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Itm A BAXXER YEAR
Influx of 1906 Exceeded by 184,614
— Japanese Pour In.
TVsihiaston. Dec. Immigration to America,
dnris? the year ended .Tune SO. 1907. was vastly
cri*tcr than in any previous year of the history
or the United States. This fact; with all its in
t! resting and important details, is placed in strong
li-ht in the annual report of Frank P. Sargent,
t'oaimissloiier General cf Immigration, which was
made public to-day. Of this great flood of Immi
grants, Commissioner Sargent says:
4u arrr.y of 1,285,349 souls, they have come,
.drawn hither by the free Institutions and the mar
-•Jlotis prosperity of our country — chance here
afforded every honest toiler to gain a. livelihood by
v,*. sweat of his brow or the exercise of his lntelli
ppnee — surpassing in numbers the record of all pre-
The report contains in tabulated form many
j.haFes of information bearing: on the question of
Immigration, and In submitting- this carefully com
piled data, Mr. Sargent says:
The immigration for the year 1907 exceeded that
♦or 2?C6 by 1£4.614 and that for the year 1905 by
rSF,SSO. or an increase over the year 1906 of
■more than 17 per cent, and over the year 1905 of
i^ore tlian 25 per cent. During the fiscal year 190f»
ir.432 aliens were rejected at our ports; during the
last year 13.064, an increase of 632 : hence the total
r.nmbrr of those who have sought admission in JSO7.
viz_ 1.295.413. exceeds the number who applied in
I*o6. viz.. 1.113,167. by 185,246.
Commissioner Sargent says it is of particular
f ijniScance that many immigrants landed at ports
in the South during the last year, and he refers
rspecially to a party of 473 Belgians— excellent
types of immigrants— received at Charleston, S. C,
having been induced to go there by the state
authorities. The Increase of Immigration to the
South, the commissioner says, "is directly con
nected with the growing desire of the Southern
nates to draw within : th«ir boundaries a number
cf the better cl££s of immigrants, it being consid
ered by practically all of the leading men of that
fecti that the future development and welfare of
the South depend on its ability to receive and
absorb a reliable laboring and farming element.
Striking increases are also shown at New Orleane,
ualveston sue Honolulu."
Of peculiar significance is the table which hows
the cumber ol immigrants from each foreign coun
try, together with the increases or decreases as
compared with the previous year. Twenty-seven
countries showed increases and eleven decreases.
The tide, of immigration from some of the countries
it, indicated by the following figures: Austria-
Hungary, 355.452: increase, 73.314; Bulgaria. Scrvla
and Montenegro. 11.253; increase, 6,693; France.
• 7.-! l: increase. 345; German Empire, 57.!>07; increase.
Greece, 36,590; Increase, 17.091; Italy, including-
Ficily and Sardinia. 253.751: Increase, 12.O1; Russian
Enpire and Finland. 1.".-.Hi:: increase, 43.C75; Tur
key. 13,767; Increase. 11.257; England, 56.637; increase.
7.14€; Ireland. 54,i30, decrease, 455; Scotland, 19.740;
increase. 5.574; China, 961; decrease. 653; Japan,
30.2K; increase, 16431: British North America, 19.916;
increase, 14,5i5; West Indies, 15.659; increase, 3.033.
Interest • naturally attaches to th© proportlon
■Xfty large, immigration from Japan. While the
«ii l—ln 1 1 laws have rendered practically ml the
•immigration from China, the immigration from
Japan, although relatively riot great, has trebled
In the last year. This Increase is significant, too.
because it comes in the face of regulations adopt
♦ d by the American government, -with the assent of.
Japan, •which, it was supposed, would curtail the
immigration of. Japanese to this country very ma
Commissioner Sargent presents excerpts from
official reports made to his bureau by inspectors
«-ent to Mexico and Canada to study the. situation
with special reference to the coming of Japanese
to America, through those countries. The reports
-'■» that thousands of Japanese landed in Mexico
curing the last year and ultimately gained admis
sion surreptitiously into this country. Once in the
United States, it "was impossible to find them, ex
cept in . the rarest instances.- While the regula
i ions concerning Japanese immigration have tend
ed to reduce the number of regularly admitted cm
migrants, hundreds if not thousands of Japanese
ttill are coining into the country by stealth.
