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ACA.DEMY OF MUSIC — B—Lort8 — Lort I»ua4re«iT. .;-'>. j.
ALHAMBRA — S— £ — Vaudeville.
AMERICAN — — CavallerS* Ru«lcaa»
ACTOR — — raid in Full.
BlJOU— *:B3— Papa Lebonnarfl.
BLAXEY ■■' - '.-" -The r>a.ae*r and «• KJn»-
CASINO <• 15— Nearly a Hero
dßCl*E— B:ls— The Merry-Go-Bound.
COLONIALr- 2 — — Vaudeville.
DAI.TS—S -.ls— Girls. „• '.-
2 — 6— Vaudeville.
££>SN MUSES— Th« "World in TCax.
CMriKß— 20— Father and the Boy*.
HACKETT— «J»— Tte Wltcblat Hour
Z^^W^-^}^^^ Behind the
IJ|f«S»OlIE-5-<-»Ttl. of Port Arthur. Ball*
. Onus ajid Ona'.p ... «__«_
■ HUDSON— S:2ft_The Honor of the Family.
K.vic&RBOCKER-^tlS— The Y*ak«« Prince.
NEW YORK— S:IS— The Soul X.M.
arvOY— S"rt— The Servant in the Hoo*».
gnT.t.ifKS- The Gay Musician-*
/^r,r /o Advertisements.
Pair-. Col-] !*««;■ Col i
A~c«e=3»it* _ 30 6 Instruction ...... ..--.*• -
J-'tv %', ■ * S Railroad* '
SSg P^n, ro, §^ST^U;::::: g =
CetrW F»P*rry to ! Special Notices 5' J
I>t 9 -' Steamboats. « •
CfcUßtri'pYopertv fur : Summer Resorts .. .. * j<^
&S« cr t? Let ■■•■ • 3 Notices .. » «M»
r- -t Agencies 7 1 rurposes * |
K£ SKi to Ltt'. 7 1 Trim rompanle. .. «<J
Fur BMM to Let. Trust CaaWM>£> .--.« 4-*
Hot*- :»'"-' 6 f 'Work "Wenird I *-S
MONDAY. MAY VS. ISOB.
This neici-paper is owned and published by
The Tribune Association, a yew York corpora
tion; office and principal place of business. Trib
■me Building. -V- 15$ yessau street. Xcic Fort;;
Opdcn Mills, president: Nathaniel Tuttle. sec- \
re\ary and treasurer. The address of the offi
cers is the office of this newspaper.
TEE HEWS THIS MORXIXG.
FOREIGN. — Japanese government ex
pects to lace the next Diet with a majority over
ail combinations: Prince Ito is said to have In
duced Marquis Saionji to reconsider his deci
sion to resign: steps will be taken to relieve
financial depression. ===== Negotiations between
Japan and America relative to protection of
patents, copyrights and trademarks are reported
to have been concluded in a way satisfactory to
both nations. = Five thousand Japanese
■endannea have reached Seoul and will be dis
tributed in the farming districts of Corea; orders
have been issued to treat kindly law-abiding
natives; conditions are improving. ===== Twenty-
Bsvec deaths from cholera have been reported in
the Jfunster Fusileers, which was sent into camp
from General Willcocks's force. ===== French
forces under General v.cy occupied Boudenlb.
the stronghold of Mulai Hassan, scattering 6.0u0
tribesmen ■ Thousands of gates are ex
pected to attend the Pan-Anglican congress
which will bogin in London in June. == — No
lane imports of American gold are expected in
Berlin: the money market is easier, and the
Reiohfbarik Ls expected to reduce its discount
■ DOMESTIC. — It was decided at Pittsburg that
th* Allegheny National Bank, of which Mont
gomery was 'caihi^r. would not reopen to-day.
but that the examiner would take charge. —
Thee young men ... injurei. ne of them
'attlly in an automobile accident near Provi
dence == The TVriprht brothers, accord
■". _ to a Norfolk dispatch, will sail soon for
Europe and wiil enter an aeroplane which they
bave there in coming contests. ===== There was
little violence in connection with ii v .<=- Cleveland
Ftreftcar strike; arbitration is boned for. -
Midshipman A L Lucas, of Cleveland, a mem-
Da Of the Annapolis graduating class, was
drowned at Annapolis, = Agop Garabedian,
a wealthy Armenian, was killed by being thrown
fr OIT , a horse v.-hile riding at Brookline. Mass.
-- ' -The «~itizen<= Union issued a statement at
\lbanv attacking the Ward primary ballot hill.
' - ' j t -was announced at Washington that
nineteen men had passed the April examina
tions for the grade of consul and appointments
to the student Interpreter corps. ===== It was
*aid in Boston that ■ .••■■■• parasites of the gypsy
pnd browntailed moths had been released in
Massachusetts last week. ==== The Rev. Dr.
Apuilla Webb, of Newport, R. 1., announced that
h*> had received a call to Louisville, Ky.
CITY. — Announcement was made of the in
corporation by C W. Morse and his friends of
tlje Morse Securities Company, to take over th*
asset* of the National Bank of North America.
— — An electrical expert said that water power
•would soon have' to be depended upon entirely,
a? the coal supply -was nearly exhausted. =====
The first thunderstorm of the season played
havoc with buildings in the Raritan Valley
-- The Rev. Dr. AJced said there were too
many persons In the Church who were satisfied
tijat their -work should be done by paid deputies.
