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Much for West Toint ImprcVemenA
One of JVations Chief Military Safeguards
.;/ 3p Vu1 crt "Better Scj/j Than
UP n thelr commodiotis new quar
t<rs at M'est Foint the ofltoera
of the Unlted Ftat*s Military
Academy look forwaid to the eomlng
ytar as one of excapttonal Impoii In the
ennais of thelr I'amous Instltutlon. it
will mark an epoeh In the growtli and
rit-v lopment of the entlre BOOt. for the
trainlng of the oarbt* arlll be cnrrbd OB
vnd-r e< nditions far Mtperl r to thOOC
abtatalng haretafare. Mar.v aew bulld
In^s, both aaademte and admlnlatratlve,
have been Vompleted <iurli g V.nu. and
mt.re will ba finished ln the aaar future.
It if> the eoateeaplatton of theae added
ffcciitties whlch brtngaamlleaof pleasant
anticipation to the facee of the staff of
lnFtructots aa they look ahaad into 1911.
Now it haa ooel Uncle laa just about
$7,8004)00 to put thoea beatlflc aaallee
on the manly OOUnteaancee of h\y mar
tlal acuaa, and. of course, the publk is
wondering if thi* altrutam is war
ranted and if it may CoaacientiOUSly joln
m their blltheflome eontemplatton of the
"The beal of prophata of the future ls
the past," wrote Lord Byron, almost a
century ago. and this is th<> Bafeal gulde
.to fo::ow in Jud^ing the caae la hand.
For most ,pf the coetly oonatructtoa w;_;.
after al), undertahen with a vlew t..
ealafging the cadet oorpo, so that we
ought to kn.iw the Importance of the
Bcfcool and what manner of men it has
turned out rlght atong before de< Idlng
if are really wantad more. Baatdea, the
new bulldlnga anaaa aat, geaarally apeah
Ing. de Igned wlth the intei tion of
changing the baatc prtndplea of th>
i resent syatem of trainlng. \t the aame
tlme much care and thought bavt
txpeaded in brlnglng the methoda of
inatruetion np to date. TB a, anranga
Baenta have baaa made to eo-ordlnate
the teachlag of tbeoretle and applled
fi i( r. rdarice aith the vteWfl of
tie forenaoot educatora of the Co^tl
rent, aa weii as af Aaaertoa. Other
^os in the have alao baaa
, ever Incn aslna
deaaa-Bde tet the proteaa kaowledge ..f
our aflk ra, parttoalarly thooa etattoned
ln tbe I'killppines.
The iraportam f.g ?.ur mlUtary
_c> "<d kept up t i the utmoet 'it,
i,i bably wlll not be doubted by uny
one. it is not, bowever, alwaya under
?load that aucb an Inatltutton is of more
ciittoal Importaace to Aaeertea thaa t.,
? orld. Th
of t_xt] I ' eeventy thouaand aaaa,
Tliis ' '?? I* ins'gnlfieant, <oti
? .-th of our eoaat
hr:#. An i aay power ad the ?
iir?t elaaa arould pi I brto a?> :
l?t*n<c-almost overnlght?? vatuateer
arm> of about one mttltoa mea of va- j
rtaua gnoraao ragardtag I
drfll and taettca How, then, ara wa to]
l.andie thla horde excfpt by bavlag a
competent corpa of tralnad ofllcera pra?
aared for thla very amergenoyf
Of eouree, there -.un i. oui aattoaal
guard, whoae aptrll p i ? aot
Bul H I atably
true that the an at m I mlll*
tie hus nelther tlme aor opportualty to
I perfect blmself In praestacal logbrtlca (tba
art of movlng and supplying armles)
and "thir partg of milltary aelence to
tbi gami extent as a man wboaa aole
pation 1ms baan the aaaatary of
very braacbaa Of knowledge. This
Ii ivna reason arby it lg i?!? usant to reai
ize that the new Woal P int cun aeoom
modata mora cadeta II la also plcasant
to know that it is rceogalaad as the baat
milltary academy in the world.
