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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, July 04, 1908, Image 6

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s* Amusements.
AERIAL OAROTN— -2:lß— «:3O— The Merry "Widow.
, ASTOR— 2:»V-«:S*— Paid In FulL
■3BLANETT6 — S:l!U- 8:15— Our Clndw^lla.
CrßCLE>— 2:ls— The K»Try-o<v-Boun<L .
COvn' I£UANl>— Luna Fork. Boetoclc'«. Et*«pleclias«,
Dre«'v
t>ALT*S— 2:ls— € :l^— Clrla.
EI'EN Mt'PEE— The Worlfl In tTax-
KAMMKR^TKIN -2—2 — Vaudeville.
HERALD JSQUARE— 2:ls— S:K— Three T^sa»-
JARI>IN' DE 3 * IN-Fnllt<* of IK* _.„_
KKKTCRRF -v-K- ■•• ■ ■ ' -r--The Tarkee rrlnce.
11/WfON €<JCARE ROOF GARDEN— S:3O— Sld-Hl.
NE^V YORK— S:»— S:3rt— I.amb^
~ Index to Advertisements.
Pare. Col. | Fa*» CoL
■ATnwTner.ts 14 6-61 Instruction « '
.Backers * Brokers.. 12 1 l«« * Fo " 11^;;"." 7 «
•Bc*rd * Room. » rjM«rri«re« &!>*"»•••' «
Bocire IT PnbHcafn*. 8 6Q(«i> Steamers.- ... 1* «
BuHne«= Cb«nc*e....ll « Proponali. '. 11 4
Carpet ClearJnK 11 « Rallrf«.4» " J
-•CoStrr Board 14 f. Real K«t«te, ...... | fi
IMvldenrt Notice. ....!!• I B«l Estate for Fal«. S «
'%» Sits. Wanted.. 11 ■ TlruvlnK* Pank» « «
E^Srrfons XI 3 \ School A f enrle, 13 «
Eur.-re«n -Vi-. Is .9 l-tlSperial Notice. 1 «
Fin.ncial Meeting.. l 21 1 Steamboat. " _£
Foreclosure Sale*... 18 « ! Pum:n- K««trt« 14 4-«
Tore!*™ R«^-t« . 9 3-6 Th.. Turf . . . -,;■.,„.- l *
Furnished Rooms to To I^t fr»r Bu.«lnes.
Lrf-t 11 5] Piirrose* .-•-• ; ft
:F-urr.: F-urr.i S hea H<mses to «!^li bun^ Su lSl2 12 «
Help Wart «.-... 11 TVork %agr.:""» C
SATURDAY, JFLT 4, IPOS.
f Thin netcupaper is owned and published hy
" The Tribune Association, a New York corpora
tion ; office and principal place of business. Trib
une Building, \p. 15$ Nassau ftreet, New York;
Opden Mills, president; Nathaniel Tuttle, teo
, rctary and treasurer. The address of the offi
i cers it the office of this piper.
■■- ■ ./ ••- ■
TEE WBWB THIS MORXIXG.
' FOREIGN. — two hundred persons killed
In the mine at Toaov<o were buried, and 150
others are imprisoned in the pit. fire having
broken out: three women dropped dead from the
fhock of peeing- their husbands' bodies.
The King, and Queen of Wlirtemberg made trips
in Count Zeppelin's airship above their castle
grounds, near Friedrichßhafen. — - Marquis
Saionjl and hi? Cabinet will tender their resigna
tions to the Japanese Emperor to-day; Marquis
'Katfura if believed to have the best chance of
becoming Premier. ===== The reactionary forces
In Tabriz renewed their action apalnst the
troops of the Shah; foreign residents are be-
Ueved to be safe. =s= Advices received in Mex
ico City nay that Guatemala and Salvador will
Join forces* against Nicaragua and Honduras,
and that either Zelaya or Cabrera will be chosen
"President of the United .Central American
1 States. =rr— = Twenty men were imprisoned by
an explosion in a mine at Las Espe.ranzas. be
longing- to the Mexican Coal and Coke Com
pany, and/no hope of their rescue la entertained.
===== President F*rreira of Paraguay, aecom
-panied by the Minister of War. has taken com
mand of the troops marching to suppress the
: rebellion at Itape.
DOMESTIC. — There was a sharp clash be
.tween Charles F. Murphy and ex-Judpe Alton
B. Parker at Denver over the presentation of a
tribute to drawer Cleveland in the Democratic
National Convention. = = Ex-Secretary Taft
left W'.T-hinrtoi) for Hot Springs, Va., after
. holding Foveral important conferences on politi
cal matters. ' ■ Joel Chandler Harris died at
his Atlanta home, after a abort illness, a^ed
sixty years. ■ :: Seven persons were killed, at
least two ethers were fatally burned and thirty
others were severely hurt by a fire following; an
explosion of fireworks in a Cleveland store.
== Herman Ridder visited William J. Bryan
at Lincoln, Neb., and asked him to withdraw
as a Presidential oandidate: Mr. Bryan did not
consent to do so. ==:= Mrs. Stella Parker,
" known as Mademoiselle Novi, was fatally in
jured bsr an accident to her automobile while
looping "the pap at Luna Park. PlttatMßrg- =====
It -was raid at Denver that William F. Conners
•would succeed Norman E. Mack as Democratic
' national eommlttreman from New York State.
■■-_ .. - Two world's records for intrenching troops
were 'broken by Company H of the engineers
corps at Pine Camp, N. Y.
CITY. — Stocks dull and firm. " " ' Charges of
graft were made against the Labor Information
Office for -Italians, ■ local institution subKidized
by the liaMan eminent- = . ■■ Acting District
Attorney Elder of Kings County said he would
appeal frpm.. Justice BiscnofTs ruling in the
betting .cases— ===== Receivers were appointed
for the U«ited Boxhoard and Paper Company,
a 525.050, f)W> combination. - — — "Jack" Qormley,
the house burplar -who jumped his bail, surren
dered to the police after his wife had dictated
terms. ===== The Public Service Commission
showed itself ready to use evory expedient to
force ror;t;nuati -n of service on the "Belt
Line."" — = Lou Payn heartily praised Mr.
