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ACADEMY OF lU'SIC— $:K> — Prisoaw of Zenda.
A 1 j » A M Hit A - -2—*— Vaudeville..
AM B&ICA X— -— **— Vaudovllle.
ASlxiH— *:ls— Seven Days.
l'.ljor- S:11»— My Man.
BBOADWAT— « :ir^-Ju<iy forgot.
i-\c|XO v iri — He CauK- from Mu«aol»«e.
ctn< ".«^» — Ttw CJiocolate BoMlcr.
iMMEUV- s^»- Tli« UUlc llamosci.
CITY THKATKK— S— Th* M IlomcstcaO.
COliOXl A T.— • — 8 - Vaudeville.
ORITKUION— €26 — The Commuters.
1 »VUY'S— >:.*?>— lJabv Mine.
KMPlKE— *:ir.— Smith.
fIFTH AVENUE - — B—VauflovlHe.8 — VauflovlHe.
«;AIBTT- >ir» -G«-t-nirh-Qulfk Walllnpford.
OATiniCK— ♦»:»»— Anti-'Matrttnony. .
RLOBB— #<=»—^ The Oirl 5a the Train.
HACKKTT— P.li— Mother. .....
I» JMUEBfiTEtyS - a ■ <?^S — \audevill<*.
inPPOOROME 3 ft -TK international Cup—
nall'-t r.r Xinpai-a- The E«rth<juake.
TTIDsnN— S:2O-Th«- Dwertw.
TUVINO ri-AC-K-srir.-Pto " ' niiiir«l»r.
.^O!* WKlJKnS— S:i.*t— Alma, WHiere Do To.
1 A \** "*
KNI.'KKUnO«-KEn-S:l3-Our Sliss •'**•-
Tir.Ki'.TV • ir T!..' <-«'UHtr>- TV<y.
t Y< "I-TM- *-iM — iw^oratijir Cl^m'titine.
WAXINr K!*l.lo"tt-P- S:l--Thf Tar?iTiK at the
•rn'-M FVor B»«*.
>?AXUIOVA*»-«:tt— Ow * Co - , :
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ni:i-'t;«.l.--«:tr. ■ n-b-.-m .f Funrv rrP««
TX-\t i M'K'S- R:t3 — A'ia* Jimmy V«retrtln«.
tTK!«T 1-; NT« - X:!" — Tln» T.i:"f>- Man. .
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rxcurrlcn* . 11 ; «<^ * 5 i
Tl'neTicls 1 . • 10 «-T"Tlm« T»M«J "• <*-•
rirtstlal M«*t- T" Iy:t for Bun
faa» 10 3' •»• PurpoKPf.- 3 «*
r a - r r • " ft ur» ! Tribune Subscrtp
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THE \/ ir.s THIS MORXiyG.
FOREIGN.— The English Board of
Trade lias submitted a compromise In
the lockout of cotton employes which the 1
workmen have accepted and the em- j
ployers are expected to approve. ■■ j
Jlould Amundsen has decided to take the
ttcamer ]"r« in. on an Antarctic expedi
tion instead of carrying ° v 1 hi? Plans to 1
drift across the pole == The liancee
of Edmond Poillot. who was killed, on
September '2~j by the fall of his aero
plane, vent to Ms jrrsve and shot her
|*olf through the heart. The four
correspondents v.ho were injured by po
!ice in" the rioting in the Moabit district
in Berlin have been asked to appear at
;i hearing on the ease to-day. — —
Catholic <kmor.strutions in Spain iiassed |
«.ff practically without disorder. = — =
Twenty-eight new cases of cholera and
~:x deaths cere reported from tha city l
and province of Naples. == lndu^- ,
lious point to a comparatively *« -;u-efu. ;
ll a-<a -< that the national lottery .- grcatlv .
inert a*in^ idleness und mendicancy. .
nOMESnC^-PresWent Tait_r«*urned j
«.. i»--iilv from Xew York. live, j
; V , ,k. ... - barfed in the
vr.vll i.f - : T!i« Times- Ivjilulng in Los
tcaSe* w re unearthed after thirty
h.."^ work. ===== It was Jearned at
V ; Vt hhi-ton Unit Wu-Ting-fnng had
iSSSS & throne of China m,
'/i/ i vor of abolishing the queue. ===== »
r teas said at Syracuse that .Melvin Z. I
Haven tod uTitten a letter to John A. :
Dix protesting again* the treatment ac
,..rc>d the oiwndaw delegates to the
Democratic State Convention. — — A j
fire caused 5.,. ,.,.....,. jlamagv and <1— :
stroved twenty buildings at Caxnden,
„ i- r;ifford Pinchot, in an ad
ar^to th* Motherhood of «■« ■ Andrrw
at XashvilK Tnm.. .M.<.k.- of the spirit I
of unrest in tli<» Initcd .<lat« .^. -"— : - 1
thofrHslitcr X.w . York found-red in
bonder Bay. I-»ke Huron: tho «m-w
S^cu«d. === - States Tr«s
ror HcChxns ror-ortwl that tli" total
im S n,oney in th; Vnitod l States
estimated at tt«WlM«»i«J^
st v.-ar th<- ffov«Tiun«'nt took in from
•<linVr>- soui-.'s 5«7r..71 1.715. the ]ar B
aPU T in its history: r^= Th' lnt-r
ttional Prison Con«r«a ••!■• '•"• Its
•ssitm In Washington.
i-ITY — According- to ofiiciol o«timat*rsj
venly-nine M tlv . rem won- J"f=t wJt-«
- hatt '.cthip N-v- Hami»«hii br.at
t nL Saturday right, and thirteen add.- ;
Stiosai men were missins from rolicaii..
