Newspaper Page Text
, T S, AVOIDED
yo HAND IN BALKANS
llns Gained in Prestige and Policy
by Silence in European
fCi?ryrt|fht. 3909. by tbe Brentwoofl rompiny.]
To-morrow exactly six months will have
elapsed since Prince Ferdinand proclaimed him
self Czar of Bulgaria, this action on his part
being coincident with the announcement by
Emperor Francis Joseph of his decision to trans
form his military and administrative occupation
of the nominally Turkish provinces of Herze
govina and Bosnia, which had lasted for thirty
years, into a ; formal annexation. They have
been a very eventful six months. Much has
taken place' during that" period. -Austria, after
having ever since the d<uvnfall of the great
Chancellor Prince Metternich.. more tban sixty
yeiirs ago,' occupied a back seat in the concert
of Europe, has resumed her place In the very
front rank, wfcfle Germany.. which. last year was
looked upon as having been Isolated by tha
diplomacy of Great Britain and as being no
longer of much account, has once more become
the dominant factor In European affairs, the
centre of political gravity having been restored
A table feature of the situation Is that two
of the great powers which were expected to play
very important role have had no voice what
soever In the recent crisis in the Balkans which
has so pletely altered the balance of power
in Barope. After the showing made by the
Cntted States at the international congress of
Algeciras It had been taken for granted that
this country would take a strong hand in all
treat International controversies instead of re
xr.aininS aloof, as had been its practice until tbe
•war of IS9S «'ith Spain. Japan, tog. had inti
mated* that she roold have something- to say
ss a great power in European affairs, and had
.MOI notie- that she expected to be consulted
4ri'h -'egard to any agreement affecting the
' status of Turkey and to the modification at the
existing laws governing the passage of the
Bat Czar Ferdinand has transformed Bul
garia from a vassal state of the Porte into an
independent sovereignty, adding the Turkish
province of Eastern Roumelia, which he already
administered in the name of the Sultan as the
lauer-s Governor General, to his new fledged
kingdom; while Austria in, the same way In
corporated the Ottoman provinces Of Herxe
govina and Bosnia into her empire, without
asMng any one's leave. Neither the United
States nor Japan was considered In the matter.
and the change in the map of Europe has been
made and ratified without either of them being
consulted. Of course, it may be. argued that
Eince neither the X'nited States nor Japan was
a party to the treaty of Berlin, of which the
last Bhredsi have now disappeared, they could
rot expect to be allowed any voice in the mat
ter. But the alterations which have taken place
In the European situation affect this country to
•a much more important degree than the Moorish
convention negotiated at the international coc
gress of Algeciras. while tbe virtual acceptance
by the great powers of Europe of the cynical
principle that treaties are binding only so long
as suits the convenience of one or another of
the parties thereto shows a condition of things
that this nation cannot afford to view with in
GAINS IN PRESTIGE.
Th's being the case, the question will natu
rally be asked ,- to whether it would not have
been veil for the American government to have
made Its voice heard and its weight felt in the
European crisis of which the flrst chapter has
Jnk beer, brought to a conclusion through the
reluctant acceptance by Russia. Great Britain
and France ol Austria's annexation of Herse
govtea and Bosnia, without compensation of
*ny kind to Servia. But on due consideration
the United States may be congratulated upon
having refrained from taking any action. She
has aed thereby alike in prestige and in pol
icy It Is Infinitely better for her honor and
reputation as a great power that she should not
b> vr- become a rarty to what is. at the best, a
Vlolatlonof the most sacred treaty engagements
end of solemn international pledges. Russia.
France and England have just been compelled
to pubmit to the coup d'etat of Austria, sup
ported ac was the last named by Germany, after
having proclaimed to the world that Emperor
Francis Joseph would be compelled to answer
for his act of spoliation to a congress of great
towers, which would insist upon compensation
to Servia and to the Sultan.
By holding her hand the United States has
been spared the humiliation suffered by these
powers at the hands of Germany and Austria,
wnich refused to accept any conference, except
ing -on terms so preposterous' as to render its
gathering whoßjr useless. -The people of this
great Republic have, therefore, every reason to
be satisfied with the policy of abstention pur
sued by their government at \Vaßhington with
regard to the European crisis during the last
It ie. however, but the first act upon- which
the curtain may be said to have been rung
dr:wn through the acceptance by Great Britain.
