Newspaper Page Text
ptvry Lane, with Its Parable—
Comedies rc>th Unknown Heroines.
London. September 9.
Th* reopening of the theatres is the first sign
et the social revival of London after the stag
nant midsummer holiday. When the play
houses light up the "first nlKhters" look about
and even- one Whom they are accustomed to Pee
IB smiling and bowing, and there Is no longer
any talk about an empty metropolis. The new
clays may not be exhilarating In literary theme
or dramatic treatment: but the playgoers are.
not as jaded as they were In July, and hence
tbey are more tolerant In their Judgments and
nv^e easily pleased. The London -first night"
is always a social event-*n Informal reception
-where the same people are In the stalls and
lobbies and where every one meets scores of
acquaintances. It takes the place of a literary
salon and enable* actors, artists, writers and
publishers to keep in touch with one another
during the slack periods of the year, when there
Is no whirl of gayety and no chatter about
rounds of engagements and the glamour and
glitter of smartness. Playgoers slip back Int.-.
the'.r old places and enjoy a pleasurable sense
of congenial companionship. Between the acts
the? gather in knot* ar.d talk seriously about
the promise of tne new dramatic season and th*
surprises which may be in reserve— whether
there will be a revival of the fortunes of Pinero.
jo,:e«. Grundy and "the old gang" generally, or
whether there will be an unexpected play
wright to thrill th" town with a genuine
Prury J^ne melodrama, under the manage
ment of Mr. Arthur Collins. has its own stand
ard* and its direct appeal to a bic audience:
a-d so sumptuous If the- stag* Betting and so
lavish Is the investment of capital in the au
tumnal production that failure is hardly within
the range of probabilities. As "The Prodigal
Fon" has been brought out in America and is
a close reproduction of the leading motives and
incidents of the navel, it is unnecessary for me
to outline the plot or describe the play in de
tail. Abstractly, it cannot be considered great
drama, with a masterful grip on imagination
or emotions; but as a melodrama, designed for
an immense playhouse, it mark? an advance
anon all recent work of th* same class at Prun
ing For myself I would rather hear Mr.
raine talk about the parable with sonorous
voice, flashing eye and dramatic gesture than to
read his book or to witness the production of
his play. That Is because he talks in better
literary form than he writes, and is more dra
matic In the library than in the theatre. Yet
when a melodrama is to be staged magnlficently
and to be witnessed by thousands of spectators
In the course of the autumn at a theatre fre
quented by the masses, it cannot be a disadvan
tage that there is something to think about.
In this respect Mr Maine's illustrative com
mentary from Iceland and Monte Carlo on the
story of the prodigal son is superior to the con
ventional theatrical melodrama at Drury Lane.
Tt lacks humor— Mrs. John Wood, as Margret
JCeilsen, is the only performer who succeeds in
raising a laugh— and the text is turgid and with
out literary charm: but there is a clear, con
sistent story, and it is told with a higher pur
pose than that of entertaining big crowds with
splendid pictures, gorgeous properties and
penny dreadful theatricals. If Drury Lane be
a good point for observation, the barometer is
rising among the English playhouses.
A better class of actors, moreover, is now em
ployed in •'The Prodigal Son" than Is ordinarily
neen at Drury Lane. Mr. George Alexander has
left his own theatre to play the part of Oscar
Stephensson. and he does it with fine variety and
genuine force, and at times with not. a little
subtlety. Mr. Frank Cooper is no less successful
In interpreting the robust hut gloomy character
of Magnus Stc-phetisson: and his clear, resonant
voice rings through the huge playhouse, so as to
r>e heard at the remotest reach. Mrs. John i
"Wood and Miss Mary Rorke do their work in a
broad, effective style, and Miss Nancy Price has
dropped her cockney accent and assumption of
pert commonness, and is content with being
handsome and vivacious. The best impersona
tion of character is the Thora of Miss Lily Hall
Calne. Possibly because the Icelandic blood
runs In the strain of the Isle of Man stock, but
more probably because she |r in thorough sym
pathy with her brothers ideas, she distinctly
presents the affectionate, jealous and credulous
Th"ra . and in the final act rep>-at6 the realism
in a sincere, convincing portrayal of th*» child.
While th« Casino scene is grandiose and garish,
th" stage setting has as much simple beauty as
tidiness ami splendor. With five tableaus and
four changes of scene, the mounting 1s pict
uresque and Impressive. While the emotional
effects of Victor Hugo's poetic melodramas are
rot produced, the dignity of an artist!.- intention
Is not lacking, and this has been missed in Mr
Cair.es previous dramatic work, and critics have
got out of the way of looking for anything of
that sort at Drury Lane.
The barometer has not fallen at other theatres.
His Majesty's has been reopened with Mr. Carr's
effective rendering of •"Oliver Twist." In which
two remarkable illustrations of the art of acting
£ .-. jhown- One is Miss Constance Collier's
Nancy, undoubtedly the best seen since Di^k
tos'e day; and the other is Mr. Tree's Fagin, in
whom « 'ruikshank'F grotesque fantasy is re
9if?-'. to grim and sober realism by the actor's
art. At the Adelphi there Is a revival of old
fashioned, wholesome comedy in "Dr. Wake's
Patient." in which Mr. Mackay and Miss Braith
walte play th* leading parts. A London doctor
of low descent called suddenly into the coun
try rescues an unknown lady who has been
thrown from a horse, and become* deeply en
amoured while he is binding up her wounds. Th»
subsequent quest for th* patient, the discovery
that she Is an earl's daughter and the over
coming of differences of rank supply material
for a slender yet agreeable romantic play of a
type too good to be, lost. The Haymark«t, under
the exclusive management of Mr. Harrison, con
tinues ro romp and frolic with the comic spirit.
