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— 8:20 — — Th« Ablator.
BEI-A«-'O-a:lA— ft:B<K-Th# Concert.
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CIRCLE— : I S— S :15— Moth«r.-
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EMPIRE—^2:IS— 6:I*— Chwioek < H<to«.
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HUDSON— 2:IS>— B:SO— Nobody"* loo^-, -X ,
IRVING PTJICE-*:18-Anf KAtlcß BbMU. -^
JOE WEBER'S — — 8:15 — Alma. Wh«« IK S
Ton Live? • _- _. »«•__
KNICKERBOCKER— »— 6 :»— The FOOIWI VU
UBERTT—2:I6—B:I6—Tb« Eprta« Maid.
L.TCETUai— 2:IS— S:I5 — Suzanne.
»'yp]i- 2:15 * — TTom«n.
isADIPON WARE GARDEN— IO a. m. to
10 SO p m. — Poultry Show.
MAJESTIC— S -IIS — So' 1 — Th» Bla« BlrS. ..
Manhattan' opera HOX^E.—2—Vaofie
.MAXINE EXiIOTTS — 2:S0 — — The Gam-
M*rSopbuTAN OPERA HfW»E>— »— Oloeood*
— Sj — K Bnljc«K'.n *~r
JSATIOKAI, ACAOEMT OF DESIGN'— *. m.
to 6 p. in., and 8 to 10 p. m. _ .
,I*AH»fDVA-t^-2:l^-?:15- (» -t Be a* Bad
"^KTW AMSTERDAM— 2:15 — 8:15 — Ms«iam«
JRW 4 THEATR&-2— Old Held«!b«rg— B— Th«
N^X TCRK — 2.1!^— V%u*bty Marietta.
PLAZA — 1 80— 7 :30— Vanfi^llle.
REPUBLIC — 2:15 — S:15 — Rebecca of eurmj^
brook Farm. __
tBFaXJ-ACK'6 — 2:13 8:20 — Pomander walk.
KPT END — 2:IB 6:1S — The Cub.
Index to Advertisements.
"" P*jre~~cT. P*.g«. -Co'-
Air>u»«r.«ii* ...24 6-7 Marriages and
auction Sales. -.11 6 3>ath« .., 7 T
Ranker* ie(! Proposal* II 5
Brokara ... 12 1 Real E»t«.t« for
yookc «a Pub- Bale or to Ijet.lfJ, ©-7
:ic»non« . . _ B^*-~JKellclwis Xotlcea 9- *-7
ALTpet Cl««:lnir.ll " R«mefiia» 11 '
Sty Hot*:* ... 11 6 Resorts 11 8
!**Jc» «ad Offloe ~a\ li.it* Banks.. 1 3 l
l>Vrniture .. It 6 ' School Atencies.-ll 6
Mvidcnd 5Totlo««13 1 Sp*claJ Notices.. 7 7
ppiuctlc Sltna- . :>:rrar» Notices.. 11 C
tion* -Wanted. 4 Surrogates' No
fHiliii»— 1 »ili »i t!c«i ..._ — ll 6
li«iiirnl« .«..aXr«-7 Tlm« Tmblum.,, — .lI «-7
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for fhrt 1 , — ''• | " E*s» Purpos«e..lO «-T
K«lp Waat*4...il • Tribune Subserf;*-
Bißtrcctlcn .....11 6 tlon Rates..... 7 7
Xjom B«r.kt»o<At«.H 6 "Work a nt«<l 11 4
yUortl>a'-oc« .11 6?T\-r>*wrltlr.<r 11 T
SATUEDAT^ DECEMBER SI, 1910.
This newspaper is oioned and pub- \
Uehed I>y The Tribune Association, a
Tieto York corporation; office and prin
cipal place of business. Tribune Build- j
ing. JTo. 151 Kcssau afreet, Xeto York;
Ogien Mills, president; Ogden ii. Reid, j
»«rer«rv; Jomet M. Barrett, treasurer.
The *tdres* of the officers is the office
of this netctpaper.
I THE WEWM THIS HORNING.
FOREIGN.— A dispatch from Lisbon.
stated that furious rioting had occurred
in the Island of Madeira, and that troops
had been called out to quell the dis
turbance; the Portuguese government
-as reported to have ordered three war
ships to the Island. ===== M. Schul&en.
:n the Russian Douma, warned the Jews
against participation In acts against the
eminent. ===== A dispatch from
T^trucigrelpa denied reports of a resolu
tion in Honduras. — ■ Maurice Tabu
t*-&u, the aviator contesting for the
MicheJin Cup at Buc, France, broke the j
■world's record for distance, covering!
_■••'• miles in a continuous flight of I
7 hours and 45 minute*. ===== A dis- j
patch from Paris states that the sus- i
pension by the Bank of France of the
s<il? of gold was not directed against
America, but to protect its gx>ld reserve. !
r=== The fires at Messina were checked j
after destroying several buildings.
DOMESTIC. — President Taft sent a
New Year's message of appreciation to
♦'very officer and man of the army, navy
Find marine corps, wherever stationed.
• n=^ Counsel for Indicted members of
ihe Bathtub Trust -were Informed at the!
r>epartment of Justice that no com
jiromipe would be made -with them and j
that the government -would insist on jail i
sentences for convicted men. === It
•wars announced at Albany that William j
Church Osborn, of Garrison, had ac- !
cepted the appointment as legal adviser j
i--> Governor-elect John A. Dix. ■
State Engineer Williams issued a state
ment at Albany showing what had been
accomplished on the barge canal during
his administration. ■ ■ It was an
nounced at Boston that the Boston Ble
•v Bt»d Rail-way Company would give to
Its employes about $82,000 to-day.
ClTY.— Stocks were generally firm.