Referring to the immigration figures from the
various countries. Commissioner Sargent says the
•;.':> "furnishes a striking illustration of the fact
S hat the time has arrived when if people are dls
catiafied with existing political, economic and social
conditions en one country, they will find the means
by which to desert their former homes and settle
•where a fairdiance is afforded them. Its chief
interest to the people of the United States con
sists in the question that must arise in the mind
of eny person examining the nsTires as to whether
' - not our ability as a race to absorb foreign ele
ments is not on the verge, at leapt, of being over
The financial condition of admitted aliens ia al
»-aye an interesting subject. Of those admitted
573.523 had less than *50 each in their possession,
•anile lOT.X'C were able to show amounts in excess
of that sum. The total amount of money brought
into the country by arriving aliens was SZJ&.V&.
or an average of almost £» a person.
Of the 13,064 aliens who were turned back dur
ing the year 1,434 were contract laborers, but the
cumber of contract laborers deported during the
last year was 36 per cent less than in the precsd
A table showing th* outward passenger move
ment during the last year develops the fact that
that movement was greater than in any preceding
year for which statistics are available. The total
Turober of cabin pess*'ngers was 224, and other
than cabin 344.™*. The aggregate number of out
■*<i-£ bound passenger?- was 73,145 larger
than in »-••.
In a discussion of the new Immigration act Com
tnisriiiiii 1 Sargent strongly urges that advantage
V-« taken of a provision it contains for calling an
international conference on immigration and emi
gration. In hi* opinion, now is the time to act.
Ther* nssar has be*>n a. period when all the prin
cipal countries of the world v.ere t>o deenly Inter
«-st~d in the subject. Several of the leading Euro
pean countries' have recently either parsed or in
troduced In their legislatures immigration laws.
astne of whifh are modelled practically after our
cum, Some of the jsovernn-.ents are utking noti<^
the idea of adopting measures to discourage
the *raS£TaUon of tbeir citizens or to indue* their re
turn : others are solicitous lest their subjects should
lorpet tb*ir allf dance; and altogether th.< r. should
b- »jo Jifflculty in appealing to this BWgkened gen
*r%\ interest with the object of accomplishing some
international arrangement and understanding lhat
♦ -ill work for the general good.
T '.*■ Commissioner points out further that, either
through such an international conference or
through amendments to this country's law*, ade
quate provisions thould be made for the issuance
'<jf ••■ -< r passports to persons who are coming to
-•iaj»rica. By this means s=uch organizations as
**+ Black Hand Society could not gain a foothold
Imbk, because the passport would have to bear the
isccrd of the alien. It would do much, too, the
, Commist.oner believe*, to put an end to the "white
»4*v*- traffic." although that even now Is under
j reasonably good control by the immigration of
The financial statement of the bureau of imml
.fration Fbows that, eft- r the. payment of all ex
penses;, including nearly J7£0,000 for new construe
lion, there ■was a net balance on hand on July 1.
: '•• '•■ of $3,079,513. The total expense of the execu
ion of the immigration laws, exclusive of pay
ments on account of special construction work,
Among the recommendations made by Commis
inn" Sargent, many of which are administrative
j in character, are the following:
i That legislation should be enacted to check vio
1 iHtion!= of the law by professed seamen.
| i nat marine hospital surgeons be stationed at the
principal ports of embarkation abroad to examine
aliens . before th ' v start for America.
i n surgeons and inspectors, male ani female, be
placed on vessels of the principal steamship lines
to examine incoming aliens.
That arrangements be perfected for the detection
or members of tho criminal classes who seek to
come, to the United States.
That a treaty be negotiated with Mexico respect
ing immigration through that country: or. if that
cannot hi- done, that the Mexican border be close.!
to all except American citizens and bona fide resi
dents of Mexico.
*-. That a harmonious arrangement be made with th«
Canadian government respecting the enforcement of
the immigration laws of that country and the United
That immigration stations be erected at Boston,
Philadelphia and Baltimore.
That appropriations be made for improvements
at Ellis Island. New York ; Angel Island, San Fran-
Cisco, and Honolulu.
TROUBLES IN MACEDONIA.
