Newspaper Page Text
Index to Advertisements.
Port. - Ps*e. Cot
Amusements - 6 I 7 2—7
.Antiques 4 1 3
Apartment Hotels 1 13 . •
Apartments to Let........... 1 13 »
Art Sale* 1 8 4-8
Art -nit* 12 *
Art gales "... . 1 ft 1-2
Automobiles 1 11 ~>
Banker* and Broker* ....... 4 6 1
Boa aad Rooms.. 1-9 7
Brooklyn Advertisement* .... 4 .. 4 *-"
Buslmss Chance* ............ 1" 0 7
Carpet .lean Jac 4 1 3
Desk* and OAee Furniture . . 4 , v ,l" 3
I>om««T!r Situations Wanted.. ! $> 4-7
IhTJfoods 4 -"■ 1 4-7
EJnployroent Armeies 1 " 9 5-6
TTurcpean Advertisements 4 ft 6-7
Ftnanris '4' f! 6-7
Fornish^i Hoasas to l>t 1 0 7
Help Wanted 1 * 3
2c*truction 1 ft 7
Ls.ur.dri** .. 4 1 3
X*» > 4 Kl-" S
Jjrmt Bankbooks 1 13 6
MtTilihiij. etc 4 s-il': 3
SlairiAfrßs and Deaths 19 7
*~"t:Ti«r* 4 « 1
Jlt»«>llaE«>as 4 1 2-3
itertKar* L<omas 1 1-3 4
lluFi'-ii 4 I 5-7
nanos and Onrans 4 1 2
Professional Entertainers 4 .1 5
Jl*»J Estate 1 13 4-7
Iteserts _ 4 7 4-7
H**orts 1 13 7
Pcfcool JUr«ic;es 1 !♦ 7
Fp«claJ Notice* 1 » -7
tcrajr^ and Moving 4 i.l ;' 2
Talkin* Machines 4 12
Timetables . .. 4 1 1-2
Tribune Subscription Rates.... 19 7
Typewriting . 4 I -
Vnfurnishcd Apartments 1 ■ 2-3
"Work Wanted ...... 1 » 3-3
FFXDAT, JANUARY 23. 1910.
Thin nrxmpapfr- Is otrned and pub
lished by The Tribune Association, a
yetc York corporation ; office and prin
cipal place of business. Tribune Build
irr Ko. 154 Xassau street, Netc York;
Ofjdrn ills, president: Often M. Reid,
tecretary ; James M Barrett, treasurer.
The address of the officers is the office
of this ncicspaper.
THE KEWB THIS MOR\T\G
'REIGN.- — special dispatch from
London says the Unionists have made
euch large gains that the Liberal ma
jority may be cut down to the National
ist strength, thus giving" the Irish party
control of the House of Commons. =====
A special cable from London says Ger
many is sending commissions of experts
to al! parts of the world in an effort to
develop trade. == Lady Constance
Lytton. an enthusiastic suffragette, se
cured her own committal tr> jail in Liv
erpool under an assumed name by
breaking the jail windows. . The
flood of the river Seine transformed
those portions of Paris .■.long the river
Into a miniature Venice; the foundations
of many buildings, including the Eiffel
Tower, were endangered. • A i cial
dispatch from Paris says the French are
nervous over the increase by Germany
of its army strength along the French
and Belgian frontiers. = At the an
nual exhibition of miniatures and water
colors at the Georges Petit Gallery, in
Paris, the work of American artists was
commended. ===== The Spanish troops
returning from Melila were warmly
greeted as they returned to Madrid.
President Madriz has ordered the
arrest of several leaders in Managua
who are opposed to his re rime.
DOMESTIC— Richard A Ballinger.
Secretary of the Interior, defended him
pelf against his accusers at Williams
town, Mass. = The Ballinger-Pin
chot investigating committee organized
end expects to begin its work Monday.
: Th- Department of Justice further
outlined it? pisr.s tor the prosecution of
the Beef Trust. — It was learned at
Albany that Justice Lyon a.t Binghamton
han' granted an order for a general in
vestl^ation of the recent election in
Elmiri-. nn allegation ... proper use of
money affecting both the Republican
and Democratic committees. ==. An
ouster >uit of the state of Missouri
against th*- meat packers was begun at
Jpfferson City. - Reports from over
in*- country showed a difference of
opinion as to the boycott of meat as an
article of cii»t. Two hundred men
and six bloodhounds searched the coun
try surrounding St. Louis for four high
*n>ymei who held up a Missouri Pacific
train Friday night, obtaining approxi
mately 510,000. ===== Members of the
Pittsburg Presbytery admitted that
there would be no prosecution of Will
iam C. '■-'-■ the former treasurer, who
admits a 520,y00 shortage in his ac
counts. - ■ A memorial of Phillips
Brooks, designed by the late Augustus
S;iint-Gaudons. was unveiled at Trinity
Chu-ph. i eton.
CITY. — Stocks were irregular, closing
down. — A gift of land ax.d money
for a tuberculosis sanatorium has been
made to the Metropolitan Life Insurance
Company. _" The Stock Exchange
governing commit announced that it
would take up the investigation of the
Hocking Valley pool on February 2.
-— ~ Judge Hough quashed the indict
ment agtiinst F. Augustus Heinz^ charg
ing misapplication of the Mercantile
Bank funds. - Mayor Gaynor re
fused to indorse the Democratic League
by attending its dinner to Democratic
mayors in Albany next week. =r Cus
toms officials unearthed an extensive
scheme to defraud the government by
falsifying certificates of appraisement
on automobiles owned by prominent New
Yorkers. ■ . A man was crowded off
th<? platform of th- 14th street subway
station and killed. == Deputy Col
lector Healey of Queens may bring suit
against the city for removing him from
office. _ .' ' The meat boycott has not
yet reached the big Broadway hotels.
" Mrs. Dore Lyon filed a petition in
bankruptcy, with liabilities of more than
J ER— lndicat:
•■■ - ■
TO COX SERVE XI Ail All A.
