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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, July 23, 1911, Image 20

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Literary /*Jet*yf
A French Type of the Modern
Scientific Spirit.
.THREE Pa-AYB BT BRIEUX, ME.MHER
Of" THE FRENCH At'ADEMY. tt Ith
preface by Bernard Bhaw. i
roralona by Mi a Ben ard Bhi ??. st.
.lohn Hankln and John Pollock.
Prontlapii ? llmo, pp Bv, "? Bren
t.mo I
Good wine, wi are I dt. buah,
but evldently the i artlcular brand con
caetad by M. Brleua la aol to b< l
wlthout the Interventlon <??" aome frlend
1 | nd Mr. Bhaa ta prompl to tha ree
cue. aupplylng i alattons of three
nf the Prenchman'a playa wlth Afty-'four
pagea of Introductory racommend
He Is an adept Bl heatitig the drum. and
BO be Btarta Off in this wise: "After the
death of Ibaen, Brleus cohflrontad Bn
rope as the most itnportant dramatist
weal of Rnaain. In that klnd of eom
ady which is Bd true to life that we have
to rall lt tragi-comedy, and which Ib not
only an entertaimn* nt but B history and
a crltlclsm of contemporary morais, he
i> Ineomparably the grsatesl writer
Franca has produced alnce M*>ii*Ve." We
and Criticisrn
horror of alcoholism, bequesthad by a
r to his chlldn
We may leave BBlde any Q lestlon as
ta wh< th* r tl i -?? toi lea bm aultable or
.? : for, treatmenl In the theatro. II bi
more Importanl to see, flrat. hoa M.
Brleus tt. ? ? ? We glance al the
characten I raon ,L''"' f"r ,l,rr"
. -.mi. i el* ment in the whole
dlB* uaslon Brl ' ' ",n"
,.(.,, |? -m ? ? ? is a man of cheap
mentallt) and I nature, weakly ambi
tloua, Incurably a* Iflsh and. t.. the very
-. of hlm, an unapeakable . y<l. Lucie,
I . nol love hlm and knowa
t at ha doaa not lova her. In a Btorm
n rlmlnatlon over their marrlage she
i - : pennlleaa girl, and so i
bad no offera of msrrlsge. when you
propoaed to me i araa tlred of araltlng.
and I dldn'l want to be nn old mald. I
accepted you, But I knew you only
eame to me becauso the women wlth
money WOUldn't have you. I made up
my mlnd tO love you and be loyal."
Tbelr wrnngle disck.Res further lnsin
cerlties. and WOTSe. When I.ucie's sis
ter. Annette. the vi< tlm already men
tloned, has her "cas*?" unfolded, we learn
M, BRIBUX.
(From a photopraph in "Three Plays by Btiauz.")
know Just how some readers will take
this pronouncement. Ther.- is an apt
Faying of tleorge Eliot's on the gub
JCCt "There nre some people." she re
marks. "who, lf you say. 'I am a buffalo.'
wlll let you pass." The world !s full of
such people, But we like to believe thal
thera mra a good many readers who
prefer to think about ht Brieux for
themaefreg and can accordingly remnln
unterrified by the klnd of assertior. we
have just clted from Mr. Bhaw,
Let us clear our minds of eant Mr.
Shaw ls not the only man who is glad
to heat the drum for M. Brieux. He has
a large following, and he has found his
way Into the French Academy. H>
thinks carefully nnd wlth uumlstakable
Blncerlty on grave BUbjectg with which
aoclety nvust roncera itseif. Bul rf.ti"
of these facts constitutsa h rosson for
our swallowlnc him whole, and there is.
Indeed. one very real rOflBOll for our ask
ing whether we BhouM BWSllOW hlm at
all. It hlnges upon the oonception of
art which has baan held by clvlllsed
raeea since the theatre was first de
aigned to srive pleasure and ediflcatlon
to manklnd. < ?n the nature of tha!
ception one mav phtlopophlze and argue,
of course. until all ls blue. Ilence, we
take the nearest short cut, whlch we
may gain by exposins: lf. Brleux'a visw
of the matter. He Ih intensely IntereSted
ln human bstngS, not the human beingfl
of the flfteenth century or of the dim
future. but the human belnps of to-daj
He s-(Pa that in thousands of ra?(? they
are plunged into suffering through the
confllct betwaeil their own instinots and
the laws, wrltteri and unwrltten, of po
ciety. He would ask them tr. do what
they can for themaervts, through the ex
ercise of common ganae and self-con
tro!. He would I gVB BOClety r*:idj'ist its
present laws and make some new onea
To these ends he would us*' the theatre
as aa arenu f*?r traetarian BCtlvltlea
When b" wrltea a play he beglna by pos
Mng a arrong, snd though ha arlll nol
docmatize unduly as to tiie moda oi
ing if. his purpoee la t.. perauade tho
wndience to rscognlag the wrong and to
think over th*- necesstty f*>r a curi Tl
piays in the volume before oa admlrably
exemplify his aim and hhl method.
The first Ol them. ' M itei nl?y." Ifl a
plea to Bjoefety to Mdo aomethlng" In
gmellorntloa ol tha penaltlefl thal fol?
low utiiawfui motherhood. The aallenl
victim of th*- plece is a young woman
whoaa sister is marric.i to a governmenl
odh ial in the provlnce* Thla functlon
sry aaeka to aerve tha atate nnd ad?
vance his own rntereata hy advocatlng
gn Increaae In th" birth rate. but when
hfcl sister-in-law COtnea upon the Boone
with b<-r trouble ha is tarrlMy perturbed
and instantly alli-s himself with thosa
BOetal foncea whlch woubl make her an
outcauaL The play aunounta t.. nothlng
BflBMrC mir less than a discussion between
the tWO sides. A kindred motive is de
rdlOpad tn "Th*- Three DaUghtSTB Of M.
impoiit." compllcated with tha ojuestlon
af byvalaaa Basrrfagea and tha awindlea
practised npon ona snotber by cptnm* r
(ial rninded parents, wh*i marry off their
boiis and danphters wlth no thotight of
th?- hlghir n.'?'*ls <?f tiie human BOtlL In
"Damaged GoodflT M. Brieux again has
refleotions t<> offer upon the status of
th*- mother and her chlld. plsctag in the
fot* gr*>un*l the traglc lssue of inan's In
difference t?> tha penalty which he and
his family may pay for his evil llvlng.
