Newspaper Page Text
Pouting Bill Provides This for
[BT TF-LECSRApit TO THE TRinuXE.J " ' '■'•
Albany, Feb. IS.— A bill affecting ■ New- York
City department and establishing a principle
generally regarded as dangerous to efficient pub
lic service, and. as illustrated in the Police De
partment, calculated to remove all incentive
among city employes for anything, except per
functory service, has been introduced by Assem
blyman Howling. This bill eliminates from the
reasons for ivromoiion «n a single 'department,
that of Corrections, everything but length of
service. Beginning by limiting the rowers of
appointment and removal possessed by the Com
missioner under the present law to the pro
visions of the new measure, it- then makes the
keepers of the department members ' of the uni
formed force. ' •
Then come* the application., of the 'principle of
promotion by. automatic . action. . The keepers
are divided into five grades. In' '-first are
placed ihose who have served in the department
for four years or more, in the second not less
than three, in the third not less than two. in
the fourth not less than one.' : Those 'hereafter
appointed will begin in the fifth grade. Each
year the keeper will thus advance a grade as
he adds a year of service.
The compensation is fixed thus: First grade
men, net less than SUM; second grade,,, not
less than $1,100; -iliiliL^3lle t .jriot_Jess than
$1/K»: fourth grade. not Jess. than $900. and
fifth, not loss than $SOO. In every case the
maximum is unlimited, the minimum only is
tpecified. Thus, for four years each employe,
without effort or improved service, adds (100 to
his salary. ... - , ,l
Equally Interesting are the restrictions placed
about removal. The new measure provides that
no member of the uniformed force of the de
partment shall be removed, except on written
charges, public examination, hearing and inves
tigation of the charges. The examination may
be before the Deputy Commissioner, but the
removal cam only be after the approval of the
decision by the Commissioner.- -The. testimony
at the hearing must be put in writing by the
Commissioner and the grounds for removal en
tered on the record of the department. After
all this, the employe removed .is still to have
the right to .sue out a writ of certiorari or other
appropriate action for reviewing the decision of
the Commissioner, and if his action is success-,
ful he is to be reinstated and to receive ful
pay for the time of his suspension or removal; .-
The net effect of this would, of course, be to
make appointment to this department the en
tering on a life tenure. No employe could hope
for advancement on merit; nothing but auto
matic time serving could help him. Moreover,
many see In this bill the entering wedge for the ;
extension of the provisions to all city depart-*,
merits A measure not radically differing from
this was vetoed by Mayor McClellan last ..year.
FIVE CRUSHED IX MINE.
Thirteen Injured by Fall of Rock at
rottsYill*. Fenn.. Feb. 15.— Five men were killed
anfl thirteen injured in an accident on No. 2 slope of
No I colliery of the Lytle mine to-day, by a fall
of top rock while a*'«uri!y».tV- loaded with, eighteen
men m going down the shrift. Three of the killed
were foreigners, white the other two were Ameri
cans. 3 ' * * * ' r 2 ■" * * * ' **"'«*•■ •■"•="*"»%--*.
Two of the injures 'were removed -to the hos
pital, and. although they are badly crushed, their
Injuries are not thought to be fatal. The others
were cut and bruised, and suffered from other
minor injuries. tuwalh
The No. 2 BloDe. wh>»re the accident occurred. Is
known as the "gunboat" slope, and Is used solely
for lowering workmen into the mines. Two tracks
lead into the shaft. On the trip preceding the_on«
on which the accident occurred, the •'gunboat
S^ntaffifthe timbers on the the track. The
tie five men seated there. Several .men .jumped
Som the "gunboat- when they heard ,he ttaben
giving away, and escaped almost certain 'death.
SHORTAGE OF $28,000 CHARGED.
Cashier and Bookkeeper of a North Carolina
Bank Arrested. _
Raleigh X C. Feb. It.-* W. Haigh. cashier,
and George Myrover. bookkeeper, of the Bank of
Favettc-villc. of Fayotteville. ST. C.. have been ar
rested In connection with an alleged shortage of
J25.00& In the bank's .accounts.. ....
PROFESSOR'S DAUGHTER MISSING.
Young Man Who Took Her to Theatre
Charged with Holding Her for Ransom.
CMcaeo Feb. 18.— Robert Miller has been arrested
on' complaint of Mrs, .Esther. F^hor. v.ho charges
that he has abducted her stater. Sebia Brown, six
teen years old. and is holding her for ransom.
Miss Brown is the daughter of Professor O. I~
Brown, of Philadelphia, and has been visiting Mrs.
Fisher in this city for some time. On Thursday
. Ebt she accompanied Miller to a theatre, and
has not been seen since by any of her relative..
ibouts but iid that he would not tell where she is.
FOR ITALIAN BENEVOLENT SOCIETY.
Benefit Performances of "Cavalleria Rusti
cana" and "I Pagliacci."