: = It was predicted that the outcome
of the 'contest between Shepard and
Sheehan for Senator would result In the j
selection of Baniel F. Cohalan as a com- j
promise candidate. ===== There was no
doubt that Joseph G. Robin, the ac- j
cused banker, who attempted suicide
as he was about to be arraigned In ,
court, would get w-eTL ■ ■ The Ap
pellate Division of the Supreme Court ]
held that Magistrate Barlow was blsjne
lees in the acceptance of valueless ball
bonds for three, aileged burglars. ==
The followers of Mrs. Stetson began to
Take steps to grain control of the First
Church of Christ at the forthcoming
election of trustees. - United States
Attorney "VTise secured the indictment j
'• an "alleged fraudulent bankruptcy
case of the members of the firm who
issued financial statements through th©
alia exaggerating assets and minimiz- j
ing liabilities. = The municipal ferry
service between Manhattan. Btaten Isl
and and South Brooklyn was tied up for
nearly six hours by a strike.
THE WEATHER.- Indications for to
day: Fair. Th© temperature yesterday:
Highest, 53 degrees; lowest. 19.
PA V.4 ii A CANAL TOLLS.
The prospective date for the opening
of the Panama Canal is now so near at
hand that it cannot be considered prema
ture to take up for settlement the ques
tion of the amount of tolls which are to
l»e charged on shipping passing through
That waterway, It is therefore fitting 1
that a bill dealing with the matter
should be introduced In Congress, as
■we are Informed it wil: be in the near
future. To the terms of that measure,
however, the most careful attention
needs to be given.
Press dispatches from Washington re
port that tie bill will provide for dis
crimination in favor of American ship
ping, either by exempting it from pay
ment of tolls or by refunding them after
payment. The view is that the canal,
being an American work, constructed at
American expense, should therefore be
administered for the benefit and advan
tage of America; and'that as it forms a
link between our two coasts it should be
regarded as an integral part of our
" It must not escaj>e notice, however,
that our Hay-Pauncefote treaty with
Great Britain specifically provides that
"the canal shall be free and open to the
"vessels of commerce and of war of all
"nations observing these rules, on terms
"of entire equall'yt so that there shall
"be no discrimination against any such
"nation or its citizens or subjects in re
"Fpect of the conditions or charges of
"traffic, or otherwise.'* Also in the Hay-
Buaau VariJla treaty with Panama the
same stipulation Is repeated, by refer
Those treaties are «till in force, and
there can be-no doubt that the United
JtUtm respects thssa a&4 Inf !»■•» t V
til their terms. It might be «o«ges*ed
that the United States was understood
to oe an exception to the rule, and that
"all nations" meant all other nations but
not this, were It not that the same article
of the treaty declares that the Sues
Canal rules are substantially adopted,
and those rules do not make any such, ex
ception !n favor of any nation. It is ob
vious, therefore, that the bearings of tho
treaties upon the question of tolls need
to be carefully considered. In order that
we may not be subjected to any imputa
tion of breach of faith.
It Is manifestly desirable that the
canal shall be made as profitable as pos
sible to this country and to its com
merce. It Is equally certain that •very
thing In connection with It must be done
with scrupulous regard for our treaty
If I am called to service tn the na
tional Senate my motto will be. Upward
and onward, but steady, always steady.
—The Hon. William F. Sheehan.
This motto Inevitably suggests that
noble banner which the poet tells about:
The shades of night were falling fast,
"When through an Alpine village past
A youth who bore, 'mid snow and Ice,
A banner with the strange device —
A strange device, but Mr. Sheehan' s,i
with its "steady, always steady," is
stranger. However, it will be recalled
that the youth's "onward and upward"
banner brought him to en untimely end.
If it had had the "Bteady, always
steady" saving clause on It he might
have put up overnight at the residence
of the Alpine maiden who urged him to
"stay and rest," Instead of going on to
be frozen to death. We do not fear,
therefore, for Mr. Sheehan any such fate
as that which befell the bearer of the
unqualified "excelsior" motto. At the
worst, after looking him over, motto and
! all, Mr. Murphy, will only say "not this
time," and, finding the way "onward
and upward" barred, Mr. Sheehan can
■ remain "steady, always steady."
Why shouldn't all our candidates be
compelled to adopt mottoes? How can *
man bare his bosom bo effectually as
when he discloses his private standard
of personal virtue and efficiency! his
motto, the three or four words which
have been the guiding principle of his
life, to which he has been true In every
exigency of his career— -justutn et tea&
cem propositi vinan, who is not .moved
from adherence to his prlnCtelesr when,
.say, a papier mache sky of Ms own crea
tion falls about him? There is the can
didate feeling his duty to expose his
secret heart in all its whiteness to the
electorate; and how shall he do It so
completely as when be reveals his motto?
•The knights of old used to inscribe "sans ;
peur sj sans reproche" and a thousand
other equally lofty things upon their
shields and thought Ifeno egotism. It was
a good custom, which a snickering world
laughed out of existence. We are glad to
see that the Hon. William F. Sheehan.
is going to revive it. A motto is a very
human thing. Without his Mr. Sheehan
might have been thought of as a mere
"corporation lawyer," but who can think
that of him after reading those noble
words, "Upward and onward, but steady,
always steady"? We applaud the way
he has edited that foolish and Imprac
ticable old motto, "excelsior," whicn-.
brought the youth to grief.
It is so sensible.
LET THE GOOD WORK GO OVt
The turning down of Grady is only a
beginning of the good work that must
be done if the Democratic party is to
put on a fair face toward the public &t
the coming legislative session. In his
wrath Grady says he will refuse ap
pointment to the chairmanship of any
committee of the Senate. So much* the
better! If there is to be any such clean
up as Governor Dix is pledged to, he
should not be permitted to be chairman
of any committee.
But Grady is only one, and there are:
others not one whit better than he. |
There were five Democratic Senators;
who voted for Allds,, and there are two
or three more who are still in office-!
who voted against tha ant*gambllne '
legislation. There are, therefore, half a j
dozen or more men who have stood be- ;
side Grady throughout his scandalous j
; leadership* who typify everything h&
typifies, and who constitute the Demo
cratic "old guard." The Senate will
wear no better aspect if Grady is simply
shoved aside and his partners «re mad©
chairmen of all its important com
We do no* know whether Governor
Dlx has asserted his right as a Demo- '
cratic leader or whether Murphy wa»>
impelled simply by the public protest to*
shelve his old protege Gra4y; but who
ever Is responsible hie task Is only just
begun. There should be an effective pro
test against organizing the Senate with
the Sullivans, Cullen, Frawley, McManus
and other members of the "old guard""
at the head of the important commit
tees. Let the good work go on .
