Index to Advertisements. ^
"-'" Part. Pafi- Oolj
_!?nts Wao'.ed. ,,, ?_?
Amat?ai?nt? .?. - i, *
Aut?nobU?? ??--?? ?- ?. 4 (i 1
Btr.ke- _a<5 Brokers. t! 8 T
Borj-". n?"! K^o-". 1 _ 1
Book. and PubHoatlons.. ? ? 3-6
Brooklyn AdvertiwmeriU. ? 7 6-fl
Brooklyn Adv.rtUemenU. ? B 2
Bas:r.?M CToano"".?. ?? lo 1
_u?me" Noticea..... I 7 ?
Fu?in??? Opportur-Kles. 16 5
Oocntry Bo?"d. 4 ? 7 4
XKvifiend Nctloe* ????-????,. 12 *? 7
nomwtlc FltuaUons Wantod. i ? 4
r>re??ma_r.* . ^ R \-%
Dc-T>o*? ."." 8 1
Drrrooda .,-. k 8 4-7
v? , ~-.?r.t ApnciM . " 7 o-3
f^*^.IU,T"^---v:?;????-.r.--' ' 1 11 ;
Halp W_nt?d ?_??__. 1 6 2
_Se? ?_ C_rria??.. - > 16 8
lB,,rnetl~. --^--y-.;."..:.. 1 ? -I
Ke-r:??' B"d * ? ?????* ? f, 1 4-6
M!!*c?. ?>eous . ^ *r f?-4J
orean Steam*? . . j? B-?
!-,ilc Noticea. . p 8-0
Iroads . 18 *-?
| Kstate. 4 7 *
_ga Banks. 1 18 ?
...ri A**ncle?.~. J 11 B-?
^cial NotloM. J t
.Meamt-oats .-. 14 1-*
Simmfr Rewwt*. j w 1-8
To I>e: for Bumi"?? Purpoeee. j <IM,
TrtbuM gubscrlptlon Rates. ? - 4.3
Trust Companies ..... -??--??. 13 D
ITnfurnlshed Ap-rt-enta to Let. 1 j j_a
Women* Apoarel. 1 12 **?*'
Tte-atcp-a"- r-^ih ln popularfty of
THE KEW-TORK TRIBUNE
_ .? ac^r-slrs- medlum .till continues.
Durln? u? first fl-* months of 1906
raE NEW-TORK -AIT.T AND BCNDAT TRXBUN
458.47." Lines of Advertlslng
(excluB?T TRIBUNE advertisements)
raore than during the same period ot 1J*H
This publ'o derr?id for
TRiB-nb umwcnaam space
rrer?M that advertlwrs ln
THE TRIBUNE GET RESTJT.TS.
ClB*-T"t.ATrON BOOKS OPEN.
SUNDAY. JTJNE 25, 11305.
rffE .YrTHTS TJI/S M0RXIXG.
FOREIGX.?Over two thousand persons were
-jported killed or wounded at Lodz, where fierce
55SSS began on Thursday ^SSS*-^
people and the troops; bombs and v"*^1 !J*?
Ireely used. and the city resembles a sharnbles,
terT reglments succeeded in temporarlly check
tag the outbreak. but flrlng ^*? T6??* **
Slhtfall-RIoting began at Warsaw last
Slhl troops firing vclleys into a crowdfrom
which a bomb had been thrown; the strike is
.eneral Social Democrats having called out all
SfflTa protest against the shooting at
workmen^aa y ^^ offlcial ? f ^
Moroccan situation. which is concurred_ in b>
_,e foreign Ambassadors at Paris *9 "m*.^
S5J S?Sr?f_-S= riisapatch^?ro^|e|e^
Oku'-B headQuarters said that his army had not
SS active* up to June 22: the conunanderat
port Arthur reported the raismg of the Bayan.
DOMESTIC.-Secretary Hay __^e^is^u^:
meT- home at Newbury. N- H. ===== ? ,n";
"gatlon of the Lake Shore wreck at Mentor.
S"showed that the switch was opened Inten
tionaUv the fact that the train was going fast
2?_oT belEved to have had anything to_do_vlth
the wTeck or the number of fatalitles. __? A
letter from the Chamber of Commerce of Port- ?
|_nd Ore.. urging his action on the Chinese ex- ,
Ssion Question, was received by the Preeident !
The new lar^e lake steamer beanng the
name of William E. Corey. president of the
United States Steel Corporation. was launched
at Chicago. -r Jay H. Decatur, ot Peekskil .
a Cornell student, was drowned ln the Mohawk
River at Sprakers. X. T ~-= Three girls were
drowned in Petoskey. ..inh.. from a leaky boat
in which thev went with two men. who saved
themselves.-Mrs. Aggie Myers, found
guilty of murdering her husband in Mlssouri,
was sentenced to be hanged ln August, but an
appeal ls expected to stay proceedlngs. ???? A
member of the Board of Selectmen at Greenfleld,
Mass., fearing lnsanity and financial ruln, com?
mltted suicide at South Deerfleld. Mass. ===
The three weeks' season at the State camp at
Peekskill ended. - The temporary receiver
ship of the Merchants' Trust Company waa
made permanent at Hudson, N. T.
CITY.?Stocks were weak but lmproved. ?
It was reported that Tammany Hall had been
taking a prlvate census of the city ahead of the
regular census men. ?-James W. Alexander
returned to the Equitable ?60.000, his share of
the proflts ln the syridlcate deals. ?- Francis
B. Loomls, Assistant Secretary of State, sa'jled
to receive the body of Paul Jones and to in
vestlgate the business methods of the United
States Diplomatic Servlce. . Senator Page
sald that tho Judiciary Committee would un
doubtedly report ln favor of leglslative action
on the case of Justice Hooker. = A horse fell
into the Brooklyn subway, blocking surface
traffic ln the rush hours. == Sunday baseball
has been killed by an order by Commissioner
McAdoo to arrest every player, based on a de?
cision handed down by Justice Kelly. ===== The
winners at Sheepshead Bay were: L Sandhurst:
2. Roseben; 3. Securlty; 4, Agile; 5, Leonard
Joe Hayman; 6, Hippocrates.