The Italian Benevolent Institute and the Society
fo- the Protection of Italian Immigrants. through
the kindness of Mr. Cor.ried. announce a perform
ance of LT all*rta Ruaticsna': 1 Paired
at the Metropolitan Opera-House on Tuesday even-
Ing February 21/ tor the 6ehe«£ of the working
funds of both societies. Signer Caruso. Signer
Scotti and other artists have volunteered to sing,
and the cast will be the regular one for th© two
Among those who have offered to take boxes and
seats are J. Plorpont Morgan. Beth JwOwvjMrs. John
Jacob Astor, Mrs. Charles T. Barney, Mrs. William
D. Slo;me. Mrs. Beth Barton French. Robert C.
Ogden Mrs. Clarence Hacks* and Mrs. W. H.
Drapr-r. Tickets may be obtained from Miss Doane.
No. IS West Thirty-fourth-et. '„„„ TtT ,_,
The Society for the Protection of Italian Imml
prams Js TOpported by voluntary contributions
and bffgnnS from the Italian p.-v-ri m. i... It
could Urgelv-exW-to options if "h ?*" lot
money, to the n^vantt^ uf the Immigrant^ and or
the resi.lojits b«re. It do^ all it c;.n to help Im
mißrams. «o that as soon as possible they maj
Vtf'cLme r-supporting and seif-reapeettn« clti
CUP FOR GLEE CLUB CONDUCTOR.
At the annual dinner of the New-York Banks-
Glee Club so Saturday evening, February 11. the
members presented a loving '•up to H. R. Humphries
In recognition of his twentieth year of service as
conductor of the club.
PLYMOUTH CHURCH CELEBRATION.
There will be an oldtlme patriotic Washington's
Birthday demonstration, at Plymouth Church,
Euch speakers as E. T. I-ovatt. George Brinton
Chandler. A. L. Blair and George J. Corey will be
pr^s«?jit. The musical programme will be a specjai
RECITALS AT ST. JAMES CHURCH.
Walter Henry Hall, or&ahist of the Cathedral of
St. John the Divine. Is to give two lecture recitals
at fit. James Church, M.i<l!son-ave. and 7ist-st..
on February 23 and M*rch..?,'ot 8 £'„'»», The first
Bf these rtcitals will show the* development of
church muK' from tho Reformation to the present
time and the second r<iosoqt conditions of church
music In America. Both will be illustrated ay
fnt-rr.bers of Hi. James choir. These lectures were
riven at the vacaiton-Mnfcieriee. Nt Kicfineld
Springs, la*t summer., and are repeated In New-
York in response, to.. #*. m-iu.-xui desire.,. — -■<• >
OXX.Y PEOPLE WITH Ail • . i 1.- AMI "
*••>.....] IJt-Muurunt*' that '"•' i-ii.i.tliu- dinners are
tt*-4ar advertised amocz tbo "LiUUt Ad». ot tho
WQUIJ) COST CITY MUCH.
i\ --;, ..'if '-' ■:■' _ ip| '':""'!;
Bill to Reduce} Interest Rate on
•- r^ >-tJ nr TELEGRAPH in TIIE TlilßrNT.]
• Albany. Feb. IS. -A measure^gdneraily ignored,
but which, if it becomes a law. will cost New-
York City hundreds of thousands of dollars, was
recently, introduced. by. Assemblyman Francisco.
The fact that the bill has been improperly
printed has kept its provisions generally un
known. The measure, in a quiet and unostenta
tious fashion, reduces the rate of interest on
unpaid taxes, assessments and 'water rates from
< per cent, the present rate, to 5 per cent. In
the bill. as printed' at present, the new matter
is underscored properly, that is, the word "five,"
but the word "seven," which it supplants and
which should appear in brackets, is left out al
Of course, tho reduction of the rate of interest
would increase the task, difficult enough at all
times, of collecting taxes, and increase the in
centive to the taxpayer to regard his tax bill
in the nature of a loan from the city, on which
he paid the regular 5 per cent that he might
otherwise pay a bank for the same amount.
The net loss to the city. if the Francisco bill
were passed, is variously estimated, but It is
conceded that- tho aggregate amount would be
enormous. . ..,_„,
FIFE BVRXED TO DEATH.
Women and Children Unable to
Get Out of House.
Island Falls. Me.. Feb. IS.— Five persons were
burned to death in a dwelling house at Howe
Urook Plantation, about fifty miles north of
here, to-day. The bodies, burned beyond recog
nition, were all found in a heap inside the front
door, through which an attempt evidently had
been made to leave the house. The floor was
locked. The dead are Mrs. John Shorey, of
Oakfleld; h->r daughter, five years old; Mrs.
Samuel Antworfh, of Howe Brook, and two
daughters of Mrs. Ant worth, one and two years
Mrs. Antworth'a husband arose early, and,
after building a fire in the kitchen stove, went
to tho office of a lumber mill near by. where he
is employed as clerk. He had been there only a
short time when he discovered that his home
was burning. The entire building was ablaze
before he reached it, and he was unable to a:»-
Mst the occupants. It is supposed that the fire
started from the kitchen stove. Mrs. Shorey
was a sister of Mrs. Antwortb.
FELLS DOCTOR WITH AXE.
Xegro After Money to Attend In
Oyster Bay. Long: Island, Feb. IS.— This village is
greatly excited over a mtmlerous assault committed
early this morning: on Dr. Louis Keyser, who has a
druer store In Bast Maln-st. by a negro known as
"Diamond Dick." whose real name is Henry John
son. The motive fnr the attiK-k was undoubtedly
robbery. Dr. Keyser, after admitting the negro to
the store, was struck repeatedly on the head with
a hatchet and seriously, but not fatally, wounded.
