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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, March 18, 1906, Image 55

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The announcen-.fnt that a eommitee of experts
to the use of English had pecurd the financial
support of Andrew Carnegie Ira campaign to
Amplify the spelling of the lan^age has stirred
up a great deal cf comment, not only in this
country, but !n England, in .he latter country
some writers Judged from -he comments as
signed to the:n. have the ophion that In taking
up th© project of sup<?rvisliff "Londonese" the
Americans ere twisting the ion's tall. Algernon
Charles nburne has beei quoted as teclarlng
It "a monstrous, irbarois absurdity," while
H. P.idcr Haggard said, a<cordir;g to the int.
Vtewers, that "the taoga . of Shakcppeare is
pood enough for me " Oie of the members of
the Simplified Spelling *oard considers that
America is the lion, and England the tail. In
this matter, England, ha/lng less than half of
the population of the Unied Stati p. will have to
t* iCgaji by the autloritics of the T'nited
Fratf-s, iie declare!"
The members of the amplified Spelling Board
do not Intend to have i.« reform laached out of
court with "lmmeruraM reproch and inexting
gwlshabl lafter," as tne extreme rofornurs of
other days would hav* put it. Thr- have taken
a leaf out of the bosks of former efforts and
reached the conclusion that discretion is the
letter p^rt. While declaring that phonetic
epelllr.g Is the Ideal form, they say that It is
probably rot attainable as a tern, and are
starting with something which they hope will
le practicable, and will not shock any one.
There are, they «=ay. many thousands of words
for which there are two accepted spellings, such
as centre and center, and traveler and travtller,
and author*- differ as to which is better. One
of these ought to be stamped with an authorita
tive seal which w!!! mr.ke it "legal t»nder." To
this extent, they argue, the insjoage Is In a
fluid state. They will attempt to solidify it in
the better form. There are many other words
which leading English writers of thip nnd other
centuries have used, but whl< have not re-
vr-d common acceptance. They are >f the kind
that approach the phonetic form, and at the
same ti:ne are shorter than the word? in common
visage. There are also words containing diph
thonps, which mlg h^ shortened by reducing the
diphthong to a sinpie Utter. Again there are
words containing silent letters v.iii'h might
•with profit and without violence, they say, be
croi] e<s. In oth»r words, modification and not
innovation Is to be the watchword. No new
fi!phal>et Is proposed.
STAETTNG THE CAMPAIGN.
In th^ course of s few i\p<-k<* the board will
fend out a preliminary list of throe hundred
' Fhnplified" words a* the first step. This will
be etnt to « liters, educators, editor?, publishers
end parents. Possibly as many as a hundred
thousand copjes of this flrst effort toward mak
1: g English the world language will be dis
trtbol ' pt win be made especially to
reach patents who are interested in the prorrcss
Of their childr' !i at school and have discovered
that ore of the drawbacks 1? the H ulty the
latter ban m Fpelling If this Step produces
"result*." then the next i\i:i be decided upon,
but until the character of the reception of the
present list is determined n<- hrance win be
pa^u The board does not intend to go any
fasur than it? work Is abam but t.y means of
pamphlets, addresses, etc , it will endeavor to
mak<=- this process of absorption a rapid one.
11, | '. ving are the recommendations the
Ust will contain:
That " ed" and "s*>d" be replaced by T in
BUCh words as fhC following:
|S32^sUe.
wed distrust
-i'/'cru.ht
■ '.■■-',■ I
-hat "er" b" adopted wherever "re" is now
In such words as "accoutre," "centre,"
-■
That "e" be dropped from such words as ac
knowledgement and abridgement, and they be
kiiowledgment" and "abridgment."
That the diphthongs 85 and ce be reduced
lr. the t* Ptfwtug manner:
»r«rr.!a. nrtM J^ollan llan
SS^iVSSff 1 ' jSMSse-^w-
I
i
That the flnal "U«" be dropped in such words
as "cataloguer and "decalogue," the final "te"
In such word* as "cigarette." "coQUette" and
••omelette." the final "me" in •programme" and
"gramme." and the final "e~ where not needed
tor refdsmee in pronunciation in surh words aa
-develope." "antlpyrfnew" "glycerine." "axe" and
That the ' u' b" considered bad form In such
words as "ardour." "humour" and "honour."
