MILLIONS FOR RESERVE
Minnesota Commissioners Would
Put Guard on lmnrance Surpluses.
St. PMI ah* 24.— Millions win be held In re
kßßjsj i t (he peUcyholders of life Insurance com
piLr.irs and th* cost of Insurance will be matertallv
lowered IT a bill, approved by the State Insurance
Commission*!* at their session to-day, meets with
■a*, approval of th* various state legislatures next
Th* bUL which requires an annual apportlon-
BBSBj and accounting of surplus of life Insur
ance companies as adopted to-day. It Is main
tained by many of the commissioners, strikes at
th* root of all the evil of life insurance, by hold
!r.£ officers of such companies accountable for
th* enormou* surplus funds accumulated under
the fl*firtiil dividend contracts.
Th* Mil provides that "every life insurance com
■■ Jay conducted on the mutual plan, or In which
■•hVijiinliTirs are entitled to share In the profits
or surplus, shall make an annual apportionment
and accounting of divisible surplus to each policy
holder, h— lnninr on or before the second policy
year, or on all participating policies hereafter is
sued; and each such pollcyholder shall be entitled
to and be credited with or paid In a manner pro
vided, such a portion of the entire divisible surplus
mm ha* been contributed thereto by his policy."
Th* report of the committee on misrepresenta
tions, including: the draft of a bill, was approved.
The draft as presented to-day included the follow
ing Important section:
No life Insurance corporation, officer, director or
naent shall issue or circulate any estimate, illus
tration, circular or statement In any part mis
representing the terms of any policy Issued by It.
er the benefits or advantages promised or th*
dividends or shares of surplus to be received
thereon; nor shall any company use any title of
policy er class of policies misrepresenting the true
nature thereof .
FISH job: TKUSTEi:.
■■'Name Often Mentioned for Place on
Tbe p""t of Stuyvesart Fish, it was learned yes
terday, ha* been mentioned frequently as an "op
position* - nominee and possible president of the
Mutual Life at Joint conferences of the Interna
tional pollcyholders' executive committee and the
nominating committee of the Mutual Life Policy
holders' Association. Many of the conferrees, it Is
said, (eel that the nomination of men of the type
of Mr. Fish, -with a clear record and a thorough
knowledge of life Insurance, would materially
•trengthen the opposition ticket. Whether the ex
member of the Truesdale housecleaning committee
Would accept the nomination could not be learned.
It in said that Mr. Fish's nomination would have
In view his succession to the presidency of the
The International committee's recent statement
that no committeeman would be a nominee was
thought to dispose effectively of the report printed
yesterday that ex-Judge Parker was slated for the
presidency should the- committee's ticket (succeed.
>»o authoritative confirmation of the report could
be obtained yesterday that a third "independent
committee is now in the field waiting to Indorse
eligible men nominated by the International com
mittee and the association.
NEW LAWS SEPTEMBER 1.
Three Armstrong Insurance Acts
Will Take Effect on That Day.
Albany. Aug. 24 (Special).— Thlrty-flve laws en
ectcd by the Legislature last winter will go into
effect September 1. For the most part these new
statutes are amendments to the civil and crim
inal codes. It being the custom to begin the en
forcement of code amendments on that date.
Three of these new laws are a part of the insur
ance legislation recommended by the Armstrong
committee. One addition to the penal code re
lates to contradictory statements under oath. It
provides that guilt of perjury Ehall be established
M one baa sworn :to anything contrary to any
nth or statement in his testimony.
Another amendment relates to rebates and al
lowances by Ufa Insurance companies. It provides
that any person knowingly receiving a rebate
lrom a premium as an Inducement to take a life
Insurance policy is guilty of a misdemeanor.
A third relates to the misconduct of officers ant
employes of corporations. It renders liable to a
penalty a person who "makes err concurs in making
any falsa entry or omission of any material entry
in its books or statements."
One of the laws which will take effect September
3 is the Donobue act, making It a misdemeanor i
to refuse to admit tho State Commissioner or a !
person authorized by him to a tunnel for purposes i
The Miller act prohibiting the building or opera
tion of a racetrack within four miles of a court
house, excepting county agricultural associations,
also takes effect.
Another of tho penal code amendments is th<s
Santee act, relating: to the fraudulent usr of the
name or title oi secret fraternities. Senator Brack
ett's amendment to the iit.nui code to prevent the
tapjilns ut gaepipea or electric wires is :Uso
In the list.
Among the other laws which will go into effect
On September 1 Is one giving a captain or ser
geant in charge of a police station power to
parole a prisoner on his promise to appear in court
the next day. in mil where conviction would
render the person liable to Imprisonment for thirty
days or less.
A law which will go Into effect September SO
provides thai on that date the control of th«
Eastern Reformatory for Boy*, at Napanoch. shall
jMf-s to a state board of managers for reforma
tories. The institution Is at piesent under a war
den. It was this position that the late Jacob
Sn»I! liria at the time of hip death. Th 2 manage
ment of the. Kimlra Reformatory is vested In the
READY FOR TOURNAMENT.
Expert Marksmen Will Gather at
Sea Girt To-morrow.
Bern Girt, Auk. 24 <Bpcc:al).— General Spencer, as
executive officer of the match*" of the National
Rifle Association and of the New Jersey State Rifle
Association, has r*oolv*d numerous entries for the
•Wimbledon Tup. tie L#*eh Cup. the Hale match
and the other Individual matches. From advices
hat Qeaeral Spencer hat* received regarding the
movements of th» various rifle teams the ma
jority of them will be here by Sunday Blent. The
Unit match, on Monday, the Columbia trophy
match, does not interest any of the organizations
outside of New Jersey.