During the Hudaoa-Fultoa eaiabratlon
the reaervatlon was visitod by Itear Ad
mlral sir Edward Beymour, of Oraal
Brltaln; Oraaa Adailral von Koster, of
ilerniany, and Contrp Admiral Le Pord.
' of Franc'-. Those three experts unan:
; moualy aaread that there was not such
a milltary school in their rospoctivo
Icountrta* Fleld Marshal Oeneral Her
' l.ert Kitcbaner, of the Brltish army,
: actuated only by the reputation enjoyed
| abroad by OUr instittition, reeommended
] that tho Cominonwealth of Australi.i
j erect a "Weel Polnt." He sent Colonel
i \V. T. Ilridges. of the BrfUab army, to
' coUect data for this purpoae, and this
: ofBcer si<ent considerable time wlth thfl
! authorltiaa ln charge, gathering blfor
I mation on every brai ? h of Instruetlon.
Not long ag>> Ceneral Kitchoner in
: apcetad the poai in paraon and said that
bi "felt that the half had not been told
him'' when he had mad.- his raoam
mendation to Ansttalia.
Tha approval of the lataat Inatalbttlon
and buUdlaa* by so com patent a judire
is a aplandld vindlcatlon of the dbKfgrn
ment of fiiir own men. when opinlons
mlffht raaaonably have been conatdcred
i blaaaed. It mranfl that an already cmi
: nent eatabllahment is on the road to even
greatar distinction; and that looks as If
our Undfl Bam had men spending his
?: art* lv
H.-vjng thUfl had a glimpse of tho
plant, 1< t Ufl tal.e n P'ok at the produet.
It go. 3 v.ithout gajrlng that honor ls
the keynota <if tho cadeta' moral train
mg. A man found deflclent ln charaetor
i in any n-spoet is dismlss'd That ls\vhy
tba graduates one :;:>>! Bli always
| such straiijhlforv.aid, clean-cut ehaps.
It takes llttle expaiiaooa to recognlze the
hallmarh <>f Breet Polnt. Physlcal and
moral COUiaaa ar* essentlals, the gnat
gtreea DaBced "n the former by tho corps
being logici.lly juatlfled by the conten
ti'.n that uar is a brutal buslneas, oall
Ina for bruta qaalitl s to meet its exi
fencle* Moral cauragg la of llttle uso
ti. the soidier whi ii it i* not strong
enough to k<ep 1ns feet from apeedlly
earrying him from the gCBJM of combat.
Tba mcntal tralning is well on a level
with the hlgh moral ptandards maln
talned. No n.attrr whl'h corps a oadet
n.ay denre to Joln on graduatlon,
\ hetl.ei it be the ordnance department,
tho engineera, coaat or fleld artlllery,
< avairy, Infantry ?r the Oanaral Btaff.
ln must ba protlclcnt in every mlmit'J
rbtail of the dutles of an ohVer In nny
one of the dcpartments DaUBed. If he is
not, ho will not be retalned at the acad
? my. RequirtmontB of such eompre
henshe severlty makp for competent
j<raduates. Thla has been proved in
a ffuaint Incldeat, llluatrattna th* ap-j
;. | ... thi nation, occuiM d i
nr"" ? ,??-_??-??________?__J^^_^MM^^?_________>___._.
pti.tvs.FVF, VTF.W WITEX THE NEW BUII.niXGS ARE COMPEETED.
(1) Steamboat landing. (2) Ferry slip.
(3) P.adway station. (4) Elevator tower.
(5) Power house. (6) The great riding
hall which is to be completed in 1911.
(7) Hotel. (8) Buildinr)3 for a use not
yet decided. (9) Cadet hospital. (10)
Mess hall. (11) Academic building. (12)
Monumental bridge. (13) Post head
quarters. (14) East academy. (15) U
brary. (16) Officers" mess. (17) CuHum
whlle Major Tilson, of the Unlted States
Infantry. rulcd over tho American oon
eeaatoB In PaUng after the Bozer trou
hiep. it was Impoeetbla, durtng the
Hall. (18) Bachelor officers'qviarters. (19)
Battery Knox. (20) Fort Putnam. (21)
Lusk Reservoir. (22) Site for observa
tory. '23) Chapel. (24) Cadet barracks.
