Newspaper Page Text
Index to Advertisements.
"""" ~~* FsrT. I*o**. Col.
Accountant .............i. » ~» V*
Antique Curios— Silver $ ■ i
Apartment Hotel* .•;...*'... 4 12 ■
Art Exhibitions and Sato*. ♦•• f r - •- •• °I_ .
Auction Sales lieAl '«•- 1 - -*? - M
Banker» and Brokers * I "' *£?
Billiard and Pool Tables 8 8 J,
Brooklyn -Advertisements £ , " <• M
Brooklyn Advertisement* » -I °~?
S3 Cleaning: 5 I 3-4
Otr Hot** ; :'.'.'..'.'.'..'.' i I? • -*rjj
Country Property "to Sale » i *-*
Country Property to Let.... * 5 ' ' 2
Dentistry -- * •••• 2- « •?- '••-«
I^t^rtJv* Amende* ? if B
Dividend Notices \ ,l_ *%
l*>jnestlc Situations -"anteiS 1 /£"' ?™J
Dryguod* ♦ •
Drycoods » 1 T!
D^iood. • * *$
Excursions ~.^..« * - •»- iji
Financial • L * "1
FlnanrttJ Meetings * , J. ,2
Forelm Resort* * - °"V
Help Wanted » " "'
Instruction I • ' "1 .. 3
Marrlaeef and Deaths ■ I i » k ""
Musical 1 2 .5-6
Ocean Steamers * » 4"V4 "V
Osteopathy ° J i
Old Gold and Silver 0 1 . fi
Railroads « - ■ ■ * *"5
R^al EWW» ■•■ J « "
RelHrtouii Notices J " *
Ppeclal Notices I •♦ 2
Ktoraar* "- • r 3-4
Ku*renders t i$ alb
To L*>t for Bu«lr.fss Purp<»ea 1 " ♦"«
Tribune Subscription Rates I . » _J>
TruKt Companies * ' °^
Trunt Companies '■-. * ? i
) nd ( ?rtalt«> » ,<> . r
rnfurnlßhed Apartments to L#t i " *S
•Winter Remorts * }i Tj;
Work Wanted ••• • *• Tji
Womtn'i Apparel ° _____
SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1903.
THE WMWS THIS HORNING.
CONGRESS.— Senate: A controversy over th«
Statehood bill arose, but was postponed until
Monaay it was decided not to admit Judge
Sw-ayne's statement betore the House commit
tee; eulogies 01 senator Quay were delivered.
House: President Koosevelt'a Oiaer ao.
78 was upneid in the passage of the Pension
bill by a, reiusal to striKe out the $±,O>yJU,\hJO
needed to pay pensions unaer v.
FOREIGN.— The general situation appears to
be worse; me strike Has spread, to the rauiruadc
in Russia proper, and lelegrajmers have jouiea
forces with me employes; compositor at louz
again ceased worn, and there is an ominous
lacK of news irom vie mining regions; two
officials were murdered in Transcaucasia, ===-=
No members of the Russian imperial family
attended tne state requiem mass tor the Grand
DuKe tcrgius at bt. Isaac's Cathedral; me
ponce, it is said, recognize their inaoility to
protect the rulers from attacks of the Terrorist
party; there are rumors mat the impress
L>o\Mi«er has received warning of assassina
tion ===== The Council of tne empire nas 01 en
summoned in extraordinary session ' to consider
the situation arising from the grand duke s
murder : Japanese dispatcnes from the
army say that General Kuropat-in has changed
his base to Fu-tnun. and seems to be prepar
ing a general attacn. = l>esp-- denials irom
the Foreign Offices at St. Petersburg and fokio,
diplomats at the Russian capital maintain me
opinion that the Czar will be forced to make
terms of peace. == The Ambassadors of
Great Britain. France, Italy and Russia pre
sented a note to the French Foreign Office
declining to accede to Prince George's proposal
for the annexation of Crete by Greece.
DOMESTIC— Roosevelt has not
abandoned the hope of obtaining satisfactory
arbitration agreements with foreign countries,
looking for this result from the second Hague
conference. ==■ Admiral Walker explained the
action of the Isthmian Canal Commissioners in
accepting fees as directors of the Panama Rail
road. - — r= President Roosevelt received a por
trait of the Empress Dowager of China as a
token ,of the Chinese government's good will
toward the United States. = Five men were
killed and thirteen injured by a fall of rock in a
mine at Pottsville. Perm. -■ Representatives
of sixty companies dealing in crude petroleum
met in Chicago and took steps toward a perma
nent organization. - Dr. Harper, of Chicago.
does not expect to survive the operation for
cancer which he is to undergo next Wednesday.
■ it was said at New-Haven that the strike
situation was practically unchanged, although
the prospects for no strike were brighter. - .. ■
Assemblyman Dowllng has introduced a bill at
Albany providing for automatic promotions in
the Charities Department in New-York City.
r ■ ■ A Boston law firm announced a robbery
of notes and bonds valued at $f»O,<>00; the de
tails were kept secret. == Three lightships in
Long Island Sound drifted from their positions
owing to the pressure of ice; two were rescued
by lighthouse tenders; the third is lodged in the
ice. ■- It was said in Boston that a general
prosecution of milliners in Massachusetts was
likely, because of a violation of the laws pro-,
hibitlng the sale of song bird 3 for their plumage.
ClTY.— Stocks strong. ===== The Amen Cor
ner dinner was held at the Fifth Avenue Hotel.
■ - ■ Munroe & Munroe Issued a statement de
nying that they had made "wash" sales. ■
An alarm was sent out for a young Mr. Gris
cora, a relative of the steamship man, who had
been missing for ten days. ==-= The State Rac
ing Commission made public its decision refus
ing a license for a running meeting to the Em
pire City Trotting Club. ===== An exceptionally
bold hold-up and robbery occurred in Harlem.
THE WEATHER.— lndications for to-day:
Fair. The temperature yesterday: Highest,
25 degrees; lowest, 18.
