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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 15, 1907, Image 6

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"Amusementi.
.ACAURMT Or — B:l3— The Music Master.
/Ul>.»ll:R> 2— A— Vaudeville.
ASTUA— K:SO— <>«n«M* «-i ti.« ;in:»
i«EL%fc<X>— - ■• - :.„ Boa« of «•• Kancfco.
I.JT.KELBT LVCEtTM— « SO— The Reekcnlrc.
HLJOr— S:ls— All-or-a-Su.JdPn •■»*-• .
!!ROAD«Ar-S:ts-Th« Partalan XiodeL
• OLO.M -.1. 2 B— Va-idevllle.
CRITERION— SCO— 1 h» \cro Cvto.
lMLr.a- S:ls— The Belle of Marfalr.
EDEN MUSE»— The WorM in SVRT.
KilPim;— * — Tba f.oo<i Hope aid Nacco O:<Jf>'<!.
•lAHi . B:ir.— Tl.e L,!:il«> Ml< bua.
<;AlirtlCK — 8;S0 — Caught \i th« Kiln.
HA-CKmr— «:*>— Th« Chtnu Lady.
HAMMgRSTEfN-B VICTORIA— 2:I4—B:I5 —
HERALD BQI'AEE -8-1H -The Road to rectal
JllPPol'ROilt:—^— B— -Neptune* daughter and Plcr.e«r
Data. ii p *-" 'lal
HUDSON . \M tenant Peary's Illustrate* T>-o*ur«;
8:15— The Hypocrite*.
IRVTJ... pLaCB— & :i*f— Th« BJlr<s* rBEBCCI«r.
KNICKERBOCKER— 6:I&-^Th» lied Mill
LIBERTY— 6:l&—Saloiny Jar.«.
LINCOLN . 'v : ARK — -I.V- Oid I>»i«-nfl«T.
X.TCEUM— 2:15--Th» Truth; 6:ls— The LJca and tr»
Move.
Z.TRIC— A— Hamlet
■MAI'.. ;:E — 8:1$ — The Three of Vs.
HADISOX s^'.-ARii OAHDIBS- l'» a, i.. to 11 P. ».—
Do* Show.
MAJHSTIC— B:IO— Th« Rose of the Aihambra.
JIAXHATTAN — 8:16 — The <3lrl and th« Governor.
Manhattan ope iiorsc — a — Aida,
MENDKLSSOHN HAI.L, -2:3o— Piano Ke^ital.
METROPOLITAN OPERA HOUSE — 7:4s— Tristan «nd
Isolde.
NEW AMSTERDAM— BrewetM'a Millions.
SEW YORK— B:IS— Dfortt WaMlilngtoa. Jr.
TmxrufiS— S:2rt— Th« Grrat Divide.
bavoy sis rbe -■■■•■'•". of tf.o Hour.
ST. NICHOLAS FUNK— Ira rikating.
'J'RLHARMOMC HAI.I/-2-8 — Baectrtc Music.
WALLA «'K'P B:ls The Klch Mr. Hoseenh»-!nier.
WEBBU'P— fc:ls— Dream City and Tho llacie Kultlit.
Index to Advertisements.
I'agß.t'ol. ! Page.Col
.Arausemrr.U SCO Financial 13 S3
Art Exhibition ar.l (Furnished Hooms to
Sales 9 8! I^t 11 4
.Automobiles in Help Tl'ait».l 11 4
Bankers & Br"krr»..l2 1 ' Hotels &■ Restaurant*. Hl •:
Board and Rooms. .11 4 Koran fl> «.'arrias< > s. ''* rt
Brooklyn Properly | Instruction IS T.
for Sal« . . .14 B-fl l."« 11 «
♦'srp»t Cleaning » 6 Ma-rla^-s A.- I'«anhn.. 7 r. «'
Citations IS 4 (Wtn .<t<=an>er» (» *-•>
City li. •«■ « 13 s;i'ropn<=Bl9 8 fl
Cmmtrj- Property to 'RaUrna<2* '•♦ ''
lift 14 .'• St*. !»1 Notices 7 6
IV*'*? and Offlc« Pur- Steamboats OK
nltur« 11 4 Surrorat*'* Notices. ..13 «•
Dividend Xotteaa 13 t. Typewriting: 11 4
Domestic Situations !To I/e1 for Business
Wan:«<l 11 11-: ! Purpose* 14 6-*»
T>ref=«nniiking •'■■ Mil- ! Tribune Subscription
linery 11 4 Rates 7 «
Pr>-j;oo4s . ... . 0 6-7, Trust Companies 13 5-6
Employment Alf^n- ; Winter R.esnrt« 13 1
rles 9 •*■ Work Warned 11 &-6
Excursions 13 4
Sto^orkiiJirilfl &rilm&
FRIDAY. FEBRUARY 15, 3007.
THE XEWB THIS MOnXIXQ.
CONGRESS.— Senate: Mr. Knox discussed the
legal aspects of the resolution declaring Senator
Smoot ) ■■■>! entitled +0 his peat; the conference re
port on xhe Immigration bill went over. House:
The day was spent in discussion of the Naval
Appropriation bill.
FOREIGN.-^ The Irish bill to be introduced in
the British Parliament provides for a council,
the majority of whose members are elective.
• tleneral Kuropatkir/s history of the Russo-
Japanese War. which the Russian government
liad confiscated, has been made accessible, and
contains amazing revelations of the incapacity
and inefficiency of those in charge of the prep
arations for and conduct of the • ampaigns. •— ~r
Pulajan^s attacked and burned two towns 111
Occidental Nepros nnd killed six of the constab
ulary; two American teachers. WVK. Bachelder
'Mid Waller . l. L.. Ise. are rei>orted missing. — :
King Edward held the first levee of the season in
St. James's Palace; a number of Americans
were presented. ===== Mme. Sarah Bernhardt
was appointed to a professorship In the Con
pervalory of Music and Declamation In Paris.
" Ren Mansour. former lieutenant of Raisuli.
was killed "i the streets of Tangier by three men
•if his tribe, in revenge for his treachery. :- ■ .. "
Tn the coarse of the brief stay of his steamer
nt Queenstown James Brvce received a numiier
of visitors, and telegrams of pood wishes were
•delivered to him. — Monsigi or Manuel S?.n
"ander. former Bishop of Havana, who resigned
nfter the Spanish-American War, died at Madrid.
