Newspaper Page Text
topics were discussed, including the ad
visability of sending regulars on the
Chautauqua circuit. Representative
Bartholdt, of Missouri/ delighted the old
line regulars -with a. stirring eulogy of
the Speaker. After the meeting one of
the leaders of the organization and the
chairman of an Important committee
. "My attitude is tills: I have received
•very consideration from Speaker Can
non and I am with him to the death. So
long as he is a candidate? 1 will work for
him. I would be the originator of in
pratitude and disloyalty if 1 did .-other
wise, even though it cost me my seat in
ANIMALS STILL EAT.
Despite Wail at High Prices
hi/ Zoological Curator.
According to Director Hornaday of the
Zoological Gardens in Bronx Park, it costs
more to feed a lion now than at any time
in the history of the gardens. It Is equally
true of nearly all the hoof stock besides,
for though hay and grains have not been so
high this year as last, the trend of prices
has been upward and not down for three
or four years. Of the oighty-two varieties
of food used, the greater proportion' show
in increase in cost. For the eleven months
ended on January 10. 1910, the total food
expenditure for all mammals, birds an
reptiles, amounted to $26.390 23. The entire
collection mm includes 5.52S living things.
More as an indication of the growth since
its inception, in 1899. than as an exam
ple of the difference in cost of food will it
be of interest to give the first year's food
expenditure. In 1&99 It was only $1,845.
But. as Director Hornaday say a lion
and a bear eat just as much when prices
are high as when low. So does a hippo
potamus, but the latter, in proportion, does
not cost as much as a lion or tiger, because
the former can be induced to oat most any
thing, while the carnivorous animals stick
to a meat diet principally.
The issue of the supplies from the park
steward, or "cook," as he is called, for the
lion house in one day showed a total of 150
pounds of meat. This commodity, according
'to Mr. Hornaday, has taken another stride
upward in price in the last two weeks.
Of course, the manner of buying meat,
which is purchased by the ton, keeps it
lower than otherwise, but even at that It
costs two cents more a pound now than it
used to. The lion house takes in. besides
the lions, tigers, pumas, leopards and jag
uar?, the greatest meat eating animals in
the park. A normal day, though, sees the
consumption by all meat eating animals of
The eighty-two varieties of food on the
menu include everything from puffed rice
to horseflesh.. The monkeys like eggs and
condensed milk, as well as apples and bana
nas. In one day the "cook** Issued twelve
apples, eighty-five bananas, eight loaves of
bread, four cans of milk and thirty-two
eggs to the primates. Is there any wonder
why the enthusiastic youngsters who want
to feed peanuts indiscriminately each Sun
day are forbidden to do so?
It is when the elephant house is reached
that the daily stipend, especially In vege
table?, reaches a highwater mark. This
house takes in the "rhinos" and "hippo"
and the tapirs, besides the three elephants.
The "cook" had to issue eighteen loaves of
bread, sixteen quarts of carrots, a dozen
heads of cabbage, many Quarts of potatoes
and a goodly portion of fruit on a normal
day recently. That was "topped off' with
clover hay. One water soaked loaf of
bread for a hippopotamus with a dozen
loaf capacity wouldn't be any more rea
sonable than one frog for a snake with a
NOT A BABY IN THE BAG.
Ventriloquist Causes Excitement on
Broadway and Is Arrested.
An excited crowd of men' and" women fol
lowed a man on Broadway, from i>'ith to
♦sth street last owning. " The man had a
bag on his shoulder and . the cries of a
child were heard, apparently coining from,
the bag. Women cried out that a child
was being kidnapped and called upon
other members of the crowd to bear wit
nesm. The cries continued and the crowd
increased, until Patrolman Lee, of the
west 47th street station, arrested the man
with the bag at the corner of Broadway
and 4.'.th street. The officer found that the
bag was filled with paper and discovered,
be Faid, that the prisoner was a ventrilo
quist and had been producing the cries In
imitation of a child.
The prisoner, Thomas Edwards, was
fined a dollar on a charge of disorderly
conduct by Magistrate O'Connor.
PASSED HIS BODY AT SEA.
Mrs. Edgar B. Larimer, wife of Lieuten
ant Larimer. 1" S. N.. Stationed at the Naval
Academy at Annapolis, arrived here yester
day on tin Cunarder Campania, after a hur
ried but vain trip to be at the bedside of
her father. Rear Admiral "William Turn
bull, before he died In Wales.