Bulgaria Answers Russian Xoic and
Increases War Budget.
i?t. Petersburg, rvec. !">.— The Bulgarian pov
crnment has sent a note to Russia In answer to
the recent representations made by the Russian
Minister at Sofia in reference to tne activity of
Bulgarian bands in Macedonia.
The note denies that the residents of th« prin
cipality are i>articipating in these activities, and
states that Bulgaria reposes entire trust In the
powers to introduce adequate reforms in Mace
donia. It suggests the employment of Kuropean
gendarmerie . the officers of which shaJl be em
powered to supplant the Turks in the adminis
tration cf the province.
Bulgaria launches a counter complaint against
Greek bands composed of Cretans, which, it de
clares, are carrying on a propaganda of fire and
.sword. The statistics for the month of October
abaar that 2SS persons w<>re murdered.
Russian diplomats called attention to-day to
the Bulgarian war budget for 1908, which shows
an increase of 52.500.000. indicating, they say.
that Bulgaria has not abandoned the Idea of
MARQUIS ITO RETURNS TO TOKIO.
Activity in Administrative and Political Cir
cles Expected — Corean Crown Prince Arrives.
T"ki". Dec. — The arrival of the Crown Prince
of Corea and the Marquis Ito this afternoon was
made the occasion of a brilliant spectacle. Several
thousand persons assembled at the. Siiinbasl sta
tion. The Crown Prince was heartily welcomed by
the Crown Prince of Japan amid salvos of artillery.
The appearance of the party at the entrance to the
station was the signal lor lons continued cheering.
The young Crown Prince of Corea. evidently de
lighted over his reception, drove to the Shlnba Pal
ace, accompanied by the Crown Prince of Japan
and Marquis Jto. along a route lined by imperial
guardsmen. Flaps were profusely displayed all
over the city. The Crown Prince of Corea will be,
received in audience by the Emperor of Japan on
December 1?. Plans for his education have not
been completed, but they will be arranged now
under the direction of Marquis Ito.
The arrival here of Marquis Ito means the be.
ginning of considerable activity in administrative
and political circles. Many affairs await his tinal
approval. 'included among them is th« decision
whether a note will be sent to the Canadian Min
ister of Labor, Mr. Lemieux. concerning immigra
tion. There is no reason to believe, however, that
the government will change its original decision
not to give a written note.
It is authoritatively stated that pressure has beer
brought to induce Count Inouye to return as Jap
anese representative at Berlin. If he consents, th»
programme for diplomatic charges In Europe will
be altered. Baron Takahira is certain, however, to
obtain the Washington post.
Tr» Japanese government is considering the in
crease of its forces in Corea. in view of the activi
ties of the Corean revolutionists and brigands.
Murders continue In the outlying regions. Twenty
Corear.?. members of a Japanese organization, were
MTXKO EXPECTS TO FEEL CRISIS.
Finance Minister in Submitting Budget Says
Investments Will Be Curtailed.
.Me X ,f^ City. Dec r -In Congress yesterday the
re-port of Minister Limantour of Finance was read
and the budget for the coming fiscal year was made
public. The estimated receipts total SIOTSSS.O'iO and
the expanses are expected to reach $103,C03,542. leav
ing en estimated surplus nt $181,158.
The total increase of this year's budget reach's
the sum of $fi.-9-'.275. the largest item being for
0367.589 for maintenance of the Department of
The. revenues for the fiscal ?'jar just ended to
talled UK**.*" and the expenditures PWJW.UZ.
leaving a surplus of $14,077,359. The surplus of the
.parlous v,ar was »J».4Bt and the. falling off of
the last year was «m to the large sum spent in
public works. $17.3*.C0?.
Minister Limantour maintained that the recent
, -, In the. United States would make its"if felt
during the coming >- ar in Mexico, in that Invest
ment would b.- curtailed. Interest rates are higher,
>,„, this would only atfect mining industries. He
Uneven that in the end it would work for good
rather than evil. The minister recommended an In
crease in the salaries of all public officials.
SHOOT BETTER AFTER DRIKXING.
Experiments Conducted by Bavarian War
Ministry a Blow to Total Abstinence.
i- » i^ther s'vfe. because uiirx
«-**: rr ' r " f '; i . advocates' of total ab,tlnmce
KSS^iSISSi scale, involving
al:a l :£ B ;l n f 10.000 ShSSa. have been carried out at
tirely abstemious attained Biignuj
:, .. 2 from the military point of view.
XEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. MONDAY, DECEMBER 16. 1007.
SECOND HARDEN TRIAL.
New Testimony Concerning Court
Brrlin, Dec. 15.— The efforts of Count Kuno
yon Moltke. to vindicate himself in the trial
which resulted fr<"»m accusations made by Maxi
milien Harden, editor of "Die Zukunft," having
failed before the minor court, which corresponds
aaaasarhat to a Justice of the peace In the
United Elates, the case will be taken up now by
the State's Attorney befor? a criminal bench of
The second trial of Herr Harden will begin to
morrow, and fresh revelations are awaited with
tense expectancy by the public, aa it is believed
that much new testimony will b« brought out
concerning the so-called court camarilla. Prince.
Philip zu Eulenberg. Count yon Moltkt's divorced
wife, Frau yon Elbe, and her sou. Lieutenant
yon Krusc, are among those who will be called
It is by no means certain that the judges wffl
allow the testimony to take a range wide
enough to elicit political 6ecrets of the court or
anything that may touch directly the person of
The causes that have brought about a new
trial by the Ministry of Justice are somewhat
obscure, but it has been regarded by the sober
part of the community that Count yon Msttks
•was not well oupported in the first trial and
that th« testimony was not sufficiently limited
to the legal issues.
The powerful classes have felt that they were
compromised by the proceedings and verdict of
the lower court. The officers of the corps re
pented the broad assertion against the morality
and honor of the army, and strong royalists felt
that the principle of monarchy had lost pres
tige. The conservatives generally regarded the
country as having been damaged to foreign
"Whatever may have been the considerations,
the Ministry of Justice simply wiped out the,
findings of the magistrate and took up th« affair
as though it had never been tried before, insti
tuting proceedings against Herr Harden for hav
ing: criminally wronged Count yon Moltke.
Efforts have been made at the eleventh hour
to compromise the case, but Heir Harden de
clined to sign the declaration demanded by "Yon
Mn]tke. The latter will be- represented by T>r.
Sell©, one of the most distinguished advocates
of th* German bar and the highest state's at
torney of the Berlin courts, I>r. lsenbiel.
CUBAN QUARANTINE REMOVED.
Governor Jtagoon Informed of Action of Au
thorities at Washington.
Havana. Dec. 15.— Governor Magoon has been
Informed by the authorities at Washinjrton that
the yellow fever quarai tine against Cuba has
This is plfiaMng to t) c lo^al commercial in
terests, especially thos« which are dependent
DIPLOMATIC EXPANSE REFORMS.
French Commission Suggests Increased Sal
aries and Reduced Personal Expenditures.
Pari?, Dec ID.— lncreased salaries and reduced
personal expenditures for diplomatic and consular
officials are advocated by Paul Descham-l in th*
annual report of the parliamentary commission on
foreign affairs, which has Just be-en completed. '
M. Deschanel suggests that in future the rents
of embassy and consular buildings be paid by the
government, that larger sums shall b« allowed for
office expenses, and that salaries Fhall vary nc
fording to the ost of living In the various coun
Thrs- proposals are the result of an inquiry into
the administration of th« Foreign Office, ordered
by M Leon Bourgeois, Foreign Minister, In IMS.
CONDEMNATION OF MODERNISM
Will Be Confirmed in Allocution Pope Will
Deliver Before Secret Consistory To-day.
Rome. Dec. |5 — In the atJaewtlag ■which he
v ill deliver befora tj,. frciet oonMn'nry to-mor
row the Pope will protest f . 'i*t '•'•* anti
clerical campaign. e»pedallj .. .'i« religious
press, but the chief part .ft!- allocution will
confirm th« condemnation of riii-.n.
The post of Secretary of the Congregation of
Extraordinary !-,<•( leslastlcaJ Aft air?, made va
cant through th» nomination of Pi»tr> Ossparrl
as Cardinal, lias been rlll'd by the appointment
of Mon?lgnor Stapin^lli.
PORTO RICANS STAND BY POST
Sentiment Unanimous for the Confirmation
of His Renomination for Governor.
