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ACADEMY OF MUSIC— 8:15— Music Master.
ALHAMBRA— S— Vaudeville.
AiSTOR — 6:30-'«J«nesee of let Hills.
BKLAb ■■''- B:ls— The Rom of the Kancho.
BERivELET LVCIiLM— 2:3O— "—The Reckoning.
PUOr— ft:ls— All-of-a-Sudden Pency.
BROADWAY— K:IS— The I'a-iclan Model.
CARNEGIE HAI.L -lecture.
fXJI>OXIALr-2— S— Vaudevillf.
CRITERION— B:3O— The A«-ro Club.
DALVS- t>:l5 — The Bell* of Mayfalr.
£DEN HI'SKB The World In Wax.
EMPIRE— t— The Good Hope an.l Nance ::.'•' 1.
GARDEN— *>:!.•»— The. 1JU!» Ml'-hus.
OAKRICK— N:3O— CaUKht in the Rain.
HACKKTT— 2:W- •«::«» -Thr < borus Lady.
HAMMEKSTKIN't-- V!<T< »RIA-2:l. ri—fi:ls—Vaudeville.r i— fi:ls— Vaudeville.
HERALD 6QDAR&— Dulls House; - 15- The Boas
HlPPODßOME— 2— «— Neptune's Daughter and Pioneer
HUDSON— » Hypocrite*.
IRVING I'L.A<"&— S :2ij — Dt BUnde : '-riKlrr
XNICKERBOCKER-8:1.V-The lied Mill.
LIBERTY :Ift— falomy Jane.
LINCOLN gyI'ARE- «:lft-Old Lavender.
LYCEUM— 2:ir>—*:ls— The Linn an-J the Mouse.
LYRlC— f>— Hamlet .
MADISON FQI'ARE- R:I.V~Th« Three of De.
MADISON SQUARE GARDEtN— IO a. in to 11 »■ »».—
MAJESTIC— - 10 The Rose of the Alhambra.
MANHATTAN— B:2O— Girl and the Governor.
MANHATTAN OPERA HOrsE Rlfoletta
MENDELSSOHN HALL— II— !.~M:r-. 2:3o— Concert.
J»'EW AMSTERDAM -S:I.V- Brewster's Millions.
X£W YORK— V.lH— Oeorce Washington. Jr.
PRINCESS— 2:an '>:!••> T; » Great Divide
SAVOY— 2:ir> — S:lf>— The Man of the Hour.
6T. NICHOLAS RINK — B— St. Ni<-ho!n 8 ■■*. Crescent.
TELHARMONIC HAL.I/—2— «— Electric Music.
WALDORF— 2:3'V-Keats-ShfUev Matinee.
WALLACK'S— »:I5 — The Rirh Mr. HoKK'nbelmer.
WEBER'S— «:IS— Dream Cltjr and The Magic Knight.
Index to Advertisements.
Pa**. Col. | Page. Col.
Amusement* S 5-fl|Help Wanted 11 4
Art Seles 8 .tlHorwn £- Carriages., ft 1
Auction Bales 11 4 Insi ruction •"» •>
Auction BaJes Real |l<oai 9 •'
Est&ta in * v. rrlages it Deaths., i 5-6
Automobiles & IMnrttaw T/vms '■" J
Banker. & Erokers. .l2 l-6:Mu<=i.-:il Instruction..". •'> ••
Board I Ilooais 11 4 Notice of summons.. •• «
BuEineai Chance*.... 0 6 1 Ocean Bteaipen '■> '
Otrpet Cleaning ft r.i Proposals .... 8 *
City Hotels 6 6 Railroads '•' »
Country Property to I Real Batata ....:<> 0-6
tjet 10 <> Restaurants S 6
ZMvldesd Notice* 13 S'Pchool Agencies ■"» 8
X>om. Bits. Wanted.. ll 6-T Special Notice* 1 «
Dressmaking 11 4 'Steamboats 9 "
X)rygr»4s <* «-7 Surrogates' Notices..". 8 6
Elections « 4 T.. Let for Business
Eroplciym't Aeenclea. 9 B I Purposes 10 8-6
Excursion* -... 6 fi'Tribune Hut. n Rates., . n
Financial 13 S-fllTrust r-ompaiiles IS 2-3
Financial Meetings. .13 1; Tvp.-n-riiers 11 4
Fuml«he4 Apartm'tß tTnfurn. Apartments. .10 6
to L«: 10 « Winter BmorU 14 1-fl
Furnished n00mi....1l • I Work Wanted 11 5-6
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 14. 1007.
THF XEWS 7777.9 MOR\I\G.
CONGRESS.— Fenate: The bill Riving the
government the right of appeal in certain crim
inal cases and the District of Columbia Appro
priation buT were passed. =^-= House: The
Naval Appropriation bill was under considera
FOREIGN. — "Suffragettes" made determined
attempts to enter the House of Commons, and
fought fiercely with police; pixty arrests were
made. •■ ■ Augustine BirrflU, Chief Secretary
for Ireland, said in the House "f Commons that
he and the Premier were in favor of a. liberal
measure of Homo Rule for Ireland. == James
Bryce. the Ambassador of Great Britain to the
United States, and Mrs. Bryce, sailed on the
Oceanic from Liverpool for New York. ] The
Church and State dispute in France bids fair Co
be settled, according to a dispatch from Paris,
by an agreement on a modified Corn of the con
tract providing" for the lease of churches. - '
The British battleships Albemarle and Common
wealth were damaged in a collision off Lagos
and went to Gibraltar for repairs. == There
was an unconfirmed rumor on the Paris Ex
change that Premier Clemenceau bad resigned
office. = A number of sailing 1 vessels were
wrecked in a gale on the Knglish Channel, and
warships were held ready at Cherbourg to an
swer appeals for aid.
