Newspaper Page Text
BOSS MURPHY AT HIS SUMMER. HOME NEAR. QUOGUE.
Gun and Dog Always R_.e____.dy to Wel
C___~"!-* F. Murphy, the golden n_outhe<S leader
& xammany Hall, le not ? _. king notorlety this
ggmxner. Whoever may be weicorr.e at his re
otntlv purchaeed summer bor..e or. the westarly
jEnrn of Tiana Bay, between East Quogue and
Good Groucd, Long Island. newspaper men and
^otograpberB will not be Retair.ers wlll see
M_ wm lordly hall shall not be entered by the
fcs-be-s. .crs of the public Their visits wlll be
ttoouraged Mr. Murphy has a gun and a
Mtmi Dane. Theee facts a daring local pho
tggrapher discovered two or three days ago
wher. he ventured to set up his camera near the
A week ago Mr. Murphy moved to his place.
Ihinking that be was sufflclently a public char?
acter to make a descrlption of his retreat of in
tertFt to their readers, several New-Tork news?
paper? sent rcpresentatives with photographers
to Quog-^e nne day last week. They gained little
jnr their trouble. When the newspaper men
anive_ Mr. Murphy, garbed ln a blue serge sult
aofl a gray golf cap and accompanied by his
Jstedled Great Dane. was occupied in directing
the ten "Dagoes." as a youthful back driver
atyled them, who are laying out a bluestone
joad on the place. Some of the visitors got no
further than the entrance to the grove of small
CTkc with which the house is surrounded. Others
eoeeeeded ln reach ing the porch before anyone
cnestioned th?_n as to their errand. Those who
pjt to this point discovered that the house was
belng painted and that lt contained a large hall
furnished with a few red leather chairs. They
alao discovered on the porch a couple of boxes
jabelied "- whiskey." On a table opening
lnto the hall could be seen two or three dozen
ouan bottlca, whoec tops were swathed in tin
Mr. Murphy was as ur.c^mmunicat-ve as a
Qoogue ar a::y other kind of clam. He volun
teered no information, and replied to questions
ln single ____e___a. As his visitors talked, his
Great Dane walking at his side and suggestively
gniffing them, he sliently led them toward the
entrance. Here is a speciman of the conver
tation which one r_ews_aperman attempted to
carry on with the hope of securing an opening,
as he marched down to his carriage:
automoblle and some horses
dowr. here, I ____-_- Do yov. prefer driving cr
"I cnjoy both." Mr Murphy replied oracularly.
?_ha;'. ytm r-sy ??lf t0 an-" e*tent down
'I r.:-.y play a li.tle."
"Do y 'i expect to do any fishing?"
"Are you thir.king cf fitting up a library
"I _!cn't knew."
By thls time -.he carriage was reached.
Impressed with the significance of Mr.
J. urpby's doqpeat silence, the newspaper men
left h.m. or.e by one, and were driven back to
T__e place W____ Mr. Murphy has bought is
s__id to be tbe S&etrt in the ntighborhood and to
have ccst _i-r. SlQOlOOQ. It is three miles from
tho Qvicgue _______ from which lt is reached by
a drtvw through tbe rambling vOlage of ___
Quogue and a acrub oak wooda Only one or
two other houses are to be seen from the veran
da. which runs around three sides of the house
These are some dista_n.ce awp.y to the south on
the edge of the pretty little tri_ng___r bay.
From the boundary of the plot contalnlng theee
houses Mr. Murphy's place extenjjj| along the
shore front fer a distance of three-q. uarters of
a mile. It contains 116 acres. A large propor
tion of the land ls covered with small pines and
oaks. In the open space oti the south end of
the strlp Mr. Murphy has planted several acres
of corn for the use of his three cows.
The house stands on the edge of a grove of
small oaks on a hillock with gently sloptng
sides. It overlooks Tiana Bay and the short
pier which Mr. Murphy ls having built. While
almost Invislble from the road and the neigh
bors, lt may be readliy seen from the water.
From the veranda one has an unlnterrapted
view of the bay and of the spot where, dead, the
bodies of Clarence Foster and Sarah Lawrence
wpre found floating almost exactly thres years
ago. Across the bay Rampasture Neek juts out
lnto the sparkling blue waters of Shinnecock
Bay. To the southwa_rd the low sandy bar
which separates Shinnecock Bay from the ocean
may be seen.