(25) Ctrtiet headquarters. (26) Cadet
barracka. (27) Cadet barracks. (28)
Gymnasium. (29) Married officers' quar
ters. (30) Stadium. (31) Quartermas
ter's group. (32) Parade ground. (33)
Old battle monument. (34) New battle
actual progreaa ot tho flghtlng, to pre?
vent the enBatad men from lootlng the
t. mplea aad Bomatfaaea even reetdencee.
Afl BOon, however, as peaee was rostored
monument. (35) Waahington statue.
(36) Summercamp. (37) Headquarters of
auperintendent and staff. (38) Tower of
north gate. (39) Dock. (40) Polo field.
(41) Cemetery. (42) Enlisted men's
quarters. (43) Proposed monununt to
soldiers of Revolutlon. (44) Constitution
Island. (45) Proposed preparatory schooi.
(46) Hudson River.
nnd each one of tho forelpn natlons had
Bcqulrad by mutual agreemenl a aectloa
of the city for it? excluslve ponnaiieiit
pae, Kajor Tilson had a thorough aearch
DECEIVING A\ AIB SCOUT.
SOME WAR TACTICS OF THE FUTURE THAT MAY OR MAY NOT BE TAUGHT AT WEST POINT.
Lieutenant Walter E. Prosser, of the on thli subject, says: "It is with tho futura will hava to deal most fre
3d Umt?d $tale? Field Artillery, wribny acoplant that th* field army of Ihe jquentl/."
WorK Js Being Ttuhed *Rapidly on the J^efaj
Strucfures Contracfed For and More
made and recovered most of the stolen'
money and other treasure. Certaln of
the articlo} whlch were identifled beyond
a doubt were returned to the templeg
whence they had been taken, the other
things were sold at public auction, but
the money rcmalned. Bent on glvlng
the natlvea a "scjuare deal," he applied
' the entire amount to the cleanlng up
| and rendering sanitary of the sectlon
around tho Amerlcan conoesslon. Thi?,
aa well as his uniform kindness and jus?
tice, endeared him to the hearts of the
Celestlals, so that, when they learncd
of his proposed recall to tho Unlted
Matcs thev were deeply grieved and de
ctded to potition hlm to remain and to
rula them forever. AccordJngly, the j
i i \t morning a solomn procession of
gorgeoUB orlentals moved upon the j
maj. t's head()uarters, bearing nlne tre- '
iiu adoua ceremonial umbrellas hung
aith peiitions and declaratlons of ap
prectattoa written on narrow sllps of
paper, These strange tokens of esteem
may be aeen in the new museum at
West Polnt. to which Major Tilson pre
One of the much nceded improvftnents
at tho schooi is the strong safe in thls
mi aaum, in which the many valuahlo
praaeatattoa awaeda in the poasesaion af
ih.. a> ademy are kept.
pPerhapa tho most striking featuro of
the new structuro is the success achievod
ln combtnlng beauty and dignity arfthout
Blng tl" effeet Of the slmplicity he
COmlng in bulldlnaa of thls descrlption.
The Intertor oquipmcnt is of the best
eu.tlity, Wlthout, liowever, tho least trace
ot luxury havlng beea aUoarad to creep
in. This la as true of the new cavalry
i ,:t acka and atabtoe aa ?'f tho avparla
teadent'a private oinco. BervtceabtUty
ls the keynote throughout.
The ar, hiti. ture is of the eccleetaattc
Btyle, t hara. terlstic of the arohltcetn
train, Qoodhue &. Ferguson. It is based
OB Bngllafa Tlldor Oothle, stately. rugged
and n.assive. The stone of whlch they
are huilt is a gnoiss rock, rjuarried rlght
on the I'servation, an economy of con
siderahle importance. Ita tlch, gray tono
is well in harmony wlth the Hudson
Highlands. where the buUdlngs stand
The material of ttuch of the old buildlngs
as were demollahed waa used as far is
possihle in the construction of the new
ones. A BOtable exceptlon to thls ls the
old cha|*d, whlch was cnrefully taken
down and rehuilt, stone for stone, In the
ccmetery, where, furnished as heretofor?>
wlth the famous pioture by Profe-snf
Welr. Its flags, mottn. trophies and tah
lets, it ls to serve as a mortuary chapel.