THE WEATHER.?Indications for to-day:
Falr; varlable winds. The temperature yester?
day: Hlghest, 73 degrees; lowest, 66 degrees.
We desire to remind our readers nho are
about to leave the city that The Tribune trt^
oc sent hy mail to any address in this country
or abroad, and address changed as often as
desired, Subscriptions may be given to your
regular dealer before leaving, or, if more
convenient, hand them in at The Tribune
See opposite page for subscription rates.
TEE GROWTH 0F TTAJJ.
General Na^aoka, of the Japanese Headquar?
ters Stafl at Tokio, contributes to military dis
cusslon some lnterestlng sratlstJcs of the growth
of armles and of the duratlon of battles whlch
may cause retision of some theories concernlnK
modern and future warfaro. There has boeu for
a century, he says, a pretty steady increase in
the size of armles. In the Franco-Austrian war
of 1S08 both 6ldes numbered only 23S.000 men,
and in the campaign of 1S12 only 250,000. In
:v- the iTussian and Austrian armies together
i.uirber.-d 430,000 men. But what of this war?
At JLiao-Yang, according to this authority, 460,
000 men were engaged; at the Sha-Ho, 5S0.000,
and at Moukden, S50.0Q0. These flgures are
not aJt^-geiher convinclng, however, for they
indicate _ot the growth of the total number en
y.-i.--': '.., r war po much ay the tendency to mass
all a natlon's forces into one huge army. Thlrty
;?' ~ >./? this countrj did not have any one
;?" y hP iarge as Ovama's at Moukden, hut ln
: . ?? several arm:es !t had more men under
:-. - h.t cne time than there are in the present
A: tter point made?or at least snggested?by
<rentral N'Ejraoka ls that hatties now last longer
than foimerly. That ls contrary to the common
theory th_t the lncreased deadiiness of arms
will make battles short, sharp and declslve.
Keaho?a tbat the batt>of Wagrsm lasted four?
teen hcrart, a_d that of Borodino twelve and one
half hours. The "battle of the nations" at
Leipsic lasted three days, and so dld Getrys
burg. But Llao-Yang lasted for eight days,
fSha-Ho flve dava ^nd Moukden fourteen days,
*To t__s we rrflg-t add also the.t the naval bat?
tle of &? B*e of Japan lasted much longer than
that of ?he Xlle or Trafalgar. This <drcura
?tance, which eeems. on the whole, better estab?
llshed than the other, is probably to be ex
piained by the greater distances at whlch bat?
tle* are now fought. Shooting at enemies a
mlle or two away. with teiescoplc sights on
gnns, ls very different from "waltlnf until yoa
could see the whites of thelr eyes. *?_?*
Japan Sea the Japanese ships did effective
flring nt five miles' range. At Trafalgar the
distance was eometinies only five yards. As
weapons become more deadly the distance at
wbich they are used becomes greater, and the
net result'is therefore not greatly changed.
The growth of war is, then. an all round
growth-in defence as well as ln offence. Armies
Increase in size and weapons in deadliness, hut
the means of avoiding the lethal fire are corre
..pondiuglv increased. along with the faclliUes
for saving tbe lives and restorlng the health of
the wounded. It is the old contest of arms
a-ainst armor over again. The "resources of
civHIzation" are lndeed employed ln warfare,
bn_ some of them practically neutralize the
others On the whole. there ls probably a net
galu for humanity. We do not suppose the
slaughter of Cannre will ever be repcated, or
' the sack of Magdeburg. War will remain war,
i but it will also remain a manifestation of hu
man nature and subject to its eontrol.
President Ellot seems to have more influence
I with the Massachusetts Supreme Court than Mr.
i Samuel Gompers. It will be remembered that
I these men recently debated the question of tne
closed shop before the Civic Federation. or
rather that President Eliot talked on the subject
of liberty and its relations to trade unionism.
and that Mr. Gompers talked about the glories
of organized labor-for he never really grappled
?with President Eliofs point Xow the Massa?
chusetts Supreme Court has handed down a de?
elsion that an attempt to force all laborers to
combine in unions is against public policy, be?
cause it aims at a monopoly of the labor market
This is an lssue that the more conservative
and thoughtful believers in the closed shop dis
like to face squarely. They will teli you that
they hope to have ali workers in the union for
their own sake. When all are working together
in harmony in their ideal society there will be
no dlscrimination and no boycotting of "scabs."
They do not mean to be exclusive. They open
ihe "union door on falr terms to all journeymen,
aud lt is the outsider's own fault if he does not
enjoy the industrial opportunities of the unlon
ist But put the question baldly: "Do you deny
"the equal right with the unionlst of the man
"who, however mlstakeniy, prefers to go alone?"
end most organized labor representatives evade
the lssue. But it is an issue that cannot long be
evaded. It lies at the heart of American liberty.
What the workers for the closed shop really
are eeeking ls a labor monopoly. Perhaps that is
' all right lf we are going to lay aside the ideals
of individual freedom inherited from the fathers
and adjust ourselves to a new order of society
where every function will be in the hands of a
monopoly?where we shall have a labor trust
and a capital trust both subdivided into bu
reaus or smaller trusts. lf that is to be the
ideal. let the labor men give up their campaigns
against the other trusts and instead welcome
them as advance agents of the desired evolu
tion. If. on the other hand. we wish to preserre
individual freedom, let us go on to force the
great industrial combinations to respect the law
and give their small rivals a falr chance. Then,
on the other hand, let us inslst that labor unions,
while presenting as strongly as they may the
advantages of association, shall respect the
right of every man to make his own contracts,
If he chooses, and earn his living in his own way.
SETTLED BT SAXE.
