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TYPES OF ESQUIMAU WHO WILL DRIVE THE EXPLORERS' DOG TEAMS.
TO SEEK NEW LANDS.
Caplaiti Mih-kchon's Plans to Find
Unknown Arctic Archipelago.
Next to finding the North Pule itself the
greatest Arctic discovery yet to be made is that
Of a vast unknown Polar continent, or archi
pelago, which, from soundings, driftwood,
thickness of ice, currents, etc, is thought
to exist in the Beaufort Sea to the north of the
American continent. Here is an immense unex
plored area which may contain land and people
of great Interest, of which nothing is now
known. "Knowledge of the Arctic regions,"
says sir Clement Markham, president of the
Royal Geographical Society, "will still be most
Incomplete until this area has been explored.
It is one of the most important geographical
■ndertakings and chief Arctic exploration ro
A Danish explorer and Arctic traveller.
Captain Kirn r Mikkelson, who served with
Andrup in Greenland and with the Baldwin-
Zle^ler expedition, will, with the approval of
the United States government, head an ex
pedition to penetrate by a daring sledge jour
ney this unknown I'olar region. If he finds it.
he will claim it for the United States and rais.
the Stars and Stripes over it. <'aptain Mikkel
soi. recently gave some interesting details of
his attempt to reach this new Arctic world be
fore th. Royal Geographical Society.
"My working plans for exploring the Beau
fort Sea, in order to ascertain if there is la ml.
and possibly people, to the north of Alaska, ar.
aa follows: My ;;ss:>tants will be Ernest Lef
flngwt'H, geologist, and Ejmar Ditlevsen, natu
ralist and artist, who have done considerable
Arctic work. They will leave Athabasca L..ind
tng, B. <"., at the end of May for the Mackenzie
River. By one of the Hudson Bay steamers
they will descend this river a thousand miles or
more to the mouth, wMcfa empties into the
Polar Ocean. I, myself, with supplies and
scientific instruments, expect to start on a
Whaler which sails from i';.n Francisco about
August 1, a:id I will go through the
Behring Sea and Behring Strait, touching at
POLAR BEARS WILL HELP TO SUPPLY THE LARDER.
This one was shot by the Duke of Orleans on the northeast coast of Greenland.
NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE, SUNDAY, FKHKUAKY L'f>, IDOU.
several points on the Siberian and Alaskan
coasts to purchase a Siberian pony or two, as
well as to get my pack of sledge dogs, obtain
ing them from different native settlements,
which insures getting a better park than by
buying them all at one place.
"About the last of August I will reach the
mouth of the Mackenzie River, where my party
will be picked up, when we will proceed with
<>-ir provisions and gear, which will be shipped
on board a small schooner, and endeavor to
reach Cape Nelson, where our outfit will be
unloaded. A boat brought up by the whaler,
rind capable of earning three to four tons of
provisions, -v. ill bo loaded and a party will start
with it in order to place a depot at Cape Prince
Albert it on one of the islands? off the coast
The party will stay there to hunt and cache
some g.irni-, which will enable us to stay a short
time at thr> depot in the following spring with
out wasting any of our sledge provisions. In
c<<ur.->' of my stay at Bank's Land I will make
a sorks «.f sledge trips in order to train my
dogs s.> as t<> develop th<ir utmost speed and
"Early in the following February the entire
party will start northward, reinforced by sev
eral Ksrjuimaus and will push out on the ice. The
sledge party will start with a couple of Sibe
rian ponies and thirty dogs, drawing three
sledges. We will carry provisions for about 140
lay.-;, in addition to the food we carry for our
selves we will have at least 1250 pounds of meat
for the dogs. The pony can draw at least SOO
pounds of food, and it eats in twenty days about
LTiO pounds of fodder. I have used ponies In
Franz Josef Land, and found them very good,
indeed, but of course the dogs are the most
trustworthy in Antic transportation.
"Means fcr soundings will be taken in the
form of strong silk thread of various lengths.
To these will be attached small weights, from
one to two ounces. By these means we shall
be able to find the bottom, through the ice, to
about 100 fathoms or more. These soundings
will enable us to see whether the edge of the
continental shelf has been crossed or not. We
shall endoavor to follow a west-north wt.t di
rection. If land is found we shall carry on only
a rough survey and devote our time to as
certaining how big In extent it is, in ordT to
judge of the importance of the discovery, so
that on our return to civilization we can or
ganize a more efficient expedition. Even if
land is not encountered the result of Uie ex
pedition will by no means be a failure, aa we
shall be able to ascertain approximately the
extent of the continental shelf and otherwise
greatly increase our geographical knowledge of
the North Polar regions."
A number of prominent Americans have un-
CRUDE TOBOGGAN OF WHALEBONE MADE
BY AN UNKNOWN TRIBE OF PRIMITIVE
OOG TEAMS LIKE THESE WILL CAR.
* WHALEBONE CUPS ANSI
Vwtfae* of an unknown tribo of prfmrtfve Esqu-maus. L,
ARCTIC STOCKINGS, FUR.