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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 22, 1906, Image 6

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Ainuxements.
ACADEMY OF MUSIC— — P— Du Barry.
ALHAUBRA— 2— k— Vaudeville.
BKLASCO — 22 — — Girl of the Golden TVe«t.
JHJOU— 2— Tfee Mu»ic Mtater
IIROADTVAY— 2'IS— *:!»— The YanderWlt Cup.
CARNEGIE HAl>U— 3— Concert.
CA6lNl>— 2— +:l&— The Earl and the Girl.
COLONIAL^-2— ♦>■— Vaudeville.
CRITERION — 2:13 — 8:20 — Alice Btt-by-the-Fir«. al«>
Pantaloon. ...
I>ALT'B— «:Jft— The K«».ina«fnf Mr V«w»«rv«ldt.
BOSK Mt>EE Th* WorM It' Wax
EMI'IRK 2 IB « P»ter lan.
r:EL4>S-£ THEATRE- 2— f:l&— Julie nor.bon.
GAKDKN— 2:2ft— S:!»-Th« Galloper.
OAKRICK— 2:I5 — g:2<>— GaP.ori".
JIAMMKRSTEIN'S VI'TORIA -»-*:ll— V»udevil.e
HAUL' OPERA HOISB »:15 «1» Wo "iT *"*- , r
JIKRAUD SQUARE— 2:IS-*:lS—Geor»« Wa>tiln«toß. Jr.
HIPPODROME— 2— — A Society *Ircu». «
lU'PSON— 2:lA— *.:ls— The I>uel.
inviNO PUACB— 2— - -KyrlH '>r'.t7
JOE WEBER'S— 2:li—S:lft-Twlddle-T»»dd'e.
KNICKKRBOCKKR— SUV** 15-- Mile. Modi Me.
ÜBEHTr— 2:ls— i :I^— The rUtiMn&n
l-rcEl'M— 2:ls— *:ls— Ttie Lion and the Mouse.
L.YRIC- 2 —^'l5 — Mexirana. „ _
UAJMSON SQUARE GARDEN— IO » m to "p - m
i: jw>rt«mea'* Show. .. . __ T{ , ; .
MADISON SQUARE THEATRE- J:«O-»:lft— Th« Tltl.
Mart.
VA.U> 2— I :li— Aby«»!nia.
MANHATTAN— 2:IS~<:SI»— The Trlan«> p. rs l-
MCTROPOI.ITAN OPERA HOUSE— 11 *» « m.— far«i
XTTIV AMSTDiPAM — 2:15 — ■ » — Tortr-fl^ Minute.
from Itroadmay. , . „.-.»•
MEW TORK S-*>:ls— The RA»er» Brother* In lrel*nn
fAVOT I If, » Mr. H< pkIMM. Skatln«
FT. MriloUK RINK— Thrre teMUorn. daily— SKauDB.
«'ALUCIC-«I t:U t:rft— The P<ju«w Kan.
WEST KND-3-S:ls— Behind th« Mafic .
Imle.r in Advertisements.
' P*« Col. i r **' r °' -
Amusement. 8 „ * I ; MttbH House* t0 .,, ,
Auction Sa!e* ...il* 41 L*t. Country 10 «
Hank.rs a Hrokrr.. 11l 1 1 Help Wanted » »
Koard * Boornn » 4 1 Instruction '» J
Brooklyn Property for 11- ■•« « ■* -our •<l_----- •« .*
t*»if 10 (i MjrrUlf A P««th» . 7 »-»
»u«n«M Chanrw.... » 4 <•,-*. n Ki*mmer« 14 0-7
C*rpn Ceaalcjc » 4|Pro|X>»i!« J _"
Ot«UoP. " B!R«llio«d« \* •"*
Ctr Propertr tor IR«1 E*t«tf. .--■■ .J« «
tile ..r7... 10 6 P.e«l Eft*l«> -Wanted. lo «
Country Property for § I F** 1 "" 1 "" 1 *,/ • ■ ; ;; ; ; y 6
Pale 10 € Special Notice < »
Steßiia & OCM . Fur- . . i £££? •••■••"■" a_S
E ltur« » 4 Furr tale? Notlo<-».. .IS --«
nrldcnd Notice*. .12 l|Te*rher«- *«""•"»■ ls 4
J)om. Kits. Wanted.. » «-7! to U< for BuMnew (1 6
;>ejn. Site Wanted.. l 4 ■'■ ' 1 Purpow* ■•••••■;• - 1 !: 2
fiTi,n I f » 4' Tribune Pub n Rate*.. . 8
tWeodi « «M!|Trurt iVmraiile, IS 6-«
nrplojtn-t A«enc!e«. » 4 1 T>T«wr!tln|t . - .■■.-■ •» •
Tjicur.ion, 13 4 irfurr.l-h^i Ar«rtni if fl
R'SsUhtd *i.V irtnVti * Winter Resort* 11 4-«
t0 L, t 10 «:\Vork Wanted » »-»
S»urn. Room* to L«t 8 < _^^__^_— —
Jfett^aekßails Saibww*
THURSDAY. FEBUI'ARY --'. Wl
THE WSWM THIS 31OR\I\<i
CONGRESS.— Senate: The Pure Food hill
•wa* passed by a vote of 63 to 4. = House:
The Army Appropriation bill was taken up. and
Chairman Hull, in opening the debate m
pressed fear of trouble in China, and urged the
need of preparation for an emergency.
FOREIGN.— Bryce. Chief Secretary for
Ireland In a ppoecn in the House of Commons
pledged a pystem of Intelligent self-government
for Ireland, and the House sustained his views
by a vote of 406 to SS. r Advices from Pe
king tell of attacks on Catholic missions in the
Southeastern provinces; the Christians are re
ported to be fleeing. = President Castro, ac
cording to advices from Willemstad. is prepar
ing condemnation proceedings against two large
British companies. ==r-__ Ambassador White, a
dispatch from Algeelras Bays, remains confident
that an agreement will be reached on Morocco;
dispatches from foreign capitals are pessimis
tic. : s The British Premier, la a letter to the
!>>:idon correspondent of the "Nnvnc Vremya."
expresses a hearty wish for better relations with
Russia, '^r-= No further details of the defeat of
r British fores In Nigeria have been received; a
French force i* also believed to have met defeat;
• new Mahdi has appeared northeast of Pokoto.