The meetings of the National Child Labor
Committee which were held in this city last
week gate evidence of a lively interest on this
subject in every section of the country and
hopeful progress in many States. At the same
time reports of unsatisfactory conditions of
law and law enforcement and as yet unsuc
cessful efforts at betterment indicated the need
of a much larger work than has yet been un
dertaken to protect our coming generation of
< itizens from ignorance and premature exhaus
tion, as dangerous to the nation as they are
pitiful for the Individual. The committee ia
conjposed of men and women who manifest a
great deal of practical sense in not offering any
formula to legislators, bxit in working in har
mony with enlightened people in different States
tn secure the most effective protection for chil
dren that local conditions will •warrant. No
two places present Just the same problem. In
one, weak laws need strengthening. In an
other, good laws are unenforced. In a third, a
matter of capital importance is the improve
ment of schools to give such training to the
. hildren that they will really benefit father
than suffer by exclusion from the factories.
In the last few years a great deal of attention
has been concentrated upon child labor legis
lation in the South. It was inevitable that the
new Industrial development of the South should
go In advance of the laws regulating employ
ment and that children in large numbers should
be drawn into the mills before the evil of such
employment was realized. When efforts to pro
tect these children were made, unfortunately
the Northern investors in the mills were able
to appeal to sectional prejudice and represent
what was simply interest in the children of the
whole country as Northern jealousy of the pos
eibiiitiee of cotton spinning with cheap labor in
the South. Happily many leading Southerners
hay* dared to avow their right as American
•citizens to join in national movements for so
cial betterment and to combat the provincial
notion that self-respect compels.Southern States
to resent as an Intrusion general w rk for the
advancement of civilization. As many of the
cotton mills are in the country and almost all
of them are new. the evil effects of child labor
are not yet so apparent as in the older industrial
communities, but the need of better safeguards
for the children Is gradually making itself felt
In spite of the resistance of manufacturers and
the exaggerated theories of individualism tra
ditional in the Southern States.
One fact which tends toward amelioration is
the attention given by the negroes to educa
tion, and especially industrial education. The
wtton mill operatives are almost exclusively
white. If the poor white children are allowed
to grow up without schooling and exhaust
their vitality, the reservoir of white suprem
acy is drained. The etrenglh of a race at civ
ilization must ever tM» replenished by the ad
■PMi of iv lowti orders. UM dMttveg wt HM
"poor whites" cannot afford to be the slaves
! of the imr in.tuMri:iliM:i -.\h;">. EBe Macks are
daily growing in ".Intelligence, and capacity for
skilled labor. v«-t the child -labor laws in sev
eral Southern States put a premium on Just
such a change of relative positions.
The work of, the Child Labor Committee is by
no means chiefly In the South. It has a task to
perform in Rhode Island, which enjoys the die.
creditable- distinction- of-' having the largest per
centage of white; Illiteracy of any State in the
Union, and, as might be expected, one of the
most useless of child labor laws. Pennsylvania
is now considering amendment of her laws pro
tecting the children for one year more of their
lives, forbidding p.ight work for them, and, most
important of all, imposing' rules of registration
which do not M!!iply open the door to perjury
by avaricious parents. Ohio has some good
laws,' but in the glass manufacturing districts
tributary toPlttsburg competition' with Penn
sylvania has made the law a dead letter by
common consent-. In Illinois, too. the draft on
childhood of the glues manufacturers is pecul
iarly heavy. President Roosevelt's for
child labor* laws in the District of Columbia
has borne fruit In philanthropic organization
and efforts, at legislation, but, unfortunately,
the end of this Congress is too near to offer
any hope of present substantial results. New-
York has in general excellent laws concerning
child labor, with effectual safeguards against
evasion. The need here is more earnest and
efficient effort for enforcement No concession
can be made to the croakers about the good old
times when as boys it did them no harm to
work. Conditions have changed. lbo sweat
shop is not the farm or the grocery. The strain
on both children and adults is more severe, and
unless children can be kept in school and out
of the grinding machine until at least thirteen
they are likely to be unfitted for after life.
Their protection is not only a matter of social
service, but of industrial efficiency.
THE RUSSIAN PROBLEM.
The murder of Grand Duke Sergius makes no
radical change in the Russian situation. It
merely intensifies all teatures of it. There was
h. reign of terror before. This tragedy has made
it more terrible. There were arguments for
reaction in the fact that lawlessness was ram
pant. They are ivjw strengthened. There was
embarrassment of the real friends of Russian
freedom arising from the crimes of the "party
of action." It is now materially increased.
There was a rational, temperate, sincere mov<»
ment toward liberal reforms, not because ot,
but rather in spite of, the madness of the mob
and the wickedness of the assassin. Let us
hope thar, too, will be promoted by this abom
inable outrage. For ft is to be believed that In
that direction safety lies; perhaps only in that
The occurrences of the last year have re
vealed the Russian problem in its true light.
They have shown the vanity of the old boasts
of Russian strength. Either Russia was or was
not prepared for the war with Japan. It she
was prepared for it, or thought she was. we
now see how worthless was her preparation.
If. on the other hand, she was not prepared
for it and did not expect it we have a strik
ing illustration of the way in which a great
nation can be caught unprepared for war. and
a nation, too. that has been making for years
greater preparations for war than any other in
the world. The vanity has also been shown of
the boast that a foreign war would silence do
mestic dissensions and unite the whole people
in enthusiasm for the imperial cause. Dissent
has not been stilled. Discontent has not been
allayed. On the contrary, all classes and grades
of reformers, from the highest statesman to
the lowest bomb throwing criminal, have found
in Russia's foreign embarrassments an oppor
tunity for pressing the more vigorously their
domestic propaganda. Practically every Impor
tant forecast made by the Russian "war party"
has come tt> naught.
