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ACADEMY OF mimic i-nu Harry.
ALHAMBBA-: -» -- -Vaudeville.
BELA!>fO- S— The <ilrl of the «>oldeti W»«l.
FLU)!' — « IS Th» Mu»lr M»«ter
BBO*r»\VAV— «:!» -The V«ndrrhHt < up
CASINO — *:!*— The Earl »n<l the «j!rl.
COTXI.NI Al. -I —*— \audevllle «,....- r«. .l.
CatITEIMON— S:«» — •:»•— Allie Sit by-tlie-Flre. ai * o
DALTT^i'S- The ra^iMlln. Mr Vandervel.lt
B>KM Mt>BK Th, World la Wai •
EMPIRE— ?:I»- -«::«-»Vter P«»
FIE! PS .< THEATnR— r-H'.Ui Julie H^■>n^ol>
OARPKN- : :•<>— » :•— Thr «;a!loper
HAMMKRFTKiyS VICTORIA ?"* ;l.- \»"'''
IfAHI.KM OPERA HOI SI - * lf> -? onrt . r tt".,hln«ton
HERAI-n coi-aHE : li Sl* c«-«rK* W «vhin«:«on.
P!PriiPß(tllß-!- !— A Society < lrru«
HT I>S«>N— « It — The Duel
IRVING PLACE- '■ S« Kv l' lr or0 r ''? 1 ..
Ji .(: WTBFI - Hl''— Twiddle !«.i.1...»
KNICKERBOCKER— t:M— MM*. alodW"
I Tll'-HTT— * IS— The ri»r.jm»n
I Vi'EIM- •:!•— The I.lor. and < h « Mou*e
I VrtT<- -I-- J !*• Meiteana
HADISOV SCt'AHE r.ARPEN-l« - t.ll Pm-
MApi^r^^KK THFATnE-Vls-«:15-The Tl.le
W *.ir«" r l«" I — tilt -Abj««!nia
Srviiri wOf'N" HUI. - '- Piano recital
oViRA Horn- •TF I .S*Ti-Si«
V : II 1:1* For*> ftl * " ml "
VF« ; .i'onK'"-" Sri:. -. T-...»er- Brother- In Ireland.
MVOT-- *:1R Mr Hfpkln*«n
n-,11 I,'ks !:II <.:« The Squaw Man.
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TBB S'EWM Tills VORXIXU
CON'tRKSS.- Seimte: The Pur*> Food bill was
discussed and a reply of the Baltimore and Ohio
Uiiirr-nd to the rhare7«s of the Red Rock Osta
pajqr re*4. [ooS4 Adjournment «as taken In
nietnory of Representative (ii-orpc A. Castor, of
I". : nayHnKßia,
POBEIGN. Prance has decided to bring the
J'nrfircHn question before the conference nt
AtgtoCfraa, having stopped MitaMs negotiations
■with •he German g)sftfsaA««; the step was taken
owiiiß to Germany's refusal to consider France's
proposal. '—— A hard action snaa reported un
der u.iy in the i'hucuuf between mutineer*! and
m punitive expedition. - Japan has called
the attention of China to th* advisability of
1?ki!!R Ftej,i« to prevent an antf>fotHg>u rlsinr.
A resolution will in- introduce^ in Parlla
n.< nt against tajcation of foreign corn and th»
I mi Him of a penf-ral tariff on foreign Roods; the
ciny and nl(rhl sessions were devoted to deb.it"
on the nddrt-ss in r«-j»ly to the speech from trw
thmne. The leaden Of the Coalition party
in Hi;ic ,ry decided not to attempt to go to the
ParUfltmeut li\illdlnpp to-day, they Intend to hold
?! •••itr.es of their eonatftaenta in vari.ius parts
<if the <-»>ii n try; th» Kovernnient. It is said, will
lol'rate n<> adverse criticism of its action. .
Th«- ceremony of the Investiture of the Emperor
of Japan with the Order of the Garter took
place at the palace In T<-klo. _. — - Vlce-Admlral
Pir .iTV Grenfell died ir. England.
Ix»MKSTI<" The Kft-cent sras bill was de
lay«-ii In Albany l«v c«-rlain interests who wished
til*- c >nimisslon> report in before taking:
Curthei action. : ■— r Fierce riot»» at the polls
nmrked th*- elfction of < ;enr|f<> W. <;uthrle. Dem
iicr«!. as • •■• Mayor at preuter Pittshurfr. -■
Th> Senate Fli;ance Committee in Albany ap
l-.'ii.tf-.l in >=uli-cr.niiiiitte<> to report on the As
-. •■ tin motation for a banklnsj; Investigation.
Ttu Hmate in Albany ■ 111 report favor-
Lo-mocrow the BMwrs Rapid Transit hill
a ttapatdi from Chicago s«ld that the
% .. I < estate would not rea<-n $ir.."ufi.fin(i. fall-
I - ■ IKHiaJi li.lnw that amount to jeopardize the
| «■*<! Mew-York hospital, s: President
QompeTa. In • "Wvelfiiid. said thai the American
F>4erattaa of Labor would support the. miner*
*i! all just deiriaiids. - t After several eon
f«-renoep in Wa*hlnpt<»n "ii Urn Railroad Rate
Mil the ekajneaa of an agreement In the Senate
tomtnittee seemed bripht.
CITY Str« ks closed he a v>. aft. • early
strength = It »(,p announced that tails of
complaint would probably be s«-t ved to-day on
nounaH for the M«Cartfjra and others In the
Mutunl njits. f«r leaUtUtlOll and in ountlng;.
Avtitomob and "T*"fHaHiwa of auto
tnotiilr- dabi Fpokc 111 Trenton against th* pen i
1: F New -JtTPty Autoniohii.- iaiv It was
d<~ lded to t>rin|r A!lif-rt T Patrick here, probably
to-day, to attend the hiring on a new trial.