At th?- back of the book ls a translation
of the aecond verslon <>f "Maternity,"
one Ifl whlch M. Brieux preserves IiIb
Biain theals, but thiowa in the added
| that she has been exposed to taSBPta
j tion partly through Brlgnac's selflshness,
Ipartlv through hl= wlfe's carelessness,
and that the author of her rriln, like her
brother-In-law. ls immeasuiably base.
iThe sodueer Is provided. too, wlth par
eatfl "hose own niatrlage haa be*n a
long drawn out irltsery, and whosp pure- J
ly materhl] T'luns for thelr son will brook:
i the n.terli-rei.ee of BO OOBBClBBtlOUa
. seruple. If we were to say that this pre
! cioufi crew (always exeeptlng the pitiful |
! Anr.ette) had only themselves to blame
i for the wretcbedBeea that befalla them,
we BUppOBl kt. BrteUS mi^ht retort that
the probl.-m as to what te. do about An
nette stlli eonfronted us. We may grant
! him that But, on the otru-r hand. ara
I wa nol justified in nsking if hi? typea
I nre repreaentatlve? Ha proceeda on the
1 assiitnption thal they are. for on the
, Bcore of their mlafortune he coolty ln
! diets BOClety. lt is at this polnt that, we
heiiev/-, mankind must tnatlnctlvely re
?Jad a drarnatlal Mke M. Brleux, regard**
laas of 'he mare unpleaaantne i of hla
theme
Tt la mt enough to reply that the
j typea in -Maternlty" art representattvej
! an "pinlon la not neeessarily con* lnslve.
1 The thlng for M. BrlOUB to do ls to prove
1 it, and that, we malntaln, la where ho
fslla. Let us. we repeat, elenr our minds
of innt. Let us exclude allke the s\m?
pathy of compasslon and th<- scorn ?f
prejudloa After all, art is art tho
power of genluB la Irrealatlbli. and, Bot
through mare verbal guunour, but
through the aheer preaaure of lifo mndo
'manif.st in the printed page. M. Brieux
I mlght convinca us If tha thing arera
really poaslble. But ba doea not for tho
fractlon "f a aecond even vaguely per-|
auada us thal it la r< motely poaalble, His
siii ? rity is sm h that we CBB BlmOBi for
glve him the appalllng tedlum of hlfl In
termtnabh bati Bul from beglnnlng
. : we li- v< a dlsi ouraging i ? ?? of
his movlng aboul In a world nol real
iz.-d. Sii'h ? bs he deecrlbi b can
only exlsl where homes are unlformly
Inhablted by moral monatera, aith bara
. ii r..il for them to v reak
? v icki dneaa upon. Men hav. been
nd women have borne the brunl <>f
thelr vlleneaa, bul to the punlehmenl *-f
il, former and to th*- rescue of the lat
t,.r no aerloua contrlbutlon \siii ever
).. made by the exhlbltlon **f "frlghtful
examplee" arhlch are nol frlghtful ea
-- al all, bul th<- freaktah i.* glea
of the morbW pathologlai aith t theory
? . . ? bllah.
in r? sp> .1 t" the art ol the theatra
the doctora may dlaagree on many
polnts, but thej hava alwaya unlted aad
they wlll slwaya unlta In Btallng thal
>it? and truth ar<- Indlapensable. Whlla
they are, perhape, talklng about thelr
notlona Of truth and llf.-, the world, put
tlng a given play tO th. test, knows at
? whether truth and lifo are there.
Tbara la no mlaalng th.- appeal of uni
versallty. Tha tragedy tbal really purgeel
Ihe human soul through axdtlng the |
.inotions of pity and t.-rror arlll do ita,
work like a foree of nature. There is
nothlng apaoloua about lt. There bj Both
lng that sav.rs of the tra, t. 11 glves y?>u
life ln BCtlOn and movea you heyoilil all
argument. sloreover, aa it doea this. u
BOflW slrange way lt fllls you with a
s.-iis. of beanty. "Lear," s>. beartread-1
ingly t'-rrlhl" that one BCBros OU ?n
Idura to wltneaa a perfornianea of it, atlll
' exerts the heallng power of heauty and '
00 Juslili.-s Itself. How doea It do this? j
'?ne oannot say that it is th<- Shake- I
lapeartan dlctlOB alone, for the infiuence
IthBt one fcela in lt ls aumMthlmr lying |
deeper than worda is it nol the foree
of the spirlt. la lt not that divine Qtial
Ity whlch we call the Inaplmtlon of
geniua, for which we eannot account and
which we eannot descrtbe, but whlch wa
uneningly recognlse! Could M. Brieux,
aith th.- rlght reeourcea, take ti.. three
playa in thla book and ralae them to a
hlgher power? We have eurmlaed Bbove
that it mlghl pui bla typea ln a
licht. Bul at leaat h< ia nol don* *"?