Tho negT-o was arrested, snd after he had been
arraigned before a justice of the peace was hustled
out of town on a morning train and taken to the
Nassau County Jail, in Mineola. It was feared that
if he was kept in the jail here until later in the
day an attempt would be made to lyn?h him. As
It was, threats were made by some of the first per
sor.s tv hear of the assault.
Dr. Keye^r sleeps in a room behind his store.
About 4:30 O'clock this morning the doctor was
aroused by the ringing of his nlffht bell. The negro
said he wanted some pills. As Dr. Keyser reached
up to a shelf to take down the bottle containing
the pills the negro drew a hatchet from under his
coat, and, reaching over the counter, which is low,
struck the doctor on the back of the head with the
back of the hatchet.
Dr. Keyser. vrith blood pouring from his wounds,
staggered to his feet and made his way to the
Johnson was- found hiding in the store, and was
rushed at once to the lock-up. A group of men
gathered in front of the Town Hail. Some of them
made ugly threats, and two or three of them
started to enter the building', saying that they
were going to- bring the. prisoner out, but they
wore kept back by Constable McQuade. -
"Diamond Dick" ie known to every one in the
village, and that he should have committed such
an act is a surprise to everybody. He sroi his
nickname because of his wearing on Sundays a
big diamond, which he claimed to be a genuine
The officials have learned that the negro was
arrested several rears ago in Port Jefferson, in
connection with the murder of a man there. The
man had teen killed with a hatchet. It has also been
learned that Johnson was very . anxious to attend
the inaugural ceremonies at Washington on March
4. He bad been going around town among his
friends and acquaintances trying to borrow the
necessary money to get to "Washington. \
DID NOT KNOW SHE WAS DIVORCED.
Barriett's First Wife lived with Him After
the Divorce Was Granted.
Cincinnati, Feb. 18.— The climax of the supposed
double marriage of Samuel Lawrence Barriett
came to-day when the attorney of the second wife
showed a certified ropy of the decree divorcing the,
first wife, who. until to-day, believed herself still
married to Barriett
Mrs. Georgia 3:irri<*tt states that, having sued
for divorce, although she gave testimony, she mis
took the master commissioner appointed for that
purpose to be her lawyer, nnd as her husband
never appeared, as she supposed he would be com
pelled to do sh.^ continued to think the proceedings
were entirely abandoned. rihe afterward lived
:,*-.un with Harriett, and bore him a child believ
ing herself his lawful wife.
Both women were anxious to protect whatever
rights their children may have, and agreed to
subordinate everything else to that desire.
TALKS OF SALE OF TANDEKAGEE.
Mr. Zimmerman Says Proceeds Will Be Held
[BY TELEGRAPH TO THE TBIBVNE.]
Cincinnati, Feb. 18.— The sale by the Duke of Man
chester of his. Tanderagee estate at Arrrmgh. Ire
land, reported last night, is said to have bten made
because the duke was financially embarrassed. The
duke's father-in-law, Eugene Zimmerman, did not
deny to-day that the duke was hard pressed. He
"Thr proceeds Of tho sale will be held in trust for
the duke and bla heirs. Under the Irish land law
passed Hi 19(8, the goverjune.nl buyi land and sill*
it to tenants on yearly payments. The hind sold
consists Of about 8.000 acres, but the duke retains
Tanderagee Castle and the grounds of 2.000 acre?.
The propen tas yielded a yearly rental of about
JoOWO The duke baa an estate of 20,000 acres in
England as well as an estate of 15.000 acres at Kyl
KINMAN EXPLAINS RESOLUTION.
Not Intended as an Attack on Any One, the
_.'... [ D V .UHUFmTH rf) THE TRIBUNE, J _.-.. -j.
Blnßharoton. N. Y-. Feb. IS.— Senator Ilfnmari to
day discussed his resolution, Introduced In the State
Senate yesterday, calling for a statement of the
expenditures of the Superintendent of Elections.
"The statement," be said, "that this w_s in
tended ns an attack on any one. or that it was in
spired by any one for that, purpose, is entirely
false. No one knew that l was going to introduce
tin- resolution or spoke. to me about It. I never
mentioned- it to any. one and nm alone, responsible
for It;; Ido not know. yet what Colonel, Dunn thinks
of it. for I have never mentioned It to him.
••I did not Intend it as a reflection on any one,
but -since. I see what a rumpus it stirs up I begin
to think t:i<r<- may be' something wrong, and I
am more anxious than ever to see those reports.
i do not want' to. vote for such an Increased ap
propriation for the Election' Bureau without know-
Pna more about it. On looking, up the law further
I find that the Sui>e.;ntend«jt of;El*ction B simply
draws a lump sum from the State Treasurer and
hS to account to no one except the Governor us to
it- use That did not seem to mo to bo right, and
this^resolution was Introduced."
NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE, SUNDAY. FEBRUARY 19. 1905.
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.
THE STATEN ISLAND FERRY SERVICE.
Official Declaration That Boris Are Taken
Off Only When Neces?ary.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: I noticed a communication from 'Marooned,"
published in your paper last Saturday, and an
editorial the following day. that was apparently
based upon it, severely criticising the service of
the Stn'en Island Rapid Transit Railway Com
pany between New- York and St. George.