DOMESTIC— The President received assur
ancM from the Presidents of Nicaragua a.id
Honduras that they would accept arbitration.
More than a score of bodies of the
victims of the Larchrnont were taken frotnß^ock
Island to Providence; th" list of identified dead
numbered fifty-four ' Assemblyman Mer
rftl Introduced a bill nt Albany for uniform siat>>
laws. ;; — ■— - Governor Hughes and a party of
l«S-is!ators left Albany in a special train to at
tend the fcneral of ex-Governor Hlgglns at
Olean to-day. = Edward Hatch, jr.. sent a
letter to Governor Hughes, asking him to pre
vent the use of the polluted onion of the Ice
crop except for ■■•■ ; .i storage purposes. — :
Heavy electrical disturbances, due to sun spots,
occurred In Pittsburg. - — ,— The thermometer
»t Cripple Creek registered 98 degrees above zero
in the sun.
ClTY.— Stocks were weak. General Jose
Manuel Hernandez <"X! Mocho"), the leader of
several Venezuelan insurrections, reached this
city, «rfaere he Is said to be about to organize an
other Insurrection, rtrrr— The Rapid Transit
Commissioners decided to allow the Pennsyl
vania Railroad interests to drive shafts In ii.'d
and Sod streets. — Details of the contract for
the proposed subway loop were made public.
r - Owing to the death of the wife of Juror
Bolton the Thaw trial was adjourned to Mon
day. Sir Purdon <"':>! k.- said the fragments
presented to the Metropolitan Museum by J. P.
Morgan might not have come from the Forum of.
Trajan. ===== A big tank of the Standard Oil
Company exploded In Bayomie, N. J. - - It
was reported that a. clew to the whereabouts
of the missies treasurer of the New Britain
(Conn.) Knving;. Bank had been found. : ;
The Joy Line announced that it would issue
passes to Providence to all relatives of victims
of the Larchmont wreck. - — A tiecision was
handed down by which Mrs. Bailey, widow of
the circus man. will get ali hln estate. =^=r^: An
agreement was reached hereby the city ac
quires the physical properties or the Btaten Isl
and Wat<r Company for $907,000. ■ The in
ternational policyhoider*' commit ten ..ft New-
York and Mutual Lift admitted defeat in \\\>!
♦•lection. : < ■.... .-.• : William C. Greene re
tired from official connection with I i:.: Greene
Consolidated Coppe." Company.
THE WEATHER.— lndications fir to-day:
Pair and ro!der. The tempera! ire yesterday:
Highest, 44 degrees; lowest, '28.
W ATI: It SUPPLY PROGRESS.
It is agreeable to learn that terms have been
made between the «ity and the Btatan island
Water Supply Company for the salt- of the com
pany's plant and water rights to the city. We
told '.ii these ooluums the other day how great
the need w;is of an improved service in a part of '
the Borough or Richmond. It is now 1.. i,,- ex
pected that .the needed Improvement will Speed
ily I*- made and that all parts of Stateu Island
will have as pure and plentiful a supply as
some favored parts of It have all along enjoyed.
There will be further cause for gratification If
the < iiy shall acquire all other private water
plants now existing within its boundaries. Some
of these concerns have done good work and some
have done the worst kind of work. What is de
«>lrabl«* is a uniform system for all parts of the
city, and since by far the greater part of the
city now has a municipal water supply, and
K'.nce ibe general experience of this and other
communities baa Indicated a municipal to be
decidedly preferable to a private supply, all
parts of all the boroughs should be made to con
form with that dominant system.
We must regard with approval, too. the move
ment toward abolition of the Aqueduct Commis
sion and the transfer of Its unfinished work to
the new commission which has in charge the
Catskill extension of the water system. In view
of the close contact and actual coincidence of
the work of the two bodies at some important
points, convenience, economy and a prudent de
sire to avoid conflict and friction would in any
case Indicate the desirability of putting both
works under one direction. But there are other
reasons. The delinquencies, Inefficiencies and
delays which have marked its operations in the
past strongly suggest the desirability of jr»>tlin m '
rid of the Aqueduct Commission and of not per
mitting it to create practically a life tenure for
its members by inventing new things to do when
ever it is Impossible longer to delay the com
pletion of things already in hand. Tho commis
sion was constituted for a specific work and was
to go out of existence when that work was done.
The work eqght to have beea fully completed
years ago, and would have been if the commis
sion bad properly attended to its business, it
will be well to legislate It out cf exlatenoa, and
■ r — * ' -iti Bn", i.S *~ -
to put all the waterworks In the northern sub
urbs of the city under the charge of the commis
sion which has thus far done so well with the
Catakill scheme.
If In addition the city shall abandon the last
lingering remains of the Illusive hope of getting
water from other states and shall extend its
works on Long Island and develop them — on the
Jameco plan or otherwise to their full capa
city^ NV-w-Yorlc may escape all danger of a water
famine, and secure for Itself Id the n<»xt few
years a supply. which for abundance, purity and
genera] trustworthiness the year round will bo
comparable with that of almost si; other city
in the world.
THE JAPANESE SETTLEMENT.
The ■ nference rep< rt on the Immigration bill
supposed to be moribund has been adroitly
appropriated as a vehicle for closing by Isglsla
an unpleasant diplomatic incident A para
graph has been Injected Into that report which,
of universal application, practically fi^s
a situation of which California has complained
and which largely Instigated I - dis
crimination against Japanese pupils in \\\» pub
lic schools. Hostility to Japanese lal»or rather
than any race prejudice against Japanese stu
dents lay behind the crusade begun by the Sau
Francisco school board. If. therefore, the ap
prehensions of ili<' Padflc Coast could be al
layed by an attempt to exclude Japanese la
l.oivrs as such the coolies whose standards of
living rsr.> considered to make them deinoral-
Udngand harmful competitors In the American
labor market it was char that the ruling
against Japanese Btudenta could be abandoned
:i* Quite beside the real wishes and policy of
tha California protestants. Such a judicious
compromise seems to have been effected by the
Incorporation in the immigration conference
report of a paragraph giving the President
power to exclude from 1110 "continental terri
tory of the United States" citizens and sub
jects of foreign countries who first p~> to any
oilier foreign country than their own, to any In
sular possession of the United States or to
the canal zone, and then seek to use then- pass
ports to enter the United states proper, pro
vided that their entry here is "detrimental" to
the best Interests of domestic labor In the Judg
ment of the Pr< sldent.