= Mayor McClellan was attacked by social
ist? at the him Una, of the Central Federated
Unlcn. == The first Fourth of July celebra
tion victim was killed by an explosion of toy
caps — ■ — The twenty-fifth anniversary of the
ordination of the Rev. Father James B. Curry was
celebrated == Fort George opened with the
usual disorder. ===== A retired British army
officer said oil would soon replace coal as fo«I
or warship* ' The police were unusually
active In arresting speeding automobillsts. -
A motor launch ran aground in the East River
and 'he eight passengers were rescued with
iiGcvlty. = An unsuccessful attempt was
rr.s'i'- to Mow up the undertaking establishment
of A. Salomon, receiver of two Italian banks.
THE WEATHER.— lndications for to-day:
Fair The temperature yesterday: Highest, 75
degrees; lowest. 54
t- GOVERNOR JOHXSOyS PROGRESS.
The coming primaries in Alabama will throw
a good deal of light on the real strength of Mr.
Bryan la Ike South. ' It has been said by some
that his support there is perfunctory and that
If any other candidate presented himself that
auction could easily be won away from the
Xebraskan. A real contest has been waged In
Alabama in behalf of Governor Johnson of
Minnesota, who has bad the support of Senator
Johnston, of Alabama, and of other leaders, and
If any each indifference toward the "peerleiKK
leader" as has been alleged exists in Uabams It
ouch- to be manifested at me primaries. Except
for the predictions of the Johnson managers.
there la nothing to indicate that Bryan will not
get the delegates from the state Newspaper
polls of the South indicate that he is stronger
tfeai! any other candidate to the proportion of
about three or four to one.
' The contest is important not merely because
of th* leading position of Alabama on the con
veution roll, but because the rest of the South
Is said to be watching and waiting for a cue.
If the support of Bryan there is really per
functory Alabama should elect Johnson dele
gates, and if Alabama does this it may impart
an impetus to the selection of anti-Bryan, or
at least uninstructed. delegates from the South
to the national convention. On the other hand,
If Bryan wins handily over Johnson in Alabama
It will be Interpreted as indicating his real
strength throughout The South, and The result
at Denver will be clearly foreshadowed.
Though the* Johnson boom has not hitherto
mad* each progress as to inspire confidence, the
Governor himself Is creating a favorable per
sonal impression. His first visit to Washington
took the capital by surprise, and his recent
sojourn there seems to have repeated the suc
cess of the first. The Governor evidently either
has a remarkably attractive personality or else,
the snfUlijaalliEi and anti-Bryan newspapers
are 6edulou«>y magnifying the Impression that
be has ptrodaoed on WaKliiujrton f • r the sake of
giving force, to the idea that the Democratic
party is not limited to Bryan by its mere pov
erty Iv available leaders. "The Rsw York
Times'* in ■ Washington dispatch fairly glows
over his reception at tae capital. He "took
Congress by storm." Tim reception given him
"in the House reached the proportions of an
"ovation." -So magnetic yum ha" etc. Even
his raiment Is described In a war that appeals
'to the imagination: "Governor Johnson, clothed
"in a green suit, a pink rosebud In his buttbn
"hole and ■ blue tie, burst on the House." Is
this a faithful description of Governor Johnson
the man, or of Governor Johnson the rainbow?
A SQUARE DEAL WANTED.
It Is said. that a deputy police commissioner
has been busily engaged during the last few
days In investigating the relation of W. F.
Brown, policeman, to a prosperous cafe In
12Tith street, and that he has discovered facts
which will cause him to prefer charges against
his subordinate and a police lieutenant. . It ap
pears that Brown has been known to disappear
from the Union Market station, where he Is on
clerical duty, four hours before the appointed
quitting time. Beyond this trifling dereliction,
no charge has yet been made. The eagerness
of the Police Board to make this enterprising
employe squirm therefore seems to spring from
some high displeasure over his business success
in Harlem. Commissioner Bingham himself says :
"It is nothing new to me. We have known it for a
"long time, but we have never been able to get
"anything on him. He is not the only policeman
"in the depart whom we know to be con
nected with saloons, but our detectives are
"known and can get no evidence."
Why this zeal to get evidence against police
men interested In regularly licensed and pre
sumably well ordered saloons? There" Is no
tradition prohibiting a city employe from invest
ing his hard saved dollars in a lucrative enter
prise, is there? Do not many commissioners,
bureau chiefs, aldermen, bookkeepers, etc., seek
wealth in some convenient little "side lines,"
such as submarine parks, fire hose, bridge sup
plier, school books or office furniture? And. so
Ion? as these industrious citizens discharge their
official duties without gross and open injury to
the public purse and health, does anybody, even
the worst meddler, presume to shadow them in
their private affairs? If the Police Department
is going to make life miserable for the "hustler"
with a "side line." public confidence and public
confidence men will suffer a severe shock, while
many prosperous concerns will receive a blow
which they can ill endure in these hard times.
The pernicious example, followed by other de
partment chiefs, would soon fill our public
buildings 'with officeholders having no outside
interests. What could be more pitiful than a
city government out of touch with the busines*
world? Touch is essential to the administra
tion; for without touch.- pull is obviously Im
Much regret will- be felt over the accident
which has wrecked the Wright brothers* aero
plane. As yet the utility of such devices is
open to some question. It remains to be shown
whether that type of airship is the equal of the
dirigible balloon. On the other hand, the Dayton
inventors are to a considerable degree pioneers
in their special line of experiment. Up to the
present time they have apparently accomplished
more than any of their rivals. Finally, they are
Americans, and their work justifies the admira
tion of their fellow countrymen.
