Index to Advertisements.
Part. " Pag* Column.
Amui»tr;w.:i ...: 4 ■ • 5-«
. Auction Pale* Em] Estate .- 1 - *- r*
Automobile * « 1
Bankers ar>-5 Broker* * s i
P->ard ar.d Rooms * * " .tJs
Brooklyn Aflvertisrarata » '' *S
Easiness Chances * * 'J 1
Carpet Cleaning ••••-. * ,2 4
CM Property for Sa!« ...: • * - 2
Country Board f* .1 7
Oasatnr Property to Lot , i« 2
Country Pmpcrtv for Pa1e..... ;*, . g «c
Domestic Situation* Wanted 3 A - -4
Employment Ap»nc«s -• * . - «
Excursions .-■ 1 - 6
PaiHiian Advertisement* a • j
Financial Mating* ■ J . - 2
Foreclosure Pales •••"• Is"
For Sale ; « - «
Forelpri Reports -•- •?• • o S
ru-r.lfhe<J Rooms to Let......-..--- i I" 1
r^irtlli Houses to J>t. Country... 1 *;
Help Wanted 1 7 2
Ir»tructlon : <; 6
Ix^r and Found * _ a
Marriage and Deaths i t 2
Miscellaneous • ,o 2
P«w jTf»y Advertiwnrrts * ■•- 7_7 _
CWan Steamers -•-.- 2 8 2
Proposal* 4 I 1-2
Railroad* *•*" , j; -
Res? Estate - i 12 - 2
P.ral Estate Wanted - 1 1" 1
Real EKate for Sale . t 5
fl— Hn nr- 4 .6 °
Savlnr* Bank* .72
Fcho^l Acndes • . . 7 6
Special Notices ....-...- 4 - 1 1
Steamboat* 4 s 1
Ftf»raire -•• .*"** 4 7 S-"
- •, • - Business Purposes J ; fi
Tribune Subfcrtpt-lon Kates 4 g 6-6
Trnrt CompanifS Z2~I~Z, 1 12 1
TT-rurn'.shed Apartiaecta to Let » 12 2_ 4
•Work Wanted *
■f M ..T*aricilmUi Zt&txat,
SUNDAY, JULY 5, 1908.
Thr- Tribune Association, a lew *iorh «"£»?
™l™~ ant principal plat* of gW«Sj£
Tne Building. .Yo. 15i yc*»'u *"« • Tuttle sec-
Offden Mills, president: Nathaniel Tuttle sec
rrtaru end treasurer. The address of the on
cers i* the office of this newspaper.
THE yEWS THIS WORMS*
TYVREIG-* -J nennl'Kcr HeaVn. at the dinner
imuXnalfsrie^er in Panarna^esi^ as a
?°- S< P.'-va SaOonll Paulon Fund ■■"■>».'?«
fSii == n» RJfsian MinlMry decided
£ £e?ent in the Dourna _a_bill 1-™^ £r
workingroen's insurance. ===== The Mexican
Legation in Paris issued a note designed to re
assure Europe regarding the recent disorders in
Mexico. -— - The Japanese Cabinet fonr.all> re
signed, and the Emperor. it Is said, instructed
Marquis Katsura to form a new Cabinet.
DOMESTlC— President Roosevelt and his
family and some of bis friends celebrated the
Fourth of July at Oyster Bay; there was a Dis
play of fireworks at bis home in the evening.
■■ M Taft spent a quiet day with Mrs. Taft
and their son Charles, at Hot Springs. — - —
Bryan's complete control of the Democratic Na
tional Convention was further demonstrated by
developments in Denver; ex-Judge Parker, in
an interview, declared himself for harmony on
the candidate and platform. ===== William J.
Bryan began his porch campaigning at his
home in Lincoln. Neb.== Ten balloons, in
cluding entries from France and Canada, started
from Chicago in a race to the ocean. —
Four persons were killed and ten injured In a
train collision near Boonville. N. Y. — —
Charles H. Bond, a well-known Boston cigar
manufacturer, was found d«ad in a bathtub at
L.v~n. Mass. ■ Twenty-five persons were
hurt when bleachers seating fifteen hundred col
lapsed at a baseball game at New "Bedfona,
CITY— Four persons were killed and at least
2.V* were injured in the Fourth of July celebra
tion. —- — A rocket aimed at a fireworks stand
in Stamford caused an explosion, Injuring five
persons. = Tammany celebrated the Fourth
•with patriotic exercises and words of encourage
ment from Democratic leaders. ===== Hundreds
of holiday promenaders saw an unidentified man
«id his life by plunging from High Bridge to the
Speedway. rr=^=: Seven persons were hurt wb«n
an automobile climbed a girder of the Boule
vard Bridge, in Bayonne, and turned turtle.
■ . Repairs on the Brooklyn Bridge caused
one of the worst crushes ever known by the po
lice. == Man* llannering said .-he was suing
her* husband. James K. Hackett, for divorce.
- Ti\e Art Students' League announced of
fers of prizes from W. T. Evans and others to
encourage ambitious young men and women.
== A trustee of the Chinese Reform Associa
tion was arrested for misappropriating invest
ment funds. ===== Commander Peary said he
•was still short H.OOO of th« amount necessary
to make the -dash for the North Pole. = - Two
of the Pennsylvania Railroad tubes under the-
East River were relieved of compressed air
THE WEATHER. — Fair and warmer to-day
and to-morrow: light southwest winds. The
temperature yesterday: Highest, M degrees;
SLR PLUS OR DEFICIT
Our friend and former neighbor, "The Times,"
takes exception to some of the arguments which
we used on Friday to show that during the
Roosevelt administration the Treasury bad not
been managed with recklessness or Improvi
dence] Ike Times" seemed to be displeased
because a deficit of $59,005,000 occurred In the
fitCLil year lf>o7-'OS, although it has often ex
ploited the Idea that It is better to have ■ def
icit annually than a surplus. We do not at all
agree with that theory of fiscal policy, and we
called attention to the fact that though deficits
bulb*. in three of the seven rears »of the
Roosevelt administration there has been in that
period an average annual saving out of current
receipts of $19,000,000. If it is creditable as a
matter of business mancgenient to live within
one's income the Roosevelt administration is
entitled to praise, not censure.