' San Juan. Porto Rico. Dec. 15.— Americans and
Porto Kicans gave a banquet last nlgh't In honor of
Regis 11. Post, Governor of Porto Rico, who re
cently was renominaied for that oHlce by President
The principal speech of th« evening WSS made by
S*>ftor Qulnpnea. Chief Justice of the Bunfeßaa
Court, «ho said that Porto Rican sentiment was
unanimous for the confirmation of Governor Post's
The latter mmlc a fitting: response. Th^ Porto
Pi' au mumps |lf 11 are practically a unit for the
RUSSIA SENDS WARNING TO PEKING.
; Will Terminate Telegraph Convention Unless
' Japan and China Reach Similar Agreement.
Peking. Dec. 15. — Russia ha« warned the Chinese
government that, unless Japan and China within a.
reasonable time, come to an agreement similar to
that embraced by the Rueso-Chinese telegraph con
vention signed in October. Russia will terminate
tills convention within the year. ,
The refusal of Great Britain, Germany and
Prance to Interest themselves in China's Man
!• churian difficulties has turned the attention of
America in that direction, as instanced by the
speech of Secretary Taft at Shanghai recently,
when he strongly reavowed the adherence of Amer
ica to the "open door" policy and asserted that
China would have the sympathy and support of
America in every movement for her reform and
I MYSTERY IN PHILADELPHIA KILLING.
Young Man Found Dead in Home of Sweet
heart—Two Arre ts Made.
Philadelphia, Dec. 15.-Pendinff an investigation
into the death of Robert Abrama at the home of
his sweetheart, in this city. Abraham Brosslov, a
cantor in a synagogue, and Levin Pressman were
held by the coroner here to-day at "material wit
nesses in a hornlddo case."
\brams. who was a baker, was paying court to
Bessie, the seventeen-year-old daughter of Press
man. In whose hfISMS he was found dead on Thurs
day. After the death the family moved out of the
house. They reported the case to a policeman,
saying Abrams had died suddenly. * hen the
coroner's physician went to examine the body he
found that the young .nan died or strangulation
The members of the family told conflicting
storlc*. Pressman, according to the police officials
. aid he found Abrams's. body lying an tht floor
v'- en he c*»c downstairs on Thursday morning,
while later he said he found the body hanging to
I d«,r knob. The police official* believe Abrams
ARMY AND HAVI XENVS.
[From The Tribune Bureau.]
Washington, December 15.
RETIREMENTS BY WAT OF HORSEBACK.—
Secretary Taft on his return to Washington will
find awaiting him the reports of the army boards
detailed to examine for retirement those officers
who failed to take, the fifteen-mile tost In horse
manship. No subject has attracted more attention
in the military personnel than the cases of these
thirty, or thirty-rive officers who failed to take or
failed in taking the ride prescribed by the Presi
dent as one of tlic qualifications for fitness for
duty. These officers are not to be retired because
they could not or did not rid?, but most of them
have been pronounced physically incapacitated for
active service owing to disabilities which, had they
been discovered before or under other circum
stances by the army surgeons, would have led to
their retirement. The Acting- Secretary of War.
General Oliver, does not wish to act upon
the cases recommending retirement, for the rea
son that there Is Involved a new policy which
would require the/ consideration of the head
of the War Department, with the approval of irie
President, of course, in the cases of officers who
must be retired. The President is believed to en
tertain BOOM decided opinions concerning the in
eliglbllity of officers who cannot ride, and It Is
not expected the War Department will recom
mend that any exceptions snail be made In behalf
of certain officers, such as Colonel W. L. Marshall.
