ACTUAL, aMIWEIC— •:*»- The Kerry "Wldew.
. ASTOR— S:3^-Pald in Full.
BRIGHTON BEACH— rain* Firework*.
CIRCLE— S:IS— Tfcf MeiTy-Go-Round. .„ »i«.i,m«
COKEY IFI*AN"D— Luna r*rk. Rostock*, *t««pl««aa»«.
DALT*e— S:lß— Girl*
EDEN MUPEE— The' World In Tt'ax. . ...
- HAMSTEnPTKIN*?: ROOF— 2— *:15— ** so4evfll«.
• KEJULD PQUARE-P:ls— Three "!"*!n*_
k r nIN DF. PAIUP— R:IS— FoJH** -f I****
■ KNICKERBOCKER— R-15-The T »r.k~ r^ rr * .„,
MAMSOX 'Apr ROOF GARDEN— * *» — Ski-Hl.
r NEW- YORK— S '■> Mary's T^rrh
Index to Advertisements.
Par-Col) , I T CO «
- AtnwKmerta 10 «!PrepoMls 7 7
Katie*, and Broker* 8 1 rrnr^f » «
Hoard «r.d Rormr ... 7 « fp l! 1, ro ?. (5 .* :; 9 3
r Men' N~t,,-** R 1 ««**£*»&*, * •
H^^t^.v.:::::; •gT'Sl'i •
ie.~ .* ar.fl P-«t^ *, * Work Wanted 1 " lit
|t»rrtaF<>s anfl r»»«th» 5 fi Work v^antea
Drexa steamers " *l
MONDAY, JTL.T «. 1008.
This netcspapcr is owned and published Is/
'. The Tribune Astonation, a yew York corpora
tion; office and principal place of business. Trib
~vne Building, .Vo. «4 Xassau street, yew York;
Ogdcn Mil!*, president; ycthanieitTuttle. ter
ritory and treasurer. The address of the offi
cers if the office of this newspaper.
THE WBWB THIS .lfO/?\7.Vf?
FOREIGN — Dispatches from Asuncion said
that lite government had been overthrow by
r^ohSonfsts and that Pr Emilia- Grates
Xaveiro had been appointed President: the of
fice, C th- former government have fled to for
easaj "ideations: the killed and wounded an^esti
mated at five hundred. ===== Four hundred bmld
i.« including the arsenal, were destroyed b> fire
« Port-au-Prince. = Dutch colonies in Cur
acao have prepared a petition to Queen "Kilhel
r-ika asking that «re « be taken to bring about
improved relations with Venezuela == A Ms
patch from Panama pave details of SeAor
Ariae'e withdrawal a? candidate for the Presi
dency- there are rum»rs that his action fol
lowed the receipt of a cable message from the
United States. .== Tf!e .American athletes en
tered In the oivmpie frames arrived in London:
all the member* of the team seemed to be la
food condition. == French and Italian chauf
leurs are favorites in the race for the Interna
tiona! Cup over the Dieppe course on Tuesday.
It was reported from London that the Emperor
and Empress of Russia would be quests of Kin?
Edward and Queen Alexandra duriner the yacht
ing week at Coves.
DOMESTIC —Thrones of delegates and visit
en poured Into Denver for the Democratic Na
tional Convention ===== Senator W. Murray
Crane reached Hot Springs. Va.. where he went
at Mr. Taft> invitation. - -'-- The sixteen bat
tleships of The Atlantic squadron are ready for
their departure to-morrow from San Francisco
on Their homeward voyage across the Pacific
Indian and Atlantic oceans. ===== The funeral
cf Joel Chandler Harris took place in a heavy
thunderstorm at Atlanta = — = It was said at
Coopemown. N Y. that Bishop Potter*? im
proved condition warranted a decided hope for
- favorable outcome of the case. - The
aerodrome No. 3. the June Bug. mad" another
successful flight at Hammondsport, N. V.. but
was damaged when it alighfd. ===== Three
canneists were drowned at Medford. Mass. =
Fourteen persons constituted the Fourth of July
deathroll in New England.
CITY. — The United States government closed
the Caracas Le?ation.l>ecau«e of the confiscation
and, destruction of American property, it was
learned. == The New York Letter Carriers*
Association held a stormy meeting and ousted
Its president. - Fourth of July prisoner."
met vsryine luck In the magistrates' courts.
===== The New York Civil Service Reform A.=
sociation Mind th« State Civil Pern Ice com
mission to investigate alleged violations in the
city finance department. — — It was an
nounced .'i' the vacation schools would b«
opened to-day. ■ . - The Public Service Com
mission announced plans to conduct exhaustive
tests of safety devices for streetcars at Sche
r.ectady and Plttfturg. ===== Josiah H. Vose. an
o^i~<^ superintendent of Silver. Burden & Co..
was found dead at White Plains. ■■ There
v.-as a fox hunt in Bronx Park, in which hun
dreds at visitors toak part. - — A woman who
posed for nine years as a man was sent to the
workhouse for disorderly conduct.
THE WEATHER. — Indications for to-day:
Fair.- The temperature yesterday: Highest. S7
degrees; lowest. "5.
yATiES VOW Ayi> hereafter.
Mr. Rraf^y"* view of the present naval Eitu
ation as eTpro*!«« a d in the n»T number of his
rtandartl "Annual" ■ iwMefl|f favorahle to
Great Britain. Her navy is as stronc as» it
ripori? to be according to the "two power" rule.