As hia playa Btand their aranl of unl
veraalit} eond* mnn ti em i ol only ;iS
playa bul a tra ta Ev< n the humanl
tarlan must follow tlu rulea of lha i
and. while we do iml doubt thal M
Brleux'a heart la In ttv rlght place, urg
Ing hlm to call upon aocli ly to correct
it.-- rottenness, ha ought al leasl to pay
Boclety the respectful trlbute of ahowlng
it unimrx achable evidence.
or course Mr. Bhsw haa no doubta at
all, and if one were to Judge from his
,. m Brleux'a playa would have
to be epted aa maklng an nnquallfled
boon Bul tha truth la thal Mr. Bl
preface la a bore. He haa hia gllh fac
ulty and can make all aorta of Bmarl ob
aervatlona on the ?ctantlfic aplrlt, on the
censorship. on Malthus, on maniage, and
so on. Rut hls gllbnesa Buggeata just an
Ingenloosly balaneed machine, whlch can
be guarantead to ?.. on Indeflnltely pro
duclng some gllttering little objeel ful
Blling n?. nseful purpose. It is clever, In
n way, with its paradoxes, its Inaoli
its rigna of readlng, bul al bottom II
leavea oi e arlth the notlon thal Mr.
Bhaw la nol unllke the mugwump, thal
Indlvldual who w;is long ago ao aptlj
deflned aa a peraon educated beyond h 1
intelie. t. Mr. Bhaw has grown verboao
nnd a little dull. ll" a< ? ma to bavi
Incurably common mlnd, Inaenaltlvc to
what la noble and beautlful in art. He,
llke M Brieux, would have auffeiing dl
mlnlahed, but, again llke the Fr
man. he la dlspoaed to go aboui Ihe
task ol leasenlng it ln an unln
way. thcorlslng on llf* untll h*
too narrowly for hlm to Bet it tmly.
Frlnglng London, Llvi rj.I, Bin I l
hnm. er anj of tii" larj and
towns of England you maj bi ? I
areas eovered arlth little ??
houses. ali the aame si.'.e. ,iii the eame
coior, all traglcally allke. They avi
their wholeaome sapecta. They an
bullt ar.d sf.nitr.r\. Mllllona of ;? pl*
live in them comfortably and, perhapa
are happy. Bul aeen on * ralny Novem
ber day, mile after 111 ii?- of them, then
la Bomothlng fearfully depreaatng abou!
them. Thei abash the apiril They numb
thought Bomethlng of the aame elfecl
ls exerted by M. Brieua and bla loqua
cious acolyte ii. this book. They may
mean woll. but they atrike cold, gray ter
ror to the aoul, the tern 1 om
monplace. And tu pui the flntal li bj
tourh to thr Ir cheei I* ba worh thej
on their Inqulaltloi it. thi
THE NELSONS
A Real Vicar of Wakefleld.
THB MELBONB OF BITRXH *M TH< iRPE
A !:?" ord of h Norfolk F*a
, ??,,! from l*i publlal e*l 1 1 "? ra and
Koteborika '?'??' '?*'? '"' M
Mat* ham 1 irattd .
The John i.iti' (' mi a 1
Roratlo Xelson, the greal Httle Bdmiral,
flgurefl from tlme to tlme ln thla volume;
but it is ehiefly to hia father. the old
Norfolk parson, thal thi suthor haa de
voted her pan. Hersi If a di mt ol
tha Bev. Bdmund Ni Ison, Bh< '
nt conunand many of the famlly pa
pers as well as tha remlnla* 1 n* ea of van
srahle relatlvea now departed, and
has uaad theae in puttlng togethei 1
ploasanl tf not very Imp. etch of
Engllsh llfe b hundred yeara ago, The
I esl part of it la the portrall ln aor*
the old clergyman. Hlghmlnded, elm
ple-hearted, lovlng, h< araa a trua Dr.
Prlmroae.
Mrs. Selaon dled ln early middle n'e,
l*i ..rn
LORD NEL80N.
drawlng ln "The Neteona of
Burnbam Thorpa.")
leaving manv chlldren to her buaband'a
care, and be broughl them ap In a
faahion worthy of tha Immortal aicar.
!'. un ml.er, l.ovs, I leave lt tO your
honor," ware the worda whleh rarely
falled to move his . hlldren to a con
. ?? eaa of duty. Thera la a pretty
Btory of llttl* Horatlo holdlng oul agalnal
a too eaaygolng brother in a Bituation ln
volvlng peraonal dlscomfort "We have
no excuse," said the i?d, and remlndod
hls elder thal "lt was left to ..ur bOOOl "
While he tralned bla chlldren In hlgh
id. aia of character and conduct, tha good
parson did it wlth geatlenesa rather than
with th" aeverlty thal often marked tha
paternsl dtaclpllne of his tlme. There
wi r*- few eolna In the 1 ountry parsonage,
bul there was pl* nty of high thlnklng aa
? .,.)] ;is famlly alfectlon. The father
taughl th* young 1.pla to feel a hrre of
nature and B loVB Of good bOOkS, BOl for
K'tting "a constant Interssl In men snd
thlngs." H<- was keenly IntOTSStajd hirn
s.-if in aii tha occupatlona of his profes
sl'.n and hls home in his hiimble par
Ishloners. in hls Kardeii, Bnd in the D81 -
Bonal aconomlea thal anabled hlm la
help one chlld or anolher fl ho w?-nt from
the rectory out Into th*' world Tha ;iu
tin.r qootea a qualnl letter which the
parson Bsnl to his youngsst daughter,
hta mu'h-ioved Kittv, soon sftsr Bha i>.
came B brlde and had BCttlsd dOWfl tO
prosperoua bousskaeplng. Ha auggoBta
"caution ln issuin^ orden and Brmnesa
ln the axecutlon of tham . . ? WhHal
you addraaa thoaa who Uava eontractod
themsshrea to Berve aith Qentlaneaa and
p. rte. t good bumor in ona bsnd, hoid
fast Authority in the other.
gjDOttapft your friends be ilinoctntiy
youi.-. gay, soria'i. bul la your famlly
concerna Bdd aoma yeara to your brow.