The report of the committee on th-?
protection and restoration of Niagara
Falls, which is approved by the Secre
tary of War and is now before Congress,
Is simple and direct and offers promise
of efficiency, it proposes the acquisi
tion by the United States of a strip of
land extending from the date reserva
tion t" the other end of the Gorge, and
Including the talus, the face of the cliff
and I hundred yards of the table land.
This is to be cleared of all existing
buildings and restored as nearly as pos
sible to its original state. The taking
of water from rhe river above the falls
Is to be restricted to an amount which
will not perceptibly lessen the now.
Thus it is planned to preserve The great
cataract for all time in an appropriate
The execution of such ■ plan would
be creditable bo the American nation;
indeed, not to do something of the sort
would be ill ■•-•.■ Niagara is not
a local nor a state nor even a national
possession. It ;- not even merely au inter
national possession lreiween the United
States and Canada. It is a universal en-
winent of the human race for rr'i
time. The United States and Canada
nre trustees, holding it for a! the world,
and this generation is a trustee, holding
It for all posterity. To despoil It or fall
to keep It in the best possible condition
would be a breach of iru-t.
v . believe also that the execution of
Fuel, a plan would be j)ra< .ca!!y and
pecuniarily profitable. It would cost
the government a considerable sum. but
that would be repaid to the public many
times through the added attractiveness
of the place and through the enhanced
value of the adjacent "property and the
increased revenue of the community. A
tract of land reaching to the very edge
of the cliff is now valuable for hotel
purposes, but a similar tract stopping a
hundred yards back from the brink and
fronting there upon a park would prob
ably be of greater value. The nearer
the place is broupht back to a state of
n;uur»\ tiio mmc allurniu v will be m
In all respects save one the plan
m> to be entirely practicable, and we
may hope there will prove to be no ex
ception. It will require for complete
success the co-operation of the Cana
dian povornment on similar, if not iden
tical, lines. That is something which
•we cannot command, but which it nnrhr
To be possible to secure. The same eon
*'derations which prevail here should
hi equally patent in Canada.
There win he more regret than sur
prise at the Russian and Japanese dec
lination of the American proposals for
the neutralization of the Manchurian
railroads, although the latter feelinp will
not be altogether lackiner. Tt had been
sincerely hoped thar those jrovernments.
together with all others concerned, would
give uncrudcins assent to a plan which
was unselfish, which gave promise of
much good to al! legitimate interests and
of evil to none, and to which no con
vincing objections have yet been offered.
Since those two powers have, however,
declared their disapproval of Mr. Knox's
susgestion. it is difficult to avoid sur
mising that their antagonism arises from
other considerations than rhose strictly
pertaining t< travel and transportation
on the railroad lines in question. When
Count Cassini more than a dozen years
ago made his shrewd agreements with
th*' Peking government he and his prin
cipals had much more in view than the
mere const ruction and operation of rail
roads: and those other objects, though
perhaps in a somewhat modified form,
are presumably nt the present time para
mount in the minds of both Russia and
Thn < > <»nTrovprsies over administrative
authority at Harbin which have occurred
in rhe last year or two suggest the
nature of th^ alien Interests in Man
churia. Count Cassini'6 plan, T <> which
Cor -'>me consideration Li Huns Chang
readiir lent himself, was to establish a
IT I—Hun \m]» r \itm in the Chinese im
perio by getting for the Thines^ Eastern
Railway Company complete political and
administrative jurisdiction overthechief
trade eeutran ;: ■._• the railroads, as at
Harbin. It hat that this
jurisdiction is so con "Xtend to
American or other foreign residents of
those plnres. and to prohibir foreign con
fuls from serving there, unl^s? with the
assent of the company. As the so-<»;iile<i
Chinese Eastern Railway Company was
practically a bureau of the Russian gov
ernment, and as under the Treaty of
I'ortsmourh Japan succeeds fully to .-'ll
of Russia's rights and privileges in the
repion from which she expelled Russia,
the practical effect of that arraneement
is obvious. It makes the most important
trade centres of Manchuria dependencies
of Russia and Japan. Of course, that
jurisdiction over the places is not vested
in those powers per we, but in the owners
of rhe railroads : so that if China should
purchase the railroads, as Secretary
Knox suggested, the control aud adminis
: of those places would automa
tically revert to her. and Russia and
Japan would hove nothing more to
dr. with them than any other foreien
That, it i? sure to be suggested, is the
thing which those two powers most wish
to avoid and the chief real ground of
their unwillingness to approve Secretary
Knox'B proposal. To what extent, if any.
it was the object of the proposal is not
here to be discussed. But it has seemed
to os to form one of the moi?t convincing
reasons why every power which sincerely
favored the open door policy in China
should have supported that proposal and
sought irs adoption. The open door
policy is surely not compatible with
political and administrative monopoly of
the chief trade centres by a single power.
Russia and Japan are now understood
substantially to Claim that they have
exclusive sovereignty over the region
around all the railway centres In Man
churia, so that they can forbid Ameri
cans ct otners to purchase lands or set
tle there, or can subject any who do
sertle there to the arbitrary taxation
and other control of Russian and Jap
anese police. Thrt is a claim in which
It would be difficult for another nation
to acquiesce^ and the most just and prac
tical method of getting rid of It and
averting the complications which its as
sertion might cause would seem to be to
let China become the owner of her rail
roads and thus the sovereign of the lands
through which they run.
A.V I \ RIVALLED DRIVEWAY.
There was in their conception no
relationship between the scheme of a
Henry Hudson drive along the Palisades
and the great New Jersey coast drive
which was proposed last year by Gov
ernor Fort A glance at the map, how-
i ever, shows that between the two nature
p has made a close and essential cbnnec-
I rioD and that . :!'■!; affords an argument
: for the other. If both were constructed
I on a generous plan, each would eomple-
' ment the other in tbe formation of a
whole which would be tinsurpassed. if
j nor unrivalled, in the world.