Taft. ===== Herbert J. Rspgood and his secre
tary were released on reduced bail. . Pro
fessor Marvin came from Cornell to say groodby
to Commander Peary and his men, but signed
for another expedition. =t-^t^ Five deaths from
heat -were reported. == Judgre John D. Bart one,
of New Jersey, died.
THE WEATHER. — Indications for to-day:
Showers. The temperature yesterday: Highest,
84 degrees; lowest, 72.
THE DAY AND THE FLAG.
' The* present "-Fourth of July is notable and ex
ceptional, tboush, of ooursr. far from unique, in
that it marks the advent of a mem star into the
onion cf the flap. The State of Oklahoma,
which that forty-sixth star KpnaeotS, has for
months been one of the United States', but, like
most of Its predecessors since the oripinal thir
teen, has had to wait until the first Fourth of
July after Its admission before it could have Its
star In the flap, according to the law of 1818 to
that effect Independence Day is thus in a pe
culiar respect af^ocJated with the flag, and is
one of the days which might be celebrated as
Flas Day had not the Fourteenth of June a
prior, and, on the whole, superior claim to that
distinction.
This day is, indeed, strongly suggestive of the
origin and development of, the flag, reminding
m of the evolution of the Stars and Stripes from
the British flag, as this country was evolved
from a group of British colonies. The unworthy
fancy that Washington designed the flag after
his own family escutcheon was long ago dis
missed. It will be recalled that the first flag
which was in any real sens* 1 ■■ American na
tional ensign, the "dnn(l Union" flax which
Washington raised at Cambridge wbefi he be
came commander in chief on January L, 1778,
6iz months before the Declaration of Indepen
dence, was avowedly the British flag modified by
transforming the red field into a field of thir
teen red and white stripes, emblematic of the
colonir-s, but with the Union Jack retained in
token of the union with England which it mi
still hoped would be maintained. Then the
Stars and Stripes, as Washington drew it, and
as Elizabeth nnna In spite of some idle legends
denying her the credit — amended it and Blade it,
was* simply that "Grand Union" flag with the
Union Jack replaced by a union of thirteen
stars.
The formal adoption it the Washington Ross
design on June 14. 1777. gnve us that dnte for
celebration as Flag Pay. Yet **■* •»•■ not our
pi [ami flsg- for the law provided for thirteen
stars and no more. There was another birthday
of the flag on January IS, 17!»4. when another
• Jaw mad** the Stars and Stripes a Bag of fifteen
strip** «nd fifteen star?, or perhaps on May 1 of
that year, when that design went into effect — the
Star Spangled Banner «if Key"a Inspiration. Vet
a*r;il!! there was a Bag day on April 4. 1818,
• when -Congress finally enacted our flag law in
its pr«*»nt form, or perhaps rather an July 4
of that year, when that law went Into effect
■It was, Indeed, on the Fourth of July. 1818,
Jnst ninety years ago to-day, that the Stars and
Stripes first appeared in its present form of
thirteen stripes and a star Mr wers stated there
being then twenty, stfttcs and twenty stars, un
der a provision of the taw, which baa never
fclnce been altered, that ■ new star should In?
- added for each new state on the Fourth of July
♦next following the admission of that 1 " 1 '-
Strictly speaking, th*n. the Fourth of July is
the birthday of the flag in its present form,
though Juue 14 is for other reasons letter en
titled to observance.
There arises Inevitably not speculation as
to the number of additional stars which the
Union may hereafter receive. One or two more
may pretty surely be discerned on the. South
western horizon. They belong or will belong
in the flag in due time. But the prospect of
any others is too remote and speculative for
practical consideration. There will, indeed. *be
cause for no regret, but rather, in the minds of
mort men. for profound satisfaction, if,, with the
thirteen grown to forty-eight and- with the
whole of this contiguous and compact continen
tal domrfin erected into states, the flag on some
not distant Fourth of July shall assume a per
manent form.
THE DBWVER UX-F-TP.
The roll of the Democratic National Con
vention is now complete. North Carolina and
Montana having finally named their delega
tions to Denver. W«* publish in another col
umn a table showing the distribution by state?,
territories and iusulnr dependencies among the
various candidates for President of the l.»mJ
delegates. The Tribune has collected the re
turns or elections to both the Republican and
the Democratic national conventions with no
zither 'purpose than to keep its readers informed
of the progress of each canvass. It has en
deavored to be exact and Impartial and has
credited no candidate with votes to which be
did not seem to be entitled on arfßM foofe evi
dence. Its tabulation of the delegates elect to
Denver shows that 757 of them are either in
structed for Mr. Bryan or committed to his
support by resolutions of indorsement or pref
erence or hy public announcements. The Bryan
forces seem to control the convention by a
H, roe-fourths majority. Twenty-two delegate*
are comn, : tled to the support of Governor John
A. Johnson of Minnesota and eleven to the
support of Judge George Gray, of Delaware.
Two hundred and twelve are uncommitted. The
anii-Bryan leaders who have been aaeertißg
that they would control over one-third of the
delegates have at last furnished a statement
showing from what states, territories and de
pendencfea their votes are to come. But it is evi
dent from a glanr-e at the table published yes
terday in "The Xew York World" that these
managers are deceiving themselves. It is said
that the anti-Bryan forces number 361 — twenty
six more than enough to defeat a two-thirds
nomination. Yet in this total of MH are in
cluded 12 votes from Alaska and N>w Mexico.
which instructed for Bryan : IS votes from North
Carolina, which also instructed for Bryan, and
-jr votes from Louisiana, whose state convention
naoMd a resolution Indorsing Mr. Bryan's candt
d.ioy. Here Js nn apparent overcharge of 4R
votes. 'The World's"' table credits the anti-
Bryan "allies" with 16 votes from Ohio. Ohio
will have 4'^ ratal at Denver, and its state con
vention not only instructed f>>r Bryan, hut di
rected the delegation to net under the unit rule.
