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CEATRAL'S BIG ISSUE.
J. /'. Morgan $ Co. Said to Have
Sold $44,000,000 of Notes.
An Imit of three-year 5 per cent collateral
! tract notes, aggregating 50.000,000, by the
New York Central and Its subsidiary lines—
J>Jk»i Shore and the Michigan Central— an
nounced yesterday by J. P. Morgan & Co.. and
before the close of business most of the Issue
had been cold. The notes were Issued In the fol
lowing proportions: New York Central, $23,000.
000; Lake Shore & Michigan Southern, 15.000.
000; Michigan Central. $10,000,000.
J. P. Morgan & Co. undertook to sell the
whole lseue of $50,000,000. offering the notes at
par and allowing a commission of one-fourth of
1 per cent on a block of $100,000 and a com
mission of one-half of 1 per cent on a block of
$1,000,000. It -was stipulated, however, that a
buyer of the notes must take some of each
kind, proportionately, a block of $100,000 being
composed of $50,000 Us** York Central notes,
$30,000 Lake Shore and $20,000 Michigan Cen
tral notes. In the afternoon It was said that
$44,000,000 of the notes had been sold here, and
It was believed that the rest had been sold
through the London house of J. P. Morgan &
Tbe note Issue, it was said by an official, was
intended to provide money for the needs of the
New York Central and its subsidiary lines for
a year. Among the expenses to be met out of
the issue are those connected with the. terminal
improvements in this city. The stockholders
last April authorized an Increase of $100,000,000
of New York Central stock. "from time to time
at the discretion of the directors." but the re
cent declines in Great Northern and Northern
Pacific stocks, following the announcement of
new Issues, made new issues of New York Cen
tral stock at this time undesirable. The note
Issue, It was said, meant that the New York
Central would not issue any more stock for at
least a year. New York Central stock broke
fmm 12S^ to 126 on the announcement of the
note Issue, but rallied later.
With the exception of Pennsylvania note is
sue*, the New York Central system's issue is
the largest note issue on record. It Is much
th« largest of this year. Since January 1 the
note issues of railway corporations have been
as follows: Chicago & Alton. $8,000,000; Erie,
$3,003,000: Chicago & Western. S5.000.000: Bos
ton & Maine. $3,000,000: New Haven. $10,000,
000, and Southern Railway. £15.000.000.
FACTS ABOUT CITY'S FOUNDATION.
Becky Ledge on Which New York Is Built
Elopes from Surface to Depth of 150 Feet.
Some curious facts about the rocky ledge on "the
•helving slope of which lower New York, wit its
millions of tons of skyscrapers, teeters have been
revealed by engineers who have been boring hun
dreds of feet below the surface In connection with
building plunger elevators -for the skyscrapers. At
Hector and Church streets, under the United States
SSxpress Company Building, the rock ledge is forty
(set below the surface, while just a few hundred
<eet to the northeast it is sixty feet. Going up
town, the ledge Is one hundred feet down under
the old Times Building, arid reaches the STeat
••st depth yet found, 150 feet, at the southeast
corner of the Tribune Building. At 34th street and
Fifth avenue, where plunger elevators have been
constructed for the Waldorf-Astoria, the ledge
comes to th« surface.
The ledge is harder over the East Side of the
city, and gets more chalky and crumbly toward the
Hudson River. The rock also prows srft«»r, in all
the borings, as the depth Increases. In one or
two cases the bores have reached cavities in the
ledge at a depth of about two hundred feet which
were from twelve to fifteen feet decjv
I The deepest holes made have neon 315 feet, under
the Carroll Building, In West street. Under the
Trinity and Boreel buildings twenty-nine borings
were made, averaging about three hundred feet.
From one of these the largest solid core of rock
ever brought up was recently taken from a depth
of nearly thre« hundred feet. The core was twen
ty-two feet long and sixteen inches in diameter,
fend weighed 2.750 pounds. The rock was a gray
fAFGHT THaOUGH WOMAITS WIT.
Girl Telephones Police and Arouses Neigh
bors When House Is Entered.
Frank Williams, of No. 740 Graham avenue, and
Paul Landsdorf, who gave his address as Fulton
i-treet. near Bands street, both of Brooklyn, were
held by Magistrate Connorton in the Flushing police
court, yesterday, for the grand Jury, charged with
The two men were seen by Miss Lucy Curry loi
tering about the home of Julius Strauss, on Whiting
nvenoe, Klmhurst. She Eays Ehe saw one of them
force an entrance, and then ehe hurrle-1 to the near
«rt telephone and told .he police of the 75th Pre
cinct. Then she ran to the homes of several neigh
bors and soon had a number of them on guard
nbout the house. When the police arrived the al
teged hurgUrs made an attempt to resist, but were
BROOKLYN GARBAGE REMOVAL.
6treet Cleaning Commissioner Advertises for
Bid* on a Five Tear Contract.
The Department of Street Cleaning advertised
peeterday for bids for the removal of garbage In
the Borough of Brooklyn. The Brooklyn Sanitary
Utilization Company now has the contract, at
6*7.000 a year, and is disposing; of tha garbage on
Han-en Island In the new plant It built there after
the firs of last summer The new contra. t will be
for live years, and Commissioner Craven expects
that others will bid besides the present holders of
the contract. Bids will be opened on February 2i
TO HELP CORPORATION COUNSEL.
