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Literary JVebv* and Criticism.
fie Memoirs of an Actress of the
yapoleonic Era.
Paris. June 25.
jjafienioiwlle George, "queen of the stage and
. t^nty." "was born during the ancien regime,
g^ attained the summit of her glory during
the Consulate and the Empire, and was the fa
vorite of Napoleon and the Emperor Alexander.
c»s# was the foremost actress of the romantic
o'crversent in the early 30's and she died at
Paysy In January. 1 R 67. a kind hearted old lady
c' eighty, whose life had embraced some of the
jurist changeful y.ears in the history of Europe.
Her memoirs, just published here by Plon-Nour
rit are replete with personal reminiscences,
anecdotes and episodes concerning Napoleon.
Talleyrand. Talma and many* of the prominent
political and theatrical characters of her day.
The r have exceptional fascination for all read-_
ers interested in that stirring period.
The editor who has most Judiciously put these
pages together and annotated them is M.
Cberaxny. the Parisian art collector, who as a
vonth enjoyed the friendship of Alexandra
Dumas, Dumas fsls, Frederick Lamatrre, Rachel
and Madeleine Brohan. He has taken the me
moirs from the original manuscript, written by
Mile- George in 1557 and confided by her to
Mme. Despordes-Valmore, with the idea that
that obscure and rather pedantic poetess might
Impart to thorn a certain literary charm. The
greet actre<s herself had never in her life writ
ten a line for publication, and she feared that
her Inexperience would be disastrous for her
book. By a happy chance M. Cheramy bought
at auction, at the Hotel Drouot. in l? 03. the au
thentic manuscript, fortunately untouched by
the writer's friend. It is a pity that these
souvenirs, which begin with the young girl's
debut at the Theatre Francair" In 1802, end
abruptly in ISOS — period accurately correspond
ing with the duration of her Intimacy with Xa
poleon. The editor has. however, atoned some
what for this by publishing a number of de
tached papers, letters and memoranda that carry
the record down to the Second Empire.
Mile. George was the pupil of Mile Raucourt,
the popular actress who was on most intimate
• terms ■fiith Josephine. It was Josephine her
sajf who introduced her to the First Consul, and
M". • George took part in the private theatri
cals at Saint-Cloud, those who acted with her
on •-, <= occasions being Lucien Bonaparte.
Hort»'. - c . Mme. Barcioci. and even "Madame
Mere." Bonaparte's mother. Lucien Bonaparte,
after M of these amateur performances, gave
Mile George a gold enamelled toilet set with
6 hundred louis concealed in the puffbox.
Prince Sapieha presented her with jewels and
with a costly lace veil. The young girl re
marked: "If it is to the artiste to whom you offer
these beautiful things, it is strictly in my capa
city as artiste that I accept them!" "It is
purely through admiration for the artiste that
I place thorn at your disposal, together with a
house, horses and carriages," was the reply.
Strangely enough, the venerable and eccentric
Pole spoke the truth, and his platonic attach
.-• lasted for some years. Mile. George was
now fifteen years of age. She was a dark. tall,
massive, sculptural beauty, and was forthwith
Eurrcrunded by ardent admirers. One gallant
and extravagant suitor asked permission to ar
range fcwr hair, and did so with a score of curl
papers, each of which consisted of a five hun
dred franc note.
The fascinating actress does not hesitate- to
narrate with extreme minuteness of detail he?
first serious interview with Bonaparte. It oc
curred one summer night, after a performance
of the "Misanthrope." Constant, the confiden
tial valet of Napoleon, was at the stage door
waiting for Mile. George. -Who came tripping
lightly down the stairs dressed in white and
■Rearing the lace veil that Prince Sapieha had
given her. Cesar, the First Consul's coachman,
was in readiness with a coup£ and a spirited
pair of horseE. She was driven to Saint-Cloud,
and there shown into a large room brilliantly
lighted with hundreds of candles. Bonaparte
soon entered In court dress — silk breeches
and stockings and the familiar green coat
trimmed with red. His hat was under his left
arm. "I rasa as he approached," she says, "and
"with a brusque gesture he tore away my veil."
The First Consul complimented her upon her
act!r.g. ar.d this conversation ensued:
"I am more amiably and courteous than you are."
"How so?"
'"R'hy. I ordered s<Y(i-i francs to be given you for
the Fur*-rb ffisnr.w in which you played the part
of EmeHe. I hoped, that you would ask to be pre
tested to thank ir.e in person, but the beautiful
U proud Emelie did not come."
"But I dar^d not take such a liberty."
"Bad excuse! "Were you really so afraid of me?"
"T«r
"And row?"
"Now, I am still more afraid of you."
Napoleon burst into a hearty laugh, and went
on to Mfc, "What is your full name?" "Jo
sephine-Marguerite," she replied, and her inter
locutor continued : "Josephine pleases me, I
like that name, but I am going to baptize you
Gtorgina— do«»s the name suit you?" She re
mained . .•• and confused, and he asked her
to explain h^r embarrassment. "Because," sh«
replied, "all these lights bewilder and fatigue
Ef; do have some of them extinguished." He
rang (lor iml in and said to him. "Put out
e/-.rv of these lights," turning to the actress and
asking, "Is that enough?" "No," she answered.
