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ACADEMY OF Ml's-I'-'— 2— S:lj— Bren-Bter*s Milllocs.
ALHAMBRA—t— s— Vaudeville.
A6TOB 2.13 — s:l.%— The Man from Home.
ft£L.A£Cli li— »:30 — Th. Flphtinif Hope. .
•BIJOI'- 8:IS — 6:19 — \ <;«-ntl^man from Mississippi-
BUN . . ......
BROADWAY— 2:I5 — SU-A Stubborn Cinderella.
ORXEGIB HALL 2:30 -Violin Recital."
«"ARIXO — 2-lS— s-ir. — Havana.
CIRCLE— 2:Ii— S-:li— Tile Queen of the Moulin Rooe«
rOlJOXUI.—2—S — VaudoviH*. , '
<"RITF;RIi''N-;::(i — S:::<>— An Englishman s Home.
I'AI-T 2— 1.-.rd I<un.lr.a:> — Hamlet. .
EDEN JII'SEE- The World In Wax.
EM Tit; 2-l"> — 8:15 — What Every Woman Know*.
CAlETV— 2:l."— Srir.— The Traveling Salesman.
GARDE? 2:I- "t — 8:13 — The Conflict.
<SARRICK— 2:1! S:2«— The Patriot.
GERM A X -2 : 13—8 : 15 — Grct chen .
RACKET - 20— h:2<>-A Woman's "^ 3V :
HAMMER-STEIN"S— •_*:I.-.— S:ir— Vaudfvi.lf.
HERALD SQIARE— 2:I.%— S:ir.— The Return of Eve ♦•
BIPPOI'ROME L»— K— >port;nc Days — Battle in tn«
- Hkle» — Bird Ballet — '""ircus.
mtIBOX- 2:1-"— «:« — The Thir.l Drcre» ,_
KNICKERBOCKER— 2:IS— P:IS— The Fair Co-E«S.
LTRFRTT » ' • S:3o— A Fool There Was.
LYCEUM— 2:2O— - 20— The Dawn of a To-morrow.
LTRI r—2l.*.—r — 21.*.— «:ir.— The Rh-» Mouse.
MADISON SQUARE GAnKEN-^K.-S.ir.-Circuju
MAJEPTIC— 2:IS— S:lj— The Newlyweds and Their
MAXINe'eLLIOTT-P— 2 ?<>— <i:3fi_The
SfnTROPOLITAN OPERA HOfSH— 2— 51 RarMere fli
. Sevlella and ravalleria Rusttran*— S— Tannhauscr.
NATIONAL ACADEMY OF DESIGN • to 6— *■ to IV—
■ Annual Exhibition. l _, . „
XrTW AMSTERDAM— 2:IO -Macbeth— R:10— Richelieu.
NEW" TOnK 2 - ir. R:2<> — Miss Innocence.
FAVOT-2:2o— B:2o— The Rattle.
rtTTVESANT 5:15- *:10— The Easiest Way.
WALLACK?— 2:I.V-f>:2s— Pham.
WFREII'S "15 — Sir. — Tt"» «Jir! from Rectors.
W.EST END — 2-IT> — S:IT. — The Goddrss cf Reason.
Index to Advcrtitemcnis.
Tap-. Col.! rapp. Co!.
Amusement* . . 14 5-fi!H'-Ir Wanted » >
AurUon Sal«f 9 .V 1 nst i urt inn '.',',
Automobiles T. 4-0 T.ost BanklxVks ..... - •'
BSnken.ArßrLkfrs.-12 V Marries & rjoaihs.. j «
Board rmd Rooms... * B (Wan Steamers •• " • <3-j
Books and Tub* . S 4-fi. I'atonts . .. ■■ -■■■•- ■■■ q A
Oerprt < "leaning " ■■■■ ''lain* ar >- Organs.. » j>
Owntrv Property for ! lTor«sals » "
BaJear to St.. . 9 2 PuWk- N<-.ti<»s » ' „
DMks and Office Fur- IFtailma.is * _
I>r«*makin*. «c... » 75.',0., l tomte ;-^ £
■Kuropean A<lvts. .11 1-2! Sjv- a" > ci-s "i 4 «
F*.nancl»l 12 « FiTinjr K.-sorls •"■ l s «
•Flrnnr'Hl nations. .l 2 1 ptpa.iK^Rt' ■ ■ "
nnancial M-etinps . . 1 2 1 St..ra :e % 'T' „*',-«" - «
- Pnreirr Resort* 11 2-« Tr.bu«* . !».i'. n Rates. . . «
Tvr. Rooms to Let.. » '-■ Tvpewrl ters. ftc .» -
Fur bmm.«s ut.*-- jsa?ssia ".v." 1-3
.Country ■ Zlwam »'■»'"' ■ 1
BATTJEDAT, APRIL S, MO9.
This newspaper is owed and published by
The Tribune Association, a \cjf York corpora
tion; office end principal place of buslnf»B.
Tribune Building. \o. ?■'/ Xassau •-''••"•"'• v '"'
fork: OjifCß If****, president; -tome* If. Bar
rett, secretary and treasurer. The address of
the offerers ft the office of this netcf paper.
THF SEWS THIS MORSIXG.
• CONGRESS —The Senate was not in session.
===== House: Debate oi the tariff bill continues,
the chief feature being ■■ speech by Mr. De
Leon. Philippine Commissioner, against free
trade with the islands.
'. FOREIGN. — Count Zeppelin left Munich in his
airship at I M p. m- and arrived at Friedrichs
hafen at 6 o'clock: great crowds welcomed him
there and aT Munich ==== Sergeant Cortes ana
his son Vicente were sentenced to death by a
court martial at Havana for the recent revolt:
It is believed that the sentences will be re
mitted - = Ex-President Roosevelt was
warmly welcomed at Gibraltar; bad weather
nay delay the Hamburg so that the party will
have only a few hours at Naples before the
steamer Admiral sails. ===== The North German
Lloyd annual report a dispatch from Bremen
says, shows a heavy decrease in earnings.
