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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 04, 1909, Image 20

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DEATH.
BY i r ithawes AFTER MALHERBE.
The p,,r man in ins cottage, thatched with
straw.
T} T - by the Louvre's gate
Shi". Id n"t our kings from fate.
lmp.iti.ntly to murmur and complain
t^ nut of Dlace and . in:
To w'iU what God wills is the only oue t
That leads .- to His rest.
Wst 3sef&&&& 6&ifcJ3m
xV . APRIL 4. 1909.
" - r ,..,. i S aßn nte s.-. i.-ty in [^ondon. It bas
more or less distiuguished member
. . ol) jects are. of c-ourse, Bnimpeach
..', ,;. „,., ..„. . ...... ss ■> Mr. Sidney Lee to
whipll i( listened the other day has moved Mr.
Andrew Lang to [)layful indignation. In 'Hie
.: | „;].- j'o-f he >ays:
P if argument and with a full con
• th< lang rs that I am incurring. 1
■ , piay Devil's Advocate against our mod
ern institutions which, in Mr. Sidney Lees
phrase endeavor to keep alive national tater
.v, in all that survives of ... homes of
Sliis." I WOUld also plead that Charlotte
Rronte worship may be overdone, that she was
not really as an author, worthy of the crown
and las of literary sainthood It will also
be mv duty to congratulate other literary saints
about • -h-".se horned relics and private life no
particular fuss Is made by -instituttons.
The m>i Of Mr Lang's argument is that lih'r
ary societies should not encourage gossip.
When Charlotte Bronte drove home with Mr.
Smith her publisher, from thai famous unsoc
pessiul .'.inner <U Thackeray's house, it appears
that -sl.e spoke acidly of the two little girte.
her host's daughters. Now Mr. Lang is \ U
aW are of the fad that this was unsaintiy, tout,
he adds, "if Miss Bronte was so tmsainUy.why
should her lapse from sanctitude l>e dragged
oul of the dustbin of memory into Uk< light of
dayV No one .-ni say why. unless it be a
member of a literary society.
Pierre Loti. in his receni hook on Egypt, "La
Mort de Philae," bas been unburdening his soul
on that familiar shape of dread, tho chattering
tourist who insults the majestic quietude of the
historical monuments, defiles the aoil with frag
meuts of liis luncheon, and altogether, by his
unspeakable presence, destroys the philosophic
calm of the elect. Being a good Frenchman, be
has srave suspicions that the English arc de
plorably to blame in this matter. Whereupon,
a British commentator rrcod buraoredly reminds
liim that noi all the travellers in Egypt are from
one country anil that the tourist anyway has
always bad bis foibles. "Herodotus probably
wont up the Nile. »mtr,tix mutandis, much aa we
do now. and Greek and Roman tourists not onlj
committed all the enormities of which M. Viand
complains, hut carved their names on the monu
ments as well." Of course they did, and equally
of course the nauffiity tourist, though you may
count bini in his thousands, has never been
quite the monstrous plague that he is repre
sented to be by those members of the tribe who
like lo pretend that they are something else,
due may recognize the cnilf separating a travel
ler like ]';i rri' Loti, a man with streaks of
poetry and penins in his nature, from the rau
cous "tripper.*' sympathizing with the grief of
the one over the Intrusions of the other, and
still feel that there is a vast amount of cant oa
this subject in books of travel. Such books are
often written by Rcamperiug tourists who have
not the smallest claim to distinction of any
kind, and. in«! I, produce their scrappy vol
umes, duly illustrating them with uninteresting
sn:ipsl»ots. for no reason save the gratification
of their vanity. Yet you will find In these nar
ratives solemnly patronizing remarks about
other tourists encountered abroad The uncon
scious mpudence of it all is very amusing.
When publishers and authors try to explain
why tlieir books do ii"t sell, their speculations,
once carried outside the books themselves.
range far and wide. The reeei unsatisfactory
season In London, for example, was accounted
for in some curious ways. Th* hal»H of dining
ii: restaurants and going t<> (he music halis was
among the novel "causes" <-iti Mr. Sidney
] .■•w maintains in the London "Outlook" that
the trouble li s in the indestructible form given
to the modern book, irr« spective of its contents.