The ranjj« efflcers, many of whom hay* been de
tailed from the New iercey regiment*, will have
tfceir camp north of th* office of the rifle practice
department. Th* camp wan completed to-day, and
most of the range officers will arrive to-morrow.
The coll*fre men. *nme of whom will bo retained
her* In different capacities*, will be camped west of
the range officers. . 1
There will b* a t<"nt conducted by the Young
Men's Christian Association again this year, *>*» for
•everal season* past. Two young men will b« In
charge of tiie tent, and the usual courtesies will be
extended to the visiting riflemen. The riflemen
round the tent useful last year, and It is expected
ft will be patronized liberally tills year.
ICE COMPANY WOULD BUY NAMESAKE.
fßy Telesrmph to The Tribune 1
Baltimore. Aug. 2<.— The Knickerbocker Ice Com
pany of Chicago Is after the Knickerbocker Com
pany, en Independent concern of Baltimore. J. J.
Fanning, representing Chicago Interest!?. In here
conducting negotiations. He denies rumors that ha
represents the American Ice Company. John W.
McKinnon is president and tho largest stockholder
In the Chicago company, but is not yet connected
with th« Baltimore company. About (450.0 Mls In
volved In the pending deal. The Baltimore company
some time a .to acquired th'? Hammond company, of
this city, and also the Maine Ice Company, which
Import* ice from Main- and has stations on th«
AN APPEAL FOR CHARITY.
The Charity Organization Society appeals for
$59 to pay for the return of an Austrian widow and
one child to her native land, where a brother offers
Co care 'or Bar. She lust her husband and twelve
children, and now finds herself, at fifty, un
able, through 111 health, to make a living. Her
household goods hi.v© been sold, but the small
amount realized is not sufficient to defray the ex
pense of transportation to Vienna. Any money
for this cat* sent to tb* Charity Organization fco
cmr. No. 106 East 22d street, will bo publicly ac-
Tie society acknowledges with thanks the fol
lowing contributions received in response to recent
•.L-8...6: "Montclalr. N. J.. * Mrs. F. M. Warburg
•aSTXTK. 8.. Vffi each: C. M. H.. $80: Mr*. Robert
F^.jrwick. »»: Miss Mary T. Oarley. $25; Mr--.
Hartman Kuhn, $»: Mrs. Charles H. Coster, G. T.
Train. Al6>n SI. Youisk and 8. ■ Nelleon. HO tuci :
K. T.. 55; Mm. Sarah 12. Pier. A. I>. H. and Mm.
y.ary B. Surdam. 55 each; M. A.. 14; Marguerite
Vr., Mrs. r, i. ;; M ie 6, O. /v. and "ITiist Orasre/'
J/J?.V. BROWN DISCHARGED.
Fight Follows Release of Mrs. Vcr
■ Mrs. Brown had her day yesterday in the
stormy period through which she and Mrs. Blna
Verrault have been passing since some of those
who had answered their matrimonial advertise
ments turned on them recently.
Mrs. Brown was discharged by Magistrate
Crane in the West Side court "when she was ar
raigned on toe charge of stealing laces valued
at $300 from a Syrian, Abdulla Habeeb, and
later had a receiver appointed for her by Justice
Seabury in the City Court, after being examined
in supplementary proceedings.
Magistrate Crane held that the charge of grand
larceny against the woman was not proven, and
ruled that she had simply been unable to keep
the agreement she had entered into for the pay
ment for the lace.
Mrs. Brown's lawyer. Charles O. Maaa, offered
in evidence a piece of paper alleged to have been
signed by the Syrian, agreeing to accept pay
ment at the rate of $75 a month. The Syrian
denied having signed the paper, but, Magistrate
Crane, after comparing it with the acknowledged
writing of Habeeb, ruled that the writing was
the same, and thereupon ordered Mrs. Brown's
After Mrs. Brown left the court her "butter,"
Gregory Allen, got into a fight with the Syrian
on the sidewalk, and both men were arrested.
The Syrian had attempted to serve papers In a
civil suit on Mrs. Brown.
Charles La Rue, counsel for Frank J. Wei ten.
a butcher of No. 24UD Broadway, who obtained
a judgment for $1,010 against Mrs. Brown some
time ago, examined her in supplementary pro
ceedings yesterday morning. She swore that
she had no more than S3 in money, and that her
personal property consisted only of a couch,
two beds and some clothing. She was asked
about the lace, and replied that she had given
some of it away, and was having the rest
cleaned to return to the dealer. Habeeb.
Justice Seabury appointed Walter B. Walker
to act as receiver for Mrs. Brown, to seek out
any assets she may have and to administer them
for the benefit of the creditors.
drove off avto thieves
Home of Employe of Oyster Bay
The burglars who have recently been doing
business with an automobile In Nassau County
paid a visit early on Thursday morning to the
home of Harry Hayward, an employe of the
Oyster Bay Bank, who lives in East Norwich,
and escaped In their car as Hayward, roused by
his young son. blaxed away at them with a re
Two of the thieves, of whom there were five in
all, climbed up Into the room of young Gordon
Hayward and awakened him by flashing an
electric light in his face. The boy screamed and
so aroused his father.
The authorities of Nassau County seem to be
at a losg to account for tho Invariable escape of
the thieves after their raids. The last seen of
them after their latest escapade was by a milk
man. He is said to have seen thorn on the way
to Oyster Bay, where the Secret Service men
who surround the President are keeping a sharp
lookout. An automobile party of five men spent
the early part of Wednesday night at a road
house near the Hayward home, and it is sup
posed to be this party which attempted to rob
It is believed that Sheriff Glldersleeve and
District Attorney Coles will take to roaming the
roads of the county In a car themselves, but they
would say nothing of their plans yesterday.
