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Literary Netv*r and Criticism
How One Returned American
Sees Us.
«OVF LJFE IN AMEKTCA. By Katb=rine
f vo.. PP-*x. 410. Uscmil!sn Company.
There art several series of books in the
field of which inn present one is a very
ood all-around example. We have "Our
European Neighbors." the last volume of
which appeared several year* ago, a
pioneer series on a small scale: we have
t;,. series which Is distinguished by such
titles m "Switzerland of the Swiss" and
-Germany of the Germans," and the
"Home Life" series to which this volume
„„' ourselves has recently been added.
These various undertakings attempt to
do systematically what has long been
tatJß sporadically in such works as Mr.
Brownell's "French Traits," Mr Storer
Meldrum's "Holland ar.d the Hollanders'
and Professor Munsterberg's "Ameri
cans," to name but three. They serve to
make the members of the family of civil
ized nations better acquainted with each
other— and in many ways with them
selves—if they care to digest as well as
read, by supplying the picture of daily
life left untouched between grave studies
of political arid social institutions, of
economic status and progress on the one
band and the average, necessarily super
ficial book of travel on the other. The
books of som* of these series are written
h-- foreigners equipped for the task by
prolonged residence in the country al
lotted to them. In the present case the
work has been confided to a native
American unmistakably Ion?; resident in
England.
It is the comparative point ---f view
■which is the standard maintained in
these pages with a laudable measure of
detachment. It weighs European criti
cism and comment. European conclu
sions drawn from comparisons, only to
show the better the other side of the
shield, the conclusions that are arrived
fit by the American enabled by familiar
ity with both sides to present the real
facts that logically lead to apparent in
ternational parados. "American home
life has ho superlative virtues and no
origins! sins," concludes our author: "it
is only in the Settle tilings that it differs
from that of other nations— but it is,
after all, the little things of life that
mean so much."
They mean very much indeed as
grouped together in these pages. The
author reaches no wide conclusions, at
times she herself is apparently confused
by the mass of little things in a social
life that refuses to harden into strata,
but even where she find.« it impossible
to generalize she at least succeeds in
indicating plainly the causes of her fail
ure. It is in a thousand little observa
tions that her book, chiefly written, one
assumes, for British consumption, proves
of constant service and revelation to our
prlves, while, furthermore, it offers here
ar,.J there clear glimpses of the fact
that, taken from top to bottom, our
social organization is no more eccentric,
illogical and paradoxical than that of
old^r communities.
From the ilun^s we travel to New
York's most iLficred inner circle, to New
port and to that greatest of aU our
*uriosities. exhnittedly unique, Atlantic
City in its summer glory. We begin, of
fours*-, with the American child, and
begin with it at birth, because
The young mother in America is pos
■Mi of a love madness for iier tiny in
fant to an extent I never found in oilier
roantrtess, and ivhich. whil^ it is» very poet
ical h. -3 picturesque, is harmful in many
ways. . . . Our national corse of no ser
vants cannot be accepted as the cause of
ihis obsession of the American mother
With the belief that in infancy her con
stant and- unremitting effort for hfr child
i«- n*-cessary. . . . One cannot enter an
American home where ■ baby reigns with
out wishing that there could bo l^ss heart
api more mind in the attitude of the
Wm American mother toward her new-born.
0F Neither this danger nor the subsequent
r>n«. of early emancipation spoils the
American child, as the author points out
in her very sensible chapter on the sub
ject, which, while freely admitting that
there is room for further improvement
5n our home training a? in our educa
tion, controverts with simple facts the
misconception of the American child
y\\,: held abroad. TV "Young Person"
comes next as a matter of course, the
"American ■*■*,•* who. faring less well
naan her brothers, is, according to the
author, the victim as well as "the product
of her parents* adoration and self-efface
ment, of th* American ideal of man's
chivalry without recognition of obliga
tion on her part, of a treatment that
may make her unconsciously selfish and
convinced of her supreme importance.
Tint why continue? Now for the other
■Mi •
In <-*■ voluble, heedless •«•?>• the Ameri
can young girl love? her parents sincerely,
and rrohably is not conscious of selfishness
or •disrespect towards them. Her worst
faults sre on the surface. Bc-n^3th is a
frank, bright, shrewd, generally unaffect«»d
Personality beside whom the French young
-.-. • with her pretty deference to elders
and charm of TraTTner. sometimes too much
on the surface, is rolorless and mentally
anemic . - The American young person
J« simply rpf!«cting certain ot our rational
theories as clearly as a mirror.
Aft*r all, we, in our experience of
American life, know that her "good
-«• mfß be much restricted when she
Slaves girlhood behind her. The author
roust make it plain to even the most
prejudiced foreigner that the Idle, luxu-
Irious women he sees abroad are not rep
resentative of American womanhood In
the average, but its very reverse. The
firm chin, the earnest expression in
herited from her ancestor."? are preserved
in the American woman at home by her
Fhare of the work and struggle of the
national life. She, the "educated*, cultured
multitude of her, "forms a curious com
panion piece to th" "toy and beautiful
tyrant, man her willing slave' as the
American woman is conceived abroad."
It is impo«eibl^ to review this search
ing study of the "little things" syste
matically; one can only dip into it here
and there. The author does not forget
our immigration problem, the foreign
. i .••;.• especially In the West, where
Ami ri< :=n home life is largely foreign.
our manners, our play, our aristocracies,
our lack of a '.veil defined "middle class,"
though she is constantly driven to em
j>loy the ■■•••!, our sense of humor and,
of course, our men, the builders and pil
lars of the whole system. One con
biantly comes across shrewd and sane
6Qd, amusing observations, tempting to
• <jtatioi.. For instance:
Americxuis can ssc a French joke or a
Oerman one: American Dewsaapen reprini
I French and German humor continually ; but
an Ati,«-rican reads an English comic paper
with » ftnse of bewildered rage that he i.