France and Russia of the intolerable conditions
imposed upon them by Vienna and her ally at
Berlin. The atmosphere, far from having been
cleared by the Bubmisnion of the Franco-Russo-
British coalition to Austria and Germany, is
more storm-laden even than last fall, or during
the early spring of this year. The English and
the -French are filled with deep resentment
reseatment all the more profound, as they feel
that they are not prepared at the present
t!m© to enfoVce their views or to give expres
sion to their sentiments by means, of arms.
Th*y have likewise begun to recriminate against
•arh other— England on the subject of the naval
weakness of France and the latter regarding
th* chaotic and disorganized state of the Brit
* In France people are likewise sarcastic about
th» value of an ally such as Russia, which,
while forever borrowing French money, can
never be relied upon to support France when
the latter finds herself at odds with foreign
Powers. In fact, the French people, who are
comparatively Indifferent to what goes on in
the Balkans, and who have found the alliance
/with Russia end the entente cordiale with Eng
lan4 of little use in moments of crises, are now
turning their faces in the direction of Germany,
especially since the recent understanding be
tween Paris- and Berlin on the subject of Mo
rocco and e.bovit a number of other matters still
nxore Important, but not yet disclosed. In Rus
sia the Indignation among all classes is intense,
*ad the Foreign Minister, Iswolsky, formerly at
tached to the Russian Embassy at Washington.
and on record as having been "turned down" by
the Union Club of New York as undesirable
*hen up for election, will be called upon to re
sign his office for having permitted himself to
hi mated at every move on the political chess
board by the Austrian Foreign Minister. Baron
. The thoughtful and well educated lieges of the
Caax re*ll« perfectly well that Russia is neithe-
I swmrimically nor militarily prepared at thi
GROUP OF YOUNG INDIAN MEN AND MAIDENS WHO WERE GRADUATED FROM THE CARLISLE INDIAN 6CHOOL THE OTHER DAY.
present moment to take up arms against an
Austro-German combination. But they insist
that Iswolsky might at least have handled the
matter In such a manner as to have saved the
face of Russia, and to have saved Russia from
being compelled by something very much akin
to an Austro-German ultimatum to give her
sanction to the coup d'etat of Baron yon Aeh
renthal. They feel that the Czar's government
will be considered throughout the Slav world as
having sacrificed Slav interests and deserted the
Slav cause at a most critical Juncture. And
this sentiment will be exploited for* all it Is
worth by Pan-Slav agitators throughout the
length and breadth not only of the vast do
minions of the Czar, but in ail the Southeast .of
Europe, and even in Herzegovina and Bosnia,
\vli--re the overwhelming majority of the people
It Is because of the conviction that stormy
times are at hand, and that though the impend
ing' European war has been postponed for a
time by the agreement just effected between
Austria and Germany, on the one side, and Rus
sia. England and France, on the other — the terms
thereof have envenomed the situation and ren
dered the eventual conflict more certain than
ever that England Is so perturbed at the pres
ent moment on the subject of her army and of
her Beet. The people in the United Kingdom
aro rdering on hysteria and are so wrought
up that it is doubtful whether they would *-x
perience much surpriso if to-morrow Guy Dv
lfaurier's crude play, "An Englishman's Home."
were to become an accomplished fact and a
German invasion were to take place. No one,
either in Germany or in England, any long< de
nies that 'two nations are busily engaged in
arming against each other; and, inasmuch as
neithei can maintain the present pace in build
ing $13,000,000 Dreadnoughts tiv. the dosen
without bringing' about the national bankruptcy
predicted last week in the House of Commons
by ex-Premier Balfour, it naturally follows that
the war will cosne sooner rather than later.
As an Illustration of the Btrainei relations
between tbe two nations 1 may mention a, fact
which has escaped general attention, namely,
that the revelations in the House of Commons
of tlie extraordinary Dreadnought building in
Germany, which nan not even known to thu
genera] public in Germany, and had been kept
fetrictl] ot-cret, were Immediately followed by
Ktenslve arrests at Berlin of alleged spies, some
of them English, ethers Oermans, and of people
EuspecU-d of having sold Information to British
agents. At the same time strict orders were
given to the military authorities of Alsace-Lor
raine to forbid English officers of-the army or
navy from visiting the Reichsland without spe
cial permits granted by the Berlin War De
partment. Any of King Edward's officers found
in Alsace-Lorraine without permita are liable to
Immediate expulsion, lucky indeed if thej escape
imprisonment. The;;, too, in everj <;erii!.ir.
town and in every German village, from th--
SECRETARY CHARLES NAGEL PRAISES THE LAWYERS
Doing Much for Commer
cial Peace of the Land,
Hy Janirn B. Morrow.