Such an enlargement of the scope of our Im
migration laws could not rightly offend the sus
ceptibilities of the Japanese government or the
Japanese people. The proposed exclusion pro
vision is genera] In terms— no less general than
the prohibition ngainst contract labor which
has long been on the statute book. Moreover,
even if it were to be applied chiefly to exclude
Japanese coolies, such an application would not
clash either with Japanese rights under the
treaty of 1594 or with tils Japanese govern
ments openly avowed policies. .Japan has over
and over again expressed v purpose td keep her
laboring population near home; She has no
laborers to Bpare, and lina no wish to colonize
the Pacific Slope. She has been preparing for
years t«* piny a dominant role politically and
commercially in Eastern Asia and needs to
husband all her resources to accomplish what
si ■• deems her national mission. H' she Is 10
develop Corea, aiancirarta and Formosa and ex
tend her Influence In China she must turn every
element of her population to account. It would
be economic folly to encourage the migration of
her working classes to the United States, where
they would be powerless to promote her ob
jects. The Tribune has always accepted as
absolutely sincere the Japanese government's
declaration that It looks with no favor i
Introduction and exploitation here of <oolie
labor. It Is probably entirely willing now, as
i: was in 189*. to give the United States a free
hand lv dealing with coolie Immigration.
Some objection will undoubtedly fa
the exclusion paragraph on the ground that it
Is a "legislative makeshift"— that is, legislation
drawn to meet an emergency and having some
thing of the Indeflnl i experimental
character of al] such legislation, it ma;
quire elucidation on one point 1 _ ; ( (l!i :i
constitutional meaning, namely, of the :
"■insular possession." Hawaii can hardly be
called an Insular possession in the same
as Porto Rico or the Philippines, since H
is an organised territory and Porto Rico and
the Philippine* are only "dependencies." But
ihe main point to be considered Is that the para
graph contains the basis of a working agree*
ment— an agreement which will relieve us from
the charge of having made b discrimination
against Japanese subjects lawfully here, which
was repugnant to Japan's self-respei t ns an en
lightened and progressive natl
MISTRIALS AXD THE JURY fSYSTEU.
We are glad to find our neighbor "The World"
advocating the adoption of Borne rorm of the
substitute Juror Bystem which The Tribune
has been recommending for many years, if
intelligent public opinion can be generally en
listed in support of this much ). Led reform,
legal specialists may be persuaded to under
take the correction of a troublesome Imperfec
tion in the administration of jut
The danger, now for a time at least averted,
that the Thaw trial might have to be turned
back to its beginning simply ' „• t | lt .
private calamity that befell one of the jurors
must draw general attention to the mechanical
flaw in <>ur jury system. \V<. should not let
the fortunate avoidance of a mistrial i: , the
present instance distract us from the need of
a permanent reform. It would be prepos
to suppose that justice is necessarily best
served through the exercise by a judgo of his
prerogative of declaring al on the ground
of jin Incomplete Jury. In such cases as ii i( .'
trial of Nan Patterson the state and the
defence lo«e much money, the jurors much time
and patience and the defendant much peace of
mind. And all this to no purpose.
We should never lose Bight of the fact that
dispatch is an Intrinsic part of justice. Wait
in- for a verdict is in itself a painful punish
ment to the defendant, and an unmerited one.
too. if be Is finally found innocent. Everything* '
then, which operates to retard the processes of
the courts without thereby making trials ralrer
ought to be Btricken out at the first onpor
tunity.
in enlightened France the substitute Jury sya
tern las been used for some years. lis opera
tion is as follows: Twelve regular jurors'. -lid
two substitutes are chosen, the latter sitting
with the former throughout the trial, but vot
ing only [g ease of the withdrawal of regular
Jurorc By this simple arrangement the chances
are exceedingly slight that a mistrial will ever
have to be declared on the ground of an Incom
jury.
Against the French system the objection
night perhaps he raised that tho substitute
jurors, considering that they were playing a
minor part and relying on the Improbability
of their Bharing in the decision, might fall to
take proper interest in the proceedings and thus
prove Inefficient But it would be easy to over
come this objection by choosing at the ■
fourteen jurors, of whom two would be
nated by lot after all the evidence had been
submitted and each party had rested Its case.
A« there then would be only one chance out of
Sewn that any individual juror would not have
to help i\<--.<]- Tiie verdict, ull the jurors would
naturally keep up their Interest to the last, V
further provision under the French system is
that substitute Jurors need be drawn only for
Mich eases as promise to consume more than a
few days, There seems to be do strong ob
jection to Bad] an arrangement, although In
theory a uniform system would i»- preferable.
it is somewhat strange thai the American
bench and bar have not given this matter more
serious, or at least more persistent, attention.
If there ifl somo subtle twist in tho substitute
juror system tending to defeat the ends of
Justice, we^ should iUis\ to know, about.lt. But
NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. FRIDAY. FEBRUARY 15. 1907.
we have never heard a single forcible counter
argument. The change proposed would not af
fect tho character of trials In any way; it would
have no bearing upon either the "admission oi"
the interpretation of evidence. It would, on
the other band, practically avert the risk of a
mistrial, with all the waste, hardship and prej
udice to Justice which a mistrial Involves.
I GREAT PSYCHOLOGICAL DISCOVERT.
one of our contemporaries whose heart beats
like a triphammer for the "peepul" has made
an astounding discovery which will bring dol
lar- and dis iples to the Psychical Researchers.
Speaking knowingly of one Mr. Baer, sporad
ically known to fame. "The New York Amerl
can" observes that "Baer, personally, is not an
"important individual, but Baer us head of the
Trust, president of « great railroad com
"pany and presumably spokesman for other
"railway companies, is a dlfferenl person."
(>!;<• again, then, the fancies of fiction writers
have proved to be realities. Bulwer Imagined
radium, Bellamy the telharmoniuin and Steven
son the mysterious double personality, the
Jekyll W\iU' duality, which, according to mod
era scientific observations made upon Mr. Baer,
links presumably in every mother's son of us.
After the Drsi shivery feeling is over :t cer
tain satisfaction ensues. We cannot but re
joice to know thai none of the men lauded as
geniuses in the pasi are greater than ourselves.
