Newspaper Page Text
TUESDAY, JANUARY 2, 1912.
77/tJj newspaper t* oicncd and pub
lit/ted by The Tribune Association, a
?Vc'O York corporation; office and prin?
cipal place of businexs. Tribune Build?
ing, A'o. 154 Nassau street, Xcio York;
Ogtten Milk, president; Ogden if. Reid,
ttcretary; James M. Barrett, treasurer.
The address of the officers is the office
of this newspaper.
ST'Esrp.iPTION RATt;**?By Mall. Post?
age Paid, outside of sweater New- York.
Dally and Sun?l*y, one month.? -J**
?>aily and ?s'unday, six months.. *-00
Daily and Sunday, one year. ?OU
Daily only, one mont It. '?_f
Dally only, six mont lis. iSi
Dally only, one year. A00
8unday only, sljc months.. 125
Sunday only, one year.*-... ? 2-M>
Foreign subaeriptions to all countrle? In tha
Universal Postal 1'nion. ineltidtng postage.
DAILY AND SUNDAY:
On* month.$1.50 ' One year.$17.00
gtx month!.$3 07 ? One year.$6.14
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DAILY AND SUNDAY:
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Entered at the PoatofTlca at New York
Secead Cla-s Mall Matter.
THE NEWS THIS MORN 1X0.
. FOREIGN*.?Chinese revolutionists, It
was reported, attacked Hankow; the
breach of the armistice was considered a
favorable circumstance for the imperial?
ists, as a victory would give a new lease
of life to the throne. ????-.- A crisis gTow
Ing out of the political rivalry of Presi?
dent Arosemsua and Dr. Belisario Porras
wss feared in Panama. __=-= The coast
provinces of Ecuador recognized the
provisional government of ?General Mon?
tero: from tho Interior two battles were
reported; communication was cut off be?
tween Quito and Guayaquil. . Daniel
Howard was inaugurated at Monrovia
President of Liberia, succeeding Presi?
dent Barclay, who had held office for
DOMESTIC?President Taft and Mrs.
Taft greeted more than eight thousand
diplomats, army and navy officers and
citizens at the New Year's Day reception
In the White House. =-_=- Mr. and Mrs.
Moses G. Edmands, parenta of the
fianc?e of the Rev. Clarence V. T. Rlche
Son, were In conference with the pris?
oner's lawyer for three hours In Boston.
?___? The Massachusetts Democratic
State Committee indorsed Governor Eu?
gene N. Fops for the Democratic nom?
ination for the Presidency in 1912. ??
The convention of Ohio Progressives
voted not to indorse the Presidential
candidacy of Senator La Follette. =====
The Census Bureau figures for tho eight
cities exceeding 600,000 in population
show-id a decline In the death rate in
1011 in seven of the municlpalltlea. ___s_
It was announced in Washington that In
the spring battle practice all warships
would be stripped of even' bit of wood
possible. - -- Twelve members of the
? crew of the English steamer Thistleroy
were rescued near Cape Lookout, X ?'..
efforts to save the vessel were fruitless.
-"___= The steamer Hornet, confiscated
k by the United States government for
m violating the neutrality laws, was sold
f at public sale at New Orleans. ? The
new rules of the Supreme Court to fa
? ilitate practice there went into effect
and called for co-operation of the mem?
bers of the bar in expediting business.
'--?? Alaska's products for 1911 were
valued at $38.000,000. an increase of
$6.?">00,000 over the preceding year.
?'ITT.?Tho Board of Aldermen organ?
ized for two years, the Republican and
fusion majority being nine in full vote,
thus ending Tammany's long control of
the city's legislative body. _____ Mme.
N?rdica-Young, Mrs. .lohn F. ?'rosbyand
other prominent women, wanted by
SrK-riff H.irburger as special deputies
said they would gladiy serve, and the
Sheriff announced he would appoint
them at once. --___ Ernest K. <'??niter.
clerk of the Children's Court and or?
ganizer of the Big Brother movement,
resigned to take up the practice of law.
__=__: A general strike of laundry work?
ers was declared after two years of
threats, and employers were about even?
ir ?livided on the seriousness of the
movemenL _____ A girl fourteen yeais
old was shot and killed In the streets
of Glendale? Long Island, by her step?
father, who had drawn a revolver on his
wife, whin the child rushed between
them. ?- A semi-official report as to
money collected by Protestant mission?
ary societies throughout the world
Showed a decrease of $174.650 In 1911,
the. total for 1910 being $25.471.724 and
?ft? 1911 $25.237,074. -=-.- The Chinese
celebrated the birth of the republic by
replacing the picture of Confucius in the
Joss house with that of Dr. Sun.
THE WEATHER.?Indications for to
day: Fair. The temperature yesterday:
Highest. :J8 degree?; lowest, 31.
FAIR PLAY FOR FEDERAL JUDGES.
In an article In the current issue of
"?The North American Review" Judge
George C. Holt, of the federal District
Court for the Southern District of yew
York, makes a timely plea for more lib?
eral treatment hy Congres? of the dis?
trict judge?. He refrains from empha?
sising the obvious complaint that the dis?
trict and circuit judges are both under?
paid. Few persons now dispute that fact,
and there Is some hope that Congress
will soon order a readjustment of '?1
arb.v Bills for that purpose were pend?
ing iu the last Congress, and though a
general increase failed, the compensation
of the justices of the Supreme Court was?
advanced?that of the Chief Justice from
$13.000 to $15,0?00 and that of the asso?
ciate justicies from $12.500 to $14,500. In
order f?> keep the balance even an in?
crease in the salaries of the district
judge?? and of the circuit courts of ap?
peals Judges ought to follow. Perhaps it
Will. The contrast between the pay of
a f<*deral district Judge in this city?
^.(X/O?jind the pay of a State Supreme
Court justice?$17,500?is startling, In
view of the greater responsibility which
the district Judge commonly liears and
the larger amount of work which he is
called upon to do.
