•• T "\ll. rs° 22.U0.
CLEWING- r? GARBAGES
DARLINGTON CALLED IN.
Mayor Order* Health Department
to Do I raven's Work.
A bomb expl rday in the office of
■ • ining Com en when it
Mayor had ordered the.
• clean the city of Ita ac
■ ■■ . acting over Mr. Craven's
Craven, at the
i the ftiayor that the men were
k to work, the Mayor's order stands.
; ■ - uiiary superin
■'•■ alt* r> p irtmi nt, v ho « HI b< -
I 1. Was
. to tak< full eh ■ •
' • Work was b< sun lasi night re
heaps of .: hai have l.« come
health of the crowded districts.
I last night that
ral very important appoint
lie was not goinj^ to keep them.
but would irbage.
I --.I" 'i to b< on the run until late In the
I the Commissioner, "and 1 don'l pi -
po£e to stop until everything has begun in a
satisfactory way. We mean business, and the
■ ■ - irtnient. It is the
they will be carried out to
I hope that the city will be rid of the
garbage in two days Th« nen will be n
"We have . ■ the work and we are do-
Ing it. The situation brooks no delay, and we
are sparing neither time nor expense in straight
ening out the situation. Under the provisions
of The charter. Sections 1177 and 117s. th.
ent is empower* d to c ■
with • work, with the consem of the
F neoea ary. as much aa
• vv "" 1 " I . • Iclpate that we shall
♦that sum. hut we Boall spend whatever is
saw ;•■ remedy tte situation."
Dr Darlington, rail that there were fifty la
borers employed in the Kingston Avenue Hos-
Brooklyn; the Willard Parker Hospital, at
itreet and East River, ai
Hocpltsl, on North Bro: . .. who hnd
o tnke the places of strikers in
Ing garbage, but they had refused to do
co. and in consequence were f< rthwith dis
I Bred them." sad Commissioner Darling
lan, "because I wouldn't stand tor tl
Bense Their alleged sympathy for the strikers
I could not appreciate, and they would be
worked no bard< r than at their regular i .
Th<--y are crone "
DR. DARUKOTON DETERMINED
"ThlF situation.'* said Pr Darlington, "has
r-»»n pat squarely up to the Health Depart]
ar.d it is a '..it concerns th^ health of
ty and I Intend to let nothing interfere with
Hnplete solution of tl.e trouble We have
• • • i clear, up the city, we are going to d r ' It,
and we shall finish the Job. The police a
lid, and I do not antl
that we will have th<» situation well in I
- lay." •
■peaking about the status of the si
gton called att< i
■ the men • n out five
it teave. and that under the Civil Bervic*
: -irt aeveied
with the depai d they
■ re forfeited all tight to r - i\-ll Service
Bald Dr Darlington, "Commissioner
any men from any i ew
Dr. Eensc! put hi? clerk? to work yesterday to
P'-t in communication with as many contractors
r.s possible and get all the driver: and shovellers
r-'.ailable to report at ths various stations of
the Street Cleaning Department. Dr. Bensel
fa.d that within four hours after receiving his
orders from the Mayor he expected to have
feveral hundred drivers and shovellers ready for
v.-ork "I made a canvas.- of the city all day
yeferday and the day before." paid Dr. Bens< I,
"and I found the streets in an awful state. On
the East Side the condition? were fearful, but
F^ing through Little, Italy, up in Harlem, be
t-ween 106 th and T_'- • streets, the rr, n <]itlons
were beyond description.
'/God help the man who interferes "with my
vr.rk lam roing to have this mass of gar
bage removed Li l^sp than two days. It will be
fo arranged that the men will work both day
and night. In addition to the police reserves
we have our own force of Fixty-flv<? men, who
will take care of my men. If necessary, the
Health Department officers will rld<? on the carts
"vvith the drivers.
. , •. j ....
garbag I I I t Cleaning
■ of any
. ■ ■ perintendenta r i fore
m in full charg ft • id will
"We shall first tackle the East .Side. Tha
garbage will be taken to the Clinton, Btanton
end lf'Tth street dumps. It will have to go out
to sea. It hap become po mix^d with other *na
tc-rial. Fuch as paper, allies rind old clothing
that it win not get into thje hands of the Nv*.v
Tork Sanitary Utilization Company's disposal
plant. It has to be got rid of immediately, as
It Is fast rotting from the pun. If if ?iays on
th» street another day germs will spread; th^n
there will be trouble among the hundreds of
thousands of families both on the East £ide and
in the upper Italian on]onH-«=.