Goethe, personally, waa a pretty poor stick.
although as the author of "Faust" he was a
very different individual. Shakespeare, too,
was an awful chump personally, but a wi/.anl
when it came to writing dramas. Napoleon
was personally a personified zero, although us
eral and ruler of men i*e eul a considera
ble figure. In short, personally, all men are
equal, but with respect merely to their achieve
ments, education, position, wealth and other In
significant superficialities they show striklug
differences. The discovery that these Imper
sonal aspects do not reflect In any degree our
lality is most consoling, Indeed, it sur
fuses us with the warm conviction that, pet
sonally, we are just as well lined to run the
universe as any oilier ; ov ■
GOrERXOIi CAMPBELL'S "DRESS 81 IT."
The Investigation of its Senator's relations
with the octopus Is not the only topic agitat
ing Texas. Tuero Is Governor Campbell's In
augural "dress suit." Tbe rural sections of the
biggest state In the country are greatly excited
over the appearance of their hero In this gar
ment of correct form in the home of the octo
pus. Nor since the first excitement over clothes
in the Garden of Eden have the garments of
man caused such a commotion as Governor
Campbell's "splketail." If there was anything
on which Texas prided itself, beside:? its size,
its climate, Its marvellous cdtton crops, ditto
pecan nuts and "the Galveston plan," it was
that til- garb of statesmanship retained In
Texas its ancient, uncorrupted simplicity. There
a man with mi aspiration for votes dons a
"dress suit" only as he takes a drink in Kan
sas, secretly indulging in the forbidden delights
of the clothes of the world. We can recall
when Senator Bailey proudly proclaimed that
never would that garb of corruption and effete
ness drape bis eloquent person. Of course
Washington corrupted the Senator sartorially,
and his state forgave him, knowing that no one
can retain tlio virgin innocence of his attire
away from the simple life of Texas.
We know of no better description of the Texas
costume of the statesman seeking office than
tlint given In "The Honey Grove Signal":
When plain Tom Campbell appeared In Hon*y
(Jrovo last summer looking for votes, how dlf
ff-rent tii<! habiliment a "iat wrapped his demo
cratic frame! Well do we remember Urn $1 50
Blouch hat that canopied his dome of thought.
And tho cheap alpaca coat with a ripped
pocket, covering a shirt front not Immaculate
and showing a pair of suspenders not new. A
plain leather belt assisted In keeping hi« trous
ers at the rlfdit place, and this was of the same
material as the bellyband of wagon harness. H"
chewed a world v? Tlnsley tobacco and could
f-xiiPcTornto as Lit? a streak of the yellow fluid
as wag ever aimed nt a crack In the floor.
Every garment Is eloquent of the man of Ux«
i pie. be Constitution and 1 lie slouch hat
stand side by Ide a * object* ■■: reverenced
The race for the Governorship nomination last
summer was close and there were half a dor.en
candidates In It. Does anybody suppose that
one of them ventured Into th« sandhills of
Texas wearing any tiling but that certificate of
character, the sloueb hat? The alpaca coat
with the homely rip, tho harness strap girt
where it would be most effective, all bespoke
tho man to be trusted with the uffalrs of state.
The. oßtuuie was a vote getter.
The Incident recalls that old poem about the
pride of Missouri, Governor, now Senator, Will
lain Joel Stone.
When Governor Stone for Congress ran
And sot ther- with a will,
lie dressed so democratic tliut
They called him "Shlrttall BilL"
The poem goes on to record the change and
ends regretfully with the word "dude." So
"Tho Iloiu-y Grove Signal." after describing
tho costuiim of a real statesman, exclaims:
Think of it, my countrymen! This great com
moner from the sandhills of Kast Texas decked
out In a coat without a from tall and a vest that
touched only the contour of hi - breadbasket]
Colonel üßlinu ßlin Sterrett, of Dallas, explains
that the Texas editors are astonished that their
Governor is such a lightning change artist. 11,.
should have allowed Bonie little time for tho
corruptions or the Capitol to d.> their work.
A year in office and perhaps « "dress Kittt"
might be forgiven; "but be must admit it is
"a bit too sensational for a man to pull off
"his seersucker coat and blue cotton pants and
"show that he baa a dress suit underneath."
We should say so. It should be made uncon
stitutional in Texas to wear a "dress suit" at
an Inauguration. What is known Id the sar
torial world as a "sack coat" is the correct
thing the first year.
SMOKELESS FUEL FOR THE \\\Y.
In the current issue of "The North American
Review" Admiral Evans discusses the peculiar
fltuesa of anthracite <-oai for fuel on ships of
war. Ordinarily the approach of a vessel on
which soft coal is burned is Indicated long be
fore her hull, slack or masts can be discerned,
l.v the trail of smoke she leaves behind her.
\o such revelation Is made by hard coal, and
hence its use promotes that invisibility on which
cess of both offensive and defensive op< r
ations depends. Besides, when soft coal is em
ployed flame is sometimes emitted from tbe stack
a circumstance which came near defeating the
purpose of Admiral Dewey's carefully planned
entrance of Manila Bay by night With hard
coal betrayal in this manner is impossible
Another serious evil which results from the
use of bituminous coal is that the smoke Often
bides the signals by which orders are given from
tbe flagship. The embarrassment could aoniw
tirues be overcome by surrendering the pos
which the flagship occupies at the head of a
column, but the procedure Is open to the gravest
objections. Ailmiral Evans remark?; that the
change might have a disastrous effect on the
programme of the officer in command of a fleet.
ii would be infinitely better to bum hard coal.
In view of the immense advantages to be de
rived from the use of smokeless Fuel Admiral
Evans makes the startling suggestion that the
government should secure control of the de
posits of anthracite In this country. These, in
his Judsmoui, would constitute a "matchless
v. capon" for uati •n n 1 defence. It ins been w.i
mated thnt n: the present rate of consumption
the mlnablfl anthracite will be exhausted in
abont fifty years, but if it were devoted to
military uses exclusively there would he enough
for centuries.
In view of the circumstance that the value of
Oo anthracite dgposiU to-day is supposed, to be
not far from $18,000,000,000, It Is hardly prob
able that Admiral Evans has fall faith la tho
practicability of his scheme. Ills observations
will be highly serviceable, however— and this is
probably what he hopes for— lf they conduce to
a satisfactory solution of the problem to which
he directs attention, that of preventing the gen
eration of smoke by war vessels. In view of the
strategical Importance of the subject there would
be much propriety in a consideration of It by a
special board like that which was appointed a
year or so ago to inquire Into the cost ami ex
pediency of establishing a government armor
plant. Tha Inquiry might be brond enough to
cover th serviceability of coke, recent advances
In the methods of burning soft coal In such a
manner as to minimize the output of smoke anil
the feasibility of procuring an adequate supply
of anthracite for the navy without buying mines.