-' . ■■-. T, vn boys lost their lix«a la a fire
in a it.',,, i l". • • tenement hous^. - — :
In a rare to pick ap an incomirp
(schooner a tvr>oden tup. In darjger or
foanderirW, was rescood by hercon^ctl
tnr. :t Mar rteel iup. ■ Tno PuWic
s.-t^ic^ commission Issued a boui;iot
rivlns the history and scope of 11" tn-
Soroush 'suV-vay. ===== The a^nc
Mayor Park CommhiEioner and Borough
President rcj.r*-sunted tli<: city at the
(V-diration <>f a park which was renamed
for <-arl ScbUTZ. ===== X»« ow«er of a
ranch In Afrka. where ex-Prcsid^nt
Roosevelt hunted, told of a Lip frame
Minting dnb that is bcinp farmed. =====
A vouup ph>"SiCian from Ash.vlile. >. « ..
committed suicide the Grand Central
Hotel Father Vaughn, an 1-ngksh
Driest, r-reaehinj: at the cathedral, said
that New York .slums were a "paradise
compared ulth those of London. — —
<'ap^in Osbon paid h« expected Dr.
Frcdpri<k A. Cook, the arctic, explorer.
to return t" this country soon and de
THE WEATUKK.— lndiCJitioxu. or to
day- Fair. Th<- frnperature yesterday:
HlSbeft. 67 degrees: lowest. :.?..
WMi We m DOE* aTI WTAVDt
The Democratic nawgpapcrs hero
-»hout* which accept ihc Dcniocratlc
ticket named by Charles I", Murphy .it
Eocbester are bard put to tell exactly
v>li<TO .Tolm A. l»sx ■ Most of
th< iv eeetn to tMuk li):it hC stands for
5.1,1 MtiiwiaHi'Ti- M oi^wscd to "■••
u\\«.u" But nobody at Roch
ester ln\<i more Iban I hazy notion
Of what , : ,,. *V*ld !i:.i;-;u" means,
.vn.l the grotesque attempt of the !•!;!•
f.irm makers to define r,,,. "new nation
allsni" Bbotred that tbej -wore ni.-n-ly
lupins w"ilii empty i»hr.i«io.«. If the
~..]d naiioimlisisi" m<ans anrtulns to ''■••
ln-jiKHiatic party in this Ktat<flt Means
simply a rehash <«f the reactionary state
t-jjrjtt J platform ■I. •• ■ '•> I>:ivi*l It. Hill
in 11*04, \vl.<!i 3i.« xvaw trying to «uv U re
the Presidential nomination far Alton 15.
!»arker. Mr. HOI tras ■■ Intellectual
;,;;, cbmittired witb ill'- man tyho, ac
<-»ir«liiix to »Iv testimony of «tll our
Dempcratic ccntemnorarles, iii'-i the
Docbestcr convention "Jn the liollow* of
lii- Ikhjcl." Tjjo *«x-<i'*vtTnor and iiator
!i.<d aaac adequate i»i«-.! of Hal I'"i:i'»
cratic jmrtys historical attitude toward
nsliouaiisui. iind I**- ;jj.pli«fl his knowl
. in drafting n plalXorin vfljicb d«v
* 1 •> r^<J that # vt.jtf ri^tit^ niust be niaiu
talned** yj)d ihui *icprporart«m^ irt«r«d
"tV ib*» rta««? mo 1 ' Iw subj«»ci t<> Just.
• r^^j'^t'^n hv Jhe FtatP*"^ ••n<l. loffreo*
U*!Jy« by rbc*ftite ilw!
t].'- Hiii r.iri .-«!• r^-^ :i ;-" -•'■ 1
6«€tl Elicit!^ aftei tSiue ol llic Dcnic
i era tic justice <»f Hi' 1 Supreme Court in
the Northern Securities ease had said
that the intervention of federal author
ity to preveut consolidations inulcr state
1 authority tending to restrain interstate
<-omineree was -<ie<iru<-tivo of this ?ov
"ernmont. destructive of human liherty
-aud destructive of every principle on.
-which organized EOdety depends." The
; Now York Democracy sympathized with
! the minority Of the court in aettiag
' Iwmnds on nationalism in 3904. It
dropped the suhjeet nitJier precipitately
; after the Parker campaign, r.ut "The
i Evening I'ost" tiparf that "the old
'•Parker and Bbeehaa influence was some
"what in cvidenee" at Rochester: It may
have induced the platform makers to
try the experiment of setting up the ■"
i nationalism" as against "now uatioual
j isui." Vet in what respect Is the "old
; nationalism^ of Pix and Murphy <lif
! ferent fit>ui tl?*» slate rishts prograjnjme
of Parker and Hill? Have they merely
I take* up the mantle of Calhounlsni
dropped by their predecewora six yean
Mr. I»i\ has '•<•. 11 » candidate for stale
office once before* He was willing to
i run for Lieutenant Govprnor two years
j :i^o on a ptatforai denouncing the Public
J .vrni'o commissions and pledging the
: r»rinoeratfc party to their abolition. The
I democratic national platform of l*"8
[fdoasfjr c»Bia»md>d Ibe work of the
I Icterotat** Commerce Oaiailwßlwi «nd
urged an eiton>ion of Us power.". But
the state Democracy had only denuncia
1 tion for 'our state comrui?picnp and
wanted to put an end to their useful?
ness. Mr. E»ix also stood on a platform
popularly Interpreted as promising a re
peal of the racetrack betting law?. Mr.
i Chanler. the Democratic Governor, was
' forced to interpret it differently before
: the end of the enmpaijru. But. the in
tention Of the party was plainly to jro
\ back to the Jfffersonian ideal of weak
government not only in the nation but
Jn the state. Mr. Dix owes it to the
public to explain whether he is a nation
alist of any sort, new or eld. or whether
he is simply ■ follower of Hill. F3rkor
MR. TAFrS SPEECH.
President Taft's speech before the Na
tional Republican League will be of great
assistance to the Republican cause in the
coming campaign throughout the country.
A review of the work of hi< administra
tion so far as it has cone should silence
all critics and convert all doubters. The
list of achievements is remarkable. It
is sufficient to say that no other Presi
dent was ever successful in getting
through Congress such a programme of
legislation as Mr. Taft had passed at the
last session. "When both the amount and
the character of this work are consid
ered it is Impossible to perceive any
basis for that dissatisfaction with the
Republican party to which Mr. Taft al
luded wheu he said.