: Old tretcos have been discovered by
workmen In the Church of Banta Maria Gloriosa
del Frarl at Venice,
DOMESTIC. — The Railroad Rate bill was con-
Fldered In conferences at The White House, and
the President announced his neutrality between
the factions In the Senate committee which
are contending over the court review feature.
- -^-=- Senator Brackett, In a sharp speech In the
Ftate Senate^ called on the Republican ma
jority to clear Itself of the charges hang
ing over the State Banking Department, for the
honor of the party. = =It was said at Albany
that it was expected that the Armstrong- Insur
ance report would be Introduced in the leg-
UJatore to-day; Senator Armstrong telephoned
that he would bring it up this morning =====
Assemblyman Merrltt. at Albany, Introduced
•several railroad bills, one of which would make
the recommendations of the Railroad Commls
rion mandatory. ; = Senator McCarren intro
duced n measure providing for the establish
ment f>t a Bureau of Investigation and Statistics
In the financial department of this city. .. - =
Indictments against Congressman Spencer
Blackburn were returned by ■ federal grarid
Jury In North Carolina. ===== a petition wan
Fubmitted to Attorney General Mayer, at Al
bany, asking for the removal of the officers of
the New-York Society for the Prevention of
Cruelty to Animals - The Agnew SO-cent
pas bill was finally amended and sent out for
reprinting. ==.- A landslide wrecked the south
bound Oregon express of the Southern Pacific
Railroad near Delta and killed four.
ClTY.— Stocks were weak. = District At
torney Jerome refused to make known the
names of contributor* to his '-ampalgn fund
paying that "he didn't warn • ,•• It was
Intimated that the Central would nut build the
llth-ave. subway provided for In the Saxe bill,
but wouJd permit the < i:y to condemn and pay
for the property. ==: Police Commissioner
Sing-ham transferred blx captains, sending Cap
>«alri O'Brien from the Tenderloin to his old sta
tion. =__ - -riff Merrltt of Weiuehester
County. was called on to guard the plant of the
Knickerbocker Press at New-Rochelle and
sent a number of deputies to the scene. •
Coroner Acrltelll discovered a case of a man
who had been unconscious sine* being beaten In
a fight on January 2.. —The Jury for the
trial of Miss Bertha <-lai.h« for murder was
completed. r=rrr= Mr. UoClenahan was removed
as trustee of the Stevenson estate. : I A .
House, formerly counsel for Patrick, was exam
ined In the proceedings fur a new trial or the
convicted lawyer.
THE WEATHER.— Indications for 10-day:
Fair acfl colder. The temperature yesterday:
Highest, OS degrees ; lowest. 44.
-VO yEW HOOKER TRIAL.
The Judiciary Committee of the Assembly has
Beted wisely and for the best Interests of the
elate la refusing to start again proceedings
Cor the removal by concurrent resolution of Ju»
tlce Warren B. Hooker. No good purpose Is
likely to be served by thrashing over this old
straw, and It Is probable that those who urge It
do not expect to accomplish any good, but are
responding merely to a restless desire to stir
thing* up end perhaps gain some popular ac
claim.
The Tribune was greatly disappointed at
the result of the hearing of this case by the
legislature In special session last summer, and
believed that the conduct of Judge Hooker as
ehown by uncontradlcted testimony revealed a
moral obtuseness 111 becoming a judge. We
thought and bald that the constitutional method
of removal, after a hearing for cause, by a two
thirds vote of each house was exactly adapted
to the cure of the evils disclosed, and that a
Judge might properly l*» removed under this
procedure for other offence* than those com
mltted in au official capacity. After an ex
haustive hiring two-thirds of the Assemnlv
failed to tiud cause for removal. Judge Hooker
lias continued to perform hie duties on the
beudi. -i.d. while It is impossible for the public
to forget his record, we have never heard that
he was not ably and impartially doing his Judi
cial work. 1! - is clear headed and sober and
whatever his other faults, does not pay for per-
MMI b <'rvice by Judicial favors, A second hear
ing and attempt at removal on the same old
charges would suggest persecution rather than
prosecution, and foster the Idea that the pro
ceedings asiJnst him wei> W due to disinter
ested zeal for the purity and high standards of
toe bench than to local hatreds and Jealousies
of persons no more high minded than himself.
There moat be a point la all procedure at
which we most recognize a final determination,
whether with satisfaction or otherwise. We
think that point In the Hooker case was prop
erly the Assembly's refusal to vote for re
■•••l. Th* pretext for a new hearing is that
xLi first was a -mistrial it was not. It was
a denote determination of the issue presented
rwnortl or no removal Th« vote waa against
removal. It Is. of course, technically possible
to take another vote in another legislature on
the same evidence, but It ought not to he done,
for such methods would utterly destroy even
1 the quasi-Judicial character of removal by con
current resolution. Abstractly right or wrong,
a decision should stand so far as the evidence
once presented goes. Otherwise the tenure of
i a Judge may be thrown into politics and the
courts interfered with by attempts year after
' year to drum up a two-thirds vote on the same
allegations. The legislature may make ■ mis
take on the first vote, but it is far better that
the mistake should he endured than that the
public should cease to regard ■ decision as a
finality. Otherwise, no judge ever once cited
to appear could, if sustained. go on with his
work with any assurance that he might not
again have to face the issue. Any such uncer
tainty must he utterly demoralizing to the
bench and to litigants. Last summer's proceed
ing resulted in an absolute refusal to remove
as absolute as was the failure of Andrew John
son's impeachment, for a majority was against
him also. The size of the vote makes no dif
ference with the j>ositiveness of the decision
under the constitution, and that decision should
stand. liarring new evidence. The argument for
a new hearing is thus put by Assemblyman
Hooker, a consistent advocate of removal: "The
"l»oint is that then a majority of the Assem
bly declared Justice Hooker was an unfit
"Judge, and on this vote I believe he should
"be removed." The constitution, however, in
stead of saying: that a Judge should be removed
when declared unfit by a majority of one house.