Obviously a dreamer, Charles Nagel, the new
Secretary of Commerce and Labor. is also a man
Of manifold action— dynamic, dramatic and Intense.
"Sometimes I ro to church." 'he said to me, min
gling the mechanics of orthodoxy and regularity
•with the elements of poetry and mysticism, "and
sometime* l walk under the trees on a Sunday
morning." ( /»
A flUfht from the United States to a f<.r*-lgn i a in
try while yet a boy, a ride to St. I»uis, ever since
his home, in an Immigrant train, the reading of a
little book which opened to hhn a notable career
as a lawyer, an unchanging conviction that it is
every citizens duty to be an energetic politician, a
refusal to accept pay from the Standard <>ii Com
pany for labor performed, a plcturesaue service as
a deputy sheriff dorms a strike of workingmen and
the management of Mr. Taft's campaign In the
West epitomize a part of Mr. Kngcl's Itfe and re
veal his Instincts and character. The unique facts
of his persona^ history turn biography Into .the
charm and Burpress of Rood fiction.
*Tou were born in Texas," I said to hino. "\\ hy
do you live in Missouri?" ,-' '.-
"You have calk-d up a singular story," lie an
swered. "My lather, a physician" and a graduate
of the University of Berlin, and my mother, the
daughter and granddaughter of clergymen In Prus
sia, settled In Colorado County, Tex., among a com
munity of other Qermana. There had been oppres
sion- at home. Coming to America, actuated by thn
motives of the Puritans, my parents went into the
.■.lid?, wiiere gwneinment would 'have little chance
to find them. I was eleven years old at the begin
ning of the war between the North and the South.
My father was a Union man. -Confederate soldiers
came to our house and ate pecans and hickory
nuts and joked with my father about his Union
sentimentF. We were not a'rrald of them. There
were other dangerous men, however,' in the neigh
borhood. We lived In considerable terror until No
vember, HO. My mother one evening told me that
my father at.' I were to leave the country next
day. I was fourteen years Of age. nnd as tall a>
a man. Hoys were being conscripted by the Con
federate authorities, and my parents were sure 1
would be compelled to enter the army.
•■My (atber -and I travelled alone. The weather
was cold, but we darfcd not build a. fire. We Buf
fered from hunger and "had to sleep on the tiare
ground. When we arrived in San Antonio we went
to the house of Mr. Urban." the richest man In
Texas. Although a Confederate sympathizer, he
was a German and was grateful to my father, lie
hid us In his house for 'several days, and then my
father went through the form of an oAcbtl ex
amination. He told the authorities, at the sugges
tion of Mr. Urban, that he wan on his way to
Mexico to buy quinine. The story was palpably
untrue, but we were permitted to go. We travelled
south and east toward .the city of Monterey. stob
bers Bd Indians infested the country. S\t. j.r<>
ceeded, therefore, with ifre;it caution, and were not
allowed lireo. A norther swept down upon sal suu
XEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUTE, SUXDAI. APRIL 4, 190 a
BEN SPOTTED HORSE' 9 FIVE-YEAR-OLD STALLION.
One of the prize winners at the last industrial fair of the Crow Indians and his ownar.
MODEL OF A FARM MADE BY INDIAN BOYS.
Exhibited at the last industrial fair of the Crow Indians.
*, ___ T
! denly. My rather and I crept under a huge raw
! hide. The sand soon covered us, but we almost
■ The Christmas holidays were spent In Monterey.
We lived In an old warehouse, warming our hands
| over a little ttre which we built in a soap box halt
full of sand Federal soldiers were at Brownsville,
: across the river. I rowed over «vie morning ana
1 visited their camp. When I peered into the open
i tent of General I-:. J. Davis, the ofllcer .n oommana.
h. asked if i were hungry.
•• "Yon bet i am.' l said pretty emphatically.
■'General Davis gave me a generous breakfast of
ham and eggs. it was the only nallsfactory meal
I h*d eaten since leaving home, In iSS'>. nlxteen
years afterward. I called on (Mneral Davta in
Chicago. He was a delegate-at-largo Jrom Texas
1 to the Republican National Convention.