There are. to begin with, altogether too many
hooks. s«> that, as .Mr. Low remarks, tin- man
who would endeavor To read a sn):il! fraction of
ili.- year's publications would have iio time to
eat <t Bleep. But suppose he ai least made an
effort? Where could he find room for ail those
stoutly bound volumes? For the cloth-bound
book is not l>y any means easily to be put out of
existence. Says Mr. Low:
You cannol teai t 1 ;•■■■■ and throw It In
the waste papei basket or dustbin, or dump it
out "I" a railway carriage window, as you would
:t pi per covered French or German work Even
to leave it about casually on the chance that it
will disappear is hopeless It Is fir too respec
table in its aspect for that; somebody is surs
r k it up and bring it back to you. possibly
with the expectation of a reward, as being a
valuable piece of propert*- that you would not
willingly lose.
The solution of the problem, therefor;'. i:i Mr.
Low's opinion, is to fail lock upon paper covers
and low prices. Also, of course, these exjM»
dients should be adopted in tlio publication not
of rioveis alone, but of many books which, if
nominally of more serious interest, are never
theless but of transient value.
NEW-YORK DAILY TRTBIXE, SUNDAY, APRIL 4, 1000.
THOMAS CARLYLE.
A Study of the Formal ire Years of
ll is Career.
THE MAKING OK Ai::.V!.K. By K. S. Craig,
pp. Ml John Lane Company.
This i-; a rather unconventional tier.- of bio
graphical writing Mr Craig carries his st >?y
down only to the publication of "The French
Revolution," but he is .-..iiLs'iit to leave his hero
at that period. All that he has t i say relates
to the formation <>f Carlyle's character and the
establishment of the great man in t!... world
of modern London The lesson that he has to
enforce, and this book Is plainly the !> "'k of
t moralist, is such as may !>>■ drawn from the
spe< ta< le presented by a man of genius during
those years in which !;•■ is finding himself This
:».i:>i; the case. Mr. <"rai*,' might aa easily have
made his point in a volume half the si/..- of the
one before us, or even in an essay, but your
worshippers of Carlyle are nothing if not long
winded Thi-< biographer nitirht assert that h- 1
:.s no hern worshipper He speaks with candor
■ n nt'T'- than '>!>• >f Carlyle's foible*. But we
n ] :vit expect to Bnd i writer erring >>n the
ide >f Impartiality when h" la capable of say-
Ing that. There can be no luestion of the fact
that Carlyle's Intellect was far and away the
r intellect of his age." Fortunately this
overwrought sense of Carlyle's rreatness does
• ■ event Mr Craig from dealing in an inter
manner with {•arts at least of the par
n hi., subject's 111 1 r. - which be
.' to traverse
,\j t! utset he pays abundant attention to
Carlyle's peasant origin From it. there un
doubtedly flowed many of the traits which in
later years were to render the author "gey ill
t , ]_\- w ■' ' The circumstances of his early
life combined \v:th his own temperament to
Carlyle rather hard la P ■■ Vs Mr
Craig points out, he was never a "boy" In the
strict sins.' of the term, never a sojourner
In "the. land f 'pretend' or 'make-believe.'"
ConUnuing. t!..- biogi ipher notes that the young
Carlyle was always graver than bis years, "with
thoughts in him older and graver than the proper
thoughts of a boy."- It is an important point
tv keep in mind In surveying the Nfe of this
• lour Scotchman There wan no r->.>m In his
natur>- for romance, for that warm an.l generous
expansion "f the Imagination which Is developed
in n healthy boyhood. Gifted with high int« I
lectua] powers and precociously battening upon
knowledge, he went forward with a kiml of stern
eagerness t" take up a man's work. He has
himself left us a significant note on the mood In
which I-.'- travelled to Kdinburgh for the com
pletion "f his education:
We had walked some twenty miles thai day. the
third day of our i 1i 1 urney from Bcclefechan; my
companion, one "Vota Small." who had already
been ti> college last ypar and was thought to bo a
sale galde aiid fuardLin to me. lie was come years
older than myself, h.id bees at school along with
m■. thoueh never in my class. A very innocent,
conceited in»if?nirtcam. bul strict minded, ortneaox
creature, for whom, knowing hhan to 1m- of no scnoi
arship •■: streneth of hidKinent. I b.id privately
very small respect, though civilly following him
about in thirisi-s be knew bett»r than I. Aa in tn.
streets <f Edinburgh, for example, on mv tirst
evening there! On my jottrsey thiiher he Had been
wearisom? f»r from »-ntert:i!ninu'. mostly silent.
having indeed nothinK to say. He stalked on. gen
erally some steps ahead, languidly whistling thrcugn
his teeth some similitude of a wretched Irish tune
which , imew too well aa th^i of «a* still rn.»re
wretch .1 doggerel BOng called Hie "Belfa->-t Sooe
maker most plancholy to poor me. given up to
my bits of reflections in the silence of tbe moors
arid hills.
