Newspaper Page Text
RNOX SEES SUCCESS
MA NCII URIA N PL A N
Rufxiti and Japan Will Prob-
ahh/ ,h>in Other Powers in
(Krotn Th* Tribune Bureau. 1
Washington. Jan. There is every indi
cation that Secretary Knox's most recent
move to promote peace in the Orient by
neutralizing the railroads of Manchuria
and placing the control In the hands of
China by means of "a lean from the powers
will be brought to a successful issue.
The government of Great Britain has al
ready approved in principle the project,
constituting no less than a new Oriental
policy on the part of the United States, as
it.* as suggested in Secretary Knot's note.
Germany and China cordially approve the
There is every reason to believe, accord
ing to Secretary Knox himseJf. that tr>o
plan will receive favorable consideration on
the part of Russia. No direct intimation
has been received from Japan, but the im
rressii.n prevails generally there that the
Manchurinn problem can be relieved only by
placing the railroads under neutral control.
The Manchurian railroads, the concessions
for which carry with them certain admin
istrative privileges, have been the mosf
prolific source of difficulty in the mainten
ance of the "open door" policy. For sev
er«) years Russia has been at odds with
the rest of the BASFEfSJ because of her at
tempt to exercise administrative functions
at Harbin involving the Question of sov
ereignty. Japan finds herself in much the
same situation with relation to the powers
in hc-r operation of Manchurian roads.
"Within recent years the imperial govern
ment of china has been In a state of fo
ment in its relations with foreign nations;
Japan and Russia particularly, because of
disagreements arising from the operation
of the Manchurian railways.
Secretary Knox, in an interview to-day,
explained that The anxiety of the United
E-a'eF to secure a portion of the Hankow
Railway loan was a political, rath:-.- than
a commercial or financial move.
THE PRESIDENT'S INTEREST.
It was this- consideration which prompted
President Taft to address a communication
directly to Prince Chun, Regent of the em
pire in which he reasserted his personal
i' lereVt In rc&ldr a- use of Ai erican capital
in the development of China's welfare with
«:ut f ritanr-lements or embarrassments that
r ieht affect the growth of her independent
Xolirical power and the preservation of her
Secretary Knox made this statement to
As is well known, the essential prin
ciples of the Hay policy of the "open door"
are the preservation of the territorial and
;urisdictional integrity of the Chinese Em
pire and equal commercial opportunity in
f'hina for all nations. This government
believes that one of the most effective way?,
if no; the most effective way. to secure for
China the undisturbed enjoyment of all
political rights in Manchuria and to pro
mote The normal development of the east
ern provinces under the policy of the "open
door," practically applied, would be to take
the railroads of Manchuria out of Eastern
politics and place them under an economic
end Impartial administration by vesting in
China the ownership of its railroads; the
funds for that purpose to be furnished by
the national banks of such Interested pow
*r* as might be willing to participate and
who are pledged to the policy of the "open
door " and equal opportunity; the powers
participating to operate the railway sys
tem during the period of the loan, and" to
enjoy the usual preferences in supplying
Such p. policy would naturally require for
• i execution the co-operation not only of
I hina. b it also of Japan and of Russia,
I c <iy nave extensive railway rights
hi Man* huria. Thf- advantages of such a
BSSn are obvious. It would insure uiiim
psrreri i "ninem sovereignty, the eommer
> isl a: A industrial development of the Man
■ provinces and furnish a substan
tial nsassn for the <=ar!y solution of the
problems of fiscal and monetary reform
vbl<*h nre> now receiving such earliest at
hy i he Chinese government.
It would afford an opportunity for both
r.'issia and Japan to *tiift their onerous
duties, responsibilities and expenses in con
nectfon with these railways to the shou!
«s*. e r of the combined powers, including
Reive*. Such a policy, moreover, would
eff< ■ r.pl^te commercial neutralization
of Manchuria, and in so doing make a
'firpe contribution to the peace of the world
r- converting the provinces of Manchuria
itn:i:»»nse commercial neutral zone.
m Petersburg, Jan. 6.— The Foreign Of
fice has taken no action on the memo
randum presented by the United States
government relative to the neutralization
of the Manchurian railroad*, which has
been submitted for a careful examination
conjointly by the ministers of Finance and
War. The ultimate attitude of Russia will
depend largely upon the reception of the
proposals by the other powers, and the de
velopments in this matter will necessarily
consom* a great deal of time.