Prince Albert, the heir presumptive of Belgium,
has started for the Congo; King Leopold Is said
to be opposed to the trip. ===== The condition of
Marion Crawford was reported Improved. =====
Many cases of bubonic plague and yelL-/-' fever
were reported from Guayaquil in March.
DOMESTIC. — Senator Aldrich has devised a
substitute for the maximum and minimum
feature of the Payne tariff bilL which is under
stood to have the approval of President Taft.
- Opponents of Governor Hughes'? direct
nominations bill gained an advantage by getting
on the Judiciary Committee In place of a
Hughes adherent in Assemblyman opposed to
his measures. == Heeding protests of Gov
ernor Draper of Massachusetts, the Mayor of
Boston, and dignitaries of the Protestant and
Catholic churches. Oscar Hammerstein gave up
the production of "Salome** in Boston. =====
Daniel J. Sully, at Atlanta, announced a plan
to establish a chain of bonded cotton ware
houses in th. South. === It was reported at
Baltimore that the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad
•was planning to tpt-nd about $10,000,000 for
new equipment. ===== The Virginian Railway.
constructed by H. H. Rogers, from Norfolk. Va..
to Deepm-ater, W. Ya, was opened. ~ The
first strike in the anthracite region since the
expiration of the three-year agreement occurred
■ear Wllkes-Barre. Perm. — , — Wheat prices
trachtd a new high mark for the season in Chi
capo, the May option advancing to 5121 a
bushel. = Charles CL Ifellor, a lifelong friend
of Andrew Carnegie and ■ trustee of the Car
negie Institute, died at Pittsburg.
" : CITY. Stock li Sim a down. = The Public
Service Cotr.mission Indicated that it would
grant permission for the McAdoo tunnel system
extension to the Grand Central Station. =
Two brokers were arrested on charges of using
the malls to defraud and grand larceny. '
I>r. Burnside Foster, of St. Paul, Minn., told the
Association of Life Insurance Presidents that if
they would have policyholderß re-examined they
•wouM extend the average lives of policyholdera
live years. == The jury in the case of Frank
lin. Scott & Co. pave a verdict in full against
Cyrus Field Judson. Joseph H. Hoadley ar.d
Joseph Loiter, and told Mr. Mooney, the plain
tiffs' attorney, that they had placed bo credence
in. the so-called "bribery" testimony. —=^z. Th •
National Highway Protective Association de
cided to prosecute reckless drivers of automo
biles. ■■ ' : President Hepburn Of the Chase Na
tional Bank returned from a trip to Mexico.
===== The Harlem Civic Club and the 19th As
sembly District Club cam- out in favor of the
Sunday opening excise bill. ' It was said
that ex-Governor Odell. as one of the receivers
fora contracting firm, would .■• in actual charge.
of a section of the aqueduct work. = It was
announced that about or..- thousand agents of
the .New York Life Insurance Company would
I THE .WEATHER.— lndications for to-day:
Occasional showers. The temperature yester
day: Highest. 55 frees; lowest. 42.
THE FRANCHISE ASSESSMEXTS.
The total assessed valuation of franchises in
this city shows a *liglit (ailing off this year,
due. say the dispatches, to certain court de
cisions. The «-hief reductions are in the valua
tions of the .Consolidate Gas Company's fran
«-hi> > and iv tiio^e of the Brooklyn In ion Gas
CviuijKiny. These changes are the consequence
of tb< 8&-ceni gas law. or. more precisely^ of the
decision of the I i::t«l States Supreme Court
upholding that statute. But nothing appears
rrr^anliu^ ihe ui<*!h<*l by which the new figures
in lb,ese two rases or the old figures in the
other*. in this enormous total raluatioiTof 5474,
<XKMXr». r< reached! And it any general priii
clule underlay the Supreme Court** decision in
the g:i>- cist 1 it in no! applied. to the other valua
tions, for, they stand practically unchanged,
though that is cut from iuur- than ■ OUQOUO
tols7.7Sl.«XV. if the figure announced in the
tentative assessment has been adhered to.. . ,'• ,
' But the adoption of that ligure. -<7.7>'i .<<*»".
thr<- - n<» light apoa the method by which
valuations are peached. Indeed, that assess
ment itself seems perfectly arbitrary, It is said
to bare been chosen in conformity with the Su
preme Court's deHskiu. But the Supreme Court
did swt spy that the franchises t>f the gas cuiu
pawy were worth .<7.7Sl,<|.'M>. The court said
that •>v«s ilm v/ilue of the franchises :it iii,.
tlnjp •f eonsuli'Uilion iv I* but that the mo
ment iaimunity from regulation ceased "the
. "great .value of the fntnehise would be. at once
"apd unfavorably affect ed. but bow much so it i..
"uot - possible for us now to .see." " Tbe lower
coort bad taken *7.7>L<»»W as a b.-.si- and bad
argued that frjincui~ bail iiicren.-td iii value
tirx'e ISS4. ' ue Supreme Court <;>id that *:the
yajue would most certainly iiot increase." That
v. as all the Supreme Court decided regarding
tiii' value of 'be franchises, uauiely, that it was
"most certainly" s not more • than • $7,781,000.
Whether it was less than that, and how much,
it did not feel called upon to determine. But
the State Hoard of Taxation is called upon to
determine precisely what the value of the Con
solidated company's franchises is. and Its adop
tion of $7,781,000. a figure wliicti the Supreme
Court merely said their value did not exceed,
wears so arbitrary a look as to suggest doubts
regarding the rest of the assessments.
Moreover, this Consolidated redaction has an
other aspect that occasions doubt whether the
state board holds the same theory of valuation
of franchises as that entertained by the Su
preme Court. The State Gas Commission, with
authority to regulate lighting companies now
succeeded by the Public Service Commission,
was created in 1906 and cut the rate for gas In
this city in 1900. Its rate reduction order was
followed promptly by the SO-cent gas law of
1906 Certainly. the policy of regulation and
rate reduction was begun In 1900. if not in 1905.