It is possible in such a government a?
curs to lose deserved popular approval
I 111 a mil misrepresentation and tnlsttn
•]> 1 ,-i :.....i !!:•.;. isut mistakes of this kind
; ■:•• not permanent.
Mr. Taft's has been emphatically an
administration which gets things done.
:md wit-it It has accomplished has been
of a progressive character. The President
Insisted ia bis speech upon Him progres
sive quality <>f tbo legislation passed and
proposed, but it is absurd that it should
be necessary for him to be so. The
measures adopted and tkoee already in
prußpect speak for themselves. The rail
road law passed last winter carries rail
road regulation yean ahead of where it
was at the beginning of his administra
tion. The conservation measures on his
programme present a well defined pol
icy of conservation a< advanced as
the most ardent eonserrattoßM could
wish. There are only illustrations of the
thoroughly progressive tendency of the
Republican party trader Mr. Taft The
rest of the record i < all of the same char
acter. The policies outlined for the fut
ure are in keeping with those whose
adoption he has already secured. And
the adoption of those already accepted is
an earnest <•:' the coming acceptance of
tl«ose. that are simply proposed. The
quiet. |iatient skill which obtained the
passage of the railway legislation will
I 1I 1 « - iir« • the enactment of a progressive
conservation policy Into law. and will
bring about the amendment of the tariff
law. section by s«-ction. as the necessary
information upon which to base amend
ments [« collected by the Tariff Commis
The spirit which Mr. Taft lias
entered upon the correction of the lariff'.s
d ifecta may '.'•' perceived vi tlicso words
1 h; • the i rtalrman I of the
aission] to make a public
statement ol the purposes ;tn<j methods
of th Bion, bat I b;. v- din cted
■ • ike that statement until
;.!t< i ii, because, in s<i Bai a ■
possible, 1 il'-sin' the Tariff Commission
from ■!]■. ii to 1 • kept free
■t'l-M-ti t!)'- vicissitudeti <>t partisan poli
• 1 th:^r ir will p-Min th<- r<-.^prrt and
tin • »nfMence of th<- whole conntr
gardlei s ol part) line*.
m »«» apptaase wftb trhicfa thnt state
meat was greeted by bis auditors on Sat
■rday waa heartily deserved
A DUTCH T MI IFF.
The expectations concerning the fiscal
policy of the Netherlands which were
expressed in these columns a short time
ago are now being practically fullillcd.
It was understood that the late elec
tions in that country were fought chiefly
(Hi the issue of tariff reform and
that if the tariff reformers won, as
peeaasd probable, 1 bill fur replacing
free trade with a rational measure of
protection would promptly be intro
duced in Parliament and pressed to
enactment. That coarse Is being fol
lowed. The elections showed an unmis
takable popular demand for tariff re
form, and now a protective tariff bill bat
been prepared tilth the scientific thor
oughness which is characteristic of the
Dutch, 11 will doubtless be enacted, and
thus Holland will Join the great mi
j.trity of protectionist lands, leaving
the British Athanasius standing alone
agalu«( the world as the sole consider
able champion <-i Cobdenisni.
The 'significance of this movement ;
to be perceived through consideration of
the Industrial and commercial condition
of the Netherlands. -Ac-cording to <'-•'»
denltc theory, thai country hi conspicu
ously adapted to free trade and ill
adapted to protection, it contains six
million people crowded upou two mill
ion acres of arable land. while ii «-x-
I>orlß large quantities of dairy and gar
den produce, i' Is compelled to import its
l/rcadstuffs and is dependent upon for
eign lands for food and other supplied.
Mcsi '•; it 1 * raw material* for its work*
-ho;..- and f.-M.-tories, and also of Its sup
plies of manufactured good are no
poirtid- '*- Imports regularly exceed it*
export* by from 30 to x> par rent, li
bag an eiicrooos foMljro carry Id a: trad*.
ujt iou^ ago inoTf. thai: luree tildes ai.
NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE, MONDAY. octubKU X 1!>1«.
great, proportionately, as that of Qreal
Britain, Barely, the Cobdentte would
sa>. that is the chosen home of free
trade. Yet after lOBg and careful tri.i!
ii deliberately discards Oobdeslaßl and
adopts 1 scientific system of protective
It would be folly to Ignore the meaning
Of it. There may indeed still be a few
surviving adherents of the tine Intoler
ance of Oladstonian days, who would
begin every discussion of commercial
economics with the enunciation of the
bland and mollifying postulate that
every protectionist is necessarily either a
fool or a knave. I3ut the multitude, for
eign to such ethical exaltation, will re
mark that the Dutch are conspicuous
for their integrity, their thoueht fulness.
their penetrating acumen and. indeed,
for all the qualities which would invest
such action as this with the utmost
weight. Nor can rational men easily
overlook the significance of the fact that
practically all nations but one have now'
specifically renounced or rejected Cobdcu
ham, and that in what Is immeasurably
the greatest era of industrial and com
mercial expansion and prosperity, and
also of peace and good will among ■the
nation*, the doctrine of free trade as an
essential to prosperity, progress and
peace, as proclaimed by Cobdcri, i* .ill
but universally repudiated.
ROOSEJ'ELT VERSUS MURPHY.
Just at present wo are electing a Gov
ernor of New York. Tv> want tho best
man in the office, surrounded by tho best
influences. Having driven, old guard
ism" out of public life, this state will be
unfortunate if. under cover of a hue and
cry raised to distract attention else
where, "old piardipni" is permitted to
slip back through a eliange of parties
into Its familiar position at Albany. Docs
the state want, the old bipartisan allies
of the Republican "old guard," the Dem
ocrats to whom the sponsors of Allds and
his kind always turned for help in time
of need, to take the place in its affairs
from which the Republican "old guard'
has been gradually forced? Are we
going to have merely a change of "old
Does the public prefer a party led by
Murphy or one led by Roosevelt? Mur
pliy and his "old guard" represent the
things which Colonel Roosevelt has just
powerfully helped to drive- out of the
Republican party and on which he has
•worn to make relentless ' war every
where and under all conditions. The
contrast between the two men is enough
to set the supporters of the Democracy
in hot search of fantastic issues In order
to distract the public from the contem
plation of it.