*u|.il>o3?d capablft of bpins; amused by Mich
utter vacuity. The Am<;ri<'an"*> naive tore- 1
- tmvrt of the Englishman as a humorist
i* ljumor In Itself. \Vli«.-n *.n Englishman j
faiis ■■ understand an American joke," it is
because he ha? :io *ens 6of humor: « hen an
Arr>> ric«.3 cannot nadensland an English
or* 5 , :t !* prauw the Jok* 15 not funny.
a New i i snder herself, the author]
'.■•• - not fail to turn the light of her In- ;
twttfctioiial viewpoint upon L ■=:-.;. She- ,
ends sufTfTostivcly with a comr^riP'Ti of
our millionaires \v;th those of Europe,
who give nothing away, who would
lau?rh at the mere suggestion that it is
their duty to give away money, or that
they hold it in trust for the people or for
society at large, a theory held by BO
many American millionaires in practice,
and even put forward by some of them
in theory. The book is a kaleidoscope of
American life, ever changing; it reaches
no wide generalizations, as has already
been said, but it may well help the for
eigner to see us more clearly, as it is
sure to help us to understand better our
selves the cause s and the relations of the
many "little things" and many of the
greater ones of our life.
FICTION
New Novels, Mostly from Amer
ican Pens.
STRENUOUS DOINGS.
THE FROZKX FORTUNE. By Frank
LilH^ r« Ilock. Dlustratkms by ri. J.
Peck. 12mo, pp. .?22. New York: Thr>,
Macaulay Company.
Mr. Pollock's "shilling shocker"— it is
more than a "penny dreadful" — is far
from bad reading matter for whoever is
looking for eomeihing that will divert
his mind for an hour or two from more
serious pursuits or v.ho wishes to fill
an idle moment in an inconsequential
way. There is plot enough here to fill
to overflowing a narrative that is not
spun out to exceeding length. The trou
ble starts with the villanous physical
"double" of a Californian newspaper
man who is heroically trying to nurse
a deserted mining town back to its pros
perity. The resemblance between the
two is not very great on closer inspec
tion, but as the villain has ample reason
to keep under cover, it almost suffices
for his purpose. Xext, we are aboard a
steamer bound for the Klondike. It runs
into .in iceberg, is wrecked, the news
paper man alone is saved by jumping on
the berg, and— the frozen fortune is
found. The ice contains gold in large
quantities. This is only the beginning
of the story, for next there is a rescue at
sea, a mutiny and a hunt for the frozen
fortune that is rapidly disappearing as
the berg melts on its southward way.
The paths of the doubles meet again.
and with them walks a senorita who
considers assassination a mere incident
of a temperamental existence. Which
reminds us to add that there is also a
lovable and capable heroine.
A MASQUERADER.
THE PRODIGAL, PRO TEM. By Freder
ick Orin Bartlett. Illi'Strated by Howard
Chandler Christy. I2mo, pp. 331. Bos
ton: Small. Maynnrd & Co.
He wa? a jovial pron'eal on his own
account, the son of a business man v.ho
1-reforred the service cf Art to the offices
where the family fortune was being
built up. but cir . stance led him to
l>]ay the part of another prodigal as
v.elJ who refused to return home when
ilia dying father implored him to do so.
An act of humanity, therefore, made
possible by that other father's failing
eyesight. But when a man thus rashly
consent? to impersonate another, with
out any knowledge whatever of his past
tieeds and misdeeds, complications are
likely to ensue. This is what happened
in the case of which Mr. Bartlctt tells
in this amusing book, whose scene, it
must be added, is laid in the Catskills in
the Bummer time, when artists go
sketching under smiling skies and fair
maidens roam the country I; tes. It is
in this story, one is inclined to believe,
that the rural free deliver ; ostman
makes his first appearance as an agent
of Cupid in our fiction.
ON THE MISSOURI.
THE DAWK-BUILDER. By John G. Nei
hardt- 12: no, pp. 335. Mitchell Kennerley.
The trr.mi> printer, his weaknesses and
virtues, are receding into the dimness of
a past that is not so remote as it seems
to a younger generation. It is not bo
very many years ago that he was still
remembered in many a newspaper story,
end occasionally in sustained fiction he,
his peculiarities, his fits of reliability
and his attacks of Wanderlust so dis
turbing to t":e routine of country papers.
Mr. Neihardt revives him in this story,
but only to transform him into some
tiling — part myth, part human — re
ciaimed from his reprehensible ways by
an awakening and growing need of af
f«>ction. And so this picturesque figure
of the past is fitted into another mem
ory reviving in our fiction, that of the
river life of the middle of the last cen
tury. Strange, incredible are the hap
penings and doings on the MiF=oi:ri in
which the artist of type and stick fig
area, Mr. Xeihardt, by the way, c nits to
refer to another vanishing" memory
old time printing office towel, dear to the
heart of Bill Xye. The story is a curi
ous mixture of realism and fancy, which
depends for the measure of its success
upon the receptivity of the individual
reader. Its sent.nient is sincere, and
occasionally has a poetic touch; it has
aiso a strong dash of extravagant in
vention.
UNDER THE SECOND EMPIRE.
THE DRUMS OF WAR. By H. De Ver*
Etacpoole. 12mo. pp. 207. DuSleld & Co.
Mr. 6ta»cpooie*s new novel Is con
structed of many materials, which, some
how or other, are not blended sufficient
ly well to produce the impression aimed
at. There is, first of all. a mystery —
that of the apparent reincarnation, after
many centuries, of a member of an
ancient French race whose name 1«
written in dark letters In the annals of
t;n equally old German house which, at
this same moment, has its own reincar
nation In the girl who is its last de
scendant. Her father, the Count | of
Lichtenberg. endeavors to put out of
the way th«» danger to his heir, come to
life again in the Count de- Mahon, hut
fails. Then 'folows a se-?jc.s of pictures
of Paris if. the closing days of the r-ign
of Kapoieoh 111, in which this thread of
<I(<t;i>'- Incarnation, with its threat of
a rep .. ':i of the old tragedy, i.-- coj.
eiderably weakened. The denouement
spells the dissspation of the semi
propbetlc tradition. It la „ • ood Idea;
but 11 c ■ .<-loi'i '-d >■.)'♦' i ■ .'fin. ir
vepUvcness rather than vyiili abundance
of imaginalio-i. And m the story, while
readable. »s tar from being what might
have been ms^- of it.
A TALE OF THE CAS.
THE UNSTRUNG HOW. A Story of Con
quest. By David O. r.r • i.. no,
pp. 2*6. Boston: Sherman, i-'r* ICJI&.CO.
This .story purports to be the narrative
of an Englishman -ho. sent on a mis
sion to the Pope by Henry VIII. w- i
shipwrecked Bear Gibraltar and picked
up by the Spanish galleon that w.i<?
rarrying Pis; rro to the New World.