There will be a keen desire among those In
terested in aerial navigation to learn how far
the recent mishap will interfere with the fulfll
tnent of the Wrights' contract to supply the
government with a "heavier than air" machine
by or before Aujrust 20 next. It Is now be
lieved that the aeroplane which was smashed
the other day is not the one which they in
tended to furnish to the War Department, hut
was being used to test a new steering gear.
Though they ar<u naturally reticent about their
plans, there Is reason to think That they have
another airship in reserve and that it can be
put in readiness for flight wltßin three months.
If not the chief signal officer may see his
way clear to grant the Wrights an extension of
Time in which to build a new machine. Such a
course might serve the interests of ttfe govern
ment quite ns much .is Those of the inventors.
Mr. A. If. Herring, another American designer
of aeroplanes, concerning whose experiments
the country has thus far heard less than It has
about the Wright brothers, also secured a con
tract from the government at the same time.
Any injustice to him by the exercise of undue
favor toward his rivals ought to be avokied, of
course, but there seems to be little prospect of
| such an injury. Neither th? government nor
The public can reach a final judgment regard
| ing tie relative merits of the Wrights' and Mr.
' Herring's aeroplanes until both have been fully
The plight In which the Wrights are now
placed lends fresh Interest to the proposition
to raise by private subscription a sum of money
this summer to endow prizes for aeronautic
achievement on this side of the Atlantic. Th*
income from 525.000. the amount which It is
proposed to raise, would hardly exceed $1,000.
Yet. judiciously distributed, that sum . would
probably prove acceptable to those who were so
fortunate as to benefit by the plan. Few inventors
have independent means of their own. as Santos-
Dumont has. If twice the sum here mentioned
were secured, it would hardly yield too great a
revenue for the object in view. Indeed, if some
enthusiastic American were to duplicate the
gift of $20,000 made by Mr. Deutsch to the
aeronaut who first circumnavigated the Eiffel
Tower in a dirigible balloon, but were to bestow
the prize for some special feat with aeroplanes,
the winner would probably not deem the re
ward excessive. .
It Is twelve years since the final crisis oc
curred in Crete. Kefore that time the modern
history of the island had been almost as dark
and sanguinary as that Of the fabled days of
(he Minotaur. Despotism, rebellion, outrage,
massacre and murder made up its barbarous
Iterations. It is eleven years since four of the
great powers iJroat Britain. France. Italy and
Russia amid the skepticism of some and The
half-veiled opposition "f others undertook to
Intervene bo as to make if possible the crisis
incline to the side of jrood. Prophets of evil,
Bfnce abundantly proved false, declared that
their work would be ineffective. If indeed It
was not mischievous, through its sordid efforts
a< s<lf -aggrandizement. It is ten years since
the new era definitely dawned upon the island
in the establishment of Cretan autonomy under
the temporary protection of the four powers
and under a <jreek High Commissioner, the first
incumbent of that office being Prince George,
son of the King of Greece.
Autonomy at first meant autocracy, and it
was well that It should do so. The people of
the island were in no condition at once to
■Simnr full powers of pelf-government. For
two years the High Commissioner waa a
benevolent insular despot. The judicial, mili
tary, administrative and financial services were
in his hands without let or hindrance. There
after a biennial legislature was convoked, con
sisting of members chosen by popular suffrage.
one for every six thousand Inhabitants, and also
ten appointed by the High Commissioner. But
the High Commissioner remained, and to this
day remains, supreme. He Is Irresponsible and
his person la inviolate, and bis powers of con
voking and dissolving the legislature and of
vetoing its acts are exceptionally great. The
official language of the island is Greek, but
there are do racial or religions discriminations,
and the ase of the Turkish language in official
matters is not prohibited.
Under this system the island prospered and
had peace. A little less than two years ago
what seemed ■ desperate crisis occurred, In the
resignation of Prince George. In fact, it proved
to be an incident which really confirmed the
stability of the new order of things. The
prophets of evil again foretold chaos. Instead,
unbroken, order preralled. Tht new High Opm*.
NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE, MOTCDAY. MAY 18. 1908-
mlnloner wo Mr. Zaiinls, who had been Prime
Minister of Greece and who was universally
recognised as one of the ablest and most high
minded statesmen of that country. He has con
tinued the good work of his predecessor with
a somewhat freer hand than Prince George en-
Joyed, since he is not hampered by the fact
of being a member of the royal family. He Is,
however, as perfectly associated with the Greek
annexation policy as was the prince, and the
whole trend of affairs in the Island is recog
nized to be, as it naturally should be, toward
ultimate Incorporation with Greece.
At last It is now announced that the four
powers consider the Insular government to be
sufficiently well established to permit the grad
ual withdrawal of their protecting forces That
work is therefore to begin at once, and in the
near future will doubtless be completed and
the island will be left to Itself, though the
powers will continue to watch Its affairs closely
and will not hesitate again to Intervene if need
shall arise. On the whole, this redemption and
rehabilitation of the Island have been a particu
larly successful achievement, In the highest de
gree creditable to the powers concerned. The
concert of Europe has so often been the object
of criticism and of ridicule that It Is gratifying
thus to record to Its credit one first rate piece
of unselfish and permanently beneficent work.
RESERVOIRS TO CHECK FLOODS.
. A paper bearing on two or three subjects dis
cussed at the conference of Governors last week
was prepared as an appendix to the last report
of the Inland Waterways Commission and was
printed In a recent Issue of "Engineering News."