The new play. "On the Love Path." by Mr. Mc-
I>»lian. is one of those composite dramas which
critics dislike and audiences are charmed with.
It opens with a farrago of nonsense distinctly
farcical; it runs into comedy of intrigue and
v.inds up with melodrama. By turns it is every
tning except tragedy. Yet in every stage of th«
transition the playwright's touch is light, and
there Is no lack of brightness and sparkle. The
current canon of criticism that a play must be
long to one distinctive class is wantonly vio
lated. It wabbles between broad farce and seri
ous drama, yet the audience is Indifferent to
methods and changes of form, sine* it is amused
and interested to the end.
The «tory Itself is not novel, and consequently
the wonder grow* that with the uncertainty
of dramatic form "On the Love Path " should
be a bright, attractive play. An Impressionable
young man. heir to an earldom. Is blackmailed
over a trumped up breach of promise, and his
accuser is finally exposed by a charming woman,
who recognizes in him her worthless divorced
husband. This Is not a fresh theme; yet the
old story Is told with ouch vivacity and with so
rr.zr.y amusing touches and decorative effects
as to be highly entertaining. The Impulsive
Taunton, escaping momentarily from th*
NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. THURSDAY. SEPTEMBER 21, 1905. -P AGES NINE TO SIXTEEN.
swindler's entanglement, is nearly drowned
while bathing at Sanbourne. and owes his life.
to an unknown lady, whom in his unconscious
ness he has not seen. He decides that he is
morally bound to propose marriage to his
rescuer at sight as soon as he shall meet her.
Learning that she is an American girl named
Concannon he makes love first to Norah and
next to Charity, and all the while it Is to Mary
that his debt of gratitude is due. The whimsical
vacillating advances and retreats r.f this im
petuous lover are admirably d»piotpd by Mr.
Dv Maurier. who contrives to underlay tho
farcical nonsense of the part with a well bred,
attractive personality; and with Miss Jeffreys,
Miss Jessie Bateman and Miss Beatrice Forbes
Robertson as the three Concannon girls there
Is fun enough at the fair even without the aM
of Mr. Eric Lewis and other accomplished
comedians. Yet the author Is shrewd enotieh to
know that an audience does not wish to spend
the entire evening in thoughtless laughter over
frivolity. A good deal that is unexpected
happens before the tangle is unravelled by the
melodramatic heroine, who risks her own repu
tation in rescuing her lover from the un
scrupulous blackmailer. The bright and enter
taining American play is preceded by a capital
little curtain raiser. "A Privy Council," in
which the unctious Samuel Pepys is caught by
his wife while he is supping with a fascinating
actress, who escapes detection by disguising
herself as Charles 11. and making pretence th.it
a Cabinet Council has been held.
The veterans are already returning to work
from their summer holidays. Sir Henry Irving
has deferred his farewell provincial tour until
October, but Mr. John Hare starts immediate
ly on a long round of engagements, with "A
Pair of Spectacles," "A Quiet Rubber" and
"Caste" as his repertory, and one new play—
"Julius Sterne." by Mr. Drlnkwater. The Ken
dais will be playing at the St. James's by the
end of another week and Mr. Forbes Robertson
before, the close of the month will open the new
La Scala Theatre with "The Conqueror." by Mr.
Fyffe. The leading American attraction will bo
"Clarisse" at the Duke, of York's, with Mr. Gil
lette's company, and Miss Annie Russell has
been engaged to play Barbara in Bernard Shaw's
new play at the Court Theatre. There will be a
fresh series of revivals of nearly all Mr. Shaw's
plays at that theatre, where Mr. Granville Bar
ker has been most successful in popularizing
them. Mr. Robert Vernon Harcourt'a "An Angel
Unawares.' at Terry's Theatre, will be an in
teresting experiment by a young playwright
with American blood, and while a popular fa
vorite. Miss Fanny Brough. will conduct it. Mr.
Tree will look on with interest, for one of the
chief actors is a graduate from his new school
of acting. Mr. Sutro's new play will not be
produced at the Garrick until "The Merchant
of Venice," with Mr. Bourchier and his wife as
Shylock and Portia, has been seen. Altogether
there is premise of an interesting season, as
there must always be when there are scores of
London theatres to be kept in operation for the
entertainment of the public. I. N. V.
CONDITIONS OF PASSES.
Mexican Fond Will Give Them to
All Who Dare Fide.
Mexico City. Mexico. S»pt. 17 (Special) —The. Com
panla Ferrocarrilera y Maderera de Morelos y Mex
ico, which operates a logging railroad in the heart
of the Sierra Madras, in the State of Morelos, is
sending out passes to its friends and patron?.
which are not of the usual annual kind, but are
perpetual. The passes are signed in '''hinese char
acter* thnt are said to spell the name of tho chief
cook. The conditions on the bark of the passes
are signed "Old Mar.." The "old roan" If H. E.
Matton. who is general manager, chief engineer,
general 'freight and passenger agent and superin
tendent of transportation. The conditions foUow:
This pass Is good on the grand trunk line and
all Its branches of the Cia. Ferrocarrilera y Man
derera de Morelos y Mexico
It is issued to all persons who will do 'is tne
courtesy to accept it.