The Palisades scheme, if executed ac
\ cording to the latest designs, which have
been made possible by the munificence of
; Mrs. Harriman and others, would com
prise a splendid park driveway along
, the western side of the Hudson from
Sew burg down to Hoboken, including
; the entire extent Of the Highlands and
! the Palisades, a stretch of river shore
for which in scenic beauty and almost
; Infinite variety of charm it would be dif
j ficult to name a parallel. The New Jer
\ sey coast scheme would provide a drive
| way from Sandy Hook to Cape May at
| every point within view of the ocean,
I and traversing a region which, while
! about as different from that along the
\ former drive as it is possible to imagine,
J is yet rich ill interest and in protean
! attractions. The possibility, if not the
: ease, of constructing a link between the
' two is obvious.
mth the two conned ihould
a ooutii sous park driveway !it
erallv uii'..- ::•' I
■ ■• auto
mobilist to make ail unbroken run from
Nev.-burg. past West Point and the in
comparable Highlands and along tin
unique I'alisades. with the superb pano-
BUM of the Hudson anil Its eastern
shore before his eyes; through the cities
which form New Jersey's part of the
American metropolis, and through some
of the most attractive suburb* thereof,
and then aloug the Atlantic Coast and
through the pine forests and sand dunes
and the rich hued meadows which
border that coast and its great sounds.
There would be In that extent of road
such variety and contrast as can
scarcely be described, and in every mile
there would be some new attraction.
The great interest of this city in the
plana la la the fact that It lies midway
YEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUXE. OTHDAT JAXT'ARY 23. 1910.
on the drive, between the mountains
and the shore. Thus each half of the
drive might be regarded as an indepen
dent road leading tnm HsW York. From
this city the driver might turn to the
north, along the cliffs and into the moun
- or he might turn south. u> th^
BjßaasJaasjß, t.:e pines, the beach and the
ocean. We know of no othor creat city
in the world which has or could easily
have a comparable possession. The
splendor of the conception and the
facility of the opportunity which is now
offered should make the practical real
ization of it assured for the near future.
GROWTH OP QBSMAB CITIES.
The rush to the cities, or. at least, the
inclination to develop groat cities, evi
dently prevails in Germany as well as
in Great Britain and America, thouzh
it seems to be a feature of rerent years,
which has arisen since the organization
of the empire. Formerly, for obvious
reasons, Germany had no great metrop
olis and no large cities, while the over
whelming masses of the people lived
outside of cities and large towns. A
century ago there were ouly two consid
erable places iv Germany — namely,
Hamburg and Berlin — neither of which
had as many as 2<>»uXH> inhabitants, in
cluding its suburbs, while Paris had
601 .< * * > aud London more than 1.000.000.
In those two places dwelt only about
1.2." per ceut of the German people.
Now rhere rre no fewer than 37 large
cities or towns in the empire of more
than 100,000 inhabitants each, embrac
g tome - n per cent of the population
of the empire.
It is reckoned ttmt af the beginning
of the last century Berliu had 181.000
inhabitants, while Paris had 608.000
and London had I.OMXOOO. By 1861 Ber
lin, as nothing but the Prussian capital,
had increased to 577.000, while Paris
numbered L£B4,GBO and London 2.!*U.
660 In the first year of the present
century the German capita] had grown
to 2.4HP.000, while Paris had grown to
only 3448,000 and iAjudon to ri.S7H.tHX>.
The causes of this marked growth of
Berlin, which has been almost paralleled
by that of Leipsic. Dresden. Munich
and other places, are various. The cre
ation of the empire is doubtless oue of
them, and the chief, since many of the
other causes are secondary to and de
pendent upon i r . The enormous devel
opment of German industries and com
merce has also contributed to it. and
this latter in turn suggests a general
and profound change in the character
of the German nation. Probably in no
ether country of Europe has the change
of occupations been so marked and so
significant. This flocking to the cities
has doubtless enormously increased the
industrial potency of the nation, but it
has made it in some important particu
lars less self-sustaining and more de
pendent upon other lands and therefore
upon the maintenance of peace with all
neighbors. The nation which depends
for prosperity upon its foreign trade
and which is compelled to look abroad
for the food of the people gives precious
hostages to peace.
WHY MARCH V
We have received the following in
quiry from a reader of The Tribune:
Will you kindly advise the writer at
what date and for what cause the date
of the Presidential inauguration was
changed from April to March 4?
We are glad to answer this question
because there seems to be so much mis
information abroad as to the legal and
constitutional warrant under which the
terms of the President and the Vice-Pres-
ident and of Senators and Representa
tives in Congress begin and end on
March 4. Only the other day some of ;
the members of the House Judiciary ■
Committee were credited with having
reached the following conclusions:
Nowhere in the Constitution is there
provision as to when the terms of the
President and the Vice- President and
members of the House and Senate shall
begin and end. Inauguration Day has j
been on .March 4. -and Congress has al- j
ways met on March 4 of every year ex- j
cept when it met in special session, but |
it was not because of any requirement |
of the Constitution or law. It has been I
due entirely to the following of prece- '
dent, and if the proposed amendment to
the Constitution Is ratified by two-thirds
of the states the next Congress will be j
the first to meet under definite authority
of the Constitution.
