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EFFECTS OF THE CANAL.
Mr. Shonts Tell* of Opportunities
for Smith American Trade.
Chicago. Jan. 26.— Theodore P. Encnts, who will
retire on March 4 as chairman of the Isthmian
Canal Commission, was the guest of honor to-night
«t the dinner of the Commercial Club, of Chicago.
Many of the members of the club intend, next
snonta. to make an excursion to th* Isthmus, Cuba
and Jamaica, and the discussion of the canal ques
tion was preliminary to the exitrdltiva.
Mr. Shonts's address was a review of the work
en the Isthmus and the probable effect of the build
ing of the canal. He said in part:
We have definitely settled the question as to the
or&in and trjuifcinibsion o» yellow Xever. and have
•r.tirelystamx»*-<i out that dread disease on the Isth
mus. There has been do authentic case there for
fourteen month«. As the life of the stegomyla his
been demonstrated to be only three months, It is
Impossible that any "loaded" mosquito of this
character is there. It is. therefore, impossible to
have a recurrence of yellow fever except by im
portation from abroad. To guard against this we
maintain a mof* ri£id quarantine service.
The entire scientific world now recognizes th»
correctness of the mosquito theory as to yellow
fever. The theory that malaria Is conveyed only
by means of another species of mosquito is not yet
•c generally received. We are demonstrating, how
ever, the correctness of this theory, and believe
that in a few months we will be able to submit
such proof to the scientific world as will establish
It as conclusively as has been done in regard to
General health coTiSitions have so improved un
oer Dr. Oorgas's scientific methods for the preven
tion of dls.->n«e and th«» effect has been so remarka
ole among ».-hlt» employes ns to muse us to revise
our former opinion as to their ability to withstand
the rigor? of -he c!fmate. We have had since
Jisrch L 1906, an average of three hundred Spanish
J&borjrs on the rolls, and of them only one has
■lea from dlseas;.
m*3 v . tn * three n.rd rne-half months at the
■** nt of the rainy feasrm. supposed to be «he most
Sickly. among e.OOO Aznericans. including 1.200 worn
f* 1 and children, no death occurred from disease.
uuring October, among 5.509 white employes of all
nationalities, there were but two deaths from dis
ease, as against eighty-six deaths from d'sea«e
amonr the Negroes. If the Negro employes h^d
possessed the power to resist disease as effectually
•• the -white employe* there would hive been
l»ut six deaths, instead of Hshtv-six. among them.
In view of those statistics, down to October 31
•nd of the gradual d<rreaf=e in both sVkie*s and
p"-ath rates a m..ii»r all < :■■-— of employes we
gel Justified In armourcire to the world our belief
that we are row ;n; n a position to Invite white labor
In any quantity from the states to ns«l c t in the
construction of tli*- canal and at the sine lim» to
promise them an imnv-r.jty from d:\-eKs-e equal to
Ihat whirl! they worl<i erjoy 1- our Southern
States under like conditions of employment
The purchase of mate'-isls *«,<] supplies for use
In the construction of the canal and the competi
tion on tie part, of railroad and ste»m«htn line*
Jirongnt about in connection with the delivery of
these purchase* have caused reductions in fat«s
£rom the United Btatee to th« Isthmus. »nd at th»
swm time have added considerably to the volume
of ocean tonnsfi- .rone thiher Witt '•! the <«st
year two Important steamship line* sailing under
fJorelfTb flags hrv« established regular sM'.inps be
tween New York and Colon, while throuph la<-k of
bdeauate facilities <>:.er sft r>er cent of the crmmls-
Fion's Fupplies'has.been carried in tramp st»am«»rs
TJie trip of S'-creta'-y Root ha" done a prent -leal
toward removing from the minds of Pn>jth Ameri
cans false ideas and prejudices concerning the atti
tude of our government and people toward their
sovernmentt and peonies. ' think the pe'>"!e of
those countries now realize thai th* only <leflre we
have in regard to them is to ail their efforts, do-
Iltical and commercial, to secure a more Miligrit
• ned and stable government and a larger measure
of material ; i"ST)r-ri*y.
The I'nited St*tes haa In the la-«t few years. mid»
■uch giant stride* In Industrial development as to
become one or th* sr«aT export nations of the
•world. Notwithstanding our phenomenal rrowth in
population, our capacity to produce in bo«h Bel !
and factory his more than kept pace with our
prowth In numbers. If our prosperity Is to c'"i
tinue, »> m; ' •aw v id?r markets for our (r»>od«—
what better fields for exploitation exis* thin the
territory of our nest door neighbors in Central and
Where are the American ships, you may «i«k, In
which to float this commerce? That opens a suh-
Ject quite too l«rpe for mot than cur«ory treat
ment at thi« time, hut T havo no hep : iation In p?v
ing that, with P. •.—■•-' ■ ;-v Beet I think we should
ifcofTilre the fact tliat "we are l'vine In a worH
pot of natural hut of s"r>«='«!lxrd oonv>eUtlnn." pnd
•houid '•overcome the nrt'flrlal disadvantages l"i
j>os*-d unon Atn»-I'-a»i pMnnin* thfo»rh the actl-m
cf our own and foreign rovernm«»nt» by an «<3Ulv<«
. lent advantn«» In the fo»-»n of a wbrtdjr or « 'b-
I ventlon." There Is a bill row b-fnre ron«»»»
" framed unon tt v * rer-o-t of th» Merchant Marine
r«imm'«slori. which r«rovli*e<« frr »«ch comn«rsa
tion It has b**"i nafoil r>v the Senate, nn^ has
the approval of the President. If you STtttVtnen
desire to reap for Am«rl-an trade *n* In<lu«trv
the fullest bereftf: xrH/-r< a"-* to be afforded *y t^e
P«ru»m!» Canal. vott snou^f? !mnr»«! upon vo-tHti
rewntative In Congress your wish to have this bill
becotre a \*xr.