That i? to say. it is Anns 1 .. if not superior, In
Ftrensrth to any two navies, wh'ch might be ar
rays! a^ainrt it. In r*sr**n to the lateft type*
of ships, the "Oreadnoucht olap« of battleships
and the Indomitable clasp of armftr*vl cniipers,
which are oomirjj: to be called battleship enb
ers, her advantage M particularly jrreat, pince
she has six of those tremendous vessel? now
completed, while no other power has even one
In battleships of all classes, includine battle
f-bip enIMBX built and non- bunding. Mr. Bras
fey reports the strength of the various powers
to b* a? follows: Great Britain. 03: Germany.
80; tie United States, 2f»: France, 24; Japan, 18;
Italy. 13; Russia 12. Those figures pire Great
Britain a comfortable surplus over the two
power measurement. It will he observed that
Germany is rated a§ having one ship more than
the United States. That is be«mse of her
larger buildins programme. Of ships now built
and In commission the United States has 24 to
Germany's 22. but Germany is building: S to our
i. If from these lists we eliminate those bat
tleshlpe which may fairly r** reckoned as obso
lescent Mr Brassey'g estimate is equally cheer
ful from the British point of view, for he pays
that Great Britain has 41 modern battleships,
while Germany and America together hare
When he looks ahead a few years, however.
Mr. Bra&sey is less optimistic. Indeed, he fore
casts the falling of Great Britain below that
two power standard which some of her shrewd
est Admiralty officers consider essential to her
security. At the end of this year Great Britain
will have 44 modern first class battleships and
the next two powers will have only 41. A year
later she will have 4*5 and they, according to
present indications, 43. The end of 1910 will
find her with 4S and them with 47. and the end
of 3911 will see her number increased to 51 and
theirs to 52. In the last named year Germany,
he reckons, will have 27 ships and America only
25. Tbe*e figure* do not, however, include bat-
Ue*bip cruiser*. If such ships be addM Great
Britain will have in Ml not 51 but 55, while
Germany will have 29 and the United States 25.
po that the two power standard will still be
These calculations are not Infallible, for the
r«af-on that some of th« powers do not adopt
programme* or terms of years, bat make them
• specially year by year. That in true of Great
Britain herself, as also of the United States.
But it may properly tut assumed that Great
Britain mu*t keep up a good building pro
| gramme if she doe* not wish to be surpassed ia
•strength, by a com bi nation of two power* —
though, of com be, * combination of those two
power* in war against her Is simply unthink
BRYAy Ayn gcffey.
Mr Bryan in his attack upon Colonel James
M. GunVy took again a position of which he
made much a year ago. but on which he has
been significantly silent during the time in
which he has been gathering delegates to the
national convention, namely, the need of purify
ing the Democratic party of leaders of the
Guffey type. The slogan of the campaign. b»
told the Pennsylvania delegation at Fairview,
iR to be. "Let the people rule." The Demo,
cratic party must be rid of the exploiters. It
should not be In the hands of men who make it
their business to see that, as Tom Johnson said
a few moments later in his speech upon Colonel
Guffoy, "whichever party wins you [the people]
Colonel Guffey is distinctly the type of leader
which Mr. Bryan was spying repeatedly last
year must be eliminated. The men who were
in politics as the representatives of special in
terests or who were prominently associated
with the big corporations must take a back se. t
for the good of the party or they must be
forced into a back seat. Colonel Guffey, though
it is not recalled that Mr. Bryan ever named
him until recently as one of those to be elimi
nated, is just the sort Of man who fitted into
Mr. Bryan's category of undesirable Democrats
whose continued prominence was detrimental
to the Democracy. He is a Pennsylvania oil
producer and is iffiliated with the Standard
Oil Company. ITis hold upon the party is due
solely to the fact that he has financed it for n
good many years, and all the petty Democratic
leaders turn to him with gratitude. both of the
reminiscent and expectant variety. His "con
"spiring to defeat what he knew to be the ex
-pressed will of the Democrats of Pennsylva
nia" consisted in his rejecting In the Demo
cratic State Convention resolutions instructing
the delegate at-large for Mr Bryan, although.
Bryan had carried the primaries at which a
majority of the district delegates had been
elected, indicating that he was the choice of a
majority of the Pennsylvania Democracy.
The sin of Colonel Guffey. however, seems to
lie not in his being a boss and. one of corpora
tion associations, but in hi« urine; his power as
a bos* against Mr. Bryan. It was not until he
did that that he brough' down upon himself the
Nebraskan'B reforming wrath and was de
nounced an an "embezzler of power" and a
•bushwhacker." If he had instructed for Bryan
at the recent Democratic convention he would
have been, an acceptable national committee
man. Whatever Mr. Bryan thinks abstractly
and between campaigns of the desirability of
getting the Democratic party rid of bosses who
use it In the service of special interests, he is
not averse to the friendship and support of
such bosses when he himself is seeking dele
gates. When he was talking so much of "elimi
nating" the Democrats who were a source of
weakness to the party h* Instanced Mr. Roger
Sullivan, of Illinois, who happened to have In
curred his displeasure, as his shining example
of the boss whose business methods he disap
proved and whose activities discredited the
party. He would refuse, n nomination rather
than accept one at Roger Sullivan's hands Yet
he made his peace with this embezzler of power
when he needed and could get his support. His
pitiful weakness in the Sullivan case takes out
of his scathing denunciation of Guffey all
meaning except personal pique. If he tries to
make the Issue "Let the people rule" be will
have to explain his own stooping to bosses like
Sullivan and his abandonment during nil these
months of his campaign of all effort to put the
Democratic party into the hands of the Demo
If It is bad form to look a gift horse in the
mouth, the charge of rudeness may also be
brought against the sportsman who ponders
critically over the British Olympic" Council's
failure to provide for the entertainment of 2.500
athletes and the distinguished visitor? who
will attend the London games this summer.