We mentioned incidentally as one important
result of siuh management that the government
was able to con*? effectively to the aid of the
banking and business community In the strcs3
of last fairs panic. "The Times" seems to ques
tion whether the aid given by the government
through its command of a large surplus and
aaajste means for protecting its own credit as
well as strengthening private credit was really
of any garner Oar former neighbor aug<
p/-ts chat it might have been better to let pri-
Tijie -r-fdit light its battle alone last fall, as it
iin.l to do In 1883 sad 1804. when the Cleve
land administration was spending more than it
■a* taking in and was hard put to keep the
various kinds of money it was issuing at ■
parity. We cannot b-li-ve that any large num
ber of bankers or business men regretted last
Novemtier that the government was in a position
to checfc slam by employing the resources at
its disposal. Even "The Times" was di.-po.seil
to arrlfaiai intervention then: for it warmly
«.tn3^^'3«»<l Mr. Cortelynu's relief measures, and
.. .--. on December G last "the priceless and
*Vavio» «cr*ke which he rendered to the banks
•'and •- tr,- public- In the month of November."
If th- T?v.?ury ii;i.; been producing deficits for
tbe'six •ears preceding it would uot have been
able to st- in awl quell the panic. It.-? own
condition would bare accentuated public alarm,
as It did in HK, and recovery from (be shock
to credit would probably have been much more
gradual and painful. A Treasury surplus is not
to be sniffed si and is sol sniffed at- in time
. We Kaid on Friday thai if opponents of the
administration lielieve that the government's
income and outlay are '••■Si' ■"• large they
siioj;!d point out In what *>:h-i: h -i expenditure
could be i-enefi. ially reduced. "The Times' gays
that pension expenditures are too great. Yet
will it j?»;pj>ort or get the Democratic party t>
amsMri i horizontal cut in pensions of 20, 40
•r m per cent? Will it advocate a reduction
of the army or the navy, the rontrartion of the
i-ost.il service, the abandonment of work nn
rivers and harbors and the dropping of all
projects for conserving find improving our nat
ur.Vl resources? These 6» issues which can be
referred to the voters, and the decision of the
voters will BUM Congress. Will the Drnio.
cratic National Convention submit a detailed
prograniuie of federal contraction and retrench
MR. BRYAN AXD THE XEGRO. >
Taking seriously some pleasantries of Colonel
Wattcrson about "opening the door to the Col
ored Brother nt Denver,"* some negro clergy
men and educators are said to have paid a
visit to Lincoln. Neb., to ascertain Mr. Bryan's
views on the subject of "door opening." "The
New York World" reports that the prospective
Presidential candidate of the Democratic party
expressed a friendly feeling for the negro
race, said that, if elected President, he would
favor restoring the discharged f soldiers of the
Brownsville garrison, if they were not guilty
of "shooting up"' Brownsville, and announced
that he would recognize the negro race in ap
pointments to olßce so far as it seemed entitled
to recognition, "support of the Democratic
ticket being taken into account." But a sudden
reticence overcame the candidate when this
crucial question was submitted to him:
What would be the attitude of the Democratic
party toward affecting public sentiment so that
the negro might enjoy the benefit of the ballot
in" Southern states, and we might at It-art nave
a fair and honest administration of the laws that
now disfranchise the negro in MoT
Mr. Bryan merely answered that "conditions
"affecting the ballot he was not free to dis
It Is' clear enough why he is not free to
discuss them. He cannot be nominated at
Denver without the support of the South, and
the Souths response to Mr. Watterson's "open
door" suggestion has been so emphatic and
Indignant that Mr. Bryan cannot risk avowing
any policy looking to the conciliation and culti
vation of the negro vote. The South does not
want to have the negro exercise the suffrage
either at the North or at the South, and would
bitterly oppose any step at Denver toward
recognizing the negro either as a voter or as a
Democrat. Mr. Bryan Is not free to oppose
the Souths wishes in this respect, and Is there
fore not free to discuss with the Colored
Brother his rights or status as an elector.
What can the negro expect from Mr. Bryan
and the Denver convention? A couple of
months ago. in a speech at Cooper Union in this
city. Mr. Bryan said:
The whit'- man in the South puts on that
qualification [the ancestry requirement] as a
matter of self-protection, and there is not a Kp
publican community in the North that would not
put it on when necessary.
H<-re is a perfectly frank declaration that the
constitutional rights of the negro can be de
nied and will be denied not alone in the
Southern state?, but in any Northern commu
nity which may feel dissatisfied with the
negro's record as a voter. As conservative and
representative a Southern newspaper as "The
Baltimore Sun" puts fho case concisely and
accurately when it says:
Any opening of the door by platform declara
tion at Denver would be grotesquely inconsistent
Dot only with the records and the purposes of
the Southern states, but also with the position
which Mr. Bryan has taken in regard to the
disfranchisement of the negro in the South.
It may seem superfluous to suggest that the
negro voters who are loitering about the
Democratic "open door" at Denver would bet
ter make their last testaments before they cross
its threshold. They have the right, of course,
tv labor for their own disfranchisement If
they have any discernment they must realize
thai Democratic victory in the nation will
mean the passage before long of disfranchise
ment laws in Maryland, Delaware. West Vir
ginia. Kentucky. Missouri. Oklahoma and Ten
aessee, and that continued Democratic rule
may bring similar disfranchisement in all the
Democratic Northern states. The negro voter,
North or South, who supports the Democratic
national ticket will Pimply be helping to write
liis own epitaph.