T>^t 'z' be used Instead of "s" In such words
as advertise," "biaise" end "aprii^." and that
'-tling innovations are Impending at Vr'est
tnir^ter. where the overwh'lrring vote cast by
tbf Hoose of rjemmon in favor of the paymefit
cf a Falfiry to Its members has been followed
by a demand for the • rnoval of the brass grat
is* which Shots Off the occupants of the ladlee"
galtery from the view of all others in the
lower boose, while a movement is now in prcc
n m which has for Its object the change of the
boors of the f*«?ior:s from the evening and
night to the nwrnlng Md early afternoons. Bng-
Jandfi ParUamOt. the pavaot Of ail legislatures
now in exirt^n", la invented both by hiFtnry nnd
by popular F'-nCfnrnt with ris many ■sjtoda
tione of th" hoar,- past as the isMitWe Abbey
of OreatmtoStcr iear by. All the laws, beia
written and onwAtten. by Which its procedure
Is governed, are r4lcs of olden t.mes. dating In
Fcrr* .oses back many hundreds of years. T>:<;-e
\ ■ - always been refactano* on th» part not only
Of PcHtamCOt its-* but also of the people at
larp* to introduce a>y innovations, the sugges
ts « Of wh:ch were awarded in much the eame
, • Itgious light as hose van* modern re-=
toratlcna ot the gr.'tn3<-st inasterVlecesrf art
,\a architecture of th« Middle Ages. The t»m
atmOCraCT. however, h England «s in other
SSSS !■ ««P-ed I look at matter, from
S utilitarian and M*j£»? n J nQ f *J.
father than X °™' t'J™?
M,|fl very Mtprsix-ly
/
rU; * °h tlv w"n e^ere with Us de.iberaUon-.
LATEST EFFORT TO SIMPLIFY THE SPELLING OF OUR LANGUAGE
"V* take thp position of "r" in "offence," 'li
cence" and kindred words.
Other r.peilingrs which are recommended are
"mama" for "mamma," "maneuver" for "raa
nopuver" and "manoeuvre," "pur"' for ''purr."
"Jail" for "gaol," "bans" f.>r 'banns." "fantasy"
for "phantasy," "silvan" for "sylvan." "simitar"
for "cimeter" and "silmitar" and the half dozen
or more other spcllingF. "jnth^" for "scythe,"
"tho" for "though." "thoro" for ' 'thorough, "
"thorofare" for "thoroughfare." "thoroly" for
"thoroughly," "thru" tffi "through," "thruout"
for "throughout." "nltho" for "although,"
"check" for ■ • "csntroUer" for "comp
troller," "clue" fur "clew," "cue" ter "qtMJue,"
"subpena" for I "anoth<
"apoth< ■
It is Hlro re onunended th;. t the extrr. "I" be
alliper" and
ler "
CRIMES 01" SPELLING.
"We have :• authority for many
these Changes," sr.id Dr. Charles P. G. Scott, the
etymologist on the r^iff of the "Century I>ic
ttonary" arid seeftTy of the simplified spelling
"Hhnk'- lopt.' "blusht,"
'dropt.' '(irf and crest." Milton. Drydeti, Wet
ton, Cow].,. Middleton. etc, also used 'flxt.'
Besides. Milton made ase of addrest,' vonfest,'
■<HstrcM." Topt.' crost" and 'dipt.' "Distrest"
was u^ed by Barns and Lor.-ell; 'drest.' by Spen
ser. Goldsmith, Boswell and Tennyson; 'dropt,"
by Dryden. Richardson, Burns, Rogers, Mrs.
Browning, Tennyson, Lowell, etc.; 'allho,' by
Bunyan; 'careat,' by Burns; "clapt," by Tenny
son; "clipt. 1 in the edition of the Bible of 1611
and by Lowell; 'mist,' for 'missed," by Isaak
Walton, Bunyan and Lowell. Burns used
"crusht" and Milton, Boswell, Tennyson and
Lowell found 'dipt' an acceptable spelling of
'dipped.' "
Many crimes are charged ui> tn the present
spelling of the English language by some stu
dents of its orthography. It is a thief of time
and money, they say. and not only robs the etu
dc-nt of much valuable time, but discourages him
;is wi 11. It makes books, magazines and news
papers more expensive. It adds to the bulk of
the business man's letter book as well as in
crease* his typewriting and popta^jf Mils. Worse
than all, according to a sage of Tarrytown, who
■ °k Jumped into the fray with a broad
side of circulars, it makes bankrupts of come
men and helps to keep the lunath- asylums and
prisons filled. As for the English alphabet, they
■ it is simply s makeshift that poorly
serrea iK purpose. It takes from the school
boy's tim<-. It disgusts him when he learns that
"young" is spelled y-o-u-n-g'' and then is
called on to xpell "tongue" and fails. He be-
Aleoourag< he gets on so slowly
and is obliged to ppfnd bo much time determin
ing how each word is spelled. He thinks it well
to i-lay "hooky."