DOMESTIC— The bodies of fifty-two of the
victims of the sinking of the Larchmont were
taken to Providence. R. I.; eleven bodies were
identified, and it was known that 104 persons
who had been, on the vessel were not accounted
for. ~ A complete solution of the Japanese
school controversy. In the form of an amend
ment to the immigration laws, by which coolies
trill be excluded from the United States, has been
devised by President Roosevelt, Secretary Root
and Senator Lodge. . Two persons were
killed and several injured when a locomotive
boiler exploded on the Ontario & Western Rail
road near Luzon, N. Y. ■ ... ■ ■ Governor Hughes
at Albany announced the death of ex-Governor
Higifins in a proclamation to the, people of the
ttate. == A conference at Albany between
Attorney General Jackson and representatives
ot th© Western Union Telegraph and Manhattan
Railway companies on the question of franchise
taxes was without results. ■ . ■: It was said
at Albany that Otto Kelsey, Superintendent of
Insurance, had sent a. letter to Governor Hughes
refusing to resign. - - A fir* which destroyed
the pattern shops and two storage rooms of the
Cramps' shipyards in Philadelphia burned the
patterns of more than eight United States battle
ehlps. z^z^rzz Professor A. Brashear, of the Alle
gheny Observatory, announced that he had dis
covered one of the largest Bun spots ever found,
and that electrical disturbances on the earth
were likely to follow to-night.
ClTY.— Stocks were strong. - — — := The. wife of
Joseph B. Bolton. Juror 11 in the Thaw trial,
was reported dangerously 111 from pneumonia.
■ rjd fears were expressed that because of
this the case would end in a mistrial.
=^rr= Bchuyler Hamilton, a grandson of Alex
ander Hamilton, died at South Xorwalk. =^^
Two -workmen were killed and two were badly
Injured when a scaffold collapsed In the new
New York Public Library Building. ===== The
New Britain Savings Bank, whose treasurer. W.
F. Walker, is missing, closed its doors; it was
announced that the shortage would probably ex
ceed 5500,000. -■ ■ - It was decided, after five
years of delay, to grant the application of the
New York Connecting Railroad Company for a
franchise. ===== The Brooklyn Bar Association
considered the. presentation of charges against
Justice Fitzgerald, of Special Sessions. ===== It
was reported that a bill would be introduced at
Albany, with the consent of Mayor McClellan,
to abolish the Aqueduct Commission. :
Borough President Abeam dropped Mayor Mc-
Clellan and sided With Charles F. Murphy in
THE WEATHER. — Indications for to-day:
Warmer. The temperature yesterday: Highest,
81 degrees; lowest, 9.
MIL HUQHEB O.V STATE GOVERNMENT.
Secretary Roofs speech which started the
discussion of the limits of federal and state
authority was made In December; since then
Governors have written messages and legis
latures have discussed laws showing that the
mates are becoming as keenly alive to the new
industrial problems as is the national govern
ment itself. Mr. Root's proposition was that
if states did not assume new duties which lay
upon the borderland between state and national
authority the nation must. Nobody can com
plain of the lack of eagerness of some of the
States to attack feats new questions, and i;'
others are slow It may confidently be expected
that public opinion within their borders will
not allow them to lag long behind their more
The practical question regarding the sphere of
State and national authority Is whether a given
problem can best be solved by the states or
by the nation, and the public temper has so
changed, national sentiment has so grown and
state jealousy has so waned that the people
will settle such a question dispassionately. As
Governor Hughes said in his speech in Boston
on Lincoln* Birthday:
Whatever changes the future may bring will
be mined ultimately not by sentiment nor
by the repetition of arguments regarding the
original sovereignty of the states, hut will result
from considerations of paramount public ad
And into these considerations of public ad
vantage will enter the general knowledge that
the states are much more effective instruments
of government than they were a few years
ago. To this growing belief in state effective
ness Governor Hughes baa powerfully contrib
uted. New York is only one sin to. but It is the
mo*t conspicuous Mate in tin Union, and Gov
ernor Hughes grappling with the problems of
the day has been and will be an inspiration to
•'tber states to make their governments more ef-
Sclent Two success of his administration in
winging about the linpcrtant reforms at which
* aims will b* an example to other states. He
ta» not set out to do anithiJ-» »?inarkabiy new
or remarkably radical : other Governors of other
states have preceded him In efforts to "jack up"
state administrations, but as ah inspiration to
state efficiency ho enjoys tbe advantage of a
widely visible station. He stands to-day by rea
son of his place, bis character, his ideals, his in
tellectual grasp of stnte weaknesses and fail
ures, as the most notable example of the state
administrator. From the work of such men
as Governor Hughes the public will form It*
Ideal of the place of states in solving the prob
lems of the day. just as President Roosevelt
has stimulated the whole nation to a higher
conception of the powers and duties of the
national government Governor Hughes has
only contempt for the fetters of mere phrases.
for "states' rights," or "national rights." To
big mind government exists for the governed.
•We are a practical people," he says, "and any
"question of redistribution of power will be
"settled along the lines of practical considera
The Governor is not so busy looking for,
new problems that he overlooks old ones:
There Is no division of disinterested opinion as
to the necessity of.terminating favoritism In ad
ministration and of eecurins; the discharge or
governmental functions in the interests of all
the people. There is a determination on the part
of the people no longer to be exploited for the
benefit of the few through the use of privileges
conferred by government or through favors ob
tained through corrupt administration. No party
alignment or declaration of platform < an ob
scure this supreme Issue of the day.
Those words contain as truly the keynote
of Governor Hughes"* administration as his
programme of strengthening the instruments of
state government. Theso words are no appeal
to passion or prejudice. The Governor despises
the arts of the demagogue. Ho means exactly
what he says, and he will not have to turn the
state upside down to bring his programme
about The government of New York has Im
proved steadily within recent years, and we
believe that Governor Hughes will lift, it to a
still higher level of character and efficiency.
He has the people with him.
THE PRESIDEXFS LAXD POLICY.
President Roosevelt's message to Coimross
tirchi;; legislation for tho conservation of th<>
coal, timber and mineral resources of the pub
lic domain Is eminently sound and instructive.