Judge Holt doe.-} not argue the salary
?tjuestlou, however. He confine? himself
to exposing the inadequate provision
made by Congress for the comfort and
convenience of the federal courts. Rigas
are badly housed here, and probably ?itso
in every other large city lu the country.
Ordinary business facilities are denied
to tberu?stenographic service, interpre?
ters, clerical assistance in handling n.-it
fgralixation ?'uses und even proper means
of conveying prisoners to and from jail.
How far Congress is to blame for this
niggardliness dees not appear. It has
probably not been aware of the petty an?
no.?, ?hm-ps to which the Judges have been
mil'.i'-? t?-?l. having little kuo\vle?lge of tjhe
details of court administration, for which
lump sums are generally appropriated.
But it is evident that regard for a proper
maintenance of the efficiency and dig?
nity of the federal judHal establishment
-requires a more liberal expenditure for
accessories and better quarters for the
The present federal building in this
dty has been entirely outgrown. Judge
Holt says of it that it contains "no room
"for the use of the members of the bar ;
"no waiting rooms for wi?m?7?-*jes, and
^particularly for women witnesses; no
"rooms for consultation between counsel
"and client ; no room for repr?sentatives
"of the press ; no proper room for the
"detention of prisoners awaiting trial ;
"no suitable accommodations for Jury
"men: n<? restaurant, not even the stall
"of a vender of light lunches." It is
probably far less suited for its purpOatM
than 90 per cent of the county court
houses in the country are for theirs. We
see no reason why Congress should not
authorize the construction in this city of
n suitable federal building for the us?- of
the courts alone. Xew York has passed
the period when the courts and the pod
office could be comfortably housed under
one roof. In the greatest city of the
country there should be a judicial struct
ure worthy of the government and prop
erly equipped with all the facilities
needed by a modern court.
JVLIUS Ay I) THE WO MKS.,
Welcome is JuJIus with his bann of
women deputies! The Constitution does
not interfere with his plan for employing
some of the unused energies of the sex
that is eager to make for righteousness.
If it did Julius would regretfully lay
aside his idea, for he is not one to clash
with the Constitution. He clashes with
nothing, differing therein from most of
the other great men of the day, win? find
it necessary to clash with everything in
order that their repercussion among es?
tablished institutions may fill the public
ear. Julius is safe, as Tammany Hall
said when it put him up for his present
office. He operates like balm. One rev?
erent hand upon the Constitution, with
the other he leads the troublous sex
into the pleasant pastures of public life
in the Sheriff's office.
Julius is a strilAig illustration, almost
unique In these times, of the possibilities
of inoffenslvene8S. He knows how to
get into the public eye without making
it sore. He knows how to be interesting
without standing between the pillars of
our institutions in a Samsonlftn attitude.
His Inspiration with regard to the
women is only a beginning. His whole
term in office will be as profitable read?
ing as a romance, an old-fashioned three
volumed romance, without problems. He
"walks in the integrity of his ways." so
he said in recommending himself for of?
fice. Yes, and capers, too, without scan?
dal. But he never brawls, struts, swag?
gers In the integrity of his ways, as do
the rival cynosures. He is a respite, an
interlude, a survival of the times be?
fore men were forced by swashbuckling
virtue to take even sheriffs seriously.
And to think that this squire of dames
was almost beaten at the polls!
THE STATE'S OFFICE HUILDrSOS.
Governor DIx's suggestion for the
erection of a state temple of Justice, a
militia building, a state arsenal and a
new executive mansion adjoining the
present Capitol is at least timely. It
has b??en inevitable? for years that more
and better accommodation for the fast
growing state departments would have
to be provided. The Capitol, though an
imposing and costly pile, has been over?
crowded ; the old State House, with its
overflow of departments which the Cap?
itol could not house, even more so.
Transfer of the State Library and the
Education Department to the building
now nearlng completion was felt to be
merely a temporary relief, not a solu?
tion of the problem.
The Capitol fire has made it necessary
to rebuild the west wing of that edifice.
If new state buildings are to be erected
tuis work should be so planned that
they, with the rebuilt west wing and
the State House, would furnish ade?
quate accommodations for the state de?
partments for a good while to come.
The Dix scheme contemplates the use of
the State House as a militia building,
Instead of Its reconstruction as a hnme
for the Court of Appeals. In its details
it is rather an ambitious project, and is
sure to raise the question whether a
modern office building could not be con?
structed which, with the rebuilt Capitol
and the State House, would meet the
requirements of the state's business
better and more cheaply than the group
of buildings suggested by the Governor.
The need of a new executive mansion
near the Capitol is not immediately ap?
parent. But whether on?e building or a
group of new ones is to be divided on
by the anthoritie.il. It is weil that a de?
cision should be reached so that the new
wing of the ?Capitol and the changes in
the State House may be component parts
of the arrangement.
FAULTY TAXATION SCHEMES.
Our London correspondent's report of
the practical failure of the new British
land tax scheme should not be surpris?
ing to those whose views of that meas?
ure rose above the obscurities of preju?
dice and unreasoning impulse. Th?- sys?
tem was devised by Mr. Lloyd George.
one of the most ingenious and unhesi?
tating of fiscal innovators, for ^he pur?
pose of making the great landholders
contribute more to the national revenue,
and his advocacy of it was marked by
muny characteristic comments upon the
"tax-dodging dukes." Beyond question
his purpose was commendable, provided
that the landholders were really avoid?
ing their just share of taxation, concern?
ing which there was much dispute, and
provided also that it was practicable to
attain the desired end by the means pro?
posed, which now seems not to have
been the case. For what has hap?
pened? Some landholders have sold
their surplus possessions and invested
the proceeds in foreign securities, thus
escaping taxation thereon, while others,
including, doubtless, the purchasers of
the lands which have Just been sold,
have readily devised methods of putting
the increased tax upon their tenants?
precisely the results which some
thoughtful critics of the measure antici?