Very characteristic Is this reminiscent scorn
„f i r Tom Small. No doubt be was a feeble
wight but the fact is Irrelevant. The Interest
ing element in the situation thus sketched for
us is Carlyle's own conceit. He had that from
his family. The Carlyle:- were ever wont to
think well of themselves, and tbe member of
the dan destined to distinction was prompt in
adopting the complacent tone of bis forbears.
Undoubtedly there went to "the making of far
hie" qualities of temper and pride which were
deep rooted in his ancestry. It Is amusing, by
the way. to observe the inability of th>- biog
rapher who is once sealed of the tribe of Tan
mas to see the uncouth peasant in the latter
THOMAS CARL.YLE.
(From !!■.•• portrait by Whistler.)
for what be really was. Mr. Craiß tells us of
the meeting between Carlyle and Irvine when
both were younij. «nd Irvine to make conversa
tion, asked about domestic affairs in Annan,
Carlyle. replying with noticeable curtness. pro
voked the observation that he seemed to know
nothing-. Whereupon he replied. "Sir. by what
ri^ht do you try my knowledge in this way.'
Are >"ti grand inquisitor, or have you authority
to question people and cross question at dis< re
tion? I have had no interest to inform myself
about the births in Annan, and care not if the
process of birth and generation thei should
cease and determine altogether!" Mr. Craig
characterizes this as an "amazinKly Swiftlike
reply," and goes on to say: "Not Swift hims.-!t"
could have bettered the retort, and it prepares
one for the information that every one who ever
listened to Carlyle carried away almost in
variably a profound admiration of his abilities
and conversational talent." We wonder if some
of the surly Scot's interlocutors did not with
draw from his society under the impression that
be had i xcecdingly bail manners.
The hard work to which Carlyle was con
demned in his formative period got ■ n his
nerves, but Mr. Craig ia careful to point out
that neither his burdens nor bis privations were
precisely tragical. Moreover, he bad a good
constitution, which carried him triumphantly
through many a heavy task .f breadwinning
"lie could endure the slavery,"* says bis bi
ographer, "as well as any one living, and much
better than the vast majority of men The
despondency into which he was apt to fall was
due, we are told, to the immense seriousness
with which be took the problems of life. It
was due in great measure, likewise; to the seri
ousness with which he took himself. The self
willed peasant crops out again and again. One
of the luckiest incidents in his career — and he
was never without friends, who were glad to
help him when they could — was his reception
into the BuDer family, as tutor to the two
young sons of Uie house, a position yielding
him £200 a year and many opportunity v
foregather -.vith interesting p. 0p1... to say noth
ing of constant courtesy from tw •> hi*h brM
employers. But even Mr. Craig is constrain
to observe how tenacious Carlyle was of wf) .
he oono-ived to be his individual tm.; ortaa,;.
The bio^raph.r says: . t
The Bullers were left in ro *h-v?ow cf rtn,,>,
as to the party oblige.! by the tutorship xh
kn'-w very well they must tre.it • l arlvle yoculT*
as an erjual. while Irvins had m«m> than Uatjj
that mentally and m.»r.i. «':ir!vl<» was " n '*'
mously tht-ir superior. On their side th*v aonrl]
eiated «'arly!e. and were really y>rv kin! »Tt
hospitable to him. They were model pttjplova^V
if Cjrlyle could have tolerated his hoing € »
ployed by anybody. For Carlyl*-. aa «► »a Y «t*
a king and not dimly aware of ir. NevertbVfcaj
he was exigent of his remotest rights and larit
to deal with, for tbC world Tiewa these t'-in*-,
differently. Carlyl* was there to teach the Wjor''
it was wroag "*
It was an uphill job. Carlyle's sufferings 03
the way to maturity and suec-ss as a writer, aj
we have already noted, were never ifrsp?rat»
but n ither did he tread a path strewn wjti
roses Mr. Craig well describes the slow proc«Q
Of growth, the earliest bits of hack work, tv
more considerable excursions Into the masa
zinos. the translation Of "Wilhrlm Meister" and
the opening of relations with Goethe; and finally
after divers move 3 an>l much dubiety, the xrj{
ing and publication of the book which was to
make him famous. Sid>- by sMe with his por
trait Mr. Craig draws one of Mrs. Carljie. and
here he is only irritating. In stolid, humorless
fashion he paws over the relations of these two
before and after their marriage, being at great
naii's-to demonstrate that the wit was a lesa^r
figure tlLan the husband, her very mundaae
traits sadly contrasting with his stupendous no
bility. It i.s all very wearis' impertinent.
and of no earthly consequence, this minute
analysis, which has of late been revived with
such gusto, of what Carlyle and Uj wife may
have meant to one another. The subject has be
come a bore. The .-t..r> of Carlyle's develop
ment as an author never loses its interest ani
in his contribution to this Mr. Craig is arnlp
niably effective. He indubitably shows m th«
man behind the literary personage, a hncaa
character moulding its fate.