It is plain that our earlier policy of expediting
the patenting of public land to homemakers
an.l thus encouraging state building cannot be
safely followed in disposing of our non-agri
cultural lands, with their vast supplies of what
otiiilit to be jiriz.^l and husbanded ns public re-
Bources. The Homestead law— one of the most
beneficent ever passed by Congress- accom
plished Its purpose when it peopled the stretches
of arable prairie lying between tho Mississippi
and the Rocky Mountains. It allotted homes to
hundreds of thousands of bonn fide settlers.
each taking title \<> a tract large enough and
productive enough to support a family. Hut >v
the semi-arid jrraziny: country and in the moun
tainous regions which stretch westward to the
I'aciti. Const the theory of encouraging settle
ment and subjugation of tiie wilderness by
similar entry in fee simple lias proved tin
workable. Timber lands and mineral lands re
quire capital for development. They cannot be
used for home building, like the accessible and
fertile prairie, and they contain potentialities
of wealth which should not be surrendered
carelessly to the first comer.
We. have tried to adapt our earlier prairie
In ml policy to timber land and mineral land
conditions. Naturally the results are found to
he unsatisfactory; and If wo continue to fol
low tills falso lead we shall end by giving to
private individuals— or rather 10 combinations
of capital — vast resources which could be. better
held and administered as a trust for tho whole
nation. President Boosevett feels that the titno
has come when the Interests of the future
should he weighed against the interests of the
present. It may bo admitted that the trans
fer of our timber and mineral lands outright
to private owners at a nominal compensation
would probably load to a more rapid develop
ment of the Rocky Mountain region. It might
temporarily lower the prices of lumber, coal
and mineral supplies. Hut in the long run it
would operato to deprive tho government of v
vast revenue and would alienate to private u«os
what it would bo wiser io preserve and. pro
ted as a national birthright. Public welfare.
tlio President thinks, would be better served
by calling s halt on our present land policy
than by pursuing it to the logical end of deed
ing away invaluable public resources to Indi
Rear Admiral Evans recently published an
article in "The North American Review" in
which be lamented the fact that the government
bad no control over the anthracite coal supply,
and advocated the taking over of the Pennsyl
vania bard coal mines to furnish a ruoro or less
smokeless fuel for 'the navy. The Inevitable
first reflection is Hint tho cost of Buch a pur
chase would bo stupendous, Yel under our
present policy :Ik> government might any day
be alienating resources as valuable in tho future
as are the anthracite coal beds, and getting prac
tically nothing as its share of the bargain. Our
supplies of coal. oil. minerals and timber are
not inexhaustible. We have been forced ', pro
tect the forests by creating huge federal reser
vations. Why should we not go a step further
and create other reservations on which timber
could be cut and oil and minerals mined un
der lease from the government? Why not treat
the public domain now left as a continuing
and fruitful national Investment?
TUi: HOUSE OF LORDS.
The precise nature of the changes which the
British government is presently to propose in
tho constitution of the House of Lords, or in the
relationship of that body to the House of Com
mons, is not yei disclosed. The King's speech
Indicates, however, thai some change will h"
attempted, though for obvious reasons ii i s not
likely to be effected during the lifetime of the
present Parliament Then- have been intima
tions, perhaps we might say threats. O f this ever
since ir became evident thai the Lords would not
aceepl Mr. Birred* Education bill as ii came
from the Commons. There were similar threats
and demands for "mending or ending- years ago.
when the House <it' Lords rejected the Irish
Home Bule bill which Mr Gladstone had got
through the House of Commons, but they came
to nothing. It will not be strange If Sir Heury
Campbell-Bannerman goes further in thai direc
tion than did hi- illustrious predecessor, for Ue
is backed by a vastly stronger Parliamentary
and popular majority than Mr. Gladstone bad
behind him. But a bill den ling with the House
Of Lords would have to be passed by thai House
Itself before it could become law. and M is not
to be expected that the Lords will approve any
measure reducing their power and privileges
until there are brought to bear upon tl J(MI , Sl ~ nu .
far stronger influences than are now apparent.
American Interest in the matter is chiefly—
though not entirely — academic and historical,
and for that reason it will be well to keep the
historic facts of the case dearly in mind. In
recent years the House of Lords has been
strongly Conservative, and therefore, naturally,
whenever ■ Liberal government has boon iii
power that house has been in opposition and
has been denounced by partisans of the govern
ment as an obstacle t<> progress. Vet there have
bfcn times when the restraint exercised by th->
Lords upon the < •.millions has been of the highest
possible value to the people. Early in the reign
of Queen Anne, jusr two centuries ago. the
House of Lords protected tho nation from some
of the most bigoted and oppressive acts of tyr
anny ever projwsed in England, at least since the
Reformation. Three times in succession the
Lords rejected a bill which would have made it
a felony for a civil or military officer belonging
u> **•< Established Church to much as to enter
NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. THURSDAY. FEBRUARY 14. 1907. ~
a Nonconformist place of worship, afd they won
lasting honor In so doing. A few yean later tho
Lords nearly defeated and did materially modify
the Schism bill, which aimed to give the Epis
copal Church an absolute monopoly of educa
tion, both public and private. A striking con
trast, by the way, is presented between the at
titude of the Lords then and now. In those
strenuous days the Peers were the champions
of religious freedom and civil progress, against
the bigotry and reaction of the Commons.
Of later conflicts between the houses, there
«ere four very notable oues in the last cen
tury. One was over the Reform act of IS."._\
when the Lords opposed reform aud yielded only
under pressure of a threat to flood their house
with newly created Whig peers. The second was
over the repeal of the Corn laws, when the nuke
of Wellington wisely urged the Lords to acqui
esce in the will of the Commons. A third was
over the bill abolishing purchase of commissions
in the army, a measure which the Lords re
jected, but which was made effective over their
veto by royal warrant. The fourth was that
over Mr. Gladstone's Home Rule bill. There
were also others, over some Irish measures, over
the union of Upper and Lower Canada, over a
ballot bill and various other measures, iv which
the Lords were generally compelled in the end i:>
yield totbcwiUof the people as expressed by the
House of Commons. In none of these, however.
was there any formal or specific change made in
the constitution or powers of the House of
Lords, though ever since Its yielding to the
Commons over the Reform bill ther* baa been
an actual change of considerable Importance in
the status of the Lords, especially in their rela
tions to the Commons— a change fully recognized
by both houses. It will be Interesting to see
what additional change, if any. is now or here
after to be effected, an.l whether it will be done
by tacit acquiescence, as before, or by the al
most, If not quite, unprecedented means of ex
THE RETREAT OF Till: 77 A SOLDIER.