:: — — John B Wis-v eevnael for Raymond Ar Co .
1n tlie Mutual suitj^ said the company had a
valid cot, tract arttll t(r ■ itual The wife
of a husln'-fs man of tl)1b cttJT dro* Bed hat three
« liiifiren and herself by jumpins overboard with
them fioui tli«- Plymouth ir. Lang [aland Sound.
- - Dr. Harry H Pen. nc tor., who araa BBOt hy
tits daughter nt Long Brand recently, received
anonymous letters threatening his life.
THIS WBATfI ' In4k>ationa for to-day:
Rain. The tewiperatqf ••-:•::.' Hiphe«t. 31
deproejs; lowest. 'M.
77//: DBYDOCK. UEWET.
For more than three weeks after the floating
iryuVsek Dewey left the mouth <>f the Cheaa
penke almost daily reports nonreming her prog
ress am received. A particularlj full bulletin
*hs transmitted by wire telegraphy (with
th*> oo operation of Admiral Ri minim's squad
ront on January :.".:. and then ••nsued a period
of silence that whs longer than the interval
which had elapsed «l»ice <'ape Henry waa left
Whind (Pceoavbtr •"■<" SBwaatuch as the dock
und the vessels BBSJBBjed in Towing it had prac
i!o:il!y traveled half be distance from the
<-r.e.n of Virgin to Gibraltar, the lack of tid
ings had excited within the last few days a
littl« uneasiness nliout the safety of the expe
dition, which Is relieved, if hot wholly dispelled,
by news wr.t from the Canaries on Monday.
The government rug Potomac reached a port in
tU*e islands and report »>d that she had left the
P»wer five, hundred mil** to the westward
end that "all was well."
It Is evident that the expedition has travelled
more slowly of late than It did at first. Its
mean tp*»ed up to January 'J2 was about sev
enty-flve mile* a day. When the Potomac left
the Devrey the latter was ntlll MHO or 1,100
miles from Gibraltar, end had moved only 7."><»
miles In twenty-fly« day*. If the dock and
it* wrort finish the transatlantic voyage at
the latter rate (thirty mile* a <layi. the entrance
to th* Mediterranean will not be reached for a
month yet. If. on the other hand, the speed
of the nrest few weeks is recovered, the time
v.nild be reduced to about a fortnight.
Rnffl more detail* in regard to the difficulties
encountered since January 22 are supplied, the
j.uWi. can only guesu the cause of the delay.
The commander of the expedition announced In
M*me of hip earlier dispatch** that bis towing
cable* had parted, and that it was impossible
to repair them when the sea was rough. With
«m information that would suggest another ex
planation. It may be assumed that a repetition
of lliefce accident* Is the only cause of the delay
which has provoked comment and speculation.
If any trouble with the machinery of the Gla
cier aad other vessels which have the Despej
In tow bis been experienced. It Is obvious that
It could not have been serious.
When Gibraltar Is reached It will be feasi
ble to maJ^s a froth computation of roe time
; needed to finish the voyage. It was hop«d at
£r*t that not more than five and a half months
; would be required More than three-quarters
of the whole distance to be traversed will re
main to be covered when the Dewey arrives
at the entrant to the Mediterranean. The av
erage Bi>eed will probably be Increased, how
•rar, end,. it U not cnxe&fiocable to hope that
tiie ieet will be BMSMi in Manila Ha\ l"nc
Ix-fore th*> opening of the typhoon season in Sep
The undertaking is not *<> strange or formi
dable as might be imagined. Anchored in the
Mississippi opposite Wei Orleans sj ■ floating
ilo. k nearly us big as the I»ewey. which was
built «T the same place as the latter mear
Baltimorei. BBjd whi' h was towed to its pres
ent station without serious difficulty. A siml
inr structure was successfully transferred from
either an i:ndi>h Of I Scotch port to the Ber
mudas, and shortly before the war between
this country and Spain broke out Spain con
tracted far the building of a drydock on the
Tyne. which was meant for service at Cavite.
but was taken only to the island of Minorca,
in the Mediterranean. To reach the Philippines
the Pewey must go much further-half way
around the world, in fact, but in view of exist
ing precedents the effort to get it there does
nut appear especially audacious
KAILBOADB AM COAL DEALERS.
A railroad decision of unusual Importance was
handed down on Monday in the I'nited States
Supreme Court. The opinion of the court, which
was unanimous, declared null and void certain
contracts entered into between the Chesapeake
aud Ohio and the New-York. New Haven and
Hartford Bailroad companies. The execution
of the contracts had already been enjoined by
t!ie federal Circuit Court, but In affirming the
lower tribunal's action the Supreme Court raised
and faced some broader issues and laid down
some legal generalizations, which, when further
applied, must seriously affect the activities and
functions of the great railroad companies.
Hie Chesapeake and OWo Railroad made an
agreement with the New York. New Haven
and Hartford Railroad Company to deliver
•_•.«« mi.i tin* tons of soft •'•■al at New Haven be
tweeu July I, lNtiT. and July 1, 1902, at $275 a
ion. I lie delivery In the last year fell short
(W.UUO tons and the New-York. New Hhvpm and
Hartford liailn.a.l bought '<>al elsewhere, and
presented s bill for the difference In cost. In
stead of paying the bill the Chesapeake and
Ohio undertook to deliver the missing t^uM'
turn*, though owing to ■ marked rise in bitu
minous prices, due to the anthracite strike—
there aras s net loss of $1 l" on each ton. The
coat of coal at the West Virginia mines nnd
the - o-t of transportation from Newport News
t<« New Haven footed up £'_'4" ») Ton. The
Chesapeake and Ohio's published freight rate
from the mines t<i tidewater was $1 4."> n ton.