OBSERVATION.
Its I*. st' fnl in Time of War.
Field Marsha! sir Evelyn Wood hi The Satur
day Review.
A few years ago two Piltisii onVera went Car!
a month's shooting trip in the northwest of Can
ada, and arranged to inert two friends at the
end of a fortnight. <»n the fourteenth day Use
party struck a trail going in the sas direction
as th. ir own, and one remarked to the tracker.
"We mv.-i be overtaking our friends." The guide
asked. "Have they a igS*se pony?" "N'>. only
horses." "Then the trail is not that 'f yoor
friends, for in front of us there are three horses
and a pony which is blind of its near pye." At
sunset, when the onVers overtook the party and
noticed that their guide had hees correct, they
asked, "How did you know that the pony waa
blind of its near eye?" He replied. "D. cause aa
it closed in on the horses i . often ma.de a, false
step."
A countryman may learn much from observing
the habits of animals and birds The following
ire two remarkable imrsni — i from history of the
military value of such knowledge, accompanied
with the praetlce of making sound deductions;
the former instance from negative conditions,
the latter from positive signs. im Jun-^ i. ISST.
Mr. G. Ricketts. C. '<'■ learnt at Lodiana. fnm
his assistant. M- Thornton, that from th*
Philur Fort he had seen the Jalandha. brigade at
mutineers, thea marching toward I>ihi. n>
ceived as guests in the Philur cantonment by tie
3d Bengal Infantry, a lllfrhnil • of which regi
ment held the Lodiana Fort. which ia eight:
miles distant from Philur and on the south bank;
of the Satlaj. The rivei in 18S7 ran -.n one
main, broad, unfordable channel, with maaj
SUhSidiary streams. Mr. Thornton in reerossts» '.
the noating bridge had cut away the northen ;
end of the boat.*, thus severing the comrnuaica-^
tion with the south bank. The deputy con- '.
missioner. having ordered a force of I rresruiars ;
to follow him. rode to th»* bridge head and
crossed over the main channel in a Jorryboat-
There was still a mile of sand and water, j^ngi*
and shallow streams between him and the,
northern bank of the river, a few bundr< yards!
from which the Philur Fort stood. Th- b-wt
men now refused hi foll»w the deputy com-!
missioner. who was wading with his trousers
off. because two hours earlier they had seea
eral mutineers who had inarch*" l down, hop
ing to cross by the brid . disappear into the
high jungle when they realized that the bridg?
had been cut. Mr. Ricketts. -.Thi;>- looking si
the hank, observed a lame black and whit'
kingfish< r. a shy bird, poise over the junkie and
swoop dowi into a pool just outside It Th n.
seeing several more, he said. "Come <m. ti!?n>
is no one there." "How can yea tell?" "Just
look at those kingfishers; they never settle near
men"; and the boatmen, nuite satisfied, foHoma
him to the fort.
The positive instance occurred ir. I*6«. Tie
Archduke Joseph, a distai relative of the Em
peror Francis Joseph •>: Austria, b-1 r.ged t> i
branch of the Hapsburgs which had b»en seti;^
in Hungary for mof than a century. He wa. ;
the great protector of the local gypsies— whew;
his name "The Oyp«y Archduke"— and had pop
ulari.: the Tzigane music by arranging many
of rh.ir tunes in scores for orchestras.
During the night. July 2-3. before -.he bat.?
of Sadowa. a division commanded by the ar..
duke, retreating before the Prussian anr.y. Bad
bivouacked near a town in Bohemia fijeag
north At midnight the archduke, when rests*
In a peasant's cottage, was awakened by *»
arrival of a gypsy, who insisted On seeine B9
■ „ rsonally, havins corn.- to report the advar..-
Of the enemy. The archduke, who spoke :•>
many fluently, asked, "How do you kr.-w 0«
outposts have not reported any m««ai»
-That, your highness, is because the eneniy"
still some way off." "Then how do yon koW-
The gypsy, pointing fo th dark sky. hsntM-:
the moon, observed. "You see those Mnis By«
over the woods from north to south. *£ ,
what of them? Tho*. birds do not riy by bu- %
unless disturbed, and the direction of their r. w -;
indicates that the eneorj \9 coming this * 5T .. I
The archduke put his division under arms »-• j
reinforced the out* which in *■ vm ■
tlruo were heavily attnchsA

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