Little boy. playing on the floor with leadeu
corporals and tin privates, do you know that
when your mamma comes home from i lie club she
will mako you weep bitterly? No. your mamma
will nor spank yon. for she is an enlighteued
lady, disbelieving in corporal punishment, but
believing In corporal banishment. Hack <>f this
frivolous play on words, little hoy. lies great
seriousness. If you will drop thai toy cannon
for a minute we'll try to explain. There! I>ou't
cry: Tho bogie man isn't coming. It's only the
bogie theory tb.it is after yon and your mar
shalled hosts mi the rug.
Your nurse never told you nboul the bogie
theory? Well, we confess, Mother Goose doesn't
mention it. and the fairy stories have somehow
neglected it. too. I'.ut maybe that's because it's
fl really, truly bogie, and not a just pretend one.
tike an elf, nor a transcendent one, like a golf
bogie. It has a habitat and habits, quite as def
mite and real as those of h policeman or a mos
quito. It likes to lurk about women's clubs,
where it gets Into the tea and is swallowed by
the conversationalists, hair, hide and hoof, it's
a very tiny thing, but there are many of ii
enough, indeed, to infeel everybody who ever
has Imbibed or ever will imbibe tannin between
meals. As s.K.n as the dear little bogle theory
Is swallowed a rush of l>u^ to 1 1 1 • - brain ensue*
and then well, little boy, Jusi watch your
mamma when she comes in, and you will see
what the effects of bogie annexation are.
Your mamma is now nt the club drinking In
Oolong and tho theory <>f s Boston sclentlstine
who has lust been addressing a council of
women in Chicago on the horrors of wiu. Your
mamma will listen to the special delegate's report
of this address, and these words will lie burned
into hf>r brain :
Above all things let me urge •
not to allow your children to play .<t war with
tin soiiiifi:- and toy cannon. Why should you
permit the boy who you hope will become a tln<>
and gentle man to pretend thai he Is killing
people ;iii.i t'. cut down whole of i»
fan try al .mo volley ' l>o not, I !>••«; r you, let
the children nilm
You never thought of it in that way. did you?
That's because you are very Inexiierlotu-cd.
Every observant mother known that the boy
who plays with a solder army becomes .< y.-gg
man just as inevitably a- the youngster who
steals jam from the pantry <!ir|f grows up to
be a thief, forger and traitor. You don't believe
this, little boy. but that's because you have
never tarried over a teacup in the lair of 1 1 1* -
bogle theory. When you get Into long trousers,
though, and have forgotten all about your troo|»s
of tin, your mamma may let you drink time cups
of Infected tea. whereupon the scales will fall
from your eyes. You will then discover that
your present sentiments about th« toy soldiers
are not what you think they are. You don*
imagine at this moment that you are murdering
the militia, but. a- a matter of fact, you are
imagining that very thing, and the idea is laying
hold of you subtly and corrupt This is
psychology, which you are too immature to
grasp. Hut your mamma believes it. no look out
for your toys! If she finds the soldiers here on
the rug she will chuck them Into the cellar fur
nace. Perhaps it would !>•• well for you to hide
them under your sister's bed for two or three
days. In the mean time we shall diver! your
mamma's nttentlou to the fright fully realistic
way In which th. sticky By paper and the family
meat chopper mimic the ghastly business of vio
lent death. Perhaps the bogie theory will be mi
glutted by feeding on these domestic horrors
that it will perish suddenly of acute Indigestion.
Then your marshalled hosts may issue stealth
ily forth from their hiding place and march
I'.ut If this plan mißcarrieH. little Ih>.v. put
up a stiff front, like n brave general, and watch
your leadeu ranks melt away in ibc furnace with
never ,-i whimper. Thai may teach your inrtiuma
a thing or two.
WIRELESS TELEGRAPHIC I Hi. \l\ ■■ .
Officers ol the steamship Kaiser Wilbeliu li
tell a story which possibly may have v special
significance. This vessel Is provided with an
outiit for wlrelesH telegraphy whose range wan
supposed to be only about p.vn hundred miles.
It. has been noticed, however, thjit ui«*skup«»s
can occasionally l>e exchanged with ships < >i
land Btatlons two or three times as far away,
and at leas! twice this winter the Caronia was
successfully reached wheu between I.OUO and
1,300 miles distant.
A remarkable, if Dot au equally extreme, va
riability i" the apparent efficiency of Hertz
wave apparatus lias been repeatedly observed
before. Rear Admiral Brownson's flagship, the
Wesi Virginia, furnished an illustration of the
phenomenon when she was bringing President
Roosevelt home from New Orleans a year a^<>
last autumn. It is doubtful whether under
ordinary circumstances the cruiser could send
intelligible signals more than three hundred, or,
at the utmost, five hundred, miles. y e i while
she wns in the Gulf of Mexico dispatches which
were meant for Key Wesi were picked up at
Norfolk. Washington ;i ud even in Kansas!
Though n, harm resulted from the occurrence,
they reached a number of ears for which they
were not Intended.
For some of the inequalities in the range of
a particular transmitter adequate explanation!)
have been found. One type of receiving iu
■trumeni is more sensitive than another, aud
hence will respond nt a greater distance from
the source of the wave impulses. Again, the
degree of resistance to the ether waves which
is offered by the atmosphere varies. Some
time* an effect is produced like the obstruction
to ordinary light that Is presented by dust or
thin fog. It appears to be independent, too,
of the paralyzing influence of direct sunlight.
Still another supposition has been advanced
to account for the experience of the Kaiser Wil
helm 11. It Is briefly mentioned in the En
glneerlng Supplement of the London "Times,"
but without any clear indication of Its origin.
