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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, July 05, 1908, Image 55

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COLO.NT LIFE
AROILND NEW YORK
SPORTS AXD PROFESSIOSS
REPRKSEXTKD.
hovers of Golf and Horses, Painters,
• Musicians and Literary Work
ers Have Special Haunts.
BY M. W. MOOT
" >.>« York is the capital city of many colo
tles- Telephonic and telepathic leading strings ex
tend from each colony and are grasped tight in
the hand of Gotham, some wrapped around one
fisg*r and some around another, the different
fingers representing wealth, art. music, literature,
the drama, religion, health, temperance and so on.
It is the fad to colonize, and nearly all Gotham
does it ';.»•;■
Few objects indicate the individual tastes or
susceptibility to Impression so accurately as do
the kinds of colonies people swarm to. Men and
■women fond of whip and ribbons, jrun and golf.
teem SB find the air around Bernardsville. Morris
town, Mendham and W > ippany wonderfully salu
brious. Here their country homes are planted
and flourish in every style, from bungalow to
ralace. from cottage to mansion, as near the
skies as the mountains thereabouts will permit.
Here may be found the Whippany River Club. a.
favorite resort of members of the New York
Driving Club; th* Canoe Brook Country Club,
which is near Summit, and also neighbor to com
fortable "cottages" where members may run out
from the whir! of New York for a week-end or
♦he tax end of a. season. Here, too, the Baltus
rol Ostt Club, in a triangle touched by Short
"it. Springfield. Miliburn and Summit, draws its
lovers of outdoor sports to make drives and tees
of record merit on the slopes of Baltusrol Moun
tain. The finest country homes of Gothamitea
belonging to this club centre in the green gar
dens of Short Hills, where their owners seek in
door amusements at a luxurious Casino and treat
New York «is though it were Just around th«
corner.
Much more of a social element enters Into the
life of the Essex County Country Club, in th«
hills near South Orange, patronized by people
from all the Oranges. In the parks and hills sur
rounding this club stand tree-girt houses, the
country cottages of club members so addicted to
golf and kindred outdoor sports that they must
live within touch of them a goodly part of the
year. < «•— ■
There is a deal of amusement to be got from
colonizing a lot of people all of whom are com
petent to argue on the subject of golf, tell the dis
tinctions between squash and tennis, and throw a
discus or shoot an arrow with a skill born of well
upended dollars upon the right kind of instructor
in sports and athletics.
LONG ISLAND SPORTS.
Manj such congenial spirits haunt the green
levels luid gentle undulations of Long Island, only
the L>mg Islanders have colonized more with a
view to having wport with horses than they have to
th<= less exciting wielding of golf sticks.
The thinnecock Hills Club keeps pace with the
Rockaway Hunting Club, of Cedarhurst. and the
members of both can talk horse, like the experts
they are with the tenants of the club cottages
er.uggled conveniently under the groves adjacent
to Mineola. and Sheesphead Bay and Garden City
and Hempstead. Men find it mighty cosey to have
their country club* and country cottages so con
■sssesrfly planned that one can hobnob with the
•ther. iiid feminine members of a family may
•bare in both the sports and society of father, hns
oand and son.
The Rockaway Hunting Club is made up almost
entirely of members of the Racquet Club, just as
T»;'.ip!!t I'ark belongs to the families of members
T« ilisht Club, who colDnized more for sum
■ - | mild rec:eations than for any sport
ing proclivities among the members. This club.
howevi r. has not colonized around the corner from.
Got!:a::.. M i<j s;>eak. It is something of a ride to
ti.e <'a;>k.!::-. and a man cannot have luncheon
. ar.d take him out there for a game of
golf and :>di k to supper in New York afterward.
eseaaaat also enters into the Ardsley
club, which is a sort of resting place for clubmen
la New York, who run out among
the trees over Sunday and for a spin in the even
i!i£. and vat aa at the club in the first warm days
cf :-; r::;g while the town residence is being done
up in aw a hoiland and tar paper. The club Is
embowered in trees, and occupies nine or ten acraa
in the Bridal at a park dotted over with the villas
of officers and members, among whom aie its
preside Kranklin J. Brown; Its vice
preslfiex.-s, Amzi L. Barber and Henry S. Brooks.
Jr.; the treasurer, K. M. Van Beuren, and
secretary, K. S. Jaffray, and such go\ernors and
members as Jamen C. Bishop, Morton S. Pay
ton, J. I). Archbold, W. E. Benjamin, Tracy H.
Harris. P T. Davis, jr.. H. S. Carpenter. J. Allen
Townsend. Kdwiii Gould. Arthur Webb Parsons.
H Le R^y Kdgar. J. H. Whitehouse, the Rev. Dr.
Bfekatt K. Kiuredge. Arthur K. Wood. Robert
HewjTt. J. L. Van Alen and a number of equally
prominent men from the membership of over six
hundred.
PRIVATE RAILWAY STATIONS.
A private railway station with an entrance to
the club is one of the features of Ardsley, which
Is albo a station of the New York Yacht Club.