A JUDGE OF ELECTIONS. ,
That was an extraordinary decision
which a justice of the Supreme Court
of Hew Jersey made last week in the
case of the disputed election for state
Senator In Ocean County, and it prom
ises. If sustained on appeal, to mark or
go far toward making an epoch in the
history of politics and elections In that
Three years ago in Ocean County oc
curred a notable revolt of Republicans
against an "old guard" boss, resulting
in his defeat, and this year a similar
movement was made against an unac
ceptable candidate. The result was
that the Democratic candidate was
elected, on the face of the returns, by a
small majority. The defeated Republi
can candMate demanded a recount in
a certain district, which was granted.
Between the time of the election and that
uf the recount the ballot boxes are said
to have been unguarded and accessible
to almost any one who wanted to get
ut them. When Use recount was made
a large number of Republican ballots
which did not appear to have passed
through voters' hands were found
bunched together at the bottom ends of
the strings, and these In that one dis
trict were sufficient to change the Dem
ocratic majority of forty -six into a Re
publican majority of seventy-fire.
Thereupon the Republican candidate
demanded a . certificate of election.
This demand the Justice denied in the*
remarkable decision to which we have
referred. He was not, of course, sit
ting in judgment upon the validity of
the balloting. He was debarred by law
from trying the rights of the parties
involved or from receiving from, outside*
of the ballot box evidence of fraud in
the election or In the counting of the
votes. His duty was purely ministerial
and amounted to nothing more thai*.
iaavt&7lßs* &e<evMltaß? w( VMKRlsitvfifke*
NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE, SATURDAY, DECEMBER St. 1910.
original ballots and deciding whether It
showed sufficient change from the orig
inal count to alter the result of the
election. But to this he did not in
effect confine himself. The evidence of
gross fraud some where was conclusive,
to him a 3 to every fair minded observer.
Either there was ■ monstrous miscount
at first, or there was a wholesale stuf
fing of the ballot boxes between the
original count and the recount. The
justice chose to believe the latter, and
he therefore held that the recount had
not In fact been a mere recount of the
ballots which were cast on Election
Day and canvassed in the original
count, but had been also a count of new
ballots which, had In some way un
known got into the boxes. Accord
ingly he refused to order the issuing of
a certificate of election to the Repub
lican claimant and left the Democratic
candidate in possession of the prtma
fade title to the seat. The case is now
being carried to the full bench of the
Supreme Court, but its final settlement
will be made by the Senate itself.
Now, the loss of a Republican Senator
I would be regretted. But still more to be
regretted is the ground which has been
given for grave suspicion concerning
the Integrity of elections or of vote count
ing in that county. It is far better to
lose a Senator honestly than to keep
or to win one by corrupt methods. It
was just such crooked work at the polls
;bv Democrats which powerfully con
tnbuted to the expulsion of that party
power in New Jersey sixteen years*
ago. Nothing could be more damaging
to the Republican party than a popular
belief that even in a few places it was
practising the samo tricks. If the lesson
conveyed in this Justice's unique decision
Is taken properly to heart, it may prove
of saving profit to the party in that
BTRB\GTHEXIXG BAKK REGULA
What happened in the Quanah Na
tional Bank of Texas, whose forced
liquidation has just taken place, is
proof enough of the necessity that the
Controller of the Currency should pre
scribe a system of accounting to national
banks. Investigation showed that the
bank had done business for two years
though insolvent, and yet the accounts
were kept in such a blind fashion that
the insolvency was concealed from the
bank examiners. Worthless notes were
carried in the bank and renewed with
unpaid interest added, and the various
accounts were kept in such a way that
it was impossible to audit them. FiaaJly,
the entire capital of the bank and some
of its surplus were paid out to the stock
holders as dividends.
Plainly, It la necessary that there
should be some accepted system of ac
counting which would disclose the con
dition of banks to examiners. And It Is
all the more necessary for the Controller
of the Currency to prescribe such a sys
tem because bo many nat tonal banks,
like the one which Just failed In Texas,
are small bankß in rural neighborhoods,
and managed by men with little expe
rience of banking and with only such
knowledge of business and accounting
methods as they acquire in conducting
a rural concern. Without any 6ystem
prescribed by the Controller there would
naturally tend to be a diversity of ac
counting methods among the smaller
banks whMi would increase the difficul
ties of tbe bank examiners and might
make exa ruinations almost futile. In
■preßCxiblng what Is said to be a practi
cally uniform system of accounting no
doubt Mr. Murray, the Controller of the
Currency, has followed the practice
of the best banks, taking another step,
of which there have been many notable
ones in his administration, to make the
regulation of banking under the federal
statutes more efficient.
THE FERRY BTBIKE.
The brief strike of the firemen on
the municipal ferry lines to South Brook
lyn and Staten Island was settled by a
prompt and gratifying exhibition of
common sense. The firemen returned
to work after they had been assured by
the Dork OommiseioTier, Mr. Calvin.
ToEcfldns, that their grievances would be
investigated. The city ferries are run
At a loss and the Dock Department
wanted to economize by reducing the
number of firemen on each boat. Inas
much as the city pays better wages and.
works its ferry employes fewer hours»
than the private" ferry companies do. the
grievances of the firemen do not appear
to be very substantial. But whether
aerfbstantial or not, the Impropriety of
*trylng to redress them by tying up the
ferry lines is obvious, and the Insub
.«rdin«te ffiwmen evidently recognized,
that fact when they quickly abandoned
The city has had little trouble with
dissatisfied and* refractory employes, be
.cause places on its payroll are generally
.much sought after. Jefferson's com
plaint that "few die and none resign"
still holds good with those who serve In.
public office. But the entry of a city
government into the field of transporta
tion or into activities not strictly po
l litical in the old-fashioned sense has In
! troduced new complications. The ordi
nary laborer In the city's employ Is
! likely to get the idea that he can assume
the same attitude toward the city gov
i ernment as toward a private employer.
