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KILLING PARASITES ON TEXAS CATTLE BY MAKING THEM SWIM THROUGH A BATH OF CRUDE PETROLEL M.
MEMORIAL TO COL. COLT.
The Widow of the Revolver Inventor
Will Erect a Statue.
The widow of Colonel Samuel Colt, the In?
ventor and maker of the revolvers known by
that name all over the world. will shortly be
gin the erectlon of a memorial to her husband.
J. Massey Ithind, the sculptor, is the designer.
The memorial will consist of a bronze statue
an a granite pedestal, flanked with granitc exe
dne bearing two bronze plates and a small
bronze statue, all standing on a tier of six
granite steps. The first statue will be a flgure
of Colonel Colt of heroic size, showing him
dressed in the great fur coat he used to wear.
Direct'y in front of this statue, but lower
on the tier of steps, will be a figure of the
colonel as a sailor boy whittling out a model of
a revolver, as Colonel Colt did.
The exedrae stand out from the pedestal un?
der the principal statue at right angles. instead
of In curves, as ls more common. Tho bronze
tabkts on the extremities of the exedroe; wlll
show in bass-relief the memorable occasion when
the British House of Commons admitted Colonel
Colt to address them?said to be the only in?
stance of its kind in history?and the presenta
tlon of two gold rings by the Czar of Russia to
Colonel Colt. At the ends of the exedrae granite
seats will project at right angles.
The site for the memorial will be the spot
of ground known as the "sacred acre" in Mrs.
Colt's large place at Hartford, Conn. It was
there that Colonel Colt and hls two children
were buried, although the bodies were later
transferred to a cemetery. Thls spot is on the
brow of a hill overlooking the large tract of
land along the Connecticut River which Colonel
Colt redeemed from lnundation by buiiding at
hia own cost an immense dike, and the buildings
of the Colt Works. It ls hinted that upon her
death Mrs. Colt will leave her place, Including
the memorial and the land around it, to the city
Used to Prevent Cattle from Gctting
(CopyrtEht. 1905, by Tho Natlonal Press Assoclatlon.)
Tbe government quarantine line against
Splenetic fever in Texas Just about bisects the
cattle district of that great State. For many
years there was an open season lasting about
six weeks, during which cattle from the infected
art.a were allowed to be taken Into other States.
After close and careful observation and experl
m.nting, however, lt was found that splenetic
fever was conveyed by ticks; that where no
tlcks existed there could be no fever; also that
the fever ticks were conflned to a certain area.
Soon after the discovery a law was enforced
reptraining "ticky" cattle from crosslng the line
at any time. As there was at that time no way
of successfully ridding large herds of cattle of
tlcks, owners below the line were at a disad
vantage, because th_s barred them from the
competitive feeder markets at the North.
In this case the cowman had a knotty prob
lem to deal with. While the killing of ticks on
a ftw gentle animals was easy, to handle hun
Jrcds of wild cattle at a cost of time and ma
terial in any way possibla seemed, after many
attempts, hopeless. It soon became evident that
should any treatment of value be discovered the
only economical way of applylng It would be by
dlpping In tanks of some Uquid. The fact that
a fortune awaited the man who hit on a sure
cure afforded a rare opportunity. Naturally,
?evcral appeared and much exDerimenting foi
lowed, not lnfrequently with dlreful results. The
early dips contained a high percentage of car
boI5c acid; the tick was tough, and this acid
does not dtscriminate. While not sufficiently
strong to kill all the ticks, it was far too severe
on the cattle, large numbers of which failed to
survive the ordeal.
At tliis critical period some man in the south?
ern part of Tcxas noticed the peculiar qualities
contained in the crude petroleum oil of that
region. While Us effect on vermin of all
kinds was deadly, when applied to the hands i.
was harmless beyond a slight tingling sensa
tion. This led him to try it on "ticky" cattle,
and the way lt killed all these pests was so sat?
isfactory that the news quickly spread, and be?
fore long several official tests were made, which
proved the efficacy of the oil dip beyond any
Crude petroleum of a certain grade from the
Gulf districts ls now the recognized dip of the
Bureau of Animal Industry, and all "ticky"
cattle which have been dipped witb this product
under the supervision of one of its officials can
go to any part of the country at all seasons.