■While aquatic sports are amply and luxuriously
provided for. Ardsley is particularly devoted to
golf, tennis and racquets. The club owns a large
number of tennis courts, which are said to be
among the best in the country, while the golf
licks which they control are considered to consti
tute one of the finest courses in America.
The membership has greatly Increased in the
l*»t four years, and no expense is spared in em
ploying professionals to keep courts and grounds
up to the highest point of perfection. This is one
*f the nearest and from a picturesque point of
Mew one of the most beautiful of the club col
onies about New York.
Strolling through the shaded roadways of these
MaMCM colonies one fancies the very atmosphere
of peace permeates the lovely surroundings. .So It
does, provided nobody who is not wanted tries to
coloniz* himself among the club colonists. They
know what they want and whom they want and
they let everybody else know it. An outsider who
*"sats to encourage the "cast-away-on-a-desert
itlaad" feeling can obtain all he wants of it by
Juggling under the eaves of some house to let in
a fashionable club colony without first ascertain
!RK if he will be welcome.
Dwellers in these garden spots of suburban New
York thudder when they think about the lives
'stared by those who live in Temperance Park.
rhey don't often think of it, but when they do
th* effect Is as though they had swallowed a
■til iced mint Julep with the Julep left out. Club
«• encourages sympathy.
»or« than one temperance colony flourishes
Wound New York. Well, flourish Is hardly the
word. They exist and do a good work. The col
<mi«« are hopeful and cheerful, and the feminine
»«nn>r*. at l^ast. are full of an altruistic spirit.
or Baa* cf anything more enlivening the men
* r « Hi a! enthusiasm. _.». .
THREE RELIGIOUS COLONIES.
T " r extensive religious colonies thrive at elbows
w 'lfi New York, to say nothing of smaller organi
**»* of the same nature which flourish for a
*"** season. The religious colonies are filled with
******* only in the summer time. The religious
aa * on lg «hort among colonies devoted to the
p .rit oa j !z . Cg of mankind, while that for outdoor
"•*£« '**«« sfl the year round.
0? . <**««»*•• a*« soldom a£ enduring as are most
• ■■ other atrta. One reason for this is found In
' . "list himself, and the other in the artist*
£**«-*>ook. When an artist has painted and re
t^r* P'ctures from every point of view within
j^" °' his colony he seeks pastures new for
k^n*^ 8 *"<! painted shepherds and hangs up a
*lt»» *° k«f' on his pretty cottage. If this is
a '° convenient reach of his winter studio he
ts * •***« other scenes and lock* up the house.
0)Or^ c s-Mtsu colonize there are usually one or
c,, t . ah 1 " 181 *' *rt schools. Cos Cob. In Connecti-
T ■ lni5 *cock. I^ng It-land, and Woodstock, N.
to"*. '* "On* of th« nearby art co on familiar
An ' ov * r •*><» m readers alike.
Srtet *|J love old Places where tumbledown houses.
►»,., oW tree and scraps of ancient villages
**. Picturesque adjuncts to landscape or
waterscape, as.the case may be. In old places
are usually natives. Very soon the natives realize
that the art student has come in droves and must
be fed and housed. Each season the feeding and
housing of students takes on greater Importance
in their eyes and the prices they charge are such
that students nave no need of even pocket hooks
by the time the season is over. In some colonies
students transform a barn into very jolly quarters
and 1 stare off moving'day for another season. .
WHERE ARTISTS FOREGATHER.
In Woodstock an abandoned church has been
made into a veritable thing of art— far as art
life goes. It is home and kitchen, living- room
and studio, alike. for a happy swarm of young peo
ple so intent on worshipping: at the shrine of art
that they forget that a difference exists between
an upholstered divan and a wooden pew as a
downy couch. Not far from Woodstock a rich
Englishman has created a luxurious art colony.
This type of colony is easily spotted. One sees a
landscape dotted over with bits of canvas and big
straw hats or great canvas umbrellas, with here
and there human figures grouped in attitudes of
painful repose and dressed in a garb unrecog
nizable on Broadway. These symptoms, taken in
connection with numberless linen dusters of sex
less cut and appearance and well bedaubed with
paint. Invariably indicate the presence of a flour
ishing art colony.
Leaders among art colonists near New York are
William M. Chase, with his Shinnecock studio;
] Francis Murphy. Leonard Ochtman and Paul
Conoyer. who affect Woodstock scenery; Ralph
Radcliff Whitehead, of Birdcliff note, and Will
Howe Foote and Frank Vincent Dv Mond, at Lyme.
Conn. Further afield. In the distant mountains
and on the wild Maine coast, one finds art colonies
which spread canvas for a brief season and fold it
up with the fading leaves of an early autumn.
Artists have rather affected homes in the Wcst
chester hills of la|je, and where the beautiful hills
WHY MOTOR 'BUSES ARE UNPOPULAR IN LONDON.
It is becoming daily more evident that London thoroughfares are particularly ill adapted tc the
motor "bus, which, though a thing of yesterday, has r.lready, achieved the unenviable dis
tinction of constituting the greatest danger besetting the Londoner in his walks abroad.