-al years ago J H. Gladstone, of Kng
land, carefully • the statistics of the
English schools. He arrived at the conclusion
that in tIM t the eight years spent In
school the average English child gave up 7"J«>
hours to spt-lhnc l'-ssons, which might ha\ ■
dispense'! with if the f-pelling had been siitipli
fied. Comparing the schools in England with
those of Italy, Germany and other countries, he
said he wag convinced that "if English orthog
raphy represented English pronunciation as
closely as the Italian does its pronunciation, at
least half the time and expense of teaching to
read and spell would be saved. This may be
taken aa 1,200 hours of a lifetime, and as cost
ing more than .52. 500,000 per annum in England
Wales alone."
MUCH TIME CONSUMED.
In this country it ha? bren estimated that the
irregular spelling of the English language causes
a loss of two years of the school time of each
child, is the main cause of a great deal of illit
eracy and represents a co3t of millions of dol
lars annually for teachers
In learning to spell English words, one must
depend in a large measure on the appearance of
the word and on the memory. "The effect of
the teaching of English spelling." said Dr. Will
lam T. Harris when Tnited Suites Commission
er of Education, "has been in all Engllsh-speak
lnc nations to force the primary education into
the uurk of verbal memorising. In China a
separate character of complicated shape must
be learned for each word, hence Chinese learning
is proverbial for the stress it lays upon verbal
memory. Next to China stand the English
speaking nations as regards the stress which Is
laid upon verbal memory in school. Few adults
can write a long letter without making a mistake
In spelling some word. Dr. Morrell, one of the
English inspectors of schools, reported that cut
of 3,972 failures in the civil Service examina
tions in Crest Britain I.BOJ candidates owed
STARTLING INNOVATIONS IMPENDING IN BRITISH PARLIAMENT.
the practice of paying salaries to members of
.... H^use of Commons formerly existed is ap
•arcnt from an entry in the famous diary of
Samuel Pepys. in which he etates "all con
cluded the bane of Parliament hath been the
leaving off of tho old custom of the pla- allow
inC wages to those that served them in I arlla
mer.t. by which they chose men that understood
their busings and would attend it. and they
could expect an account from, which now they
caflfiOt. and so pariiaWMDt baa beaonw a com
pany rmen unable to give account for the In-
E^rta of the Place they '"'•ve for." Mor.-ver
Lord campbdl. the eminent jurist and Lord
Chancellor, In his "Lives of the Lord Chancel
lors " has placed it on record that according to
laws which stflnd onrepealed to this day mem
bers a-e entitled to recover wages from their
constituencies for their attendance In Parlia
ment I have Bl*> before me as I write the cop7
of an ordor from the House of Commons, dated
1642 October IS. to the Mayor, Aldermen and
Coircouncll of Lynn, to pay to Mr. Toll and
Mr Perdval. their iwpreaentatlve. In Parlia
ment the same allowanc. "as rormerly" ■ day.
.am/iv, Bve ihimnca: By dtTjes the vaHou.
MMUtMndcs. with the object of saving money.
adopted the praclic, of selecting as their repre
tenLives in Parl.anient terr.toral rnagnate.
and ri^h men wllUnf to ,erve in the louse, o
rommor- without remanermUon and to bear all
ex P ,ns,s in connection wUh the WesenUu
:! ,,, anTthe maintenance of the dignity of the
oOce. it was only natural that . llouw thu
,.," >o,en nl nnd recelrl. DO remuneration tor Its
„"■£*■ mid suit its own conveni,,^ rather
th"n public interest in tho selection of he hours
for the sitting*, and thus it came that after
'ending the small hours of the morning n
;„'.,„,.»«; „'.,„,.»« and ....... the member, were
naturally dlalncUnad to rise ere the afternoon.
Par lament, in lieu of meeting In the morn-
SJ tound It impossible to assemble for bu^ine,.