The opinion is expressed that In certain locali
tip's at sea a transmitter win work better than
it will elsewhere: The North German I.loyd
ship was either off the Dutch coast or near the
banks of Newfoundland when she secured her
best results, and the suspicion Is entertained
that :i relation exists between some mysterious
court itions in those places and the efficiency of
her equipment. Well, if such l>e the ease, It Is
strange thai the theory bit* not obtained eur
r''ii.y sooner. Operators on other steamships
than the Kaiser liuve had the. opportunity to
discover whether one part of the ocean is more
favorable than another to wireless telegraphic
i-onimunii-ation. but they baTe apparently failed
to observe anything of the kind. If a perma
in.ii peculiarity like that under discussion really
exists, it Is reasonable 10 think that it would
have been detected years ago. Until convinc
ing evidence to the contrary Is afforded, there
fore. it will be safe to assume thai the Kaiser's
position and the distance to which she was able
to send messages bad no relation.
We not We that the Hon. Samuel W. Call, of
Massachusetts, la still rebuking those rasa
spirits who would lay impious hands on the fed
eral Constitution. This Is a relief if rude de
stroyers are after it the Constitution must still
live. But we thought that Mr. McCa.ll had
demonstrated beyond cavil that the Constitution
perished when the Supreme Court approved the
imposition of tariff duties ori Porto Rican and
Philippine goods, and thai its "dead corpus" was
priven ,to the flames when Congress passed the
Hepburn-Dolllver act regulating railroad rates.
I: is refreshing to listen to the promises of tho
newly appointed city magistrate. Frederick B.
House. He has vowed to help smash the profes
sional bondsmen's •■trust," and has promptly
started to fulfil the pledge. It i.-i to be hoped
thai he will find encouragement and co-oper
ation, enough to make his* efforts worth while.
The "trust" be is combating extends Its roots
so deeply and widely throughout the subsoil of
local politics that Mr. House will not be able to
gain his end alone and unaided. We hope that
his example may Inspire to equal earnestness
those of his colleagues "who have hitherto ap
peared indifferent. Hera is opportunity for a
genuine reform, the success of which might do
as much as the whole police force could to rid
New York City of the plague of forty thousand
thieves and other disreputables.
President George F. Baer of the Heading Rail
road has earned a reputation as a diplomat of
the first order. He lived up to that reputation
in his recent address to the Pennsylvania Legis
lature. Both political parties In the Keystone
State are pledged to enact a law fixing two
cents a mile as the maximum rate of fare for
passengers on railroads. Said Mr. Baer quite
blandly to the legislators:
We bio driven to understand that election prom
ls< were made which have committed th« «lor
n party to the passage of a law limiting
passenger rates to two cents a mile. T assume
that esc pre-election promises while well enough
Intended— are subject to deration by men
who hare assumed oftVlnl responsibility.
After the Horse Show the Automobile Show
and the Dog Show New York Is to have an "Ex
hibit of Homes." It will be a weird, and In
structive exhibition if it includes ail shades and
varieties of homes the real home and the dim
mer and dimmer reflections of it we have in the
apartment house, the flathouse, the hotel, the
tenement house, tin- bail bedroom and the Bow
ery night's lodging.
Those men who carried armfuis of dynamite
through the flames on Man-o'-War Reef have
done more to discredit certain pessimists than a
hundred preachers and orators could hare done.
They have shown once more that the plain.
everyday man loves his neighbor as himself—
nay. even more than himself sometimes— and
reveals his character more successfully in deeds
thnu In words.
/;//: im k of rin: r> it.
Switzerland has n newspaper specially for en
gaged couples. Agents all over th«» country collect
particulars concerning couple* who have become
encaged to bo married, and their names, addresses
and particular! of their social position appear in
this weekly journal. Every K |r l whose, name la thus
mentioned receives the paper free for one year, the
Huhseriborg to li being chiefly tradespeople, who
send advertisements of their goods !■> those whose
name* are so published
SteelmlM, •>>•. ( r,f Plttsburg)— Remember, mv son.
to stick t.. your las)
Stcelmlll. jr. ■ ■ -'■"• — But suppose she too
suks for divorce?— Puck.
Japanese Immigrants may not be welcome on the
Pacific <*oa.«t of tlif> United •..-■- but m Chili
they ire not only d«Kired but are induced to
settle there. The Chilian government offer* ron
slderabie Inducements to agricultural and Ashing
Immigrants. Forty acres of rich land are given
outright t'> each settler; twenty more to each son
eighteen \fari old <>r more, ,\ yoke of oxen, a set
of farm Implements and SIS a month in cash for
the flrst year. This Is r^ar.le.i as an x<-elk>nt
Inducement to t! •• Japanese farmer to leave his
little farm of something less than an acre and ro
'" Chill. Moreover, a practical monopoly of the
entire fishing industry of » country having 2.000
miles of roast abounding In splendid R«l but
practically wit hoi a Ashing . lass, holds out an
additional bait to a people versed In sea (Uhing.
After a wordy argument in which neither scored
two Irishmen d.-cided to fichi il nut if wax agreed
that Immediately either laid, "I've had enouzU"
the fight «houUl cease. X "
After they had i • en at it about ten minutes one
or them fell, and hi on exclaimed
"Knougb! I've had enough!' '
Mm liin opponent kepi on hitting him until a
man who was watching them said:
"Why «lon'l you let him set up? lie s.us ' • '-•
"I Know- be says so" said the victor, without
relaxing hi? efforts, "but lu«'s such a llir you
can't believe a word Ik says.'*— Glasgow Herald
Some fuel regarding te i and Its uses are Riven
In . n article in "The Scientific American.'' Some
of the uses of the spent i.-a leaves by Ui»? econom
ical Chinese are given. in the first place, they
may '-• dried and pressed Into bricks to be used
as in. I One use of ihta fuel Ik In curing pork,
and pork thus cured i< highly esteemed. The
b ne of the fuel are used aa fertilizers. At other
times the spent leaves are stewed, or allowed to
stand :i long time In water, to extract the tannin,
which Is used In making leather and for producing
a nut-brown dye. Bom times the old leaves are
used ■■' fodder, or they may be mixed with new
leaves to form what Is known aa ' lie-tea."