It is a great pity that Rufus King, James
Kent Charles O'Conor. Samuel J. Tilden, Jo?
seph H. Choate, Elihu Itoot and the other
worthies who sat in the constitutional conven
tions of 1S21. 1 -40. 1869 and 1894 did not have
prophetic knowledge of the genius and states
manship of Martln Saxe. If they had known
about Saxe and his opinions they certainly
would never have put into the constitutlon or
left ln .he constitution a provision for the re?
moval of unfit judses by the legislature. Saxe
is a State Senator who thinks the constitu?
tlon as made by these eminent lawyers is un
constitutlonal. He opposes legislative action in
the Hooker case because "the legislature has no
"right to take any such action. It would be en
"croaching on the rights of a co-ordinate branch
"of the State government"
But O wise Saxe, what determines the rights
of the co-ordinate branches of the government?
Do you "dope" out those rights by tlreams, or
the study of the stars, or by submitting your
statesmanlike palms to a seventh daughter of
a seventh daughter? Or do you look In the
constitution of the State of New-York for the
definition of the powers of government? Per?
haps if the Constitutional Convention of 1821
had listened to your wisdom it would have
turned from King and Kent and adopted your
idea that the judiciary should decide on the qual
ilicatious of its own membership. That notion,
however, never entered the delegates' heads.
They had seen judges subject to removal by
Parliament by State legislatures and by the
United States Senate, and Saxe was not in evi?
dence to tell them it was all wrong. If Saxe
had been around In 1846, Charles O'Conor might
not so unblushingly have argued against limit
lug the cause of removal to offences committed
subsequent to election, and maintained tho need
of some check on immorality and general unflt
ness. If Saxe could have been about earlier
and led the State in the formative period, our
institutions would not have been so bungled by
the Chancellor Kents and the Charles O'Conors.
If the people had not made a mlstake and sent
Elihu Root instead of Saxe to the convention
of 1894, the constitution might at last have been
It is too bad that Saxe was not born a hun?
dred years earlier. The good he would have
done by teaching Kent constitutional law and
Rufus King the theory of government would
have compensated for the lack of him in the
course of nature at this later day. Their loss
would have been our ga!n_
THE MANCHURIAN NEMESIS.
The retirement of Admiral Alexleff in praeti
cal disgrace is of the best possible omen to Rus?
sia, though it has come too late to avert from
that empire the penalty incurred through his
flagitlous 6chemes. Mr. Witte declares in hls
newspaper that all Russia will rejolce because
"the black page whlch preceded the bloody
"pages of the book of Far Eastern affairs has
"at last been torn out by the Emperor." There
is cause in that for rejoiclng, even while the
land reels under the awful strokes of Nemesis;
for it was Alexleff, with the company of specu?
lative "grafters" that __rro_nded him and with
hls monstrous schemes of broken falth and
epoliation in Manchuria, who chiefly brought
this disastrous war upon Russia. Of thls Rus?
sian offlclal revelations are ample proof.
A Russian Red Book just published, covering
the period from June, 1903, to the outbreak of
the war, explicltly states that at the beglnning
the St Petersburg government recognized the
principle that Russian rights in Manchuria and
Japanese rights in Corea were on tho same foot
lng. That was the Japanese view, and upon
that basis the two powers would epeedlly have
come to an agreement. But Alexleff changed
all that Hls vigorous protests induced the
Czar to reverse his attitude. In September,
10<~>3, Alexleff insisted that "lt would be impoa
"sible for Russia to leave Manchuria without
"loslng prestige." Seeing that she was solemnly
pledg. 1 to leave, that means that she could
maintnin her prestige oniy by breaking faith!
Ile added in the same dispatch that Russia
should resolve to lemain ln Manchuria, and at
the same time should not permit Japan to have
a slmilariy free hand in Corea. A little later
he repeated that Russia must hold all Man?
churia. and Japan must not be allowed to oc
cupy Northern Corea. It will be recalled that
Alexieffs partner. Bezobrnzoff, had extensive
timber and other coucesslons in Northern Corea,
so that in dictating this policy the Vlceroy of
the East was "working for his own pocket all
This attitude of Russla's was, of course. un
satlsfactorv to Japan. It was. Indeed. the dlrect
cause of tho war. In December, at tbe Russian
capital. Admiral Abasa, president of the Com
mtttoe on Far Eastern Affairs. a partlsan of
Alexleff's, admltted that if Russia malntalned
Alexleff's policy there might be danger of war.
But he added that Japan was ln ? bad way
and could not stand against Russia. However,
he proposed that, instead of diroctly ehalleng
ing war, Russia should break off negotiations
and let Japan occupy Corea. Then Russia
should protest, and perhaps other European
powers would protest In brief, the game of
ten years ago, when Russia got France and
Germany to join her in forcing Japan out of
Port Arthur, was to be repeated. To this
astounding scheme the Czar apparently gave
his sanction. At the same time, on January S,
just a month before the beginning of the war,
tlie Czar ordered the East Asian armies to be
mobilized, Manchuria. Port Arthur and Vladi
vostok to be declared in a state of siege and
general preparations for war to be made. A
few days later Admiral Abasa declared it was
Russia's policy to tempt Japan. by some means.
to occupy Corea. "because it would convict
Japan of the violation of all international law."
Finally, a few hours before the war began, the
Czar telegraphed to Alexieff that It was desir?
able to have the Japanese and not the Russians
begin hostilities. But he added that If the Jap?
anese sent their ships into the waters of North?
ern Corea the Russians should "attack them
without awaiting the flrst shot." It will be re
called that that was just what the Russians did
Such Is the record. offlcially put forth by the
Russian government itself. It fixes indlsput
ably the responsibility for the war. It ls, as
Mr. Witte well characterizes it, a "black page"
?black with a cynical disregard of solemn
pledges and with an equally cynlc.il disregard
of the rule of "do ut des." In repudlating it
and its author the Czar does the most that can
now be done to redeem the record. He cannot
escape the penalty nor undo the mischlef that
has come upon him through his unhappy yleld
lng to his evil genius. But he can, by retracing
his steps to his own better attitude of two years
ago, enter the path of an honorable and equita?
It really is a shame for automobiles to be so
111 treated. They are themselves so quiet, slow
golng, unobtrusive and solicitously regardful of
the 6afety, rlghts and comfort of all the rest
of the world that it is a monstrous injustice for
other things, animate and inanlmate, to conspire
against them and to harry and oppress them
until the poor things* nerves are getting worn
to a frazzle.