It is a 1a 1 trying and burdensome problem which
awaits the Cznr's solution. It is one from
which the stoutest and most experienced states
man might well shrink. Yet it must be met
and it must be solved. The critical plight of
Kuropatkin and the butchery of Grand Duke
Sergius both cry aloud for speedy action of
some sort. Repression has been tried and found
wanting. Concession, as such, is not a thing
that commends itself to the government. But
the placing of Russia in line with her neigh
bors in intelligence and liberty is something
that might be undertaken without loss of dig
nity. For such a deed would be mercy and jus
tice rolled in one, of which we might declare
•Tis mightiest in the mightiest; it becomes
The throned monarch better than hia crown.
Repression might show the power of cruelty
and concession might betray weakness. The
granting of the justice of civilization to the
Russian people would be a demonstration of
truly imperial strength.
RECIPROCITY WITH CUBA.
Complaint has frequently been made that
under the Reciprocity Treaty of 1903 we drove
a losing bargain commercially with Cuba. It
has been said time and again by critics of
that treaty and by opponents of further trade
concessions to the Philippines that we sacri
ficed mucu more than we gained when we
ratified the Blisß-Zaldo convention. American
trade with Cuba, it was argued, would show
little or no growth under the tariff concessions
granted us, while Cuban imports would flow
into the United States in ever Increasing vol
ume. It may be freely admitted that we have
been buying more from Cuba — and will continue
to buy more from her— than she buys from us.
The demand here for her two great staples—to
bacco and svgar — is constantly increasing, and
our general capacity for consumption is grow
ing at a greater ratio than hers can possibly
grow. Yet it is encouraging to observe that the
United States, too, is beginning to profit un
der the reciprocity agreement of 1908. Hither
to it has not been possible to measure with any
accuracy the gain we have made. But, now
that full leturns for the nrst year's commerce
under the Bliss-Zaldo convention are available,
it is seen that our bargain with Cuba was really
not so jug-handled as it has been represented
In the calendar year 1901, according to fig
ures prepared by the Bureau ot Statistics of
the Department of Commerce and Labor, our
exports to Cuba increased in value nearly 40
l>er cent. We sent to the Cuban market goods
valued at $32,(144,345— a totnl exceeding that
for any earlier year in the history of our trade
with the island. The highest previous totals
were those of 1899 aud 1900, when, under our
military occupation, we maintained a consid
erable garrison and created an exceptional de
mand for American imports. The totals for
those years were $i!'.»,1H1,700 and ?29. 176,000,
respectively. In 1901, the last year of the oc
cupation, the total ftl] t<j 188.078,000, and in
1902, the first year of independence, to 928.063,
395. Trade being hampered by the uncertain
ties of the Dght for reciprocity, the total for
1903 fell even lower— to *23.r»«)4.4]7. Now. un
der the stimulus of settled commercial relations
and a preferential tariff, it is rapidly rising. In
a single year the losses of 190*2 and 1903 have
been made up, and the exceptional records of
1899, 1900 and 15>01 have been overtaken and
This expansion In our commerce is not due,
either, to excessive exports of some single ar
ticle, but to healthy growth along many lines.
There has beta a notable gain In our exports
of cotton cloths, wheat flour, live cattle, mineral
oils, bacon, boots and -shies, lumber, furniture
and machinery. The reciprocity treaty is thus
doing Just the work it was expected to do. It
is winning a greater foothold In the Cuban mar
ket for our variegated products, while admit
g^gj^^ggS^Lj-^i; v-^ r ". . '" " : ■ - :_..ll_i___ _I£LJ" 2' :^^^^^^^^ : Z--^---^^ :^
ting from Cuba on easier terms a few great
«»tnples for which there is a surplus demand
here and which In no sense trench on or threat
en the prosperity of native industries. Wi
not grudge Cuba the larger opportunities she
enjoys as a seller under the reciprocity agree
ment. For as a purchaser, as well, she seems
ready to do her part in living up to the aims
nnd spirit of the 1903 treaty.
TO SAYS MAOARA.
The introduction in the legislature of v Joint
resolution memorializing the President and
Congress to enter into negotiations with the
British government to preserve Niagara Falls
is a revival of an effort made a year ago. The
legislature might fittingly entitle it, "An Appeal
to Congress to Save Us from Ourselves." The
resolution marks one of the desperate charges
of the now annual winter campaign in the
conflict between those who would preserve
Niagara's beauty and those who would ruth
lessly despoil it for Industrial and fluancial
So eagerly and with such shifting of fortune
has this battle been waged that the action of
the legislature has proved singularly inconsist
ent. With one hand it has protected Niagara
and with the otUer It has violated the reserva
tion that it created and maintains. On the
Canadian side also like temptations have re
sulted In similar Inconsistency, and thje pro
posed appeal to the national government, that
at first thought might seem a humiliating con
fession of moral weakness, would actually be
come, under existing circumstances, a moral
victory. It is the legislative cry to a higher
power: "Lead us not Into temptation; but de
liver us from evil."
By a coincidence singular and apparently in
congruous the most serious scenic menace to
Niagara has followed the establishment of a
State reservation in order that its beauty might
be preserved. This has been, however, through
no fault of the commission. For a hundrei
years, before the State repurchased the prop
erty. Niagara was owned by a private family,
and, though there was bitter complaint because
they fenced it off— as they had a right to do,
baring paid for the estate— its beauty was fair
ly well preserved. The water that poured over
the cataract had substantially all its original
volume, and the great scenic vantage points—
Gcat Island and "the park"— were parks then
as now. But the advance In the knowledge of
electricity, of its generation from waterpower
and of its profitable utilization was almost
coincident with the State's creation of the Niag
ara free park, and there began between utili
tarianism and aestheticism a battle far more
stubbornly contested, far evener and for vaster
stakes than had been dreamed of in the old
days of desultory discussion. For the cham
pions of Niagara's beauty to call now for the
aid of Congress is no more humiliating than
for a general, when the battle presses, to call
up the reserves. It would be the right action
at the right time.