Just below the house and near the little pier
is anchored Mr. Murphy's twenty-flve foot
launch. It is said that he ha_s given the craft
the name "Little Mac," As he uses Mayor Mo
Clellan to give the Tammany administration a
clean look, so he wiil use this launch to give
himself an occasional bath. When he desires to
take a dip in the surf he will use the launch to
cross Shinnecock Bav to the ocean.
The house is a long one, extendlng north and
south. It contains about fifteen rooms. enough
to accommodate several Tamrr.any cornmlssion
ers. should they feel the need of visitlng their
chief in the part of the week whlch he will sper.d
at East Quogue. It waa built ln 18S1 by John
Layton, from whom Mr. Murphy bought the
place last fall. The house, llke the farm around
it, has not been kept up of late years. On the
inside it looks like a deserted yacht ciub housa.
The coat of red palnt which made it a marked
object from the water ->f the bay is belng cov?
ered with yellow palnt.
Although he had a reputation as a haymaker
when he left the city, as a Long Island farmer I
it cannot be said that Mr. Murphy has proved a '
success. Hls corn looks thin and poor. Daisies
monopolize the meadows. The tlmber looka
hardly worth cuttlng. The small ponds are not
large enough to furnish much Ice.
"He's spendlng an awful j_le of money," the
youthful hack driver who transported one of
the newspaper men to the estate confldently re
marked as they approached it. "He's had thlr
teen carloads of bluestone and a carload of
brick. We're carting it down for him for a dol
lar a load."
Mr. Murphy dlsclalms any intentlon of spend?
lng much money on the place. He ls laylng out
bluestone roads, and will probably have a tennls
court and a short golf course. A fishing dory
reached Quogue for him a few days ago. The
secrets whlch it may hear before Mr. Murphy
returns to the city would be interertlng to tba
publlo. It will aocommodate only two. Mr.
MUrphy says he understands there ls a nloe road
leading down to Southampton. He probably will
enjoy it, for he has an automoblle, as well aa a
driving team. He ha_ recently bought Roae's
Gro.__, a pleasure resort bordering on Peoonlo
Bay, Just north of Southampton. It ia not known
what he intends doing with lt. but it will be left
undlsturbed this summer.
COLORED FACTORV GIRLS.
Experiment in Detroit of Employing.
Only Negro Workers.
One of the most Important experlments in the
employment of labor that has ever been mada
ln a Northern State ls cow belng wcrked out ln
Detroit, Mich., where one of the largest fac
tortes Jn the city employing female help is filled
only with negro workers. The result ~>t years
of observatlon and study by the factory owners,
thls experiment has now reached a polnt where
!t presages the revolutionlzing of factory life,
and opens to the hundredi of thousands of col?
ored girls in the North the promlse of a fleid of
labor, heretofore practlcally closed ag_I_st them.
Since the beglnning of the experiment seven
months ago almost every colored girl in Detroit
haa appfled for a place, and to-day it ls
frankiy admltted that lf the doors of other D?
trolt factorlea were thrown open to colored
werkers, hundred* of employes could be secured
who would work for less than wh'.te girls now
demand. In view of the fact that the experi?
ment ln the Progressive Knltting Mills has
proved that colored girls are peculiarly adapted
for factory work, Detroit employers and thou?
sands of young women now face a problem
whlch ls undoubtedly of natlonal lntere3t at the
Thls lnnovation ln a Detroit factory was made
only after an investigation by members of the
flrm which eovered a period of several years.
One of these members went personally among
j negro famlllea, and for a long time made ao
qualntance with young negro women. This In?
vestigation revealed the fact that of the 7,000
colored people of the city of Detroit there were
at least 1,000 young women wiiling to accept
employment of almost any kind. Many of these
CHARLES F? MURPHVS PLEASANT COUNTRY HOME NEAR QUOGUE,
girls were weTl educated, anfl a tm* po-?ti?-d
col!~g? educatlona Each . __r the Detroit
public schools have been graduatinr colored
girls. but the investigation showed that after
leavlng school these girls were unable to secure
employment where thelr schoollng might be of
value to them They were barred frcm storea
and ofilces. and in one lnstltution whe_> it was
proposed to bring in a colored girl clerh. a dozen
white girls threatened to go away. Not only
young women of education, but othem of con
eiderable talent, were found holcT.ng irenial po
sltlons whlch barely provided them With a live
llhood. and it was belleved by the proprietora
of the factory that lf su.:h young women could
be brought into factory life, the results would
be highly gratitying. Soon after thla lt waa
advertised that a new factory Just completed by
the company would employ only colored g-rls..