As a result of the press of work In his office.
Corporation Counsel Ellison has appointed Edward
M orison as special counsel to assist in the prose
cution of tha city's- *ults against the electric light*
Ins; companies and other casts.
BUILDING CODE REVISION COMMITTEE.
Tha Committee on Buildings of the Board of AJ.
Hal iimsi. of which Alderman <;rlfenh; pen is chair
sssn. has named the following conunisslon of ar
sAMsets. engineers and builders to revise the Bulld
fns; Cods: Architects— Charles H. Israels, of Israels
«% Harder; Eleotus D. Utciifield, of Lord A llew
latt; aaaiatirs, Rudolph & Miller. Charts a
J»rcw-n, Charles O. Smith; builders, Oeorge Vassar,
jr.. TUssduie Starrett; mechanics. George Harsch
Tnessas F. Coagrove; attorney. William Blati;
atoaograpber. Herbert H. Hartford: messenger.
Man J. O. Bj aiss. Tbe commission will meet next
-i.-mday afternoon In the City Hall for organiza
STANDARD OIL RAISES PRICES.
Cleveland. Jan. a— Standard Oil Company
aaaoanosd to day an advance of one-quarter cent
•> gaUoa on all grades of refined oil. naphtha and
sraao!esa In barrels. It Is understood that the ad
«aaos Is mads owing to the higher price of barrels.
Th* new Quotations issued by the Standard Oil
Company to-dsy are is follows: Ohio state test,
*» cento; Water white Ohio state test. t*i cents;
l,»a£i!ffht, 176 Mat. U% cents; Bocene, 10' i cents
varaleb makers* and painters' naphtha, HVi cents;
. 6*odorized red crown gasolene, U% cents; £4 degree
lEaaoU.na, 2\ Cents.
-GAMBLING. HOUSES CLOSED'-^JEF.G V E
list riot Attorney Jerome announced yesterday
that, from private reports, as well as police rs
psrtk. It, would appear that the thirteen gambling
v-uses to the Tenderloin district were now closed.
The DesßSSher , pottos Bat of the Teaderloia pre
cinct car: »-d tho_namos of thirteen suspected gam
r.ouses. t^roagh raids and otherwise the
Bm SMbVBbW gat nrPßiUis that all would be
PIANO MAN'S CHAUFFEUR HELD.
wmiam iJsvts. chaasTsur for Jacob Doll, a piano
man 'j fas! wsi. of No. • Wast 7Tth street, was hold
tn c* bafl yeotoraay for exceeding tho speed limit.
Give effective relief in bronchial
end lung trouble. Contain noth-
SKELETON OP NAOSAURUS. __
* prehistorto reptile. Just plaoad on exhibition at the Museum of Natural Hl»tor*
TEST ASCENT IN SOUTH.
Aero Club to Make Trial of Condi
tions at Jamestown.
The Aero Club will occupy its new quarters, at
Xo. 12 East 4M street, opposite the Manhattan
Hotel, for the first time to-morrow night The
rooms will be krpt open only on Monday and Fri
day nights for the present. Designs are being sub
mitted for a club flag to be displayed by members
of the club in their ascensions In the future.
The work of mom importance now before the
Aoro Club Is the choice of the three representa
tives c* the club and their three alternates to de
fend the Bennett Cup In the race from St, Louis
next falL These will be chosen by February 20
by a special committee, composed of President
Cortlandt Field Bishop. Augustus Post and Samuel
H. Valentine. The representatives and alternates
must be licensed pilots or agree to become such
before August 1.
The cup. valued at 12,600 francs, goes to the club
represented by the winner, and the cash prize of
12.500 francs to the winner himself. In addition,
one-half the entrance fees and forfeits will go to
the winner, one-third to the second man and the
balance to the third. Certain citizens of St. Louis
hare made it possible for the club to offer these
supplementary prizes: Five thousand francs to the
contestant making second place, 3.750 francs to the
third. 2,500 francs to the fourth and 1.250 francs to
the fifth. A special round trip railroad rate has
been obtained for the contestants also of one fare
Dr. Julian P. Thomas and several other members
of the club are to bo to Jamestown next week,
where Dr. Thomas will make an ascension In his
balloon, the Nirvana. An extensive aeronautical
exhibit is to be made at the exposition, and an
aeronautical congress will be held there. It is to
sea under what conditions ascensions can be made
that the party is going there at this season. Con
ditions there are thought to be much more danger
ous than even In this city. for. besides the open
water to the east and north, there is tha peril of
the Dismal Swamp inland.
Dr. Thomas is to build another balloon, smaller
than the Nirvana, in which hydrogen fas will he
used, for ascensions during the exposition. At
present he is experimenting on a screw for his air
ship of new and novel type. To drive It he has
purchased a new and exceedingly light motor, of
the same type 'is the motor used by Curtis a few
weeks ago v.-hen he broke the motor cyclj record.
Instead of four cylinders. it will be cf the two
cylinder type, however, capable of developing clx
MEXICAN PACKING HOUSE CHAIN.
American Companies to Build Plants at Vera
Cruz and Monterey.