Down on the Ocean Parkway the other night,
for example, an automobile was standing quite
still ln the middle of the road. It had all its
lights burning, its horn a-honking and its tor?
pedo nettings spread. Surely it ought to have
been safe from molestation. But, no. A po
llceman came along leading his horse, and with
that precipitate velocity of action for which our
guardians of the peace are noted hurled himself
headlong upon it The assallant appears to have
hurt himself, physlcally, at least more than his
victim. He broke a rib, cracked his skull and
brulsed himself up badly. But just think of
the mental anguish which the automobile must
have suffered! No wonder it promptly scurried
away to seek seclusion for its sorrow. The same
night up in The Bronx. another automobile was
moving snail-Hke along the road, with charac
teristic caution. when. at a treacherous curve, a
huge iron post teaped at it and wrecked it
Every day men, women and children. cattle,
trucks, trolley cars and what not maliciously
get into tbe way of automobiles. to stop their
progress and to scratch them with splinters or
to soil them with gore. Even the solid earth
Itself has got into the habit of revolving with
extra speed beneath them, raeing backward
with appalling Telocity, so that while the auto?
mobile seeks to move forward at only four or
flve miles an hour, the roadbed and the adjacent
landscape rush away from it at thirty or forty
miles an hour.
It is becoming Intolerable. All created things
save one, we are told, once took an oath that
they would not Injure Baldur. Now, all created
things seem to be sworn that they will injure,
harass, annoy and bedevil the harmless and de
fenceless automobile. It ls discreditab^e to our
clvllization, to humanlty, to the realm of nature
itself. If it is not stopped we shall be put to the
melancholy necessity of organlzing a Society for
the Preventiou of Cruelty to Automobiles.
RADIUM AXD LIFE.
Professor Burko's experiments with radium at
Cambridge, England, mentloned in recent cable
dlspatches, should be treated with respect The
ancient notion that life could be spontaneously
evolved from dead matter waa upset about two
and a half centuries ago by Redi. an Italian
naturalist whose results seemed conclusive to a
scientist of Huxley's penetration. Of late, how?
ever, faith in that posslbility has occaslonally
been expressed by reputable physiological chem
ists; and, though nobody has been able to demon
strate the eorrectness of the belief, lt now and
then lnsplres researches havlng that object in
view. If a new venture of tho kind is made
by a man of any scientiflc standing, therefore,
it deserves consideration on its own merits.
There are certain accepted standards by which
such attempts should be judged, just as are
alleged discoveries about Mars. The inherent
improbabillty of an achlevement should not
stand ln the way of a patient and unprejudiced
hearing. Professor Burke is entitled to that, at
Now, who ls this young man and what has
he done? He was born in Ireland and educated
at Dublin, but engaged in a little work at Cam?
bridge, which was recognized by the university
there with a degree three years ago. It is not
altogether clear whether he fills a chair in that
lnstitution at present or whether he is rightly
styled "Professor" Burke; but for the present
the point may be lgnored. He has a reputation
as a popular lecturer, especially on the trnits
of radium, and this is enough to fix his status.
Cambridge, it may be added, is the home of J. J.
Thomson, a physicist who is largely responsi
ble for the new theory of the constitution of an
atom. Mr. Strutt, a son of Lord Raylelgh, is an?
other well known investigator there. It does
not appear that either of them is in any way re
pponslble for the methods or conclusions of Pro?
fessor Burke; but it is easy to understand the
effect of such an environment upon tbe mind
of the young Irishman.
What he did may be briefly described. He
subjected to tlie influenco of radium a mixrure
of gelatine and beef tea, a oompound which
promotes the multiplioation of bacteria because
it furnishes them with the nutrlment they pre
fer. This is technlcally known as a "etiiture
medium." If it be lnfected with any known
dlsease germ-?say that cf diphtheria?and sub?
jected to the continued lnfluence of a tempera
ture oorresponding to that of the human body.
swarms of bacteria wiil be found ln about a
day. Professor Burke put a quantlty of this
materiai ln a test tube of glass, after eterilizlng
both tlie receptacle and the contents, then im
mersed in tie paste a much smaller tube in
which there waa radium, sealed the larger one
to exclude atmospheric microbes, and let the
thing stand. Eventually, he says. he found
some microscopio objects ln the mixrure which
were harder than the rest of the materiai and
nearly spherieal. H? did not believe that they
were crystals, and was Inellned to think that
they mlght be low fnrms of life. Dr. Slma
Woodhead, who was lnvlted to look at them,
waa unable to ldenufy them as bacteria and
woold not pronounce them to be such. As tbe
case stand.;, therefore, there is no deflnite and
authoritatlve information to show exactly what
they are or to indicate whether or not the dis
covery has the slightest slgnificance.
Before his vislt to this country last year Slr
William Ramsay publlcly referred two or three
times to an experiment of Mr. Soddy whlch in
some particulars resembles Professor Burke's.
A solution of radium was contined in a glass
vessel (or tube), and after several months had
elapsed it was observed that the walls of the
receptacle had apparently undorgone some
change. A substance which Sir William took
to be a new metal, like lead, had been developed
In the glass in microscoplc quantities. Be?
tween the materials which had thus been af
fected and those whlch formed the basis of
Professor Burke's research there is one differ
ence: The former were "inorganic" (or mln
eral), while the latter were "organie." belng
extracts of beef and bones. In neither instance,
however, was anything fully proved. Mr.