- ■ What I* t^e o«e of eTn»>»i»'lncr minions of A—en
r«n mo'fv in t^e, ronßtru^t'on o* « new Mrhwiv
for American wimw** when we have km Ar*i*rl
can shins fn rh'r»> to carry rtwt co«nrp«rc ? "What
Is the use of r»tiv»*«l"ir **>r Trwde In «"i'"i A"***"
lea when we have «o «~4*?<"«! save In fore!?- s*>!ns,
to tnnrperl our w-n^u «ft*r w» hiv# 6ecur"i a
ri"rV*t for t^em? Gentlemen, t^e r.«-«wer t>» the««
qnmTiflTis rests with you and with other American
DILLS SIGNED BY PRESIDENT.
Wasninrtor Tan. 26.— The President has approved
♦he art pivir.j- he cor sent of Congress to an aeree
merit or compact between New Jersey and Dela
«are respecting the territoHM limits of those states
•nd th« act to reorganize and incr«»ase the efficiency
of the artillery.
TO SUE DYER'S BONDSMEN.
Washington. Jan. 26.— Secretary of the Treas
ury has directed that suit" be Instituted on th
surety bonds furnished by D. P. Dyer, Jr.. until
lately teller In the United States Sub-Treasury at
Bt Louis. The bond was for 120.000. and the amount
•lieced to have been lost through Dyer Is 161.500.
l>yer recently was tried nt St. Louis and acquitted
on the charge of beinr concerned 1" the disappear
ance of the money from the Sub-Treasury.
FEW NEGROES WANT TO RE-ENLIST.
Washington. Jan. 26.— Major Goodyear, assistant
3usge advocate general, has gone to Fort Bill, Okla
jioma. after consulting the officials of the War De
j'artrncnt. to examine some of the half dozen mem
bers of the d,'^~harged battalion of the 2ath Infan
try, now at tnat place, wno have applied for re
««nllstment. It Is- said that fewer than twenty such
applications have been received by th* recruiting
Only Medicine at 80 Years of Age
Mr. Isaac P. Ladd, who is a prominent
Real Estate Agent of Albany, New York,
says that DUFFY'S PURL MALT
WHISK LY is his only medicine, and
».•■».-. . MR. ISAAC P. LADD. to TEARS OLD.
Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey
tr«JV \TddSl fftlT riSllF-Sf SSf 1 "?/*!? 11 * 6 •_*«•••«■• «* .consumption, nervousness, typhoid, malaria, every form of stomach
JET nil hi »iZSTh?.2 ..£ £?«?»..*!£ I2Tl 2T. f !-.* n<l *" ,"£ 4ow 5 *"*. we * k « n ? d conditions of the brain and body. It restores youthful vigorto
t? i. rj^rtsSnSSLf^ %?i ?* •5li Irtt f l - "*?? .l lf t *?d? d II 00 * 10 !* 108 lh « u «alth and strength of the young. It is a food already directed
*Jt ■ ***'*** by doctors of all cchools. is used in all the >f»dinir hospitals of the world, and Is recognised as a family medic oTeveSwhert
•It^ is absolutely pure. Medical advice and a valuable Illustrated booklet on diseases sent tree. Our guarantee it on every bottle. * WfW * #
J.- ,/ Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey it sold by all first-class druggists, grocers and dealers, or direct, in sealed bottles only
Price $1.00. See that the "Old Chemist" trade-mark is on the label.' Look for it carefully, and refuse substitutes. It will
curt- you after all other remedies . have failed. Duffy Malt Whiskey Co., Rochester, N. Y.
DAMAGE TO BATTLESHIP.
Rumor at San Juan of Serious In
jury to the Connecticut.
Ban Juan. P. R.. Jan. 26.— According to In
formation obtainable here, ivhich. however, can
not be verified, the damage sustained by the
battleship Connecticut when she ran on a reef
recently while entering the harbor of Cuiebra
Island, oonsis'ed of an indenture, forward, fifty
fe«t lonaj. It is said that seven thousand fret
of lumber and thirty barrels of cement were
used to stop the battleship's leaks.
A court of Inquiry Is invf stlKatlng the acci
dent, the responsibility for which is not known.
The officers of the Connecticut refuse to discuss
When the Navy Department at Washington was
Informed of the report that the Connecticut had
run on a reef, the etatement was made that she
hrsd f uttered only trifling damage, and that on
January 24 she was off on a shake-down cruise.
The accident was said to have occurred on Jan
i.arv O. The Connecticut Is the only first class
batileEhlp built in a yard owned by the l"ni?e^
State«! government. She was commissioned on Sop
etmber 29 last, and left tna New York Navy Yard
on December la tor Hampton Ro^Ja to join the
North Atlantic Fleet for the winter manoeuvre.