That notion led to a strike of the street
cleaners a few years ago, but Its unrea
sonableness Is clear. Public employes
are in a class by themselves. They are
in a sense their own employers, for they
have Just as much to say as any other
I equal number of citizens about the con
ditions under which they work. They
hare the power through the ballot and
j ■through appeals to lbs liberality of the
I public to increase their wages, and. as a
rule, they do obtain better treatment
than men who do similar work for pri
There Is a natural opposition of inter
est between the employe and the em
ployer in the field of private Industry.
Each tries to make the best bargain h»
can. But the state Is not supposed to
deal in an illiberal spirit with the citi
zens whom if employs. It has no
urgent motive for doing so. On the other
I hand, those who accept employment
from the community of which they are
a part owe It a special loyalty, It Is
only fair to expect them to serve faith
fully as long as they remain public offi
cers, and to enter Into no associations
which win put them in the position of
antafnedzlnw: the state.
Other government* have faced this
ytoMem and sorred It rationally. France
has been harassed and endangered by
strikes on the part of state railway em
ployes, and the French government has
reachod the sound conclusion that the
"best way to deal with such conspiracies
ap»inst the public welfare Is to punish
'them as crimes. Th^.V/are essentially a
.form of treason to the state. In this
*X7itnfi7 It BQfJ mat be Accessary to f» (
v far as tbe French gorernment has
gone, for strikes by public employes are
rare here. But every community should
be prepared to assert Its undoubted right
to discipline any of its servants who
combine to Interrupt or obstruct the per
formance of its lesritimate work.
XOW FOR THE "JIM-SWINGER"!
Arrangements for the Democratic har
mony dinner, s>>on to be eaten in Balti
more, were halted tbe other day by the
intrusion of the ever acute and vital
problem of dress. There are still many
Democrats who fear that their status as
such will be imperilled if they git dowi
to a political dinner in evening clothes.
Senator Bailey, of Texas, once demon
strated his devotion to "Jeffersonian sim
plicity" by refusing to go to a reception
at the White House because he was ex
pected to don a starched shirt and a
claw-hammer coat. The Baltimore din
ner committee wrestled anxiously with
the raiment question and finally decided
that any sort of costume would do, thus
vindicating the hitherto honored prin
ciple that on Democratic festal occa
sions tan shoes and a sweater are as
appropriate as patent leathers and a con
ventional evening suit.
But while the censors of fashion in
conservative Maryland were bowing to
a popular Democratic demands for license
in raiment equally eminent authorities
in radical Oklahoma were setting up a
single and unyielding standard of ap
parel to be accepted by all good Demo
unts on penalty of exclusion from Gov
ernor-elect Grace's inaugural ball. No
guest will t>e admitted to that function
who cannot produce for the occasion "a
"coat with long tails which flap out be
•"hind- In the wind." Officially this pass
port to recognition In Oklahoma's capl
'tal la known as "the Jim swinger." It
seems to be an adaptation of the old
time frock coat— the universal badge of
statesmanship in days of yore. Gov
ernor-elect Cruce owns a "jim-swtnger.**
and 6o does retiring Governor HaskelU
and with those two garments as models,
the tailors of Oklahoma. are now working
Oklahoma inspired the last Demo-:
cratic national platform. Will its fertile* :
ideas also dominate Democratic eti
quette and fashion? In spite of the
■weak Baltimore compromise we expect
to see the "jiin-swlnger" become the
only Democratic wear. Champ Clark
will use one when he drives his pair of
mules to the Capitol next December,
jand the Hon. Edward M. Shepard or the
Hon, William F. Sheehan will doubtless
"bo arrayed In a creation from an Okla
homa fashion plate when he thanks the
next Legislature for electing him a
United States Senator from New York.
When a sewer can be In existence««nA
active operation and nobody In the
Sewer Department know anything about
1". there seems to be need of some sitting:
up and taking notice.
Those Englishmen who are bo fearful
lest closer trade relations between Can
ada and the United States should mean
the abduction of Our Lady of the Snows
by Uncle Sam are worrying themselves
quite needlessly. There Is no serious
thongfct of such a union on either aMe
of the lakes.
Bo Rodriguez was not burned at the
stake nor killed at all at Rock Springs
or elsewhere, but is alive and well to
day. Then who -was the victim? Or
was there never may lynching there?
Doubtless the Ameer of Bokhara. Is
sorrowful over the burning-- of a lot of
his rugs. But he nhouM cot mourn as
one without hope. He can replace them
all from any of a dozen auction shops in
this city -with genuine antique Oriental
sacred prayer rugs.
Mexico's population has Increased 1,
500,000 In the last decade, making the
1910 tota.l & little more than 16,000.000.
The rate of growth has been about 11
per cent, which is highly satisfactory,
conslderintj the vast area within the re
publiCe boundaries still awaiting devel
opment- Mexico is making notable
progress in wealth, power and stability
as a nation.
It may be theoretically .possible for a
thousand biplazies to transport an army
of ten thousand men across the Alps in
a day. but with all reasonable hopes of
longevity we have little expectation of
ever seeing It practically done.
Rhode Island, in area the smallest state
In the Union, leads all the other states In
density of population. It Is also among
the fastest growing commonwealths. If
It keeps up the present pace convenience
will soon require some of its ample water
surface to be filled In or floored over.
THE TALK OF THE DAT.
New York provides many thlnffs for its
publlo servants that Oither cities depend on
private benevolence to pay for. For in
stance. New York's Fire Department Is
reg-ularty equipped with a coffee wajron. In
Washington the firemen are to have one.
too. but It Is to be supplied by merchants,
■who have contributed about $1,300 far the
purpose. When the next big fir© breaks out
the men of tbe Fire Department are as
sured the solace, and comfort of a cup of
hot, steaming coffee to gulp down In mo
ments between chasing up ladders and
pouring barrels of water Into a burning
"How do you go about ordering a din
ner?" inquired the man from a rural dls
'•"\V*Jl I see how much money I have,
take out tho waiter's tip and then spend
the change on myself. "-Washington Star.
A REAL.' FAREWELL.
Oh, nineteen ten! Ah. 1910.
We ne'er shall see your face again.
We don't know where you've gone. Old.