The 16 anti-Bryan men will therefore have their
votes cast for them by the 30 Bryanites. There
is a contesting antißiyan delegation from the
District of Columbia, and this fact has encour
ajrt^l rhe World" to claim the rt votes from the
District. But there is practically no chance at
all that these contestants will get their names
on cither the temporary or the permanent roll.
Twenty two more votes should therefore lie
Charged »ff '■The World's" total.
Thai total is still furl her padded by counting
against Bryfin the 88 votes, of Pennsylvania. It
is said that Colonel "Jim" Guffey will "deliver"
this delegation. We do not see how this is possi
ble except by the consent of the Bryan manag
ers. Of the 68 Pennsylvania ns 36 were elect ed
at the Congress district primaries on Bryan tick
ets or h:ive pabttcfy declared that they favor
Bryan. Five were elected as supporters of
Jndze Gray. The state «-omventi<<n refused to
htfMtroct for any candidate and did nut impose
the unit rule. It May he true that Colonel
Guffey enn persuade some of the Bryan dele
gates to cancel their promises to the voters.. But
be has no right to use the unit rule as a dub
to coerce those who wish to remain loyal to
their pledges, and the convention is not likely
I<> sustain him if he makes such an experiment
He lost Ms chance whn he refrained from Im
posing the unit rule in the Harrisburg state con
vention. Mr. Bryan ought to get the support of
at least 26 of the Pennsylvania delegates.
"The World" credits the •'allies" with 7
votes from Florida. The Florida delegates
were elected nt primaries, and press dispatches
from that state announced the success of
only 1 anti-Bryan candidate. Porto Rico's <">
delegates are counted as opposed to Bryan.
They are little interested, however, in the
Bryan-ant i-Bryan issue and will naturally be
anxious to get seats on the "band wagon." De
ducting these 166 padded votes from "The
World's" total of 301 gives 258, which almost
tallies with The Tribune's count of 245 for the
anti-Bryan and uncommitted delegates.
It does not seem likely, however, that the
New fork delegation, with 78 votes, will
sjiind out against Bryan's nomination. Mr.
Murphy and Mr. Oonsera are In control, and
they will turn to Bryan if the Bryan managers
make such notion seem advisable. The cam
paign of the "allies" at Denver is based on
bluff and self-deception. The selection of a
Democratic Presidential candidate next week
.will* be a purely formal ceremony.
BACK TO DAYLIGHT.
England is determined to live down her an
cient reputation for conservatism. Not content
to play with the innovations of socialist and
.suffragette, the ambitious Briton joins the great
Back-to-Nature Movement with a vim that
makes all slaves of the alarm clock gasp. Th.j
House of Commons select committee sanctions
heartily the "daylight bill," which proposes to
make the nation's laborers arise from their
downy cots eighty minutes earlier that they
may have a like interval of daylight added to
their leisure at the day's end. The wide popu
larity of this measure, whose enactment is said
to l>e certain, may puzzle an American at first
thought; early rising is generally considered a
great misfortune when obligatory and a bu
colic fad when perpetrated with free will. But
■ moment's reflection will show that the 6
o'clock breakfast is an evil only because most
city people nip coffee at 7 or later, and go-
Ing to tied with the hens is bad form because
theatres are not out until 11. Men do not love
the morning dew less, but the society of their
fellows more. A general shift of the day's pro
gramme all along the line, therefore, will not
intensify that godforsaken feeling which the
commuter knows as he slinks through deserted
streets to catch the 6:30 a. m. train.
But the sunrise movement is more than harm
less; it is an aid to better living, provided every.
body loins in heartily. The old saw, "Early to
bed and early to rise." overshot the truth wh<si
it promised wealth and wisdom, but it might
safely have guaranteed its believers easier mo
rality as well as health. The English working
man "knocking off" nt 5 o'clock on a summer's
afternoon has from three to live hours of day
light left for recreation He is strongly tempted
M spend this time out of doors in sports if
possible, but under the sky In any case. This
result is worth fighting for in a land with Bog
land's winter and tuberculosis death rate, It Is
made doubly valuable by the fact that nearly
every -hilling spent for afternoon cricket or
outing? means ■ shilling less for evening grog
and cheap theatres. The man who has enjoyed
the day's end does not ordinarily feel the, need
of stuffy, uncertain nocturnal delights. Know-
Ing this, a country most heavily cursed with In
temperance wisely '"ills for the ••daylight law"
with unusual fervor. If the prop Bead change
Improves, even faintly, the public health, pleas
are and morality, it is not inconceivable that
the working period may be advanced two hours
or more during the &iiminer months.. Then the
laborer on ■ nine-hour cseuedule would •.'.< to
work at 5 and, allowing for a lunch hour. i***— v
NEW-YORK DAILY TRTBIT^E. SATTT^DAY, JtTT.Y 4,^L908^
at 8 -' Tie would then have six or seven hours of
sunlight for his' own pleasure In England's
northern latitude! "-.The' probable '.advantages of
this arrangement would doubtless reduce to in
significance the difficulties of changing Britan
nia's daily programme twice a .yenr.
RRYAX AXD HFARRT.
Mr. Bryan never grows discouraged in his ef
forts to extend the olive bran« h acceptably to Mr.
Hearst, although his experiences hitherto havo
been enough, to dishearten a less persistent con
ciliator. He began by offering his services in
the campaign when Mr. Hearst was running for
Governor, only to have his offer declined. After
that plection'he lauded th> defeated candidate
as a reformer and professed io see the "triumph
of Iff. Hearst's ideas everywhere." There was
no sign from the New York leader that his
cordiality in the latter's defeat wag amicably
revived. When Mr. Hearst took charge of
Mayor Dunne's campaign for re-election in Chi
cago, Mr. Bryan offered to take the stump for
the Chlcagoan. This service was coldly re
jected. Last winter the Nebraska man, who
was settling up all his political differences, made
a call upon the New York editor in his home,
but apparently the olive branch, even when per
sonally conveyed, was not acceptable, for Mr.