. a h* wiled from Hampton Roads about January 1
RE-ENACTS MEAT LAW.
House Spends Another Day on
[TrcmThe Tribune Bureau. 7
Washington. Jan. 2i.-Fearl.ig that the Meat In
spection law. as f-nacisl at the last session of
Concxess. might not be held by the courts to be
permanent legislation, because tacked on to an
appropriation bill, the House of Rtrresentatives
to-day by unanimous vote re-enacted the entire
legislation. Inserting one word, designed to Instil
permanency Into the law. The House had the Ag
ricultural Appropriation bill under consideration
jr ii tioally the entire dey.
Time was found to hear Representative Sims, a
Tennessee Democrat, defend the President's course
in dismissing the Negro soldiers at Brownsville; to
give Representative Curtis, the newly elected Sen
ator from Kansas, a rousing reception on his re
turn to the House from his home; to have Kepre
scntative Burton, of Ohio, report the River and
Harbor bill, and to adopt the resolution of Mr.
Payne, of New York, to set aside time at the ses
sion on Sunday, .February it. fur ti^e delivery of
epecciies on the lite, character and work of the
late Representative Keuhani. of New York.
Tne Agricultural Appropriation bill was treated
roughly. So much time was taken in amending
it that when the free seed paragraph was reached
it was 5 o'clock, and, appreciating the time neces
sary for a further discussion of tho subject, Mr.
Wadsworth, in charge of tne bill, moved that the
committee of the whole; in whicli the House was
sitting, rise. Only by a. vote of 71 to S3 was this
carried. This vote is taken as a certain indication
that the farmers will have enough votes to amend
the bill co as to provide for free seed distribution
In the manner followed for years. >
With a score of small bottles before him con
taining se^ds of various grasses. Representative
Mann, of Illinois, delivered a speech on the sub
ject <>f "'Seed Adulteration*." Mr. Mann said that
the Canadian government permitted the exporta
tion of two of the bt-st known adulterants, dodder
and catchfly. and dilated at length on their char
acteristics. Of 352 samples -if alfalfa seed par
chased in the open market. MS, at nearly one-half,
were found to contain dodder seed. Of 63 samples
of red clover eeed obtained in the Fame way, 116.
or more than 13 per cent, contained dodder. Mr.
Mann said that two samples of red clover seed,
representing about ten thousand pounds, recently
imported from Canada, were practically the reed
of catchfiy, one of the commonest and worst weeds
In the country. He charged that a large propor
tion of the low gratis eeed containing weed seeds
and dead seed, offered for rale In the United
States was imported from trope nn<! Canada.
"Canada," he said, "has a very Ptrict seed inspec
tion law, preventing the sale In that country o'
seed container any of 8 lonr list of prohibited
weed spec's. That law, however, contain* a clause
encouraging the export of these prohibited feeds.
If a law could be framed which will prohibit the
importation of and Interstate commerce In set-1
containing weed seeds and dead seed much good
c?n be done "
Representative Camr»r>ell. of Kansas, pourht tr>
<!o i"way with the «roverr«ment Weather Bureau by
striking from t*e bill all appropriations for th»
support of the bureau. He snoke asalnst the ap
propriation on the around tint th» forecast* of
ventrmr conditions have been Inaccurate. He was
subjected to raillery on account of Kt«»s evrfones
and v."!nr><« *n<! Mr. Mann Bueresteri that the bu
reau rnlcht have be*n- more successful in predict
ing K«T>«as winds Blrco Mr. Cam^ell r*mov»»<l
to Wash'nrton. Aftrr several humorous rpe^ches
the appropriation was agreed to. and Kansas as
"•ell as other states will cnn '"ii* to get predic
tions concerning weather conditions.
WOULD INVESTIGATE EXCHANGE.
Wash!rirton. Jan. 26. — Representatives Living
ston, of Georgia, and Burleson, of Texas, introduced
a resolution In the House to-day directing th<» r»u
reau of Corporations to make an Investigation of
the New York Cotton Exchange. The scope of the
investigation Is to be "the organization, capitaliza
tion, profit, conduct and management of the busi
ness of said New York Cotton Exchange and Its
managing board, o.- of isaM corporation or corpo
rate combinations." The investigation Is *n bi» with
the view of ascertaining whether the fluctuation
"and unnatural depression In the price of cotttn
•re due to any combination or conspiracy which
Interferes with commerce among the several states
and as to whether prices have been manipulated
on the Now York exchange."
BOY COASTING RUN OVER BY AUTO.
Orange. N. J.. Jan. 2? (Special).— "Eddie" Bte
vena. eleven years old. of No. 4 Wallace Mreet.
Orange, was run over and severely injured this
efternoon by an automobile owned by sx-Bchool
Commifsion^r Isaac H. Blanchard. The lad was
coasting down White street with a number of
companions, when the automobile ran over his sled
Hf- ws t'ik'n ro the Orange Memorial Hospital In
a 6erlouf- condition.
he derives great benefit from its use.
Mr. Ladd's unsolicited letter praising
DUFFY'S PURL MALT WHISKLY
is similar to that of many thousands re
ceived from grateful patients who have
been restoied to health, and keep strong
and vigorous by the regular use of this
"I have been using your DUFFY'S PURE
MALT WHISKEY as a tonic stimulant for the past
two years and feel that I have derived marked benefit
from the same.