Immediately hundreds responded. and of these
nearly a hundred were chos. n ar.d set at work.
At the present time the Frogr _*sive Knlttlng
Mills present a most unusual object lesson. Of
the hundred girls employed there, elghty havj
received fairly good school educatlone. Xearly
a score are either hlgh school or college gradu?
ates. and only recently one young woman left
the factory to become a teacher in the State
Xormal School at Tpsilanti. The factory num?
bers among its emp.wyes two girls who have
been graduated In photography under one of
the best professlonal photographers in the city,
and yet who have been unable to secure em?
ployment in a photographic establishment on
account of their color. Among the 100 girls
tbere are nearly 40 who play on some musical
?Instrument, half of them being pianists. In
their leisure hours three of these teach music.
Already seven of the knitting mill girls have
formed themselves into an orchestra, which will
eoon number twelve pieces. Two of the colored
girls employed are china palnters. one ls a young
woman who has won local fame as a stago
manager, and another is an elocutionist of con?
siderable ability. Xumbered among the workers
are ten girls who occaslonally take part in ama?
teur theatiicals, and it is said that two of these
will soon leave the factory to act in vaudeville.
Fifty per cent of the giris are well read ln cur?
rent literature and the best authors.
In the factory they earn from $5 to 58 a week.
The output from the factory has steadlly ln?
creased, and has now reached a point never be?
fore equalled in the history of the mills. At the
beginning many of the girls came to the **ct^T
as early aa 6:1.. o'clo-k in the morning. hJt t..
employera did not believe that this '-v-rpromp:
n-ds" would long last >"-. errer. ta~r_
morning aeea a half of the girla at w rk ?7?>' _?
half an hour before 'hey *r~ -?-. :?"-"'. '?'> he b
their tables, and during .he sev-n : - ' _? er..."
two girls have reported lat .
NATIONAL GIARD NEIVS
Lleatenajit Thomas C. Wl_nri'T. cf r-rrrMy H.
7th Regiment. has sent ln his reslgnation. af'r
over fifteen years of aer_.ce. He waa married not
long ago, and intenda to apend considerable time
travelllng abroad. Lieutenant Wlswall Jolned Com?
pany F as a private on October M. itmh waa pr -
moted corporal January 1*. !*?*! aergeant. Jan?
uary 5, UH; flrat aergeant. October 10, IMt. aece _
lieutenant. March 2. 1_J?. and flrst lieutenant. _Ap- :
SO. 1900. He received a handsome fifteen year long
service medal from tbe memb. ra of the company a
ftew daya ago. Lieutenant Loula W. 3tV. __bury
may succeed to the flrat lieutenancy. Sergeant
A. T Moore, of Company E. who took hia honora
bie dlscharge a short time ago. served ever twemy
yeara with the regiment and had a flne record. In
the absence of Aojutant De Witt C. Falls ln Eu?
rope, Battallon Adjutant C. O. Touaaaint ia aetlng
aa reglmental adjutant.
Captain R. A. De Ruasy. reglmental adjutant of
tbe 12th Regiment. who waa thought to have re
covered from hla illnesa whlch covered a period cf
aeveral montha. has had a relapse. and may have
to leave the city for some high altltude aad re?
main there Bome time. The non-commtaaioned offl
cera of Company B spent an enjoyable afternoon
and evening as the guests of Captaln Burr a few
day ago at Cbney Island. They took ln all the
showa. looped the loop. rode on the awitchbaok and
witnesaed "The Fall of Port Arthur."
The members of the lst Battery have decided to
hold thelr annual picnlc at Fort Wendei on
Wednesday evening. July IS1.
Oompany G. of the 71st Regiment. has elected
Second Lieutenant Henry Cllnton Wllson flrat lieu?
tenant. In the war with Spain he served aa a lirat
lieutenant and captain ln the lst Regiment of
Cnlted States V olunteer Ensrtneera. His flrst mili?
tary aervice was in the ist Regiment of the District
of Columbia ln which he enlisted as a private on
September 3. 1_4. and was discharged as a second
lieutenant on March 25. 1901. He was elected a
second lieutenant in the 71st Regiment on January
t, 1902. First Uetitenant HlpklnB. of Company I.
haa rec~v*_ a ha.-dsnrre sword from the members
of the company. COrporal Ellis, of Company G, has
been rromoted to sergeant.
