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\\ ART CONGRESS.
Exhibition of the International
Society in London.
London. January 0.
There was a useful hint at the International
Eociety's interesting dinner at the Nftw Gallery.
Ys7iigtler> Idea of art rongresee*. with the best
+ nrY. cf the time displayed to the highest ad
vantage, was quoted, and evidence was offered
that the society had been carrying it out not
only in the annual exhibitions here, but also In
Ifilar and elsewhere. The society was described
a» trie best equipped organization for arranging
exhibitions in which artists appeal to something
larger than the judgment and taste of their own
country. This Is undoubtedly true, and it points
to a natural solution of the most difficult prob
lem set before the managers of international
(hitwt like the Jamestown Exhibition. An art
collection Is always requisite, and when an appeal
!s made to national governments individually
there is either belated effort or unsystematic
preparation. In gland there is unmistakable
Indifference to International exhibitions at home
or broad, and Sir Alfred Bateman Is now con
ducting an official Inquiry to determine whether
participation In them is of any practical benefit
to Industrial Interest*. Bo far as art In con
cerned, it cannot be doubted that the Interna
tional Society of Sculptors. Painters and Gravers
can produce either for the Jamestown or Barce
lona exhibition, or for any other shows, a more
symmetrical and Interesting collection than can
tie arranged in any other way. It represents
modern and unconventional art in all civilized
countries, and this Is what is wanted at Inter-
BjsjtisßssJ shows. Its method Is eclecticism. It
takes what Is representative without reference
to the source, and exhibits art on its own merits.
There can be 110 better method of organizing a
modern *how. • c
This year's exhibition at the New Gallery is
confined to the works of members of the society.
Probably this will not be a precedent, for th*
exclusion of outsiders work at subsequent
fhow*. Certainly, it series the useful purpose
cf rating the resources of a large body
of firtists Included In the membership. It shows
how clever, how unconventional and how mod
ern limy can be when they are left to them
attswa. If this modernity of spirit be unduly
vehement and unrestrained— and that is an ob
vious effect. especially when one goes to the
New Gallery from the academy where Hals,
Rembrandt. Reynolds and Gainsborough repre
sent th« power. imagination, distinction and
rra^e of the old matters — It is the present day
*rt M practised by workers of downright sin
cerity 5n the kingdom, on the Continent and in
America, Subject i* non Important than qual
ity, style, color or charm, and generally it Is
something without Inherent beauty or dignity
and often something disagreeable and unwhole
some. These modern painters, sculptors and
gravers share the preference of current novel
ists for what is morbid and unpleasant, and.
brilliant and realistic as the technique may be.
old fashioned lovers of art revert to higher
and nobler themes and methods of treatment,
precisely as booklovers brush aside the ephem
eral fiction of the day and refresh themselves
by re-reading standards and classics. Yet the
restless and penetrating modern spirit is in
these works, with its own methods of observa
tion, of stating what it perceives and of devel
oping the resources of the subject. It deserves
critical study like every other phase of mod
ern life. Tha German etchings seem hard and
metallic and the French paintings coarse and
repellent In composition and color, but there, is
individuality in the art, and it often pulsates
with creative power.
These International congresses enable art
workers to find out what is going on in other
countries and to broaden their style. Coarse
realism like Zuloaga's "Vleux Marcheur," with
its rakish old man In pursuit of two fast women.
Is offensive in subject and without charm of
composition or color; but the figures are Vital
and something Is to be learned from the clever
ness with which the paint la put on the canvas.
Besnard's portrait of ."me. Jourdaln involves
an ingenious portrayal of lights at cross pur
poses In a brilliantly painted iridescent gown,
«nd It Is worthy of study, even If the modelling
of the head has been sacrificed. There are many
other ultra-modern performances in oil. and
there Is a conspicuous one in the central sculpt
ure hall— Lambeaux's theatrical bronze, entitled
"Murder." There is also much cleverness in ex
ecution without Ignoble subjects or frivolity in
method. Th«re are two Boldinl portraits of
marked originality. There are portraits by
Blanche and Aman-Jean with Individuality of
method, and there is an American one by Miss
Cecilia Beaux of vital power, with brushwork as
bold and free as Mr. Sargent's. There is an
other American work of power and charm In
composition and color— Mr. Garl Melchers's
"Arbor"— and Mr J. J. Shannon has a fascinat
ing study of firelight In a family group of eight.
With so fantastic a scheme of lighting, propor
tion and perspective baffle criticism, especially
sv Mule floor space is shown; but the grouping Is
delightful find the likenesses are excellent.
Handsome Mrs. Shannon is finely posed In the
background; Mrs! Hitchcock, with dreamy fare,
Is close to the hearth, with two friends behind
ber, »*nd In the foreground Is Miss Shannon with
p girlish friend.
Mr. William Nicholson Is one of the boldest ex
hibitors, bet use his "Miss Alexander" challenges
• omparlson with a famous Whistler. The work
1* so modern and Ingenious as to be fairly hu
morous. He has sketched the lady — a sister of
Whistler's sitter— primly seated on a table In a
riding habit, and again in the background
mounted on a fine horse, the second representa
tion being a framed painting with glass. In
which the black hat In her lap Is reflected. In
this way she is painted so as to be seen on and
off her horse in the same canvas. It is a mar
'<■' of ingenuity, with most effective realism In
the seated figure. Mr. John I^avery has painted
a wonderful gown In a hammock, but the girl ln
■ ')*■ the clothes seems hopelessly twisted and
anatomically Involved, and the work Is inferior
to the older and simpler portrait of Miss Mary
Morgan In another room. Mr. C H. Shannon's
"Golden Age" is an ambitious Idyll with nudes
*.nd half-draped figures under trees, and, while
it is decorative, it produces a feeling of disap
pointment, since It is so obvious that the picture
ought to have been better than It Is. when so
modi work has been expended upon It. Mr.