This Englishman, kidnapped by the Ind
ians, is carried to the court of Huayna
NEW-YORK DAILY TRTBTNK. SATT RDAY. T>F,CEMBER 31. 1910-
Caiar. the Inca of Pertt, and. rising: high
in the favor of that rater's successor,
ti aches the people many thins^. which
i? in accordance with the vague Indhu)
legends of a wise white man who visited
them long before the coming: of the con
quistadores. The author follows Garsi
i too <le la Vega's account of Fizarro's
oonqnest of Peru vrry closely In the his
torical part of his narrative, which takes
in the struggle between Atahualpa and
his brother Huascar, the coming of the
Spaniards and their reign of terror. The
fiction interwoven with this consists
chiefly of the love of the English adven
turer and a daughter of the old ruler. A
conscientious and very tame attempt at
historical romance.
DICKENS ANECDOTES
Told About the Novelist by His
Son.
Mr. Alfred Tennyson Dickens, who
has been lecturing in London on his
eminent father, is described as being
remarkably like that, parent. "He has
rot." th<? "Pall Kail Gazette" says, "the
beard or the 'flashing-, dark eyes, but he
has other characteristics in full meas
ure—the prominent brow, the sturdy
nose, the high cheek bones, the forceful
mouth and chin, and the flexible tonal
ity of utterance; even the simple ges
trres of the old-fashioned and untrained
reciter with a natural weakness for elo
quence and descriptive splendors of lan-'
guage "
One of his stories related to Dickens's
interest in a crossing sweeper outside
his door in the early 50's. He took pity
on the waif and arranged that he should
have his meals in the kitchen and that
he should attend a night school. Two
years later he provided an outfit for the
lad and sent him to Australia, whence
ir.any years after came a grateful letter
describing its writer's prosperity. The
novelist, meanwhile, had used the hoy
■a a model for Poor Jo in "Bleak House."
Another story was this:
Another admirer of Dickens." s, a stranger, j
wrote in middle life to say that lie hail j
tluiven and owed his success In life to a
diligent study of the virtues enjoined in j
Dickens's writings. He was a practical
ni.m, this correspondent, and enclosed a
cheque for £.tOO. Dickons returned the .
ci. if. bat valued the praise, saying that.
the igb a niiin of moderate means, h^ j
might account himself fairly prosperous,
in : it was against his rule to receive
p sents of so unstinted a character, lie j
co Id pee no objection, however, to any '
sm^ll souvenir which the donor micrt
choose, and it arrived in the shape of a |
magni'ieent basket of silver filigree, vith
medallions representing the four seasons.
By way of compliment the donor removed
the winter picture as in no way emblematic
of the novelist lie \\ .. 9 honouring, and in
another way the symbolism of the gift
rang true, alas! for Dickens never saw
another v.lnter.
Mr. A. T. Dickens appears to have gen
uine gifts as a lecturer, and is espe
cially entertaining in his presentation of
new anecdotes of his father.
A relic of Charles Dickens, which is
for sale in London, is th.? gun mentioned
in his letter to Wilkie Collins under date
of October 24. 1SGO: "Rumors were
brought into the house on Saturday night
that there was a 'ghost* up at Larkin'd
monument; Ploon was frightened to
death, and I was apprehensive of the
■ ist's spreading and coming here, and
causing 'warning' and desertion among
the servants; Frank was at home, and
Andrew Gordon was with us; time, 9
o'clock; village talk and credulity amaz
ing; 1 armed the two boys with a short
stick apiece, and shouldered my donhlc
barrelled gun -trrl! loaded with allot.
'Now observe,' says I to the domestics,
"if anybody is playing tricks and has got
a head I'll blow it off.' "
BOOKS AND AUTHORS
Current Talk of Things Present
and to Come.
Mr. Edward Harston, "the father of
English publishing.'' is at the age of
eighty-seven about to publish a journal
of night thoughts acquired during his
1 skeful hours. He entitles it "An Old
Mans Xoctuary."
A characteristic incident i<= notpd in
th" just published portion of Criapi's
diary. It occurred at the royal recep
tion at Naples on November 7, I860:
"Presentations at court in the throne
room. Garibaldi aside with his hat on.
One of the courtiers is surprised at this.
Breda replies: 'The grandees of Spain
had the right to keep their hats on be
fore th« King: Garibaldi is the Grandee
of Italy. He can do even more. 7 "
Lovers of prints and nf architecture
have long been waiting for just such a
volume as Mr. Arthur Samuel's
Turin, si." just published by Batsford
in London and immediately to be
brought out here by the Scrlbners. Th^
art of one of the most picturesque etch
ers of the great monuments of the past
who ever lived is traversed in this vol
ume with the keenest sympathy. More
. the author treats Piranesi not
only at un artist but as a man, and has
E nv. thing to say about his time. A
numbe-r of the famous plate ■ are repro
duced in photogravure and a list of the
etchings is given, with a bibliography.
The new book about Racine, written
by M. Masson-Forestier. in whose veins
runs the blood of the poets family, has
a particularly interesting frontispiece. It
la a reproduction of the portrait now in
the Museum of Langres. which was
painted just after Racine had written
■•Phedre." It 13 eaid to bear a strange
resemblance to the esrly portraits of
Shelley.
There are many hitherto unpublished
; documents in M. Gaspard Vaiette's new
| book. "Jean Jacques Rousseau. Gene
! vois." The author has undertaken to
I r"3ve, we are told, that Rousseau was
! essentially a Swiss and not a French
man, i 'd more particularly- that" he was
1 a— cittzt-fr Geneva, not only by early
! association but in his ideas, tastes and
; prejudic* s.
While Harper &■ Bros. are complet
ing their admirable thin paper edition in
pocket volumes <.f the works of Thomas
Hardy «re wish they could see their way
to including in it those fugitive pieces of
which have not yet been put int.->
book 'orra. Some of these waifs an 1
strays are recalled by a writer in "The
Manchester Guardian." As far back
a:- •''<■'• Hardy wrote for "Ohambers's
Journal*' an article on "I:- L Built My
self a House." Elsewhere, yean ago, he
wrote on -'Ancient Earthworks at Ca -
torbr' .;:<■," "The Dorsetshire Laborer'
m i ".Memories of Church Restoration."