This statement conveys several very
erroneous impressions. The terms of
the President and the Vice-President and
members of Congress do begin on inarch
4 by virtue of ample legal and consti
tutional authority. The Constitutional
Convention, after adopting the Constitu
tion in 1757. passed a resolution author
izing: rhe Congress of the Confedera
tion, after niue states had ratified the
new federal charter and it had thus be
come effective bo far as those nine were
concerned, to fix a day on which Presi
dential and Vice-Presidential electors
should be appointed by the states, a
day on which they should assemble nnd
p President, and to ttx "the time
"and place for commencing proceedings
•*under this Constitution." On Seprem-
L7BB after nine state< had
vnrpfi for ratification, the Congress
rlie Confederation adopted this resolu
*irst Wednesday in
January next '■•■ for appointing
electors In t - tates which be
lid day shall have ratified the
in; that the first Wednes
day in February next be the day for the
electOTE to assemble in their respective
states and vote for a President, and that
the first Wednesdaj in March next be
ime and the present seat of Con
presp [New York] be the place for com
mencing proceedings under said Consti
As the Constitution fixed the term of
the President and the Vice- President at
f-mr years and the terms of members
of Conyres- sj two years, it is obvious
that those ;»>rnis must bare begun on
the lirst Wednesday < ( f March. 1780.
which happened to be March 4. They
have been rcnewesl at four and two
;-»ar intenrals ever since and must con
tinue to \>v thus renewed on suc^essiv"
Man-li 4s, unless the Constitution shall
be aincTjl...; BO :i^ to niter our political
calendar. President Washington's first
term began on March. 4,, 1789. but he did
not find it convenient to be inaugurated
<■;> thar dato mid tbe 'erenmny was
aed until Ap' ; l :K). His first term
ended and his sec d be^an on Marcn
4. 179 H. so there was no possibility of
is second April inauininition. The diife
<tf the iuaujrunitioi) «imply reverted to
the lejral and constitutional date for the
beginning of a Presidential term.
The two houses of rongress must
meet at leant once a year, und the Con
stitution flied the first Monday in
( l B|ter a* ;i suitable date, but left Con
gnm free to substitute any other date
by legislation. It is immaterial when
tiie hi sMsMe, but tenati
at Itepresentatlve fJeefeßi tor a full term
Jx-tfins that term em Manh 4 of an odd
rid draws salary for six years or
two years from that date. In HM
Twelfth Amendment to the CoufitiruUoa
Man-h 4 is mentioned as the date up to
which rhe House of Representatives
may eieet a President, if no choice lias
been made in the Electoral CoßegCi and
that amendment also provides 'h»f ! '
the House fails to elect a President the
Vice- President-elect, chosen by the Sen
ute. shall become President from March
4. There is therefore the most nmpi"
lepal and constitutional provision for
Cstfttsi Mamh 4 The initial day In the
federal yeHr. from which the terms of
the chief federal officers must be mm
The meat boycott is the millennium of
i he vegetarians.
It looks as If !n the new Parliament
the Liberals' extremity might be the Na
The era of economy Is approaching.
Why shouldn't New York cut down ex
penses by holding fewer legislative «»s
piens and having: fewer elections"
Rhode Island has declined to make
Itself a collecting- agency to dun North
Carolina for principal and interest on the
Old North State's repudiated bonds. The
Legislature has voted to return to their
owners the North Carolina securities
presented to the State Treasurer. That
action was creditable, since no common
wealth ought to feel so much "in r^ed of
the money" as to bring an action against
ajiother commonwealth for debts repre
senting no bona fide transaction or
transfer of consideration of any sort be
The Democratic minority in the House
of Representatives is talking valiantly
about opening the door to let in Oppor
tunity. All that it did when it had a
chance the other day was to open the
door and let out Rainey.
It will be well to forbid under penalty
the use of profane language through a
public telephone. It would also be un
commonly well to persuade "'Centrai" to
avoid provocations to such speech.
If the Representative who has intro
duced into Congress that anti-tipping
bill is not entitled to a Carnegie hero
prize we should like to know who is.
In the penal code of politics the dis
tinction between the offence that might
Le described as morality with malice
prepense and aforethought and the of
fence that could Justly be called acci
dental morality is not recognized.
Conspiracy is followed by counter con
spiracy in Nicaragua, and revolution
may be succeeded by counter revolution;
yet there Is ground for hope that the
much vexed republic Is steadily making
progress toward equity and established
One result of the death of Leopold,
King of the Belgians, is that now his
daughter Clementine can marry the man
of her choice. It was always difficult to
appreciate Leopold's objections to that
match. It is true that Prince Victor
Napoleon is a pretender to the French
throne, but really he is not enough of
a pretender to count seriously, and while
Belgium is a fine country it is scarcely
a great enough power to Invest with
paramount international interest the
marriage of one of Its princesses who is
not In line for succession to the throne.
It Is not supposable that France would
have cared the proverbial row of pins
about the marriage, except to wish the
THE TALE OF THE DAY.
Only the nipping cold made some passen
gers In a 34th street car a few days ago
realize that they were not in the "sunny
South." The car was full to its capacity.
and crowded next to a well dressed man
sat a negro, poorly clad and not
clean. At his feet was a dilapidated hand
bag, which he shoved closer and closer
to his neighbor's feet, until the man turned
to his dusky neighbor and said: "Don't do
that!" The words seemed to fall on deaf
ears, for presently the man repeated.
"Don't do that!" and a few minutes later.
In a louder and more emphatic tone: "Don't
do that. I said— and I'm from Georgia.'
About that time there was a negro exodus.
Blobbs— This musical is a charity affair
for the benefit of the poor.
Slobbs— l don't see just where the poor
Blohbs — Well, they don't have to be pres
THE PRICE OF MEAT
The preacher, around at the church
Where old Deacon Thrifty attends.
Spoke or parting on earth, and he said:
"We shall all meet in heaven, dear
The deacon arose with a sigh
From his sitting "way back at the rear—
"Well, we wont," he replied. "If the price
Is anything like It is here."
W. J LAIIPTOX.
"Do you live within your income 0 "
"Yes. and I'm crowded for space."— Yale
The Rev. Dr. Pockmac, a well known
New Jersty i lersyman, to;tl a story at a
men's club meeting in Jersey City of one
of his early attempts to Inculcate prohibi
tion sentiment in an audience to which he
was talking in another part of the state.