The matter has, of course, been carefully studied
In the past, but a fresh Investigation might prove
fruitful.
Senator John T. Morarnn's suerßPstlon that tbe
Democrats In the Senate abandon the farce of
electing and "following" a loader has logical
merit. It merely transmutes :i condition
theory
Th^ enor ' which has been observed
en the sun this week p sse«ses unusual in
for astronomers. Rarely are s'ich outbreaks
extensive enough to !>•> visible— as this one is
said to be without other optical apparatus than
eld of smoked glass. To the professional
r I- rhapa the most n markab
la the fact that the principal dis
turbance which lias been reported came Just
il did. There are alternations In th<> sizo
and abundance of spots through cycles aver-
In length. The
mm st.'iK' 1 of one of these periods appar
ilmii ated a year or two np". but it la now
that the Internal activities of which the
apots are a symptom have been unusually pro
longed.
Controller Martin H. Olynn. gently appointed by
tlßatlon. ■ • Albany corresponded I
\ merit an.
\v.> do not have to po nhr.in.l to h p *r extraor
dinary things about American affairs. It is no
lon upon Mr. Glynn to nay that if the
Governor of New York appointed the Controller
■ nn would not hold the office.
The young woman who, while treasuror of a
church society, loaned $1,300 from the society's
funds to her wheedling brother proves once more
the well worn maxim that every institution deal
ing with sums of money large or small should
be run on strictly business principles. It is a
fallacy to argue that when tho institution hap
pens to bo R religious one whose members sub
scribe to lofty principles hundreds of dollars
may be Intrusted to the sentimental care of Ir
responsible srhoolplrls. Good Judgment and
business honesty are traits which unfortunately
are not acquired by confessing one's faith or by
merely desiring to do right. Refusal to require
some puaranteo of efficiency and trustworthi
ness from a church ofllcial Is the shallowest
breed of mock charity. It Is not even healthy
sentiment, an 1 it Is unfair to the official.
of the most noteworthy tendencies of
n Industry la the supplanting of Iron
f which ■ :irtVo ' Uf;t
I afford a striking Illustration. r»f the pig
st furnaces inst
L The
. . . ..... rhths.
The South Carolina Legislature hr ' abolished
the state dispensary. Lack of confidence in the
expert knowledge ami business capacity of tha
IMHpensary Board wns followed by lack of con
nd«>n< In the tonic quality of the lluids it dts
pensed to the public. Now every county Is to
bavo its own board If it wishes, and local Ideas
and prepossessions re to triumph against cen
tralized taste arid management.
THE TALK OF THE 7>lV.
Since th« disastrous earthquake In Fun Franc!i<v>
0:1 April IS last stories have been appearing from
time 10 ttmo telling of queer freaks of the up
heaval. Only last we.-k It was discovered that th©
wells In the courtyard of the L'nlted States Mint
had 1i **n transformed from pump wells to artesian
by the bit d!sMrl.i!i<-»*. Thin w:is learned when tbe
pump whs tnk«ii out for repalrr, tho courtyard be
ing flooded within » phort time. The wells were
buitfd many y«ars npo. end nr* out 175 feet deep.
There was apparently a subterranean connection
between them, for »he imping of water from one
lowered tbe water la the other. Normally, the
water wu« within thirty fee! of the surface, and
that was '.he condition wh<jn th« pump was taken
out last March. Uist week, for '■"' first time
■Ir.cii March. 19ufl. the pumps were aga removed,
when It was discovered that the water flowed freely
■without mechanical aid.
OM Kin?: Cold has n. nilshty Ktrotig hold
on the beautiful land wo love;
H« lias cot 11.1 fust In th« earth below
And th^ zephyrs up above.
Tint a whisper runs in the river tMci.
Ii the ring of thi frozen way •■
That H won't be long before we will !d>le
Right under the rosos of May!
—Baltimore Sun.
I.lko ; !..■ old Ferris wheel of Columbian n\posl
tlo.i days, the Kreat wheel of Earl's Court. London,
will never revolve again. It Is belnn taken down
and the steel In I! sent to Wales, where, mixed
with pIK iron and Iron ore, It will be converted lrto
h;< el bars for tin plate m^klnfr. Btecult, tobacco
ami mustard cn:is will be manufactured from theaa.
Thn Mt't-l of the British worship Montagu will
undergo the canie fate.
"Say, paw, v. hat dot's It mean to lives to a ripe old
nK«-7""
"When n rich man sots to be eighty, my son. he
is at v ripe old a«e. A poor man is merely old
and decrepit."- Milwaukee Sentinel.
Doubtless, the oldest private carriage In oxlstance
In th-> I'nltM States to-day, says "The Kennebeo
Journal." is that which belonged to Major General
Henry Knox, of Thomaston, Me. The vehicle la
about oim h irdred and twenty-five years old, and In
It General Knox used to drive over his vast estate.
It is now owned by Frank I!. Hills, tlrst selectman
of Thomaaton, who purchased it of the AMen Gay
estate iv TSMi. After the ill ii h of Genera] X — ..
which occurred October '-'.'>. 1806, Alden Gay's father
bough I the carriage of the Knox <-n.ii» and it re
mained with the C.ijs until Mr. Hills made his
purchase. Tim carriage, coming as It does from
bo famous .1 man as was General Knox, flr«t Sec
retary of \V;ir under Washington; makes It a de
cidedly valuable and historic relic. Nor la it a
relic In the sense of something that has become
useless, for Mr. Hills takea ■ ride In this ancle-it
carriage once In a while, and It la In almost aa good
concliilon us the day it came from Its builders, it
was probably manufactured in Boston, us General
Knox operated a packet lino of small sailing ves
sels between Boston and Thomaston, and at that
time there were no carriage builders ia Thomaston.
tlo^aT^a^ae^roy^ng^nli I *' ° th 9 confla * ri
"l don't think It's going to be much of a fire '• he
said. -The boys will soon put it out. We have th«
coubta platoon system in operation here "
Seizing : hi . tid.ile. he added to the din "that filled
the air by playing a selection from Wagner -.Chi
cugo Trlbui c. •»«»• <-m-
Tlilrty-one new men— seventeen of them college
graduates— entered the class of '07 at Yale
this year to get the Yale B. A. They come from
all quarters, have little money and Intend to teach
Seven years ago there were forty-three students
firm Maine. New Hampshire and Vermont at Yale.