I? the 70's there if record of his having
written on "Di < in Novels," and the
poems it William Barnes; and these
i r:tic; I papers «...-o embrace notes on
"Tre Profitable Reading of Fiction" and.
Candour in English Fiction." From
ISO! dates a piece on 'Why I Do Not
■]»•■ Plays." and it ;=; = Paid that there
are three short stories of his awaiting
republics n "An Indiscretion in the
Life of .in Heiress," "The Romantic AU
ventures of a .Milkmaid" and "The Wait
ing Supper."
it is announced that Mme. . Marcelle
Tinayre is bringing out. in collaboration
with her, husband, a limited edition of
an artistic volume of "Scenes de la Vie
de Port- Royal." M. Julien Tinayre is an
engraver of ability. It was the studies
made for "La Kaison dv Peche," pub
lished in 1002, which suggested the mak
ing of this new book.
The recently published anthology, "In
Praise of Oxford," has been so enthusi
astically received that another volume.
"In Pr«is«> e>t Cambridge,'' is to be
brought out. This fact alone might not
i»e of exceeding interest to American
university men— but it may stir curi
osity to hear that a stream of volume.!
in praise of Greece, Rome, Switzerland.
Paris, Edinburgh, Eton and Harrow arffl
l.p forthcoming-. "Will Harvard ancl
Tale be encouraged to swim in this
stream?
The picturesque biographies which are
just now so popular have won their
popularity "because such works are al
most the only ones at the present day
in which history is to be had in a read
able form." So says, at least, an ac
complished critic in "The Manchester
Guardian." The public, he adds, "must
liavo history, and when they turn to
the historians proper they find that they
are not writing for the general public,
but for one another, or, alternatively, for
some hypothetical man of genius wfco
is to arise in the future, utilize the ma
terial they have amassed, and by his
gift of imagination revivify it and once
more bring back history into the realms
of literature. They aim less than for
merly at general ideas, anil as it is
general ideas that determine the scale
of importance of facts thf ir paragraphs
are often packed with facts important
and unimportant, so that your average
pleasure hunting reader would under
take the perusal of one of their books
only as a Lenten penance." This is per
haps rather sweeping, but it Is not an
unfair stroke at the "pcientittc" his
torian of the day.
A book on the great political treaties
of the world has just been published in
Paris, M. Pierre Albin being the com
piler. Tt is a complete collection of all
the principal treaties and their accom
panying 1 conventions and agreements
that govern international relations.^ .^t
opens with the Treaty of Vienna of lSlo.
A good index has been added.
SHAKESPEARIAN LARKS
Andrew Lang on Shaw, Harris
and Himself.
From The Illustrated London News.
I had not been aware that Mr. Shaw
I had produced a drama on the- Dark Lady
!of .Shakespeare's (or Bacon's) Sonnets
I till I read the plaint of Mr. Frank flar
[ ris in a weekly serial. Mr. Harris, I
j knew, had written a book on the theme
I that the Dark Lady . f the .Sonnets was
what Paracelsus calls a "tenebriferous
, sttir": that bhe diffused a gloom over
; the life of the Swan of Avon. She < "low
i ered his moral tone se:." .'" for a con
[ siderable period, and 'she occurs, it ap
i pears, in some of the pla- -= — I forget how
' many — as well as in tne unnets. These
tnjectures of Mr. Harris did not win
i iiy belief. The Dark Lady 's thought
jbv him to li..ye been a certali Mistress
j Fitton. a maid of honor at I court of
the maiden Queen, ird "other than a
gucle une." The mor> I r^nd about the
historical Mistress Fit on the less was I
j inclined 1 to identif: ncr with the Dark
j Lady of tiie Sonn. is and with tiny dark
beauty in the plays. I could find no sort
of evidence that Airs. Fitton had dark
hair aiid eyes, and she appears to have
lived qui< iy in the country at a period
when, according to the Harrisian
hypothesis, she was still demoralizing
i her too faithful William.
It. .. .wever, that Mr. Shaw
i did not sh.'i ay historical skeptieMsm.
If I understu », the plaint of Mr. Harris
he has nor sufficiently acknowledged hl3
immense >":-ts to the discoverer of the
! lasting Influence of the Dark Lady on
the author of "Hamlet.'" If Mr. Shaw
chooses to write another play on Queen
j Elizabeth's unmotherly behavior to Lord
! Paeon, her own legitimate offspring by
l the Earl of Leicester, he must be very
: careful to confess his debt to the his
| frrical research of Mr?. Elizabeth Gal
i hsp. Both topic- +he Dark Lady and
; Bacon as rightful King of England —
: have almost equal historical authority;
j and both are made lor the dramatic au
| thor.
To introduce. Shakespeare, and Shake
! speare in love, on the stage or in fiction
iis to court a daring enterprise. We cx
i pect so much from Shakespeare, who
, had, indeed, "brave notions, an excellent
1 fantasy, and gentle expressions." It
; must he difficult to make him live up to
i bis reputation.
1 do not ren ci iher more than two re
productions of Shakespeare in fiction.
, One is by Sir Walter Scott, who, in
1 "Keniiworth," introduces the poet as al
ready a successful playwriter at a date
when he was only t -yen years old. But
: Shak<=sp<"-arp does and says nothing re
, niarkable in this romance. The other
representation of Shakespeare oe^curred
iin my own earliest romance, written
| when I was a schoolboy. Here Shake
speare attenels Queen Elizabeth when,
: dr< ssfd up as a young gallant, she pays
secret visit to Queen Mary Stuart at
i Holyrooii. The visit never occurred,
though the idea and the male disgense
• were suggested by Sir James Melville to
i Elizabeth- She liked the idea, but did
i.ot act e>n it.
In my romance, Shakespeare held
Quee ! El.'z-ibcth's horse while she fought
' :i dun with Darnley, in which fhe was
i badly wounded, modesty of youth
I taught rue that 1 could scarcely maka
: Shakespeare's conversation worthy of
\ his fame. What I could I did: I male?
j him speak in blr.nk verse on all occa
1 sions. - The editor to whom I sent this
j firrt birth of my invention did not pub
■ lish or return it; he had offered a prize
for an original novel, but mine, pre
sumably, was not original enough. Per
haps he detected the slight anachronism;
: at the date of the events Shakespeare
I was but one year old.