This experience is in line with the
previous experience of the . people of
London, who a few years ago acclaimed
with Joy t' e profuse expenditures on
public works which the Radical County
Council was making, on the supposi?
tion that the ri.-h landowners of the
metropolis would have to foot the bills.
but who ere long found out that they
themselves had to pay?tenants in in
? -rea sed rentals, and, even more. lodgm
In Increased cost of the food, nothing ami
other supplies whl?h they procuivd '?f
shopkeepers, who had been driven by
higher rentals to put higher prices upon
their wares. The significance of that
experience was pointed out at the time
as a profitable lesson to New York as
well as to London, and, Indeed, (0 every
community, to remind voters that it is
practically impossible to confine the
exaction of tribute to any one tMsM and
that the bnrden of paying public ex?
penditures is borne not alone by the di?
rect taxpayers but by all members of
the community, and sometimes most of
all by tho*e who apparently pav no
The remedy for this failure of their
schemes of taxation which Mr. Lloyd
George and his more radical followers
would probably prescribe is first, the
"single tax" upon laud an?l ultimately
abolition of private ownership of land,
vesting ?H realty iith*s in the state and
making all men tenants of the state.
We greatly doubt, however, the accept?
ance by the majority of the people of
such a counsel of despair, confessing
their inability t?? devise a satisfactory
?taxation system upon private property.
an?l if by an extraordinary t-hauce it
were to be adopted, we should i-onti
dcntly expect it to prove as faulty ami
as objectionable as any of its prede
THE GOLD SUPPLY.
The public will probably'receive with
qualified gratitude the announcement
that the world's output of gold is still
increasing. Cold production has been
rising steadily In the last two de?.'ades.
In IS?? its value was only $118,848,000.
In 1900 the value had risen to $254,
57rt.O0O and In 1909 to ?$4.?4.703.000. In
1910 the Director of the Mint reports
that it reached ?4?'>6.<JOO.OOO.
The world has been deluged with the
yellow metal. Lach year now puts al?
most as much fresh gold at public dis?
posal as every five years did a genera?
tion ago. It is no wonder that stability
in values and prices has been upset antl
that the cost of living has increased.
In IMMi this country resolved to stop the
inflation in prices due to the coinage of
silver, which had beeome so plentiful as
to lose about half its former value cora
p-ir.'il with gold. Now through the enor?
mous increase in the production of g??ld
many of the consequences* have been
realized which trould have resulted front
a continued coinage of silver, the gold
output remaining stationary. The infla?
tion of commodity values has been
world-wide. The demonetization of sliver
came none too soon. If the production
of gold continues to increase it is even
possible to conceive of a demand arising
for sume s??rt or check on the free coin?
age of gold.
Director Rob?>rts's predi.-lion that the
world's gobl production will not con?
tinue to Increase at the pace set since
I 1890 may be regarded as reassuring. He
? believes that the gold output will now
tend to become stationary, or even to de?
cline, thus giving time to digest tin* over
proiluction Of the last two derailes. The
world needs a little rest from the strain
of readjustment put upon its economic
FOR BOWSTL?8B s m SES.
A war on skunks is being plann?d la
New Jersey, to be encouraged by the
payment of a bounty for every one of
the animals destroyed. The reference
is understood to be to the four-legged
and fur-hearing variety of the animal.
which has bec??me so numerous as b? be
a pest, the bipedal variety presumably
being immune. The indictment against
an interesting animal is twofold. One
charge Is its allege propensity for prey?
ing on poultry, which has a foundation
of fact but is much exaggerated. The
skunk does now and then raid a hen?
roost, but as a rule only when unable to
obtain the other food which he prefer?
end the taking .of which 1? no loss but
a positive gain to the farmer: and he
then takes merely enough to satisfy his
I wants and never 'indulges in slaughter
for slaughter's sake, as do the mink an?l
weasel. If his perennial destruction of
mice and noxious insects be taken into
account as an offset to his occasional
taste for poultry, the balance will be
largely in his favor.
The other count Is the odor with which
lie sometimes impregnates the adjii.'ent
atmosphere. It had been supposed, how?
ever, that this trait had become almost
negligible since the general introduction
of the automobile. There is a eVn 1rn
rato tale of two able bodied meinbi-rs of
the genus Mophiti* which, when they
first paw and s?-ented a passing motor
car, sadly remarke?! to i-ach ot'ier,
"Othello's occupation's gor.e!" and 'ook
to the woods, to perfume the air no more
The gist of the matter, however. Is
economic. The skunk is too valuable an
animal to suffer extinction. Its fat has
long been prized for pharmaceutical an-1
industrial purpo?;es, while its fur 1s beau?
tiful and luxurious and its disposition
gentle and playful. All that Is necessnry,
then, to transform this outlaw into a
favorite domestic animal Is to deprive it
of Its power of offending the sense of
smell. Surely there should be some zoo?
logical Burbauk competent to achieve
that task. And If he would be a benefactor
of the race who should cause only one
bad smell to he smelled where several
were smelled before, the inventor of th?
scentless skunk would be entitled to high
recognition-bt us say. to the bestowal
of one of Mr. ?'arn?'gi?''s hero hnun'tcs!
THE TltUit w; ALM Ay AC FOB 1912.
A year ago The Tribune Almanac wa.
doubled In size and the scope of Its con?
tents was greatly extended. The ex?
periment met with popular favor, and
the Almana?- for 1012 contains even
more reading matter and in printed on
paper of better quality. The price re?
mains at 2"? cents, the sum charged for
the smaller etsntm of years gone by.
The Tribune Almanac aims to cover
its field thoroughly and to maintain a.
proper balance in the treatment of the
topics which a year book must include.
