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YouV ou LXVIII. .N° '22JA7. r . ..J^tC.*^ .v. NEW-YORK. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1009. TWELVE PAGES.
AND FIGHT FOR BALLOT
WOMEX INVADE ALBANY
SUFFRAGISTS AND "ANTIS"
ATT EX I) HEARING.
Hills-Toombs Resolution. Proposing
Amendment to Constitution. Dis
cussed- Both Sides Claim Taft.
(By Tel<*craph to The Tribune. 1
Albany, Feb. Si.— War four hours this after
noon women suffragists and anti-suffragists
hurled arguments at one another over the con
current resolution of Senator Hill and Assem
blyman Toomhs to remove the word "male"
from the constitution. Delegations of the suf
raeists and the 'ami.-" arrived In Albany at
noon, each occupying a special car attached to
the fast malL As a matter of precaution the
railroad officials separated the two oars by a
resrular passenger coach. There were nearly
two hundred in the two parties, and when they
arrived at the Capitol they found hundreds of
other women had come from Albany and neigh
United States Senator-e.lect Elihu Root, whose
■wife is one of the vice-presidents of the New
York State Association Opposed to Woman Suf
frage, dropped in at the hearing and stood for a
time listening to the arguments of the anti
The Assembly chamber, where the hearing
■was held before the joint Senate and Assembly
Judiciary committees, was packed full of femi
ninity, all in its best attire, fuller even than
when the school teachers were conducting their
can-.iaign. On the floor women occupied nearly
every seat back of the seats in which sat the
members of the committees. Women crowded
the standing room in the rear of the chamber
and they thronged the galleries. The millinery
wes elaborate, and dressmakers could have re
ceived almost as good an iciea of the latest
styles as by attending a .fashionable wedding.
And the applause — a mere man Would hesitate
to indicate which side bad the stronger arms.
Senator Davis, chairman of the Senate Judici
ary Committee, in arranging for the hearing
was careful to have the •'anti.-" on one side of
the chamber and the suffragists on the other,
and Btrnard J. Haggerty. sergeant-at-arma. as
the women entered had a hard time in finding
thrir proper seats.
The first two hours of the hearing were given
up to the anti-suffragists. Mrs. Arthur Dodge,
chairman of the society opposed to woman suf
frage. Introduced the, speakers. In the argu
ments that followed both sides claimed Justice
Brewer, of the United States Supreme Court,
and President-elect Taft as their champions.
With versatility bath sides interpreted a recent
decision of Justice Vrewer to fit their own views,
and ieca«Be-«i-2Jx, Taffs position on the sub
ject an incident occurred that was not on the
programme. Assemblyman Toombs. in opening ;
the argument for the suffragists, told the com
mittees that if they would report the resolution
they would give a moral uplift to the Empire
DISPUTE OVER MB. TAFT.
•If a man with the judicial mind of William
Howard Taft." be said, "will come out for
woman suffrage, there ought to be some argu
ment in it for this committee."
-Does the gentleman know when Mr. Taft
said that?" interrupted a vivacious woman on
the side of the antis. "He did no' express views
of that nature when I was taring with him,
To prevent anything that looked likeliot argu
ment Senator Davis rapped for order, saying:
"Mr. Taffs ]■• sit: can have no bearing on the
committee. We all love him."
Another difference of opinion occurred on the
value of woman's suffrage to the four states of
the Union which have adopted it— Colorado,
Wyoming-, Utah an.i Idaho. The -anti?" de
clared that these states had gained nothing.
morally, industrially or in any other way.
through giving women the right to vote, and
put the retention «>f woman's suffrage in these
Etates up to the influence of Mormons.
Miss Mary IV-an Adams. Investigator of the
New York State Commission of Immigration,
told of the evils that would result if the mass
of foreign Lorn women, who she said are fickle,
superstitioua and Irresponsible, were allowed to
"These women." she said, "would be quick to
take advantage of the commercial value of ■
vote. It has been said that most of them would
tell s heir vote for a pound of macaroni."
"Tfcafs better thaa selling it for a quart Of
whiskey," audibly whispered the Rev. Anna
Howard - aw, one of the leaders of the suf
fragists. Mrs. Shaw also audibly took excep
tion to the remark of Miss Adams that a small
woman's club recently required twelve hours to
When Mrs. Julian Heath, secretary of the
National League for the Civic Education of
Women, arose to speak she gracefully preceded
ber ■narks by bowing to both sides of the
House, saying: "Gentlemen, my opponents, my
trk-r. i .