so the company lost $1 17— either as ■ freight
carrier or as ■ coal dealer on each ton deliv
ered. The Interstate Commerce Commission
brought acti.-n against the company on the
ground That it had cut the freight rate. The com
,>iiuv defended itself on the ground that it had
not cut its published freight rate, but had
merely lost money as a coal vender. The state
of Wevt Virginia has forbidden railroads within
Its juris.li.Ti. ui t<» deal in coal. But that is an
other Story. The federal Circuit Court held
that, as the interstate Commerce act does not
explicitly forbid railroads acting SS venders of
commodities, the loss might properly lie con
sidered from the federal point of view- as a
dealer's loss. Yet. as Involving B possible ma
ulpulatioa of the freight rate for its own
benefit, the railroads procedure was declared
Th.' Supreme Court not only sustains this
\ iew. but amplifies it. It brush— aside the
lower tribunal's concession that under The terms
i>t" The Interstate Commerce act a railroad is
free to become <>n its own conditions- a vender
of commodities. So explicit and literal veto
on such dual activity can be found in the law.
But the court maintains that any restrictions
necessary to accomplish the purposes of the in
terstate Commerce art may be put on the right
of a carrier to engage in commerce. The aim
of the an was Ui abolish discriminations and
undue advantages as between ■nippers, and the
rnilroad as a carrier cannot logically be allowed
to pot itself into n position in which it is pos
sible for it to discriminate in its own favor as a
render nnd shipper. It must never be permit
ted to sell commodities at a lower cost than
their market rate, phis the published rate of
transportation t.i the point of delivery. When
the Chews peake and Ohio entered into a lone
term contract to deliver coal at a fixed sum if
took a chance that oning to variations in cost
•it production and transportation it might at
-Mine point of time be delivering coal at a less
• <»-t than the price at the mines plus the pub
lished freight charges. In such a contingency,
the court holds, iT would )»• conducting an ille
gal business. Answering the arguments put
forward to justify tlie railroad's claim to S
Iree band In making long time contracts. Jus
tice Whit" used this sweeping language:
Because aa express prohibition against a
carrier who engages in interstate commerce be
coming a dealer In rammodltles moving in such
commerce is found In the act. it does not follow
that the provisions which are expressed In that
hould not he applied and be given their
effect Even, therefore, if the result of
applying the prohibitions as we have inter
preted them will be practically to render it
difficult If not Impossible fur a carrier to deal
in com modifies, this affords- no ground for re
lieving is of the plain duty of enforcing the
provisions «'f the s:atuu> as they exist.
It i< to l>e noted that (he court excepted
from the application of this rule the few rail
road companies whose functions as venders
have been recognized in charters existing prior
to the passage of the Interstate Commerce act.
But it refused to put the Chesapeake and Ohio
into this cla^s. '"since neither by its charter nor
"hj legislative grant existing at the time of the
"adoption of the a«-t to regulate commerce has
'•it possessed the commingled attributes of car
' Tier and producer, which was the controlling
"consideration in the decisions made in the
"Haddock and Cox° cases."
Tho Supreme Courts view is thnt !t is the
railroad's first ntnl controlling duty to be a
carrier, nnd that functions which unfit 1t to
de.U Impartially with shippers should be cur
tailed or surrendered. Transportation should
be divorced from industry, for the union of
the two Interests ran only lend, as the court
rightly says, to "ahsohste monopoly." There has
been too great a tendency OB the part <.f the
railroads t>. expand and diversify their inter
pats The Supreme Court's decision jwiints to n
future limitation of railroad functions to a nur
r>>w<r nnd more legitimate field.
M/MV AND CHINA.
The reported attitude of the Tokio jrovern
ment toward <"hina should not be permitted to
pass unnoticed. We have heard of late many
declarations to the efTect that Japan was in
i citing China t o boycott American goods and
|to organize a general antl for<M K n campaign.
These liHve appeared to us to be based largely
upon prejudice or upon mere assumption. Cer
tainly no concrete evidence of their correctness
has been adduced. But here Is an explicit state
mawt that The Japanese government has advised
the Chinese government to adopt measures to
prevent the development of »m anti foreign
movement. In the circumstances of its utter
ance this last expression f Japan's attitude Is
entitled to much more credence than Its prede
! <-essors. In the intrinsic nature of the case it
j is certainly the more likely to be true.
Wia have hitherto pointed out that, with all
i Its marvellous development along many lines,
j tiie Japanese Empire 1s still dependent upon
j th*» rest of the world, and especially upon Bu
rope and America, for ••ontinued prosperity.
That a powfr no shrewd nnd farseeing as Japan
should enter upon a policy necessarily hostile
to nvo powers to which It ig no closely bound
aa It la to the United State* and the Tnited
Kingdom has seemed to us unthlnkahK That
Japan, having gained so mu<h nnd having *o
much Is gain from it* British alliance and Its
Auurtcaa friendship, should deliberately imperil
thoh«» relations bj playtsjg f«| s e to tlie spirit of
them In Incredible. Moreover, It is to be re
cbllal that in all lv dealings with China In re
KEWYOEK DATLY TRTRfXE WEDNESDAY. FEBIIT'AKY2I. 1000.
cent years Japan has aimed at the opening of
that empire to the whole world on equal terms,
.lapan aimed to do just thnt in the treaty of
Shlmonoseki more than ten years ago at the
end of her war with China, and she has been
partially successful in doing it again within the
last few months, .is a sequel to her war with
Russia and as a part of her consequent read
justment of Chinese relations. If she wanted
China to expel and to exclude foreigners she
would scarcely ask China to open her ports to
all foreigners on equal terms.
It is quite possible, of course, that Japan
approves and is in hearty sympathy with
China's rising nationalistic spirit and with the
policy of China for the Chinese. Other nations
throughout the world may also approve and be
in sympathy with those things. Hut in them
there is no essential hostility to foreigners.