Accuracy and a careful choice of mate?
rial are its Ideals. The activities of the
world have been so enlarged that, to fur?
nish a satisfactory summary of any
year's progress involves much more than
a routine collection of facts. It involves
their presentation in a concise and or?
derly manner and with a due sense of
proportion and subordination. All ex?
pectations cannot be met. In the last
year one reader wrote to the editor of
the Almanac suggesting that the ctil.-n
| dar and astronomical sections should be
printed in a good deal larger type and
?naylng that if this were done he would
gladly dispense with all the publication's
other features' Another reader wrote
to urge that the Almanac give the party
vote in each election district In caen
county of New York State?a task
which, in view of the wretchedly primi?
tive methods in vogue here of collecting
and publishing election figures, would
involve enormous labor and delay the
? appearance of the publication until F?-h
| ruary I.
An American almanac is handicapped,
as compared with a foreign year book,
by the fact that our state elections fall
in November and that most of the states
are dilatory and careless in canvassing
election returns. Exasperating delays
in getting figures put a severe strain on
a publie ;i.i which must go to press be?
fore the end of December, and are often
the cause of shortcomings in a year
when a President or a Congress is
elected. But The Tribune takes fcrlde
in the fact that in spite of obvlout diffi?
culties It has maintained an exceedingly
high ttandard of accuracy in the JU
manac. The issue for 1912 is more com?
plete than any of its predecessors?one
entirely new department, dealing with
the decisions rendered by the United
States Supreme Court, having been
added. Readers will find the book not
only larger and better printed, but as
thoroughly dependable as It has always
been In an honorable life of more than
in? le Sam. ?Ike many of hin boy?", begins
the new year with a deflclt.-The *?Aorld.
Unlike most of us, Uncle Sam begins
his new year on July 1, not January I.
He was luckier than most of us, also, In
starting on the current twelve months
with a tidy hold-over balance of $47.
By reason of the meteorological condi?
tions on Sunday night no one can say
that the New Tear did not honestly try
to make its entry on the water wagon.
With the retirement of Mr. Ernest K.
Coulter, Its clerk, the Children's Court
loses a personality which went a long
way to make its work successful. A
success?.T with his sympathetic Insight
into the requirements of the unfortunate
children brought before the court will be
hard to fln<7\
What's in a name? "Success" has Just
gone to the wall.
If the statistics of the morning after
could be collected and printed, perhaps
a movement would take shape for a sano
New Tear's Eve.
The Indiscriminate granting of par?
dons to prisoners at Christmas or on
New Year's Day is a relic of the old
system of royal bounties and pardons,
which were granted, not on their merits,
but simply as an exercise and exhibition
of personal grace. It does not comport
with the principles of Justice and Is a
custom more honored In the breach than
In the observance.
The departing year had few mourn?
Persia seems inclined to move cau?
tiously In selecting a successor to Mr.
Shunter, which would be gratifying if
she were, or were sure of remaining, a
free agent. But the depressing seflec
tlon Is that Russia Is able and likely to
dictate the appointment of some man of
her own selection snd compel his ac?
ceptance in the same way In which she
compelled Mr. Shuster's dismissal.
Oysters riding in taxlcabs! This sur
i passes the courtesy of the walrus and
? the carpenter, who could only take their
oysters foT "a pleasant walk, a pleasant
talk, along the briny beach." But why
i not* Lobsters do it habitually.
THE TALK OF THE* DAY.
A traveller who has Just returned after
parsing several months In Lapland has re?
vealed to th* "Parts Journal" an Ingenious
trick played by a Gernisn ?-ompany upon
too confiding tourists. This line adver
i tlr-en trips to the North Sea. with al] the
j usual accompaniments of midnight auna,
I whit? bears and Arctic life. Now and
j again the steamship approaches the coast
i of I-iplsnd, and touches at certain points
to allow the tourists to visit a Lapp vll
' lane. This would be all very well If Lapp
villages abounded on the shore, but, as a
I matter of fact, they are always to be found
l at the end of a day or two'a labortoua Jour
! ney Into the Interior. The difficulty waa to
I be surmounted, nevertheless, a?i<L_o th? en
1 tcrprtslng Hamburg company had a neat
village built In orthodox style, and In order
not to disturb the native? it imported a
Kroup of Italian ?condoliera, who, being out
of work In winter, were dresaed appro?
priately and made to figure as Lapps for
th? benefit of the tourists In search of l??cal
"Talk is cheap," commented the ready
"That remark." replied Senator Sorgum.
"prove?; that you have nev?er undertaken to
ray the travelling expenses and hotel hill?
of a party of campaign orators."?Wash?
NON COMTOS MENTIS.
"? ??.?.!?>? In th? t'nlUtl State? I? rrowlnir fast?
er than th? population N?w? lt#m 1
Nay. do not Joke and say our folk
Are dally growing nutty;
Why should they thus? Does mental muss
?'areen from common care?
Does weight of woe cause mind to goT
I? our gray matter putty?
Insane? Tut! tutl They're nothing but
Quaer creature? on a tear.
They seek relief from price of beef
By thinking wood Is mutton;
And reat from rents/ with the pretence
They own th? universe;
Th*n. too, they think that they do drink
Pure milk. Each la a glutton
for making "mun." Insane? Have done!
Ssne thoughts are surely worse.
On Sunday night we saw they're right?
*%*snlty's not ended;
Some yelled and sang, let car? go hang,
Kach shredded, sore, his throat;
Arnlil carouse they made strange vows
(Alaa. already bended!;;
And thus we guess the world's distress:
Mankind hss lost Its goat!
A. W. U.
"Your poem used? I should say not!" an?
swered the editor.
"Would you give me a candid criticism
"Certainly. It's clumsy and vulgar and
"Yes; set to music It will become a popu?