"Why, we're your friends, also." interrupted
After recognizing the friendship of her op
ponents Mrs. Heath read a paper, the gist Of
which was to show thai women had done noth
ing where the chance had been given them, and
that therefore nothing could be expected of
them were the chance given them In this state.
JUDGE LINDSAYS WORDS QUOTED.
In support or her assertion that in Colorado.
one of the four states in which .women vote on
an equality with men. equal suffrage had ac
complished little. Mrs. Heath quoted the fol
lowing statement from Judge Lindsay, of that
state who. as the head of its juvenile court,
was iliLlial to that office as the women's can
I can't bt that the women »< vote has helped
things much in Colorado. Both the political
puitiw. of the state have been and still are under
the absolute domination of the public service
corporations. Now this is a point that I want
you to raak« dear. 1 have found that women
in politics are no better and no worse than men.
Dotft torset that when a question narrows
tt»m down to the br**d line, to selfish interests.
both sexes follow the same line of action— they
look out for No. 1. If a woman wants to get
■ political job shell stand for iniquity: if she's
afraid of losing her job she'll do the >,:,<• thing.
When I wsm running for office, practically as
t!i» women's candidate, there was a certain
leader in the woman's suffraKe movement
JMv.* Ler support to my opponent, the machines
candidate, for the simple reason that she was
afraid .f losing a political job that she held.
Under the circumstances 1 didn't expect her to
do anything el*e. any more than l woulo. have
expected If of a man.
"To turn up." f aid the leaker, "it is the be
lief of those who oppose this measure that the
'Continued un tccoatl pa£*>
•' MILITANTS" IN PRISON
LONDON V r OMEN REXE W
MARCHES ON ASQUITIL
Many of Social Prominence Among
the Thirty Arrested The Gov
ern men t E m barrassed.
London, Feb. "-'4. -Every effort of the suf
fragettes to force the hand of the government
becomes more determined, and it is Increasingly
difficult to predict how their demands may be
successfully parried. The situation has taken
on an embarrassing aspect for the government,
owing to the high social standing of many
among thirty or more women arrested this
evening, these including Mrs. Pethlck Lawrence.
Lady Constance Lytton, sister of Lord Lytton
and daughter of the former Viceroy of India;
Miss Stratford Dugdale, daughter of Com
mander Dugdale and cousin of tiie Hon. William
H. W. Peel, who was elected yesterday in a by
n as member of Uie House of Commons
Tor Tuunton; Miss Daisy Solomon, daughter of
the ex-Premier of Cape Colony, and Mrs. Cath
erine Elizabeth Corbett.
Bofn sides were well prepared for to-night's^
attempt on the part of the Buffragettes to force
themselves on Premier Asquith, who yesterday
had declined by tetter to receive the deputation.
The women held "parliament" at Caxton Hail.
and a number of '.hem started on "danger duty '
in a solid phalanx, led by Mrs. Lawrence.
The police, abandoning former tactics of bar
ring the approach to the House of Commons,
adopted a new plan of breaking up the proces
sion close to Caxton Hall. They permitted the
suffrapettes to proceed by couples, escorted by
small parties of spectators. The women thus
had littie chance to create a disturbance, al
though they were allowed to go close to Parlia
ment. The police, however, kept them contin
ually on the move, and access to the building
was denied. Finally several of the women, in
cluding Mrs. Lawrence, the leader, were placed
Word of the reception of this deputation being
brought to Caxton Hall, much excitement en
sued, and Mrs. Saul Solomon volunteered to lead
a second deputation to the House. This met
the same treatment, but led to more exciting
street scenes and a much larger number of
arrests. A third attempt was then organized at
the bail, but this time the destination of the
deputation was Brooks'a Club, where the Pre
mier vas dining.
N-ar St. James's Palace a large body Of police
(jpcjcpnded upon the procession, which was com
pelled to break rank?, and several more arrests
were made, only two or three Of th« women
reached the doors of the ,-lub. Where they ■< . m
intercepted by the police ;::.d compelled to
abandon the enterprise.