. . . Let your huaband ba your Prlvy
Council, your Lord < hamellor, ati'l
rarly, very rarly, make othars aequalBted
with the sprtngs of your Internall fam?
lly Police; much leaa ? ver meke lt a Bub
jecl of conversatlon ln i orapany. A te
dlous Hour 1 have often apent In hear?
lng bar ? gui - of this sort bb "How were
butter and egga etc, last Market day?
matlon of that klnd you wlll al* aj ;
g, ; from the wlab .<f thelrs to publlsh
thi ir ? xtraordfi nry talenta In th*- domes
Hc llni Fi * i yourself above it. exei pl ln
tlme and phtca then pay ven atrli I
? m to it. duty '!? ? u la lt. . . .
V',',1 are both loo well dlsposed to look
..ver advlce of thla sort, tho it . om
accurata and from Qrey Halra i: R. ls
aith you, she is cheerful and pleasant,
but bb a Belve; Beware." Dr. Prlmroae
rh! have ar-itt.-n it.
The parson'a hearl wa i alwi j -
tender over his "Horaci " as be calla hut
famoua aon, and many of hla l< tten Bnd
? ? i- t in tbal abex nt obc
When the yoi ng ? aptaln broughl the
? h ' >und ln th? W< I Indli ;
io the rectory the old ni lao dld hla
i.-^t to make Madam Prances comfort
able. Horatlo'fl presence generally
meant cheer for hla famlly, Hl purse
Bhared a Ith th? ee who nei d< d hi lp;
hla klndllneaa hut good aphita broughl
? hlne int" foggy Norfolk. When he
nt 1 ? ??* hl t Ife remalned wlth h< r
father-ln-kva . mu< b of hi i man led !"'*?
Bp. nt M il ii * ia "ld man in the n
moti ' i ? t ..::? "Whi th? r Bo I
nnd exi Iu ? all the world can
i . romfortabli to fl j oung ?oman, I
I ii?,-.. not," a rltea the rei tor t" hlfl
"Bbe d"- b' m t op *nly romplain
Her nttentlon to me demand - my catecm.
nnd to h< r *:.I Hu h ind hi la all he
ran ? a peci." Pn hapa t he abi *-n- ?
\. , ..,i aalon i nfoici d ?are
h io agg l< ? ? the < '"'"ir ii lad; . a!
? ? into a . omplalnlng
i;.| hl 1 " I) mUBl have heen tl
; ing tn ih- i ii d old man. Bul he araa il?
v.i I-. h< . ?* i1 when thi da: - of
\. i--.-- ana, Iglorj ind of hla f riendahlp
-.v Ith thi \ ulgai ? autj. Lady Hamllton,
. ? ? rematm d the beal frlend
..f thi -.; a lf< v. hen," eaya
nthor, "afi .t uncertalnty
|i?ubt, he 1-. mi i "ii\ lm "1 thal h J
1 not been i uch sa
? thi m. he was enabled to
r.,,.h \. ? nn'a houae to vlalt
the t : nlral al Mei ton, prlvlleged by
hla ou n alncerlty t.. h<> frienda wlth
Th, rector'a d i ighti r wa i * r
noi qulte lual ln hi r aleter-ln-law.
"Hi had gn at ? x< i - - ' ? would say.
tor thi ratlon, the Idmlrel
w;* hi :;.- I or "8hi> wi n vel ? old "
n ii h " r oplnlon
of Frano a ? 'oni prnli Horatlo he
? ? : ' *
. .., |.,.,,.. , ,,in
. | .,,-,1 repron h formed a aad * on
trast to th* ? ' '
n nal ??-.'? ? i
. ? . ! ? 1 . . ? ?? ;
and waa at laal
..'.?! ? ? ? -
ai ?! all England ? i ? Ith the ndn Iral'a
, ?
! taln ! He waa i on
.. . ? , ? Kit1 ' it her
? I l; rh- - " II
? hi.tt ? ?
... ? . | . ? -
eelh e gel
| ttng the better of I ' "
to let h teai en He llvi d lo
? ? 11 pOBBl
I ? n, and thera
? I.,. alloy In Hli happ ? ra thal
.thi d* fi ? ti- n of Pranci
from.
T*-4-rr. nr
.... in thi
thous '? that are
Hon?1 'i
i the moal Ife -
?i-.
n put
put hei
?
_ ?' ""?
fjuarti
to ih. arli n So, nv l*?rd '?
.,? ? . h >< larti ? ? , ? i
, ,,: ttle m< re
d ? \ . m lord " en 1
tn'. lord "Thei re a
i '"
?
PEPYS'S EYESTGHT
Specnlations on the Stoppagp. nf the
Fanioiifi Diary.
From The i- i don Dalls Teli graph
Interestlng apeculatlona bj Mr. d'Arcy
Power, !?". R. C. B., on the rauaea whlch
led Mi Pi i a t" , mi hla Diai ?/ al th*
age ol thlrts als an glvea ln "The
Lancet." Mr Powei read a paper on
tbe Bubjecl al a recaml meatlng of the
Bamui i Pepya ?.lub. He quoti a i oploua
lj from the famoua i 'iar\ the patl
allualona i" falllng eyeaight, whlch ba
gin ln lo'''.."'. '64, ai the ag.- of thlrty. and
and ni ItaJD, aith the rlose of "all thal
1 doiiht i ahall * vi i be able to *i" a Ith
mj own *??*?- in the keeplng ol my Jour
nni " Baa :- Mi i "V.? r.