Still the assessments of the Consolidated com
pany's franchises remained practically constant
from year to year until, following the Supreme
Court's recent decision, they were cut down
more than 75 i*r cent. But the Supreme Court
expressly says in that decision: "The moment
-it [immunity from rate regulation] ceased and
-the legislature reduced earnings to a reasona
ble sum. the great value of the franchise would
-be at once and unfavorably affected." That
immunity certainly ceased in 1906. and the only
theory on which can be explained the failure of
the immediate and . unfavorable effect of the
change upon franchise values to be reflected in
the annual assessments is that the state board
was waiting for the constitutionality of the law
to l>e tested. ...
lint In the last few years regulation of rates
.nd services, which in its effect on earnings is
similar, has been aggressively extended to near
1- all classes of public service -corporations.
Should not the enactment of the Public Service
Commissions law and the rulings of the commis
sions have had. according to the rulings of the
Supreme Court, an immediate and unfavorable
effect on the values of franchises generally: But
assessments have remained practically station
ary \re the state assessments, then, being
made in harmony with the ideas of valuation
held by the Supreme Court? Perhaps the failure
to collect the franchise taxes is due to vague
ness and uncertainty as to the principles in
accordance with which they should be levied.
THE TAXGLE THICKEKS.
The opposition to the Governor's direct nom
inations bill was left by the Albany hearing In
this dilemma: Either it was trying to create
public sentiment against the bill by telling the
public that it was unfit to make its own nomina
tions because It was ■ ••mob": or it was try
ing to make the people believe ,that the bill
favored the machines and the so-called "bosses
through the machines, and that the so-called
"bosses" were with singular unanimity against
it As a matter of fact, the opposition grasped
both horns of this dilemma with much courage
but little discretion. Chairman Woodruff is now
showing it which horn to-let go of. Having too
much sense to think there is anything to be
gained by telliue the public that it is ■ mob
and unit to control nominations, he explains the
paradox that though the bill favors machines
and "bosses." machines and "bosses* 1 oppose the
bill. We quote from his explanation:
I am sorry that I did not take occasion on
Wednesday "to answer the clerical gentleman
who a=k<--d" this question at the hearin? on th«
Hinman-Oreen bill. It was a question that
could be answered and that nujrht to have been
answered. I would have asked the gentleman
—and it surely oupht to have appealed to him
as a clergyman— if he. could not imagine men
actuated by any motive other than a desire for
personal advantage, even politicians. Is it not
possible that the men who have come into lead
ership — or "boss-ship" if you prefer— the Re
publican party can be imp-'lfc'd by unobjection
able motives, by a desire for the welfare of the
people and of the r.arty?
Thar i=. the bill would tend to centralize
power iv the hands of the "bosses- or leaders -
Chairman Woodruff says that "under the l.ill
"favored by Governor Hughes ihe leaders of the
"organization would certainly gain ■ greater
••d-greo of control** — bat the leaders, or
-."' if you prefer, are averse to having
this additional opportunity for gaining power.
This explanation is very creditable to all the
political leaders of whom : - Is true, and we
should l>e the last to suggest that any of them
who. like Mr. Woodruff, aw opposing the Gov
ernor's bill because they think it would pui
too much power In their hands ar«'. not actuated
by Th» loftiest public motives and considera
tions. But we fail to see how Mr. Woodruff
hopes to l»eat the bill by convincing the people
that the leaders, or "bosses." as it is now the
fashion to «-a!l some of them, an- animated by
such splendid public spirit. If the leaders and
•bosses" are «<> animated, obviously it will Ik
to the people's Interest to give them more, not
less, power. And if the Governor's bill will give
them this additional power, then the public will
demand the Governor's bill louder than ever.
Mr. Woodruff's necessary course of argument,
starting from his premise that the political
leaden are actuated by lofty principles and
creditable ambitions, would appear to be: This
bill would take power away from them; there
fore this is a bad bill.
AS /V7J/.4V EPOCH.
With the appointment of a native Hindu to
a seat in the Council of the Empire a new era
is begun in the history of British India. Hither
to the supreme authority of the realm has been
entirely in British hands. That authority is ex
ercised by seven men. the Viceroy and six
Members of Council, and these have always
been Britons. But now there will be a Hindu
among them. Lord Morley having appointed
the Advocate Genera] of Bengal. Mr. Satyendra
P. Siuha. to succeed sir Henry Richards as
Legal Member of Council. Mr. sinha is one of
the foremost lawyers In India, a Hindu in re
ligion and a Bengali In race. Of his fitness in
ability, experience and character there is prob
ably no question. Nevertheless his appointment
is the most striking and momentous innovation
in • Indian history since John Company gave
way- to direct imperial control, and its results
will be watched the world over with much
interest and with some anxiety.
In itself the appointment may be above criti
cism. But it will inevitably be regarded as a
precedent, and the following of it may here
after cnuse embarrassment. Now that the prin
ciple of native membership In the Council is
established, there will be demands for its ex
tension, which it will be impossible to grant
and difficult to deny. Mr. Sinha is a Hindu.
There will be demands for the appointment of
a Mahometan member. Also, he is a Bengali.
Other great Indian races or tribes will demand
representation, in fact, there will probably be
a general movement toward a radical trans
formation of the whole character and constitu
tion of the Council. Hitherto it has been non
representative, but entirely impartial and alien
in origin. There will be an effort to make it a
native body representative Of the Indian peo
ple, or of the. Indian peoples. The seriousness
of such a change must be obvious, it is not to
be supposed that the imperial .government
means that it slmll bo effected, at any rate in
our time, . it probably would be not ° beneficial.
but disastrous, to make it. But this appoint
ment of Mr. Sinha will em-mirage demands for
it. ;uid may provoke an agitation which will not
comport with the peace and order of -the em
pire, \" ' :\[*
Meantime there, are' those, considerable in
numbers and in a. certain kind of influence, who
regard this' appointment and the "accompanying
reforms which Lord' Morley has prescribed as
quite Inadequate to the needs of India, and who
will be-" satisfied wirti nothing sbort of entire
independeoce of Great Britain. Such are Mr.
KEW-YQRK DAILY TRIBUNE, SATI RDAY, APRIL 3, 1909.
Ghose, editor of the "Auirlta Bazar Patrika":
Mr. Buuerjee, who once go* himself crowned
-King of Bengal"; Mr. Matter, formerly a jus
tice of the Hi- Court of Bengal, and Mr.