Soddy's experiment whlch was undertaken for
a different purpose, has not been repeated, and
no corroboration of Sir William's interpretation
has been obtained. Still less is known about
the nature of the product of Professor Burke's
experiment. There seems to be no trnstworthy
evidence that his granules are anything but
consolidations of his culture medium, the soll
in whlch he may have expected to raise a crop
If Professor Burke wants to find out what
these bodies are he will perhaps manufacture
several fresh lots, and, without allowlng alr
borne germs to lnvade his gelatine and boulllon
by opening the tubes, distribute them among
competent mineralogists, chemists and bac
teriologists for examination. Until a sample
of Sir William Ramsay's argon had been sent
to Berthelot the French chemist to be tested,
the world did not believe that a new gas had
been found in the atmosphere. Until astron
omers at iJbe Lick Observatory and elsewhere
had conflrmed the announcement by Schiapa
relli that there were slender gray marklngs on
the surface of Mars, his professional brethren
remained skeptlcal. Indepeudent verlflcation
by experts Is a prerequlslte to the acceptance
of every scientific discovery. Until he secures
that no concluslons whatsoever can be drawn
from Professor Burke's lnteresting work,
"Senatorlal courtesy" is taking a new form
_t Albany. There they call it the "courtesy due
to a co-ordinate branch."
United States Commissioner Shields may have
been premature, after all. in discardlng his old
fashioned boots for shoes. Crinollne is said to
be due for a return engagement with Dame
Fashion, and should lt arriye Commissioner
Shields would feel very much at home ln hls
The Russians were right when they said that
the Japanese are good at handllng submarines.
According to the report of the Japanese com?
mander at Port Arthur. his men have Just been
successful in floatlng the submerged Russian
For many years the supposed Rornan a<jue
duct of Chaillot has furnished Parlslan archesr
ologists an lnteresting theme, and many learned
papers and discussions before various societies
have enlarged upon the wonderful constructlve
skill shown by the ancient Romans ln that
memorable work- Recently, however, a curious
lnvestigator, searching among the archives of
the Hotel de Ville. came across a document of
undoubted authentlcity which establishes the
fact that the aqueduct was built by Bernard
of Palissy ln 1567, by order of Catherlne de
Medici. So far as reported. none of the ar
chEeologists havo lmproved the opportunity to
call attention to the fact. and transfer their
praises from the supposed ancient builders to
the authentlcated constructors.
Forecasts of the results of the census now
belng taken indicate that New-Tork has tho
hlghest birth rate of any city in the Union.
With two thousand babes born a week ln New
Tork. and a birth rate of probably thlrty-two
to the thousand. the Empire City is advancing
at an Imperial rate as to population.
THE TALK OF TBE DAY.
The Domlnion government Is about to enter
upon the construction of gigantic military works
ln the city and district of Quebec. The old cltadel
is to be overhauled, and the three forts at Polnt
Levis. and big guns put on all of them. At Beau
mont, nlne miles from the city. on the eouth
shore. two large fortresses are to be constructed,
commanding a full view of the channels up and
down the river and costlng about $3,000,000. When
they are done Quebec can go to sleep at night
with an added sense of securlty, though lt ls a
question whether lt will be a blt safer than lt ls
now and has been ever since Wolfe and Montcalm,
for the time belng, settled Its status on the Heights
Easy ?Flrst Shipwrecked Marlner?Thls ls a bully
Island. We must get rid of these natlves aa aoon
as possible, so we can own lt ourselves.
Second Shipwrecked Marlner?But how?
"Easy. We've saved enough from the wreck to
feed them all on health foods."?tUfe.
Pee Wm is to have a Fourth of July celebratlon
and advertlses that boys who enter the greased
pole contest will be searched for currycombs Inside
thelr trouaers legs.
After a long, weary search the man secured
"How do you llke your job?" we Inqulred at
the end of the flrst week.
"I'd llke it pretty well." was the reply. "but
for one thing."
"What ls that?"
"They're mlghty slow about offerln' me a day
Sable Island lies about eighty miles to the easfc
ward of Nova Scotia and consists of an accumu
latlon of loose sand. formlng a pair of rldges
united at the two ends and lncloslng a ahallow
lake. Tracts of grass are to be met with ln
places as well as pools of fresh water. These af
ford sustenance for troops of wild horses or
ponies. deseended. lt ls supposed. from atock caat
ashore from a Spanlsh wreck e-arly ln the slx
teenth century. Twenty-flve years ago lt waa
estlmated that the ponies numbered from flve
to six hundred. but at present there are not
qulte two hundred. dlvided lnto flve troops. A
recent writer ln "The Empire Revlew" comments
on the strlklng llkeness of these wild ponies to
the horses of the Parthenon frleze and to the
now extermlnated tarpan of Tartary. They also
seem to resemble the wild horses of Mexico,
though with shaggler coats, to meet the condi?
tions of a rougher cllmate. The writer thlnks that
these herds ought to be carefully guarded to the
end that an lnteresting equlne typo may be pre
"Your money or your life!" growled the footpad.
"Take me life." responded the Irlshman. "I'm
savln' mo money for me old ' age!"?(Cleveland
A recent writer ln "The Natlonal Oeographlcal
Magaztne" tells of a tree growing ln the Malny
Archlpelago, the Andaman lslands and Ceylon,
whlch pro-luces a fruit used ln fishing, with results
of a rernarkable character. The fruit ls pound?d
up lnto paste and left ln bags over night; after
whlch lt la sunk at low tlde ln deep hotas along
the reefs. The fish soon begln to appear at the
surface; some of them llfeless, others atteirpLlng
to swlm cr falntly struggllng. -with thelr vuntral
side uppermost- In thls oondltlon the natlves
have no difflculty ln plcklng them out of the
water with thelr hands.
A . TtTDY IN HEREr>TTY.
Remnant of peoples, long gona by?
One grand danie'p halr -another*s eye;
Bomebody's feet with hands to match?
From head to toe made up of patch?
A nose 1 llke not rhln the same?
With east-off traltH and threadbare name;
Born to a fate I'd somettmes shlrk
Worklng at work whlch oft won't work:?
Ov?r on thought I pusxle a lot>?
Lnd I g*t __ b-u-gj-ln.?or did I not?
About "People and ~Social Incidentj
AT THE WHITE H0U8E.
r-tOM TH- TRTBT-- BUR1U.U.1
Washington. June 24^-Pra.Ment Roosevelt re?
ceived a call this afternoon from Count Casslni.
the Russian Ambassador. who came to Inform him
of his prospectlve departure. "I will sall on July
11." said Count Casslnl. after his call upon BM
President. "I regret that I am not to return after
my summer vacatlon. There ls noth'ng new in the
war situation. as the plenipotentlarles have not
been tselecttd. and nothing new ls likely to happen
until they are announced."