"I am now over eighty years of age, and since I
bave taken Duffy's Malt Whiskey I have taken no
other medicine." -ISAAC P. LADD. Albany,
N. V., Aug. 9th, 1906.
NEW-YOTCK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY. JANUARY 27. 1907.
DEFEND NAVAL OFFICERS.
Several Senators Uphold Their
Right to Urge Legislation.
waFhlngrton. Jan. 2«.— Senator Hale called up to
day nli resolution directing the Secretary of the
Navy to Investigate whether Importunities of naval
officer? and friends In favor of the Naval Person
nel bill are In violation of executive orders and
regulations prohibiting such activity. The resolu
tion was opposed by Senator Tick, who argued that
the general movement In favor of the Personnel bill
was not In conflict with the President's order. Mr.
Hale replied that what It is proposed to do Is to
have the Secretary of the Navy Inquire whetner
there have been Infractions of the regulations. Mr.
Daniel held that the resolution would deny to naval
officers the right of free speech. This argument,
he said, related only to civil employes. He then
questioned the right of a commander of men In
tne army or navy to make regulations which would
sever communication of these men with the repre
sentatives of the people In the House or In the
It was suggested by Mr. Daniel that there was no
n»ed of haste In passing the resolution and that it
should be referred to a committee for a report.
In this Mr. Heyburn, who followed the Virginia
Senator, aereed. Mr. Heyburn questioned the le
gallty of the President's executive order prohibiting
employes of tne departments from soliciting the
passage of measures affecting their places. Mr.
Tlllman asked the date of tne order, and. learning
that It was isued in 1901 remarked that It had been
permitted to go unchallenged for a long time, and
that if the President had trans ended h(s authority
It was queer that It should have Just been dlscov-
Ifr. Hpyburn naid he had charged only tnat the
order was a mistaken Idea of power, an* that
everybody in like position is liable to mistake.
Amendments to the resolution were offered by
Mr. Spooner eliminating reference to the President'^
order and mak*ng It apply only to regulations made
by the Secretary of the Navy. The amendments
were agreed to and the resolution then was referred
to the Committee on Naval Affairs.
WANTS VOTE IN HOUSE.
Mr. Sims Wishes the Presidenfs
Brownsville Action Indorsed.
Washington. Jan. 26.— Representative 6tms, of
Tennessee, wants the House to get squarely on
record In support of the President's action In dis
missing three companies of the 25th Infantry. He
said to-day, in the lower branch of Congress, that
by A unanimous vote of the Tennessee Legislature
the President's course was Indorsed, and he had
therefore Introduced a joint resolution commending
the President In his position. He said the resolu
tion had been referred to the Military Affairs Com
mittee, which he believed would act on It. If It
should not he would ask that the committee be
discharged, and ho would bring the whole matter
before the House for discussion.
"In another body of Congress." Mr. Sims stated,
":>n ambiguous resolution has been poised, which
challenges the propriety. If not the authority, of
the President, to take the action h<> did. In tha
debates his constitutional authority has been chal
If the President had exceeded his constitutional
authority, eaid Mr. Sims, he was subject to Im
peachment. and such proceedings must be begun
In the House of Representatives. In view of the
resolution gasped by the Senate, neither admitting
nor denying the President's authority, but simply
providing for an Investigation of th.' facts. Mr.
Sims thought It proper that the Hois.- nhculd ex
It was not Ms purpose, Mr. Sims n5-«ertrd. to
discuss the punishment of the discharged soldiers:
that question should not ha considered In connec
tion with the matter.
'•The action of the President was not taken." he
said, "as a matter of punishment, hut as a matter
of discipline." He said he had no patience with
the statement that ten guilty men should escape
lather than that one Innocent man »i-nuid suffer
Unjustly. "Suppose." he continued, "that these
three companies of soldiers had gone Into the Ke-
PUPHC of Mexico and come In contact with a dan
peroun and infectious dlsense. and it was Impossi
ble to know who had come into contact with the
disease, docs anybody say it would not be rtsnt to
quarantine all those soldiers who went into Mexico
until such period of time had elapsed as would
phow who was not Infected. Of course, those who
hart not come In contact with the disease would
suffer un inconvenience, but It would be an Incon
venience that would be a benefit to the people at
LUKESH RESIGNATION ACCEPTED.
Paymaster Who Received light Sentence
Said to Have Repeated Offence.
Washington. Jan. M.— The resignation of Paymas
ter George M. Lukesh, U. B. N . has been accepted
by t!,..- f resident.
This officer was cotm-martlalled about a. year
ago, and the lightness of his sentence led the Presi
dent to make representation to Congress In a special
mpssnjje Tging that be receive astaortty to dis
miss an r iflcer without trial In such roses. A repe
tition o' the offence which led to the court martial
nation?" *" b * th " reason for the P«-«*«nt reSJ.
REED ON JUDICIARY COMMITTEE.
Washington. Jan. 26.-The Speaker appointed
Representative Reed, of Arkansas, to a pla'-e on
the Judiciary Committee to-day, thus terminating
what has been somewhat of a factional fight In the
Democratic party. The minority leader. Repre
sentative Williams, had recommended Mr. Webb of
North Carolina, for the place, but the Speaker
appointed Mr. Sherley. of Kentucky.
This appointment created criticism among some
of the Democrat*, and notice was served on Mr.