If a man tries to pass a counterfeit dollar he
is at once in danger of arrest and imprisonment
If. however, he li running enough to foist coun
terfeit food on tho public to the extent of mill
ions of dollars, defrauding the people and en
dangering the health of the community, he is
generally permitted to enjoy uninterrupted
prosperity. All the States except two have laws
prohibiting the manufacture and sale of adulter
ated or misbranded foods, and yet in practically
all of them the makers of "faked." "doped" or
"embalmed" goods are able to flood the mar
kets with their wares. Tn this State In particu
lar the pure food laws are flagrantly violated,
and in this city counterfeit foods are for sale
on every side. As shown in a special article on
this subject published elsewhere in The Trib
une this morning, the average New-Yorker can
hardly escape from eating some kind of adul
terated or doctored food every day of his life.
Food adulteration indeed was never practised
more extensively or more boldly than at the
present time. The lax enforcement of the law
has not only prompted swindlers to become
manufacturers that they may amass fortunes
rapidly by means of false brands and '•secret
processes," luit by the pressure of competition
it has driven many others by nature honest
into like paths of deceit and trickery. The ex
cuse is heard again and again, "I must either
"adulterate my goods as my neighbor does or
"go to the wall."
The constant advance in the sciences has
helped these modern masters of the black art,
who seek to lurn every discovery In chemistry
or physics to their own advantage. Consequent
ly there are few foods now manufactured which
are not liable to the taint of adulteration. The
States, therefore, which cannot enforce their
own pure food statutes should welcome a na
tional law that would be effective. A bill is now
before the United States Senate which would
prohibit interstate commerce in rulsbranding
foods by compelling the use of labels giving the
true contents of a package. According to Sena
tor Heyburn, an enthusiastic supporter of the
bill, it "would compel the manufacturer to tell
the truth." Whatever may be the arguments for
or against this measure, it Is certainly a step in
the right direction, and merits the most serious
BY RAIL TO KEY WEST.
According to "The Scientific American," the
Florida East Coast Railway Company has de
cided to extend its line from Miami to Key
West, a distance of nearly a hundred and fifty
miles. The project has been under considera
tion for two or three years, but the surveys on
which a favorable decision rested were com
pleted only a short time ago. Doubts concern
ing its feasibility have beer, entertained by en
gineers because the route did not lie entirely
on land. It followed a chain of small islands,
and the aggregate width of the intervening
channels is upward of forty miles. Evidently
the company's advisers do not regard the dif
ficulty thus presented insuperable. By bridging
the gaps— some of them rather long— with an ele
vated steel structure which will stand in shal
low water, they think it will be practicable to
provide safe transit by rail to the southernmost
extremity of the State of Florida.
Key West is known principally for two things.
It is the centre of a big production of cigars.
It is also a winter resort, which is steadily, if
not rapidly, growing in popularity. Visitors
reach it now only by boat from Miami, Havana
or Northern ports on the Atlantic Coast. Sit
uated on one side of the strait from which the
Gulf Stream issues, It has a warm, moist cli
mate that is notably uniform, but is espe
cially enjoyable when cold weather prevails
elsewhere. Famous stories are told about the
abundance and cheapness of flowers there and
the good fishing which may be found In ad
jacent waters. Any improvement in the facili
ties for getting there would undoubtedly be
followed by an increase in winter travel.
Whether the attractiveness of the place it
self would remain unaltered, though, Is an
other question. Tastes differ, and it is impos
sible to set up a standard that is equally ac
ceptable to everybody; i-ut more than one de
lightful spot in the mountains and by the sea
has lost its charm for a certain fastidious few
when it lost its isolation. The change may be
indirect rather than direct, but it is not infre
quently discernible. Sometimes", for instance,
an invasion works a subtle alteration in the
character of the permanent residents. Their
simplicity diminishes, if It does not vanish; they
grow mercenary, and In other ways they 'seem
to be spoiled by contact with newcomers. Per
haps the latter are more to blame for those
consequences than are the natives themselves
but the effect is only too real. xo predict that
Key West will suffer thus would, of course be
neither kind nor altogether justifiable, but it li
natural to wonder whether she will remain thor
Chicago is now the seat of an interesting
scientific Inquiry Into wheat movements and
The Society of the A^my of Santiago de Cuba
has undertaken the patriotic task of marking
the battlefields from Siboney to Santiago. Its
labors will add Interest to scenes which have
attracted, and will continue to attract, many
American travellers to Eastern Cuba.
Dr. Charles F. Roberta, one of the physicians
of the Board of Health, pronounces the state
ment of Dr. Dyer, of New-Orleans, that there
ar- two hundred lepers walking the streets of
New-York, a gross exaggeration. This is re
assuring, but not wholly satisfactory. In view
of Dr. Roberta's further statement that there
are only three cases of leprosy known to the
Board of Health which are "not in some institu
tion, and his minimizing of the dangers of lep
rosy by citing the report of the committee of
the New-York Medical Society In 1896. which
declared leprosy not contagious. The public
would like to know what disposition, if any, has
been made of the three cases which Dr. Roberts
admits are not in some institution. It may be
also that the Medical Society of Ne^r-York is
right in its opinion that leprosy is not conta
gious, but. In view of the history of that dread
disease, the people would greatly prefer to have
the brneflt of the doubt they may naturally en
tertain as to the infallibility of that opinion,
especially as it does not appear to be generally
accepted by the medical profession itself.
The question at issue between District Attor
ney Jerome and the theatre managers appears
to be not whether asbestos curtains are abso
lutely fireproof, but whether the curtains are
The Judge before whom the trial of Chris
topher Smith took place did his full duty. The
reckless adventurer seemed bent upon filling his
pockets by burglary, and the sentence which
sends him to State prison for twenty-five years
is not too severe. If the prisoner shows any
disposition to reform while under confinement,
there will be plentiful opportunity to display it.
and thus shorten his detention in JaiL
Reform by crusade is better, perhaps, than no
reform, but in order to be lasting and effectual
reform, like growth, should not be spasmodical
and hysterical. Sometimes it seems that certain
officials are afraid they will be forgotten and
hence start up a spectacular and spasmodic re
form which keeps its pace for a day or two and
then is forgotten, to be followed, however, in
due course of time by another crusade. Such,
In fact, seems to be the rule in certain depart
ments of the city government, and probably will
continue to be the rule until the people learn
how to appreciate such methods.
