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FIGHT FOR SEA'S CONTROL
England's Latest Battleship, the
Orion. Launched at Portsmouth.
GUN POWER THE FEATURE
2s T ew Arrangement of Batteries
— A Destructive Torpedo
— Germany's Plans.
[By. Cab> to The Tribune.]
London. Aug. 20.— The newest Dread
nought launched to-day at the Ports
mouth dockyard, .-.; named the Orion
by the Marchioness of Winchester, is not
a record breaker like the Lion. She will
be inferior to that super-Invinciblo in
dimensions, displacement, armor, arma
ment, engine power and speed, yet in
concentration of gunfire and defensive
end aggressive power she will be un
rivalled among the super-Dreadnoughts.
The Orion is not a battleship-cruiser de
signed to have a speed of thirty knots,
but a battleship, with 27.000 horse
power as the maximum for her turbine
o-nrines and twenty-throe knots as her
Admiralty secrets are always closely
g-uarded. but unwonted precautions have
been taken to conceal the important in
noration in the arrangement of the bat
tery of the Orion. The guns will be
mounted in turrets along the centre line
of the ship-, as has been done in the new
ceries of American Dreadnoughts, and
these will be carried so that one can be
fired over another. There will be ten
13.."i-inch guns, and these can be fired
together on either broadside. Only four
puns can be used when the ririnsr is dead
ahead or astern, but for any other posi
tion the battery fire will be concentrated
and overwhelming. There will also be
torpedoes of terrific power. Each will
weigh nearly a ton, and Its range will
exceed 17,000 yards, at a speed of forty
knots. The torpedo carries a charge of
g-uncotton weighing 230 pounds. The
Orion will carry four thousand tons of
fuel, giving her an unusually wide
radius of action.
■■'■.•■ Dreadnoughts added to the
British navy will have a similar ar
rangement of guns, so that their united
fire may be irresistible. Six of these
floating carriages for 13-5-inch guns are
now under construction, and five more
•will be laid down in the course of a few
The German experts have not, how
ever, retired from the contest. They
have been boasting that the Krupps of
the same calibre were better than the
British 12-inch guns. They are now de
signing 14-inch guns which will out
class the batteries of the Lion and the
Orion, and give them ■ commanding
position on the sea.
■ . tkm of the blue sea patri
the new marvels of *<-& power
■ ..■■:. There is a fresh
cfeatteage aefSorei a. record Breaker is
commissioned, and the only certainty is
that the trill T'*' must find the money
for bigger and faster ships and ?■
The only relief lima nun 1 is the
eale of wornout war vessels to inferior
pov.frs at pood prices, such as Germany
has beca making after thrifty negotla
lions with the Port*.
Great crowds witnessed to-day's
launch. The Kin? and Queen of Spain
among the privileged spectators.
COREA IS FRAMING TERMS?
Negotiations for Annexation Said
To Be Making Progress.
Tokio, Aug. 20. — Newspapers which are
usually well informed report that the ne
gotiations for the annexation of Corea by
Japan ere making satisfactory progress and
that announcement of the annexation will
be made as Boon as the proposals of Corea
regarding the details of the arrangement
are received. The Corean government, ac
cording to these newspapers, is now en
gaged in framing the terms under which it
Is prepared to surrender the sovereignty of
Corea to Japan.
Lieutenant General Terauchi, the Japan
ese resident general, tt Is said, informed the
Emperor of Corea that Japan was willing
to continue the etatus quo in Corea, but he
urged the advisability of Immediate annex
ation because it was ultimately inevitable
aafi •would undoubtedly improve the condi
tion of the country. Japan, It is further
»al<s» Is ready to provide amply for the fut
ure dignity, rank and resources of the mem
bers of the Corean court. Well Informed
personages say that the Emperor of Corea
end his family will receive the rank of
princes of Japan,
Foreign Interests, according: to the pub
lished reports, ■will b© carefully protected.
"Vvtlle the treaties of Corea with foreign
nations will automatically lapse with the
loss of sovereignty by Corea, the economic
tltuation wall remain unchanged ■no' the
customs tariffs •will not he altered. Extra
territoriality, or the privilege enjoyed by a
Sorelgner in some Eastern countries of be
ing Judged for offences by Judges of his own
nationality, ■will, however, end under Jap
tnese rule, the practice having been abol
ished In Japan a number of years ago,
though still persisting in China and Corea.
Foreigners who now own land In Corea will
hold it under the new arrangement under
perpetual lease tenure, paying the came
land tax hitherto charged.
It la Impossible to secure tha slightest in
timation from official sources of the truth
or falsity of thes*. published reports. The
strictest censorship on telegrams from
Corea is being maintained.
VIRGINIANS HONOR LAFAYETTE.
Paris, Aug. 20.— Virginia delegation,
headed by Colonel James Mann, which
ruin* here for the dedication on August 18
of UM bronze replica of the Houdon statue
of "Washington, presented to Prance by the
State of Virginia, to-day placed a wreath
am the tomb of Lafayette, on tho anniver
sary of his death.