Jr. 4 or » o'clock tn th. a«*moon. Another
NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY. MARCH 18. 1906.
It Will Meet With Strong Opposition, but the Promoters
Are Moderate and Have Mr. Carnegie's Money
to Bexck Them.
their failure to poor spelling. Dr. Hagar com
piled the results of the examination in spelling
of 1,000 candidates for admission to a state nor
mal school in Massachusetts. They purposed
to become teachers, and yet these young
women averaged only SO per cent of correct
spelling in the examination In that branch. Upon
an average of one word in five was misspelled.
This indicates fairly the obstacl? in the way
of scholarship. In order to attain to a high
degree of excellence in spelling many years must
V>p devoted to practice in writing the difficult
words of the language, and a corresponding
amount of time taken from studies in science
and history and literature."
President Eliot of Harvard, when he investi
gated the rate of progress on the part of scholars
THE FAMOUS GRILLE. OR GRATING, WHICH OBSTRUCTS THE VIEW OF THE
LADIES' GALLERY IN THE BRITISH HOUSE OF COMMONS.
The photograph is taken from the women's seats, looking down uoon the members' benches.
The removal of the grille is now demanded.
— Tho Sph«r«.
in the high schools of France, found that at a
given age, eay, fourteen or sixteen, they were
two years in advance of American youth in
regard to substantial studies in literature and
science.
BIG SAVING TN PRESSWORX.
Fifteen per cent of the cost of composition and
presswork could be saved by the adoption of a
simplified spelling, according to Dr. Harris. It
has been found that the removal of the silent
e's would save 4 per cent of all the letters on a
common page, and the removal of one consonant
of each pair of duplicated consonants would save
1.6 per ce.nt. In 1849 nn edition of the New
Testament was printed in phonetio types. It
was found that one hundred letters and spaces
were represented by eighty-three. At this rato,
a book selling for $(5 could be sold for $5. Six
volumes of public documents would cost for
printing no more than live do now. The contents
of six newspaper columns could be printed in
five, and the cont< nts of the twenty-four vol
umes of the "Encyclopaedia Britannlca" confined
to twenty, at a reduction In price of $20.
■WTien ore reads what has been discovered
about the English Rlrihabet, one Is almost as
much afraid, if h . believes, to use it as one Is
to buy unlabelled food supplies. The millstone
hanging about the neck of users of English in
this respect Is Illustrated by this paragraph from
a government report published under the direc
tion of I>r. Harris, and containing an account of
The New Democracy of England Seems Inclined to
Shacke Things Up— SaLloLries for Members a.n
Indication of the Spirit Now Prevaiiing.
drawback of the mode of life led by the F-ritish
legislators of the seventeenth and eighteenth
centuries was that, frequently embarrass* by
reason of their lospes at rnrds and no loi,. hi
rec-lpt of the stipend which according to tH law
of the land should have been paid to them by
their constituencies, they became an easy prey
to the temptations of bribery, which attained ab
solutely fantastic proportions. So outrap-fous
had tb* condition of affairs In this reap* be-
I omc tha' the House wa.« at length comp< in
deference to popular clamor, to enact very
drastic reforms In the matter of corrupt prac
tices, and the legislation which rendered a seat
In the House of Commons Immeaaurably less
profitable than when the Walpolea, for Instance,
wrr.-> at tho bead .ft».. government brought
Into Parliament n new Hn*s "f legist 1 ' .".
namely, those with profess!' nal < ailing* and rich
merchants and manufacturers. To these men,
wh«> had their own business to attend to dunns
the daytime, the evening sessions of Parliament
were the most convenient, being, indeed, the
only time that they could spare to devote to the
nffalrs fit the nation without pay
It wns parnell who, on his reorgantzatl n of
the Nationalist parly, may be said to have re
vived, after a fanhion, th( pa] nt of mem
bers, In this sense, that tho national representa
lives of Irish constituencies who happened to l>e
without means of theli own. and who had »o
sources of Income, professional or otherwise, re
o«ive ■ Miary of Bbout •■? l . r^ « » a rear from the
Home Kuie fund, tlie paym nl of whtV de
pended upon the condition of the Home Kuie
treasury- Then the various labor organizations
made similar arrangements to pay their repre
spelling reform prepared by Professor Francis A.
.. LL. D., L. H. D.. of Lafayette College,
one of the leading philologists in this country!