"extir.iruish half the candles in those huge
candelabra." "All right," he ordered, "put them
out." ar.d he turned to see if she was at last
satisfied. Then, in a good humored way, he
asked his fair visitor to tell him all about her
life and ambitions. They chatted like young
school children, she says, for half an hour. She
■Hi that he was the most charming and fasci
nating man she had ever met, brusque and often
rude, but thoughtful, delicate, witty, sentimental
and amiable. She says further:
As= 1 was about to return to Paris the First
Ccn^ui placed my shawl over my shoulders and
*our.d the lace veil around my head. He did so
with Kra<~e and tact, and. bidding me goodby.
kiffpij mo on the forehead. I very stupidly said,
rT«a have just kissed the veil that Prince Sapieha
pave m"." Bonaparte became furious at this and
tor* the veil into a hundred shred*. He pulled
efT my cashmere shawl and stamped on it. He
removed my ring — a little gold one that contained
a lork of white hair of Mile. Raucourt and broke
It. He seized mv pink coral necklace and threw
it «n the floor. I trembled with fear and had no
idea of what would happen nfJtt. To my aston
if-hment he i*,anic quite calm. and. in his agree
able, low toned, poft voice, pair; "G«*orglna, do
not p. • snpry, but when you come to Bee me you
ir.uFt not wear any ornaments except those that
' Five you." "I am no? ancry," I answered, "but
lam afraid I shall catch cold." The First Consul
forthwith laughed pleasantly, summoned Con
stant, and told him to bring at once a white
cashmere shawl and ■ large veil of beautifully
embroidered tulle. The resourceful valet soon
ProQuoed the precious garments, and Napoleon
adjusted them with hi* oxi-n hand««. then accom
panying me to the coup£ that carried me home.
Najmit-on always manifested a great liking for
tragedians. His intimacy with Talma is a mat
ter of history- Victorlen sardou, who knew
illle. Gfwrge and saw her act, when asked
what he thought of her, said: "She was one of
the most imposing actresses that France ever
produced. There was something grand, royal
and su]*rb about her. 1 haw never seen on
the stage anything so thoroughly majestic.
She was essentially Roman and Corneillian.
Napoleon, who never really appreciated any
other tragedies except those of Corneille, was
intensely f On <j of Mile. George, who was the
ideal personification of CorneiHe's heroines. No
'jne can be compared to her in Coraeillian trag
ciy. '".;. George was Roman, just as Mile.
Rachel was Grecian. With George one was in
ancient Rome. With Rachel* as Phedre or Her
niion. «..e was in antique Greene. George was.
the ideal interpreter of Corneille Just as Rachel
*•£* the inimitable trag;dif r.n; of Racine. Na
|*itoa—was c? thorough Roman textura.
I can readily understand his' infatuation for
George. Indeed, Talma and George Invoked for
Napoleon the most intense artistic emotions that
he ever experienced."
. Mile. George found in Napoleon— "The Im
mense Man," as she and her comrade Talma
used to call him— true friend and wise coun
sellor. She noticed but very little change in his
manner and demeanor after he became Em
peror. One evening at the close of a perform
ance of "Cinn'a" the Emperor sent for her. It
was the first occasion on which he had sum
moned her since his coronation. The faithful
Constant brought the message. Mile. George
writes: "I at once arranged my toilette for the
ceremony, and soon appeared at the Tuileries in
my most elaborate dress. The Emperor received
me with his u.sual frank good nature, and said:
'Heavens! how beautiful you look, and what a
magnificent gown you have on" I replied: 'Can
one be too sumptuously attired, sire, when one
has the honor of being received by your
majesty!" The Emperor quickly retorted:
'How ridiculous! What a ceremonious costume,
and what formal stilted manners! Do try and
be simple and unaffected! These straight laced,
courtly, protocol ways do not at all suit you.
Be what you really are — an excellent, good
k hearted, sensible, beautiful woman, frank and
simple!' The Emperor then chatted familiarly
for half an hour and the interview, terminated."
The minute .descriptions given by Mile. George
furnish some new and somewhat Indiscreet side
lights upon Napoleon's character. One evening
she appeared at the Tuileries wearing a superb
crown of white roses that set forth admirably
her luxuriant black hair. The Emperor, who
was in a particularly merry mood, laughingly
removed the crown, placed it on his own head
and, stepping in 'front of a mirror, said: "Just
look. Georgina! How pretty I am with your
enormous crown! I seem like a fly In a bowl of
milk!" xie then began to sing, and made her
sing wllh him, the duet in "La Fausse Magic."
beginning with the words, "Do you remember
that f€te. where they wanted to see us dance?"
Another curious Incident is related by Mile.
George. The Emperor had asked her to pose for
her portrait. "I will do so, but on one condi
tion," she said. "Ah," replied the Emperor, "I
don't like conditions But never mind— what is
It?" "Well. I want you to give me in exchange
a portrait of yourself." She adds:
The Emperor, instead of handing me a gold coin
bearing his effigy, as I had supposed he would
have done, bluntly refused to give me his por
trait. "I am getting angry." I said, and shall
ask for something else." "Ask for what you
like" he replied, "and we shall see: "Will you
ring for Constant?" "No: ring for him yourself—
I permit you." When the valet appeared I said,
-Constant fetch a air of scissors!" Napoleon
added. "Bring the scissors. Constant. , The n
turning to me. he said. "What are you going^to
cut with the scissors. I am frightened I onij
want to cut off a lock of your hair, because you
refuse me your portrait.' ."No. indeed; I have
too little hair already." I ran after him. scissors
In hand. "I promise to cut only four hairs.
"Very well; cut away, but clip the hairs so that
they will not be missed" I cut four or five
hairs. 'You see. I kept my word; but I want
more." "All right, clip away again, but don t cut
too many of them!'" I cut off a nice lock. That
is enormous!" "Oh, but I want something else;
I Insist on your giving me your portrait in minia
ture'" After a while the Emperor consented, and
a few days later I received his miniature set In
a beautiful gold frame
The "M£moires Inedits" of Mile. George con
tain many episodes written In the same light
conversational vein. It la a pity that they are
so short. The volume with its preface, notes
and appendix has less than three hundred pages.
M. Cheramy promises before long to publish the
memoirs of another great actress. Mile. Marie
rvirval. who was one of Mile. GeOTge's most
Intimate comrades, and who was opoken of as
a "Venus enrages. " c - l - B -
MAN, THE SOCIAL ANIMAL.
His Traits Studied in an Illuminat
ing Volume.
SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY. An Outline and Source
Book By Edward Alsworth Ross. gvo. pp.