Mookerjee (no relation of Mr. Kipling's Hurree
Chundert. a justice of that court. These are all
men of light and leading, ami they all insist
that no reforms will be satisfactory which do
not give the Hindus entire control of India,
to the practical exclusion alike of the British •
and of native Mahometans. That Lord Mor-
Icy's policy will conciliate these agitators is
probably 100 much to expect. The best that
can be hoped is that it will not too preatly en
coorage or give opportunity to their seditious
THE AUTOMOBILE PROBLEM.
The great increase in the number of persons,
chiefly women and children, run down by auto
mobiles has alarmed the public, and it will not
be surprising if drastic measures are suggested,
for regulating automobile traffic within the city
limits. The reckless drivers who have made the
streets so perilous to pedestrians ,are doing
everything possible to bring odium on the use
of the automobile, to limit the legitimate privi
leges of sensible drivers and owners and to in
jure the automobile Industry. The owners and
makers of automobiles should combine to disci
pline employes who take chances in the city
streets, and a severer penalty than ■ fine should
be inflicted on all drivers caught overspeedlng.
The formation of a National Highway Protec
tive Association, which has just been an
nounced, is a welcome step toward vindicating
the right of the public to the use of the streets.
That association will employ detectives to lodge
complaints against lawbreakers and counsel to
prosecute them. Drivers exceeding the speed
limit will be brought to account, whether they
run down some victim or not Legislation will
be sought defining more strictly the responsi
bility, for accidents, and public sentiment will
be organized to demand complete and thorough
enforcement of the highway laws. Doubtless
the Police Department will also be spurred to
greater vigilance. Automobiles are a necessity
of modern life, and their general use ought to
be encouraged, but then* is no reason why they
should not be used with due regard to the
rights of non-users, who are an overwhelming
majority of the public. Those who have at
heart the progress of automoblling as an indus
try, a sport or a means of transportation will
find it to their Interest to suppress the many
reckless drivers who bring their own occupa
tion into disrepute.
TAKE )'>' R CHOICE
Our former neighbor. The New York Times.* 1
seems at this writing to think the Payne tariff
bill a very ricious piece of legislation. Its atti
tude toward that exhibition of rlciousness re
verses, however, the customary attitude of frail
humanity toward tilings vicious, as described by
Alexander Pope. Pope wrote:
Vice i«= a monster of so frightful ml*n
As to be hat*>d needs but to hf seen;
yvt p.-^n t'>o oft. familiar with her face.
We first endure, then pity, then ftnbrace.
i >ijr contemporary first embraced, then plt!«vj
and now can wirh diffi<mlty endure the Payne
tariff bill. When that measure tras reported
"The Times" did not think it an abomination of
abominations. On (he contrary, on March 18 it
pronounced this cordial eulogy on the work of
the House Ways and Means Committee:
It is a more reasonable bill than any that has
ever originated with the party of protection. It
Is the very opposite of the McKlnley bill and
the Dingley bill, and. so far as can now be
judged, it is a much better bill than was sent
to the Senate in 18S3 on the basis of the tariff
commission's report of that year. . . . But
the significant and profoundly encouraging fact
remains that sound principles have been, in a
practical manner and to nn effective degree,
recognized by a Republican committee, and.
will, we hope,? without impairment, be recog
nized by Congress.
Since then "The TimesV feelings have under
gone a riolent change, it raid yesterday:
It is tv>t c'>'!;c- ton f rfr to pronounce th« I
bill dishonest because, prepared In performance
of a pledge to reduce duties, it has with caw
at!<] cunning been drawn in such ;< way as t'i
In this r< spert its bad eminence
surpasses any previous tariff bill It is moro
disappointing to expectation than the commis
sion bill of 18SJ, it is worse than the McKlnley
bill which brought down upon the Republican
party th<- resentment of tbr people. It adds
new extortions to those practised under the
Dingley act. I' disregards alike the needs of
the Treasury ;m<l the demands of the people.
1? is not h bill, '.s it now stands, that IV-
Taft yuM sien without a complete abandon
ment of the principles t<> which h" has com
On Marco is our former neighbor wanted the
Payne bin passed as it st<M.d. "without imp;iir
tnent." Now it seems to regard 'impairment,"
and plenty of it. as the oest thing which could
possibly happen to the bill.
It is hard to follow :i critic who unsays one
week what he has said the week before, and who
finds a measure ai once t!i<> best and the worst
piece of tnriff legislation ever prepared by **the
party of protection." We have called attention
to the divisions in the Democratic minority in
Congress over the tariff question. Nearly every
Democratic Representative seems to be of ■ flit'
ferent mind in regard to the value of the Payne
bill. Yet no one of them so far lms been of two
different minds. The Times" as a tariff critic
h;ss Champ Clark and his amusing "followers"
beaten several miles.
CONCEALED WE IPO.Vfi.
It is admitted that the habit of carrying con
cealcd weapons is a factor of great Importance
in multiplying crimes of violence. Many mur
ders and murderous assaults would never have
been committed had the perpetrators of them
not been tempted by the possession of :»
weapon to yield to the homicidal impulse. The
man* who carries a revolver does it either from
t'e;<r or from criminal propensity, and the
slightest excitement tends to make him con
sider the possibility of using bis tirVarm as
B means of aggression or self-defence. He is.
psychologically speaking, a potential law
breaker, having committed homicide in his
imagination man; times before be commits it in
It is in the interest of public order and safety
that the carrying <>f weapons should be re
stricted, and that the carriers should be regis
tered, if possible, for Identification. A bill In
troduced in the Assembly at the suggestion of
Police Commissioner Bingham seems to offer
ueeded protection to the public. It requires
manufacturers <»f pistols nnd dealers who sell
them at retail to keep records of the weapons
sold and the names and addresses of pur
chasers, nnd to Hie such record! with the police
departments En cities or with the sheriffs of
counties. The peace authorities in any city <n
county would thus be enabled to know who
owned weapons and to trace the ownership of .a
pistol with which « crime had been committed.