If You Are Fat and
Hot Read This Article
There is no necessity of fat people suf
fering as they do Most fat people are so
good-naturod they do not care how they
look or how they get along during the hot
■weather. As a matter of fact there is a
raiural fat reducer that in the past Kev
«r.il y^ars has been demonstrating that it
v.ill reduce fat and not t-«r down the body
c. loam i Big, Uabby rolls of skin ana
wrinkles. This method is the famous Mar
mola prescription, which is now prepared in
tabl«£ form to ni"*-t tike demands of fat
people in the summer and to enable them
at all times to take their Eal reducer after
c-ach meal. Osm of these little tablets
taken after a meal. turns that meal into
good food for the blood and stops all tat
t lonudr.a elements from going Into the
s>st«-.m. Marraola Tablets has an army
si rt:HZi and women who Vanity to Its suc
cess, and you would lire reading what they
■■nr Gil it:, triumphs. Itarmola Tablets not
only ftop prod •• la' in the body but
'. ..«•■>■ reduce flesh at the rate of from I
to 15 ounces a day. They are harmless
und do nothing but assist nature to give
to the body the nourishment it requires.
Yaey iii- sold at all drug stores, pries "■>
cents, or you ma] write The Karmola
Company, 1012 Farmer building. Detroit,
T fTF TRIBUNE'S FOREIGN NEWS
EXHIBITS MAY BE REFUSED
French Museums Prepare Rules
to Protect Treasures.
[By Cable to The Tribune.]
Paris, Aug. 20.— 1n consequence of the
Brussels exhibition fire the Municipal
Council of the City of Paris has decided
that in the future it will, not participate
in any exhibition at home or abroad un
less its objects of art and certain other
exhibits are housed in isolated buildings
of fireproof material. The museums of
Lille and Lyons and the national mu
seums of the Louvre. Luxembourg,
Fontainebleau, Compiegne and Ver
sailles will probably adopt similar meas
FOREIGN LOANS OPPOSED
The Attitude of France-^A Bad
Outlook for Wheat.
[By Cable to The Tribune]
Paris. Aug. 20.— Bourse here main
tains a firm undertone, but dealings are
restricted, though there is a plethora of
money seeking sound investments.
The campaign against taking up for
eign loans in France is being vigorously
carried on by the Socialists and also by
the Nationalist press. The Turkish
unified has fallen five points on the news
of the sale of German ships and German
war material to Turkey, and Brazilian
issues which were recently taken up in
Paris have declined because the Bra
zilian government has decided to em
ploy German officers for the instruction
of its troops and to give orders for Ger
man guns and supplies for the army and
French public opinion supports these
views, and especially disapproves of the
proposed Hungarian loan. The tradi
tional policy of the French government,
which has absolute control of all the
gents de change, or official brokers,
and also has the sole authority to decide
whether a security shall be quoted on
the Bourse is that no French money
should be lent to foreign countries with
out political or financial compensation,
such as orders for French industries, in
addition to remuneration and interest on
the capital. Private banks and outside
brokers have full liberty of action, but
it is doubtful whether they would care
t». deal in foreign loans disapproved by
the French go\ ernment.
The "Bulletin dcs Halles," the recog
nized organ of Fren< h agricultural In
terests, expresses surprise at the op
timism of the Ministry of Agriculture in
regard to the French wheat crop, which,
official estimates say. is only 15 per cent
•|.<i.>\v the average. According to inde
pendent and trustworthy investigations
made by the "Bulletin dcs Halles" the
wheat crop of 1910. now being har
veeteA, will not exceed 90.000,000 hec
tolitres, lio per cent below the average
of the last ten years.
The present season is not only bad for
wheat but also for potatoes, barley,
buckwheat, beans, peas and other dry
vegetables. This must increase the de
mand for bread, and consequently the
"Bulletin dcs Halles** calculates that
France will be obliged to import 30,000,
000 hectolitres of foreign wheat.
PRINCE TO BECOME FARMER
Prosper of Arenberg Discharged
from Sanatorium as Sane.
Hanover, Prussia, Aug. 20.— Prince Pros
per of Arenberg, who was condemned to
death by a court martial in German South
west Africa m 1889 /or murder and other
crimes committed against the natives, but
whose sentence was subsequently commut
ed, was discharged to-day as cured from
the sanatorium at Oberode, where he had
been confined since he was pronounced in
sane in 11*04. The prince will go to Ar
gentina in charge of a guardian appointed
by the court, where he will become a
farmer. His title has been dropped, the
court giving him the name of Blanden.
The Arenberg case has several times been
the 6ubj«ct of discussion In the Reichstag,
allegations that the prince was not treated'
as other prisoners, but was addressed as
"your highness," and had an easy time,
having been made In the prets.
PROTEST TO THE VATICAN
Portugal Objects to Attitude of
Nuncio at Lisbon.
Lisbon, Aug. 20.— The government of Por
tugal has made a protest to the Vatican
against what It considers the objectionable
attitude of the Papal Nuncio at Lisbon.
Monslgnor Dr. J. Tonti, during the present
period of tension between Lisbon and the
Va.tlcan. A semi-official communication
published to-day says that the Portuguese
Charge d'A/faires at the Holy yee, O'Connor
Martins, has presented the matter to the
Pope, explaining that the attitude of the
nuncio Is displeasing to the Portuguese
If. Martins is acting in the absence of
any Portuguese Ambassador at the Vatican,
this being one of the grievances over which
the difficulty arose. The Vatican raised
difficulties about a new appointment to fill
the vacancy caused by the death of the last
ambassador, Martins del Antae, to which
the Portuguese government responded by
SsddbNX to allow the post to remain vacant
for the present.