By one of those coincidences which
1 prove that anything may happen, as I
finished the- last sentence a parcel of
■ new books was brought to me. Opening
: it, I found, among other things, "Shnke
speare and His Love: A Pay in Four
! Acts ar.d an Epilogue." By Frank Har
rls (Palmer, Lorui«n,-lW0). In the pref
i iu-e. to rh;- extreme and regret,
I find Mr. Harris accusing Mr. Shaw of
"writing non* c c about Shakespeare" in
a review, and of "ann:xitig as much of"
a theory of Mr. Haitis's "as he thought
import. ... " All of it must have boea
important; but I eo'ild have resisted the
temptation to *nr.e any of it. D'sdain
ing niy puei <*€vie©, Mr. Harris uoos
! not niak<- always talk in
blank vtrae. wbile everybody else talks
i.i prose. They all talk in prose, except
'by accident, as when "Miss Fitton"
gr vs—
And so . love m«»— madly— -in an hour?
oi —
Love! love Is not so sudden mad. But
hurh:
Here Mistress Fitton does "drop into
no try," and Shakespeare partly catches
it—
Ai.d now a moment's kiss swims out of
count. ,V
Wisdom and love, sweet, are sworn ene
mies.
Now girMsb gay and now so witty wise.
There is blank verse enough to show
how natural it came to Shakespeare-
She loves the slime that stick? to filthy
deeds. •-•.>'"
It Is chronic with Shakespeare, blank
verse! :
A JUROR'S TICKET.
From The London Telegraph.
In rearranging the museum bequeathed
to Bangor by the late Captain Jones,
the curator, Mr. Roberts, came upon a
number of old coins and three pieces of
bronze. Two of the latter fitted and
formed one piece five inches long by. one
inch broad. The three pieces are In
scribed with Greek characters. They
were sent to Mr. Grueber, keeper of the
department of coins and metals at the
British Museum, who replied that the
two pieces referred to aro an Athenian
juror's ticket of the fourth century before
Christ. The inscription states that the
ticket belonged to one Polystratos of
Halae. of the Gth section < f that town.
Mr. Grueber added that these tickets are
rare, only eight being known, of which
four are in the British Museum, and that
the find is of very special interest. He
asked where this one was found, as it
could not have been found in England
or Wales. The Barigor curator is unable
to answer the question. Captain Jones
travelled all over the world and col
lected the objects in his museum from all
countries.
BOOKS OF THE WEEK.
BIOGRAPHY.
RECORDS OF A LIFELONG FRIENDSHIP
3SOT-ISS2. Ralph Waldo Emerson and
William Henry Fumes?. Edited by H. H.
F. Illustrated. Svo, pp. xvii, 195. (The
Hou^hton Mifflin Company.)
Consisting of the letters which pissed
between Emerson and Dr. Furness. Includ
in? a poem, entitled "Fortus." written by
R. W. Emerson when he was ten years
old. and illustrated by William VliniMM
aged eleven.
MADAME DE POMPADOUR. From the Note
book of Marechale D. By Jean Louis
Soulavle. Translated from the French by
E Jules Meras. Illustrated. 12mo, pp. is,
I'M. (The Sruruis & Walton Company.)
These memoirs appeared fir the first
time in France in 1802. They describe
Madame de Pompadour. tiT family ana
her common origrin: they explain her
power over Louis XV, sv.d show her Influ
ence in the affairs of state.
SECRET MEMOIRS OF THE REGENCY. The
Minority of Louis XV. By Charles Plnot
Duclos. Translated from the French by
E. Jules Meras. Illustrated. I2mo, pp. is.
343. (The Sturgis & Walton Company.)
Comprising an analysis of the incidents
of. the court, of the characters of the
regent and of the most prominent men
and women of the epoch. This and the
foregoing volume are issued in "The Court
Series of French Memoirs.'"
FAMOUS IMPOSTORS. By Brara Stoker.
Illustrated. Svo. pp. ix. 340. (The Stursis
& Walton Company.)
This tells of famous swindlers, charla
tans and pretenders: practitioners of
magic, women who have disguised them
selves as men. the Wanderlnp Jew, Arthur
Orton, the borne claimant, and the
Bisley Boy. There are Un illustrations.
ELKANAH SETTLE. His Life and Works.
By F. C. Brown. Svo, pp. x. 170. (Chi
cago: The University of Chicago Press.)
This work consists of two parts. Sec
tion I contains the biography and a dis
cussion of the literary squabbles and po
litical struggles in which the poet was in
volved. Section II Is devoted to a discus
sion of his plays and miscellaneous pro
ductions.
EDUCATIONAL.
CHILD LIFE IN SONG AND SPEECH. A
Study in Development. By Alys E. Bent
ley. Frontispiece. 12mo, pp. 23. (The
A S. Barnes Company.)
■ A manual on voice training for chil
dren.
TONE PLATS FO* CHILDREN. By Aly« E.
Bent ley. Svo, no pagination. (The A. 3.
Barnes Company.)
Comprising exercise- for the develop
ment of the voice of the child.
INDUSTRIAL STUDIES. Unitfd States. By
Nellie B. Allen. Illustrated. 12mo, pp.
xll, 333. (Boston: Ginn & Co.)
Chapters -on the Industrial life of the
United States, intended for the use of
children from the fifth grade up- In there
studies each industry is dealt with as a
type, so that the rupll meeting with the
same subject in later -work will under
stand its essenti."! f aiures.
ESSAYS.
ANARCHISM AND OTHER ESSAYS. By
Emma Goldman. With biographic sketch
by Hlppolyte Havel. 12mo. pp. 277.
(The Mother Earth Publishing Associa
tion.)
A collection of twelve essays. Some of
the titles are "Francisco Ferrer and the
Modern School,"* "The Drama: A Power
ful Disseminator of Radical Thought."
"Patriotism: A Menace to Liberty.'
"Woman Suffrage" and "Tha Hypocrisy
of Puritanism," etc.
FINANCIAL, ECONOMIC AND MISCELLA
NEOUS SPEECHES AND ESSAYS. By
Henry Clews. Frontispiece. Svo, pp. ix.
458. (The Irving Publishing Company.)
Included in this volume are the author's
addresses on "Socialism and American
-ushlp." "NegTO Education" and "Na
tional Ideals." etc.