"Any one who reada crltlcally the ac
eounl whlch Mr, Pepya ha given of the
Btati "t hla ey< muat feol aure thal he
ha uffi red froi ei mi tropla a Ith
i an, degn tlgmatlam, nnd I i1
hla i.ar of becomlng bllnd waa wholl?
unfoundi d. Theae errora of refr ictlon
w< re n"t r< rj gr< it, though th>.\ ? ? ?
auffli i'ht to eauae * yeatraln and unduc
?, n Itlvi i. retlnae He dld no!
Buffer from headache or he would have
sani hi ? i n-'t Bqulnl or hla poi
traits would have ahown lt. Tlu ? ??
n i ime on ?h* n he a a aboul
: thlrt: He had bi i n bi cuatomtii to li a I
; ai. outdooi llfe, bul he now m ttlod doa n
I at hla "tli''-.. began t** uae hla ???. - a for
long si" ih; of work and araa concerned
v, ith ma e of flgui ea whlch ofti n re
quh - ,i the closi Bl ittentlon, The paper
at thi- t'lie ivaa coarae, the arrltlng waa
crabbed and the i andle Iii hl b - hlch
h, worked w Inauffl.t. ? 'onaldei
able atraln. ,r" n fore, a a pul upon hU
accommodatlon, and the latenl defeel
aoon i" came manlfest."
Wlth hla frlend, Mr. Ern< il * 'larke, Mr.
Powi r < rolved thi folloa Ing bb thi
?. i iption whlch b pn ai ni <h- ?? ocullal
would have wrltti n:
l-'nr Bamuel Pepj t, Eaq.
S|.. ctai l< i
_ 11 , . , 0.30 D eyl axla IMI
i-, | \ , "The \\. .-tminst.-t- Qasette"
polnta out, iii'*l varloua "tubes" and
.,.1. ..-., \- i.i, ii were all thal thi i pectacle
makera of thoae da] i had lo olfei
the h p< i ne tropli a tlgmatlam from
which hi ? uflfi red could nol have I.
, nnd bj glaaaes during hla llfetbne, for
m ,, ,;., ? q nol BufBclentl) advani ed i"
,,iZ. the < ondiiion:
"Bul Betlgraatlem can i" relleved by
allowlng the raya of llght ba pasa
through only a alngle meridtan of the
Irregularly curved cornea, or lena lt la
tantallslng to ihmk thal Pepya mlght
have Btumbied accldentall) upon thla
method II anythlag had caused blm U)
read through a sllt whlle he waa wear
inn lus glaaeea This mlght easlly bave
happ.ti'il had he BBt npon his tubes .ilid
L-rushed them, or u ln the agitatlon <>t'
Mpeakteig he had aqueeai d them flal In
his handa, He would th.-n bave found
his eyestraln removed; hla acute mlnd
would hava aal Itaalf t.. .i. termlna the
cauae; he would hava paated atrtpa of
l.ia. k paper on eacb alde of lus* glaaa
and the Dtary mlght have beea contlnued
to the aad of his llfe; whUat the papei be
would have certalnly raad on tha n\\\>
j.-.-t before the Royal Boctety would bave
add.-d stiii greater luatn t<> his name an.l
iniuiit have revoluttoolaed the luws of
dloptrlca."
FICTION
Character in England and Ro
mance in India.
POOR CHRISTOPHER.
MA8TBR CHRI8TOPHER. Bf MrH
Henry de la Pasl ire (Lady CllnTord).
i;mo, pp f"7. B. P. Dutton & Co.
The author of "Master Chrtatopher"
la a faithful Btudent of character, tha
r of an undo ibt* d glfl for evolvtng I
many plquanl nnd moving altuatlonsl
from a very slmple i>lot, and tha wli Ider
i.f a st? i" at once graceful and fluentl
i ? rlatopher, the boytah aqulre who
? i. ... i. up Ithou! femlnlne influ
. wlth coarae Inherltancea and wlth
dlahonesl toadlea for companlona, she
found a character demaiidtng all the,
- mpathetlc Intultlon sh.- mitcht muster.
sh" has not falled in the balanclng of
qualitlea Careless, aullen, unmannerly
.< he ofti n i-. I ?? haa noble tralta
whi.h coma to tl l lurfaca in moments
,,?? atresfl Tha father of hard natura and
common mlnd, the ntother of dalnty re
. nt and remarksble talents ara
both apparenl ln his warrlng character.
Bnd it ls a I lendlng whlch doea not make
for his own happlness. Wa eannot hut
lik,. poor Chrlstopher; th.- flbre of bla
s.iiii !'i honeat, and In all the torment of
i || ,,, inckj love story he ptajra a manly
and generoua part. Th" aelflah, acheming
beautj whom he sdores is aa cleverly
drawn. Her role is that of th" i.nial"
vlllaln and ahe ' arrlea it out ln the np
proved modern way with a tenadoua
Btrtvlng afti r money, u.l clothea r.v\
iiirtatioti. with "poae" and cynlclam and
humor, ami a crafty Intelllgenca that
mlghl eaally be adapted to hlgher oaca
;? erhapi ti arttatl* to ahow tha pan
i:r i- .i as risklng the ci rtalnty <>f
BT>MTTNT1 SELSON
Nelwins of
Itl ? ? rrlage 8he haa aecured by
imItlng t! ? - : her betrothed'a
da but that is Erli a aa tii.- author
>. : i tha cold blooded foiiien of
the gll ' " moving. Its
i. Inor | ? 8 are Ilghtly and neatly
i . t. he i ii Ert a'a fal aaa, atupld
.,, ti .- !!:'.. .ghe Is a
trtumph of Lady Cllfford'a akiil ln ;or
tr.nitut". The author ta, Indeed, moat
ible
: ,? A ? ,i WhOlC, this ;?. !.?
? novels of the mo
n
"SPICE AND SHOCKS."