THE ISGLORIOVB FIFTH.
Paradoxically, the Fourth is the Day of No
Quarter; and this is the only reason why to-day
is the Inglorious Fifth. Yesterday no quarter
was shown to the sick, to timid folks, to truck
horses or to stray dogs by the firecracker pa
triot. The latter was not particular about show
ing quarter even to himself, as the list of dead
and Injured shows. To-day there are. at a con
sVrvative estimate, twenty thousand citizens
who are convinced, for the first time in their
lives, that the Fifth is inslorious. They are the
friends of the three thousand and odd victims
of n'reworks; they are repeating tearfully that
all the pyrotechnics in the United States are
not worth the powder needed to blow them up.
These persons with fresh memories of death,
lockjaw, amputation and blindness, and a few
disciples of pure reason are to-day demanding
the abolition of the Inglorious Fourth—nat
urally by an interdict against explosives. We
cannot sympathize either with the wish or with
In the lirst pla^o. the suggested remedy is too
slow. Prohibition, of fireworks as of firewater,
must follow public opinion to be offe-nive. But
public opinion will be aroused against powder
patriotism only after fifty-one voters out of
every hundred have seen good friends of theirs
shredded around the edge by cannon crackers.
mowing scran Intimates to ea<-h victim, we
discover that not more than twenty thousand
D en, women and children are being converted
annually to the "sane Fourth" doctrine. Con
sidering the country's populrtion, human forget
fulness and the death rate, the chances of get
ting this plank into the political platforms be
fore the A^^ "f Reason dawns are tenuous.
In the second place, the Inglorious Fifth has
■ mission to perform. Its sufferers must wear
bandages or shrouds that survivors may learn
the horrors of war and thf> possibilities of si-i
em >•■ A regiment of maimed and killed every
rear mak< b it easier for us all to shudder at
ii:.- thought of roal hostilities. Again, were it
not for the accident list of the Inglorious Fifth
perhaps the scrum for tetanus would never have
been discovered; and. at any rate, if people con
tinue to burn themselves long enough they may
£>-t u»tii to the experience.
The finger tips of that virgin science, compar
ntive college economics, have again been kissed
by the Investigators working for the Carnegie
Foundation. "The Financial Status of the Pro
fessor in America and in Germany" is the theme]
of that Institution's second bulletin, and the
statistics therein arrayed baptize the new field
of research with the good old family name, "tlie
dismal science." The scenes unrolled do not
conduce to gayety or pride. About a third of
all American colleges report that their full pro
fesiion receive an average salary of less than
$1,000 :i year, while a scant half confess to
paying between $1,000 and $2,000. Elaborate
computations, based on fairly complete evi
dence, show "that an American teacher who
"has -••!"■ through college, taken a post-graduate
••<■i n- and prepared himself for the profession
••of teaching may hope to obtain at the age of
"twenty -<-i-ht a salary of $1,250, at thirty-one a
-salary of $1,730, at thirty-three ■ salary of
'•.$2.-JT.u. and at thirty-live — :it which age th«» able
"iuau will have gained his professorship- sal
•*ary of 52,."i<»." His German colleague, having
survived the long ordeals of the ■ Privatdocmt,
receives an income whose purchasing power Is
about GO per cent greater.
But suirb summaries bring few new griefs;
irtnTffi.il -w ■ r^- ■■mi niT-.i irmUMMIW^IT- T - - -. ■,t»Hvn< U '
NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE, SUNDAY, JULY 5, 1908.
everybody hns long known in a general wny that
American college professors as a class have to
seek odd jobs during vacation and evening bourn
in order to keep alive. The details, however,
upon which this common knowledge is buiit
must bring it home with a sting to the alumni
of almost -very alma mater. The policy of
many college! resembles only too faithfully that
of the "university" which, while building I gym
nasium with $400,000 raised by mortgaging its
campus, pays its full professors nn average
yearly salary of SI.SOG and employs only one
instructor for every twenty undergraduates.
On the other hand, Haverford College finds
scarcely an imitator courageous enough J.o fore
pwear Stadia and a hundred pompous "spcvinl
courses" for the sake of paying Ma professors
an average of $3,440 and having an Instructor
for every 0.5 students.
Every college man is Invited to learn from
the statistics how. ills old teachers are being
treated. Publicity is the first step toward tho
overthrow of the- painful policy which makes one
professor give twenty-rive lectures a week, forces
another to house bis family of four in a six
room flat five flights up and compels a third
to do typewriting in order to pay for a simll
insurance policy. If the Camc-gfo Foundation
could only send Its bulletin to every man who
ever emitted a claps yell, college trustees might
soon be dissuaded from bull.liug marble halls
with teachers' salaries. In saying tins we do
not forget the many instances in which tlie al
most necessary acceptance of a gift or legacy
is embarrassing because of the expense which
results from the conditions attached to it. Col
lege faculties might also abandon the fatuous
plan of multiplying courses to allure fresh
men and prevent professors from indulging in
research and constructive work. Perhaps this
would be attained still more easily if the bul
letin wore supplemented 1> - V a tanle showing
what percentage of college instructors enjoy
private incomes. If there is any evidence that
the well-to-do, simply by virtue of their being
well to do, have conspicuously superior chances
of getting and holding academic places, the ques
tion of prfrfessorial salaries mny have to be
faced and answered as a problem of democracy.
THE AUTOMOBILE RECORD.
There will be genera] epproval of the opinion
expressed by the Safe Roads Automobile Asso
ciation of Massachusetts in its first yearly re
port, that a large majority of automobile oper
ators run their cars carefully. It is, indeed,
obvious that it must be so, for if it were not, if
the average motorist were reckless, there would
certainly be far more accidents than there are.