One dots not realize ho-*
Is until lie finds that, of the six vowels, a has
eight uses; e, eight; i, seven; o, twelve; u. nine;
y. three; so that the singie vowels 1
tiveJy forty-seven us
■md five-eighths apiece. Amoi
sonants, b has tw.> use? (counting the silent
one); c, six; d, four; f. three; g. four; h. three;
j. five; k, two; 1, three; m, three; n. three; i-,
two; q, three; r, two; s, nv»; t, five; v, two; w.
two; x, five; y, two; z, four; 1. e., twenty-oi
sonants have seventy uses, averaging three and
one-third apiece. It is easy to show how many
different pronunciations a word may h
permutation. Rut while there Is much difficulty
In <l"t> rminlng the proper pronunciation from
the spelling, it is still moro difficult to ascertain
the proper letters for the spoken word from
analogy. Th« sound of e, in mete, has no less
than forty equivalents in the language; a, in
mate, has thirty-four; a. In father, two; a, in
fall, twenty-one; e, in met, thirty-si t, eto. Thus
it happens that the word scissors may be spelled
[•8,365,440 different ways and still have analogies
justifying each combination. The word s> I
being composed of six elementary sounds the
first one, s, is represented 1;» seventeen different
ways, the second thirty-six, the third seventeen,
the fourth thirty-three, the, fifth ten, the sixth
seventeen -It results that there, are 17x36> 17 <
Ki 'I«>xl7 different modes of spelling scissors.
When one realizes the possibilities of the Eng
lish alphabet as demonstrated in this way one
can excuse Daniel Drew, the cattle drover,
man nnd philanthropist.
When sick on one occasion It was necessary to
open his office safe in hls'absence. As the story
goes, he intrusted the combination, the word
"boots." to a clerk for tho purpose. After long
continued efforts the clerk -was ■ return
to Mr. 1»: ■ for further assistance.
"It can't l>e opened, sir," said he. "I tried
many times."
"That's the word," replied Mr Drew, "and It
has always worked."
■ How do you spoil it?" nt last f>sk<»d th«» clerk.
"Why, b-u-t-e-s, of course," was Mr. Drew's
reply.
MATTHEWS BIAMES JOHTTSON.
Samuel Johnson Is the "old man of the pea."
according to Professor Brander thews, who
I upon the
prntativrs in Parlla: and the night Hon.
John Burns, a mechanic, and now a min
ister of th<> Crown, with a in the Cab
inet as President of the Local O'.vernment
Hoard, received a stipend of $'_'.< i t<> ;< \>--»r from
his lu! <■!- constituents at Battersea until the
other day, wh ■•> ho commenced to draw his offl
clal sal iry of $10,flM0 per annum as a member
of the administration. Hut th>- money w hi<h he
received as tho labor member for- Battersea in
rh" lluiiFo of Commons wn>. paid to him, not in
the oldtime if.:.! I fashion by the constituency,
bul bj Ihe voluntary subsei otions ■■{ tii-« varl
oua labor organizations and of hla individual
constituents in Battersea,
-• upon tho
could
Naturally, if the nation pays !"<• wages of tho
members of Parliament at t!"" rat • "t from 11.30Q
to $2,Gut>. It will require in return something
more than tha fag end of a day in the sh&pe ot
attendance, and it may be taken as certain that
Plained himself with hi, sword. When he wished
f^f S sweetn he might write to her
ecus ' n *K " Unr "*tW meaning "unright
invite he h * WtShed to " >make UP " he might
a, "° '' ,° C ° me ™* *«**• a "cyssan.- The
mIZ 7*l u Wh ' Ch 1S tra ™ Iat *a '•*>-." some
might think was somewhat phonetic because of
ts long drav, n nut character. There has cer
tainly been some simplification in spelling since
Sunday ■ was spelled "SunneiKlal ■
Spelling continued to be a sort of go-as-yon-
Please after printing came Into use with the
printers and publishers as Judges. By Queen
Lhzabeths time one seldom found more than
five or six different spellings f Or a word In a
well printed book.