"The Alumni Weekly" says; now there are forty
nine, In that time the attendance ut Yale of stu
dents from the West has more than doubled. There
are H2 more of them la 1007 than there were when
the century began. Ohio sends 185. Illinois la,
Missouri e;t, Minnesota 53. Michigan SO. California
32, Icwa «■*. Indiana '2), Wisconsin 22 and Nebraska
asnda it.
"Teh," said Tommy Tuff, "our Sunday school
teacher's rot sense. She's smarter than mom is "
•initeedV" remarked Aunt Jane. "So you be
lieve la her, eh?" *«v 00
"Bure. Me, an* her thinks alike. She sex Sunday
schcol don't uo me no good at alL"~rhlladelpnia
t 14SS, - • ...
About People and Social Incidents.
AT THE WHITE HOUSE.
[From The Tribune Blliaan.i
Washington. Feb. 14.-The President discussed
plans for the next Hague peace conference to-dA>
with Representatives Richard Bartholdt and John
Sharp Williams. Mr. Bartholdt Is president of the
American group of the Interparliamentary I n.on,
and brought to the White House the resolutions
passed by the recent London conference of the
union, Mr. Williams called to make a suggestion
about the pay of delegates and the time of holding
future conferences.
Secretary Straus was at the White House to
present President Faunae of Brown University, who
Invited President Roosevelt to attend the com
mencement exercises of that Institution at Provi
dence on June 2. The President will not be. able to
attend.
Pleaaani Porterj eblei of the Creek Nation, who
n Boenttoned .is a candlate I>r B r "r from
Oklahoma when Oklahoma and the In.iinn Terri
tory are brouKht under the flag, visited the White
House to-day to discuss wi'h the President a mat
ter relating to tha lai'ds of his people.
Callers at the White l[»",*p to-day Included the
ra Hemenway, nillinsham.
■:. r, a:v.< and Kittredge, Reuraaanta
.:. I ardsoß, Calder, Watson and Weeks, Oov
ernor Hoggatt of Ahwrtre, s. eretark a Rool ami Taft
und Pension Commissioner Warner.
THE CABINET.
-
Washington, Feb. tt.— Mrs. Tafl entertained '"Vv
women at brills--' this afternoon, and after the close
of the Ranie at :. o'clock a number of additional
guests were received. To-morrow afternoon Mn.
Taft will Klvi> another small and Informal bridge
party ■•■■■'•i rei eptlon.
IN WASHINGTON SOCIETY.
[From The Trtß me Bureau.]
Washington. Feb. 14.— Representative and Mrs.
John Dalzoll entertained at dinner to-night the Sec
retary of State, tho Secretary of the Navy, the
German Ambassador 1 nd Baroness yon Sternburg,
Senator Kean, Miss Kean, Senator and Mis. Dry
tkn. Senator and Mrs. Burrows. Senator and Mrs.
Foraker, Senator and Mrs, Scott. Senator Brande
p?e. Mrs. Stanley Mathews, Mrs. Wctmore and Mrs.
Lanler Dunn.
General nnd Mrs. Oswald H. Ernst entertained a
dinner party to-night at their home, in Connecticut
avenue.
Mrs. LanlST Dunn, of New York. Is the guest of
her mother. Mrs. Dunn, who mnk»a her winter
home with Representative and Mrs. Da'.zell.
Mr. and Mrs. Colby M. Chester went to their
home in New York to-day, after ft visit to Mr.
Chester's parents, Rear Admiral and Mrs. Colby
M. Chester.
NEW YORK SOCIETY.
Mark Twain and Miss Ellen Terry were the thief
attractions of the successful literary and musical
matinee given yesterday under the presidency of
KUmund Clarence Ste.dman at the Waldorf in behalf
of the Keats-Shelley Memorial Fund. The amount
realized by the entertainment will, go far toward
tho completion of the recent purchase by popular
subscription of tUa house Reside the Spanish Stairs
In Rome In which Keatjj lived and died. Mark
Twain appeared In what was to moat of those pres
ent a new role, namely, as a reader of Browning
and of Shelley, and on the strength thereof ex
pressed a hope that from henceforth the public
would take him more seriously than heretofore.
Miss Ellen Terry contributed her share to the fman
clal success of the affair by sellir* souvenir pro
grammes, many of which, designed by distin
guished artists, illustrated passages from the poems
of Keats and of Shelley. Miss Julia Marlowe, read
MR. BRYCE LEAVES QTTEENSTOWN.
Receives Friends There on Board the Oceanic
in Course of Brief Stay.
Queenstown. Feb. 14.— The White Star I.trio
Ftenmpr Oceanic, from Liverpool yesterday, with
Ambassador Bryce and Mrs. Bryco among tha
passengers, arrived hero this morning- and pro
ceeded on her voyage at 12:30 p. m. In the
course, of their brief stay her© Mr. and Mrs.
ISryce held a reception In the main saloon of
the steamer. Among the visitors were Lord
lladdo. eldest son of the Earl of Aberdeen. Lord
Lieutenant of Ireland, representing tha Karl and
Countess of Aberdeen, and Rear Admiral George
King-Hall, commanding on the const of Ireland.
A largo number of telegrams were received by
Mr. Bryca wishing him godspeed and success in
his mission.
CONSUL GENERAL ROOSEVELT BETTER.
Uru.s^el!», Fob. 14.— Tho condition of George W.
Roosevelt, th© American Consul General here, who
has been seriously lit. had so Improved to-day that
his physicians announced they believed that his re
covery was assured unless complications oipt-r
vened.
NEW PUBLIC LIBRARY CONTRACTS.
A contract to plumb and drain tho new pubMo
library building, at Flftn avenue and 4id street.
Will be let on March :t. From J60.C00 to JTO.OOO will
bo spent for these purposes, and It will Us three
years •.. Install the proposed elaborate plant A
form of contract for temporarily heating the
library building *>'"' conio ui> to-morrow at the
meeting of the Board of E»t!mat« nnd Apportion
ment. The Controller adytecs that the request for
approval ba dented.
■MME. BERNHARDT A PROFESSOR.