Itloketts's "Death at the Auction" is brilliantly
painted, whatever may be the meaning of his
allegory, and Mr. Francis Howard has been ex
perimenting successfully with Veronese's silvery
tones, and Mr. Orpen lias been toying with his
memories of Hogarth In painting a performing:
saw in a tavern yard. Among the marines and
landscapes Mr. Charles Cottet's "Cote Bauvage.
i:» cue." has dignity and%>ower; M. le Sl
c3aner f6f 6 studies of Venice and Bruges have tran
quil beauty; there Is a good Mesdag -a twilight
«ffect at Scuevenlngen; a sombre but beautiful
Peppercorn — "Moonlight"; and a remarkably
clever and even brilliant picture by Mr. Pryde—
"View Through • Barn."
The sculpture hall contains much work of a
high order. M Ilodln's bust of "Lord 11. de W."
>-:>ring!ng out of a block of marble may be
eccentric, but what a striking likeness he has
produced In his bust of Mr. Bernard Shaw!
It is not ths playwright who cynically writes
death scenes In a comic spirit and undertakes
"necessary repairs to religion" with the artlcs
of a circus clown, bttl 'he man of genius as
he r.il t look In Valhalla, If he were to culti
vate a spirit of rev^renc". There is also a most
delightful ttzCy •>? <MM hood In M. Kodln's
' F.roi:,-: a.id Sister.'-' an <*x«juisit*f bronze stat-
Hatlc. Prince T:uul-*i»Uoy's statuettes are dell
cate and fanciful, and Mr. Stirling l>e's "Lydia"
is one of the best works In marble. Black and
rhite work has always been a brilliant feat
ure of these International shows. The arrange
ment of tha tratercolors, pastels, •tchinft. dry
pointa. aquatinta. lithographs, wood engraving*
and chalk drawings in the south room seems
less effective, than usual, but there Is a fine dis
play of these works in the balcony, where the
light is admirably adapted for them. Air. Mes
dag's watercolors and chalk drawings. Mr.
Muhrman's pastels, the etchings of Mr. Max
KJinger. Mr. Bauer. Mr. Cameron. Mr. Strang,
Mr. Legros and Mr. Baertsoen, the aquatints
of Mr. Joseph Pennell and th« wood cngrrav
ings of Mr. Henry Wolf and Mr. Timothy Cole
command attention in this varied and brilliant
display. There Is an abundance of American
work, and it is of high quality. About one-half
of this large exhibition represents foreign art
work from eight nations. This Is adequate
proof of the international character of what
Whistler would have described as an "art con
grese." I. N. F.
VAGRANCY IN PARIS.
The Xight Refuges for Homeless,
Penniless and lVorkicss.
Paris, January 8.
For tho homeless, the penniless, the -workless
on the streets of Paris, a certain provision is
made by the municipality. Accommodation Ib.
In fact, provided for five or six hundred desti
tute poor In some half dozen municipal night
refuges, and as long as there Is a vacant bed
thooe who present themselves at the office win
dow are admitted.
These refuges (the Aslles Munlclpaux) keep
their forlorn guests for three, consecutive nights.
After the third night the door of the refuge, is
closed upon them until two months have elapsed.
Some, are regular visitants. Punctually, when
the i«lxty days have passed, they again present
themselves at the office window, where the.y are
identified and readmitted. Out in the east of
the city, not far from tho fortifications, is the
large women's refuge, called by the name of the
first great feminist, Oeorge Sand. Making one's
way carefully over the slippery Ice and frozen
snow on the sidewalk of the Rue Btendhal. one
will notice that the flag of the republic marks
the great door of an unpretentious building,
which looks rather like a warehouse under the
moonlight of the early winter evening. The door
Is opened at 4 o'clock at this season of the year,
and all who wish to claim a bed for that night
must present themselves before 6 o'clock, which
In the supper hour of the refuge. The vigilant
ey« of the manageress at the little office win
dow once passed, the ragged battalion is mar
shalled to the dressing and bath rooms. Grum
bling and scolding the women are driven Into
the hot water to be well scrubbed, and their rags
are carried at once Into the disinfecting room.
Tor their stay in the refuge they get a clean and
comfortable outfit. Including warm, natural
wool stockings and a heavy linsey-wooU«y
gown. The bath Is only obligatory on the first
night. But the most disagreeable part of the
programme Is the visit of the doctor, who. Just
before supper, Inepects each of the women, and
then vaccinates them if the condition of their
previous marks warrants such a proceeding. Any
symptoms of Infectious disease are noted, and
the patient Is at once carried to the nearest hos
The food 1n these refuges Is of the plmplest-
Fupper consists of hot soup and dry bread, both
in unlimited quantities, and breakfast is a
repetition of supper. No one complains, how
ever, of the monotony of the menu.