Lord Desborough. the council's spokesman.' con
fesses that the "attempt to raise $50,000 by
private subscription for this purpose has ended
in the accumulation of a sum too pitiful to be
published. Foreign participants will therefore
have to be content with the pleasures for which
they and their personal friends choose to pay.
Even Parliament has disappointed the -council.
The man of brawn who recalls the Greek gov
ernment's liberality in 1006 may share Lord
Desborough's amazement at the seeming nig
gardliness of the nation which likes to think
itself the world's centre of sport and athletics.
But before insinuating that Englishmen are.
not en per to "set 'em up" for a lot of foreigners
who -hope to drub their own. contestants, the
critic will do well to consider the influence
which British customs and ideals may have had
in the matter.
Fund raising generally is much more difficult
in England than in our own country. We need
only recall the woes of Oxford in her apparent
ly futile effort to raise $1,000,000. When, as is
usually the case, the money sought is intended
for come public affair or institution, the Eng
lishman follows up his refusal to subscribe with
the remark that the government should foot the
bills if the cause is a worthy one. and if it Is
not important enough for the government to
handle private citizens ought not to be solicited.
It is not impossible that the conception of ath
letics prevailing among the English upper
classes may have wrought some degree of the
Olympic Council's discomfiture The athlete, ac
cording to this, must be an amateur not merely
within the meaning of the written laws govern
ing contests, but also in the fine old sense of
the word Some free-and-easy strong men call
the view undemocratic, but it has certain great
THE WAXiyG OF FREE TRADE.
The recent by-election in the Pudsey division
of Yorkshire did not flgnr* in the news as con
spicuously as did some former cont^ts in which
Cabinet ministers were candidates or in which
there were special elements of sensation. It
nevertheless deserves passing attention partly
because of the overwhelming character of the
Unionist victory and partly because of Its Indi
cation of the steady progress of the reaction
against the government and of the movement
toward tariff reform which has been a marked
feature of British politics for the last two years.
Mr AsQuith truly said not long ago that while
little was heard of tariff reform in Parliament
■ great deal was being heard of it at the hust
ings. It would doubtless be Idle for the Union
ist minority to seek to convert the Liberal ma
jority at Westminster to tariff reform, but it
evidently is not Idle to attempt conversion of
The election at Pudsey turned directly, and
we might say exclusively, on the tariff question.
The Unionist candidate pressed that issue In
every address, and his Liberal opponent did not
dodge it, though th» old age pensions measure
now pending was much exploited as a proof of
•the government's regard for the masses. The
outcome of the polling was one of the most
sweeping Unionist victories since the last gen
eral election. At the general election in lftOe
the Liberal candidate received 7,043 and the
Unionist 3,541 votes, the Liberal majority being
3,502. At this by-election the Liberal candidate
received only 5.331 votes, while the Unionist re
ceived 5.444 and a Socialist got 1,291. Thus
the Unionist was elected by US plurality. The
change In votes amounted to 8,615, or more than
fourth of the entire poll. The Unionist
vote increased by 1,908, and the Liberal vote de
creased by 1.712
¥■:*<*■ th© laat general election there Jure now
NEW-YORK f^A/V.V TRIBUNE, MONDAY, JUtt 6 - 1908
been sixty-eight by-elections, of which ■ forty
five have been contested. In the whole list th©
Liberals have not won a single seat from the
Unionists, while the Unionists have won seven
from the Liberal?. The gain in Unionist votes
over the number cast at the general election
aggregates 10.803. while the loss of- Liberal
votes is 34.4."°-. Such a result, attained through
■ large number of contests in all parts of the
kingdom in nil sorts of local circumstances, must
be regarded as significant It must mean a
steady and general growth of tariff reform sen
timent and a commensurate waning of devotion
to the free trade policies of Cobden. If the
present process continues it seems not -.unrea
sonable to anticipate a tariff-reform majority
in the next House of Commons, and If such a
majority Is secured and I protective tariff law
is enacted the free trade idol will be cast down
in its own chief temple.
'JUSTICE THE CBEAPEBT POLICY
The Pennsylvnnian's memory i< short Less
than a generation ago the citizens of Fittsbnrg
•wpr" rompelled to reimburse the Pennsylvania
Railroad for enormous damages inflicted upon
the corporation's property in that city by law
less strikers whom the local police failed to op
pos" with reasonable show of strength. Tt was
a costly lesson In civic responsibility. But three
decades later th* inhabitants of Chester. Perm..
seem to have forgotten even thp story Thus it
conies about thnt the Chester Traction Com
pany is filing a bill asrainst this once prosperous
community which will surely make taxpayers
gnsp. and may even lead some of them to re
pent having sympathized thoughtlessly and to
gross excess with the band of men who resorted
freely to every violence, even murder. In order
to gain a questionable concession. All reports
about the causes and development of the street
car strike and the ensuing boycott indicate that
the traction company is both morally and legal
ly entitled to recompense for harm done to its
property during the long, dlssraceful months of
riotins which havo not yet ended.