•■•I am the lanky and hungry, lioy you fed at
Brownsville. 1 I told him. 'Will you,' I asked; Ktv©
me a tickei to the convention?
•j sat in a reserved seat and saw Ros;oe Conk
i ling. Eugene Hale. William P. Frye. George X
I Hoar. Benjamin Uiirriaon. Emory A. Storrs, Ches
ter A. Arthur and John A. lA>i;an. " Moreover, i
beard James A. Garfuld speak.
' '' "My rather and myself left Matairnoraa for New
York on a sirihll Balling ship. We were at it>a for
twenty-one days. Our Journey to. the West was
| made in an Immigrant train. We arrived in St.
i Louis on ITehruarj 3. 1864. with a carpet liajj and
Jl4. My father l;«-pan to practls-e his profession In
j a poor quarter of th« city. inhabited by Germans.
: Jews. Irish and Bohemian*, He had all he eoiil<l
! do, but his feei were small, and In very many in
stances he received no fees at all. My mother soon
came to us.. At first ! attended /a cheap private
school. >iy education v. as ragged, 'and . I did not
! speak English very well. Ultimately, my father
I took me to the principal of the high school. I was
i admitted simply because I was a refugee, but my
teachers helped me at their homes tit night, nnd I
' was graduated when I was eighteen years old. In
' the mean time I collected my father's' accounts,
visiting nll'ws, cellars and garrets, and learning
i much about the poor, whom I found, on the whole,
' to be honest,' punctual and generous."'
"Did you begin to study law Immediately after
your graduation?" ■•
"No; I and a young friend, now a physician, spent
six months In -.Europe, mostly on fuot. My father
desired me to visit. his old home and get acquainted
with my relatives. On my return to Bt. Louis l
: read and .studio. In a haphazard way for almost a
: ye:i'. My father, of course, wanted me to be a
! physician, but I had no taste for medicine. I had
I seen picture galleries in Germany, nnd really felt
i called to be an artist. Indeed, I had tried to draw
• pictures In Texas! It was understood finally that
I I was to be n clerk in ,a commercial establishment.'
"A young lawyer, whom I knew, talked to me of
Dickens, Thackeray and Scott. I bought a book
for 60 cents entitled 'British Eloquence.' and on
reading the speeches of j'itt. Barki . BraWae, Ma
caulay and others, began' to look for a place in
some law office. My lawyer friend said I Ml a
' dreamer, but he gave me good advice. , I 'studied in
J tv.o offices. The son of my first preceptor was
| afterward my partner. Mrs. Nagel is the daughter
i of my second; preceptor. 1 was graduated at the
St. Louis Law School at the age of twenty-three.
"1 was ready for the . bar. but my father and
mother returned to Germany, .and 1. u.cuuui.y«u;i£iJ
The *new Secretary of Commerco and Labor.
(Copyright, 11MW. by Harris ft En Ing I
them. My father took lectures In medicine f>r a
year at his old university, and 1 took lectures In
law. I slept In an abandoned kitchen on an iron
bod. heard concerts by military bands, vlsitfd art
galleries every day. and listened to Mommsen. who
lectured on ancient history, and to Gneist. tie great
German authority on the common law.' When I
hung out my shingle in Ht. Louis I wos $30 in debt."
"What were your experiences the first year?"
"A man .lislik.-s to talk about the days when be
rarely had 25 cents In hi« pocket with which to pay
for his luncheon. Still. I. got along. My friends
thought I was visionary, and they were lacking In
oonlhlence. The thought of Nasel being a lawyer
made them laugh. However, I wasn't personally
known to every one In St. Louis, iind In a short
time I had ;i good business. My firm has always
been 'saful, but not in the way I 'have re
cently read about It in ihe newspapers. We never
accepted employment from a large corporation
when it prevented us from engaging in g.neral
practice or deprived us of th? liberty of conducting
our own affairs."
"Is it true that you have been the attorney of
the Standard <>l. Company?" - ; . .*
"We were asked by the Waters-Pierce Oil Com
pany to ascertain in what way, If any, that con
cern was not co'.riplying with the lav.'s of .Missouri.
We did some business In thai connection*, and were
given to understand we should be in coniroj ol the
litigation growing out of the Buit brought against
Uic edmjiany by' Herbert S. Iludley,' Attorney (Jen
shores of the Baltic to those of Lake Constance.
and from the Rhine to the Vistula, popular sub
scriptions are being solicited by the Navy-
League, in money boxes fashioned in the shape
of an ironclad, njost of them adorned with the
Inscription "For the Great Day"— that is to say.
for the day on which the German fleet i»t<> de
stroy both England's navy and Great Britain's
HOW WAR MAY COME.