Par!*. Feb. 14. Mine. 81 rah Bernhardt has le»n
unpointed to the professorship of dramatic decla
mation at the conservatory of Muslo nnd Declama
tion. The appointment was made In order to re
move the objection of the chancellery of the Le
gion of Honor, which declined to confirm Mme.
Bernhardt's nomination for the ero.-s of ths L**lon
of Honor on th-> Kround that actors could only be
decorated In the quality of professors.
KINO HOLDS FIRST LEVEE OF SEASON.
London, Feb. -King Edward to-day held the
first loveo of the eenson at St. James's Pals The
attendance was exceptionally large. His majesty
drove In state from Buckingham Pal • to 81
Junif.s'a. Tho presentations occurred h\ the throne
room, which was filled with members of the diplo
matics corps, Cabinet ministers, o<nctals and army
and i;.,'. v officers, all In court Un-sa or uniform.
Ambassador Whit. -law Raid and all the members
of tho American Embassy were present. Captain
S. a. Cloman. the American military attache, mid
Lydig Hoyt, Mr. Reid's private secretary, who on
this occasion attended ;< levee for the llr^t timo.
were presented to King Edward. The Ambassador
jd.-*o presented Consul General Wynne, Cyril B.
Andrews, of New York, and Chalmers Roberts, an
American resident in London.
MALLOCK ON SOCIALISM.
From Tbe Brooklyn Eagle.
Thn series of lectures which VT. 11. Mnlloclc la :
delivering at <*o!umbi:i on "Socialism*! ought to
afford :i wholesome tonic to American thought. \
Mr. Mullock admits frankly that there lias beeu a i
decided trend toward the acceptance of socialism \
on the pan of educated men, and he thinks h* sees !
the reason. He tlnds that reason In the fallur* of ;
the earlier political economist* to carry their defini- I
tions far enough. Those economists taught that
wealth Is the product of labor, and since the days
of Mill the socialists and their sympathizers have
calmly assumed that lahor means only physical
toll: in the statement of Tolstoy, that the only,
laborer Is the man with th« hardened palms. This ,
assumption Is quite as mistaken as Is that of the
labor unions that they represent all tho labor in .
the country. To meet th.it assumption. Mr. Mai- ;
lock propoaas a further scientific examination of
production, to learn Just the proportion contributed
by IU constituent elements, and the logical and
ethical Interest of each in Its product. ... If !
Mr. Malloek substitutes logic for scintimcntallsm In
the discussion of, the share to ■which "labor" In the
restricted sens* In which the word has come to
start'l for a polities! Issue in this country— en
titled. h« will do a groat and far reaching service.

TEST OF DEMOCRATIC DECENCY.
From The New York World (Dem.).
The Democratic party In the Slate of New York i
has fallen far. With "Charlie" Murphy as state !
leader and ••I'ingcy" Conners chairman of the state ;
committee, the organization was never before «o !
contemptible even In Tweed's day. But there
ure still plenty of honest Democrats left. Tii*r«
must be decent Democrats In the State Senate,
The test of their deeeny will i>.i found In their at
titude toward Governor liughes's reform reconi*
i::,",,;.! tioiiM.
They have their opportunity. They can restore
some of the party's lost prestige or they can helD
drag it to mill lower depths of political degrada
tion. What do they propose to do? Are they going
to follow the Governor or are toey going to follow
BnsV
Keats's "Ode. to a Grecian Urn" and several other
of his poems, while Mrs. Francis Wellrr.an. sang
some of the best known of the verses of She!!ey.
Others who took part In the programme were Dr.
Henry van Dyke. Dr. S. Weir Mitchell. F. Hopkln
son Smith. Mrs. Ruth McEnery Stuart and M;.
Beatrice Herford.
Among those present were Mr«. Grover Cleve
land. General Horace Porter. Rear Admiral a^.4
Mrs. Joseph Coshlan, Count Aldrovandl. tho Italian
Consul General and Countes3 Massljrlla. Mrs.
Charles F. Alexander. Mrs. Frederick W. Vand««r
bl!t, Mrs. Howard Mansfield, Mrs. W. Bayard Cut
ting. Mrs. Payne Whltrey. Mr. and Mrs. Richard
Watson Gilder. Miss Ann Morgan. Mrs. Herbert
Satterlee. Sir Percy Sanderson, the Tiev. Dr. Mor
gan Dlx and Miss Margaret Dlx, Mr. and Mrs.
Frederick W. Wbltrldi the Marquis and Marr-ulse
Del Nobile. Mr. and Mrs. George Haven Putnam
and Miss Gilder.
Mrs. Joseph IT. Choato entertained th*> Thursday
Kvenlng Club last night at Sherry's, and after the
rendering of a programme in which Miss C>cel!»
Loftus appeared in several Impersonations, supper
was served. The club numbers ameng its members
Mr. and Mrs. J. Plarpoait Morgan, the Hon. John
P.igelow and Miss Grace Bigelow. Mr. and Mrs.
Frederick W. Whitrldge. Mr. and Mrs. W. Plersoa
Hamtlton. Mrs. Charles Poat and Mr. and Mrs.
Robert de Forest.
March 2 hr.s be»n set as the daf<? for tr:e wedillnf
Of MISS Dorothy Snow to Harry I. Nicholas, in St.
Mary's Church, Tuxedo. Miss Snow will have the
fsllowfr.g bridesmaids: Miss I.y.lia. Mason Jir.^9.
Miss Elizabeth Cutting. Miss Corinne Douglas ttob
inson. Miss Lily rase. Miss Annah Di:!on Pviplcy.
Miss Georgette Haven Borland, Mbs Dorothy Kar.»
and Miss P.eta Nicholas. Harry P^ers will bo b^st
man. The bride is a daushter of Mr. and Mrs.
Frederic A. Snow.
Arthur Delano Weefces. jr.. whose mnrriase to
Miss Dorothy I.cc Hlpginsm. dnuecht^r of Mr. and
Mrs. James J. Hi??r!nson, will take p!n<-» in Grace
Church Chantry on February 27. will give his fare
well bachelor dinner to-r.iKht at Delmonico's.
Dinners were given last nisht by Cfeneral Horace
Porter, at h's house in Madison avenue; hy Mrs. J.
Pierpo'nt Morgar. Jr.. at h"r homft in Madison ave
nue: by Mrs. Henry F. Dimock. at her house lv :
Kast eoth street, and by Mrs. Henry E. Coe. at her
house In Kast 10th street.