General Bingham cites the finding of the pistol
with which Lieutenant Petroslno was assassi
nated in Palermo as an instance of what often
happens in murder cases. The pistol, under
present < ondith ns. differs no clew. Kutlfacom
plete record of weapons and owners had been
kept, it might be possible to trace the owner
ship of the weapon and possibly to uucover in
fonnntion pointing to the identity of the mur
derer. The pistol carrier is a menace to the
community, :hki steps should be taken to re
strict his opportunities to carry a pistol without
the knowledge and consent of the police au
Se\eral statements relative to th» coal in
dustry are contained in the "Daily Consular
and Trade Reports" for March 20. One indi
cates that the deposits on the slopes of the
Canadian Rockies are greater in extent than
had been supposed. A recent estimate puts
thje amount of marketable fuel of good quality
which is available ln that region at 45,<XXM>00.
1(00 tons, or from ninety to a hundred times the
total annual output of the mines in the United
States. A second repoit says that U* sale of
anthracite "culm 1 ' from this country in Cana
dian cities along the St. Lawrence is disturbing
the producers of soft coal in Nova Scotia. From
a third report it appears that Swansea, which
is in the very heart of the Welsh anthracite
field, is making great efforts to dispose of her
product ln Canada. Cuba and even the Atlantic
ports of the United States. The last two of
these reports make it evident that the dulness
I ln the home demand Is inspiring the mine own
j ers both ln this country and Wa'es to find new
The Interborough company thinks that side
doors ln the subway cars will work better if
placed in the middle rather than near the ends,
and is expecting to demonstrate the superiority
of the plan. No one will complain if it succeeds.
The all Important thing is to improve the facili
ties for entrance and exit.
A Hamburg-American steamer was burned in
Havana Harbor on Monday last, and on Wednes
day the bodies of the fourteen men who
perished on her were recovered and were rev
erently buried in the Colon cemetery, the mem
bers of the German Legation attending the
funeral. More than eleven years ago the Amer
ican battleship Maine was destroyed in the
same harbor, but the bodies of more than sixty
men who perished on her have not been recov
ered and no attempt has been made to recover
them. The contrast between the two cases Is
a reproach to those who are responsible for it.
The way to stop "joy rides" Is to let it bo
known that every one of them will end in jail.
Why women who rlye their hair should stiff -r
from a disease of the gums is not adequately
explained in the report of the National Dentists'
Convention in Birmingham this week. A pain
ful degree of uncertainty on another point also
Is left by the press dispatches. Is it Intended so
to broaden the classification of "artificially
colored" hair as to include "peroxide blondes"?
The National Academy of I>?sign evidently
holds art above nature. But would it b<- art to
combine In one concern a p.«ii<e station, a gal
lery of paintings and a menagerie?
Emperor William shrewdly insisted last year
that the ability of Count Zeppelin's airship to
reascend after landing should be demonstrated
before the WUrtemburger's machine was paid
for. What does he think of an airship which
has Just shown that it cannot always come
down safely when Its pilot wishes, anil must
land sixty-five miles from its goal, six hours be
On Wednesday there was a great rush of New
Yorkers to the office of the Tax Department to
"swear off" personal assessments. On the sane
day the Temosachlc Indians In Mexico openly
rebelled against the payment of taxes. Truly,
one touch of taxing makes the whole world kin.
i Th« beginning of this month marks a new and
! better era in Georgia, with the Inhuman cor.ylct
lease system abolished. The result will be the
j opening of about fifteen hundred places for free
■ labor instead of felon slaves, the employment, of
1 the convicts on the roads and other public
j works, and an immeasurable gain for human-
Llty, decency and Justice.
THF TALE OF THF PAY.
What la »alr] to be UM first concurrent resolu
tion ever Introduced In any legislature in arty
state <->f the l"nk'n directly denouncing prohibition
Is that of Senator Price, of California. This reso
lution Is now in the bands of the Committee on
Fruit nml Vine Interests. (me paragraph in the
preamble recites that "a very desirable class of
poople are coming into this state and taking tip
the Improvement of \ast acres of land which
have heretofore been non-productive and of little
value, planting vineyards en land absolutely un
sulted for any other purpose and hoping to nnd
.i market for their grapes for table consumption,
for the making of raisins and for the manufact
ure of wines. Some <jf the people aro endeavor
ing to create In this state ■ sentiment which. If
allowed to go unchecked, would result in the de
preciation of the value of the properties Improved
aforesaid, and practically wipe out the result of
many years of labor and the Investment of much
money, and working a great injury to the people
of the State of California."
"Wliat a-e you talking about? A thins can't
be a great help and a great drawback at the same
"I <L>n't know. How nl.o^it a mustard plaster?"
Addressing a satli.'ring «>f s.-ii!.,>i teachers in «'hi
cago idst week, l>.:m j. v. hcpil. of the University
c.r Michigan, talked of "Intellectual Hobolsm." "In
t!;c liißti school," said he, "iptellectual hoboism
finds its expression In numberless ways, chiefly tn
aping the worst features "f college uua university
life without the appreciation of any ..f its redeem
ing qualities. Such a student is at the bottom of
every surprising outbreak or disorder. He may b.
an athlete or a fop, or both combined; he usually
excels in dnnelnfr and other social functions, and
maintain*) towurd the principal an at'itiuie of armed
neutrality, or of open insurrection, according as lit;
feels himself safe in assuming the I'll"" or the other,
ite chews gum or tobaoc.-o, as his social standing
dictates, and is usually addicted to the cigarette."
"Willie," said lils mother, after the caller had
gone, "why <iii you i<>ok .*■> curiously at Mrs Cross
way wlir-n .she «aid 'How <lo you do, dear?' and you
answered licr 'Quite well, I thank you"."'
"I was waitin' for her to say 'You're welcome." "
- ("iii. -UK" Tritiune.
Chicago will be the scene of an extensive mili
tary tournament, combined with a naval spectacle
off the lake front, next autumn, provided the
plans that are now belnsr carefully considered by
the convention bureau committee of the Chicago
Association of Commerce are realized. The pro
posal Is to have a tournament In which all branches
if the regular army shall take part. Infantry, cav
alry and field artillery are Included, as well as the
signal service, and possibly a balloon corps. The
troops, it Is suggested, are to be encamped in
Washington Park, where most of the programme is
to be carried out. A gathering of about five thou
sand troops Is contemplated.