•■•..■• read about the little .Inps
100 brown to g. t to school "
How '■•" we ope the "Gold<ui date"
ulrhout ihe (..'olden Rule?
— Boston Transcript.
When ■ submnrl'no boat .becomes disabled beneath
the surface of the water and cannot rise Its crew
is In a bad predicament. To remedy the difficulty
an inventor has contrived an auxiliary boat to be
carried In the submarine and to be a part of it,
practically, until needed. In time of accident the
crew of the Incapacitated submarine would enter
the little craft, and when the containing chamber
had been flooded the belts would be withdrawn and
the vessel with its human freight would clear itself
! ise i" tha surface
T n .TTi B 88 , x.ii.l "No" to me last nlElit but I
don t think »he really could tell why she did it
Nell— Oh. yes. she could. Sim told me
Tom — Did she?
. v^':.". Yes - Blie Bald * n<> didn't think you'd take
No for an answer.— Philadelphia Press.
In deep borings a serious difficulty is often en
countered with waterloßged strata. This obstacle
was surmounted lately In some mining operations
at Goslar. in Germany. A shaft was being exca
vated some feet deep, and It had to pass through
a layer of sand that was soaked with water. The
engineer forced down 84 freezing tubes, placed in
two concentric circles, and this turned the stratum
Into solid, workable rock. Excavation was then
comparatively easy. y
.'.'You ¥ " you can't live without m daughter?"
"Then you'd better stay engaged to hsr/'-Llf*.
About Veople and Soaiczl Incident^
AT THE WHITE HOU3B. !
irrom Th» Tribune Bureau.
Washington. Feb. ia.-Th» President held con
ferences this afternoon on th« Panama Canal con
tract and the Japanese school question. The canal
meeting was attended by Secretaries Root and Tatt,
Chairman Shonts and Mr. Rogers, counsel or the
Canal Commission: John B. McDonald and John
Pelrce. contractors, who are associated with Will
iam J. Oliver. Secretary Root and the delegation
from San Francisco, headed by Mayor SchraltJs.
took part In the conference on the Japanese ques
President Roosevelt transmitted to Congress to
day a special message urging legislation for the
safeguarding of mineral and grazing lands la the
The president's callers Included Speaker Cannon.
Senators Lodge. Hansbrough. Gamble, Beverldgre,
Heyburnv^McEnery and Smith. Representatives
Mann. Steenerson. Weeks. Dunwell and Longworth,
Delegate Weaker, from Alaska, and Civil Service
[Fr"m Th» Tribune Bureau!
Washington, Feb. 13. — The Attorney General and
Mrs. Bonaparte left Washington this afternoon for
their home In Baltimore. The Attorney General
will take several days from bis office In order to
give his Injured wrist a perfect rest. Mrs. Bona
parte Will not return to the city until next week.
THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS.
[From The Tribune Bureau.]
Washington. Feb. IS. — The Auatro-Huhgarian
Ambassador and Baroness Ilenpelmiiller have re
turned to the embassy here after several days'
visit in New Vorh.
Seftor Creel, the Ambassador from Mexico, will
a, .is best man for the Minister from Nicaragua
at his marriage to mi«» India Bell Fleming on
February 27. Miss Bras Shaw, daughter of the
Secretary of the Treasury and Mrs. Shaw, will be
one of the bridesmaids.
There was no New Year's celebration at the
Chinese Legation to-Jav on account of Sir Chen
tuns Liang-Cheng, tlie minister, observing tha
strictest mourning for the death of bis mother.
IN WASHINGTON SOCIETY.
[From The Tribune Bureau.!
Washington. Feb. 13.— Senator and Mrs. Burrows
entertained Baron and Baroness Rosen at dinner
to-night. Invited to meet them were Senator Fry-.
Lieutenant and Mrs. TUnmons. Mrs. Hobart, Mr*.
Audrenreid. Representative and Mrs. Sibley. Gen
eral Wilson and Dr. and Mr?. Mac Donald.
Mr*. Garret A. Hobart left Washington to-day,
after having spent the greater part of the winter
General and Mrs. David Perry left Washington
to-day for New York with their daughter. Miss
Perry, and her aunt. Miss Hoyt. who will sail on
Saturday for an extended trip abroad.
Unties men representing educational Institu
JAMES BBYCE SAILS.
Ilearttj Farewell* Given to the Nm*
Ambassador tn America.
London, Feb. KV--A great crowd of personal
ano. potltHal friends gathered at Euston Btatlon
this ni->rning to Md Rod9peed to James Bryco.
the Ambassador of Great Britain to the United
States, and Mrs. Bryce. who occupied a car
attached to the regular steamer train. At Liv
erpool they boarded the White Star Line steam
ei ' -oeanlc and sailed for New York. Th*
farewell which the new ambassador and his
wife received here was enthusiastic The en
trance to the car was besieged by many dla
tlnKuishod persons anxious to liav« the last
word with Mr. Bryce. Among those present
were the Earl of Crewe, Lord President of the
Council; Herbert Gladstone, Secretary of State
for Home Affairs; Lord Fltzmaurlce, Under
Secretary for Foreign Affairs; T.ewls Harcourt.
First Commissioner of Public Works, and Mrs.
Uarcourt; Lord Sttathcona ami Mount Royal.
High Commissioner ol Canada. Arthur Ponson
by, i.rivat* secretary to the Premier, Sir Henry
OantpDeU-Baancrman, repraassrttag] the Prime
Minister, and John R. Carter, secretary- of the
America!! F.mbassy. representing the embassy.