If you had to meet the difficulties that have been
confronting this company in the operation of the
boats. I feel sure thnt you would take an entirely
different view of the situation, and feel that you
were fortunate if you could give as good service
as the company has been able to do. lam sure
the company would be very glad to hove a boat
leave New-York for St. George every five minutes,
if there were the travel to justify it. So the ques
tion of saving coal does not cut any figure. The
people expect to be protected while they are travel
ling on this line, the same as on any other, and
safety is the only limitation the company places
upon thf operation of these boats.
I notice that your editorial complains of people
being det lined and considerably Inconvenienced
through irregular running of the boats late at
nisht. With the view of giving the very best ser
vice possible, the only question has been about
running the boats after midnight and making reg
ular trips when the ice was very heavy and the
weather bad. which was likely to result in serious
damage to the wheels. Such damage would cause
the company io take the boats out of the service,
and then it would not be able to handle the people
In the day time, when there Is a rush of travel and
good service is must needed.
I am sure you can readily understand tbat it is
difficult to operate the boats when the river is full
of ice. and that the service is necessarily ITlc Tj
hampered under such conditions than in mild
Heather. With safety as the watchword, the com
pany authorized the captain in charge of running
the boats only to abandon such trips as bo thought
it was not safe to make.
I write to you in this way that you may be made
fully acquainted with the condition, and I think
that you will agree with me that the company is
not. to be b&med lor doing all it can to protect the
lives of the people that travel on its line.
Press Agent of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
Baltimore, Feb. 14, 1905.
PURPOSE OF THE XIVTH AMENDMENT.
Some Legal Opinions That Throw Light on
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: In view of the fact that there seems to be
some doubt in the minds of many persons as to
the efficacy of the Fourteenth Amendment to the
Federal Constitution, which is now being discussed
in connection with the question of reducing South
ern representation in Congress, perhaps Mr. Justice
Miller's analysis of that amendment may throw
some light upon the subject. He says: "It is the
purpose of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Con
stitution, by the simple declaration that no State
should make or enforce any law which shall
abridge the privileges and immunities of citizens
of the United States, to transfer the security and
protection of all the civil rights of the citizen to
the federal government, and where it is declared
that Congress shall have power to enforce that
article it was Intended to bring within the power
of Congress the entire domain of civil rights here
tofore belonying exclusively to the Stales.''
In the case of the Pensacola Telegraph Company
the following opinion was concurred in by Justices
Clifford. Strong, Bradley, Bwayne and Miller, viz.,
that the government of the United States within
the scope of its power operates upon every foot
of territory under its Jurisdiction; it legislates for
the whole nation and is not embarrassed by State
In another case, Term. agt. Davis, 100 U. S., 263.
the court held, an to the power of the general gov
ernment, that the United States is a government
whose authority extends over the whole territory
of the Union, acting upon all the people of all
And in the case of Prigg agt. Commonwealth,
16 Peters, 539, the court decided that the power, of
Congress to pass laws, to enforce rights conferred
by the Constitution, is not limited to the express
powers enumerated In the Constitution. The
powers which are necessary and proper as means
to carry into effect rights expressly given and
duties expressly enjoined are always implied. The
end being given, the means to accomplish It are
The Fourteenth Amendment seems to be • more
bitterly antagonized by the South than the sug
gestion to reduce its representation in Congress.
Ihls would seem to indicate that the Southern
people perfectly understand the meaning of that
nmtndmtnt. Only. In recent years has it been sub
ject to criticism at the hands of lawyers with
little legal reputation to lose, who have endeavored
to s-now that the men who drafted and made Into
Jaw those amendments did not know what they
were doing, and that these amendments are un
constitutional. Notwithstanding these legal opin
ions, Congress hesitates for some reason to repeal
these amendments. They are the law of the land
unu it is the business of Congress to enforce it
by appropriate legislation." If the . Fourteenth
Amendment can be invoked to sustain a corpora
tion in the enjoyment of a right, why may it not
be invoked in behalf of the negro, who does not
now in a number of States lately in rebelliin
against the Federal authority, enjoy his right of
citizenship as provided and guaranteed by these
amendments? JOHN EDWARD BRUCE.
Yonkers, N. V., February 13, 1905.
AS TO FOOD ADULTERATION.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: The Impression which your recent report con
cerning what Dr. R. E. Doolittle said to the women
of the Health Protective Association about adul
teration hardly seems fair to American merchants.
The actual amount of true adulterating that is
being done is exceedingly trifling. Efforts are being
made to improve the keeping quality of foods, to
improve their appetizing quality and to suit them
to the tastes and desires of customers. Little or
no effort is being made at victimizing purchasers
with spurious or debasing additions. By stretching
the meaning of the word "adulterate" so that it
will cover everything that some Individual dislikes,
though it may be just what a million want, or th&
best possible thing that the million could have, it Is
easy to delude people into believing that there is a
tremendous amount of adulterating. Never was
there a time when there was so trifling an amount
of adulterating done, and never a time when so
much was said about the subject. The late Her
bert Spencer, In "Facts and Comments," speaks
of "the curious truth that while an evil is very
great it attracts little or no attention; that when,
from one cause or other, it Is mitigated, recognition
of it brings efforts to decrease it; and that when
it has much diminished, there comes a demand that
stronj? measures shall be taken for Its extinction."