The demonstrations to-night were not marked
by such scenes of roughness and violence as on
some former occasions, but the leaders of the
movement announce their Intention to adopt still
more forcible methods. The speakers at the
"parliament" were most earnest. Mrs. rank
hurst presided, and the meeting was in session
throughout the evening, continually receiving
messengers who reported the progress of the
deputations. Miss Christabel Pankhurst during
the course of a speech said
"When I speak of stronger measures I "speak
in a!! earnest We value neither our" liberty
nor our lives unless the women of this country
get a vote."
Mrs. Solomon* In returning from the first ex
pedition, apologized to the meeting for her fail
ure to pet arrested. She said she had done her
best and would lead another attempt. All the
expeditions were sent out to the strains of the
"Marseillaise." The women who were arrested
were locked up for the night, and will be ar
raigned in the Bow street court to-morrow.
CHILLING SWIM IX FAIN.
Prisoner tdth a "Past" Tries to
Escape from BlacktceWs Island.
Tn the fog and mist yesterday afternoon Er
nest Barleben, said to be the son of wealthy
German parents, attempted to escape from
Blackwell'fl Island by swimming to the l>>n;;
: shore. For more than an hour Barleben
fought for his life and liberty, and would in all
probability have gained both but for a heavy
pair of shoes which be was unable to remove
from his feet. Within two hundred feet of
freedom he was overcome by the cold, and was
rescued by a passing tug.- which removed him
to st. John's Hospital, Long Island city.
Keeper "Jack" Docfcel, with two assistants,
called at St. John's Hospital last nighi and took
Barleben back to the island. Docket said his
prisoner was the son of wealthy Germans, and
that be was serving a sentence of nine months,
three for potty larceny and six for contempt of
court. He said he understood that Barleben
*vas completing his education in Heidelberg
University, when he got Into trouble with a fel
low student; a duel followed, and Barlebea so
injured his opponent that be was forced to flee.
■ Barleben told a reporter last night that he
was sentenced by Justice Wyatt. in Special Ses
sions, on January U», after being unjustly con
•Some time before mj arrest," said th. pris
oner, "I got cleaned out in a friendly poker
game in The Bronx and needed some money, so
I bought a sewing machine on the instalment
pUn and sold it. I bad work and was meeting
the payments all right, when some ..n" told the
agent af my transaction. 1 was arrested and
found guilty Of l-etty larceny. I thought that if
1 could get away from the island I would go
back to Germany."
/. T. DA WSOX KILLS WIFE.
Suicide in London Picture Gallery —
Believed To Be Americans.
London, Feb. 24— John Tempest Dawson,
seventy years old. shot his wife while they were
together in the National Portrait Gallery to
day, and then committed suicide. Mrs. Dawson
died in a hospital soon afterward.
The couple were believed to be Americans.
Mr. Dawson was a wealthy retired business
man, and he and his wife had lived for the last
ten years at Brighton. Papers on the man's
body show that the act was premeditated.
DEWEY'S OLD PORT WINE.
Rich in Blood Making Qualities.
H T Dewey & Sons Co., 13S Fulton St., New lork.
MODEL TENEMENTS FOR TUBERCULOUS PATIENTS AND THEIR FAMILIE
THE BHIVELT BUILJHNGS AS THEY WILL APPEAR WHEN COMPLETED.
iFrai the architects drawing
FISCHEH-HAXSEX IS SEN
TENCED TO OXE YEAR.
Trial Stopped by Unexpected Infor
mation Look for Another
Arrest in Cast.
Carl Fischer- Ha risen, the lawyer who has
been on trial for bribing a witness, unexpectedly
pleaded guilty late yesterday afternoon to an
attempt to bribe a witness before Justice Dow
ling, who almost Immediately sentenced the
lawyer to twelve months in the penitentiary on
Blackwell's Island. Execution of sentence was
suspended' Tor .1 week to give the prisoner an
opportunity to wind up his business affairs. An
other arrest in the case is expected this morning.
Before the* plea of guilty was entered, Stephen
C. Baldwin, counsel for Fischer-llansen. had
said that it would be Impossible for him to
continue in the case, and Justice Dowllm had
adjourned court twice.
When it was decided to allow a plea of guilty
on the minor charge to be entertained, Mr.