Year; ■.■■■>\'^. :
We know you've gone away from here —
That's all we know, and this last day
A real farewell we've got to say.
This is the best that we can do,
For an revolr won't work with you.
W. J. LAMPTON.
"Would you like to go back and live your
"When I've Just learned to play bridge?
Not I."— Washington Herald.
The theatrical managers of Berlin are at
tempting to perfect an arrangement that
will regulate the number of first perform
ances to be given on a single night. As.
however, Saturday is the Berliners' tradi
tional night for premieres, as Monday 19
here, the attempt is not expected to yield
the desired result. ,
"1 see that the Inmates of a New York
lunatic asylum are golife to Issue a weekly
Yes, acA I'll bet every fool outside will
think he could edit It better than It Is
edited by the lunatic lnstrt*."--r i hlrEgo Rec
The current number of the "Woche," of
Berlin, devotes much space to a descrip
tion of the "dollar queens of New York."
The article Includes the portraits of fifteen
representatives of the class, including Mrs
Hetty Green and Mrs. E. H. Harriman.
The writer says that all the "dollar
queens" possess "queenly qualities and im
press ana as rulers. The faces of these
*w«nMB am mWiowli an* their pose Is
proud and dignified." According to the
writer there are poor and rich million
aires in New York, the former being those
who "worry along through life on a paltry
three or four millions."
"He said he hadn't played billiards be
fore In years."
"Nothing unusual about that. —--.
"Yes, there Is. I beat him."— Detroit Free-
THE INTERDEPENIXENT STATES
Great Preponderance of Interstate Busi
ness Demands Uniform Law*
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Str: In your issu« of December 27 your
correspondent "Francis B. Llvesey." pro
claims himself of the opinion that there 1*
too much radicalism In the conference of
Governors. He believes In a MnM of state
uniformity, and makes the startltns state
ment that "the wise Governors of our land
will continue to keep his Tiouse' (meaning
his own state) at the distance It deservws"
Does Mr. Lives^y understand that the very
geographical position of the states of the
Union makes his idea of state uniformity
ridiculous? They are not situated In the
senne of Isolation which such an Idea would
Of all the Industry In the United States
of America, only 10 per cent of It Is offi
cially called state Industry, while 90 per
cent is Interstate. Thia one fact makes
any sense of 6tate uniformity a worthless
dream. The states are so vitally inter
dependent by reason of their national
patriotism a« a. Union, and so commercially
bound together by the ties of commerce that
it may easily be seen something must be
done to permit industry to spread its
branches of prosperity throughout, with a
reaeonable knowledge of the crimes it may
and may not oommit, by recommending a
basis of uniformity In legislation, etc.. on a
Does Mr. Llveeey know that in the years
1907-'O9 considerably more than 40,030
bills were Introduced In the Sixtieth Con
gress, while In the present Congress, ex
clusive of this session, some 84,000 bills
were Introduced, and the term is not yet
completed? Does he realize that hi th©
years 1907-'O9, some 45,000 bills were in
troduced In th© various state legislatures
and that in the single year 1909 Congress
and the sovereign states enacted about
Perhaps If Mr. Llveswy knew that there
arw forty-seven different corporate statutes
on the books of the same number of states,
and that In no two cases are the said cor
poration laws alike In construction or In
tent, he might then find some reaeoo for a
common sense revival of uniformity on the
same national scale on which industry and
commerce are operated and affected by such
an overwhelming; How of legislation !
Does Mr. LJvesey grasp the fact that
there are some 400.000 corporations In this
country which may legally be classed under
the Incorporated Institutions of the nation
and Its states, and that their buslnea la
There is no need for the two operations
of uniformity proposed by Mr. Uvmvy.
"Htate uniformity, which would mean state
socialism, and would prepare the whole for
easy translation Into state and national
socialism In lta wider sense." The whole
task may be readily accomplished by an
intelligent collection of public epirlted
Americans at one operation, such as the
present movement for uniform state lawsJ
L,et us bestir ourselves. Mr. Llvesey, lo our
best efforts and lead our hearty co-opera
tion to the one operation, and not lie down
and wait for it to come of its own -accord.
It Is th 3 work of this generation to pre
pare the way for tho next.
MICHAEL J. HICKEY.
New York, Dec 28, 1910.
HARDLY A RETROACTIVE LAW.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Your usually well Informed corre
spondent. Dr. Charles S. Stockton, argue*
from a wrong premise in to-day's Trib
une that the law providing for an expres
sion of opinion on the choice of United
etatae Senator Is - *not a law and does not
bind." because John F. Dryden was not
re-elected to the United States Senate three
years ago. There waa no such law on the
statute books at that time.
It is true that George ~U Record an
nounced himself as a candidate for the Sen
ate. It Is also true that the regular Re
publican Assembly nominees defeated the
Progressives in the primary, and it is like
wise true that the regulars were defeated
by the voters on Election Day in Essex
Mr. Dryden's term expired on March 4,
1907. The law permitting an expression
of opinion on the Senatorshlp was passed
unanimously and approved on October 28,
1807. CP. L., Chapter OCLXXXI, page
70?). The Assembly was Democratic, the
FRANK H. JAMISON.
Orange. N. J., Dec. 29, 1910.
DISGRACING NEW JERSEY.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: As a "wicked Democrat" nmjr I be
permitted to "butt In" In your column* a
little and reply to the letter of Charles 8.
Stockton, printed In your fair and able
paper this morning?
Mr. Stockton thinks it would be a "dis
grace" to New Jersey to send Mr. Marttne
to the United States Senate because Mr.
Martine is a free trader. Now, every sen
sible, intelligent man ought to know that
there is no more "disgrace" in being a free,
trader than in being a protectionist; no
more than In being a Democrat instead of
"Disgrace" comes when a man professes
one set of principles before election and
then deliberately betrays those principles
■after election. This Is precisely what Jamea
Smith, Jr.. did when he was last in the
United States Senate, and that Is why all
honest Democrats want to see some other
man sent there. Mr. Martlne may not be
a brilliant man, but there is no "disgrace"
in that. Mr. Martine Is an honest man.
and as such could never "disgrace" his
state as a dishonest man, no matter how
brilliant, most assuredly would.