New Yorkers are chiefly interested In a project
which embraces the construction and operation of
meat packing plants on the seaboard and in the
interior of Mexico, with a view to catering, not
only for Mexican trade, but for European busi
The Mexican National Packing Company is in
corporated under the laws of New Jersey, and is
capitalized at $10,000,000. The financial arrange
ments are said to have been completed, the bonds
having Just been floated on the London market.
Among the New Yorkers who are principally con
cerned in the undertaking are John W. Do Kay.
president of the company; Delavan A- Holmes, di
rector; George . B. Luper, director, and Sumuel H.
Concessions have teen granted by the federal
government of Mexico. It is sail, and by the gov
ernments of the states of Michouean. Vera Crus
and Nuevo Leon for the erection of packing houses
at Uruapan, Michoucan, for South Mexican trade
in Vera Cru*. principally for export trade, and in
Monterey, Nuevo Leon, for North Mexican busi
ness. T::e Uruapan plant will be completed with
in six months, according to an officer of the com
pany now here. It will have an initial capacity
for handling 2,600 head of cattle. 2.500 hogs and
bs many sheep weekly. Tho two other plants. In
cluding cold storage warehouse and refrigcratlns
plant at Mexico City, will. It Is expected, be In
operation in eighteen months. These plants will
cost about 52.000.000.
The Mexican government has granted the com
pany a big rebate on the slaughtering taxes upon
cattle. The tax will be 6 cents, Instead of $2 35
the present charge. Three cents will be the tariff
on nogs; the prevailing price Is 80 cents. The
charge on sheep is now 25 cents, but the company
will be exempt from this tax. The company has
further been pranted. It is said, free water power
for twenty years and remission of Import duties
on all machinery and materials, and also ex
emption from federal, state, county and municipal
In addition to catering for Mexican trade, the
company plans to conduct nn extensive business
Among the Mexican director* of the company
are Senator Sebastian Camacho, president of ths
National Bank o» Mexico, who la also a vice
president; Julio M. L.imantour, president of the
Cordoba & Huatusco Railway Company, and Luis
Mendes. president of the Mexican Government
OELBICHS COMPLAINT DISMISSED.
Nephew of Steamship Man Cleared of Charge
of Assaulting Waiter.
Harry E. Oelrichs. son of Charles M. Oelrlchs
and nephew of the late Hermann Oelrlohs. of No.
22 East 55th street, was cleared In the Torkvilla
court yesterday by Magistrate Crane of the charge
of assault preferred by George Allen Sloan*, a
waiter at the Hotel Buckingham, who alleged that
on the evening of January 12 young Oelrichs had
kicked him during a fight in the billiard room.
Oelricha, with his friend. George P. Preston, told
Magistrate Crass that after a couple of drinks he
had gone Into the billiard room, where his desire
was to snow bis friend how well he could imitate
a clog dance they had seen that afternoon. He
said that Rloane had ordered him out. and In so
doing had insulted htm. Thereupon, be said, he
had belabored the waiter over the head with his
umbrella and chased him Into the barroom. He
declared that lie did not kick Sloans, aad In this
and the rest of his story he was corroborated by
Preston. Magistrate Crane dismissed the com
FRENCH COOKS' BALL COMING.
The forty-first annual dance of the Boolf
CuUnalre Phllanthroplque, better known as the
French cooks' ball, will bs given on February T
tn Terrace Garden. As usual, a feature of this
annual "night off of the leading chefs of the city
will be an exhibition of high art In cookery. The
supper will be prepared by a committee of chafs
of the best known city restaurants.
SAY HE BIT FOREMAN'S THUMB.
The left thumb of Laurence Kaufman, a foreman
la a clothing manufacturer's shop In South Bth
street. Wllllamsburg. was almost bitten off yester
day. It Is alleged, by John Sculch. of No. £1 Ellsry
street Kaufman accused ftculcb of trying to In
cite a strike among the workmen In the shop. A
light followed. In which Kaufman was badly In.
jured; He was taken to the Eastern District Hos
pital. Seulch was held by the polio*. °"
AN APPEAL FOR CHARITY.
The Charity Organisation Society appeals for OB*
for ths support of an old woman, that she may not
ho obliged to be separated from her little grand
4nm*m * : who will soon be of.wcge earning ago.
▲ year ago. to redoes her own expanses and also
to enable a poor widow to go out to work, she
assumed the responsibility of the widow, family
of four email children.* Che youngest a baby m arms.
This arrangement cannot continue unless the neces
sary money Is raised.
Any money for this case sent to the Charity Or
f-anlzatlon Society," No. ICS East 22d ■trteV will ■be
fiuif »ad ptiMicl/ *dcaowla4^a4 sj - - ■
NEW-YORK DATLY TRIBUTE, STTNT)AT. 3RSVXRY 27. 1907.
DIRECTOR MAY RESIGN.
H. L. Lamb May Leave Mutual
Reserve — Burnham in Sing Sing.
The resignation of Henry I* Lamb from the
Mutual Reserve's board of directors Is looked for
within tha next few days. It was reported last
night that at about the time of the recent Mutual
Reserve election Mr. Lamb submitted his resig
nation to the board, l-ccause of the notoriety at
taching to the company through the Indictment
of Its principal officers. Following the "disciplin
ing," however, of two of the so-called "employe
directors" for making an antl-Burnham motion
at one of the board meetings, Mr. Lamb. It is
said, withdrew his resignation for the time being.