Just how the war wiH come it is Impossible to
state. in fact there arc a hundred different
ways in which the fire may be started, which
when once begun is certain to prove a con
flagration of unparalleled magnitude
What will be the attitude of the I'nited States
in such an event? That is a question which is
occupying the English mind at the present
moment, and the action of this government In
holding aloof from the recent crisis in connec
tion with the Balkans has served to render spec
ulation on the subject more lively than ev.-r, n-»t
only In England, but also on the Continent.
Japan is bound to England by ties of alliance.
But in the flrst place this alliance is popular
in neither country, and. moreover, its operation
Is strictly limited to Asia, and, unless there are
some secret clauses not as yet revealed, does
not .xtend to Europe or to America. Moreover,
the Japanese government is in such financial
straits that it has been compelled, through lack
of revenue and diminution of credit both at
home and abroad, to abandon the greater part
of the public works and enterprises that had
been planned, arid likewise the enlargement and
rearmament of its naval and military forces.
The L'nited States, on the other hand, i 3 a
land of boundless wealth and of vast military
and naval puSiiLiiiti- s. Its support would
weigh heavily in the balance in any European
conflict. That its friendship will now be sought
even more 'than ever by the great powers of
Europe immediately affected by the present at
mosphere of Impending storms is a foregone
conclusion. Many influences are at -work on
both sides of the ocean to sway its policy in the
matter. If there are millions of citizens of this
republic who look upon Great Britain and Ire
land aa "the Old Country," thgre arc other
millions again who entertain a similar affection
toward tbe Vateriand — that Is, the land of their
fatlierj But superior to these sentimental k.on
alderationa an those as to whether th'- United
States is likely to be politically and economically
benefited or Injured by tiie destruction and dis
ruption of the British Empire. That is the
question which must weigh before all others
with the government at Washington, and under
the circumstances It may be hoped that it may
continue to display tiie same levelheaded states
manship, powers of reserve and of prescience of
which it has given evidence during the six
months which have elapsed since the beginning
Of the Balkan crisis. KX-ATTA'HE.
"Bishops are above discipline. I believe."
"Oh. no! They are nearly ul! of them married."
eral of the stat*. When we learned that we were
not to be In control we attempted to withdraw
from the cas;. I was Interested, as a lawyer, in
the questions Involved, and should have "liked to
manage the case for the defendants. However,
other and perhaps better counsel was followed. In
the end we were asked to semi a bill for oar ser
vices. We made no bill and we received no money.
Our fees from first to last In work for which we
charged amounted possibly la SS.GOO."
"The practice of lawyers has changed in many
ways." I said, "since you first came to the bar?"
"I used to be in court nearly all the time. Re
cently I have MA gone thera more than twice a
year. Lawyers now adjust disputes whenever
they can. but of course t/iey must be ready «nd
willing to tight when It is necessary. . The men
of. my proressana are doing more for the commer
cial peace and the ethical education of the country
thnn will ever b»j known. Like physicians, their
mouths are closed. They dare not tell how many
eases they decline to ar.; on any terms, nor can
they i Hiiinlsin 'vhen their* advice la disregarded.
An Important client of my own — he employed S9V
eral thousand men— one- impatiently turned to m»
and said: To beax you talk, we are in danger of a
rope and lamppost.
" 'Figuratively, you are.' I replied. "You are in
no danger personally, but you and others like you
are ssriously Jeopardizing the property interests
of the country- ••
"Business men." Mr. Nasel went on to say. "have
done many unwise things because of their lna
bility to see or to understand the citizen In tha
street. Th. y once seemed to be running t!' gov
ernmeat; It now looks as if they were running
away from the government. The real 1-aJers of the
bar In the United States, comprehending th trend
of public opinion, are safeguarding tbe legitimate
lights of property an.l arc promoting justice, mo
rality and patriotism. They are lawyers, but they
never forget that they are Americans, nor are they
ever unmindful of their obligations as sworn officers
of the courts."
" "You were elected to the Legislature of .Missouri
seven years after beginning your practice in St.