Further difficulties arose over the action
of the Roman Catholic Archbishop of
Braga in suppressing a Franciscan news
paper published in Portugal without sub
mitting the order to the Portuguese gov
ernment for approval, for which he was
oensured by the government and his action
A bill drafted by the Minister of Justice
providing that the civil authorities instead
of the clergy keep the registers of births,
deaths and marriages, which threatt-ns a
cons.id»-i;i! ■■]'■ B0 irce of Income of the clergy,
is also causing friction.
BAD FIRE AT BUENOS AYRES
Great Department Store Burned — Loss
Estimated in Millions.
Buenos Ayres, Aug. -O.— A serious fire, oc
curred in the business district of Buenos
Ayres last night, destroying completely a
great department store known as the "City
of London." The loss is estimated at sev
eral million piasters, a plantar being worth
43 cents in American money.
ITALIAN DREADNOUGHT AFLOAT.
Naples, Aug. 20.— The first Italian Dread
nought, the Dante All^hier). was launched
to-day at the Castellammare navy yard.
The King and Queen, the representatives
of the various embassies and legations and
the Minister of Marine witnessed the
A ROYAL RECONCILIATION.
Berlin, Aug. 12.— According to a Gm'.in
den dispatch to the "Hannoverische Cou
rier," an effort is about to be made through
the mediation of the Emperor Francis
Joseph to effect a reconciliation between
the German Emperor and the Duke of
Cumberland. An exchange of dispatches
between the Emperor William and the duke
will, it is taid, prepare the way for the
reconciliation, which will be made complete
-ui»|dag uj uinuiA KlfsfA JOJv-doia «i|j my*
NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE, SUNDAY, AUGUST 21. 1910.
A NEW KING IN EUROPE
European Powers Approve the
Changes in Montenegrov
SERVIA FEARS TO PROTEST
Russia, Italy and France Behind
Coming Monarchy — Trip
[fly Cable to Th* Trlbun*.]
Paris. Aug. 20.— The evolution of
Montenegro into a full-fledged inde
pendent kingdom and the forthcoming
proclamation of Prince Nicholas on the
assumption of his title as King, which
will be made at Cettinje in the presence
of representatives of the foreign powers
on the occasion of his juhilee. together
with Montenegro's renunciation of the
twenty-ninth article of the Treaty of
Berlin prohibiting warsttlpfl from enter
ing the Montenegrin port of Antivari.
which will be proclaimed in a communi
cation to European powers on the same
day, are events closely watched by
French diplomacy and elicit a genuine
expression of French sympathy for the
handful of hardy mountaineers who con
stitute the people of this rugged, perpen
dicular little nation.
Prince Nicholas, whose family alli
ances with the Emperor of Russia and
the King of Italy make him welcome
among the crowned heads, has the sup
port of the Anerlo-French entente, as
well as that of the Triple Alliance. The
prince, in following 1 the example of King
Ferdinand of Bulgaria, has been par
ticularly encouraged by Russia. Italy
and France in taking this important
The only opposition came from Ser
via. which is not pleased to see a rival
to the Servian kingdom crop up under
the very nose of the Karageorgevitch
dynasty. King Peter has. however,
found it the wiser course to make the
best of the circumstances, and he will
be represented at Cettinje by his heir to
the throne and will confer decorations
on the future King of Montenegro and
make him a general in the Servian army.
After his coronation King Nicholas
will visit the European capitals, follow
ing the example of King Ferdinand.
NEW IMPERIAL RESIDENC
Emperor William and Family at
Posen for Its Housewarming.
Posen. Aug. 30. -Emperor William, the
Empress. Crown Prince Friodrich Wilhelm.
Crown Princess Cecttie, Prince Eitel Fried
rich and the younger members of the im
perial family arrived here to-day tor the
feousewarming of the new imperial resi
dence. The festivities will last three days.
Tins palace, the fifty-first owned by th- 3
Emperor, to maintain which he recently
sold two of his smaller country places, has
been built, for reasons of state, to symbolize
to the Poles the Prussian supremacy in
German Poland. It has been assigned by
the Emperor as the permanent residence of
Prince Eltel Friedrich. his second son.
It is a massive structure, built at a cost
of (1,338,000, covers nearly an acre and a
half and contains more than six hundred
looms. Among these Is the great banquet
hal!. surpassing in size and brilliancy of
decoration any room of the kind in Ger
many, being a fifth larger than the famous
White Hall in the Imperial castle in Bt-r
lin. Its walls are panelled and richly carved
in marble. A tower -'iO l'eet high surmounts
the chapel, which is decorated with mosaics
executed by Professor August Oetken, of
the Imperial Technical School, at Char
lottenburg. In this Emperor William will
personally conduct divine services when in
residence here, as is his usual custom.
At the dinner to-night the Emperor gay«
a toast to the province of Posen. conclud
ing as follows:
"This castle shall be a token of my pa
ternal interest for this beautiful German
province, which has attained a high degree
of prosperity under the sceptre of my house.
I shall also encourage all who are willing
to work together with soul and body and
all their faeultk-s in developing this beau
tiful country. May this province prosper
and grow to be a cornerstone in my crown."
GOAT EATS £40 NOTE
Its Former Owner Wants Woman to
Pay for the Animal.
Paris. Aug. 12 — The Juige of the Van
girard quarter has been called upon to de
cide an odd case. A few days ago a rich
woman living at Etampes, n^ar Paris, came
Into th^ city to draw money from her bank.