As an example of the evil elTects of liquor,
he told of taking a little worm and placing
it In a glass of water The worm enjoyed
the batn, swimming around gayly. He
took the worm out of the water and placed
it in a glass of whiskey which he had on
the table beside the water. After a few
contortions the worm gave up the battle
and was fished out dead. Just as the rev
erend doctor was about to explain the ex
ample a man with a deep baas voice in the
back of the room shouted out: "Say. doc
tor, what brand of whiskey was that?"
"How did it happen?" 1
"He was Just going to say good, old
fashioned winter,' but I hit him on the
'Discharged."— Cleveland Plain Dealer.
A number of young people received Invi
tations to a beefsteak party which will
take place at a resort wliere many "feeds"
of this kind have been held. There was
nothing remarkable about the invitations
except that they were printed un puper
which had an extremely bioaii mourning
border. The hostess of the occasion has
been a widow nearly two years, and her
friends are wondering whether the form of
invitation Is to show that she still mourns
deeply or whether the idea is to l>e con
veyed that, rrue to the depaited. she etlll
"Did you remember what I told you
about being kind to dumb pr.lmals'"' asked
m." replied Jimmy Jigg". As soon
as 1 #,ot home I took the blanket and blue
ribbon off ma's pet poodle and turned him
loose and let ntm chase a cat up a tree." —
The proprietor* of a hotel near the Grand
Central Station, long 1 known to reporters
as "Suicide Hall." might follow the ex
ample of some hotel keepers In Southern
Germany who have sent out a circular
asking persons about to take their lives
not to do it in hotels. "It Is really terri
ble." says this manifesto, "that persons
bent on suicide take a room in a hotel
for this purpose, and thus injure and alarm
not only the hotel proprietors, but also
their fellow quests Another such case ha*
jest been reported in Berlin. Surely tat re
are enough quiet places outside of a hotel
to commit suicide In. and the selection of
! a hotel constitutes an Inexplicable lack of
1 consideration ' toward their fellow men. j
\ Whoever resolves to •commit suicide might j
I be so kind as to select another spot for I
i the deed, thereby sparing the feelings of all |
t hotel guests and protecting the unfortunate j
I proprietors, who are often ruined In conse- j
i quence of such an act.
; "What are the three known dimensions?" ;
! asked the teacher at the night school. M •
"The world, the flesh and the devil.
i gasped the shaggy haired pupil, taken by
i surprise and unable at the moment to get
| his mental bearings. Chicago Tribune.
THE COW AND THE MOON.
Its Aviation Not Laughable to the
To the Editor of The Trir.'jr^
Sir: Again the prtce of meat Is going up.
■ ar. any one tell why? Is there any good
reason? Has there been a go«d reason
for Its steady rise for the last f-w years"
Must we continue to "pay, pay. pay." with
out protest, however high the prices soar?
Shall we continue to heap ducats upon
■Mas who already have more than enough"
The wholesaler attempts to shift all
blame; but if the cattle raiser is the bene
ficiary, why Is he going out of the busi
ness? If the retailer Is getting the extra
money, why does he not show signs of pros
perity? And why is it that the wholesale
man Is a man of wealth, whose fortune
is steadily on the Increase?
Is It necessary that the price of corn,
the gold question or other excuses enter
Into th* discussion, when we realize the
great and increasing wealth of the whole
sale man? is not thts quite enough to
prove that the consumer will be squeezed
as long as he consents to be?
We are encouraged that there is to be
an Investigation by Congress, but while
the matter Is going through the "circum
locution office" I would suggest to your
readers that they register a vow to ab
stain from b-iying meat after the first day
of February until the prices ar» reduced
to reasonable figures. It may be that In
this way. and in this way only, the con
sumer will be able to protect himself.
G. L. SHERWOOD.
Brooklyn. Jan. 22. 1910.
COUNTY GOVERNMENT PUZZLES.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: When a city occupies an entire
county, as the city of New York does, why
is tt necessary to have a city anJ a county
government? If the city is the county and
the county Is the city, why aren't they one
and the same? The two might have a
legal existence as separate organizations,
but why actual, with two governments?
New York. Jan. 21. 1910.
THE WAYS OF LABOR UNIONS.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir. I read in to-day's Tribune that a
petition has been made for an Injunction
restraining the shirtwaist strikers or their
sympathizers from interfering In the busi
ness of the petitioner. Permit me to call
attention to a condition relative to the
above which demands Immediate consid
The summit of human unreason is
reached when some advocates of «»qual suf
frage take a hand in the affairs of the
strikers and afford them the very comfort-
Ing Information that they are being op
pressed, that their rights are denied them.
and then proceed to drive them into a state
bordering on anarchy ! In the name of all
that Is Just and reasonable, what Justified
these persons In Interfering?
It is the truth that If you were to place
the workers in the shoes of their employers
they would practise the very same methods
they decry ' It is the "curse of gol<s" when
we have not got it. but it becomes "the
blessing of the rich" when we have. Triese
employers have risen from the ranks by
their own intellect.
There Is a decided inconsistency in the
stand taken by labor unions. They make
demands which, if acceded to. would be
the ruination of any business. They say
"no employer shall dictate to us." and then
proceed to dictate to the employer !
There Is a tendency to decry th° methods
of the trusts In restraining trade. But
what shall be said of the labor unions who
demand unreasonable conditions and If
they are not granted tie up business and
restrain trade by striking? If the employ
er endeavors to relieve the situation by em
ploying men to fill the places of the strikers,
the latter resort to mob rule, and when the
police Interfere to restore order they pro
test. AVEL B. SILVERMAX
N- w Tork. Jan. 20. 1910.
THE FOOD PROBLEM.
! To The Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: The very same thing that I had
been thinking about I see this morning
i written out in a letter to The Tribune,
j namely, that if It took the whole- dollar to
| buy twelve eggs and a pound of butter,
j with what would a poor person buy the
i remaining life essentials? It did not ap-
I pear In the contemplation of the matter
| that being changed to a Democrat would
j mend the situation. One rather felt as If
the wiser course would be to become either
a spirit with no craving for bread and
j butter, or else a sensible, self-supporting
As for blaming th© government, that is
hardly fair; but it does seem that food
j products needed here in these United
i States should not be sent away to other
So many changes of peo^'e, of climate.
of politics, of ideas and religions sweep
; over the land ana alter conditions that a
hundred Presidents could not possibly keep
: everything in apple pie order. Indeed, had
. it not been for the recer.t conscience
; awakening period of the ••Big: Stick Man"
. we might have been worse OS! than we are.