THORPCfl WAY Bj Morley Roberta
i.' ' ;i 11." i entury
John Montague Thorpe, the hero of a
novel w iii-'h la i ui m Ita cover
is ;i "' OtO
ri'iis" and "awful" peraon of the <; B,
Bbsa lype. In fact, the Btory la bulli
ta tle almula* run, of Mr.
an author w h? a*
prod i I e. for i aampla unptass
|ng t,. ;i crltleal lournal known sa l*ha
othei i laaette." This authority
Bscred,' Mr Roberta telli us, "to bv
.. .. nt nnlmala and tha middle claa
thal the laat of Mr, Thorpt
books, i- "perlloua and palsonoua to the
morala of Engltah maldena ' Thorpa la a
prophel of the unconventlonal and con
. ivera bimi ? II of Irontcal alapa
Bt Blitl ti id"l l II" ll B very Juiiipitu,
j.'i. u .>f paradoxes. Hta converaatlon la
tuii ,,i ,. , Blled "eho* ka." n*- la tlred
,r Bhakeapeare, be eaya lo iu- nslgh
bor at a literary dinner, and goea on:
"Belng eaaenttail) ?? writer of pot-bollera,
he never pui any human natura Into bla
worka.'"
i that the resson he borea me. ' aaaea
Moll)
i, .., ha bore youT' aaked Thorpe, aitb
?
.nl Molly.
li would exi Iti attentlon if 1 Inal ited
.... .u tht-. Btage
,,! the evenini I ;???? :"" >"<? are
., hrave glrl i admlre you awl illy "
w i ' :, ki -i \i 'II i " ? ? '? ?? : ara
... .,,i:i hi rpe "Shak* |*?ara
, :, . ti e ln tl t
.nn y. Kvi rj IIt< rata ai ? ln Kng
i.,,?i h i tlu- Ix haa lx en iloi ??
i- i i;t, rature and the art? are onl;
.ln fl ? '" I' J lo* bleaa. Hta
? rn, whlch la
t
, unnlbal. Tl er* haa
i? ,, ., .tii, t iH'tw* ? ti Shukespeare nnd
?,,.,,,. . rmled ln Bngland tnd
,;. i man? m the rt* ath of natun i"'K
,i , i woai. u Tlu ll* iimik ti a
,, . , ,.. natun. he li t ila* to
ui, ,k, ,,, ii. I.. 1* ad oi golna ha H to
naiitn ??? ar. ? I to Hbakr-ai.
?vh.u?*'d nature )? r ua and mr all tlme,
Oh, the cull i- ? calamlty for all con
. .1 iu I."
This is prctty eheap foollng, bul it
,., the le.it, of Molly, while Mollj 'a
i ? , tsea ao Inname Thorpe'a Imsgina
tlon t ti.it. though the) bave never met
untll th.it < ?? nlng, be requi ata her to
marry hlm before the dinner enda This
happena in the llral chapter, and tha raat
of tii" book ig devoted to tha afforta of
Molly'a Ignorant, underbred and verj
tine'mothei to keep them apart
and to marry the glri lo tha proapectlve
h, ii- ,,i an earl. Thta La a person ahTec
tlonatel] - all* d "Olooms Pnnny." Ha la
ni tha Languaga of Molljr'a young st.?k
brokJng brother, "a bllghter." "He gln'l
n,,t tha bralna of a bolled rabblt," says
Port). "bul think whal tha mater a ili
i?. wh.n you're a counteas, Molly."
"Fanny," however, turns ..in to ba ona
..I the agreesble flgurea <>t' the atory and
qulte too k.i to be tha object <>f g
Biieer. Molly'a greatBgrandmother, Bn
Btectrical oM dame ?.f nlnety; who dropa
her h'a and haa a bubbllng Benae of
humor, is funuy ln the v.in of broad
fsrce; Blmpklnaon, tha popular noveltat,
is funny aftar Ihe Eaahlon oi ? solemn
prlg cramnaad with plstltudea, Tha gn
. ountorg af all thssa people mske aa
amuatng st..r? though Thorpe'a care
fuiiy eonaklarad MtJgAc9 and ahockg" are
sometimes tiresome. and as common
place as the vulgarity of M'.lly's mother.
IN THE JUNGLE.
BABBfl IN TBB ffOOD. * Komance nf
the JungleB. By B. M. Croker. Iteo,
pe. 81& Brentano'a
Tha Hv.-s of th.- Britlsb admlnlatratora
it: Indla stiii h"i.i plctureaejua materlal
for tbe novellat The hingle has its dan
gera and myaterlea atlll, and the nattva
potentate may pernaps aveo now he ex
plolted by alien seoundrels. Mrs. Crokef
has adroitly uaed Buch materlal ln this.
aa in otiur novels, and ber hook. If of
the epln nn rai s..rt. is tnily .-ntertaining
To the young Coneervator of Poraata,
just out from Bngland, tha Jungie onTora
gbaatly aupernatural tarrors; <-vii beasts
,,ti whose trail lurks 8 Mdooua death; ly
Ing and thieving nutlve subordlnates; a
Blnuoua siien who ptayn the rJsterly
frlend; and an enemy who ln unecrupu
1 loalty has a bUtckguard'a advantage. On
' tha "ther hand, he linds an Knglish
BWeetheart of the most lovable womanly
Itype, honast trlanda who upbold him
j through all his dlfflcultlea, ami work
! whieh. as tha noveiist descrlbes it. is
1 exhllarating. Mrs. Croker is a Btor*
teller of the old-faahloned varlety, ona
who mak's evarythlBg end well, with
dlacomflture for the viiiains and Joy and
prosperlty for tba mucb-abuaad lovera
"Babes iri th<- Wood" la an excellent BOt
weather BOVOL
THE PAINTER'S CRAFT
A Valuable Treatise for the Artist
and the Student.