The leading official in the Foreign Office
in an interview to-day stated that the pro
posals were not regarded in any sense as
unfriendly or unwelcome, and would be
approached from the standpoint of practi
cal possibilities and given attention com
mensurate with the magnitude of the politi
cal, economic and military questions in
As Russia's policy in the Far East is de
fensive niifl m«t saaieaslve. certain feat
ures outlined In the memorandum are de-
HAmHv advantageous, but the success or
failure of the proposals will 1«? determined
largely by the attitude of Japan, whose
portion of the railroads is vital to the
In reply to similar proposals from China,
Russia ha-i stipulated that tJie transfer
should occur after the completion of the
Ani'ior Railway, but in the present case the
neutralization feature disposes of the
necessity of such stipulation.
I»ndoti, Jan. «.— <Jreat Britain ha* not
given -.- yet a formal reply to the pro
posal of the United States for the neutrali
zation of the Manchurian railroads,
though it has not sen received unsympa
It had l>een felt here tor some-.time thai
the railway situation hi Manchuria was one
of the most dangerous elements of Far
Eastern politic*, and. in common with the
United States. Great Britain would be grati
fied :o see the question settled.
However, il Is realized that .••-]* and
Japan are more vitally Jr.teiv-sted In the
fubiect. and while the Foreign OfWoe wov'd
suggest to her ally and also to Russia the
ecceptance at some such proposal as that
made by the government of the United
Elates, the British government La not dls
ji<is<"-d to ncsa the matter of the whole
May Be In The
On Page 9, To-day's
THE -DAy IJVWA SHIJVG TOJV
[From The Tribune Bureau,]
Washington. Jan. 6-— The' day's develop
ments In the Ballinger-Pinchot controversy
created a decided sensation in legislative
and political circles here to-day. Mr. Pin
chot's disregard of the President's recent
order forbidding subordinate officials to
communicate with members of Congress
without the permission of the heads of
their ' departments is generally considered
an extraordinary instance of insubordina
tion, and one which may result In drastic
action by the Executive. This would prob
ably be done were not Mr. Taft unwilling
to take any action in anticipation of the
approaching investigation by Congress. Mr.
Pinchofs letter to Senator Dolliver. which
was spread on the records simultaneously
with the brief of the Attorney General on
the Glarls charges, was regarded by Mr.
Ballinger's friends as intended to minimize
the findings of Mr. Wickersham and to dis
credit Mr. Taft's exoneration of the Secre
tary and his dismissal of Glavis. Even the
friends of Mr. Pinchot are surprised that
Mr. Taft should be able so long to control
his indignation. It is maintained in ad
ministration circles that a comparison of
the Pinchot letter and the Wickersham
statement indicates that the forester had
read the findings of the Attorney General,
which were furnished to the press In con
fidence several days ago. before he wrote
his letter to Senator Dolliver.
Those who should be familiar with the
Inside facts of the campaign of publicity
alleged to have been conducted by the Bu
reau of Forestry against Secretary Ballin
ger aJid the Taft administration assert
that Mr. Pinchot's effort 10 discount the
revelations of the approaching Investigation
by an ostensibly frank confession of the
parts played by Messrs. Price and Shaw
will fall of Its purpose because the Chief
Forester concealed so much more than be
HVSllld. His statement that Mr. 'Price
utilized the press to discredit the Taft ad
ministration and that Mr. Shaw went to
Chicago and there prepared the Glavis
charges amounts to less of an admission
than it appears .->n its face when it is re
called that these facts were matters of
public knowledge, having both been cir
cumstantially narrated in these dispatches
to The Tribune.
High officials of the Taft administra
tion, with perhaps the exception of the
Fresident, are becoming seriously alarmed
over the activities of the "muckraking"
portion of the periodical press. Following
the lead of the weekly which has been the
chief exponent of the so-called Glavis
charges, a great number of publications
are filling their columns with more or less
thinly veiled, and. in some instances, open.
attacks on the present administration.
President Taft. who is by nature an op
timist of optimists has thus far refused
to attach any importance to this cam
pa ien of sensationalism. He is a confirmed
believer in the adage that "the truth
will prevail." and persistently dismisses
as unworthy of the serious consideration
THE PEACE TRIBUNAL.
Success of Secretary Knot's
I From The Trilmnp Bureau.]