Hearst in his speeches and his newspapers
shortly afterward made a series of slighting
allusions to Bryan and Bryanism. Now comes
•The Commoner" with the latest olive branch, a
laudation of Mr. Hearst as a reformer and a
prediction of a guarded sort that he will support
the Democratic ticket.
Such persistency in turning the other chwk
ought to he rewarded, and there is this much'
to bp said in favor of Mr. Bryan's prediction
namely, that the Independence party does not
show thp signs of activity to he expected from a
party preparing for a national campaign. How
ever, the independence party has the advan
tage of compact upsp. It ma/ go through all the
motions of ■ national convention without tedious
preliminaries. Delegates may pour in mysteri
ously from everywhere without any explanation
of how and by whom they were chosen, and a
whole national campaign may hegin at a mo
menfs notice. Still, despite this advantage of
the machinery of the new party over that of
the old parties, the absence of Mr. Hearst in
Europe and the utter UK* of preparation cast
some doubt upon the ambitious programme of
launching a new national party.
In the .way of the Hearst organization's sup
port of Mr. Bryan is the flat declaration of the
Hearst newspapers, "It will not support Mr.
Bryan." There are, moreover, the resolutions
adopted at the recent first national conference
of the party for the nomination of a ticket of
Its own. And there are Mr. Hearst's own
speeches against any future fusion of the new
party with either of the older parties. Mr.
Bryan apparently thinks that all of these' utter
ances and actions were part of an elaborate
bluff, which when it fails will he abandoned.
The Hearst propaganda perhaps was not to be
taken any more seriously when it said it would
not support Bryan than when it pictured
Murphy in stripes. Having been anti-Murphy,
it became pro-Murphy; and having been anti-
B:\van. it may become pro-Bryan. The sage of
Lincoln makes only a very guarded prediction as
to what the Independence party will do, and no
one else would venture even, to guess. But if it
does support Bryan this year, after all Its
protestations of a contrary Intention, it will be
difficult for its leaders to induce any one to take
it seriously as a third party in the future.
THE WOES! OF I RAX.
Not the least serious feature of the Persian
situation Is the fact that it involves both do
mestic and foreign troubles, although between
the two there is no apparent relation. The
struggle between the Emperor and Parliament
is sufficient in Itself to convulse the realm and
to put its dynastic or constitutional stability in
Imminent peril. But coupled with this are bor
der disputes and actual conflicts with the neigh
boring powers, each Persia's superior in
strength, and these involve the peril of the
usual shearing off of slices of Persian terri
tory.
The scene of these, troubles is in the province
of Azerbaijan, in the extreme northwest corner
of the empire, with "Turkish Armenia at the
west. Russia at the north, and the Caspian Sea
at the east. At the northwest corner of the
province is Mount Ararat, on whose slopes the.
three empires meet. Most of th« Russo-Persian
boundary line is marked by the River Araxes,
or Aras. and is pretty well respected, but fifty
miles from the Caspian Sea the line diverges
from that river and wanders arbitrarily off to
the southeast and there it is not marked <*r
respected, and there some conflicts betwee.i
frontier forces have occurred, creating danger
that Russia Will take things Into hPr own
hands and mark a new line to suit herself, put
ting on her own side of it all the territory in
which disturbances have taken place.
At the west the Turko-Persian boundary has
never been denned. It is supposed to follow
the crest of the range of mountains running
southward from Mount Ararat and forming the
divide hetween liake Van and I^ake Urutni.ih.
But the whole country between those lakes, on
both sides of the mountains, is inhabited by the
Kurds, who have little regard for either Persian
or Turk. These freebooters, tired of the monot
ony of murdering and ravishing Armenians,
have lately turned their attention to raiding
Persian towns -west and south of I^ke TTru
mlah. penetrating forty or fifty miles Into what
is unquestionably Persian territory. Of course,
the Sublime Porte disclaims responsibility for
their doings, and even professes to be trying to
suppress them to such an extent that it is
willing to send an army of occupation into Per
sia to hold them In check— an offer which it
might be somewhat perilous for Persia to ac
cept.
Thus while Its domestic trouble* are sufficient
to tax to the full the strength of the empire
undisturbed by external foes, the attacks from
without or the troubles with outside powers
would er.dangpr its Integrity even if it were
completely united and harmonious at home.
Between the two sets of troubles Iran may be
in one of the most desperate plights the ancient
land has known since Kni Kaous made his dis
astrous march into Mazinderan.
A BEXEFICEXT ENTERPRISE.
Few benevolent projects have more to com
mend them than ono which Dr. William T. Jen
kins has for years sought to carry out, but
which has thus far been very imperfectly de
vetoped. Dr. Jenkins has served this com
mnnity with conspicuous efficiency in several
ploaely related capacities He has been Health
commissioner of New York City, Health Officer
Of the I'ort and superintendent of the United
States Marine Hospital, and since lf)O. r > he has
been t1,.. sanitary engineer of the municipal
noHith Board.
Dr. Jenkins long ago became familiar with
several peculiarly unfortunate features in the
life of many of the sailors employed on steam
ships which visit New York. In the, course of
a year something like a million seamen come
here, and the vast majority of them are foreign
ers. Owing to his migratory habits the sailor
is to an exceptional degree the victim of diseases
which threaten not only hlg own welfare but
that of others. . If he should happen to he
nn American he can an certain conditions gain
admission to the United states Marine Hospital.
If he it- In the service of one of the more repu
table; steamship" lines there Is a prospect that
he will receive considerate attention. . It Is al
lcg"d. however, that the masters Of "tramp"
Bte!Hn>hips frequently ends their legal respon
sibility to their men. If one of their sailors is
«id£ ihe physician vr&n Ministers to him ♦* often
a student not authorized to practise in New York
Stale, whose fee is divided with a runner. T>r.