Bays that he shall be removed only on a two
thirds vote of both houses. This theory of the
force of a majority vote amounts to a demand
for sotting aside the constitution.
EXPIRING FRANCHISES.
Chairman Hooker of the Assembly Committee
on Railroads has adopted the right policy with
resent to the extension of the life of unim
proved franchises. Once on a time a franchise
ma thought of as a mere permission to embark
en a beneficent enterprise, without tangible
value in itself, owners of franchises long culti
vated that view on the part of legislators and
tax assessors, while they instilled another the
ory into Judges and investors. When it came to
getting a franchise, or securing an extension of
it. or paying a tax on It. a franchise was a
most incorporeal thing. Surely the state could
never refuse its mere formal permission to any
body to do business! They ought to have the
right without any special permission, and would
have hut for the check put upon progress by a
meddlesome government : No just state would
dream of taxing as property the mere words
"Yon may build a railroad here!" Rut when
the investor appeared, the man with the permit
could invariably prove that those few words
were worth millions. Without a yard of track
laid, without a car purchased, he would issue
BtOOk against the franchise. Then, If pome evi
dence of fraud in obtaining his permit appeared,
he would convince the courts that the franchise
was not a mere promise to let him build a road,
but nn actual piece of property which he had
received and sold to innocent parties, so that
the state could not recover It. The sale of
franchises and, finally, the taxation of them
have put these grants before the public in their
true light, and the utter vieiousness of the
system by which the state lent itself to provid
ing speculators with a stock In trade Is now
too clear for 'the wisdom of Mr. Hooker's policy
to be seriously questioned.
No franchise should ever he granted except
for immediate improvement. It Is not the prov
ince of the state to set speculators up in busi
ness or to give any corporation a mortgage on
the future development of a district- Investors
who seek a franchise, with the resources to Im
prove it, and intending in pood faith to do so,
can, barring accidents, finish their work within
the time limit. If unexpected physical diffi
culties are encountered after construction is
welL under way, it may be proper to extend the
time, for completing the work. Such extensions,
however, are entirely different from those so
commonly giVen to franchises which are held
for years as mere paper permits, or which are
made the basis of a mere pretence of work be
fore their expiration in order to give an excuse
for extension. A great number of franchises lie
dormant in this state which ought to be cleared
away. They are the dogs in the manger which
stand In the path of progress. Street railway
companies have franchises which they hold
partly with the notion that it may some day be
profitable to operate under them, partly with
the idea of blocking the entrance of any com
petitor into the field. Then, speculators hold
j>ermlts to build bridges and tunnels which they
■scored in the hope of enlisting capital or of
reaping a fine profit when the public finally
ranted to make the improvement itself and so
bought them out. These franchises are mort
gages given by the public on its own property
without compensation. And often the public
has bought back its gift, as in the case of the
franchise for the East [liver Bridge.
Such outstanding claims are obstacles to real
enterprise, both public and private, and should
be extinguished an rapidly as possible. We
hope that the Railroad Committee will so clearly
announce its policy of extending the life of no
lapsing franchise, and so thoroughly establish
It. that future committees will be held by pop
ular opinion to the same course. Let it be thor
oughly understood that the life of no unim
proved franchise will be extended, and owners
who are acting in good faith will save their
rights. Others should be forced to forfeit what
they have received. The time allowed by the
law is ample for promoters of diligence. When
they take a franchise they make a contract.
The state cannot forfeit their permit for a speci
fied time, and reciprocally they should not have
any privileges beyond that time. They should
be held rigidly to their agreements. Otherwise
they are. -Imply invited to gamble on the state's
good nature and to hamper the enterprise of
others.
THE HOKROE COROLLARY.
The corollary to the Monroe Doctrine which
Secretary Hoot recalls to attention is interest
ing, Important and essential, yet it is too often
forgotten or ignore*]. Denied, it can scarcely be.
The main proposition, which in the circum
stances of its making did seem, as Mr. Hoot
say*, audacious and gallant, was that the Amer
ican republics must he let alone by Europe, to
govern themselves and to work out their own
destiny. The natural and logical corollary to
that proposition was that the states in ques
tion would govern themselves decently and in
accord with the requirements of civilization, and
would work out for themselves a worthy des
tiny. The inferem«e of sur-b a corollary is, in
deed, inevitable; for ether we should have
to conclude that this country meant to main
tain its southern pelgUDors in a state of anarchy
and to forbid any Interference with their going
to ruin, which, a* Euclid observes in respect to
various other things, is absurd.
Monroe, then, must be regarded as having
"aflirmed the proposition that all the Amer
ican republics are competent to maintain
"throughout the** territories government* an
swering to the demands of civilization and per
"forming all .International obligations." There is
no question that he and Adams,, and. Indeed
Canning also, expected them to vindicate that
affirmation. Nor can there be any reasonable
question that some of them have done ho. and
that most of them are doing bo at the present
time, and bid fair to continue doing bo as stead
fastly as most of the European powers. But
some of them have not always done so. and a
few are at the present time deplorably failing to
fultll Monroe', high expectation of them and
! his practical pledge in their behalf What Id
the logical attitude of Uia United State*— and.
NEW- YORK DAILY TMBT7NE THURSDAY. FEBRUARY 22. 1906.
hill 111 of all the other American (.tale*—
toward them":
The question should not be difficult to IMW
Iv uialntaliiiiiß tt« major proposition we ran
not ignore tkl minor or the complementary.
In upholding tb« doctrine we CMMj neglect
the corollary. Thin country warned BVOfN to
keep hands off the Latin-American ropubll.-s.
because they were competent to govern tliem
selves. Rut If now one or two of them fail in
some respect to govern themselves MtMMtfr
rlly what is the rMWMMti thing to do? Aban
don' the whole doctrine? Hy no means. He
(HH tlie corollary is not worked out entirely
well is no cans.- for denying the main proposi
tion. The obvious duty is feo maintain the
proposition and to use at the same time every
ktftimate effort to make the corollary work
well. That does not ne.(>ss:irily mean that
this .-ountry is to l>e an international potfceuan,
or that it is to employ even the sliu'lm-vt COW
.ion ujx)n its neighbors. Nothing <-.»nl.l be i'"""
undesirable than that. It may well mean that
Jt should give such of them as may need it and
may ask for it a helping hand, when that can
he done without eofit <»r danger to ourselves;
and It certainly does mean, as Mr. Hoot elo
quently Hid. that it should do Its share- which
It hns by no means always done- toward the
building up of a sound and enlightened public
opinion among all Americans. North, •'entrnl
and South, which shall assure the full realiza
tion of that Monroe corollary, in "the reign of
"peace, of order and of histico-in every Amer
"ican republic."