■ However, it Is to be hoped that no spirit
j of greed or misapplication of its resources
: will take away from this "Land of the
Free" Its tine reputation of beintr to the
i great and small also the proverbial land
: that "flows with milk and honey."
Brooklyn. Jan. 13, 1910. M. LODGE.
A NOTABLE ANNOUNCEMENT.
From The Editor and Publisher.
The New-York Tribune is this week be
ing generously congratulated because of
its big beat in announcing the coming re
tirement to private life of Governor Charles
E. Hughes of New York. The future of
Governor Hughes has been for some time
a matter of intense interest to the Empire
State and of great interest throughout the
Last Monday The Tribune printed an
article stating that the Governor would not
accept a renomlnation. No one was quoted
nor was it said that the information had
come from the Governor, yet the article
was so well and convincingly written that
the other editors in New York instantly
accepted it as Inspired, and referred to
The Tribune story.
Next day. Tuesday. The Tribune printed
an authorized interview with Governor
Hughes, given to the Tribune bureau at
Washington, corroborating the story of the
prior day. The fact that so many contem
poraries frankly ami cordially credited The
Tribune with the beat has caused unusual
interest and comment among the members
of the profession In New York. CIHDer! »
INSURANCE. NOT PENSIONS.
From The Buffalo Express.
The State Civil Service Commissioner*
have pretty sensible views on the subject
of pensions. They remark that the average
of wages in the state and municipal «•»■
vice Is as high as the average m prj vat "
employ, but that if any superannuation
scheme Is to be fostered by the state «r
should take the form of life insurant
rather than an outright gift from the nuh
lie treasury. v °"
ON A SORE SPOT. TOO.
From The Watertown Times.
The price of shoes is to be advanced
That is where the cost of living pinches.
BIG GAME HUNTING.
From The Schenectady Union.
. f 11 * 8 fiajrnor la having as much .f Ua
baiting th« tixer In N*-w York a a T R it
having tpe*rtag Uoiia m Africa. xv *•
People and Socicl Inci^j
AT THE WHITE HOUSE.
[From The Trtßose Bureau. 3
Washington. Jan. tt— Most of the Presi
dent's callers to-day congratulated him or.
.inner in which affairs in ' 'ongreee
are gradually becoming straightened out
and the prospect that the more important
features of hi* legislative programme will
rtovemor Stubbs of Kansas who was ac
rompar.:-.J •>•■ 3*r.ato- bMSSSW SSxsbSßbJ
'•-- talking with the President that In
the opinion of Kansas Rspotllcans Mr.
Taft Is "iittklnf food." Hs said the peo
ple and press si Kansas are with the
Representative Fish, of New Tork. was
tmonc those to express their gratification
at the prospect of Mr. Taffs success.
The President told Representative Fom.
the chairman, and Representative Roberta.
a member of th« Committee on Naval Af
fairs, that he was most anxious Congress
should make provl»ton for two new battle
ships at this session.
General Charles H. Orosvenor, former
Representative from Ohio, win be appoint
ed by the President a member of the
-na :ga Park Battlefield Commission-
Senator Burrows urged the President to
appoint Major Eugene Fechet. signal corps.
U. S. A., a brigadier general in order that
Major Fechet. who is the only signal corps
officer who saw service In the Civil "War.
may retire with the higher rank.
The President was suffering from a heavy
cold this afternoon and did not return to
his office after luncheon.
Miss Anderson and Miss Kathertne An
derson, nieces of Mrs. Taft. have joined
their mother. Mrs. Charles Anderson, as
guests of the President and Mrs. Taft at
the White House. Miss Louise Terry., the
aunt of the President. Is still a guest there.
THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS.
[From The Tribune Bureaux.]
Washington. Jan 2. — Mme. Nabuco,
widow of the Brazilian Ambassador, has
arranged to take her official leav<» sj
Vashington, accompanied by the members
of her fami'.y. or. February 3.
The Danish Minister and Countess Moltke
have as house guests at the legation Mr.
and Mrs. William S. Patten, of Boston, the
latter the sister of Countess MoUke. Count
and Countess Moltke entertained guests at
dinner in their honor to-night.
The Spanish Minister will receive a larpe
number of diplomats and members of so
ciety at the legation to-morrow, the recep
tion being in honor of the Kings saint
Lieutenant Camperio. Italian naval at
tache, will go to New York to-morrow to
Join In the festivities incident to the visit
of the Etruria. and another Italian ship
now at ancaor there.
Signor Atllla Regolo de Luca. r»cent!y
appointed attache of the Italian Embassy,
t HI arrive here in the near future.
IN WASHINGTON SOCIETY.
'From The Tribune Bureau.]
Washington. Jan. 22.— The Vice- President
and Mrs. Sherman were the guests or honor
at a dinner sriven to-night by the Speaker
and Miss Cannon. Other guests were the
Italian Ambassador and Baroness Mayor
dcs Planches, th^ Assistant Secretary af
the Navy and Mrs. Beekman Wintnrop and
a number of Senators and Representatives.
The Speaker and Miss Cannon will have as
house guests Mr and Mrs. J. Loose, of
Kansas City, who w:l: arrive here or.
Wednesday, to remain for some time.
The Attorney General and Mrs. Wicker
sham were the guests of honor at a dinner
given to-night by Mr. and Mrs. Ten Evck
Wendell, who also entertained Mrs. Jonn
Wyeth. Mrs. Beach Grant. Major General
and Mrs. Gillespie and others.