REVISED DARWINISM: OR, FATHER WAS
MANN ON EVOLUTION. By the Rev.
Simon Fitzsimor.s. 12mo, pp. 07. (P. J-
Kcnedy & Sons.)
An essay dealing wholly -with the scien
tific and philosophical aspects of the prob
lem of evolution.
FICTION.
THE PENDULUM. A Story. By Pcota Sorln.
Frontispiece. 12mo. pp. 252. i DufT!«ld &
Co.)
. A story of modern life.
BLACK HUMPHREY: A STORY OF THE
OLD CORNISH COACHING AND KID
NVPPING DAY?. By James Cassldy.
12mo, pp. 295. (London:* Th? Walter
Pcott Publishing Company. Limited.)
JUVENILE.
THE DOINGS OF THE DOLLIVERS. The
Strange Adventures of a Doll Family.
By Grace MacGowan Cook-?. With Illus
trations by Harry T.innell. 12mo. pp. 174.
(The Stureis & Walton Company.)
Telling of a little community of dolls
of different types .and colors that live a
life of their own when the children have
left the nurfery.
AN OUT-OF-DOOR DIARY FOR BOYS AND
GIRLS. Designed and il- lstrat^d by
Morion Miller. Small quarto. No pagina
tion. (The Sturgts & Walton Company.)
An illustrated notebook, with mottoes
and verses, and blank pages for the jot
ting down of notes and observations.
MISCELLANEOUS.
MANHATTAN An Od<». By Joseph I. C.
r"l;irV«. HKNRY HUDSON. An Es«ay.
By Elbert Hubbard. 12mo. pp. 62. (East
A"urora. N. V. : The Roycrofter Press.)
THE DAILY MAIL YEAR BOOK. 1911. (Sec
ond year of publication.) 12mo, pp. 310.
(London: "The Dally Mail," Ltd.)
A compilation of information concern
ing BrltiFh political affairs in 1010, local
government, national affairs, Parliament
»nil politics, literature and art, social re
fom, the churches, education, women,
justice and crime, etc.
THE ART OF ROADMAKING. Treatinar of
the various problems and operations in
the construction and maintenance of
ronds. streets and pavements. By Harold
Frost, B. A. So. Illustrated. Svo, pp.
xvii. 544. ("The Ergineering Xews" Pub
lishing Company.)
Written In non-techn!cal language, suit
able for the general reader. With an ex
tensive bibliography and a descriptive list
of reliable current books and pamphlets
.in the subjects treated.
THE JEWS AND MASONRY IN THE
UNITED STATES BEFORE ISIO. By
Samue : Gppenheim. Svo, pp. iv, 04. (Sam
uel Oppenheim.)
Relating to the early history of the
Order in the United States and the con
nection of th« Jews with Masonry.
POETRY AND DRAMA.
A LESSON IN MARRIAGE. A play in two
nets by Bli>rnet.it?rne Bjornson. From the
Norwegian by Gnce Isabel Colbron. ICmo,
pp. (!0. (Brandu's.)
MY WISH. By Charier E. Whelan. Pp. 4.
(Charles E. Whelan.)
REPRINTS.
LXXV SONNETS. By William Wordsworth.
Svo. pp. 7r< (The Houghton MifTlln Com
pany.)
TRAVEL.
BARBAROUS MEXICO. By John Kenneth
Turner. Illustrated. 12mo. pp. 340. (Chi
cago- Charles H. Kerr & '■•».
The story of .th:» country and how It is
governed under the rule of Diaz; the
slavrs of Yucatan, the plantations, an.i
th? Mexican people.
TWENTY YEARS IN THE HIMALAYA. By
Major the Bob. C. G. Bruce. M. V o"
Mh Goorkhn Klfltti. With ri\ty Illustra
tions and a map. Rvo. pp. " xiv . 333
(Longmans. Gre,en A Co.
An account or the author's wanderings
covering a period of nineteen years In
the Hindu Koosh and Hlmaluya rancea
He shows the contrasts between people
country, life, etc.. that exist in the differ
ent districts.
OCXS AND PUBLICATIONS.
-NOW READY
The Conservation of Natural
Resources in the United States
By CHARLES R. VAN Hl^E.
Inquire ill any hooktttorr.
LETTERS OF CLL^BBiTIES BOUGHT
I will pay cash for orlßlnal autopraph letters
or documents of any famous person, ancient
or modern. Send me a list of win „v have
WALTER K. BENJAMIN.
•-'•?.-, I If (I. Avenue. %, v^ York
nnrth ROOKS & PRINTS IN tUROPt.
i» a LL-OUT- OF-PkIN !T- BOOKS "
*» WRITE MS: can get you any book ever
published on any subject. The moat expert
book finder extant. When in England call and
•<»« my 500,000 „,r , books. BAKER'S OUE \T
BOOK EUOP. Joha Bright et.. BlrmlnghM^
FLEET'S HOMEWARD VOYAGE
U. 8. Battleships, Off Scilly Isl
ands, Will Sail To-day.
Cherbourg. Franc. Dec. &* *« >*^
battleships comprising the^ muM States
Atlanta Fleet, gathered off the MB] ■»
MM to-day, following soodby* at the
French and English ports where the office™
and men have been entertain^ by govern
ment officials and civic bodies for the last
six weeks.
To-morrow the warships will turn their
prows homeward, the Immediate destination
being Guantanamo, Cuba, where they are
due on January 16.
The first division, comprising the battle
ships Connecticut, the Delaware, the Mich
igan and th" North Dakota, under com
mand of Rear Admiral Schroeder. com
mander in chief of the. Atlantic fleet, sailed
from this port at 3 o'clock this moniinj:. As
the vessels passed out Rear Admiral
Schroeder, from his flagship, the Connecti
cut, signalled a cordial message of far*
well to the French naval authorities. Sa
lutes were • exchanged with the French
squadron.
The third division, comprising the Min
nesota, the Idaho, the Mississippi and the
Vermont, Rear Admiral Murdock com
manding, sailed from Brest at 2:30 o'clock
this afternoon. Earlier In the day the sec
ond division, made up of the Louisiana, the
Kansas, the New Hampshire and the South
Carolina, left Portland. England, while the
fourth division, including the Georgia, the.
Nebraska, the Rhocl? Island and the Vir
ginia, set sail from Gravesend yesterday.