After she had received payment she walked
to the Vaugirard quarter to visit her pa
rents, and. on her way, thinking a mistake
had been made, stopped to count the money,
which she had placed In a small bat.
She dropped a not.» for £40. which was
carried away by the wind. A goatherd,
who was passing with h number of she
goats, pickcrl up the note and was about
to give it to the woman, who had run
toward him, when one of the animals
snatched the paper from his hand and ate
It The woman accused the goatherd of
having Riven the not" to the animal, and
a policeman took the four-footed thief
and the goatherd before the commissary
Of )» lice. The magistrate had no place
In which to keep the animal.
To prove his honesty the goatherd of
fered to sacrifice the offending goat, and
the animal was taken to the Vaugirard
abattoir and killed. The- banknote was
found In bits, but as the number is still
decipherable the woman will be able to re
cover the money.
The goatherd, having demonstrated his
honesty, demanded that the woman should
pay for th< goat. This she refuse to do,
and the man has applied to the judge to
settle the question
WHY DID PONCE DE LEON SAIL?
Madrid, Aug. 1!.- There is a terrestrial
paradise not far fre.m here, where death
and disease are unknown. The local chem
ist gave up the sale of drugs in despair
two years ago, and now he is a purveyor
Half the cemetery has been turned Into
a pleasure garden- there has not been a
single death for eight years— and the under
taker has fled from a spot where death re
fuse* to give him a living. The doctor, bar-
Ing »•>: haunted his capital, has decided to
depart The Inhabitants want to raise a
subscription for him, but he refuses to
aocept charity from persons who have re
fused bo persistently to oblige him In the
normal mann«-r while he has been among
SOCIALIST FACTORY FAILURES.
Warsaw, Aug. —Another instance of
Socialism failing in practice has been an
nounced. Two or three years ago. owing
to pressure from the Socialists, working
men began to run factories and mills on
their own account, thinking that ihey
would get better pay. shorter hours and a
fair share of profits. Gradually these en
terprises have tailed, partly owing to in
sufficient capital, partly because of quarrels
'among the men. who would not submit to
orders from those or tauir own clan*,
CRIPPEN GOES TO LONDON
Accused Murderer and Miss Le
neve Taken from Quebec.
DEW PLANNED SECRET EXIT
Put Prisoners Aboard in Mid
stream — Miss Leneve tainted
— Due in London Saturday-
Quebec. Aug. 20. — Quebec bade fare
well this evening to Dr. Hawley Harvey
Crippen and Miss Ethel Clare Leneve.
At 7 o'clock they sailed for England on
board the White Star liner Megantic,
which is due at Liverpool at noon next
Saturday. By Saturday night they will
probably be lodged In a London jail to
await trial for the murder of a woman
supposed to be Crippen's wif<\ Belle El
An extraordinary accident occurred as
Crippen crossed the gangplank. It car
ried an omen that might well depress
him. Crippen cajne hurrying across the
plank, handcuffed, his hat pulled low
over his eyes and his chin buried in his
collar, trying, apparently, to dodge the
photographers. In his haste he ran
squarely into a rope that held the gang
way steady. The rope caught him under
the chin and jerked him backward, and
had not Dew, who was close behind,
caught him. Crippen would have fallen,
and possibly pitched between the two
vessels into the water. The next instant
Dew had set him on his feet, and the
pair disappeared into the Megantie.
Notwithstanding the fears of the Brit
ish police that Dr. Crippen might at
tempt suicide, the occurrence was too
palpably an accident for its nature to
Miss Leneve, who had left the jail with
every evidence of willingness, had to be
supported as she crossed the gangplank.
When she reached the deck of the Me
gantie she fainted, and had to be car
ried to her cabin. It was half an hour
before she revived. The girl never has
made a full recovery from her collapse
when arrested, although her condition
has caused her jailer no anxiety.
Sailed on Crowded Steamer.
Inspector Dew managed the departure
of the two prisoners in a manner that
furnished a fitting climax to their sen
sational capture. The fruits of Dew's
deep thought during his twenty days of
solemn silence first became evident at 8
o'clock this morning, but the full beauty
of his scheme did not appear in all its
elaboration until the hour of sailing.
The finishing touch to a twelve-hour
performance that more than once verged
on opera bouff£, came when the Scotland
Yard inspector climbed the gangplank,
and. with impassive countenance, en
tered his name on the passenger list as
"Pilias P. Doyle" This in spite of the
fact that Dew was probably the best
known man aboard, and that among his
nine hundred fellow passengers fully six
hundred had met him here in Quebec.
Consistently, he registered his assistant.
Sergeant Mitchell, of Scotland Yard, as
"M. F. G. Johnston."
Mrs. Stone, one of the wardresses
brought from London to look after Miss
Leneve, appeared on the passenger list
as "Mary Byrne," and Miss Foster, her
companion, as "Miss Ogilvie."
If Dew's object had been tli<^ attain
ment of publicity he could not have
chosen a better ship than the Megantie.
She took aboard here »->2O members of
the "Queen's Own," a crack Canadian
regiment, bound for England to join the
British army manoeuvres. Several Ca
nadian newspaper men and photogra
phers accompanied the regiment, and
crowds came from Montreal on the
Megantie this morning to see them off.
Secretly Took Pair from Jail.
After making secret arrangements to
board this steamer. Dew conducted his
prisoners with a mystery that set the
city in an uproar and brought every re
porter and photographer in Quebec upon
his heels. He smuggled them from the
local jail at 7 o'clock with three hacks
and five provincial detectives to help
his own Scotland Yard force. Then, by
circuitous routes, he drove to the river
at Sillery, a village only a mile from the
jail in a straight line, but a measured
seven miles over the road he chose.