Mr.-- Larimer ' left New York two weeks
ago on the Umbria in response to a cable
message telling of her father's Illness. A
dispatch announcing her father's death
appeared in the newspapers on the morning
She sailed, but Mrs. Larimer did not learn
the news until the Umbria was out to sea.
She learned later that the body had been
put aboard the steamship Haverford, bound
from England fur Philadelphia, and after a
wait of twenty-four hours in Liverpool, *he
returned to New York on the Campania.
HELD IN MURDER CASE. -
A man. •■■■ '• said lie was Morris Jacobs,
a laborer, of Second avenue, near Jl«sth'
street, was locked up in the Ea&t I2(jth
street station last night as a saspiicioos
person because be answered in a faint
d>gr*-<? to the description of the slayer of
the Lomas and Shibley boys.
On the day after the- shooting, the po
lice nay, David Blanko. a schoolboy, of
No. 233*5 Second avenue, reported that a
very nervous man with a three-weeks'
growth of beard Had bussed a cup of t<v<
rom bis mother. Policemen were gent to
'•.ok for the man but could not find him..
Last night, they say. young Blanko saw
Jacobs on Third avenue, near !22d street
and Dinted him out to Patrolman Meade,
who placed him iirid<-i- arrest. A child's
rattle and half a doz^n clay pipes were
found in the man's pockets.
LOW INTEREST RATES
You wish to borrow at the lowest
interest rate. We are a great mort
gage exchange where borrowers and
lenders come every day in great num
bers. If there are lenders at low rates
we know it and our borrowers profit.
If you even consider borrowing, come
in and get our advice.
AND TRUST C 9
Capital and Surplus, - 514,000,000
1 76 b'wey, N. V 1 75 hemirn St, BkJya.
350 Fulton St., Jamaica.
Your Watch rs yourTimcTable
! HEW JERSEY CENTRAL!
Between New York and Philadelphia
A 1 wo- hour train #iv hour on th"
hour from 7 A M to »i P. M , in a ddl
tion to oth*r trains. Tea minutes be-
U>lf the hour fro,,, VV.hI -;,i St. On
tj . boar from Liberty, fct.
Parlor curs on all train*. Jijijinr
*-er» mornlnjr, noon and night. si,f.i,, r ,
on midnight train. Hard Coal! No
Smokr! • «m:'nrl ; "•- ■■■
[ NEW YORK to PHIUDELPHIA I
M^° HOUR TRAIN
ICvgPhVniL>r>N the. HOUR I
PREDICT LOS (i FIGHT.
Forces Gather for Coming
( Iticago Investigation.
IBy Telegraph to Th» Tribune 1
Chicago, Jan. 23. — With the heads of all
the big packing houses gathered here and
attorneys arrayed on each pide. the rov
ornment's investigation of the dressed meat
Industry is expected to be ready for action
when the federal grand jury convenes to
morrow. The hearing Into the high price
of meats may last for BfSsta.
Subpoenas have been prepared to bring
before the Jury witnesses from all depart
ments of the packing house business. It Is
promised that this inquiry will surpass all
former investigations for thoroughness.
Th<' packers are ready for combat. "All
I have to cay." said J. Ogden Armour, "is
that such co-operation as may exist among
the packers is a benefit to the public,
rather than the reverse."
Three lines of action have been outlined.
These are: Criminal prosecution for al
leged violation of the anti-trust law; civil
action for the dissolution of the National
Packing Company, and contempt proceed
ings for alleged violation of Judge Gross
cup's injunction restraining the packers
from fixing prices In restraint of trade.
Practically all of the evidence gathered
by the government in a previous iiivesti
gation, it is said, has been abandoned and
entirely new data obtained in the last few
months will be utilized.
Much interest has been taken here In the
appointment of Charles B. Morrison, spe
cial assistant to the Attorney General, to
the post of federal master in chancery.
Mr. Morrison has been made thoroughly
familiar with the beef situation.
A master in chancery will be selected by
the court to take evidence if District At
torney Sims files civil proceedings against
the packers. It is said the packers would
oppose Mr. Morrison in this capacity on
the ground that his previous experience has
Mr. Sims discussed the inquiry to-day
with his chief assistant, James H. Wilker
son; Robert W. Childs, the grand jury ex
pert of the District Attorney's office, and
with William R. Medaris, specially de
tailed on the inquiry by the Department
of Justice at Washington.