Jenkins declares that poor Ja<k is nometlmes
prevented from seeing a doctor at all. in whki
case not I cent that he pays for professional
treatment reaches the pocket of a competent
and honest practitioner.
It was to meet the requirements of this dis
graceful situation that Dr. Jenkins proposed
what is known ftfl the Marine Hospital tartlet
for Foreign Sailors. At present the system is
sadly inadequate to the real need. Provision is
made for distributing the beneficiaries SBBSag
existing hospitals in this city, but the number
of beds available for the purpose ia extremely
limited. What Dr. Jenkins wants is an inde
pendent institution which shnll provide for BSf>
eral hundred men at one time. Its scope migM
lx» broad enough to insure proper care for the
sufferer from a ny. malady, but special considera
tion would t»e given to a particular class of con
tagious diseases which by reason of their far
rer.ehing effects must be counted among the
most terrible afflictions known to the human
race. Sir Thomas Watson remarked that "they
"count their victims not only among the self
indulgent but also among good women and in
•'nocent children by the hundreds of thousands."
According to Dr. Jenkins himself. 80 per cent of
the instances of blindness at birth, 7?> per cent
of the cases of paresis and countless other phys
ical, mental and moral woes to which the race
is subject are traceable to this appalling cause.
The service which it Is proposed to render
to the foreign sailor would b^sin with medical
treatment of the best possible character, and
would be prolonged sufficiently to make Mm no
longer a menace to society. It would be sup
plemented hy an educational process which, could
not fail to have a wholesome effect on the man.
The benefits would not cease here, however.
The enterprise would also serve as a protection
to society at large. When these varied features
are fairly comprehended it seems strange that
tno endowment needed to carry out the plan was
not long ago put at the disposal of its author.
"We regretfully salute those who are to he
sacrifiopd to-day by their own folly or the folly
of parents and guardians to the Chinese demon
of punk and powder, who throws his fatal pall
over what ought to hp our most enjoyable and
inspiring national holiday.
It's a lurky Democratic candidate for the
Vice-Prp?idential nomination these days who
gets his full name spelled right in the newspaper
dispatches.
Sir Thomas Llpton was not successful in fram
ing a challenge, which would have insured an
other contest for the America's Cup. hut he ia
contributing to good sport on this side of the
Atlantic all the same. No fewer than twenty
yachts will try to capture the trophy which h
offers for th» best run to Cape May and hack,
and with the generous co-operation of Eolus an
extremely pretty race will be initiated to-day.
Marse Henry surely talks right out in meet
ing!
President Cipriano Castro is reported to look
upon the prevalence of bubemic plague at La
Guayra and Caracas as a joke. He always was
noted for his exquisite sense of humor.
Now make ready the bandars, the poultices,
the toothing ointments. See that the bottle of
anti-tetanus serum Is at hand and the cautery
ready for use. Let there be plenty of lint, and have
a stretcher or two ready. The ambulance, also,
let Its axles be oiled and the horse kept har
nessed; while as for the hospital, its doors should
remain wide open and all the attendants should
he on duty. Likewise the fire companies: should
slumber not nor sleep, but be incessantly upon
the jump. For this is the day on which Young
America sets the eaele to screaming even
though to-morrow he shall travel on crutches
and *cc out of only one eye. Truly, the right of
life, liberty and th« banging of toy pistols is a
great thing! ____^_^^___-
THE TALK OF THE DAY.
The automobile as a flre department vehicle
comes in for h!*h praise and the hor.e-dra^n
wa^on for a back handed slap in wie annual re
port of the Boston department, recently made
Sic Commissioner Wells.. who writes the re-
Jo" .is strongly in favor of the motor vehicle
both for carrying fire fighting apparatus and for
the use of chiefs. "From the viewpoint of
Set" to riders and to the public on the street /
B vs the commissioner, "the record of accidents
"hows greatly in favor of the automobile To
thTob«erver"thl may not appear to be jo. Jut
the fact remains that in the thousands of miles
covered with the automobiles no Injun' to persons
ha« occurred, while in the same period district
chiefs have been thrown from th-ir wagons on
several occasions, and one pedestrian has been
Sued and several Injured by }«**^*™
by these fire wagons. The . automoM.* In : skilful
hands is easily and promptly controlled; the horse
is not."
AMERICAN" REPUBLIC.
•SfS=SS.S~ffiH~~H«
Thmi if/aiidesi like p. proud and noble tree.
Ri^'noaththw Hes the counterpart of thee. and
Deep spreading roots, that keep thee fresh and
Who M Btr »oif««i feed thy youth, thy powers
For Outward strength will not thy form pro-
6 But Inward love of truth that scorns to wrong
Io i°ong tn/s^te^orm^an
Mrs John A. Logan has begun the work of
supervising the Installation of the relics of her
husband. General Logan. in the memorial hall
prepared for them in the Btaas House at Spring
field 111 The collection consists In part of a
large number of photographs taken during the
Civil war. photographs of General Logan from
boyhood up, bronzes, and resolutions passed by
organizations all over the United States at the
time of his death, and resolutions on the death
of his son. Major John A. Logan, jr.. 33d United
States Volunteers, who was killed on November
11, 1809. while leading a charge against Agui
na'ldo's intrenched army in the Philippines.
Sunday school teacher— Tommy. I saw you run
ning the lawn mower this morning. Do you think
it -was rlcht for you to do that
"Tommy Tncker-Ven'm. It kept the grass from
growin 1 on Sunday,— Chicago Tribune.
The OberpostdJrectionsbezirks-Revisor-otherwise
a district inspector of the post office department of
Germany— on a tour of inspection found a Mk
phone operator In a small town "wearing a white
eilk waist, cut low at the neck, instead of the blue
uniform waist." and reported the offender to the
chief of the Inspection office. "Not only." s=ild he.