Every week produces its list of killed and injured, and on two occasions lately an East End
crowd has given vent to its feelings by attacking motor 'buses that had caused an accident,
on one occasion stoning the driver, and, on another, pulling him from his seat and assault
ing him with sticks and umbrellas. The congestion of traffic is also greatly increased by
these huge, unwieldy vehicles, and altogether the case against the motor 'bus is becoming a
very strong one. and legislation must sooner or later intervene. — The Graphic.
of Westchester melt into the foothills of the
Catskills musical people have started a colony all
their own. a sort of footnote, as it were, to the
great composition planned by Mme. Nordica of
an American Bayreutb. Numbers of musical peo
ple have entered into this project, and opera lov
er."? have already purchased boxes in the unbuilt
opera house.
HILLS FOR MTJSIC LOVERS.
Some of the musicians who are lending their
presence as well as their voices to this colony are
David Bispham. Gerrit Smith. Bertha Bled, Signer
Peregini and friends of theirs, as well a;-- Mine.
Nordica. who has named her home Nordica Hill.
Herbert Morson. now ptaytng with Kyrle Bellew
in "The Thief,'' is putting up his home in the
musical colony, and ha? got several dramatic
friends to join him in creating a dramatic section
in this colony of the stage, whose footlights glim
mer along the brink of the Hudson by night, whose
curtain is wrought of shadowing trees, and whose
Ktage settings are green hills and winding rivers
against a background of blue-green mountains.
Long Island and Staten Isiand. too. own their
dramatic colonies, and Maude Adams watches- for
fairies in the glimmering waters of fore.st-girt Lake
Rnnkonkoma.
LITERARY FOLKS ARE MIXERS.
Literary folks are less gregarious than most.
They like to touch elbows with colonists of other
sorts. Still, there are literary colonies in the sub
urban fringe of Gotham. Some writers collect in
the shadow of the Orange Mountains, where Ham
ilton Wright Mabie draws inspiration; some affect
the plttuwqiw heights of Bronxville; Others, as
Mary H Wilkins Freeman and Henry Mills Alden,
congregate under tbm spreading elms of Mctuchen,
while many a book writer hies to Onteora to his
own cottage or that of MOtebody else for the in
spiration and peace necessary to the production of
a new work.
Just as there are colonies for sports, for amuse
ment and mental enlightenment and relaxation, for
spiritual elevation and temporal moderation, so
are there colonies around New York for the culti
vation of health.
Take, for Instance, the "hack to nature" colony
In New Jersey, where people are inoculated with
the wisdom of returning to the undress of primi
tive man, and are treated for many ills and toned
and strengthened up generally by a system of
water cure, fresh air and freedom from superflu
ous attire and mud packs. If you are tired, you
dig a grave and go bury yourself. The electricity
of Mother Buth warms an.J Invigorates you. At
first you imagine the wriggling sensation is pro
duced by worms. It isn't. It is merely the gentle
electric current of the ground permeating your
system. It is said that a hick person placed in a
grave of this nort cannot die as long a» he is in
it. A great many authentic cases exist of persons
returning to life after burial in ordinary ceme
teries
In the "hack to nature" colony one covers one's
self with heaps of sand, for rest and invigoration.
and takes many of the Kneipp water cure exer
cises. The mod pack must be of absolutely pure
mud, k*pi BMM all the time. It i« said to extract
Impurities from the system. This colony had to go
to New Jer.sey because there are too many dress
makers' Mfct-oeUtions In New York to make it pos
aible to try primitive man's attire here.
BIR THOMAS'S PRIVATE RAILWAY CAR.
Sir Thomas poemes*e6 th« most roomy and per
fectly equipped official car in existence. There
are nina rooms in the cur. the first being a recs;?
uon room, with accommodation for fifteen per
sons and handsomely furnished with .sofas fetid
chairs, the sofas being designed to be trans
formed into beds when so needed. There lira
also two bedrooms fitted with brass bedsteads,
with a bathroom between them, both finished in
white enamel walls. Farther on is a well equipped
office furnished in niuhogany, with every con
venience for the transaction of business. The
other main apartment is the dining room, which is
fitted to accommodate eight persons. — Tit-Bits.
NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE.' SUNDAY. JULY 5. 1908.
COMPASS PLANT
TRAVELLERS' FRIEND
GIVES BEARINGS TO THOSE
LOST ON PRAIRIES.
Another Nature Frrak Asserted to
Foretell Weather and
i Earthquakes.
One of the most curious of the worlds pl-vnts. and
one wnich is indigenous to this country alone, is
the compass plant (Siiphium lacinlatum>. which
was first called to the attention of the scientific
world by' General <then Major) Benjamin Alvord.
in 1842, and which received Its name from the
curious property exhibited by Its leaves of present
ing their faces to the rising and setting sun. This
remarkable species if a perennial plant of the
order Composite. Tfie first year it bears only
radical leaves; the second year and after, it is a
flowering herb, with four or five leaves from twelve
to thirty Inches in length on the stem.