As regards Woodrow WHeon's efforts to
"coerce" the Legislature, Mr. Wilson is
acting on practically the same lines that
Governor Hughes acted in New York State,,
and, In the writer's opinion, Mr. Wilson is
going to have Just the same backing by
the people in New Jersey that Governor
Hughes received In New York. The differ
ence between men like Hughes and Wilson
and men like "Jim" Smith and "Bob"
Davis Is that the former believe that the,
people Bhould control the Legislature, while
the latter think the bosses should de so.
E. HARTjRRTON SIMONS.
New York, Dec 29, 1910.
SOMETHING IN A NAME.
From The Chicago Tribune.
Kary I&mllie Maximilian Louis Joseph;
Alexandra TheoUor Manuel de Bardi.
height 6 feet Deputy United States Dis
trict Court Clerk James J. Whalen wrote
it all down yesterday. De Bardi. who was'
born In Paris twenty-eight years ago, and
came to America May 30, 1907, to live at
No. 4023 Sheridan Road, wants to be a
United States citizen. j
THE POT AND THE KETTLE.
F*rom The Philadelphia North American.
Dr. Cook denounces a Danish explorer as
a "muckraker trying to get into the lime
light ." Such a !ack of modesty roust be
very shocking to the doctor's shrinking
THEY COST $2 IN NEW YORK.
From The Kenhebec Journal.
The potato farmers In the vicinity of
Dexter are not at all well pleased with the
way the market has been selling since Sep
tember. Potatoes sold last week at Dexter
at 35 cents a bushel delivered at the curs.
The highest price paid there thus far has
been ■ cents. Many are holding back their
crops, hoping the first of the new year will
gee a rise. A few farmers have visited
the PrwriOanfa aq<l JUyweU market* and*
have so! 4 ear laoit IWfM 4* ooota
People and Social Incident^
AT THE WHITE HOUSE.
Washington. Dec 80.— The President dis
cussed Ohio politics and appointments with
Senator Burton, Charles P. Taft and Repre
Among the subjects discussed at to-days
Cabinet meeting, the -question of a per
manent, tariff commission and .fortifying the
Panama Canal were the most 'Important.
Alvrn H. Sanders, member of the Taxur
Board, was In conference with the presi
dent before the Cabinet meeting. "The ad
vocates of the permanent tariff commas on
Idea and of the piecemeal revision of the
tariff were called visionaries not so long
a*o." said Mr. Sander* when leaving the
executive offices. "Now it Is realized that
they are worklngpatong- the right line.
Representative I^o^wOTth talked to the
President about the bill he. will Introduce
providing- for a permanent tariff commis
Among- the Jar»e number of New Tear
greetings received at the White House for
President Tait were several from foreign
rulers, amon* them being Emperor William
The President asked Dr.. lra R. Rerosen.
of Baltimore, who w*s a visitor at the
White House this afternoon.; to recommend
some one to fill the vacancy! on th© "b«n
zoate of soda" board, cause* fey the death
of Dr. Herter. Mr. Taft el so took occasion
to congratulate Dr. Remsen on the success
attending; the raising- of the- $2.000/>OO fund
to build a new borne for Johns Hopkins
President Tmft will attwid the annual
New Tsar's I?>e celebration* at the National
Press Club to-morrow.
Among the White House callers - -were
Senator Carter and G. M. Petnam.^A. V.
Conover, J. 9. Con way and George ■ War
rlnjfton. of the -Lighthouse service.
The President and Mrs. Taft have as
quests at the "White House Mr. and. Mrs.
Charles P. Taft. Miss Louise Taft. Miss
Harriet Anderson. and John Heron, of* Ci
ncinnati; Miss Mary Amory, of Boston Ste
phen Philbtn and Mr. French, of New Tor*,
and John EwUig; of Chicago. They all ac
companied the President, Mrs. Taft and
Miss Helen Tatt to the Columbia Theatre
to see the Yale -students in "The Fan" to-.
IN WASHINGTON SOCIETY.
[ From The TMbun» Bureau. ]
Washington, Dec. 80*— The Yate' students
practically dominated Washington society
to-day. The Columbia Theatre waa filled
to hear them in "Th© Fan." Later they
were the guests of. the Assistant Secretary
of State and Mr». Hnntington Wilson* who
gave a tea in their honor. Beeltfes the. Presi
dent and Mrs. Taft, who occupied a box
with a large party, there -were members
of the Cabinet, the Snpr*meCburt and th«
diplomatic corps, and society _ In general In
seats and boxes. Mrs. I* Z. loiter had In
her box Mr. and Mrs. Joseph .Letter. Miss
Carrie Louise Mtinn and her Sand, Mr.
Boardman. and Miss Dorothy W11Bam«.
Mrs. Joseph E. Thropp had a 'large party
of young people with her. Including Miss
Dorothy Gardner Williams. MJbs Gertrude
Greely. Miss Louise Hellen. Miss Elsie
Downing. Miss Doris Harwoooi. Miss Rath
Pllllnr, J. W. Davidffe, Ado^ptms Oreery.
Douglass Threap. Thomas TSiropp and
Senator and Mrs. Bmiiunsi entertained
quests at- dinner to-edgiut In oocnplttitent to
the Japanese Ambassador -and Baroness
j TJchida. Other guests wese Senator Wet- I
I more, Paymaster and Mrs. Marrttm, . Briga-
Idler General Crosier, the Bar. and Mrs.
Charles Wood. Mr. and Mn. W. EX Curtis.
Mrs. E«ra Koona and • Mrs. /Blngley FsJes,
Major General and Mrs.^OOlaaiJie - enter*
tained at dinner to-nJgtrr Court and
j Countees yon Zeppelin, 'their'nonse guests
The German Ambassador and Countess
yon Bemstorff were boats to Count and
Countess yon Zeppelin fat luncheon at th«
Miss Mary MoCanlar^wms . hostess *at a. i
j dinner party to-rdaTnt-
I Other Important aoeftabM^Eslrs of the day >
j were a large tea, wttZr^atr. and Mrs. Will- j
lam Barrett Ridsfliy is^Aosts, and a tea at ,
! the home of Mrs. JosepbHS. Thropp «f or th© ;
j Harvard Glee dub. :
Justice and Mrs. Ltrrtaa- were oats at a
reception this e^entag. Their guests In
cluded Cabinet' members,, members of th©
Supreme Court, Senators, Representatrves
and members of official and resident so
ciety. Assisting Mrs. Ijerfr>i: were her
daughter, Mrs. Horace 'Vandenrenter, of
Knoxville, and her daoghtnr-la-iaw, Mrs..