THE MATERIAM r'F THE PAINTER'fl
CRAPT IN EUROPE AND EOTPT.
From Barllest Tlmea to the End of 'he
Beventeenth Century, wlth Bome Ac
< oiint of Thelr l'r< psratton and L'se.
Hy a i'. Laurfe, M. A.. D. Bc. t'on
talnlng aeven reproducttons m color
ind othi r IlluatraUona. Itmo, i p, x\
444. Phlladelphla: The J. BJ. LiPPlnCOtt
i lompanj.
This is an admirable book. It la ln?
tonded, of eourse, more for the artist and
student than tor the general reader, but
the latter aill Bnd it entertalnlng ami
not unprofltable, thanks to b lucld st* i>
ns well aa to the Intrtnalc Intereat of the
mafter in hand. A number ol' illustra
tlons, some of Whlch are in eolor. heip in
very pra -ti-al faahlon to make the
author's i?.ints clearer. He is nol only
Instructlve hut poeitlvely charmiBg ln
what he has to sa v BDOUt tha pigm* nts
ari'i vehlclea used In Egypt and about
the methoda of palnting In claaalcal
times. Bearchlng the blghwaya and by
wayB Of llterature, h? brliigs a BUrpi
amount of Informatlon about thi remote
past Into hia pages. But it is. of eourse,
ln more modern tlmea that the tanglble
taets are rl< heat, and here Mr. Laurli la
abundant and lumlnoua. We noti with
appreclatlon thal whlle he is sdentlfle ln
aim and method, learn.-d ln chemiatr)
Bnd altogether ben! on serving the man
who palnta, he i- not Indlfferent to tha
merely buman ard plctureaque elementa
to i.e found In tha history of craftaman
Bhlp.
n ? rally, he paya atteatlon to tha
famoua treatise of Cennlno Cennlnl, and
|q ! ls |Ui '? ' ons from thal author be
Includes aome of the paasagea which the
modern palnter may not find solldly uaa
f :1, but whleh every one must enjoy.
Thus the oid Plorentlne glvea h;s de
acrlption ol the blue prepared from lapla
iBSUll: "I'ltrariuu-.r.'- blU8 la a eolor
nobla, beautlful and perfeet heynnd all
other colors, and there is notblng that
COUld be said of lt. but It Wlll stlll ex
eeed this pralse." PollowtBg hie aoeount
; Of the moda Of preparatlon COBMS this
; qualnt conclusion:
When dry. put lt Into a ak'.r. or p irse and
n j ? f ln lt, for lt !s perfeet; aad hear ln
mlnd that It ir< a i.ir" glft to know tiow to
*.t woii You must know alao thar it
la rather the art of maldi na than of men
? .;.?? it, becauaa thay ramaln continu
ally ln tba houaa, and are more patlent.
and thelr handa are more dellcate. Bul
: eware ef old women.
In his lOBg ehapter on the history of
tha ofl madluffl Mr. Laurla deatructlvely
traveraaa th.- tradltlonal ho\\of that it
vwih lnvent. d by tha Van I'yeks and
broughl lr.t*> Italy by Anfmello da Mcs
sinn. Iie matntalna that pair.tlng wlth
"il was understood long before the
famoua brothera took i\v th**ir hrushes.
an*l Inataad of henoring them ns ln
?. ntora he prefera to give them the
credll "of having flrst produced rrcat
pictures ln the new medlum, and of
havlflf, through thelr plctUIBB, OOnvOIted
tha Itailan artist to |tg use." His anal
\sls of a thornv problem I? exhaustlve
LITERARY NOTES.
Mr Ranck. Of the rirand Raplda Publlc
Library, reports that an ??"*?"" *
rirculatlon racordg ahowg that out of
;. .nt,- thousand voiumes IH had never
?,en remov.d for r.ading at home whilo
thlrteen thouaand had raaaateadJBH
Bpoo the Bbelf for long perio?ls. Many
0J these are bookfl that at one time were
exceedlngly popular.
The Literary Roosevelts.
Kx-President Uoos.-velfs sister. Mra.
rorinn*' Rooasvelt RobblBOn, has, llke
her brother. B llt* ra.v glft She has
written a poem antitled "The *'aii of
Brotherhood." which has been placed ln
th" August number of "*-ribn-rs Maga
zine."
Thackeray's Double.
The centenary of the author of "En
mond" has evoked from many quariera
anecdotes about tii" nOvSilad. From
Bcotland comea a rafareaea to Dr. Chr*
ruthera of "The Inverneea Courier," a
frlend ofThackeray,and ao llke hlm that
ha was often mlataken for bttn. Onca.
when the nov.list waa feeUng under the
weather, ha humorously propoaed that
hta frlend shonld take the MS. o' an
bnmanent tactura and read it to the ex
pectanl audlence. *>n om- occaalon. when
Carruthera was Btnylng ln i/mdon.
Thackeray called to sea hlm, nnd the
maiii who opened the door burst out
laughlng al hta Inqulry for his frlend.
"Carruthera had Just gone out, and here
h* was back, aa ihe thought, giavely
Inquiring for hlrnaelf!N
Young Tennyson'a, Book.
Mr. Alfred Tenhyson, tba grauadaon of
th*' poet, has Bnlshed hta aovol. and lt
j wm ahortly be publfahed. Th.- bara ls a
Siottjvh youth, a Bhy tri.-'nt, who haa
' many palnfui vl< lasltudea to ancounter,
] bul emergea trtumphant. "A rortentous
! History" is tha t i?1 * - of tii" BtOTJr.
Ulrike.