Earlier In the ,v Mrs. Walter G. Oakman gar*
a luncheon, followed by bridge, at Sherry-", as*
Mrs. George Elliott gave a St. Valentine's luncheon
for Miss Mary C. Elliott, at her house in East 57U»
street.
Mr. and Mrs. Edwin Gouid will leave town for
their place on Jekyi Island next Friday.
Mrs. Oakley Thome will sail for Europe en
March 23.
The sewing class which works for the Fresh Air
Association of the Cathedral ci St. John the Di
vine met yesterday at the home of Mrs. J. Border
Harriman. The next meeting will bo held at r^
Richard lain's house on Thursday next.
The Bellevue Hospital sewing and kr.'.ttinfj class
will hold its meetings at Miss Leary 3 nous*?, la
Fifth avenue, during I^ent. To-day the sowing]
class of St. Mary's Guild will me*! at the home of 1
M'.sj Cecily I. Sheldon, in East. 4oth street.
Mrs. August Heckscher and M:sa Hecksch»r wl'.l ;
sail for Bermuda next week.
Mrs. Horace S. Ely. of No. 19 East 63th street.'
announces the ergag-ineni of her daughter. Marian
Wolcott Gris.-vold. to Henry B. Britton. son of Mr.
and Mrs Charles P. Eritton, of No. U5 West T3ti
street.
COURT CALLS STATUE WORK CF AET.
1
Appraisal a3 Manufactured Brcnzs and Ivory
Reversed.
Judge Hough, In the United Statea Circuit
Court> reversed yesterday the i'.r.dlns of tha:
Board of General Appraisers relative to th*
duty assessed on the celebrated statue by*
Gerome, "L.a Bellone."' The statue wa3 Im-.
ported by Tiffany & Co.. In September. 190 1.
Th* government assessed the statue at Tk~» p-»?
cent ad valorem, as manufactured ivory ani
bronze, and from this tho importer appealed. :
contending that as a work of r.rt it was, under'
the reciprocal agreement with France, entitle!
to admission at a duty of 15 per c?nt. Tho
statue Is said to bo worth somewhere between
$:50.«.>00 and $r.<>,<X>o.
An attempt was made by France to buy tha
statue from the sculptor's widow, and an ofT*?
Of. 100. OlM> francs was made, which sh-j declined.
l^ater Tiffany & Co. bought the statue, ami,
owing to the litigation. "La I'.eKone" is 6t:!l In.
their possession, although: it Is said that many
otters have been made for the work.
NEW SITE FOR UNIVERSITY.
George Washington Institution to Build ii%
Connecticut Avenue.
Washington, Feb. H.-.\n action of great lmpcr^
tar:co to the future of the George Washington l*n!«
versity has practically betn decided upon by th*
board of trustees. This centres about a change la
the site of tl:e proposed group of buildings \vhichj
Is contemplated as the home of the university. A 0
Is well known, th« site secured for tha new struct
ures Is the square of ground called Van Xes*
l'nrk, at tha foot of 17ih street northwest. an>l'
having its southern front:tge on I? street aiul th9j
park which baa recently been laid out between th*
Washington Monument and Potomac River.
It is row purposed to sell the property, nr.d lft
Is utideruooi that a purchaser has teen found anA
that an agrs?nicat has been made for its si'»,
which lit <>.n advantageous one to the university*
T::e co site is rha large piece of acreage r'* 1 ?*
erty at tha bend cf Connecticut avenue, just on
the brow of the hill boy n-.d Florida avenue, ar.X
commonly spoken of as th* Dean place.
The property contains nine and one-quarter acres,
ami la bounded on the south by Florida avenue, ">>
tha west by Connecticut avenue and on the e;i-*t ty l
l?th street. The price that is said t^ be mentioned
In tl.o option, which is understood to be held by thai
representatives of the university, is JSOO.OOQ. l* i
Intended to locate there th« fine group of acadeinia
structures which iiave been designed as sui'.abls)
for the enlarged work, ami activities of tha ur.i*
versity.
111 addition to space for the^-> buiiUisiss, It is e*^
Umated that tho new sit« will also provide amplai
room for a campus, around which tho structurtsl
will bo grouped. While It Is understood that a;l t">:#
• lotatis of tho financing of this great undertaking
have not as yet be -t\ worked out. >«t ih<> courage la
the location, as w.-ll as approval of the property
selected, meets with such hourly imlors-.-ir.cnt frera
Influential friends of tl»* university thai already
asaunu havo been received of gifts which w!ll
Insure the. erection at un early day of several • "
tin buildings i" .- which tha scheme of tha un.ver
alt >- already adopted provides.
The now location Is one of ib« few- pieces of prom
erty on tho borders of tho old bounds of t:ia city.
that still remain undivided Into building l<v». Th*
only building on the property Is tU>> larso hons*
which was the home of the late Mr*. Pean. th€|
owner of (be property, and still ta occupied by b*r
daughter. There Is also a stable and other build-*
Ings, such as were common ba the days wh#»
that locality was a portion of the rural re*l»S|
which surrounded Urn city.
ELECTED TO THE FRENCH ACADEMY,
Paris, Feb. 14.— The Academy to-day elected Ma««
rice I>onnay, the dramatist, and the Marquis <!»
Segur, the historian, to the seats In the Academe!
made vacant by the deaths of Albert Sorel. thj
historian, and Edmond Rousse. who was counsel
for the Communists In I'd.
MR. BTRANAHAN NEARLY WELL.
Nevada N. Stranahan. Collector of th« Port, w!UI
has been HI for nearly two months. Is now pr«o4
tlcally recovered, and will be back at his oSwo Ki.
a few days. At the present time Mr. StranaiaS
believes that he can easily attend to his duties M
the Custom House, but his physician has forbidden
him to work for at least another week. For »<=*'•
end days Mr. Stranahan has been able to take 10-4
walks every af'.uriioou.
AMERICAN INSTITUTE ELECTION.
The annual meeting and election of officers o^
the American Institute was hold yesterday after*
noon at the Berkeley Lyceum. Most of the o!Bc*r4
of last year were re-elected. The officers who wU!
serve the ensuing year are: President, Jlot>ar|
Ruttcr; vice-president, Robert Emms; treasury
James T. Watklns, and secretary, Robert A. m
Dayton. - 1-^■ ■ 1

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