If President Burnham's physician and one of the
"disciplined" "employe-directors" (now a director
only) t>e excepted, Mr. Lamb Is the only director
on tho board to-day who has no connection wtth
the company other than his directorship.
Oeorge A. Burnham, Jr.. who was convicted of
grand larceny In connection with the Mutual Re
serve and sentenced to two years' Imprisonment by
Justice Qreenbaum. was taken to Blng Sing late
Burnham had been detained at the Tombs prison
to be used as a possible witness against other offi
cials of the company. There was a pathetic leave
taking at the Tombs between the prisoner and his
wife. There were only two prisoners to bs taken
to 81ng Sing yesterday. Neither Burnham nor his
fellow prisoner was handcuffed. With two keepers
they boarded a Fourth avenue surface oar and rode
to ths Orand Central Station.
District Attorney Jerome learned In the mornj
tng when he went to the Criminal Courts Building
that Burnham was still in the Tombs. Ha was un
der the impression, he said, that Burnham had
been taken to Sing Sing after tha Supreme Court
had denied the motion for a certificate of reason
able doubt. He called up Under Sheriff Johnson
over the telephone and asked him why Burnham
was still in the Tombs. He told Johnson, it la
said, that he could £c consldes?-'I In contempt of
court for not having taken Burnham to the prison.
The new North American Life, organized by
fojmer New York Life men, will hold its first reg
ular meeting to-morrow. It is expected that tha
appointment of additional directors, an well as the
question of Increasing the capital stock to OuO.QOd,
will come up for discussion at this meeting.
A few days ago .T. M I3pi>stein, one of the or
ganizers of the new concern, received the cash
prize of $000 from the New York Ufa bananas of
the volume of his 1906 business. Mr. Eppsteln was
'he New York Life's agency director, for the Orand
Otto H. Kelsey. State Superintendent of Insur
ance, made no announcement yesterday on the
Question of th« successor to Melville H. Dalb*rg.
who resigned from lbs Mutual Llf«> board 'if In
spector- on Thursday. The New York Life's board
expects to resume the count of the ballots to-mor
WOMEN CAUGHT IN GAMBLING RAID.
Prisoners from Apartment House on West
Side Taken Away in Patrol Wagon.
After a raid on an alleged poolroom In an apart
ment house In 70th street, near West End avenue,
late yesterday afternoon, ten well dressed women
were placed In a patrol wagon and taken to the
West 68th street station. All. with th*» exception
of one, who gavo her name- as Mrs. Anna Stokes.
were allowed to go after they had given their
names and addresses to Captain Halpln In his
room. Mrs. Stokes was charged with keeping and
maintaining a poolroom, rind was held.
When the raid was made the women cried and
pleaded with the policemen not to arrest them.
Bom* offered their money and Jewelry in order to
be allowed to escape, when they were taken to
the patrol wagon they covered their faces with their
furs and han-ikerchiefs, so that those standing
about the wagon mlirht not recognize them.
According to Captain Halpin. a man complained
to him about a week ago of the alleged poolroom
Th« ram said that for some time his wife had been
lonlncr steadily on the races and she bat her money
he said. In the place raided.
Captain Halpin started off to get the necessary
evidence, and says that he found a woman who
placed beta in the rlflce. It was on this avidenoa
hat the raid was made.
ELMENDORF BACK IN FEBRUARY.
Will Lecture at Carnegie Hall on Ireland,
Scotland and Norway.
The first travel lecture of his spring series will
be given by Dwi^ht Elmendorf at Carnegie Hall on
February 7. His subject will be "Ireland." Mr. El
mendorf's work in th« past has made him popu
lar. His announcement that he will speak on
Ireland has created Interest, as that country is
naturally endowed with the scenic charactertsUoa
that appeal most strongly to Mr. Elmendort
Mr. tlmendorf sUrtedi at Belfast. In the north.
and reached Killarney. In the south. Aside from
pictures of the Giant's Causewey. the Hill of Tara.
Lough Erne. Blarney Castle and other noted places,
there are numerous views of spots equally attrac
tive but less familiar to the general public Ths*
second lecture will be on England and the othsr
subjects will be Scotland and Norway, which i.m
INDIANA TROLLEY MERGER.
Indianapolis, Jan. 26.— Under the title "Chicago,
South Bend a Northern Inulana Railway Com
pany." the properties consisting of the traction
lines between Goshen and South Bend and between
Laporte and Michigan City, as well as the street
railway systems of South Bend. Goshen, Elkhart
Mlshawaka. Laporta and Michigan City, were In
corporated In Indiana to-day. The roads were re
cently purchased by the Dleterlch-Murdock syndl
cat.- from Arthur Kennedy, of Nsw York, and his
PUtsburg associates, for $4,000,000. The new com
pany Is Incorporated for •T. 800.000. It is Intended
to build at once, a line from South Bend to Chi
cago-by way .of Michigan City. The officers of
the new company are: President. Chart?-, T. J)lete~
rich. New York; vtcs-presldent. Charles i.. Mur
dock, Lafayette. Ind.; treasurer, .AUred IMeterloh.