The Secretary- of War and Mrs. Dickin
son, the Japanese- Ambassador and Baron
ess Uchida. the new Minister to China and
Mrs. W. J. Calhoun and Mr and Mrs.
Henry S. Welcome, of England, were
among the twenty sraests entertained at
dinner to-night by Mr and Mrs. John W.
Rear Admiral and Mrs. Richardson Clo
ver have as house guests Mr. and Mrs.
George F. Clover and Miss Maey Bishop,
or New York, who arrived here yesterday
to attend the large bal! giver, at Rauscher's
las* night by their hosts.
Among the numerous hosts enterta:n:r.~
dinner Darties to-night were Senator Kean
and his mother. Mrs. Kear. . Mrs. George
Merrill. Mr. and Mrs. William Corcoran
Hii: and Colonel and Mrs. Charles L. ilc-
The secretary of the Smnnsonian .
tion and Mrs. Charles Lv Waleott enter
tained s'.xt-e:; BVsata at dinner to-n:.
honor of the British Ambassador ana Mrs.
Major and Mrs Andre r.-e^vster enter
tained guests at luncheon ti»-day ir. com
pliment to the new Minister to China and
Mrs. W. J. Calhoun.
Mrs. George M. Sternberg revived a large
ccompany at tea this sAanssasi being as
sisted by Mrs. William L^ng-tftt. Mrs.
Joseph Farrard. Mrs. Thomas H. Anderson.
Mrs. James Dudley Morgan. Mrs Herbert
Knox Smith. Miss Leonora Finley, Miss
Marthena Harrison. Miss Frances Webster,
Miss Eleanor Parker and others.
Mrs. Henry Cleveland Perkins and Mrs.
Joseph E. Thropp were among the host
esses giving teas this afternoon.
Mrs. James W Plnchot is entertaining for
some days Miss Eno ar« Miss French, af
New York, both of whom are bein? con
Mr. and Mrs. W:i!:am P. Eno wJD go to
New York to-morrrw for a week s i
NEW YORK SOCIETY.
Ksss T< rk si v.:st at pres
of the eelataatssi
8891 tSSBBSdJ .
ssva nave as yet
been no specta • ities ro
be round of entertainments
velopin? into a i ' continuous per
formance, and dances, weddings, dinners,
theatre parties, luncheons, tabteaua and
even morning concerts succeed one another
wiih such rapidity as to leave our little
time :or oreathmg spells, iet alone rest.
Weddings occupy a particularly conspic
uous place on the programme for the week.
and among the most notable are those of
Miss Blanche Oeirichs and Leonard M.
Thomas, and of Miss Elizabeth How land
and Magistrate Frederic Kernochan. both
of which are set for Wednesday. Miss
Oelnohas marriage will take place at the
Park avenue home of her parents. Mr and
Mrs. Charles M. Oeirichs. Miss Cecilia May
will be the maid of honor and
leen Vanderbllt. daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
Reginald Vanderbllt. and the equally di
minutive Charles Martin son of Mr and
Mrs. Peter L> Martin, wil! r.
bearers. William S. Hltt wili be Iks best
man, :in<i t: ■• wi!i consist o:
ne!l Isehn. William Post. James Bur
Markoe Rooertson. Adolph Bon? and
Charley and Ham. v)e!nchs. The ceremony
will be performed by the Right R*\ M>r
signer Lavelle, of St. Patrick's Cathedrai.
in the presence of near relatives and a few
Intimate friends, and wili be followed Sy a
Kiizabeth Howland .« wedding will
take place in the <Jhureh uf the Transdg-
u ration, where the ceremony wili be per
formed by Bishop McVlckar The bride
will be given away by her grandfather.
Colonel Fredertck Newbold Lawrence, and
will be attended by her sisters. Miss Hsr
tense and Miss Nathalie Howland
ney Ksrnochan wUI be the best man. A
•mall reception will follow at the home of
OSJSBJSj LSJBJBSSJH <r. \\ r_«t .7::- BsMH
Mr». James B. Haotn and Mrs. August
Heclucher both give dinner dances on
Thursday. That of Mrs tUggra. * waleh
Ph«nu Incraham will lead the cotilioa. to
to be at the dt R««U. and tnat or Mrs
Heckscher at her hose, or »£v
It is tor Miss Antoinette He.- w >
John Claain has a dance on"^ 1
night for Miss Bessie Clsjbsb>* *S
which win also be the seen* .^
tag of a dance given by U.-, £<*,
venor Goodrid** for ilia, rJJ*^
kins. Mrs. James Brown sJsTS**
theatre party followed by **" »'■
dance at her tons*, en Bsaft^H
that nls;ht. "**^
On Saturday airs. Jcha H. j wi _
theatre party. followed by a jea?!^
it— li at her home, m East ;3&* r *
her niece. Miss Charlotte Wy~H """*
of Mr. and airs. Gears* x. w~. ' *
the sane night airs. Claresc. eJ£
gives at her home, on Madlaac^ ■
large dinner, followed by a n^?**
which Geraldlne Farrar Ed~<ysi
and Fritz Krelsier win be £££
The Symphony dab «f X#w -,
Its annual concert at the Plas* 4 ' 3 *. 3
under the direction of David JsZj
orchestral music being' fmrtabs*^ 1^
lv by amateurs, and to-TaorravV"'
there will be the last of the saUsS
certs organized by Albert Morris lv!'
the Waldorf-Astoria. Caruso B«bj2
programme. *"- *
As usual at this time of y»ar -^
<H|iwu are In town They tasssk
Robert Innes-Ker. his sister, l*j*. -
Collins, and the Litter's frosssst t
Fellowes Collins, who hare bsaj
at the Plaza; th- Hon. Geer« 2
younger brother of Lord Adenasw ,
registered at the Waldorf-AsjlT
Marquis tie Beauvoir. vtte t» cs*^
oldest member of the ''■sell Jssssi
the Comt© Joseph de Kergarioa. *s^
his way to Guatemala and who _
scendant of the Bretsn -osja* *»*
gariou. who was with T llifsisi J
War of Independence, Is a tpuh^
Order of the Cincinnati; p aststo %i
Horace L. Hood, formerly i»*j» m
of the British Embassy at "VTashi— ,.
a younger son of Viscotmt Hoed; j^J*.