One is almost tempted to believe that somebody
Is expecting a political job or political promotion
by frightening the- people into the belief that their
office Is an exceedingly important one. The sam
ples shown by Dr. Doolittle were no doubt genu
ine. No one can deny the fact that there is still a
little adulterating going on. but the women of the
Health Protective Association would have to do a
lot of hunting and buying before they could come
across the number of samples that they were
shown. in the ordinary purchasing which they do.
Such samples are exceedingly exceptional. Of the
coloring kind, it is hard for this writer to under
stand why the women should be willing to eat
mottled ice cream, streaked and mottled candy
and the. dirty looking decomposition products of
uncolored peas, uncolored fruit Juices and other
uncolored, or. rather, discolored, • foods, while re
fusing to eat the same colors where they give food
an appetising appearance, If currant jelly is all
that the doctor claims, the reason is easy to find.
More than one-fourth of all the fruit grown is per
mitted to rot unremoved from the orchards because
It cannot, In years of plenty, be marketed, 'i he un
reasonable opposition to the use of preservatives,
which so-called pure food laws denounce, falsely,
as adulterants, is to blame for this. All of this
fruit could be collected, saved, and made to pay
but for this opposition. There would then be no
need of making spurious jelly. The public has the
food analysts to thank for low grade foods of this
Wind b''in£r spurious. R. O. ECCLES.
No. 191 Dean-st.. Brooklyn. Feb. 10, 1906.
COMMERCE WITH LATIN-AMERICA.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: The latest published figures of the increasing
commerce between the United States and Latin-
America are the sequel of the labors of the Pan-
American Congress, held in 1890 at the federal Cap
ital. The results recured by that gathering were
largely the efforts of James G. Blaise, who was
always on the alert in upholding the Interests of
the Western Hemisphere. A close study of the
present Increase In business 'and the friendly po
litical relations of the American Union with Latln-
Amcrlca, and a look back to the days v.hen Mr.
Elaine unfolded to the world his idea, serves to re
call the services then rendered by a Spanish-Amer
ican leader, who contributed to the success of the
international congress. I allude to General Klcanor
Bolet Peraaa, of Venezuela, whose liberal spirit
made it possible for Mr. Elaine to overcome tho
prejudices toward this Republic carried into that
congress by several of the delegates from the
Latin-American countries, ills speeches to his col
leagues and throughout the United states in the
effort to thwart European machinations to monop
olize South Amerlcaij- trade, marked' an ejfocn la
the gradual development of the International rela
tions of the United States. At this moment, when.
thanks to the policy of the party In power, the
trade of this country with the various communities
of the Western Hemisphere for 1904 reached $1t"9,
700,000, it !* proper to pay a tribute to UM : ' •
whose co-operation rendered possible that grssi •»>
change of products. ADOI^FO VINALS.
New- York, Feb. 8., 1905.
THE QUICK USE OF HOSE.
Writer Suggests Precautions for Speedy
Extinguishing of Fire.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
The rapidity of destruction at the Casino yester
cl^v suggests that chance saved New- York from a
Chicago horror. If the flanus had broken out a
little later, when the auditorium was ftiled. there
might easily have been a far sadder story to tell.
The above item from The Tribune of February 12
may well be again presented. The absolute certain
ty of what might have happened is fully shown by
the accounts of the beginning of the fire. Its dura
tion and extinction. One thing only seems to have
bvii lucking In this Instance, and that was an
audience. With this addition, the sad story would
probably have been told, and the horrors of the
Chicago disaster repeated. The object and inten
tion of the ordinary individual entering a theatre
Is to stuy till the end of the jjerformance and to
leave by comfortable, safe exits; not to escape in
the midst of a bewildered, excited crowd of men.
women and children down the spider web outside
iron stairways or in a mad rush for the usual
Since the time of the Chicago fire all sorts of
plans have been suggested for getting people out of
a theatre, and little has been said of how it might
be so arranged that people could stay in. at least
long enough to make an orderly safe departure.
Ev n after all the delay attending the sending out
of the alarm, the bursting of th« hose, etc., this
fir? at the Casino was put out with comparatively
small damage to the building. It is fair to suppose
that a stream of wat-r, even a small one. as large
as the ordinary garden hose, promptly applied,
would have at once put out the beginning of this
fue with most trilling damage.
In the case of the Iroquois tire, it was told in
evidence that the hydrant was there, the hoso was
there, the pipe wus there, but the hose was not at
tached to the hydrant, the pipe was not on the
hose, and the men to use them were not on hand
at all; and so a small blaze running along the top
of a scene or curtain, which one dash from an inch
nozzle would have put out in thirty seconds, was
left to do its terrible work.