An excavation of dlmensions sufflcient to admit
MEMORIAL TO BE ERECTED FOR COLONEL SAMUEL COLT, THE FAMOUS REVOLVER MANUFACTURER.
w _.!..--???>? Rhlnd. sculytor and defigner_)
the insertion of a tank some thlrty feet long by
four wide and ten deep ls made. Into thls tank
the dip ls poured to a depth of seven feeL
From the corral where the herd is held ln
readlness a narrow chute leads, and eomes to
an abrupt termination at the tank. The last
few feet decline sharply and are covered with
zinc to make them slippery. The cattle are
driven through separately, where, on reaching
the end of the chute, with a drop of three feet,
they strike the dip, and are entirely immersed.
On each side of the tank assistants, w ith the aid
of forked stlcks, push the head of each ani?
mal under at intervals, until every part has
been thoroughly saturated.
After the -required time has elapsed they are
allowed to pass out into the drying pens. The
short space of time required to handle a large
number of cattle by a small force of men is one
of the surprising features ln connection with
this mode of dipping, as well as the simplicity
of the proceedings.
AN UNANSWERED QUESTION.
The Sphinx's riddle had just been guessed.
"Never mind," she cried gayly, "I've got an?
other: Why does a woman get off a car back
As this remained unanswered, she felt her
Cecil?A penny for your thoughts, Miss
Miss Rose?It wouldn't he right for me to
take it. I was merely thlnklng of you.?(Illus
HEARD IN BUENOS AYEES.
Many Strange Street Sounds Noted
By I'emberton Smith.
Every large city has certain street scunds that
are common to them all, but every city also has
certain street sounds that are peculiar to itself
and that instantly bring the city to one's mind
when heard elsewhere, just as a fleeting perfume
often brings back the recollection of some per
son, long since forgotten, with whom the per
fume was assoclated.
Buenos Ayres has the reputation of being one
of the noisy cities of the world, and there are not
only all the sounds common to all great citles
constantly assailing the ear, but there are sev?
eral that are distinctly locaL
The one most likely to first attract attention,
because it is only heard elsewhere to express
contempt or disapprobation, is the sharp emis
sion of air through the teeth, causing a hissing
One cannot be on the streets of Buenos Ayres
five minutes without hearing what to the un
trained ear is a distinct hiss, such as we use
in the theatre to bring sharply to book those
thoughtless people who talk out loud ln the
midst of the overture, or, more rarely, to express
our discontent at a particularly bad piece of
acting or singing; and it is only when one has
been here for some little time that one's ear
differentiates the "s-s-s" made entirely with the
tongue and teeth, used also by the Argentines in
condemnation, from the "pst-pst" made with the
lips, which means prlmarily?stopl
Thus, if the driver of a wagon or carriage is
mounting to his seat and the horses start be?
fore he can take the lines, he emlts a sharp
"pst," and the horses instantly stop.
If you are in a streetcar or cab and wish to
stop, or you are on the sidewalk and wish to
hail a car or cab, you simply hiss and the car
stops, or the cabman instantly looks ln your
direction and comes to pick you up.
The most curious use of it however, ls to at?
tract the attention of a friend passlng on the
opposite side of a street or one who ls ahead of
you whom you wish to overtake, and the flrst
time that a forelgneT Is hissed at tn thls wa_|
he feels dlstinctly lnsulted. but one soon g-ta
used to It, aa every one do<^3 lt. and acc^pts tt,
and you unconsclously flnd you___if fuiiowLa^
It Ls really a most pen .trat'ng soond. and 9
Instantly arr~__i the attention. no matter what
other nolses may be going on about one, and
It ls especially effic.ient ln a crowded open air
caffi, where the nolses of the street are combined
with the talkiag and laughing. as lt never failo
to bring an acknowledgment from your walter
that he has heard you. no matter how much ho
may be ab.sorbed ln serving or ln taiking.