In behalf of the ladles present. Mrs. liarcourt
presented to Mr? Bryce ft bouquet, and aa the
train left the station Urn Mends of the am
bassador and Sirs Bryce gave three hearty
In the course of a conversation with. TiM cor
respondent of The Associated Press before his
departure from London the ambassador said
he was much gratified at the friendly feeling of
Americans toward him, as shown by the number
of invitations which he had received from vari
ous cities and organizations. He had. however,
deferred planning any tripe until he arrived in
Washington. About the only positive engage
ment he had made was ti> attend tha Harvard
commencement as the guest of Ids nt
Eliot. The ambassador recalled that he
was the guest of President Eliot thirty-eight
years ago. when be made his first visit to
America and began his observations of Ameri
can affairs. He also recalled a later visit, when
he -.•-.I President Roosevelt, then a police or
Civil Service commissioner, for data which ulti
mately became pan of Mr. Bryce's book "The
American Commonwealth." The ambassador
•'It is these and many other American friend
ships which compensate for interrupting the as
sociations of a lifetime here."
The ambassador expects to «<"> direct to "Wash
ington, staying only a few hours la New York
I . ■• n I f( b. 13 \ ' '.. which m
cluded Mr Griffiths, the American Consul here,
witnessed the departure to-daj of Ambassador
and Mi >n the Oceanic, and bade them a
lua: ;y fii . -. •II Befoi i
Brj ■ ■
"II is pleasant to feel thai while 1 am leaving
many friends behind 1 am going to meet hosts of
good friends In America, with a great number
of whom i already am acquainted, I have been
assured thai a cordial welcome awaits me. and
this is a happy augury."
DISCUSSES MUNICIPAL OWNEKSHI?
W. H. Mallock, the Socialist lecturer. Cites
Instances to Show It Doesn't Pay.
\V. 11. Malta Who is giving a series of lectures
hi Columbia University, under the auspices of the
National Civic Federation, discussed yesterday the
relation •>' municipal ownership to socialism.
"Of course." he said. "I am not going into mu
nicipal trading, us it is railed in England, from the
standpoint of the accountant, i"it thai Is hardly
necessary, for it is a weß known fact that munici
pal trading has » tendency toward the wrong side
Of the ledger. The now notorious example of the
Thames steamers In London Is too well known to
"Lord Avebury. n bis recent book on municipal
and national trading, compares two cities, one. of
which operates it» lighting plar.t and the other of
which Is lighted by a private company. The city
where the light is being done by a municipal cor
poration is suffering from increased taxation, with
no reduction in lighting costs, while th» other city
Is getting better light and at a much lower rate.
"The London County Council has In mind the vast
project of taking over all the electrical business In
the city. but what mssabef of the London County
Council has become famous through his knowledge
of the electrical Industry? What sinks has
helped to advance that business a sinsl- step?
Home si the boroughs have already taken over a
number of electrical undertakings, with the dla
tre»Mng result that, while they are almost univer
sally losing money, the consumers are forced to pay
higher rates than in the boroughs where the light
ins; Is done by private companies.
'The member* of the County Council who -were
fleeted on a socialistic platform have been twitted
by their constituents because they have gone more
and more Into capitalistic enterprises, and. In spite
of their principles as socialists, have in effect tried
to become the greatest capitalists la the city of
tions in WS parts) ■•ijhe.-wosia vrtt «>tsrd tt«
thirl anrmftt Planner ortbm TBftmMrt'gtoa trofstttste
Club to be given at tha Kalslgh on Satiodscr »-r«r>
ingw Postmaster General Corteryou Is prcaWsßl si
tho dub and. will preside, white the £^et»a Ai V
bassad'or, the Brazilian ambassador and other* asa
numbered among tha speakers. Th» Vtee-Preu,
dent, the Secretary of War, the Secretary of Agru
culture and Justice llorlaa will be aocmgt!it.y|
guests expected. < r.Si?"
NEW YORK SOCIETY I
Edmund Clarence Stedman will preside* «t th»
literary and musical matinee, which, takes place
this afternoon at the Waldorf-Astoria, for the ben
efit of tha Keats-Shelley Memorial Fund. Mark
Twain will read from Browning and Shelley: thr»,
poems of Shelley will be- sung? by Mi». Frauds
Wellman, Miss Julia Marlowe will read, f-jom Keats'*
"Ode on a Grecian Urn" and two shorter poems,
and Dr. Henry van Dyke. Dr. 8. W«tr Mitchell, J>,
Hopkinson Smith, Mrs. Ruth. McEnery Stuart ami
Miss Beatrice Herford will also take part. Tt»
object of the fund la to complete the recent pur
chase i>y popular subscript lorn of th<* house beside
the Spanish Stairs, In Rome. In which Keats Uvsd
and died, and to establish therein for lovers at
poetry a library of the works of Keats and SheJley,
with portraits and manuscripts, and through, this
agency to guard the graves or'the two poetst«galnst
Mrs. Joseph H. Choata will ent»»rta!a ths» TtU]ss«
day Evening Club at Sherry's this evening.
Genera! Horace Porter gives a •"" — t~ fits, im
Ins at his house In Madison avenue*
The sewing class -which works for th» Freak .v!?
Association of the Cathedral of St. John the Divta*
will hold Its second meeting at the season to-4ay
at the home of Mrs. J. Border*. Harrlman.
Mrs. J. Plerpont Morgan. Jr.. will a^ve> c, fltaass
to-night nt her house In Madison avenue.
John R. Drexel and W. Htide NeHson will sa^
for Europe at the end of next week.
Mrs. James Gayley Is booked to «aH for Europ*
on Saturday and will spend the remainder c? th 4
season in Egypt.
General and Mrs. J. Frederick Fiersori win jrr*%
a dinner to-morrow night at their house in West
Luncheons •will be given to-day by Mr*. G?crj»
Elliott at h»r house In East 57th street for her
daughter. Miss Mary C. Elliott, and by Mrs. E<!wia
Mr. and Mrs. Henry C. Valentin^ have announce!
th« engagement of their daughter. Miss S^lo Val
entine, to Lewis B. Brow.-. eon of Mr. and Mr*.
Lewis M* Brown, of this, clt^
TRIBUTES TO MB. HIGGIXS.
WTI^I^ NOT BE FORGOTTEN.
From The New York "World (Dera.).