Before the three hacks had reached
the river the whole countryside was
aroused, and when a party of newspaper
men came in pursuit shortly afterward
they had no troulie in following the
trail. In an automobile they reached
Sillery in time to see the tug Queen
puffing up the river with Dew on deck,
wearing a triumphant smile. Thus the
British detectives escaped the photogra
phers on shore, but the Megantie on
her downward voyage from Montreal,
was not due until neon, and the Queen
had to lie off Cape Rouge for nearly
three hours until the liner arrived.
Put Aboard in Midstream.
Alert photographers— and they were
not wanting— had thus all the chance in
the world to charter a tug in Quebec and
steam up the river. And they took it.
The Queen was overhauled just as the
Megantie hove ln sight, and for the next
half hour there followed an exhibition
of marine manceuvring that would have
delighted the heart of Captain Mahan—
the Queen trying to reach the Megantie
in such a manner as to put the prisoners
aboard unobserved, the snapshottera on
the tug jockeying for place.
Finding his task impossible, Dew
finally had the Queen lashed to the
steamer's side, and put Crippen and Miss
Leneve aboard under a camera fire,
partly masked by the efforts of the two
prisoners to hide their faces. Crippen
dashed up the gangplank with his felt
hat pulled low ajid his face hak buried
in his coat collar, while Miss Leneve had
her features effectually concealed by a
heavy blue veil. So anxious was the in
spector to foil the photographers that
he made Crippen hold a handkerchief
over his face when he walked from the
carriage to the dock, although no re
porters or cameras were then visible.
While the prisoners were being trans
ferred from the Queen to the Megantie,
passengers on the latter were barred
from the shelter deck, by which the pair
entered. There was a heavy fire of small
rnmtrmti however, from the deck above.
Crippen and Miss Len-ve were hurried
to Cabins 51 and 82, wtnVh they will oc
cupy .luring the voyage. Dew took the
cabin next to Crippen. at one end of the
H\:ite. with the two wardn ss. =* adjoining
ftflas Leneve's quarters, and Sergeant
liltcheU bringing up the other end of
The Megantic received wireless notice
early this morning to slacken speed off
Cape Rouge, seven miles west of Quebec
to take on passengers, but no one aboard
but the capt^Jn knew who these pas
sengers were until they came over the
Bide. From that moment on— to be pre
cise, from 12:07 p. m. forward-the
knowledge spread, afloat and ashore,
until when the Megantlc reached Que
bec, half an hour later, there was not a
man, woman or child in town who did
not knew who was aboard. There was
no rush for the dock, however, until the
crowd gathered between 6 and 7 o'clock
to see the Queen's Own march aboard.
Neither of the prisoners showed them
selves, and no one made an effort U> see
them. Sergeant Mitchell and the two
wardresses remained on guard In tha
cabins, but Dew moved about freely.
He shook hands with some of the news
paper men. of whose unwelcome atten
tions he has bitterly complained, and
expressed well simulated surprise when
told that the representatives of two Eng
lish newspapers, who had been waiting
here for the purpose, were sailing with
Wm. _ _ .
Both Glsd to Go Back.
It is understood that Crlppen and Miss
Leneve will be confined closely to their
cabins during the voyage, except for a
short time each day. when they will be
permitted to take exercise on the bridge.
There they will be effectually screened
from observation. They will receive
their meals from the first cabin saloon,
and if they are good sailors should have
a comfortable voyage.
In full accord with Inspector Dew's
system of precautions, neither of them
learned that he was to sail to-day until
t> o'clock this morning, when both were
wakened. Crippen hastily packed the
little satchel Jailer Morin had bought
him with clean linen and several novels.
Miss Leneve carried her scant effects in
a paper parcel. She wore a neat blue
suit, bought here with her own money,
and a large hat. which sat jauntily atop
of the light brown wig. the matron had
allowed her to wear to hide her short
Both prisoners seemed glad to go.
They thanked the Jailer for his kindness,
and Crippen made him a present of one
of the second hand novels he had bought
to read in his celt. On the fly leaf he
wrote with a pencil:
"A. M. L. Morin, governor Quebec
city prison. I trust you will do me the
great honor to accept this as a small
expression of the gratitude I feel for the
many kindnesses you have shown me
during my sojourn here in Quebec.
"(DR.) H. H. CRIPPEN."
The parentheses are Crippen's own.
NEW BOOKS IN LONDON
Relating to the Boer War.
[By Cable to The Tribune.]
London. Aug. 20.— Publishers are be
ginning to unpack their budgets for the
autumn trade. W. F. Monypenny. whose
labors in sorting and examining the
Beaconsfield letters and papers have
been almost as arduous as Mr. Morley's
at Hawarden, will have the opening vol
ume of the biography in print before
Lady Butler has written the life of
her husband, Sir William Butler, after
collecting and editing his voluminous
correspondence. This may prove to be
a highly controversial book, for he knew
what was going on in South Africa be
fore the recent war. and warned the
War Office that the Boers were arming
for a strenuous struggle. Lady But
ler's book, when it appears, may stimu
late Lord Wolseley's literary activities.
His autobiography stopped at the inter
esting point because he was unwilling
t.» stir up strife over the Boer war. A
decade has passed, and he may be forced
by Lady Butler's disclosures to complete
his own memoirs.