It is found ia the rich prairies of the Mississippi
Valley, from Minnesota to Texas. The polarity of
the leaves of this plant was known to hunters and
settlers long before General Alvord discovered it,
and they would resort to it when lost in the prairies
on dark nights, as by feeling of its leaves they
coulri easily get their bearings. Many lives have
doubtless been saved by this plant.
The world will soon be able to rest in peace, for
since the discovery of the "weather plant" by the
alleged movements of which its discoverer, Pro
fessor J. F. Nowack. asserts he is able not only
to foretell the weather hut, what is more important
still, warn of forthcoming storms, cyclones, earth
quakes, fire damps and volcanic eruptions, no one
needs to sit up o' nights wondering where the
next great catastrophe will strike. He will receive
news from the plant seven to twenty-eight days in
advance, and can prepare himself accordingly.
The plant, which bears the scientific name of
Abrus precatorlus nobiis. Is a native of Cuba, and
it not at all striking in appearance. It bears no
flowers, and merely consists of a long stalk from
which branch numerous twigs containing rows of
delicate looking leaves. The leaves frequently
change color or close altogether, while the twigs
bend themselves into curious positions for some, to
the uninitiated, unknown reason, which the di
coverer says he Is able to read and Interpret.
He declared that the plant is highly sensitive to
electric and magnetic influences, and that by being
able to interpret the movements of the plant in
response to the electric current^between the earth
and the sun he is enabled to prWict great convul
sions of nature. He claims to have foretold by
mear.s of this plant, as far back as 18!»2, the earth
quakes in San Francisco and Jamaica and the
volcanic eruption* in Martinique, Japan and Italy.
None of tho government weather bureau stations
has been closed as yet, however.
QUEER SENSITIVE PLANTS.
One of the commonest roadside plants of certain
parts of Asia is the sensitive plant (Mimosa sen
sitiva), which grows in profusion in waste places
and on banks by the wayside. It is a very low,
spreading plant, seldom rising higher than the
grass among which It grows, or more than six
inches from the ground, but covering large spots,
which are distinguished from the rough herbage
by its neat, regular foliage. It is almost constant
ly in flower.
The manner in which the aspect of such a littie
bush is altered by a touch Is very remarkable.
Brush your foot over the luxuriant plant as you
pass by, and the whole bush seems to disaj>pear,
and you look for it almost in vain. All the little
leaflets shut up, one after the other; then the sec
ondary stalks drop; after this the main stalk of
the leaf suddenly droops downward. After a short
Interval the next leaf goes through identically the
same movements. If the shaking or injury is ee
v«r>\ every leaf from below upward moves in the
Bams way. Try to pluck a spray and it fades be
tween your fingers, so that it is very difficult to
gather and examine it In an expanded condition.
One probable advantage of these movements can
t»e understood from the behavior of files, which
alight upon tho leaves and make them drop. The
flies are startled and go away. Grazing animals
will consider such behavior in a plant uncanny and
will probably go to some other, leas Ingeniously
protected.
Another sensitive species is tho curious sema
phore or telegraph plant, where leaflets suddenly
and without any obvious reason move with a Jerk
through an angle of several degrees.
An odd plant, which is found occasionally in Ore
gon, Is the ghost plant. It is tall and warlike,
about eight inches high, and its bloom resembles
a waxen cup. It was known and much praised by
the Indians of Oregon, who knew it as the pipe
plant. They believed that it had great remedial
qualities, and made from it a lotion which they
considered a cure for diseases of the eye.
In th* deserts of the West Is found a curious
specimen (Ibervi!l?a sononc) of the cucumber fam
ily. Like the camel, this plant rinds thai it Is a
long time between drinks, and. like th* camel
again, nature ha» prepared It for these periods of
drouth. The rainy season is short in the desert
and occurs only onca a year. So that the plant
may obtain enough moisture for the dry season it
is provided with a reservoir to store up water.
The organ in which the water is stored is at ttts
base of the stem and Is covered with a sort of
waterproof envelope, through which the wat°r can
neither escape nor evaporate.
THE DRINKING ORCHID.
A most remarkable plant is th* drinking orchid,
which is (OHM] In South America, This orchid
takes a drink, whenever It feels thirsty, by means
of a tube which It lets down into tho water. The
formation of this orchid Is different from others
of its species, it having sharp leaves, lancehead
shaped, growing round the root and radiating from
It. From the centre of the plant hangs the tube,
about one-eighth of an Inch thick and one-fourth
of an Inch wide.
When touched It gradually contracts and rolls
Itself up in a spiral-like coll. As a rule thess
orchids are to be found growing directly over the
water, or where water has been, and in the latter
case it is almost pathetic to see how the tube
will work its way over the ground to a pool or
river. The drinking tube when not in use, is coiled
up on the top of the plant.-
During the fall and early winter s?\-eral years
ago a number of men might have been observed ln
the streets selling an odd little? plant which they
called the "Resurrection plant." Many and won
derful were the tales told of the plant by these
itinerant salesmen to persuade prospective cus
tomers to purchase. Most of them either stated
directly or else led their hearers to infer that the
plants came only from the Holy Land, where they
were emblematical of the Resurrection. Most of
them, however, were Polypodlum Incarnlum, the
commonest of all the ferns of Florida. During the
dry season the pUnt curls up into a small ball and
has the appearance of being dead. In this condi
tion it will bear transportation very well. When
It is placed In a bowl containing a little water the
leaves unfold &nd assume a bright green color,
forming a rather pretty and ornamental plant.