The report which we have cited tells us that in
Massachusetts in the year ended June 30 no
fewer than H2 persona were killed in automobile
accidents, 21 of them being occupants of the
cars and 41 non-occupants, and 640 more were
seriously injured. That is a shocking record In
itself. Yet when we remember tuat thousands
of automobiles were in use every day and night,
carrying many thousands of persons and pass
ing by millions of persons on the highways, we
must recognize that the proportion of offenders
was,, after all, not large.
The report therefore tonds to vindicate auto
mobilists against indiscriminate and wholesale
condemnation and to establish the repute of
autoruobiling as a means of transit which, while
exceedingly convenient and "enjoyable to those
who practise it may be made and kept void
of offence to the remainder of the commu
nity. At the same time it does not in the
least Euggest the propriety of any diminution
of severity against actual and wanton offenders.
It would never do to argue that because only
one in a hundred or one in a thousand drives
recklessly there is no need of a law and a pen
alty against reckless driving. Perhaps only one
man in ten thousand is a thief and only one in
a hundred thousand is a murderer, yet nobody
would for that reason abolish the laws against
theft and murder, or lessen the severity of the
punishment for those crimes. As vye understand
it, this Safe Roads Automobile Association has
no thought of getting the law or the penalty
abolished. On the contrary, it seems to devote
its activities largely to procuring the strict en
forcement of them, and in that it is doing a
valuable service both to the public in general
and to automobilists in particular. The results
of its action confirm our often expressed belief
that in no way can the offensive small minority
of reckless automobilists be brought to decent
ways or driven from the highways more sur.-ly
and effecm-ely than through the resolute organ
ized action of the great majority of law-abiding
and right-respecting drivers of motor cars
It needs to be remembered, too, that local de
sires and regulations are entitled to some re
spect, in even the smallest places. Automobilists
appreciate the generous conduct of some coui
munities, which give up their highways for a
time to the practically exclusive use of motorists
for road racing. But they should remember
that other* communities have an equally good
right to refuse to grant such privileges, and to
insist that the legal limit of speed shall be
strictly observed on their roads. Per/rlo who
live all their lives along a highway and who are
taxed every year for its maintenance are cer
tainly as much entitled to say how it shall be
used us are the strangers who occasionally ride
over it. The operation of "automobile traps" is
doubtless often annoying, and sometimes it is
probably mean, tricky and dishonest, though the
cases are certainly very few in which any one
would be caught in a trap if he were not break-
Ing the law. But it is also annoying, and the
practice is sometimes attended with disastrous
and even fatal results, for motorists to go
scorching through a rural community without
regard for the law. on the theory that it is a
mere "hayseed village" which "does not count."
It is often in precisely such places that there Is
greatest danger iv scorching and greatest ne'-d
for the beneficent influence of a safe roads asso
PEARTS XEXT VESTURE.
No one who has carefully heeded the utter
ances of the explorer now about to leave this
country once more for the Arctic regions can
have failed to notice that be evinces greater
confidence of success than ever before. What
is more, his tone must be regarded as in a
certain sense prophetic. Efforts to reach tho
pole resemble the art of war. The nature of
the obstacles to be overcome oiust be Studied
zealously and mastered bj degrees. Peary lias
been quick to profit by the lessons of every de
feat and disappointment of the last twenty
years. Each time he goes north he improves
on the past. That he should have convinced
such a hard headed man of business as the
late Morris K. Jesup that it was worth while
to try again, and that he had the requisite
qualities for the task, is a notable bit of testi
mony both in regard to the man and kis enter
Even more significant is the lively sympathy
of President Roosevelt, to whom before sail
ing the explorer will pay his respects, and
by whom be will be entertained at luncheon.
Bo distinguished « representative of the stren
uous life might well appreciate and admire
Peary's indomitable pluck, and on this account
alone extend eocoorageaient But the Chief
Executive h«s commended the undertaking also
because In bis judgment it involves national
pride. Mr. Roosevelt sees tli.-it a peculiar and
lasting distinction will be won by the country
one of whose suns first sets fo<-t at the pole,
as some man of heroic mould will unquestion
ably do sooner or later.
In two particulars r;-a:;,- will alter his pro
gramme on his coming expedition. He plans
to push out on the icy covering of the polar sea
from a point on the north const of Grant Land
further vvr-st thau the one last adopted for
that critical s«.»iie of the campaign. He also
intends to pursue a northwWrly course, in
order to offset the PHStwnrd movement of the
pack. In other respects the precedent e>tal»
lished by Peary himself will be closely ft*
lowed. Within the next eltjht or ten weeks he
will try to force the best ship ever MM for
such work up along the Greenland const to the
Arctic Ocean. In something like latitude 88
he will then seek winter quarters. Early in
iho spring the explorer will make a sledse
journey over the Ice pack, leaving the land
two or three hundred miles to the westward
of the Roosevelt's berth. Finally, so that tin
food supply for man and dog shall last the
longer, the size of the party will be reduced
gradually by sending back to shore some of
those who at first accompany the leader of the
expedition. Inasmuch as Peary came within
two hundred nautical miles of the pole when
he made the last world's record, It dors not
seem unreasonable to hope that he will now
reach the goal for which he has so nobly
One of the most regrettable circumstances
attending the preparations for the next venture
is the tardiness with which the money has been
subscribed to meet the expense incurred. More
tban $4,000 is needed. In addition to pre
vious contributions, to procure all th<> sup
plies which Peary wants. Every cent that
has boon put at his disposal has been used
with the utmost discretion. His large experi
ence is a guarantee against waste. Ills esti
mate has covered only things which are abso
lutely essential to efficient work. If the defi
ciency is not made up before the expedition
starts, it must be met later. The lender would
go off in far better spirits If in the short in
terval remaining before his departure the sum
just mentioned was forthcoming. What hotter
method of wishing him godspeed can be pro
posed than this?