<"<>lleg* boys are a better behaved lot now
than they used to be, according to Clayton
Sidgwlck Cooper, who. wrtUng In "The
Century," takes Issue with R. T. Crane, of
Chicago. "The standards of morals and
conduct among the American undergrad?
uates aro perceptibly higher than they
were fifty years ago," Bays Mr. Cooper.
"Th'-re Is a very real tendency In the line
of doing away with such celebrations as
have been connected with drinking and
Immoralities. To be sure, one will always
find students who are often worae for their
bacchle associations, and one muat always
keep In mind that the college Is on earth
and not In heaven; but a comparlaon of
student cuatoms to-day with thoae of fifty
years ago gives cause for encouragement."
I'liiin-h-What makes you think Flatbush
Isn't right In hie mind?
??othiim?Why, when I called there yes?
terday I found him In the cellar oiling his
gas meter.?Yonkers Statesman.
Speaking of the uniform reform measures
which have been suggested by a commis?
sion appointed for that purpose by the gen?
ual staff of the German army, a former
officer In that service writes: "Radical
. Iianges are always made under the fire of
<rltlclnm. We saw that fact Illustrated
when the blue uniform mud? way for tho
rarth colored service clothes Ip this coun?
try and when the slouch hat took the cap's
place. But the blue cloth and the ca*> were
not ao deeply rooted sa the ahlny helmet
with Its spike top. which gave It the name
'Pickelhaube,' and this is to be done away
with. When that decree goes forth look
for violent protests. There will be more,
and from another source, when the augges
tion of Councillor Or. Witsel Is acted upon
favorably. He wants all women to do mili?
tary duty and for a certain number of
'.-.us to be at the call of their country for
aervice In the hospital, transport, clothing
and provisioning services. The German
army with a woman contingent will be
queer, and doubly so if it discards the
"The piano we sold you," said the mee?
chant, "was It satisfactory?"
"Perfectly," replied Mr. Cumrox. "We've
had It tested and it's ull right. My daugh?
ter and three music teachers tried out all
kinds of Wagner on it, and It stood up In
a way that shows regular tunes won't be
any strain at all. "-Washington Star.
ON THE PERSIAN FRONTIER
Conditions as Seen by the Persian
American Educational Society.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Certain articles appearing in the
leading newspapers regarding the Persian
situation, emanating from Interested sources,
contain statements which to the average
reader are not significant, but the members
of the Persian-American Educational So?
ciety, who have carefully studied the situ?
ation, In some instances through personal
observation In Persia and in others by an
exhaustive research In authoritative chan?
nels, can determine facts which it seems
should be brought to the attention of the
American people In the present crittr.il altu
With this thought in view, the directors
of the society, at a meeting held In Wash?
ington, decided to give the following state?
ment, based upon authentic advices of most
recent date from the scene of action :
The Russian government bases her con?
tinued oppression and the presence of troops
In Tabriz and Resht particularly, which
have caused tho most recent uprisings, to
the existence of a lawless mob, composed
of Armenian anarchists, etc. Let it be
known that by these terms the people of
Persia are meant, for It was the patriotic
citizens of that country who called down
upon themselves the wrath of the powerful
aggressor by defen?ltng their home?, govern?
ment buildings and property. While a de?
termined attempt Is being made to charac?
terize these loyal Persians as anarchists,
Armenians and in terms of like opprobrium,
the fact is that the people of Persia are
particularly unanimous for constitutional?
ism. When the government of Persia de?
cided to accept the unjust ultimatum of
Russia as their only means of salvation
It was underehiod that the Russian troops
would be at once withdrawn, for what could
Russia desire more than the acceptance of_
her humiliating terms In full? But despite
this assurance and after a verbal accep?
tance of the ultimatum had been delivered
to the Russian Ambassador at Teheran the
Russian troops advanced upon the govern?
ment buildings In Tabriz and also attempt?
ed to occupy government property In Resht.
The people protested, and f?>r their action
In this direction were fired upon by the Rus?
sian troops. ThTo was nothing left for
them to do but defend themselves from this
unwarranted attack, and this represents the
sum and substance of the disorders re?
cently reported, so far as Persian partici?
pation Is concerned. It should be borne
In mind that In order to accomplish the
acceptance of the Russian ultimatum the
national assembly had to be dissolved and
a new Cabinet formed, and the people of
Persia, with their atrong constitutional
tendencies, protested against the continued
presence and aggressions of their powerful
neighbor afterward. Mr. Sinister had been
employed by the constitutionalists, and.
therefore, his withdrawal should have been
arranged through them. Instead of In the
Another point of great Importance Is
that In view of the most recent develop?
ments th? two chief mollahs ?>f the Ma?
hometan ?Church Issued from the holy city
of Nadjaf, near Bagdad, an order to the
adherents of Islam to take step? to drive
out from Persia the troop? of Russia on
the north and England on the south, whose
object was to destroy the Independence of
Persia. This means a holy war, and was
ordered only upon condition that the ag?
gressions of the foreigners took the form of
an attempt to destroy Persia's Indepen?
The gravity of the situation from th?
point of view of world peace will be ap?
parent from the foregoing, and th? good
offices of tactful diplomacy should at once
he exercised to th? end that the unjust oc?
cupation of Persian territory by Russia, In
spite of promises and protests made respec?
tively to Persia and to other countries, he
The secretary of the Persian-American
Educational Society has Just seen the or?!er
of th? chief mollahs referred to. Authentic
cable advices from Persia are to the effect
that this unjust ?nd unwarranted occupa?
tion of Persian territory and attacks by the
Russian troop? continue, and the civilized
world Justly protests against such unwar?
ranted barbarity on the part of a great
European power All that Persia want? Is
to be allowed to continue her efforts toward
progress and prosperity, and, having humili?
ated herself to satisfy the demands of a
great and powerful neighbor, to be free to
conduct her own affairs, to say nothing of
having the benefit of the hitherto existing
agreement of her two great border coun?
tries, Russia and England, that her Inde?
pendence should b? safeguarded, obviously
from themselves as well as from the rest of
Americans will realize that the problema
are by no means solved, and our best efforts
may well he directed toward Influencing In
all possible ways human sympathy on be?
half of this latest constitutional govern?