The regular post chapel has been gn gtai
on the hill behind the new academn
building. It ls a striking rdlfl'-e in .1
strlklng locatlon, dominating th?~ flntira
reservatlon?the one tributo to ?rnoBM
ln a place where system rebjaa au
In 1909 Congress paaaad a law permlt
ting the varlous appolntees to enter th I
academy when their predocessors have
comploted their third year, lUBteal Bf
waiting for them to flnish their fourth.
which was formerly the itl|.\ ThH
hrlngs the authorized strength of th*
cadet corps in 1911 up to 880, as com
pared to 683 in 1910. Naturally th.
commodatlons are now amplg tor an
even greater number. so that it will
hereafter ba possible to increase tl l
corps in proportion to the PBtiOBBl I
The additional offlcers Baceaaary for
supervising and instructing the cadeU
will be well housod in tba ratfloua ouar
tera recently constructed for the pur
pose, arul the horsos which had I
added for use in the cavalry <i: 111 Bli
stabled under Ideal condltions at th
southern cnd of tho r> gg|-vation. Tbi
riding hall. which will be CCinptl I
year, will be monumental in II
sions. The tanbark rlng afcMM ? il! bg
H8 foet long by 166 feet wldo.
The coniplotion of the lidinu
last touch to be put upon the bu
that crown tho Hndson RfreT fiont.
Fven now this splendid group is an n
spirlng sight from the river. Tle
huttreased watls of the power '
flank the riding BCfcoot, flrhl h toweri
tnassively abOTB it. Both of th. gg str'i 1?
urea show a large prorortlon of d< I 1
wall surface, ?o that they give th
presaion of the outer fortiflcations I I
mediaeval castle This lllusion I* I
gaed bf the beautiful soaring admlnlfl*
tratlo- building, which liaai behind
tbeaa, presenting a taagflti rl
numerous d< op c ut vindnws. OB ' '
hill. which forms a dark backgi"BBd ' '
enhance the effecti\eti ss ?>( all
spw ndid a: hitecture. i? ihroaed tBi
glorious i bai',1.
It aeenis not unhcoomlng, therefo* ? A r
us to join tho ofncerfl of the academy t I
the pleasod and conrtdent stnile ? I
cost Finle Sam 17,860,660. and I I
ithead t" IM] M a year which will Bftaj
practically to completion the great ?n*
tarprlaa of perfoctlng the ttiutt milltary
academy in the world.
Uncle Sam'* Fortune for 1911
< oiitlnur_ from tlr?t p^cr
"Your Bttbarayi criss-cross the island
and extend far out Into th* suburbs ln
all dlrections." "Oood! Oood!" chuckled
Father Knlckerbocker. rubblng hls
I hiitids togother. "And every w here,"
w. nt on the monotonous volco of. the
I mediunt, "I see the same old amelly.
, towdod, Jam-'em-ln-hy-force BCVhMnaga
golna "ti ai all the atattons, wlth pas
_hcngers rammed like Bardlnes into the
cars. and not even enoujjh straps fo.'
ha'f "f tlietn ta hang to, juid"
Hut a r<noi,ndlng tharark ftom Fathe
Knit kf rhocker'a thh k tane jis be
breught it down on her table suddeaJ
ncalled the vaaaaa from ik t traaca ani
cut short her prophecy.
? This < reattire is an Impoetor!" sh?">ut*.l
the aaaragai oM maa to ITade ^am. *1
told you ?o from tlie sturt fome away,
eaaaa away: ? and ha ataaabtod dowa tl ?
stalrs. fnlrl> Mltherlag with rage. Unclo
s'am pfbOowed, cBttckltng softiy.