"When nominated 1 was in my office. I didn't
know I was to be put on the ticket. A lawyer
.-h.'iild always be a citizen. My father advised
me to take a man's part in politics. 'You believe
and I believe." he said, 'that the South was wrong.
but the South believed that It was right. There
will be much bitterness In the border State of Mis
souri, but don't let any of It get into your own
heart.' I- attended my first political meeting right
after I came of age. In thirty minutes the gas
was turned off, and 1 went through a wind Into
an alley. I have bee* K.oins to conventions, at
tending caucuses, watching at the polls, and voting
with unbroken regularity ever since."
"In 180 S. during the. strike of street railway em
ployes, you organized a e< mpany of deputy
"At the outset I sympathized with the men. I
opposed a suggestion to call on the authorities in
Washington because the transportation of the mails
was being interfered with. Such an appeal, I said,
would be interpreted as an attempt to drag the
national government Into the case by the hair of
the bead. When bricks beg»n to go through win
dows and dynamite l>e-,in to explode and men be
gan to pull women from the cars and tear their
cluthlnj. I volunteered my services to the Sheriff.
BAD -Ip'liNS F£ W\
WHAT THE LATTER ABE
Ramng Prize Vegetables for Red
Man's Fair and Giving English
Fnends of the Indian refuse to be discourages!
by las: weei's Isaeas] of Creeks sad Seminotes
In OfeTahnras. They say that cne uprising after
many pasrafSd years does not prove anything
asainst the red man, who has been steadily pro
gnaslng in his practice of ctviOssd ways. The
groups of intractable aborigines are Insignificant
compared to those tribesmen who are industrious
farmers, mechanics and useful members of so
ciety. While Crazy Snake was leading his braves
on the warpath the other day. students o the
Carlisle Indian SohooJ^were bOhUag graduating ex
ercises ar.«i ■■stint a three-act comic opera.
At the same time the Crows of Montana were
getting ready for spnr...- ploughing, and other red
merj were engaged in a host of industrial pur
The old theorists said that It was hopeless to ex
pect the aborigine to work at unythinsr. and espe
cially at farming. Major S. G. Reynolds, a youns
banker who was appointed government agent of
the Crow reservation in Montana,, dwaj with
this view. He had a notion that the Indiana could
be induced to labor if they were handled properly,
and he set about proving the correctness of his
notion with a subtlety and finesse equal to that of
the savasre mind. The agent did not frightea his
charges with the naked statement that work was
wanted. He called them together and told them
a beautiful story about the county fair heid every
year by the white men of the East-horse races,
games, prizes for big pumpkins and fat hogs. .
Plenty fun. heap big time. Wouldn't the Crows
like to have s:ich an annual carnival? The idea
was taken up with ■ufhuslaiim. Young braves and
oil bucks wewl back to their allotted farms and
bejfan to raise exhibits for the fair, most happily
unconscious that this required '.v,-.rk. They thought
It was a game. Th? rirst fair, held four years ago,
was a mild beginning, but the last or.c. celebrated
In October, showed that the Crows have beea
thoroughly weaned from Idleness to agriculture.
The fair ground on the Big Horn River was
crowded with four thousand Indians, many of
whom had trekked hundreds of miles overland to
eat. drink and be merry with their Crow brethren.
There were Cheyennes. Sioux. Xer Perces. Black
feet. Fatlheads. and even Indians from the t'ma
tilla reservation in Washington. A committee of
red farmers managed thbßga in approved white
style. Prize horses, cattle, chickens and other farm
products were exhibited, while there were special
rewards for the best kept tepee and housewifely
accomplishments. A Sue assortment of "largest
vegetables" was shown. The "squaw maa." or
white husba: I of an Indian, received a special
premium for agricultural merit. r I £.•
Next to the horse racing and athletic contests, the
feature most popular was the nightly uance held la
big tents or out In the open, with bucks, squawa
and children as enthusiastic dancer 3. Formerly the
'rows did nothing but dance: now tne revival of
the ancient ceremony Is the reward of midsummer
diligence. The climax of the fair was a bis sham
battle, in which mounted warriors enjoyed them
selves In full feathers of battle and temporarily
forgot that they were farmers.
"The Captain of Plymouth." a comic opera, pre
sented by eighty-four boy an I girl Indians at Car
lisle School the other day. revealed the fact that
the educated descendant of savages has a keen con
ception of the tvhlte man's humor, and even ap
preciates the finesse of. ultra modern comedy.
Among the characters presented were Miles Stand
lsh. John Alden. Prlscilla. a Puritan elder. CbieJ
Wattawamut and "a sextet of Plymouth daisies."