"Those who will assist m«» in supf-rintendSir,'
the work win be Dra A. Blauvelt and Russell
Raynor. who will be at the stables. Of course,
Deputy CommiPFioner Edwards will do every
thing he can to help us As far as tb< strikers
are concerned. I will fhv fhls: If they run afoul
of us or Interfere with us in any way they will
Whether Commissioner Craven was In the
Mayor's office at in* time the Mayor and Com
missioner Darlington were in consultation It
could not be learned. Mr. Craven had seen
the Mayor some time during yesterday after
noon, and when be left the hall he r*»fu?'d to
Commissioner Craven and his deputy. Com
missioner Edwards, were out throughout the
city in the morning making an effort to set
tle the strike among the drivers. The situation
had become so serious that a meeting was hold
of the East Btders vest^rday at Clinton Hall
on Clinton street. Dr. David Blausteln of t!,o
Educational Alliance, sent a letter to the Mayor
about the garbage on the Bast Bide and Presi
dent Schwartz of the Pushcart Pedler's Asso
ciation, and a delegation were at City Hall
yesterday asking the Mayor to find some rttn
MANY SMALL RIOTS.
All kinds of trouble started yesterday when
Commissioner Craven railed upon the Rergofr
Detective Agency to hire men to ail the places ,;f
the strikers. Three hundred men were sent to
the various ataMca on the East Bide during the
morning. The agency also held tWo hundred
more in reserve In case of a strike j n Brooklyn
The appearance of the strike breakers Incensed
the strikers and they began to make rteirionstrai
tior.s against them as soon as they appeared
The trouble began when the first fort- men
wen *ent up to stable D, In Bast jiOth *«t r ert
Th*re were a number of policemen on hand I
protect them, but no precaution had been taken
to escort them from the oars to the (stable- • "a
*hen Pleasant avenue was reached ; , ] : ',' r l!,,
crowd of strikers suddenly came around jf,,. Cl^l' '
< onilnurri on *c«onrt iia^e
GREAT BEAR SPRING WATER
,1U purity iota ma/lo '.'. "— Advt.
To-day, r-ifn and ronler.
FAILED TO CALL DOCTOII.
Court Frowns on Christian Science
Remedy for Pneumonia.
In a courtroom crowded to capacity, hut Quiet
as a -l-urch. Clarence W. Byrne, a salesman, of
>•"<■ ?17 "Vest 11th street, was pronounced guilty
yesterday v ; Jailing "o call ,i physician to a*»end
his six-year-old daughter Violet during aer p.tai
illness. Byrne calls himself a Christian ?_.*-• -
"heaier." He will know his sentence on July 12
John B. Stan Id, it was announce woutu
appear as counsel for him on that date.
At the trial yesterday in Special Sessions Jus
tices McKean, Mayo and I >•■;;• I presided, /and
there were present a large number of physicians
to watch the course of the trial. Among them
were Champe S. Andrews, counsel for the New
York Medical Society. Assistant District At
torneys Taylor and Turnbul] handled the case
for the prosecution.
Dr. Albert E. Weston, coroner's physician, tes
tified he had performed an autopsy "ii the body
i i" Violet Byrne on May 17, and thai she had
been suffering from pneumonia and had h.- t n ill
for four days prior to her <ieath. Her right lung
had been badly affected and the left lung slightly
so. Dr. Weston believed the child would have
recovered had .-:.■ be. cared <.■■•. by a competent
He was asked by Mr. Turnbu regarding the
proper methods in such cases, and said that as
all such cases varied in their individual char
acteristics lie v.iis unable to state positively,
but that there was a well known theory which
applied, and that had it been applied in this
case the girl would have survived.
In the cjpss-examination. D. W. Steeli of No.
15 William street, counsel for the defendant,
pressed Dr. Weston bard for a statement con
cerning the proper or recognized methods of
treating pneumonia, and Weston repeated his
original statement that it differed with each
Coroner Acritelli, who conducted the Inquest
of the case, was called to the witness stand and
testified that the inquest showed the cause of
death to have been broncho-pneumonia. He held
that the father was guilty of a violation of the
sectiuns named in the indictment, namely, that
he had "wilfully and maliciously refused to
summon the aid of a medical practitioner, know
trig thai his daughter was dangerously ill."