Yet little attention was paid to this failure to
extinguish the beginning of the fire, while vol
umes were written about asbestos ' curtains, fire
escapes, etc., every one seeming to suppose that
an- tire must be a heavy and fierce one, beyond
control of those connected with the management
of the house. The writer- served a long term in
the old Volunteer Fire Department in New-York
City; live years of it in a hose company. The
glory of the hose company man was to get to a
fire "quick" and put lon a hydrant stream before
an engine arrived and took away the water, and the
writer knows from actual experience what one
stream of water will do early in the game. • The
interior of the' stage of a theatre is a beautiful
place for a fire to spread about in. but it is also
8 beautiful place to flirt about a good stream of
water, and the stream will most always come out
ahead, if it is there when it could and should be,
if properly installed and properly attended. . .
The fire at the Casino has. not added to the con
fidence of the public in theatre "fire departments."
Had there been an audience in the house, the city
would have been in mourning and the balance of
this theatrical season ruined. Put' up fire escapes,
put in .'lre extinguishers, all that tends to the
safety of the audience. But above and beyond all.
put in hydrants with hose attached, and with men
who know how to make quick use of the outfit.
Put hydrants up in the 'wings so that the stream
can roach. the tops of the stage fittings. Get a
head of water from tank on roof if main will not
supply it. .
Look to the hose and see that It is not leaky or
rotten. Have all cold water faucets in basins,
sinks and tubs with screw thread for small hose;
the same as used in most all butlers' pantries in
private houses. Have a length of small hose near
each faucet and instruct all hands how to screw
on 'the- hose; that seems a simple matter. Try It
Tell some one without experience to do It "quick"
and see how .easy it is to have delay. All this
seems at first a lot of work and expense, but It
is not. Two men. one for a hydrant on either side
the stage, would take care of the plant and keep
it In order. Hydrants on level or below stage
would probably get sufficient pressure from mains.
Keep hose on hydrants and hydrants oiled and
working -easy." Let us give more attention to
keeping fire away from the audience, and the
audience may be convinced that it is not neces
sary to break its neck in getting away from the
lire. J. P H ; '
Brooklyn, Feb. 11. IMS.
"HER CROWN IS TINSEL."
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Senator Raines is about to aid a worthy
cause by Introducing a bill in the legislature to give
women In our cities the right to vote at certain"
elections, but why in the name of all that is worthy
should ho wish to limit this right to only those
women whose names shall appear on the assess
ment rolls and have taxable property?
None need the vote so much as our working
women, to protect their rights, and 1 yet many of
these, and the most worthy of our aid, too, are not
generally enrolled upon the list of our taxpayers.
Every effort to admit women to participation the
functions of government is .welcome, as it affords
direct evidence of a step in advance in our Ideas of
One-half of the adult people of this State are
women, and this half is taxed and yet has no rep
resentation, being governed without their consent,
thus violating one of the fundamental principles of
the Constitution. Then, although the State claims
to guarantee equal privileges to every member of
the community, the women, whom the Fifteenth
Amendment to the Constitution declares to be
citizens, because "born or naturalized In the United
States." arc discriminated against by the various'
departments of the government itself. in that
smaller salaries are paid them, whether as clerks
or school teachers, than to men performing: similar
services. "Equal pay for equal work" should be
the rule, and especially so when we are upholding
the cause of that' portion of our people least able to
protect themselves, of that aex which comprises the
mothers of the State.
Why should a republic be such a masculine
monopoly? Hue, in sixteen States, the wife has no
right to her own earnings, and the husband can
collect trie same for his own use. In eight States
she has no right to her own property, and In sev
eral States the wife's inherited property becomes
absolutely her husband's at marriage, unless placed
in the hands of trustees, and at his death she is
entitled to only a fraction thereof as dower. In
thirty-six States the wife has no right to her own
children. In one State the husband may perpetrate
any wrong, outrage or infamy against a wife, but
under no circumstances or conditions can she di
Russia, with all her faults, treats women, in her
laws better than does this Republic. She was the
first government to grant to large numbers of
women any political recognition, and the first to
give property rights to wives, and there are. no
other women so free socially. No wonder so many
of our American women, have married Into the
aristocracy of England and the. Continent, for do
they not share their titles with their wives? Ameri
can titles belong only to men. " When a European
sovereign Is crowned a queen is crowned by his
side, but no woman Is associated with the in
auguration of a President or with any official cere
Li Hung Chang said when here: "All I had heard
about the queenship of the American woman In
quiry proved to be the merest pretence and hum
bug. Her crown is tinsel, her throne Is nil. There
Is no government which is necessarily so antagonis
tic to all women as a republic; no one In which the
entire female sex may logically hope for so little./'
I disagree with this eminent Chinese statesman
r.s to this last point, for the women of America
have reason to hope, because the Interest, sym
pathies and conscience not only of women but of
men of prominence are being enlisted in this great
question, and an Intelligence hitherto latent is be
ing aroused and quickened.
1 B JOSIAH C. PUMPELLT.
Morningslde Heights, Feb. 9. 1903. . .
SHANNON ANTIQUES TO BE SOLD.
J. Hatfleld Morton announces that he will sell
nt public auction on Thursday. Friday and Sat
urday, Februsry 23, 24 and -.'>. by order of William
J. Shannon, his entire private collection and goods
ordered in France, Holland and England that
have Just arrived, as well as goods from his agents
in tho South. Mr. Shannon has made a study of
antiquities and antique furniture, and while In
business in the Old Windmill Shop he was known
to handle genuine antiques. Mr. Morton sold the
content* ft tl> OH Windmill 3hoi> some weeks
ago, enabling Mr. Shannon to take all the goods
cwi of oabitu storage ana custom warehouse, and
also to pay all liens on same. It is Mr. Shannon's
intention to retire from the antique business. Mr.