Mr. Herman Ridder went to Lincoln, Neb., to
secure Mr. Bryan's withdrawal from the Presi
dential race and came away pledged to support
him for the Presidency on a conservative plat
form. Ycni, lidi, vtcttM sum.
In the accident to a dirigible balloon near
Berlin last week there was something unpleas
antly suggestive. With no special device, like
a parachute, to check its fall from an elevation
of nearly a mile, the fact that its occupants
were unharmed by the experience must be
regarded as an unusual bit of luck.
The important leaders of the party are arrayed
against him [Bryan] almost to a man— Guffey,
Smith, Sullivan. Murphy. Parker, McCarren. —
Denver dispatch to The New York World.
In enumerating the really important leaders
of Democracy up-to-date why overlook the Hon.
"Fingey" Connors? Democracy has her Jewels,
and he is one of them.
It seems to be a "billion dollar" Douma which
they have in Russia.
Was it Mr. Stanchfield's appearance as counsel
for tho Metropolitan traction interests that sug
gested to Mr. Bryan his name as one suitable
to give balance to the Democratic ticket?
The official explanation of the sudden removal of
Roswell D. Williams from the secretaryship of
the Park Board is: "His removal was effected
"simply and solely in the interest of the service,
"without request or suggestion from any one."
This statement is not incompatible with the
other unofficial one, that Mr. Williams is depart
ing for political reasons. "The interest of the
service" is variously defined by citizens in and
out of Tammany. And there have been cases
where allegiance becomes an instinct, carrying
out the secret thoughts of high sachems "with
out request or suggestion." The Tiger, be it
remembered, is a native of India, the home of
telepathy; he may sometimes be a meta
THE TALK OF THE DAY.
Few persons Imai2rine that the taxlcab is an
ancient Chinese invention. A Far Eastern journal,
'TOstasiatlsche Lloyd," proves by drawings taken
from a famous collection, the "Tsan-thu-hae,"
that vehicles kindred to the taxicab existed in
China eight hundred years ago. Th© "giligullcha"
was fitted with an instrument which sounded on
a drum every mile passed. Moreover, the Chinese
taximeter was provided with a compass, a desir
able adjunct when travelling in a country where
routes are nut indicated.
Yeast— You know the good book says you must
love your neighbors.
Crlmsonbeak— Yes, but that waa written before
the days of phonographs and lawn mowers, you
know.— Yonkers Statesman.
Quanah Parker, onetime bloodthirsty Co
manche chief, was recently elected head of a dis
trict school board in Oklahoma, and his son, a
graduate of Carlisle School, was appointed teacher.
Quanah Parker's mother wa« a white woman,
taken prisoner when a child by the present chief's
father. The child grew to womanhood among the
Comanches. then a wild, wandering, bloodthirsty
tribe, roaming the plains of Texas. The chieT
made her his squaw and she bore him the son,
Quanah Parker. Not long after she went back to
her white people, but the Indian life had gained
too strong a hold upon her to remain, and rhe
returned to her tepee and her chief, the father of
her son. She lived with the tribe until her death.
Ostenrl— Pa. what Is a bond of sympathy?
Pa— A very p< >or investment, my son. It never
draws any Interest from the public— Chicago News.
One plan that is proposed for the commemoration
of the 100 th anniversary of the birth of Abraham
Lincoln is that of Representative D. F. Lafean, of
the 20th District of Pennsylvania. He advocates a.
great boulevard from the White Bouse in Wash
ington to the battlefield of Gettysburg, to be called
the Lincoln Memorial Highway. Mr. Lafean says
he will introduce at the next session of Congress
a bill appropriating J7.W0.000 to build the road.
His idea is that the bill should be passed in time
to be signed and made law on February 12 next—
Lincoln' 3 Birthday.
Mrs Slimrllet— Put plenty of butter on the table.
New Girl (who hns worked In boarding houses
before-)— Half a pound, mum?
j[ r , Slimdiet— Two or three pounds. If there
Isn't enough to smell, they may take some.— Tit-
Owing to the steady increase In the consumption
of horseflesh in Vienna, the municipal authorities
have erected new slaughter houses for horses.
They comprise a fine block of brick buildings, cov
ering an area of 3.300 square yards. Land and
buildings together have cost over $200,000. There
is stabling for 200 horses. The principal building 13
the great slaughter hall, more than 300 feet in
length and 50 feet in width and equipped with the
most modern machinery. There are stalls for kill
ing fifty-nine animals, each fitted with hoisting
apparatus. There is also a large dour.le lift, with
a capacity of 2,000 pounds, for conveying the meat
to the cooling house. Last year 20,225 horses were
slaughtered In Vienna for food. Most of it is
converted into sausages of various brands and
Mrs. Gadder (reading an ad.)— Shopping by mall!
Mr* Aocunv Why so?
Mi- Gadder— Why, how can one shop by mall?
You can only buy things by mall— Philadelphia
Japanese residents of tho State <>f Washington
plan to erect a statue to th<- memory «>f Commo
dore Perry on the grounds of th- Alaska- Yukon-
Paciflc exposition. The Idea was conceived some
iiiimihfc :ig<> by prominent Japanese residents of
Seattle i» i. . i the bankers an<i merchants of the
Flowery Kingdom have agreed to give the;r support
to the schema.
"Have you,' as-ked the judue of a recently mn
victed man, "anything to offer the court before
sentence Is passed?"
"Nr , your honor," replied the prisoner; "my law
yer took my la«t farthing.'— Tit-Bits.
About People and Social Incident*.
NEW YORK SOCIETY.
With Independence Day now a thing of the past.