Prance is for the French, and Germany for the
Germans, and we might almost say America is
for the Americans -though perhaps that would
be going a hit too far. And nil that without
any offence to the rest of the world. China
ought to be for the Chinese, though with equal
treatment for all' foreigners and with such hos
pitality to them as enlightened nations are ac
customed to afford. If China shall come to be
for the Chinese in somewhat the same sense
that Japan is now for the Japanese, there will
be no ground for complaint. To that end. it
seems probable, such influence as Japan may
have with China is being and will be exerted.
TEMBJKR in. BUSINESS.
The Ohio railroad* which threaten at once to
revenge themselves and reimburse themselves
for the two cent a. mile rate law by cutting off
all excursion tickets will probably find that the
expedient is as unprofitable financially aa killing
the goose that lays the golden egg, and as pain
ful revengefully as cutting off one's own nose to
•pita one's face. Railroads do not make excur
sion rates out of disinterested love and affection,
but to stimulate travel. They lind it pays to
make a special train rate if they can induce a
hundred persons to travel who would not other
wise use their cars.
It is a matter of pure business enterprise, and,
in spite Of irritation over the two cent rate, the
railroads before long will be issuing commuta
tion tickets nnd telling the rentpayers of Cleve
land and Cincinnati of the charms of the sub
urbs which they can reach for 10 cents and have
homes of their own with grass for the children
to play on. So, too. they will be offering round
trip tickets at reduced rates to state fairs, fire
men's conventions and church congresses.
Temper is all very well in its way. and in
jured dignity is highly impressive, but business
is business, and the general passenger agent
who can mak«* two passengers grow where one
grew before will continue to be honored in Ohio
;ind elsewhere, even though Congress and state,
legislatures dare to regulate rates. Commuters
and aspirants for cheap sightseeing may keep
calm, in spite of government "oppression" of
SOVXD SENSE OY THE CANAL.
High level or sea level, masonry dams or mud
dams, government work or contract work. Twee
dledum or TweedJedee, there is nt least one
tiling sure about the enterprise which we have
undertaken at Panama. That thing wps sug
gested with characteristic and epigrammatic
force by Secretary Taft in his speech at l>etroit
the other nijjlit. lie had been speaking of the
current Investigation into canal affairs, and had
made it clear that neither he nor the President
nor anybody else in authority shrank from the
most searching scrutiny of everything that had
been done. But, lie continued :
After one thorough Investigation has been
completed and every truthful man and every
Mar has been heard, then let the work ro on.
You can't be answering quentionfl and building
a canal at the same time. You can't have the
chief engineer and the other constructing offi
cers engaged In that work both In Washington
and on the lsthniua. Therefore. I say that all
thos« who wish to be heard ought to be heard
now. or ever after hold their peace
There spoke the voice of horse sense, ns well
as of pure reason, and it is to be hoped It was
widely heard and will be widely beetled. Of
course, there must be investigation and dis
cussion. But some day there ought to be an
end of it. and that day ought to be well this
side of the Greek Kn lends. Even Mr. Poultney
Hlgelow ought to be able to give in twenty eight
hours nnd ten minutes (don't forget the ten min
utes : i a sufficiently comprehensive conspectus
of his impressions, investigations, conclusions,
criticisms aad condemnations, acquired during
his painstaking labors <»f twenty-eight hours and
ten minutes (don't forget the ten minutes:) at
Panama, and surely DObodj else would drenm of
asking for more time than would suffice for him.
Open the doors and windows. Let the Cavern of
-Eolus be rended asunder. I,et everything be
said that is to be said. But when it Is all over,
a day or .m week or a month hence, let it. indeed,
be all over: and with the talkee-talkee ended,
let us realize that— to adapt for the thousand
and first time one of Horace (Jreeley's historic
phrases— the way to dig a canal Is to dig it
The outlook at Westminster Is not all beer
and skittle. There is nothing particularly sen
sational or ominous in view, but there is an
abundance, of serious controversy and of hard
work. The King's speech, which Is simply an
outline of the Ministerial programme, contains
nothing startling, yet. in Spencer's phrase, it
does contain the' promise and potency of al
most every form of Parliamentary contention.
It indicates that the Liberals us a government
will try to do some of the things which as an
Opposition they suggested, and to undo some
which they opposed. That Is logical ami hon
est. But as the tilings which Liberals most
concern themselves with are domestic matters,
and as domestic matters are of all the most
controversial. It Ik doubtful if even Sir Henry
Campboll-Hannerman's enormous party major
ity will be able to execute the programme with
out some stiff fighting. For example, we are
told the Labor men are content and will offer
DO amendment. That must mean that the gov
ernment will move for annulment of tho Taff
Vale decision. The move may be successful,
but we shall be surprised if it is effected with
out a sharp conflict within the ranks of the
IreJand. however, as we have all along ex
pected, bids fair to prove the real crux of the
situation. We are told the utterances of the
King's speech on that subject were received
with "mingled feelings and some degree of
doubt." Naturally, considering their apparent
purport. Mr. Redmond has Just repeated hts
familiar declaration, that the Nationalists will
be content with nothing short of complete self
government. That can scarcely he Interpreted
as meaning anything short of the full meas
ure of Gladstontnn and Parnellite Home Rule.
Yet the King's speech specifically expresses a
desire that the government of Ireland shall bo
carried on in a spirit regardful of the wishes
and sentiments of the Irish people, "so far as
existing circumstances permit." That clause
certainly seems to be one of the mo<n signifi
cant In the whole speech, for It apparently
means that existing circumstances are to be
maintained, even to the subordination thereto
If necessary, of the wishes and sentiments of
the Irish people, and by "existing etßOm-
Stances* 1 we should b*> at a loss to understand
anything other than the Inclusion of Ireland
In the United Kingdom and the retention of
the Irish Members at Westminster. In such
cane then? would seem to be a decided dis
crepancy between Mr. Redmond's declaration
and the government's programme. There is
ground for hope, however, and perhaps for ex
pectation, that the optimistic and conciliatory
statements of Mr. O'Brien, which we recently
quoted, will prove to be a more accurate ex
yrtisalou of Irish, sentiment and policy than Mr.