By day. of course, the refuge is empty. All
the Inmates go out when the doors are opened,
at R:3O a. m.. ostensibly to look for work, but In
reality to beg— a profitable employment In this
city, especially in winter. It Ib against the reg
ulations for any to be. kept In the refuge. t>y
day. but on a bleak, cold morning, when snow
and Fleet are falling, the manageress sometimes
offern to allow a few of the older women to re
main 1n the warm room until later In the day;
but one and all. however. Invariably refuse
with thanks. The streets in such weather are
po much the more remunerative that they can
not afford to stay Indoors!
And on the fete days of Christmas and New
Tear's, however severe the cold may be. the
refuge* of Paris are practically deserted, Beg
garß and vagrants have special privileges for
these days, and they make the most of them,
for It must be said the persons who fill the
"aeil'-e " are not what can be called a deserving
class. They have no longing* for Independence,
and still lees have they any appetite for honest
work. In the first five months of last year,
from January 1 to May 31, 0.890 women Slept
in the George Band Asile. Of these, the man
ageress succeeded In placing: four hundred In
regular work. To-day four only are In their
r ,>co« All the rest have drifted again out Into
Then arc ISO beds In the long dormitory of
the <;«-orge Hand Aaile. They are occupied by
women of all nationalities. There was yester
day a young girl sitting near the stove in the
"parloir" who spoke and understood only Kng
lish: two knew only German; the rest were
French, chiefly country girls, with two or three
old women, branded with the marks of alco
holism. Borne of them sleep all the year round
in similar Institutions In Paris. There are suffi
cient public and private establishment* to en
able them to pass from one to another in two
months, spending the usual three nights In
each, and reappearing at each In turn at the ex
piration of the sixty days' ban.
The manageress of the George Rand Aslle can
hand any deserving case on to some one or other
charity. But, unfortunately, there Is so little
cohesion among the different intititutlons that
a good deal of money Is squandered. It was
recently discovered that one able bodied young
woman was receiving from different charitios
an Income of HOO francs a month.
If the refuge has more applicants for beds
than it can accommodate. It gives a "billet do
logement." or lodging ticket, which entitles the
holder to three nights* lodging In some little
hotel near at hand. The hotelkeeper presents
these tickets to the refuge, and Is paid 1 franc
tK» centimes on each. Some Idea of the opinion
entertained by these liotelkeepers of their
vagrant lodgers may be obtained frdrn the fact
that In one at least of these hotels every piece
of furniture, and every utensil In the wretched
rooms is fastened to floor or wall by an iron
chain. A lively trade is frequently done in
these tickets, as the recipients are apt to sell
them to the highest bidder, and so turn them
Frequently the managers of the night refuges
send their tatterdemalion guests upon their
way with at least one meal In their pockets for
the new day In the shape of coupons. Such
coupons are available at any one of the twenty
live bakehouses of the Philanthropic Society.
This society, which was founded as long ago
as 1780. has established kitchens all over Paris,
and Issues coupons of two cents apiece. Each
coupon Is equivalent to the price of one helping
of soup, meat, bread, sausage, chocolate, cheese.
vegetable* or coal, at 'he choice of the holder,
to b« obtained at any on* of the depots, and
each coupon bears a list of these depots.
The municipal refuses o.' Tarts by no means
ruffle? for »he needs of the capital, but. so far
as they go. they are admirably and usefully ad
ministered. C 1.. B.
NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUM) AY. .JANUARY 27. 1007.
OUR COAST DEFENCES.
Would They Be Sufficient in Time
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Since 1898 we have rpent, approximately,
$400,000,000 on the Philippines, but most of this
money has gone into roads, harbor works, sanita
tion, etc., and hardly nny 'nto fortifications.
In other words, the constructive expenditure
lias been a!! out of proportion to the de
fensive. We have built splendid machine shops at
CaVitA, but I understand we have not mounted
the guns necessary to protect them. Manila is a
new city under our management, but the batteries
defending It now are but little. If any. more ade
quate than when we took it from the Spaniards.
We have towed the drydock Dewey half around
the world, and In the first week of hostilities would
li'ie'y have to destroy it to prevent it falling
into the enemy's hands. Since the Japan— navy
in the Pacific outnumbers ours about four to one,
I can see no other course— in case of a war between
America and Japan, of whlclj some speak so
Jauntily— but for such of our Philippine squadron
as could escape to return to this roast for refuge.
What show would the ten thousand or so troops
ma have In the islands have against the trained
veterans whom the Japanese could throw against
them, with Luzon only a short Bail from their
home base of supplies? Hawaii, with its sixty
thousand Japanese population (mostly male), almost
if not quite outnumbering the whites there, would
be taken within a 6hort time of the "dropping of
the hat," and Pearl Harbor (?) (our naval base) is
as well equipped and as poorly fortified, bo 1 am
told, as our similar establishments elsewhere. The
moment a hostile war vessel appeared in these
waters all trade with Alaska would be cut off. for
most of the tonnage carried is by sea to Sltka,
Valdez, Nome and other ports.