COMMENT OVER ARMORY.
Colonel Bates Still Silent on Use by
The announcement published In The Tribune yes
terday morning that the 71st Regiment Armory Is
being used at present by over a half dozen thea
trical companies for rehearsal, with the sanction
of the officers of the regiment, caused considerable
unfavorable comment yesterday from both city of
ficials and officers of regiments. It was said that
while the State of New York is the legal custodian
of the armory, such use of company rooms In
an armory is unheard of and without precedent.
Adjutant General Nelson H. Henry is the officer
in command of all the armories of the state, with
Major General Charles F. Roe. commander of the
National Guard, second In command. Colonel Will
iam G. Bates of the 71st Regiment Is in immediate
command of his own armory, being responsible only
to the officials named.
Acting Mayor McGowan. In speaking of the per
mission being granted, said that it was news to him
and that he had never heard of such a thing before.
"I am certainly sure," he said, "that the com
panies never received any permission from the Ar-
I mory Board. I never heard of such a thins. Armo
ries, after having been accepted, are really under
slate control. But If permission for such rehearsals
| was desired, while the state would grant the per
mission, undoubtedly the courtesy would bo shown
the Armory Board to co-operate with the Adjutant
"There was a case some months ago when various
persons desired to lease the 69tH Regiment Armory
lor a food show. The Armory Board still had
control at that time, as the armory had never been
formally accepted. We considered the request and
refused It. as we found there was no right or law
to allow such lease."
Colonel Bates again refused to discuss the mat
ter yesterday. The companies continued to re
hearse at the armory. The passireby were so In
terested yesterday In the unusual use of a regi
mental armory that they stood in groups listening
to the singing and watching Hie drilling of ballets
. and various Intricate marches.
; Adjutant General Henry was not in the city yes
; terday, but is expected to-day. General Hoe was
I also away from the city. It is understood that
Colonel Bates. in command of the regiment, did not
' get official sanction from the state authorities, but
granted permission on his own resppnaibillty. This
; was done, it is said, as no pay is being: received
, for the urn of the company rooms, the only under
! standing being a reciprocal feeling between regi
: ment and players, in which the actors will contrib
: ute to an entertainment at the armory in October,
; when the armory is formally dedicated.
COLLEGE FOR FIREMEN.
Such Is Fire Commissioner's Plan —
Asks $6,000,000 Bonds.
The establishment of a "firemen's college" in
this city is the novel recommendation of Fire Com
missioner O'Brien in his latest report to the Mayor
about department affairs. He asks that $250,000 be
appropriated for the college and suggests that a
suitable site for it can be found either in The
Bronx or In Richmond.
Mr. O'Brien cays that the needs of the department
have outgrown the school of instruction at Fire
Headquarters, in East 67th street, where young
firemen on probation have been taught the use of
scaling ladders and life-saving appliances, and
that the department now needs a larger school,
where the beginners can have a regular course of
Instruction to fit them to be good firemen. His rec
ommendations do not include the hiring of outside
professors or the conferring of any degrees on
With the report was made public yesterday a
letter of the Comlssloner to the Mayor, recommend
ing an Issue of $6,000,000 of bonds, the money to be
•pent for Fire Department improvements within
three years. For a new fire alarm telegraph ser
vice alone, the Commissioner says, $2,000,000 will be
required. It has been found, he says, that a new
fire alarm service is needed for the city. He wants
to spend $100,(iOO a year also for placing fire alarm
wires underground In part* of the city where over
head wires row have to be used.
For new buildings, with their site*. Mr. O'Brien
wants 51.0Q0.CU>. He alia wants $400,000 for new
buildings on sites already owned by the city, and
$200,000 for alterations to old buildings. Included
In the Commissioner's requests also are $300,000 for
new tire apparatus. f3OO.OU> for new hose and $000,
006 for an increase of the uniformed force.
■ The report shows that there were 8,729 fires in
the city which required the attention of the firemen
in ISO 3. The loss by ail the fires amounted to
15.271.955. The Insurance on the properly affected
amounted to flCl ..',41,501.
DIVORCE FROM ACTRESS GRANTED.
It was learned yesterday that Justice MucLean,
of the Supreme Court, on Tbi£f!sd&y granted an in
terlocutory decree of divorce In the suit for abso
lute divorce brought by Mark T. Lovett against
his wife, Josephine, who play* Die It-tiding part in
"The Lion and tiie Mouse" at the Lyceum Theatre.
Tr.ts <■!•-•• elves the custody of a. nine-year-old
„,,. to the father, and provides, further that tba
mother shall m-kc no effort to tan the child nor to
interfere with. Wa t-'ucaUca. . — -^-- •■-
NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SATI KDAY. AUOUST 25. 1906.
TAG'URT POKER CHIPS.
Sporting Implement* To lie Used in
Indianapolis. Aug. =3 (Special).— hun
dred poker chips bearing: the well known trade
mark of Tom Taggart's "Pluto" springs water are
In the hands of the Republican county chairman
of Indiana, and will be distributed to the speakers
this fall. Of course, they are to be exhibited a3
evidence that Taggart was Interested in the gam
bling that has tieen so long openly carried on at
French Lick. for. an proprietor of the hotel and
chief owner of the stock of the company, he has
had entire control of all business matters, and
the advertisement of the "Pluto" spring has been
depended upon for attracting people to the resort.