Most of the subpoenas which were pre
pared this morning are for employes of
the National Packing Company, which Is
aimed at in particular by ihe government,
and those of prime importance will be
served to-morrow morning by deputies in
the office of United States Marshal Luman
There are three forms of indictment
■which may be used by the government.
The packers may be indicted as indi
viduals, they may be indicted collectively
on a charge of conspiracy to violate the
Sherman ajiti-trust law, or the National
Packing Company may be indicted as a
corporation, as well as one or all of the
three corporations— Armour, Swift and
Morris— officers and directors of which are
the official and financial sponsors for the
business operated by the National.
Indictment under the first of these three
forms is considered the least likely to be
attempted, because of the difficulty In
showing a court and jury the actual in
dividual intent of one packer to violate the
law. The conspiracy charge and a charge
against the packing companies themselves
are held to be most logical.
BO ) V OTT SPREA DS.
Gains lAtile Foothold in Large
A spread of the meat boycott was re
ported from many of the smaller cities
throughout the country yesterday. Action
was taken at only three points near New
York— Poughkeepsie, Holyoke, Mass., and
Pawtucket, R. I.
At a meeting of the Glass Blowers'
Union, in Poughkeepsie, the members voted
unanimously to abstain from using meat
after February 1. The resolution Is to re
main in effect until the price of meat has
reached a much lower level.
The Central Labor Union, of Holyoke,
Mass., voted yesterday to abstain from the
use of meat for thirty days, beginning Jan
uary 30. About three thousand organized
workmen are affected. The South HolyoKe
Lyceum voted to buy no meat for an in
definite period, and other organizations are
preparing to join the movement.
At Pawtucket five' hundred workingmen
pledged themselves to abstain from meat
for thirty days. This is the first Rhode
Island point to take decisive action.
Features of the boycott yesterday were
attacks on the persons responsible for the
prevailing high prices by clergymen In
Pittsburgh Baltimore, Atlanta and New
Orleans, It was asserted that the needs of
man should not be mad© the vehicle for
Cain, and the congregations were urged to
join the movement to eschew meat.
Among the new points where the move
ment is reported as either advancing ac
tively or as projected are Minneapolis and
Duluth, Minn.; Los Angeles, Spokane and
Bellngham. Wash.; Detroit, Grand Rapid*
and Kalamazoo. Mich"; Macon and Au
gusta, <;a.; Hagerstown and other points in
Maryland; Terre Haute, Ind.; Lincoln,
Neb.; Morfcantovyi; W. Va.; Norfolk, Va.,
and Nashville, Term.
The movement has gained strength in
few of the large cities of the country. In
Chicago no general plan has been adopted
toward Inducing: the public to abstain from
meat. The Chicago Federation of Labor
has a special committee at work to Investi
gate the subject but no action has yet
lieen taken. Philadelphia has taken no no
tice of the movement.
Pittsburg. Jan. 23.— The meat boycott,
which had its first local support among
Hie streetcar men. lias spread to the great
industrial plants of the river valleys, and
even the iron workers, miners and glass
blowers are taking to a vegetable diet.
Five thousand Westinghouse employes
have Joined the boycott. At Braddock, one
of the largest iron working communities,
it is admitted at butcher shops that busi
ness has fallen off from 40 to 60 per cent.
Other river towns report similar declines.
Many butchers here have closed their
Meatless menus were presented to diners
in some of the PltUbUTg hotels to-day, and
they proved popular. Here is one of them:
Cream of spinach soup; broiled whitellsh,
maitie ,ie hotel sauce; fried jack salmon)
tomato same; California asparagus on
toast, notlandafse sauce; oyster patties
stuffed green poppers; baked macaroni; ro
ll.am. salad; .spaghetti Italien; Boston
baked beans; mashed, boiled and brown
potatoes; carrots and peas; fried hominy;
pineapple pudding, vanilla ice- cream and
Cleveland, Jan. 23.— The meat boycott hero
has placed a sharp check on the Incoming
supply Although a canvass of all the re
tail butcher Shops In the Ist Ward, a repre
sentative middle class section of the city,
shows a falling off in trad.; of from one
half to three-fourths, the exceedingly small
receipts of livestock here have operated,
according to the butchers, to keep prices
up. The decline on beef has been only 1,"»
cents on the hoof and on lamb 10 cents.
Two hundred iragonloads of .chickens
[brought in from Hie country were rejected
yesterday, commission men declaring thai
they could n.Jt sell fowls at all.