SOCIAL NOTES PROM NEWPORT.. j
Newport. Dec 30.— Mtas Roberta Wniard,; i
daughter of Colonel and Mrs. Joseph H. ,
Willard. left here to-day for New York. ,
where she win be the**usstx>t .'Mrs. John R. '
Drexel. At the dose«ofi9ier New York stay
she will' visit fri«nd»«ln Albany and Waah
Daniel B. Fearing will give a dtnrar on j
New Tear's night at his eottag* ,n the '
Major and Mrs. L. H. Moses, who. have '■
been in Washington. have returned to the •
T. Shaw Safe 'ls in New York for a few
Mrs. Clarence Pen. accompanied 'by Miss
Charlotte Pell, will 'depart to-morrow for
New York, where they will' spend the win- I
j Alfred O. VanderMlt and a party of men !
j friends, who have been at Oakland Farm !
OKCNA HONOE3 AMERICANS
Records Visit of Basinets Men on
Stone of Narrputo Temple.
Amoy, China, Dec 80.— An Inscription
commemorating th« visit of the American
business men, r«p.re*»<snttng the chambers
of commerce In the cities of the Pacific
Coast. In October. 1910. has been placed
on a stone of Nanputo Temple, where only
events considered erf great historical im
portance axe recorded. But three similar
inscriptions hare been msjde><orwernli;_- in
ternational events, these being the visit of
Prince Henry of Prussia and the German
fleet in 1838, the visit of the American bat
tleship fleet In 190S, and the presentation,
of a loving cup by the American warships
to the Chlneae navy In th« present year.
BANKERS AID FREE HOSPITALS.
An auxiliary of the Hospital Saturfiay
and Sunday Association, mads up of bank
ers and brokers. Is aiding In the financial
district In the collection of funds for the
association's free service In. hospitals. Yes
terday J. P. Morgan it Co, subscribed
$6.0«0; Kuhn, Loeb St Co.. I2.&0O, and
1 Bpeyer & Co.. 92,500. The asaoctation .!•
.sires to raise $2n0,000. Frederick D. Gram* '
■!« the general secretary of the Saturday
Sunday Association, and the society's
onices are at No. 105 East 22d street.
HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION OFFICERS
Indianapolis. Dec The American His
torical Association closed its convention
here to-day by th* selection of Buffalo as
the plat* of next year's conv«ntl<M»-«nd th*
election of officers as follows: President.
William M- Btoane, Columbia University;
first vJoe-preeldent. Theodore Roosevelt;
second vic»-preeidept. W. M. Dunning, Co
lumbia University; secretary. Waldo Q. Le
land. Carnegie Institution; treasurer, C. W.
Bo wen. New York; secretary, of council. C.
IL Hasklns, Harvard University: curator.
A. Howard Clark. Smithsonian institution.
NO, WE NEVER!
From The Elmlra Advertiser.
"The New York World" did its best to
place Tammany in power at Albany and
le now jgreattar exelCea beoau*» T.»mni«ui.,
pra^ommi to ruatklnga. XHt, fjeWeJeiT
for a few days, left here to-day on the prl- •
vat© car Wayfarer for New York-
It Is the Intention <-.•• Mr. and Mr* Henry ;
Redmond hereafter to remain in Newport
the year round, and they»are having a heat
ing apparatus Installed In their Newpoi*.
NEW YORK SOCIETY.
Tuxedo will be en tSt& to-night in co»».
nectlon with th© New Tear's By» ban at'
th« clubhouse, which J"» ft I way made tht»
occasion of week-end parties at all tl»
villas awl cottage* of th* park, and -viV, %»
crowded with guests; for the occasion. 1311
will be ushered In to-s!ght -with tkn»~
honored ceremonies, and the- pay*vtl-M win
be prolonged over Monday. those who La.-?* .
flocked to Tuxedo for the celebratJou net
being: due back- In town till Tuesday.
Mrs. John R. Drexel gives a. dance to>
night at her house, In East Cd, street, fop.
her young son and daughter, It will b*
preceded by a dinner.
Elaborate preparations have been made at
all the principal hotels and fashionable
restaurants for the customary fastlvitfss
In connection with the welcoming of th»
New Year. Tables at the Plaza, at Sher
ry*, at the "Waldorf., at the Rltz-Carltca
and at Dehxtanico's, etc, are at a premium.
In some instances c ovxvenir3 of the occa
sion specially /Imported from abroad will £•
presented to the g-uests.
Mrs, J. D. Jen-old POeiley t'avo a dance at
the Cdlony Club last nigr.t for her younger
daughter. Miss Nathalie Kelley. at whid*
there was a large gathering of debutantes.
The dancing took place In the large as
sembly hall, decorated for the occasion
with srmilax. - holly and other Chrtsinaa
greenery, and a seated supper was served
;at midnight. Among those present wer-j
Miss Edith Morgan, Miss Aile»n Osbonv
Miss Anita Merle Smith. Miss Mercedes dV
Acosta, Miss Maude Gwynne Shepherd,
Miss Dorothy Parkins, Miss Jean Roose
velt, Miss Agnes. X« Roy Edgar and Mis 3
Mrs. Wintam Curtis Demorest, i&3.'
George F. Baker, Mrs. W. Goadby Loew,
Mrs. John G. McCnlloush and Mrs. John.
A. Fordyce w«r» among the patronesses oC
the third annual ball In behalf of Aux
iliary No. 1 of the New York Diet Asso
ciation, which was given last night at th*.
Sherry's was the scene last night of th<»
first of the- Friday dances for young girls
whose debut does rot take place until
next printer. The patronesses Included
Mrs. Joseph W. Harrlman, Mrs. .Joseph B.