Washington. Jan. 6. — Extraordinary in
terest ha? bffn aroused hy the annnunce
tnent of the action of the United States in
proposing to invest the international priz«
court established by the last Haggle mn
vention with the powers of a Judicial arbi
tral tribunal, and the opinion is expressed
by internal tnnal lawyer conversant with the
attitudes of the various governments that
the move i« the most obvious and the pim
plest solution of the problem which con
fronted the Peace Conference.
The greatest obstacle encountered by the
conference In itfi consideration both of the
priz» court and the arbitral court was the
dislike on the part of the J-atin-American
governments to subscribe to any arrange
ment which would not give them equality
with the great powers. It was manifestly
impossible to have forty or more judges, as
one of the members of the last conference
pointed out to-day. An arrangement waa
finally reached by which the great powers
w*-re to be permanently represented and the
smaller powers were to be represented in
rotation, seven being changed each year.
This agreement made the prize court possi
ble, but the arbitral court plan did not ar
rive at that stage.
Bti'gtaiy Knox's plan not only avoids
the necessity of having two courts, as con
templatf-.j ny thp conference, but removes
the possibility of objection on the part of
the smaller governments who have sub
scribed to the plan of selecting the judges
for the prize court on tht- ground that they
have not equal representation. It utilizes
the work already accomplished in the prog
ress toward international peace and carries
it another ttep forward.
If ICKERSIIA M HE A RD.
("loses Argument Against To
Washington, Jan. 6. — Attorney tJ'-neral
WiCkershan- dosed the last of the argu
ments In the I'nited States Supreme Court
In the Tobacco Trust cases to-day. He had
about two hours in which to present the
government's contention for the dissolution
of the trust.
Ho analyzed the tobacco company's
growth, and sought to convince the court
that it was a combination in restraint of
trade- under ihe Sherman law, and that it
should be declared illegal. In IS9O, he
said, the first combination was made by
me consolidation of live tobacco companies.
This was the year in which the Sherman
law was enacted, and he declared that even
when the law came Into existence the or
ganization was antagonistic io Us spirit.
From the combination of five companies
into on« the tiist had gradually gathered
to Itself sixty Institutions, so that it
was now able \.> control practically all
ihe rifciiretu- business, and the larger por
tion of the entire tobacco industry of the
United States, h« asserted. He declared
that the Income of the American Tobacco
Company in 1903 amounted to ft'.QOO.OOO.
It was on.'- of the greatest Industries that
had ever come before the court, he argued,
and ii clearly came within the Inhibitions
of Urn Bh< rma n law.
PORTO RICAN INDEPENDENCE.
Chicagc Society Plans a Convection at
Chicago, Jan. -a Porto Ricari indepen
dence society was formed to-day by mem
bers of the Chicago Porto Rlean colony.
They protest against the present policy of
the United States toward the island and
will urge thai the government grant inde
pendence to Porto uico.
The society . in act in conjunction with
(similar organization to be formed in other
cities of the country. A convention will be
field in Washington within the next three
mouth* to formulate a protest to the Presi
dent and Congress
The Chicago society Instructed its secre
tary. Alfonso Last to forward to Presi
dent Tuft a letter, which cays, In part:
You, Mr. President, who feign the appoint
ments of the governors that, in the name
of the great Republic of North America,
go to our country to rivet the odious chain
of tyranny, know the sadness of our po
litical situation. You are not ignorant of
the fact that In the colony which the
United States possesses in 'the West Indies
the three governmental powers, the legis-,
lativf-. the executive and th* judicial, are
only partly established You cannot rail to
know, honorable sir. that this Ik infamous
and despotic. You remember, worthy sir.
that the Spanish monarchy restored "to uh
that which the kirns of Iberia unlawfully
withheld '"i m rears our liberty We
trust Hiat our voice may. rtnd an echo in
you. that our protect >■,. be clear and'
that It may be known that our atnirattnn*
mid the aspirations of tiw. people of Porto
Rico are to be independent.
NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. FRIDAY, JANUARY 7. 1!MO.
of the Chief Executive of a great nation
RUch sensational attacks. A few of the
President? friends, however, are heßin
ning to fear that such misrepresentation
may be productive of serious political con
sequences, and that unless some method
is found to stem the tide the s :c •►-ss of
the administration may be endangered by
a r>emocratie majority in the House after
the expiration of this Congress.