Th - coroner also testified that he had during
the in''i'! repeatedly asked the father whether
or not he would have summoned a physician,
even had he been sure that his daughter was
going to die. Byrne had asserted tiint he would
not hav<? a doctor in the h<->us* under any cir
cumstances. Byrne had. so the coroner said,
asserted that he had treated his child according
to his "own fashion,' and had railed in a Chris
tian Scientist "healer." lie was "Doctor" Rob
erts, and his aid had been asked for on the
Friday evening preceding the death of the little
girl. Roberts had told the father that he was
unable to go to the Byrne house at th time,
but would give the girl, Violet, •absent treat
ment." According to the father, his daughter
revived under this.
To the treatment of "Doctor" Roberts Byrne
added his own treatment of prayer, and for
the remainder of Friday night and early Satur
day morning the little girl Beetned better On
Saturday afternoon. May 4. however, "he be
came violently ill once more, nd at 5 p. m.
Byrne rent a message to Roberts, who answered
a short time afterward. Together the two men
prayed over the girl, but a few moments before
ft o'clock on the fourth day of her illness nhe
Mabel Byrne, the nineteen-year-old sist. r of
wai then called u< the stand and testi
fied that she had been with her sister during
■ . and that her father, who had been
tin n Scii nl Isi I eal< r for se en jea •
constant lj prayed :"i Violet and done .-ill that
ild for h< - Mabel is al; • a i 'hristian
When Mabel Byrne finished giving her testi
mony Mr. Steele made a motion to dismiss the
cape on the ground that both the Constitution of
the United States and that of New York State
gave a man the right to use the means he con
sidered best In the case of a relative who was
111. The question of whether or not a physician
should be called In to attend the 111 person was
a matter '.eft with the relatives.
Byrne was then called to th» stand. He tes
tified that he had done everything in his power
to help his child. He Bald he had frequently
treated her for stomach ailments, and that his
prayers in such cases always proved effective.
He also said that the end came so suddenly th:it
it would have been impossible to summon medi
cal aid even had he been bo dispose I. Byrno
was visibly affected by his own story of his little
daughter's illness and death, and the courtroom
was hushed as he spoke.
ly Justice McKean an
thal the court found Byrne, guilt :'
violation of the sections of the Penal Code named
im< nt Mi Sti ■ ) for
tiino t" file papers of •■ 1 1 ■ t " ' ' l to the Supreme
irt, and r< ceived until July 12.
FRENCH I UNIONS ANGRY.
Agitation Begun for a National
Strike of Workmen.
Paris, June '2S.— The general committee of the
general Federation of Labor, In retaliation for
the government's decision- to prosecute the mem
bers of th« federation who signed the mani
festo congratulating the 17th Regiment on the
mutiny and inviting their comrades in the army
to follow their example, has begun to agitato
for a strike of workmen in all parts of Franco,
as a protest against the "arbitrariness of the
government of assassins."
A RUSSIAN PRINCE MURDERED.
June Robb< ■•.- enten d t]
!.). I ntfi : the prin, ..
and plundi red tl
<i, r cool air, coM crystal stre imi healtl
comfort •'■<} t'T • th« Whlti Mountains.
Wiite w. p. Noyes, Littleton, N. H — 4dvt.
NEW- YORK. SATURDAY, JUNE 29, 1907. -SIXTEEN PAGES.-^tJSCSTaJS^ PRICE THREE CENTR
MEMBERS OF THE > T EW PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSIONS.
K. M. BASSESTT,
CHARLES H KKKP. THOMAS M. nsBORN'K.
c'■ pyrisht, ir«V. hy Cltnadl
A GREAT STEEL TRUST.
British Firm* Unite to Control
Trade of World.
London. June 28.— A great combination of Iron
and strr-i manufacturers, similar to those exist
ing In the United Stnte* and Germany, is in
course of formation in Great Britain, with th*
avowed object of fighting American and Ger
man competition, which is increasing year by
year. Nine big companies, headed by Vlckert
Sons &- Maxim, and including John Brown £-
Co, \<h!ch recently was amalgamated with rh A
Harland & Wolff Company, have absorbed
thirty-six previously Independent concerns,
which will give them control, it Is estimated, of
■ ■ ■ ■ • • ■■ ■ ■ '
• . .. ■ ■ t of 1
What i? primarily aimed at, it Is asserted; If a
combination strong enough not only to control
the trade of <;rerit Britain but to ''dominate
th" ste<--l trade of the world " The London rer
resentatives of the American companies, how
ever, do not anticipate any material mt in th<Mr
orders as a result of. the movement.