Ticklish questions about the risht to boycott
or to resist boycott do not arise here. For the
sake of argument be it granted that there is
nothing wrong in the policy of using argument
and exhortation to keep passengers and strik^
r.rprtkprs away from the cars of a company
which refuses to grant certain requests. Had
only this policy been followed, the traction
comrany's plaint would awaken scant sym
pathy and Us sufferings would warrant no bill
Of damages from the city. But almost the en
tire population of Chester. Including municipal
officers and the police, espoused the strikers'
cause fanatically that the lawless were left
free to blow up londei streetcars, destroy tracks,
burn barns and assault even Innocent travellers
until the stnte constabulary took control. And.
since the latter left the town to itself on May
2.". anarchy h<?s a<r?iin been prevailing, with
variations which make the Kentucky "night
riflers" look like defendeis of law and order.
However much the strikers may have incited
their townsmen against the corporation, the re
sponsibility for The costly disgrace rests with
the municipality which has let it? own patrol
men aid the lawbreakers unptinished.
If it were necessary only to teach the wisdom
of lawfulness, the city would not have to pay
the traction company's $200,000 bill. Mer
chants, investors and workingmen in Chester
have already suffered bitterly en ouch as a re
sult of the industrial paralysis whiCß the boy
cott has caused. But how long will the lesson
be remembered? How long before' another
Pennsylvania town will fancy that anarchy is
cheaper than justice r '
EXCISE INTE6TIQA TIOX.
The miv h debated and opposed New Jersey ex
cise investigation will becrin to-day in Jersey City.
Governor Fort tlvis has "his fray and is taking
this exceedingly practical and useful step toward
fulfilling the promises which were last year made
to the people of the state by him and by the
Republican party. The Intense and sometimes
virulent opposition which was offered to his
appointment of an Excise Commission and the
ridicule which was by some directed against
that body have now given place to a realiza
tion that the commission is an accompH.ihP'l
and pr-tential fact a.nd to a somewhat anxious
anticipation of the possible results of its work.
This, at least, on the part of the opponents of
the Governor's policy. On the other hand, a
large body Of the people of the state anticipate
the results of the invesrigatiort with much sat-
Isfaction. ns an indispensable contribution to the
solution of one of the most pressing and weighty
problems in the state government.
The lines on which the commission will do its
work have been indicated In its preliminary can
vass for information from the hends of all
municipalities in New Jersey and from the
mayors of fifty of the chief citiee of the United
States. The information asked — and, it is pleas
ant to report, general! v given — relates to the
amount of license fees charged, the number of
saloon, hotel, restaurant and < lub licenses out
standing, the manner of granting licenses, the
difipos'ti'in of the money received from fees, the
regulations as to transfer of licenses and as to
oi»ening and closing boars of saloons, and the
records of revocations of licenses and of con
victions for violation of the law. These are ob
viously all pertinent items of information, which
such a commission has a right to peek and the
securing of which is indispensable to a right
understanding of the excise situation and to an
intelligent report upon the desirable changes to
be made in the laws.
There is. of course, no thought of persecution
or of preiudging the case. Governor Fort's com
mission is not conducting a propaganda either
for or Against the liquor trade. Tt is seeking
knowledge concerning the condition of that
trade, on which may be based legislation for the
correction of the evils which are generally con
ceded to exist. Saloonkeeper* us well as total
abstainers have long been clamoring for revision
of the excise laws, but there hHs been no gen
eral agreement as to what the changes should
be. nor. indeed, could there be any so long as
specific information concerning the workings of
the existing laws was lacking. The eminently
fair and .practical work of this commission
should, therefore, meet with the Fympath*»Tic
approval and co-operation of all who are inter
ested in the abatement of abuses and the equi
table improvement of administration
MOXEY .4 YD BUSINESS.
All records for dulnesn in recent years were
eclipsed last week at the Stock Exchange, and
variation* in prices were correspondingly nar
rn'w A petition was sisrnf-d by a large number
of members asking that Friday be made a holi
day also, but the governors decided otherwise.
While t»om<* members criticised this action, it
is obviously only right that a public market of
bo gr<=-at importance should be open at all times,
except regular holidays, although the actual fact
was that no one seemed to need the facilities
of the Exchange on Friday, or any other day
last week, for that matter A sal« of a member
ship at STO.nfiO marked a decline of $2.^00 in
value, another evidence of the dulness, but the
price is'ptill J19.100 above the lowest point of
the year. Latest returns of railway earning*
In June, shew that de^reapes In comparison with
last year's figures are gradually becoming less
heavy, and further improvement In ;he current
month is promised by the larger offering* of
freight and steadily diminishing number of idle
cars Mamy shops have resumed repair work
In preparation for the vant tonnage of agricult
ural pro-iuotß that must soon be moved to con
sumers, and the high prices prevaJling will re
sult in a good return movement of manufact
Another call upon tlio banks tot Uo return $1
government deposits was the only incident of
importance in the financial world.- and even this
withdrawal of $45,000,000 by July, 15 does not
produce a ripple in the money market. Prob
ably this call was regarded with equanim
ity because the preparation for July dividend
disbursements of $190,000,000 had failed to ad
vance rates even fractionally, whereas an oper
ation of that magnitude usually makes a deep
impression. 'A year ago the associated banks
were down close to the legal minimum reserve
whi>n-a similar drain carried call money upto
15 per cent., but with a surplus of $70,000,000'
the banks now welcome any demand on their
renourcee. As local banks hold only about $19.