There is apparently, ♦yen in administra
tion circles, some realization of the fact
that what may lor convenience be termed
the "advance agent work" on the admin
istration's policy of federal Incorporation
has been badly done. The administration
Itself, probably from motives of delicacy,
has refrained from any carefully thought
out effort to mould public opinion, although
it has permitted information regarding Its
policy to be published. In the absence of a
carefully devised effort to obtain public
appreciation of the motives of the ad
ministration Its enemies are working con
sistently to create the impression that Mr
Taft and his advisers are seeking to de
vise a loophole of escape from the rigors
of the Sherman law for those great cor
porations which have recently suffered from
judicial interpretations of that statute. Of
course, those who realize the high char
acter of the present administration will
attach no importance to such misrepresen
tation, but that great body of the public
which has become accustomed to rely
on some one else to do its thinking for it
has been left by tht! administration at the
mercy of it? antagonists.
Close observers of economic conditions arc
disposed to attach more importance than
appears on the surface to the petition for
an investigation of the steel industry and
its relations to its employes, which was
presented to the President to-day by rep
resentatives of orgattlzed labor. They insist
on the existence of conditions which con
stitute a grave menace to the industrial
peace of the nation and assert that there
Is a feeling of unrest in the labor organiza
tions which should not be persistently ig
nored. It Is even asserted that in some
departments of tbe steel industry a twelve
hour day prevails, with the necessity of
men working twenty-four hours contin
uously every two weeks when the time
comes for them to chanfe from the day to
the night shift, while their compensation
has been steadily reduced until it now
amounts to less than Jl 45 a day. The labor
organizations regard with grave apprehen
sion the apparently artificially stimulated
immigration, which they believe to be the
result of a purpose on the part of their
employers to flood the labor market in an
ticipation of a demand for increased wages
coincident with the return of the fioodtide
of prosperity. It is appreciated that in
s>ime instances the representations and the
demands of the labor leaders are extrava
gant, but that they are based on a largo
element of truth Is asserted by men whose
disinterested position entitles their views to
respect. G . G. H.
COL. ASTOR'S YACHT.
Search for Ii Discussed in
House — Cost Asked.
I From The Tribune Rurpan 1
Washington. Jan. I— The Rules Commit
tee made a favorable report to the House
.to-day on the Humphrey resolution calling
for an invest igrat^on of the Rallinger-Pin
chot controversy, but its consideration was
postponed on the objection of Representa
tive Underwood, of Alabama.
Mr. Hardwick called up his resolution
asking the Treasury Department to furnish
the exact cost to the government of the
search for Colonel Astor's yacht, the Nour
mahal. Mr. Hardwick announced that he
had no intention of casting reflections on
the Revenue Cutter Service or the Treasury
Department, hut that his resolution merely
sought to bring the facts to light.
Representative Mann, of Illinois, de
clared that the resolution could have oniy
me purpose -that of reflecting on the Reve
nue Cutter Service, whose duty it is under
the law to say" human lives. He. said that
the service had been performing this duty
heroically for a hundred years, anil tliat
last year it assisted 136 ships in distress,;
and saved 154 lives and $13,000,000 worth of'
property. He mentioned the fact that four
revenue cutters responded to the "C y D"
call of the sinking Republic, and al! cutters
headed toward the sea in time of storm,
while other craft sought safe harbors-. He
declared that the expenses incurred by the
two vessels that searched for the Nourma
hal were only Jsc".
Tht Hardwick resolution was adopted.
FRAMING ADMINISTRATION BILL.
Belief That It Will Satisfy Railroads
Washington, Jan. B.— That ihe adminis
tration will have a satisfactory bill em
bodying its views regarding amendments
to strengthen the Interstate commerce
law is the confident expectation of those
who have been instrumental in framinp
the measure. They even go so far as to
declare that in the main the railroads will
be satisfied with the provisions of the
measure. Conferences are still being held
by the members of the special committee
appointed by President Taft. and drafts
and redrafts of unsettled features are be
ing made constantly.
MESSAGE TO GO IN TO-DAY.
House Will Receive It, Senate Not Be
ing in Session.
Washington, Jnn. t. — The fact that ihe
Senate adjourned to-day until Monday
raised a doubt as to whether the Presi
dent's message on the Sherman anti-trust
and interstate commerce laws would be
sr-nt to Congress to-morrow. Inquiry at
the White House, however, brought the in
formation thai the message would be sent
to the House, which will be in session.
ART EXHIBITIONS AND SALES.