Of th« corps of engineers, in charge of river and
harbor work in New York. If any exception is
made. Secretary Taft will bo advised. The depart
ment is confronted with many vexatious questions,
with the likelihood of being charged with favorit
ELIMINATED OFFICER APPEALS.— There are
Flgns of an interesting debate in Congress, and es
pecially In the Senate, when Senator McCumber calls
up the bill to restore to the active list Captain Will
lam G. Cutler, U. S. X., retired, on» of the fifteen
naval attests who were forced on tho retired list
last July by the recommendations of the elimination
board. It is understood that another of the oMeera
of this class, Captain John C. Colwell, will seek
Congressional redress und»r the t>ani« circum
stances. Last July, for the first time since th« law
has been In existence, officers of the navy were re
tired for alleged untstness for active duty, under the
process of transferring from the active list officers
who were deemed undesirable for service. The offi
cers thus retired have regarded their transfer from
thi active list as a public humiliation without war
rant, and some of than an determined that not
only shall the law be repealed — an lncid-nt which
would b»i received with marked favor throughout
th© ssrviee — they viii make the attempt to M
restored to the active li.st in their former placis
and carried as extra numbers. It Is evident that
these officers haie impressed some of the Senators
and Representatives with their claims to considera
tion, and it is expected that the debate will be in
teresting In that It will permit a ventilation of
Congressional view on this particular method of
creating vacancies to help promotion. The Navy
Department will make an adverse report on th<*
Cutler bill and other similar measures of relief If
called upon for comment.
NEW RIFLES FOR MILTTIA.— ordnance
officers are making a desperate effort to re^rm tho
army and militia with a new Springfield rifle, re
chan-Jjered for the pointed ammunition, before th»
beginning of the Best target season. The facilities
of the ordnance establishments at Springfield,
Mass.. and Rock Island, 111., are being utilized to
the • admin extent in the plan to have those Im
proved rifles ready for the marksmen to use when
th» competitions of ISM begin. The tirst shipment of
th» : ■•.-.• rifles will go to tho Philippines, where It
win be necessary to send about fifteen thousand.
The next shipment will be made to Cuba, provided
the troops are still there-, as seems probable, and
wheie about Ova thousand will be distributed. Then
the distribution will be made among the troops In
the United States. After the regular army is fully
•quipped with the new rifle the national guard will
be furnished with that weapon.
NEW YORK MIDSHIPMEN.— are 343 va
cancies at the Naval Academy in the position of
midshipman to be. filled before March 4 by the
Representatives and Senators. These positions in
clude the vacancies created by the graduation of
next June. Allowing for the usual percentage of
failures In the entrance examination, there will
probably be two hundred and eighty members of
the next fourth class. Each Representative and
Senator may name .* principal and three alternates.
The nominees made by th* Congressmen of New
York State, so far reported to the bureau of navi
gation, arc ns follows:
Second District. Representative Lindsay — R. T.
Branch, of Brooklyn, principal.
Twenty-first District, Representative Bradley— H.
I". Nickinson. of Mlddlctown. principal; L*. A Pack.
si Port Jervis; D. A. Neely, of Ridf^bury. and J.
B. Smith, of Newbmg, alternates.
Twenty-second District, Representative Draper —
c. S. Aides, of Troy, principal; W. A. McCulloch,
of East Greenbosh, altomatp; R. 8- Baggart, of
Granvill* 1 , principal, and C. B. Klnney. of Salem,
alternate. Representative Draper has two appoint
ments to make to the credit of his district.
Twenty-seventh District, Representative Sher
man—Harrison Weaver, of Deertield, principal.
Twenty-eighth District, Representative Knapp —
W. E. Qreenman, of :> rtown, principal; E. B.
Burrough, of Oswego, alternate.
Thirty-tirst District, Representative Payne — L. A.
Gilbert, of Newark, principal; H. J. Malony. of
Thirty-third District, Representative Kassett — E.
R. Costello, of Elmlra, principal; L.. R. Brown, of
I'rbona; OarlyM K».-bout. of Coming, and L. H.
Malony, of 'Waterloo, alternates.
Thirty-fourth District. Representative Porter — I*
IT. Black, of Alexander, principal, and P. M. Ben
ton, of Oakland, alternate.
FIGHTING MOSQUITO FEVERS.— army
will wage war on the mosquito by filling in a num
ber of ponds, covering un area of nearly ten acres,
at Fort Taylor, Florida. It has been discovered
that thin reservation is a veritable pest of yellow
fever and malarial breeding insects. They Increase
prodigiously by means of these ponds, which are
too large to be treated with oil. A3 the reservation
iB to be used next summer for artillery exercises
under field service conditions, It la considered neces
sary protection of health to have this untoward
condition relieved. The chief of artillery has made
a strong recommendation on the subject," backed
up by tli9 surgeon general and the quartermaster
general. The work will be carried on as soon as
money can be obtained from Congress.