\<> DEADLOCK YET.
It will be well not to put hasty credence In
the current rej>orts of disagreement at Aljce
oirap. There have been some ill advised refer
ence* to the existence of a "deadlock" in the
international conference over the crucial matter
of the control of the Moroccan police. There is
no deadlock. The police question has not yet
come before the conference.
What lias happened is this: The Frenct and
German delegates have for a few days past
been privately trying to come to an agreement
upon that matter before presenting It to the con
ference. In this they have failed. The French
men have insisted that the police shull be un
der French or French and Spanish control,
while the Germans, under directions from Ber
lin, have refused to approve such an arrange
ment and have contended that the police
must be under the control of some very small
power, or else equally under that of all the
great powers. Now they have amicably agreed
to disagree and to submit the matter upon which
they disagree to the conference for its action.
That the conference will com* 1 to a hopeless
deadlock upon it is. of course, jjossible, but we
see no reason for taking It for granted in. ad
vance. On the contrary, it seems quite prob
able that a strong majority of the conference
will incline to one Bide. In that case the mi
nority may yield. Entire unanimity Is scarcely
to be expected on ruj controverted point, but
minority acquiescence in the majority Judg
ment may properly be expected. If it were not
made, the minority would be responsible for
the failure of the conference. In this case it
seems likely that Germany will be in the mi
nority, and we cannot suppose Germany desires
or, without the strongest cause, will permit
the failure of a conference of her own calling.
That Germany will be in the minority seems
likely for several reasons. There is a feeling
among some of the powers that France and
Spain, beeanae of their geographical proximity
and for other reasons, have special interests
and should, therefore, have sjiecial privileges
In Morocco. There is nlso n feeling that those
j»mver.s. acting as the mandatories of all and
under a pledge of impartiality, can well be"
trusted to maintain the open door and to assure
equality of treatment for all powers In Morocco.
There is, finally, because of unhappy experience.
a widespread distrust of the efficiency of any
omnibus combination of the powers, and a belief
is held that decidedly better service could be
secured by intrusting the task to only one or
two. These and other i-onsiderations will now
come before the conference, and then we shall
see. first, what the majority of that body favors
and then whether the minority, be it Germany
or France, will not acquiesce in the majority's
will. For the present there is no cause for
despair, but ground for hope that the conference
will settle the .whole matter on an amicable and
equitable basis.
THE PITTBBURQ ELECTION.
The purpose of the voters of Pennsylvania to
assert their power and to compel a return to
popular and honest government Is emphasized
by the clean cut victory won on Tuesday by the
reform elements in Pittsburg. Pennsylvania
wisely enforces a total separation of municipal
and state elections, the municipal contests al
ways taking place in February- General and
local Issues are thus divorced and party Hues
are to a great extent Ignored in municipal
tights. Last fall the spirit of revolt abroad in
tin- state manifested itself conspicuously in the
defeat of the Republican machine's candidate for
State Treasurer and in the overthrow of the
Durham ring In Philadelphia, where a Sheriff
and other county officers were to be voted for,
Philadelphia city and county having the same
boundaries. At that time there was apparently
no awakening of sentiment in Pittsburg, and
Allegheny County was one of the few counties
to give pluralities to the Republican candidate
for State Treasurer. On Tuesday, however,
Pittsburg elected a Mayor, who. on the comple
tion of the union with Allegheny City, is to be
come the Mayor of the consolidated municipality.
Somewhat the same conditions existed that
aroused Philadelphia to warfare on the Durham
machine, and the forces of good citizenship seem
to have scored a second decisive success.
Phtshurg was ruled for many years by an
organization, nominally Republican, controlled
by Christopher L. Magee. That organization
was conducted on exactly the same lines as the
Philadelphia machine, except that Mr. Magee
consistently refused to recognize the Quay-Cam
eron leadership. The railroads and the public
service corporations were behind the local or
ganization and used it to extend their privileges
at the expense of the public. A few years ago
a citizens* reform movement was organized and
the reform element In the Republican party
united with the Democrats to oust the Repub
lican ring. Pittsburg has had for the last four
years an anti-machine administration. But this
year the corporations rallied nil their Strength
to recapture the city. They dominated the Re
publican caucuses and nominated a respectable
figurehead, who appealed for support to partisan
spirit and Hiss II prejudice. The opposing
forces nominated a Democrat of character,
George \V. Gutbrie, and made their canvass on
the issues of corporation rule and non-partisan
good government. Pittsburg Is a Republican
stronghold on state or national Issues. Hut Its
citizens were not to be "caught with the state
bait of partisanship used by the discredited
Republican machine, and have chosen ■ pro
gressive Democrat to administer the affairs of
the greater city.
Tuesday's election was marked by great dis
order and by numerous arrests for fraudulent
voting. It was the last chance for the repeater
and the ballot box stuffer ; for the new personal
registration law does not go into effect until
November. The police— as in Philadelphia last
fall— combated attempted fraud with a rude
hand, thus justifying the soundness of the act
recently passed for Philadelphia, ritfdJy re
stricting police activities on Election Day. Dis
orders at the polls will not mar, however, the
moral effect of the triumph scored in Pennsyl
vania's second city over the elements of op
pression, corruption and misrule. A new force
hag been liberated In the politic* of th» £ V .
stone State wliioh promises the elimin;itlmi of
oldtlme abuses am] the Httainment -onenilly of
a higher level of Htizenship and government
.UK. WELLMAJTB VESTURE.
Mr. Walter Wellman. TiM explorer who hopes
to find Hit" North Pole with the assistance of a
pelf-propelled airship, has spent several weeks
in 'Paris .consulting aeronautic experts there in
regard to details of his projert. ' It was neces
sary for him to reach -i decision ahout these
before giving an order for the instruction of
the craft in which he. means to embark. On
one point Mr. Wellman's advisers MM to have
differed widely. The majority of them favored
a slender model, conducive to hlgli speed, and
an equipment of engines having great power.