The number of active boycotterß Of meat
has reached. Us.«M, according to the men
who have the petitions in charge. It is not
believed that the number will greatly in
crease, as the United Trades and Labor
council lias asked all union men to boy
cott the boycott, and th* more prosperous
. lasses have ignored Jt. " I \
Ujiirn-ine OiouEcnd auU-juekt "' eater*
\EW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. MONDAY, .TAX-VARY- 24,, 1010.
ha\e drafted ■ petition Io be pr«S)sated to
the statp Legislature asking thai .-i tax i>»
Imposed on all food products held In cold
storage over thirty tejTS.
Petitions to < "ongress to place an export
tax on meat, in hopes that prices would be
lowered thereby, will be started here Moa
Baltimore, Jan. 23.— 1n addition to the
garment worker?, right thousand men,
members of unions affiliated with the Fed
eration of Labor, have definitely pledged
themselves to abstain from meat for thirty
days. Butchers have been compelled to
drop prices two to four cents a pound.
From Hagerstown COmes the Information
that the boycott is being spread by an end
less chain process. Other towns In various
parts of the state also report the spread of
the boycott. i \^.f- ;
"When the Legislature reconvenes on
Tuesday Senator Crothers, of Cecil County,
will introduce a joint resolution calling
upon Congress for an immediate investiga
tion of the high prices of foodstuffs, and,
should this disclose responsibility on the
part of any trusts, that the Attorney Gen
eral be Instructed to prosecute immediately,
and also that, in such event, all such food
stuffs be placed on the free list.
St. liOtiis, Jan. 23. — The anti-meat cru
sade in this city suffered its first setback
this afternoon, when tho Central Trades
and Labor Council, representing 75,000
union men, voted down a resolution to eat
no meat for thirty days. The resolution
was rejected on the ground that such ac
tion would cause suffering.
The Retail Butchers' Association dis
cussed the cause for high meat prices this
afternoon. A resolution was adopted de
claring that the high prices are, caused by
the demand of foreigners for veal and
young pigs, which prevents cattle and pigs
from growing: up, and results in turn in a.
scarcity of cattle and hogs. ;
A memorial was addressed to Secretary
Wilson asking him to take immediate steps
to cultivate the tastes of foreigners to the
meat of full grown animals.
William Moody, of East St. Louis, presi
dent of the National Association of Stock
Exchange*, says the high prices should be
regarded as a blessing instead of a men
ace, and that the laboring man should de
mand more money for his labor rather than
abstain from eating meat.
THE PACKERS' SIDE.
J. Ogden Armour Discusses
Chicago. Jan. 23.— "Beef is only about
half a cent higher than it was a year ago,"
said J. Ogden Armour to-day. "Like
many other things, it has risen during the
last few years, but this is because its
production has not kept pace with the de
"More people are buying meat and are
buying more meat than ever before, while
stock raising has shown little if any
change. Consequently higher meat pre
vails. Secretary "Wilson in his annual re
port described the situation accurately
when he said that the shrinkage of the
cattle range area had resulted in a greater
percentage of corn-fed beef and higher
"Our published statements tell the whole
story. They show that when meat is high
the packer as well as the retailer and con
sumer must pay more for it. The packers
do not dictate the prices."
MAY JOIN FOOD BOYCOTT.
Longshoremen Adopt Resolutions Look
ing to Co-operation.
By a resolution adopted by its executive
committee last night the Longshoremen's
Union Protective Association, with .forty
flve hundred members, is committed to the
country-wide agitation against the high
prices of food. "Prices have advanced so
suddenly," says the resolution, "and to
such an unreasonable extent, that we are
x'nprepared to meet the demands of exist
ence, not to mention such unavoidable ex
penses as rent, fuel, clothing and other
The president of the committee is di
rected to appoint a committee to discover
the best means of co-operating with the
other elements of the lower price propa
ganda. The meeting of the union"? execu
tive committee was held in Crotty's Hall,
No. 420 Hudson street. Richard J. Butler,
the president, presiding.
SAYS AVERAGE PRICES NORMAL.
Stock Raiser Blames Demand for
[By Telegraph to The Tribune.]
Austin, Tex.. Jan. 23— "Ike" T. Pryor,
former president of the Texas Cattle
Raisers' Association, president of the
Trans-Mi.«Pissippi Congress, and who ha.s
extensive livestock interests, said to-day:
"I do not consider the price of meat is
unusually high In view of the cost of pro
duction and other conditions. There are
not enough choice cuts to supply those
v. ho will take nothing else. The pri,-.. ..f
average meat is normal.