Another sound that any one who has visited
Buenos Ayres wlll recall ls the rather welrd
musical note that all the horsecar drivers No?
on approachlng an lntersecting street to preven*
a collision, an ordinary cow*s horn without oi___
mentation of any klnd being used to produco
thls sound, four distlnct notes ln an ascendlng
seale bein^ blown. and the sound ls certalnly
We are all of us in New-York used to tho
musical notes of the coach horn, and know how
every one stops to watch the Jolly party go by,
so that when one hears on the street here fo?
the first time a sound something llke it, bat
without any gayety ln the notes, each one bein?
held much longer and pltched in a high, monra
ful key, one's Interest is instantly aroused aa to
what may be comlng.
All one sees at flrst ls a man on a blcycle rid?
ing as hard as he can, blowing a bugle about
two feet long, with twlce as many keys as tho
bugles at home.
From the way the carrtages scatter, howevei;
he is evidently clearing the way for somethinC
and up the street. a block or so away. one seeo
the fire engines coming tearing along. the bl?
cycle man keeping well ahead with hls melan
choly long sustained note of warning. plainly
distinguishable long after he has passed.
No one who visited the World's Falr ln Chi?
cago will forget the sad eyed Orlental who sat
outside the gates of the various side show*
on the Midway and blew all day long on a reed
pipe monotonous changes on about five different
Its very monotony impressed lt indelihly c_
the mind. and to hear it instantly recalls snako
charmers and the Kutchee Kutchee dance, but
the same notes here are used by the itinerant
glazler, who, with a high wooden frame strapped
to his back contalnlng panes of glass of vari?
ous sizes, is endeavortng to attract the attention
of the woman In the third story of the houos
across the street, who has a broken window.
It is somewhat startling in the mlddle of an
avenue crowded with carriagea suddenly to
hear a steam whistle. and one often has to hunt
for nearly a mlnute to see whence the sound
eomes, If the carriagea are densely packed, and
then be guided by a thin llne of ascendlnf
smoke, and, to the astonished gaze. is disclosed
a perfect but dlminutive model of a locomotiv-v
about five feet long. mounted on a pushcart, tho
locomotive being duly equipped with a real
steam whistle, the blowing of whlch at lnte-V
vals has attracted attentlon.
It is the chestnut vender who thus advertlsea
his wares, and who opens the flrebox to give yo*
roasted chestnuts, or the boller of the locomo?
tive if you prefer them boiled.
Should you hear the music of a trlangie on
the streets of Buenos Ayres. and see a man cal*
rying a red cylinder on his back. looking like *
water cooler or the chemical fire extlngulsher-l
used ln the United States. and followed by a
crowd of small boys, don't assume that this ta
the Argentlne fireman on his way to a flre, but
watch him for a mlnute, and you will see one of
the small boys pluck his sleeve, at which he wtB
stop, unsling the red cylinder from his back,
and set lt on the ground, being Instantly en
circled by the crowd.
The top of the cylinder ls dlvided off tnta
spaces whlch are numbered from one to ten,
and in the centre ls a polnter that can be ra,*
idly revolved on a flxed centre like a rouletta
The boy who has stopped the vender pays hta
penny with the air of a Crcesus, and. with a
breathlcss audience, gives the polnter a twtst,
and when lt stops the vender opens the cylin?
der and hands to the small boy as many paclD>
ages of sweets as the number calls far.
There are no blanks, as the sporting Bptrtt
of the small boy Ls not sufficiently developed to
play fpr all or nothing, but there ls no doubl
that it tends to cultivate that national vlce ta
Argentlna. gambling. whlch ls Lndulged la
by all classes, rich and poor al'ka, from hoi?a
raeing to the national lottery, tickets being sol4
on the streets for the weekly drawlng of frara