BRITISH LABOR DISPUTES.
The widespread and disastrous labor
troubles which now prevail in the United
Kingdom demonstrate that last year's
somewhat notable freedom from such
disturbance* was indeed, as was feared,
the provaftnaJ calm before the storm. It
Is true that there was about the aver
age number of strikes and lockouts last
resrf and thai a larger number of per
sons was Involved in them than in any
Other year stece 19H. Yet they were as
a rule of such brief duration that com
paratively little time was lost. About
m; pet cent were settled within a month
and 42 per cent within B week. These
circumstances made t lie loss from
strikes decidedly smaller than usual.
Seeing thai the troubles were so
speedily ended, it is of interest to ob
serve the means of settlement which
were employed. In the total < r 196
cases no fewer than 1271 were settled i>y
direct negotiation, which is obviously
preferable to any other method. Arbi
tration was successfully employed in
only 'J''>. and conciliation or mediation
in 36. In 51 cases the working people
Fielded uneonditiottally to the employ
ers, and m 40 the strikers were replaced
with other laborers. Closing of the
works was resorted to in nine cases.
while five remained unsettled.
There was abort the usual proportion
of disputes ov»r the employment of non
unionists ;ind oilier matters pertaining
to labor union rules and principles. In a
majority of which the unions were suc
cessful. It seems certain, however, that
she number of union disputes Is Increas*
inc. not as between union and non-union
labor, but between different factions Wt
unionists it is. Indeed, largely became
of tlic-e inner differences that the pres
ent vast disturbances have arisen, and
ibat fact may be Interpreted by some
persons as ominous \'vv trade unionism.
The onions have for yean dominated
the industry of the kingdom, but now a
spirit of dissension is arising among
them which may destroy their power.
Krom their poinj of view that* is the
serious feature of the situation.
WHAT AILS MISSOURI?
The census figures for Missouri, ju<t
announced, reveal an astonishing check
in the growth of that state. The in
crease in population between ]o<X> and
1910 was only isr..«;7«». Ho small a
gain has not been made since the dec
ade between 1820 and 1830, when Mis
souri entered the Union. The decennial
increase between 1890 and i*.".m aver
aged 270,000, and between 1890 and
1900 : . little l-ss than 500,000. The
largest Increase was between 1800 and
IS7<» .-,.",0.000. Si net; IS7O tlie percent
age of gain has dwindled rapidly— from
jr. in ISTO-'SO to 23.6 in ISSO-'Oo, to 16
in 1800-1900, and to •", between 1900 and
and 1910. Missouri will evidently nit
be able to retain its rank as the fifth
state In the Union. Texas, now sixth,
will certainly push iTbead and Massa
chusetts, now seventh, may also nose
out Missouri. Massachusetts needs to
show a gain of only 457, < .>fR) inhabitants
in order to get sixth place, and it made
si larger Increase than that between
ISM and l!X)0.
The matter with Missouri scorns to
be thai growth in population outside the
large cities is at ■ stand-till. Si. Louis
and Kansas City together gained 198,
•J-_'M inhabitants between 1*m)0 and 1910.
The rest of the state lost nearly 10,000.
Undoubtedly Missouri is: now in much
the same condition as lowa. Its agri
cultural area i- fertile and it 1 farmers
arc prosperous. Bu( land is high priced
and no new settlers are attracted. On
the contrary, population is being drafted
to states further, west where opportuni
ties seem to be greater. As in lowa,
there are tew manufacturing centres and
the Minaii towns are not growing because
there is no dlverslflcatlon of Industry.
That situation will doubtless continue
until manufacturing becomes more gen
eral. The census returns of 1010 have
shown that In roost of the faster grow
ing state* the greatest gains of the dec
ade have been mafic in the smaller
cities where manufacturing Industries
■re being built up Missouri's census
indicates even more plainly rhan Micbl*
pin's ,1.-1 thai rtw Middle Weft has
pu£tctj the period of unchecked Rgrtcoit-
Ural development, and will get)ta i^nd
growth only when it. begin* "• supp|
ment agriculture with manufacturin .
THE v/;ir APAKT3IBST.
The family is not settled yet for the
winter in the new apartment, "It pre
liminary order has been wrought out 01
chaos, Paterfamilias receives mgmj
reports of progress and damages. l ' re^'
agdj in different departments of tne
household, from furniture and picture*
to crockery, has been duly tabulated.
Even the scratches on the dining room
table have been counted. And the new
wallpaper in one of the bedrooms wont
do at all. • , .
•There is already a little time to devote
to the obtrusive idiosyncrasies of the
new neighbors. There are also unfamil
iar noises instead of the familiar ones.
■ baby in the apartment below instead
Of in % the one overhead, a pianola in the
one to the right instead of in the one to
the left, an amateur singer across the
court. Paterfamilias would not discover
some of these changes for many a day to
come If he were nor told. lie is still be
wildered. not. yet observant. The capac
ity for blundering and forgetting of UNI
i>cw«dealer In the matter of his atorotag
paper Irritates him, and it is «mall coat
fort, though imparted as I consolation,
that milkman and baker are even* more
derelict. Also, that the hall attendance
i-; as lax as it was in the old .place.
As for the apartment itself— well.
joineh r it is not so much of an improve
irjont as it appeared to bo when it wat
taken. Tlio closet room— but the experi
ence is familiar from constant repetition,
at least to the man's wife, upon whom It ;
bears much mere heavily. : But hope
springs eternal in her, whereas it died
out in him long ago. lie knows his duty,
however, for she lives in the apartment,
while he only rests there. So toward the
middle of May she will begin to talk
optimistically of another move, and the
search will begin again in the closing
weeks of summer. Then chaos once
more, the upsetting of all his comfort
and daily habits, moving, breakage,
scratches, another change that to mere
man looks more and more like the same
thing the oftener it is made.
MOXEY ASD BUSINESS.
