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TWO SCHOOL FARMS.
The Countesg of Wanvick's and
That of Mrs. Henry Parsons.
The Countess of "Warwlck undoubtedTy has no
tBtfentlon of teachtng her country women to
become savag_*. but she ls training some of her
pink cheeked spinster slsters ln the a_r_a of the
Indlan squaw. At a school which she estab
lished at Rr-ading. England. two years ago. she
is i_5.T_o_n_- th- m how to plant and rear corn
and ___;._ Tha-t ts Jost what the obediect rod
THE FARM SCHOOL FOR CHILDREN AT DE WTTT CLINTON PARK, NEW-YORK CITY.
ln these ptota the children ef the midcfie West Side tenement d._rb.__ grow vegetables and learn about nmtmro m* tiw
Bktnned woman used tm do centuries ago. There
ia a dlfferenc. ln the reason for and the method
ot doing i. however. The Indian did it because
she was not lndependent. The English women
are doing it ln order that they may be lnde?
pendent- The squaw did not bother much about
changing her dress when she went about her
planting. The laws of the nations did not pre
scribe any particular costume. There was no
"fuss and feathers" about it. White aprons
over stout dresses are the proper thing when
one goes out on the farm at Reading to dig
and hoe. The poor Indian squaw would quickly
have thrnwn away the much esteemed shell and
ground stor.e hoes for the modern hoes, spades
and forks used by the women of Reading.
Lady Warwick*s scheme of a farm school for
women is an attempt to solve the problem of
homeless, unmarri _ women who must earn
their living. She wants to keep as many of
them as possible ln the country, away from the
fight for positions aa typewriter. clerks, gov
ernesses and secretaries, and the low salaries
and relatively high expenses of the city. She
would like to do her part toward' decreasing
the number of "Deserted Villages." So. at the
Lady Warwick HosteL at Reading, she has been
conducting a school for the training of women
to become garden ers, dairy workers, etc Her
students are taught the theoretical as well as
the practical side of the growing of flowers and
vegetables. the production of milk and the mak?
ing of butter and cheese. They attend lectures on
soils, agricultural chemistry and kindred sub
Jects in the agricultural department of the Uni?
versity Extension College at Reading. The work
done at the school lncludes aB that pertains to
the kitchen garden. greenhouses, hotbeds and
the flower garden. Lady Warwick eontemplates
that her "Mistress Marys" will be especially
adapted to take charge of certain department-.
of estates managed by women, and of con
valescert homes and convents. There are posL.
as dairy teachers under the City Council and as
managers of private dairies open to them. One
at the students has taken charge of a dairy ol
Blxty cows and eleven others have found posi?
The idea of grouping a number of the spinster
gardeners in a settlement of small cottages 1/
another of Lady Warw.ck*s projecta They
would raise flowers. fr-its. vegetables. butter.
eggs and poultry. and market them on the co
In New-York ls a farm school aiso. It 1* for
Vhat some might t-sna the "little Ind!a_n_r of
the tenement distrle* about DeWlU Cllnton
Park. This pa_rk lies between l_lth and 1___
aves. and 52d and S4th sta.
When the city decided to lay out a recreation
park, frooUng on tba Hudson RJ-K, at this
point Mra. Henry Parsons conceived the !dea
of opening a achoo. fa??i to absorb tbe energles
of the "gangs" of boys and tfn* gtrts of the
r.eighborhood, teaoh them something about
nature, and train them to take care of the park
when it was completed. The public knows little
how much lt costs the city to repair tbe damage
done in the parks by malieious and ignorant
persons. Thousands or dollars are spent an?
nually to repair the damage done to a hedge
in one of the park3, it is said. People pull up
plants, pluck at hedges and taae flowers. Mrs.
Parsons is endeavoring to teach the children
that DeWitt Clinton Park is "our park" and
bow to take care of tt. Tbe farm has flourished
THE FARM SCHOOL FOR ENGLISH SP.NSTER8 AT READINQ.
The Countess of Warwick has estab.ished thi. achool for the training of portionles, women to take charge of certain classes of farm work.
and is to be a permanent feature of the new
Contained withln the oval iron fence which
surrounds the farm plot _re 360 tlny rectangles
of earth. each a child's "farm." Each ls planted
exacUy alike. Some are ln better condition
than others for just the same reason that some
country farms are better than others?they are
more systematically cultivated. In the centre
of each bed. waving in the sunshine like a Flag
of Freedom, are the fresh green blades of two
stalks of corn. Around them the pale green
needles of the onion, the feathery foliage of the
carrot, the red streaked leaf of the bee. and
the fresh green shoots of the radish lndicate
what some of the con tents of the "farms" are.
Just now the farmers are gatheriag ca-isp, red
Apparently the children take great interest
in the "farms," for there la a waiting list of two
hundred and fifty. Curlosity plays a prominent
part in the -ruccessful cultivation of the plota.