Of late years It has always been held as an
axiom that no foreign power could ever Invade our
shores, and this Is doubtless true with retard to the
Atlantic seaboard. 1 fear nut, however, that such
Is not the case out th«re where the- population is
less, and whan it might prove possible for some
Japanese so to cripple the railroads by dynamiting
Important tunnel*, vial icta and bridges (.things
which it would take a long time to replace with
even temporary structures) that the forwarding of
the necessary men and supplies from the East
would be seriously delayed. The Japanese have
sufficient transports to bring men here, and they
have warships enough to convoy them and afford
them adequate protection in the face of any Beet
we now have in these waters. But let us say, for
purposes of argument, that they merely send a fleet
against us, since the average man will not even
admit the bare possibility, let alone probability, of
their attempting to land an army corps, What
In endeavoring to forecast what trend events
would take, one must first try to understand what
the enemy desires to do. We have assumed that
the Philippines have been taken, for in gaining
possession of them she would accomplish two ends,
first, that of securing an outlet for the surplus
population at homo, and, second, that of removing
the United Htates as a factor in the political nit
uation In the Far Kast— a sort of Japanese Monroe
Doctrine of Asia for the Asiatics. Hawaii, If
captured and fortiried. could be used in future as a
point from which to threaten our coast. Next, with
regard to operations over here. The mere destruc
tion of our cities and town* would not deal a blow
to the production of those manufactured products
whose sale In the Orient makes us disliked as a
commercial competitor, slnoo most of our factories
are out of reach from the seaboard. The real point
Is, perhaps our coast cities would be made to pay
a. ransom for not being burned which would cover
the expense of the war.
Now, I do not pretend to know much about the
character of the defences of I'uget Sound, except
that from what I hear any attempt thoroughly to
protect Its entrances r>y mines would be rendered
difficult by the depth of the water and the velocity
of the tidal currents. Than, mines of themselves
are no good unless there are guns to prevent the
other fellow taking them up out of the way when
It suits him to do no. Th.it means we must fall
back on the forts. I have not yet had the oppor
tunity of visiting any of them, "but I will toll you
a little experience I once had at Fort Rodman,
which is supposed to guard New Bedford. Mass.,
and doubtless there is "much of a muchness" be
tween the two. so that that incident may cast
some light on the situation here.
I said to a New Bedford man: "How are your
defences?"" and he replied: "ImpreKnabl-, sir!
Impregnable! I>o you see the woods down there on
the point? Well. they contain batteries of which
no man knows the location, all waiting to blow a
hostile fleet out of the water."
The next morning/, having a bit of spurn time at
my disposal. I went down to have a look at th»««»
wonderful works. A little " bluff" gained for me
admission to the military' reservation, anil, once In
side, I found myself perfectly free to wander around
at will. While there I mad* a paring survey of the
place, drawing a small map on the oa.-k of an en
velope. The "batteries of which no man know the
location" were easily found an<l plotted, with cor
responding notes, hs "In line with »urh-an<i-stich
factory chimneys In the city beyond," or "slightly
to the left of a line between th«» church's spire
and the mill company's stack " As I st*aroe4
out of the harbor that afternoon I stood on the
fleck of the boat with my I tile envelope before me,
end when certain chimney* or landmarks came
into line I knew that a shell dropped Into the
woods at that point would likely deal out death and
destruction to the defenders of the city. Of pours*.
I then and there tore up the envelope and watched
the pieces safely drop Into the sea, nut ■ like mass
•nt data in the hands of say foreigner would
j soon be. Hied In the war office of hi» govern
ment, and the foreigner would have no more •'■ HI
culty In getting it than I had. Another fart that
struck me as curious ttok that, though the em
placements were splendidly constructed to with
stand gunfire, from ships in front of them, no pro
tection at that Mm« other than n win. f*nr* had
been built to "discourage" any attempt thai might
be made, to "rush" the place from fro Ihiio: by a
force landed several miles down the beach for the
purpose. Probably they plan to have militia there
to prevent such an occurrence, but why not glv«
them the assistance of »orne defensive work". and.
why not build shelter* to protect them from the
bombardment likely to precede a lnn<! assault?
The defence is always handicapped hy having to
distribute his forces among the. man] forts to he
manned, while the enemy can concentrate upon
pome one work.
I ii m doing no harm In speaking thus, for th»HO
facts are not secrets, excent to our own r>"<ipie
ETJHU CtXNTXGIIAM CHURCH.
Tacoma, Wash.. Pec. 2?. I**V>.
OFFENCE PERSONAL, NOT OFFICIAL.
To the Editor of The Tribune
Sir: Is The Tribune so un-American that it
must needs atf«mpr to minimize the outrageous
treatment of the Americana .it Kingston by print-
Ing untruths? Four reporter says in his account
nf the orrivfti of what he calls "American rrt
that they erred when they said thai the il! treat
ment was scoorded them by "offlctals of rank "
This quallfylncr statement shows that your nmn
put a wrontf constroctton on the «iei!tf>nc« Ui qu<-s
tion or deliberately misinterpreted the whole Bt;,tp
inent or is Ills knowledge of the English language
so limited that he has btif one meaning for the
word ofrV-er or official and only one construction for
th» word "rank"?
The men who drafted that statement were not
schoolboys, und they weighed carefully every word
fit It. The statement was intended to and did em
brace the entire British officials. Including the
constabulary on the Island, though Kir Alfred Jones
and a group of Members of Parliament were sic
nailed for the specific reasons narrated. Bvery
man aboard his vessel was In fact n British offi
cial, and surely of "rank." hliica they are not or
dinary mortals. Sir Alfred Jones Is a British :li
cial.'too. In the sense that be owns Kingston and
is a member of Its Hoard of Controllers, and was
for a time head of Us educational system, though
h« never did exercise much authority, 1 am told.
Ills captain was n British official in thai he I:-!
head of the steamship lines owned by Sir Alfred.
All of this was explained to «he. newspaper nn n
Why, then, should there be any Quibbling? Every
person involved was a man of rank und standing.