Mrs. Roosevelt and her eldest son. Theodore, Jr..
have gone to Norfolk, Va. to remain until Mon?
Representative Bede. of Mlnnesota. lntroduced
Guy A. Eaton. commander of the MtaMSOCa Naval
Militia. "We are going to take the Fern, whlch has
been given us by the government, to Duluth by
water," sald Mr. Bede. "Of course. the govern?
ment was qulte generous to let us have the llttle
vessel for a tralnlng ship for the mllltla, but I
thlnk she mlght have been put in repalr and taken
there without puttlng us to a whole lot of expense.
It has cost us more than $4,000 to repalr the Fern.
and lt will cost fully $1,000 to get her to Duluth by
the way of the Hudson Canal and the Great
Lakes." Mr. Bede says they will have lots of tar
get practice lf the government will furnlsh the
ammunltion and coal. Minnesota will provide the
matches and the men.
State Senator W. S. Peareon, of North Carollna,
was lntroduced to the President by Representative
Blackburn. Mr. Pearson ls looklng for a con
Among the other cailers at the Whlte House dur?
ing the day were Secretarles Taft and Metcalf, W.
L. Penfleld. sollcltor of tha State Department, and
a number of tourist vlsitors. who came for the
TrKOM THE TRIBUXE BCRSAU.]
Washington, June 24.?There will be a general
exodus of official soclety during the comlng week,
colncldent with the departura of the President for
Secretary Hay has already gone to his summer
home, on Sunapee Lake, New-Hampshlre, and
Francls B. Loomis, Assistant Secretary of State,
sailed to-day for Europe. He will return ln Au?
gust. but will later spend two weeks ln the foresta
Second Assistant Secretary Adee is engaged ln
a blcycle trip ln Southern France.
Secretary Taft goea to Now-England on Monday
to address the studanta of Yale Cnlverslty, and
will return to this clty only ln time to leave here
on June 30, for his visit to the Philippines.
Attorney General Moody will leave here soon. to
spend the aummer at his home. ln Haverhlll, Mass.
The Secretary of Commerce and Labor and Mra
Metcalf will leave Washington about July &, to
spend several montha at Oakland, CaL
The Secretary of the Interior expects to go to
his summer home before long.
Secretary Wilson has not completed his plans for
the aummer, but expects to make an extended
trip through tha West Mlss Wilson is still ln
Mrs. Leslle M. Shaw and the MIsses Shaw, wlf*
and daughters of the Secretary of the Treasury.
will leave Washington on Monday night for Cam
den, Me., to remain during the summer months.
Postmaster General Cortelyou and Mra Cortelyou
have not made their aummer plans, but will re?
main ln Washington for some time.
Herbert H. D. Pelrce, now Acting Secretary of
State, will probably remain in Washington until
late in August.
College celebratlons of one kind or another
will engage to a great extent the attention of
New-Tork soclety throughout the week, whlch
opens to-day. Commencement at Yale will be
followed by that at Harvard. fn whlch the Presi?
dent ls to take part. The YaleJHarvard baseball
match takea place on Tuesday. and the Harvard
Yale boat races will as usual attract an enormous
crowd to New-London on Thursday. numerous
yachting parties havlng been organlzed in connec
tlon with the racea Most of the yachts will make
their way from New-London to Newport on the
following day, and their arrival there will serve to
Btart the Newport season.
Every day sees new arrtvals at Newport, where
the customary series of entertainments has already
begun, and where most of the vlllas and cottages
are already opened. Mrs. Astor ls expected at the
end of the week with her grandddaughter, Miss
May Van Alen, and Mr. and Mrs. Oliver Harriman,
who have a vllla there this year, will llkewlse ar?
rlve on Friday. Mr. and Mrs. C'ornelius Van?
derbllt will not however, he at Newport thla year.
They have sublet Beaulleu to Mr. and Mra
Thomas Walsh. John Jacob Astor and his llttle
girl, with her nurses, ls llkewlse due at Friedheim
this waek, but nothing ls known yet of the return
of -Mrs. John Jacob Astor, who ls still ln London.
Many eyes will be turned t_s week toward Klel,
where Emperor William and his brother Prlnce
Henry are welcoming in their usual hoapitable
fashlon an even larger number of Amrlcan yacht
owners and their friends than in previous years.
Among the yachts at Kiel flylng the Stars and
Stripes this week are the North Star, of Mr. and
Mra. Cornellus Vanderbllt, who have on board a
party of friends. includlng Mr. and Mrs. Edmund
Baylies: Mr. and Mra. Frederick Vanderbllt'a
Conqueror, Mrs. Robert Goelet's Nabma, Mr. and
Mrs. Anthony Drexel'e Margherita, J. Pierpont
Morgan'g Corsalr and the various yachts that
took part ln the ocean race for the Kalser*s Cup.
Most of the American yachts will afterward go to
the Solent for Cowes regatta week, which marks
the wlnd-up of the London season. Then all those
Americans who have been taking part ln the gaye
ties of the English capital will disperse, some
going to the Continent. others proceedlng to Scot
land and Ireland. and the majorlty turning their
faces in the dlrection of home.
The converslon of Mrs. Wlnthrop Rutherfurd
to the Roman Cathollc faith and her reception by
Archbishop Farley Into his Church was made pub?
lic yeaterday. She ls the second of the daughters
of ex-Governor and Mra Levi P. Morton to Join
the Roman Cathollc denomlnatlon. Miss Helen Mor?
ton having become a corrv? rt when she was mar?
ried to Count Boson de Talleyrand-Perlgord, from
whom she has since been dlvorced, resumlng her
former name. Mr. and Mrs. Morton arrived yes?
terday from Bu?>pe, and will go almost immedi?
ately to their camp ln the Adirondacks.