3berley that if he accepted the appointment he
would have to ac.ept It as a Republf^n pi™*" A p
predating that his usefulness on the committee
would be destroyed If he remained, he declined the
honor. Representative Williams made it easier for
the Speaker by eUting that if Mr. Webb could not
fen'tSKK M e r. W R°e U Ji ** ** U * l ™ With < h * *£
FOUR RILLED IN FIRE
Big Cotton Mill Burned at Dover,
Dover. N. H.. Jan. Dover's most disastrous
lire, which occurred to-day, cost the lives of four,
and probably five, young mill operatives, and a
property loss of half a million dollars. The fire
destroyed the largest factory building here,
known as Mill No. 1 of the Cocheco Manufactur
ing Company. The bodies of four boys, charred
beyond all hope of Identification, were found this
afternoon In the smoking ruins, and as five
boys are known to be missing it Is believed that
another body will be discovered.
The missing boys are:
COSOROVB. Charles, sixteen Tears old.
ELOPULO9. Constantino. sixteen year* old.
HESTER. . fifteen years'oM.
NICHOLOPiriX*. John, fifteen year* old.
REDDEN. . fifteen years Old.
The operatives Injured were as follows:
ASHTOV. James, forty-five years old: both legs frmotond
BLAN'OS. Theodore, twenty-four years aid; bands SUIMd
FRANCIS. Anthony. twenty-fiv« yean old: burned and
HESTER. John, forty years old; ankle broken by breaking
of a rope on which he if a descending.
PAPAS. James, twenty-five years old; burned and bruised.
TURNER. William, fifty years old; hip broksn by Jump
Several of the Injured persons were hurt while
saving their lives by climbing down ropes which
they found near the windows, the ends of which
they tied to the machinery.
The fire broke out in the mill not long after
the five hundred or more operatives had assem
bled for their day's work. Friction from a belt
generating sparks, which lodged in a mass of cot
ton, quickly created sheets of flame on the third
floor, from which the operatives ran to the stair
ways. All those In the factory soon knew of
the flre. and the exits became blocked by strug
gling masses. On the fifth, or top. floor the op
eratives were mostly boys, and It was there un
doubtedly that those whose bodies were found
lost their lives. On the first and second stories
the operatives were largely girls, and they
reached the ground by the stairways. The men
were grouped on the third and fourth floors, and
it was on the fourth floor that many found their
way of escape by stairways cut off. They were
forced to reach safety by means of the windows.
The flames, quickly spreading upward, threat
ened to hem them In entirely, and several
Jumped without hesitation from the windows,
among them Turner and Ashton. Others se
cured the ends of ropes Inside of the windows
and descended to the ground. In doing this.
however, they were scorched by the flre and
their hands were lacerated and cut by the fric
tion fri>m the ropes.
There were many daring rescues by the fire
men. Four Imprisoned men on the fourth floor
were taken out of a window, although not until
they had climbed one by one down a stout pole
which the firemen had made fast to the top of
a ladder, too short to reach the window sill.
The city department was assisted by a fire
brigade with a steamer from Portsmouth, but
not until 1 o'clock In the afternoon was the flre
under control. It was some time afterward he
fore tho ruins could be examined. The Varies
Of the four boys were found together. The mill
is practically a total loss, although the machin
ery on tho first and second stories Is damaged
only by water. The loss is fully covered by In
IMPOBTANCE OF CITIZENSHIP.
Senator Warren Calls President's Attention
to a Peculiar Case.
[From The Tribune Bureau 1
Washington. Jan. **.— Senator Warren, of Wyo
mlnr. called at th« Whit* House to-day to interest
the President In a remarkable case. A friend of
his who la a wealthy ranchman In Wyoming, now
seventy-one year* old. who has been In this country
since he was eleven years old and has held rriny
offices, has suddenly been informed that he is not
an American cliizen and must, according to th*
federal courts, take out his first and second papers
and go through the regular procedure required of
a newly arrived Immigrant, or ha will not be- al
lowed to proseoute a claim against the government.
"It's one of the most peculiar eases I ever heard
cf." remarked Senator Warren. "Her* Is this man.
known to every soul In his community, who has
lived continuously In the country for sixty years
sad has grown up with the great West, who has by
his enterprise amassed a fortune and helped many
others to gain riches, who has held many elective
and appointive offices In his state— her* he Is de
clared an alien In th* evening of his life by a pre
sumably sensible and level headed Judge. Of course
the man Is Just as much a citizen as you or I or
any other American, but the law nays he la not.
During the course of the investigation that was
made after he hied a certain claim against the
government it was discovered that his father,
who came to this country When my friend was
eleven years old. failed to take out his naturaliza
tion papers. As th* father was not a citizen, the
child was an alien and Is yet. Of course the mat
trr can be fixed up in some manner, and will be
without any great delay, but it Just illustrates the
oddities of the law. i do not care to make known
my friend's name, because he would not like the
notoriety that would result. I laid the matter be
for the President, and li« believes, as I do. that it Is
a. very odd complication. As soon as the matter
can be adjusted he will be able to take up his
case again, hut until he floes establish his citi
zenship to the law's satisfaction he will have no
standing In court."