THE TALK OF THE DAT.
Professor Benedict, at Wesleyan University, is
going to conduct some experiments with a calori
meter on a student taking an examination in
French. Tne instrument will show how much heat
is given off by the young man's brain in process of
convincing the instructor of his knowledge. The
captain of the football team has been selected for
the tost, perhaps because it is thought he will get
hotter over French than any other student.
COOK TO ALL. WHO CHOOSE TO HEAR.
I 'avrn't time for tiekfus' and I 'aven't time to
T 'aven't time to bother if ray close Is right behine;
I 'aven't time to 'aye a 80, to buy a 'at or heat.
But the Master an' the Madame is the dust beneath
T cussos when I chooses, when the swet Is h!n my
Wen I puts the fowl to roast or sets the covers on
I cusses whom I chooses, tho' I 'aven't time to
For the Master and the Madame is the dust beneath
An' hall my hother servants (savin' StubberfieM
For 'oom I 'as a pashn) dasm't call their soals
An" w'en th.^ pepper mikes me sneeze until the "ouse
They cowers bin their bosoms an" they s'y: "My
Gonl. hit's Cook."
1 'aven't any beauty now aa wa? 1 comely Kirl.
But 1 cooks as would a hangel for the table of a
And w'en I mikes a pastry fit for cherrybuns to
I arsks for 'igher wlges from the dust beneath my
I began with twetty dollars and I gets a 'undred
But I'll 'aye another twonty or I'll 'aye another
An' the Master and the Madame they will gruvel
in their soals
"Wen they hears Cook's buyin' ruff-on-rats to
sprinkle hon their rolls.
"A smaht man." said Uncle Eben, "is a good deal
like a razzer. He kin be mighty useful in de right
way, but he kin kick up a pow'ful 'sturbance if he
goes wrong."— (Washington Star.
Candid.— Mr. Popinjay— Hod did you like my act
ing at our dramatic entertainment?
I^ady Critical— Well, I don't think you made the
most of your opportunities.
"You don't think so — eh?"
"No! you had aeveral opportunities to yet off the
stage much sooner than you did!"— (London Opin
In a company of friunda of the late Judge Albert
Mason, of Massahusctts, one evening recently, a
Boston clergyman told the following from his per
sonal experience as illustrating Judge Mason's tine
sense of judicial fidelity and honor. After the
close of the LJzzie Borden tri.-l for murder, at
which Judge Mason was on the bench, the clergy
man, who had been very intimate with Judge Ma
son for many years, told him that the members
of his (the clergyman's) family had expressed a
wish that It might bo known what the inner belief
of Judge Mnson was as to the guilt or innocence
of Miss Borden. And the simple reply was: "Even
Mrs. Mason does not know what ray inner
thoughts are In this matter."
Representative Lacey's home town of Oskalocsa
once furnißhed a consul to Rome. The honor was
appreciated, but the functions of S. H. li. Byc-rs.
the beneficiary, were variously interpreted by the
local folk. "A stranger arrived in town one day,"
said Mr. Lacey. •'looking for Byers's residence.
He Inquired the way from a pedestrian, something
of a character in Oskatoosa 'Which Byers do you
want?' returned this Oskaloosan. 'la it old man
Byers or hiH son, wh) was Emperor at Rome a
few years?' "—(Washington Post.
A little Chicago boy named Joseph has, according
to "The Record- Hera Id. " a very exalted opinion
of his grandmother's knowledge *>f all things,
and. likewise, of "the father of his country," about
whom many stories have been woven, to tt;e
youngster's delight. Not l^nj? ago an older
brother— Joseph boasted of some four years— came
rushing into the room with: "Say, grandma, what
was George Washington's politics?" Grandma was
busily planning a garment, and paid little attention
to the question, answering with unusual dreami
ness. "Oh, I dur.'t know " Joseph stopped in his
play and looked at her i"'»r a moment Th>:n h<
sai.i: "Don't know! Well. \«u ought to; you read
your Blb!u enough."
At the Telephone.— Tibbies— How do y«u ejtpeel
to bear what the party at the other fv<\ of th-
line says unless you hold the receiver to your ear?
Baker— l don't want to Twar. li's mv wife. I'm
'Hiking t'>. and it isn't nftt-n 1 Ket the chanc* to <'•>
all tt." talking and none of the listening.— (Boston
At the trial recently of a man charged
with robbery at Manchester, England, accord
ing to "The London Globe," it was announced
that the lock of his cell door would have to be
picked by a locksmith before lie could be brought
into the dock. While the artificer ailed his tools
on the door tho prisoner offered expert criticism
and encouragement from the inside. He did not
think much of tSe bungling amateur. There was a
similar Instance not long ago In Lancashire. The
otliclals being unable to open a safe In court, a
barrister, who had just got a prisoner off for burg
lary, suggested that his client would oaea it for
them. This he did instantly, with a piece of string
and two hairpins.
Good Idea.— "They cay Miss Hlghstepper Is going
to marry sn army olllcer."
"Well. I should think that a man who makes a
business of war might be able to get along with
her."— trull Free Preaa.
About People and Social Incident**
:AT: AT THE f WHITE HOUSE. •' " v
(FROM THE TRIBUNE BCRBAU. 1
Washington, Feb. M.— President Roosevelt had
several conferences this forenoon with Senators
and Representatives over the Naval Appropriation
bill, and In the afternoon summoned Secretaries
Shaw and Morton- to discuss the ••»• subject^ The
President Is hopeful that Congress will provide for
at least two battleships, and from assurances ho re
ceived to-day, it would seem to bo aim a fore
gone conclusion that his arguments will prevail:
Representative Hamilton, of Michigan, called to
introduce to th« President a delegation of Pottar
watomie Indians, headed by Chief Qulga lnaw.