It raav be transferred to a. member of tne fam
llv for "instance, the mother-ir.-lnw (if you have
ore) brother-in-law without employment, etc.
Guests should not be offended if they are invited
by brakemen to get down and help th«^m In re
railing a flatcar or to tak« any obstruction line
rocks from the track.
We would also suggest that every one be pro
vided with lunches, drinks iwith the exception of
water during the rainy season), rain coat and um
brella, even if they aro earned only to be loaned
The company will not b» responsible for any
damage caused to barefooted passeng< rs.
Furthermore, we would advisn that, on arriving
at tne lunction point of the Central, at Flerro del
Toro station, Cuernavaca division, any one who
dof>s not caro to continue the trip to the terminus
can amuse himself whil» waiting for the train to
return to the city in visiiins our great deposit,
more or les= 5.000 cords, of the hf>st wood, which we
always have on hand for sale at moderate prices.
Ask for further information at thr offices of our
company. Prolongation de Conco d» Mayo 77.
The letter accompanying each pass Is signed by
H. F Matton, general manager, nnd r*>a<ls as fol
Whenever you should desire to become our guest
and make a trip over th* whole "System," we
would he very much pleased if you would notify us
in time, so that we can kindly put at your service
one of our magnificent special Platform cars, ele
gantly furnished with samples of our Incomparable
wood and lumber (for prices, inquire at our offices.
Pro'.cngacion de Conco de Mayo and richly
upholstered with empty feed sacks (nearly new>.
However, we are highly delighted to inform you
that, as our road in places climbs to th» enormous
height of 17.000 feet (within a few hundred feot.
more or less), many persons who are not used
to the altitude are troubled with prickling sensa
tions at the roots of the hair (if they are not bfild
headedi, slow action of the heart (if they ar«
"marble hearted";, severe cramps in the hands (if
they are "cloßefisted"). trembling of the knees (if
they are accustomed to having "cold feet"), and, in
fact, almost every one. experiences some kind of a
"queer" sensation', one way or another, all of which
is due to our magnificent scenery <"<
All of these small troubles can be avoided if you
will provide yourself with a few bottles of the
proper preventives. Tf. however, you forget to
do so. you will find the engineer provided with a
small quantity of well known and reliable reme
dies, and if you cannot convince yourself that you
are "up against It" maybe he will do something
As you will norj.-«\ we have found It diplomatic
to have our chef sign this pass, as it not only in
fuses in his mind a certain sense of responsibility.
but also serves, in a measure, to counteract the
bad impressions among his countrymen -aused by
the Chinese Exclusion law? of th>- United States.
However. If after considering the foregoing In
ducements you should decide, to take an economical
outing we will try to ,^<-e that you have proper at
tention, and. if you stay, net as if we are not
DROWNS IN ERIE CANAL,
Guest on LaiMtch Fill Infn loafer
TBr T->trnv,- to Tha TrfbtiiK" "
I'tlca. N. T.. Sept. 20. -Falling overboard un
noticed trora the stern of h iaunch. Edward
Allen, of Oswego, was drowned th;» afternoon
in the Erie Canal. The launch went on for mo a
than two mlle« before the obsence ,)f AMen wns
Alien was eighteen years old. Yesterday he
received an invitation from the owner of. the
launch to go to New-York with him. AS'en ac
cepted the invitation, and the, two started
this morning. As the launch was passing through
the canal at Canajoharie. Allen, v.ho had b«e;i
forward at the wheel, -.vert aft, and crawling
out on to the fantail sprawled out in the sun.
The owner took the wheel, and when about, a
mile east of Canajoharle called hack to Allen.
who answered him. That was the last seen or
*T' ? 8 sujpo^d that when be fell off the fantail
Into th* water he was struck by a propeller
blade, and sank without any outcry. Two miles
further along the owner turned around and
found that Allen had disappeared. He put back
and informed the police, who began a search for
the body. which has not yet been found.
AN ANARCHIST NOBLEMAN.
Trial of M. Malato Looked Foncard
To icith. Intercut in Paris.
Paris. September 12.
A sensational stage has been reached In the
investigation which the French police have been
conducting with reaj>e< t to the anarchist plot
to murder King Alfonso of Spain n:id Presi
dent Lou bet. Charles Malato. the well known
anarchist philosophic writer, has been commit
ted for trial, together with two other alleged ac
complices of lesser note, on the charge of hav
ing received explosive bombs and of having
aided and abetted the attempt to assassinate
the Spanish monarch and M. Loubet, his host.
The actual culprit who threw the bomb, which
fortunately killed only a cavalryman's horse
and damaged the presidential carriage, has dis
appeared, and the French police have no clew
os to either his whereabouts or his Identity.