372. The Macmillan Company.
The best abused man among the academics
has long beer, the sociologist, and he has
earned curses by his own hard labor. Two
heavy charges have been repeatedly lodged
against him: he- deals In vague, useless gen
eralities, and his flimsy teachings corrupt the
youth of our land. Does he not resolve all the
institutions and ideals of civilization into mere
manifestations of the psychological laws of
suggestion, impulse and habit? And in doing
this, does he not breed, In the student mind, a
saucy contempt for the Constitution, the Church
and the courts? Those who hold this opinion
will doubtless be greatly strengthened in it
after reading Professor Ross's latest volume.
Social psychology, the study of "the psychic
planes and currents that come into existence
among men in consequence of their association."
must sorely vex every thoroughgoing conserva
tive, if only because it remorselessly lays bare
the origins and transient nature of many things
which men hold dear and cherish as eternal
truths. Put, however much the conservative
may disapprove, he cannot accuse Professor
Ross of having committed the sociologist's orig
inal sin— dabbling. The present volume marks
off for itself a very definite field of research
and scours the circumscribed area in the most
scientific manner. Superficially inspected. It
seem." to depart little, if at all. from the stand
ard set by many popular sociologists who love
to tell stories about "mob hysteria." fashions,
conventionalities, etc.' But Professor Ross has
accomplished more than this easy task. He
has accumulated a mass of facts culled from
personal experiences and the grubbings of his
torians, anthropologists and psychologists. He
has ordered these facts so as to make them
point toward a definite system of fairly precise
mental laws, worthy of comparison with Gabriel
Tarde's famous laws of imitation. Finally, he
has stated these general principles in precise
summaries at the close of each chapter.
While this is "the pioneer treatise, in any
language, professing to deal systematically with
the subject of social psychology," there are very
few novelties, either of fact or of theory, in it.
This must be charged up to Professor Ross's
credit; dealing with facts, he has brought to
gether a horde of things about which all of us
have read from gme to time in the newspapers,
and his generalizations usually have a most
familiar ring. The following, taken from his
admirable summaries, are typical:
Suggestibility seems quite as pronounced among
iS^T.^^^oHn^e build up a
SSSgSiSSinras
' • % m^n": Sr£« individuality wilts and
rules of order save the J^rative «"«"
th¥ h i O SsU n takS. C«»e"C «»e" to develop to its full
power "followed by ■ corresponding reaction.
and frequently leaves minds susceptible to other
'Th^iudg^s of the leisure class are adopted
by the classes below them as superior and author
'"workincmen defer unduly to business men and
borrow from them standards which mislead them
as to their true line of effort
Women, instead of finding for themselves the
right adjustment to life, follow male opinion as
to what U proper and womanly
Personal ideals circulate more quickly than re
liefs. For this reason art needs the censor more
than science or philosophy.
The outer form of institutions lasts, whereas
the spirit and purpose change easily
The undu- prestige of a metropolis may oppress
and dwarf local life. ■
A society may be democratic without repunlat
lnc the leadership of the genuine elite.
" \ rapid and wide departure from the customary
and familiar produces in many a distress sense
i f -elf-alienation.
The proverbial energy and prosperity o*. new
XEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE, SATURDAY. JULY 4, 1908,
communities are due largely to escape from the
burden of the past.
When the spirit of custom rules every innova
tion seeks to commend itself by feigning age and
pedigree; when the liberal spirit reigns every
hoary dogma or institution strives to furnish up
to-date reasons and support.
All losing sides dread discussion and try to
stamp it out.
Agitator and compmrnicnr are both servants of
progr^s. yet each hates the other.
The agitator and the compromtsor are hardly
ever the same man. because the one Is spokesman
of a single party, the other is spokesman of all
parties
At all this the honest conservative sniffs, with
the comment that It Is nothing but a parcel of
commonplaces solemnly reworded as great
scientific discoveries. To this Professor Ross
will gladly assent, we fancy, and doubtless re
peat the observation that the new cannot be
discredited by making it out to be the old, any
more than evolution can be dismissed with
the cry that it is "a rehnsh of Lucretius." Th*
accurate systemizlng of platitudes about human
nature and society is a useful work. It "en
larges our knowledge of the individual by ascer
taining how much of hi? mental content and
choice is derived from his social surroundings.
. . . The realization of how pitiful is the
contribution we have made to what we are. how
few of our Ideas are our own. how rarely we have
thought out a belief for ourselves. . . . first
mortifies, then arouses us to break out of our
prison of custom and conventionality."
i'rofessor BOM carries his reader through th»
fascinating problems of suggestibility, the
crowd, the mob fashion, conventionality, custom
and social progress. If one-half of his pages
are filled with long citations familiar to most
readers of sociology, the repetition is always
timely and pointed. No occasion for holding up
the mirror to Americans is lost; the anecdotes
about our fads, religious and financial manias,
society sillinesses, deep rooted irrationalities,
etc.. drive home the author's contentions most
effectively just because everybody has heard
them a hundred times and knews them to be
true. Nor is the convincing power of this huge
bulk of evidence shaken by occasional misinter
pretations. In explaining the function of leisure
classes. Professor Ross appears to fail now and
then through mere unfamiliarity with the "real
thing": for instance, he revives Grant Allen's
angry sneer at the English Society of Authors,
which allows its annual dinner to be presided
over, "not by Thomas Hardy or William Morris,
not by Robert Louis Stevenson or Andrew Lang,
but — by a casual lord, who has written a book
let, fished up by hook or crook from the squares
of Belgravia." This and like opinions about
other aristocracies suggest that Professor Ross
shares the blindness of many other democrats
who do not realize how great a blessing
it is for a society of busy men. geniuses, and
poor folks to have a leisure class which is will
ing and able to discharge the purely formal, ex
pensive and indispensable functions of toast
mastership, entertainment and the like. On this
topic he might profitably have listened to Georg
Simm-?1 or some other sociologist familiar with
the Inner workings and needs of a highly or
ganized, fairly stable society. The most serious
fault of his book would have been largely avoid
ed in that case. Happily, though, the formal
functions of leisure classes are not the things
about which American students most need to
learn. We can readily forgive Professor Ross's
shortcomings in this matter because he has laid
bare the more vital social traits, good and bad.
of the human mind, and in a manner calculated
to awaken thought.