Others recommended a shorter, stouter u.t* |MW
and less powerful motors. In a letter to "The
Chicago Record-Herald," which is backing him.
Mr. Wellman announces that lie has adopted
the latter plan.
We believe that the choice was wise. TIN
form which has received the explorer's approval
gives mi assurance of greater stability than
does the other, and in an undertaker; of this
kind speed may well be sacrificed to safety.
Furthermore, Mr. Welbnan has been led to be
lieve that the low power motors require tut*
gasolene for ■ Riven distance than englues of
higher power. Steam practice at sea tends to
strengthen confidence in that opinion, and fuel
economy is by all odds the most Important
thing to consider. Mr. Wellman thinks it will
be practicable to cany with him, when he leaves
Spitzbergen. gasolene enough to take him five
hundred miles northward to his destination and
the same distance back, to his base, and then
to have enough left to travel eight hundred
miles more. These calculations, if we are not
mistaken, are based on the performance of his
airship in a calm. How much more gasolene
he would need If he encountered head winds Is
largely a matter of speculation, but it does not
look an If his "factor of safety." if it may be
so called, were any too large. lie cannot plan
too carefully to get the largest mileage possible
out of a given supply of fuel.
When President John Mitchell predicts a coal
strike on April 1 he undoubtedly allows himself
the mental reservations claimed by women and
by prophets.
With the retirement of General Llnevltch. the
dismissal of General Batjanoff from the com
mand of the Third Manchurian Army and the
recall of General Kuropatktn, It must be pain
fully evident to readers that In case of a new
war In tho Far East they will have to learn a
new set of Russian names.
"Festlna lente" Is a good motto. But the leg
islature at Albany does not aeem to realize that
a good thins can be overdone.
Naturally. Germany finds It somewhat difficult
to cultivate the "annaherungs-bestrebungen"
with France. The difficulties, moreover, are not
all In the matter of pronunciation.
The American Muflcum of Natural History In
this city is to be the recipient of a meteorite
weighing about fifteen tons. Fortunately it
comes as a pift. and not at first hand from the
skies.
The legislative outlook for Kuard rails at sub
way stations Is Rood. When they are In place
the. chief remaining menace to passengers will be
the subway guard and his centre rush tactics.
Missouri did not prove her rase against Illi
nois, but nevertheless the fart remains that
the turning: of the sewage of one jfreat city Into
the drinking water of another is a practice un
worthy of modern civilization. Science is equal
to the disposition of waste in more sanitary and
more profitable fashion.
Mr. Ivins wants to know what Mr. Jeromo did
with that $100,000 campaign fund. Well, for one
thing, he has an election to office to credit
against it.
THE TALK OF THE DAY.
OH, TO BE THE STONE AGE MAX!
Could you really blame the Stone Age man
For slashing around a bit.
And cutting loose with a ten pound club
Whenever he saw lit?
There were no police In the good Stone Age,
And weapons weren't concealed.
And might made right In a Ilthlc way.
And a case was never appealed.
"Why shouldn't the stone man use Ills club
When things went a bit cross grain?
But he never got Into a roal bridge crowd
Or rode % in a subway train.
If he'd ever made for his Harlem home
At the crowded hour of five.
By the time he landed his first express.
Would the guards all be alive?
When I think of the fate of the bland car hog
In the path of the Stone Age man,
I sigh for those happy days of might
When our (stalwart race began.
What Joy to bind the porcine kind
To a good bridge station post.
And trim him up with a stout stone club.
And leave him awhile to roast!
When I make a dash for the only train
That will save my being late, * .
And I drop my cash on the leg clogged floor.
And lt'a kicked all around the gate.
I greet the ticket man's fumbled change
With curses long and loud.
Then make a dash for the rear car's door.
And am blocked by the whole blamed crowd.
When the door slides to Just in front of my nose
Willie I stand In helpless rage.
Oh, would that 1 were the good stone man.
And lived in that dear Stone Age!
GARRET SMITH.
"Marked for Life:"— The man who had looked
Death in the race without flinching, who bad risked
his life to save his fellow man, now turned pale
and his knees knocked together tremulously lie
was face to face with a tiling more solemn' more
awful and majestic than Death.
■My gallant ■ Mend.- began the president of the
Carnegie Hero Fund Commission
With a wild cry the Hero turned and fled. But
his .lash for liberty was futile. He was pursued
thrown down, and the medal fastened to him
* rom that hour he was .1 marked man.— (Puck.
Captain Joseph Burger, of St. Paul, believes he
reached the rank of captain younger than any other
man in America He enlisted la 1861. when thir
teen years old. He was In the battle of Mill Springs
one of the first decisive Union victories in the war'
Ho also fought at Corinth. Chlckatnauga Mission
ary Ridge and Tullahoma. In his second engage
ment, at Dal. on. Ga., lie lost his left arm besides
receiving wounds in his right hand and leg He
was promoted to a captaincy when stationed at
Fort Douglas. In 15«, when only sixteen.
A Disastrous Fire.— An accidental Vila*. »,„.»
cleaned out Mrs. MuMoon', Unv parlor The YJ?
nurance agent was not disposed to rate her <le"
strovod property very highly "*
The "KOTO, Vremya" describes the repulsive
methods by which the Russian orthodox clergy
combat Tolstoy. in a church In the village of
Tasovo. In the province of Kursk, there Is a Diet
ure representing "Tolstoy In Hell." and to do the
painter Justice, be seems to have risen to the pos*J
btlltles of the subject. To omit minor details how.
ever picturesque. Tolstoy la depleted as lying In' a
huge cauldron, from under which flames shoot out
all around, while, demons dance about with fiendish
glee. The Journal claim* to have verified this
picture for Itself
R§lP§iSi
mmmrnm
About People and Social Incident*.
AT THE WHITE HOUSE.
{From Th- THMine Bureau.!