Indeed, the theory maintained In the anarchist
and revolutionary clubs here is that the entire
plot was worked up by that special department
of the Spanish and French police whose busi
ness it is to watch the movements of anarchist
Several writers and politicians of distinction
and influence are convinced tha: Charles Main to
is innocent of the charge bj-ought against him
and have not hesitated to say so. Among these
are the Abb.' Charbonnel, the brilliant socialist
polemist. whose renunciation n f the soutane was
an ecclesiastical nine days' wonder a couple of
years ago; Jean .Tnures. until recently Vice-Presl
d°nt of the Chamber of Deputies, under whose
editorship M. Malato ■svss a constant contribu
tor to th" Collectivist organ, "I/Humanite"';
Gerault Richard. Paris Deputy; Senator Georges
Clemenceau and others equally distinguished
and prominent The f M ct is that Charles Malato.
notwithstanding his extreme Br ,d uncompromis
ing views, is popular with, and even beloved by.
all who know him. H» has the reputation of
bHng the most extravagantly polite man in all
Paris. His charity is unbounded, anr! alfheugh
he d<-.°s not enjoy by any nr-ans a large fortune
he gives the greater part of his income away
and lives in extreme simplicity, not to say pov
erty. Although he has renounced his title, he
belongs to one of the oldest and most aristo
cratic Neapolitan families, and has a right to
call himself Count Charles di Pan Malato di
Come. He is the grandson of the last com
mander In chief and field marshal of the now
extinct Neapolitan kingdom, and his ancestor
distinguished himself by the ruthlessness with
which he suppressed a popular insurrection,
thus earning for his sovereign the nickname of
"King Bomba." and the bitter denunciation of
the late Mr. Gladstone.
The family seems to have had an explosive
strain in its blood, for the field marshal's son,
the present Marquis di San Malato. Charles
Malato's father, throwing off all allegiance to
King Bomba, came to Paris, where he figured
prominently in the Commune, ;..nd for his share
in that insurrectionary movement was sen
tenced to banishment for life in the French
penal settlement of New-Caledonia. It. was here
that Charles Malato was born. After a brief
spell as an official of the settlement he returned
to Paris with his father, who had benefited by
an amnesty, and quickly assumed a leading part
among French anarchists. It was then that, to
gether with Ernest Gegout, who had married a
near relative of President Grevy, he was sen
tenced for anarchist propaganda to the old and
row vanished political prison. Saint-Pelagic.
Their experiences were published in a highly
humorous work, entitled "Prisons Fin-de-Siecle,"
which was Illustrated by Steinlen and other
brilliant rcaricaturists of the once famous Chat-
Noir. Oegrrat has now abandoned his anarchist
vocation, and is assisting a wealthy aunt to
restore a feudal castle on the banks of the
Loire. Malato, however, stood firmly to his
anarchist principles, and after a brief exile in
London, the outcome of which was another
humorous work, "Les Joyeusetes de L'Exile,"
he. acquired French naturalization and was thus
secured from expulsion. He then went to Slclly
to help the revolutionists there, and finally set
tled down in a little cottage close to the Paris
fortifications, overlooking, bj- the way. the rail
way line which King Alphonso travelled over on
arriving in the. French capital. Surrounded with
books and with beggars. Charles Malato has
lived in this diminutive house in the society of
his father, who Is now over ninety, and with
the "lady companion" of the moment, for In
anarchist circles all marriage ceremonies,
whether civil or religious^ have been abolished.
The old Marquis di San Malato is still so rigid a
revolutionist that he has to be put to bed by his
son if his attention should happen to alight in the
daily papers upon any fact or incident which
Kerns to imply a social injustice. The "lady
companion" possesses what Charles Malato
amiably describes as a "rlche nature revolu
.. rP " (a vigorous revolutionary tempera
ment). Tn stormy weather, which affects her
nerves, tho casual guest will hear the smash of
crockery, the thud of broken furniture, or the
crashing of glass. Malato. after the most elab
orate apologies for the unwonted noise, never
fails to add with bis suave smile, "but. my dear
sir what a rich revolutionary nature'" Her
nature. Is, In any an Improvement upon
that of her predecessor, who was afflicted with
homicidal mania, in the a.-utc phases of which
B he would attack Malato with a carving knife,
the broomstick being her favorite weapon when
phe was "only a little vexed."
Malato however, is anything but a poltroon.
Both his moral and physical courage arc pro
verbial amon* his friends, and he is a firsr class
swordsman, having that also in the blood, for
he is a cousin of the great international cham
pion fencer. Baron Athos di San Malato. Owing
to strong evidence that Malato had no connec
tion whatever with the bombs dispatched to him
by some mysterious hand from Barcelona short
ly before the attempt on the King of Spams
life there is every probability that he will be
acquitted Like 'he late Elisee Reclus. the emi
nent geographer. Malato is recognized in literary
and philosophical circles as a purely theoretical
imarchlst and personally Incapable of harming
a fly let alone throwing bombs The trial of
this 'wild mannered, exquisitely cultured and
blue eyed Italian nobleman Is looked forward to
With genuine Interest und with considerable
State Department Will Make a Dip
lomatic Inquiry Into the Case.
Washington. Sept. 20.-The State Department wat
wasn.ngK" Nlcaraguan court. In
.nformed tod, ! W^v,n^o f Se £: m , a .has
,e PS ,on ,„!„„ 8 Albers the American resident
. i >,a if Hie To.-r Llnaon < nmpnny. o n
SS^S^ifio. >e»al process and insultin.