Morton states that this collection should bring at
the public sale above HOO.OUO. He thinks It Is the
beet collection of antiques offered at public sale,
this season. The exhibition will open on Monday.
■February iO-und continue-on Tuesday and.Wediiea
day, from i a, m. until 6 p. m., at the Old \\ Ind
mill Shop, No. 7 Baal 2Sth-at. A limited supply of
catalogues will be available.
Art Exhibitions and Sales.
4 'Two Very Important Sales*
American Art Galleries
MADISON SQUARE SOUTH, NEW YORK
Free View* Day and Evening
(Including Washington's Birthday)
I Sunday Excepted )
"THE BEST OF THE BEST."
Engraving and Etching
COLLECTED BY THE LATE
Walter S- Carter, Fsq-
"The collection, well rounded, stands as an
.ulmirable whole, a monument of enthusiasm
tempered by knowledge. ' In it are reflected
none of those flashes of jrenius— they are no less
—which have enabled certain collectors, from
the time of Pierre Mariette until our own day.
to rocotrnlze a masterpiece at the moment of its
birth, but in their stead we have quietly shin
ing what is, perhaps, not less valuable, a steady,
broad-minded survey of the whole range of en
graving and etching, and a- patient, though en
thusiastic garnering of the best that four ceu
turies can offer in black-and-white art."
This Collection, together with Mr.
Carter's Fine Art, New England
Genealogy and other Books, includ
ing the Grolier publications,
TO BE SOLD without restrictions, by order
of WALTER F. CARTER, Esq., Adminis
On the Evenings of Thursday,
Friday and Saturday next,
February 23d, 24th &
25th, at 8 o'clock.
Illustrated Catalogues mailed on re
ceipt of 60 cents.
The Sales will be conducted by Mr. Thomas K. Kirby, of
THE AMERICAN ART ASSOCIATION, Managers,
6 East 23d 3treet, Dadison Square South, New York.
ROB WIFE OF CONSUL.
Thieves Get Costly Gowns from
Mrs. Samuel Smith.
Mrs. Samuel Smith, wife of the T'nited States
Consul General at Moscow. Russia, visited Police
Headquarters in Hoboken yesterday and told the
Chief that articles of clothing valued at about
$2,000 had been .stolen from her trunks. Mrs. Smith
arrived at Hoboken on the Kronprinx Wilhelm
on Wednesday last. She had crossed the ocean to
attend th« inaugural ball at Washington, and she
brought with her a gown which had been made In
Paris expressly for the occasion. The waist of
this gown 's among the missing articles, as is
also a valuable boa.
When the trunks had been taken from the hold
they were put on a Waldorf-Astoria 'bus and con
veyed to Manhattan. Mrs, Smith said that after she
had taken luncheon at th*.- Waldorf she w»-nt to her
room to get a sable boa. but she failed to rind it.
Mrs. Smith made further search, and discovered
that a number of other things were missing. The
missing boa is valued at $?,250.
Mrs. Smith said she had reported the robbery to
the New-York police and the steamship company.
She said while on the voyage she wished to wear
the boa. a.id she got it out of the trunk in the hold,
returning it to the trunk herself later on. She said
that two stewards opened the trunk for her. and
that she left them to lock it. She suspects these
men. The only other person who had access to the
trunk on the trip was the baggage master of the
vessel, who has been twenty-three years in the
company's employ. Mrs. Smith said that the trunk
bore no sign of having been forced open. .u»d it
was a mystery to her how the articles had b» > «n
All of the detectives of Acting Inspector O'Brien's
staff, whose duty it Is to watch the pawnshops for
stolen articles, are on the watch now for the furs.
Inspector O'Brien says, however, that he thinks It
likely that the clothes were stolen from the- trv.nk
on the voyage ovtr while the trunk was in the
hold of the ship.
NO SHORTHAND FOR CHILDREN
Stenographers Declare That It Should Not
Be Taught in Elementary Schools.
A contribution to the discussion of "non-essen
tials" In the public schools has been furnished by
about a hundred court stenographers, who have
signed, a statement tHat in their opinion shorthand
should not be taught In the elementary public
schools. It is declared that a little, or even a good
deal, of phonography, does no good whatever and
is likely to be soon forgotten, and that one must
learn the whole of the art to make It of any use.
and that 'herefore the elementary school is no
place for It
It is declared, therefore, that the study of pho
nography In the elementary public schools is both
a waste of the pupils' t ne ard a squandering of
public mon»y. If phonography is to be taught at
all In the public schoois, it Is urged, the high
schools and training schools are the proper places
The statement is headed by Clifton B. Bull, offi
cial stenographer of the New-York Supreme Court.
First Judicial District.
OPPENHEIMER INSTITUTE "ADS."
Dr. Price Says Those in Medical Journals,
Cause of Resignations, Were Futile.