By putting the trademark on the poker chips,
which the Republican orators are expected to ex
hibit at their meetings, Taggart Is assumed to have
admitted a right to do so, and therein shown to
the world that he was financially interested In the
gambling for which they were used at the resort.
The Democrats do not intend to make any de
fence of Taggart's connection with the French
Lick gambling rooms, but seem disposed to ignore
the fact that the casino was raided and the gam
bling paraphernalia confiscated by tho state. In
fact, In view of the report of State Auditor Blgler,
who notified Taggart of the violations of law at
the resort, it would bo folly to enter any denial,
but It will be attempted to show that, admitting
that gambling was going on. Taggart took steps
to stop it as soon as he was apprised of the fact.
As a counter attack upon the Republicans the
Democrats are preparing to charge that Governor
Hanly knew that ejectment proceedings had been
Instituted, and, fearing that the gamblers would be
dispossessed before political capital could be made
out of the existing conditions, he and Attorney
General Miller organized the raid and simultane
ously, Instituted the proceedings which sought to
annul the charter of the company.
But whatever may be the attitude of the two
parties toward the question of gambling at French
Lick, there can be no doubt that the Democrats
feel that they have lost greatly on account of the
exposure. In every county in the state there are
men who have been ranked as the supporters of
Taggart who are now demanding that he refrain
from any active participation in the campaign.
Many of these believe that It would be to the ad
vantage of the party if he would resign me na
tional chairmanship, but they admit that such a
step would be terribly humiliating, and they do not
join their voices to the few .vho are demanding
The sentiment that is now so antagonistic to
Taggart is not confined to liie Democrats, who are
identified with the moral reforms that are in prog
ress in Indiana. These, of course, are of one
mind regarding the evils that attend upon his
further connection with the party, but outside of
them there Is a large class of practical politicians
who would be glad if Taggart would step down and
out, and give the party a chance to select a na
tional chairman who would not be hampered as he
While there has been a remarkable change In
Democratic sentiment regarding Taggart in the
last six months, there has been quite as remark
able a change in respect to the point of view from
which the campaign in Indiana Is seen. Before
the raid on the French Lick and West Baden
casinos the party lead mid the rank and file
were full of confidence. It was believed that nalns
would be made In the Congressional delegation, thai
Democratic state officers would be elected, and
that the lower house of the Legislature would cer
tainly be Democratic, and largo Inroads made upon
the Republican majority in the State Senate.
Doubt has succeeded to this con:ldence, and even
among the sanguine it is having the effect of
dampening their ardor, and to some extent curbing
In the counties where there are pronounced ma
jorities tho leaders do not expect any marked effect
upon the party, but in the Republican counties the
Democrats seem to have gone to pieces over the
Taggart developments, and It Is th3re that the
sentiment against him is most pronounced.
Both parties will take the sixty-day poll on Sep
tember 1, and the Democratic leaders are looking
forward with much Interest to its showing. Two
years ago the first poll showed a Republican ma
jority of 43.000 In the state, and in November it
reached 52.000 at the polls. If the poll shows a
substantial return of Democrats to the fold this
year and the Republican majority In the state is
cut to 20.000 or 25,00!), the leaders will feel that there
Is at least a show for carrying the state with a
popular Presidential candidate in 1908. All work
Is now really preliminary to the campaign of two
years hence, and the Republicans and Democrats
both are to make the flght this year with their eyes
anxiously fixed on the future.
TP.IFD TO WRECK TROLLEY CAR
One Hundred and Fifty Women and Children
Returning from Beach in Danger.
An attempt was made yesterday afternoon in
broad daylight to wreck a Rockaway trolley car
loaded with women and children. The effort
failed by a narrow margin, and most of the pas
sengers did not know their danger. The reason
for making the attempt is shrouded In mystery,
as robbery must have been entirely out of th«
question. Some of the officials of the company
Operating the line believe boys did It.
The trolley car was carrying nearly one hun
dred and fifty persons from the beach at Far
Rockaway to Jamaica when it ran into a cleverly
arranged obstruction near Springfield. An Iron
tod about four feet long had been wedged In the
track in such a manner as to be difficult to dis
tinguish from northbound cars. The motorman
failed to see the rod until his car was within a
very short distance. In the belief that the
weight of the car might overcome the resistance
of the obstruction he put on full speed. The car
smashed its way through the obstruction and
littlo damage was done. A movement in nearby
bushes showed some one was hiding. Deep
ditches flank the tracks.
One of the three ex-Presldenta of the Argentine
Republic who died recently, promptly following
each other to the grave— Quintano. Bartolomeo
Mitre and Pellegrini— will soon have a monument
erected in his honor, mainly through the efforts of
foreigners In the capital. Tlie 'Standard -1 of
Buenos Ayres. says that the committee Intrusted
with the execution of the bust of the late Lieuten
ant General and President. Don Ita.ru>loineo Mitre
to which so many hundreds of the British commu
nity subscribed, with the object of placing it in
Prince George's Hall, as a permanent tribute on the
part of the British resident in Argentina to bin
memory, has confided the work to an Argentine
sculptor. Tiw committee waa In consultation with
Emilio Mitre, representing the Mitre family, with
regard to the form in which the lineaments of the
deceased statesman were to be represented.
In the republic of Paraguay the date of August
86, 1906, was chosen for the election in the districts
of the Presidential and Vice-Presidential electors.