Sentence has not yet been «m
* however AJbers la said to be in free com
;.os*<l. ' .' ' «-itii 'he American Lection at Mans
m-.nicatK.n *£*%£ of ,-ounsel. So far as i,
qua. and n« t h* «4 D( . parrme m. Mr . La* former
known to the ptJ ,p p ,£ m3i has not "tailed for
Consul * 50 5 e1^, 1,, , a id that fh- expected advices
Cental, and It «■ «a wUlcn wjl , probably d^ter
from Minister »*r o |' Mr . T^- e should proceed, ar
mine whether gj-i 1 ." lt b eve( j v,^ r , that Albera
rot nt hand. N> ,"j, scr eet. in forcibly r<>slstlnjf -.-.»
may have been i !n! n £ r diplomatic Inquiry w ft, he
Nicaragua!! offl^ais. on h& poises of these offi
mari> into the en '^ rrP tneSJ of his assertion that
;; h a . 1S (n iru£n £. u^* rranted and U.^ol.
A VAST TRANSACTION.
TRANSFER AT TREASURY.
Largest Cash Pay went in the His
tory of the World.
I From Trtbnn« Bureau 1
Washington. Sept. 20.— 8y signing a receipt
for 11,259.598.278 58%. which has "been de-
Hrpr»d into hi? keeping, after two months nnd
a half had been spent in counting It. Charles H.
Treat, of New- York. Treasurer of the United
States, has become the central flerur* In the in
gest financial transaction in the history of yie
No sum approximating this amount has ever
before changed handr in » single transaction. It
is h fourth larger than the entire amount of the
Franco- Prussian War Indemnity, and that was
paid in a number <>f instalments, extending over
a considerable period. It Is nearly ten times as
large as the indemnity China paid to Japan
after the rhino- Japanese War. and twelve
times as large as the combined price paid for
the Philippine Islands and the Panama Canal.
In fact, all other financial transactions in the
history of the world are dwarfed into insignifi
cance by comparison with the stupendous sum
which Treasurer Roberts turned over to Treas
urer Treat. Tuesday afternoon, when Treasurer
Treat affixed his signature to the slip of paper
FRINCTPAI.S TN THE LARGEST FINANCIAL TRANSACTION IN THE HIS
TORY OF THE WORLD.
ELUS H. ROBFRT3.
Former Treasurer of the United States.
which recorded the transfer of Uncle Sam's
resources, it meant that the whole sum in
cash, bills, coin or available securities came into
his immediate possession and control. The
money is all stored in the big vaults of the
Treasury Building in this city. There are four
teen heavily barred safes, in which bags of gold
and silver and packages of greenbacks are piled.
Besides this there is a large quantity of con
vertible bonds and securities. In the words of
one of the Treasury officials, the whole repre
sents Uncle Sam's pin money. It is the amount
he keeps on hand against a rainy day.
The law requires that a count of all the money
in the vaults of the United States Treasury shall
take place when a new Treasurer comes into of
fice. Mr. Treat, who nominally succeeded Ellis
H. Roberts in office on July 1. was not authori
tatively th» keeper of the cash in these vaults
until It had beer, shown officially to the satisfac
tion of the Secretary of the Treasury that all
the money whi^h Mr. Roberts reported to be on
hand on the day of his resignation was
actually th«»re. On July 1 a force of men and
women was put to work counting the store of
money, piece by piece. First the supply of
greenbacks. $383,352,500. was counted over.
This was done by expert women counters. The
same, was done with the securities and bonds.
Then men were put at work In the underground
vaults weighing the sacks of gold and silver
coins. Tt took sixty-seven and one-quarter days
to complete the operation. Not a cent's varia
tion in the amount reported on hand by ex-
Treasurer Roberts was discovered.
The bond which Mr. Treat is obliged to *Iv.e
for the privilege of looking a^ter this vast sum
is $15O.0<X>. Because of the satisfactory count
ex-Treasurer Roberts is now relieved of responsi
bility for the, money of w hich he had charge, and
the bond of Treasurer Treat has been accepted
by Secretary Shaw.
Eleht years ago, when ex-Treasurer Roberts
gave to D. N. Morgan, his predecessor, a receipt
for the money taken over by him, the total
amount as shown by the receipt, the original of
which has been framed and adorns the outer
wall Of the Treasurer's office, was $796,925,
•jrtft 1 7 2-3. That the wealth of the United States
has grown enormously since then is strikingly
illustrated by the figures given in the new re
ceipt. There is an Increase of more than $1,250,
000,000. This Increase is due almost entirely to
the larger amount of securities and bonds for
national banks now held in trust and to the
larger reserve fund of paper currency. When
Mr. Roberts took charge, on July 1. 1*97. tho
amount of bonds and securities held In trust
was .•?'Jffit,3n i .'.4. r »1 882-13. This has .-limbed up to
$598 474 920 622-3 Two thousand more national
banks are mow in existence than at that time
The currency fund has grown correspondingly.
1, i S no* $383,352,500, as against $301,952,000
riKht years ago.
BIG FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS.
Some or the biggest financial transactions of
th« world are summarized as follows:
Franco-Prussian War Indemnity— France paid
to Germany five milliards of francs (Sl^OnO.nnrt.
imm'h as Indemnity, stipulated in the Treaty ol
Frankfoit on May 1". 1871. Three years were
given In which to cancel the debt. The largest
single payment was made thirty days after the
treaty was signed, when one milliard of francs
(S200 000.000) «v paid into the German ex
chequer by the representative of the French gov
* China's indemnity to Japan China- raid to
Japan as the price of her disastrous war In 1«P-'
?I Forty°' Million Panama check— A $40,000,000
check in favor of the Panama republic, payable
to I Piernont Morgan & Co.; fiscal agents. was
signed by Secretary Shaw on May 9. 1904. This
ranks si the largest check ever drawn. A few
days prior to this Secretary Shaw made out a
ehe-k for $] 000.000 to the name agents, and on
May 19 signed for $9,000,000. The whole trans
action was for $30,000,000. .