The 6-th Regiment has decided to subscrtbe 1606
toward the proposed monument to General Thomas
Meagher to be erected in Hel-na. Mont. This
money is being raised by subscriptlona from the
companies, as well as from the offlcera. and Com?
panies F and I have already paid ln thelr share.
The following officers and men have been aelected
to coraposo the regirr.ental rifle team to ahoot at
Creedmoor: Colonel E. DufTy, Captain P. J. Ma
guire. Captaln M. P. Grealish. Lieutenant W. J.
CoBtig-n. Lieutenant E. M Dlllon. Sergeant Major
William A. Boyle, Sergeants M. J. Cusaek B. De
lany. M. J. Murphy and J. Reilly. Corporal J. Con
nolly. and Privates L. Casey, J. T. Mullins and H.
McWhlrter. During the illnesa of Captain Farrellj
the rifle shootlng is ln charge of Captain Martln P
Greallsh. of Company K. who has been doing good
work Flrst Sergeant 3canlon. of Company H, haa
been elected eecond lieutenant. Lieutenant" Wllliam
J. Costigan is at present ln command of Company
K. vice Grealiah. detailed as asslstant inspector ot
small arms practice.
Much satiafactlon is expressed by membera of th*
13th Regiment over the fact that the contract for
ex-end!ng the drill floor of the armory 100 faet haa
been awarded. The estlmated cost will be close on
to 1100.000, and work will begin at an early date.
When the regiment goea into camp at Fisher'3
Island it wlll flnd many improvements there since
ita visit two years ago. The grounds have been
properly dralned and otherwi.<_> improved. Colonel
Auften has already made arrangements with %
ferry company to run a boat from the island to the
landing at New-London for the convenience of the
regiment while it ls ln camp.
SHOULD MARRIED WOMEN TEACH IN OUR
Ought a woman who has commltted matri
mcny to be allowed to teach In our public
That is a point which the pedagogical clrcles
of greater Xew-Tork have discussed v_gorousIy
for a good while, off and on, without getting
any nearer a really satisfactory and harmonlous
eonclusion. It Is true that last year*s battle has
epparently subsided. with the defendant in pos
aession of the field. The Board of Education has
r?-ok< d the bylaw with which lt valnly trted to
tettle the matter, and the woman with a hus?
band is now suppoeedly as welcome to a teach
er's license. lf she can meet the intellectual re
qul???ents. as ln the woman who writes "mlss"
before her name. The bill which was lntroduced
at Aibany. and whlch was deslgned to embody
ta e more legal and effective form the aforesaid
lacal edict. was killed?killed. some of its sup
partem say, because too many of the legislators
had relatives who would have been hit by its
provlsicns. but. at any rate, it is dead. It would
be a great mistake. however. to imaglne that
the feeling which lnepired that bill is dead.
What ls the reason of the feeling? In other
lir.es of work we do not as a rule make that
distinction between the wife and the spinater.
The married woman may, if she so elects, go out
and practice mediclne. or tend a puehcart. or
Hploie Darkest Africa, and nobody objects
jsly on account of her being wedded;
eertatoJy not to the extent of trylng to make
laws about her. If she is advised to return to
her fireside it ls most likely on the broad ground
of her being a woman. Now it is pretty gen?
eral.';.- udinitted among educational authorities
that women make better teachers than men. at
least for young boys, and for girls both young
and old. Then what is at the bottom of all
thi- diseussion about married women in the
Of all the people who have argued the subject
pro and con, the school princlpals. who have
argued little in public. are in the positlon to
knew most about it. If a teacher from any
cause whatever proves neglectful or incompe
tent. lt is tbe principal who has to meet the con
?equencea and adjust the situation. Naturally
anything tbat touches the quality of the corpa
cocceras them rather closely. A number of rep
r^aentatiie New-York princlpals were asked by
a Tribune reporter recently to state their opinions
of the effect of a weddina" ring upon a woman
teacher. Some of them declared witb a thought -
ful smile that they bad not considered the ques?
tion. ar.d some. while admitting that they had
done ao. refuaed to give the result of their con
alderation; but enough consented to talk freely
to enable one to judge how the thing would go
tf the prtnctpals could decide it by a majority
A.:ert .;.<.'_., v r.; _a? |M_ NtiNi a? rre. -
dent at tha Princlpals' Club. was one of those
wfcc were wllling to be quoted. Mr. Shiels is
Ln ch&rge of Public School No. 40. ln 20tb-st..