' Mister, you re wasting time sketching that old
"Tea; there's a tine new steel bridge just a mil^
further on."— Louisville '"ourier-Journal.
The futile effort of a goldsmith at Copenhagen to
scfcQie a Norwegian decoration la tlie subject of a
lung article in a r *hrtstinnta paper- Th<> aspirant
for "the tinsel glory" is a knight of Donnebro and
the possessor of (.lerman. Creek and French orders,
and "probably believes that in Norway on • can
purchase this kind of decoration as one can in otiier
countries. He gave to the Kthnological Museum at
C'hrißtiania a valuable present, but was weak
enough to tell Professor llagerup. the Norwegian
representative in Copenhagen, that lie hoped, be
cause of the gift, to receive the Olaf Order. A tele
gram from Copenhagen reached christiania in time
to warn the museum authoritHs, and the gift, which
would have been accepted with thanks, was re
Kind Lady -What Is your name, little boy?
Kin-l Boy — Joshua Shadrach Lemuel Fotts!
Kind Lady— Wei!, well: Who gave you that
Joshua, Etc.- 1 flunno >et, but I'm on der trail!—
Tlie types piay some cjueer tricks on newspapers
and their readers. "The KemMDec Journal," an
old Maine standb>'. was made to say recently that
"Tale had a narrow esrape from furnishing the
President in 1776. Tildun was a Tala man. ai
t!!'>ush ill health compelled him to leave the insti
tution before he received hi* degree/
The up-to-date mother was concluding a fairy
story. "And they lived happily ever after." she
»aid. "«.)li. then they got a divorce." add^d th<*
up-to-date cluM. — Phila«J(_li>hia Record.
About People and Social Incident*
j AT THE WHITE HOUSE.
[From The Tribune Hurt- ml |
Washington, April 2.— The President added two
: more dates to his engagement list, wrote a letter
\ indorsing the work of the National Industrial Peace
I Association of San Francisco and received the In
tercollegiate Civic League delegation in the East
Room, his son Robert being a delegate, to-day.
' The President will go to Norwich, Conn., for the
250 th aniversary celebration of the founding of the
city on July 4. having accepted an invitation from
Wlnslow T. Williams and Edwin A. Tracy, who
were introduced by Senators Brandegee and Bulke
ley and Representative Higgins. Mr. Taft also ac
cepted an invitation this afternoon to attend a
dinner to be given in his honor early in May by the
Washington Board of Trade and Chamber of Com
The Kansas bank guarantee law was again a sub
ject of discussion to-day, Senator Brlstow spend
ing some time with the President, and later in the
afternoon Governor Stubbs took up the matter
with Mr. Taft. .
Senator Aldrich, before leaving Washington for
New York, where he will spend two or three days,
told the President that satisfactory progress was
being made in framing the tariff bill, which, he said,
would be pushed through the Senate with little
delay. He Bald he hoped to see the bill enacted by
The Secretary of War, after the Cabinet meeting
to-day, said that ha would sail from Charleston on
April 20 to inspect the Panama Canal, and expected
to be away about three weeks.
Senator Penrose called on the President this af
President Taft has issued orders for the erection
of a bandstand on the Speedway on the banks of
the Potomac, where the Marine Band will play
two hours twice a week beginning April 14. Presi
dent and Mrs. Taft expect to attend all the con
° President Taft and General Edwards went horse
back riding this afternoon. , . '
Mrs. Taft accompanied her son Charles and five j
of his schoolboy friends to the lecture given at the
Columbia Theatre this afternoon by Professor Mbio
on Russia, Robert Alphonso Taft. who arrived
here last night, win remain at the Whit* How
until after Easter. Miss Helen Taft. who is at
school at Bryn M;iwr. will come home next wee*
for her Easter vacation.
[From Thf TribnM Bemssw]
Washington. April - "■ Secretary of War has
, ...., Jacob M. Dickinson, jr.. ■ Tale student,
sUying with him in his East r vacation.
ol the .v,-.;, and Mrs M^r are
preparing to change their reridenee to the Morgan
bouse m Scott Circle. Mb- McCbok, ol Ken To*.
who was their guest for several days.
to her home.
IN WASHINGTON SOCIETY.
[From The Tribune Rureau. 1
Washington. April 2. The Vice-president and
Mra Sherman were the guests at dinner to-night of
Senator and Mrs. Lodge, who Invited a large com
pany from official society to meet them.
The secretary of War was entertained at dinner
toVnfcht by Assistant Secretary and Mrs. Robert
Shaw Oliver. Others in the party were the German
Ambassador and Counter yon Bernstorff Justice
and Mrs Holmes. Senator and Mrs Depew. Sena
ordu Pont. Representative and Mr., James Breck
Perkins, the Assistant Secretary of State and Mrs.
Huntlnston Wilson; Mrs Sheridan. Mrs. Bacon
and Rear Admiral Brownson.
Ex-Senator and Mrs. Dryden entertained the
Postmaster General at dinner to-night Their other
guests were Baron and Baroness Takahira the
Swedish Minister and Mmc da I-age^ranrz Sena
tor and Mrs. Flint. Representative and Mrs, Rich
ard Wayne Parker. Representative^and Mrs trank
O. T»wdpn. Mr. and Mrs. Robert Lansing. Mr. and
Mrs Thomas Hunt. Mr and Mrs W. K. Curt,.
Mr- T B Henderson. Miss Mabel Boardman. Rear
Admiral Kenny and Mr. and Mrs. Ku?er .
Miss Mabel Boardman was the guest of honor at
PRINCIPLE, NOT T'KT.Mf.P
From The Syracuse Herald
the Usht of experience.
ON THE FIRING UNK
From The L *kport Journal.
To be against direct nominations means that a
... ,g *i n th« - r the machine. To b*
VV 1;;'1 ;;' . •> means thai a man ts out on the
forg mgeU for tbe Governor's reform
and for bis feljow :■ •
From The Binghamton Republican.
This measure provides for the voters determin
ing which candidate a majority of them favor, and
thai i- all there Is to it. Men who do not wish
the votera to exercise such a rujUt are inventing
many misleading possl I what they
might happen, In theli efforts to distract the pub
lic's attention from the real i>> ie.