BOOKS AXD AUTHORS.
Current Talk of Things Present
and to Come.
The John Lane Company announces a special
extra number of the "International Studio." illus
trating "Art in England During the Elizabethan
and Stuart Periods." It will contain many
drawings In black and white and In colors, in
cluding reproductions of sketches made by Will
iam Twopenny during the early part of the last
century of houses which have since been de
molished. The architectural details shown will
embrace chimneys, fireplaces, ceilings, and so
on, and space will be given to furniture and em
broidery.
M. Etiennfi Moreau-Nelaton has Just published
in Paris the fruits of his investigations into the
history of the Clouets and the Dv Monstier
brothers, the official portrait makers of the
French court. It Is to be hoped that his page 3
will be put into English, for his subject is one
on which new light has long been desired by
art students.
The Rev. W. A. B. Coolidge is publishing 1 —
very appropriately, considering the weather — a
book on "The Alps." In the first par* he
traverses the political history of his subject, and
the story of Alpine exploration past and pres
ent, with separate chapters on guides, natural
history and the beauty of the Alps at different
seasons of the year. In the second part of the
book the main divisions of the Alps are specifi
cally treated under twenty groups.
Readers who have a soft spot in their hearts
for the picaresque literature of Spain will be
glad to hear that they are soon to have a really
satisfactory translation of "Lazarillo de Ton
nes," which is known in English, but not In a
precisely consummate version. Sir <"lement9
Markham has been translating this classic from
the first Burgos edition. Doubtless In his intro
duction he will definitively discuss the question
as to whether or not the book was written by
Don Diego Hurtado de Mendoza. "Lazartllo" is
not a pretty hook. Mr F. W. < 'handler, in his use
ful little work on "The Literature of Roguery,"
thus indicates its drift* "Its rogue jauntily re
counts his rise through service with a blind beg
gar, a miserly priest, a proud hidalgo, an in
dulgence seller, a busybody friar, a painter, a
chaplain, and an alguazil. to the dignities of town
crier and complacent husband of an arch-priest's
mistress." Nevertheless, this classic, for Its in
trinsic qualities and for its relation to a literary
species, will always be valued by the literary
connoisseur.
Mark Pattison. the great man of Oxford, the
original of Casaubon in "Middlemarch." and the
husband of the brilliant woman who as his
widow became Lady Dilke.. was not a handsomo
P er=on There is a story in the "Contemporary
Review" which has amusing reference to this
fact A certain eccentric Oxford FVllow mar
ried and took a college living, and to the par
sonage one day came Pattison and West to dis
cuss some expenditure *hich the ex-Fellow and
hie wife wished the college to undertake. "Pat
tison stiffly refused, and Just then the baby was
brought in, and. being exhibited to Pattison. be
gan to <ry The mother took the child and
dandled it. saying, 'Poor little thing; was It
frightened, then, at the nasty, great ugly man? 1
So the lady had her revenge."
Students of Milton have known of a lost por
trait of the poet, painted by Cornells Jansen
and engraved by Cipriani. This portrait, show
ing Milton at the age of ten. was recently dis
covered in the collection of Mr. Pasmore Ed
wards and has been placed in the exhibition at
Christ's r-ollege, Cambridge, organized In com
memoration of the poet'" tercentenary-.
\nv nibbling objections to Mr. Stephen Ber
nen Stanton's way of writing in "The Essential
Life" (Charles Scribners Sons) are headed off
by an august precedent quoted in the chapter
on Expression. "Whatever most rests on rea
son." the author tells us. "needs none, the uni
verse contents itself with statement." Whether
Mr. blAQton teeks to be in tune with the uni
verse in the matter of style, or feels that the
exigencies of edification make mere proof an
impertinence, or whether, with Oliver Gold
smith, he can argue best by him*elf. his chap
ters maintain a magisterial complacency which
never quivers. One rarely comes across such
a bookful of staccato passages and indicative
moods.
As portrayed by Mr. Stanton, "The Essential
Life" Is built on the belief that all great events
happen in the mind, and that if we did nothing
but think beautiful thoughts the world's reform
would be at once accomplished. In such a
world view there Is, of course, nothing for tears.
As the author assures us, the forces of nature
are against evil, and will sweep us clean of It
If we but let them enter. Even to readers who
cannot be persuaded that we need no longer be
girt about by "the ringed fixity of fact." Mr.
Stanton's moral generalizations may prove use
ful. They are put in an unusual way. and they
serve to reinforce the lesson involved In Bacon's
fine saying, "The souls of the living are the
beauty of the world."
There is to be a new book about Thomas a
Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury. It Is being
written by Father Hugh Benson, a member cf
a writing family. He has hitherto been known
as a contributor to romantic fiction.
Dr. A. T. Robertson's "Epochs in the Life of
Jesus" (Charle* Scrlbner's Sons) is offered as
a presentation "in the light of modern knowl
edge," yet It takes no serious account of recent
research In New Testament problems. The steps
by which the Cross and triumph of Jesus were
achieved are, however, reverently traced, and
their lessons cogently appplied.
Apropos of the birthday celebration which cer
tain admirers of Tolstoy have been seeking to
arrange, Mr. C. K. Shorter printed an inquiry as
to whether the Russian novelist kne-w anything
Of the writings of half a dozen living English
men. Tolstoy's friend and translator, Mr. Ayl
mer Maude, responded with a 'etter, which Mr.
Shorter thus summarizes:
He tells me that Tolstoy once praised Mr. W.
P. Howells. saying. "All that I know of Howells is
to me very sympathetic." Edward Carpenter he
declared to be a worthy successor tc, Carlyle and
Ruskin. Olive Schreiner's "Dreams" he did not
like. Mrs. Humphry Ward he spoke well of, and
some of Mr. H. S. Salt's writings he arranged to
have translated into Russian. "To complete the
half a dozen names of living men you ask for."
Mr. Maude continues, "his daughter in a. letter
just to hand tells me h"r father's strength has
been failing. He has recently had two se\ - er<»
fainting fits and he abstains as much as he can
from literary work, but he has been reading Mr
Bernard Shaw's "Major Barbara."