Twenty millions to Spain- Secretary Lyman J.
ra»e In 1899 signed four United States Trea»
urf warrants of $5,000,000 each as pvamt-to
Spain when the United States topic the Philip
pine Islands. The warrants were signed m favor
of Ambassador Cambon of France, a3 the r»pre
sentative or" Spain in the negotiations.
Maskan purchase - Another large deal. In which
the United States figured, was the purchase or
\la«ka For this slice of territory Secretary M-
Cuiloch paW to the represent a five of the Rus
sian government $7;20O,0pO
Halifax award— A Treasury warrant for *.>.
500.000 was signed In IST* by Secretary Benja
min H Brtotow for the purchase of certain fish-
Ing rights from Or-a« Britain, under .he Hali
• This is by far the largest amount of nr>n«y
ever held by the United States Treasury. Mid
emphasizes In t striking manner the wonderful
resources of the institution." said Treasurer
Treat- "Evan the aggregate amount tn the
world famous Bank of England reaches a total
of only $S3I;SS&OQO. practically |4«MM.OM
less than the sum in the United States Treasury.
"Perhaps the most extraordinary fact in con
nection with the work iust finished is that the
findings of the committee which for several
months has been engaged In counting the money
In the Treasury agreed to a fraction of a cent
with the Treasury book a most extraordinary
circumstance I*l view of the large sum of money
involved. Never In my life have I seen so per
fect a tally. As a general thin? In counting
Inrge pun.P of money it Is next to iinponsible to
"inke the results nprree exactly with the books,
there lieinß usually n difference of from several
cents to a few dollars over or under the book
figures, but this count Is In perfect harmony
with the books even to a fractional part of a
cent. The two-thirds of a cent which appears
in the total results from a divided coupon form-
Ins: part of the Treasury holdings covered under
the heading of bonds nn<i stocks held in trust.
"At the time -when Mr. Morgan went out of
offl-e which was at the clcse of the Cleveland
administration, people thought It a wonderful
thing that the funds of the Treasury should be
so near the billion mark. But that now seems a
small amount as compared with the present
total sum In the Treasury vaults. No one can
doubt the prosperity of the nation whose Treas
ury has the resources possessed by our own.
"The last count of the funds In the Treasury
occurred in 1897-*9 B. and lasted eight months,
from July to the following February. The pres
ent count was accomplished much more rapidly.
CELKBXjEB B. TKEJAT.
Treasurer of the TTnlted States.
The count has also been remarkable for the
reason that from first to last it haa been devoid
of surprises. No discoveries of a sensational
nature, no queer happenings, nothing whatever
out of the ordinary occurred — something rare in
Following Is a copy of the United States
Treasurer's receipt for the largest amount of
money which ever changed hands in one. trans
action in the world's history:
Treasury of th« mttea States,
Washington. D. C. July 1, 190 S.
R«celv«d from Ellis H. Roberts, retiring Treasurer
of the United States, government funds ana securities
amounting to one billion, two hundred and flfty-nln«
million tiv« hundred and ninety-eight thousand, two
hundred and seventy-eight dollars, and fU'y-elght ana
two-thirds cents., for which receipts in triplicate have
been given, as follows:
United States notes *«. 5:0.2*7 00
U. S. currency in process of redemp
tion • 657,47.. nr>
National hank not»s in process of ..„....-,
/....v..:::::::::::: ":# :?
S^ r o^[ tlflcatM . ::::::::::::::::: *$$«
Standard sliver dollars 1M.407.591 •«
Fractional stiver coin *?Mis Xi
Minor coin •_ 3^..'3. 04
Total cash »1»7,86».35S 6S
Tr«a*ur*r> transfer account 93. 921.3 30 2S
V P paper currency in reserve 3>>3.<ts_..:i*n 00
'"I?,™** 19 . . *°' d . .r. re lflrateS : . . SPr " S 990.000 AO
Bonds and other aeeiirltlM bold in
• r; c. .->93.4i 4, "3. DJ*S
.->rt,fl»d to m Sepr-mW U. A |> KAM _
A. T HUNTINCxTON',
E. W. HALE.
THOS. E. ROGERS,
r- , TTlrn i T Appointed by the Secretary of the Treasury.
CHAS. H. 1 RFIAT.
Treasurer of the United Ptat«i.
SEALING PIRATE CAUGHT.
Captain McLean Arrested at Vic
toria. B. C.
Washington. Sept. 20— Captain Alexander McLean
was arrested on Monday at Victoria, B. C. by
Canadian authorities at the. request of the Amer
ican consul, acting for the Department of Justice.
under an indictment obtained more than a year
ai;o at. San Francisco, or. a charge of conspiracy m
fitting out the nchooner <"arm» > noita In violation
of t ho sealing laws. A telegram received at the
State Department to-day announcing the Brr»?t
says that the rarmencita had been refitted sader
the ram« of Acapulco. of alleged Mexican registry,
and with a crew made up of men said to be as
"choice a band of rohhers and cutthroats a* have
manned a pirate craft since, the days of (""aptaln
The search for McLean has proceeded since Hay,
1901 His movements have been known the greater
part of this time, but his pe??^io sealing cruises
have teen conducted so cleverly and with so sharp
an observance of the letter of the law that it Is
said he has made these technicalities rover his
alleged evasions of the law. For Instance, he. al
ways has been careful not to be found within the
three-mile limit of the sealing preserves, and. a!
tho ;ch an American, carrying in large part an
English crew, he has not been registered under
either American or British law?. On that account
toe reciprocal arrangement between these countries
for the protection of the sealing Industry has not
applied to him. He has operated under both Mex
ican and Norwegian registration, .'md apparently
li3«= been Ruccesi»fMi tn retaining one or the other.