Then came Dr. Johr.eon In the eighteenth cen
tury, with his dictionary. He set the seal on
the spelling of the language. As a lexlco-rnph.T
he has been freely criticised as being bo scholar
Qs having no knowledge of the history of the
English language and as being simply a literary
man. And he was a Tory, which was enough to
set the Americans against him after the Revo
lution and make them consider the adoption of
an American phonetic language- Benjamin
Franklin and Noah Webster discussed the proj
ect, and Noah Webster made some suggestions
In his dictionary. Then the feeling of animosity
against Great Britain died out. As Professor
March wrote In phor,et!« language: "Bal and
bal aroz Sir Walter Scott and Byron. Words
worth and Coleridge, and ol dhi host ov dhat
wonderful jenereahun. Phi to* ov an Ameri
can langgwpj past awe or retalrd to dhi bac
wudz."
Josh Billings and this specimen of a phonetic
langua-e devised a few years ago are evidences
that all of the talk of a new language and a
"reformed" spelling did not die away with the
rise of these great writers. For many yrars the
efforts of the radical reformers have been
langhed at. The winning of the support of An
drew Carnegie and the selection cf a board of
prominent students of the English language has
brought the subject of BhnplUcattOn to the fron*
again.
HOW CARNEGIE CAME IN.
Back of Mr. Carnegie's ofTrr to g!ve |M£tl a
year for five years for the propagation of sim
pllfled spelling lies a arnp)| | which has
brought many prominent Americans into tha
movement Several years ago Mr. Carnegie said
to one man that he thought the Er.g'i.^h lan
guage was destined to be the world language,
and that simplification would hasten tha tim«
when this would come to pass. World peace
would be promoted by its elevation to this place.
Some time ago a few of those Interested b sim
plification heard of this and took the subject up
with him. Ho said that If these persons could
secure the signatures of a score of experts of
authority In the use of English to an agreement
to use the twelve simplified spellings adopted in
1806 by the American National Education As
sociation, "program," "tho," "altho." "thoro, "
"thorof "thru," "thruout," "catalog," "pro
log," "decalog," "demagog" and "pedagog," In
their I rlvate correspondence, he would agree to
assist In the movement. Nearly seven hundred,
including ex-Ambassador Andrew D. White and
those who are now members of the simplified
spelling board aereed tn rt/» thliL a lLst of flftv
of these names was sent to Mr. Carnegie and
last November he offered to subscribe for a cer
tain number of years in order to give the move
ment a trial. If the results are satisfactory at the
end of that lime the board anticipates that
Mr. Carnegie will continue to contribute to the
movement.
"I would like to emphasize." said Professor
Brander Matthews, of Columbia University, the
chairman of the executive committee of, the
board, "that we have no leanings toward pho
netic reform, even if phonetic reform were pos
sible. Tho conservatism of the English speak
ing peoples is so intense that any attempt to in
troduce radical changes is foredoomed to failure.
It is not practical politics. You cannot do it.
One result, from the first, of every movement to
reform our spelling was that it was too radical,
that they proposed to do too much and that
they scared people off. Our desires are only
moderate and modest."
"What will be your first step?"
"The first thing we want to do Is to attract
attention to the subject, feeling sure that th-s
more intelligent interest 13 directed toward our
spelling the stronger will be the desire to Im
prove it. But at best any changes will be slow
in the future, as they have been In the past.
Slowly and steadily we have been making our
spelling simpler, crowding out useless letters,
spelling 'wagon' with one 'g.' and 'Jail' Instead
of 'gaol.' We are going slow, but how* far we
win go depends absolutely on how fast the pub
li.- will move with ua We shall go no faster
thf^n the advance guard of the public.
"At the present time there are hundreds of
words which are spelled in two ways. The sim
plified spelling will not seem unusual or start
ling to those who have adooted It. "The Century
ldagaz4ne, M for example, has followed The Cen
tmy DlctionaiT for years In spelling 'esthetic,'
'anesthetic,' without the diphthong. The chem
ists •lte 'sulfur' and 'sulfate.' and also 'glyc
thf grant of salaries to legislators will have the
effect of changing the time of the sesstOM from
the evening to the morning, so that the business
of the country will be transacted during the
same hour* as all other administrative, com
mercial and Industrial affairs, the members of
Parliament putting in no longer a working night,
t.ut a working «lay. as in every other country
where parliamentary government prevnils. Of
• ■■>ur>»-. the is a good deal of objection raised
to the idea of paying the members of Parliament
on the alleged ground thnt It will lower the tone
of public men. and will have tho effect of devel
oping in Engl.tnd that class of legislators who
go into political life ns a, means of livelihood.