First Practical Use in This Country was on
Washington Monument. •
The history of aluminum, now In general use
in the form of kitchen utensils and other every
day appliances, is known to few people. Will
iam E. Curtis, writing In 'The Chicago Record-
Herald. says that the first practical use ever
made of the metal was In fitting a cap on the
peak of the Washington Monument In 1884.
Although aluminum was discovered In 1827 by
Professor Wohler. of GOttlngen University. Ger
many, at that time It was practically an un
known metal, the cost and difficulty of Its pro
duction having prevented its development until
the general use of electricity made It easy and
The cap on the top of the monument "is a
square pyramid In shape, weighing one hundred
ounces, and Is 8.0 Inches In height and 5.6 Inches
in width at the base. General George W. Davis,
now on the retired list and residing In Wash
ington, was In Immediate charge of the com
pletion of the monument under General Casey,
and has the distinction of being the first man
to handle aluminum In a practical way. Until
that time It had been used only for toys for
"freak" purposes, and small samples had 'been
utilized In making models for the Patent Office
In I!^eA°is£ ver> th , Production of aluminum
was 11.347.000 pounds, valued at $8,246,300- in
1904 the production was 8.600.000 pounds val
ued at $2,477,000. The total for 1000 will be
much larger. The development of the Industry
Is rapid. The Pittsburgh Production Company
which now holds a monopoly of the manufacture
of aluminum, has recently changed its name to
the Aluminum Company of America, and is
controlled by the MelUns. of Pittsburg who
operate pipe lines for oil to New York and Phil
From The Buffalo Commercial.
A good deal of curiosity has been felt in the busi
ness and Industrial world as to the effect of the so
called "free alcohol" law on the prices cf wood
alcohol and of the first output of the denatured
article. It is worth while noting, therefore, toe ar
rival In ■•-■• York of the first largra consignment of
denatured .alcohol from the distilleries In Peorla
snd the rourket quotations.
This first shipment Is a lot of 8,000 barrels, or
400.000 gallons. The prices quoted are 'for elnsls
barrels. 17 cents a gallon, with a cash discount of
1 per cent; In five-barrel lots, 3* cents a gallon. lon
214 Per cent, with a cash discount of 1 p«r cent.
This would make the product cost about 31 cents
a gallon f ree ■on board at Peorla. Figuring that
the barrel is worth $1. '..- actual co9t ot the xlcohot
would bo .-■-■■. As the opinion prevailed that
tha prlca of tha new alcohol would not fall much
below 40 cents a gallon, the prlc* list on thesa goods
bu occasioned &o lUU» surprise and comment.
TO CHECK LAXD FRAUDS.
President Says Patents Must Not Be
Issued Without Examination.
Washington. Jan. 26.— President Roosevelt
has determined to put an end. If possible, to
frauds In the acquisition of public lands by In
dividuals and corporations. He has directed that
hereafter no patent shall be Issued to public
land until an examination of the ground shall
have been made by an authorised officer of the
The President's order Is In the form of a letter
to Secretary Hitchcock, and, under its pro
visions, orders were sent out to-day by the ©■-
dais of the General Land Office.
Following Is the text of President Roosevelt's
The White House.
Washington. January 25. 1907.
Tbe Secretary of the Interior.
Sir: To prevent tbe fraud now practised in
the acquisition of public lands of the United
States. I bave to direct that hereafter no final
certificate, patent or other evidence of title shail
be Issued under the public land laws until an
actual examination has been made on the
ground by an authorised officer of the govern
ment, but tbe following shall be excepted from
the force of this order:
First— All claims which have heretofore been
examined on the ground by an authorized officer
of the government whose report Is found satis
Second— All claims where heretofore an officer
of the government other than officers authorized
to take final proof shall have been present at
the taking of final proof to cross-examine claim
ant and witnesses, if such proof is found satis
Third— All claims where claimants* compliance
with law has been established by contest or
other regular adverse proceedings.
Fourth — Entries which may have been con
firmed by virtue of any act of Congress.
Fifth— Selections and entries In which no resi
dence or improvement is required by law. when
the lands embraced therein are, strictly speak
ing. In agricultural dlstrK ts, or when character
has been fixed by Investigation and classifica
tion made in accordance with law.
Sixth — Cases of reissuance of patents be
cause of some clerical error occurring In the
patent heretofore Issued.
Seventh— All Indian allotments which have
been already approved in arr-ordance with In
structions of the Secretary of the Interior.
You will issue all necessary Instructions to
carry this order into effect.
This order Is in M»u of my order of December
18, 1906. THEODORE ROOSEVELT.
DISCUSS CAR SHORTAGE.
White House Conference Pres
ident's Special Message.
Washington. Jan. 25.— The car shortage question
was considered at the White House this afternoon
at a conference. In which the President. Secretary
Root. Secretary Taft. Postmaster General Cortel
you. Assistant Secretary Bacon. Chairman Krapp
of the Interstate Commerce Commission and Com
missioner Garfleld took part.
The President has announced his Intention of
sending to Congress a special message urging legis
lation of a remedial character to meet such emer
gencies as that now existing regarding: the car
shortage question. The Interstate Commerce Com
mission has submitted certain prlnclolea which the
members think should form the basis of any legis
lation to be recommended on that subject to Con
gress, and IT these raect the view-; of tie President
they will be submitted to that body. The Presi
dent's decision in one of the results of the i*cent
Chicago reciprocal demurrage convention and of
the general complaint which has been made to the
Interstate Commerce Commission of a shortage in
the car-carrying equipment of th« country.
