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N» Y.H-™ n,v. « h , ir Coney U,,n d and London,. n,v. ?A? A S.nd,, in J-^^u.p^Hn. jM^j-g «. «. ni.toHo Hv OT . M-J-^.^i-*;
VILLAGE OF CONCRETE
Continued from second page-.
greatest best seller. 1 Fortune and fame await
As has been said, the author and his wife had
become settled in their new home. All the car
pets had been buttoned down to the cement
floors. They had become accustomed to the idea
of taking baths in water heated by steam coils.
They handled the electrical apparatus for the
coffee and toast as if they had been accustomed
to using it all their lives. This had been recog
nized as an especially valuable feature of the
house furnishings, for it made it unnecessary to
disturb the cook until well along toward noon.
Already the old commuters, whenever they
brought guests from the city, pointed out the
house as tho home of the "distinguished author
O f « • and '• ' and ' ,' who has just
come here to live, you know."
This satisfactory condition of affairs having
been attained, one morning the author said to
his wife, "I think my imagination is in the right
condition to begin work on the novel." He sat
down before his typewriter and his fingers ran
over the keys as he sought for the lost chord.
It was this author's habit when he could think
of nothing to say, no good beginning, to let his
■übconsciousness, like the celebrated twins,
do his work for him. In this way he would get
Into the mood. Then he would go over his work
and pick out the choice gems which he would
connect into what might be termed a rope <-f
Jewels Thus were his "best sellers" originated.
It was the method he was pursuing on this
morning, when no great thoughts smote his
Having covered a large sheet with sentences
he took it from his machine and glanced over
it with the Intention of culling the flowers of his
eubconsciousness. Hardly had his eye fallen
upon the paper than a frown swept down over
his countenance as a groat, black bellied wind
cloud sweeps across a smiling blue sky. Almost
the first sentence was this: "Soft blue smoke
trailed from tho mouth of the great chimney,
from which had just risen a cloud of chimney
"Hang it," said lie, "that sentence will have
to come out. There are no chimneys, rhe sen
tence about the old couple sitting before the
fireplace dreaming about their younger days and
seeing pictures in the flames will have to come
out, too." He read a few lines further. "Great
Bcott! It won't do to have tho lady of the house
ringing the bell and ordering In tho toast ami
coffee. She can't do that If she is making It at
her elbow over a piece of electric apparatus. I'm
In the ruts."
"I've got to grot out," exclaimed the author,
•If I am to write tho great novel. ir th«>
poetic symbols of the past have become out
NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY. JIJLY^J^.
grown I've got to find symbols among the new
inventions and wring poetry and romance
from an electric sideboard and a cement block.
There is one thing, certain, however. It will
not be out of place for me to bring in some
thing about baronial halls, for it looks as if
every man would some day have his cement
Some one may say, "That is all a dream."
But it is all well within the range of possibility.
It is only neces?ary to go fifteen miles from
New York City to find a village every house of
which is of concrete. It is sometimes spoken >f
as the "fireproof town." The local trains of the
West Shore Railroad stop at this "twentieth
century village." The houses are of ali shapes
and include a bungalow with a concrete roof. In
a suburb of Baltimore is to be built a village
which is to have the appearance of a Warwick
shire or Surrey village, the houses, however, be
ing of concrete instead of the more destructible
material used in the English villages. It will
have all of the modern conveniences, while re
taining some of the poetry of the old English
As for the majestic mansions of this material
it is only necessary to go to Greenwich, Conn.,
where one may see the marblelike concrete
home of Percy Rockefeller.
THE TREE SURGEON.
Continued from second page.
water flows, to be led out at the base. The
cavity is then wired throughout, the wire being
stretched from nails driven into the wood, and
acting as reinforcing for the cement. This work
having been completed, the cement is made as
moist as possible, and then built out into the
original outline of the tree. The bark which has
been cut back for an Inch or so in order to pre
vent bruising while the work is in progress will
eventually cover the filled in wound, the tree
thus regaining its normal appearance.
In the case of exceptionally large cavities the
opening is covered by large strips of zinc. The
cement is then forced down into every crevice
and allowed to set, after which the zinc is re
moved and a coat of fine finishing cement put
on and painted the color of the bark. By this
method the tree surgeon is enabled to build out
trees where fully half the wood may have been
destroyed by lightning or from some other cause.
This treatment serves as a fine example of the
healing powers of nature, for It Is remarkable
how quickly these wounds will heal when pro
tected from moisture and further decay by the
.•ement filling insured by the watersheds.