Dr. Robertson Nicoll has for some time been
engaged upon a niography of the Rev. John
Watson, better known as lan Maclaren, and
one of the pillars of the Kailyard school of fic
tion. The book Is nearly completed, and will
soon be published.
Few foreign travellers in Italy are acquainted
with the country of the Abruzzi, that region
which lies to the east about the centre of the
peninsula. Miss Anne Marrdonell has written a
book on Its picturesque aspects, its monuments,
its people, and Its manners These last are
rather lawless, by the way, and should yield
some interesting material. The Illustrations,
made by Miss Amy Atkinson, will be reproduced
in colors.
Mr. John Bumpus has written a "History of
English Cathedral Music" in which he. critically
discusses the work of all the great church com
posers from the Reformation to practically the
present time. His illustrations include not only
portraits but facsimile scores.
The tercentenary celebrations at Quebec are
to be marked by the publication of a new book
by Mr. A, G. Bradley, author of "The Fight with
France." It is called "The Making of Canada^ —
1763-1814."
The death of Francois Copp4e has. of course,
led to the printing of many anecdotes about
him. It li said in the "Figaro" that he lived
surrounded by cats of all kinds. So much did
he love these pets that, fearing to leave them
uncared for when he died, he took pains In his
last years to give most of them away to his
friend.-. At the end there were only two left,
a young black and white cat and a venerable
creature named Isabelle. Both of these are
being well looked after by his old servant.
Alfred H. Miles, author of "One Thousand and
One Anecdotes," has prepared a new volume
along similar lines. This. "The New Anecdote
Book," is published by Whtttaker.
Mr. W. E. Norris Is a novelist from whom we
hear only too seldom, and so we are glad to
note the early publication of a new story by
him, called "Pauline," The heroine is a beau
tiful actress who shows great unselfishness
toward the young Englishman who unwisely
falls In love with her. The book contains tragic
incidents. The latest novel written by Mr. Eden
Phillpotts and soon to be expected is called "The
River."
BOOKS OF THE WEEK.
ART AND ARCHITECT" "IE.
JJJW KL.LERT. By H. Clifford Smith. M. A. Illustrated.
Bvo, pr xlvll. 400. (G. p. Putnam's Eons.)
In "The Connoisseur's Library." edited by Cyril
Davenport. A history of th*> goldsmith's art from
the ancient Egyptians to modern times.
A HISTORY OF ART. By Dr. G. Carotti. Vol. I. An
cient Art. Revised by Mrs. Arthur Strong. Lltt.
D.. LL.D With five hundred Illustrations. 12mo. pp.
xxvlil. 420. (B. P. Dutton & Co.)
This volume embraces a history of th« art cf Ejcypt.
Assyria and Persia. Greece and ancient Italy. The
translation Is by Mil's Alice Tortd. and a special
bibliography for English students has been Included.
GARItBXS OU> AND HEW. The Country House and Its
Garden Environments. Edited by H. Avray Tlppln*.
M. A. Illustrated frrm photographs by Charles
Latham. Vol. 111. Folio, pp. xl. 346. (Imported by
Charlrs Scrlbr.fr> Sons.)
Historical notes and descriptions of iom» thirty
English estates. Illustrated with fine halftone plate«.
OLD COTTAGES AND FARMHOUSES IN SUR.RET.
With one hundred illustrations from photographs
specially taken by W. Galsworthy Davie. With an
introduction and numerous sketches by W. Curtis
Green. Svo, pp. xlv. 170. (William Helburn.)
A collection of finely reproduced plates, with brief
descriptive text an.l line drawings illustrating detail*
of construction and decoration.
BIOGRAPHY.
KING EDWARD VI. An Appreciation. By Sir Clement»
R. Markham. K. C. B. Illustrated. Bvo, pp. xvi.
25fi. (E. P. Dutton & Co.)
An estimate of his character as man and King, his
religious reforms, his study of sjeogTaphy and promo
tion of commerce.
LEAVES FROM A LIFE. 8 vo. pp. 367. (Brentano's.)
Reminiscences of an Englishman born In the 40-s;
with sketches of writers, artists and other more or
less notable personalities.
FAMOUS FRENCH SALONS. By Frank Hsjnel. Illus
trated. Bvo. pp. xvi. 34.. ißrentano •.)
Vme de S«vi(rne Ninon do Lenclos. "La. Grand*
MHd^molielie" Mmc n- Stael and .Tulle, de L#«P»
"£™re som- of the famous women sketched In .fit.
volume.
r-oT^viTT mrXDrTH^N U. P- A Memoir. By Re*l-
Bvo p^^rl. 395. (E. P. Dutton A Co.)
476 (Boeton: Uttle. Brown & Co.)
This voiu^ls^o^d to th c
b^rv a CavJnT Halher.ey. Selbome. Hai.burr and
Herschell.
FICTION.
PITP . B A FIDDLER. By Edwin George Plnkham.
FAT Hlust™ted by Lester Ralph. «m.. pp. vl. 41«.
(Boston: Small. Maynard A Co.)
The story of a lost will.
pany.)
\ lovr story The Fcer.es are laid In Germany
anil America.
JULIE'S DIARY. A Personal Record. 12mo. pp 301.
(Boston: John W Luce * v.)
The story of a Dani«h girl.
THE MAD SCIENTIST. A Tale of the Future. By
Rat4.nd . McDonald Illustrated by Charles
Belcher Bunnell. U'mo. pp. •* 243. (Cochrans
Publishing Company
THE MYSTERY OF MONASTERY FARM By H. R-
Naylor. 12mo, pp. m. (Eaton * Mains.)
The story of a bank robbery. . .';!;. _, ■;,
THE NEW EAST LTNNE. By Clara Morris 12mo.
' pp .126. >c H. Do«-her & Co.)
THE PHILOSOPHER'S MARTYRDOM. A s»«lrs. By
Paul Cams. Illustrated by O. Kop«t«ky. 12rno.
pp. 67. (Chleara: Open Court Publishing Com
pany > £ .