New York's summer resort season may be said to
b3 well under way, and at Newport, Bar Harbor.
Southampton and other places alone the coast, as
well as in the Berkshires and in the Adlrondacks,
people are settled down for the next two month
of hot weather. The outlook hi nowhere a very
brilliant one, and the number of thoje who have
gone abroad until the fall Is larger than In years
before. At Newport, in particular, mourning and
absence in Europe have had the effect of closing
many hospitable houses, co far as the gayetlf-s of
the- summer are concerned, while the yachting pros
pects are extremely sombre and a matter of seri
ous concern to the officers of the principal clubs of
the Atlantic Coast. Not only Is the list of boats In
commission phenomenally small, as compared with
previous years, but there seems to be an absence of
enthusiasm on the part of those who have yachts
afloat which bodes 111 for the future of the sport.
Naturally, seaside resorts, and particularly such
places as Newport, are destined to suffer from this
condition in the yachting world.
To-day, however. Newport presents a «e*n» af
relative gayety, owing to the many week-end par
ties that have been given In ronneetlon with the
Fourth, which, as usual, has- bass saadl the oc
eastOß of much hospitality. Most of the villas and
cottages, save those that are to remain
throughout the season, are thronged with Sjacsti
and the same condition of tMaa* may he said *B
prevail tr-day at every other summer r^sTt. winU
at the country and yacht clubs there are much life
and animation, despite the -disposition to quietude,
that Is so often apparent In the aftermath of na
tional and patriotic celebrations. As for New York
Itself, the city is entirely iinurtts to-lay, tross the
social point of view. Familiar fac^s are BStSSBBS
from fashionable restaumnts ar-l from the pmart
clubs, and not until to-morrow afternoon will SBM
be drifting back Into the city, to remain here until
they go away once more on Thursday evening or
One of the first gatherings of tho season at New
port will take place on Wednesday next at Oakland
Farm, which Alfred G. Vanderbilt, who sans en
the same day from England for New York, has
placed at the disposal of his sister-in-law. Mrs.
Reginald C. Vanderbilt, for the annual fair :n Be
half of St. Marys Church, n-ar the farm. In pre
vious summers this fair has always taken place
under the direction of Mrs. Alfred 'l. VaadarMM.
who displayed the most generous interest n every
thing pertaining to St. Mary's. Cut this year,
though most of her friends w1!l take part !n the
ent-rtainment. at which all the fashionable world
now In Newport will be present, she wl!l be miss
ing from the scene. She sails on Saturday with
her little boy and her mother, Mrs. Francis ormon.l
French, for a prolonged stay abroad. Alfre 1 6.
Vanderbilt, on the contrary, purposes to remain
over here for some time to come, ar.d will make
his headquarters at Oakland Farm after his ar
rival on Wednesday week. He has chartered the
fast steam y.acht Velthra, which he will use in
travelling between Newport and New York.
Mr. and Mrs. George W. Vtnderbilt. who were to
spend the summer at Bar Harbor, where their villa
was made ready for their arrival, have changed
their plans, and will sail at the end of (Ms arssh
with their little daughter Cornelia for Europe, to
stay abroad for a long period. They have broken
up their establishment at Biltmore, N. C. WSSBOa
they will arrive here on Wednesday. They have
intimated that the place will stay closed for at
least a year. Mr. and Mrs. H. McK. Twombly.
with Miss Ruth Twombly, and Mr. and Mrs. Will
iam A. M. Burden, sailed on Thursday for Europe,
to be away until October. Among others of the
Vanderbilt family now on yonder side of the At
lantic are Mrs. Vanderbilt, sr.. Mr. and Mrs. Will
iam K. Vanderbilt, sr.. Mr. and Mrs. William K.
Vanderbilt, Jr.. Harold Vanderbiit and Mr. and
Mrs. Frederick W. Vanderbiit. Mr. and Mrs. Will
iam Douglas Sloane, however, have returned, and
are once more at Elm Court, Lenox, where they
are entertaining to-day a w^ek-end party, whiei.
includes Mrs. Elliott F. Shepard. who has been in
Bar Harbor for a week with her daughter, Mrs.
Ernesto G. Fabbri; Mr. and Mrs. John H. Han*
mond and Mr. and Mrs. W. B. Osgood FiekL
Rlchard T. Wilson is still in town, and it is owing
to this that Mrs. Cornelius Vanderbilt, jr., is so
frequently travelling to and fro between Newport
and New York. He has been in very frail health
since the death of Mrs. Wilson. But it is hoped
that he may be able to make the trip this week
to Newport on board the steam yacht North Star,
belonging to his son-in-law, Comm6dore Vander
Of all the places along the coast, the one which
offers the promise of most gayely is undoubtedly
Bar Harbor, and so convinced do people apjuur to
be of its superiority in point of brilliancy to New
port this summer that the Charged d'Affaires of
France, instead of establishing the headquarters sf
his country's embassy at the famous Rhode Island
resort, as has bt-en his custom in past years, h.is
betaken himself and his fellow secretaries to Li;i.r
Harbor, where the Austro-Hur.garian Embassy and
many of the other foreign legations are already
settled for the season.
The presence of the foreign diplomatic corps at
Bar Harbor will naturally ha% - e tba result of at
tracting thlthtr most of the prominent fureigners
who may happen to visit the United. States dining
the nt-xt few months, ami the eßtertabuneats atvan
in their honor both by their country's orticial r- p
resentatives and by the cottagers at Bar Harbor
will promote the success of the season.
Mrs. Henry F. Dimock and Mr. and Mrs. George
W. Vanderbilt will be missing frOBB tiie surnni-r
colony, but there are many newcomers this jrear,
and Mrs. Richard Tuwnsend, who has taken a
large place in the immediate vicinity of Urn town
for her daughter. Miss Matiide Townspn.!. and her
self, has already begun a stiles of ent»: tainmetits
which are to continue throughout the season.