Business transactions for immediate
needs continue heavy, nhile on for
ward commitments trade is inactive.
Some improvement is reported at dis
tributing centres, due In large part to
Increased marketing of the crops, but
the actual volume of orders is well un
der that reported at this time a year
ago, although the recession is not ac
companied by weakness in fundamental
conditions or uneasiness on the part of
manufacturers, jobbers and retailers.
Indeed, there is a well defined feeling of
confidence as to the future and a belief
in most circles that following the No
vember elections our industries will
move toward a higher plane of activity.
An indication of coming betterment In
the general situation is found In a
larger inquiry for -railroad mortgage
Issues, including: actual Bales by bank
ers in the last two weeks of upward of
S.tO,OOO.iXK>. of which ?7.000,000 repre
sents bonds placed in London; also in
a. tendency among speculators on the
Stock Exchange to operate on the the
ory that unfavorable features have been
fully discounted by the difference be
tween prevailing market prices and
those of a year ago. Nevertheless at the
moment the money marker/ does not
warrant, an aggressive bull speculation.
Bank reserves at this centre have fall
en from $5.j,000,000 on August 20 to
.*?4,981,.' ) .r>0 at present, while in the same
time loans have advanced more than
$100,000,000 without the accompani
ment of active speculation in stocks. The
resumption therefore of extended trans
actions for higher prices at this par
ticular period would exert a most un
favorable effect upon the monetary sit
uation, which is still carrying the bur
den of harvest financing: Furthermore,
unless foreign bankers recede from their
position in the matter of refusing cot
ton bills of lading not guaranteed by
American banks our money institutions
hero will be under the additional strain
Of financing exports after October HI
until the cotton is laid down at European
ports. Actual disturbance in money is
not looked for. but before the end of
the year there doubtless will be periods
of extremely stiff rates for. accommoda
tion. Call money was marked up to 3
per cent last week, and time maturities
were distinctly firmer. Discounts abroad
were higher in response to usual autumn
money market requirements, an advance
in the official rate being made both by
the Bank of England and the Imperial
Rank of Germany: Commercial paper
offerings are light, with apparently little
prospect of an increase as long as bank
ers' terms are so unsatisfactory to
Heavier shipments of cotton and grain
are depended upon to weaken sterling
exchange, which at present is near the
gold exporting level, while dearer money
in New York should counterbalance
higher discounts in Europe aa an in
fluence on the foreign exchange market.
So far lower prices for grain have not
attracted an active export demand for
wheat and corn, but cotton is going
abroad in volume. In spite of the ad
vancing tendency of quotations. Spec
ulation in cotton futures for bull account
la dangerously heavy for this early
stage of the cotton season, but operators
find in reduced estimates of tho final
yield, the low supplies in the hands of
spinners and the expectation of a re
vival of activity in the cotton goods mar
ket Justification for their position. The
government report on cotton will be is
sued to-day and it Is expected to show
a falling off in the figures from those of
a month ago. Buying of cotton goods
by retailers is restricted i while Jobbers
show no enthusiasm over the outlook for
new business in the immediate future.
although in the general drygoods market
Borne Improvement is recorded. Cotton
mills continue to curtail. Heavy receipts
.of wheat nnd a slack cash demand have
carried quotations to a level well under
that prevailing »t this time last year.
Conditions in the iron and steel In
dustry do not warrant the expectation
or an active trade in the course of the
next few weeks, but an encouraging
feature of tha market that tends to In
duce confidence as to the futuro is the
Increase in orders for Iron for 1011 de
livery. As a rule, however, the chief
buying In all departments of the iron
arid steel trade is for Immediate needs,
new business in finished steal Hik-s com
ing in at the rate of between 30 and SO
per nt of capacity. The railroads and
other taiee eoVißumera an doing tittta
on forward commitments, and appeal
.■•intent to contiiie their operahoria to ■»
hand to mouth Iblis until the situation
baa bssa ewajred of )>oiitics and the raii
r ■<<] rats rontroversy. The export busi
ness in iron and steel is excellent. Cur
tailment of copper production continues,
while consumption the world over is in
ereaamg, a reflection of which is found
>n a marked gain in exports from here
as compared with this time a year ago.
shipments in September, for instance.
l*in* more than 11.000 tons in excess
of those in the corresponding month in
1 !"''•' As indicated by bank clearings
and railroad earnings, general business
throughout the country does not meas
ure up to the records presented earlier
in the year.
Our best wishes to our Hebrew fellow
citizens in the year 5671-
"With crewloss battcships. crafcasti and
submarines already a reality, the day of
the sokßerleaa army cannot b* far *>"*•
The Tammany contingent returning
from the Rochester convention had a
narrow* escape on a record day of violent
deaths and minor casualties. , They are
to be congratulated. We wonder how
they will fool on the evening of the first
Tuesday after the first Monday in No
And yet Columbus's faith was as zr».i}t
as that which moves mountains. As for
his works circumspicc-
Lexicographers take notice! "^kl
hooting" i? an automobiling. not an
aviatic, term. The change of a single
vowel will make it available for the lat
ter sport, however.
While laudin? th? new French finan
cial diplomacy it may be weß not to
forget altogether that lack of money
has never yet prevented ? nation from
going- to war, Turkey least of all.
Th* new football is evidently not yet
a game for mollycoddles.
The report of Somali natives carrying
umbrellas to shade them from the sun
goes far toward realizing the most
jocund imaginings of Borrioboola Gha!
Th-? lack of official knowledge by the
Chinese government and the foreign dip
lomats at Peking of a threatened Boxer
uprising reminds one of the ancient
Joke: ''You know that barking dogs
"don't bite, and I know it. but does the
"dog know it?"
THE TALK OE TIIE DAT.
The latest rendering of the Burns lines.
"Oh, wad some power." etc.. is given tn a
London evening paper thus: "Oh, v.ad
some power the giftie pie us. to ccc some
folk before they see us."
Thirsty Lodger- Will you get me some
La e ndlady^lure and I will; but what wag
it tarst night— a slimoking concert or a
P^h!rsty m Tx>dser— What difference does
- •Landlady-Sure, and I want to know
whether to brine It to yet In a jug or a
pail.— lllustrated Bit?.