#. To-night at 8:30
||gP AT MENDELSSOHN HALL
Fortieth Street, East of Broadway
(Doors open at 8. Admission by cird, to be had free of the managers)
The Very Important
Theron R. Butler Collection
Works of Sterling Artistic Excellence
Famous Barbteon Painters
Distinguished Modern Masters
On Free View 9 A. M. to 2 P. M.
At the American Art Galleries,
Madison Square South.
The sale will be conducted by MR. THOMAS E. KIRBY, o f
The American Art Association, Managers
6 Last 23d Street, Madison Square South, New York
MAY OUST PINCHOT
<.inllnued from flrsl naef
making it an official document. He said
that Messrs. Price and Shaw had pre
pared an official report upon their ac
tions which he was transmitting to the
Secretary of Agriculture.
MR. PINCHOrfI LETTER.
'•This report shows that Messrs. Price
and Shaw made public certain informa
tion pegarding the so-called. Cunning
ham claims for coal lands in Alaska."
said Mr. Pin. hot. "The effect Of the
publication was to direct critical public
attention to the action of the Interior
'It shows, also, that they countenanced
the publication by L. R. Glavis of OST
ta'n facts concerning these claims after
he had been dismissed from office, and
that in other ways they endeavored to
direct public attention to the imminent
•lunger that the Alaska coai fields still in
government ownership might pass for
ever into private hand?, with little or no
compensation to the public."
This information, Mr. Pinchot added,
was of n nature proper to be made pub
lic, "unless there are necrets which the
people of the I'nited States are not en
titled to know concerning the source,
nature and progress of claims made for
portions of the public lands."
"The rumor." he said, "that the Glavis
report to the President was prepared in
or by the forest service is incorrect. At
Glavis's request I sent Shaw, as it was
proper I should, to Chicago to assist him
In arranging his material for submis
sion to the President."
Aftrr saying that these officials had
acted on information they had concern
ing the danger of the loss of thp Alaska
coal lands. Mr. Pinchot continued:
'Action through the usual official
channels, and finally even an appeal to
the President, has resulted (because of
what I believe to have been a mistaken
impression Of the facts) in eliminating
from the government service in the per
son of Glavis the most vigorous defender
of the people's interest. Furthermore,
the refusal of the Secretary of 'the In
terior to assume responsibility in thr
cases had left their conduct wholly in the
hands of subordinates, each of whom
was apparently committed in favor of
pj'.tcnting these claims."
Price and Shaw, he said, deliberately
chose to risk their official places rather
thHit permit what they believed to be
thp wrongful loss of public property.
Having violated a rule of propriety as
between the departments, Mr. Pinchot
said they deserved a reprimand and had
received one. "But I shall recommend."
he added, "without hesitation that no
further action in their case is required."
Mr. Pinchot said the action of these
subordinates was most unusual, but sug
gested that the situation which called it
forth was quite as unusual.
"Price and Shaw," he said, "success
fully directed public attention to a na
tional danger. They increased the peo
ple's interest in the people's property
and powerfully fostered the desire to
conserve it. There is now far less
chance that the Alaska coal fields will
p;iss Into the hands of fraudulent claim
ants than there was before they acted.
They rrited on what they believed to be
trustworthy information. Many consid
erations hich had not been brought
home to the President's mind, as appears
from his letter of September 13. had
weight with them.
I >EFEN I>S SUBORDINATES.
"The rules of official decorum exist 'n
the interest of official administration and
of that alone. If they are used to pre
vent an honest and vigilant official from
saving the property of the public, thoir
purpose is violated and they have be
come worse than useless. Price and
Shaw concede that what tlie\ did trans
gressed propriety. But, measured by the
emergency which faced them, by the
purity of their motives and the results
which they accomplished, their breach of
propriety sinks wellnigh to insignifi
Mr. Pinchot said he disclaimed any in
tention or desire to shirk any part of his
own legitimate responsibility for wh;it
was done 1 v these two subordinates.
What they did. he added, raised a ques
tion of principle which should not be
obscured either by personal consideration
or possible mistakes on their part. They
had, he s lid, clone for ihe people of the
country what the people would have done
for themsel*es had they been in a situa
tion to do it.
The Ballinger- Pinchot controversy oc
cupied practically the entire attention of
the Senate. Following the reference to
the Committee on Public Lands of the
Jones resolution for the appointment of
a joint committee of six Senators and
six Representatives to investigate the
controversy, the Senate adjourmd until
Monday. Senator Nelson has called a
11 ting of the Public Lands Committee
fur Saturday morning, and expects to
report (he Jones resolution for passage
RIVER AND HARBOR BILL.