Jts author, Mr. M. O. Lelghton, chief hydrogra
pher of the United States Geological Survey, re
vives in this document the old suggestion for
checking floods in the Ohio and Mississippi riv
ers by building reservoirs at their headwaters,
The plan aims also to regulate their flow in
such a manner as to improve their navigability
In the dry season. Incidentally, too, It sustains
an intimate relation to forest preservation;
for the truth that woodland furnishes a sponge
like covering which prevents a rapid discharge
from hillsides Into adjacent brooks is axiomatic.
For nearly half a century a resort to reser
voirs for the purpose In view has been regarded
by many engineers as Impracticable, and govern
ment policy has apparently been based on the
objections so raised. These were fully presented
in 1867 in a report by the late W. Milnor Robert*
Mr. Ijeighton holds that they have been invali
dated in a measure by information not available
forty years ago. Records of rainfall and the flood
stages of streams have since been supplied by
the United States Weather Bureau, which was
not then In existence. In addition, the United
States Geological Survey has furnished precise
data concerning the heights and contours of the
mountains in which the tributaries of the Ohio
Mr. Letghton's examination of the fact* leads
him to conclude that the reservoirs of the
Monongahela basin, if suitably developed, would
store 38 per cent of the "run-off" of the area.
Surveys of the Allegheny basin are Incomplete,
but seem to Indicate that In that region at least
13 per cent could be stored. In the Kauawha
basin, he pays, o5 per cent could be similarly
detained, and in the Tennessee basin at least 32
per cent. Owing to the lack of surreys. It Is
necessary to omit from the estimate the possi
bilities of storage along the Scioto, Muskingum
and Wabash; but already enough is known
concerning the other streams named to make
out what Mr. Leighton deems a strong case.
All that would be required, in his Judgment, Is
to hold back merely the crest of the flood wave,
without greatly reducing the volume of the dis
cbarge. He dilates, however, on the increased
water power which would be made available by
the adoption of his proposition.
Mr. Lclghton does not pretend to have proved
that reservoirs would guarantee, a cessation of
destructive freshets. He merely asserts that
the facts presented by him justify a fresh con
sideration of the whole subject. His attitude
is a modest one, certainly, and will commend
him and his suggestions to general favor. His
report deserves the attention not merely of en
gineers, but also of such legislative bodies, na
tional and state, as may be called upon to deal
with the allied demands of internal waterway
i improvement, flood prevention and forest pres-
CIVIL SERVICE AXD THE PEOPLE.
There Is already a lively fluttering In the dove
cotes of New Jersey. The enactment of a Civil
Service law In that state was opposed as few
other measures of any kind have ever been,
with all the resources of Ingenuity and persist
ence. It was especially urged that there was
no popular demand for it and that nobody
really wanted it excepting a few "reformers"
and experimejita lists. Yet already, with, the
law only a few weeks old and the ink scarcely
dry on the commisfions of the Civil service
Board, there is s widespread and eager move
ment in the chief centres of population to get
Into line and place local as well as state func
tionaries under the provisions of the law. It
Is entirely optional with counties and cities
whether they shall come under the law or stick
to the old system. But they are voluntarily
hastening to come under the law. Jersey City
made the first movement, under the enlightened
lead of Mayor Wittpenn. The county govern
ment of Essex County on Wednesday voted to
have the law applied t<» that county, and the city
government of Newark is preparing *o do the
6a me at an early date.
These local governments are, of course, closer
to the people than the state government at
Trenton is. and are more directly influenced by
popular desires. Their action is therefore
strongly significant of the popular feeling. They
are under no compulsion to adopt the new lew.
They are doing it voluntarily. Therefore we
must assume that they prefer the new system
to the old and that they know that the people
prefer it. In fact, popular expressions of opinion
on the subject are unmistakable. The majority
of the people wanted the law made, and they
are now rejoicing in the making of it and are
expecting great benefits from its operation.
There are doubts expressed concerning some
effects of the system, chiefly based upon misap
prehension. Thus one critic laments the sup
posed fact that the law will result In the irre
movable retention of a lot of Incapablcs in of
fice. That is obviously a confession that under
the old system the offices were filled with iu
capnTilp persons. It also indicates a misappre
hension of the law as profound as that of those
sapient statesmen who complained that it was
not sufficiently "comprehensive," and when
asked what , they meant by "comprehensive"
said, "Why, a comprehensive law Is a law that
we can all understand:" There Is no Intent in
the law to retain incapable or unworthy men in
office. Under it there will be no removals for
the vague "good of the service," meaning the
good of some boss and bis proteges who want
the places, but there will be no protection of
those whose removal, for specific and proved
cause, is really required for the good of the
service. • »
The law and Its workings are new to New
Jersey, but it must be borne in mind that they
are not new elsewhere. The twenty-fifth anni
versary of the United States and the New York
State Civil Service laws has just been cele
brated, and under those laws and the similar
laws of other states the question* which now
seem formidable to some citizens of New Jer
sey have been satisfactorily answered. It will
doubtless be In New Jersey as It bus been In
Other states. There will Ik? difficulties, but they
will be overcome. There will be disappoint
ments and errors, and some dissatlsfuctkin, but
these will be small in comparison with the
benefits secured. And In a few years at latest
those who. opposed, th* law ana xt» mm Wr
"•ard It with disfsTor will commend It and will
wonder how the state ever got along with
SHIP SUBSIDIES IN THE PACIFIC.