An appeal has been made to the members
of the Persian-American Educational So- I
Btoty for contributions to a fund for the !
widows and orphans of the victims of Rus- j
sla's aggression, whom most recent advices
Indicate as probably thousands rather than
hundreds. The general public Is urged to
subscribe to this fun?l, and contributions off
communications may be sent to the secre?
tary, Joseph II. Hannen, No. 509 Mcl_,chlcn
JOSEPH H. HANNEN.
Washington, Dec. 29. 1911.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Borough President Miller of The
Bronx quotes a recent court declslorf as sus?
taining his order prohibiting building projec?
tion as follows: "Show window? whose ,'or
nlces and glass fronts encroach upon the
public street from three to four feet and
entrance porthos encroaching over seven
feet on the highway are unlawful atad pub?
Such has always been th?> case, the legal
limit of show windows being one foot and
for sloops seven feet, consequently projec?
tions, beyond these limits have always been
Illegal. If the quotation referred to repre?
sents the tall sen^e of the court decision it
does not austajn President .Miller's order,
because It applies only to a building whose
proje?tlons extend beyond the legal limits.
It would be as logical to say that be<-ause
a building whose walls project beyond the
lot line is Illegal another building whose
wall stan?ls true on the lot Une Is IIIc-kb!.
New York. Dec. 26, 1911.
PROTEST FROM A CLAM.
To the Editor of The Tribun.' \
Sir: I quite coincide with some re.eAt
editorial rentar*"? In The Tribune against
the oyster which is fattened for the sham?
bles In fresh water, but I object to your
saying that auch oysters, among other dls
agreeable qualltlea. are "clammy." Why
clammy? Is a fresh water fattened oyster
any more like a clam than the salt water
kind? Why this uncalled for reflection
upon the highly esteemed clam?
Brooklyn, Jan. 1. 1912. SHELLFISH.
From The Philadelphia Press
Our Democratic friends in Congress must be -
Hi",.- that a "nftlonal debt in * national Mess?
ing" an.I want a bigger lym? than w? have
That can b? the only reaull ot their !>oll?y of
piling up expenditure? and reducing the rev?
enue? by Inconsliteral? tariff reductions.
People and Social Incident*!
[From The Tribune Bureau.!
Washington, Jan 1.-The Secretary of the
Navy and Mrs. Meyer gave a dance to?
night for young people, their guests in?
cluding Miss Hildegarde Nagel, Representa?
tive and Mrs. Nicholas Longworth, Kermtt
Roosevelt, Miss Margaret Draper, Miss
Gladys Ingalls and a number of the younRer
diplomats, and their own house party,
which Includes Miss Frances Saltonstall,
Mr. Balch and Mr. Stmpklns, of Boston;
Mr. HufTer, ot Baltimore, and George von
L. Meyer. Jr., who Is here for the holidays.
THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS.
'From Th> Tribune Bureau. 1
Washington. Jan. l.-The Cuban Minister
and Se?ora di Rlvero were hosts at a New
Year's tea this afternoon at the legation.
Several of the other legations kept open
IN WASHINGTON SOCIETY.
( From The Tribun? Bureau. 1
Washington, Jan. 1 ?With loyalty to his
own and his father's alma mater, Robert
Taft returned all of the splendid hospitali?
ties ofTered to him to-night, and with his
sister, Miss Helen Taft, and the members
of their house party attended a play, given
in the ballroom of the New WiMard Hotel
by the Yale students and remained for the
ball which followed.
Major Butt was host at a tea fol?
lowing the White House reception. His
guests were Miss Taft, Robert Taft and
their party of house guests, a large num?
ber of young officers and others of official
and resident society. Miss Taft and Mrs.
Peter Goelet Gerry presided at the tea
One of the largest receptions of the after?
noon was at the home of Mr. and Mrs.
Justice and Mrs. Brown kept open house
on New Year's afternoon. Among others
observing the old-fashioned custom were
Captain and Mra. Walter McLean and Mrs.
John N peel, wife of Pay Director Speel,
each of whom received hundreds of visitors.
Mrs. Paul T'atterson, the daughter of Mrs.
McLean, r s . it?*d her in receiving.
The membi-.s of the Yale University Glee,
Banjo and Mandolin Club were the guests
at a num) r ?. t Interesting entertainments
to-day. T.. / greeted the President and
Mrs. Taft In a body at the White House,
were entertained at a tea in the afternoon
by Mr. and Mrs.^C. C. Glover, and to-night
the Yale students In Washington gave the
company a dance at the New willard. The
ball committee Included Mrs. Charle* C.
Glover, Mr*, de 8ibour, Mr*. G. Gould Lin?
coln, Mrs. George X. McL&nahan, Mrs. J.
Upshlre Morehead and Mrs. Frank B.
Noyes. Mra. Taft was one of the pa?
Brigadier General and Mre. Clarence Ed?
wards kept open house this afternoon, re?
ceiving, among others, hundreds of officers
stationed in and near Washington.
NEW YORK SOCIETY.
I Mrs. Jame? F. D. Lanier will give a dance
to-night at her house, in East 36th street,
for her debutante nlecea, Miss Katherine
Lawrence and Misa Elizabeth Turnure,
granddaughters of Charles Lanier.
Mrs. John R. Drexel will also have a
small dinner dance this evening at her
house, in East 62d street, mainly for the
young married set
At Sherry'a to-night the second of the
dances of the Junior Cotillons will take
place under the rranagement and direction
of Mre. Arthur Murray Dodge, Mrs. W.