In a time that brought great names to shams aal
tried men's souls as they tad scarcely been tried
since the Civil War, Frank Wayland Hlgjrins. who
died yesterday at his homo In Clean, kept ua
spotted his personal reputation. Governor Hlg
gins'B life wan probably shortened Cy hia saddening
experierce. But the name o? the Eian who signed
tho Armstrong bills will not soon be forgotten In
New York and is not a trifling heritage of pride for
his stricken family.
RENDERED GREAT SERVICE,
From The New York Bun.
la falling health Frank TTaylaad Hlgg&s was
abla to render great and Important services to th»
causa of honest g^vernmsn: and tha overthrow of
rascal rule In this state-. Let us remember only
theso services. Where he lacked energy, where ha
fell short of opportunity, where ha wavered cr
erred, let the explanation now ba found in ti:»
fatal malady that had feim In its hold -whaa the
world knew It not.
HIS HONEST PURPOSE.
From The Hartford Courant.
Ex-Governor Hijrsjina has rot long survived S!»
term in the executive chair ax Albany. It Is ba
lleved of him— has- been all along— that as Gov
ernor he had an honest desira to be serviceable •>
his state, and that the shortcorclnga in fcla admin
istration are very largely chargeable to tin state
house traditions and indueaces In which, hi was
A MODEST PUBLIC 6SRVANT.
From The New York Olota.
Frank Way land Hlsglna was such a rm tiaS
New York may well ta^cs pride In tha fact that h»
was once her Governor, lie worked in. tha ways at
politico unspotted. >To muck raker was ever "bold
enough to cbailege either hia personal or his oO
dal integrity. Ha erava the best years of his man*
hoon to unselflsh public service, and In daja whea
political self-udvertiscra wore daxnormg for itls
tlnctlon was cuntent to bo modast. Yet "in no two
years of New York was more good legislation, or
all of which ha was a great part, put on til*
statute books than during his administration.
•A TRIBUTE FROM AN HONEST MAN.
From The Evening 1 Sun.
If Frank W. Hlsgir.a ha I selected hi* own ept
tat>h he could hava chosen no Juster appreciation
or his Ufa and public services than tha following
statement, which was mada tc« him directiy by
Governor Charles E. Hughes In tls Inaugural ad
"Your administration has been i<J<?ntiS»d witi
Important reforms, and large undertakings cf ta*
createst concern to tha futur» of tha stats have
been inaugurated. Your service in connection wlta.
matters of much conspicuous advanas* to the, pub-
Iks will not ba forgotten. But to the faithful pub
lic officer the best reward of fidelity is the ap
proval of bis own conscience won by di^int-»r€3ii»4
devotion In matters large and small to tha inter
ests of the public. In your retirement t>"» privat*
life you may b»- assured cf tho Renoral appreda
tion of the stainless integrity ot your character
and of the honor»bl» moUves which have , ...
erned your conduct."
A tribute from an honest man.
HOW HE AIDED IN HEARST'S DEFEAT.
From The Evening Mail.
For the sake of his party ha bora tha humi'.iat!oa
of silence last summer regarding hia
tion as Governor, lie knew he bad a fatal illness*
yet he »lso knew that it he stepped aside those
who were battlins for an unbosaed state conven
tion would be thrown into confuston-rProbabty d*
feated. He save no reason for his silence. < even
to his friends, who constantly besought him •■>
reply to the i»>linlins- criticism his course pr«
voked. Mail hrt withdrawn hia name and stated
his reason fioso Albany ir.rlttenceii that ar>> alwaya
massed against a worthy cause would have hnd *
free BelU, and the work of tht» Republican Star*
convention last September would nave bevn of I
far different character. Mr. Hearst would na»
IMS RECORD ON INSURANCE.
From The Brooklyn Eagle!
An investigation of insurance abv.se? wa» *-H
pronoawl l>v the men who fu>.i profited Ihroajth
■uch nl>u«*.-s. and If Hit>y meant t» «»n«'l tli-m >lii
not intend t.» i i; iv.> any me punished who had r<?*v
petrated them. Oorernor digging stoo,i those ro»n
«>nr until !).■ liatl orsanised strt-:i?;th enough in ih»
l^sislutniv ti> overcome thorn and to Becun s» reel
Investigation. Thus, an-1 then, be secured the Arm
strong fomniittcf ami also Chnr't-s X llti£;^^■ > s a<
its Inquisitor. Th»» Governor was misuna>r»toe«l
and bad In bear tlio fact In silence. Ho bore ts
patiently, hut the »tatt> should honor him for *ta»»
Ins oft :» sham investigation and for finally t^n»
U\g a real and a relentless one.
PRINCE REGENT GUEST OF MR. GRAVES.
Stockholm. Kxo. IX— Prince Resent Gustav* «C
Sweden was a guest at ;« dinner given at tn«
American Legation laat night by the Minister t*
Sweden, Mr. Graves, in honor of Lincoln's Birth
day. Many court officials and diplomats and their
wives were present. The Prince Regent toasted
the rnlted States and President Roosevelt, aod
Mr. Graves proposed the health of King Cscis
and the Print •■ Regent
J. C. NICOLL GOES SOUTH FOR HEALTH.
J. C. Nicoll, a member of the Council of th- Na
tional Academy of Design, who has hoen seriously
ill for mor« than a month from laryngitis and grip
at his home. No. 207 West S*th street, was* suffl*
riently convalescent yesterday »r» h<» taken South*
He will stay at Ormond. Fla.. until he has recov-
red Ms health.
WILL OF CAPTAIN G. J. GRAMMER.
Evansville, (mi Feb. : The will of Captain Q*
3. Grammrr. vice-president of the New York Cen«
trpi lines, has been Hied in this county. The »f
tate. valued at $3M.txie. is divided anaons the widow"
and three clitldren.
MAYFLOWER LEAVES NEW ORLEANS.
New Orleans. Fer». 13.— The yacht Mayflower. wit!»
Assistant Secretary Newberry. of th-» Navy D*»
partm*n*. and party aboard, sailed to-day for Fen
sacola. . Before leaving My. N*»-aerry Inspected '
the naval station and expressed turns?;; w *a satif
fled with conditions there. The cruiser ColumDU
will probably leave Friday or Saturday.