Now, York, and secretary and > general minim
ismnal X. */""■<^«>« i^r*.—jt*. t»a " "••-*»»»•♦
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XAOSAURITS ON VIEW.
Skeleton at Museum of Natural
History Said To Be Oldest Yet.
A skeleton of a naosaurus, a prehistoric reptile,
the only one ever mounted, according to the au
thorities of the Museum of Natural History to
West 77th street, has been placed on exhibition at
the museum. Dr. W. D. Matthews, of the museum,
says the naosaurus is one of the most ancient rep
tiles known to scientists. bavin* Inhabited tha
earth during the Permian period, some U.009.C00
years ago. making this th« oldest fossil skeleton
in the museum and probably in the world.
Most of the bones composing this skeleton were
found m Baylor County, In Northern Texas, by
Charles H. Bternberg In IS3B. and form part of the
Cope collection presented to the museum by Morris
K. Jesup. Part of the skull and some of the rib«
were presented by other persons.
The Permian strata generally occur at a depth
varying from 600 to 1.000 feet. It was formed dur
ing the period Immediately succeeding the car
boniferous or coal age. It Is only by an upheaval
of the earth or a washing »way of the soil by some
stream that these strata and the fossils found
embedded In them are ever brought within the
reach of scientists and collectors.
1 The bones of the naosaurus are rare. Dr. Mat
thews says this Is the first time that enough have
been found to make anywhere near a complete
skeleton. A few of the ribs and part of the skull
of the present specimen had to be made of clay,
but It Is practically complete. Most of the fossil
remains of these reptiles so far discovered have
been found in Texas, but scientists agree that its
habitat extended over a wide area.
Dr. Matthews says the naosaurus was a car*
ntvorous reptile, about ten feet long and three and
a half feet high. Its Jaws were armed with rows of
sharp teeth, which Dr. Matthews says proves that
it was a flesh eater. Ha thinks It probably lived
on small lizards and other reptiles of the period.
The creature also had a rigid fin extending all
along the back, composed of an upright row of
bones attached to the spinal column. These were
covered with skin, or membrane. Owing to the re
semblance of thesa upright bones to the masts
and yards of a ship the reptile la also known as
the "ship lizard."
What use the creature made of this fin has not
been determined, according to Dr. Matthews. He
says it was not amphibious.
The skeleton was mounted by Prof<»s«or Her
mann, the head of the fossil mammal department
of the museum. At present It Is In a railed oft
space in the rear of the Fossil Mammal Hall, but
as soon as a gln«s cue has been made for it the
ancient fossil will be placed In the space allotted
to It on the main floor.
DOO HOLDS MAN A PRISONER.
Knock* Him from Wheel and Wont Let
Him Get Up Again.
Olen Ridge, N. J.. Jan. 26 (Bpeclal).— While Henry S.
Bruch, of Park avenue, was riding his bicycle along
that thoroughfare to-day a large dog. owned by
Mrs. Sarah D. Stubbert. Jumped a five-foot fence
and sprang at Bruch. knocking him off the wheel.
Injuring him about the head and Ugs and wreck
ing his wheel.
After the mishap the dog refused to go away
from the scene of the wreck or allow Bruch to get
up off the ground.
For flffeen minutes thn dog hell Bruch a pris
oner, until two men on a coal wagon had driven
th« dog off.
FISH THAT SLEEP IN WINTER.
Some Hibernate in Mud, Others in Deep
With th« comlr.r of winter the Missouri an«l«r Badly
reals In his Una. unjolnu his rod ai» 1 reconciles himself
•• bast ha may to a lon* period of abstinence from hie
favorite pastime. The fishes native to trie waters of this
locality, and nearly ail of the varieties that have beoa
introduced, are "warm water" «i •.:.•». in that they be
com« dormant during the cold weather, when th« water Is
chilled to tha fr«eiU«s point. The most sought after
r.mi.um In this section — larte and small mouth black baia —
congregate In Uie deepest holes of lake cr stream when
lee begins to form, and remain Indifferent to food until
the s^rlQaT tun again warms Uie water. dapple have a
similar habit, and man/ ooarsar varieties, such as catfish
and carp, literally bury themselves during tha winter
months In the mud of <Se«» water holes.
Walk* the Western nahennaa ilu disconsolate by the
fire Ms Eastern and Northern brothers ara enjojlng
angling equally pleasurable. In Its way, to that of the
summer. Fishing through the Ice la a popular and
hssJthful sport in all of the states norti and sSSI of
lowa, and In tha extreme Northeast has a following alt
its own of enthus'.Mls. who nth at no other season. Th*
Osr.es most commonly caught aro pickerel, yellow perch
and white perch, three hardy varieties that are equally
vigorous In cold weather and warm. At least, one of tha
three species, the pickerel, Is at In best as tuod when
caught through the lea
There Is only one reason why winter biting fishes ara
not common In Missouri waters— no one la this locality
has ever taken the trouble of propagating them on a
l&rga scale. The fish commissions In the Middle Vest,
both state and national, have devoted their energies
principally to hatching bass, crapple and trout. Owners
of private preserves have, In a very few instances. In
troduced a few of other varieties, but these have been
confined to the waters originally stocked.