Rpdniond'c latest words, nnrt that tlip Irish
people will cordially respond to the undoubt
edly humane and benevolent Intentions set forth
in the King's speech.
Probably the most noteworthy personal feat
ure of the Opening of Parliament, and by no
means th<> least Interesting political feature,
was Mr. Chamberlain's spirited declaration of
war against the Liberal government and its
policy. That "first .-lass fighting man" was evi
dently in capital form, lie Is, Indeed, never In
better form and never more effective than when
he is in opposition. Evidently the ambitious
spirit of his seemingly perennial youth lias not
been crushed or even daunted by the general
reverses of his party, but he means to devote,
himself, with all the vigor of one of the most
incisive and resourceful controversial minds of
our age, to the congenial tasks of combating
and harrying the government at every point
and of pressing forward Indomitably his favor
ite propaganda of tariff reform and imperial
consolidation. Before Sir Henry's vast major
ity he will be powerless, at Westminster. But
he may be able to give more than one awkward
quarter of an hour to a government which Is
not content with merely registering a brute
vote, but scrupulously aims to vindicate its pol
icy in. debate as well as to maintain it In di
Free transportation of public officer* by rail
roads In obedience to law would be a preat im
provement upon the long tolerated habit of k* v
lnj? legislators free passes in violation of the
The young Settlement worker who thinks th«
Christian pulpit a "closed shop," and therefore
a fair model for labor union exelustveness, would
have a stronger case If the habit of the clergy
In this day wore to stone all those who sought
to do the work of righteousness outside the
The decision has gone against St. Louis In the
matter of the Chicago drainage canal. St. l»uis.
however, can console herself by reflecting that
Chicago also still boils the water.
"The Florodora girl" seems to be a hardy per
ennial. and continues to do all sorts of surpris
ing things. Perhaps, in order to satisfy public
curiosity. It might be well to have a census
taken so that the country may know Just how
many of the species there are.
The President, apparently, is not concerned aa
to the form the railroad rate legislation takes
so long as it is regulation that really regulates.
A Pennsylvania collector of Internal revenue
has destroyed 77,'?00 bad cigars. Nearly every
body could indicate to the collector places where
there are cigars which he ought to destroy or
send to Washington for the cigar machine to
President Halnes seems to want to turn it Into
a Society for tho Prevention of Cruelty to Slnr
The city could well afford to sacrifice some
revenue from water rates if by lowering the.
charge for metered water it could reduce tho
waste of the supply.
Civil Service question f«>r the Mayor: Dam
competence to deal with a roulette wheel argue
ability to oversee a water meter?
THE TALK OF THE DAY.
A babu in charge of the document* of a cer
tain town in India found that they were being
seriously damaged by rats. He wrote to the gov
ernment to provide him with weekly rations for
two cats to destroy the rats. Tlts request was
granted and the two cats were installed, one. the
larger of the two, receiving slightly better rations
than the other. All went well for a few wc-eks,
when the supreme government of India received
the following dispatch: "I have the honor to in
form you that the senior oat in absent without
leave. What shall I do?"
The problem tgnwd to baffle the supreme gov
ernment, for tin- babu received no answer. After
waiting a few days lie sent off a proposal: "In re
Absentee Cat 1 propose to promote the junior cat.
and In the mean time to take Into government ser
vice a probationer cat on full rations." The. su
preme government expressed its approval of the
■Cham*, ami things once more ran smoothly In that
("lan MaoUren" .lfi/!ar<v- hi* solemn conviction that
p. *ens« of humor Is a hirdraaea to ■oceeai In life, and
advise young men having that dangerous quality to
hide it b«hinii an Impenetrable .^ulemnlty till they h» v e
secured a competence. ]
Sing dirge and ode, and requiem.
Bring cypress, yew and willow;
Let tears from centre to the hem
Hedew the mournful pillow
Of him who tries
In foolish wise
To capture Humor as she flies.
'Tis his. Indeed, with patient toll
To sift from chaff the kernel.
Or Prlgdom's platitudes to spoil
And win a fame eternal;
To reach a pitch
Of greatness which
Insures for him a lofty niche.
But. oh! let all who read this verse
Take warning by the writer.
Whose prospects of success grow worse
As what M Hays grows llghte^!
And oft must sit
And prune his wit
Till all the humor's out of It.
Hero is a tempting advertisement which appeared
recently In "The Singapore Free Press": "Mahomet
Hen All Jusuf begs to announce, to nobility and
Cairo .smart set that he hase opened high class
restaurant at No. 3, Sharia Manakir Muskl. Every
thing Al and Jam cheap. Prlves (? prices) quite
wonderful. N. B.— Delectable music and dancing
ladles every evening."
Mamie— l believe in woman's rights.
Gertie— Then you think every woman should have
Mamie -No; but I think every woman should
have a voter.— (.Answers.
Th*> Danish Biological Society Is at present ex
perimenting with electric lighting of the deep strait
known as the Little Belt. The lights are far be
neath the surface of the waters, bo an to light the
sea bottom. The Intention Is not. as might be sup
posed, to make Impossible the clandestine passage
of submarines, but purely and simply to frighten
the eels, and to prevent them from passing Into
the outer peas, and thus being lost to the Danish
fisheries. The experiments are based upon th«
fact that these fish are well known to be, afraid of
light- -and never, for example, migrate during
the time of a full moon. By the expedient of ar
ranging a whole row of artificial full moons across
the mouth of the strait the wily Dane hopes to
prevent them from migrating at all.