Some of the reasons why a Frenchman
may not marry are given by a correspond
ent of a Paris newspaper. He ha* been
trying to get married for three years rind
hnsi not yet succeeded. French marriage
law is a tricky thing to deal with. If the
prospective bridegroom has not lived more
than six months at his address at the time
of the marriage he must get a certificate
signed by the landlord and concierge or
every house where he ha? lived previously
till he gets back to one where he did live
for fix months. Both certificates are re
quired and the written consent of parents.
"What is It, dearie" '
•What IS a 'harem*? I've never under
tt "A harem, my dear, Is a bunch of happy
homes organized into a trust under the
law* of the State of New Jersey^—Cleve
"The Boston Globe' 13 shocked at the
suggestion that the surgeons who attended
Mayor Gaynor may charge him $31,000. To
ask the Mayor personally to pay that or
any oth^r sum, "The Globe" declares,
"would be adding insult to injury." and
adds: "If the doctors must have the money
and the city will not pay the bill, the
amount should, and could, bo raised by
Pa— When I say a tiling. I mean it!
Ma— Even the things you tell me wncn
you get home late?— Toledo Blade.
There are some unusual features about
the marble arch to the memory of Pennsyl
vania's .soldiers, dedicated last week on tins
battlefield at Gettysburg. The name of
every Pennsylvanlan who fought at Get
tysburg in inscribed on tablets of bronze
which are placed en tho granite facade
about the foot of the memorial. Thirty
thousand names appear on these tablets,
while carved in the granite of the monu
ment proper are those of thirty-four com
manding officers from Pennsylvania.
Nature turns over a new leaf in the
spring, but in the fall she always paints
things red.— Philadelphia Record.
The Shnplon Pass, over which Chavez
made his fatal air trip, was a famous high
way of travel long before Napoleon con
structed the high road. Milton camo home
that way from his grand tour, and so did
John Evelyn. The latter traveller went in
fear of his life, not only expecting ava
lanches to fail on him, but beins; apprehen
sive lest bears and wolves should issue
from the eaves in the precipices and assail
him. The only actual harm which hap
pened, however, was that Ilia companion's
dog killed a goat beloncim? to one of the
peasant?, and that heavy compensation had
to be paid— "a pistole." says the diary, "for
the goat and ten more for attempting to
"He"« n. genii!"*, and bo eccentric"
"By that I presume be seldom bathes and
always wears a soiled collar."'— Detroit Free
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.
THE BONDSMEN OF NICOTIA.
To tbe Kdltor Of The Tribune.
Sir: Thanks for the editorial entitled
"The Kißht to Pure Air," in which you
say: "A man ran DM the air for his own
purposes, but he cannot s.> ns.> or misuse
it aa to niaiv it oaJM for ins neashhar'a
There are many men whose very life de
pends upon their having pore air to breathe
nlsht and day. as Is the case with all in
\ allds. especially those assßartaa from
nervous complaints <»r tuberculosis.
You refer to a decision of the court of
Appeal.l which denied th« right of a
Rochester manufacturer to taint the air of
the wide outdoors with smoke from his
chimney. Why would not thai decision
b«ar with eassJ force »Ki»his»t a dozen pipes
or filthy cigarettes in & small room?
Hulling along the 10:1 I of Cuba once
In a small Spanish steamer, Whan tbo
sleeping apartment* were small alcoves
curtained off from the saloon. ■ometMtis
like berths in a Pullman car, the majority
of tlif men w<r« BB»#*hMl eluurettes in
their berth*, mnkhn: tno un " unflt to
breathe for those whs ware suffering from
seasickness. on that ?atn.' steamer the
captain and passcngcra smoked cigarettes
at meal.-', making it impossible for thaw
who were ellghtly «» to cat ■ mouthful.
I hay« k«cu Mslrk wonfn on a trans
atlantic simmer. »hO ha<l come on iselj
tr» their steatnT ,•■-, ilri to set the fresh
air th»y n-cd»d. drivn below lv. a man
iraoktni ;. vU-'-' ■" "' ? Jt " ra ' !r rJl » lr - lu3t
to'windvvard. Ont llJiht m * sleeping car
In India, where the compartment was
about 6 by 10 feet, with two berths on
each side, a man got in smoking a ply*,
and soon the air In that close sleeping
apartment was unfit to breathe.
Th selfish elf- indulgence of smokers
Is making them more .and more inconsid
erate and thoughtless. The be I definition
of a gentleman is "one who is considerate
of the feelings of others." The best defi
nition of a Christian Is "one who Will make
any sacrifice to strengthen his influence
and give up any Felf-indulgence rather
than pet a bad example to the young and
Thanks aram for rour strong word for
pure air. one of the bast gifts of the great
Creator to His dependent creatures, and
;u«t as necessary as Kis other blessed gift
of pure, nourishing food.
■ NOT 3. MORGAN.
Elwood, N. J., Sept. 20. 2915.
TYPICAL AND LOYAL MURPHYISM.
To the Editor of Th* Tribune.
Sir: For all your attempts at light satire
in regard to Mr. Murphy, hi i?, at Ihe
lowest, a better man than you are. Your
talk of family, college graduates and gram
mar is comic. Your mort pretentious fami
lies eaine from nothfnp. Many had their
origin in the slums of Knsr'.i . cities. This
Is known In Europe.
Men like Mr. Murphy and Mr. Canajsra
arc the only sort of Americana respected In
Europe— they stand for aaasetMatt The
English do not respect you. They respect
Tammany, and they know thset wlio com
poss It are men. N. R. KFL.f>Y-KKNVT
New York. O*t t. 121 1 ).
SUFFERS, BUT NOT IN SILENCE.
To the Editor of The TKsaßt.
Sir: I have read the editorial in Th^
Tribune on street noises with care and
attention; as. also, th» letter from your
correspondent. A. 11. B. I was not awar«
that there was an ordinance making it un
lawful for venders to cry their wares in
the city streets. If so. the law is contin
ually violated in the Borough of Brooklyn.