• >n the other hand, it may ba pointed out that
in the day ■ of Kins i harles. II the only public
virtue extant in ; rrnent was presui: to
reside In the breasts of the paid sniberm They
were known as "the ncorruptlben." They were
held to rank with salaried iudge?. and the
Jurl «onsult3 of the epoch were unaulr. In
declaring that "th*» Impartiality of representa
tives was protected from outside Influences hy
the receipt of a small independence.
V.'th retard to th^ removal of the. bras.* *riU
which conceals from view the presence of the
women up in th>< gallery, it may be stated that
the Kagllsh House of imnSJ is the only par
liament In the worl.l that treats the. fair Ml in
this altogether OrU tal fashion. It dates from
the rly pj»rt of th« last century, when, rc
cording to the historians of th.> time, the rele
gation of women to this jrrnted gallery was ren
l-i..1 ■ >lutely Imperative by the manner in
which women not only Invaded the floor of th*
Moose, but actually Interfered with the pro^r.**
"f the debates. la the eighteenth century there
wpr,. froijuent ca^-s of women Bitting bt-slda
tatora, and they did not h 'sltate to lavish
all their •.-•■• upon the roseeptlhla poli
ticians when It cum to winning a vote. Appar«
j ently, the members of the House of Lords are
leas pron* to succumb to the temptations of the
fair. Tor women, provided they happen to be
erln* and 'antitoxin.' Various Duplications. m
cluding The Educational Review.' of which
President Nicholas Murrav But>r is editor, use
the twelve simplified sp-Ilinjcs adopted by thw
Natlon.il Education Association.
BRANDER MATTHEWS IN EARNEST.
"Ore of the first thln-3 we mean to do Is te>
print a list of three hundred of the commonest
of these words havinsj two spellings rugglws;
for acceptance and ark the frWr-ds of the causa
to accustom thsmaafvea to simpler fcrn.s. If I
could get half of the pap«rs of the United -t\t«s
la the next five years to use our s:r.;plMicd list,
I should feel that we had secured excellent s*
sults. One of th© sr.Mt things Mr. Carr.esle
has Jone by gathering this board about him.
containing so many distinguished sassx is te>
give the movemen: an impetus and authority
that no former movement has ever had. It wtU
force people to think about the subject, and
the BDOre they think tho more clearly will they
see that the arguments against a slow and
steady simplification of our spring by the
gradual dropping out of useless letters have
very Utfle w.ight. T; one real objection Is the
prejudice in favor of the spelling to which each,
one of us Is accustomed. Now. tne force of
rrejudke is strong, and it will be hard to over
come, but after all it Is prejudice and not reav
scn.
"Our commercial rivals, the Germans, hava
recently been simplifying their language, *I
though it wa» better than ours before. Th«
Italians simplified theirs a century ago. and
have a:i absolutely phonetic language to-day.
The French have Just made a change, and yet
French orthography was never so chaotic or
.ihsur-i as ours.
"Dr. Johnson was «i pestilent fellow. He knew
very little a lout the nisiory of the English lan
guage. and his decision as to English orthog
raphy often reveaii hla Ignorance of the early
history of the tongue. We have had the Old
Man of the Sea on our backs long: enough.
"Ther is far less change needed than j^-ople
think. The bulk of th" words derived from
tirr-^k, like promnaent, biology, experiment, eco
nomic. are spelled with substantially phonetio
accuracy. Those words will probably remain.
To-day, however, we spell fantasy and fancy
with an f. and phnnjom with ph. although ail
were derived from the saniu Greek root. While
the longer words of Greek origin are fairly satis
factory, fo are th^ moii' syllabic words from the)
Anglo-Saxon, such as and. send, find, etc. They
will need no change.
"Haggard caid thnt th^ spelling of Shakespeare
was goc.d enough for him. That Implies that he
never opened the Fir?»t Folio. He would have
found there such spellings a« center. Hand, rime,
the simplified spellings proposed to-day. Our
spelling to-day is a compromise arrived at by
tho printers and publishers of London early la
the eighteenth century, men ordinarily Ignorant
of tho history of the language."
WORLD LANGUAGE NEEDED.
"What about English as a world language?"*
Professor Matthews was asked.