The promotion of shipping in the Pacific, nnd
especially In Australasian waters, goes merrily
on, Germany being the latest to make a move In
the game. Her plan, as originally proposed and
strongly urged, was to grant, an additional
subsidy of $125,000 a year to the North German
Lloyd Company above what It already gets, for
increased mall service and general steamship
service to Australia, German New Guinea. Sin
gapore, Batavia and the Caroline Islands. This
was not to be paid for the privilege of "sSn| the
ships as a naval reserve, for the vessels have i
speed of only eleven knots, but was meant elm
ply to encourage the company by Increasing Its
profits, or by transforming its losses Into profits,
for the company declares that in the years 1005
and 1906 It lost $327,500 in that service.
The plan also involved the paying of a stio
sldy of $07,500 to the same company for addi
tional service between German New Guinea and
Singapore, but that was to be subtracted from
the subsidies now paid to the company on some
of Its other lines. The plan was finally modified
by the reduction of the additional subsidy from
.$123,000 to $.r»7.500. r »7.500 a year. Even so, that com
pany will henceforth be In receipt of subsidies
aggregating 51.4fi5.000 a year for services In that
part of the world. That, however, is not Iftta
regarded as large, for In those name seas British
shipping Ih reported to be subsidized to tne ex
tent of $7 350.000 and French shipping to the
amount 0f '513,750,000. white a Bln«le line from
Japan to Australia gets a subsidy of $-40,000.
In comparison with these figures the < T erman
subventions seem moderate Indeed.
Germany appears to realize, however, that
only subsidized ships can hope successfully to
compete with subsidized ships, leaving It to
other nations to think otherwise and to try the
opposite plan, and in consequence to be out
stripped by more practical rivals. She seems
to reckon, too. that it pays thus to stimulate
shipping, seeing that under the subsidy system
her exports to Japan have Increased In twenty
years from $4,025,000 to $25,500,000, and her ex
ports to China, Japan and Australia have grown
in the same time from $16.00n.000 to $58,150,000.
Such figures, It Is argued. Indicate that ship
subsidies are profitable not only to the ship
owners but in even greater measure to all the
Industrial and commercial Interest* of the em
HONEY AXD BUSINESS.
Occasional reactions in the security market
go Just far enough to dev^op a short account
of modest dimension?, whereupon manipulation
is resumed and stocks are lifted to new high
records for the year. There Is sufficient Interest
by the public to facilitate these operations, the
short selling being by professional traders, who
gain confidence as the rise becomes more exten
sive. Outsiders a»-o more Interested in the bond
market, where sales are far surpassing those of
1907, but there Is also a substantial public de
mand for stocks that helps to provide dally
transactions much larger than those of a year
ago, although the total for 1908 thus far is only
two-thirds as large as in 1907 to date. Prices
now average about $15 a phare higher than at
the low point last November, and cautious trad
ers are asking whether this does not fully dis
count any recovery In general business that can
reasonably be anticipated. Moreover, earnings
for May thus far make the worst exhibit of the
year, so that the upward movement of prices
must be attributed wholly to expectations re
garding the future, which at the best is a mat
ter of groat uncertainty. That this fact ta fully
appredated by floor traders Is shown by the
readiness with which they change position, to
which Is due much of the increased volume.of
Money is no abundant that increased borrow
ing In speculative channels, offerings of new
bond issues. Treasury withdrawals and gold ex
ports all fail to harden rates even a small frac
tion. Europe has resumed its drain on our
gold supply, raising the total for th« movement
to about $22,000,000, and some has also gone to
Canada. Although it was generally believed
that Germany was the ultimate destination of
much gold recently exported, to-morrow's
steamer will take the first definite consignment
to Berlin. This 1b a natural movement, as
rates are much higher in the German market
than elsewhere. Thus far the outgo of sold
has not exercised the usual depressing effect on
foreign exchange rates, and the scarcity of
grain and cotton bills tends to sustain quota
tions at a point that facilitates further exports
of specie. Treasury finances continue to run be
hind, and even the large reduction in bank de
posits has not maintained more than a fair
balance in government vaults. Call money on
Stock Exchange collateral has not been quoted
above 2 per cent for many week?, and transac
tions are frequently made at Hi per cent, while
Borne of the best grade commercial paper has
sold at 3 \*z per cent, although the bulk of bor
rowing In mercantile channels Is done at 4 to
4% per cent.
Sections that have enjoyed seasonable weather
report a larger distribution of lightweight wear
ing apparel, and at some points there is a good
demand for household utensils and staples, but
retail trade Is extremely Irregular Wholesale
and jobbing lin^s receive more orders from
country districts where, crop conditions are
above the average, and several special sales at
tract unexpected numbers of buyers' Rank ex
changes make ' better comparisons with la at
year's figures than in any previous month thi*
year, but part of the improvement must b« at
tributed to increased speculative actfvltj\ Re
ports of immigration continue to show that the
labor market does not attract foreigners. lOO.ooa
fewer aliens coming in April than In the corre
sponding month last year. About the same lo.^
was shown in March and a worse exhibit la
promised for the current month, because May.
1907, established a high record of 153.586 immi
grants. Foreign commerce in April was re
markable for the decrease in value of merchan
dise imported, the loss in comparison with tho
same month last year amounting to $42,000,000,
or about 33 per cent. Exports were the small
est since last August, but fell only $L' 4,000.000
behind April, 1907, so that the International
trade balance in favor of the United States was
$1 8,000, f'00 larger than a year ago. Including
net exports of specie, the balance on all accounts
was more than $59, 000. ''00, against 124,096 OM in
the same month last year.