The. habits of pickerel, white perch and yellow peroh
are snob that they would thrive In hundreds of MIS'
souri ponds, takes and streams. AH are capable of
bearing without discomfort extremes of temperature,
and none Is overly nice In demandlnr very clear or deep
water. Of the three specie* the yellow perch In perhaps
the nut dealrable. as it can accommodate Its manner of
life to almost any condition, and Is a very superior pan
fish In fact, concerning the latter quality, the fore
most writers of (lib lore declare It to be the beat of all
varieties. Another point In Its favor I* that It ta ready
to blta whenever the angler cares to present his book,
and does not much care what bait Is offered Minnow*,
worms, small spoons or arttActal flies ar« accepted with
avidity during the tumnier months, and worms, mtn
tiowh or iimjill bits of meat readily tempt It in winter.
The yellow parch, which Is also known as ring parch,
raccoon perch and atrtped perch, runs In companies, or
schools, as do mihH-Ii and crapple. The brilliant pig
ments of their marktnir* make them one of the hand
somest of fresh water flnhea and prevent the possibility
of their being confused with other varieties.
The pickerel, which Is beginning to find its way Into
some Southern Missouri streams. also has the faculty
of making Itself at home In almost any water. In very
warm weather, however. It Is apt to be sluirglnh an!
somewhat Indifferent to food. This Is juit as well, per
haps, as Its flesh Is then soft and lacks the flavor that
seems so palatable In winter. Kllm. many toothed ami
■mister looking, the pickerel has a reputation for pug
nacity and de*trurttveneas that Is not altogether de
served. Because of this bad name, many fish enthu
siasts have hesitated to Place pickerel In confined
waters of small area Inhabited by other varieties. As
a matter of fact, bass are more destructive among
other fishes than are pickerel, and bas.s will invariably
be found dominating the situation where the two va
rieties are confined In the same water. .
The pickerel Is by many rated as a game fish, and Is
entitled to that place to the extant that It takes artificial
lines, such as trolling spoons, readily and viciously. It
Is not. however, a vigorous tighter when hooked. It Is
a most accommodating biter when fished for through the
Ice with minnows as bait.
The whits perch Is a very fine fish with a small repu
tation, because Its habitat Is confined to a comparatively
limited territory. Naturally a salt water specie*, it
thrives equally well In fresh water, but is seldom found
except in lakes and streams near the Middle and North
am Atlantic coast. It Is only within the last few years
that tha National Pish Commission has become suflV
elently wall acquainted with tha whits perch to begin to
appreciate Its worth. Resembling the crappls In Its
habits, it is much superior to that variety, being more
hardy, more prolific In reproducing Its kind, a better
pan fish, and attaining a larger growth.
The white perch attains an average weight of a little
more than one pound, though occasional specimens ara
caught weighing three pounds or more. Like the crappte.
it has a fondness for company, and where one Is a large
sohool is usually found. On* peculiarity in which It
differs from most other fishes v that It has no fixed
home In the waters It Inhabits, but la constantly on
the move, though usually confining Its travels to th*
deeper waters of lake or stream. This species la a satis
fying pan fish whenever and wherever caught. it will
bite readily at minnows. ypoons or worms at. any time.
and during the summer months will rise freely to the
artificial Kansas City Star.
BIQ LAKE STEAMER LAUNCHED.
Detroit Jan. SS.— The steamer Thomas F. Cols,
600 r»«t lone, the largest vessel ever built at a
local yard, was launched to-day at the Eoorse
plant of the Great Lakes Engineering Company.
A party of people from New Tors, headed by
Thomas F. Cole, for whom the ship was named,
and Mrs. Cole, attended the launch. The Cole Is
owned by the Plttsburg Steamship Company, is COO
feet long over all. 580 ftet keel. 51 feet beam and tt
feet deep. She will carry between 14.000 and 15.000
tons of ore.
CITY NEWS IN BRIEF. !
Kx-Asssmblyman Harry Oxford was beaten so
badly ob -Friday. night by a waiter named AUlger.
In a restaurant at Cooper Square and 7th street.
that he was unable to appear In court against his
assailant yesterday morning. Alllger was held In •
rLCOO ball on a charge- of assault, and will have a
Nleeolo Marra. of Depew. N. T.. who shot and '
killed on Friday night, at *th street and First ave
nue, a man supposed to bs Frank Povsto, was re- '
manded to the vomt. yesterday to await the re
sult of tli» Inquest. .He told tha police ha shot tha
man In self-defence.
A. competitive examination for admission to th«
United States Naval Academy will ,ba held at the
Morris High School on February 8 and 9 to nil v.
•vacancy belonging to Coii£r*asm&a Joseph A.
Chilian W ih^ iiik IMmi-iri^*. ■:■_•■
npHE wonderful thing about the
I Edison Phonograph as an enter-
JL taincr is that it gives you your
kind of amusement — your kind of music
That's because it gives any kind. The
man who likes old-fashioned ballads is
apt to think, because he has never heard
the Edison sing a ballad, that it is a rag
Yon most hear the Edison Phonograph sing or play the hind nf asaah)
too like. Then yon wiH know. It b very easy to hear ihe Edison. Them
fa at least one store in every town when you can hear it free, or whew they
will gladly show it to yon. If you cannot find that store in this town, writn
to us and ,oi as tell yon.