These men will meet on September 25 # to proceed to
iho election of the President and the Vice-President
of the republic. Apropos of Paraguay, its govern
ment, at whose head Is President Cecilto Baer. n
doctor and well known diplomatist, as well as a
literary man famous in Latin America, has given
one more evidence of friendly esteem of the United
States by sending there four young men to be edu
cated In North American establishments. They
do not speak English yet. but they are living with
American families, where they will learn the lan
guage quickly, for they have already received a
good education In their country and are Intelli
gent. These young men will stay for two or three
years in the T'nited States, and will then return to
occupy official positions in Paraguay. Two of them
will etuily agronomy and the veterinary art; an
otner, commerce and mercantile affairs in general
and the fourth one, civil engineering. Next re&r
the Paraguayan government will send six or eight
young men to the United States. Students from
Asuncion and other towns of Paraguay are kept at
the expenee of their country In German, French
and other educational establishments in Europe
It would have been considered as next to im
possible that church profanations could occur in
such a religious land as is Latin America. Still,
In the Republic of Colombia, which has been so
much mentioned lately In the newspapers, on ac
count of the quarrel between President General
Reyes ana Mr. Mendoza, his former minister at
Washington, a great scandal has be-on occasioned
by a daring robbery committed in a sacred build-
Ing. It was in the Cathedral of Santa Mart a.
The burglar forced the doors of the temple and
took away a magnificent "ostensoir," which was
the finest Jewel and ornament of that church.
The. value of the object is considerable, for It is
adorned with a large number of big emeralds and
The government of Peru, like most of those In
Latin America, has sent to the United States and to
Europe aeveral young Peruvians to follow the
courses of universities, colleges, etc. It has also
for several years past Intrusted the instruction of.
its soldiers and officers to a French military com
mission, at the head of which was Colonel Clement,
detailed by the government at I'ariß. Peru has
just Rone further In its policy of giving a good
■leal of foreign teaching to Its Juvenile population.
Six weeks ago the steamer Cl*fll landed at <".illuu
six (i( iiaan professors engaged by special contract
with the government at Lima to "tako charge of
the direction and management of the national col-
IVkVS,'* -.. — - — ■ - - — ■ --~ — — — —- - ■»-■
• w -
f Interest TOTOMEN
A Speeialht's Search fnr Hare
Specimen* in Tropic Forests.
Few lovers of that beautiful and fantastic
flower, the orchid, have any idea of the terrible
dangers and hardships that are faced by those
who go into the wildest depths of tropic forests
In search of new and rare specimens. Bach is
the mission of Nelson E. Fraser, an orchid
specialist, the representative of an English firm
of florists, who arrived In New York this week
en route for Brazil and Ecuador, in whose for
ests rare specimens of the coveted blossoms are
to be found. Mr. Fraser, who is a brawny Scot.
6 feet 3 Inches in height, has visited every
tropical forest where orchids are to be found,
and has discovered several very rare specimens.
One of these he discovered in a native burial
place in New Guinea only a little more than a
year ago. under somewhat ghastly circum
"The cemetery was a kind of plateau among
the hills," eaid Mr. Fraser In an Interview at
the Ashland House, "and the bodies were simply
laid on the rocks till the bones were bleached in
the sun. I found the orchid rooted among the
bones, covering them with a mantle of gorgeous
"At first the natives refused tq allow the
relics of their ancestors to be disturbed, but a
liberal supply of mirrors and tinsel ornaments,
which I had purchased from a street vender
here In New Tork. at last modified their views
on the subject. Many of the plants could not
be torn off the bones, and one skull I removed
with an orchid firmly rooted in the brain cavity
and growing out of the Jaw."
Speaking of the hardships of orchid hunting;
Mr. Fraser said he had often had wounds all
over his body from the bites of the red spider
and other insects and from prickly brushwood.
"And even when the orchfcl has been found,"
he continued, "the task of getting it to Eng
land presents difficulties that are often in
superable. For example, a fine orchid is found
in a very out-of-the-way part of Colombia.
After being gathered the plant is wired to a
stick and nailed inside a box. These boxes are
conveyed on a Journey of several days to Bo
gota, whence another six days' Journey takes
them to Honda, where they are placed on rafts
and conveyed down the Magdalena River to
Bavanllla — a fortnight's Journey. There the
steamer is awaited. And when at last, after a
heavy outlay, the consignment reaches England,
quite half the specimens will be dead. In many
cases the whole of them will be too far gone
"Three years ago I sent to my firm in Eng
land from Colombia 2,700 valuable plants, and
of these only two survived the voyage. They
were sold for $40 each — not a high price when
one considers what they had cost.
"Owing to the extreme delicacy of some of the
species, and the necessity of protecting them
from sudden changes of temperature, it is often
necessary to hire the cabins on passenger
steamers for the accommodation of the orchids.
"When orchtde are first taken out of their
cases on arrival at their destination they look
sufficiently unpromising to the inexperienced
eye. Dry, shrivelled, and apparently lifeless. It
seems hardly possible that they will ever re
cover. By careful doctoring, however, they are
brought back to life.
"At the present day an orchid will generally
reach the flowering stage In about five years,
and until It flowers Its value Is entirely specu
lative. Its species is, In most cases, readily de
termined, but it may present some variation
which will greatly enhance its value. For ex
ample, a certain orchid with a purple flower
may be worth about a dollar, while an example
of the same species with a white flower would
bring $500. The value of a plant depends upon
its rarity and. novelty, even more than upon its
"On one occasion my firm sold an orchid of
a fairly common species for BO cents. When
it flowered. It turned out to be an entirely novel
variety, and the firm actually bought it back for
"Many of the most costly varieties of the
orchid now on the market," added Mr. Fraser.
"have been produced by artificial hybridization.