"A woman may be an excellent teacher though
married,'* he said. "There ls really no reaaon
to auppoee that she loses her lntellect when sbe
weda, any more than she loaea lt when her hair
turns gray. Nevertheless. there ls one vital ob?
jeetlon to married women ln the public schools.
Generalljr this objection is glosaed over. and
|H hear all manner of foolish onee brought for?
ward, as. tor instance. that lt isn't right for a
womt'. who has a husband to support her to
ecter intc competltlon with those who haven't
that staff in life. The fact ls that the standard
of requirements for our teachers Is so high that
there isn't any fear of an oversupply. No appli?
cant who can meet them remains long on thb
waiting list. As for the charge that men marry
teachers to be supported by them, why, lt may
happen; but the Amerlcan man isn't of that
flbre. As a rule, he resents the thought of his
wife's havlng a hand in the breadwinning, ex?
cept as she does bo indirectly by caring for the
home. There's no fear of creatlng a pauper
class of husbands in this country.
"But all that side of the question is one with
which the State has nothing to do; it has noth?
ing to do with the sentimental plea that the
woman teacher ls neglectlng her home duties;
all that concerns the State ls how she does her
work as a teacher. And here ls the point: The
wife means the mother, or ls likely to, and a
woman who ls bearing the strain of mother -
hood ls in no fit condltion to go daily to the
classroom and meet the strain of her responsi
bilities there. She teaches when she is not equal
to lt. in whlch case the effect on the puplls is
demoralh-ing, or lf she breaka down she takes
leave of abeence and a substitute is put ln her
place, which is almost as bad; a change of
teachers always means a loss of time, an lnter
ruption; the chlldren have to get used to the
new one. A principal wants a teacher who can
be depended on to be regularly at her post, to
keep her health and her polse, and the woman
with family cares is liable to fail us. That is
why I believe she should be barred from the
When the query was put to Mlss Allda Will?
iams, principal of Public School No. 33, in West
2Sth-st-, she replied with a quotation from the
Blble. " 'Where your treasure is, there will your
heart be also," " she said. "It is not possible for
a mother, one with llttle children at home, to
bring that undlvlded attention to the school
room for whlch good teaching calls. I know
there's an accepted theory or tradiflon that a
woman who has babies of her own must love and
understand all children better than the woman
who has never been a mother?that the experl?
ence somehow miraculously puts her in sym
pathy with all child life. Even if that were so,
lt isn't the overflowing sympathy that makes
the valuable teacher. I want a teacher with a
good average amount of heart, but I care espe?
cially about the quality of her head.
"The theory ls a mistake, however. For mother
hood means an intense devotlon to one's own.
That is what makes the mother so useful as a
mother, and so useless frequently as anything
else. Yes. the objeetlon to married women in
the schools is not on the score of marriage, but
of maternity. There's no reason why a husband
should stand in the way of a teacher's doing
her duty, unless he inslsted on her going into the
kltchen and cooking for him when she ought to
be preparing next day*s lessons. The late rule
shutting out all married women excluded some
who were as free and able to teach as any spins
ter, but better lhat than the compllcations
whlch ensue from their unqualified admission.
I suppoae that from a Rooseveltian standpolnt
mine ls a perverted attitude. but I don't feel
that race suicide is a danger we need fear. Ther?
are always chlldren enough, bless their little
hearts. We have more than fifty thousand of
them on half-timie here ln New-Tork now '
One of ti-.e princlpals who atand for the other
side of the question _ Misa Kathertna Blake,
Practical E ducators Discuss This Topic
from Many Points of View.
who has the school at Madison-ave. and 85th-st.
"The woman teachers of New-Tork. and you
know there are a great many of them, nearly
ten thousand, are a fine body of women," Miss
*Blake observed. "I think it would be a great
plty and very wrong to keep such women aa
these out of marriage, and I certainly cannot
see how the schools would be benefited by such
an act. No, indeed, I do not feel that mother
hood is an objection ln a teacher, but, on the
contrary, it seems to me that when a woman
has known the happiness of having her own ba
bies around her she must always be a better
teacher because of that. Naturally a mother
loves her own most, and if she had her child
in her class at school she might show a little
partiality, but all the same, that love makes
her a more comprehending teacher. The plea
that the married teacher ls taking the bread
out of the mouth of her unmarried sister is a
trifle iilogical and beaide the point. A man
doesn't give up the work he wants to do because
somebody else may need the place, and no one
would dream of expecting it of him. We'd think
rather poorly of a man who, upon lnheriting a
little money, should drop his oceupatlon and pro?
ceed to live on his income, and it seems one
slded to say that a woman ought to drop hers,
whether she wishes to or not, because she has
a husband to support her, as the phrase goes.