Terrible Malady — "Isn't It ridiculous of theae sci
entist* to say kissing la dangerous?" scornfully re
marked the- pretty young man.
"Why. of course, it's dangerous." replied the
crabbed "Id bachelor.
"What disease could It possibly lead to If we"
"Matrimony." -(Philadelphia Press.
From The I>undee Advertiser.
"I once attended a mandarin's banquet in po
king." said the ex-consul, "and It was the BMM
remarkable feast I ever sat down to. Onu course
appeared to be plain hard boiled eggs. The eggs
came on unadorned- Their shell* were intact. And
yet, by Jove! when we broke Into them we. found
that they contained nuts and sweetmeats. Another
course was whole orangtia. with unbroken .-'-in-
Yet lnst.l" the oranges were five different kinds of
Jelly. The CtlßtM guests took these two courses
as a matter of course, but 1. In amazement, asked
our host how on earth they had been concocted.
He smiled and shook his head. 'Ah,' he said, that
Is my cook's secret!" "
FOOTPRINTS OF THE HAND.
From The flan Francisco Chronicle.
It happened In the Superior Court mm« days
ago. D. 11. Delmas wanted to Introduce In evidence
a certain letter, and the opposing counsel after
objecting to Its Introduction on the usual ground*
ar«ked Attorney Delmas his purpose In seeking to
make It a record of the case
"For the reason." replied Delmas. who is noted
for his polished diction, "that through the hand
writing of thJs letter nifty be traced the footprint.
of tho whol* o*m." "
About People and Social Incid^T
AT THE WHITE HOUSE.
[From Th> Trlbuno Bureau I
WashlnKton, Feb. LU— President Roosevelt re
ceived a call this morning before, the Cabinet met
from a delegation representing the, Jamestown ex
position. They Wished his aid In furthering cer
tain projects now tinder consideration for th« cele
bration. The President assured his callers that he
would be glad to help Jamestown In every way pos
Among the other callers at the White House
were Representatives Cirosvenor. Hale an.l May
nard. Senator Teller, t'halrrr.an Shonts of the <*anal
Commission, and Edwin S. Cunningham. Uttted
States Consul at Hergen. Norway.
NOTES OF SOCIETY IN WASHINGTON.
IFtom Din Tribune Bureau 1
Washington. Feb. 20. — President and Mrs. Roose
velt were entertained at dinner to-nijcht in the
Presidential suite at the New Willard by Secre
tary Wilson. The other ajßMta were Senator Alli
son. Senator and Mrs. Burrows, Senator and Mrs.
DoDtvor, Representative and Mrs. James R. Mann.
Representative and Mrs Sidney J. Bowie. Repre
sentative and Mrs. J. P. Conner. Mr. and Mrs.
William K. Curtis. «Jeorg<» K. Roberts. Mrs Rob
erts. Mrs. Stanley Matthews. Mrs. James W. Pin-
Chat, Miss Mattln^ly. Miss Errol Cuthbert Brown,
C.lfford Plnchot and Jasper Wilson. In the ab
sence of Miss Wilson, who Is still abroad. Mrs.
DoUliei acted as hostess.
The French Ambassador and Mme. Jusserand will
leave Washington to-morrow for New-York to at
tend :he charity performance at the Metropolitan
> pern. House.
The Minister from Hayti and M:n». I.»?j»Hr were
hosts at a dinner to-night, when the Mexican Am
bassador and Mme.. do Casasus were the (ju»-sts <|
honor. rXnlni; with them were Secretary and Mrs.
Shaw, the Cuban Minister and .Mme. QuaaBMSB, the
Turkish Minister. Mr. and Mrs. Jules Gutherldße,
the Misses Bourke and Perclval Thoby, secretary
of the Haytian Legation. Red roses in profusion
were used in the table decorations.
Among other hosts .it dinners to-night were Sen
ator and Mrs. I.odge. Mrs. Audenrled. Assist i tit
Secretary and Mrs. Newberry and Mr. and Mis*
Mrs. Harry Payne Whitney. Mrs. Richard Morti
mer, Mrs. Douglas Robinson. Mrs. Benjamin Welles
and Mrs. R. Fulton Cutting received the guests M
Sherry's last nisrht at the third and last of the aortas
of dinner dances arranged for this winter In ,-..n
Junction with Mrs. Vanderbllt and Mrs. W. Starr
Miller. Dinner was served in the. large ballroom at
fourteen tables, and afterward a cotillon was
danced there, led by Worthlngton Whltehouse.
Among: those present were Mr. ami Mrs. Edmund
1.. Baylies, Mr. and Mrs. Henry ('oilman DiajtUß,
Mr. and Mrs. Cornelius Yanderbilt, Mrs John Jacob
Astor. Mr. and Mrs. Henry Rogers Winthrop. Mrs.
Stuyvesant Fish. Mr. and Mrs. Klisha. Dyer, jr.. and
Miss Laura Swan. Mr. and Mrs. M Orme. Wiluon.
Mr. and Mrs. l~l— I^awrence and Miss 1-iw
rence. Miss Beatrice, and Miss Gladys Mills. MM
IfoM Gsrry, Miss Violet Cruder, Miss N'atica
Rives. Miss Dorothy Whitney. Mis* Cortnne Doug
las Rfcblnson. Miss Katherine Atterbury and Mis*
Calvary Church will be the scene to-dny of the
wedding of Miss Gertrude Pell, daughter of Mr*.
Walden Pell. to Francis Cunningham Btshopt son
of the late Cabot R. Bishop. Miss Pell will hay*
her niece. Miss I>»lta. Wright, daughter of Mr and
Mrs. Eben Wright, as h»r maid of honor, md her
bridesmaids w.n be. Miss Cynthia Roche, Miss
ARTS AND CRAFTS CONFERENCE.