Washington. Jan. 6.— "A very comfort
able" river and harbor appropriation bill
carrying upward of $30,000,000 for new
work and continued operations, chair
man Alexander of the House Committee on
Rivers and Harbors sal.l to-day will be re
I orted to the House early in February.
ART EXHIBITIONS AND SALES.
HALUXVER CPU ELD.
Wickersham Finds Glavis
(from The Tribune Bureau. 1
Washington. Jan. 6. — The President sub
mitted to the Senate to-day his reply to
the Flint resolution calling for the papers
in the Balllnger-Plnchot controversy. The
most Important document submitted is the
report and summary of the Attorney Gen
eral's report on the Glavis charges.
Mr. Wickersham, in a voluminous review
of the charges, exonerates Secretary Bal
llngor. Assistant Secretary Peirce. Com
missioner Dennett and Mr. Schwartz, chief
of the field division, from every aspersion and
Insinuation made by Glavis and finds that
Secretary Ballinger and his assistants were
warranted by the evidence before them in
"clear listing for patent" the Cunningham
claims for Alaska coal lands, and went out
of their way to make assurance doubly
sure by in effect calling on Glavis for
any additional information he might have
received. This action was taken, says Mr.
Wlckersham. "out of abundant precaution
in the protection of the public interest."
Mr. Wlckersham declares Glavis guilty
of flagrant falsification, both by untruthful
statements and suppression of evidence, and
shows the animus therefor by a letter in
which Glavis advised Schwartz that, In his
opinion, "neither Dennett nor B. will last
long." and "under such circumstances why
do not you try for the place? I am quite
sure you can win out." It is further shown
that it was Glavis's ambition to obtain pro
motion to Schwartz's place, when Schwartz
should have succeeded, Dennett.
The Attorney General says Glavis per
sistently neglected his duty, and by his pro
crastination permitted the statute of limi
tations to run in cases where criminal
prosecutions should have been instituted
through his efforts. The Attorney General
finds Glavis's statements as submitted to the
President, and later made the subject of
sensational magazine articles, to he with
out foundation and unworthy of credence in
every respect. Mr. Wickersham shows fur
ther that the interpretation placed upon the
statute affecting Alaska coal lands by
Commissioner Dennett was much more con
servative even than that of Secretary Gar
MR. BAT.LJNGER CARBJTJI*
Summarizing his conclusions. Mr. Wicker
sham says that the charges against Ballin
ger, Pierce, Dennett and Schwartz are, in
his opinion, "entirely disproved"; that "so
far from taking any action to favor the
Cunningham claimants the record clearly
shows that Secretary Ballinger was scru
pulous! v careful not in any respect to act
upon these claims, for the reason ihat
during the summer of 1908, while he was
in no way connected with the government,
he had been consulted by some of the
claimants with respect to the Issuance of
patents and had called on Secretary Gar
field for the purpose of ascertaining the
attitude of his department thereon. Neither
his action nor any of his written or sooken
expressions were favorable to these claim
Second The Attorney General finds Mr
Bal'.lnger entirely warranted in acting to
this extent as attorney for the Cunning
ham claimants and cites numerous legal
opinions in support of this finding.
Third— He finds that the Cunningham lo
cations were made in July and August,
1904, and payments aggregating $52,800 were
made thereon; that Glavis had upward of
two years to complete his investigation,
during which the Land Office furnished
him all the assistance he requested, and
that "all efforts to induce him to bring
his Investigation to a conclusion were met
only with requests for further assistance,
coupled with criticism of his superior offi
cers, as well as of other special agents
who had been connected with the cases,
and that had the department desired im
properly to patent the claims it might
have done so in January, 1908, by simply
acting on the favorable report of Special
Agent Love without informing Glavis."
Fourth— He finds that Glavis's claim that
he prevented the government from being
defrauded through the reference to the
Attorney General of the decision of As
sistant Secretary Pierce "absolutely dis
proved by the record. " Mr. Wickersham
saya Pierces decision and its reference to
lam. "by its very terms excluded any pos
sible reference to the Cunningham claims,"
and, moreover, that "with the explanation
of the somewhat ambiguous phrase initia
tion of the entry' used by Assistant Secre
tary Pierce, his construction of the statute
did not differ from that given to it by the
Attorney General in his opinion." Mr.