Hoyt. Mrs. Robert Appleton. and Mrs,
.Jam R. Ha yd en.
Mrs. William Schail. Jr.. *ay-» a tfceatr*
party last night for her daughter. Miss*
Marion Ashxncre and her stepdaughter,..
Miss Margaret Schall. both of them debu
tantes of the season. She took her guests,
some threescore la number, to see TVilliatn
Collier and afterward to 3herry*s for sup
per, the- latter being followed by informal
dancing. Those present Included Miss LHI3.
• Gilbert. Miss Susan Fish Dresser. Miss.
Helen Rive?. Miss Anzcnella Kara. Miss
Lisa Stlllman. Miss Natalie Duncan, -.--•
Ethel de Koven, Griswold Tborcpeon, Mor
ris and Francis Burke-Roche, Harry Me-
Vickar, Robert Buchanan, "William J.
Curtis, Seth Barton French and Henry
NOTES FROM TUXEDO PARK.
IBy Telegraph to The TrfTvan*."?
. Tuxedo Park. Dec. £o.— The New Year's Ev»
dance at the Tuxedo Club to-morrow night
has drawn a large number of well known
New Yorkers to the Tuxedo colony. In ad
dition to the dance the tennis club has ar
ranged for a series of handicap racquet
matches for cups, and if the weather con
tinues favorable there will be Ideal skates
on Tuxedo Lake, together with the tobog
The club pave a large dinner in the ball
room to-night, with a vaudeville entertain
ment, and there will be nunwrorzs dinners
to-morrow night. Mr. and ilrs. Otto An
dreae, who are staying at the club for th»
.early winter, will give a dinner for tieir
daughter. Gertrude, who will be cneof tha
debutantes of the Tuxedo Club New Tear's
Other large dinners will be given by Mrs.,
Charles J. Coulter. Mr. an<2 Mrs. George
.Grant Mason, Mr. and Mrs J. Edward Da
•vis. Mr. and Mrs. Hoffman Miller. Mr. ani*
,31rs. Herman L. R. Emmet, Mr and Mrs.
•Morgan Barn-well, Robert D. Wrenn. and
Miss Louisa Norwood.
Mr. and Mrs. Amory S. Carhart will " :r »
a large house party at Villa Blanca and
Mr. and Mrs. "W. M. V. Hoffman will open,
I Paxhurst for over New Year's.
Mr. and Mrs. P. C Hewitt. Mr. asd'Mrs.
j R. F. Cutting. Mrs. Charles H. Coster. Mr.
and Mr?. Henry M-Tilford. Mr. and UN
Greovllld Kane*. Mr. and M"-. Thomas G.
Condon and Mr. and Mrs. Hoffman. Mitfe?
have opened their villas for New Year's.
Mr. and Mrs. J. Lee Taller are at '-ha
Tuxedo Club far New Tear"*. Other lat»
arrivals are I*>. and Mrs. "Willard 5. Brown,
Mr. and Mrs. George W. Forsyth. Mr. and
Mrs. Dulaney Howland, Mrs. James Fargo,
Miss -Clara largo. Mr. and Mrs. E. L. Bur
rell. Miss Bun-ell. Mr. and Mrs. Charles
"Wright. Mr. and Mrs. F. Kingsbury Curtis,
.Miss Nathalie Howland, Mr. and Mrs.
Frederick Kernoeban. Mr. and Mrs. How
land Pell. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Hunt. Mis»
G. Condon. Mlsa Vlolette Proctor, JUs*
Rodewald. H. G. Pell. jr.. C. Outerbri2s<V
Townsend Morgan and Mis 3 Evelyn Brow*
Prince Acknowledges Error, and I*
Restored to Papal Favor.
Rome, Dec. SO. — "The osserratoia
Romano." the Vatican organ. in announc
ing the departure from Rom© of Frinca>
Maximilian of Saxony, who cam-* to th*
Vatican to males explanations So Pop d
Pius In connection with a recently po
lished article written by him. says tl»
prince signed an ample declaration openly .
acknowiedginjc the errors contained in turn
article, which was thoughtlessly -written.,-
The paper says the prince renewed to tire
Pope his full and unconditional ail&aslon
to the doctrine taught by the Church •»
NEW YORK FROM THE SUBURBS.
If Peary did discover the North F^f'/'
why don't ho prove his endurance by I *lX \
1 ins for four consecutive hours on a ** s^'
York surface car one of thp;*e cold days*""*
Charleston News and Courier.
Another bIR hotel ia to be eivcten in N«
York. It Is • city of few bomei ami ma n^
lodKlng \ Itwi ■ Rochester Union and A*
A New York jud£e ahow« mercer to £#-
nappers toesjOM of the glad holiday s* 4^
£on. They get forty-nino ytord anu «">
months when he misht bave matte It Ji l r>*
ears. The quality of mercy isn"t sira *?fr
too Bne in Gotham.— i'hiiittie'phia Ir.vi 1 -"!*"
Th« New York police attribute the '!??
explosions on Sunday to a feud amos™ i" 1
Harlem gamblers. Probably that j* ■
true explanation. But why do not tna^P^
lice put the gamblers out of business .-J»»" w .
j falo Express).
A Portland. Ore., man wrote to N«w T— j*
that he was lonesome and wanted *j"2ik "«
As soon art the news got abroad *"'*:>,..
lovely ladies willing t> admit »jr
baftuty declareil t}irms»»l\ ready
Ins to go out to the Coast and comrorx "£ 3
lomelv man. You can find anything >°" *'..
looking for •■•■ New York.— Savannah >e w -
There is a proposed ordinance ln_g^V\
York to prevent speeding of foto,^^ ; I
which axes the penalty at a mlniaum '»£.-,.,
of *U» or imprisonment, or both, fl^r *rs .
creasing accidents, some of them r ra j*« . .
making present pcnaUlea absurdly in-a^
quate to the offence, as the flue u» £**» ;
conviction b a mere bapatolle in taeway
of cost, and by its smallnea* Is » Jffn l t *
temptation to speed maniac* tv ****»—■■■
th* oxdtnan- cost of runnlnt «**' rl " j
' B.ttfmcr* Axamic*^