Washington. Feb. n.-PresMent *<*>*<»£ ™"
probably the busiest man In th- overnm« *™.
vice at the capital to-day. In addition to "***
Ing a host of Congressmen In the morning. mo«t or
whom brought -ml. to pay their respects, he a
tended the Pultr-McKenna wedding at noon, enter
t,in..<l a number of guests at luncheon m<l ' ««J
In the day presided at conferences on the nil ru >i
rates. Moroccan: Panama Canal and Germa » taru:
questions. Secretaries Root and Shaw brought up
the German tnrlff question; Senators Deliver a . I
Clapp. Speaker cmaaom and Representative Hep
burn came to discuss railroad rates; M. »•""»""
Varllla. th" Panama Can.l. and the Secretary "
State th# Moroccan qucalloti
The White Ho.is- offices will be closed to ~
nm and s.-ir: visitors to-morrow. The Pres
« '! nuke a brief call there In the forenoon to W
over his correspondence with Secretary U> **-T"
wll not transact any other busings, an.l -*»»""■"
ward will probably go for ■ horseback rule in the
suburbs with Mrs. Roosevelt.
Amonu- the White House callers to-day were sen
ators Auk.-n>. Piles. A** and Mcl^urln Repre
sentatives Charles B I^ndis. Wl<*. <»!<-o«. B^
im«. Donby. Calder. Gardner. Gud^er and <-am«.
t-x-Senator Prltchard. of North Carolina: a *1-I?S«*
tlon Of tobacco planters from Tennessee, who are »;■
WashiriKton urging legislation to curb the 'to
bacco trust." and a number of Ml who are here
fr.r.the mm of framing ■ uniform Insurance
law.
NOTES OF SOCIETY IN WASHINGTON.
(From Th* Tribune Bureau. I
Washington. Feb. 21.-Senator and Mr* pryden
had dining with them to-night the Austrian Ambas
sador and Baroness HengelmMler. the French Am
bassador and MM Jusserand. the Befeto £"»*>*•*
and Baroness Moncheur. the Chinese Minister the
Secretary of Commerce and Labor and Mrs. Met
calf. Senator Warren. Mr. and Mrs Willlarn Bar
rett Rtdgely. General Crozler. Colonel and Mrs.
Harvey, of New- York: Mr. and Mrs. Kdson Brad.ey.
Mrs. Davis. Mrs Audenrled. Miss Patten and
Colonel and Mrs. Kuzer. »
Representative and Mrs. J. Van Vechten Olcott
had among their guests at dinner to-night Senator
and Mrs. Bulkeley. General and Mrs. Sharp*.
Representative and Mrs. Rockwood Hoar and Mr.
and Mrs. Robert Fitch Shepard.
Mr?. William F. Draper grave one of the hand
somest luncheons of the, season to-day, having
about the flower laden table. J^ady Durand. Mr?.
Stanley Matthews. Mm. Nicholas Anderson. Mrs.
Horatio Slater. Miss Mabel Boardman. Miss Amy
McMillan. Miss Hoffman. Mrs. Jack Story. Mrs.
Audenrled. Mrs. Logan Waller Pace. Mrs. Frank
Ellis. Mrs. Hunt Slater. Mrs. Hennen Jennings. Mrs.
Belden Noble. Mrs. Glover. Mrs. Charles Howry
and Mrs. Clarence Moore. Mr. and Mrs. George
Draper are expected to arrive here to-morrow to'
remain for some time, as the guests of General and
Mrs. Draper. Several large dinner parties -will be
given In their honor.
Mr. and Mrs. Medlll McCormlek. who were re
cently the guests of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Patterson,
have returned to Chicago.
Mr. and Mrs. Frank Ellis entertained a large
dinner party to-nlsht. and Mr. and Mrs. Charles D.
Walcott were also dinner hosts.
NEW-YORK SOCIETY.
There, has been the customary exodus on the
part of society to Tuxedo, Ardeley. Chatswnrth.
Lakewood and other suburban resorts on ■
of to-day b«lngf Washington's Birthday and a pub-
J. A. M'CALL Bl HIED.
Many Unable to Enter Church at
Funeral Sen ice.
Many of those who sought yesterday to attend the
funeral of John A. McCail, ex-president of the
New- York Life Insurance Company, were unable to
enter the Church of the Blessed Sacrament, at 71st-
Bt. and Broadway. So great was the press that the
doors of the church could not be closed, and several
hundred persons, unable to Ret Inside, listened to
the music which accompanied the services. When
the coffin was borne from the church nearly every
body uncovered as It was carried by.
Brief preliminary services were held at the Mr-
Call home. No. 54 "West T2d-st.. during which a good
el zed crowd collected In the street, but gave the
police little trouble. Then the body was taken to
the church, where th» pastor. Father Taylor, cele
brated requiem mass. Bishop Burke, of Albany,
who married Mr. and Mrs. McCall and baptized all
their children, was present, with Bishop MoFau!.
of Trenton, but neither took part in the services.
Long before the body reached the church the
building was crowded. Captain Handy, of the West
6Sth-st. station, was there with two roundsmen and
two patrolmen, and as soon as the church was well
filled kept all others out. When the services were
partly over two women, who said they were rela
tives of Mr. McCall. who had Just arrived in the
city, were admitted. Room was found also for
three Supreme Court Justices and ex-Mayors Van
Wyck and Grant. The rain which began at this
time had no effect on the crowd, which waited until
the body was taken to Woodlawn, where the burial
was private.
The pallbearers were John R. Hegeman. Dr. S.
Oakley v ander Poel. Alexander E. Orr, George W.
Perkins. John ''. Whitney. Edmund D. Randolph,
S. M. Italian! and George Austin Marsh. Among
those who attended the services at the church were
GaKe K. Tarbell, Magistrate Mayo. Justice New
burger. Edward W. Scott, president of the Provi
dent Savings Life Assurance Society; Senator John
J. Fltzgera.-. H. H. Vreeland. Justice Victor J.
Dowliug, Inspector Hood. ex-Inspector Brooks ex-
Deputy Police Commissioner McAvoy and Daniel
cifary. for many years Janitor of the Enultabln
Bull. lint.
MR. REID TO OPEN ART EXHIBITION.