(l^Fpite the fact that hf forfeited Mexican papers
at least once.
In September, i;vi4 - The ("armencita wa« dt-priveri
■ ' Mexican paper*. The schooner had cleared at
Eton Francisco in May of that year, and it Is sus
pected wis partly equipped for a sealing cruise at
thTf time, but not Bttfltrient:ji .«o to warrant the,
United Stales revenue rutters taking her Into cus
tody It is bsliered that the schooner sailed for a
,-ove on the cons: of California, where sealing ap
paratus had been shipped from time •„ time a .-.l
there completely fitted out. Evidence, pointing to
this fact i" i;! the band* of «he I»epartmenr .if
justice, having been gathered by Secret Service
officers throngh the personal direction of Chief
Wllkie. This evidence was i:^eil In obtaining the
Indictment at Ban Francisco.
Prom th« cove on 'he i alifornhi coast the
■cboon'er took m the high seas, and was seea <»ev
•ral times near th? Prihiloff Islands, but ne\»r
within ''••■■ limit of the preserve?. On August ' : .
19T4. the British ;-r-iiser Shearwater found the
jicbconer '"armer.cita Just off the thre»-miie Umil
of >; . Paul Island and boarded her. Her papers
declared her to he Mexican, with Woodatde as bus
ter. The master insisted thai he was WoodsMe, but
the BrltUh authorities say they recognised Mm m
McLean. The fact that he Pen- th» Mexican fl<i»r
prevented his arrest at that time on the flirr «■•!
i"cii'-» that could he obtained, About a for:niEh'
IWo;-. tills th« <"arnien'ita made a raid on the Cop
per Islands and had a brush with the Russian
patrol. At least one of the crew was wound ;i-<
W: wa« ?ent to Baa t tie, Wish., for treatment. When
th" facts concerning th< raid became known the
Mexican government repudiated the registry, and
the Caxmenelta for a ttiii>; flew the Norwegian flag.
It is understood that the schooner ch-insed names
several times in order to preserve, registration, and
that finally, under the rum.- Acapulco, Mexican
registration was again secure**
MR. SHONTS'S PLANS.
Double Track Idea Dropped—
rangement for Engineers' Visit.
Chairman ?h>->n-s of the Isthmian Canal CcmmJ**
sion talked yesterday concerning th* health condi
tions in the r;uiai zone He Hdd:
The report for th" first two weeks of September.
that h^.t |U»: r .icherl me -ho«m *vfn c»«es n?
•, »Maw fever, or.lv on- of which was a canal em
ploye. The Banitary conditions are being steady
improved and the freight congestion Is betas
Pc| nX asked when the -work of double) tracking
the road across the Isthmus would be accomplished.
Mr. Shonts replied that the project, as approved
several months ago. before the reorganization of
the commission, had been put aside as unnecessary
and. Involving an outlay that could be avoided.
The plan in .question Involved the building- of twen
ty-nine miles": of road, omitting only the central
portion of the route, from which a digression Hill
ultimately be made hen th« canal is built and the
road permanently established. The estimated com
of the material and labor -was $*•",<¥><>.
Mr. Shonts. in explaining the change of policy,
The commercial demands upon the road, are not
such a* to justify th« double tracking expense, and
it is possible to increase greatly th« efficiency of
the road as a single track line, and under th«
present management this is being accomplished.
The gain in efficiency may be. as much as *> per
cent. .Larger cars, greater power and good facilities
will contribute to this result. On« improvement
Involving economy is a coal hoist now being built
at Colon that will not only greatly expedite th«
handling of our fuel supply, but will reduce th»
cost of transfer from ship to engine, from $130 to
15 cents a ton. Instead of double tracking; the line,
as contemplated, we shall probably build a parallel
track for about eight, miles from thft Culebra out
toward Panama, solely for the purpose of Increas
ing our facilities for conveying the. earth to the
Pacific, near T,a Boca, where w© can difpos* of
probably 25,000,000 cubic yards. This we may do
without waiting tr> knew what kind of a canal we
are to dig. Of course. If It la to be. a sea level caaal
the amount of *arth. to he, moved In that direction
may be a hundred million yards.
Concerning the. visit of the advisory board of
engineers to the isthmus. Mr. Shonts said:
The members of the hoard, together with offlosrs
and members of the commission, with secretaries,
will make a party of about twenty-five. They will
sail on the steamer Havana next Thursday, asd
will remain on the Isthmus as long as necessary.
The members of the party wijl make their host*,
on the Havana while conducting their Investiga
tions on the isthmus. There should be nothing la
the arrangement to excite unfavorable comment.
The commission has devoted its energies to the
betterment of the accommodations for the canal
laborers, and there are no satisfactory faollltiM
on the land for entertaining the engineers. Quit*
a number of them are, foreigners and are our
guests. It la certainly our duty to make them aa
comfortable as possible. The Havana win be nec
essarily detained to discharge cargo, and as the
party will hay« been established for the trip It will
be most convenient for them to remain aboard.