The other papers had no misleading clause in their
account, and surely The Tribune owes It i o Us
readers to correct this Qualifying clause. Every
body on the Island knows Sli Alfred's relation t,> ii.
James m craiu,
One of the Signeri
New York. Jan. J4, 1907.
fThe manifesto conveyed the Impression thai
the signers complained of the reported action of.
Sir Alfred Jones and the steamship captain as
the official conduct of British authorities,
whereas, whatever may be the tank and in
fluence of Hir Alfred Jones and the members <>r
his party, they acted In an Individual, 1101 a
representative, capacity, and it is not un-Amer
ican to discourage attempts to arouse ill feeling
against a whole nation on their account.]
COMPLAINS OF STREET NUISANCES.
To the Kditor of The Tribune.
Blr: On the southwest corner of Fifth avenue
and 18th street a. building Is being erected, and
over the sidewalk In front < f it is a platform raised
about five feet, with five steep steps leading up and
down. Over this platform thousands of people
have to scramble as best they can every lay.
Underneath the platform Is a deep excavation of
twenty feet or more, in which apparently nothing
Is doing, and. if there were, there is ample room
for any kind of wrrk below the level of the side
walk Yet day after day and week after week men.
women and children have had to climb over this
bridge in the very centre of the most used side
walk In the. city.
On the southwest corner of 4sth street and the
tame avenue is another similar sidewalk bridsr».
although not quite so high, being only four •ten*
is not complete
THE .SPIRIT OF THE FKAST FROM START
Wholeaal* D#pot, 1?7 Hudson St . N T
up and down, in front of a comparatively small
building that is being erected; while en the next
corner Immediately above a much larger struct
is going up. leaving a level walk past Its front
over the excavation, thus showing not only a de
cent regard for public rights, but also showing
that th« other two obstructions are needless nui
sances, which •ought not to be tolerated a single
day let alone weeks and months. If the official or
officials whose business It is. or ought to be. to
keep th* sidewalks clear of obstructions, Instead of
fulminating an occasional paper blast against the
oldtime building encroachments, were compelled to
spend a few hours each day In climbing over the
obstructions above specified, they might, perhaps.
in «!ue time conclude to look down Into these holes
and see for themselves whether there is any neces
sity for keeping them bridged over four or five
feet above the sidewalk. . ,
If builders must need burrow under the city s
sidewalks for coal chutes and other storage pur
poses (to all of which they and their principals, the
property owners of course have no legal right, they
doing so only permissibly), the least they should
be required to do is to keep a clear, level passage
over the sidewalks for the thousands who have
constant use for them. This Is done In very many
cases, and can be don* In all cases at a very little
extra expense. It Is simply Infamous to compel all
pedestrians, who still Include the entire population
at times, to plod out Into the slushy street, or climb
up and down stairs, because some builder Is al
lowed to obstruct their way and drive them off
from their own sidewalks with his pile of rubbish
and slimy bridges That this Is tolerated Is due
only to the easy going patience of a long suffering
public, added to the negligence or incompetence of
the city's officials.' or a certain tertium quid of
graft— the choice of these alternative excuses being
left deeply hidden In the conscience of the said
New York. Jan. 18, 1307.
THE CIIIXESE QUESTION.
A Pica for Justice to People of the
Far East in This Land.
To the Kdltor of Tl « Tribune
Sir: I have Just rrad in The Tribune the proposed
new exclusion act of a sub-committee of the House
Committee on Foreign Affairs. While I am
irrateful that under th-» pressure of our merchants'
pocket conscience— not from common Justice, to
say nothing of the Golden Rule— new bill does
not propose to continue imprisoning, stripping* and
measuring a* criminals honorable citizens of China,
college graduates, tourists, students, merchants of
guilds like unto our chambers of commerce— re
serving. I suppose, such attentions for those who
have no more self-respect than to be honest. in
dustrious "laborers." yet I must protest that the
proposed "relief bill" is a very poor specimen of
national righteousness, and In direct contradiction
to a statement of our late "Golden Rule Secre
tary," John Hay, which statement be made In on
address In New York— l give the gist of it— This
government observes the Golden Rule, and does
not oppress weaker nations!
Two or three points in the proposed bill are most
objectionable. A Chinese desiring to go home and
return here must deposit his certificate with the
inspector at the port from which ho starts. If I
were a Chinese, few indeed would be the Inspectors
that I would trust with the only proof of my right
to re-enter here, unless I had the money to Induce
them to produce It! How are all the Chinese work
ing In out-of-the-way places, away from news
papers and means of Information, to know that
they "must apply within a year for a certificate of
residence"? That they are here should be their
proof. Tills opens another door for the entrance
of persecution, distress and fees. The student Is
forbidden to do anything toward his own support
or to build himself up jnto a hl«rh««r life. Honorable
and helpful this, for a government that has gloried
In its self-made men: All others than the dreadful
working people— what an insult to labor!— such as
"teachers, students, merchant* and persons travel
ling for curiosity or pleasure (?) in the United
States, will be compelled to apply within a year
to the officers of the Department of Commerce
and labor for a certificate of residence, and to
these certificates are to be attached their photo
graphs; falling then*, they are to be deported"!
And this great "relief Is so great as to encourage
those whose, brains wrought out the marvellous
plan to reel sure that It will "dispel any bitterness
against the I'nited States on the part of Chinese
merchants, and that it will allay any feeling against
The soothing prescription will not be effective
because of failure to diagnose the case correctly.