One of the most remarkable of the world's trees,
found along the Amazon, in South America, is the
Masseranduba. or milk tree. It is a magnificent
tree even in that country of illimitable forests, ris
ing with a straight stem to an enormous height.
The timber is very hard, fine grained and durable
and is valued for structures which are much ex
posed to the weather. The frutt is edible and very
good, being the size of a small apple and full of a
rich and juicy pulp.
But strangest of all Is the vegetable milk, which
exudes in abundance when the bark is cut. The
:nilk has about the consistence of thick cream, and
save for a very slight, peculiar taste could scarce
ly be distinguished from the product of the cow.
The natives use this tree milk in their coffee and
tea and ln cooking. It is also used for glue, and
is said to be durable.
SOUTH AMERICAN "RAIN TREE."
Another curious South American tree, and one
about which many romantic tales have been woven,
is the so-called "rain tree," which possesses a
reservoir for water in a hollow at the base of Its
leaf. The natives Tiave long asserted that under its
shade grass will grow in wonderful abundance.
This Is due to the Interesting fact that the leaves
of the tree possess the power of Independent mo
tion. At sunset the leaves close together, allowing
dew to form on the grass beneath. With the re
appearance of the sun the leaves expand again and
thoroughly screen the grass beneath, thus ef
fectually checking excessive evaporation.
In India seven different species of trees are con
sidered sacred, and worshipped accordingly. Among
them the finest looking and the most useful is the
aswatta, or Pagoda fig tree, yishnu, one of the
Hindu gods. Is said to have been born under it.
To fell one of these trees would be an unpardon
able act of sacrilege. The Vepu. or margosa tree,
which is dedicated to Siva, is sometimes mar
ried to the aswatta, with impressive ceremonies.
An amusing story la told about the Peepul. an
other sacred tree. The political agent at Ulwar,
Hindustan, some years ago wished to plant an
avenue of trees on either side of the road, in front
of the shops, for shade purposes, and had decided
to use Peepul trees, but the native shopkeepers, one
and all, declared that if this were done they would
not take the shop?. When pressed for a reason they
replied they could not tell untruths or swear falsely
under the shade of the Peepul tree, and added:
"How can we carry on business otherwise?"
The force of this argument seems to have been
acknowledged, as the point was yielded and other
kinds of trees were planted.
An exceedingly interesting plant, which has been
Introduced from Asia, is the "burning bush" (Dic
tamnus fraxinella). It is probable that this is the
burning bush of which mention Is made in the Old
Testament. Like a great many of the half desert
plants, it is full of an acrid, ethereal, odorous sub
stance. On a calm, hot summer's day this material
exudes from the leaves and surrounds the plant
with an invisible, vaporous atmosphere, which Is
supposed to assist in preventing the water from
evaporating or being transpired from the leaves.
If one places a lighted match a little below the
leaves or flowers this vapor catches flre, and there
is a display of flames and smoke, with little ex
plosions, followed by a strong smell. The plant
may be injured if It is set on fire too frequently,
but generally does not seem to be any the worse
for the experiment.
SLEEPING AND COUGHING PLANTS.
A curious plant, which possesses the rather re
pulsive title of "snake plant" (Amdrophophallus
campanulatus), is found in South America and
! Asia, a few specimens having been brought to this
country. In China it Is known as the "devil's
tongue," or the "sleeping plant," and is regarded
with superstition by the natives. The almost un
bearable odor it gives out when in bloom is said to
have the effect of producing sleep and Bometlmes
causing death. It will grow to a height of seven to
ten feet, and In appearance Is like a monster snake
like, striped lily-
When the writer was in the West Indies several
years ago a native, who was helping collect speci
mens in the forests called his attention to a vine
which was growing on Borne ruins. Plucking three
or four leaves from it, he said It^ was the "love
plant" and that his employer should hang them
somewhere and write the name of his "best girl"
on them.
"If they die." he said, "she does not love you.
If they sprout, she does." The writer put the
names of several women members of his family on
them and hung them from the celling by strings.
From each there soon sprouted a dozen or more
little leaves, greener and fresher than the main
leaf itself.
In South America Is found an ornamental plant
which bas acquired the cognomen of "coughing
plant," from the peculiar noise it makes at times.
This piant has a most intense aversion to dust,
and as soon as a few grains are deposited on its j
leaves the stomata, or air chambers which cover i
their faces and which are tho respiratory organs j
of the piant. become filled with a gas and swell.
The gas is given out with a slight explosion and a
sound which resembles the cough of a child suffer
ing from a cold.
