Newspaper Page Text
J-^-^""""" TT-o hr sonic thief. A
-^-**7-t7 -t CW 3 ** YZfme afterwards
ks*LiKte r: 22ShM been In mv family
*%* RA > wr effects at a reduo
*** » work was begun on the re
:<* ** 'campanile at Venice. It is now
i rftS ScTure is noaring complet.on.
*s the belfry
£****£«* dis^tch in "The London
>**\r.i.:^ work ° f the s reCOn -
H^. t!! ?i3"- E di sansovlno Is pro
& "'Zitr th; fall of the Campanile were
J^in^ported to the Doge's Palare.
f^-^J^T thoroughly examined and the
feS-^tofraphrf- The four statuy
rf»*l \pollo. Mercury, and Peace, by
B^^r'ded terra cotU group of the
%*t Slid and St. John. aLso by San
** utter- of hi* yon" last works, have
J^ Of the terra cotta group 1.60 C
*****«!« four,'., and these fragments
t*^ n^o^ther with great patience by
■^•Jdiear - Museum of Fl< * r "
; already celebrated for having so
■*■ together the precious Franco!
'^JdV a supposed madman. The only
fpi.^S «onp which are missing are the
>- " ,J. hips and part of one of th.
SSS£ S St John, and these parts
PJSZ&Tt&uce* to dust.
, -^ exhibitions of importance are to
fl< "J Last night, in Philadelphia, the
•* 4 «idemv of the Fine Arts held a
l^SgSSal exhibition. Next Fri
r'^n be a press view, at the Fine Arts
ft*? cit y. of the twenty-fifth ■ anal
3 f * he League. In the
c League will- give its annual dinner
•*■ ■ -icr-ss "The American Academy in
'%5% 5 parposes and Possibilities." Among
«? , ■ ,;:j be Mr. Lloyd Griscom. former
*?*«£* Borne; Mr. Frank Miles Day,
**£%[ tie American Academy, and Presi
*J.4ar. of Cornell University. On this
5 medal of honor for paint-
sculpture, and the medal of honor for
given by the New York Chapter of
C Scji " WtWte of Architects, wil both
*_^ tfi » xhc galleries will be thrown open
! " ; "'.■ i_ Qnndav afternoon md will re-
T-^lble until Febmarj- 19. At the Amer
'■^ faeries, next Friday, there will open
fj^ion of twenty-one French paintings of
"tZiic period, collected by the late H. S.
£f& Philiddph 1 *- Corot. Daubignj-. D -
- ISa Dupre, Millet and Troyon are all
Aa edition de luxe of the cata
■" ™-~ied with fine photogravures, is in
jjsuflt "^ e sale UKes P lace on Friday
!^L'tv*Bcy *< at Mendelssohn Hall.
gQsjBAB OF EXHIBITIONS
-• r-Dcdier Gallery. . The American Society
of Miniature Painters.
%.ci]a32nadiClab-- Paintings by Charles
••■ "rturv Club....- • Painting.- by the late A.
■ C. Rowland.
iOCJff Gallery Dutch portraits.
-', r»-ica Gallery Flemish, Italian "1
% Miiison Art Ga't
~~ Paintings by Edmund
" Greacen mid Karl An
ilsßßoss Gallery. — Painting-s by Eduard
••« SB Gub Landscape*; by Ameri
' can Artists.
iJbriieth Gallery... Paintings by Ben Foster
and Mary C. Richard
Uj Painting? of the Barti
■- Ssedecor Gallery... Paintings by Aloysius
••- ._-.: Gallery Paintings by Harry L.
Hoffman and Albert
-rL-kGaHerr TCu<?r colors by Charles
CR Society Sculptures and draw
ings by Jo Davidson.* l
ilppdi lppd GaUery Early German engrav
5 '.y.-h GaTierv Eighteenth century
SftaHotel Gorer Collection of Chi
GIFT TO THE T'GLY MAN.
sXoa and Queries,
Stjadfce of making such - '"•- appears to
jßcaa in America, and is nearly obsolete.
; 2«ljre seems to deserve a note. It goes
»*ti Harvard College (now Harvard L'ni
2? b( s'»d 1784. In that year Mr. William
»»«a»tte recipient of th^ jackkniie. In !
•*:r handed it on to Mr. Charles Prentiss,
- -a* iaes:
ha. c— P— v^ my k _ !r< ,
ni* catsra: co;:es<- [lie;
-=« Cufe. whufc esUnesa taierits.
«-i wa bj mpenor merits;
tr. «Vc 'rom Harvard he stiali steer,
2^ »»? frwn class to class descend.
-- ' — * tad ugliness sr.a.:! end.
•_ I SEW SCI! HUE.
far breach of prbcaise, eh?"
,•^7 insanity; and I expect to prove
. ■ w love letters I Louisville
NEW-YORK DUTY TRIBUNE, SUNDAY. JANUARY 2X ISIO.
UNCLE SAWS NEW ARMY
Over :r>,ooo Men Will Take Census
— Machines to Assist.
[From The Tribune Bureau.]
Washington. Jan 22.— Uncle Sam will muster
another army into his service on April 15 next.