"Everybody feels tht» need of a world lan
gxiage," he replied. "Enarllsh is now spoken aa
a native tongue by more people than speak th«
French and German taken together, and th»
number Is growing more rapidly. It bids fair ta
be the world langua-; not from any merits of
its own, but simply b.. causa tho race that sptaks
it Is energetic, expanding and colonizing. But
It has merit3 of its own which would fit it to be>
a world language, for It has shed moat of the>
grammatical complexities which cumber other
tongues. It is a very easy language to learn by
word of mouth. It become* difficult only when
tha learner discovers that the printed symbols
fall trt rnrr<>«iinnd to tile sOUlltls- In OtbjS" word*,
tha handicap of the English language Is its In
consistent and unscientific orthography.
"We axe not innovators, but accelerators, of a
movement which has been going on from the)
beginning.
"The way in which advertisers have been.
making up words on the phonetic principle haa
been of great advantage. It draws attention to
the necessity of accepted spelling, and we look
for great help, not only from advertisers, but
from practical business men. I received a letter
a day or two ago from a very important manu
facturing concern asking for a list of simplified
spellings. They asked for the list, saying that
they purposed to adopt It In their correspond
ence in order to save time and money. It is cu
rious that the English speaking race, which
prides Itself on being practical and . uslnesslike
and common-sense, should have been so long
satisfied with an unbusinesslike orthography,
which violates all principles of .nmmon sense."
From the point of view of th© publisher, Henry
Holt, a m.mber of the executive committee)
of the board, said that millions of dollars
could be saved by simplified spelling. "It la
estimated." he said, "that the savins' would
txi $ir>.«x «>,«>»> a year In this country. I thinlc
this is a conservative estimate. The next
step of the board probably will be to make 8>
definite estimate of the saving which can b«
obtained. I do not think th© proposed change*
will startle the people. Last fa!l I published a
new edition of a well known rman grammar.
In tho Knglidb part I used the twelve spellings
adopted by the Xational Educatl >nal Assocla
tion. I have not heard, a word from any ona
übout it. 1 n:n ready to go as far in the us*
of simplified spelling as the educational associa
tion recommends. Ido not think it would »io t<»
ehrui<e words which appeal to the emotions or
reason. If I wer» writing a letter of condolence
I would not spell death, 'deth.' "
the wives or the daughters of pe-rs. are allowed
to s'.t in the body of the House, that Is to say.
upon the members/ seats), wMle women of less
exalted rank are relegated to the galleries, which
are. however, open to the view of the entire
House. Nor has there ever been ar.y complaint
of interference by the women present wtfh the
business of the House in the Gilded Chamber.
Although there are several >mbers of the new"
administration, notably Lord Tweedmouth, who
arc not merely active supporter*, but IWwISJBJ
ardent champions, el female -uffrage and cf
women's rights, yet the Prime Minister. Sir
Henry bell-Banm rmann. a canny Scot, la
the debate about the matter the other day pro
fessed himself disinclined eiih. to remove the
Prntingr or to a>hnit women to the various gal*
leries on the same terms as men. adding that, ia
his opinion, a np\v Hssjm with an unusual pro
portion of new members, devu- of know'edga
of the clrrumJtn.r.CM that had ljd to the rdega
tion of the women t;> the grated gallery, wu
<iult«* lnoomp«nent to deal with the problem.
Curiously en'-unh. he is supported in this matter
by that veteran politician. Henry Labouohere,
who, although no longer In Parliament, las: year
ted strongly asalnst a ;iy resaewml i>f the
screen In front of the women's gallery *n4
against the admission of women to other parts of
the Huust-. In a most amusing speech he Insisted
that th< sigh) >>f be.vity above would diaorgantsa
and disturb the min.is of members b#lt»w to that
they would not be able to debate quietly, while
he trembled «• the \ji paptel of a return to old
time condition*. .>. t\,".\ woiTi-'n were admitted ta
the door of tho House. He asked Parliament to
picture to Itself ' ladies and gentlemen seated
together. f.>r Instance, on the treasury bench,
in'. . . hugu^r-tiiiiifs^r togfthor." He was an old
man. It would not affect him. U<* was speaking
out of sympathy fT the yooag m*n a that
HauM He would not willingly submit them to
rod) a temptation. Il there w.is a beautiful
woman on each *ide of a yoong maaj urging
him to vote on some pubiu- or private bill, and
saying "Oh! do vote tor this," ho was afraid the
honorable member wuuld succumb. He entreated
the House to avert as far as possible any such
risk of petticoat government. EX-ATTACHH.
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