OBJECTS TO OKLAHOMA CONSTITUTION.
President Considers Railroad Provision Un
Washington. Jan. 26.— The President told some
Oklahoma visitors to-day that unlet* the constitu
tional convention of Oklahoma modifies the pro
posed prevision relating to railroads i.nd makes It
conform to th* Constitution cf the United States
he would not approve It. Tha President .'■»>!. ac
cording to Representative Watson, of Indiana, who
accompanied the callers, that while he could not
be supposed to be. a friend of th« railroads, yet ha
believed the constitution should contain some pro
vision whereby the railroads could protect them
selves when necessity arises. One of the provis
ions to which it Is said the President objects Is
that preventing railroads from employing help to
protect their property in ease of a strike and to.
guard their trains. The proposed provision regard
ing railroads has been reported to the convention
by the committee on railroads, but has not yet
been acted on.
PONCE AEKIVES AT THIS POBT.
"Never in Any Danger," Says Engineer^ —
Passengers' Coolness Praised.
The steamer Ponce, of the New York and Porto
Rico Line, which drifted helplessly about the At
lantic several weeks ago and was subsequently
towed to Bermuda by the steamer Elizabeth Rick
rners. arrived hero yesterday. The crew were averse
to talking Of their experience on the disabled
"We were never In any danger." sad one of th»
egnlneers. "and we had Just the r!e;ht sort of pas
sengers. They were rational throughout our drift
an.l were n*ver worried. I think, after all that,
has been said concerning our mythical tOTV to Ber
muda by the code wont Wabble.' th* less printed
about the P<noe the better."
The Ponce was put Into the government drydnck
at Bermuda, the second largest In the world, and »
new tall shaft w.<.^ put in. Nearly all of the crew
who llvoii near New York departed for their homes
yesterday and will return before the Ponce sails
NAVY SUPPLY BOAT INJURED.
The United States supply ship Arethusa. which
left The Brooklyn Navy Yard yesterday morning
for tl;«» West Indies, was disabled by the Mowing
out of a cylinder head when the chip was oft tha
Battery. The vessel was towed back to the navy
yard, and her cargo will be transferred to th«
Brutus, which got in from Manila a few days ago.
Th* amount of flimnf" don* M the ship has not yet
been estimated. It will probably require ten days to
SOME PEOPLE KNOW
The Facts About Coffee.
Perhaps you kuow coffee contains the same
kind of a drug as rocalue. morphine, stryehniua
— an alkaloid?
Perhaps you know tea contains the same thing
and that neither coffee nor tea are foods?
Foods are nerest>:iry to do two things: Repair
tissue waste fruui day to day. and furnish tne
individual with vital beat and energy. Tea and
coffee do not do the first and only make believe
they do tbe last.
A N. Y. lady found out the cause of her and
her husband's trouble. She writes:
"Using tea and coffee from childhood up, it
was a bard thing to give them up, but my doc
tor told me they were killing me. Of late years
I had trouble with my head, my memory was
poor and my nervous system entirely upset. At
last I was forced to keep my bed.
"My husband, also, had to give up coffee— he
was a nervous wreck from drinking It.
"Postum was then brought Into our household,
and while on my sick bed I drank It, supposing
it was merely a substitute for coffee. I drank It
for breakfast and supper, and slowly but sorely
began to regain my health.
"I soon found out It was Postum that was
doing the good. Now I am well and my nerves)
are stronger than I ever dared hope. My hus
band found Postum was ■ great benefit to him.
He Is now a strong man.
"If people knew* that the dreadful diseases
some of them suffer from could easily be pre
vented by banishing that poisonous thing named
coffee, and use In Its stead a pure, healthful
drink like Postum, I am sure there would be
fewer sick and miserable creatures." Name
given by Postum Co., Battle Creek. Mich. Read
the little book. "The Road to Wellville," In pk;j<».
"There's a reason.'* »
The Financial World.
Dttlness) overspreads) the market. WneOier
strength or weakness show, the sequel each day
la dwindling Inactivity. Professional traders
most of whom continue on the bear side— do lit*
tie that la consequential, their beartshneea
chiefly an attitude; for. though the short Inter
est is extensive throughout the Stock Exchange
list, there is only mild aggressiveness. Such de
clines as are scored result apparently from the
belated liquidation of a group of speculators
recently whlpsawed, covering short contracts at
an advance to go long of the market In th*
smart upward spurt of December.
Many reports of "trouble" circulate, but the
tales moat told are foolish fables. Millionaires
Impoverished and market leaders destroyed are
bulletined by the gabblers on the curb— but they
who are so exterminated do not personally hap
pen to know !t. There Is nothing new In this
sort of thing; every continuing dull market has
the self-same feature.
It Is much urged by the historians and phi
losophers, too, that our market la under pressure
from abroad; that Europe is amazed at our
dilemmas, disturbed by what the government Is
doing, horrified by what financiers have done.
Of course It Is regrettable if th* foreigner ts
downcast; a good many home folks are similarly
unpleased; but for critical Europe there can be
scant market sequel at present— not till Europn
buys back American stocks sold at lower prices.
Liquidation from abroad Is one of the bogrles
that no Informed man will do any worrying
about Just now. Europe v. on't sell what Europe
hasn't got— never mind bow the claa of clair
voyants may go droning.