Wheat resumed Its downward tendency after
the slight rally on the government report, specu
lative support being withdrawn from the option
market, while the cash situation encountered the
drawback of smaller flour production at domestic
mills and light shipments abroad. Argentina
exported more freely than was expected, which
depressed quotations at Liverpool. The only
support cam© from the Southwest, where in
sects have become a little more prevalent, but
abundant rain " has facilitated growth. Corn
planting: Is late because of excessive moisture
In tome etates and low temperatures at other
points, making this grain relatively much
stronger than wheat, and oats also received bet
ter support than the leading cereal. Cotton
supplied another week of sensations, the July
option rising violently until It sold at a premium
of $3 50 a bale over October deliveries, and spot
middling uplands was within $3 75 of the price
a year ago, despite a vigorous advance in the
corresponding week of 1907. Exports continued
to decrease, however, and the announcement of
short time at Manchester mills caused a re
action. The leading operator took profits freely,
and lust week closed much below the best po
sition. While there has been too much rain at
some Southwdatern points, the acreage that will
b§ r»j>l%aua Ami not thrMUa to Attain th*
sertons «m«i.lon- of last year. Dome* mills
are purchasing raw cotton conservatively, and
there is no disposition to manufacture good* be
yond actual order, on hand, although numerous
inquiries at price* .lightly below the market
Fumrest that business will «o©n be placed more
fr"y. Domestic raw wool quotations declined
.till further. averaging about 7 cents below the
position a year ago. and the London .ale opened
from 7H to 15 per cent lower than the previous
auction as expected, but subsequently there , was
brisk competition and some recovery, while re
ports from woollen mills indicate a somewhat
better demand for goods.
The betting reform which w- to do .away _ with
the "piker" did not last long. The $2 bet la re
stored In the ring. What becomes, then, of the
racetrack argument that it is better to rea
,ate gambling than to prohibit It. when with aU
the stimulus to. regulation that present condi
tions supply the racing managers give up the
best step toward gambling reform which they
have ever taken?
Tom Johnson's soulful street railway corpora
tion has a strike on Its hands. Where shall we
look for perfection?
"The New York Times" has mad© the inter
esting discovery that a Democratic President.
Grover Cleveland, appointed Howe-11 E. Jack
on of Tennessee, a Justice of the Supreme
Court and therefore urges the South to repudi
ate Bryan and get more such appointments by
nominating a Democrat who. might possibly be
elected The Jackson precedent, however, would
prompt Southern aspirants for the bench to
make sure of a Republican President who would
follow In the footsteps of Benjamin Harrison.
"Rllvovltz" gets In its fine work at last as a
lethal agent. A drink with such a name might
reasonably be suspected of anything.
We can discern lots of trouble ah«>ad for the
Chicago man who Is offering bounties for all
cats killed In that bailiwick, though we must
say that his Indictment of the feline tribe is not
altogether unfounded, and that humanity to the
poor beasts suggests that a large proportion of
rata In large cities would be "better dead." The
tramp cat of the streets and the household cat
which Is left in the house to starve or Is turned
upon the streets to fare for Itself when the fam
ily goes Into the country for the summer ar?
woful objects which It would be a mercy to de
Brooklyn Is to be congratulated on the an
nouncement that one of the new battleships Just
authorized by Congress will be built at Ike local
navy yard. The magnificent vessel now in BW
vlce .as the flagship of the Atlantic fleet offers
lasting testimony to the capability of that estab
lishment, and the government's decision Is a
happy one from every point of view.
Hertz wave messages have been receive*
without difficulty In a balloon provid-d with a
pendant "antenna," b'lt attempts to send them
from an aerial station have been retrained by
mlsglvings lest the sparks from a transmitter
ignite the gas on which an airship relies for
buoyancy. If apparatus cannot be found to gen
erate electric waves without involving the peril
here mentioned. Ingenuity may be expected to
solve the problem. It would be poor aliekai
telegraphy which could not be made to work
THE TALK OF THE DAY.
Then is a popular belief that certain trees are
less likely than others to be struck by lightning 1 ,
and that during a thunder storm it is quite safe
to stand under a beech, for example, while the
danger under a resinous tree or an oak Is. respec
tively, fifteen or twenty times greater. This Is
disputed In a recent writing by Dr. A. W. Borth
wtek in the "Notes of the Royal Botanical Garden,
of Edinburgh." The doctor says that no tree is im
mune, since lightning will select one species quit*
a-" readily as another, and the beech is struck quite
as frequently as any other species. Apparently the
taller trees in a neighborhood are th» ones most
likely to be struck. Contrary to what Is believed
by some people, the cells are not "ruptured or
tern by the formation of steam, as might happen if
the heating by the electric current was very great.
The cells collapse and shrink up, but are never
torn." The root system does not seem to he ever
damaged by lightning.
De Win" he know he pleasant
Ez he ripple 'cross de wheat;
De llockin'bird is singln*
Kftze he know his voice Is sweet.
De Crow dar, in the co'nflel'.
He dcs so black, you know.
He think he mus" be party—
Dhat why he take on so!
It's vanity, believers.
Ez high ez sun an' star;
We mis' too Rood fer heaven —
Dhat why so few is dar 1
— Atlanta Constitution.