Wtekersham shows, moreover, that it was
Secretary Ballinger himself who appealed
to him for a ruling on the law of May
Fifth— He declares that "the intervention
of the Forestry Bureau, procured by
Glavis. " is shown by the record to have
been entirely unnecessary to the interests
of the United States.
MISSTATKMEXTS BY GL.AVIS.
Sixth- He finds "Glavis s report' and
summary abound in contradictions and
misstatements. They omit to a degree that
amounts to absolute suppression letters,
telegrams and other documents, some of
which were in his possession, and others
_.. A EXHIBITIONS AND SALES.
"Masterpieces of Chinese Art/
&&* « G^ %
*mm urn SOUTH ; sl||j| NEW YORK. CITY
This (Friday) and Saturday
Afternoons at 2:30 o'clock,
At Unrestricted Public Sale
"Mr. Kunkio Matsuki has many times
been an innovator, but he has never
taken a bolder step than his present
one. Of the scores <>/ small terra-cot
tas and bronzes n<nv on exhibition at
the galleries of the American Art As
sociation, all want the closest scrutiny
to perceive their magnificent quality.
The BtnaUness of the scale and the
damage caused by timm fenspir* to baf
fle the eye. unpractised In this sort of
art. Yet these little oftjerts represent
faithfully the splendid realism of the
earliest Chinese and Japanese dynas
ties. Look steadily at almost any one
of the better preserved statuettes, un
til you see the rigid yet carefully
modulated line, the expressiveness and
economy <>/ the stroke with which the
modelling tool has asserted the feat
ures, folds of drapery, etc., the fine
equipoise, and essential bigness of
some trifle three inches high — look well
at these things, for short of the best
archaic Greek workmanship so invigo
rating an impression is not to be had
These are the things that Japanese and
Chinese collectors value as thorough
bred European connoisseurs uouli'l a
bit of modelling by Giovanni risano
Or Jacopo delta Quercia. Mr. Matsuki
has had courage to present objects of
this rarity and preciousness before the,
relatively untrained eyes of our local
collecting public. Such an exhibition,
whether or not it makes for his profit'
cannot fail to make, for our education •■
—EVE 'XI SO POST.
The *•.!»■ will he , ■„„,,„, hr
Mr THOMAS K. Kilt BY. of the
AMERICAN ART ASSOCIATION, Managers. i
which w«i* available to him, and which
completely rebut Inferences he w*eW* to
have drawn from those which he does nub
Seventh— Mr. Tv'lckersham finds "the ac
tion of each and every official of the Land
office referred to In Glavls's charges ap
pears to have been inspired by the per
fectly proper desire to bring to a conclusion
an investigation which was prolonged '■«
yond all reason, and which, If It had been
prosecuted with due diligence, and It
Glavis had properly availed himself of the
assistance placed at his disposal by the
Land Office, should have been completed
and ready for trial not later than the au
tumn of 1905." Mr. Wickersham cites in
stances of the statute of limitations bavins?
run through Glavis's procrastination, and
finally declares his action in appealing to
the Bureau of Forestry to intervene In the
Cunningham cases to have been "a pe
culiarly aggravated breach of proper disci
Finally, the Attorney General, whose re
port Is addressed to the President, gays:
•'Glavis's actions appear to have been
founded upon a wholly exaggerated sense
of his own importance and a desire for
personal advancement ratner than on any
genuine desire to protect the interests of.
the government, and this species of megalo
mania has finally led him to submit to you
charges of Improper motives and conduct
aralnst his official superiors which. In my
opinion, are so unjust and unfounded as to
merit his immediate separation from the
"Let the People Decide Who
Is Right ," He Say*.
Portland, 'ore., Jan. 6. — "Let the people
deride who is right; I think they are bet
tor qualified to act as a Jury in my case
than any one else."
This Matement was made to-night hy !..
R. Glavfs. after the report of Attorney
General Wickersliam and tlie letter of Glf
ford Pinchot to Senator Polliver had been
read to him.
He did not care to go into further dis
cussion of the rase until he goes to Wash
ington to testify before the Congress com
Store ready at 8:15 A. M. Eight Car Lines
Directly on the Imerborough Subway Each Way to Store
rnvcFPT I ii L* # MM * BT p " Dl * Fonad
LC/iVLCA 1 f I tr^ U»nmmak«r« a Most
in AIT/1/1 Aiiln KOJ k '-»*«"ul 8D * t Twit ""
Auditorium rUWf/f/^Uir^ v i OF Mad 9 „ e,^ *.