Another foolish misrepresentation has It that
important groups of New York financiers— thos«
who may be accounted among our chief pro
gressive leaders— have agreed upon a policy of
opposition to security market betterment. A
multitude of "reasons 11 get quotation; but they
are pretences, utterly ridiculous.
Prosperity proceeds, no abatement anywhere.
Into the week's bus?ness records are crowded
Increased wages announcements alonar with ex
hibits of demands upon manufacturer^ greater
and greater, and not a railroad In the country
able to keep pace with the traffic pressing for
In the money market there Is enough better
ment to dispose of such pessimism as was most
savagely in evidence around Mssj Year's. And
incidentally it begins to be acknowledged that.
after all. there are a few investors left, a3 in
dicated by ready absorption of bond issues cur
It may be that the security market will hay*
Industrial tssaes for its encouraging feature for
a while. Railway capital expansion has modi
fled the views and expectations of many believ
ers in the market— has converted some impor
tant interests to the Idea that i* the railroads
are obliged to expend so many tens of millions
upon nQw track and new equipment there must
naturally show vast corresponding new profit
for the Steel Corporation, the equipment com
panies and all the long list of Industrial enter
prises which are bound to be whipped M ac
tivity with profit making unexampled. V". !
some railway share recessions this week may h*
traced to th* conversion of such holdings tetra
industrials. The bargain list is in plain sight.
Increased industrial dividends is a sure develop
ment close ahead.
To calculating observers there Is. moreover,
the prospect that we shall have large augmenta
tion of mining security favor among even most
conservative Investors. And reason for that
development is ample, quite Independent of any
shifting that may take place from the higher
priced railway stocks. One Influence Is the rela
tively small capital represented in such proper
ties, this characteristic supplemented by th*
abundance of evidence that actual production of
ore is In such volume and richness as to provide
profits that can be counted upon as sure, rich
and expanding. What most can be influential.
however. Is the new character of man who
comes Into prominence in the mining world—
there being Inspiration in fhe fact that In
changed conditions we have the appearance pf
our very foremost bankers as personal investors.
underwriters and directors in standard mineral
Indicative of what impends is the liberalized
Stock Exchange policy, certified mining corpora
tions to be admitted to regular dealings, such
quotation being of appreciable value — both r>
the property and its stockholders — asi adverted
to in this review a week ago. referring to th*
rejuvenated Comstock Tunnel, whose quotation
of less than half a dollar a share makes it s.-»
conspicuous a bargain.— of character and
means directing its new extensive developments.
More than a score of the famous eM Comstock
bonanza mines are getting ready to resume
active operations— somethins like $200,000 re
cently expended- upon the Coinstock Tunnel ir
self, and every one of these mines, when in
operation, paying Comstock Tunnel substantial
cash tribute. For cost so trifling: ami risk so
petty, it hi seldom— on the Xew York Stock Ex
change or elsewhere — that possible percental*
of prom Is more apparent.
Amalgamated Copper continues in Its o!d ro!«
of mystery — earnings known to be unprece
dented, but market value under pressure a!! tho
time; and this pressure apparently direct from
the "Inside." No stock has teen lately in rr-nr*
public favor; but there seems ,•- endless supply
every time a bid appears, and any indepen-.U-n"
effort to help quotations gets promptly squelched
— while copper metal makes new record price.
In encouraging contradistinction, show the
purpose and methods of F. A. Ileinze. whosw
activities In the financial world broaden now
beyond what earlier has been disclosed. Tho-**
extraordinary successes which gave him pre
eminence In Montana— actually surpassing th»
accomplishments of Clark. Marcus Daly and alt
the older confreres— have signifying sequela in
the East as well astthe West. Capitulation M
Ileinzo by the Amalgamated at the clqsq c£ pro
tracted and better campaigning, was popularly
hailed In Wall Street, for a time, as indication
that Mr. Heinze would withdraw from the busi
ness world, for a politely idle life, so sveepinef
was his victory against stupendous odds, so
tremendous the fortune thus achieved. Instead.
the man proceeds straight along the lines ot
work and mining— results merely in-,
splration to plans more comprehensive. Already
the controller of the biggest bank in Montana.
he enters the banking world here as well, doea
not seek representation by acquiring minor in
terests, but takes over one Clearing House in
stitution by outright purchase of complete con
trol — with Indication that similar programme
impends in still other equally Important quar
ters. The significance attaching to this is not
lost upon Wall Street's observant ones— leaders
there comprehend that there is meaning in It.
It la a weaning that is wholesome. .!>•;■
The Heinze record Is not merely one of finan
cial cleanness, but In that record shows excep
tionally another thing*— Hemse colleagues.
Helase followers, are profilers always in Betas*
achievement. Extraordinary are some dtahla
examples. In every one of his undertaking*
making good, he has uniformly proved himself a
winner free from grabbing selfishness. For tfcft*
characteristic renowned throughout the West. •
Wall Street strength will naturally enough ex*
pand. And whether It be In New York banking
(f ellowsWpped by ability, experience ! and In
tegrity Ilka that of Miles O'Brien) or whether it
be in progressive mining operations) (asv tß_the)
development of his wondrous Butt* Davis-Dap*
properties) a following of alert 'and comprehend
ing men will be with him— a winner whose aim
is not Just merely to win alone.