A young Indian named Montreville Yuda. played
the comedy role of Miles nsdWi with great suc
cess, while Michael Balent'. ti:e football quarter
back, who was starred throughout the country on
the gridiron last year, won new laurels as a 100
modest lover, John Alden. The dignity of tha>
white man's forefathers was upheld in the stern old
figure of Elder Brewster. and well opposed to
this type was the stately chief of the Pequot
The Priscllla of Miss Carlysie Greenbrier was
not only fetching n leeks, but exhibited a 90
praau voice tha: soared up to high C with ease.
A chorus, of lusty lunged youths and maidens,
numbering sixty-three, at thnes rather overbal
anced the school orchestra of severi pieces, but it
was mighty good to hear the singing. Several
dances made a. hit with the Carlisle townsfoik who
were permitted to witness the show. A unique
novelty was the Indian lullaby given by twelve
comely Indian squaws, each of wkeSJ carried a
pappoose boar.l BBtlfllllng a lifeslze Indian doll.
The squaws made their entrance m the scene much
In the way a crowd of Indian women I walk
through their camp, chatting together In their na
tive Isnanaae and, work to the front of the stage,
they gradraffy sunsag into an odd lullaby while
they rocked their pappooses. It was a very pretty
picture. Every person interested in the production.
was an Indian, from the scene shifters to the work
ers in the rly loft gallery of the school theatre.
j 'But we want to run you for Mayor/ he protested.
I •' 'Xever mir.d politics.' I answered, 'let's get
down to business.'
"In six hours I reported with seventy-five men.
thirty of whom were graduates ' .m universities.
It was a company of representative Americana.
being composed of "lawyers, clerks and porters
from stares and warehouses. We B4M on rough,
rider nslfor nsß, and were armed with rio: guns,
each of which shot seven bullets with every pull
'of the trigger and ,niade a nols^ like thunder.
'We were on duty ti-enty-nne darya and nights, and
established order wherever we were sent. And w«
dit'n't have to kill anybody, either.
"I didn't know a plato, from i battalion, but I
divided the company Into flve squads* 'No man,'
I said, 'is to tire under any chremmstaacea unless I
give the order.* We made th-» first arrests. I took
ten samples fro:n yios* we tart in custody and
liberated the rest. I Mlswed H • sssbplss to th«
police court and sa-ar them sent to the workhouse.
When we caught a rioter I rxamlned hi 3 hands.
I found but one genuine workingmaa.
" 't gues3 I made a mistake.' he said.
""I think you km,' I replied. 'Go home, and
" 'Tou are a daisy!* he, shouted, as he turned the
"When the trouble was over people said that I '
wa3 dead politically. I hung a photograph at my
company of deputy sheriffs over tha desk fn my
• "Take tt down.* my friends pleaded.
" 'It Is up to stay.' ! answered, tsJssMJ with the
pictures of my children.*
"Last year, when I was a candltlate at the
primaries for national committeeman. I polled
twice as many votes as mv opponent. The follow
ing day I was charged with beln? an *Tien:y of
labor, ar.vl with beLuj the legal representative of
the Standard Oil- Company and a brewer. I hay»
been the personal attorney cl Adofatas. Etisch for
many years, and he is my friend. My relations
with him ie«|lSWSt nillhiii explanation nor defence.
Well, my majority at the convention was exactly
the same as at the primaries— two to one ever my
"When did you gtt acquainted with Mr. TaftT*
• "Eight years ago. I think When he quit a life
position on the CnJCSd States bench to t?ke up
the difficult and uncertain labor of - ilsing
civil government in the Philippines nia iotlam
and unselfishness won my unbounded admiration.
Again, when he came before the country as I can
didate for President he Ignored the practice of
politicians and took ir.rinite rains clearly to state
his views o:i every public SjMsdoSu I <la>liy .ac
cepted the management of his carapal^a la ' the
•'Have you any # fadsT* '
"Pictures and books.- If I were rich , I would
impoverish myself by the size of my art gallery.
Once I own a buok it never goes out »f ray pos
session. - I know my books, inside and out; and
their backs, as I would look at them and individ
ualize them in my library, mane ma feel that
they, .their authors, and myself are the very best
of comrades. I wouldn't part with .jrie of ttMB»
unUer any circumstance*. "
VJoryr'snt, VJOO, by James 3. llorro-w