HISTORY.
IKB KING'S CUSTOMS. An Account of Maritime
Revenue and Contraband Traffic In Encland. Scot
land and Ireland from th« Earliest Times. ■■-> the
Tear 1900. By Henry Atton and. Henry Hur«t
Holland. With preface by F. 8. Parry. C. B.
Illustrated. Bvo. pp. xil. 4»». (E. P. Dutton
• * Co.)
JUVENILE.
BETTT AT THE RECTORY By Mrs L. T. Meade.
Illustrated. 12mo, pp. 370. (Gro*»«t it Dunlap. )
LITERATURE.
THE DEFENCE OF POF.SIS A Letter to Q. Eliza
beth. A Defence of Leicester. By Sir Philip
Sidney. Edited by G. E. Woodberry. Bro. pp.
xlx. 127. (Boston: The Merrymount Press.)
The fourth volume in ••The Humanists* Library.**
■ edited by Lewis Einstein. The edition is limited
to three hundred and three copies.
MISCELLANEOUS.
THE TWENTIETH CENTURY AMERICAN. Belnf a
Comparative Study of the Peoples of the two
Great Anfrlo-Saaon Nations. By H. Perry Robin
son. Illustrated. Svo. pp. xll. 483. (G. P. Put
nam's Sons.)-
MAGIC SQUARES AND CUBES. By W. 8. Andrews.
"With Chapters by Paul Carus. L. B. Frierson and
C. A. Browr.e. Bto. pp. vl, 19». (Chicago: Open
Court Publishing Company.)
ELEMENTARY EXPERIMENTS IN PSYCHOLOGY.
By Carl E. Seashore. 12mo, pp. 218. (Henry
Holt A Co.
HANDBOOK OF LEARNED SOCIETIES AND INSTI
TUTIONS. Svo, pp. vlll. 502. (Carnegie InstKa
tlon of Washington.)
The Institutions of the United States and the
adjacent Islands are given In this volume, to
gether with notes op the American schools at
Athene. Rome and In Palestine.
ARGUMENTATION AND DEBATING. By William
Trufnnt Foster. 12mo, pp. xviil. 4 1 **? iHounhton.
Mifflln &■ Co. f ••--::
THE REAL BRYAN. Being Extracts from the
Speeches and Writings of "A 'Well-Rounded Man."
Compiled by Richard L Metcalfe. 12mo. pp. 320.
(Dcs Molnes: Personal Help Publishing Company.)
ARMY AND NAY! NEWS
Enlistments for Full Term of Three
Years.
[From The Tribune Bur»*n.l
Washington, July 3.
MUST MAKE UP LOST TIME.-It ha been dis
covered that the army appropriation act of May 11
contains phraseology -which will require that here
after enlisted men who have been absent without
leave, as <H."»tin«ru!she<i from desertion, must mak*
good the time thus lost. In the case of men who
enlisted before May 11 the making up of this time
Is optional with them, and It will depend on
whether they are going to re-enllst a« to any ad
vantage It will be to them should they make up
this time, but they must do so If they wish to
take full advantage of what is known as con
tinuous service, pay. Those who enlisted after the
act was signed will be obliged by its terms to
make up the time lost whenever absent without
leave. This Is for the reason that the law re
quires that every enlistment shall be of the Ml
complete term of three years, except when there
is special authority given for premature discharge.
COMMISSIONED WARRANT OFFICERS.— A
new term is to be employed In the designation of
certain members of the naval personnel. Warrant
officers are those whose places are secured by
warrants signed by the Secretary of the Navy.
Commissioned officers are those who have com
missions signed by the President. It Is now pro
posed to designate chief boatswains, chief gun
ners, chief sailmakers and chief carpenters as
"commissioned warrant officers." This describes
their positions and the authority for their appoint
ment. They are warrant officers who have been
commissioned. This is the term used In the English
service, from which the method of appointment
was copied. It is expected by the naval authori
ties that there will be some criticism of the desig
nation, but it is an accurate description of the
conditions attending this particular class of the
naval personnel.
MILITARY BEFORE CIVIL TRIALS— The War
Department is impressed with the number of eas»s
enlacing its attention lately having to do with
soldiers who were arrested or threatened with ar
rest by civilian authorities for offences committed
agalns the civil government. In cases where thers;
Is an allegation of crime It Js desirable that the
military authorities take the first step and secure
the enlisted man from ctvll trial until the military
authorities can take action. This can » done only
by immediately acting and without waiting for
civil authorities to arrest a soldier who Is under
charges. There seems to be some misunderstanding
among army officers as to how or when su-h action
should be taken. It Is desirable, however, that
there be the least possible delay In having the
military authorities act In these peculiar cases re
fore the representatives of the civil government.
Instructions to this effect have been sent to officers.
TORPEDO RENDEZVOT^S.— It has been decided
to make the new navy yard at Charleston. S. C..
the headquarters of the torpedo tout flotillas on the
Atlantic Coast. Possibly aa allied station will be
eventually established at Key West. Fla.. and
maybe it will be found necessary to have a North
ern sub-station. But for the present the intention
is to fit out Charleston only for this purpose. Large
slips are being built, equipped with railway facili
ties for the handling of the boats, which will be
hauled out of the water periodically. The idea is
to construct storage places, where they may be
placed out of the water when they are not in use.
In this condition they will be kept reader for ser
vice, and It will be a simple matter to put their
seagoing supplies on hoard and slip them into the
water. The first work In this direction will b«
done under the bureau of yards and dock* of the
Navy Department. It consists of the construction
of specially designed slips, to cost about $50,000.
ORDERS IBSrED.-The following orders have
been !«iued:
ARMY.
Lieutenant CoJon.l ALEXIS B. PAXTON. to 24» I-
Cap-aCT ROGER BROOKE Jr. medical mji. from S«r.
vm\ hoßDlta! Fort Bayard, to proper station.
WmrTieutenant HENRY H. MOORE. Philippine PcAUt*
to Army and Navy General Hospital. Hot Springs.