A piper on I'lrlk" von I.evefzow. thd
charmlng i" i r?n who was the last to
evoke Ooethe'a ever buhhUng aentl
mentallty, haa lately been publlshed by
Dr. L Btettenhelm, tha edltor of the
"Lelpziger Tsgeblatt," He knew Prhu*
lein von Levetaow, end vtolted her it
I'astie Trlbllts, her home In Bohemta, in
18ft, sh. waa then iti her nlnatleth
year. Her ro ind face had few llnes; b* r
dark blue eyefl were clear nnd full of
iiwiit. Bhe talked amillngly of tha tlme
when she fll ?;??'::? !!?
aeventy-two and ahe waa bcvi teei l
had eome from achool at Btrasburg,"
Bhe aald, "w hi n ? i in I had read
only Voltain and olh i Fren h writera:
I kiiew t "t fl !?..:;? ol 0? thfl Bul thig
vi i) igr.or nci reatl? ed the
ii :.-,. w ny f mll , i we were
. ime houw l th* I me, It
bout th.it he and i ""L: m my ??.iiks
log* thei i l* " ould . av<
hln rl ?? I to in? Ite ?
.,,-..,. in idlea Ho
? have i ? -ii my grandfather, and In
ri<. -! ll a ? n ich lit that 1
and hia ttenl . Ha
used to call me
? . used to Bay to m) mothei that ho
wlshed he had anol ...
aon mlghl marry me. Then. he said, he
v.-oui.i i rlnK mi ss be
natani ted me, -md
? | ? u m my Ini lories. 1 revered
restl
ririk. never rnarried, Fraa von T.e
vetaow once aatd to her daughter, I -
th<- rejection of aeveral Bultora, "I ba
lleve you ought to bave marrled tJoethe.*'
n/i" ' said ririke. "when you I ava
known fJoethc and rejoteed in blfl i ?
pany gnd klndly Interest it la aot
to be pleaaed by any other n i
Theatrical Recollections.
Mrs. Charlea Calvi ?-,; trodden
tha aVnarli - Engllah
stage in the |' '
prepared for publlcatlon a volume of her
remlnlacencea. The book ought to ba
amustng as well aa vsluaUa
Tha "Book of Martyrs."
The agitation over the propoaed sale of
Bunyan'a copy of Foxe'a "Book oi" Mar?
tyrs" ha.? ended Ingforloualy. Tha Bng?
lish Attornay fJaneral has dactdi d t;- tt
the Bedford Inatltuta is free to se'. I
bi.ok or not aa II Baaa t'.t.
An American Novel.
Mr. J. a. Mltchell haa agala entered
tha flald of flctlon H< baa llvtn to his
new atory tha Buggeatlvi tltla ol ''Pan
dora'a Box." II arlll be brought out by
BtOkea in the earl? BUtUttaU.
Pensions for Authors.
Mr. \V. P. Yeats is now the recipnnt
of a pasadon of IT50 from the Britlsb
Clvll List "ln rscognltlon of h;s dtstin
gutehad llterar) attalnmanta and of his
_____9ffWm99lHrr!^m-9
r.oRn net.son's rirthplaob,
(From a drawlng ln "The Nelsons of Birnhan. TbOfpe.")
and mlnuta For the student lt makes,
perhaps, the most lmportant eplsode in a
book that ls throughout worth readlng.
DR. JOHNSON AND FRUIT.
From Th" i'all Mall Cazette.
Tha i.turn of tha Btrawberry aaaaoo
waa always h.-artily wel.onied by Dr.,
johnaon, for, as be onca daclarad, "f
?trawbeniee an.l craam he never could
have too much. PtortunBtoly, ba aome
timea had opportunlty to Indulge hla
, iste t" the full. for his frlend l>r. Tay?
lor ol LlchBeld, wbon he contrlved
when poaalbla t.? vtall al Btrawberry
time, was ratbar a aotod frult grower,
and when al hla bouae it was, as John
<,,n said. With gUStO: "Stl'aw b-riies
and craam. Toujours straw h.-ni.-s iitnl
. r. am!'"
\ voracioua aater al any nme, john
Bon'a appatlta for frull waa shnoal llm
Itleas. Mrs I'hrale t.-lls us that he us.-.l
,,U,n in eai half a d>./.on peaches before
hreakfast, ami that fraquontly ahe bad
heard him complaln that never in all
his llfe ha*i li'1 Qulte as much arall frult
aa ne dealred, eava onca. The oxtvp
tl. nal oe.-asion was during a vlslt 10
Lord Bandya'a seat at Ombersley. The
exact n'laiiiitv ho then devoured has n >t
been recorded, bul be waa aceus.-.i of
clearlOJ 't wholo wall slde.
emlnence as a poet." ThOOe who do not
partteularly admire Mr Yeats's dr. aiv
verse may prei.-r to read thal Mr. .!>?
seph 1,'onrad has also rccelvad 8 peflSMon
Fletion does n*>t apparently BBBNBal to
the authorlti, s as doea \erse Mr. i\>n
rnd gets onlv ffJOO.
A Suffragetto Novel.
A Story in Whlch the eifecl npon tho
world of the eetaMlahnoenl of woman
suffrage is portrayed haa been written
by Mr. Q. N. St.-v. ns. It arlll he pul
llshed next month under the tit' af "An
amerlcan Buffragette."
a ?_
STUPIDITY STREET.
Ralpb H.xigson, in Th.- London Baturday
Etevlew,
i aaa a ith open eyea
Blnglng-birda aweet
Bold in the Bhops for
The |.pl. to ,at.
Bold in th.- BhOpa >.f
Btupldlty Btrni t.
I saw iii vlsion
The w.'im in tho wheat
Ami in the Bhops oothlnaj
POT people to eat,
Nothlng for aala ln
sjtupidity ^lieeL

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