1 have little hope, that this mild splash of policy
win much facilitate the sale of our New England
cotton, our kerosene oil or our American flour, or
any other of our goods that we try to force th»
Chinese to buy. May God h- lp those patriots—mis
takenly called cotters -to carry out their right
eous programme to the last letter. This Is how
It reads: "Buy no more American goods until the
United States treats China Just as she does all
other nations." A principle -worth ing for. and
the Chinese are a people that will die for a princi
ple. Ten thousand of them— men. women, young
men. young women, yea. little children— wear
martyr crowns to-day, rather tiian deny their
Saviour in 1900. Shortly I expect to go to China
to attend an international and interdenominational
convention, to be held in Shanghai In April. The.
Protestant missionary .societies of Europe and the
United States will be represented officially there.
while many visitors of many countries will make
up the greatest convention ever held in a heathen
land. Of no one of us will a certificate or photo
graph be demanded. We shall have no fear of
deportation. imprisonment measurements or In
tuits. Even a Callfornian would be received with
courtesy, although 1 think by this time even the
Chinese must know that state is not Up to the
moral standard of even a Sabbath law. We de
mand even the Callfornlan does— that every door
In 'hlna will be open to us, whether native born
or naturalised, whether gentleman or the "foreign
devil"— such an accurate expression! No certificate,
photograph or inspection for them!
The Golden Rule! Have we us a nation, as a
government, lost all memory cjf It? Has the "bal
ance of power" knocked It out of our heads and
hearts? Does such government action as we have
had and is now proposed contribute to China's re
sped for us as a just people, or will It make us th«
favored nation in -China's coveted and great mar
ket? We wort- thai once! Are we idiots, commer
cially, just to please the refuse of Europe, even
though it make Itself the political balance between
our great parties? On« of this refuse, who posed
us a gentleman, said to me: "We have a right here
that you, who are here by the mere accident
of birth, have not." Pleasant words these to us.
with an honored American ancestry behind us!
How do you like such statement.*, brother Amer
icans? Some day this nation will know to its cost
Who should and Who should not be admitted to
this domain of ours. Even th* Commissioner of
Immigration hints mildly that all Is not well. Yet.
Congressional committees and all California strug
gles and cudgels trains how to manage the little
over one thousand Chinese who enter, while the
millions from across the Atlantic stir no fears in
the average voter. a few are not chloroformed!
Nothing is settled until settled right, and this
Chinese question will be settled, and to the safety
of this country, when we have one Immigration law
for all peoples, with no exception, ana that law
excludes the evil, the diseased, the paupers of all
countries, and admits the honest. Industrious, phys
ically and morally clean and oppressed of every
pc >ple. Let us not fall .to remember that the
Book which Queen Victoria declared to be the
source of the power of the British Empire is the
source also of our strength— that its words are
being and will he fulfilled, and that "these shall
come from the land of Sinlm." India. Japan. Corea
are not named, but China— Btnlm -was. and was
made to represent the whole TCast. "Whatsoever
II man soweth that Khali he also reap." and this is
as true of nations as of persona
A FRIEND OF JUSTICKL
Brooklyn. Jan. 11. UK,
HILL STOCKS BREAK AND RALLY.
The Great Northern preferred and Northern Pa
cific stocks broke sharply at the beginning of yes
terday's trading at the Stock Exchange, the former
going down to 164 and the latter to 131. but both
rallied before the close, going up to 186 and 153. re
spectively. The two Hill stocks have had great
losses since the new Issues were announced, and
litigation has been threatened. I.ASt February
Northern Pacific sold at 232. or 81 points above yes
terday's low figure.
STREETCARS CRASH— ONE KILLED.
Bradford. T'nn . Jan 2*. -Harry Manley. of Brad
ford, was killed, and several passengers wer» seri
ously injured tn-day in a collision between two
streetcar? on the Olean, Rotk City ft Bradford
traction line ne;ir State Line station. The wreck
occurred during a snowstorm.
C. C. SHAYNE & CO.
Importers and Manufacturers of
STRICTLY RELIABLE FUR*
Invite your attention to their superb collection of
IMPERIAL CROWN RUSSIAN SABLES
HANDSOMEST IN THE WORLD.
RICH DEEP BLACK— NATURAL COLORS.
From Aleck Wilderness on Lena River, between the Arctic f
Circle and the Arctic Sea. Cannot be duplicated except at the
Russian Court by the few obtained by the Czar of Russia.
Other beautiful specimens, very dark, collected in the forests f
near Kusheva. between the Obdorsk Mountains and the Obi
River, in Northwestern Siberia. /
These skins are rare and much favored by the Russian No- §
bility. Other handsome specimens, of which we have a large as- " J
sortment, are from the Yaktusk district of Russia, and are equal 9
to the best imported by any other American house, but are not /
equal to those from the Aleck Wilderness or Kusheva. f i
We import Russian Sables, undressed, duty free. They are '/}
dressed better in this country than anywhere else, and are manu- f /
factured into articles for wear in our own workrooms. •/ i
We received the highest awards at the World's Fair for the ff
best cured and dressed Russian and Hudson Bay Sables. Mink. T §
and Ermine skins ; for pelts dressed ready for use. and for the best f
manufactured articles in Russian Sable, Mink, Seal Skin, Otter, ' 4
Persian Lamb, and Ermine. f
We have a splendid assortment of the newest styles in muffs, f
neck pieces, victorines, etc., in stock ; or pieces will be mad* to / J
order from skins of your own selection. J£jjj
We sell only Natural Russian and Hudson Bay Sables ancf '? /
Mink. They have not been smoked, blended, or darkened la way / ,
way. Ladies who have purchased blended Sables have found
after wearing them a short time that they present a shabby,
mottled appearance. ' f
Upon all our manufactured stock we are giving the largest
possible discount for thoroughly reliable goods. £ '
126 West 42d St. NEW YORK 129 West 41st St.
CHARLES T. COOK.