First uewnan MARK L. IRELAND, ordnan.e *»P«rt-
MINTYRE.' medical corps, from the Philippines. Sep
tember I.i to San Francisco.
Ch^'aTn MICHAEL G. DORAN .first lJeu»-mant). a
s£ned wart artillery, to Fort Screrem August . t^-h
Leave, of absence— First Lieutenants SIDNET H. '.'TH
RTF and RALPH E. HERRING. coa.« art lllery. on«
month from August 1; Major CHARLES G- TREAT^
3d Field Artillery, two month.; C*pt%ln EDWARD
P. NOMES. quartermaster, July 23 to September 3.
. - NAVT.
Commodore T. PORTER (retired), detached Naval Home,
C.mm hIPh 1P H ia MoSR (retired), detache* th. ™-
Ca P t < a'm Sln H hO w": HARRISON ,rettred). detach** the
CMtaln'T b'r^N^om. 'mm Newport MiM •• B *nn
C V %. CommaruTer O. XABMMERUNO » bureau of
steam engineering;: vice Commander B. C. BKJA-n.
nill .r,r? F ird E. P B^AT^d««~he« the Charfeston: to
CbnSSS^M^xT^SK- detacher nay, yard. FM.a
wi!TLUrhtnot.se District. Portland, vire Captain 1
wfh LUhtnouse District. Portland, vice Captain P- i.
WERIJCH (retired), to home. «-.«-,,.,
Commander W. S. HOGG, continue «« m » B * "L*^^
Commander E. LLOTD. Jr.. detached Oth Lighthouse Dls
- -?-* 5*2 Ta'rKS. detached bureau of .team
engineering ' to Inspection duty Newport N#"ws.
Commfndtr F* M ° BENNETT detached nary yar* Pj£
ola: detailed Inspector In chance .th ".^paT
District. Key West, vice Commander B. TAI v A>
gSSS member board of Inspection and survey.
U^nant^mman^er »! £ DOWLAS, to navy yard.
LtauliSSSr'R. MM detached m* Maine; to naval
Lleu'te^ tm £**.*?' ROPER. U> char.- r^rnftln.. d— ;
land vice -v.mmander W P WHITE, to command
H^VTra'kE. H. G KNOX.nd, MATX,NS.
Ensign C. 5. GRAVES, detached the Nebraska, to tne
Missouri.
MOVEMENTS OF WARSHIPS.-The following
movements of vessels have been reported to the
Navy Department:
ARRIVED
2? "tS»in2«tl *t . allfornia c.ty the *h!pp!..
the Hull Ratale-. the Cleveland and Denver at
juK £-The Rainbow, th. Cleveland and th. Denver at
' Hankow.
SAILED.
July ••—The Standlsh. fr«im Annapolis for New London.
th"- cyich. from Oyster Bay for navy yirtf, Netr
Vork r th. Wisconsin, from Mare Island fas California.
cm 'the "Whlpple, the Hull and the KMriarp from
San Fr»ncUco for Mare laiaa/
HOW TO COOK FISH. By '--■—• Green, t*B». pp.
v. 52% id. P. Putnam" • Sons.) - "—>'-'
NATURE STUDY.
CTCLOPEDIA OF AMERICAN AGRICCI-TUKIL^ *
Popular P-j.-.t of Arricnltural Conditions. Pra^ticj
and Ideals In the Cnite<j States and Canada- Editj«
by U H. Bailey. WWII 100 full pa»» plates an*
* mor* than S.!*^ illustrations In tnU In fOT* •»*"
umes. -i. HI. Animals. 4th PP. SB*, •<». <"•
MacznlUan Company.)
POETRY.
RrrLXETS OF SONG. By Percfral D. iteTaHam.
12mo. pp. 37. (Broadway PubUshJnsj Company.)
POEMS. By Elliabeth Hwtaa* Freston. 12tao. pp. 14*
(Broadway Publishing Company.) v
RELIGIOUS.
qHRISTIANITT IN THE UNITED STATES. By J©&»
Franklin Voucher 12n»o. pp. 33. (Eaton * UMizOL)
REPRINTS.
THE GOrRMEXS GUIDE TO EUROPE. By IJeut«naa«
Cblon-H. Newnham Davlea. Second edition. l«mo. pp.
xv. 3151 (Brentano's.)
Reviewed m The THb-rav* of Sunday. Jane »■
SOILS AND FERTILIZERS. By Harry Snyder. B. &
Third edition. ISno. pp. iv. 390. (The MaaaOSSJ
Company.)
TRAVEL AND TOPOGRAPHY.'
GRANADA: PRESENT AND BTGONE. By Albert T.
Calv^rt. With twenty illustrations In coUV. e««I»t
halftone Illustrations and numerous drawings in tb«
•■-,- »vo. pp. xvlll. 343. (E. P. Dutton * C<x>
Containing a history of the elty. a t||Hos» of
the Moorish remains and an essay on the wotn «*
A).->nsn ian-i. with » MM of rtw most tmpor-ant
,-r-ulptiires earrings and other works ascrttied to fitra.
NEW ZEALAND AT HOME- By Hon. R. A. LrfMBSjMSL
«M. U. C Illustrated. 12mc. pp. Tit. 224. (Impor»««
by Charles Scribner's Sens.)
t>e«<-rtDinir the domestic Mf» of **• r«"©pS«. *• *■-
dustrles and arts, the political and adrnlalstratfrs «y»
. tern. mil so nn.
IV THE TRACK OF* R. L. FTEVENSOJf AND El**-
WHERE IN OLD FRANCE. By J. A. HamuMMa,
Illustrated. 12nio, pp. xli. S3- (B. P. Duttan •
Co i
F<->!i"w'Ti« the route. described In "An Island Vo*«
age" and In "Travels With a Donkey." ■
NEW WORLDS INTRENCHiNG BECOEDS.
Blue Army Likely To Be Declared Victor
at Pine Camp.