■•were the regulations of the service violated, but
the silk garment was cut very low." The chief
office directed the immediate discharge of the tele
phone operator and gave warning to other possible
offenders that women In the imperial service must
-dresa in keeping with the service regulations
"Uncle Jim Hastings umpired the game between
»v>» Ktnrfl and the Comet?
"What! Say. how did he look when he got
th "l"c K h> ? oked all right. Uncle Jim stands « feet 2
and weighs -240. "— CluvMand Plain Dealer.
Johannes Schilling, known as the Nestor of
German sculptors, celebrated the eightieth anni
versary of his Birthday on June 23. Among his
notable works are "The Four Divisions of the Day."
at Dresden; the Sehlllar memorial at Berlin, the
colossal figure of Germanift at Nlederwalden and
the Reformation memorial at Lelpslc. On his
birthday a movement was started to erect In
Dresden a Schilling museum, whrre models of his
works may be preserved. The first subscriber
~wux the city- of Dresden, with 60,000 marks, and
the state followed with 60.000 marks. Schilling
la still In good health, but his eight is rapidly
falling. •:}. ■
"He says his motto Is Live and Learn.'"
'Well, If he isn't more successful at the for
mer than the latter we'll be going to his funeral
swso."— Philadelphia Pres*.
About People and Social Incident*.
THE CABINET.
[From The Trtbun* Bureau. 1
Waßhington. July 3. -The Secretary of the Treas
ury and Mrs. George B. Cortelyou have the only
united Cabinet family now in Washington. They
will spend to-morrow quietly at home, going In tne
early morning and late evening for a drive. They
will leave the capital for Long island between July
15 and 20. and will spend the summer at Halesite.
where they were last year.
Postmaster General Meyer wilt also spend to-mor
row in the city, and as all the members of his
family are abroad he will probably dine alone. He
was to have gone en a fishing expedition. leaving
the capital to-night and returning about the middle
Of next week, but changed his plans, and will wait
for about ten days- and then go to Canada for a
little fishing and other outdoor «port.
Mrs Luke E- Wright will not Join her husband,
the new Secretary of War. in Washington until
late next fall. For the present the Secretary Is
making' hi' home with the chief of staff and Mr-..
J Franklin Bell at Fort Myer. He will celebrate
his' first Fourth of July as a Cabinet officer by
dining quietly with them to-morrow.
THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS.
[From The Tribune Bur"«u- 1
Washington. July 3 -The Japanese Ambassador
and Baroness Takahira, who reached the embassy*
yesterday, will go to Buena Vista. Md . in a few
days, where they have engaged quarters for the
summer. Th* embassy will be In the Sherman
house again next season.
The Nicaraguan Minister left Washington to-day
for Deer Park to Join Mme. Corea and their in
fant daughter, who are spending the summer there.
• 1 •
IN WASHINGTON SOCIETY.
[From Th* Tribune Bureau ]
Washington. July 3-The former Secretary <
War and Mrs. Taft. accompanied ny their ye«BHJSf
son left Washington at 4 o'clock this afternoon
for 'the. Virginia Hot Springs. They left Fort Mv-r.
where they had been th« piefts of the chief o
staff and Mrs. J. Franklin Bell for several days,
early this morning, and. with the. exception of a
short time when they enjoyed aJi informal lunch
eon with Brigadier General Clarence R. Edwards,
remained at their X street house.
Representative and Mrs Genrtfe F Huff have
closed their house, in ISfh street, and will sr<*nd a
f«w days at th« New Willard before goin? to Cabin
Hill, their home at Green s>hursr. Perm. When they
return here In the fall they wM occupy their new
hnujp in New Hampshire, avenu*.
Rear Admiral and Mrs. Silas Casey hava closed
their house in P street and gone to Ocean City to
spend July and Auarust.
NEW YORK SOCIETY.
Independence Day will be observed to-day with
all the customary festivities nt the various summer
resorts where society Is now established for the
next eight or ten weeks. At Newport Mr? James
P. Kernochan, who has her grandson. Herbert C
Pell, and Mr. and Mrs. Alexander Bntler Duncan
staying with her at Sea View, will have her cus
tomary reception, which will b« attended by the
entire colony, excepting the members of the Ham
bake Club, who always hold their first gathering
of th« season at Gooseberry Island on the Fourth.
Colonel Delancey Kane, Mr. and Mrs. Edward J.
Berwind. and Mrs. Alfred G. Vanderbilt are among
those who have dinners in honor of the occasion.
Lenox, too. will be en f*»te, and the annual meet-
Ing of. the L#nox Club will be held, the elections
b«ing followed by a luncheon on the lawn under
the presidency of John S. Barnes.
Tuxedo is always gay on July 1. the nation's birth
day being made the occasion of all sorts of sport
ing contests and of dinners, fireworks and dan -in?
In the evening. This year ther* ar* to be trottinsr
races on the Horse Show Association's half-mile
track, organized by Pierre Lorillard, Jr.
Most of the country and yacht clubs have ar
ranged programmes of sports and races for to-day,
with dinners, fireworks and dances after dark. At
the Seawanhaka Corinthian Yacht Club the pyro
technical display will be particularly elaborate,
having been arranged by Fran* Gould to signalize
his term of office as commodore and president of the
club.
Mr. and Mrs. Sdwin P. Morgan will have a large
Fourth of July party at their country pla^e. at
"Westbury. Long Island, this evening, for which In
vitations have been Issued to most of the Hemp
stead set and to the members of the Meadow Brook
Club, of which* Mr. Morgan is the president. There
■will be a display of fireworks, followed by a dance
and supper.
Mrs. Lyctirgup "Winchester, daughter of MY. and
Mrs. Dallas Bache Pratt, has leased a cottage at
Watch Hill, R. 1., for the summer.
Mrs. Thomas W. Howard has rented Pearl Isl
and Camp, on the Upper St. Regis, In the Adiron
GOVEBXOB MAKES TRIP.
With Party Goes from Upper Sara
nac to Oseetah T*ake.