Among the weddlngs set for next week ls that of
Mlss Amy Phirps and Captain the Hon. Fred?
erick Guest ln London on 'Wednesday. The cere?
mony ln St_ George's, Hanover So.ua.re, will be fol?
lowed by a reception given at Brook House. Park
L_ne, whlch Mr. and Mra Henry Phipps, the
parents of the bride, have rentod for the season
from Lord Tweedmouth, who has now, however,
sold lt to Sir Ernest Casaell. Captain Guest holda a
commission in tha Royal Horse Giiards and ls a
younger aon of Lord Wlmborne. The marriage of
his brother, Lionel Guest. to Mrs. Flora Bigelow
Dodge, at Sloux Falls. S. D.. follows on July 6.
Another marriage set for Wednesday ts that of
Cameron Blalkie and Miss Cornelia Miller ln Trin?
ity Church, Eaat Orange, N. J. Stephen Van
Rensselaer, who ls engaged to be marriod to Miss
Marion Farlln. of Elizabeth, N. J., will be one of
the ushers. The others will be Ed^vard G. Kemp,
Georg-? Benjamin Hay and Samuel Habcock Mi:;sr.
Stuart Biaikle will be the best man and Mlss
Corlnne MUler her sister's only brldal att?r.danf_
After the ceremony there- will be a :-*?ceptlon given
by Mr. and Mrs. Franklin B-bcoik Miller, the
parents of the bride. at their place Bt East Orange.
Thoss saHIng this week for Europe Include Mr.
and Mrs. Frederick R. Halsey, who g> on Thursday:
Mr. and Mra James A Burden. who go on Friday;
D. O. Mills. who sails on Wednesds.y, and Justice
and Mrs. Vernon M. Davis. who star t on Saturday
Mrs. Hermann Oelrichs and her bo;- are due here
the day after to-morrow from Europe. and will go
at once on their anrval to Newpcrt. while Mra
Henry Oewa, sr.. and Mr. and Mra R. Rolllna
Morse saU for New-Tork on We*5ne?day.
Mr. and Mra Glliat Schroeder. who wer? mar?
ried a few weeks ago at St. Mark's. have returned
from their honeymoon and ar? stajtng with Mra.
Sc.hrosder'a mother, Mra. B*rkel?y Mostyn, at the
latter** can?.try plaoa at Far Roccaway.
Mra CT_~?*oa W. Maoka? i*a~? Harbor HTU.
her place at Roslyn. ??.:-.- rext mor.th. with h?
.lttle girl. for th- V. :..'?- Mountains. M.1 will j'-y ?
Mr. Mackay a. S~r..r pa r. tha _?g.n__r_g <rf A
Announcement ia made of the engagement .?
Miss Nannle Wright Brown to Harold R__hrr.Tr.
Talbot, aon of Dr. and Mrs. Robert Banokar l^x_
bot. He ls a graduate of Yale and a meisber <?
Squadron A and the St. Anthony Club.
Miss Marlon Kemp. slater of Arthur Kemp, ??_ H
with the !atter*e little daughter. Chlffon Kamp
for New-York on July 12 from Italy, whara ahe
makes her home. On thelr arrlval bar* **tnm
Kemp will stay with her aunt, Mra. Reg?_tai<_ r
Vanderbilt, at Newport, before going on to aptuj
the remainder of the summer with her ?" _t, ICaa
Manon Kemp. at Bar Harbor.
Mr. and Mrs. Sydney Smith. who are r.ow ??
thelr country place at Weatbury. Long I_-U__d, m
be at Newport throughout August.
Miss Betty Collamore, daughter of Mra. H*r..
Blschoff. Jr.. who is now ataying with Mra. _*_.>
Lamont. at Mllbrook. N. Y.. ia booked to aaii _o
Europe oa July &.
Ernesto G. Fabbrl left town yesterday with his
brother. Alexander Fabbrl, on tha latte_*a
yacht, the Tecla. for Bar Harbor.
General and Mra. Charles F. Roe have left _(_?
Mra Alexander Van Renaselaer and her daughter.
Miss Allce Van Rensselaer. and Mrs. M. Vaa Rena?
selaer Johnson are at Bar Harbor for tha summer
Mr. and Mrs. Forsyth Wlckes ara booked to eai
for Europe on Wednesday. Mra. Wlckes wm*.-_,
Marlon Haven. They have been ataying tar tbe
last week with Mr. and Mra. O. G. Haven. ..
NOTES FROM TUXEDO PARK.
[BT TELEGRAPH TO THE T_t_BC_n_]
Tuxedo Park. N. Y.. June 24.?Threatening weath?
er to-day did not interfere with the social affalri
acheduled for the week end at Tuxedo, and mar..
came out to-day to spend Sunday. The clobhouM
la full. and nearly every cottage haa Its quota of
Mr. and Mra. Richard Mortlmer, who paaaed the
spring and early summer abroad. arrived to-day
and opened thelr large cottage for tha aummer
They will entertain a large number of gueata thli
Mr. and Mra Juies J. Vatable arrived yesterday
and opened thelr villa on Weewah Lake for the
season. and Mr. and Mra Howland Pell have ar?
rived at the Gallatln cottage, on Tower H .1.
H. Casimlr I>e Rham, who haa leased hls Tux?
edo villa and gona to Newport for tha summer
arrived to-day to pass Sunday at tha club.
Among those who ara givlng dinners to-night are
Mr. and Mra Fred R. Halsey, Mr. and Mra. R.
Fulton Cutting, Mr. and Mra P. Lorlllard. Mr. and
Mrs. H. O. Havemeyer. Jr., Mr. and Mra. Edward
J. Hancy, Mr. and Mra Montgomery Hare, Mr.
and Mra H. H. Rogera, Jr.. Mr. and Mra. ?__?
Bradley and Mr. and Mra. Harrla Fahneetock.
At the club dinners were given by Mr. and Mra
Charlea B. Van Nostrand. Mr. and Mra. A___c
Potter, Mr. and Mrs. Wlllard S. Brown. Mr. and
Mrs. Henry P. Rogers. Mr. and Mra. George W.
Forsythe and Mr. and Mra. John H. Prentloe.