Bayard Cutting. Mr*. C. Ledyard Blair and
Mrs. J. Plerpont Morgan, Jr. a number
of dinners wll) bt given In ?sonnectlon with
this dance, to whlcsh the hostesses will then
take on their guests.
Mrs. Allen Fitch gava a larga dance last
night at Sherry's for her debutante daugh?
ter, Mia? Dlantha Fitch. The large ball?
room was used for dancing and the smaller
one for s?ipp??r, the guests numbering about
I four hundred. Among them were Miss
Dorothy Manlce, Miss Vera Van Buren,
M!.?s Elizabeth Carson, Miss Katherine
Sands, Ml?? Susan Flah Dresser, Cyril Out
erbrlcTge. John J. Kane and James H.
Frederick Townsend Martin gave a dinner
last night at Sherry's, the party Including
the Duchess* de Chaulnes, her Mster, Miss
M.-irguerlt* Shonts, Police Magistrate Peter
Barlow, Clarence Jones. Miss Conatance
Warner and Mr. and Mrs. James H. Kld
der. Afterward the entire party adjourned
to Maxlne Elliott's Theatre to eee Grace
George In "Just to Get Married."
Mr. and Mrs. August Belmont have left
town for the South, and will be away a
Miss Emily Sloane has issued Invitations
for a dinner on Thursday night, at her
fathers house, in East ?S8th street.
Mrs. Frederic N'rllson. who Is spending
the New Year's holidays with her son-in
law and daughter. Mr. and Mrs. Holiia
Hur.newell. at Wellesley, Mass., returns to
town to-morrow Her other son-in-law and
dHtiKhter, Mr. and Mrs. Reginald Vander
Hlt. arrived here yesterday evening from
Mr. and Mrs Julian Rlpby have left town
for Washington, to stay with Mr. and Mrs
Mr. and Mrs Sydney Jones ?'olford sail
this week for Europe. Count Nostltz and
?ountess Nostltz. who have been spending
some weeks with their brother-in-law and
Elster, Chevalier von Loewenthal-Unau,
Charg? d'Affaires of ?luatrla-Hungajv, an^'
Mme. yon Lorwenthai-Linau. 8ail on
Thursday, bound for Vienna.
SOCIAL NOTES FROM NEWPORT.
[Ry Telegraph to The Trlhuna.]
Newport, Jan. 1.?Roderick Terry, jr.
and Mr. and Mra. Eugene Hale, Jr., after*
spending the holidays with Mr. and Mrs.
Roderick Terry, have returned to New
I^rillard Spencer, Jr., and Dudley ?.
Morgan have returned to New York after
brief visits here.
Peter G. Gerry and George Gordon Kin*
were here to-day to attend the meeting of
the City Council.
The estate of Henry White, pirreiiaged
last summer by Mr. and Mrs. Stuart Z)un
can, Is being considerably Improved for
their occupancy next season. Mr. and Mrs.
Duncan are to have a new villa erected
within the n year.
G. K. Warren and Mis* Warren have
gone to Boston.
Mr. aim Mrs. Elbrldg? T. Gerry are mak.
Ltaf a short visit here.
William Storrs Wells was here to-daj/
making an Inspection of hi* estate.
Mrs. Edward M Nelll entertsined at
dinner this evening.
IN THE BERKSHIRE8.
IBy Telegraph to The Tribun?. 1
Lenox, Jan. l.-The New Year's holldaj?
culminate to-day at the Lenox Club, when?
this afternoon members of New York eo
ciety gathered to drink a toast to the new
yi-ar. Bowls of Virginia eggnog were
passed and a sentiment proposed. About
seventy were at the club. This affair fol?
lowed a round of pleasure which began last
After midnight there wa* a dance at V?J
leyhead, where Mr*. J. Frederick Schenck
la entertaining a large house party of New
Yorkers and Bostonlans. When the bell In
the steeple of the old church on the hill
tolled the hour of midnight the music be?
gan, and the party danced far Into the
Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Frothlngham. at
Overlee. gave the largest affair of the. sea?
son this afternoon, entertaining eighty
guests at luncheon. They invited all the
Stockbridge cottagers and their friends te
meet the Lenox holiday party at Overlee.
One party walked from Stockbridge over
the snow-covered highway to Overlee?,
a full slx-mlle tramp, to meet the Froth?
lngham party. Miss Mabel ?"hoate, Ml?*
Man' Barker, Miss Allison Haughton, Miss
Fanny Turnbull, Mr. and Mrs. ?^arl De?
Gersdorf. Mr. and Mrs. Harry McBurney,
Edwin R. Mathews, Frank c'rownlnahleld
and Lawrence Hauiihton were in the walk
to Lenox. Before the luncheon there wer??
skating and hockey on the Frothlngham
Mr. and Mrs. Robb De Peyster Tytus gave
an "at home'' at Luefiow Villa at 5 o'cl?>ck
for Mr. and Mrs. S- L. R. Richardson, who
are visiting them. Mra. Tytus was assisted
at the tea tables by young society women.
Some late arrivals In Lenox for the enter?
tainments are Mr. and Mrs. Robert B.
Minis. Hugh Miller, Taylor Pyne, Chester
W. Burden, Henry S. Loverlch and William
A. Bay lit. ?"?
Most of the cottagers will return to New
York to-morrow. Mr. and Mrs. George W.
Folsom, who have been at Sunny Rldg*
since last summer, will close their villa,
and go to New York. wKere they will aall
later in the week for Nassau
NOTES FROM TUXEDO PARK.
[By T?lefraph to Th? Tribun?. 1
Tuxedo Park. Jan. L-New Year's Dry
here was lively, many of those who camt
out for the dance Saturday remaining over.
The snowstorm of ?Sunday made excellent
coaatlng and tleighlng, which were thor?
oughly enjoyed. There were numerout
luncheons and dinners, followed by a
vaudeville performance at the Tuxedo Club
In the evening.