London. Keb. 21.— The sixth annual exhibition
of the International Society of Sculptors, Painters
and Gravers, which will be opened by Ambassador
Reid to-morrow at the Xe-w Gallery, was viewed
m-day by representatives of the press. The ex
hibition contains a number of examples of Amer
lean illustrations, besides many by Europeans.
Amoni the Americans. Jules Guerin has several
watorcolors and chalk drawings, including scenes
In the streets of New-York and St. Louis, and
Jessie Wilcox Smith and Elizabeth Shippen Ure*u
have child studies.
JOHN JACOB ASTOR IN LIFE GUARDS.
London. Feb. 21 John Jacob Aster, son of Will
iam Waldorf Astor. who has obtain"'! a proba
tionary commission in the Ist lAN Guards, joined
the regiment to-day as second lieutenant. TIM sys
tem of appointment on probation was adopted last
year in consequence of the difficulty experienced
in finding officers for the more expensive- regiments
Thus attached. Mr. Astor will remain on probation
for two years, at the end of which he may be dis
missed by his commanding officer or be permanently
accepted.
LINCOLN'S FIRST HOME STORED HERE.
The lops which formed the cabin in which Abra
ham Lincoln was born was brought her» yester
day, and are now stored in this city. For three
years they have been In the cellar of the old Fop
penhunen home, jit College Point. Long Island.
The loss were purchased recently by the Lincoln
Farm Association, and will be stored In this city
until such time as the association is ready to re
build the. cabin on its original site, on the old farm,
near Hodge-nsvtlle. Ky. As the truck carrying the
logs passed Public School No. 27. In Ooll^o Point
th« children assembled and sang national hymns*
The appearance of the logs suggested that "decay
had begun In some of them.
TRANSATLANTIC TRAVELLERS.
Among th« passengers who sailed yesterday for
Liverpool on the Majestic w»r*>
Mn Adl-r n Andru .. [Mr and Mr* J T«.vlnr
lonian Hn.wn An«lm. M*--
Mr an.i II 1 "- Jk N "•"• ! Mr» Henry A " W^^i.,
l - t1 """ nawortn. jr. «»«l«r.
Travellers who arrived y«ii*rJay from Antw«n>
on the Zeeland were:
L*»U« W. n*rnm. j. v McD«nl«L
Mr and Mm. John Wilson. i a » nn « m "«'>-
The rabln Hut of 1* Hr«», n ., which salts tcJiv
for llavrtt. tnrluilaa: "**
Amu- jlcuin*, i^m t>ofaln«o Lo-
lie holiday, while numerous house parties -„ tak
Ing place at the various country aeata about *tZI
York, in town the principal feature of the Lm,',
programme will be Mrs. Charles T. Barney's t»a~
dreaj dinner to-night at her nous* In Park-***
Calvary Church was the scene ye*ter&a7 att-L
noon of th* wedding of Francis Cunningham bS"
op. son of UM late Heber R. Bishop, to iiu*
Gertrude r-.|l. daughter of Mrs. Walton. P.?
Th- bride was |yen away by h-r brother Ij,
'"«"■''■ Foil. She wore a gown of white satl "
covered with point lace, of which material h<ir «*
was likewise formed. Sh- was attended by h*.
niece. Miss Leta Wright, as flower girl. In a tnZ
of white chiffon and «afln. with a white plctar*
hat. and by fn.ir br!<!««iTraifj!», Miss Cynthia Roeha
Miss Maria Moran. Miss Laura Swan and Mitt
Leila pjrnett. all .ir-<».-.i in white chiffon ttcth,
tri^irr.c<r with xntln. and with TeOi ltd feathers la
lieu of hits. ReglnaliJ Bishop was his brothv**
*°' m,m. and Frank U PoU. G. Blair Painter, j
Bordf-n Harrlman. William I^almheer. Andrew ijjl
tar, > '■>-"■ H. Mair«. I>mts Bacon. AUonio <]»
Nava • Henry Worthington Bull. Ogden Mai,
Bishop. James C. Bishop and ft'alden Pell w«r»
th»« ushers. After the ceremony, which was p«v.
fur met] i>y the rector, the Rev. Dr. J. Lewis Parka
Mrs. Wait*, n Tell, the mother of the bride. ga«« %
rfi'f-ption at Nt house in Mad!son-ave. Ainaa.
those Invited were Mr. and Mrs. Howland Pig,
Mr. and Mrs Kben Wright. Mr. and Mrs. 3t«ph«
IL P. Pell. Mr. and Mrs. Osrden Mills, the MUaes
Beatrice and Gladys Mills. Mr. and Mrs. X. To-ra.
send Burden, the Misses Burden. Mr. and ifc^
John H. McCullough. Mr. and Mrs. Peinhroka
Jones. Colonel and Mrs. John Jacob Aator. lt»
Maturin Livingston. Mr. and Mrs. Stuyvesant F!» v
Mrs. .1. Borden H.irriman. Mr. and Mr". Clareac*
Mackiiy. Mr. anil Mr- Harry Payne Whitney, Uj
and Mrs. 11. M X Twombly, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur
Iselin, Mr. and Mrs. Elbridga T. Gerry and tit
Mis.,es Gerry.
Another wedding: of yesterday was that <>t M2i§
Kate TIMm Willis, daughter of th<» late Colonel
■ :i j:i mi A. Willis, to Arthur Wakumaa Sp«nc«r
of Kostun. at the East 61st-st. house of the ' ' >•
aunt. Mrs. Cortlamlt S^huyler Van R»n^<i<>laar
Miss F'ortia Willis v.-aa her sister' 3 only bridal at
tendant, and Phillips Mason, of Princeton. Unlvtr
sity. was ';;•■ best man.
Mrs. Edwin A. Mum gave a dance ;a»' nlgfci
at the fasti*. Castle Point, Hoboken. for her ton.
W. Lewis Stevens, and his brld»*. There was '»
peculiar appropriateness In selecting the e-7» of
■Washington's Birthday for the entertainment, la
view of the fact that Mrs. Stevens Is a descendant
of Washington's stepdaughter, who was NeEl*
Custls. and that the Castle at Hoboken contains
many relics of th» Washington and >;••!» families.