The redmen are, In Washington for th« purpose of
pressing a claim for a large tract of valuable land
along th« lake front in Chicago. , .
The St. Louis Merchants' . Exchange I? enthusi
astically In favor of th© President's attltad*. on
freight, rates, and will do all in Its power to aid
him In the work of securing a "square deal" for
the small shippers. W. P. Kennett. T. B. Balard.
E. 3. Tompkins, G. K. Powell and W. H. Dan
forth who constitute a committee sent by the ex
change to see the President, called at the White
House this morning and had a long talk about the
evils the Chief Magistrate would cure. "We were
simply astounded to see what a tremendous amount
of information bearing on the subject the President
has at his fingers' ends." said Mr. Kennett. "He
seemed to know Just about as much about the grain
transportation business as we do. We had a nice
visit to him. and are sincerely hopeful that be. will
succeed in abolishing the rebate evil, which. If al
lowed to continue, will sooner or later cause the
destruction of the small business men of the coun
Marcus Braun, president of the Hungarian Re
publican Club, called at the White House to-glve
President Roosevelt a prettily painted menu card
of the dinner he attended at "Little Hungary" on
Tuesday night, and a portrait done In embroidery
by an East Side artist. "Since the President made
us that visit the other night." said Mr. Braun.
"there are no more Democrats on the East Side.
The Tammany leader in that district has told his
friends that he will have to resign."
Among the other callers at the White House were
Senator* Beveridge and Foraker. a delegation of
machinists from the Washington Navy Yard, who
are appealing for an increase of pay; Representa
tives Curtis and Sibley, who canvs to ask for the
promotion of Colonel M. B. Hughes, of the army.
and Representative BarthoWt. of Missouri, who In
troduced Hayne Davis, of New-York.
Mrs. Roosevelt's gown for tho inaugural ban 13
being made In Washington, and not In New- York,
NOTES OF SOCIETY IN WASHINGTON.
[FUOM THE TRIBUNE BUREAU. 1
Washington. Fet». 18.— The Secretary of War and
Mrs. Taft entertained a dinner company to-night.
Their guests were the Japanese Minister, the Sec
retary of the Interior and Mrs. Hitchcock. Senator
Kcan, Miss Kean. Senator and Mrs. Alger, Repre
sentative and Mrs. Dalaell and Mrs. Sheridan.
The former Ambassador to Italy and Mrs. Draper
had as dinner guests to-night the Secretary of the
Treasury and Mrs. Shaw, the Secretary of the
Navy and Mrs. Morton, the Third Assistant Sec
retary of State and Mrs. Peirce, Senator and Mrs.
Hopkins. Representative and Mrs. Henry Kirke
Porter. Mr. and Mrs. Frank Klli?. Mrs. Stanley
Matthews. Mr?. Merrill. Mrs. Gaff. Mrs. Sargent,
Mrs. Rogers. Senator Bacon, Representative Park
er, Representative McCall, General Wilson and
Senator and Mrs. Fairbanks entertained dinner
guests this evening.
Senator and Mrs. Dryden entertained the New
.Jersey delegation In Congress at dinner to-night.
Those present were Representative and Mrs.
Kowler, Representative and Mrs. Wiley, Repre
sentative and Mrs. Gardner, Representative and
Mrs. Howell, Representative and BOSS Wood. Mr.
and Mrs. Rouzer and Colonel and Mrs. Kuser.
Senator nnd Mrs. Foraker had as dinner truest*
this evening tht* Cuban Minister and Seflora
Quesada, Justice and Mrs. Day. Senator afcd, Mrs.
Burrows. Senator and Mrs. Scott. Senator Dfrk.
Justice and Mrs. Anderson, General and Mrs.
Grosvenor, Representative and Mrs. Southard.
Representative and Mrs. Beidlcr, Mr?. H. W.
Fuller, Miss Kuraker and Mr. Thomas.
Mr*. \V. B. 1..-iniar. wife si Representative
Lamar, of Florida, s;>ve a Gaeass Washington
luncheon to-day. The guests were Seflora Calvo,
wife of the Minister from Costa Rica; Seflora
: i, wife Ot ■ Minister: Mrs. Edward
D. White. Mrs. Seth SIK-pard. Mr*. Tallaferro, Mrs.
J S. Williams. Mrs. J. 1,. Slaytlen. Mrs. J. F.
Rixey, Mrs. CIaVBSS A. BSMBBMn, Mrs. John W.
Foster, Mrs. llannis Taylor. Mr«. Talmage. Mrs.
Henry St. George Tucker. Mrs. Hubert 1. Fleming,
Mrs. ('haian!. Mrs. Samuel Spencer. Mrs. G. W
'Brown, Mrs. William P. Duvall. Mr<«. Ut-orge F.
Becker, Mrs. Benjamin Nieou and Mrs. Francis F.
Mrs. William Plielps Eno entertained a large
number of guests to-tiight at a musical, the artists
coming from New-York. Mr. and Mrs. Eno are
occupying fur the winter the home of General and
Mrs. A. K. Bate*. They wffl have their yacht here
in the spring and remain in Washington until they
go to their summer place in New-York.
GATHERED ABOUT TOWX.
The conductor of the northbound car stopped the
conductor of the southbound car to set the change
for a five-dollar bill.
•'You ain't bound to break no five-dollar bills."
said the second conductor; "what d'ye bother
about it for? Let him get off. whoever he is. and
get it changed somewhere himself."
■"But he's drunk." was the reply of the first
conductor, in a tone that aeemed to bespeak all
mercy for one in the situation described.
"Humph!" grunted the unsympathetic conductor
appealed to; "if he's drunk, keep the five and
give him the change of a two: he'll never know
no difference!" And he ran£ the bell for his own
car to go ahead.