000,000 of government funds, their proportion of
the latest call would be little more than $6,000.
000. and the new charge of 1 per cent interest
will tend to reconcile the bankers to this opera
tion. It is also known that July will supply a
deficit on regular Treasury operations of about
$20,000,000. of which a large part will probably
reach New- York banks. Total money in cir
culation increased $9,000,000 during June, rais
ing the average per capita to $34 *1. but gold
production in the Transvaal decreased moder
ately from the abnormally big figures of May.
Bank exchanges last week supplied a re
markably close comparison with clearings a year
ago, especially when allowance Is made for the
insignificant volume of trading in securities.
Til-US Is always quiet at this season, and th*
only Instructive use of current figures is to com
pare them with midsummer conditions in other
years. On this basis it is found that July opens
with almost as much activity as in l!>07. whilo
mercantile collections are better. Full returns
for June are available in many instances, and
it is obvious that results were more favorable
than in any previous month since the panic,
while preparations for fall trade indicate that
the third quarter of lf*»S will not conform to th«
customary rule of being the quietest three
months of the year. Statistics by the. steamship
companies show that there were twice as many
emigrants as immigrants during the first half
of 19OS. a net los? of about I£O,<W> aliens, which
is a help in solving the labor problem during at
period of bad times. Much" resumption of id!*
machinery occurred on July 1, and more is con
templated this week. There are numerous wage
scales still unsigned. but it is hardly possible
that intelligent leaders will make the mistake
of opposing reductions based on declines in
prices of products.
Industrial reports are seasonably contradic
tory, some branches increasing production and
holding prices fairly firm, while others are closed
for a few weeks and contracts are accepted at
concessions. As a rule, however, the tendency
is to maintain quotations, which show a con
siderable loss since last October. Tanners are
beginning to realize that there is some logic In
the strength of hfides, one lot of native spready
steers at Chicago "being purchased at 16H cent*,
which is the price ruling a year ago. While the
restricted domestic slaughter is the fundamental
cause of strength here, higher prices are also
paid abroad, the Paris auction bringing ad
vances of from 4 to 9 per cent over quotations
at the previous monthly sale. Leather is also
firm, although quiet as usual at this time, im
provement now extending to harness and belt
ing descriptions. Shoe shops in New England
are getting more business from the South and
West, and it is expected that «he last half at
the year will show a great increase in ship
ments of footwear from Boston, which were only
1,650.243 cases in the first six months, or less
than in the same half of any year since lSSf>.
Textile mills are operating cautiously, varia
tions in prices of raw material adding to the
troubles of producers, who find buyer? extremely
conservative regarding future deliveries. Th'ero
is a constant demand for spot goods on which
quick shipment is desired. No change has oc
curred in the iron and steel situation.
Speculators have damaged the crops much
more seriously than the elements. ■ as- is cus
tomary at this season, and prices of the leading
cereals advanced- on exaggerated reports beyond
the views of exporters.' Interest is being trans
ferred to the more remote options, and spot
quotations are sustained by small visible stocks
of the old crops. Several high authorities have
issued statements Indicating that there is good
reason to expect more than normal yields tills
year, but the long account finds effective am
munition in heavy rains over winter wheat fields
that have been harvested and the grain placed
out of danger. Uncertainty exists regarding
spring wheat and the later crops, although dis
patches indicate rapid progress toward maturity,
and increasing receipts of old grain- at primary
markets suggest that holders are attracted by
the further advance in prices. Cotton has
yielded, now selling at $10 50 a bale lower than
at this time in 1907, and exports are corre
spondingly increased. On early plantations the
crop is being picked, and 100,000 bales of new
cotton may come into sight this month. Official
figures of condition were little below those of
19OR, when the banner crop was secured. Okla
homa alone making a notably bad exhibit, while
latest reports from Texas are most encouraging.
The supplying of champagne to the beer bri
gnd* at the Tammany Fourth of July celebra
tion indicates the coming of that perfect democ
racy when all men shall be equal in their pota
The building of elevated railwayp through the.
centre of blocks instead of over the streets in
Brooklyn, as ie suggested, would be less expen
sive than building subways if the owners of the
land and buildings which it would be necessary
to tak-? would donate them to the city.
Is it possible, that Oolonel Bryan's disinclina
tion to have the Hon. Thomas Tag*art manage
his campaign this year has some relation to the
odds in the game?
The gentlemen who run our various street
railway?, at a loss are hereby advised to take a
few lessons From Mr James Thorn. In the
subtle art of getting rich quick and pleasing the
public at the pam» time Mr. Thorn can giv
Messrs. Belmont, Ryan et a!, more points than
Metropolitan stock has ever fallen off. His
scenic railway at Fort Georg* brought in $40.
000 test year, while his merry-go-rounds at
North Beach. Coney Island and Fort George
yielded him a profit of $1,200 a week, and not
a single complaint from passengers.
If the mountain will not come to Mahomet
Rldder will go over to Bryan.