"Moreover, this argument takes no account of
the teachers who are widowed or of those whose |
husbands, though living, cannot or do not sup- j
port them. Of course," Miss Blake concluded.
reflectlvely, "when a woman has a family of lit?
tle chlldren she can hardly teach school durlng
those years without neglecting her famlly, at
Joseph Wado. of the school in 14nth-st., near |
Amsterdam-ave., gave in two brief sentences hls
reason for disapprovlng of married women as
teachers. "The important thing in public school
work is regularity of attendance on the part of
the teacher," he said. "You 'an see for your
self that a marr'ied women cannot be depended
on in that regard."
Miss Margaret Knox, principal of the school
ln 5th-st., near Avenue D. has several counts to .
her lndictment. Unlike Mr. Shields, she feela j
that there are altogether too many teachers. j
"And women with husbands," sha said, "have
no right to take the work away from the unmar?
ried, to whom it is a question of livelihood.
while with them it is for nothing but pln money
very often. It is true there are exceptional j
instances, like that of a teacher I know, one I
lately reinstated, whose husband had gone to
pieces flnanclally, so there was nothing for her
to do but put her shoulder to the wheel. But
it would be better for the schools lf no married
women were appointed. They cannot be so free
for the work, and then there ls the fact of moth
erhood to be remembered, and always the pos
wibility that in such cases the teacher won't have
the discretion to resign wnen she should."
One principal who deelined to have her name
used, a woman at the head of a school on the
Weat Sile, gave a graphic picture of what aho
endured with a __ccher who wouid etlck at her ;
post w_en the shouid have been at har home.
? *I am red hot agalnst married women teach?
ers." said this principal, emphatically. "Oh. in
the case of one whose family cares are a thing
of the past lt is different, but I want no young
wives or mothers ln my school. I disapprove
entirely of a teacher marrying and going on
with the work. as some of them do. When a
woman marrles it means a great change in the
conditions of her Ufe; it is a period of readjust
ment; she has no mind to SDare for arithmetic
and the discipline of a class and the capitals of
Europe. And even more absorbing is young
"I had one married teacher in my school,
or, rather, a widow, and she had two little
children at home. The children fell sick.
She kept on teaching, leaving them to the care
of some relative, but. of course, her mind was
on them; what would you expect? I dare say
that she sat up with them nights. She would
appear ln the morning nervous and tired out,
and, of course, she was fretful and her class
felt the effect of her tension. and what with
that and her laxed eontrol they grew more and
more obstreperous until?well, that room gave
me more trouble than all the rest of the rooms
together. I was sorry for that teacher; prob?
ably she needed her saiary; but that sort of
thing ls not particularly good for the schools."
The innocent outsider might inquire why,
when a teacher does poor work, that teacher is
not dismissed. It might be hard on the indi?
vidual, but still there are consi. eratlons more
important than that. But the outsider does not
reallze how difflcult it ls to cut the Gordian knot
when lt is composed of red tape. "Remove a
teacher!" Miss Willlams exclaimed when the
question was put to her. "You don't know what
that means. Charges have to be preferred. and
then there's a trial, and if the deelsion is re?
moval the teacher can appeal, and so the case
may drag on endlessly, and meantime there you
are with that teacher's class practically on your
hands." "It takes," a Bronx principal re
marked in discueslng the matter. "the votes of
two-thirds of the forty-flve commissioners to
put a teacher out, and there's rarely a woman
who can't work on the feellngs of enough of
them to carry her polnt, lf she really tries."
One of the most vivid opponents of married
women teachers ls Mra. Belle Smith-Bruce,
principal of Public School No. 3, in Yonkers.
That does not come under the head of the
schools of New-York City, to be sure, but
Yonkers ls celebrated for its fine schools, an 1
the opinion of one of its princlpals ought to b?
of value. "I have no use for married women."