Baldwin addressed the court at 5 o'clock. In
the courtroom with Fischer-Hansen were Alex
ander Michaelson. the latter' partner, and
George Gordon Battle. The roll of the Jury
as called and Mr. Baldwin then said:
"I have been directed by my client, Carl
Fischer-Hansen, to withdraw the plea of not
guilty to bribing a witness, and to enter a plea
of guilty to attempting to bribe a witness He
desires to say that this substituted plea does
not in any way implicate Michaelson. who is
absolutely innocent in this affair. We ask to
have sentence pronounced to-night."
The usual questions were then put to the law
yer, and he made his formal plea.
"I do not want to say anything that will add
to the defendant's plight.'' Justice Dowling said,
when he began to pronounce sentence. "In the |
early hours of the .morning information reached j
the state that would seem to make it best lor
this plea to be entered, a pica commensurate j
with the crime.
"It is a sad spectacle to see a career thus
ended, but the one victim of this whole trial
has been the unfortunate witness, Kiesow,
whose life has been ruined because of bis con- J
nection with this defendant. It is in my mind
that further perjury has been avoided by this !
■ "To the defendant the necessary consequences
are disbarment, which means the loss of his j
means of livelihood, so for that reason I am not ;
disposed to inflict the full penalty for th of- I
fence. Nor am I inclined to suspend sentence,
although I have been asked to do so. 1 will
grant a stay of execution of sentence for one
week to give this prisoner time to adjust his
private and personal affairs."
After Fischer-Hansen had received his sen- j
tence Justice Dowling turned and thanked the ,
jury. "The state feels Indebted to you." he said, j
"for your services, which has meant to at least j
one of you physical pain, and must have caused
all of you considerable disgust."
District Attorney Jerome said after court i
had closed that when the trial had been in, j
progress several days a letter was received from ,
a Southern state, and on Washington's Birth- j
day Assistant District Attorney Howe, who fas ;
in Washington, investigated the story of the!
writer. The District Attorney gained much val- j
uabie information concerning the defence. j
Then followed another conference in the i
court's chambers, at which a stenographer was,
present. In talking with Justice Dowlinn Mr. |
Baldwin decided that it would be against the
ethics of his profession to continue in the case, [
but as be did not -wish to prejudice his client by j
appearing to desert him he argued for a mitiga- i
tion of the penalty if Fischer-Hansen male an
immediate plea. The District Attorney was
willing to substitute a charge of attempting to j
bribe for the charge of actual bribery, and then ,
Fischer-Hansen, who had been haggling over the ;
terms he might get. assented. No promises were J
made, but the sentence he received was the •
minimum prescribed by law. although its terms |
prevent him from getting any commutation of j
sentence for good behavior. A year's sentence ;
generally carries with it two months' commuta- i
tion for good behavior.
Fischer-Hansen is a son-in-law of Isaac V. j
Brokaw, but when the lawyer was last indicted ]
Brokaw said he would not assist him In any j
way. Mrs. Fischer-Hanson also announced that j
she would sue for a legal separation. Anson Me- •
Cook Beard, counsel for the Brokaws, was in
court yesterday, and saw Fischer-Hansen in the
afternoon. Mr. Jerome said that the lawyer
was not in court to ask for clemency but to help ,'
in the settlement of Fischer-Hanson's hnafajM !
TREASURY HEAD TO-DAY
FRAXKLIX M'FEAGB SAID
TO BE IX LEAD.
Mr. Taft Completes Final Ramon
of Inaugural Address-, and Sees
Man if Callers.
President-elect Taft said last night that he ex
pected to announce the name of his Secretary of
the Treasury to-day. Mr. Taft talked yester
day with Frank H. Hitchcock, chairman of the
Republican National Committee; Charles P.
Taft, his brother; Timothy L. Woodruff and
other?.. When the newspaper men called last
night he said.
i "1 think that A give you the name of the
new Secretary of the Treasury to-morrow."
"The rumors are persistent that Franklin Mac-
Veagh. of Chicago, is to get the place," it was
"Rumors don't make appointments," said Mr.
It was learned that a New York man would
not be chosen for the place, and friends of Mr.
Taft said that the choice had narrowed to two
or three Western men, with Mr. MacVeagh lead
There were reports that the name of A B.
Hepburn, former Controller of the Currency,
had figured largely In the conferences on
the subject. It was declared that should any
thing arise to eliminate Mr. MacVeagh from
the list as It is now understood to stand Mr.