In addition to the search problem, in
which the battleships will attempt to es
cape the vigilance of the scout cruisers
lying in wait for them, and approach un
noticed the American coast, lie divisions
combined will undergo fleet manceuvres
en route.
While in European waters the American
ships, officers and men made a moat pleas
in« impression. -:•*""
FUN FOR BLIND CHILDREN
Will Have a Magazine All Their Own,
in Raised Letters.
From the "Lighthouse" at No. US East
59th street, the New York Association f'.r
tha Blind will Fend out on New Years
morning hundreds of copies of "The
Sf.iri-h light," a new magazine for the Mind
children of the city. The publication wa*
esiabllshed by UM association fa response
to a letter sent it by a blind child who
wanted a "magazine all our own." It is
the first publication of its kind that I ie
ever been issued, and it will be distributed
fr^e to the many blind children the society
is constantly in touch wif.T.
There will be letters from the children
themselves, a talk by the ' Lighthouse
Keeper," stories of adventure, puzzle de
partment and numerous o'her features for
their amusement. Th» magazine will cc
printed in .aist-d letters, and each little
reader will he presented with a calendar of
ti;e same sort tor the year lbll.
v> ith the issuance of t.e ru w publication
the association appeals for funds for its
support. The organization is entirely sup
ported by voluntary c n'rihutiona, sad t.e.
pnbHeatfon of the magazine has severely
strained its financial resources.
VETOES TILDEN MONUMENT
Madison Square Site Objected to by
Municipal Art Commission.
The Municipal Art Commission has dis
approved tiie design and location cf the
proposed Tilden monument on the west side
of Madison Square.
John Quincy Adams la, secretary, to the
commission, explained yesterday that the
disapproval had been due solely to the be
lief that the site should net be used for
any monument, and that it was Impossible
to accept the design without also approv
ing a site tor it. There are monuments at
each of the four corners of ths park now:
that of William 11. Seward at the south
west corner; that of Roscoe Conkiing at the
southeast corner; that of Chester A. Arthur
at. the northeast corner ami that of Ad
miral Farragut at the northwest corner.
William (jidway Partridge designed the
monument, and Wilder and White designed
the pedestal.
"BANQUET" FIT FOR A KING
Alfalfa from Soup to Nuts — Ajid Neb
uchadnezzer Dead and Gone.
Rifle.. Col., Dec. 30. — A menu which rnignt
have made the mouth of Nebuchadnezzar
water in the latter days of that Biblical
personages life has been prepared for a
"banquet" to be given here in celebration
of the opening of an alfalfa mill. The
succulent green plant will appear :n every
dish on the board.
Biscuits will be made of alfalfa meal, the
turkey will be stuffed vvita alfalfa, masi^d
alfalfa will take thf> place of potatoes
and alfalfa leaves will counterfeit spinach.
Alfalfa salad will be served, and for bever
ages there will be alfalfa tea and altalta
cider. At the end of the feast toothpicks
made of alfalfa straw will be d stributed.
For mental food the guests will listen
to ex-Governor Alvah Adams discourse on
"Apples and Alfalfa."
LYNN PEACE COUNCIL PLANNED
Object of Organization Will Be to Pre
vent Strikes in Shoe City.
Lynn. Mass., Dec. 30.— There is a move
ment on foot among the shoe workers of
this city, the largest shoo manufacturing
centre in the world, for the establishment
of a peace council, the object of which will
bo to prevent strikes. Walter G. Murphy,
president of th© Goodyear Operatives'
Union, has undertaken to appear before
each of the unions connected with the indus
try and outline the plans for the proposed
organization.
Briefly, ti.e plan is for each union to elect
one representative to a central body, to be
known as ti.e Peace Council. Tnis eenbai
body is to have the power to restrain any
union from declaring a striKe until all ti
fo;ts to settle the difficulties by arbitra
tion have failed. The Goodyear operatives
and tr.e heelers have already declared in
favor such an organization.
It is provided also that the business inter
eats of the city in general and the shoe
manufacturers shall have a representation
en the council. :*— .' ■•■•■•
LARGE SUM PAID IN BENEFITS.-
Since the organization of the Pennsyl
vania Railroad Employes' Relief Funds
5-11.571. 72 has been paid out in MM
fits to members, according to a report is
sued yesterday by the company. In the
month of November the benefits amounted
to ?159,5.56 30. Th«» total payments on the
lines east of Pittsburg and Erie since the
relief fund w»^ *«»'"'»-»Mshed In ISH have
amounted to |21.504,©50 81.
BOOKS AND PUBLICATIONS.
BSSSEBSOsassSBaBBBBasB ■ m II <— r"*^caaaaarj | BßßaaTa—i
TO READ
and keep in touch with the best litera
ture and art of the year.
BUY THE JANUARY NUMBER TO-DAY
With jJanumrv mubmcrlftfttmrn. aoemmpantad by S3.CO. SENT TO THE
PUBLISHER*, will bm Inolinhnt th* Mmwamhmr mn* Omcembor numbmrm,
containing thm tlrt ohmnimr* 0/ thm new +orlvl.
CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS, FIFTH AVENUE, NEW YORK
m HB H»ff NOIB
I General Aleshire Finds Excessive
Stocks of Supplies.
[From 7" " Trfhane Cureao.l
Washington, Dec. 3a
. ARMY STORES RE FORM. -An Investi
gation by the quartermaster general of tht
i army has brought out some Interesting dis
closures concerning th<» la<-k of economy In
[■Dpi such aw clothing ami equipment.
at •.•.■•:•;<-. ■:.-• army post?. The am. of
money invested In material of this sort has
j reached such a figure th-it General AI»
! shlre was led to ascertain how much tnai
terlal was being carried In the. various
storehouses at garrison*. This action was.
prompted by requests from various stations
lor an Increase In the storage capacity of
the garrisons. Genera! Aleshire finds that
I at a nnmb»r of post 3 the supply of dothlaj
and other articles is altogether excessive.
ilt was Pteadily accumulated neither]*
■ proper regulation of its distribution. At
i Fort Dcs Molnes, lowa, the records sfto-wed
that there were overcoats enough on hand
;to supply nearly me thousand men, the
full enlisted strength of the erarrijon, lor
the next thr-e years. There are other txl
amples of excess of stock at that and other
placrs. In the aggregate thi3 quantity —
material will amount to enough, if
brought into one depot, to lead to a larg 1 *
; saving in the purchase of stock. General
: A!-'shire ha« under consideration, there
! fore, a plan which will require post quar
termasters to maintain a specified quantity
iof material within certain limits. Tlfcj
I amount will be regulated by the number of
j men attached to the garrison. Surplus
| stocks will be carried, as hitherto, at th«
main quartermaster depots, one of which Is
! in New York City.