Pine Camp, N. T.. July 3.— Two world's no
ords for Intrenching troops were broken last nigh*,
by Company H. of th» engineers" corps, dnrinjr the
attack on Watertown. Private* Barry, BJviars and
LJndaman clipped several seconds off the prerlou**
record for building ore trench nine feet Ion*!
four feet deep and four feet wide. their tim» Vine I
one hour and five minutes. The company brok*j
the record for Intrenching an entire company br'
30 minutes, the time being one hour and 30 minutes, i
At each end of the army a redoubt was put up _
and at 4 o'clock this morning the Blue) army dyna
mited the bridge in the rear of the Hog's Back.
The Blue army was retreating during the mtnew
vres last night, and if it did so in good order. *•'
it apparently did, It will be declared the victor.
lieutenant V S. Grant. 3.1. and Mr*. Grant, th».
latter a daughter of Secretary Root. arrtvwd la
camp this morning and Mrs. Frederick D Grant la'
expected to-morrow.
TIME OF FLEET'S DEPARTURE.
Washington. July 3.— The Atlantic fleet of battle
ships. which is to sail from San Francisco on July,
7 for Honolulu, on its trip around the world. wUI,
leave the Golden Gate at 2 p. m. An announcement?
to this effect was made at the Navy Department'
to-day.
ARTILLERY ORDERED TO (FORT TOTTEN.
Washington. July 3.— General iJ. Franklin Bell.,
the chi»f of staff of the army, has issued order»
to the 16oth and 167 th companies of coast artillery.^
now on duty at Fort Monroe, Va., to proceed lot
Fort Totten New York, for station on or about*
August 1.
DIPHTHERIA AT NAVAL PRISON.
"Washington. July 3.— Actinr- Secretary Newberry,
received word to-day of twenty cases, real and sas
pec-ed, of diphtheria at the naval prison at Boston.
Orders rave been given, to transfer the men ta\
tents In the navy yard for a thorough disinfec
tion of the prison and for extra medical help. Mr.
Newberry left here to-day for New England for,
a visit of a week on business of the Navy £>•*{
partment. He first will go to Boston, and afteW
ward will select a site for the new naval ho»-j
pltal at the training- station on Goat Island, nea»"
Newport.
CHANGES IN ENGINEERING BUREAU,
Washington, July 3.— lncidental to the appoint
ment of Captain John K. Barton as chief of tb»
bureau of steam engineering 1 of the navy, sevsrai
chances have been made in the personnel of ••*■•-
bureau. Captain Albert F. IMclcson. assistant chief
of the bureau, -will succeed Rear Admiral J. A. 3.
Smith (retired), as ctfef inspector of machinery,
with headquarters at New Tork. Commander R. j
3. Griffin, now In the bureau, will become assistant}
chief, succeeding Captain Dickson. Oomman<i«r !
G. Kaemmerlinsr, now inspector for th« Maaa»u:htt
setts district, has b*-en ordered to duty in th«
bureau at Washington. Captain Barton will b*
succeeded as head of the department of oteasv
engineering at League Tsland. by Commander B»
C. Bryan, now on duty in Washington.
LIEUT. TURNER REDUCED IN RANK,
Oyster Bay. July i— President Roosevelt to-day
approved the recommendation of the Secretary off
War In the case of First Lieutenant Frederick E.
Turner, of the 6th Cavalry, Department of Missouri.
that he be reduced fifty marks in rank for irregu
larity in his accounts. Lieutenant Turner wj*
tried by court martial in Omaha, found guilty and,
recommended to be dismissed. The Secretary rf
War found the irregularities were unintentional,!
and Instead of dismissal recommended reduction ii»
rank.
MR. STRAUS TO INSPECT LIGHTHOUSES^
Boston. July The lighthouse service all along
the New England coast Is to be personally In
spected by Secretary Straus of the Department a&
Commerce and Labor, who lerft port to-day a&oaxa
the lighthouse tender Mayflower. Secretary Strauss*,
tour will last about a month. He has his ffcrnlljg
with him.
' LINCOLN CENTENAB.Y COMMITTEE.
Mayor' Names 178 Men to Arrange for
Celebration in This City.
Mayor McClellan 'made public yesterday th».
names of the member* of the committee appointed!!
by him to arrange for a suitable celebration of:
the centenary of Abraham Lincoln. The list, whir hi;
is made up of 178 names, includes many of ti:»"
most prominent residents of the city in vartou»
branches of activity. Some of those named by th«i
Mayor are
Dr. Lytr.an Abbott. t>- O Mil>.
Cornelius N. BilM. J. PISISjSSJi Morgan.
Joseph H. '-home. Charles S. M»llen.
Andrew Carnefrie. Adolph S. Och«.
Georse B. Cortelyou. Alton B. Parker.
Hush Hastlny- I John D Rockefeller.
Franklin Chase Hoyt. Elihu Root.
Oeor*e Harrey. . Whttelaw Reid.
Seth Low Benjamin F\ Tracy.
Hart Lyman. Horace White.
William M. Laffan.
Mr. Choate is the chairman. Hugh Hastings*
vice-chairman, said that an executive comrr.itte*
would be appointed, and that in the fall th«rs>
would be a meeting of the whole committee to con
sider what form the celebration should take. Mr.
Hastings suggested that a memorial arch be built
to mark the 100 th anniversary of Lincoln's birth.
Books and Publications.
THE T\rxj3xr
By Rene Bazin $1.00
The Bovel of th« day in X n « 1 * r_«l and Fr.-mre. .
Rare Books and Prints in Europe*
"^5 «_""• -I CHOICE ENGRAVINGS
OSL D 1 11 » Prints. Amenc-n*. I» «f
. _ . - x Prints. Americana. A.O.U
(Frank T.) "FINE AND'-'RARa
118. Shaftesbury BOOKS. V A LU A B L B
AJL?«riSSS W. J AUTOGRAPHS.
1 4 4 LL-OUT-OF-PRINT-BOOKS" write ms:
can r»t you any bos* «v# r published oa • *»T
•ab>«. tS So.. -^.^^^'^SS-BAVeV*
O^EAT BCOK SHOP. John Brt«at St. B»rmla*»«.
8
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