"The mere boycott of this one industry
will not solve the problem. Centralization
in the cities, abandonment of farms and
general decline in range and farming in
dustries are the pith of the whole trouble."
HOUSE TO BEGIN AN INQUIRY
Sub-Committee Will Go Into High Price
Washington. Jan. 2?..— A Rub-commil tee of
the House Committee on the I>istri. t ..f
Columbia, will begin hearings to-morro w
designed to bring; out tiie causes of in
creased food prices-, especially as they ap
plj to the District. It is expected that
the investigation will be national in scope.
Senator Elkins is pressing for a report
on his resolution providing for such an
Investigation by the Senate, but the reso
lution has not been heard from since it
was referred to the Committee on Contin
gent Expenses, of which Senator Kean is
chairman. This- resolution was Indorsed
by Mr. Taft.
PREDICTS HIGHER SHOE PRICES
Tanner Advises Repopulation of Aban
IB> T. i'giiijih to The Tribune l
Milwaukee, Jan. it 'Shoe manufacturers
will have to lower the K rade or advance
the price of shoes. The general opinion
seems to be for an advance. In price of io
per cent and Improvement In quality .some
what, so as partly to meet the advance."
said H. Vogel. a member of one of tbo
largest tannery companies, here to-day.
"The Hltuation a t the' present time in
dleates no recession in the price of leather,"
continued Mr. Vogel. 'There Is nothing
whatever In the ta.k about the manipula
tion of the hfcie market. Tanners have
been dissatisfied for the last six months.
There has been no proflt Tlm only remedy
that I can see is to K *t people, back to
abandoned farms "
THE MORNING AFTER
WAT™ ™ * SPARKLINO TrtHATEI)
OF *i?n£S? ACTS SPEEDILY IN CASKS
OF NERVOUS HEADACHE AND DEimES
££?.. FOLLOW, NO ALCOHOLIC AND
O*£J IOtC """" > BOTTLED IN BPUM
li , . N ° T A 'AMATIVE.
RESCUE 15 AT SEA
SAVED HV FISHERMEN
Captain, . Wife and Crew
Lashed to Masts All Day.
Kdgartown. Mass., Jan.- 23.— The schooner
Mertie B. Crowley,' one of the few six
masters flying the American flag, lies to
night a total wreck on the reefs three,
miles off the southeast end of Martha's
Vineyard Island. Already the Crowley has
broken In. two, and great seas are fnst
smashing her stout timbers to pieces. She
was bound from Baltimore for Boston with
To the bravery of the skipper. I,evl Jack
son, and his crew of four men. of the
Kdgartown fishing smack Trlscilla is due
the rescue of the fifteen persons aboard--
Captain Haskell, Mrs. Har-kell and thirteen
members of the Crowley's crew. Mrs.
Haskell, like the others, had been lashed
for ten hours to the rigging of the bat
Great seas combed incessantly over the
hull and through the rigging, threatening
continually to fell the masts upon which
the shipwrecked ones depended for life.
The fore and main masts did give way and
swvng wildly, to the serious discomfort of
those lashed to Urn trees. But they re
mained in their place, although insecurely,
until Captain Jackson had brought his lit
tle smack near enough, to send out dories
to take off those on the Crowley.
Disaster overwhelmed the schooner at 5:30
a. m. to-day. The wreck was due directly
to the mistake of the man at the wheel in
making out Kdgartown Light as one on
Block Island. The schooner had been hove
to for thirty hours on Friday and on Sat
urday during the severe southerly storm.
Round about was a heavy haze, which pre
cluded observation, so that the position of
the tchooner was largely a matter of
guesswork. When the vessel struck it
quickly was seen that there could be no
hope of saving her. The small boats were
soon swept overboard by the heavy seas.
Mrs. Haskell. awakened by her husband,
had barely time to snatch a few articles
of clothing, and with the assistance of
Captain Haskell, climb the forerigglng,
where she was lashed to the crosstrees. A
pair of seaman's rubber boots, with the
captain's winter hat and overcoat protect
ing her, Mrs. Haskell paid to-night, she
did not suffer greatly.
All day long everybody clung to the rig
ging, while the seas battered their great
vessel to fragments. At 10 a. m. the Crow
ley broke in two beneath them and her
stern settled deeper In the water. Fortu
nately no one was lashed at that end. So
great was the rush of the seas that the
decks were swept clear with every wave.