Her grace as an exponent of "diabolo," which
t>h« demonstrated in a " Boardwalk shop, won for
Miss Lee Beyea, who claims the women's cham
pionship of the world at the game, a husband in
Harry G. Sornera, a young banker of th!« city —
Atlantic City news item.
The happy young couple will probably adopt
as the family motto, "Whom the dlabolo hath
joined together let no man put asunder."
Because tetanus followed the application of
pork to a wound made in a farmers foot with a
pitchfork. H has been assumed that th* rn^at
was responsible for the mischief. Such a pup
position makes M necessary to explain how th*,
pork could have become Infected. A much more
plausible theory Is that the germs were picked
up from the soil by the victim's bare foot and
that inoculation resulted from the accidental
puncture. Ordinary dirt is often the residence of
tetanus microbes, and that is why co many cases
of lockjaw occur at this time of year. Almost
any abra-ton, if the skin is not clean, may be
a source of danger.
With $105,000. "in Bight," the Park; Commls
eion now hopes to r**U>i« &a Brwujn^ paxlu
way from W>th street nor*h. If the funds could!
be used to restore th* iMISV s!r*»"-ar " < * r
vice from 42d street south the public would be
better served Just now
A powerful association has just been formed
here to control burglar Insurance. Now let's
have another to control burglars.
. Once again that age-long conflict between the
real and the Ideal. We are told that the author
of "How to Keep a Husband" lost hers In ten
minutes through the medium of a divorce court.
About the only likeness between poetry and
husbands Is that they both have feet, but It is
still a problem how to keep ths pedal extremities
of the latter at th- domestic fireside. Poetry, on
the contrary, has a tendency to gravitate toward
th* hearth, most -frequently, so the poetA them
selves aver, via the- editorial waste basket.
THE TALK OF THE DAY.
A German manufacturer on his first visit to th
t'nited States was th<* guest of a kinsman in this
city. He expressed^ surprise when, a few days
after his arrival, he saw a number of men help
themselves to papers at an unattended news stand,
where some men laid down the exact price si their
purchase, others made change for themselves and
still others walked away without paying- He -v**
MM that the last named group were customers
who paid only once -. week, but that no one ever
failed to ray- To demonstrate his contention that
"most people are* honest In this country" the
Americanized Carman took his visitor that day to
a restaurant where both were unknown, and when
they had finished their luncheon th- host went to
the cashier's d<?fk with h!s check and said he had
no money with him. but would pay the next day.
The cH*l!ier gave th* couple a hasty glance and
said. "All right: Ml take a chance." and the men
srartf-d for the street. At th* door a ri«ht-abbut
face movement was executed. th* check was paid.
a good cigar was handed to the cashier, to whom
the plot was revealed, and the German exclaimed.
"NO" said the tiresome man, "I never knew
a woman .who could tell a story well. Most women
appreciate that fact and don't try"
"Yes." Interrupted the bored one, and most
of the men appreciate It. too."— Catholic Standard
Charles F. T.ummis. librarian of the Public
Library in Los Angeles-. Cal.. doesn't HfcV th* way
the name of th* city that employs him Is butchered.
He has written letters to several prominent news
papers in an effort to set straight the pronuncia
tion of Los Angele*. Mr. Lummis «ays that "It Is
a curious predicament when the very inhabitants
of an American city call its name In no leas than
twelve different way«. of which eleven are wrong
and five are barbarous. This unhappy and prob
ably unique distinction belongs to Los Angeles.
Ca!. Vet it Is old enough to be known better. It
was properly pronounced for mere than a century
btfor? the new immigrations set up so tall a Tcwer
of Babel." Th» following local Jingle, the librarian
says, covers the case reasonably well:
The lady w-Mi'-i remind you. clear?.
Her name is not LOST ANGIE LEE?,
Nor Angle anything whatever.
She hopes her friend? will be so clever
To share h*-r fit historic pride
The G shall not be Jellified.
O long. G hard, and rhyme with "y»ss."
And all about LOCK AN'G-EL-ESS.
Francois Con^4e. says the "Mat'tn." like many
artists and actor?, was satesdlßaty fond <3f cats,
and for years he hid in Ms home in the Rue
Oudinot anil in th« beautiful ros*. garden back of
the house a number nf fine specimens. • Including
several valuaM- natives of Persia. Whi'-n rappee
died, to be followed fi-nn by his d<*vot«ii SiatT,
who was his nurse, the Par's Animal Protection
Society felt called upon to look for the cats, which
were supposed to hive been left In th« d-s*rt«»d
Coppee hom^ to srarve. Investigation showed,
however, that the master had anticipated the -nd.
He had given all his pets to friend*, except two,
and these he Intrusted to the care of Ma nephew.
Montreuiel. the director of the ?a!petri*r». and to
a woman sen-ant on the day before his death.
"What, then." a«k^d the rrofe??or. 'is the exact
difference between Icaric tma sophistry?!"
"Well." replied th* brisht student, "if you're rn
gaared in a controversy, It's just the difference Be
tween your lire of argument and the Other fel
low's." — Philadelphia Press.
"The Trackless CU;:".is the tit!? el an article In
th» "Berliner Tageblatt." in which the writer
say?. The city of Berlin — Die Berliner City—
mi!«t be ncade trackless." This condition, the
writer says, may b* brought about by the crea
tion of transportation method* which will make
the rails superfluous, namely, underground pas
saees for rapid transit to distant points and omni
buses for short distances.