Parana^ Lake. ft. V.. July 3 OaiSinSV Huerh's
and family, accompanied by William B. Sylvester,
the Governor's confidential messenger, visited the
river and lakes of the Siranao system today.
Thoy were the guests of State Tax Commissioner
Hall, who has a camp at Oseetah Lake.
Governor Hughes and the members of his party
left Upper Saranac Lake at 9 a m. and made the.
voyage to the Saranac Club, at the foot of the
lake, in the Governor's private launch. There they
were met by Commissioner Hall, who took th«
party In his launch through Bound Lake. Lower
Saranac Lake, the Saranac River and Oseetah
Lake to Camp Wayotah, where they w»r« met
by Mrs. Kail. Governor and Mrs. Hughes and
the members of their party had dinner at Camp
Wayotah.
The Governor and his party resumed their jour
ney through the Baranac River to Lake Flower
and Saranac Lake village. During the ride Gov
ernor Hughes devoted much attention to the pub
lic Improvement which has been going on In this
locality for a number of years. The state has
been at work removing the dead timber and refuse
which has resulted from the building of a dam
at Saranae Lake by the state nearly forty years
ago.
The citizens of Saranac Lake village had
planned to give Governor Hughes a reception upon
his visit here to-day, but the Governor expressed
the ' desire that the reception be deferred until
later in the summer, as he had a large amount
of official business to attend to on his return from
the day's trip.
J. BSANUT WALKER WEDS MISS AUO
Wall Street Broker's Bride Daughter of late
J. Winthrop Almy.
J. Brandt Walker, the Wall Street broker, and
Miss Helen Gladys Almy. daughter of the late J.
Winthrop Almy. were quietly married on Thursday
at Miss Almy's home. No. 37 Madison avenue, by the
Rev James B. Wasson. of No. 34*1 Broadway. S.
H. P. Pell was best man. After the wedding Mr.
and Mrs. Walker went out of town for .1 few days.
and on their return they will go to Saratoga. The
bride is a sister of Mrs Frederick S. Hattershall.
Mr. Walker Is the son of Edwin Walker, who
was at one time chief counsel for the Chicago. Mil
waukee A St. Paul Railroad. He came to this
city in 1907 from Chicago, where he was a member
of th« Stock Exchange, and began a series of bear
speculations in Steel, Union Pacific and South
ern Pacific securities. He figured in attachment
proceedings brought against him on June 7 for
J23.41\ which, it was alleged, he owed Carpenter.
Baggot & Co. for commissions and interest on
stock transactions.
PRITCHARD FOR SUPREME BENCH?
[By Telegraph to The Tribune. 1
aalmfllS N c.,, July 3— lt is reported here that
Judge J. C. Pritchard. of the United States-Cir
cuit Court, is to be appointed to the United States
Supreme bench.
(Sacks, for the summer. The camp Is not tar ffti t
that of her aunt. Mrs. Frederick W. Vanderbttt.
Mr. and Mrs. Edmund Abdy Hurry have left tovw
for Clinton, their country place at Saug*rt!es. JiT
Mr. and Mrs. B. Aymar Sands left town ystr-l
day for Shoreham. their place at South*apto»
Long Island, where th»y will be Joined on T- T<c,
by their daughter. Miss May Sands, who Is da* cat
that day from Europe.
Mr. and Mrs. J. T. Barrow have arrived from B*.
rope, and have gone to Maplewood. N. H.. *h*?*
they have opened their country place for ism •«»,
son.
John H. Washbura and Mr. and Mm. 'W^ana*
Jves Washburn will spend the greater part c* Cv»
summer at the New Monmouta, Sprigs L«k«
Beach. X. J.
Judge and Mrs. Francis M. Scott and Miss Sam
are booked to sail to-day for Europe.
Mrs. Gerald Livingston Hoyt has left town *%
spend the summer at Ipswich. Mais.
SOCIAL NOTES FROM NEWPORT,
[By T«l«»*raph to Th» Tribunal
Newport. B. 1.. July -The Newport Castsa vjf
begin Its seasons of teas and bridge on Jujjr U.
The announcement was mad» to-day. The tea aaj
bridge rooms will be in charge of Mrs. IlT—
Wallach. Mrs. John Jacob Antnr and Miss Maod*
Wetmore. Special rooms have been set as!<i* ft*
the women, and bridge Is to lv» an added f*-atur«
not planned for fn the ** r ' announcements of %
tea room in the new addition on th« horseaba*
piazza. •
Mrs. Philip M Lyc!ls will entertain at dinner t».
morrow evening. fMH ex-Governor Charles "War-!
ren Lippitt will give, a luncheon at noon for tat
members of the Society of the Cincinnati. Colon*'
and Mrs. Da Lancey Kane entertained the, member*
of the.came society with a dinner to-night. Mrs.!
Elisha Dyer. MJsa Anna Sands and Mrs. Beglna?d
C Vanderbllt also entertained at dinner to-nlgbt ,
Mr. and Mrs. Chaunrey Btlllman. of N-w Thrfc^
are to occupy Jam»s gunman's cottage, In Nans,.
gansett avenue, this summer.
James V. Parker will entertain with a Trmrn— >,
to-morrow afternoon.
Mr anil Mrs. George F. Benjamin, of Ne-w T>srK
who were In Newport a short time ago cot&g*
hunting, have taken Miss Ellen Mason's enrraasj
Brent Lodge, for the remainder of the summer. ;
Peter F. Collier. Mr. and Mrs W. F. --Sort.
G. W. Van Slyck. Mrs. Henry Lawrence. Mrs. J. Hi
Stone. Mr. and Mrs. George H. Benjamin and Soft.
ley O. Gautier registered at the Casino to-day.
A children's party was given this afternoca.at
Bonny Field Farm by Mr. and Mrs. William Bj
Hunter.
Reginald C. Vanderhilt returned from N«"i» To*
to-day with H. C Brown on th» latter^ ataaa
yacht.
Edward J. Berwind and Mrs. Edwin C. Post rs»
turned from New York this afternoon.