Lady Dorothy Nevill's new volume of
reminiscences will be as ra<;y as her
previous instalment. Bundles of letters
from celebrities have been brought to
light from dusty pigeonholes, and friends
have supplied her with extra files of
their own lively correspondence. While
she has lived under five sovereigns, she
has resolutely declined to grow old.
A monograph of John Bright, by Barry
O'Brien, will contain an important chap
ter on the American Civil War.
The Shakespeare Memorial Committee
has secured about £70,000, and hopes to
double its resources before the end of
another year. It will need £r>oo,ooo for
the site, building and endowment of a
SCHOOL TOOTHBRUSH CLUBS
Pupils Welcome Scheme in London
County Council Schools.
London, Aug. 13.— The medical officer at
tending the London County Council bchools
reports that toothbrush clubs have been
formed. He Bays:
"The head teacher or the care committee
lays in a stock of toothbrushes, which c*n
be obtained wholesale for 2^d. each. Theaa
brushes are then, after some preliminary
Instruction, sold to the children for 2"4 d.
each, paid in Instalments of i^d. and »4d.
a week, the small profit bein^ used to sup
ply toothbrushes to very poor children.
"Precipitated chalk Is also sold in half
pennyworths, and It is found that num
bers of the children readily Join the clubs,
and some even save their money to buy
toothbrushes as birthday presents for their
"The toothbrushes are called for inspec
tion periodically, and on every convenient
occasion the necessity of tooth cleuntng is
POOR TEETH CAUSE LOCKJAW
Curious Case of a Child's Illness Re
ported in London.
London, Aug. IS.— Lockjaw, resulting from
neglected teeth, Is the official diagnosis in
the case of a patient -who has greatly in
terested the medical staff of the Hospital
(or Sick Children, Great Ormond street.
When the patient, Albert Bellamy, four
and a* half years old. was admitted on July
20 with rigid limbs and trunk muscles, stiff
neck, clenched teeth, high fever and fre
quent convulsions, the examining physi
cian's first care was to look for the skin
■wound or abrasion by which' the deadly
germ had gained access to the system.
No such wound could bo found. Then the
teeth were examined, nnd numerous points
of decay were found, through which the at
tacking organism, probably conveyed to th*
mouth by the child sucking his fingers,
might have Invaded the syntem.
"The case In Interesting." said a hospital
physician yesterday, "ms showing Still an
other danger of the appalling: neglect of the
teeth of young children."
'. EARTHQUAKE IN ALGERIA.
Algiers. Aug. 20.— A shock of earthquake
to-day was felt at Aumule. a town flf ty
rive mile* southeast of here. A number of
house* were damaged.
DEADLOCK ONTriE CONGO
M. Morel's Attack on the Gov
ernment of Liberia.
BLAME LAID ON MISSIONS
Tales of Pillage and Murder by
' Christian Natives — Plans
for Loan Blocked.
[By Cable to Th# Trlban*.]
London. Aug. 20.-M. Morel's expos
ures of barbarity in the Congo State
have made him an authority on aborigi
nal wrongs. Hl3 attack on th© Liberian
government Is based mainly on a letter
from a West African correspondent, who
asserts that the natives are perishing
from a campaign of pillage and murder
conducted by black Christians In prox
imity to the mission stations end con
doned by the black bishops, who are
unwilling to protest against crime and
outrage for fear of damaging propagan
dist work in the interior of the country.
Thl3 reckless statement does not ac
cord with the account which Bishop
Hartsell has given of the humane work
of the Metho'.lst missionaries in that
quarter. It Is also at variance with the
complaints of Brtti«h companies that the
Liberian government ha* no control over
the wild tribes Inhabiting the hinterland
and that it neglects to maintain order
by military force and carry out con
tracts with them.
at Morel's remedy for the misgovern
ment of Liberia is the tripartite parti
tion of the hinterland. He wants England.
France and Germany to agree to guar
antee the neutrality of a Liberian reserve
large enough for twice the existing pop
ulation of the "black republic." and then
divide what is left among themselves.
This is not a proposal which will be
favored by England and France. Guar
antees by three power? of the indepen
dence of the Liberian littoral, with the
hinterland in their own possession, would
not be worth the paper on which the
pledges were recorded. While this ex
pedient is clearly impracticable, nego
tiations over Dr. Falkner's loan are
temporarily blocked. The British and
American governments are in accord,
and France's co-operation could be easily
secured. but the demands of Germany
have created an impasse. M. Morels
assertions about the wanton raids of
black marauders and the bloody work
of mulatto leaders and the mission
youth will not facilitate a settlement.
CHOLERA IN ITALY DEADLY
Premonitory Symptoms Lacking
— America's Precautions.
Bad. Aug. 20. — The reports received con
cerning the cholera situation in various
parts of the province of Bari delle Puglla
indicate that the physicians ;>re getting the
disease in hand. It is not yet under con
trol, but its spread has been checked, so as
to lessen the general alarm.
No cases are reported from new districts.
Indicating that the precautionary measures
have not been in vain. Dr. Ruettl, the
royal commissioner In charge of the work of
sanitation, who la now in Tr.ini. has sent a
report regarding the characteristics of the
disease, which is of a virulent type, having
all the striking symptoms Of Asiatic
cholera. Many of the victims are attack
ed without the usual premonftory symp
toms, and die after a few hours.