Probably the oddest botanical curiosity in the
world is the "wonder-wonder flower," which is
found in the Malay Peninsula. It is merely a
blossom, without leaves, vino or stem, and grows
as a parasite in decayed wood.
CURIOUS FOOD SUPERSTITIONS.
Slowly but surely modern enlightenment in rele
gating to oblivion the foolish and often costly
superstitions which have been passed down from
century to century. Of tho.se, however, that linger
is the superstition about the spilling of salt and
the sure coming of ill luck— the result of the palnt
iiii,' of a celebrated picture which showed that
Judas--, at the Last Supper, sat before an over
turned salt cellar. Then there is the idea against
thirteen at table because there were Christ and
his twelve apostles around that board In th-s
upper room at the supper which was followed so
soon by oar Lord's de.th, and that Of Jtlda«, too.
In some European countries 111 lu.-k is said to
follow the person who stirs any liquid in a pan
from east to west. In Scotland persona when bak
ing oatcakes break a piece off and throw it ln the
tire to appease evil agencies. Still another custom
In that land is to make a birthday cuke with nine
knobs, then nine of the assembled company, when
the cake comes hot out of the oven, each breaks
one. knob off, and throwing it behind him says:
"This I give to Thee, Fox. Eagle, Wolf, " etc.
In some countries it 1h considered unlucky to
give a mince pie to a guest— it should be asked
for. Likewise, a mince pie should never be cut
with a knife, but held whole with the fingers ami
eaten that way. Als-o to eat as many mince plea
as possible at as many different housea before
Christmas, it is believed, will Insure bo many
happy months for the eater. To wrap a mince pie
in Bilver paper and keep It from Christmas till
July and then eat it is also fcald to bring good luck,
luc*
TO EX COURAGE ARTISTS.
IT. T. Evans and Other Patrons
Offer Prizes for Students.
The Art Students' League announced yesterday
that a priz» of JSO would be given by William T.
Evans, of New Jersey, for the encouragement of
the practical side of art. The subject for the com-,
petition will be chosen later. .1. Sanford Saltus
will give a prize of J3J for the best drawing made
In crayon or charcoal of a full length figure cast
made by a student In the antique class, and a
prize of $100 will b« awarded for th» best work
done In the painting classes during th 4 season of
19C'8-'O9.
The Salnt-Gaudens prize of 575, given in memory
of Augustus Saint-Gaudens. will be awarded for
the best work done In the day and evening sculpt
ure classes, and the Saint Gaudena prize of 125 will
be awarded for the best composition made by stu
dents of the day and evening sculpture classes.
In addition, two special scholarships, consisting
of $25 each and free tuition in any three of th*
league classes, will be awarded for the best work
done in the painting and drawing classes. The
annual competition for scholarships. open .to all
art students, with the exception of those in New
York, will be held In April. Ten scholarships will
be awarded. The drawings submitted will be
Judged by a jury consisting of the instructors of
the league.
Ten scholarships awarded in the competition held
in April were announced yesterday, as follows:
Wililam Hekking, Syracuse University; Henry
Farnham, Syracuse University; Miss N. M. Alex
ander, the Art Students' League of Buffalo; Miss
Florence Bach, the Art Students' League of Buf
falo; Albert F. Giddings. Art Institute of Chicago;
Ariel Grant. Eric Pape School, of Boston; Clifford
M. UJp, Mechanics' Institute of Rochester; John
R. Frazier. Rhode Island School of Design; Will
Hammell, School of Industrial Arts of Trenton,
and Miss Florence Seibold, Art Students' League
of Buffalo.
The league nest season will also award scholar
ships to its students in the following classes: Por
trait, still life painting, modelling class (figure and
composition*. men's life painting, illustration
(drawing and composition), women's life drawing,
composition, women's life painting, miniature,
sketch and water color.
REFORMS IN STJRROGATES* OFFICE.
Oldtime Methods Give Place to Time and
Money Saving Innovations.
Through the instrumentality of Surrogates Charles
H. Beckett and Abner C. Thomas many changes
have been made in the procedure of their office
which- are of considerable advantage both to the
lawyers practising in that court and the general
public having business ' there. Surrogate Beckett
was appointed by Governor Hughes to fill the va
cancy caused by the death of the late Surrogate
Fitzgerald.
It was formerly the practice to leave an original
will for probate in the surrogates' office without
a copy, but the New York office now insists on
the filing: of a copy or a will with the will itself,
accompanied by an affidavit from two persona that
they have compared the paper with the original
will, and that it is in all respects a true and cor
rect copy. This scheme has also the advantage of
furnishing two disinterested witnesses to the cor
rectness of the copy. The original wills were
formerly kept in three places, but now Surrogate
Beckett Insists that they be filed in one room, and
that they be properly prelected by filing cases.
Decrees on accountings are now also better ar
ranged, and the surrogates have demanded that
proper filing cases be provided for them.
The original vouchers are now taken to the sur
rogates' court in boxes of a uniform size, so that
they can be properly stored. ■■■.'. "
An expert bookbinder is to be added to the main
office staff to repair damaged records in book form.