Mr. and Mr?. James R. Deering, of New TaH^.
are the. guests of Mr. and Mrs. R. C. Vail 'i a rtflt
over the Fourth. _ <
IN THE BERKSHIRE 3.
Lenox. Mass.. July 3.— Lenox has many-fees»
house parties to-nisrht for the week-end hoB<l»K
Plans have been made for picnics to-morrow, and
several large dinners will be given to-morrow
night. Most of the villa owners will have displays
of fireworks.
Mr. and Mrs. Charles Astor Bristed have, wttSl
them at Lakeside Mrs. George T. Maxwell. SlraJ
Sidney Smith. Thomas Carney and Lawrence
Reniar. Mr. and Mrs. Bristed will give a dinner,
Saturday evening, and or. Sunday they will enter
tain at a picnic In Stevens Glen.
Mr. and Mrs. Montgomery Hare hava arrt»«d t»
spend the holiday with Mr. and Mrs. Joha E.
Parsons.
Victor Merowltz Is visiting Mrs. George GrlawoliS
Haven at Sunny Croft.
William M. Laffan. of New York. Is ore c&tha
late arrivals at the Curtis Hotel.
Mr. and Mrs. Stanley Scott. Mr. and Mrs. X -P.
Homaday. M!'.- Emellne Roach. Stephen Effl*ciu
Mr. and Mrs. J. !>■ Kurtz-Crook, of New Xork;
Mrs. H. D. Cable. Miss Cable. Miss Dole, of Chi
cago; Mr anA Mrs. J. M Morrison. Miss I* M.
Morrison, C. Woodbury Gorman, of Boston, and
Mr. and Mrs. P. F. Griffln. of New York, are among
the arrivals to-day at the Hotel Aspir.walL
J. Bowers Lee Is being entertained at Elm Ctmrt
by Mr and Mrs. William Douglas Sloan*.
Rudolph Kanffmann and Dr. Loren Johnson. "Wfe»
were entertained at luncheon at Erskine Park to
day by George Westinghouse. departed this aitar
noon by motor for a, camp at Percy. N. H.
Miss A'lele Colgate, daughter of the Counts****
Stafford, who was with Mrs. M. Dwlght Col!!exv^*«
parted to-day for New York.
Mrs. John Sloane has returned to Wyndhsrst
from Mount Kisco. where she was a truest of her
son-in-law and daughter. Mr. and Mr*. wt"«*t-i
E. S. Grlswold. A daughter was born to M*. acd
Mrs. Griswold last week.
LARGE ESTATE DiriDED.
Will of Ex-Senator Cunningham
Filed for Probate.
The will of former Senator Thomas CunniEs&ftTn.
founder of the T. Cunningham Company, at No.
WS East sjtli street, who died on Stay 2T. was filed
for probate yesterday. It disposer of an estate
valued at about Jl.Coi\flert.
■ To the Rev. John Edwards, of St. Joseph's
Church, was left Kn.nwv to be used in the es?assls!l
ment of a home for poor. sick or indigent priests.
To Archbishop Farley IBM will leaves W.tiM for
the support and education of two candidates f or th«
priesthood at St. Joseph's Seminary. Dlnwoofiis.
or at the Catholic University at Washington.
St. Francis's Hospital, th« Home of the Gocd
Shepherd, the. Little Sisters of the Poor, the Sisters
of the dMm Compassion. White Plains; Corpus
Christ! Monastery. Hunt's Point; the Stem Tor*
Mothers" Home of the Sisters Misericord*, the Sla
ters of Maria •■ Christ. Little SL*ters of th« AJ
sumptlon, of Manhattan, and St. Joseph's Home, for
Consumptives, receive $2.O«V> each, and the SodatT,
of St. Vincent de Paul. JW.iW. §
There Is a bequest nt ty>»* to Mrs. Alice MurraT.
a sister, and to h^r daughter AHce. another CO.ON).
Another sister, Catherine, Whs lives la PertX
Western Australia, receives C*.*> > *v ami MM goes
to each of her two daughters; CV»Y> each t-> U»«e
nieces. Mrs. Matthew Lyn. Mrs James P. K««3*3
and Mrs. Robert Wilson: another niece in W*«t
Australia, gets $2!.<w Alice Cunningham, a niece.
receives J2O.<W;-Edward and Nicholas ir-rr -".sham,
nephews. £s.t<*> each: Margaret RafTerty. ■ grand
niece. C0.OY); Edward and Thomas Raff-'-ty. grand
nephews, Jm.OOrt each, an.l Thomas Rafferty. ...natße»
nephew. $5.0».
A tru.«t fund ft $70.0iW is created for the benefit
for life of Alice. Edward and Nkbofiu! Ounrr.ng!»n.
niece and nephews, while the two latter receiva tl«
testator's Interest in the T. Cunningham Company.
Th» residue of the estate is divided between Xicfto
las and Alice Cunningham.
RECEPTION AT DORCHESTER HOUSE.
London. July S.-Ambas»ador and Mrs. Reid !»£
sent rut invitation* to a dinner, to be followed T
a reception, on July 7. tt» meet the •*•" atteavr
ins th- ran-An«!!can and I-ambeth WWJ«M»
With the exception of the annual Fourth o? Ju^
entertainments thU- reception wilt be the UM
and the moat representative yet ■*■ at DorcheaW
House.
JEWS AT OXFORD AND CAMBRIDGE
From The Dundee Advertiser. ,
, w»* vr ''•J'l-Ai, eff
Arabic, who won a>n< list «t distinctions wa
Scholar of New foil. - Professor ?*toXS^M
who has been ca\l«d fey a competent judge . tta
best all-round scholar »n Europe. a>»nih^
world a few years since by taking w'Y; 1 ?,,*
In the Anglican Church. He *»»« oo h rt Kf« a al-:
Church theologian r>r MawUouth h« »*^
most equally erudite brother, tne Key.
m an S °a l X- S? fn^heTrM SS«^
»artment of the British Museum-

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