Tho correction of the forked or defective
crotch which we find to a great extent In our
soft maples and olms and to a loss degree In al
most all our landsoupo trcoa forma a large part
of tho tre« rargeon'a work. This form of crotch
usually has Its origin In the destruction of the
original head or leader. In a case of this kind a
double head Is formed by the forcing out of two
lateral buds. As these shoot up. forming the
new top, the old stump at their base gradually
decays, allowing water to penetrate into the
crotch. Nature tries desperately to heal this
wound, but the imperfect joint is constantly
forced open by the wind and prevented from
uniting by the old stump, until finally, weak
ened by decay, the tree splits. Many of our
finest trees are ruined every year by the split
ting of these defective crotches.
Those cases are often exceedingly difficult to
treat The decayed matter must first be re
moved with great care and thoroughness-IP,
fact the dentist is not more conscientious in re
moving decay from a tooth than is the tree sur
geon in cleaning out these cavities. The opening
is then packed tightly with cement or a prepara
tion of oakum, tar and paint. Cutting water
sheds ; 'i these crotches often takes all the work
man's Ingenuity and patience, for, working in the
narrow limit* of the fork, as he is compelled to
.1.. it is exceedingly difficult to use his tools. But
here most of all a perfect watershed is required.
as the water running down the limbs and trunk
would otherwise find lodgement behind the fill
in- In the case of a large tree the additional
precaution is taken of putting a bolt directly
through the crotch, while a chain is placed some
twelve or fifteen feet up.
The former method of placing an iron band
around a tree to prevent splitting often caused
death, or at least deformity, for as the trunk or
branch grew in circumference the stricture cut
off the flow of sap. depriving the top of nour
ishment. The improved method consists in plac
ing bolts directly through the limbs and secur
ing them on one end by washers and nuts,
while on the other a hook is formed, over which
a chain is placed. This serves as a stay, enough
play being given in the chain to allow the
crown sufficient swing or way.
Fully half tht cases of decay of the limbs or
trunk which have come under my notice were
originally caused by improper pruning. Eight
out of ten men in cutting off limbs will leave a
stump projecting five or six inches. The bark
along the circular edge deprived of nourishment
■ Ue3 back, Laving the face of the cut exposed.
The unprotected cells cannot resist exposure,
and. decaying, leave the heart of the tree ex
posed to myriad enemies. 1 have treated many
trees where the cavity caused by the decay of
the heart wood was large enough for a man to
stand upright In. the entire trouble having been
originally caused by a cut of not over eight
Every cut should be made as close as possi
ble. In crder that the sap rising through the
cambium layer may cover the -wound with new
bark. Where large branches are to be re
movod the first cut Bhould be made from below,
bo that as the branch falls there will be no
tearing down of the sap wood or bartj^J
second cut is then made from above. [a z^fl
to protect the exposed cells they are ja^H
with a preparation of coal tar an 1 paint Tlsfl
the cut is soft or of uausual size a ca^tf&fl
Is fitted to the exact size of the cat just 'j^fl
the bark and nailed tightly iown to 9M^|
moisture from reaching- the exposed wood -■■
new layer of bark will eventually compia^J
cover the zinc, leaving little or no scar. ■
It has been proved beyond doubt thatbj!^T
improved methods of tree surgery many z*
nificent trees, Invaluable to tttmit ••wnen, z.
be given a new lea* of life.
Mrs. Podunk -I lea thinli ltd -'-teem. ■ ■»
send our Beets over to Japan.
Mr. Podunk — Oh. 'shaw. ma! it' 3 Jest a.
friendly visit. Why is it outra^i^ousT
Mrs. P. dunk —Why, them sailors willtef.
on them Japanese jinriki^had the hull tis»-
•So you don't like the modern, star systes*
'So," answered the manager. "I hate :
back up a monologue with three carloadj.
scenery." — Louisville Courier-Journal.
AS OTHER PERSOX.
Lady— Really, I have bo time to loot: at fs
Agent — Madam. I'm no book pedier; FmiC-.
Seller demonstrator. — Puck.
and ADJUSTABLE MARKS rani
Give perfect ease an,l rsiiirj
as notr.!^? e.se caa.
Free BftatrataJ E«*
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TEED. NO ELECTRrCITT OP. POISCii
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Mm*. >IAVMK lure Sprrblht,
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•07 Colors — KM. Blue-. Br>wn. Green -"• 's. P*rr™
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