National Phonograph Company
75 Lakeside. Avt, Orsna'i .N", J .
Dealers with established *tor«s wanted to sell Edison Phonographs t»'
•rery town not soTtfsd.
Thg "Leading Fir* Insurance Company of America."
■rTATXMENT OF THE CONDITION OF THE
On the 31st day of December, 1906.
Cash Capital. $4,000,000.00
Reserve, Re-Insurance (Fire) 5.579,431.50
Reserve. Re-Insurance (Inland) 139.236.03
Reserve. Unpaid Losses (Fire) 467, 108.65
Reserve, Unpaid Losses (Inland) 0 7,630.3(i
Other Claims 1 .203.364.67
Net Surplus, 4.466.072.43
Total Assets, $15.950843 64
Surplus as to Policy-Holders, $8,466,072 43
LOSSES PAID IN EIGHTY-EIGHT YEARS:
S I 08,748,826.97.
WM. B. CLARK, Pres. W. H. KING, Sec.
A C. ADAMS HENRY E. REES, A. N. WILLIAMS
wrsTFitN BRANCH. Traction BnlktlßK, Ctnrtniiat!. O. Heeler * last her. General Assent*.
NOIITIIAvnSTEKN BRAN* H. Omaha, Neb. V. ca. 11. »>man. «.rnrral Agent; W. P. Hirfonl. AhlbsbmbS
PACIFIC RIMM'II. San t'rasjrlaro. Cat. Board man * Spencer. General Agents.
INLAND MAKINF DEPARTMENT: Chlraco. 111.. 14% I.aSall« Street. »w Yerk. 93 and &1 William Stress.
Boston. 70 Kilby Street. Philadelphia. 2 JO Walnut Street.
Agents in all the Principal Cities, Towns and Villages of tbe United States and Canada.
SCOTT ALEXANDER & TALBOT, AGENTS. 93-95 WILLIAM STREET.
CALLING WILD TURKEYS.
Hunters Imitate the Summons of the
Hen — Arkansas Hunt.
President Roosevelt's ill success In beguiling a
single wild turkey into coming within gunshot dis
tance on his recent midwinter trip to Virginia calls
attention anew to the difficulty of decoying the
birds and the knack of the comparatively few
>'U liters who can do so.
Writing from Northern Arkansas, a "Kansas
City Star" man tells of a turkey hunt, as follows:
"We paired off In twos, my companion being an
experienced turkey hunter and possessing a mar
vellous "kill In imitating; their call with a wing
bone. There ars> many kinds of turkey callers and
most every hunter has some one which ha claims
to be better than any other, ranging from a gourd
•nd with an oak pin in it and a piece of elate to
the elaborate and highly ornamented and patented
callers to be bought in the sporting good* stores.
"The turkeys bad not left their roosting places
when wa reached their range and the carpet of
snow was unsullied J>y any marks or tracks except
occasionally, near a tree, where an Inquisitive and
early rising squirrel had made an assay to go visit
ing, but had changed its mind and returned to Its
snug nest after floundering a few feat through the>
mow. or where a night prowling fox or coon had
"Every hundred yards or so we would stop for a
few minutes while my companion sent the notes of
his call floating through ths silent forest. We
had not made more than half a dozen of thesa
pauses before, in answer to this call, far through
the woods we heard an unmistakable reply. We
separated a few yards, each of us taking a crouch-
Ing position at the foot of a large tree, facing
toward the portion of the forest whence had coma
the calL This la the only safe position when at
tempting to call a turkey, for the background of
the trees seems to prevent the turkey from seeing
the hunter, and often the bird will walk op to
within a few feet of the man It the latter will
only remain quiet.
"My companion now begun to call »ft and
soon, from several directions, he secured answer-
Ing calls. Then we haard th* beating of mighty
wings as a distant turkey, presumably of great
slse, fluttered Its ponderous body from the limb
where It had roosted through the sight to the
snow- covered ground. It was a most exciting and
nerve-racking sound, and It put us both upon the
keen edge of expectancy, for often a turkey will
fly straight from Its roosting plaoe to the gunner
with his wing home caller.
"Far through the woods I caught a glimpse of
the dark body of the turkar sailing; toward the
ground and my heart went op in my throat and
my pulse beat like a railroad engine climbing a
heavy grade. However, the bird lit some two hun
dred or three hundred yards away, in a clear space,
and I could see it leisurely making its way toward
US, Standing out bold and. prominent in ibt sea of
"Slowly It approached, and, when Juat about 150
yards away, there cams a roar of wings and. sail
ing out of a cypress brake. a big: turkey came
straight lor my position, flylnj thronsh the tre*s
with the speed of a racehorse. Without a turn or
curve it came, bearing down upon me, and when
less than fifty yar.f away I rave it a load of No.
4 chilled shot and piled it up In the moat approved
style. I had not been so Intent upon the bird that
I failed to keep an eya out back at tho on* on tho
ground, and. strange to relate, it did not fly at
my ehot but turned and ran off through a patch
of switch cane.