The satisfactory progr^ps r>f the neg^tia'ionF
is largely due to Vkkers' Sons &■ Maxim, who
succeeded in bringing together several firms
which heretofore have been their keenest com
There is much surprise in trade circles 'hn*
John Brown x Co. iftei amalgamating with
the Harland & Wolff Company, should go into a
combination headed by the Vickers concern,
which is the Harlands' greatest competitor.
The othvr firms Included in the combination
are Cammei. Laird A- Co.; the North Eastern
Steel Company, the Weardale Steel &?Coa!
Company, the Dor man & L^ng Company. Guest,
Keen & jNettlefolds, the Baldwin Company, and
Stewart. Lloyd & Co. The combined capital of
the firms If over $130,000/100.
It Is pointed out that it is most difficult to
complete su'-h n combination In England, as it
is'? necessary to make public all deals in re
ferring them to the shareholders of the various
A STEEL RAIL POOL.
Rr ported British Agreement with
London, June Jit Th< principal Knciiish,
Scottish and Welsh steel rail makers have en
tered Into an agi ement with competitors
abroad with a view of safeguarding their re-
Bpectlve spheres of Influence, according to "The
Standard." Thi arrangement reserves Gr< it
Britain and her colonies for K'itisii makers to
the extent thai a minimum prii ■■ for rails has
been fixed, while a higher minimum la estal -
!,>-ri<'d i'cir South America to meet tii»- require
ments of ii"- American trust. The Europ< m
markets will • ontrolled by German, Prench
and Belgian makers
ESTATE TO U'ltONG HEIR.
Woman Who Was Enjoying It Not
the Rightful Legatee.
IBy T> ■ ■
Pitti I '■■•: June 28 David <• Wilson, a bach-
, ■ r, of L( etsd lie, di< d In February, !!»<•»;. an-1
I • rt K. Wilson, also a bu hi lor,
round a codicil to his will which he thought
gave his entire estate «>f $250,000 to tl; lr cousin
and housekeeper, Mis.* Mary M Baird. He
i •■'. erj t i ; 11 11_:1 1_:1 _: over to hi r
The estate included a collection of rare coins.
D. 1.. ••• Oliver, who was killed at New Haven
this week, and was a nephew of Miss Baird, ad
vised her to sell the coins, and she disposed of
them to a Philadelphia dealer for 18.300 She
discovered that they were worth twice that
i mi ii. and brought suit to recover the coins.
.When the case came up to-day. Jidge Miller,
in examining the codicil, declared that th«
estate] Instead of being left to Mi: : B.urd, was
left by David Wilton to his brother Robert.
That diFposfd of the coin case, as> Miss Baird
hud no right to sell them, as I hey did not belo.-ig
Lo hcT. Boberi \«i!son declares Miss Baird is
entitled to the estate, and will allow her to
r^* tin it.
W. R. WILLCOX.
CARNEGIE 0\ OUTLOOK
Mr. Roost velt Conservative Present
Values ShoK Healthy Reaction.
Lond ■ . ' m in
■..•»! ' ; ". M Harvey's I I
Preaid ell | Ity In Euroi
had driA m
tt i ; - ■ >n Mr. H
• . • . ■ ■ , . ■• . ■ ■
Mr Carnegie thinks the pre.-ent e^neral de
cline in values in the T'nited State? is nothing
serious, that it Is in every respect a wholesome
( heel-, which might much better come to the
surface, and that the President's declared in
tention to regulate corporations is only to -. (
tritiine extent a factor In the decline. H<» says
that President Roosevelt Is a truly conservative
ir.?.n who remedies abuses. He ].- the best friend
of the railroads, and so far from lowering the
value of bonds and shares, will enhance their
value and give to the European Investor an ele
ment of security hitherto lacking.
Mr. Carnegie also expressed the opinion that
! " veil for another
JI'XK INSTEAD OF ARMS.
Nicaragua Swindled in Deal for
Munition* of War.
