are privileged Inhabitants on the isl
and. They are relatively so few that they are
at a premium. When a male convict has earned
the right to live outside the prison walls In
a small house of his own, he often invites one
of the women to live with him. She may be a
murderess! but that makes no difference. She
may have murdered two men who occupied
the same relation to her that he does. This
fact, apparently, is no deterrent. A knouting
and solitary confinement are the only two pun
ishments which can be inflicted. The women
an- so few that they are not in much danger of
lI'CLKLLAN ETATUE AT WASHINGTON.
[FROM TEU TRIIiU.IZ BUltfiU.]
Washington. Feb. 18.— The McClellan Statue
Commission, consisting of Secretary Taft, Sen
atur Wetxnore, of Rhode Island, and General
NEW-YORK TRIBUNE I LLUSTKATKD SUPPLEMENT.
Horatio C. King, has formally approved
the design submitted, at its Invitation, by Fred
erick MacMonnies. the American sculptor, now
residing in Paris, and within a year the eques
trian figure of "Little Mac" in bronze will look
down Connectieut-ave. toward the Whit»> House
from the triangle at the intersection of ISth and
N-sts., in front of the British Embassy rind the
Church of the Covenant. The design, which has
also had the cordial approval of the widow of
General Geocge B. McClellan and of his lifelong
friend. General Warren, represents the ofllcer
STATUE OF GENERAL GEORGE B. M'CLELLAN.
To be placed at the intersection of Connec ticut-aye, and N and 18th sts.. Washington.
sitting somewhat nonchalantly on a conventional
wax horse, as though directing the movement of
troops. The bronze figure will be fourteen feet
high, raised on a granite pedestal decorated with
bronze escutcheons, eagles and laurel garlands.
In a large boys' school in the North a fire
recently made an excellent excuse for a new
building. When the boys returned from their
summer vacation they found a handsome Queen
Anne structure with modern conveniences and
decoration, in marked contrast to the old school
structure. The walls were of artistic rough gray
plaster, with a dado of burlap four feet high;
and such was the master's pride in their im
maculate beauty that the fiat went forth that
not a nail or tack must mar their surface.
What was the disgust, then, of the head
master, on passing the open door of a mischief
loving and law defying pupil's room to behold
a row of neckties hanging against the wall, ap
parently each on a separate tack.
With black frown and angry stride the master
entered the room and summoned the delinquent
to explain why he had so flagrantly disobeyed
and to remove the offending tacks instantly.
With hanging head but twinkling eye the
rogue removed the ties, showing no tacks or
fastenings whatever on the virgin surface of the
"What? How! How did you hang them
there?" thundered the amazed head master.
"Just this way, sir," said the boy. demurely,
as he pressed a gaudy Ascot on the rough gray
plaster. "They are silk ties and they stick, sir."
The master retired precipitately, amid a roar
from a hidden audience, who fully appreciated
the success of their trap.
THE ORIGINAL SUFFERER.
Samson was bemoaning the loss of his curls.
"I couldn't help it," he sighed. "Delilah gave
me the Chadwick eye."
Rubbing on tome bale restorer, he went to bed.
— (Milwaukee SentineL
MASSING HOOK MOl \TAIX
One of the Picturesque Features of
the Hudson River.
An (ffort is being made to save Hook Moun
tain, on the Hudson, from disfigurement. This
mountain, on the west side of the rn^r, at the
upper end of the Tappan Zee, is composed of
trap rock. Stone crushers have been working
on the side of the mountain for several years.
Portions have been blasted off with much nerve
racking noise and crushed at plants fastened
like barnacles to the mountain's eastern slope.
Some consider that the disfiguration is even
more serious than that under the Palisades,
which have been savi-d from the hand of the
vandal. They declare that the beauty of the
mountain lies in its curving contour. This may
easily be destroyed by tearing- out a section here
and there. The disfig-urement can be seen |
across the river tfin-e miles away. From that
point of view the mountain looks as if it had
been scalped, the forest having been torn up by
th<> roots in large chunks. It is feared now that
th. Slate will take up the .york of disfigurement
by erecting * crushing plant for the employ
ment of 1«K» or •_'»•<> of the convicts in Sing Sing
State Prison. The concussions from some of
the blasts have been so violent that persons
living on th-> opposite side of the river have
I* -i n disturbed. The jarring and noise are said
to be more disquieting on this side of the river,
at Croton, Ossining, Scarborough and Tarry
town, than at Nyack, New City r Haverstraw,
near by, on the same side of the river as the
mountain. It is said that at T.irrytown. eight or
ten miles away ai ross the Tappan Zee. windows
have been shaken and the sick seriously dis
turbed by the heavy detonations.