Hepburn would be selected to take his place.
The President-elect announced that he would
make a speech before the Yale Club at the Wal
dorf on Friday. March 10. One of his callers
yesterday was James R. Sheffield, president of
the club who said last night that more than one
thousand applications from Yale men desiring
to attend the dinner had been received, and that
few if any more could be accommodated. Presi
dent HeSley of Yale and Mr. Sheffield will be
the other speakers. Mr Taft probably will be
one of the speakers at the Cleveland memorial
meeting on Thursday afternoon. March 18.
Mr Taft attended the funeral of Stewart
Douglas -Robinson yesterday forenoon. After
the service he returned to Henry W. Taft
home, in West 48th street. Among his callers
during the day were Joseph H. Choate. Booker
T Washington. Lawrence F. Abbott, son of Dr.
Lyman Abbott; Dr. Frissell. Dr. Lucking. Rob
ert C Ogden and William Nelson Cromwell.
A large box of flowers for Mr. Taft was re
ceived during the afternoon. While the Presi
dent-elect was at the funeral a poorly clad man.
who was refused admittance to the house, left
a note for him. This said that he was J. R. Mc-
Murron, Of Virginia, great-nephew of John
When State Chairman Woodruff was leaving
the house' he said that in his judgment the
Treasury portfolio would not go to a New York
man and he ventured the opinion that Otto T.
Bannard. treasurer of the Republican County
Committee, would not accept the place.
Chairman Hitchcock reached the Taft home at
12:30 o'clock, and was with Mr. Taft about two
hours. The subject under discussion was the
Although Senator Knox is not to come to New
York, as at first expected, he has been in con
versation with Mr. Taft many times over the
long distance telephone since Mr. Taft came
• In this manner Mr. Taft has been enabled to
keep in close touch with the numerous ques
tions of legislation during the present session
of Congress in which he Is particularly Inter
ested. In this Mr. Knox is taking a directing
hand, and is meeting with gratifying success,
according to reports.
The Inaugural address of Mr. Taft received Us
final revision last night. The document is. ac
cording to custom, a declaration of the policies
which the new administration will endeavor to
carry out. The address contains approximately
five thousand words, and will occupy Mr. Taft
little short of an hour in Its delivery.
The address has been submitted not only to
the men who have accepted places In the Taft
Cabinet, and in each case received their hearty
approval, but Mr. Taft has also read the paper
to President Roosevelt and others of his per
sonal friends and political advisers.
Mr. Taft will attend to private business af
fairs to-day, and to-morrow night he will be
one of the speakers at the Union League din
ner for ex-Secretary Root.
Mrs. Taft arrived here from Philadelphia dur
ing the afternoon, and she and the President
elect were the guests at dinner of Mr. and Mrs.
George W. Wlckersham, going later with a
party of friends to the Bijou Theatre to see
"The Gentleman from Mississippi."
Pictures of the President-elect hung over the
CootisaMl on nccond p*S«>
PLAN OF COURTS, SHOWING LT<VHT ANT)
TEX KILLED; 17 IXJIRED.
Gangway of the Kaiserin Auguste
Victoria Slips at Hamburg.
Hamburg. Feb. 24. -Ten persons were killed
and seventeen injurrd to-night through the
slipping of a gangway between the wharf and
the steamer Kai««»rin Auguste Victoria, which
was being loaded preparatory to sailing for New
York on Saturday next. No passengers were
among the victims.
Those on the gangway when the accident oc
curred included members of the crew, steve
dores and stewardesses. They were dashed into
the water, which was covered with thick drift
Ice. Most of them had broken bones and sev
eral were badly crushed, only seventeen of
them were rescued, ami the officials estimate the
dead v some of whose bodies have not yet been
recovered, at ten or more.
LOSES $50fi00 XECKLACE.
Miss Jennie Crocker Robbed at San
San Francisco, Feb. 24- A |8D;00u pearl neck
lace belonging to Miss J. nnie Crocker, of this
city was stolen during the Mardi Gras ball
given by Mrs. Charles O. Alexander at the St.
Francis Hotel last night.
Miss Crocker was one Of MS guests invited to
the ball, the list including virtually all persons
prominent socially in this city. She was also a
guest at a more exclusive dinner given by Mrs.