■ A recent issue of an Austrian journal gives an
account of an automatic money assorter that will
assort metal coins which have been thrown together
regardless of their denominations, placing each
denomination In a separate basket. The various
coins are thrown Indiscriminately into a funnel at
the top of the machine, and from the funnel they
slide downward, alighting on a spiral track. This
track has a protecting edge or raised border con
taining slits corresponding to the various sizes of
the coins. As the coins of various denominations
glide downward on to the track, through some
peculiar mechanism of the machine they pass
through the slits corresponding to their various
sizes, entering their respective baskets at the bot
tom of the machine.
"Mrs. BoornraK who thought she had a mission
to look after suffering numanity, is married, isn't
"I was surprised to learn that she had given up
her mission in life."
"She hasn't: her husband is going to be suffering
humanity hereafter — Houston Post.
A story has* recently been told in the fleet of an
incident which happened when Admiral Brans was
in command of the Indiana, says "Harper's Week
ly." An oldtlme bluejacket was at the mast before
Captain Evans, charged with getting food out of a
mess chest outside of meal hours. This getting food
for night watches is a common and strong desire
on the part of most men aboard ship.
Captain Evans naked the man what he had to
say. and the man. sizing up the delicate situation,
"Captain. I didn't take no food outer that chest.
Why, Captain, there weren't no food in that chest!
I looked faa that chest, and. Captain. I met a cock
roach coming out of that chest with tears In his
"With Mr. Onion running for Congress in Texas
and Mr. Leake already there, we only need Mr.
Garlic to complete the trio." says "The Augusta
Herald." All right; here he Is. Mr. Gartick 1* a
candidate in I*>uisiana. — Washington Herald.
They should conn* m bunches — thr»e for a scent.
— Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Borne election day they will all be In the soup -
Now that the real warm weather is here, there Is
likely to be an ice cream sandwich famine on the
East Side. An Ice cream sandwich means a* much
to the East Side as that other favorite dish — the
sausage. And any one who remembers the strike
of the sausage makers last year will recall how the
entire Ghetto rose up and demanded Its favorite
dish. The "hot dogs" only escaped two meal tick
et* when the sausage makers turned them loose
on the excited populace. "Now is the time for a
general Btrike," pleaded the walking delegate of
th© Ice cream sandwich makers' union. "An Ice
cream sandwich famine at this t!m« will lie worse
than the BBOaaga. famine." The State Flea if of
Arbitration, however, has taken a hand in the
controversy, and the East Bide will be allowed to
eat its sandwiches pending arbitration.
A politician relates that he was making a speech
last week when he was annoyed t>y the frequent
Interruptions of an opposition voter, who evented
bent on making trouble.
"My friend," said the speaker, milling to
euppreaa - the disturber, "haven't yon beard the
■ton of how a braying asa put to night the entire
"Don't you be afraid of this audience," shouted
back, the disturber of the meeting; "there ain't no
danger of It stampeding. You've t#»t«4 , it ."— Tit-
Thousands of Delegates to 'Attend
the Sessions in London.
[Corrrspon(S»ne« of Th» AMK>«lat9<J Pren j
London. May 10.— Delegates from a •-- '.-.. <Xi».
cese* have been selected to attend 1 the Pan-As^*
can Congress, to be held In London la June. Tkaaa
delegates. Including laymen and clergymen, win ta
most cases be accompanied by their Manepo. aaf
the. congress Is expected to rank among the great
gatherings of religious workers. Host of xh*
American bishops have pent acceptances; Sarh
diocese. In the United States will also send on« or
more clergymen and laymen, and America wyj
well represented, both in numbers and ability.. XU
the colonies will have their spokesmen, and ml*.
slonarles from every part of the. glob* ar* coining
to tell of work among native tribes. -
The programme of the congress embraces pros,
lems of diverse character, and in order to get
through the list of paper* the work baa been c.
•Mai into six sections, which will sit simulta*
neously during th • week of June 18—22.
The various sections will discuss th* Church »a 4
human society, Christian truth and other Intel
lectual forces, the Church'» ministry, missions la
non-Christian lands, missions in Christendom aa&
the Anglican communion.
To the general public perhaps th* moat mtofel
Ing section is that which will discuss th* relation*
of the Church to human society. A3 all sorts of
present day political and economic problems will
be treated. Among these ar* "Morality !r. Com
merclal Life." "Sweatshops." -Trade Tricks,'*
"Housing and Family Life." "The Drink TraSc."
"Gambling." "Capital and Labor,' "Companies aa<j
Dividends," "Morality of Control by Legislative
Action." "Labor Organization," "The rn»mr)loye«l'*
"Relief," "Religion and Wages." "Monopolies and,
Trusts" and "Christianity and Socialism."
In the second section papers wlil be read con
trasting Christian philosophy and pantheisn. and
Christian Science and agnosticism. The relations
of religion and science will be treated by Sir Dye»
Duckworth. A. C. Benson will read a paper oa
church an literature, and Leo Stracfcey will die.
cuss the ethics of journalism.
The Internal affairs of th* Church Will t* ■»
bated la the third section and In th* fourth t.'a
foreign affairs of the Church will be reviewed
The relations of the missions to g^'-'ern-neaj
and national customs form the- subject of paseri
by Sir Charles Elliott. late- Lieutenant G<rreraai
of Bengal. Colonel Montgomery and the Bishop of
Madagascar, while th* efforts of Mahometans Xa
spread their faith with special reference to Pan-
Islamtsm will be reviewed by Professor Marjall
outh. The racial problems of America. South Af
rica. China, India and th* West Indies will also
KING MANUEL IN LOVE.