Three years ago persons living j n the neigh
borhood appealed to the American Scenic and
Historic Preservation Society for assistance. A
bill authorizing the Commissioners of the Pali
sades Interstate Park to acquire this mountain
was passed by the legislature in IDOL. It was
vetoed by Governor Odell. The Scenic Society
ia again agitating the subject of preserving the
mountain, which Is familiar to every one who
has taken a trip np or down the Hudson River.
Hook Mountain Is not entirely frank with the
navigator of the Tappan Zee. It has a sur
prise In store for the yachting party slipping
along over the sparkling bosom of the portica
of the river bearing the old Dutch cognomen.
The sun is on the westerly side of the meridian.
Tarrytown. with its shimmering windows, is
on the right. Cloud shadows are flying up
the hillsides where old Dutch hobgoblins were
once credited with sporting. Directly ahead
Croton Point juts out from the easterly she:*
and appears SB cut off the river. On the port
bow rises the height of Hook Mountain. The
river seems to make a sharp bend around the
headland. What is the party's surprise as the
yacht swings around into Haverstraw Bay to
find that the headland is the element of a long
curve and appropriately named -No-Point
That it pays to heed superstitions 3 proved by
a strange tale told of Hook Mountain. About
two hundred years ago a band of Germans set
tled near High Tor. the highest peak of the
mountain. They were experts in extracting
metal from the rocks. Hugo, a nobleman, was
their leader. He was fearless and derided these
who believed in superstitions.
It was the custom in Germany to allow the
furnace fires of the metal workers to subside at
the end of every seven years. A salamander, it
was said, grew in the fires. If they were not
extinguished at the end of th period it would
reach its perfect development, issue from the
flames and work mischief among men. Hugo
laughed in his hearty way when any one urged
that he should put his fires cut. and had then
plied with more fuel. One day as Hugo stood
by his furnace he saw the monster take shape.
It had the form of a dragon. It darted its
tongue out. and everything which its tonga
touched was score 1. Its eyes blazed and its
writhing body and swinging tail were lib
metal at white heat. Hugo's wife recognized tie
danger her husband was in. and with holy water
extinguished the fire. She lost her own life,
however, while saving his. Seven years law
Hugos son was the price he paid for his £s
belief in superstition. A third period of seva
years was ended, and Hugo upon High Tor wu
shown the riches of the earth which he might
win if he would give up his souL A prayer froa
his daughter saved him this time. In the depths
the salamander could be seen, but be was
Soon after a knightly man was seen on EsS
Tor. There sprang up between him and Hngrt
daughter a pure affection. Forcr-rttir.s: that she
was a woman and should be silent, the daugh
ter tried to tell him of her love. He gently
silenced her, saying: "When you s'.ept I fan»
and put a crown of gtms on your heaA Ttia 1
did when I was in the power of the earth spirit
Then I had power only over the element of 3r*
Fire either consumes or hardens to stone. so«v
water and life are mine. Behold! Wear thes^
for you are worthy."
"With these words he gentry touched the tears
falling from her eyes. They became lilies 3*
his hands. These he placed upon fcer bro*
Then he said: "I left heaven for the love <&
man. I passed through the ordeal c* fire, twin*
liberated by your mother's act Then I took
the form of a child. I have had many triaH
being obliged at the end of each seven years »
take the form of a salamander. Now, after pass
ing through them all safely. I have agaia
jeopardized all In my love for you. Because ot
this I am in danger of becoming on earth «'■***
While they talked Hugo appeared With hia
were some of his men. Seeing h?s dacghter
trembling, he thought harm threat, ned her. ■
his rage he ordered his men to take the I* BB *
man and throw him into the furnace, As they
seized him his face began to shine. The gt! as
she looked upon the smoke rising from the *i>
nace beheld in It a form clad in robes of silver
It floated higher and higher. As she watched it
peace came to her soul, it is said. :u;d her cou>
tenance became serene. The spirit of her B»*Bf
had won over the flesh.
ALL HAIR OX FACE
Permanently Removed. N:
electricity. poison, powj.
or pain Cure guaranteed
Consultation free. Enterfi
according to act of Gen
cress. Julie Julias tn o ''■■■■'•
of Librarian Conjrres^
Waahinston. •>-"' !•■*•*«■
peneuce hera and abroad
Trial treatment at oSlce ». >_
MME. JXTJAX, 121 5Ux A»«.. near SMS St. » ™