Mr. and Mrs. Louis J Pooler entertsined
a large house party In their cottage, oa
Turtle Point. Among the guests were Mr.
and Mrs. William Alexander, Mr. and Mra
A. G. WeMman, Mr*. T. J. Oakley Rhine
lander and others.
Mr. and Mra. Henry Morgan Tilford en?
tertained a large party 9? the Tuxedo Club
at a moving picture entertainment, and Mr.
and Mrs. Joseph T. Tower chaperoned a
party of young people at their villa over
Many coasting parties were out during
the day. Among those who entertained
thus were Robert D. Wrenn. Howland Pell,
?'. D. Wlnslow. J. E Davis. Colon?*! Hayden
and Mr *.nd Mrs. David Wagstaft.
Mr. and Mrs ?'corge ?V Mason, who
opened their villa for the holiday, gtv* a
large dinner party at the club. Other* who
had large parties previous to the vaudeville
?how were Mr. and Mr?. G. Maurice He.-k
scher. ?"olonel and Mrs. Thomas D*nnv,
Justice and Mrs F. K. Pendleton. Mr. and
Mr?. Richrt*rd Mortimer. 4'harles E Ramp
son Richmond Talhot. Mr and Mr?. V ft.
Snow and Mr. and Mrs H. Casimir de
Mr. and Mrs Otto Andrea*, jr. art
spending the week at the Winter Club. Th*
arrivals to-day included Miss Rogers. A.
Eugene Gallatln. Harry La Montagne. Ott*
ver Brett. Miss Judson. Ur. and Mrs. Gk
Maurice Heckscher. Carl Lumholtz. AMi.ar
Johnson. Charles Lanier. James Claghoin.
A. R. i'onkllng. B. B. ?Orbln. Addison ?'am
mack, Grafton Mlnot. .Lieutenant Colonel
T Bently Mott and Mr. and Mra. Stewart
COMPLIMENTS FOR TAFT
French President Testifies to H?3
Efforts for Arbitration.
Paris, Jan. 1.?President Taft's efforts to
secure the ratification of arbitration
treaties with France and Great Britain was
the special theme of an official speech made
to-day by President Fallieres at the New
Year's reception to the diplomatic corps at
the Elys?e Palace. There was a large at?
tendance of diplomats at the function,
among them being Robert Bacon, the
Sir Francia L. Bertie, the British Am?
bassador and dean of the diplomatic corps,
presented to the French executive the New |
Year felicitations of the foreign representa?
tive.? He declared that he and the other
members of the ?orps felt certain that
France would continue to he a powerful
nld In every work having In view the proR
ress of civilization. He added that this
permitted the hope that the generous In?
itiative of the President of the United
States In favor of the extension of arbitra?
tion to International questions would be
productive of larger results during the
"The countries WS represent," continued
Sir Francis, "know that they are sqre to
Hr.,I In France a powerful auxiliary with
which to obtain these results."
Responding, President Fallieres assured
tiie diplomats that France would labor al?
ways In behalf of progreas. France, he
said, already could with modesty claim h? r
part In the Initiative? that have been taken
and from which civilization Is reaping
' I.ike you, Mr. Ambassador." the Presi?
dent continued, "we congratulate ourselves
that we have seen during the last year
the President of the United States give his
precious adhesion to the principle of arbi?
tration. It may be repeated that the appli?
cation of this principle will determine for
men and things* a decisive method for the
pacific solution of International differ?
UNDERWOOD "ABLE TO GO OUT.
Washington, Jan. 1.?Representative Un?
derwood, of Alabama, Democratic leader of
the House, was able to leave his room to?
day for the tlrst? time since Friday. All
danger of appendicitis has pasaed, it la
LEADS TUBERCULOSIS WAR
New York State Spent $3,550,
000 in Fight Against Disease.
The State of New York. to. th? ?econd
successive year, leads all the other ctafes
in the Union In the amount of money
spent during 1911 In the tight against tuber?
culosis With an expenditure of g3.55?>.?X*0
appropriated from public fund? and do?
nated by private charity for the mainte?
nance of county tuberculosis hospital?, the
State Hospital at Ray Brook, city hospi?
tals, visiting nurses, open air S'.hools and
other anti-tuberculosis activities New York
has made ?,re_t advances toward the de?
sired condition of "No Uncared For Tuber?
culosis In 1913."
Of the amount expended S_.4__.cX*? wa? ap?
propriated out of public funds and $1,C"B6,<*?0C?
was donated privately.
These facts were contained In a Joint
statement issued yesterday by the National
Association for the Study and Prevention
of Tuberculosis and the State ?Charities Aid
More than Jj-4.._0,?X)0 was spent In anti
tuberculosis work In mil throughout the
whole ?'ountry. In the list of expenditures
by stat.-s New York I - followed by Penn?
sylvania, which spent *_,7_t?,?)0O In the tight.
Massachusetts Is third, with an expenditure
MISS GWENDOLYN CLARKE WEDS
Daughter of the Late Sir Purdon Clark?
to Live in Boston.
Miss Gwendolyn Clarke, daughter of the
late Sir Purdon Clarke, who for several
years was director of the Metropolitan Mu?
seum? of Art In New York, after having
been for a few years at the head of the
Albert and Victoria Muaeum in London,
was married yesterday In the Church of
8t. Mary. \Ve?t 44th street, to Stewart Tod.
formel ly of Edinburgh, but now ot Bo?ton.
Klnnalrd Tod was his brother's beat roan.
Lincoln Peabody gave away the bride, and
his daughter, Miss Constance Peabody, was
?the bride's only attendant. The cerem?*n**
was followed by a small reception at tha
??Vest End avenue home of Mr. and,Mrs.
Stephen Peabody. . .__.
The newly married couple, aft?*? a w?w
dlng trip to Europe, will maka tAea* memo