I have been the recipient of an open letter un
fairly charging the commission with discriminating
in favor of the officers and against the laborers in
the matter of quarters. I may only say that when
I went to the canal strip recently other members
of the commission as well as myself were quar
tered In a cottage ward that had belonged to the
hospital, and from Wednesday until Monday It
was exactly in the state of unreadiness for as*
that we had found, it in. We hope to treat the
visiting engineers a little better.
It was learned yesterday teat Jacob H. ilarkel, ef
Omaha, the successful competitor for the commis
sary concession, on the lstijmus", will send two
squads of men on the AlUsinca. which sails for
Colon on Saturday. They^ll tak« charge of the
two hotels that are a!r»£<sy completed for th» to
commodation of employes on the oanal.
TO MEET IN PANAMA.
Canal Commission to Sail September
28 — Credit System.
Washington, Sept. 20.— 1n compliance with th» in
structions of President Roosevelt, issued on April
1, that meetings of the Isthmian «'anal Commission
shall be held in the offices of the Governor of th«
Canal Zone, on the first of January. April. July and
October each year, the members of the. enmmispian
are preparing to sail for the Isthmus on September
:*. Governor Ma goon Is the only member there.
Chairman Shonts has invited the members of the
Board of Consulting Engineers, now in session in
this city, to accompany the commission, and It is
understood that all the members will go. The
Havana, of the Panama Railroad Steamship Une.
will take the party to the isthmus. She will he
tied up at the wharf at Colon, and the members
have been invited to retain their quarters aboard
while they ar« making their investigations. A
special train on the Panama Railroad will be placed
at the disposal of the engineers, and any part of
the line of the canal. Including the city of Panama,
may be visited each day at the pleasure of the
A new system of credit ha« been devised for
the canal employes on the isthmus, and it will ba
put into effect about October L The system will
meet the needs of the employes, and at th* MUM
time comply with the request of the Panama mer
chants to be put od an equil footing with the com
missary stores run by the Canal Commission under
the direct jurisdiction of the Panama Railroad offi
cials The system comprises coupon credit slip*,
which will be' issued to canal employes on demand.
in books containing ciedit respectively f or C 60, 15
and $25 gold. The books are so made up that
credits for from one cent to $1 can be, torn out
as required. Kraployep will be allowed to gat thea*
credit books on demand at any time up to a cer
tain percentage of the total amount of wases due
1 The merchants will accept the slips underan ar
rangement which makes the four banks of Panama
the clearing house between the merchants and th«
railroad company. No liquor or tobacco Is sold at
the five government commissaries along the Hne>
of the road, and it has been decided to carry in.
these, commissaries only such articles as shall ha>
decided to constitute the necessaries of life. Jxist
what these articles are has not been decided by th»
commission. The credit books axe now being,
printed in New-York. The first consignment ■will
be. shipped or. Saturday, and will be Issued on de
mand as soon as they arrive on the Isthmus. To
guard against Introducing a new medium of ex
change on the. isthmus through the universal na*
of the credit, slips, their life has been limited to
two months, after which they will not be> redeemed.
CALLS CANAL A TOT.
J. J. Hill Says It WVd Not Increase
Preston, Minn.. Sept. 50.— Declaring that til*
Panama Canal would be an expensive toy which
would be of little use. in extending American for
eign trade. James J. Hill, president of the Great
Northern Railroad, to-day in nn address to farmer*
of Southern Minnesota at tlm Fillroore County
Fair, advised the farmers of th» Northwest not to
be deluded into thinking that government control
of railroads would reduce rates
Mr. Hill condemned "graft" in private and pub-
He life. He said a protective tariff would not
> reate new markets or Increase selling prices. Th«
chief good that farmers could secure would be re
duced transportation rates Reduced rates would
follow Increased market- because on a business
basis railroHds could haul goods cheaper if more
pools were shipped. Railroad rates would < * c!ir -t
more slowly under government control »nan ir
fixed by intelligent man^K^rs of railroads. Hw
cv^r. It was right that the. govemme:u shouia
secure fair treatment nn-1 prevent discrimirattor
Mr Hill said the Orient was the future rcark't
for the products of the Northwest. To secure that
nark- Americans needed ••> Increase fore^r carry
ing facilities and to re. IS e offending the «.hir.e«».
Ho called ih- Pannn Canal a toy Ihn . ; the Ctmn
trv i-oulii afford since- it appealed to the agina
tion C of the peo, but he derided the argument
that It would Increase American foreign trade.
NEW THONE CO. WANTS FRANCHISE.
Application to Operate System in This City
and Elsewhere Made.
TV..- Commonwealth T»lephon- CVrr.pany is the
l- ( ;c*' applicant for a franchise to. establish a tele
phone service in this city. The company is In
corporated under •'■■■■ laws of thin State for ths
purpose el putting up a telephone system in this
,-itv and Sta*" In New-Jer?ey. Pennsylvania.
Delaware piul Maryland. E«lwln M. Brooks 13
The com pa " r ';v* year fran
, hi-^e. the same .is the • : >.iike«i proml*ea
•timllar to other applicants with reference to lower
rates and t'-e- 1 ' telephones (c-r the use of dty d«
paxtmenta. The application will •- n-.» before the
Board of Estimate aad Apporttonruent for hwrlng
en October U