"How ?p!r'tne!!« she seems."
"No wonder. Her mother "was a medium an<J
her father was a chronio tippler." — Chicago Rec
PRESIDENT PASSES QUIET SUNDAY
Attends Church with Kl3 Family Executive
Offices Closed All Day.
[By T»!eeraph la The Tribune. )
Oyster Bay. July s.— The President and Mrs.
Roosevelt and their children attended morning ser
vices at Christ Church to-day, as i? their eastern.
and the usual number of summer visitors and
townsfolk gathered on the lawn to see them.
During the rest of the day the President remained
quietly at Sagamore Hill. Secretary Loeb did not
find It necessary to vlrtt the executive offices hi the
village, and the members of the clerical staff en
joyed the first complete day of rest from duty since
their arrival, on June 30.
PLATT BACTK AT THE ORIENTAL.
Senator Takes His Old Rooms at th© Seaside
Senator P'.att has taken his old rooms at the
Oriental Hotel. Manhattan Beach, where for se
many years he held summer court as the "easy
boss" of the Republican organization of this state.
Things have changed much sine© then, and the
Senator, as he expressed himself several weeks
ago. is practically out of politics. But he Is much
attached to the Oriental.
With the Senator at the Oriental, as last sum
mer, are Mr. and Mrs. Gustav Abe!, of the Ehaeri
dorf. No. 133 West 11th street. They ere old
friends, with whom the Senator has made Ms
home tine* he left th* Hotel Gotham, two years
age. The Senator gave up his home at the Fifth
Avenue Hotel, where he had been for years, when
he married Mrs. Janeway. They went to the
Gotham, hut he did not stay there 7ton«r after the
eecond Mr*. Platt became cAparated from him and
took the -umm«r home that they had bought la
GOVERNOR AND FAMILY AT CHURCH.
Saranae Inn, N. T.. July s.— Governor Charles E.
Hughes and family attended services at the
Saranao Inn Chapel this morning, the Rev. L* W.
Richardson officiating. After the sermon th* sacra
ment -was received. The Governor and hi* fam
ily walked from their cottage to the chapel, which
It the same place of worship that Grov«r Cleveland
attended when h<s was at the Inn.
FAIR 3 LIKELY TO MEET JAY GOULD.
London, July —At the conclusion of the match
between Cecil Fairs and El Johnson on Saturday
for the professional court ch-.mplar>sJjlp at Brlga
ton. Fair*, the winner, received a challenge on
behalf of Jay ould. be amateur champion. He ex
pressed his willingness to make a match, and it «s
expected that th* details of the contest sooa will
be arranged. The conditions proposed on behalf of
Gould were a s»rle» of home-and-hrmj» matches in
New oTrk and London next season for the open
championship of the world.
GARRISON TABLET UNVEILED.
[By T«l«fT*ph te> Tb« Tribune.!*
Boston. July f>-A memorial tablet to William
Lloyd Garrison, the great abolitionist leader, haa Ju»t
been unveiled without ceremony on th* new Horn
blower and Weeks Building, at Water and Con
gress street*, it marks the «pot where he began
the publication of 'The Liberator." on January 1.
1531. in a small chamber without help except from
tola devoted p&rtaor, I*aac Kaapj* m \
Results of Sound Administration ari&
Cms*), Jun* 3^
Cassel represents the new Industrial G«n ;
many, which has been transformed ley tS*""
organized activities of ' the last forty y-mn.
When it w*«i annexed to Pru«gU. after ti«
campaign with Austria It was a Tmmn^g
capital si a minor principality, with a popj^.'
tion barely exceeding forty thousand. It is gg^
a bustling, prosperous •• •»'• with a population .
l,W*v>, an Important rail-way centre awl th»
headquarters of a Prussian province aad jjj
army corps. Brsad av»nn«s hay* been open?.} j^
many directions: the residential districts ha-?»
been moM than trebled In dimensions; lar^%
factories for the. manufacture of engines, TV^ m
way carriages and machinery have b^en con
structed; the working quarters have be** la.
proved by th« erection of comfortable hau*sa
for a superior class of artisans, and the CU7,
with its spacious thoroughfares, picture*^
pleasure ground*. fine uralleries and beautljji
Wilhelrpshoh* Park. Is one of the most attrac
tive centres for tourist travel In Germany. H<r*
different must have been Its aspect ■whea N*.
poleon 111 was hustled through It under assjt
after Sedan, to remain a prisoner of war at •!»
Cassel has profited, like other German tnwjj^
by the continuous operation of three national
policies— a sound gold currency, protection a
home industries and development nt expert
trade by mercantile energy and reciprocity a r .
ran^ements based on equivalent advantage
These policies have, not been disturbed by le^j.
lation or political agitation. Th* Interests 0;
manufacturers, merchants and workmen have run
been sacrificed by sudden reversals of the •«sr! a^
of prosperity, such as hay« been witnessed ; a
America. The home rr>ark'** has been 3ecur«. aad
th* conquest tt foreign markets has *nn« 03
without interruption even during intervals at
commercial depression follo^in? overproductha
and speculative activity. Cas.«el. Mm other > .
man cities, has steadily Increased in popuiat;.i»
and manufactures, and the resources of th»
Building Industries have been overstrained a
providing factories, shops, offices and homes fc?
employers and employed. In the old days of the
feeble principality the districts around the Htt"»
town were emptied by emigration. Now tiers l»
work for all. and Germans remain at hone to
share in the Industrial progress of a united *».