Almo3t daily noisy hucksters— men with
stentorian lungs, whose voices can bo
heard for blocks— make day hideous-
Hawkers, one on one side and one on the
other, go through our residential streets,
and a kind of bedlam reigns often for
half an hour; and it is difficult to carry
en an ordinary conversation in the home
and tho sick, nervous and "shut-ins" ap
pear to have no remedy. In no great
city of the world that I have visited or
know of Is there the same disturbance
on this account as in Brooklyn.
Have these persons a right to so dis
turb the peace of the community? Is it
legal? Is there any general demand for
the presence of these hucksters? Or is
the HI— MB to the city from this sourcb
?o larg3 that it is necessary to endure this
This is cot an appeal to abridge the
liberty of any hard-working class of men
desiring to get an honest livelihood: but to
permit these persons to disturb and annoy
over a million of citizens dally is a trav
esty on the right of the majority to rule
and an " unwarranted trespass of power:
and. as a citizen and taxpayer, I urge ana
demand the abolition of this nuisance.
Who. In th« Borough of Brooklyn, Joins
me in that demand?
JOHN" B KETCIU'M.
Brooklyn. Sept. Mj Bat
THE IMMIGRATION PROBLEM.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: As an interested reader of your
esteemed daily newspaper permit me to
present my views on the matter of "Unde
sirable Aliens," about which one of your
readers, whs signs himself "A Descendant
of 1650." is so enthusiastic. Of course, the
Immigration question of the United States
causes alarm to many narrow minded peo
ple, who imagine that the tremendous In
flux of foreigners will cause congestion to
the point of discomfort. The almost un
limited resources and the many advantages
which this great country affords are oftea
lost sight of.
Taking a broader view of the matter, one
should consider that all men are entitled
to any advantages Whsnl the earth has in
store for the thrifty and Industrious, and
that Americans have no more right to deny
willing workers admission to the United
States than the Germans, the French, the
English or the Italians have to deny will
ing workers admission la their countries.
The earth belongs to mankind as a body.
The duty of good American* who seek
the welfare of their country is to help en
act laws an.l seek other proper means for
distributing the wealth of th© land, and not
concentrating it for the benefit of a few;
for there arc length, breadth and weight
To the resources of the country If properly
If your correspondent would only lay
teas atrasa on the fact thai he hi a "de
scendant of 163 G." and simply desired to
become an active factor or 1510. he would
work for the election of Congressmen who
would p>«lce their support to tariff re
vision and the dissolution of trusts.
F. DOMINIC LOBHAVICO.
New York, Sept "0. 1".
TICKET AND PLATFORM
ONE VICTORY ALREADY".
From The Philadelphia North American.
We bopc for the success o* that e';c«"l!cnt
i New York RepuWlranl ticket. But. re-
Karii'ess of November, the victory ha;» been
won by th* making of New York Republi
NO DENIAL OF THAT.
From The Indianapolis News.
Mr. Stimson Is a goad man. As District
Attorney in New York City ha mad*- a
creditable record. That be has the char
acter and abttlty to make .< good Governor
will, we suppose, be denied by no OH".
NOT PARTISAN. HIT PATRIOTIC.
From Tho Detroit Journal.
While speaking for one of thS parties.
Its [the Republican plat form's 1 appeal is
In no way partisan, but general. American,
patriotic. It is so distinctly the greatest,
soundest and strongest of the year's plat
forms that tha otrwrs arc lost In compari
THE RIGHT RING.
From Tho Chicago Dally New?.
Mr. Roosevelt and the New York Repub
lican convention, under his leadership, have
attacked the evil or corruption in a man
ner calculated to arouse widespread public
enthusiasm. Til** address of the ex-Presl
dent and the resolution!" adopted by th«
Saratoga convention both have the right
IT Don NOT.
From The Boston Transcript.
Because Mr. Stilus. >n Is a Oui man in
his way. because he has conducted prose
cutions without recourse to *r-«»ctacu!ar per
formances calculated to eaten th» *>>>• of
ti.o Kali* rv, it does not follow tlutt on the
political pint form h«* m.»y not make area
iiimis that will hold uttcntiun and attract
' BRIGHTENING PROSPECT&
From The Philadelphia Ledger (I;..
'11l expectations of Democratic triumph
rnised by. li** threatened! Republican divi
sion »r.> much less brilliant than they were
a few days ago. '!'!.< probability of Re
publican success in New York is corr<»
apontltnitlv increased by wise acceptance
of th« purty achievement and the I*r/sl
dent's faithful leadership.
FOU STREJfQTII. NOT PIVISiOX.
From The ChsNNJS 11.-eoi.l-ll
Waas« fit's leadership ha* maJe for
strength, not division. demoralization and
paralysis. It has put hop* and vitality
Into tho party and made victory at the
polls possible where ISoiirbonism -•'■ • folly
would have made it utterly linpo. a< tt>le.
A WESTERN VIKW.
From The Kansas City St»r.
To dominate, for the people. d-M^saf**
who hiirl hoen .«elrettd by the old machine
method.-, to Impress s->iu ; > r e d*»l popnl tr
measures npc-n m*n whi> h^<l be?n seem*
tcmei In ill their »•■•(» t :. Vt* '■• bo dic
tation — This -was lh« great a"ht*;\err.*nt of
Theodore Ro'.^exelt hill'- titrates* con
vention. •< if ,'-i ill- i fast H» Imnwns? en
eriri- diid hlj jrawavwing woiw <cvi *v>r>
j» S f,. t^" nv >k» th» r convention «p*.»k for the
mas^ea of iht rto"* reoria of New Toik.
Honors to Painters — Mulberries
—A Royal Proxy.
London. September 17.
Memorials to human greatness arj
proposed with indecorous haste becauso
there are many evidences of national
neßloct »nd ingratitude. Hnlman
Hunt's ashes an scarcely cold In th»
crypt of St. Paul's Cathedral brforc hlj
friends are suggesting a monument for
him. although the revised version of hta
most famous work. "The Light of t&i
World." Is already there ov.ins to tha
public spirit ami generosity of hi;i
friend. Sir BBftSS Booth. How raa
they b«i censured for premature zeal
when the crave of his devoted friend,
Mlbbbßj < Ioi» to hi« own, Ii barely
marked by an Insignificant m* > mor»?'I?