[By Tblerrnph '" Th« T^
N---A Orleans, June 28 A coup bj whi«~h the
iguan government was .-winiiio.i out of
more It in > ■ ■' 000 i n ;• fake consignment -if arm.-;
and ammunition shipped from New Fork la.-t
. August wai revealed to-day When
Presld ol Nicaragua opened his h>,\ -.-;
in tead of u,-ir equipment he found a miscel
laneous collectioi i Iron, broken bottles,
brickbats, pieces oi coal and lunk
When war between Nicaragua and Honduras
bllitj Consul General Eksh i
r.-t;i then stationed in New Orleans for tho
Nlcaraguan government. Informed Pr<
that ho knew of > place where ritlt-s
could be bought at from $■' to ?4 each and am
munition for almost nothing These arms h:ui
been purchased for the Cuban Junta, but the
turn of affair* "ii the Island made th>ir .-hip
ment Impossible. For that reason, Consul
earreta said, they could be bought at a
sacrifice President Zelaya gave the order, and
the Consul went to New fork, where he pur
■ i more than ten thousand rii'.-s and -t
!,irt; f> ijuantlty of ammunition The consign
ment was shipped In cases u> New Orleans and
was then Bent to Nicaragua.
President Zelaya after learning that his gov
ernment had been swindled and. refuse matter
palmed oft* I n arms payment for which
had already been made summoned Consul
Echasearreta to Managua I' is understood thai
t!<- Consul charged the New Fork ntri-tit with
r< sponsibllity t"r the fraud.
ASK FOR NEGRO REGIMENT IN STATE.
Captain A. J. Thompson and Delegation of
Fifty Call on Governor Hughes.
Albany. June 28.— Captain A J Thompson, of
New York, who commnndf <i an Ohio company in
tl ■.. Spanish-American War. headed a delegation of
about Mty negroes, who called ' ( ji thi Governor
and BIH with him a petition askinc for
ritj to organiM i negro regiment to be iit-
N itional Ou ird Thi application
n New York City
.i IV i on >n up ''"■ -'■'■' Th( I toi • rnor
prom'sing to give
natter i onsideration.
AFTER ALL. USHER'S THE SCOTCH
tii.it made the highball famous.- AUvt.
MILO R. MAT-THTK.
(Photo by Brown nrother*.>
M. CLE3IEXCEAU VICTOR
THE CABINET SUSTAINED.
Deputies Give Ministry n Majority
of I.'" The Debate.
Paris, .l-'in" 2&— The Chamber ol Deputies to
bj i majority <>f V2<* votes, after nn ex
citing debate !as-iner eight hours, voted con
fidence in the government's pol ' • Insure
respect for the '■ l*a vic
tory waa ye than h's most ardent
friend? had expected, Tn rhe course erf the ses
sion the extreme Socialists, who directed the ar
ta. k on the government, put forward speaker
a *':• South, but, notwithsl
ing their . tl ey proved to be no
match for M. Clemenci
The prei ler based hla defence ol the eAv
ernment'a use ol forci on the ground that the
situation In the £*>uth, with f d mu
ni. Ipa ■ nc and t' 1
uld no! be tolerated. H«
adroitly replied to th« r»j that 1
• rea tionary by recallini -.ears
during which he had foughi in the •
in and InJ 1 referring
when, as Mayor of Montmartre un
,;.- r the Commune, hi almost sacrlfled his life
.:nc to save French officers from a
\--.r M Clemenceau'a speech, M laurt
irn the tide, but
II -• lined.
Ti,.^ >f the Ch luding tha
otic r for the di] orps, ware
packed to overflowing 1 ' Uoa »f
:1 ;, m the result of which would be the
overthrow ol PremK i aau or aaotue
- had l*ee n given.
ol the ministry, the
• ■ Uaorders in th»
. • • • wera
The excitement began as soon is M. Bedov.ce.
Unified Socialist. Haute Garonne, ascended the
tribune and began an onslaught on the Cabinet
which was aimed directly at M. Clemenceati.
who?« ■Mack of foresight and flippancy." the
speaker said, were responsible for the bloodshed
in the south
M. Bedouce grew more and rr.or" violent as he
proceeded. M. Baudry d'Asson, Royalist, was
so excited by the orator that he faintM nd was
carried out of the Chamber.
M Mdy. Radi rtio made a per
• lor of the
« omen ax .
When M i i Interrupted the speaker
an< j defied him I ral ol hla state
• M Aldy caused i to saying
•.• ■■. rs to pi c that
.1 if challenc--! to do
;.. h^ would produce them, adding:
must decide whether we shall nnv
longe ' tasiea of those who
govern us "
When M Aldy had finished M. demenceau
The statements made render an investigation
Imperative. Throughout I have been animated by
the spirit of conciliation, but when the municipal
ities ... an illeKal attitude the government
hid nn alternative except to use force. The laws
were made for everybody. Everybody must pay
taxfs. The poor peasants of the north, east and
centre are ready to pay more for their sugar in
ordrr to help the population of the south, when
misery is not general, as proved by the accounts
In the savings banks. The truth 's that we face a
revolt. Can it be tolerated?