During the last twenty-four hours there
have been six new cases at Trani and three
deaths: six cases at Barletta. with two
deaths, and one other ca?e reported in the
remaining Infected districts.
In other parts of Puglia the situation is
more hopeful, the population now bein?
more willing to assist the authorities to
enforce rules. Under the strict measures
adopted, the march of the cholera to new
localities has been checked.
Washington. Aug. 20. United States
officers abroad are keeping close watch on
the cholera situation, both in Russia and
Italy. Surveillance is being maintained
over emigrants bound for this country.
Surgeon H. D. Geddes reported from Naples
"Infection exists at at !ea.-t eight points
In the province of Puglia. being worst in
Trani. Infection imported from Russia.
About seventy cases, with sixty deaths, re
ported to-day. Situation improved ;i nd
sanitary authorities active Considerable
emigration from infected districts. Am
holding eighty under observation and have
been enforcing detention and disinfection
since the 17th. Authorities co-operating
Parit--. Aug. 2t>. — Premier Briand to-day
ordered the strictest precautionary meas
ures of inspection to be taken along t! c
Italian frontier on account of the outbreak
of cholera in Italy.
Yokohama. Aug. 20. — The Pacific Mail
steamer Siberia, from Hong Kong to San
Francisco, was detained in luarantine here
on account of a case of Asiatic cholera.
The steamer sailed after undergoing disin
CUTS OFF HEAD TN STREET
Rumanian Captain Kills a Lawyer
After Refusing to Fight DueL
Bucharest. Aug. 17.— Captain Grigorin. an
artillery officer, cut off a man's head In the
street at Botoshani. Rumania, recently.
H© had a violent quarrel with Dr. Frun
zescu. an advocate, about a lady, and the
lawyer had challenged him to a duel. The
captain, however, refused to fight him. on
the ground that Dr. Frunzescu was not a
man c? honor.
When Dr. Frunzescu next met his adver
sary in the street he attempted to flog him
with a horsewhip. Captain Grigorin at
one* drew his heavy artillery sabre and
with one Mow. cut off the head of the law
yer, which rolled in the gutter.
Witnesses of the scene tried to lynch th»
captain, who kept them at bay with his
sword until th© police arrived, when he al
lowed himself to be arrested.
A NEW GERMAN PROJECTILE.
Berlin Aug. 11-The new uniform pro
jectile adopted by Germany for use, in its
field howitzers is ■ combined shell and
shrapnel. Th© shell portion at the head of
the projectile contains the time fuse and
also a charge of small balls enveloped In
explosive matter This fuse can be d ._
tached from the shell In the Interests of the
safety of tho troops handling it
,"^ L' hOt fired by th howitzer „ ex
ploded by percussion, then tne shrapnel acts
with greater force than does th© shell but
TJTt^' haPP ' nS •*■ th « -hot t9 ex
ploded by the fuse
POPE RECEIVES VANNUTELLI
Rome. Aug. 20.- T he Pope received to-day
m Ml audience Cardinal Vincent
xannuieli. who .tart, on Sunday for Can
ada to attend the Eucha tl c Cos4rew at
authorized Card.nal Vannutelll to impart
There is little new In the security mar.
ket situation. Much Is suggested, later.*
esting developments forecast But j»s.
dictions are altogether unfulfilled. UJ>
date — the prophets all engaged in pleas-,
ing promises for which only wish**
It may be that we are at a critics'
money market period. Foreign exchange
rates stiffen. It looks as if gold import*
were about over. Meantime we are on
the verge of crop movement re^m,^.
ments. From Washington has come f£«
assurance during the week that th«
financial situation In the West has r«.
cently been so much strengthened that
it is anticipated that Western banks caa
to much larger extent than usual pro.
vide the necessary funds for han<J!i 3 ,
the annual crop movement, if thjj
proves to be correct there will be mijck
relief to New York. But the sam© t£
comes every year, and every year peterj
out. ' •' XTf-
Crops hold their own no farther &•«.
age develops. Good rains in the w.*
have relieved the drouth. It can b«> * aa [ r .
ly assumed that net crop results, xhfl,
by no means of "bumper" character, wfjj
be fairly satisfactory in volume ■■.-.■* na>r»
\ than ordinarily gratifying in caah ri
1 turns to the farmer. Under such confi.
! tlons there must be continuance of pro*.
I pertty for the agricultural comnvmlty^.
; a factor of potent effect in future <iey«t.
opments. And this view of the a !T\:atio*
finds utterance from no less an importact
i source than James J. Hill, who has Juit
i returned from a tour of personal Ina;^.
i tion of Northwestern agricultural and
business conditions. But. says Mr HEi
i in summing up his opinion. "Caution !»
■ necessary In business undertakings tt
this time, and 13 being observed." Till
Is precisely In line with what has bee:
urged In this review for some time past
Railway earnings as they come in con
tinue to make the exhibits with wh&S
Wall Street has become unhappily fa
; miliar — large gross earning increase
| turned into net earnings decreases. Hsrs
; and there are exceptions; but forth
i most part they are Inconsequential Soa>
j of the bigger systems have been ratk
I lessly cutting operating expenses, aai
| thus are able measurably to offset th«
! depressing net earning exhibit Aay
canvass, however, among -xperts«eß|
; managers makes it very plain I M Bjgj
] authorities do not believe that thai sen
of relief can be more than temporarr-.
while it is likely to bring results. iaTitej
I consequences that will be uncomfortaife
What is urged by these veteran obser
ers is that the vital element In the b
creased cost of railroad operation is ad
vanced wages — from no quarter
comes even a hint of any attempt a
'■ reduce the wa?e scale It is clearly eg.
derstood by railroad managers that ,-■
such attempt would provoke ecnSict^ti
; union labor, a situation with which t£»
transportation companies are not pre
pared to cope, a condition acceiuna:!*
in its troublesome features by pcli&al
developments, more particularly throes*.