FromJhe Rochester Union and A
In short, this Is ;< question in the setUen*
which the people, th.- voters In whose hands aU
the power to til! the offices should i jpposed
to the manipuli tors of the nominating machinery.
Th>- latter would tlml th.-ir occupation gone U
could not "frame up" all nominations before they
..1,. The power to <I'> th.it. .ts it exists under
esent system. Is the very breatfa of their
"HE WII.I, WIN IN THE END." •
From The Buffalo Commercial.
The truth Is, all the state bosses. big and little,
have lined up against the bill simply because they
know that if it Is enacted Into law it will curb
their arbitrary powers and provide representative
Instead of selfish leadership. That is aIL It la the
only answer. The bosses are fighting desperately
for their political lives. The Governor, standing for
the rights of the people and the party voters, has
only Just begun to tight. Hut he will win in the
DID YOU EVER?
From The Utlca Press.
it is mill Isn't it. thai the practical politicians
and the political bosses should urge as the prin
cipal objection against this bill that it will ln
,r,ii^,. bosstsro an.i f.-ive the leaders more power
than they have at present? Did you ever sec a
miser that objected to t;ettins: nmr gold? \ '>v .will
s «>o one |ust as quickly as you will ever see a po
litical b'-ss doing anything to prevent his getting
more political power.
THIS OPPOSITION'S ARGUMENT.
From The Watertowa Times.
The argument vi opposition t>> the direct prima
ries hill as recited before the [legislative! commit
tee all consisted In the one statement that it would
klv<> greater power to political bosses. This argu
ment Is made by those who are the political bosses.
and it is not surprising that the people wonder
what they are opposing it for, aa they a<s rt that
It is in their interest Their position Is a paradoxical
one and it nee, is explanation before the people Ken
orally will accept th ir arguments.
PRINCETON ALUMNI TO HONOR MAYOR.
An alumni dinner under tlie aaapicea of the
Princeton Club ol New for* n honor of afayof
McClellan, "Bs^ will be beM on Tuesday evening,
April 20, at the Waldorf. .John U Cailwalad«i will
preside, and addresses will be Bade bj Mayor afe
ciellan, Judge George Gray, of Delaware: Attorney
General Edmund Wilson <>r Now Jersey and Wood
row Wilson, president of Princeton University.
Among the passengers who will sail to-day for
THE CRETIC. FOR NAPLES.
H. S. Auerbach. W. A. Avey.
Mr*. C. A. Rcrnett. ; Mrs. Martha Hurlbut.
Mr. and Mrs. Edwin W. : Frank Sutton.
Oakes. IMr. and Mrs. Wlillam A.
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas F. ; White.
<_-j ar |Mrs. W. K. Kennedy-
THE ST. LOUIS. roB SOUTHAMPTON*.
Mr and Mrs. GibsonjU. P. F. Kartlett.
Fahneatock. I>' P. Plllsbury.
Mr and Mrs E. M. Carter • Mania Wormaer.
Mm,-. Emma Cal\£. Moody M- lKmn*r.
Mr and Mrs. Lawrence V. Mr an.l Mrs. F. B. George.
■ Benet. [Baron A. M. Ott.
THE VADBHIiAND. FOB ASTWERP.
Mrs Perci- Sutherland! Mr. and Mia. A. F. Hunter.
' Bantu ll>r - i: - at TanaH
Miss Florence Clark. ! Mr. ar.d -Vrs. Meyer Meyer.
Miss Margaret B. Koley. i
THE CALEDONIA. FOB GLASGOW.
Mrs. R. A. Archibald. * Jerome I) Travrrs.
Mr and Mm. Thomas O«rd James Wniteakle.
ner ! Ml "• ana Mrs - Daaald F.
V. \V. Klnnaird. i £V, ner - „
Mrs. E. H. M. Holt. ! William L>uncnn.
THE CKDIUC. FOB LIVERPOOL.
Mr an i Mrs. Henry M.|t-harle» A. MaswaH
lioyt. I Mr. sad Mra. 11. F. Daw-
Arthur Tooth. on - ' „. „. r
Giles Shine. Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Doug-
M f Robinson. las.
Mr. and Mrs. C A. Hardy. Mlaa Helen T. Wel!«.
vi i Ik Ellen Glasgow. •A. J. ilrov*.
the Congressional riub tea this afternoon. an<l
talked 'to the members on the work of the Na
tional Red Cross, and especially the relief affordsd
m* Meaasam. Mrs. James Breck Perkins, the presi
dent, was assisted in receiving by Mrs. Robert J.
Gamble, of South Dakota. Mrs. Robert L. Taylor,
of Tennessee: Mrs. John Hull, of lowa, and Mrs.
Benjamin Johnston, of Kentucky, while Mrs. Frank
O. Lowden. of Illinois, and Mrs. Louis CooUdajs
Colonel Baron de Rode and Baroness Elizabeth
de Bode entertained- at dinner to-nisrht in honor of
the Russian Ambassador. Those invited to meet
him were Major General Bell. Bricadier General
and Mrs. \Vothersp>>on. Brigadier General and Mrs.
Darlington, Mis.s Darlington. Colonel and Mrs.
Robert K. Evans. Captiin and Mrs. SturK»s, Miss
Trent. Miss McClellan. -Miss Hag Kou
dacheff and t 'onmiande:
Ex-Governor Me and Mrs. Me ~ad as gM
dinner to-muht Brigadier General aad Mr
ence R Fllwaida. Mr. and Mrs. Seawel!. af New
Haven; Judse ami Mrs. [fatch. Mrs. Bourhs • .' <ck
rr.n. Mrs. Hooker. BeaaaSos Wanes, C.-mmander
Davis and Commissioner Benito Lcgtird ■.
NEW YORK SOCIETY.
Mrs. Sidney Dillon Rlpley gave a small dsaCß
last evening at her homo, In East 79th street, for
her son, Sidney Dillon Rlpley. The guests wer*
all young people.
Mrs. DeLancey Nicoll will give a small dance
this evening at her house, in East 33th street.