P>ven the forward house was lifted off and
It was known here by 9 o'clock this
morning that a vessel had been wrecked
on the northeast end reef. Efforts were
made to get out to her in the forenoon,
but were unsuccessful because of the great
seas. The sturdy fishing smacks of Edgar
town could make no headway against tiie
Captain Jackson tried repeatedly to push
his little power smack Priscilla through
the great breakers, but combined sails and
steam could not do it until late this after
noon. Then, luffed by the schooner Viking,
another of the local fishermen, he put her
safely through the breakers and reached
the wreck. There lie anchored, and four
dories manned by as many- stout-armed
fishermen were soon taking off "the crew
of the Crowley.
Mrs. Jlaskell was the first to be trans
ferred. She was lowered from her cramped
position in the crosstrees and down the
forerigpinK as far as possible. With the
same courage which had held her up dur
ing her hours of exposure, phe made a leap
for the dory beneath, landed safely and
When the eolorfd steward jumped for
the tossing dory beneath him he missed
it and went overboard, but was rescued
from the water by Patrick Kelley, one of
the fishermen, who grasped the vessel's
forerlgging and clung to the steward's
clothing until another dory took them
both aboard. As Captain .Jackson and his
sloop arrived at the. wharf he was given
three rousing cheers by a great crowd of
people lined along the shore.
The schooner Mertie B. 'Crowley wjts
built in Ilockland, Me., in 1909. She was
owned In Boston. She was 296.5 feet
long, 48.4 in breadth and had a depth of
hold of 23. 5. She registered 2,410 net ton
Messrs. D. H. burnUiia 6\Ct>.
Arohi*octt. ~ .. Thompson- Statrrtt Company I
C^ Great Gimbel Store
32*STaS'^ pC. raos *: wa r c^3>«?ti g »tio n ,t^Me«rs;GiiAdi«. I
decided to use the Edison Service exclusively Tor their treat Mew York. I
ft. ucture. now neannj completion. «C Sixty V.gJ, Bpwd JJUricefcww^ I
go if per »•/,/. Os „// „<,„ buM t ~g, errctra.n M-ur Voj-L^ I
iS?*? rtew^orikEdisoiiGoinDaiiy I
' (Al »7 s M your service " ■/ I
General Offices, 55 Duane Street I
NH A RAGI / V BA TTLE.
Revolutionists Attack Madrid
Troops, but Retire.
Managua, Nicaragua, Jan. 23.— The ad
vance guard of the revolutionary army, M
strong. engaged the government outposts
to-day at La Llbertad, fourteen miles north
The government forces, 1.&H0 strong, un
der command of (.leneral Marnsi> Arguello,
opened Ore with the artillery. The revo
lutionists replied at long r.niKe with rlflo
tire. They retired after forty-ttve minutes,
on finding thrmsflves badly outnumbered
and lacking artillery.
There were no casual tics on the govern
The arrest of Conservatives alleged to be
involved in a movement against Madrlz
still continues. The wildest rumors an- <.-ur
r«nt. One reports the capture si th«>
steamer Victoria by the revolutionists on
Lake Nicaragua. Another has it that CJen
eral Vascjvea has gone over to the revo
lutionists, but this is declared by the gov
ernment to be absurd.
The authorities are said to have inter
cepted letters sent by runners by way of
Costa Rica in which there is evidence of
the sending of $fi,ooo to the revolutionists
by Granada Conservatives.
San Juan del Sur, Jan. 23.— Rear Admiral
Kimball, commander of the American
squadron, has issued a notice urging all
Americans in Nicaragua to abstain from
taking part in tht> political controversies,
or from violation of the laws of neutrality
toward the factions in arms. lie declares
that he will not extend protection to any
so-called American interest which really
has no existence in law.
Great tension prevails throughout the re
public because of the conscription orders.
In most places, however, the majority of
the recruits are allowed to proceed v th
their work in the day, but they must sleep
in the barracks at night. The rising of the
Conservative party has caused surprise in
Borne quarters, as President Madriz was the
first to promise and accord, so far as he
was able, complete liberty. Many of the
most prominent of the Conservatives have
been Imprisoned, but it is understood that
they are being well treated.
CRITICISES CIIIS A.
"London Times" Regrets Chin
London, Jan. 24.— "The Times," in an edi
torial this morning on the rejection of
the Knox proposals by Russia and Japan,
considers China's action in ratifying the
preliminary agreement with reference to
the concession of the Chinchow-Aigun
Railroad to the Anglo-American group
It thinks that this can only be a short
sighted attempt to force the issue by
creating complications, which China,
doubtless, imagines may benefit her by
aggravating the existing divergencies be
tween the powers.