The Premier's question wns followed by Ties
f "No! Nor
Continuing, M Clemenceau recalled the warn-
Inga tn had Issued to the soldier- not to fire
except at 'he last extremity
M Clemenceau concluded wttn saying, amid
thunders ol applause:
i Mir fathers, amid eomrulstona to whi«-ri th»- ptea
ent Incidents ar- most trifling, built upon a f..un
datlon of rock and >i th« same time Rave liberty
to mankind, ntui the French Dattaa will]
During the counting of the vote M Bodouee
and another Deputy came to blows. They were
pulled apart by ushers. The altercation created
great excitement It probably will result in a
KILLED AT CROSSING.
Two Others Bad!?/ Hurt When
Train Hits Carriage.
Danbury. Conn., June 2S.— Mrs. A. Cooke
Peeley was killed outright, while two of her
companions, Mrs. George Decker .in.! Howard
S. Hoyt. were badly injured when the Pitts
field express struck the carriage containing
then as it was crossing' the tracks of the New
York. New Haven & Hartford Railroad at
Greenwood avenue. Bethel, to-night. a fourth
occupant of the carriage, Mrs. E. B. Rosevoar.
daughter of 'Airs. Seeley, Jumped as the engine
struck the equipage and escaped injury.
All the members of the part] were from this
city and are wen known. Mrs. Seeley was
about sixty years old, wife of a former post
master of I 'anbury and a member of a promi
nent family. Mr. Hoyt is a wealthy retired
The gateman, it is paid, was about to lower
the gate at the crossing when the carriage was
driven on the tracks, but It is believed that Mr.
Hoyt saw neither the gateman nor was aware
that a train was approaching until it was upon
them, the buildings near the crossing preventing
a view up and down the track.
The party had been out for an afternoon's
drive and were on their way back to this city
when the accident occurred. The coroner will
JOHN* X HT'PTra.
Till- rmiTIKS liUARDS.
ANNOUNCED BY HUGHES.
WiUcox Heads Local Commission
and F. W. Steven* Vpstmie One.
my, .lur.e 3&. — Annouacsmenl waa mad»
at The Executive Chamber to-day ihnt on July 1
Governor Hughes woold appoint the fsHowtßaj
as members of the PnbUe Servi • I
For the Firsr Pistri.t fK«w Y-vrk. Kings.
Queens and Richmond ■
'.VILLIAM R. WILLCOX. ol New York, chair
WILLIAM urCARROIX. of Brooklyn.
EDWARD M. BASSETT. of Brooklyn.
MILO R. MAL.TBIE, of New York.'
JOHN E. EUSTIS. of The Bronx.
For the Second District tall other counties):
FRANK W. STEVENS, of Jamestown, chair
CHARLES HALLAM KEEP, of Buffalo.
THOMAS MOTT OSBOUNE. of Auburn.
JAMES E. SAGTJE, of New Hamburg.
MARTIN S. DECKEK. of New Paltz.
One member of each commission is to serva
only until February I, 1000, and the term of
one in each is to expire annually thereafter;
each new appointment to be made for the full
term of five years. The respective terms of th»
commissioners first appointed have not yet been
Governor Hughes had under consideration
more than three hundred names of candidates.
presented by themselves and friends, ranging*
from individual! to political organizations. Th&
Study he gave to this important work, on which
depends the success of the entire public utilities
project, never will be known beyond a few close.
friends, with whom he consulted occasionally.
He faced tremendous problems: he fought them
out mostly alone.
It is probable that the commission for tha
Second District will meet here on Monday to
organise and take the oath of office. The New
York City commission will organize there.
Counsel and secretaries of both commissions
are to be appomted by the commissions them
selves, though most people believe the Governor
will exercise a supervisory rye.
MANY NAMES BEFORE GOVERNOR.
Many names for these places have been laid
before him. In appointing the New York City
commission. Governor Hughes believed that.
while the boroughs of Queens and Richmond
were do! represented directly, his appointees
were men of calibre to represent the city at
large adequately, and that no locality would suf
fer because it did not have a direct representa
tive In the board.