Mrs. Smith-Bruce declared, "in this school, and
if any of my teachers should take a husband I
would request her to resign. It ls true I was
married?once; but I didn't mix pedagogy wich
my marriage. I cannot understand these young
women who marry and continue to teach; I
cannot understand how they reason?if they
reason at all. If there ls any time when a
woman wants to be attractive to her husband. it
ls durlng the first months after the wedding.
Now, when a teacher goes home at che end of
her day's work, lf she has worked as she should.
she hasn't a partlcle of energy left, and think
of her charging herself then with the extra task
of pleasing a husband!
"No, all that ls ln the teacher belongs to her
work. The State has a right to demand her
whole strength. Ot course she can shirk, as did
a teacher in New-York whem I saw when I
was visltlng a school there; she would get her
classes at thelr books. and then she would Sit
tack and study shorthand. It showed rather
poor supervlslng. So a married teacher can em?
ploy flve-elghths of her brain ln looking after
h.-r !.<__..& and husband and teach with the re
malning three-eighths; but that isn't my idea
of the service we should give. It is quite an?
other thing, of course, when a woman who has
left teaching to marry, being widowed, goes
back to the work?that is all right, if she can
bring h?r fuU energj : '.'..
"I believe in marrluge, and I believe there are
certain employmei-ts a womaa can carry c.
when married; for fnstance, she can manage a
second class boarding house; but she can't be a
teacher. and do it well. The fact that a wife
may teach, and that teaching brings a salary-,
has been the cause of more than one unworthy
marriage," Mrs. Smith-Bruce went on.
"You heard of the teacher who married a
penniiess barher years younger than herself? I
know what would have happened to her if she
had been in this school!"
To come back to New-Torlr, Miss Caroline
Emanuel principal of Public School Xo. 50, in
East UOth-st.. says that her experience with
married women teachers ha* served to confound
her polltics concerning them. "I had a feeling
against them," she observed; "I believed a wife
had enough to do in her home, and I thought
that if a woman was so devoted to teaching
that she could not make up her mind to give
It up, she ought to remain single. But I have
had two married women in my school, and I
could not ask for better teachers than they
Miss Kate Van Wagnen, in charge of the
primary derartment of the school at 169th-st.
and od-ave.. is on the negative side of the ques?
tion?"not." she said, "that marriage need spoil
a good teacher; but motherhood and pedagogy
! are two professions that cannot be carried on
It must be admltted that the married women
i who would teach have not many friends among
i the principals of Xew-York. Still, they have a
? few. One is Bernard Cronson. who is president
| of the Male Principals' Association. and princi
I pal cf the school in Wooster-st. below Washing
! ton Square. Mr. Cronson has aroused a good
1 deal of wrath now and again by hls vlgorous
oppositlon to women teachers for boys cf over
ten or twelve; the reflnlng influence of women
for young boys, he says, but the strong hand
of a man for the older ones. However. that is
not the point here; the point is that he Is the
v.-arm advocate of married women in th_
schools. that is to say, in all the departments
where he wouid have women at all.
? Married women teachers"" he repeated after
the reporter. "Well, I haven't pald much atten?
tion to the controversy over that question, not
being a married woman myself. But." he went
on, "I see nothing against their teaching; I see
no reason why they should not be admltted.
Xow, our women teachers. on the whole, are a
pretty level headed class. A woman of that sort
isn't going to marry a man to support him. If
you find a teacher supporting her husband. you
mav take it for grahted that she isn't doing lt
for pleasure; she does it because it is neeessary.
lf her husband falls sick. or is unfortunate in
business. and she has to go to work. what right
has the State to forbid her to teach. if that is
her profession? I know one little woman who
turned to teaching when the man she had mar?
ried lost his position and then broke down m
health; she is teaching now, maintainlng their
with ber salary. and I conslder her one
of the pluckiest women I know. ? She is doing
excellent work. too: as good a teacher as a
principal could want. Why shouldn't she? A
woman doesn't rose her womanliness when she
marries, or her brain, or her heart for children.
Certainly there are instances where a woman'a
domestic duties conflict with her teiching, but
there's a remedy for that?a substltute teacher
can be appointed.
"By the way. there's never any objeetlon made
to married women servlng as substltutes, and I
can't see why, lf she can serve as a substltute
satisfactorily, she shouldn't serve as a regular
teacher. The fact that there's a good deal of
oppositlon to married women teachers among
women themselves." Mr. Cronson continued, "ls
onlv an illustration of the say ing that woman's
Often the v. orst eneir.y of h??r sex. But I don't
believe in these cut and dried restri.tlons. We
ought." he finished. 'to have a little sympathy.
a little human feeling."