From the moment the seeds are deposited In the
ground th* chlldren are anxioua to see what
will happen next. The story ls told of one girl
vho was obllged to get up at 4:30 a. m. It waa
discovered that she was in the habit of visiting
her "farm" every day at that hour ln order to
see what had happened ln the course of the
Each one is obliged to keep a diary of the
progress of his or her garden. Each day thnt
they work they are expected to put down in a
Mank book bearing the number of their plot
what they have done. All over the farm one
may see children squattlng ln tbe paths beside
their "farms," where they rnay secure "local
color" and inspiration, writlng down their ac
complishmenta for the day and soinething about
the condition of their crape. This practice ro
vealed one boy*s need and opened a doorway to
learning for him.
He was an odd looking little chap, and net at
all prepossessing. He was nine years old, he
said. His clothing was made up of odds and
enda Hls hair persisted in tuming upward be?
hind instead of gTOwinff downward, as in the
case of most boys. One of hls eyes looked
"bad." perhaps was sightless. In appearance
he reminded one of a bomeless caL One day
he went to the teacher with the blank book
which had been given to him.
"How do you do this?" he said. "I don't
know how to read or write."
Investigation showed that no one had made
any effort to get him into schooL He was
started three weeks ago and rejoices in the hope
of soon being able to jot down soinething about
As might be expected. the amateur gardeners
sometimes do not discriminate between vegeta
bles and weeds. Some pu*J up the Ttcetablea
and leave the weeds. The product of one of the
plots and its effect on the girl who cultivated
it reminds one of Hawthorne's story of a pe
culiar plant and its effect on those who came
in its neighborhood. The vegetsLIes would not
thrive on the plot The only thing which would
grow was a poisonous plant. This grew luxu
riantly, absorbing all the nutriment from the
soil of the plot It bore an attractive bloasorn.
The girl became attached to the dangerous
bloom. She begged that the plant might be per
mitted to grow. She wished to care for it. Per
mission was finally given with the understand
Lng that she would not touch it.
One of the unexpected discoveries made by
the attendants is that the children who look as
if they had been numbered among the "great
unwashed" for several weeks are the most sen
sitrve about dabbling in the soil. Apparently
their theory is that to wash is to confess to
being dirty. Being unwashed they are clean ia
their theory. As they don't wish to be included
in the category of the dirty they hesitate to
deive in the earth because it would entail wasb
ing of the hands. Those who are the cleanest
hesitate the least to dig into the soil with their
It is Mra Parsons's mtention to maka tha
park a centre for nature study for at least the
portion of the city about it With this ln mind
many kinds of weeds and plants of other sorts
are permitted to grow in the observation beda
surrounding the edge of the farm. They ara
conveniently located for the persons of tha
neighborhood to see them by looking over the
fences. in these beds are pumpkins, tomatoes.
potatoes, lettuce, gourds, spinach, cabbage,
kohlrabi, tnrnips, peanuts, sunflowers, oats,
two or three kinds of wheat barley, rye, red.
crimson and white clover, aisike, muskmelons
and a group of weeds. Many of those who see
these have never before seen what the vege
tables they buy of the hucksters look like when
growing. From these plants materiai will be
furnished to the teachers in the public schooia
for use in their class work. Many flowers for
distribution in pots will also be grown on the
farm. Underneath the pergola which is being
built by the city on the west side of the farm
are rooms for the storage of the implements
used in working it and a demonstration room
for talk3 on nature. The latter room will be
equipped with a nature library.
The results of the operation of the school
farm have been lnteresttng. "Law and order**
are the watchwords within the bounds of the
farm. Havlng interested the leaders of the
neighborhood gangs ln the project no one ever
diaturbe it at night Bipe strawberries may
t_am.pt bot no eno succumbs when passing tha
bed, even if no observer ls looking. Two chfl
dren have been cured of tuberculosis by thaa.
work on the farm.
THE ATTENDANT'S JOKE.
An American. recently returned from Europe
described a dinner party at San Remo whero
William Dean Howells had been the guest _t
"Mr. Howells asked us if we had never won
dered at the memory of those attendants in tho
! cloakrooms of fashionable restaurants. who,
without the use of checks or numbers. keep and
restore to us infallibly our hats and wraps.
"Mr Howells, with a smile, went on to say
that after dining one evening at a restnur.int
in New-York he was much impresaed with tho
assurance with which the cloakroom man pk-ked
out his hat from a hundred others th__t resem
*' 'How did you know th_-t wis my hat?' Mr.
" 'I didn't know. slr,' the man answered.
" 'Th?__.' said Mr. Howells, 'why did you giv_
it to me?'
" "Because, sir, you gave it to me,' said tho