Alexander before the lall. Miss Crocker wore
the jewels at the dinner and still had them on
when she donned her costume 'or the ball. She
did not l.cc.mc aware that they had disappeared
until nearly 4 o'clock in the morning.
Miss Jennie Crocker is the daughter of the
late Frederick Crocker, one of California's
wealthiest pioneers. She is one of the richest
women in the West, having, inherited ■ large
share of her fathers .state. The necklace.
which has -been ranked as one of the most
valuable in the country, is composed of Bfty-
Ihree pearls, all flawless specimens, which were
brought by Miss Crocker from Bufoae some
TRIES TO EXD HER LIFE.
Mrs. Wallace Straiton Attempts Sui
cide in Physician's Office.
Mra. Christine Straiton. forty-eight years old,
wife or Wallace Straiton, son of John Straiton,
Who organized the cigar manufacturing firm of<
Straiton & Storm, of No. 400 Lafayette street.
tried to commit suicide in the office of Dr. Wi!!
lam W. Scott, at No. V.M4 Madison avenue, iast
evening by opening oae of the- arteries af her
left wrist v Ith a pair of surgical shears. She
was removed to the Harlem Hospital.
Dr. Scott said that Mrs. Straiton had been a
patient in St. Vincents Retreat, at Harrison.
N. V.. until seven or eight months ago. He said
that she was suffering from a mental affliction,
but he did not know what had brought it on.
Mrs. Btraiton, who has* been living at Xo. 520
West i:!4th street with her daughter, a stu
dent, visited Dr. Scott's offices with her hus
band. Dr. Scott said that Mrs. Straiton went
into an inner office with him for consultation.
As soon as she reached the consulting office, ac
cording to Dr. Scott, she shrieked: "Why are
all doctors and men liars?"
The physician hurried out and told a negro
hallboy to summon an officer. Whil^ he vas
absent from his office, and Mr. Stratton was
waiting in another room, Mrs. Straiton thrust
the points of the shears into her wrist.
A patrabnaa of the East l'Jtith street station
placed Mrs. Straiton under arrest on the charge
of attempted suicide before she was taken to
It was decided to send Mrs. Straiton to Belle
vue, and she had to be put in a straitjacket to
mak* the transfer. When she reached Bellevue
she was placed in the psychopathic ward.
SECURE PULLMAN ACCOMMODATIONS NOW
To the Inauguration at Washington. A telephone
call. "Madison 10;;:!." will JirinK tickets to your of
fice, home or c:\ib. Splendid train service via
«Veiiasyl\ ania Railroad.— AUvu
I'KICE THREE CENTS.
FOUR TENEMENTS FOR
MRS. W. K. VAXDERBILT TO
GIVE A MILLION.
Houses To Be Under Supervision of
Tuberculosis Clinic of Presby
Following up five years of active interest in
the work of the tuberculosis clinic of the Presby
terian Hospital, Mrs. W. K. Vanderbilt is to de
vote $1.«H>0.0«>0 to the erection of four model ten
ement hawses in East 77? h and 7*»th streets,
where tuberculous patients and their families
will be able to live under conditions similar to
, those provided at the most up-to-date sana
toria. While no definite decision on the rents to
be charged has yet been reached. Dr. Henry L.
Shively. head of the clinic which has led to Mrs.
Vanderbilt's action, said yesterday that th-
would compare favorably with those charged in
the poorest and cheapest East Side tenements.
The tenements, when erected, are to be known
as the Shively Sanitary Tenements, the novel
architectural features that will distinguish them
having been worked out by Dr. Shively in con
junction with Henry Atterbury Smith, the archi
tect. They will consist of four units, will be able
to house from 375 to 408 families. and will oc
cupy eighteen fall city lots. There will be a
frontage of 'J2T» feet on both 77th and 7;"« th
streets, between Avenue A and Avenue B. The
location for tuberculous patients Is wel'nigh
ideal, for on one side, the west, the buildings will
be 1 next to the playground of Public School I".*,
and on the other side is John Jay Park. The
site is vacant at present, but ground trill be
broken within a month, title to the land having
been acquired ten days ago, and the buildings
will probably be finished within eight months,
according to Mr. Smith.
The buildings will be only about ten blocks
from the new site of the Presbyterian Hospital,
and will be operated under the supervision of
its tuberculosis clinic, which is regarded as a
INSIDE STAIRWAYS ELIMINATED.