Report That Portugal's Ruler He
fuses Marriage of State.
Lisbon. May 17.— Th* "Mur.do" prints a rcmanfla
story about King Manuel's attachment for ll
young daughter of a lady-in-waiting to <>■■
Am£lie. which threatens to disrupt the rrarrrmonlal
plans which ar© being laid for him. Kl-.?K 1 -.? Carlos
and Queen Am*lle were aware of th* fondness
Manuel, when a prince, for the girl, who i 3i 3 con
nected with th* highest Portuguese nobility, but
they considered It simply a childish fancy.
Since the Kind's accession a suitable aiilano wW|
a European royal house 13 regarded as a necessity
of state. Queen Amelie and th* Duke a) Oporto
have been casting ahowt to find an available prfs-
CCS3, both favoring on* el British extraction, be
cause of the close relations between the countries.
A few days ago they wer* discussing th* matter la
the King's presence, when, la their great surprise,
he suddenly announced as his unalterable choice
his early love, and proclaimed his determlnaaoa
either to marry her cr MOW '
Remonstrances on the ground of reasons of stale
were without affect, an ! as a consequ-n » the '*&•
in-waltlng and he* daughter will be asked to go
abroad, hi the hope that a long separation will «r*
th« King of his boyhood's love.
Nearly on* thousand citizens of Oporto. r»&rs
sentfng all shades of Monarchists, arrived here to
day by special train. They marched to the palaca
and presented homage to. King Manuel.
Fourteenth Annual Meeting JTill
Lake Mohonk, N. V . May XT.— The) fourteenth aB«
nual meeting of th* Lake M^honk Conference oa
Internationa! Arbitration, which will begin bl I ■
Wednesday next and which will continue throughout
Thursday and Friday, promises M be one- el the
most Interesting in the series. On« of the principal
features of the conference will be dl?cuss!o~3 of
the work of the second Bagm cortferer.te. wawni
deliberations have taken place since th* end of th«
last assemblage of the' Lake Mohonk body. '■'-*"■ oj
international reputation la the Md of diplomacy.
lawyers, members of Congress, army awl aa*S
men. business men. editors and clergymen, flgnra
In the personnel of the conference.
The presiding officer at this year's conference Is
again to be John W. Foster, formerly Secretary H
State, a member of the second Pain cor.feTesc*
and a veteran member of th- Lake Mohonk con
Two of the most Interesting departments '•" con
nection with the conference, to eaca pi whtci *
fall session has been allotted, ar? the taste*
men's movement for international arbitration as!
that of the colleges and universities, bot> of wild
There will be a Pan-American session, M whtci
addresses will be delivered by John Barrett, direc
tor of th* Bureau of American Republics: **■
Don Joaqabi P. CarrO, Minister from C^st Rica ' 9
the United States; Sefior Don Luis F Corea. \flw»"
ter from Nicaragua : Professor William R. Shepara.
of Columbia University, and! others Th-> cencfirißßg
session on Friday evening win bet as it was 'a*
year. "Th» Press and Pulpit" ■ dM with address**
by several distinguished editors and c>r?yme3.
SOCIAL NOTES FROM NEWPORT.
[By T>!e*rarh M The VMI I
Newport. R. 1.. May IT.— It was reported In >"»■*•
port to-day thar when Mrs. F. O. French r»tar=s
from Europe this week it is her Intention to trans
fer Harbor View, her Newport estat*. to her ■»'.!»*■
ter. Mrs. Alfred O. Vanderbflt.
Mrs. H. a. Rice, of Boston, will arrlv* on Thar«
day. and Barton Willing will open his '■■» ; -' en
Mrs. Primer Worden. of New York; Mrs Wl!l
lam M. Wood and Miss C. Smith, of Boston; Mr*.
David King; of Newport; C. R-rfway. of Cincin
nati, and Mi and Mrs. H. Pratt McK-an. of Fridge
Crossing. Mass.. are registered at tha MuenchlnanT,
King cottage to-night.
Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd Ahney. of New Tsrlt. «•»•
turned to their home to-day.
Mrs. C. Ogder. Jones has arrived for t&a season.
Mrs. R. M. Hunt ■ •! her son. Joseph Hunt. &»▼• -
returned to New York.
BBohaDvei made a short visit to Newport to-<J*r.
Mr. and Mrs. Louis Oouverneur Morris, •■>******
been here for a few days, have returned to >'*•
CHARLES DANA GIBSON HERE.
Charles Dana Gibson, th* artist, who fors^*
black and white two years ago to study color p«"^
ing in Europe, arrived here yesterday on th« AS*
lean liner St. Louis, accompanied by Mrs. & -
and their two children. The artist said he *°
spend his summer at his horn* on the Maine co^"
He denied reports that he had given up Wa •™"—" —
of color, and said he would return to Fraac*
th* fall and continue that work.
A CHANCE FOR MR. CARNEGIE.
from The St. Louis Republic. __
The Chicago woman who. at the age of f^?2
dance the Virgin! reel and run .i foot race ' »•
get something worth having by trading *„.!<..
*llpa .1 her life giving herb to Andrew »*["**;
Who has recently expressed n wfEBagMM *£ "»£
OB this earth many years longer than be •'-** •*
ready been her*. ■'" v _•.
From The Houston Poet. # #
A Plttsburg woman la suing for a divorco all
supporting her husband for thirty-live ye** 9 - ih^
mu.t be a hearties* tee— thoea P*.t:«:>urf
Jt, BUft be awfol v be. a maa t» nuwunti |