MILITIA TO GET ALLOWANCES.— Officers of
the national guard who are attending the army
service schools hive been advised that t'n*y will
receive, in addition to quarters, the allowance of
fuel and light, winch is now paid to officers of the
regular army When they occupy quarters at a mili
tary post or when they are regarded as in a posl
tiou entitling them to commutation of quarters.
This is an important concession to the militia offi
cers who have chosen to take the Instruction at
service schools «nd shows to what extent the War
Department is disposed to encourage by every way
possible those officers of the . national guard or
-^aUaUoua «ho •g*x*> # £ attraae' Mr todivUU/fcl
MAGDALENA BAT TARGETS.— A special board
oX uunnery officer* of the navy has been in session
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CHRISTMAS GIFTS ;
Furniture and Furnishings, appropriate for Christmas gifts, arc
now being shown in profusion in our warerooms. ; .' .. '-1 ..
Gifts for Women Gifts for Men
Writing Desks, $6.00-$500.00 Desk Tab!«, $24.00 -$310.00 -
Toilet Tables, 15.00—275.00 Bachelor's Chiffoniers. 40.— 180.03
Music Cabinets, 10.00— 96.00 Lounging Chairs. 23.00- : 140.00
Muffin Stand., 7.50- 30.00 Card Table*, 3 75— 110.00 -;
Book Blocks, 9.00— 11.00 Cigarette Boxes. 4.50— 5.00. ■
Upon request, Christmas gifts purchased now will be held
until the proper time for deliver}'. .......:-,...,..
Geo C Ft-iNT Co
43-45-47 WEST 23rd STREET / . .
in the Navy Department, with the result of com
pleting the new Instructions for record target prac
tice on naval ships. Changes ar«» made every year
in accordance with th? experience shown in the
firing* of great guns. The changes of this year are
not important, having to do with technical matters,
bat they am of interest to the naval officers gen
erally. It has been about decided that the next
record target practice will take place in Magdalena
Bay. when the ships of the Atlantic fleet arrive
there, in April. Target practice with small arms
will be held on shore, where every facility exists
for this work. Probably special arrangements will
be mads to do this at some place near Magdalcna
Bay since th* rifle ranges at the naval stations on
the Pacific Coast are not of a sufficient distance to
be of practical value for all the work.
WARSHIP TO TEST INVENTION.
[By T-lesraph to T** Tribuae-l
Greelj", Col., Dec. 15. — J. D. Stannard. pjrmera
of this city, has Invented an instrument which keeps
absolute longitude and latitude without the aid of
compass or a star. It Is electrical, and one of its
main features Is the adoption of the gyroscope prin
ciple. It has be*n placed on several warships so
ad to give it a severe test.
PRAISE FOR THREE PRESIDENTS.
Leslie M. Shaw's Tribute to Mr. Roosevelt,
Mr. McKmley and Mr. Cleveland.
Norton, Va.. De". 15. — Warm words of praise far
Presidents Cleveland. M-Klnley and Roosevelt were
spoken by Leslie M. Shaw, former Secretary of
the Treasury, in an address here last evening. Mr.
Shaw said the country SWOB Mr. Cleveland a debt
It can never repay for the attitude he took against
the free coinage of silver: that it owes a similar
debt to Mr. McKinley for his leadership in eco
nomic legislation and policies, and that it i? in
debted to Mr. Roosevelt in the Fame way tor havin*
demonstrated that It is the people, and not capital.
that govern in this country. lie said In art:
Surely the American people are a most . fav«r-d
nation. They have nearly always had the right
leader for the accomplishment of the much n^ded
task. It 11 1 mi to have been the special task or
Graver Cleveland to hold the country against *
popular sentiment having its root in greenbackism.
In my lodgment only a comparative few of the men
who have held the office of Chief Executive of th«
fnited States would have successfully combated
the overwhelming sentiment of his own party^^or
the five coinage of silver and a very Pronounced
sentiment In the opposition party and maintained
tl c Integrity of our credit, we owe a debt of Kr<tti
turf* toGrover Cleveland which can never be paid.
It waa the special privilege of William McKinley
to ' ik»- leadership In such economic legislation anil
tx>licies as have brought to the American people *
] -amire of prosperity never before ffVegnetd.