"Gathering 1 up the dead bird, the two of us made
a :■-,,: ■-,, • detour through the woods In the attempt to
head. Oft th* other DIM. and after running som«
four hundred yards, making a circuit around tha
patch of can", we took »tan.l» In an open U.ie In
tho general direction the turkey had asade.l. Th<*n
ray ■■,-!. 1 bejran calling a<afn. and It was not
long 1 until the turkey answered him It came
closer and .■!■«:. as we could tell from its calling.
until we • could " see . the ; twitch cana bobbing and
ehaklnsr as ■■ made Its way through it. We were
scarcely more --an twenty t yard.i from the e«i*f>
of the cane. our positions about seventy yards
apart, and from the v,ay the turkey was coming
It looked as If it -would come out into th« rlade
exactly between us. But It took one of thovs
strange freaks bo common with turkeys and whw
almost out of the cane turned to the left, toward
m\* position.' and; ntlll Ueep-tnsr out o. s!<ht In the
protecting mass Of cane, circled toward m<V On
|| not SOUI JUftft cane, circled toward m#. On
mm aatts |us 4la Ism* <* me ao4 Uksa U
stepped out into the open and there was nothing
We for me to do *>ut bowl it ever, hough I am
sincere to say I felt a bit. guilty in killing both tho
chances we had secured tr.at mormns, my friend
alone being responsible for them, as I was not at
all skilled in calling them."
"They say this Texas ranger wouldn't hesitate to
charge hell with one bucket of water."
"Neither would I." asserted the corporal of m
dustry. "The satanic line of credit ought to he
rood for a little item Uka that."*— Louisville Courier
?ood for a little Item l!k» that.'— Tjoulsrlll* Courte*-
In reading the latest issues at h*ad of a Chilian
paper which is acknowledif*d to be the most
popular and also the most important and Influen
tial, politically speaking, I- si difficult to understand
a recent dispatch from Santiago about th<« diplo
matic relations between Chill and the United States.
This dispatch stated that the Santiago govern
ment had proposed Is parliament that th«» Chilian
Legation at Washington be latosd to th* rank of
an embassy. Th« name si th«» future ambassador.
SeSor Doming" Qaaa, was «-yen mentioned. Th<»
dispatch added that tha whol« Chilian press, haw
ever, express opposition to> the change, which on*
paper classed as •'rit."culous ostentation." "El
Mercurio" was tn favor of the government* pro
posal, about which it said, In part. In its issues of
December 3 and 5:
••It was always, for Chill, an interest of the first
order, as well a* for all the South American coun
tries, to be represented in a digniUed manner at
Washington. But now. after the Pan-American
congresses of Mexico and. Rio Janeiro, after th*
visit of Mr. Root to our principal capitals, and
•specially after the campaign undertaken by this
Illustrious Secretary of State In the principal com
mercial and manufacturing centres of bis own
country, our legation at Washington must occupy
the first place In the diplomatic service of Chill.
. . . Brazil has been tbe first to understand that
th© future of Latin America is Intimately bound
with tho United States, and. In order to mark it*
Intention to foster relations with tho great north
ern republic, It has raised its legation at Wash
ington to an embassy. . . . TVs do not need •»
demonstrate the advantages which would r*sult»T
Chill from more active relations with the Uaitea
States through the establishment of; a Chilian em
bassy in the capital of the northern republic.'
A few days before publishing the editorials men
tioned above and so strongly pro- American. •*■
ercurlo" advanced from Ova to ton eentavos the
price of its dally number. This increase did as*
affect tho circulation of the paper, which did no&
enlarge Its slse or Increase tho number of its pays*.
It demonstrated the popularity and influence of
"El Msrourlo." founded at Valparaiso eighty v*ax»
A league of the- Catholic wesasa was ton—*
recently at Montevideo, to the . rsavJMs* of Uru
guay. Tata league la especially directed again*
Immoral , theatrical representations. Tha woman
have notified to the hrpissarlna that the mambars
Of toe society Will not attend any p«rformanejs la
theatres whose directors permitted licentious, of
even slightly Immoral pieces, to be played- But It
appears thai this movement of tha Cathode women
of Montevideo la not destined to succeed. It ; *
ridiculed by a local but important ata-ssaaoy. Ei
Dla." Moreover. Softer Jasa Fontaaa. a rapraajnta
tJvo member of tha Catholic party, has published %
letter disapproving tho movement ithe v*» £>•
his wife's name to tha apt sal mads to the public
In Argentina rations are being made for tha
erection of a monument to Carlos Pellegrini, a
former President of the Republic, who died a faw
months ago at Buenos Ay re*. Large subscription*
are being •>«* "\t to the monument committee, not
only from the capital and the dries In Argentina
but also from Europe, especially from London .and
Paris, where Pellegrini was well known and cUcniy
eateamed. He was born In the island o* Coral-ia.
In the • Mediterranean, and had travailed «taa
slvely tn Kurore. where he w<»i tha guestof Em
peror William, tha Kin,? of England. -the President
of Franco, etc. ■ Senor TeUesrini mada three yea-s
ago a. visit to th<s Uni«\J !j'.ii»». of which Us »»•
a sUou* fc.ii»lrafc