If this is China's object, however. "The
Times" is confident that it will fail "be
cause American diplomacy, although on
this occasion not fortunate In its methods.
is sincerely directed toward the peaceful
conciliation of all the conflicting interests
in the Far East, and has, in fact, brought
Russia and Japan into the closest possible
communion of views With regard to their
interests in the very region of their long
and sanguinary struggle.**
To Be Given to Descendants of
Officials of 1860.
Peking, Jan. 23. — An imperial edict was
Issued to-day announcing rewards for the
descendants of the officials who opposed
the anti-foreign policy in 1860 and re
stor.M order at Peking after the British
and French Invasion.
The Treaty of Tien-tsin. which was ar
ranged by Lord Elgin and Baron Gtop, the
English and French envoys to China, re
spectively, was signed in June. 185 S. It
provided for the exchange of the ratifica
tions at Peking within a year from that
date, but when the time came for ratifica
tion the British envoy, on his way to Pe-,
king, was stopped in the Hirer Pei-Ho.
Admiral Hope, commander of the Brit
ish fleet, attempted to force a passage,
aided by several French warships, but was
repulsed. The English and French then
prepared an expedition against China. In
October, is6ft. the allies invested Peking
and the city surrendered with slight re-
Sistance On October 24 the Treaty of
Tu-n-tsin was ratified.
f nnlinn#d from flr«t p.if"
the Nationalists, will be a figure almost as
Important as the Premier, because Mr. As
quith . .mi do nothing without him.
The Conservative b*»linv« that th» older
wing of Urn Liberal party, represented by
Mr. Asquith, the Secretary for War, Mr.
Ilaldane. and tho Foreign Secretary. Sir
Edward Grey, now repents of having per
mitted. Radicals like David Lloyd-George
and "Winston Spencer Churchill to commit
the party to a budget which is so far on
the road to what their opponents term so
cialism. The: Liberals claim that their rne
mles are trembling in their boots lest they
find the government on their hands', with BBS
necessity of raising revenues for old age
.pensions and a larger navy, and at the same
time attempting to adopt protection.
The surprise of the campaign has been
that the manufacturing centres, with a few
exceptions, have gone for free trade, while
the strongholds of the squires shifted to the
protection party. The Conservatives are
convinced that this campaign is the first
milestone in a bitter struggle in which his
tory will repeat itself and in which their
.party will return to power by gradual steps.
.. That the struggle is bitter even at the
present moment there Is no question. The
one time chivalrous atmosphere of British
politics has been wonderfully changed. So
much persona! feeling and so many charges
of. lying and intimidation have been un
known since the reform bill days. The Lib
erals make wholesale charges that the work
men in the factories, the farm laborers and
tenants have been dismissed and threatened
with eviction for supporting their party.
Picturesque features of the campaign
have been furnished by carts going about
the streets loaded with- "dumped" foreign
goods, and posters by the best cartoonists,
on the walls, caricaturing the lords and
depicting the misery of free trade to the
One element which was counted upon to
furnish spice failed to come up to expecta
tions. The suffrag- ttes generally have been
quiet. Mrs. Pankhurst gives the explana
tion that the suffragettes know when to
demonstrate and when to keep quiet. It is
the membtrs of the Cabinet they want to
reach. They can reach the voters and they
expect to vote at the next election.
I hIS II EMH. I RK. i SSED.
Redmond IV on Id Prefer a
Strong Liberal Majoritn.
Dublin, Jan. 25. — The situation created
by the British elections is one of no little
difficulty for the Nationalist leaders.
On the one hand, they probably have It
in their power to make or unmake any gov
ernment dependent upon the new House of
Commons for existence ; on the other hand.
their experience in the Home Rule Parlia
ment of 1592 convinces them that measures
in the direction of a national self-govern
ment for Ireland must have the support of
an adequate British majority if they are to
be carried successfully. Hence, John Red
mond, leader of the Nationalists, has ex
pressed the wish tnat the Liberals may have
an independent majority to overcome the
House of Lords* veto, and such a majority
is regarded here as essential.
Another source of difficulty is the posi
tion of the Irish party in relation to the
budget. Although Ireland has on the whole
benefited financially by the measures of
the recent Liberal government, there are
features of the budget to which Irish
opinion takes strong exception. Yet to in
sist on the amendment of these proposals.