Fame did not spring int.. tho arerti*
with rtartllng «udd«nness. like a circu* ■
clown. artaai the ardent spirits cf th^ '
Prc-Kaphaelit* lirotherhood were strusr
kUd^ for recognition. Slowly and ardu
ously th'v labored In life. ar.'J In d«»attx...
th"y were overlooked and n»slectenV
Rossettra grave '3 ta Btrcninstoa
churchyard, near Margate, under an un-"
osfntetious tomb designed "•"•: Fcr>l.
Madox Brown and with an epitaph by ;--■
his brother. W. St Resaettl. which v
now hardly decipherable. >MUa!«
gravo In the Fainter?' Corner escape *<
observation, like th* resting plac*3 °?
Lawrence. Laad3ser. Opie and West.
Flaxman's statti«» of Reynolds 13 in tS«
north transept of St. Pauls, with *
medallion portrait of Michael Anselo on
the truncated column, and there is a
statue of Turner in the south transept.
More grandiose than either la Brock*
recumbent bronze figure of Leigh*.
upon a sarcophagus tomb in one of tha
aisles. These are exceptions to the Eng
lish rule that old masters are known by
their works and that their glory is not
revealed by marble or bronze. When *
Van Dyck died at Blackfriars there was
a burial In the churchyard of St Paul's :
and a monument was erected there; hal ;
both grave and stonework were lost in
the havoc wrought by the great fir* of'
Hogarth's grave, with what Austin '
Dobson describes as "a tea-caidyllk^
tomb," la in Chiswick churchyard, near ■
the old red brick Georgian villa where,
Cary. the translator of Dante, lives] a:- •
him. Garrick wrote the epitaph ani, -
stonemasons carried out a crude design
of mask and laurel leaves, maulstick.
palette and pencils, and this memorial
in an out-of-the-way suburb of tiu
metropolis suffices for one whom Whist
ler described a.-* th* great master of
English painting! Gainsborough* neg
lected grave Is hi Kew churchyard, and
since his birth nearly two centuries ■*«
been rounded out before measure hay»
been taken for erecting a statue of him
in Sudbury. Constable, another master
of landscape, was burled in Ha;rspstead
churchyard with equal simplicity, and so
was Old Crorn© at St. George's. Nor
If painters are left to reveal their o?:n>
greatness In their tvork3 they have *
happier lot than philosophers cr heroic
soldiers to whom national galleries <!■>
not oiler posthumous appreciation ana
fame. An unknovm sculptor designed,
an efflsy of Bacon for the monument ia
the parish church of ancient Verulam;
but how many generations have passed
before the benchers of Gray's Ir.n hlva
considered it a patriotic duty to honor
the greatest name on their lists by erect
in? another one among the gardens an I
quadrangles which he Joyed? Thi*
negrlect ha 3 occurred when there wcra
few authentic likenesses of the philos
opher In the galleries and print collec
Wolfe was more fortunate In com
manding remembrance on canvas, for
West. Romney and Penny painted tha
heroic death scene, and there were sev
eral early portraits Of him for preserva
tion at Squeriies Court, the National
Portrait Gallery and the Koya! United
Service Institution. Tet \oO years hay*
passed since his death at Quebec with
out the erection si a statue si this her»
of the empire anywhere jn England.
Hi.-* birthplace In Kent. Westerhsm. is
to have at last a spirited figure of thi*
Imperial warrior by the opening of an
other year, for M r Derv.ent Wood l:as
completed the model for casting iix
bronze, and Imparted splendid action to
it by the uplifted sword. National
neglect would have b^en even mere pro
tracted if Lord Roberts h;i<i not headed]
the memorial ornmittee.
Mulberry trees have been left t^> stani
as sentinels guarding historic memories.
One still makes a great spread of foll
agr« in a hollow of tho meaiiov.- at *;rt>-v
ton. in Suffolk. v.hcr- tk? old Winthrofj
farm hus recently ban auctioned cfT.
It is the only relic of Ha quiet garden
where father and son talked earnestly
about the evil tendencies in the OM
World and the promise of civic develop
ment on religious lines in the Sew
World, and decided to emigrate to Bo^ j
'That tree I succeeded in ft.Tlin!: in th-*
course si a holiday walk not long ago;
and also another old mulberry, equally
famous— the one outside the ancient
vicarage house hi I to v. market, wbera
Milton used to visit his tutor. Dr. Younc.
Both tree» have to be propped up uft?r
threo centuries of existence; but tho:.*
have abundance of life in them, and
have fruit to* vintage. The Hogarth
mulberry tree, at Chiswick. has sur
vived the hawthorn ami everything *!*** *
in MM painters garden, and. while seri
ously amputated ami upheld by crutches,
still b<ar3 fruit in favorable seasons.
Th^re was a halcyon period *nea
every one of any importance-, lro->>
t*hAke*pcare, Bacon and Milton to 2WI
C'.wyn. Fes Woftlngton and H:inss*i
)loro. hail a favorite mulberry tree. Ona
of the ancient mulberries Is in Charter
house SQUare, where Thackeray must
often have played umfet it: there aro -
several of them in the gardens of Fias
bury Circus, where rich merchants livftl
a century a*". ami there Is another, «■*••
tenacious of Mr. in one of tho biln-1
alleys near the Stock Exchange.
The famous Mulberry Garden. plunteJ
by James I. where John Evelyn disco**
rred that ladies of quality painted jWjj
faces and where P»pys amused hiiss-l*
by watching the intrigues of lan«»
.Ml belles, was approached from ?&
James's Par!; an<l the Mall. Racitßg
bam Fa&jice ;»ml the royal p!ea3'.:ri
qurradrrs In tortuous walks an-J 3ba4^d
arbor?, cf throngs of p!?3syr» ? ' tl>^ ' :