Again, the people owe to the memory of William
McKln'ley a great debt of gratitude.
It has been the great privilege of Theodora *><"•
velt to demonstrate that in this country the people,
and not capital, govern. Few. if any. previous oc
cupants of the White House have been as fearless
us he in the discharge of the executive functions <•..
the government. Under his leadership the M
premacy of the law and Its universality of appli
cation have been demonstrated as seldom, if e\er.
before In our history. In my judgment, no rrede
,. «-or has performed the task which in the course
of our evolution has fallen to him^rnore succ^sfuUy
than has Theodore Roosevelt, and to him. as to so
man y of hi " puilttcssers. the American people owe
a debt of gratitude which they can never pay.
DX. MACARTHTJIL ON ROOSEVELT.
Says Neither Washington Nor Lincoln Could
Fulfil His Duties Now.
Neither George Washington nor Abraham Lincoln
could fill the- shoes of Theodore Roosevelt, accord
ing to the Rev. Dr. Robert S. MacArtuhr. who dls
cuesed current events preliminary to his sermon
yesterday morning in the Calvary Baptist Church.
I>r Ma-Arthur tooK as the text of his talk the
death of Kins? Oscar of Sweden, j He spoke of the
influence he had exerted among th- royal families
of Europe, which was second only to that of Queen
Victoria. A similar influence for goed had been
exerted by President Roosevelt, . he said, who had
set a new high standard for thi occupant of higa
places in the government of nations- The Presi
dent had exalted his high office, he said, and set
an example that would be hard to follow.
"I pity the man who will be his successor." said
Dr. Mac Arthur. "It has become harder and harder
to fill the position, and the standard of require
ments has become higher and higher. George
Washington could no more fill the position of
Presidency to-day than— than * ? that of the poet
laureate of England. Neither could President Lin
coln- They were equal to the day in which they
lived, but conditions have become harder and
Dr. MaeArthur reviewed briefly the life of King
Oscar, showing ho\ the French strain in the fam
ily was Inherited from Napoleon's great general,
Bernadotte, who was. the grandfather of Oscar.
Kin*? Oscar waa beloved by both the rich and the
poor, he said, and his influence on the policies of
others had been always for good.
TAGGART PREDICTS FAIRBANKS.
Indianapolis. Dec. 15.— Thomas Taggart, chairman
of the Democratic National Committee, declared
last night his belief that Charles W. Fairbanks
would be the Republican nominee for President.
■] learned enough of the situation in the Cast on
this question," eaid he, "to cause me to make this ■
assertion. Everywhere in New York 1 had people j
asking me the Question. 'How about the man from I
Indianar 1 Informed themjhat he was all ri«ht.
but also told them v at the Oeni««ats wottM brine
All the talk of depression casts no
shadow op us.
We know so well fr<">m past experi
ence that when business is not brisk
we recruit new customers fast from
among the ranks of custom tailor.'?
So we're specially glad to have such
attractive patterns this Fall among
the higher priced suits — just such
patterns as our new friends have been
getting from custom tailors at much
higher prices than we need ask.
Business suits, $15 to $45.
Overcoats, 818 to $70.
RoGrp«?, Pzet & Company.
Three Broadway Stores.
258 842 xafle
at at at
Warren st. 13th st 32nd st
forward a man who -would defeat any one the Re
BEGGS WOULD VOTE FOR HUGHES.'
(By T-le*raph to Th» Tribun«.J
Milwaukee; Dec. 15.— "1 believe the proper man
for President is Governor Hughes/* said John I.
Beges, president and general manager of the Mil
waukee Electric Railway and light Company mad
head of th» corporation controlling all St. Louis
public" utilities, this afternoon- "Of co'-r«*. I in a
Democrat, and speak as such, but I think I can
safely say at this time that if Governor Hugr«s
received the Republican nomination I would give
him my vote. lie fa a safe and tan* man"
Combination Shoe * *
For those who want a snug
fitting shoe over instep and ;
at arch — made two sizes
smaller over instep than
. Double Sole
Width*' AA A to H ■
Widths AAA ts H
Sizes 5 to 13
SOLO Mowne«B ELM. - *.'••.«*-'*
JANES S. COWAR&
< 268-274 Of— wlch St., N. T. '