Mr. and Mrs. Georga W. Forsythe, who next
week go to Bar Harbor for the aummer. enter?
talned Lieutenant Colonel N. B. Barnardiston. ot
the British Legatlon at Brussels, at tha club at
dinner to-night- Several of the Tuxedo coionlsts
were present. _
Miss Natlca Rlves has been the guest of Mr. and
Mrs. John HM Prentice, who are ataying at the
Wlnter Club. __ _
Mr. and Mrs. Am_ T. French and M2aa French.
who have been ln their Tuxedo villa slnoa Aprtl.
have gone to Newport for the season, and Mr. and
Mrs W. H. N. Vosa will close thelr Tuxedo villa
and pass the summer at Bar Harbor.
Mr and Mrs. Charlea B. Alexander and the
Mlsses Alexander, who opened thelr T^udo home
a few weeka ago, went abroad oo TO-irrfayto
pass the season on th*CcmOmmt. _j_lI Mfr ??_??
Morgan Gibba Bamwell. who have leased thelr co.
ta|e to Mrs. Charlea Tilford. salled to^ay. to be
absent ln Europe for eeveral months. ,.__-,
Mr and Mrs. Forsythe Wickes. who haveleaaed
the Greenough villa on Tuxedo Lake, afflr
Ibroadon Wednesday for ??. eraJ weeta. and gr
and Mrs. Wllliam Plerson Hamilton will sail the
following week. _
AMONG THE BERKSM.RES.
[BT TKt-CJR-J^ TO TH3E *?"LiJ?'tJ~B-1
Lenox. Mass.. June 24.?The engagement to ar
nounced of Mlsa Florence Devere Boeae. tanghT
of Mrs. O. Boese. of New-York. ai*_ Thomaa Ogderv
of Llverpool, England. Mr. Ogden ls a member c.
the Ogden Tobacco Company of U?_-_?_ and a
director of the Imperial Tobacco Company of Great
Britain and Ireland. Mrs. Boeee and Mlsa Boaae
are at the Hotel Asplnwall.
Mr and Mrs. Robert W. Fatereoa. c_ Naw-Yart.
returned to-day from their __n_U o_ti_g ta Que?
bec. - *__-_.
Mr. and Mrs. George Westh-ghouae are a* __-_
country home, Erskine Park.
The Rev. Dr. Wllliam M. Ore*--___?. of Xew
York ls a guest of Bishop G^orxn WorthlagtoQ. of
*%&?* Mrs^John %oane ? thi. -_-^?
New-lSvenfor the Yale commencement John
?o__S_r?. isa member of tha -^^??*~
Mr. and Mrs. Edwaxd Haxknesa. of N-_r-Yor-_,
have arrived ln Lenox.
SOCIAL NOTES FROM NEWPORT.
[BT TEIJ-~>B___PH TO TH_B T_-r___0_!
Newport. R. L, June 2_-__e_e were many aocda:
affalra ln the cottage colony to-day. tha moet not
able being a hincheon given by Mrs. Charlea F
Hoffman. Her guests numbered twe-iry-Cw_. W
ls Mrs. Hoffman'a flrst enterta-nme-it of th* *-*
B Other social affalra ~"> -____- gtven ttto arw
ing by Mrs. James B. Haggln, Mra. WUIlam G
Roelker and Mrs. A. Lanfear mwUlm.
Lloyd Phcenlx arrived at Newport to-day on m
auxillary yacht the Intrepld for a ehort <?*
.JxTand Mra. Jamea C_ Went* of New-Tork.
reached here t__ay for the M>m
Mr and Mrs. H. Mortlmer Brooks w_ ?_*? -
thelr villa for the .ea*- on ^^^ ^
T. Sanford Beattie came from New-Yw-. ??
evening. _^w_i~? tn-__v f~r
The following reglst-rtd at th. Ou_^ J^J-.
the aeason: Mlsa C Ogden Jone* BL *.***?*.
B. T. Townsend and J. D* F____Panlelson.
MA Y ACCEPtTaJNDON CALL
Dr. Rainsford, It Is Sm&. WtH Not
Return to St. Georgfe.
Although repeated denlals have been nurfe
from supposedly authoritative sources. lt ~- now
generally admltted that Dr. Rainsford, when .
left the city. had little thought of returnlng P
St. George's as its rector for several months a.
least. Dr. Rainsford Is not "broken down," bo~
according to gossip. needs a rest. and b*'--va
that he has accomplished all that can be gccom
pllshed ln St. George's.
A rumor that would not down yesterday. m
matter how many were conhulted. ls that Tn
Rainsford may consflder a call he haa r,oa_*?
from London to deliver addresses ln the torgtr
London churches. including Westmlnster Abbey.
on the instltutional church.
All concerned, including the curates at 8
George's, were emphatic la their denlal -~at
Dr. Rainsford had even suggested that bt
would reslgn. but none wouli say whs_ ^b*
would return or venture nr> opir.!...i ?s to th*
character of hls work, should he return.
Those closer to Dr. Rainsford would not denj
that he la considerlng the offer from Lo__?*.
anit had even revlewed the matter with th*
trustees, and that J. P. Morgan v.-.u. t reseni
at the meeting when r>r. Rainsford produced
a letter from the Archblshop of Car.terbury ln
vltlng hira to preach in hls cathedril on tba
The trustees, lt ls said, were str ng'.y in fajo
of Dr. Rainsford accepti:.< the ! .vltatlon. ^ut
ni't lf it meant hls ; -r:i - - i> !:'.g ?w*->
from St cJeorge's or ccntrolling its work.
Among the peLSsengera who arrived ve.sterd_y "n
I^a LorraJne were:
H. P. Mci .iMy W 5 _, i .
Mr and Mrs I>>\! . Mer _J ? - V '; %-.
.JIhoaa who arrived tn th? C_m_an1a wa__M
JL O. Ba-Cl-?!--r. IDr.j-.__L HanifH?l
Mra. Wai-k T. ?i_ I wu_t_-m _?_-_?_t
Wllttaia A Oon_-_o<-k. I Mr an.1 M_~ <_ ' . To*
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