' % Th»re i? also work of an Inferior order for '•-.
efarners. and this is an excellent -ier at rr'>gresa >
The lower class of laborers pavin? str^»t3 and
doing: the cheapest and roughest work has nw
from Poland and 'Southeastern Europe. Wltta
the times are fairly good and there is no lack 0!
employment in the higher grades of manufactar
ins: and building th* German workman displays
his efficiency by doing superior work and Tea»»
: insr what remains to the poorer and less skflfal
1 foreigner. When business Is depressed the for-*
eisner is crowded out. for the native ""'•rmsa
always has the preference when ther» lsscarcit7
;of employment. Education. Industrial Training;
I improved standard? of life, superior physical
I health and social legislation by which <"^»r^B»
cies of accident, sickness and chronic disability
axe provided against have Increased the e2
ciency of the German workman. H<» ** fitted fop
higher work than his father was before at%
j and insists upon having It. He considers him
self too Intelligent and capable to put up witi
the lo^rer class of labor, which Is food enough
for untrained and impoverished foreigners. Tfca
American Consul. Mr. Kothe. speaks of this fc
creas?d employment of foreigners in and around
Cassel a*, one" of the most significant evidences
: of the Mm and proeress of the German -arbrk
i ins: population. He. is a wideawake observer,
' who kr>o-v« what is going on around him.
One cannot sro through the r-?ident!al sectlca
and woriMg quarter of rr . «.i , be:=j
; irr>rr^««od rvith the auaiaj. thrift. eontenteßrt
; and pinareasli'B spirit of tae Germans. The
walk may be prolonged for hours and the renota
suburbs may be explored, but not a b«»?gar will
be met. nor win any signs ->' extrem? destitatln
fc<? seen. Th» German workman has not beea
demoralised by the Socialist tracts sent cat
from Leipsic presses, nor by the frenzied ap
peals of collectivist agitators. H» may vet* Titi
the Socialists when there Is a general election,
but he is conservative enough to recognize tim
necessity for «e!f-he!p and thrift in any modern
system of social w-ltare. So superior is t? fa
working efficiency and habits of organi«tha
that many English reformers despair of rival
ling him la their own country ■without universal
military training. This may have helped to
make a more orderly and better disciplined
workman of him. but it does not explain th*
higher standards of employment, effieiasey ail
life which are revealed in German factories and
working districts. There is a Tadlea! d!sere*l»
in the methods of dealing with labcr and pov
erty in England and Germany.
In a city like Cassel there must be poverty,
and not a little of it. although It is --' flaunted
in the visitor's face nor allrm-ed ?■■> endanger tk*
health of the community. Su-h distress as tier*
is from various causes- Is not relieved Indis
criminately and unsystematically. as Is dane ■
England, where the poor law has •ceoass » •"
moralizing agency for the propagation of pau
perism. Poor relief in a populous town Ila»
Caas*l is a matter of administrative detail, U'* 9
the cleaning of the. streets or the ma!»t#«Sßß<
of the trolleys. Every case is investigated W
trained officials, and money is not paid until tia
causes of poverty are 'ascertained and **•
chances of self-help and employment sr» s>
Überateiy considered. Th» Elberfeld system <*
poor relief, which has been adopted bar* *£& !■
all progressive-, well rovemed German citlax ii 3*3 *
volves systematic visiting-, accurate kn«-*lsSf»
and remedial measures whenever these ar*s ? * > '
ticable. If destitute men and women ar» in
capacitated for work and without food or sie-'*
ter, they are cared for as proper ward* f 3 *
municipal charity, but th* number of <**••
where, relief. Is merited ha* declined *tesc*> **•
compulsory 'aw* -' laaaasjsaa ag^lnat *fld4«8 «
sickness and disability came '-'-» cp«*tloß.
When th* applicants are able to work, ti* *•"
tern of poor relief become* diacipUnarr *« 4
corrective. Employment Is soppll^d: ■»•>*-'**"
onies are opened to them: th* restraints a* l
disciplines of worlchotises are imposed. uSUa
charity is not abused. Paupers ar* not »'■**
plied by lax and wasteful administration.
The German guardians of the poor are &*'
questioners and bard taskmasters who tS«
suspect that applicant* for public charity •*•
practising upon their credulity. Tfcey do ta»
work with, thoroughness and system. a= *,
p«ndenca upon publio doles la not encouE**"*
when It Is not d.e»«v«d. A. large f area ot voiJtf*
te«r helper* is available, and when tier*
«-.nutn*. distress to be relieved the work i* M*
•j-m pathetically and effectively. l: *&* ton
beggars are readily exposed an.l cs«c-**~
dealt with. The German workman I» nc* "
couraged to becoma a pauper by facility &
talntng; relief in emergencies. H« Is con*^
reminded that the obligation o£ wag* •* fa ft(
the artate of life, to which ba. <» call**- -
neglects opportunities for making a Uvln^ B .
is punished in a w«rkho«se. a* a d*t*U t>t <^
inal discipline. The administration of t!l *
law tends to discourage vagrancy, b ** rQ^ r!fl •
improvidence, and to create respect tot *v£s»>
tha workaday world. Tha triple syst»=3 °V^ — ,
pVlsory insurance fosters a spirit °* «j2'
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