Midnight was hailed with patriotic songs, and afttr
supper the cotillon ■was danced, led by Harry Art
more, with Mrs W. I>»wis Stevens, the favors In
cluding, of course, hatchets. Among the huadr*!
g-uests were Mr and Mrs. Archibald S. Alexander.
Mr. and Mrs. LJoyd Asplnwall. Mrs. H!lborne I*
Roosevelt. Ml3s Dorothy Roosevelt. Mr. and Mrs.
Stephen Peabody. Mr. and Mrs. Charles CJsaßla.
Miss Constance Pratt. Miss Beatrice Pratt, Mls»
Katherine Barney. Miss Lorraine Roosevelt, Miss
Aehmore. Miss Katherine Stevens, ills 3 May Mod
ton. Miss May Sap. is and Miss Christine Roosevelt.
Mrs Frederick W. "Whittrtdge will entertain th»
Thursday Evening Club to-night at her house, la
East llth-9t.
Mr->. Henry F. Dlmock will give a dinner to-n!jS:
at her house. In East 60th-st.
( l OTHIER WEDS IX BED.
Tennis Expert Marries Daughter of
Ex- Judge Porter.
fRy Telegraph to The Trtb':-?« '
Philadelphia. Feb. I.'!.— Standing by the b«d-
Bide of William J. Clothier, the tennis expert at
Ballytore. Wynnewood. Miss Anita Porter w«j
married to him to-day.
- Two weeks aso Mr Clothier was thrown from
his horse and sustained serious though net
fatal injuries, and has since been confined to his
bed. He is a son of Mr. and Mrs. Isaac H.
Clothier, and the brldo Is a daughter of ex-Judf*
and Mrs. William W. Porter.
The ceremony took place at noon, and wjls p«r
formed by the Rev. Dr. Charles "Wood, pastor
of the Second Presbyterian Church. A small
sroup of relatives gathered about the bedstds.
Mr. Clothier, who has steadily rained In health
and strength since the accident, was one of tf»
most cheerful of the party. After the ceremony
a wedding breakfast was served, with the- n«wly
made husband absent.
POPE APPOINTS FRENCH BISHOPS.
Archbishop O'Connell Preconized — Pon
tiff's Allocution.
Eonn>, Feb. 21.— Pope held a secret con**
tory this morning, chiefly to create nlnatMß
French bishops. Ha also preconlzed the Right
Rev. \V. H. OVonr.ell. coadjutor to the Archbishop
of Boston, as Archbishop of Constance, tad th*
Right Rev. A. S. Bernard as Bishop of St. Hr*
cinth. Canada. The who!» ceremony was la Em
with the Vatican's attitude toward Franc*.
The Pop© was much affected while dellverta* ill
allocution. He said he was compelled to accom
plish a painful duty of his oQce, and stimziirii«i
his recent encyclical, saying that the law prOTldls*
for the separation of church and state In Franc*
■was contrary to divine right and contrary to tli»
welfare of society, which must live In peace wlli
religion. The Concordat, he added, was broken a
an unworthy manner, and It would be difficult »
form another.
The Pontiff solemnly condemned the iep»r»Coii
law as being- as injurious to the Church as til*
law established to control th« exercise of pnbllo
worship, which was not recognize*! by tie Pope
and bishops. This, however, said th« Pope la con
clusion, would not prejudice the Inalienable r!f*t*
of the Church. He expressed the hope tiat bktif
times would come.
A WEDDING IN LONDON.
London. Feb. .— Miss Cicely Henrietta .!!«*•
ander. the orljrtnal of "Whistler's "Portrait of »
Little Girl la White and Gray." was married !a
•London this afternoon to Barnard Sprinc-iH *
brother of the former secretary of the British Si»
bassy at Washington, now Minister at Teheran.
ST. GEORGE'S CLUB MINSTRELS.
The St. peorge'a Men"» Club held Its annual a**
Btrel show at Palm Garden last nig ht. Tiil» i*« •
seating capacity of X.200. and when the curtain •••
rung up there- was not a vacant seat in tii» boo l *
The show was staged by August J. Van Burea, »
club member, who had the support of home t*i«£»
A FREE "AD."
From Th« London Chronlcl*.
A correspondent (who la thoughtful enough to •••
■ure us that he has no financial Inwoat In ••
manufacture of any kind of pike tickle) w~.«« W
point out how quickly the ordinary eyeglass cort
wears out. and to suggest a substitute w!lic& *•
says Is vastly superior to the, various «i <*&*!*•
and unsatisfactory chain* that are »>';'.. in tag
ptnce-nez weurlnn age his Busrsestlon Is worthy *
b«inff put on record. It la that all wearers of •*•"
glasses adopt plka gimp. Thla presents th»app««J
a nee of a slim gold cord, cannot be burned Uvro«i»»
by a careless pipe or cigarette. is co li«ht that «
<lo«-a n.it draj?. and has the further ni*rtt that ]•
ciist.i only twopeno> a yard. Any taeH^majg
Kill nupply you: aak for the»very slenddrett t»«*
he nan. Our correspondent has worn on* tw>
p^nr«worth for th«« last six months, and n» kit***
an inkier who has ha«! th* same pik* tjtoay •**
Kla«a ,- .ra for a year and a half.
A SMALL ENCYCLOPEDIA.
From The Springfield Union.
The New-York Trlbunw continues th« oustos* *
Issuing an almanac, but It la a publication alt**
K*ther 100 pretentious to be called by that na»»
In reality It Is ■ small encyclopedia of r«A*ly ref
erence. It contains Information upon a great »•"
riety of subjects, and Th« Trlbuno voucties for »••
•couranr, There U scarcely any one who wouW
not tind such a volume useful, and worth man/
times the small price changed for It.
THE -GENTLEMAN CHAUFFEUR.'*
**rotn The Graphic.
The "gentleman to,-krt>" la now to hava a com
panion In the. gentleman chauffeur." It ba» b *»?
discovered that th- life of n. chauffeur la «^H l iJ
suited to th» rvqutrements of many well conn*-''**
younfi*r .tiitiH The pay U certainly not ••'«*
but his oocupatlon brings. th« chauCeur oontlnu^W
in contact it it his rich employer and the bkb»»
of th« family, and thor«for» affords opportunity
or promotiua oa th« oa* h*a«i *ad of niArri*** "■

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