Dr Carl F. Price, secretory and treasurer of the
Oppenheimer Institute, at No. 159 West 34th-st..
when asked by a Tribune reporter yesterday if he
had been informed of the reported resignation from
the board of advisor'- directors of Bishop Potter,
the Rev. Dr. Charles H. Parknmrst, the Rev. Robert
Collyer and the Rev. Dr. D. J. Kennedy, said that
he had not received any formal communication.
He begged to be excused from discussing the sub
ject at present.
Regarding advertising of the institute, /me of the
reasons stated In the letter from 'The Medical
Review." printed ' in The Tribune yesterday, for
tho resignations. Dr. Price said:
At the earnest request of certain parties who, we
believed had the interests of the Institute at heart,
some two years ago we stopped all advertising in th»
daily papers and confined ourselves to the medical
journals exclusively, as it was declared that the
ihysicHns would send us patients. At the end of
that year wo had not only lost some &WS.OM in bua*.
ness but the patronage hud fallen off practicably to
nothing Then we began to advertise in the dailies
again and the result was. astonishing. The busi
ness picked up so rapidly that this new house, with
its fortv-elght rooms, Is not able to accommodate
the throng of patterns sent to us by the reputable
physicians of this city.
TAKES REVOLVER AKD BIBLE.
Teachings of Sunday School and Dime
Novel: Mixed in Mini of Runaway Boy.
Harry. Moeller. the fifteen-year-old son of Walter
J. Moeller. a wholesale merchant, living at No. 93
Ross-st.. Wtlllamaburg, ha* been missing since last
Tuesday. The boy la thought to have started for
Florida In search of a fortune, equipped with a re
volver and a Bible. The Bible he won recently in
the j Ross Street Presbyterian . Church for . his su
perior knowiedge of the catechism."
The boy 'la remarkably largo for his years, being
Art ExhibiHom and Sale*.
"SELDOM, IF EVER, SEEN OUTSIDE OP
Venetian Gothic Velvets, Old
Flemish Tapestries, Rare Italian Ve
lours. Spanish and Italian Embroid
eries, Beautiful French and Venetian
Brocades, Exceedingly Fine Old
Venetian and Point a la Rose Laces.
Productions of the 16th, 17th and
ALL OF WHICH
ARE IN EXCEPTIONAL CONDITION
ALSO SOME REMARKABLE
Antique Repousse Silver Lamps
and Church Relic;
TO BE SOLD AT
Unrestricted Public Sale
On the Afternoons of February
23d, 24th and 25th, at
BY ORDER OF
MR. VITALL BENGUIAT
Expert of 121 Avenue Dcs Champs Elysaes,
Catalogues mailed on receipt of SO
To those interested in Antiquities,
Antique Furniture, Ktc.
I have received instructions from
W« J. Shannon, Esq.. to sell by Pub
lic Auction on the premises known as
The Old Windmill Antique Shop, 7
East 28th St.. on Thursday. Friday
and Saturday, February 2'ird, 24th
and 25th, at 2:30 o'clock P. M. of
each day and following week until
sold, his entire private Collection.
Also all goods in public warehouse
and Custom House, being his recent
purchases in England, France and
Holland. Mr. Shannon is retiring
from the Antique business and has
placed in my hands for Public Sale
his entire stock, being $100,000 val
This sale is positively unrestricted,
and will be sold to the highest bidder
Exhibition will take place to
morrow, Monday- continuing Tues
day and Wednesday, February 20th.
21st and 22d, from 8 A. M. to 6
P. M. each dar.
Catalogues on premises.
J. HATFIELD MORTON,
1404 Broadway. Telephone 2790 3Sth SL
By order of
i INSURANCE ADJUSTERS.
J. Hatfield Morton. Auctioneer,
' \" . Will Sell To-Morrow,
i (Monday), at 11 A. M.,
on the premises,
Casino Theatre Bldg.,
BROADWAY AND 39TH ST.,
the entire stock contained therein part
ly damaged by water.
; I By order of
; LYONS, STADHOLZ & CO.,
i Insurance Adjusters, So William st.
The stock consists of
|| Modern and Antique Furniture. Oil M
I • Paintings, Bronzes. Bric-a-Brac, . i
1, China, Glass, Screens, and a large as-
I sortment of fine household effects, a
! great proportion of which has not been
1 T. HATFIELD MORTON. AucV. \
nearly i feet tall and weighins'lGO pour.ds. He has
I tried to run away before. Last Tuesday h? started
; to go to school, and did not corns b;Kk. His lather
bscams 'alarmed, and on lnver-tisattoa found that
; Harry had -told a sehoclroute he « ■■. some to sail
' for Savannah, and from lh»Tc to Florida. Tl-w boy
has r< on tra i ns f.ir as Dc!:\a=*v-st. -and'th*
Bowery, whore all trace w.i« lost. Tho Savanoab
police have Icon aakea to watch I ■ him.
; COFFEE MARKET OPTIONS.
t * Bsruch ' Brothers, of the Lords Court iiuilt'ln^.
No. 27 Wllllam-st.. members of the NVw-Vi>rk Stock
. and the New-York CofTee exchanges, are sting
,' an active, market In coffee opticna.
' THEUK IS ? :>'OTHXNG NKW I'XDKK THE MV.
ISOMK O.VK HA"* Will -
ire .houlU consult the "Little Ads. of tha fcuyW
Something aew there every Sunday «