RADIUM BATHS.
Reported to Give Relief to Sufferers from
Deadly Diseases.
In the tiny, remote village of St. Joachimsthal,
in Austria, about eighteen miles from Carlsbad,
are the uranium mines belonging to the Austrian
government. It has just been discovered that the
water from these mines is highly Impregnated with
radium. The Austrian government has received
scientific reports on the waters of the mines, and
it intends to construct a proper radium spring and
build a number of huge hotels about it. These will
be managed by the government. It Is believed that
the highly medicinal and curative properties of
the radium spring will attract patients from every
part of the world to St. Joachimsthal.
The principal diseases which these baths are
expected to cure have not been stated, but medical
authorities are so strongly of the opinion that the
new springs will prove beneficial that a new and
fashionable "bad" at this village seems likely to
arise.
JOHN BULL IN THE TOMBS.
There was a ripple of amusement in the dir.ijy
Tombs court yesterday morning when John Bull, a
saloonkeeper, of No. 128 Park Row, was arraigned
before Magistrate Breen by Patrolman Cohen, of
the Mulberry street station, for selling liquor after
hours.
"Er— where were you born, Mr. Bull." inquired
Magistrate Breen.
"Ireland," promptly returned the prisoner.
"Oil." said the magistrate. "Then I'll hold you
ln J3CO bail for examination Monday."
LATIN-AMERICAN TOPICS.
All the Chilian papers have published highly
eulogistic articles about Monsignor Casanova.
Archbishop of Santiago, who died recently In the
capital of the republic at the age of seventy-six.
He was the most prominent prelate In South
America, where he held, In fact, the post of
primate of the Roman Catholic clergy in that part
of the world. Monsignor Casanova exercised a
beneficent influence over questions of international
policy touching religious administration. For in
stance, he did not Insist, though urged to do so
by ultra patriots, on the "Chilianlzation" of the
Tacna diocese, now occupied by the Chilian* since
their victories of 1379-'B2. That diocese of the
Peruvian provinces Of Tacna and Arica was a de
pendency of the Archbishopric of Lima. and
Chilian patriots have always been anxious to ob
tain a ruling, through their religious dignitaries,
from the Pope that the Tacna diocese should be
detached from Its allegiance to the Peruvian cleri
cal authority and Its religious administration trans
ferred to the Archbishopric of Santiago. Monsig
nor Casanova feared that such a measure would
only embitter the not over, friendly relations exist
ing between the two neighboring republics, and
did not wan' to Incur that responsibility. H» might
have succeeded in this negotiation, for he was
held In special rsfeen*. by the highest authorities
of the Church.
Tha Independence day of the ArgfnMno He
public was celebrated on May 25 with th« usual
enthusiasm. This year Its Importance was en
hanced by the arrival of delegations sent by th*
governments and private societies from neigh
boring countries. The delegation from Paraguay was
especially important, sln.-e It was headed by a gov
ernment minister, Seftor Solor. and Senator Aceval,
a former President. Some days before the celebra
tion good news was received from Montevideo at
Buenos Ayres. It was to the effect that ths trou
ble between the governments of these tftro cities
regarding the mancruvres of Argentine warships in
a section of La Plata estuary claimed by Uruguay
would probably be amicably settled. The Uruguay
an Minister of Foreign Affairs had given to ths
press of Montevideo an official communication con
taining the diplomatic notes exchanged between th«
two chancelleries, and these notes were couched in
most courteous terms.
The Question whether there Is a paper truat In
Chill Is not easy M answer, but the pries of news
papers has Increased there. "Las Ultimas Notl
cias," of Santiago, the evening sdltion of "El Jl«r
eurio." say» that the newspapers which in San
tiago were sold at 2H cent* are now 6 cents. Of
course the provincial papers have followed the
lead of those in the capital. Thus the price of *
copy of a journal at Valdivia is now 10 c«nt», in
stead of 6 cents. At Antofagasta papers for many
years cost 10 cents; they have gone up now to 20.
"Las Ultimas Noticias" says: "The Increased cost
of paper, which has forced the same policy on Eu
ropean and North American enterprises, ta felt
• i«a La Cbilt"
European Advertise w enU.
LONDON SHOPS.
NEW & EXCLUSIVE PESIfINS ><>
IN SILKS FOR y^SX* t
1908 /txprx
v/flKSv^ LACES, f RIBBONS,,
/ £jKs!*/ HOSIERY, FLOWERS.,
AND DRESS MATERIALS-.
VERE STREET & OXFORD STREET,,
LONDON. W. j
Foreign Resorts.
HOTELC LN SCOTLAND.
BIRMM HOTEL. BIRMAM,
**•■ Perthshire, Scotland
(3 Minnre*' Walk from Birmm lid Dunkeld Statin*.)
HIGH CLASS FAMILY HOTEL
TARIFF MODERATE. Pnr<-. Bn- io S Mr. Ftaeat
Scram- in Scotland. GOOD SALJIO>" AM> TROCT
FiSUI>G FREE. - .