I out the West.
It is unquestionable that seme re**!
;is necessary. The two horns of th»«.
lemma are increased traffic rates crrV
I duced dividends. To increase tit-
J rates is no easy matter, despite 'tis
j jaunty assumption of Wall Street \-.a:
i they will come about as a m "-' rt
course. Public sentiment is against sue*
| increase. Shippers are orsranize^ *3
over the country to present their xHm \
of the situation in the endeavor to .'
vent rate advances. In these times soi j
'. manifestation ■>:' public sentiment can
not be ignored That present divided
rates are perilously n«>ar the danger lisa
if present traffic rates are to enntins? is
plainly manifest by the most casual
study of recent railroad report? — notably
1 exemplified by such great systems as Bt
Paul and Illinois Central, each of which
; shows a surplus barely nominal after tia
- declaration of their last dividends. Ua
less speedy relief is obtained there bM
: doubt that railroad shareholders will h
called upon to help out the situation c?
accepting smaller dividends than ther
I now enjoy. And all this is bound w
brins? to the front the question of est
r ernment ascertainment •:' the physical
I value of railroads — much in press:
| capitalization is real and Low mtich Is
"water." This issue may seem ehie?7
academical to Wall Street, but :t> th*
country at la'"?' 3 it is very reaL Then*
are sections where it becorr.es actually
controlling. And from this time for—si
it is likely to become continually ■■■
and more a conspicuous factor.
Few facts in the railway situation *'
; the present time can be considered "■'■
: qualifiedly bullish. Large gross tntm
invite enthusiasm — but there the pleas
urable side of the situation ends. Ex
; penses stupendously expanded and pc£*"
ical antagonism waxinsr worse and woo*
impose problems that ordinary geniss
\ cannot readily solve. Thus, at the b«t
the hopeful view must wait upon.ti*
; determination which this fall the Inter
state Commerce Commission will arrrra
at as to the fairness of btgeer ' -'
: charges. .
Wai! Street oracles have already »•
tied the Interstate Commerce cases. h*«
I proclaimed that the railroads will ?&
all they ask. Wall Street is always doc?
; this sort of thin?, being great in its pr«
| liminary wisdom, settling court cases B
advance in the same free and easy rat
■ lon that Democrats are always carrya>
Congress up to the time the actual vot
ing takes place. About nine time:? _ oc
of nine the guessing and the boasts? j
: go equally wrong.
It is curious that while Wall :?tr **
] essays to bull the railroads in the *<•
of many adverse possibilities it I** 3 ,
with an unfavorable eye upon the in*^'
■. trials. Certainly American industries
' confront no such perplexities as do t-»
railroads. Indeed, the premier industrj>-
Steel. maintains ■ remarkable high le»«
i of prosperity. The earnings o? the L"nU»
\ States Steel Corporation show n*> aba»\
'. ment as yet. nor is there any rerceptiti?
! diminution of booked orders. Steel co- j
■ mon is certain to receive its preseiu»
i per cent dividend unless the u^-- ore^l
able should happen, and is more 3«
; likely to enjoy extra distributions UK**
; the officially announced policy *|^^?j
management. Yet in the last sre~»
Steel common sold down very °**^ir
— sold at a price where it yielded
19 per cent, to the buyer. Even »°? JJ
yields 7 per cent, while offering '"* ci dzl
chance of increase in market price. T^
Steel common should just through s^
sympathy be raided to such leve.3 •"?
the bear party gets active CTeag^g
' anomaly which presents tempting o*fi^0 *fi^
tunity to the investor. It may be ra.^
again, and even more severely. & ul
value la there— value indestructible-
Most notable perhaps amon? the I***"
ures of the week's market has been
I conspicuous position taken by special
I Many rose sharply in the early pssi **
th» week, coincident with pleasin?
mors as to dividend policies. vv'ere
crop movement financing out of the
and were there no political uncerwiS"^
i or threats. It would apparently N Jj
to bring about an old-fashioned aCt *,.'^j
; and buoyancy in most o! the low p"^
issues. The fact upon which tho **J3
, are bullish can most felicitate theirv?«'
i is that the scare element is out **»
I market. They who have held 9"*
1 throughout the late unpleasantness
not now to be frightened into JW-^j
tion; indeed, from such owners haS * aw >
| much of the recent buying upon *
> has been based the rises re*isf<?re*
particular phase of the market is
gether on the helpful side. , A io&-
But equally clear is the fact that su.
holders who did sell who were i£
into liquidation, whether by nece3a j l3 p^
nervousness, are not showing -•»P.y^Bßßn|
sltion to rebuy. Perhaps they "•*
the power; they certainly do '•°* *-
the disposition. m r<ib *
And here Is the crux of the 13 ;*^
i the public's attitude. Prices c^fJJ"
' vance quickly and materially "i^fh&Bj*
mission houses of the Stock EX»
become active. At present they *** ' >
©very one. That spells b^ariahn«tg^j. ■*