" —
j ORDERS ISSUED.— following order*
i have been issued:
ARMY.
: Major SAMUEL. W. DU-N'XIXG from 20th to
I 7th Infantry.
I Major WILLIAM P. BURN H AiI from 7th to
2«th Infantry.
Captain J. E. EUBAXKS. Battery B. fleW
artillery, Geor-r.a National Guard, front
Fort McPherson Garrison school to Fort
ilver. January 31.
CaDtains LJBWI3 M. KOHLER. 4th Caralry
and ROBERT K. L. MICH 18. 12th Ca/
airy. la tort R.ley in January, for exam
ination for promation.
'Captain JAMES E. WILSON, coast artni?ry,
as-signed to 14.: d Company.
I Captain HARRY W. NEWTON*. coast art!!
lery. detailed for duty with coast artillery
reserve* of national guard of TTiirtitaf
ton. to Seattle. '
Captain JAMES TOTTEN". coast artillery,
from Slst Company to t:na9alm»d list.
On expiration of leave of absence Captain
TOTTEX will report to commanding of
ficer. Eastern artillery district of New
York, for staff duty.
First Lieut*n.-\nt SAM P. HERREN. retired,
from Hitchcock Military Academy. San
Rafael.
Firat Lieutenant MANUEL SI. GARRET. 2»th
Infantry, from farther duty with l*th In
fantry, to proper station.
Leaves of absence: F'r?t Lieutenant LEWIS
XV. CAS.?. 12th Cavalry, and Captain ROB
ERT F. WOODS, coast artlJ;«ry, two
month?.
* XAVT-
Commander M. L. MILLER, detached com
mand the Glacier; to command Ike Vicks-
I burg.
Lieutenant C. W. DEN?MORE. detached
charge recruiting station. Cedar Raoids.
to connection with fitting out tie '•-,v-., v -.
and r'uty on board when placed in com
, mission.
: Lieutenant T>. T. GHENT, from charge rs
f crultinp station. Philadelphia: to recrsl:
! incr station. Detroit.
: Assistant Naval Constructor E. O. FITCH. Jr.
♦retired), detached navy yarl. Philadelphia:
to home.
; Chief Carpenter A. C. BURROUGHS, retired.
detached navy yard. Norfolk: to home.
i Commander H. A. BISPHAM detached — Wtl
station. r»vit#; to the Monterey.
I Commander R H. JACKSON, to naval station.
Cavite.
•Lieutenant Commander J. H. .DAYTON detacßei
naval station, Carit*: t-> home.
! Lieutenant C- L. ARNOLD detached th« EX
Can" to the Helena.
Lieutenant 'junior grade) TV. L. FRIEDELL,
detached the Helena; to the El Car.o.
Assistant Paymaster W. H. WH.TBRDCa( to
the Mohican.
MOVEMENTS OF WARSHIPS.— The ' "'
i lowing movements of vessels have been re
; ported to the Navy Department:
Dec. 29 — Pauldinjr. th? Roe an.i MM TirrT
at Havana: t^• l ijolac* at La Guayra: th»
Pennsylvania at Mare Island Llsrht: ft*
■ Glacier and the Navaj.-> at San Francis.-<>.
SAILED.
I Dec. — The Leoni*»s from Sewall Point for
San Juan: the Pauldin?. the Roe ac<l t!ia
Terry from Key West for Havana.
' Dec. 2£— The Tallahassee from Norfolk M
Washington ; the Tasktoa from San Jaan far
Santo Domingo: the Pennsylvania from San
Francisco fc- Mare Island Lisrht.
Dec, M — The Connecticut, t!?e Delaware. t!s»
Michigan and tin? North Dakota from Cs?r
.bcurg for Guantanamo: the Louisiana. th*
Kansas and t*e Neir Hampshire from Wey
mouth for Guanta-jamo. . '..;.
GENERAL HOWE RETIRES i|
Colonel J. W. Duncan Promoted ::
to Brigadier General. :: .ta
Washington, Dec. 30.— Brigadier General : . 8
Walter He we, after forty-three years of
service in the army, will ret ; from acxi^-"*
duty to-mormw. having reached the ag?
limit of sixty-four year?. The vacancy thtis ,
created will be filled by the promotion of
Colonel Joseph W. Duncan, of the 6th In
far.try. to brigadier general.
Colonel Duncan is the ton cf th« late
Brigadier General Thomas Duncan and a
grandson of Captain Matthew Duncan, of
th*- Ist Dragoons. He was born in an army
tent at Fort'Ewell, Texas, on June 27. ".SC3.
RIVAL SPONSORS CHOSEN
V-" »
Two Arkansas Girls Selected to Kama *
Battleship. teisScl
Little Rock. Ark.. Dec. 30.— The annource- ~^
mont from Washington that a daughter o£>-z
Representative R. B. Macon. of Arkansas, - :
had been selected to name the battleship
Arkansas when the vessel i* launched at
Camden. N. J.. on January U. has deve?- ;
cped an interesting «it!:ation. Governor
Dorsaghey has also named a sponsor. Miss ;
Marion Clarke, daughter of Senator Jam-4
P. Clarke.
Governor Donashey ?aid that he was net .
advised by the Arkansas delegation ■<
Washington at the time of making his ap
pointment.
JAPANESE WARSHIPS AT AMOY.
Amor. China. Dec. 30— The third squadron
of the* Japanese navy arrived here to-dIJ".
It is commanded by Admiral Kawshlma.
whose flagship is the cruiser Tsushima.- i.p*"!,

FATHER LEAVES 23 CHILDREN. r
[fjißfg. N. V.. Dec. 30.-John Bodaey, . ;;
who is dead a: West Mar-borough at ths. .--■,
ape of slxty-flve year?, leave? twenty-tbr«»
children. He was IwtM married.
BOOKS AND PUBLICATIONS.

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