It is held, would be justifying the referen
dum, challenged by the peers, while to ac
cept the budget unamended might expose
the Irish party to attack from those vwish
ing to create trouble for the party in Ire
A solution may possibly be found i:i the
removal of -the provisions objectionable to
the Irish from the coming year's budget
and the concentration of all the popular
parties on the veto question. When i.hat
question is settled the Irish question, the
Nationalist leaders assert, must assume an
imediate importance, and the party will
then be in a position to insist that it shall
be dealt with on the liberal principles of
Speaking at Fermoy. William O'Brien bit
terly attacked Mr. Redmond's policy in ac
cepting Mr. Asquith's promise. He warned
his countrymen that they were being gross
ly deceived if they supposed they would get
home rule from the next Parliament. They
were told that they must wait until the
veto of the House of Lords is abolished,
but if they waited for that they would have
to wait until they were older than Methu
of New York
Capital I Surplus Sl.flßß.iii
Naval- Prisoner Wanted $
Rochester Not Relented.
Portsmouth, N. 11.. . Jan. 23. -C L
late hour to-night no reply had uJ° •
cfived from the Navy Depart-^ , '"*
Washington la the. request made by w|
ester authorities for the surrenssr*'
James Hall, a . naval prisoner -- m«•
on the United States receiving ship Sow
cry. who was examined yesterday r«av^
ing his supposed knowledge of the oumZ
of Miss Anna Schumacher at Poch "
last August. Hall Is serving an \i^''
months' sentence for fraudulent enlist'* 3
and desertion. tSi
. Two weeks ago Hall wrote to the stock.
ester authorities that he could furnish y»i"
uable information concerning the brim
murder of the seventeen year old gsj^Jl
was assaulted, and killed while aha -*"°
placing flowers on her mother's r-a
Yesterday Sheriff W. K. Gillette and vS
iam J. Richter. the prosecuting attcr-»
of Monroe County, N. V., with PtKrta
Attorney Widener. of Rochester, Ma*
here and had an Interview with taa Ban
While no official announcement has t*.
made, it Is believed that in his first state
ment Hall said that while sleeping M £
grass In the cemetery he was aroused to
the cries of the youthful victim. and •wit
nessed the murder. Tho murderer ■>•
alone, he said. ,
Under the searching examination hi «■■
subjected to by the Rochester otldajs i*
is said that he modified many of the gut J
ments he had made in his written eg
munication. He. however, strongly deal**
that he was actively Interested fa tat
crime. Hall's motive In making known t*.
fact that he could throw any light on th»
mystery was, he avowed, to thus boy vi
release from the naval prison. -
WOMAN DRAWN FOR Jtjs y
Says She Will Report and Sen? _'
Picked for Duty.
Mr?. LJlIa D. Durgin. of No. an a*
street. Borough Park, Brooklyn, rent**
through the mall Saturday a summon t»
appear on Wednesday at Room 5 ib in
Kings County Court House, wh?r« tattrsi
jurors will be picked. The sinnmeia w«
signed by Jacob Brenner. CommiSßßßßrsT
Jurors of Kings County.
Her husband was John A. Dursjß.atSßi
time vice-president of the Rome Locc3a.Ts
Works and later general manager of tat
Rhode Island Locomotive Works. Sbtatfl
last night that she intended to npsrt «
the courthouse and would serve." She aw
not see how there could have bees a m.«
take, as her husband is dead, and the letter
was addressed L. D. Durgin, ia ajttt a!
her husband's initials being J. A.
NATIONAL AVIATION CIBCTHT.
Organization Modelled After Baseball
Los Angeles. Jan. 23. — national srtßßßt
circuit, on the order of the big baseball or
ganizations, may be the result of a confer
ence at St. Louis next month between Cbb>
land Field Bishop, president of the Aero
Club. of America, and representatives of
several large Eastern cities that are seeking
the coming international events. -
Flying machine exhibitions will be amt
into oblivion and actual contests will US?
their places. if Mr. Bishop' 9 plans na
terialize large guarantees will be dfena>
INDIANAPOLIS WANTS AESOMEr
Indianapolis. Jan. 23. -A campaisn t» «>■
tain the international aviation meet «f ■
for Indianapolis "has been launched. aT
selling 75.000 tickets at $1 each it is heart
to r«ise the necessary guarantee fund. Til
bids for the meet must he submitted at ts»
meeting of the Federated Aero dual •*
America at St. Louis next Saturday.