Augusta Fane and Amy, Ls4y £ a > (
widow of the late Lord Chief £43.
Many dinners will be gn«i <a ~J
ni*ht in connection with the asasa j
ity Ball for the b«ne2t <jf me JtsjJ
Child's Hospital. It win takssaatJ
Waldorf-Astoria, and Major Gsbsbjii
and the officers of h!3 staS --^i ■>.
or's Island; Rear Admiral Ttiinswx c
large contingent of sssesrs ftvßatj
yard in Brooklyn, as well aa tfts^J
of the military staff of the Qmsm
New York, will be present in fiSj^J
The ball has been one at tie ssjsiad
tutions of the New York seacs^
last half century md the ess ■*■■
xrient of a senii-public "iractsrr m
the fashionable world aiwars si
Mrs. Payne Whitney. Its. Banal!
"Vanderbllt. Mrs. Arthur Scott Bass.l
Mildred Carter. Miss lons Pa??.2aSi3
Jone Gould. Mrs. Harry Psjas^H
and Mrs. Sidney Brees* are snsaa
who will appear in the araasa 52
mimes which are to take piasj sTi
New Theatre on Friday a£ansjs>l
ruary IS. for the benefit of tie 3faSela]
Settlement. The music win be ftnaSss
the New York Symphony Orehsmi
der the direction of Walter Dsssssai
first pantomime presented will m -jsjj
Dance Another win be "Jack Itsa
Midsummer." which will be daacsda*
mal music by Edward Burlmssat 1
The third pantomime will be "Bsßsl
the Tomb of Agamemnon." to sag
Massenet. Among the -arroassssi ml
W. Pierson Hamilton. Mrs. Prss* i H
erbee. Mrs. Herbert I* Satrerieet.3Ea. i
Fairneld Osborn and Mrs. Ftsanl
"Captain Jinks" has tees selects* 5r
Junior League for its -- .1 -"■
entertainment, which takes pises c
Plaza on February .- Miss Lam IS
ston Is president of the leases :i- " "«
which, as usual, is composed cf iszx
of the season. N
James Watson Webb gives' tisSS
bachelor dinner at Delrnonicos on £
day next, when Ma guests will aras*
men who are ie officiate a3 .3IIS»SJ
occasion of his marriage ta JEss 2*
Havemeycr. on February 3 ti S. 3
tbolomeWs Church. Miss RiTesca?
a dinner for her bridal attc£(ixns*
same evening at her ho^e. as 225: i
The Austrian Ambassador is «•■■*
town on. Tuesday fcrr a i*w <*&• '
will, as usual, make his hea&yaso
the St. P.egis.
J. Montgomery Strong led t£» ec:2s
the dance last nighi ot tie Sarcriaj *
ing Dancing Class, at Betacnfctf* «
ia under the patronage of llrs. Crc-
Huntington, Mrs. Georsre Bfxarf
Mrs. John Erving and *"• E. x«
Mrs. H. Fatrtield Osbcra vrJl ?i»**
ncr on Thursday at her hosse. '■* 2**
avenue, afterward taking her %***
the second Cinderella cotillon of «'
son at Sherry's- The oß " ttu !_j
rangement- for the Ibsjoi WjrfJ
John Turner Atterbury. Mrs. Ko&«v
Forest. Mrs. Henry R- H«t **"«■
Cass Ledyard. Mrs. 11. r'aasss* •
and Mrs. Charles Ste^le.
* Mrs. Ridse!y Hunt, of S:st s^f"
will give a dinner ami theatrs P*--^
her daughter. Hiss Virginia l£—
Hunt, on Tuesday a=d also «io_TS~
Dr. and Mrs. Preston P. Sa«r"Af^.
gone to Atlantic City, and are a- *-*
borough-Blenheim for a few ia^
Mr. and Mrs. Blrdseye »S*SSST^
are at No. 25 East 30ta street »■
mainder of the winter.
St. Geors»'s Church, StayttsaeJ^
has been selected by Miss Saraa
for the scene of her wedtiS? -
Litchaeld. son of the Ute 3 4
Willis E. UtchSeld. oa Ti- ?»«s1
The ceremony will be follow*- "^J(
tion given by the mother of tse
I^wis Boudinot Atterbury.. ** ."*
in West Kth street.
SOCIAL NOTES FROM NE* r *
IBy T*l«sr*pb to Th» **Tf%^l
Newport. Jan. --Mr. " d J^ls3
C. Vanderbtlt and Mr. ,-A ***-: ,sd
Spencer, jr.. werf arsons u £ g&i
from New Yorte this eveniaS- »
Viinderbilt will spend a few s»^
ing their country pJa« h«rc ,- ■''
Danie! Leßoy Dresser U 3»i>v
sister. Mrs. John Nicholas *" m '
SPANISH ■ — it""*-**!
SPANISH SECRETARY "^
Madrid. Jan. 2— Seflor gj«*^-y
. been chosen to succeed Ds- r^^
as secretary of the 9paaiss
Washing' will remain "'"
in the Foreign Office. SeSor *"^.
second secretary of -be isViß L ot gS^'
at Caracas, v. as to-day P" 53 "
Ant secretary at Waahtagtoay . I
::.. " _ -^"aHjt^
NEW DEPARTMENT *° F ~. 3> ',j
; It was announced last ># *.
partment of experiment^ tl^ ji
created by the board of di !j*J !t »*'
Rockefeller Institute for il^V^.^^
aud that Professor I **** **£&?
University of California, bad W*
ed as its head. He will •*•**' <
the department on JvXtA n<fX r" 54 t* ■
Loebs biologtcal expertmenW (
tracted world-wld« attention.