Southampton, which insists that it is even oliW
as a watering place than Newport, and tho first
settlement on Long Island, has opened its series
of Friday evening dances at the Meadow dak,
which always signalizes the fact that the summer
has arrived and that the season is In full swing.
Death has been busy in the ranks of the meinb. rs
of this hospitable club in the last twelve months.
But there are several new members, among t:..::i
George R. Sheldon. R. H. Hoadley and W. Kurrail
Hoffman, who with Mrs. Hoffman is sperniir.g the
summer at Southampton. Thtn there is the South
ampton Club from which women are so strictly
barred that no member of the fair sex hi.
it is said, been permitted to cross its ton
among its members being Gustav Amsinck. Harrta
Fahnestock and John E. Schertnerhorn. The prin
cipal feature of the season will be sxs usual t;ie
horse show in September.
Mr. and Mrs. George S. Brewster are spending
the summer on Spitfire Lake, in the Adirondack*.
Mr. and Mrs. William G. Borfhnd. of East 36th
Street, have gone to New London, Conn., for the
Mrs. Joseph Stickney, who nearly a year ago
Started, by way of San Francisco, for a trip
around the world, is expected back in this country
late in the summer, and on her return will prob
ably go to Bretton Woods for a short stay.
Dr. and Mrs. Francia P. Kinnlcutt have gone
to tiie Maine coast.
Mr. and Mrs. Btepbea H. Olin are stltaTtsMssj
a boose party over tkc weak end, at their cumihij
place, at niinit'beck.
Mr. aiul Mrs. TkOfIBBI Nawbohf, Bad M
Newhold. are at their country paMa at Hyde Fai*,
Mrs. Abram S. Hewitt and t.. Misses Hewitt
are spending the summer at Ringwood Manor,
their estate at Ringwood. N. J.
Mr. and Mrs. Jos6 F. do Navarre ar« »t the
Oriental Hotel. Manhattan Beach, where Qiey «m
spend part of the gummr-r.
NOTES FROM TUXEDO PARK.
[By r»:»*riT '-. to The Tribune]
Tuxedo Park, N. V.. July 4.— Society enjoyed •
fete day at Tuxedo to-day. The weather, althonsk
threatening. did not Interfere with the enterta^.
rnent. The regular Wills took place, field sports,
boat raring and trotting and pacing on the sjeei
Ing track, followed in the afternoon by a psssSs
of the Tuxedo volunteer fire d»partment on th«
club roads. A speech by Lieutenant Governor
Chanler attracted a large audience.
The dinner party was in vogue here this «v«^
ing, and the Tuxedb Club gave a special dinast
preceding the fine Cisplay of fireworks on Tuxedo
Lake, which was followed by a concert en the clvi
lawns by the 7th Regiment Band.
Many <■.' the residents will go next week to spsaf
the summer months at the seashore and moo*.
tains. 1 ; '*li/-SEJE3X|
The Junior auxiliary of St. Mary, Parish la
Tuxedo gave a comedy on Thursday evening at
the clubhouse. "The Belle"« Stratagem"* was pr*.
tinted. th-..-.' taking part being Miss Helen Setca,
Miss Madeline Carey, Miss Gwydelon Condin. JUs,
Mac Vogel. Miss Rose O'Neill Kane and Misj
Mr. and Mrs. XV. 3. Gurnee closed the Kent cot
tage this week to spend the summer at Bar Ha»
Mr. an.l Mrs. James Potter win return fro*
abroad early In September.
Recent arrivals at villas were Mr. and Mrs. Ebss
Richards. Mr. and Him F. M. Da vies. Mr. an!
Mrs. John G. Elliott. Mr. and Mrs. William GO.
Bert Davles and Mr. and Mr-.. J. M. Reiser*,
IN THE BERKSHIRES.
f rs..- Te?»srraph M Th.- Tribune. J
Lenox. Mass.. July 4.— There were fifty oh»
members at the annual meeting and luncheon of
the Lenox Club thU afternoon. The election -••
suited as follows: President. John P. Barnes;
vice-president, Richard C Greenleaf ; secretary.
Henry P. Jaques; treasurer. George W. Folsoa;
board of governors, John S. Karr.es. George W.
Folsom. JUchard C. Greenleaf, George Batjr Blake;
Henry C. Haven. Henry P. Jaques. -arts)
Lanier, John E. Parson 3 and Thomas Post.
Among the members at the annual banquet vert
Thatcher M. Adams. William L. Armstrong,
Charles Astor Brtsted, Edward A. Burden, David
T. Dana. Frederick S. Deiafletd, Richard S. Dixey,
Dr. Richard C. Of— lt I Daniel Payne : wold.
Henry C. Haven. Henry P. Jaques. David Lydig;
George H. Morgan, X- vbold Morris. Herbert
Parsons. Robert '.'.' Patterson, John E. Parsons.
H. Hollister Pease. William Pollock, Thomas Post,
Harley T. Proctor. F. Augustus Schermerhcra.
Spencer P. Shotter. William D. Sloane. J. Boweri
Lee, Malcolm R. Wharton, George Westln
Frederic Schenck. ' M. M. .Osborne. WHUaa
Thomas and Foraythe Wickes.
The matter of holding a horse show was talked
over at the Umm Club to-day. Many at ths
villa owners favor giving the show, a::! a meet
ing of the executive committee of the horse show
is to be held later with a meeting of the Berk
shire Hunt to take action on the matter. It la
not unlikely that the show will be held and wfll
be larger than ever. A two days' show la a pos
Officers of the Lake t Mahkeenac Beit!::* Clul»
elected to-day are: President. David Lydlg: sec
retary. Samuel Frothingharn. and treasurer, 'i:rao4
At the annual meeting of tHe Lenox Golf C!u»
to-day these officers were elected: President,
William D. Sloan"; vice-president. Dr. Richard
C. ■;:••:■.:: treasurer, Robert W. Patterson, aad
secretary, Giraud Foster. The ciub voted not to
hold the annual tournament. Lindsay Fairfax
has offered a cup for an approaching and driving
contest, and several Informal events for mem
bers of the club will be held throughout the MB*
mer and autumn.