There is a giant willow tree up in The Bronx
which is notable for other reasons than its great
size and age, if the legends regarding it are true.
It stands near Sedgwlck-ave., on one of the wooJed
slopes of Fordham Heights, not far from the Har
lem River. Its trunk measures nearly twenty feet
in circumference and Is completely covered with
the curious gnarled knobs that are often found on
willows. In spite of its age. the tree is vigorous
still, and its branches burst forth each spring Into
a graceful mass of green. To the old residents of
the neighborhood thU ..willow is known as "the
rebel tree," tradition having it that the .British
hanged American patriots as rebels from its
branches in the Revolutionary War. The story goes
further, and says that the men thus executed were
buried near, by in the woods, and there are cer
tainly the remains of an old cemetery in the place
indicated. Mounds, almcjst levelled to the ground
may be found here ar.d there. as well as niece* of
broken tombstones, too small for any Inscription
to be legible. The skeptical say that the British
would hardly have erected atones over the graves
of those whom they regarded as rebels and trai
tors, and they consider the old burying ground as
of more recent date than Revolutionary times, but
certain old inhabitants arc not to be thus lightly
shakcu out of their cherished historical lore.
In the steerage of one of the transatlantic liners
that cum to tuts port- there was a woman; with
five children, on her way to join her husband in
this country. Her chief anxiety all through the
voyage was to got enough food to satisfy the vig
orous, appetites of her flock. She carried their
breakfast to the children's I > tUta/aMS although one
roll apiece was understood. to be the allowance to
go with the neat she made a regular demand
upon the steward for six roils each morning. She
got them readily enough, the steward being too
busy to k . ••■. tally o' the youngsters, until an in-
M. Nt of the trip ni;icl.> h!m Wiser. It was an
unusually stormy night. The ship rolled no that
the motlser of, th«»_f;imt!y was much terrified, and
knoifbttWe'hertierth. crying and prayin% In loud
tones. .. A* ti> st.M\ :mi v the floor he eh_nc*_
to hear h-?r ferveatly for the- safety of her
five children. . . .
"Five!" he called, as hr» walked by: "five! How
is it. then, that there Is one more to- eat than there
are to be prayed for?"
Lincoln Thomas Jefferson Joh.iaon Is his name,
but to every one In the neighborhood where he has
'•done chores" for many years he Is known as
"Uncle "Link."* A few months ago some of the
people who had employed him. seetna; the. old
colored man was too feeble to work. interested
themselves In getting him Into a comfortable home
for old people There he. was sura of a living-, and
mc«t persons would. h »\e ?akl he was better off."
but "Uncle Link" .himself was doubtful of Its ad
vantages. His freedora...waa hampered. At last
the- d-«>ire to be able to* go or come as be pleased
grew too-stTong'for-hini;- Watching Wa opportnniry;
be clipped away « from, iv« home, and prtrseotly ■■_>
NEW-YORK SOCIETY. ~\f
Mrs. Vanderbllt's dance on Friday, at her hoes*.
In West 67th-st.. Is th» principal entertainment of
note between now and Lent. Mora than four hun
dred Invitations have been Issued, and It win h_"»
the effect of bringing back to town a number of
people who have already left the city for the**
country, seats., attracted thither by tne enjoyment
of winter sports, of wßich It mu3t be confess**
there is a surfeit this year. The done* will be alM*
more especially for Miss Gladys Varuler>!l_
Among those present will be her brother. Regtx_US.
and his wife. But Mrs. Harry Payne Whitney wlfl
not be there, for she leaves town with her hus
band to-morrow for their place at Alken. 3. C.
Delmonlco's was the scene last night of a meet-
Ing of the Saturday Evening Dancing Class. Th«
guests were received by Mrs. Charles R. Hunttn*"
ton. Mrs. John Clarluon Jay and several of th»
other patronesses. Charles H. Sherrill led the co
tillon. It is not decided whether . there will be an
other meeting of this cUm after Easter.
The weekly meeting of the Badminton Club took
place yesterday, in the afternoon, at the 12th Regi
ment Armory. ■ ' "*w».*
Mrs. Stephen 11. P. Pell. Mm. ITllborae L. Roose
velt. Mrs. Talbot Olyphant and Mrs. George «.
Benjamin wUi be amoo; to« patronesses of th«
dance given on Tuesday evening by the 3d Division.
Ist Battalion. Naval Militia of >iew-York. on toe
United States ship Granite State, which is at East
Another dance will * that for which Miss Bea
trice- Klnney has . issued. to vitatiQiu*. on Thursday
< at ' Sherry •«.•/■:, 3 , ,, r . a rtt »,, , rrr , H
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Francis Shaw are likewise
giving: a dunce on March i at the St. Resrs. Jor
Miss Elsie Shaw.
To-morrow night Mrs. Henry A. Barclay wOK
give a large theatre party for her daughter. Miss
Mildred Barclay, followed by a supper and aa la
formal dance at her house, ia Washington Square
Several of the dancfn? classes will have meetings
this week. That of Mr*. David Dows has ita final
dance of Has season at Sherry's on Wednesday.
Among its members are Hi Gertrude Sheldon,
Miss Eleanor Hoyt. Miss Elena Havemeyer. Miss
Rosalie De Forest and Miss Gladys Roosevelt. Oa
Saturday the dancing class for youn; g'rls rot
yet out. of which Mrs. Charles B. Alexander. Mrs.
Richard Mortimer and Mrs. Charles H. Coster art
the patronesses, will have the last dance of tha
season at Sherry's.
James Henry Smith has sh- in tha
South and has announced his return t-> town for
Tuesday. March 7.
Mr. and Mrs. J. I^airens Van Alen are booked ts>
sail on Tuesday for Europe.
Mr. and Mrs. Edwin Weatlitiice !eav» here oa
Thursday for Mexico.
Mr. and Mrs. Albert R Enari-an a;* t
abroad early next month.
The marriage of Malcolm Faile and Miss Mar
guerite Henckel, daughter of the late Francis R.