One uptown principal who declined to be
quoted by name?"let it be a principal of The
Bronx," he sald?afflrmed that the married
woman teachers' problem got more prominence
than it deserved. "The principals make a great
stev. about it." he observed. "and after all. how
many married women are teaching? About one
hundred and fifty, out of a total of between nine
and ten thousand women teachera. Still, there's
no doubt that that's one hundred and fifty too
many. They ought to be made ln-Ujlble- When
a teacher who ls a mother continues to teach.
in spite of her not being able to do the work
well, and it becomes the duty of her principal.
or a supervlsor, to remind her of the fact, why.
It's not a pleasant state of affairs, and it be?
comes less pleasant if she happens to be de
slrous of holding onto her position. There were
more of such embarrassments in the old times.
when there were more married women teaching.
But lt is always likely to occur so long as there
ls one ln the schools. The board ought not
to appoint them."
A man who has had a good deal to do with this
controversy. though he is not a achool princi?
pal, is Senator Guy. the Assistant Corporation
Counsel. He was in the legislature when the
Married Teachers bill was Introduced. He told
the reporter how the fuss began. "The agita
tion started," he said. "in what was really a
Joke on my part. When I was servlng as
school commissioner I handed in a resolution to
tha effect that the bylaw declaring that mar?
riage on the part of a woman should terminate
her career as a teacher was invalid. that the
school board was transcending its powers, and
that such right lay only with the State legis?
lature. I affirmed that the board took the poel
tlon of discouraging the institutlon of marriage.
which position was distlnctly un-American and
directly counter to the opinions of TheoAora
Roosevelt, who was then Vice-President. I
merely meant to have a little fun with my
grave colleagues, but the matter was taken np.
and what began as a Jest developed into a se?
rious discussion, being carried later to the legto
lature, in the shape of the Hartmann bill.
"And, seriously. I am obliged to take the stand
that it is not advisable to permit married women
to teach in our schools. I know that in the per?
sonal sense this seems hard and unjust. There
is no doubt that the cost of living has increased
greatly ln the last few years. Many a young
man who wlshes to marry hesltates to do so be?
cause he knows that his earnings are not sufB
cient for the support of a wife. But lf the wife
can work and contribute her share, as the
woman who is teaching can, why, there are
two salaries instead of one, and the problem is
slmplified. However. the State cannot con
slder p.rsonal questions; the interests of the
! schools should be flrst. And I think it is pretty
clear what would be best for the schools. There
ls no doubt," Senator Guy added. "that the bDi
ought to have passecL"
Grace Larome. who has studios at Carnegle Hall,
and at the Pouch Mans'.on. Brooklyn. wlll sail for
Europe on July 6, accompanied by some of her ad
vanced pupils, rcturning about September 15 to ra
8ume her teaching.
QUARTER TROU3LED HIS CONSCIENCE.
C. Wilbur Blllings. secretary of Edlnboro Fair.
received a le .er a few days ago from a man _iv_n_|
in Crawford County. who incloaed 25 centa aad
stated that six years ago. while attending tha fair.
he beat hia way through the gate. and that hi
aent the quarter to ease his conscience, which h?
said had been troubled over the matter for a long
GRAND GONSETvATORY OF MUSIC,
t.8 V\ ,-*t *M\ !... b>. I r-otrnJ t _rk aa 1 ( oliim.'iuj Ara.
(Thlrty-fii_t yaar.) < For 13 yeara la 23d S:r_?_.
Spsciai Gourss for Teashers and Professionals
Through Course for Bejinners.
_l\...E . ILs.'. NOW bt -JINNIMi.
Dr.E.EBERH. _RD,Pres't.68V\e_; .3dSt.
JOHN "EY\T T. V Vo!c? Predoettoa. ___U_f a_?
PHIL.IP -F V. -L-H- X and Organ. 1SS 5th __._??
__r.ntr.V_f vious schoOU?r*__a or prt__?
?WWIlII ttnu. Modciata. 386 Wa__l?-_r__ 1.
TJUNO. VIOLIN -!_?._._. .pj._.<._.._ by uj?_-_-l
; Jt. t?4_-_h*w-. 1-ssoni SOc TEACHER, 1.-J __ awa.
j Hair 11 _J_-?_, oo* fllght.