Spencer Trask Calls Meeting for March —
Work Advancing on Studio.
Spencer Trash, president of the National Arts
• Tub. la actively Interested in starting an arts ;;nd
crafts movement tn this city. Last night, on the
authority of Mr. Trask. many invitations w*re sent
out to an arts and crafts conferenco, to be held in
tIM ertllerles of the National Arts flub, in West
34ih-st.. on the evening of March 1.
Thf work on the CIIBMHI Park studios of tli*>
National Arts Club Is advancing rapidly, and the
committee in charsre of the future home of the club
is anxious to determine what portion of the buil.l
ir.K is to be reserved for the work of the arts and
Several members have suggested that an am
and crafts school, under the auspices of the Na
tional Arts Club, would be a possibility, whil.
other members feel that letter results would be oi
tabled by imply exhibiting the completed work
Still other members have WIM istsil a compromise
which would permit the finer crafts wot! la M
dune in the arts club studios, and the more cum
bersome -work in some adjacent bulMlnjr
The members of the committee on the new build
liiK of the National Arts Club are Walter S Logan.
chairman; Spencer Trask. lames Edward Sa^ue.
James C. Baylies. Emerson McMillln. Frank V. Dm
Mood, Ftancis C. Jones. Robert \V. Vonnoh and
Frederick S. Lamb.
MRS. MACKAY INVITES CHTLDRDN.
Will Entertain Twelfth District Pupils, Ex
cepting Truants, on March 1.
Mrs. Clarence H. Mackay has Issued Invitations
to two thousand school children of the 12th Dis
trict for the afternoon of March t As Mr-.
Mackay's New- York home Is not large enoußh for
her to entertain bo many, she has taken the Grand
Central Palace. In I>»xlnKt<»n-ave.. for that after
noon. The principals of the schools, the tttß Dis
trict Board of Education and several members or
the city board will be present
A programme has been arranged la include pine-
Ins and physical exercise drill by the children.
addresses by Superintendent Maxwell and John
Graham Brooks and moving pictures. As it tl
not possible for Mrs. Mackay to entertain a!l of the
children of the 12th District, the Invitations have
been extended only to those who have not been
CONSUMPTIVE HOME NEEDS MONE^
Denver Hospital Which Has Sheltered Many
New-Yorkers Issues Appeal.
Th« New-York board of the National Jewish Hos
pital for Consumptives at Denver has Issus4 an
appeal for financial assistance. Tn<» gifts of Ad^lph
Lewisohn. Jacob H. Sehlff. Emanuel Lebma : Mrs.
I,yman O. BloomlnKdale and others have enabled
the hospital to Increase Its facilities recently. and
a new women's pavilion will soon be dedicated
Over one-third of the cases treated In the Denver
hospital In the last klx years have come from
The National Jewish Hospital for Cnnsump? lves
Is for the destitute only. Every one who comes to
its walls has excellent food, care and medical ad
vice free as the dry. healing air of Colorado.
KING EDWARD'S LEVEE.
I-nndon. Feb. 30.— Kin* Edward held the first Tevee
of the season at Buckingham Palace at noon lav
day, thus avoiding the state procession to St.
James's Palace, where the levees axe usually held.
The occasion, however, was not robbed of its
plcturesqueness. there. betnsr a large attendance of
Cabinet Ministers, the leading members of the Op
position and the foreign diplomats, among; whom
were Ambassador Held and members of the Ameri
can Embassy. Including D«* I^ancey Jay. Amha.-»!«a
dor ReMTa private, .secretary, and lieutenant Com
mander John H. Olbbons. naval attach* to the
Kmbassy, who on this occasion attended hl« first
levee. Mr Held presented W. K. Carter, of Phila
POPE TO RECEIVE AMERICAN SAILORS.
Naples. Keb. Vs.— Hear Admiral Sl^«bee. commanil
ln< the BSSSSMi squadron of th»- American Atlantic
fleet, has Klv»-n p*Tmln.«lon to more than one hun
dred sailors fwtm his ships to «/• M Rome on
Thursday. where they will t>« PSSStMSi by the Pop*.
SEVENTH UNIVERSITY CONFERENCE.
Fifteen unlversltUii will be represented at the i
seventh conference of the Association of American :
t'nlversltles at Sun Francisco March 14 to 17. Th« .
delegates to th« con<re»» will b« entert Alnt-.l it
llllU hsnw the opening day by th« Recent* of th«
University of California atX th» trustee* of the
L«land Stanford Junior University and th« Mart i
Hopkins,. Institute of Art
Laura T. Swan. Miss MarlaM arla ,. nr
Hurnett. H. Re.lna.d B^op "^ I*,
**t man. and the ., h *r. w *
Another wo<!.li n n f »«^^
WHgßtmun Spen^r. f Rf , tnn *S
lan Kdwi n A . ■»«»,„ WIM nv . » „
f o r th# r , m;lln<u . r of tbewej* Jofc
Mrs. AMor is Nmked tf> „.„ for Furon.
10. an,, ««, r . maln abroad J m g E 4 r .^^
Ami njr those who are spendimr »»,.