2:30 P. M. £ f <*** Th » « s -
¥ / New York, January 7, 1910.
Men's White Shirts Are 95c
Will Surprise Those Who Usually Pay $1.50
Linen, cotton and labor have increased in cost so persistently
that white shirt makers who do not care to lower their quality
standards, and yet have an established business at certain fixed
prices, have been at their wit's ends. ,
At last one maker has given up the struggle and turned all his
operators to work on colored shirts. He brought to us his stock on
hand of white shirts for disposal. They were worth little to him,
as assortments were not such that he could fill regular orders. But
they are worth just as much as ever to the fortunate man who
buys them for 95c.
Every shirt has a fine linen bosom and a body of good muslin.
Perfectly laundered, various lengths and widths of bosoms, and
several lengths of sleeves. Neck sizes from 14 to 17*4, all at 95c
today. Main floor. New Building.
It's a Cold Rain
That Does Not
Thank the rain for this chance to buy
some of those
Men at $24.50 Today ,
Made a record yesterday — sold one hun
dred coats in the first two hours — but
many who wanted to come could not
So there are a few
Overcoats of $35
to $50 Quality
For Today 1 s Selling
First — These are the finest specimens of
Second— They are black and Oxford cheviots,
plain and with indistinct fancy weave.
Third— All are in conservative styles— coats
Fourth— 7 his opportunity comes only be
cause of the anxiety of a large manufacturer
to round out a larger volume of business
than usual. Mam floor New Building
This January SHOE Sale Includes
Shoes for the Entire Family
Little wonder that so many people wait for this once in
six-months' event and buy shoes half a dozen pairs at a time.
One may select practically any kind of shoe wished.
One can depend on its thoroughly worthy character!
One can be assured its size is correct.
One knows the Wanamaker guarantee protects one.
One can feel certain that the savings are large and are
And the Prices Are Very Much Less
Than Usual— as You Shall See
For instance, there are women's shoes at $3.65, $2.85, $2.40 and
$1.65 a pair.
Men's Shoes at $4.40. $3.65, $2.90. $2.40 and $2.
Boys' Shoes at $2.40. $2. $1.50 and $1.30.
Girls' shoes at $2.85. $2.40. $2, $1.60 and $1.30.
This sale takes place in the regular stores in both buildings as
well as in the Basement Store. s '
Formerly A IV/9 ft Alt* A I A » Broadway.
A. T. Stewart 4 Co. 'l/llff/f/fJffUAfjfK Fourth .v,,
/ yyW/H*V™f ™Cr Eighth to Tenth St*
mltte*. H- denied. ho» -ever. *«t h« »m
Buffering from "megalomania or that V,
action was inspired by *vite.
"\iv motive will be fully *PT aren , t •when
my e > vidence I* «lv>n before the Cow
sionai committee/ he «f. lf J- . hot ,
whatever he actually said on tms or any
Ot »DW S Shaw t knd Price aid yo« In the prep
* n ' W n* li^Sis "Most emphatles*.
. ,fno%.rt in it., p.«p«»
tion whatever.** _________
PLANS FOR INQUIRY.
Unusual Procedure Provided in
[from The Tribune Bureau ]
Washington. Jan. -Probably ******
of. legislation at the present session of
Congress wilt receive greater ->«*"*™***
from the Rules Committee of the "<""•
than that body gave Representative Hum
phreys resolution calling for an investiga
tion of the Ballinger-Pinchot controversy
this morning.. This consideration will M
due to the fact that the resolution provides
for an entirely new parliamentary pro
cedure and Is a radical departure from
the usual method of Congress. In con
ducting investigations in the past th«
usual method has been to pass a concur
rent resolution, which gives a committee
authority to compel witnesses to testify.
but makes the committee at all times re
sponsible to Congress, and does not re
quire the permission of th» President.
These committees were required to mako
their report and were automatically dis
The present resolution, however, in poinC
of fact creates a commission instead of a>
committee. Before the resolution can be
come effective it must be passed by both,
houses of Congress and be signed by th«
President. Once created. th«» committee Is
responsible to no one. and must bow to no
authority so long as its acts conform to
the law which created it. It cannot ba
dissolved except by an act of Congress, and
for all practical purposes it Is a body
analogous to the Interstate Commerce.
Commission, for instance.