This method of cultivation is a rather exciting
speculation. It is a kind of Stock Exchange of
the horticultural world. Unexpected fortunes
await the fortunate hybrilirer who chances to
develop a novelty. But It is largely a matter
of chance, for you can never reckon with cer
tainty on the result of a cross between two
orchids. The same cross on two different occa
sions may result In the production of quite dif
ferent varieties, and as it takes some five years
before the new plant flowers you will see there
Is plenty of room for speculation.
"It must not be supposed that the orchid is
necessarily so expensive as to be beyond the
means of those of modest incomes. Rare and
novel species command extravagant prices, but
these are often not the most beautiful varieties,
and the rarities are always becoming common.
An orchid may fall from $2"iO to $1 within a
few years, and a consignment of seventy thou
sand plants may, in a single day, bring down
the price of a costly species."
••I wish. said the matron, "that some way could
be devised to give women vacations. Kvery summer
we hear wails about the poor men who have to
stay In th*» city while their wives flee to seashore
and mountain. But really it is the women who
never get any vacation. The dictionary defines a
vacation as 'Intermission of a stated employment.*
Now, what intermission of her stated employment
does the mother of a family ever get? She may
change her environment, but the same old cares and
worries are with her still. To a father the material
cares of a country cottage may be only an inter
esting diversion. It Is positively exhilarating to him
to go walking, or swimming, or fishing with the
children, of whom he sees comparatively little dur
ing his working days; but to the mother these
things are merely the same old grind. The only
way for her to secure an Intermission of her stated
employment Is to get away from her children, and
I have yet to learn how that can be accomplished.
But It "is not only mothers who cannot get any
rest. A woman's cares, whether she hi married
or single, pursue her everywhere. She can't even
get started on her vacation without a whole lot
of worry about clothes, and afterward she bus to
wear them. There is no wilderness so wild as to
let a woman escape altogether from the cares of
the toilet. Neither can she escape, unless she flees
altogether from boci<?ty. the obligation to be agree
able and entertaining. But who expects a man to
be agreeable when he Is tired?"
Women who can sail their own catboats along
the bays and coves of a summer resort are as
thick as Huckleberries in a Massachusetts pasture,
but women who have the nerve and the seamanship
to navigate a ship, on blue water to the other end
of the world are still scarce. Two cf the latter
will soon meat, however. If all goes well, at the
Crosettes. in the Indian Ocean. Both are married
women, and both, as luck would have It, are on
whalers. Mrs. Honor K. Karle. who has shipped
on her husband's whnllng bark as "assistant navi
gator," can sail the Charles W. Morgan about as
well as her husband, the Morgan's skipper. Mrs.
Horace Smith, the other woman navigator. Is now
on tho Crosettea whaling ground.
"That Watertown, N. V.. merchant who celebrated
the fiftieth anniversary of his entry into business
by opening a bank account for every boy an.l girl
between the ages of four and sixteen In th« city
of Watertown knew what he was about," said a
teacher the other day. "The habit of savins money
systematically has never been extolled particularly
by professional teachers of ethics, but it la doubt
ful, taking life as It comes to most men and
women, whether there is one of the more highly
extolled virtues that operated more for th« happi
ness and moral vanity of those who practise It
than tho prosaic quality Of thrift. This watertown
man will start each of his buy and girl fellow |
citizens In life with $1. Each of his bcaeSeiarto^
must deposit 10 cents a week for one year, at the
expiration of which time 31 extra will bi artdea to
the account. The account may then be withdrawn.
It Is expected that tbe habit formed by the weekly
deposits will be continued In after liie. IV ho can
say how many future Jay Goulds and Russell
Sages may not be learning their, first Iwwoos this
minute In Watertown?"
Red hatr Is at a premium In lowa Just bow. for
the county fairs all over tbe state have decided to
regard auburn tresses as an open sesame to their
precincts. The state fair management Is talking of
taking similar action, so by tbe time the fairs are
all over It was thought that the number of red
haired women in the ninety-nine counties will be
fairly well establish**. There Is gr*at rivalry be
tween the towns of Monroe and Shenandoah In the
matter. Monroe claiming to have ninety-seven red
haired maids and matrons out of a population of
•73. while Shenandoah has undertaken to produce
twice that number.
"How common It used to be. when a college girl
married, to hear people exclaim: 'What a pity
they wasted a college education on her!' " a mar
ried college woman waa saying the other day. "But
I haven't beard it lately so much, and maybe the
idea is slowly dying out. There was a time when
even the college graduate herself felt that her home
offered little scope for her acquirements in chem
istry, sociology and so on. She knows better now.
Besides, not a few married college women make
considerable money as a result of their coups*.
training. Many write, some are engaged as pro
fessionals In charity work, some teach in schools
and colleges, and others assist their husbands In
their professions. But the public and the college
graduate alike seem to have waked up to the fact
that the domestic career In Itself oners a wide
scope both for study and action."
DIARIES OF YOUNG GARDENERS
Soir.e Realistic Pictures as Drawn by Chil
dren in De Witt Clinton Par;.
These are breathless days In the famous farm
gardens In De Witt Clinton Park. The first crops
having bean harvested with passionate Joy by the
nearly five hundred young farmers who bad
brought them to maturity, the second crop has
now been planted, and tiny onions. Brussels sprouts
and beets are piercing the brown sell of the little
plots, from the pergola on the one hand to the
bathhouse on the other. Each child plants seven
vegetables in bis garden.
"Say. missis, can't I have one er them graves?"
demanded an earnest-eyed urchin of an official yes
They do look awfully like graves, those garden
plots, especially when a child sticks a little Ameri
can flag into the head of his, as one youngster did.