< hatsworth. «nd who ar- register^ * !?* «
« Mrs I) *£ " "1 "*•••
Mr. and Mr« C r ar'»« o
length be, n abIP !?££,£*£***•
alterations ,o which Rto,
Mr and Mrs. Janes A. Burden. Jr «ni -^
lar dinner the da ,- !lfTer ?(> . J m«J •
new house. ,n, n E;l9t ' 9IM •«*u« -ight, ta J?
tions have he. n , ss ,, t>tJ for the Mnner and «Z!^
•- have bew- ithndT?
nsa " '
Mrs , :r ,nr B. fchlQ, * Max TC. Bah. of Mas?
v - •• «* the brH*', ioriirj
Amon? those whl> gHlWti y,, tM<>J for m Si _
were Francj., B. Rtsg, P J. Otis, w 9 Ho l^2'
ami Mrs. Theodore A . Havem-yer ,nd j-.'^
Mrs Wmn X Vanderbllt. Mr,. Alfred ajZ
A*m«ika arrlVM °" the Hamburg American fa*
Mr. and Mrs .Tames Brown Potter ass .t. t TV,
Breakers, at Palm Beach
Announcement I, made of th» .ningsmsßt «t
William Haliburton Bn.^ham. of the l- nlo . „
Knickerbocker lube, to Mrs. H. O. Vail widow «
H. G. Vail and a sister-in-law of Mr* Ch«r! M Q
Oliver Harriman. who has been at Palm B«ar!i
for the last fortnight will return to town this***
Mrs. Anthony J. lirexel has left th» Riviera re-
Dresden to visit her daughter, who is at atas*
Mr. and Mrs. Douglas Robinson and Miss Co.-nr.»
Houglas Robinson have returned to town from
SUPPORTS OSTEOPATHY BILL
"Drug Physicians Should Not Dictate What
Student of Practice Shall Study."
To the Editor r>f The Tribune
Sir: As the !,tter of w. B. -> John Room.
.W* r ,d in The Tribune rtsteftfsy. creates a wnsj
impression as to what osteopathy really Is. and *hy
the tn— ill bill r»«BfaUn» It has been Introduce
in the legislature. I desire a little space in yourp*.
per for npty.
First- The- gentleman states that osteopath* an
seeking -i,, rate, th« medial profession." and
upon this statement he writes quite an extended
letter. The gentleman could not be mor» miitisai
Osteopathy is a n'-w system of treating dlsaastaof
the human body without the us« of drugs or ma
rines. As to whether drugs at medicines ihmild
be used < n tb« treatment of disease depends upon
the cause nf disease, mil tins takes us at one* to
Aral prtnelptes. If the rirst cause of di><e»s« | *
lack of chemicals which drugs would supply, that
drug treatment wn;ilil he correct because the*
would supply rhe 1,-ick. thereby removing th» caute.
If. however, disease Is dti*- to disturbed m^haalc*,
then it would be i! Pl r that the giving of drop
would be both luwnl Bad laartsatfelK as they
would bare no mdnrj whatever m remov» ft*
cause. The nv-dn .tl fnttmkm says that th» tr*i!
ment of disease is a question of chemistry. Tilt
osteopathic profession says that the treatment at
disease is a question of mechanics. Their ifagxisit
ami treatment ;ire entirely different, and thsrt »
no desire sbateTtr on the part of the oswJpsaa
to enter the Btfriical pruression. .
Second— For reason.-! niven above, the object w
the present Osteopathic bill Is not "an attempt JJ
-■ ■ btc .; short cut into the practice of madtdok
as the gf-ntieman would h<»vrt the readers of Tit
Tribune believe, bit to develop a <r»at prludw*
This bill aska that all w.io desire to practli* »
t.-opathv \r. the State ol New-York shall qualify W
attending an vj<=T«.iiatn!<- college, for thr#* y»ar*«
not !.■>> th*D ■; • • months in each year. It mm
that all students. : .fore taking up the study. sMJ
s.-cure tin Rcgei ■ .^rt!:u-.it« of proficiency, »*■■
rcqulrn f-> ;r jmn, makiriK In all sevon year* «
st .dv above common •cbool It ask? that all »«
osteopathic aebnola in this State shall be clew
:ind thai till yiacttthnwri sh.ill be regulated 67 »
8t«t« f;o..r.i ' . :.'-j.
Th.- passage of this bill would be no ■ l inj'J»tlr««a
th»- port of the " to medical dorter* •»
claimed It simply requires of thos." who pra:t.!«i
ost-opath.v wh.it It require of medical doctor
lawyers and deotlsts t. c. preparation. *»»»■•
this preparation shall *,*■ in this case is a iyp*
for oat«>opatha and n*l ■< question for rtig ao«9r«
tc AceMt la thirty .^t.ites of this fnlon S"1
osteopathy baa been r*su!at*d •V law drug <***■-
have alwajra cotße forw ird and ••rod a<rnsf«i
legislators is to wh.it ••>.>path.-» ihould stadr. ■•''
lon< they should stu.ly. etc. In rihstanre, Oe WJ
vice has he.n. "Study drufr* In our *-honl« »-'
taka our Araa «aloma quaßfy as we qualify- ,
Is the old sfory of church and cr*^d— "
w r believe and think as we think. n ' ! *?P a! ; >»
never taken filx a.Ht.-e irA I? never will. A am
who dm ,ir :gs oi n ot M Q Q
New-York. Feb. 20. OM
HIM Tre«s:i Holmes's marrlaare to '>*"•• T*£
lintel, t,^k place yesterday at noon _» JTT
.•hurch chantr>. The bride, arrayed tn *J. ■ ;
trlmme.l with •«» lace, and with pote :U«
was Kiv.r away by her brother. Oe.org* H *»
She tad no attendants. lame. T. nan^s *m.
brother's nest mar., and Robert flrlW."^
n.tcher. H. fcrfU» Stanley of Boston.^ '
1^ wed^n^ SZ£Z «^
K. Dooley. formerly of the "*™«"*%JZa« »
on. and I^nle! .i. Orl«n . f -J. Bjr -«M^
c.nses. of Brooklyn, were married at W
SS Simon nd J-nW. &«■»»* SISS^
Rex. Theodore Ktaft a»..ted bX *£ *g5 E
FETICHISM: NEW STYLE.
tt.-ular thtnf. , '• tn * retnemb*" * vl.-tW*
ill " ■