Henckel. took place yesterday at her borne. in West
57th-st. The bride was given away by her uncle.
Dr. George B. Munro". and attended by t'vo brides
maids. Miss Eleanor Henckel and Miss Jane Fail-*,
arrayed in white chiffon cloth and lace, with tvesj
hats and yellow rose's, Marjorie Monroe «M V.:a
Cower girl and Kenneth Fa!l« the best mar.. whi:»
Daniel C. Sands, jr.. Chester Lawrence. Jr.. and;
Robert T. McGusty were the ushers. The-cere
mony was performed by the Rev. Dr. William :>C.
Grosvenor. of the Church of the Incarnation.
Among those present were air. and Mrs. Willla_j
Lefferts. Joseph Frelinghuysen. Barest _efferts»
General and Mrs. Grubb and Mr. and Mrs. Charles
• The engagement is announced of Miss Wlnifre-J
Premiss Kay. daughter of Mr. and Mrs. James
Murray Kay. of Brookline, Mas?., to Rutherford,
Mead Shepard. son of Mr. and Mrs. Augustus IX
Sfcepard, of The Gables. Fan wood. X- J.
Everything points to the artistic, social mz\%
financial success of the operatic* performance to bm
given' on Tuesday evening at the Metropolitan
Opera, House for the benefit of the Italian Benevo
lent Institute and the Society for the Protectloa
of Italian Immigrants. On this occasion "Caval*
lerla RusUeana" and "I Pagliacci" will be given.
The parterre and grand tier boxes will be titled
with representative people. Among those who hava
taken boxes and tickets are J. Pierrxmt Morgan.
Seth Low. Mrs. William, D. Sloane. Mrs. John E.
Parsons, Mrs. Lorillard Spencer. Mrs. Henry C.
Potter and Mrs. Augustus D. JuUliard.
The. cast will be the regular one for these operas,
including Signer Caruso and Signer Scott!, who
have generously volunteered to sing.
prised his benefactors by arptfarii?:? at their doors
with his old request for a little help.
"Why. "Uncle Link! " exclaimed one of them: "I
thought you were settled for life in the home. What
made you leave it? Didn't they treat you wellT'
"Yaas'm— yaas'm." replied the old man. as ha
fumbled his cap in an embarrassed way. 'Dey did
treat me well: uv cose ■:•>• did. But. but"— an
inspiration seized him — "cley didn't give me any
sugar :n ma tea. and a man can't live sot"
The sight of the big plate glass window in a
clothing store in Washington-??., Brooklyn, with
a two-inch scantling protruding three inches in-
side and outside has blocked the sidewalk wlthi
spectators wondering how .t happened. Long zig
zag cracks spread out ia all directions 'rom thsj
place where the plank was evidently smashed fcitai
th« plate glass. A placard underneath states:-)
"Smash! Smashing has been done here and in our'
prices:" This sign caused the wise ones to look a
little closer.. They d.'scoverod that the si_-incbr
piece of board was cut in two at an angle, and the
ends carefully glued inside and out. with small
pieces of glas* glued to the plat? glass they
touched. The zt^rzafr cracks were accomplished by
pasting long, thin pieces of glass on the triable.
radiating- from the piece of wood. •
•"Strange, isn't it," said a man In the "Waldorf.
lobby recently "what an Influence expositions of
the occult have On the minds* •! some persons and
how a _iere"preterjee-;_t mystical knowledge wlil*
Impress some 'sensitive souls? When abroad soma
time ago I was at an evening entertainment in
London, where trie of the guests, who mede only
amateur pretensions as a palmist, was contributing
to the varied merriments of the occasion by "rend
ing the hards* of Ism who cared to test his
'accomplishments.. Most of the subjects approached
the experience in a Jocular frame' of mind, while
a few were apparently impressed with the seeming
profundity and Introspection, as well as the pene
tration of th-. future, displayed by the glib tongue*!,
entertainer. The mock professor of palmistry had.
about decided to go -out -of business, when a poet
and playwright whom, fickle Dame Fortune studT-^
ousiy slighted thrust an arm. of the slender anj
attenuated type, through a rift In the little group
and in • manner that was not only »-am- bat
actually beseeching, sought a revelation of nis
future as depleted In the ma:.' of lines that marked
a palm thru scemt-d too small nnd shrunken ever
to grasp the horn of plenty. Tell mt» what you see
in rr:y palm." was fcts request, but simply fo- th^
sake of «-!id!n« the seance the reader answered
"No! I don t want to tel! you/ N\>t merely th«
answer, hut the manner of It. conveyed a cMrefnf
sijrrMcanre and the poet with.-- hintself, the
picture of dlspair. * i
% . i ,
"Well. Vvr> been showing a countr>- cousin abont
town.- ictnavktul The L«iafer. who had abcut him
an tmustially prononnced a;r of th,- next day afterj
"Had been countlns on some fun with a man who
didn't know the ropes. Hadn't seen this chap slnct*
we were kids. He's lived all his Uf> in a liltl J
up-State, town, and m-ver'd seen this burg. Well*
maybe he didn't know the ropes, but he had t*
wonderful knowledge of general principles. 4JL
the way he gathered up a text handy str!n_s _m!
pulled them makes my head swim. yet. whenii
think of It. lied arranged ahead to meet about H
dozen fellows he knew.frQra around home *«v? ssl
gave us -upper at Sherry's. We w«re a iittt* »k5»
worn* for wear when he insisted on our shoi?« %
htm the Tenderloin. Well, we did. butLhad, !
show us back home. Guess he worked till 5 t hi2 ;
mornlnc. gettinsr about half of us to bed Then i 5 '-
slept till about 1. and started out to axplorat al_«_f
L *?%* to- a minute when he went out. a_d_S
looked as thoush he'd Just come home frora Snn I
W_*CbopLr, Umo ,'couatry coualu' 1, menl :
tioned 1 11 respoctrally reserve Judgment tUI I_«