The children In that part of the city take It hard
ly when they fall to get a garden at the appor
tioning of the plots. Lawrence was on* of those
who grieved. For three' summers l*wtence sat on
the fence, asking pathetically at short Intervals.
"When kin I have a garden?"
They got so tired of Lawrence that they kept
driving him off. but he would always come back,
and at last, this summer, be became old enough
to receive a plot. He has a round moon face and
looks as If he didn't know beans, but that's a mis
take; he is one of the smartest youngsters la the
"I decided the garden had to be stiffened up this
summer," said Mrs. Henry Parsons, founder of
the gardens, "so I gave out some rules and said
to the children: 'Now. I'm going to throw the re
sponsibility of keeping these on you. There are 472
of you; that's too many to watch. Bach of you
must write these rules on the front page of your
diary, and then you must see that you keep them.'
"The rules are: 'Honesty, truthfulness, courtesy,
justice.' No second tag will be given out If you
lose your tag you lose your plot. Don't forget
"It Is wonderful what a great moral Impingement
has taken place In the gardener*." said Mrs. Par
sons in telling about it
Each child must write out these rules in his or
her diary- After that It Is all voluntary. Some
children keep their diaries minutely, noting each
day's performance, the weather, the state of the
crops, etc. At any time of the day youngsters can
be seen lying on their stomachs in the paths draw
ing pictures of their plots or of some pet vegetable.
One lad hauled out a bench and. planting himself
upon it at full length, proceeded to sketch each
onion, bean and beet.
Sometimes the little fingers get mixed up on the
hard names and the pages get to be as plentifully
strewn with, "ons." "con." "lettua." "betts" and
"oucnbres" as the plota are with the real thing.
Some of the Illustrations, too, are weird, as when
one youngster portrayed the laborer who prepares
tbe gardens with the "bad words" coming out of
his mouth in a black haze.
These long, midsummer days bring some strange
but delightful visitors to the farm gardens. Last
week a Tittle girl came along with her skirt gath
ered tightly around her to form a sack in front.
"Won't you take my chicken?" she pleaded.
"Can't." replied Mrs. Parsons; "It would scratch,
up all our seeds."
"That's feist it." returned tbe child. He s got
his toes all crumpled up under him, and the doctor
says he can't get well unless he has a garden to
scratch In. We've had him out on the fire escape,
but he'll never get well there. So please!"
But Mrs. Parsons was hard hearted. "We have
too much respect for our seeds to want them to be
scratched up." she repeated, and. disappointed, the
girl turned away. But that conception of the park
as a sanatorium for crippled or ailing animals haunts
THE TRIBUNE PATTERN.
Nothing makes more graceful dresses for dinner
and other occasions of semi-dr*ss than radium silk.
Here is one made after so recent a design that it
can be relied upon for the fall, as well as for the
present, and Is charming In the extreme. The waist
is absolutely novel, and Is trimmed with bands of
taffeta, embroidered In pastel colors, over which
are applied the extensions of the waist, the fulness
below these extensions being laid in box pleats.
10 CENTS FOR EACH PATTERN WANTED.
The skirt i» seven gored, •imply gathered at the
belt, and In this instance Is trimmed with bands el
lac* and frills of ribbon. It liked, the sleeve* can
be made long, but the elbow sleeves are M much
more graceful, so much more fashionable and so
generally becoming, that they are In every way to
For a woman of medium .size will be required, for
the waist, three and one-half yards of material 21
inches wide, three and on -eighth yard* 27 inches
wide or one and seven-eighths yards 44 inches wide,
with one-half yard of all-over lace and one-half
yard of «ilk fur bands; for the skirt, nine and one
fourth yards 21 or 27 Inch- wido or five and thr«c
eighthe yard» 44 incur it wide, with ten yards of lacu
handing and thirty yards of ribbon for the frills.
The pattern of the waist. No. ».4», to cut In nls«»
U to 40 Inches buat. und of th* skirt. No. 4,732, in
fcizes 22 to &> Inches waist.
Bach pattern will be sent to any address on re
ceipt of 10 cents. Pleas* give number of pattern
and bust and waist measure distinctly. Address
Pattern Department, New-York Tribune. If in v
hurry for pattern, send an extra two-cent stamp.
and wo -will mult by letter vantage in MM en*
Alt now on sale through
out the country.
452 s th A*e.. cor. 4si Si,
194-5:11 Awe , sth &k. Hot;],
IS9 Broadway, near Dry St.
'"^ IP v "P U r'vißr 'viß
HST* JOB had! • k*a£a«9s ■*»«»_
Paw It on.
T— cm rrtea tar |M ihr.t-
Pass It en.
tat It travel down tie y-» v
l^-t It wlp* another*- team
TO In k«m tfea dead *B*JBJ|
Beneath the night that covers me.
Black as the Pit from pole to pel*,,
I thank whatever gods there be
For my unconquerable iouL
— W. B. J->r 1% .
The Tonkers member who mad* the app^. *j
! the two Virginia sisters ha* brought to th (sj
■ 9SS 90, the contribution of herself and friends t*
I tbe fence fund. Only C more is needed to cos
i plete the work that will be a lasting good to tan*
aged and self-supporting women for the rer-v-i«
i of their lives. B. L. has given $1 for TahraJM
I box; O. H. M.. of Brooklyn, ft for trcUay rani
for the poor German woman and her lnvatat an>
band, who Is bo crippled he can walk only a shirt
distance. Susie T. Baldwin and her xsatta; 3
cents for dime fund, and S. C. a cents In stsssja
THANKS FROM THE BLIND.