On the second floor of a two story building
overlooking the Capitol, grounds are being per
fected the details of the campaign, for which an
army almost as large as the standing army of
the United States, a force of 330 "officers" and
73.5T0 "enlisted men." is being mobilized. There
need be no fear, however, that the United States
is contemplating war with Japan, or with France
ox r the tariff, for it is a peaceful mission on
which this vast army will be sent, and only
within the borders of the United States. Alaska,
Porto Rico and Hawaii.
When this campaign is finished the United
V will be minus J13.000000, but
in return the country at large will possess the
accurate census of the population, agri
culture, manufactures and mines and quarriea
of the United States ever taken.
The statistics gathered will constitute the
thirte.-nth decennial census of the United
States. As census officials the officers will be
known as supervisors, and the enlisted men as
ep< e:a: agents. Interpreters, enumerators and
permanent and temporary census clerks. The
tw-lfth census cost about $13,00^.000, and as
Uncle Sam's landed possessions have increased
since then and his family has gained about fif
•■ en million more members than belonged to it
in 1900, it would be considered nu more than
fair if the present estimates were to call for the
■pending at about 119,000.000. which would be
Che sum if the rate of increase at each census
up to the twelfth were to be maintained.
The comparative cheapness with which the
thirteenth census will be taken will be largely
due to Director E. Dana Durands installation
of economical methods, to the introduction of
semi-automatic electrical card punching, tabu
lating and sorting machines and to the inheri
tance of wisdom gained from experience of the
permanent Census Bureau. During the existence
'>f the permanent bureau the methods of inquiry,
tabulation and compilation have been greatly
Improved in both accuracy and economy.
Mr. Durand is responsible for many of the new
methods of increasing statistical accuracy at
every step of the census taking and decreasing
the por capita cost of the enumeration. The card
punching, tabulating and sorting machinery hi
the invention of a census mechanical expert, and
the patent rights belong to Uncle Sam. The
machines are nov ,., in plan ailil , I( ,<. JKri . , iri , (lf
greater speed and efficiency than those they su
perseded and can be built and operated at a
large saving of money as compared with pre
vious expenditures for this purpose.
Other money saving features are the elimi
nation of the vital Statistics inquiry from the
work of the decennial census, as it belongs to
the permanent branch of the Census Bureau;
the reduction in the number of schedules, the
piece-price method of paying f<> r machine work,
the omission of the hand, household and neigh
borhood industries from the manufactures branch
of the census and the reduction of the size and
number of copies of the final reports.
FILE OF AGRICULTURAL SCHEDULES ONLY. AT THE WASHINGTON CENSUS BUREAU.
Photographed b5 Harris i Earing, W jl.-'.\;::.:- -.
The Lirg'T part of the thirteen millions will be
expended in the fiscal year which began on July
1 last and will end on Jun- SO, 1910, the first of
the three years within which time the thirteenth
census must be taken, the temporary clerks and
!■ ag-nts discharged and the permanent
Census Bureau, with its f. >r.>- of ~t-\->-n hun-ir-'d
clerks left, again performing its regular func
tion-:. Fully half of the total to be expended will
b-> Washington's share, and the remainder will
b«' distributed all over tru- country.
There will be sixty-five thousand enumerators
of whom about forty-five thousand will carry
both the population and agriculture schedules,
as it is estimated that there are now fully seven
million separate farms in America, with farmers
numbering well up toward a score uf millions.
In l'J 1 ) 1 ) there were billions of dollars more of
fixed capital invested in agriculture than there
were in manufactures, strange as it may seem.
And the fanner is getting better off all the time;
his mortgage indebtedness is decreasing fast, his
taxation is small as compared with the urban-
Ite's burden and he has taken to automobile
riding on a iarge scale.
Census taking every ten years is a tremen
dous task. it is the greatest single operation
undertaken by Uncle Sam. with the exception of
the Panama Canal work and the assembling of
an army in time of war. The American census
is the largest, costliest and most accurate taken
In the world. Its methods are the most modern
hi. l its equipment the most complete. The Cen
sus Bureau force comprises, first. Director E.
Dana Durand. of Michigan, who, although only
thirty-eight years old, is older than most of the
generals commanding the forces in the Civil
War. The office of assistant director is held by
William F. Willoushby, of Washington, former
ly Secretary of State of Porto Rico.
The enumeration must be finished within two
weeks in the cities which had five thousand pop
ulation or over at the last census, and within
thirty days in all other areas.
The preparation of the schedules for the tab
ulating process will begin as soon as they are
forwarded to the Census Bureau by the super
visors. The data on each relating to population
will be transferred to a manila card by the
punching of holes in the card to correspond with,
the different individual items in the schedule.
An electrical machine controlled by a clerk can
punch twenty holes each in three thousand
cards a day. There will be three hundred of
these machines, and ninety million cards have
been ordered for the population alone.
After the punching the cards are hand-fed
Into an electric tabulating machine with a "pin
box" attachment which permits the necessary
pins to pass through the various holes in the
cards, in this way establishing an electric circuit
through the inns, resulting in printing on spooled
paper somewhat like a stock "ticker." There
will be one hundr.-d of these machines. After
certain comparisons to prove a. -curacy, the
schedules are permanently preserved in a great
iron safe in the Census Bureau. As the card
does not contain the name of the Derson for
whom it stands, all personal identity is elimi
nated and all danger of such information disap
;>-•:-rs. Severe penalties are provided in case
any employe discloses census information to
The next s*.ep is the making of the maps and
Continued on eighth pace.