Charles T. Cook, president of the Jewelry firm
of Tiffany ft Co.. and for nearly forty years active
ly associated In Its general management, died yes
terday at his home, Xo. 2 Wtst 4Mn streer. after
a long Illness.
Mr. Cook contracted a cold which developed tnfo
grip, which was the direct cause of his death. He
wan In his seventy-second year.
Mr. Cook was an example of the American self
made man. He entered Into the commercial life
of the metropolis before most boys are preparing
for grammar school matriculation, and by his
adaptability, hard study and equally hard; work
rose to the position of Influence and wealth whica
he, held at his death. He was a native of this
city, and his connection with the firm of Tiffany
& Co. began when he was twelve years old. when
he started as an office boy. Altogether he was with
the firm for sixty years, twenty of wnlch were
spent In the various offices of the establishment,
where be gathered his experience anil thoroughly
familiarised himself with the details of every de
partment of the business. When he rose to the
highest office In the company Mr. Cook remained
the friend of the other employes, with whom he
had worked side by side, and the fact that be
had risen above them officially mad* him non* the
In two instances were nonors from foreign coun
tries conferred on Mr Cook. In IS«V> he was made
an officer of the legion of Honor of Franc, anil
In 1903 the King of Italy conferred on him an un
usual distinction by decorating hit.i as Knight Of
ficer el the Royal Order of La Corona d" ltalia.
Mr. Coo It was one of the oldest members ef the
Vnlon League Club and also for many yearn wan
a member of the Chamber of Commerce, the Groller
Club, (ha N»w York Historical Society, the Na
tional Arts Club, the National Sculpture Society,
the Century Association, the Republican Club,
the American Museutn of Natural History, the
American Bcenlc Society and otner organizations.
Mr. Cook was a director of the Hank of the Me
tropolis and the Knickerbocker Trust Company.
He leaves a wire and three children.
The funeral will be held at Christ Church, Broad
way and 71st street, on Tuesday morning.
Tiffany A Co.'s store wll be closed to-morrow anil
Tuesday in respect to Mr. Cook's memory.
THAODEUS L. VANOERSLICE.
Philadelphia. Jan. 26.— Thad.leus L. Vanderslice. a
well known attorney of this dry. died suddenly
to-day from heart dlsense. Mr. Vanderslice had a
lirue corporation practice, and at one- time, was
mentioned for a spat on the bench of the Supreme
Court of Pennsylvania. He served in the engineer
corps of the United States navy from 1,«>;2 until
Urn, when he resigned to take up the practice of
law. He WSS sixty-five years old.
GENERAL HENRY H. ADAMS.
Ptattgburg. N. V . Jai. 28.— Grneral Henry 11.
Adams (retired), late colonel of the 6th United
States Infantry, died here to-day after a brief ill
n ,.jj. He was sixty-one yuars old. General Adams
was born in Ohio, served In the Civil War as a pri
vate, anil after the war 'vns appointed second lieu
tenant In the regular army, frcm which he rose by
Steady promotion to the rank of colonel. He was
retired In IKB with the* rank of brigadier general.
His oldest brother. .1. M. Adams, la bow treas
urer Of Harrison County. Ohio, He leaves a wife
and two children.
DR. ARNOT SPENCE.
l>r. Arnot !Biienc»> died from kidney trouble yes
terday after a short illness at his home, at No. M
West tut street. He was forty-three years old.
»Ie was born In New York and was graduated from
the Bellevue Hospital Medical College In MB For
three yean Dr. Basses was as interne In St. Fran
.is-« Hospital, and later was transferred to St.
Joseph's Hospital, where for many years he was a
v siting physician. Be was a Burgeon of the 9th
Hepiment. National Guard, with the rank of ma
jor, and a diagnosing physician for the Board of
Health. He was a member of the Academy cf
Medicine of the County Medical Society and of
trie MeUico-SurKttMl Society.
The funeral will be held at 9:30 on Tuesday morn-
Ing at t.w Church of th« Holy Sacrament, 71st
street and Broadway. He will be buried In Kenstco
MAJOR DANIEL MADDEN.
(By T>letcrat>h to The Tribune )
Boston. lan. IV— Major Daniel Madden. U. S. A..
retired, is dead at Iks home of hi» sister. in Dor
chester, at the age of. nearly seventy-four years.
He was retired from the army twenty-one yean
i, x o. after thlrty-slx years of service. He was a
member of Lafayette Post. O. A. K. of New York,
and came here at the last encampment, finally de
ciding to nettle with his sister. Mr». John J. Ward,
whom 'he ha.l not seen for forty years. He began
his army careet i*s private in the J<l Dragoon.-*, in
IH.',i>. was made first lieutenant for gallantry at
Beverly Ford, Va.. and captain when General Lse
surrendered. He was retired in 1536 with the rank
MRS. FRANCES WOOD HOLMES.