Mr. and Mrs. W. Watts Slierman and the Misses
Sherman are booked to sail for Europe on April 10.
Mr?. ?amue! Sloan dMHaaeav ha» returned from
her Southern trip nnd wil remain at the Ptaxa un
til she sails for Europe later in the month.
The Friday Evening Roller Skating Club met
last night at the Metropolitan Rink. Instead of
last night's meeting belne- the last of the season. it
has been decided to continue the class through
the month. Among the members are Miss Ola«!ys
Robbing Miss Gladys Roosevelt. Miss Violet Cush
man. Miss Hilda Hiss, Miss Anna L. .Short. Miss
Rosalie. De Forest. Henry Ives Cobb. Lawrence At
terbury, Henry A. Clarke and George .v. Bel Jr.
Mr. and Mrs. Gibson Fahnestock ar-> booked to
sail for Europe on April 24. and will remain abroad
until the- end of the summer.
Mr. ami Mr?. R. Livingston Deeckmaß. who havt
been -it the Plaza s-Ir.ce their return from the South,
have gone to Providence for the -week-end.
James V. Parker will return to town from th 4
South early next month.
The Amateur Symphony Orchestra, composed of
young members of society, will give its second
concert of the season this evening at the Plaza.
Mrs. Oakleigh Thome will give bridge parties on
April 16 and 17 at her house, In Madison avenue.
SOCIAL NOTES FROM NEWPORT.
[By paraph td Th« Trfbanafc. }
Newport. April — Mr. and Mrs. George <>->rdcn,
King, who are in Bermuda, have Bent orders to
Newport to have their summer home prepared for
occupancy by April Ml
Mr. and Mrs. McK. Twombly and Miss Ruts
Twomhiy. who have been in Newport for the last
few days, will depart to-morrow for New York-
Decorators are still engaged at Vlnland. and the
work is b<»ing pushed ■»' that the Twomb'.y? may
occupy the estate the latter part of the season.
Th» early part of the season they will spend abroad.
Mr. and Mrs. George L. Rives are, expected on
Tuesday to inspect their estate.
APPEAL FOR CHELSEA OLD CHURCH.
English Structure of Historical Memories in
Need of Repairs.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Will you aBo« us to appeal in your columns
on behalf of the fabric of Chelsea Old Church?
As many are aware, this is one of th» few re
maining pre-Reformation churches in London, a.r.i
has further Interest In the memories of Henry
VII. Queen Elizabeth. Sir Thomas More, the
Dacr:s, Gorges, Lawrences, Cheynes. Sir Hana
Sloans. ami many other historic personages.
A survey of the church has recently been made,
an.l we are glad to state that the walls an' tower
are .nd and in excellent condition. Or- roof.
however, needs attention, and the pavement is
insecure, there being several settlements owing tr»
the interments beneath, and in parts there ta no
paving at all. The heating apparatus is worn out
and inadequate; and the little vestry (built fifty
years ago) is falling down. The churchyard ar.d
railings are In a very bad state.
To repair tha above and some minor damage
done to the church by a less careful age, we re
quire the sum of £2,710. of which £300 will s>e
spent on the vestry, to be erected as a memorial to
the late Rev. R. H. Davles, at A., who ministered
here for fifty-three years.
The most reverent care will be taken of the
antiquities and the appearance of the church,
which we value so highly, and we ask for the
support of all who are interested in Chelsea: ta
fact. of all who take any interest in the ancient
a:;. I historical.
G. B. Huth. No. 10 Ormonde Gate, S. W. has
consented to act as treasurer, to whom shouM he
sent all contributions, check?, etc.. being crossed
Parr's Bank, "account Chelsea Old Church He
pairs Fund." S. P. T. PRIDEAUX.
London, March 24. 1909. Curate In charge.
TEN COMMANDMENTS REVISED.
To the Kditor of The Tribune.
Sir: In your issue of to-day I read with so? 1
prise the statement of Dr. Farr in relation to the
proposed amendments -to the excise law, and the
question he puts (as if unanswerable"* : "May I asi
for how long trial must be made of the law before
Its impracticability would be demonstrated?" From
his boyhood up Dr. Farr attended the Fourth Ave
nue Presbyterian Church in this city, where on the
reredos back of the pulpit appeared the Ten Com
mandments; and these were also repeated by th»
pastor and congregation every Sabbath. I there
fore think it strange that ha has forgotten th*> com
mandment "Remember the Sabbath day to keep It
holy," or fails 10 realize that It is still the law of »
«cd Who knew from the beginning all that la now
known about its "impracticability." and that th«
"long trial" must last until the Almighty repeals th*
law, or amends it so as to read "Remember thff
Sabbath day to keep it holy, except between 1 ar ™
11 p. m."
In fact, the desire to am.- God's laws might *"
well (to save future agitation) go further, and add
to each of the commandments, "Thou SB* not
commit adultery." "Thou aSM not steal" and "TWJ
shalt not kill." the qualification "except between
and II p. m.." for the reason that, although en
acted upward of three- thousand years a»i>. it aP"
pears to be "impracticable" to enforce any of then
perfectly. M - S " T -
New York. March 31. 1909.
WOULD ABOLISH CAPITAL PUNISHMENT.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: 1 see that Governor Curry has recommenced
to the Legislature that capital punishment w
abolished in New Mexico, on the ground that
is only the poor and friendless who need ha*" 9
any fear of the death penalty, as these who h #
money and influential friends have little or notn
ing to fear from the scaffold or the electric chair.
This scathing, reflection upon existing condi^,
looks at first sight line ■ travesty on human
nature, but on giving it a second thought doe* •
n.it seem only too true? But. whether true _•
not, there can he no question in any c *"* r"5
mind that the death penalty ought to be atolls"-^
everywhere. It is a disgrace to civilization ana
cruel mockery of Christianity. There is not
slightest excuse for its retention on our ***_«
books, for it has been abundantly demonstra
both in America and Europe that capital p " *^
ishment is not a deterrent of murder to a"^
preciable extent. Some very respectable autr.o -
ties assert their belief that it has a tende 0
aggravate. ratU.r than diminish. The murders"
passion. " W. A BROW*
New York. If arch 31. 1309.