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ONE OF THE SITTING BUDDHAS FROM A
A WONDERFUL TEMPI. i:.
Boro Bocdoer Most Stupendous
Ruin in Java.
Boro Boedoer Is about three hundred and fifty
miles southeast of Batavia and is the location
net only of the most stupendous ruin In Java,
but of 'i ruin which ranks scarcely second to the
gnat pyramids of Egypt Alfred Russel Wallace
says of this ruined temple: "The amount of
human labor expended on the great pyramids of
Egy; t -iiiks into insignificance w*>en compared
witt that required to complete this sculptured
hill-temple in the Interior of Java. 1 '
This wonderful temple under the equat ir was
A PORTION OF THE SCULPTURE 1 >l THE BORO BOEDOER TEMPLE.
NhW-YOKK DAILY iKIKIM:. SI'NDAY, AIC.IST 7k MMHi.
erected In th« eighth and ninth centuries; It does
not. however, surpass nor equal the pyramids in
massive masonry. It covers an ar*-a f.f about
nine acres and towers above the surrounding
plain IJiO feet. A comparison can scarcely be
based on height or area covered: one is a pyra
mid and the other Is a temple; thf fornv-r w.s
constructed to outlast millenniums, "the latter
was built and decorated In honor of the irreat
Gantama. As the pyramids surpass the Vih ira
in height and area and everlasting monoliths.
so will the temple surpass fh^ Egyptian monu
ments In decorative elaboration— in its thre*»
miles of alto and bass reliefs and in its hundreds
of statues. While the ruins of this temple in
Java are marvellous In their extent, they ar
more marvellous in the incomprehensible amount
of artistic labor requisite for the miles <»f his
torical and allegorical sculptures, which FVrgu
son the authority on Oriental architecture, says
"are complicated and refined beyond any ex
amples known in India."
AT/./;.S V.tL.tV KI\(.IH>M
( :,tim.r,| fr,.n. |!..rl |. .c •
seethed around Its borders, and all thf-s»- have
been incidents not in the career of an empire
maker, but the everyday life of a matter-of
fact business man.
In the case of John Orr is given, perhaps, the
finest example In all the Orient of what one lone
man, a white man at that, can d«> with the
Malay. Orr*s power over his people is really
more autocratic than that of the Czar of Russia.
yet he wields it wisely. His remarkable admin
istration has never been characterized by a dis
play of the martinet. Here is a man who, whin
90 per ctnt of all the carabao in AmLos Cama
rines province died of rinderpest, did not lose a
single head. When the insurrection came on h»
did not have a single man desert to join either
of the contending armies. When the people lay
stricken with cholera and fever throughout the
province there was not one case of the cholera
in Orr's kingdom, and wh-jn the famine came
on his people were happy, busy, contented and
When Orr went to the Philippines he waa a
youngr mechanic fiesh from a long service ol
apprenticeship in the machine shr>ps of Glasgow.
Like most of the Scotchmen from Aden to
Yokohama, he was a marine ensinetr. He
shipped as second engineer on a freighter bound
for Hong Kong. He went to the Philippines to
set up a saw mill. Thinking well of the country,
he accepted a place as superintendent of a large
timber cutting on the southern peninsula of
Luzon. For six years John Orr held forth In
Southern Tayoabas province, then he moved still
further south to a new cutting, -with headquar
ters at Binabian In Ambos Camarines province.
There were few who could make the natives
work as he could, and there were fewer still
who got their huge looT"""
hungry sawmlHs. Soeverm?*
Orrs kingdom- in^aZ^^J
until at last It warhedaSi^J
I!ay from Octoe Point »• n? 11 *^
raun on tho south. There » "**»
densely forested PrPe n w£?s*",
int ° the blue .sea. and th/n?***
into the back country fc r "■*«•,
as far aa the Umber reirt, Or "fe
that hides valleys with grwit*^ 1
and dozens of half w^^Ci:
the simple woodmen of tST^ 1
Eight years ago, when Orr f^ 1^
paon, the people of that retfon. -<
built in trees. With OrrW?
*• ion)* x
to square the logs, a
ciyUbation. With him there e» :
the Tagalog racr who ,po ke t^*^ ;
leet of the Philippine. zai «*i
teach these Bicols, which wVi.™* 1
people who lived in tho trees
tion as they knew, and a morVt^
of livin- as the, kn.-w it. I^^*
of civilization, they interpret^ V*
Once a man bought the wife 0; '*
for the woman twenty pesQ8 * 5*
money), a contract of «r a i harh.
between the parties. The former^T
arated and the woman Wen t to^ ;
to use a 1,-sal term, but afltt ,
woman returned to her former k*'
RUIN OF THE GREAT BUDDHIST 79
man who had pail twenty pesos was g
He went to Orr. He stated the ami
And now he wanted at ■ ast ten peasi
he hail purchased the woman for ths B
life and six had been with him but to
"What, man!" cried John Orr. "A:
buying and scl!ini: women like so c—
Yer moral conscience tells ye it's *ro^
gie ye a bil ••:" a drubbing:"
At another time a man wanted i
marry another man's wife. This was r
a local nati justice of the peace r.
no better, and Mr. Orr had to ei;ii:
justice that he had exceeded his po*--'
joker sent this license to Spain, ite
widely repul ■•
The story of Johr. Orr's life tn the ?
would furnish material for a troche?
ening to those who express grave do:.
whether the white man can get alor;
torily with Filipino later. In M.^
body ada that American firs* -
great success in the emvloymea: <•
work and some huge enterj-riss
of dock building-, marine engineerig C
railv. construction have been P u:ir _
isfactorily and profitably with VBF
But this, it Is argued, i* in Maa%?
Filipino has been associated with St»
Chinamen for three hundred years. &
something from them"; he gets bet:-*:
of course, he work.? well; he isstroE?:-
I intelligent thai the native in the f« c