The intended display of fireworks at ■!■ Court,
the country residence of William D. Sloane, was
postponed until Monday on account of rain. Thers
were displays iit Shadow Brock, the S. P. Saottar
place, and at the Charles Bristed and Georsj
Turnure homes. *
Mrs. John E. Parsons entertained at luncheoa
to-day at Stoneover.
Dinner entertainments were given to-night by
Mrs. William B Sloane, Mrs. Charles Astor
Bristed. Mrs. George Westinghouse and Mrs.
Mrs. Henry P. Jaques.
Herbert Parsons and Forsythe Wickes defeated
Clark Voorl.ees an.l Montgomery Hare to-day at
tenni3 at the Lenox Club. 4—6. 6—3. 7—5 and 6-4.
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph H. Choate, Jr., are wltS
Mr. an.l Mrs. Joseph 11. Choate in StockbrMge.
Miss Anna B. Shaw entertained a: bridge whist
this afternoon. Her guests included Mrs. Richard
S. Dana. Mrs. George H. Morgan, Mrs. John 3.
Barnes, Mrs. George W. Folsom, Mrs. Joseph W.
Burden. Mrs. S. Parkman Shaw. Mrs. Wl '.lam
Pollock. Mrs. Charles Astor Bristed. Mrs. Georgs
T. Maxwell and illss Helen Parish.
Mr. and Mrs. F. K. Martin. Mr.- and Mrs. A. H.
Kinney and Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Humstone and
Miss Humstone, of New York, are at the Maple
wood. In Pittsfield.
Mrs. George W. Allen, of "London.- and Mrs.
John McMillan, of St. Louis, have arrived at ti«
SOCIAL NOTES FROM NEWPORT.
[By Telegraph to The TTlbane.l
Newport, R. 1., July 4.— There was more enter*
taining In Newport to-day almost than there fca»
been since the summer season opened. Dinner
parties were -on in all parts of the summer resi
dence district and several of the parties were .arg»
affairs. One of the largest dinners was given by,
Mrs. Alfred G. Vanderbflt at Harbour View. An
other large party was given at The Elms by Mil.
Edward J. Berwind. celebrating her birthday.
Mrs. Philip M. I^dbj gave her first dinner of t!»
season, while Mrs. William Grosver.or gave a din
ner for young people. Other dinner hostesses wer»
Mrs. Reginald C. Vanderbilt. BOH Mb BUss, Mrs.
Joseph DiHvorth. Mrs. John Nicholas Brown. JlJ*
William Storrs Wells and Mrs. William MurnSJl
while .Mr. and Mrs. James Laurens Van A SI ••♦
tertained in honor of James J. Van Alen. James V.
Parker gave .i luncheon at his cottage during tlis
afternoon ami the .first bake- of the season was
held by the Newport Clambake Club.
Mrs. Van Alen had among her guests Mrs. Henri
Clews. Mrs. Sr'lh Barton French. Egerton L. Wtß*
throp, Mrs. James P. Kernochan. Mrs. Richard
Gambrill. Mtea M. Potter an.l H. C. Pe!i, Jr.
Mrs. C. M. Oelrlchs and her son. Harry Oeirtda\i
have returned from a visit to New York.
The arrivals at the Muenchlnger King cotts»»
to-day were Mr. and Mrs. J. G. Flammer. Mr. an*
Mrs. 11. H- Hollister. W. W. Hopkins Mr. and
Mm W. Barclay Parsons and S. BuckU-y. of N«*
York, and George H. Davenport, of Marbleheai,
John E. Berwind. of New York, is the goes*
of Mr. and Mrs- Edward J. Berwind. at The EUns,
The Casino grillrooms opened for the season to
day. The following were registered at the Caslao:
W. H. P. Phyffe. Miss Ida E. Bliss. Mr. and Mrs,
Austen Gray and Alexander Smith Cochran. .
Commodore Cornelius Vanderbilt returned Cra»
New York' to-day.
QUEEN OPENS HOME FOR NTJBSES.
King Responds for Her Majesty— *•
Morgan and Miss Morgan Present.
London. July 4.-Imposing buildings o verl^^f
th,- Thames, near Charing Cr.^s. were oP* ned *-£
afternoon l.y Queen Alexandra, who m— Coß \
..,!.•.! by Kin.; Edward, a* the headquarters
the Royal National Pension Fund for Xursea. gj.
Th. event was a culmination of the Queen
forts on behalf of nurses, whose welfare *J~Z.
h.r ,>;■•:.,. care tor many years. The *****
which were I (Vt, a by gifts from wealthy V
sons, including J- Pierpont .Morgan, whom the Q^
Interested la tho movement, stand on a site , fa*O
as the si--" formerly occupied by the residue*
Peter the Great. mbl*J
Two thousand uniformed nurses had as " ' " <t!a .
to welcome their majesties, as well as U* wtt .
-uLshe<i company present. Among tht.se *M *ia»
Msardtn, upvmng ceremony were Mr. Morsan. ;
"n.r.-a.» and Sir Ed K ar Speyer. all of **>« **"
presented to both the King -n.l the Queen - Mreaa>
Uenlyins in bfhalf of the Queen v- an addr
the King eopha^ed the importance of
callins. He > P oke of their unseUtatf
heartily thanked the contributors to ' illTdß»>
purpose of which Is ta srovUla nurses a*9» »—
fortable old a<a>
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