One of the younger members of the blind Batty
to whom th* T. S. S. gave a trolley ride ■■*«■
the following typewritten letter of thanks:
Kindly accept this Tetter of thaatsfci »*j*»
of all those who went on th» BuasM— t»r.*r
party last week. It «v. certainly an «£«&&
time, the air was so refreshing, and wli-a w*
reached Fort George the unexpected treat otiss
cream served in cake cornucopias was a JfUgMM
surprise. Although we did not see what was **«
I on around us. we could listen and tali and
i It almost as though we had slgnt. And why ast?
! Aren't we human beings, with _ hearts and_b*m>
Ing and brains? Some people think that ti u . *■■
i we are blind we ought to be shut away from the
i world and the pleasures of life. *"<****»••
I good God who doesn't think so. \»e see dewy
mentally than those who have sight, our tea;
! £iTtastr*r.Bthened and cur sense of touch te ejW
! ttvated beyond the power of those who se-. Sen*
I have a lot to be thankful for. and we put »«»»■*
to work and do the best we c:in. I**
kindly sent to me will be made "» ***£*** 5.
1 T S. s° may direct. We all thank ??nAa
i again for a happy day. and are hoping that ••
I may look forward to another such treat next year
!IT we live. Yours In Sunshta$ R SCOWAKTZ.
President of th* T. 8. Sw: On May a I earned
| thirteen young girls as members of the Asc;**
I (Fla.) branch of the T. S. S. They meet wttk —
I every Tuesday and w* read, sirs; and work, East
1 embroider, several hemstitch, one make* Batt*>
\ burs lace, and all nave learned to make wire grass
baskets. We have given a -pound party" to 9*
1 poor widow with the aged blind brother and fee-'-
; irlnded sister to support. We also took after th*»
i systematically, and contribute a sm*H som *t
money from our due* monthly to an old lady de:«-.
■ dent on charity. Th* nearly three months ofststg
! service of these little ones. In "passing on ■■»
i cSeer as I have mentioned, also postcards. K»e=«
matter and flowers, makes them, wortiiy menx!«.«
! Of We OU a r rfw^k O lnfwrt hh n n tTe object in view £ tog.
i ing a bazaar next w rter to get menns for our v^
poses. Ai.v material will be most acceptable at «*y
rloves. preferably black, which is not obtains**
h We are planning many souvenirs to send we: ite
the winter holidays. I have reported freqaesU7^>
1 Mrs McLean, our state president who aJil— ff
1 helps us. The new members •^H?f t^JH£ l ffia»
Mildred Willowford. Ada and Mattle. l£*«k3~
Smith. Ruth Lin. Willie Champney. HW£
i Annie Jor.es. Edith Corton. Lillian and Jttist «•
*JSKouS oxte^ta V ie?7S.T. had a ham «i
mer. Your, 1-J-jg^ upgcoMß. ]*•**
Flchers Island. 55. T.: The religious paper ■*&tl
for has been supplied by a Sunshine mesa m
Irvtogton. N. Y.
FOR CHRISTMAS BOX.
An excellent contribution for the Christmas^*
for the Labrador children has been received wlw
the name of th** donor. There were velvet pin •»■»■
needle book silk bag. warm bed socks •»*** i f£
l — everything new and fresh. Contributions 1»
this box shoild be sent before September d.
It's faith In something- and enthusiasm far s***»
thing that makes a. life worth looking at.— Hals**
■ — s. j
There Is a lot of common «en?» In th» susJ**tic»
of a contributor to a midsummer woman's «■!•»•
sine that three rests of ten minutes each in *-•
course of the day are worth a great deal more ti
a woman than on* lone nap after luncheon. TSO
Is only an extension of the practice la every gyrsta-
Elum. where frequent i>*riod» of relaxation rath*
than one lon* rest are the rul-. To set i:-.<* most re
freshment out of your ton minutoa •trete* cut *■*
on the floor or bed. all the muscles relaxed ■ I> ™ u^
as possible, and the mtr.d switched off »• »r»
may be from the thought of housework or stner
or whatever it Is that has been engasinir one » •'
tention. Some women rind a real reer«at:on
p!:innlr!>? a new dress or a little outing. Oiner *JsT
the same relief ..at of repeating » favorite P°*=*r
It doesn't matter In th« leant what it ts »o tons •»
It changes the direction of the mind a"" r*i»»«»
the nervous tension.
Grumpy old ba~h«>k>» may snort and fu»»y ••*•
maids may deny it. but there is doubtless WM*
truth In the statement made hy "T:n> Lancet/ t&»
authoritative Ba^aa medical Journal, that ate*
naughty children ar.» sick children. "A ';"*?.
amount of the so-called naughtiness of yhii.liem..
says -The Lancet." "may be accounted tor vp \>
grounds which quite exclude th« tl'" slrab ' u a—
punishment for i:» correction." %m©ii« "*£
r - round»" art- Insufficient »!**;>. excitement. o»«
flowing animal spirits or actual illwa«e In '; * \!,
of supereenaUive nerves. Further. "The l>a ._>;
b«l<!s. "the faculty of lmlttiton b •tiaastj l ' l J£!
oped In some -hlMren. and th*-y may copy k»^Y?T
i.u-sly a bad habit in .led or in word of a p*r«>*
or a teacher.** _
SE S'J*E 70 SEE
GRUSF'LO-S USES &TGEE,
20, 21, Lcipzlger Street, Berlin W.
OWN MILLS LASDESHUr. SILESIA.
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