Golf Conr«e \d fnlrn Hot«»i Grounds.
GOOD GAH.AGK \».;> INSPECTION* Pl*
FRANCE, BELGIUM AND HOLLAND.
Grand Hotel
PHRIS
Boulevard Das Capucines and Piac? de roper«
1,000 Rooms with Private Batbs.
Tariff on Application.
PARIS (Favorite American H»aso
HOTEL CHATHAM.
PARIS HOTEL OE L'ATHEME
HIII%J 15. Rue Scribe.
Opposite the Grand Opera
"The Modern Hotel of Paris."
E. ARMBRUSTER. Manager.
PARIS
HOTEL DE LILLE ET <TALB!3I,
623. Rue St. Honor*, close to PUc* Vendome. First cia*».
All modern Improvements. Every horn* comfort Larva
ball. P.e*taurant. luncheons anil dinners at n.\M prlc* of
a la carte. Telegrams: m.i I .ALBION. PARIS.— H«nrt
Abadle. Proprietor.
Qstend-Hotels
On Sea Fronts
THE " CONTINENTAL," 400 BEOS.
„ "SPLENDID," 400 BEDS.
„ KURSAAL 4 BEAU SITE, 150 BEDS.
ARRANGEMENTS-PENSION. BOOM Si MEAL*,
n AND tS PER DAY.
ACCORDING TO LOCATION OF BOOMS.
AUG. DECLERCK. Proprietor.
QSTEMP
The Hotel de la Plage
On The Beach
Facing The Bathing
Is The Hotel 8c Restaurant
DE LUXE
ITALY %KD SOUTH OF FBA3SCE.
GC aV9 f\ A IN BEAUTIFUL.
ilil UAa PRIVATE PAKA
"EDEN PfIUGE."
HOTELS HI GERMANY.
AIX-LA GHfIPELIE
Uueifens Hotel
BCDI 111 OpeneJ 1307- 300 Rooms.
CJfLllf 100 Private Baths. Latest Comforts.
"VSST THE FURSTEHHOF
Munich r^rr
HOTEL D£ RUSSIE
VUr ■ m wM ■ • • ■■■■ ■ ■
NUBEMBERS syfistam*
Sendig's Wuritembsrger-Hof
Wii » >adin ' ° tA
ILUUfIUCIa a Aato iiantse.
Prop.. V,. Schober the kaiserho?
at Mirpbeard-. Cairn. I (•- fIMULUUUi
ATJSTEIA, HTJNGASY & SWITZERLAND.
fAUSTBIA.)
VIENNA m Ra3s * Ml
IjLWJNA iatastm.
HOTEL BRISTOL
Located n the Fashlonabta Karnthnerrlnt
and the favorite resort or American*. Per
fect French Cuisine and choice wines.
BUDAPEST
GD' HOTEL HUNGARIA
Fir*t-C!a<* Motel with Panoramic View over
Danube* Every modern comfort. Exclusive Ameri
can & English patronage. CHARLES X 3tß6fc*,
Manager, formerly of Imperial Hotel, Vienna.
INTER LA KEN. J^Zfe
Alrr and Quirt.
REQIMA-HOTEL JUNGFRAU3LICK.
nKIJUHXFCJ VIKVS OVER GLACIXR* AM)
LAKES. J. OESCH, Proprietor « BSBBaBM
LAUSANNE MOTOR GAK.VGE)
HOTEL BEAU-SITE «*
HOTEL RICHE-MONT
The 3IODEKX HOTELS of LAI'S 1.V.Y8
.-■jprrb View* at Lake and Mountains.
B«*t American and EaclUb Patronage.
Sol!** with PriHltßalb. -
ORANGE TREE MOVES NORTH.
Botanists In th* employ of the United Stares De
partment of Agriculture bop* to bring Info being
an orange tree which will Jm as sturdy as the apple
tree; an orange trite that will not perish in th«
chill of northern winter, which In D*c«mber will
bear Us wreaths of snow and in May its garlands
of bloom, and when summer comes will yield fruit
as food as that sweetened In the south sun.
This may seem to l>* an unnatural proposition, but
It only seems so. No violence upon the laws of
nature ha« been or will be attempted. It Is simply
an effort to make the citrus tree which bears th >
•weet table orange as hardy and Insensitive to cold
as the citrus tree which bears the bitter. unedMa>
orange. By crossing a cltru* tree which >;rows in
the North and which t>ear» »n unedlble fruit with,
the citrus tree of th» South it >* aou;bt to beget
a plant in which will be combined th» good traits
of each.
Gdvernment botanists are- confident that the re
sults of tin- citrus marriage will be a scion that
will grow and fruit at a latitude midway between
the northern limits of the sweet and the bitter or
ange. If this should be there rolsht be orangn
groves in Central Virginia. Middle Kentucky.
Southern Indiana. Southern Illinois, ■ Centra! Mis
souri and Central Kansas. Think of orange gloves
around the home* in PJchmoml. Lml^vllle. Cincin
nati. St. Louis and Kan&ts Cltyt— Technical Waria.
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