Dr. Shively and Mr Smith regard four feat
ures of the new tenements as particularly im
portant. First of these is the complete elimina
tion of inside stairways. Each tenement will
surround a central court, and between the backa
of two units, in 77th and T.Mr- streets, respec
tively, will run a narrow passageway or alley.
At each of the corners of each court will be a
stairway, entirely In the open air. giving access
to the apartments on that side of the house.
Thus the common, dirty and dark stair or hall
way of the present tenement house, in which,
even if built under the new law. doctors have
said much of the disease breeding goes on. will
be done away with. There will be no hallways
on the floors of the buildings, direct entrance
being afforded to each apartment from the stair
way. This is made possible by the use of four
stairways, and the economy of space obtained
makes up to some extent for the space required
by the central court.
The second important feature is the use of
Durchhausen. The Durchhaus is much used ia
Vienna, according to Dr. Shively. and. in its ap
plication to the Shively houses, consists of spe
cially arranged entrances to the courts. The
entrance from East 77th street is an arched
passageway two stories in height. At the other
side of the court is a similar passageway, and
directly opposite in the rear of the corresponding
East 7Sth street unit is another, faced again by
the arched passageway leading into East 7Sth
street. Thus an open passage for air drafts is
assured between the two streets, supplying botli
courts with constantly changing fresh air.
The other features have to do with the apart
ments themselves. All the rooms are outside
rooms, having light and air. and balconies are
provided, with windows extending from floor to
ceiling. Sleeping practically in the open air la
thus made possible.
IMPORTANCE <>F H<>ME TREATMENT.
Dr. Shively, in explaining Mrs. Yanderbilt'3
project yesterday, dwelt on the importance of
providing proper treatment for consumptives at
home. Santaona, he said, were useful to those
who could stay in th<>m long enough and return
to proper home conditions. I M than use
less to a patient who could be kept then
long enough to s-e how he coald be cured and
was then forced to return I -- J 'y unsani
tary conditions in a tenement home.
"It ha« heen borne in on us." said Dr. SI
•that it Is in the home that we must ftgh
sumption. Mrs. Vanderbilt has lea-n.-i this by
five years of quiet and magnificent work In con
ne.tior with the clinic o" the Presbyterian Hos
pital, and now the time has come to pal what
we have learned into operation. That I
mm for these tenements.
•I want to emphasize the practicability of tha
plan. This is not necessarily a charity. Mrs.
Vanderbilt can make the property pay "reason
ably on the investment and .-till keep rents way
down. There is no reason why investors should
not imitate this plan. They do not need to be
philanthropists, as Mrs. Vanderbilt is hi this ia»
stance. That is the great point."
Dr. Shively said that Mrs. Vanderbilfs bene
faction was not a hasty one .>r in the nature of
the indulgence of a hobby. She has made th«
expansion of the work of our visiting nurses pos
sible." he said. "She has had many ■ con
sumptive moved from 8 basement tenemen* to
one where he could have light and air, and has
paid the difference in the rent. She ha pro
vided better food for many. Now she sees the
way to give real and permanent relief and to do
something really worth while in the fight against
The task of finding tenants for the buiidinga
is not regarded as a difficult one by Dr. Shively.
The Presbyterian Hospital clinic alone, he said,
has something like a thousand tuberculous fam
ilies in its care, and he expects the apartments
to be seized at once. Care will be taken to keep
those able to afford better than tenement house
quarters from crowding out really poor persons,
and. if necessary, other hospitals and clinics
than the Presbyterian will be asked to provide
considerable use will Ue made ot the roofs of
these buildings. They will be elaborately fitted
up with shrubbery and flowers, and comfortable
chairs and sun parlors. Inclosed in glass, will b*
provided. The construction will be of rein!
concrete, steel and terra cotta, absolutely fire
A PRINCE DROWSED.
Austrian Xoble, Heir to Great
Estates, Lost Of Teneriffe.
Santa Crux, Teneriffe, Feb. 24.— Prince Casir I
Sapieha-Kodenski, of a noted Austrian Hne. waa
drowned off here to-day. He was heir to r:
estates in Galieia. He and ht3 brothers, Pri.
Leon and Prince Alexander, were thrown from
a boat whtch accidentally capsized. His bro -
ers were rescued. Prince Caaimir »v bora la