To say that the announcement of these names
created surprise here would be putting: it mildly.
The appointees were men whose names had been
as little canvassed for those places as was that
of ex-Senator Stevens when he was appointed
Superintendent of Public Works, In only two
cases had any of the names received any amount
of public notice, and that was not by any means
general discussion. Postmaster Willcox had
been mentioned among politicians as a possible
member of the board for the first district. Ex-
Mayor Osborr.e of Auburn, before he sailed for
Europe, was here to see Governor Hug-hes, and!
his prospects for appointment Is the up-stata
commission were canvassed thoroughly. It be
came known among his friends that he ha pro
tested against appointment because of plans ho
had made, and everybody believed, when he '.•=•
clared that he would sail for Europe, that he
would not be made one of the commissioners.
Not one of these men is of the "politician"*
class, though perhaps Postmaster Willcox and
Mr. OsbTr.e. both of whom have been active in,
pelitiea! work, might be considered politicians.
Several have held public office, both appointive
and elective. Several other? never have Every
body who knew Governor Hnghea'a ideas about
the character of men whom he wanted to get to
serve en the commission believed that the polit
ical office holders who were seeking places would
be grievously disappointed men.
COMMISSIONS ARE ARTISAN.
The two commissions are divided is evenly as)
might be between the two bis political parties.
although nothing in the public utilities law de
mar.<i° i that the commissions be M-partisan.
Of the members for the first district. Mr. Bassett
la a Democrat, Dr. Maltbie Is pronouncedly In
dependent in his political ideas, while Mr. Eustis
is a member of the Citizens ITnlon. who prob
ably terms himself an Independent Republican.
On the up-state commission are ex-Mayor Os
borne, an independent Democrat, and Mr. Decker*
Yet. despite the fact that the majority of theao
men who will wield almost unprecedented power
over the railroad and righting companies In this
state have firm political convictions and have
takes part to some extent In the service of their
parties, each man Is known far better for his
work in other lines than for his political
achievements. Many of them are of that type
known derisively to the professional politicians
as "reformers." Mr. WUluu made a high repu
tation as an efficient reforming official in tha
New York Park Commission and In the post
office. Dr. Maltbie's -work for the National Civic
Federation and the Reform Club has Riven ulna
a reputation even of International note. Mr.
Bassett. as chairman of the Brooklyn Central
Committee, showed a marked grasp of transit
problems. Mr. McCarroll. as president of ttf
New York Board of Trade and Transportation,
has studied transportation problems and taken
part in many movements to relieve the evils
which have afflicted New Tork City.
While there la little likelihood that the nomi
nations will arouse any opposition when they are
presented for confirmation. It is certain that
some of the apomtments will raise considerable
factional trouble. Mr. Stevens, for instance, as
the man who prosecuted. Justice BsoiSJK mar
encounter some opposition from dM -Judge's
friends m the western part of the state-
Senator Raines studied the list si appointees
with great Interest. He said Us knowledge of
the new commissioners personally, save in on©
or two Instances, was so slight that ha could not
comment on the character of the commission.
"Any commission which mak^s good on *Jti3
tremendously difficult job." said he. ""must neces
sarily reflect great credit on the Governor who
appointed it. the parts and the state at larse.-
WILLIAM R. WILLCOX.
WUnasa >'- WOlcox bagan an active political
career in WO. whin he was O. 11. P. Belmonfs op
ponent for Congressman from the 13th District. Th«
nth was then overwhelmingly Democratic, and.
although Mr. Wlttc«i was defeated, his opponent*
majority was surprisingly small.
In Mayor LOW*! administration he was appointed
a Park Commissioner, the first public office he held.
In that office ha displayed so niach energy and
ability In the execution of his duties that he soon*
became recognized as one of the most efflcient
members of the Mayor's cabir.eC •
Mr Willcox's specialty was tre establishment of
public playgrounds. gymnasiums and parks. He
h i.l Reward Park opened fat a cost of X2.<m.m to
the city. Ha let the contracts for th» establishment
of Da Witt Clinton. Civic and Thomas Jefferson
parks. It was under his direction that many of
the roadways hi Central Park were rebuilt, and
this work was done In accordance. in many tn
stnnces. with plans that he himself had prepared.
On January 1. 1905. President Roosevelt appointed
The Hudson River Day Line Steamer "Albany*
makes Special Excursions to Po'keepsie on* hour
after first morning boat. Music- a . L
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