Montclair. N. -1.. .lan. 3S iSpectali. Mr«. Frances
Wood Holmes, wife of Kdwarrt H. Holmes, cashier
of the Bank of Montclair. died at her home. No. TO
Park street, this morning. Mrs. Holmes had
b#en ar invalid for several years. She was born
in Pennsylvania, the family afterwava mevtaa to
When yea i.»» semetv.-.* tfcAi «<mj«i>od/ «t*e
waste aaa is sale as 4 wi!: ■-, o *7 *«:. tor yoa
naturally m*«. aMg profit. -• * . }?Mt th% ooodl
tion of tke Ma.hr.jm trada to-Jaj. Tii aSE
demand for Creea awkiMmt to tar in «tcua of th.
supply, and this demand same* Ssm = •«.». >!,.
tauraata. Clubs. High GUss Fruit Star**. «to. -woo
cm aserd t» pay fancy prioe*. Xt> aay on» A, V
a vacant ah«d or cellar and liiltii to ana a fat
lnereaae to his prttsat lncasM without ksterlvrms
wttn any oilier work. Xvshroom Orewmg e.t-M ai
oeptional opportunity the time end capital r>
aulr*<i batns •• limit** snA the profits as large.
Now Is the Time to Start '.:;
Write at mm far our b-aut!iu! TREE BOOK.
Seaa ic. atamp for soetaaa, Visitors w«!com« at
Vau^irard Mushroom Cellars,
Box KB3?. TUmtcj. »w Jv«f,
The Pure Food Law
became effective Jin. Ist. Th*
New York Bottling Co.'s
u-I'DIX-RATMR-BOLES * BYRNE)
Ginger Ale and Cuaoaatwi Bever*;es
Are Always Pure
Madc'from Cane Sag r Exclearvar«w
Without preservatives of any Und.
Free from Aniline Colors or Saccharin.
"The Kind that's Fit to Drink' 1
Massachusetts, and In ISTS ram* to MontejßjfSw aim.
Holme.* was graduated from the BContelair Blgh
School and was afterward a student at WeOassa*.
She was graduated from the New York Haaa*m»
patMe College and Hospital for "Women fa. 13SQ as 1
practised her profession In Montclair '-r #«v-n
years. She waa married: in 1893. She leaves her
husband, two daughters and her mother IB
funeral will be held at her late borne on MenAw
afternoon, at t:£O o'clock. **«v*7:
SILAS C. DIZSR.
Hmgham. Mass.. Jan. 2*. — BUaa C. Clsar, City.
five years old. a shoe manufacturer, well hncwa fci
New England, died at his ham* here* to-d»y front
pneumonia. Ho was a trustee of the Tcsker-e la .
stitute. Alabama. ** m "*
MISS ELLEN D. MORRIS.
Hastinc. Neb.. Jan. Miss EU»n IX M-w-r-,
former national treasurer of the- "Woman's Cbristlaa
Temperance Union, died here to-day.
OBITUARY NO- £3.
Anthony Drummond Bchroeder. head or ti» Iks*
porting firm of Schroeder & Co., at No. SB "WTilta
street, died yesterday from typhotdl saves* at his
homo. No. 113 Hicks street. Brooklyn. Mr. Bchree
der had been ill since last September. He was
born In Brooklyn sixty-six en is ago. At an early
age he entered the drygooda hnsrnena. and later
founded, the firm of which he was the> bead. Hs>
was a member of Plymouth Church. A. son SMa
daughter survive him.
Mrs. Jennie James Ayer. wife of th« lass Colonel
Ira Ayer. of the luth Pennsylvania Tetqateera.
died at her home. No. 37 Cambridge Place, Brook
lyn. yesterday, after an illness of several
weeks. Mrs. Ayer was born at Ashland. Va,. m
liyji'. She leaves a son and five daughter*
ICE GIVES WAY UNDER CYCLIST.
[By Telegraph to The Tribune. 1
Centre Moriches, Lions Island. Jan. 26.— May hew
Tower, of No. 37 Third Place. Brooklyn, was res
cued from drowning here yesterday by Jesse Ford
ham. Tower was trying to rKI- a bicycle across
the mill pond on thin ice. when the ice gave way.
Entangled In his wheel he struggled desperately
ti> keei> above the water, but wai nearly fXhatMtaa'
when Kordbam pulled him out.
AN APPEAL FOR CHARITY.
The Charity Organization Society appeals for law
to aid In the support of a German widow and her
two little girls, twelve and ten years old. For '■
years she ha.i maintained herself and children by
her work ami net husband's earnings, but ewrag
to the loss of one eye and the constantly falling
sight of the other, she Is in need of aid. and there
are no relatives who can help.
The Charity Organization also appeals for fa> to
aid the following, family: A young wife, ■with,
three small children, well spoken of by her neigh
bors, but with no relatives able to insist aar. has
been thrown upon the charity of stranger* by ; the*
Imprisonment of her husband for assaultive 1 -.
comrade In a quarrel, from which no serious ln-:
jury resulted. The state having thus afasMH ' ■
for a year to come the labor which supported • this ,r
family, the Charity Organization Society appeals
for the means to pay the rent of their, bum&l* .
hem* meanwhile. Any mon-*; for ' bag ea*js *»nt
to the- Chnrttv Organization •"«'"•'-'> ,Nn. ■ » ***
2d street- will be oublletv aiiuowled«sd. '•--.